Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 5, 1851, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 5, 1851 Page 6
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UVTEKESTlHfi O>H7tKSP0KDEN(E. I Our Wukl?(t?n CorrMpan4?nct. W.i hi oro?, August 2!?, IKii. JtKob IMilt and fV. tV * or coram?Description of tfu fatter. 1 ite one of tho Now York papers pays some handsome oompli incuts lo .he eminent Wall street broaer, Jacob Little. W asking ton ha* an equally remarkable man in this line-W. W. lorcoran. ten years ago worth perhaps twenty thousand, now rated at a million of dollars He wa* educated a merchant; and twenty five or thirty years back wa.- engaged, with a brother since deceased, in the dry goods jobbing business, in Georgetown, then in her palmy duys. The firm having laded, he was, for many years, employed as a clerk in the old United States Branch .Beak, located in the v?ry building In which Corcoran and Ivigge now perform their large operations as bankers. His rapid acvu nidation of wealth is j mainly the result of rep* ted, exceedingly well- , judged transactions in government loans, a field of enterprise in which thin firm completely out geneTalled the financiers ot Wail, Chestnut, and 1 hreadneedle streets The .'uju'aJ financial combinations of Mr. C., in these operations, famish conclusive proof of a fine business to ail What strikes oue, una business interview with him, is the rapidity ot oil* juugment- lie is off at a shot A single glance at your pacer, (with his eye nearly in contact with it, as he is near-sighted.) and you have his decision, which, 1 believe, is xa.ely alteicd The large discount and other operations of 3 Ik it. arc transacud c& :iunveiy iq bankable tunds. IVo shinplaeters are admitted behind ibeircounters Mr C has a gene; one heart, as w shown by Lis donations of $5,000 to he liiso Relief Association, and }o0,000 to bi? nitivu town frr a cemetery: also, by hisoflercf g|(),U<iO towards the erection of a ilomouf Refuge in this city It i? understood that h;i private ohaiiue? Hie also large Being, however?owing to bis reputation tor wealth a:ii benevolence?nearly over'un with applications for |>ecuzuary aid, and being <i de posed to encourage idleness or extravagitr<e. 1 I'-arn that be deems it proper to decline most of : ht se pubs upon his purse trisgs. lit would be generally termed a fine looking gentleman, of muscular ouiel, aad about fifty years Old. As his a.-So .a1 loos have always been of a try genteel sort, aui he has travelled extensively, his manners bear toe "amp of refiaemerit and dignity. The large suui? b it on deposite by our ititens at his eaiabiisument, are in proof of the great confidence reposed in ois integruy by those wrho best know hnn Tne circumstance of hts having, since his recent accumulation of wealth, paid off the debts remain Jig against the failiog dry goods firm, alluded to. is an instance in keeping frith this. Our Virginia t'orrrapondenre. CiiAKna$>i'iWA, Jefferson Co , \ a , i , r-op'cinber 1, 1K>1. j t'trgmim Politic*?The Xtw llveutitution?hut uu?< of Pojmiar Vott?Guo4 RtstUt*?Con^re-'i tnil t'10turn*?(JubermitoruU tsnimu?Father Ritchie 1 jn-oboUy the Next Oitvnnor, #c., Ifc. Virginia politics, at this yunoturu, are particularly interesting, from the !act that the State is about to undergo the process of a complete change in the fundamental law. Tne memorable convention elected to revise the ouuaiiiu'.ioa, hiring performed their labors in drawing up a very respectable document, it only requites the lauflcation of the people to B>t-come the supreme law of the commonwealth The Vote is to be taken en the ratification on the fourth | Thursday in October next, and the new constitution will doubtless bo confirmed by an overwhelm L-g majority. it propose# mar.j important innovation* upon the existing state of things t'.y me prelect constitutill the elective iraicnise is i.m.tou to freeholders aad housekeepers wno p*> an actual tax to the 3up|*;rt of the >tate treasury A married or uumarr. d man, owning a House at a let, or corning t wentyfive actea oi land, u enudtd to rule ; or, owning a reversionary interest m such property, is ectit cd to Wore A housekeeper, p<?> tug a tax upon a civ- k, a vratch. or a slave, u tn,i cu to vote A mac own- | Eg teal estate in several counties, is entitled to Wot) in each of sa-i muntira, provided that, although two or more ui ? a oouutiee may be in the same Congressional u.urict, such person shall only have one vo'e in said district for Congress The Ciovarnor, Lieutenant jovernor. h.i , are lected by the Legislature, sheriffs, magistrate:. tie , ate rvcumuieuUeu >> tne court, and coinmiafioned bj the Governor truuh are BOtne of the I leading feature- of the existing constitution It is afull ganeiauon or two turned the tiuies. '1 he qusdilioatiuns required for tar elective franchise are at once inconvenient, |?-rpieaiog, invidious, and vastly riuicnious An <?i j teliow, however igct rant, ao that be owns tanu in .en counties, cr twenty, or inora, u enti n o to n ail of them : and for a gncoibir ul Lvugi e??. t h di-iriet in wnicb till rroperty it niu. t?i ?o uuboat property, owever quautifi by n ' * '1 g od education, ' 3* denied the pi n <<g. -H at *1 The people ?f Virginia, a?han.< il i". nut, ami fully live to tbe prog r? ?: ;e. 1 ,?e, iliriiyw feound, 3 jOtt- up to m? ->>i-in of tbe State l! New \ oik, lull belter constitution, lake it altogether Tbe new evwt 'utiou ui Virginia, to be \oted upon by the peop e ou idc f'ir'.h Tflursday o! October, piovjtiet tor uiiiirrMti tufTrnge, excepting tbe eolo etl population , for toe election of Governor and all tbe Mote >uu cuuuiy oB.wrs by tbe peopie : | It provide,', also that tn?y who shall be entitled to I Vote it tbe new oou?tituwon it adopted. -hull alto be I entitled to voto on tbe question of its adoption. This new cla?? ol voter* will, of iteelf, carry the coortitntion by a tremendous majority Uodrr the wauling system, tut are cine ninety one thousand ! vot?r? in tbe Met* , uuiler tbe new charter, there | brill probably oe ?i> tucreuse ot sixty tboasand or Seventy icousai.u voters, who are now excluded from this great r pubi.oan right Tbie increase Will be cbitfly in Western Virginia, or in that part j of tbe Mate lying "ft A tbe blue Kidge, wbere I tbe mere see ot ib* abxe population hat been tm- I meat or ably grtaur than in i.asiern Virginia, or ' tbe great shareholding ivwiou ot tne Mate l>n tbe fourtn Iba ?uaT. in October, member* of (don great are to be tko ed under tbe old apportion- . sent, and nnoer tb* ex -nog inctu in of the right is vote On tn? iter day. members of the legislature are to b. elected, uoltr tbe same re trictioba but it tbe constitution 1* adopted, as it Will be, then tbe use Jus* lor tbe Ie>girlature are to be bull and void ard a new election is to be held, Bbder tbe oew cn-t.iu ion, for member* of tbe Asnembly, in bo-isb r next And next spring. , tbo -Mat* nod euuii y oflicera are to be eleteii by | 111 ptVit It will thtt? b* iwi> (hot toe new r?n*titution i* Both tg more ovr i ? 'ban r? rotation in the goeommtnt - f Yirgu a. going on oo quietly, nod Wblot wtil br c<Xf . moot d <> quietly, that the |>oof?U of New Wri i? require and will be reqwired to be t?.?l e laugo. or otherwise il Wowld eero|? * Tbo de?o>-ra'- i * (ion talk of renting father R Motile, i, tt,e .>o whi< b likw plnee wot I eoemi -r, tor ' or, end be i? jurt at lihrly tO bo their r?, m tlee ||? WowJJ bo elee ed br a I majority. for we bat* ?o dowbt the eitei. k i of Oleduen fronebioe will mi4 wiml; to tor te a i-rone aeooodaooy in tbo /Hot# It la eipoctet ma. th (Jingrr??ional eleeticni Will fwowlt near I j the 'a a? at thooe for tbt. '.art Omgnm Owe Pb^li l|ibia lorntpwideare. flb i w.JUtmurm*. Se|t 1, K>l. P*Mdilr+** ^X'to ? T* Cmm't /d|iiMir? j 7'olie? 7>i J whs in fihmttmffm, +c hinao is7 loot tbo iJeiaoeratic nunty legislation fttobet bar beru f< mid, and tbo eacite Blent among the torttibate- and nn oriuna ee hao, in a great eoewre, euWiUi a. oi merged in that of tbe ront<?t tor tbe Jodieiai to.*.