Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 12, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 12, 1851 Page 2
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IlllftZOVI XWYBLLiraVOa. Meeting of tlu American Board of Foilfi MM Of* PORTLAN1* COBSCSl'OMDWICE. Porti-amd, .Sept. 9, 1961. The American Board of Commianooer* for Foreign Missions, eomuiensed their forty-second an aal meeting to day, in this oitj. The place ot meeting is the large brick church (Rev. Mr. Chick ring't,) on Heigh, street. Tnere were about sit hundred members prevent, and a large number of ether personi. 'lite meeting was called to order at ten minuses girt four. Hon. Theodore 1'reliaghuyseu, Proddent of the Board, in the chair. Prayer was otl'ored by the llev. Dr. Bennett Tyler. Rev. Nathan Dole, of Boston, was appointed Assistant Recording Secretary. Kev. Sami'el M Woki ester, D D., read the report of the proceedings at the la it annual meetmg. He.nky Hill, Esq , read the Treasurer's report for the year ending July .11, Idol, showing that the reee.pls were, irorn ail sources, $271,902 21, which is an advance on the pre vious year, of $23,3?6 bi) But us tiie legacies were $ 1,000 le*e taan the previous year, tno actual advance in douatious alone, has been $26,092 17. Tao expenditures, during the tame period, nave been $294,rl!) 56, being greater than the receipts by the sain of $9,924 Ub ; which, added to the exiting debt, makes the present indebtedness to be $13,993 10. 1A-. i d.tuB/kv nnn ot Lht? u.ri?j4. r?ajl the rtpoit oi ijo Ljjic department, the substAaoe of which was as follows:? Ai*4*t'?u,. us >tut Jotth?Darin ? the year, six missionaries and two initio and eight fern tie as.-isuct u ssionanes, in ail sixteen persons, htvo been i* lit to differ tut missions under the care of the Board viz , four to Bouta Africa, two to tiio Ariii?niuns, t ao to tiro .V .toriaue, ouo to Syria, two to ti e uatiii':, two to Auiueauuggur, and three to tb< uh"ctaws. Publications ?There have been published, of the iUi -i iiuy JhrttfU, -10,odd copies, melting a moult y altltgc of i? .VM). Of lae don. r.ui >j Mi*.? tun?, 5(12,000 copies, being a monthly a1, em hc of t'f tiio Vuul't'i hi sy\ te,i, 'Kfj copies, winch makes a auuteiy . an rage ot 05.510. The whole number cf copies of the three monthly iubliea'.ione or tire i> >.i.d, is. rod during the last hoauc'al year, is l,li<o UtXi, bung 871,t MO more than the previous year, mid making a monthly distubu'iin if more than 111 i i). Of the Annual lieport, 5,luo copies were printed; L*r. Storrs' tiruion, '1; ot d.ii-.ront trusts, 31,720 cc pits ; oi maps and iilu-.tra'ions, musing e much laigti a.uouut of priuled matter Lbau bus evtr heloie been issued by the Bjard in any etc ycur. The fo.lowi ig committees were appointed;? Business Ibsi.i-j Williams, of Connceticut; Chnncsllor Walworth, of .Now York; liev. Dra. llawvs and Tucker, of Connecticut; Rev. Mr. Pond; ai d Beth Terry, U>4 , of Jt>nuec..eut. L'ammiiUe iJ Arrun%emtnts ?Kev. Mr. C bickering, K?v. Dr. D wight tiev. Dr. Garrotters, all cf Portland; Kev Dr. Cannon, of New York; Kjv. Dr. Aiken, of Ohio; Kev. Hiram \oaros, ot Connecticut; Kev. l?r. Pomroy, of Boston. Commidtt on Tnaiurtr s fi-pnri ?Chancellor "Walworth: Be h Terry, Levi t utter, Anion G. i . .... ... vc.n.uf,, ur,i:,....... i! it Waters a: a John L"iaou. E-qrs. Tbe iU v Dr. Anderson commenced reading an attract cl the Kef,-:; >t t oreign Missions, a Dn.-f outline of which 1 subjoin. AFRICA. Missum to tht Zulu.- ?.Mr. ff-yant. a miasieivy of great excellence, dit-d Dec i ; this is me o:.iy death that has occurred in the pa;t sixteen years. Thirty-six new courch member# nave heea aided in nine stations. Ntarly dOUXM) pages were printed in the Zulu language, aii of wmcn has been real and re-read by in any cl the natives. Tht liubocn?Mill proves to be one of the healthiest j arts of the wes>rn coast. Tde therui tl equator runs considerably north of the astronomic tl. The church contains ? members. In the schools are about 70 scholars. KtTEOri. M isiiwt to Grare ? (I station at Ath ?n?: 1 nfisionaiy, 1 assistant missionary.)?Dr. King continue. to preach as u.-uai About 2.5> ) copies of Scriptures, school books, and religious tra.s were distributed, 'l fce report is chiefly occupied with sa account of new difhcttl.ies with the government, growing out of tie utsire of the hierarchy t* remove our missionary tob the couuirg. Mis** is to lut Jt wn ?(2 suii .o is