* of tbe eity and county. KoU portie* in it, n ijr iiTfriiion nur ur?n In tarnth* victor aad tM vor.qgubed, and the re alt la a Bod>?) ?u. a m bm iridoia booo preemted do the red republican* m thi* locality for their andivided eappon and ?a?irtaaa* ft* an lllnetration of thie, Mr MeL*>nougb, the number (elected for Moyamcaairg. i? a f.'? and iworn adherent of Jadgo ( aaipboU. aud tbat divwioa ef the party, and era# oae of the ?u"evaetul delegate* to the l ending Coarcatiwa thai Lot. Kigler; while Mr | ft ubiaa , one of the mber* (elected from the ditdrlol af fipring l?ardeo. ??? ene of the Needing i member* froa the I'biladepbia Nominating CoaT 1Q who aided in dn-?oiving the Kump I'arlia- [ ed ha* ever *iace acted with the irregular , ha party hat a neb are the naeertAio ?. of politic*, and though thiiifv t i bo i hoc ever bee a presented to -.mty of Philadelphia, Mill, k one in a working point of oar partirlr of p- lltiral % *t, even tf it dhchld act ' detract irom it an account of its inherent weak- ! ne? J Several of the ">ld ntabtri have been returned: but tney were not the most efficient either in point of political weight or literary ability, and owed their renominaticn rather to the fact thit they were noncommittal on all the important naeitlons that were legislated upoa during the put tilsP'h. ] than to a boii, Open, anil uuuily oiuud upon what I they thought to bo for the b^st interest of tuo peo'do they represents I. Mr S'k'uner nni Goodwin! of the district of the Northern Liberties, members of the last session, were both agaiu chosen. The tiist i? an active, industrious, business man, and, though not a brilliant talker, still is to be relied upon, and has the courage to take a s'and ! when it is necessary, and fight for a priacipl or a friend. He has improud uiuoh since be made his <lib\U in the hills o: legislation Mr Goodwiu is a weak and inefficient member, easily ewe-'. ed by popular clamor from the discharge of his duty, anl not to be relied upon when the trying moment of ! the contest comes. Irtill he is a gentleman of good relations and high social position, and will make, perhaps, an available candidate Mr I louder, of Spring Garden, and Mr. Oemares, of i Southwa.-k, are also old members; but they are of the class who do the voting, aLd make no mark upon the history of the house, cither tor good or ill. The new members chosen are not cal. i la ted to save the standard of the ticket, as they are young men. without political stand'ug, aud totaJy unijualined for the positic u to which they have been chosen Tnevmav be respectable citireus enough, but then it requires so ine:hi?g more than this for a man to be able to take proper care of the county of Philadelphia, with all its great and growing interests The new ticket is looked upon by the knowing ones as rather auti Huchananish : but ot this we are not able tc determine now. though thu much may be said, tuat toine of the r en chosen ure identified with interests that are known to be opposed . to tho ".sage of Wheatland." Of the ones who are set down as certain lor Cass, wo may mention Mr. , Jackson, tne Senator; Mr Hague of llichinouJ, ! thought to bt so from his oounecioa with the Cameron party in the Jrtstf; Mr J'ubiasi, of Spring 1 ;arden, wbo "acted with the disorgcui-ers, and is known to be opposed to Mr. Bucbauan; Mr. (<oodwin, who is suspected to be in that interest, from the fact that he is a particular friend of Senator Brodhead of this State, who is known to be inimical to the succession of Mr. Buchai an From this and other data, it may be taken as a fixed fact tbit the county delegation is opposed to the " farori .e son," and 30 the county will be, if the opposition to him can but concentrate upon a candidate who will unite them but that man is not (u-r;ral Cass. He i n weight that widsink any party who attempts to carry him through a poli ucal contest in this city and county. Not that the democracy have not a sincere regard for hiin: but, in the t ret place, it is a settled beliet'hcre that he cannot, ir. acy contingency, carry the State uf New York : and, in the second, his leading supporters here are the men who artopposing tno regular action of the party, and have been for ytara ; and with such men the mass of the democrats will not fraternize, no matter who may be their chtsen loader '-eueral Houston, Senator Douglas. or Mr Dickinson, of your State, wcutd rally, in my opinion, the entire lorce cf the democracy in the city and county, and make the path of Mr. Buchanan a troublesome on- in the State But we will see the alow tut certain showing up of political events for the Presidency after th? contest for State officers is over. The city and county conference have formed the ticket assigned tcthem, with the exception of the judicial portion, which will be chosen on Tnureday. The result of their labors, sc far. arc most satisfactory to the party, urd the men selected are pure and upright citizens, who enjoy the confidence of their fellows, and to whose social position no stain of dishonor attaches. It is a model ticket, and is so cocsidired by men of all pa-ties in the city and county. 1 look upon its chance of election as among the certainties. At a former meeting of the conference a resolution was i?sred. which U the usual custom ol the democratic nominating conventions in the city and county of Philadelphia, that each person wno presents bis name belt re the body , * a candidate for any of the Sices which are to be selected, shall give a written pledge tbat he will *'rote for and use all honorable n. .ans in bis power, to secure the election ol tho nominees A this Jonventicn," be ha successful or otherwise This bar been the custom of the party in this locality for .'-cure, aud in no instance has it been omitted- This was, though, parti -ularJy necei-tary at the present occasion, as it was bn.te J t. at certain gentlemen who were candidates tor uiiger. and anxious for a nomination, on the democratic ticket, were equally desirous that tj-j sbou'd be unpledged, as that weald materially iutt;'"?re with ino chances of receiving the whig an. name nomination in udilition to the democratic. As fur as the ' Court of Common l'lca* ' was concert ed, 'tiere was no surd trouble, as nca/lyull tie cau hastes who offered e* arc under-tooi to be willing to act in good faith to the ieoi< rr?jy, and give the assurance, lut the d.&culty - with the 'Td trlct Court," on the bench ofwdteu tUe>?gcH ~tur?wi>od, President Ju lge, a whig, who, tor several years, represented the city in the H use of Representatives, and also, 1 b-.iiete. was in th; Senate George Stroud, who is lault act witb the whig and fret soil parties : and A'r Finrtlry, sso ofGcv Kiudiey. of Pennsylvania, m. .. i. , ri, Mr t'liidlri i? ulrr Ci nm rted with the Una Charlci frown, wno it the President of the Conference. unci whc is said to t>? particularly auxi u* to secure his choice for an election Alter this pledging resolution had leeu passed 1-y the Convention, it was dt-ired by the triends of Judge- ."bar-wood au '. Stroud that they would not give'.bt re-ju r* 1 assurance; but that they were itrxuas to take a nomination from the whigs also, act thus make assu-aoee doubly sure. Not only wa? thi openly asserted by these two gentlemen on the lbs".riot Ff.vb. hut it was whispered that the tnenis ol Judge helley.of the "Common ilea*," were d.sirous to have the pledge worded to as to allow him a margin to act upon in ca* be >htu!d he neglected In the democratic party umors got afloat of a secret meeting between the high (otitraciing parties, in which the p-lar of a ~aiii|-aign ?j mapped c at, so that eucce-? was certain Ii now btgan to be talked about that the rest lotion was to fce repealed, or at least modi fled, so as to mean nothing, and, on this hict. the J'inl Arjw. tha trgau of the rabid deraoi racy in this city and c uiity. came out with a ecorcning leader, in which the whole thing was announced as both unwise and ur just t?> the paity Mat. through the influence u! M' Hr wn, rs member o( Congress front tat Third district, and John J McCaben. exutembcr of the Ltgialatura, aided by the friends A Judge Kelly, who see in this man a doer through which tbetr favorite cao mount the bench once more, the resolution was modified so as to suit the peculiarities tf this part rular case, and f bus the o4lee stamps at pre -rut Mr Frown is an "legant at-d ep< aher a id it is, perhaps, to his catrtions. in untswn with the other iniavneet tha: ! ha*, c nam* d, that this repent of the resolution wast''voted U hethrr it will cither add to the chance'- at tha judgcr U> be elected, or V the per ICtC?'Dt 'Ula'll) ol '.nc genueuirn ?U" iBD'ru m thi* matter. u a thing thai is clot ned id the miati ol the dim future: tut one thing i* rertiir, that It i ii already whispered that certain promises, looking to the cc.lect?r*bip of the pert of Philadelphia, hare been made, am that that map aconat for the <iaueual activity of gentlemen, who are noted for lnkewarmnc!! on all subjects bat there that minirttr t their peraooal intern t? or private gams As a d- fence for the policy, it if alleged by the friend* of the repeal of toe pledging resolution, that the jooges ab'V.d not be mado a strictly political test; but that a pie} of expediency is allowable upon this ']U?eti' o They also intimate that, if the Jeutoctacy do tot note mate the iJittriet (,'o-rt Bench a - it alands. the whigs will: ani thea the d feat of tka paity, upon that portmn of the ticket at least, is bxeu and determined They also point t the fact that the police of the court i* entirely Jtmwcrai c now. and ay that that afnrdath* e of the democra'de leanings of the judgte. i y tbr 0[politico t u argued tbat the waole matter is one of arrangement wi lt the whigs and a few ol the leader* of tbr Canhems among the lemocrse^ and tbat it wi 1 be productive of the most mischievous coue.uence* upon the la.are dt'wj ert? of the parti They also charge apootbe friends of udge Kelly. tbet they are ronnmng with the opp'ntion tc pla^e him upot the whig ticxet, bould he he defeated before the democratic eonferei. *e. e a H J*bar?wood.i .e pr sent I'reeidrat Judge of '.he 1 Metric! Court, ii. u w* lure 'aid. a whig, but wa* appointed f hie p< wit it a br the late I torem or t bucX, *t the solicitation, it if said, of th* Hon ( banes Hrown. who ir a ?on in law of tbe late ' i?T?rncr When in public life, he uniformly acted with the whig p% ty. except on the tariT |ae*tion, where h* allowed him-clf to differ ae tar a* the rate* of dutiee were concerned, bat not ft* to the principle* He ba? always been an active aad b tter opponent if the public school system of tbe .Ktate, and hi* act* and speeches wero esrare 1/ denounced at the time, a? calculated to impede the progreee of thie great moral and intellectual lerer. Hie ippointmeot by Governor "chunk (are uotvcml dissatisfaction at the t me to lb# demo -rats; but by the mass of the pcopla :t wae well receired, and he wa# looked apon aevafe and trusty man upon the bench Jedge Sh?r-w- nit bar the reputation of a firm and upright Ju tge, and it i? raid by hie friend* that a* a lawyer he La* few euperiore in the ft ate A* Entity 'udgee,tbeeou*est i* bet eeen him and Judge King; but many *ay that the gratp ef ."Miari'Wooae intellect ia mote powirfulaad ccmprehcnsire than e-en that of 'udge King while hi* knowledge of the rulee by which ??,d are l? to be token aod applied, atnojute alm< ct to intuition If the pledging eyatern if net re-adopte I he will br nominated without a doubt. Uowrgo firond ha* been man* year* on the bench, and ie * hard-worhmg, IndnwHwa* U-yer, though hi* admiab'talrrti of jusuje frta the bench ie ftritJbyatvmporfkat at a, j mihgt tk> triai 1 o! cttti betore bin both unpleasant aad annoying. 1 | He is honest, ai d means right ! Judge Fiar!e> is one ot the most kind, air iahle j miu that is in the community, and would be a low j o the judicial* of the city and county, and if left , ' jff the t'skc ci-u'rt net bv wcl; supplied. lie has a ' J 6rvO ba':<C.oed miuu, that has been schooled end , l ltsiif.iDtd bj severe study nn<l apphcatioj, and j j unites ?ith that a calm, clear, dispassionate |uig i men'., that no passion can cloud and no prejudice warp Ho is au excellent laeyer; ore who feels [ and appreciates the responsibility of the position in which ho is placed, and it a universal favorite with j all who have bus cess to transact heioro him tie I j is slow in the maturing of his legal opiniin; but it . , is said that few of thrui have ever been reversed by the Supreme Court of the State. He is sure t> be : i renominated?if we may not say eie.'ted I The conference meets on Thursday, and it is said . j that an attempt will be made to re enact thn pledg, iog resolution, but we doubt if that ean be doae, as I the popular current is sure to set in that way. ' However, both parties are hard at work, ani the | battle will be an interesting one. Hart Philadelphia, hwpteruber'i. 1SJI. Political Afavi tn Philadelphia?City Government ; Tltrt, +i. .".net toe most intense anxiety rsi excitement, j | ofKVtral weeks' duration, among the democratic ) officers, of what is comtaonly designated as the 1 I * State House *ow," in reference to their reuoini- j nation for the fat and comfortable j laote they now i hold, end their being ousted by the "outs," dej airoui to obtain them, the question is at length de cideJ?the convention of conferees having had I their final meeting, and settled their ticket. And, ' not only bo far as the "row" is concerted, hut also in relation to the oncers of the several districts and members of the Legislature I Token as a whole, the nomination:? arc judicious ; and almost unexceptionable, but in respect to the 1 i Legislature, the selections certainly might have j been ^better and more advantageous to the | public good Man> of the gentlemen had the { i honor of bidding seats in our Legislature at its last j session, and were found wanting/a several nullifications that they ought to have possessed, among j I which was decision, consistency, uud a strict tog ird i te the instructions of their constituency. Not- j , withstanding they violated their pledges on one of the most imj oitactquestions that has ever agitated the people of the city aud county of Pailudulphi*, and which involves the peace, safety, p-osperity, and character at' this community, in giving the bill ; for the consolidation of the city of Philadelphia and districts into one municipal corporation, the go-by when en its third reading before the iionse of Uepresc-ntati', es, instead of insisting on its passage. Still, 1 say. notwithstanding this iUgrini breach of duty, these old members' sins have been overlooked, if not forgotten, and they have been renominated To give the reader even a faint idea of the complexity of the present system of government, its expeDsiveness. the number of its ofS- 1 cers, and the corruption growing out of it, j I will give you a few particulars There are, without including the townships and boroughs, and including tbe count/ and guardians j of tbe poor, eleven distinct corporatism, with ! eleven distinct sets of taxes, collected by as mtny | dutinet sets of tax collector.-, with at least ten d.stinjt debts Ten of these corporation huve engaged, in their legislative management, 177 persons, ail of whose sen ices would be dispensed who on the plan of consolidation, besides a host of solicitors, clerks, and other subord-nates. It dispenses with nearly i.t<0 tux collectors, some of whom receive j about f">,WC for evt-n less then a quarter of a year's bard work, and thus save to the tux pavers moro ! more than $100.(4)0 per annum. These are extraordinary farts and solemn truths, and yet the peonle of this gooi oity of brotherly Lot,- have patiently submitted, for forty years, to such bad and expensive government, flu;, fortu- 1 natoly, there are men in this community?men of spirit aud energy?who are determined to rouse it from its lethargy. I understand, from good authority, that Publication will soon be mu Jo, Living ' reference to the union of the city and districts into on-.- municipality Ward and district meetings will be recommended throughout the city aud , county At a meeting held in icorucc ward the i other evening, the following signiieant resolution ? wa - unanim: usly parsed i? i " thai past xpem-ij r has provrd that if wr rsally de- r sire to ualte the cily and districts in ens municipality? ] one I'huacj i-iphia?we cannot r?l' upon party plt-dg-s. ; but must torsi and vote h>r a c lln-nt' municipal aud i union tIcSet toachiev- the ibji-ct " With regard to the Judges of the District Court and Common Plea', they are to be uomiuated on Tbui rdny next, when the Convention of Conferees will meei lor that purpose. There is a gnat i , deal of int.-nst felt on the subject, and particularly in relation to the latter trinaual '1 h< most prcintnent. ami able, and fuvoiite gentlemen spoken of, ir. r,ii ,k. Pi*?> > T..-1 Jores, (fur 1'iesiJcnt Judge.) f"rmerlj on Ur> same bench, and recently Mayor of this city, anil V, L. fra IforJ, Janus r. Johnson, Wm Badger. Win. Wilkinson, (oment Mayor of the Northern I.ibettie.-.) Wm Kelly, now on Common I'lear b.-uch, and Horatio ilubbell. Esq , for associate Judge*. 1 have no doubt the ticket will be selected from tbe above-nam. d candidate*. Among tbe candid* meu talk id of. for the 1 bstrict Court, are Judges Sharswood an 1 Findler, at pre ent on that bench. They are both very popular, and gentlemen of the highest talents, and will be re nominated in all probability. The city is full of strangers, in addition to thousands of our citisens. who have just, returned from Cape May, and the other la-bu n thie summer resorts. All the large and best hotel-, such as Congress Hall, the I uited J-tales, and Bridges and West, are well and diservedly patronised tae present season The New \ork Hira'l is there daily sought after, with as much avidity as a good dinner. !n consequt net, among other .-eas?us, of its oottaimng tbe latest, fullest, and most reliable accounts from Cuba Civitav Oar Canadian Correspondence. M isrKEAi., August 80, T (Win A" ini .? C-Mvia ?Lanadinn I'int o/thf 8h(Xt(ing cf f." hfly-tfn. Amfrican Pristmern. The sanguinary vengeance inflicted by the ."*|tanish Corernor of Cuba, upon fifty unarmed and unresisting American fri-outre, when cominuuieated tc car citizen*, '-retted a | rofcund feeling of disgust toward, (be d*pnnia.*df. of sympathy and commit -rt- , tin forth relative ai?d frien If of the murdered. We JwtT benea'h tht -ain. ikjr?fpeak the tame j torgue?our "octal org am/ation it tiiailar- tad wo i look'o:ward to a common destiny, and a glcrioiw fut .tt. It ? not strange then, that a calamity which ha* called font, in every city of the United Mate*, tuch unmi;takeable evidence* of mauly c c ure go and undaunted resolution, blended with pity, fhould bod no echo hire. A public would have betrayed bad ta*te. but the public expression of opinion, and the preaa, i* a legitimate form whereby me (indicate ourselves from the reprot'h of indiifcrenee The tone of the language, and the bold and uncompromising expression* of the ' ariottf writers. indicate a deep current of sympathy Men a*K each other h*ra, what will America do; ictultcd *o offensively a." the ha* been by the r'penisrdi ' will *be tamely submit to be branded a* a cation of pirate", and adoW her youth to be *a ?t, lik* log", and treated, alter death, like the criminal cast in ancien i.cine, lioui ihe Taf|Uin ruck 1 When l.nglai.d taw ftir I ?c l.mcy hvuos aud his motley erva v! adventurer* sell their eerricei, dar 1U{ m" lull W?| its > Vil VI I*v 9UUCI > |?awill tu treat them si outlaws sbd vagabonds, beyond the I?I? ol tbe law, sil uuworihy the protection of s powerful nation ' iet, the new fir Lh? La*?/ V.vsns brought with biu to Hpaia, were thi refuse ?| Rtwt)- b?ii uirt. u(M uiirid by toe ln?t of foil, w bile on Uic other band, the haplevd juatbi who war* murdered b> the .'penivh Ourtraef'a orders, were the champions of freedom They sought the stores cf Cub#, actuate! by no letl.-h or ifu< ole ' liiCtiK' 1 bt y went there to i-ustain, oy deeds, lbs political op tdoiiS ebieh wore ronsccreted eben tour iB'Je)?ha?iice wai deciartd, aiid if they bars ton VMdeutly at?d unjustly put to death, when pri- 1 oners alio defenceless, and th< crime fm? lie no perished and unst(D|?a, then, il Iced, Ai?rl? bat fallen low in tbe scale of nations Heartless ana timid men turn pale and slink into obecnrity in such emergencies 'urn a being mult haee been your consul Had be borne bir office I boldly, and inteidieted the slaughtering iu rota f American eitiaens, by a <k.clarsiiun, of elnnug tbe consulate, and lahinf down his flag, if his re1?tit bait bten denied, Be woo a here been jurti- | bed in bis course by tbe traditionary customs of Kurpe It eould then have detolttd upon your 1.1 eon ties to "*act retribution lor ? grievous wrong and m<ult v our consul. il is a be luared, tacitly saactioned tbe sanguinary drains. He received bis i piiations lion an impure source , be accepted tbe > fbc'.ai interpretation of tbe constitution, coined by 1'resHent Kiiiuiore, instead of turning ?, lust p-ner tountait ? the deep well of public feeling It is tbe pride and boart of tweuty millions of tbe butran race, that tbey are A inernan cHiseus. Ho rb y shall of ttoir nationality by landing in Cab* 1 ( an nny tiisunal erurtcd by ."pain, or auy official el eted by your people denude tbeoi of tbeir birtallglit? This ijiiesiion tuun he proved to the hot torn Ills the only principle at stake. Kvplsud arid francs, arid eeery otaer bankrupt |>ow?r in *' ? tiu and csrew y1* to yield. l?o so, and you assent to your own degradation Shall it 1 be iWolaied to the world that Atnertoaa citizens, who j dale to fight the butt Ice n1 freedom iu foreign lands, degenerate into pirates! Firm oon/ert your ! itoional isgle into a dungcock, and'hen interdict the pr ss of your country from indulging iu that pa'notic strain which has nourished in your youth the i hi* air jus cou:age you deploru and condemn. Vou must iniufully tueet tbe question, whether the fit'y men shot in Cuba were or were nut Ainorican citizens: if they were, your character as a nation compels you to revenue them no interpreta- , lion of tbe constitution can fritter away the rights 01 American citizens. H'mumus sum inay be again repeated in their case. To revenge tho insult would tntuil war with Spain, and that war would perchance iraw both France and England into tie lims as allies of Spain These contingencies uiay be luiutly shadowed upon trie distant horizon; but the American nation would be unworthy of us reputution it it surrendered a principle for expediency etikc It is a grave end momentous question for a maritime nation like yours to incur the consequences of a conflict with tho European powers, and expose your commerce to the plunder of privatiers; yet perchance when u war does not arise, the eo ubinutions in y ur favor may not be so many. Look at the map of Europe, and vou will see that cue nation check mates another. Ku.-sia cannot move aouth without calling out Franco France canLot touch >pain without Austrias conicut , ? and Constantinople is protocol! bj the jea- , luusies of liurope. I 'n this continent you are flank- i od lor fifteen hundred miles by the British posses- ; stons, but so ripe are the people for the change, tbat wnhiu six months after war was declared, yon ' would bo master of all Northern America. A for- | tress bere aid there might hold out, yet for all

practical purposes you would be substantially mis uts o! the ointment. Cuba would be another acquisition not less certain to fall to your share?/our oct an steamers would protect your coast, and no i.i> lion woula have the te nerity to land an invading si my The social harmony of hngtand rests upon tie ytariy supply of cotton you furnish her. Ceaie your exports und her mills are silent, her operatives idle, hungry and desperate. :She has sold hertelf to mammon, und she must submit to any conuitions you dictate, while you control the supply of cotton France is divided into aalf a dozen different camps?distracted by internal dissensions, and cons-anlly on the brink of a civil war, she would neither have the capacity or inclination to play the game ol lingluod or Spain?and the latter country would oidy be formidable as furnishing u flag to , privateers. in this brief sketch I have merely reproduced the ' thoughts of our citizens who criticise parsing events, l'bey are puzzled to comprehend bow uu American citizen can lose his rights, or why an American consul should have allowed American citizens to be shot, unless he had attended during their trial, teporttd the result to his government, and received final instructions Powerful governments exhibit tntir vigor in the exercise ot pardon; but it is the characteristic ot weak and jrucl ones, like the Spanish and Neapolitan, to be merciless, and eager to shed the blood of the captives, least,.during me delay, the voice of humanity should interpose from uliir. The solemn obligation has fallen upon the American nation of vindicating, on this side of the Atlantic, the pnnciplos ot humanity, and chastising the sanguinary doctrines of a colonial despot. 13. ! The Fnglllve Slave Case at Buffalo. J OflNlON (IF .ll'IKiK CONKLING, ON OK A.N1ING A HA- | , MAS COniM'S I j au UJUn ill., iianip, "rr., .. nt.v,., ?vo , ago. for a writ of I,aim * cmyus ml tuhjti lemtuin. t ) brtug ( before mi* the body of iruiuel tsaris, for the purpose of t ll juiriug into tbe legaley of tit.- contin< uieut id tbe ' t cuxtody of one of tbt- deputy inar-iialn of thin district, j and the cn?e having been luhy argued by counsel, and a (('UMdrred by me, I ant out to declare idy opiuiou of the c law thereupon The rare in ohe in its nuiure calculated, a- we know by rrceul experience. to aruuee the pa-rious nnd prejudice." of uicn lu this part of the l'nion: aud thm t? udi ncy m the pr??eut instance ban been unnap- | 1 pny iij.'laUit d by an extraordinary incident reported to love ai lend) d the origiuai arrest of the petitioner Hut i the oin inn- tanees to which I hare alluded, howerer de1-loraUr. 11 i- n-areelj necessary to ob.n* rre. cau hare no intimate intlueuce whatever upon the decision I the <|Uektlou before me, and are to be reinem- , tarred, it nt all. only for the pu-p me of iDrpiriug a ii per reirne of judicial duty, aud greater cau.Ion in ik discharge. li the prisoner is eutille-i by law to he privilege of tbe writ of lutltat rorytn, it utu?t be twarUed; it not. it inu?t bewiibbeid, aud in neither rent can the result afford any jUnt ground for disscti*aeliou klill lana any apology for tue indulgence of a pirlt of innubordiuanon to tne 1** or the laud. It la ; >11 per at the outset to ooserre that. a-. 1 hoped and ex- i ecicii, when the order ni?i ?? ma le, (he merits of tbe 1 :aee art' town fully before uie a- tney could be on the ' eturu of a writ of hu'rat 'input, emuld one be granted. I be r? al i|Ue?tion to be decidid therefore, 1-. whether * be petitioner is entitled to bis discharge, for it is au ' tivu?u< mi Mvil an au eatablished rule, tbat when, upon an applitali u tor a IIoim? 1..1 ;mi it appoara tbat it would le ti utile** to the petitioner if allowed, it is not to le k 1 anted B-fore proceeding to aa examination if the merit* of this application, it mty hot be a to us to advert to tUe source of the power * wbub 1 aUj called upon to exerciee. The government i f tie l ulled diaten ia one of expressly d' legated j tii v., tr Mod iin fuiicuoparies can exercise no autli >rity ? except Mi h ae. either in urni. cr by rea-ouaole to .cud {, nirui. ha* Urn conferred bv the c institution. or I jr Uw- t r J id iiturdluet therewith To ;ru*r 1 agalu t p>e- s ?|L!?- r< ion- of the great prlrilege of hahmt ?nrp.i?, It J| wan deemed ei]?tll?Dt, by un eiybM prorielin of thn i<m>tituiiou to forbid iii< pu.-p--ii?wn unl> x wn?n. in case tl of r> -lnon or luva-ion the pabli Mf>-ty might require p it U Uh ibla excrplk u. I wa* lefi a* one ol tberleuieut* ?i or Indus III! ?f Uie judicial poarer. to be regulated l.y taw ? 10 1 tu oitler to gire it *u necc-sary for Cos f< gri * to router the power to grant it, an<l to d -iguste 0 the funclionarie* by wboni 'hi- power should' oxer- n ri-'f Thn wae done by the lttli section of tlie Judicial t] A't of lisp ubli h ar it ba? been au'horiiiTely interprc- y lid. ibTret* ail the court* of the t ailed Glaive, and the { B *e*eral Judge- thereof, with tha power to usue thil writ P) for the purpo-e ot inquiring into the cause of commit- r treat.' The act doea not describe tha ease* iu I e which thla form of remedy may be reported to, , f, nor die> it detiue the power of the Court or Judge f in case- where it ilea Kecourae for thine purpose* mn-t therefore be bad to the uomaoQ haw and ei- 0 1*1 tally to the celebrated //<?6??f C'erp it art of 31 Jharlm ? 11 . aeeigxed to correct and en.-ctuahy to guard agam-t D the andalou* rTaiion* aud abuses by whien the practi- o cal i theary of the writ of ifa/ee, o>>"<> had become in a t< great degire destroyed during the arbitrary reign of the n Mewart- 3 Mack t ouiui 1 JO?1,'W; m parir II llmau and e fwartwout. ? l'ranch e K 76. (2 C< ndun*. ft 33); r? purr. n n.ttma 3 Ivter'e It 1U3. 'Jul. 2UJ r III* llonor quo rd at h ngth the authorities cited at the argnnieoi aud especially the caeen n aarfi Kearney, I u 7 M heat. It 33 ; and ri yoilr vVolkiu'. <1 I'eler'n It 11.1, | '"the latter heing mainly relied on by the eounael lor the claimant, and whu ri e-tablich the principle tin' 1 when by a court of c< inpetent jurisdiction, adju lgiu*nt in It* nature Una! baa Oucw'*-ca prun suneed, it cannot c be reriewed on HaUat Coryuy. and he then proceeded ' aa follow ? It I* U|-en tht* principle that th claimant relies, and * Ihe <;u* - lion le whether or not it lurnXnM the rule of . I' J| i lelofi lor tha pre-eol ease For the purpo*, of deter- i ^ nnniog tni-question it is proper to examine into the \ n nature of the adjudication which It I* propo*ed to brlag under reeii a It* adjulirelion *- made by on- of the a I i ?in>-i< inr? of tha I oiled ctnl*? for tin* Judicial In tilct Th* ' Ore of l'i mui-tioacr tra* rreatel by an A*t <f Uaagr -- pa*-*d in IM2 by when It* rental t'trruil Court* err* autborieed to *pp< >ut amiable to tak< acknowledgment* of bail and *fllda>iu. Id elril e*u**t depending la Mtrb ft urt* anil by an act p*.?-*d a f*w day* later, tb* p? rem* ao ap|*>iut*d w*i* aulbortied to |>*rf rm MmtblMnlM inrau***lu th* dietnct ( .nru 11/tbta latter art atd other wu ?ub*e<|u*nlly panned. older power* art* euccweeierly c >ul*rT*d upon the** officer*, I *ni laetly by th* flr-t wrtiou of th* act of September 14, ItMi. known aa tb* fan lift Clare art. they are authoII' oa ai d rwjuired to *i*rria* and d'Wharge all the pottvra aad duu** conferred by thl* act " TO* fourth ertloa further deciar** that to* CoonuuMioaar* ' reall ' bat* r*,n orietit jiiriedtclion auh tb* Judge* of th* Cir< oil and IVlnct Court* of the Caned .-;at*?. in th-ir ' r< fjeotiT,- circuit* aod dleirlcta " Uy thaaitth necllom it I* al*o enacted that tda rertittcate* to b*(rant* 1 under r th* art rball be rooelueir* of th* rigbt of th* p*r*oa in {, aluw* fb*or grained to r?mor* mien fugitive* to tb* c Male m territory from whirn he *?eap**l, and hull pre I * " * eaii WblLd rat >*>?. .,# aili-h U#r,(lO ?.r Di>Pdf)nl hv dnv ! |ir? >? Iww4 b; ckuiI judge inagirtrat* ue o -her * l<r-n b*t?? ?' r No?. wnateeer ground for doubt, S if ai y might bar* dieted independently nf tint noarttinkt. concerning tb* legal fore* nud effect of theao t ccrllgeatea. 11 n.*y, I tmak. bp aafi-ly a?cnin-d tJ at it war in'<udd ty fuiurt-< to place them. In [ fhi- re?p..t iit?tmitiall/ on the fooling of judgment* 0 n nderej by judicial tribunal* in r??< vitbln tbrir jurliClrtloB Hut notwithuandtng th# wide *< >po "f jj ibp -I. rlrtnc laid d< wn bj the UtipfMi' Court in th* W atkln* ea*? . I am ale ot opinion and Indeed thl? war '' dletlnctly admitted by tbr loarard and able e<iuu**l 0 who appeared for tb* claimant, that tbl* eonepiur# i tlert ' an be B'rtib-d to a certificate, only when it ap | o I par* on deface that It wa* grant d or attend accord- ei ingtvarm* rrn* nabl* mteiprcuti ?n of It* languor* ^ ii.utht hare been planted in r itil?rmity with tli< act ^ RUU in puT?uarir* nt the anth irity thereby conferred , I into uonnMy It rbould npp< ar to bar* been granted, by a perron baring power to grant it. and prop .*dmg la a a qihmu r warianted by tbe act It k only to ?u h per t< tlflrat'* that tfie principle of law rolled on by the K roam* f'-r tbe claimant, ' an be applied, an 1 rum only can I ongrera be pr- ruined to ha?* hnu In ?i#w Ira- t| an t that tbe rtrruinelauce* of tin- nm., and my own 1 t| mm-(email* ngaic meul* mdllM my Immediate ri d? f?it'ire to a ri inoii pari of t , WWg NhMim ?, lr. in f. rtUyiiiK 'ton eiuriUatir thl< proportion and r-ronolUrg It wltb th- r*?* >> pari. tVatkina, by a rof-rebce to autborittea. Dul I 'hail auani It a* " nii'ineetlonable l b*- f 'Uaol for th" petitioner denlea ll ttnt the certificate now In i|Ue*tlon i* of thla chart]- a ter ti?* oftbe objection* to it* tuffl"leiicy la. that i tb* |?rv.n by whom tv wa* mantel ie therein de- i c eerie d a* a Cntuoil-.?loner app dated by the Secnd Cir- * i ult i 'uri and a? a Corjino-i"iier appoin'nl by th?Circuit Court for the ground Circuit, when In tru h tfcere ! no melt Court, and. Of confer ti" euch cumuli* ^ aioiur Tlo "Oieetion i* true in point uf faat. bt> J If there ? wa* not another "t a mureraftou* nature, tbie would at ' .eaet r?i|uir? eow-Weroto/n Hut It le further otyoctwd n Ilia' the care of lbe petitioner i< not' itbro ' d by tb" jf act ?r rather by that part of It under which the pro. 0 pee fling vaa eniertained. and by wbirh n' ine It o?uld ? hate been authnrlacd It la due to the highly r**p*eia He a* fill' man by whom the rertiAoat* wn* granted to ih-.iy* that thi* objection appear* not to liar* b?*u * Bride before him ami probably it wa* not thought of by huo or until ofierward* by tb# rcuo?r| for tbe petI- C tit tel. fh' claimant *gw fit to bT&U biiu'vU of th* pro* 'ifioM of the twit section of tlx tc< fey whlfb the nrner oi I fgfttiK afen U puriattksd to uti proof of he nils fact < of ttUe ud eecens before i court of re mid. or ronie ;udg* thereof, iu the Stele whence the reel** wee made ; end having obtained e traiecrlpt >j the record, which such court is rwiuired to arms ot the wetter* ho proved to exhibit .be tint to the Judg or Cnnuiusiloaer. to 1'hcm application shall he uiedr, to the State there the fugitive thell be fouud, as conclusive videuce of the facte therein stated duch a record wee produced before the Court in the present ceee, and if Jietinctiy stated in the certiflcete. to have formed the tatsi* of hi* notion in the premise* It wee suggested et .he argument, though apparently with no great confidence, that the CommUaiooer might by possibility have dad other competent evideuoe before him; but 1 am dearly of opinion that noeueh supposition is admissible There in not. in the papers he'ore me the elighteet Intimation to tfaiaeffeet; but, on theooutraiv the transcript .a exclusively referred t> throughout, as the uvtdrnce by shuh the tilde of the claimant and the fart of escape sere esiaousneu mil iue virspr in also uuougtiout alleged to have occurred ' on or about the 26ih cay of \ugust. lfcOO," whereas tbe act wan not passed until the 1Mb (>f hepU-mber Mlowiug; and it la upon these dates that the objection la founded Tan language of tbe 10 "U ?ertiou of tbe act is this: " Aud be it further enacted, ri .it when any person held to labor or service. in any State or Territory, or in the District of Columbia, shall Bt. rape then from, tbe p irty to whom eueb service or labir U dus, hie. her, or their ag ent or attornej, majr apply to any eourt of record therein, or judge thereof In vacation. and make satisfactory proof," fco Now tt la undated that thia provision in clearly proapective, aud berefure Inapplicable to the case of an "icape from labor or aervico, occurring before tbe paasage of the act aud sueb. I am constr?iued to Bay, appear* to me robe tbe plain Heme of the euaotoicnt. It war agreed by the couneel for the claimant, that this bring a i( medial act. it la to be ho construed an to suppress the miBcbief and advance the remedy; a ad that If it can be reasonably inferred from it* whole tenor that the proviaioa iu (j Ueation wan designed to act retrospectively. it is to be m Interpreted Hut when tbe laoguags ot a statute in unamb guous and leads to uo absurdity or paipaole injustice. 11 la to be interpret' 1 according to its na uial import It may be ooncrued tliat tbe legislative intent imported by the words used, might hive been u.ore explicitly ih-cl-i.-ej, by the audition immediately after the word -snail" of the word hereafter, or ot the word* "alter the passage of tbi< act;" but it cannot. 1 nnuutbiLid Urnl tills inteat is not unequivocally expri -*ed by the word ' itiulT'uline. If I were permitted, however, to look beyond the ter m* of the provision itself, and to speculate upon its probable design. I am unable to perceive that tbe result would be varied The or !y other part of tbe act specifically referred to by tbe counsel tor the claimant, for tbe purpose of shed ting tight upon that under oon-iderati >n, is the b-giuntng oi the sixth section, ahion provides for a different mode of establishing the facts ot the title and escape l'he words here are i' if a perseu held to service or abor In any hi ale or ternt.iry of tbe L" oiled States, has heretofore, or shall hereafter escape." 4..J, Tne argument is that it is mauittst from this language that on grt ss intended to provide tor cases of prior as well as subsequent e-eapn There can be no doubt of this, as lar as the provisions of this section are concerned Hut it is to be considered ttnit the lentil sectiou introduced i most important innovation upon the law us it was be ftro the passage of the aot It authorizes an ti parte spylication to a court or judge to be selected by the [ lain.ant. in the absence of, aud without notice to the party to ue auectej ny vat* proceedings, to determine luestlons of tact involving his fr fJ.>m or servitude for lift, aud deeiares the deooinns < f such court or .iudgu to be lull and conclusive evidence of the facia decided, and Ibtrefore bit ding upon the judgment uud cod -cience of the court, judge, or commissioner. in any other State, belovc whom the alleged fugitive to ay be reclaimed It is not my proviuve to express any opinion upon the rea onabientea of this great innovation. It mutt be con- ! ceded tbat there were uot wantiug strong ait justifiable motives for its enactment, aui it is tuffl dent for those whoa - duty it is to execute it. that Congress have seen fit to adopt it. But it may, 1 think, well be supposed that in leferenre to the spirit of the great principle of natural imnire aud constitutional law. whicu forbids the enactment ol ' . ; >?< fncln laws, it was intentionally limited to ! janes of escape liom servitude, to occur ; aud i his inference, 1 am of opiut >n is rather stieugthened j .han weakened by the retroactive phraseology employed : n the sixth section fh? liability of this provision to ibuee is too o'lVieus to escape notice, and it is worthy of | iliservation.that in the present case as it appears by the ecord of the Kentucky court, iDstead of r* , uiriug the per- j onaf attendance of tue witnesses of the claimant, the 'ourt saw lit. Id the di-charge of the grave and tesoon-ioie , uty impi red upon it by tba act, to receive affi lavits, ud to act upon ibem alone although tha deponen sare escribtd as residents of the city of Louisville, where I tie court was Leld It may well be that these w itne-ses I ere credible persons able frrn their own auowledge to j tfest to all the facts requisite fuily to w ariaul the de- 1 isiou- of the Court, aud that a careful cr is?t xamin ttion ould have elicited no other facts fat oral le to the peti- j oner: but eonceding that the evidence before the ( ourt light lawfully be held by it to cousit u'e the satisfactory j roof" required by the act. the opposite ci urse of procure would to say the least h??e been D >re c insonnut ith the established aud. as 1 tad supposed, universally cognised principles of enlightened jurisprudence I am, lerefore. also ot opiniou that it is my duty to apply to ii? murine ui iu? ??me iuii ' i ruuKirucuon idki i? up* i ncable to penal natea It ???.' *ay? rrofe*?or Chria?n. one ol the law? of the twelve tubl-? of Home, that hencver there wa? a (juration between liberty aud I avery. the pri umplion ehould be on the mUj of liberty bi? exccllt nt principle >ur law haii ad >pted. in the con- , ruction of penal xlatulrr ior whercfei aty ntnhlguity rise* in a atatute introducing a new penalty or ] unlahu-mt. the urclid'-n rh?tl be en the hide of lenity nd mercy, or in favor of natural right and U1 rty; or. | > other word?, ttie declaim -hall be according to the diet letter in favor at the ?uh]e'-t And though the j idgea in euch caaca, may frvajueutly raiee and eolvr | iBn ultie? contrary to the intention of the hegielature. et no further inconveuience em result than that the iw remnitie a? it waa before the atatule And it ii more I DDeonnnt to principle? of liberty, that the judge -hould j djult whom the legislator intended to tin charge with i npunity " 1 Coram XV note !' The rcault of tbi* r?ruination ttien i that the <h be evidenee on which alone the <!oniuii**tnocr founded ie adjudication would have been aurttcieni and c mclu- I ve in a can- arialng after the p?a??g? of the act. it ?a< holly inapplicable to a Caae llbe the preeeut arising he we the pa??ageof the act In other word? a? a: year ( n the lace of the certificate Itaell. the adjudiratn n waa iade without evidence ant the only question la, wbt- ! bcr tbi? great error ariainz I have no doubt, from IBadert? nee. can be correcti d on habrat rai t>ti?. 1 th.nk it \ lay and that It i? my duly to do it Ii. ar it ha? been Cd. a good warrant I.? a good cau-e of detention the eyerie of the propoeition it not l,*? true I Khali ac ordinply. allow the writ, but it muat be made returnable efore nc at the Court llou.?e iu Buffalo. at 2 o'clock '. M to-morrow P t>?The n*?ro Daniel wa*. this afternoon, at 2 clock. MM* Jud.e Conk'.in. In pursuant of a Tit of haljrat previouely iuoed The Marnhal 1 lade the -uci?- return to the writ that he mud' on th' rdt r to show rau-r rtferred to 10 the oniuion published 3 day. There *>.< no argument In the r*?e. the wbnie i? rit.i baring been none into on the order to <<bow tune. Mr i'alrott. < ouusel for the mgro, uiad<- a lotion, upon the return of it? Marshal ho be lis- , bam <1 Motion grante I the etati iront of Mr ihnrmmelr net Pmlth of Buffalo, > ill I" published in ii day or two !*0 the Editobe "i the A I f ANI AB'if v ? Many exaggerated and false report* of th; preceding* which took place before the I' H ( onlissioncr ut buffalo, on the exatniu ition of Daniel, laitned to be a fugitive from, having been ubiiahed. 1 deeui it due to the public ami to my- ( slf to state what actually occurred, the point* tired by the counael, ai.d the decision* ma<le by mo. l>aniel vn arrested on a warrant issued by me, r>d carried to my office, on the IAth of August. I le was arrested in the moraior, but I waa not ap- | ristd of the fart until nearly two o'jleek in the at-moon, when I immediately went to the office, and lund l>aniel in the cuntidy of the U. ? Marshal | nd his ass slant* Daniel had been wounded bj a low on the head at the time of bis arre.<t, as it ap- j eared; but hi* wound bad been dressed, and his ' tad waa baund around wi ,h a bandage At the uggcation oi the Mayor of the city, of the Marshal, I nd of the sheriff, I adjourned ihe hearing of the aae to the Court House There was a dense and oiacwhat excited crowd about tbe building ; they urrounded and followed the carriage in wiich anicl was placed and. on arriving at the Court, the} immediately tilled the court tootn, the j alls, and the street In fiout. Daniel having been ented within tbe ha-, 1 told bira to stand up, exilnined to him on what process and cnarge ho bad >eeu arretted, and n. |uirtd whotner be had an/ IMWl. Mr. John L. Taleott. who rat by Daniel, rose and i latcd that he *p| ear< d a* counsel tor hi in Mr. I. ('. llawley ??* associated with Mr. Taleott. Mr II. A. Kostet and Mr. l>owen appeared for he claimant At thi* stage of tba proceeding*, the counsel for niel made no motion for a postponement, either n the ground ot the ubsence of wiuicmc*, or the by Meal condition of tbeir client If a pottpooeictit had been neecaeaiy, thi* war the time to move >r it, before the claimant had intriduced the proof* n which he intended to rely. 1 he care proceeded. The claimant'* counsel ffercd in etidenoe a tranrcript of a record ot the i nunty court of Jetlerrou eoun y, in the Mute of j .cntucky, made up under, nod in pursuance of the tnth lection of the act of (/cagreeo, passed iSeptcmer lb, ltMO, in reference to tuginree from justice nd pcrronr creating troui the service of their tna? re?pro\ log I be fact that I tanici owed eerriee in cntucky, and had escaped thence The counsel lor Daniel objected o the introducion of thi* tranrcript ot the record in evidence, on be ground that the real of the Court attactcd to the ccmd waa not impressed on wai or an* other adf sive rubrtance. t>?t waa rtamped on the paper itilf That H waa not a era) at common law, and nuld not be reeogn'ied in thi* .Tate; and they ra- i ' ed. to rapport tbir position, on the care of Coit id otherr vr Milliken I Deoio, 87ti The comooiarinner orerruied the objection, do- ' iding that he war acting under a law of CongrcM, rbirli declared that the transcript of the record botild be authenticated "by the attestation of the Ink and of the real of the raid c mrt " That thi* id not require a real a* nefiued at common law; hut the Mater had a right to regulate for themrlvrr what the real* of tbeir court* rhould be; this Itate bad lone re, ai d pnvided that an impression n the paper should be a* valid and effectual a real | * one on wai: and that it war a matter of history, i bat in molt of the Mate* the real* of the court* j '<re impressed diroctly on paper, and not on wai. I b*t the transcript ottered war properly authentl- I ted, and might lie read ia evidence On thi* point tht commwawoef wC-fl th* ffft* I feosion to the cam of the United States ri the Executors of Stephenson 1 McLean's Rep 462. No other objection wee token to the i*tredaction of the transcript of the record, end it wee read The counsel for the claimant then produced the eon of the claimant, who, on hie direct examination, distinctly identified Daniel ai the fugitive described in the record. The counsel for Daniels then prooeeded to orossoxamine the witness, a* to the time of the purchase of Daniel, the price paid for hiin. the business in which he bad teen employed, and the place from wbich be escaped The claimant's counsel objected to the introduction of this evidence, on the around that on these points the record was conclusire; and Daniel's counsel stated tbet tbej ottered such testimony on tbe question of idontity, and contended that on the cross-examination oi a witness it was proper. The commissioner decided that upon the question ot identity, and that only, such testimony was com* potent,*and might be piven On his cross-examination the witness testified, in substance, that hit* father had purchased Daniel from a man amed I'rayer, and uad agreed to pxp f?LO dollars for him; that at the time of the purchase Daniel was running on the rivor, and after tuv puiuuuor 11 in jauier nan Direu aim out iu uuuuville. Tbat about four months after the purchase, the boat on whioh 1 >aniel wa?, in the capacity of cook, made a trip to Cincinnati, and < rom that plaoo Jiauiel escaped, aa be believed; that the boat dil not tun regularly to Cincinnati. Tbia wan all the evidence given The counsel for I>aniel contended that Daniel ' was proved to wa free man, and had esc i pod froaa Cinoinnati. and therefore.he could not be seat back to Kentucky. The comiuifsioner decided that he was bound by ( the record, which the act of Congress declared " .-hall be held and taken to be full and conclusive evidence of the fact of escape, and that the service or labor of the person escaping is due to the party in such record mentioned." Tout, even if he could look behind Lbe record, the proof would not sustain the position of Daniel a counsel, for it did not warrunt the as^mption that Daniel had been taken to a free State with the assent of his master For these reasons be should decide against the objection taken by Daniel's counsel. In the course of the argument one of Daniel's counsel s>ated the law te be, that when a master comes wi'h, or permits his slsve to be oarried to, a free State, that moment the slave becomes free. From the proposition thus broadly stated, the commission-r dissented, and said that, in his , opinion, there were cases in which a master . might take his slave in or through a free Ktatc, and that act alone would not emancipate him It is this remark of the commissioner (in most of the papers incorrectly reported), woich has elicited criticism, and the citation of casos to show, what eTery one kno vs. tbat sin very is a local institution, and cannot be extended by the removal of masters and -laves into the free States. In the qualified sense in whioh the commissioner's remark was given, he adheres to it as good law; but, whether in this the commissioner vas right or wrong, nis remark was a mere obittr di'.tum; and had nothing to do wi h the decision of Daniel's case I he counsel for Daniel then -tated that there were two witnesse. on board the boat from which liuniel was taken, who, they were informed, were material for Daniel on the queition of identity, and that u messenger bad been sent for them The commissioner -aid he wccld wait a reasonable time for them to come in; while waiting, the counsel for Daniel a-ked the counsel for the claimant to consent to an adjournment of the case, stating that their client was much exhausted and iijured by the wounds be had received, and that, if necessary, they would call medical witnesses on the point The claimant's counsel refusod to consent to an adjournment, und Daniel's counsel did not call any medical witnesses, no-.withstanding the sorgeom who dressed his wound wus in court. The commissioner, however, t wice sail to Daniel's counsel, that if either of them would say that, in their opinion, the interest r f Daniel, or his condition, required a postponement of the examination, he would adjourn until the next day. Both oounsel declined to make such a statement. The commissioner, having waited half an hoar, and no witnessing appearing, determined to proc 'cd, and decided il at the record being before him, the only question was cne of fact, wnether Darnel was sufficiently identified as the man described ia the record L poii this point the proof was decisive and uncontradicted, and Le should therefore make the order that Daniel be sent back to Kentucky That order *?. accordingly made. With the aires-., the commissioner of oourse had no connection ; that duty was discharged by ths marshal ard h'.s assistants. il K Smith, l~. S. CornusD;letter? Bit; a:.o, august'So, 1^31. The KintHirrSlsvr lidding. New Yob ., September 2, 1S3* TO -ir r. :.IT K OF THE SFW i till! HERA1.D D .?.n Sr -Allow me to express my gratificatioa at the d< vision of Commissioner Nelson, in the case cf the fugitive ?la e, the property of Mr. K. C Anderson, of Columbia, S. C. The youthfuland aecomplithed jurist has not only sustained the constitution and law:, of his country, but be has done jti?lice to my native .state For if, as was attempted to bo proved bv Messrs Culver on,l 1 . ,1... ?k..I:,...? I.. ... 1 ..L._ I_ i?u?* \ | mi i.ic i.iiumi'iu lawjgri, .'pbu u ?u in* (lion, and untainted with African blood, he can, onhii return, ave for. and ob ain his freedom a.' promptly in the oourti of South Carolina at in thu.4e of any State ot tba Union; and. as has been truthfully averted by Commissioner Nelson, "if ha is in fact a fr.eman, he may challenge the right of bis a -turned um-tcr or masteri before any court of justice iu South Carolina, and call up i th. in to prove that be u a slave ; nor will any judge of that State impo;e upon him the onus of proving that he it free " In no State of the Union are the rights of free* men guarded with more jealous rare than in South Carolina, and in no stato of the confederacy is there a more sovereign contempt for that perverted and morbid passion for liberty, that would lower the heaven ordained superiority and dignity of the white man to a level with the infcriirity and legradaiion of the black one. J. L Thornton, Columbia S C. Sporting Intelllganer, Tin Town, N II, Omi lkf' ? tc Ki * Yoan Bm*M TIm M John (N Hi mtSSi if the'ddth in?t i ootalna the fallowing c? lainuntration ?"a* your paper It the milium through which information can b* generally obtained. I would ask you If there 1* any probability of a race coming off between Indian Town and Sew Y irk' lam ii?arc that Indian Town challenged New York, and lhat tfcc challenge *u accepted la the Arc York tin*U. t</ one eignieg himself -Jar L> no " I hare alro bee a ii.!orni"'i on undoubted authority that aiore the acceptan*e of the challenge a oooiaunicath n her been cent to Mr l.ynn, rejueeti.rg him or a r immitte* fro a New Wrk, tumeet a committee Irom Indian Towa. al Portland. Maine on ae early a day aa would be oonvenloat for him or tb'm to do no. for the purpoae of arranging pr< linunari-e Aa yet. I hear m answir hae bean ob tallied, rr neerjuently Indian Town Is uoatile to tell how taproot! In the Matter A- you appear to eirbaage with tie Km York Until if y< u will be kind eniujb la give tble one Ineertion y?m will probably be the me ana of throwing woe light on the oahjeet ' WaetiivwTow Cm raar ?We would call thv atteatiew ' * the reading public to a rpeolomn of American art. a monument. In the marble yard of Mr J Edwards. near the entrance of the Urwaeirit Oetn- tery It is a eaouw mental etone deetaord for the Waahlna'cn Ometnev and If highly creditable to the young American who de elgied Hud nwuti-d it iiid tio u too modert to hawa hlr nuiif puhlirln d Tha top I* (loirbwd wl h ? nrroll. uailrr which, in cM< there are two weeping willow* At th? baae of the ohlef, ond between thr wiilow* i? o t'>mh. on which -laud* *n urn. oil 10 fine relief Ry th< fide of lb' tomb mid urn etanda tho ftgnr* of > youth with a countenance on which grief i< aitniraMy depict*d It ! not i.I the violent outburst of rwMt gi iff but that kind which we for mi led with deeotlan On the fame tonih ere inecrtbed? Geo Opt i?" MmiDi (To thr tnewt holy and Almighty God )?fVn J Tbi n come* the Inscription on panel ? llrrc lb- the |> main* of hophla nud Arllagtaii thr wiiw nnd ion of Ar legion llrnnrt. founder of thr Washington 'lemetety kbr war two day* rid when the father of bin Country war Inaugurate Prmdent of thw I'nllrd Stair*, II* ei 87 yare a? n prudent. amiable and rtrtnour wlfr - inert kind d-r trd. and lowing mother <nd died Dec S. 1847. In tin full hopr .fa nlaer d Immortality Kt di-cuf -t pretrial r-ctl Phr nruainu' and reward of ylrtiir ?Br | Ph? bar left n eon and daughter, whiioi fhe nutr >rdlatiy lo*-d, to be guided t?y the prer? pi and rxamp! (fthl belt .flu?ither? ."h war a bail** of New Kng'aod and nn rrnamrat to her ft. Roa e#t magna parentutn rlrtua Arlington died la 1H32. aged 4 y ara Ry th htiaban I and father, who la yiA.'j rd unmm, and who will rooo follow i Den I' H"waltie Lord a Prayer In eerec which w?a pah li?l I'd In th> llrraU J> *r? >('* ?hleh la deeiaed lb b?rti r-ton In th< Kn<li?h lanKvasr-. It hnr bee* wt to inaolc and t? for rale ?t tie mu<lr rtor ? THR LtllllV PflAVI *. or jawr.a aaiinurw* eeaert, m I <>tif Path-r dear who nil In h>'t? n. To ahnrn nil Riory ohnuld be Rtfea, Hallowed Ir thy Nettle O let thy ?l?f|i - Kinflom come And nay thy |<raei<.u? will be done. In earth and heaen the eame Gi?e u? tin. day our dally bread. T'nt wo nay la ibT rtaMlUr tread, And b?- war debt* rorRiyea ; A? w- nrylee car fellow men The debt* that we ralfht claim cf tb-ta A nd ItaMr ? nafe to h -ar'a Let tint temptation aet a anaro That we eaa't of ere an- by pray'r From eetl make u. tree ? The K Umd'.tn Power and tilery. th?n it tbinw?ft.t whted w any, Amen. A?; (lee our aouU to Xbet

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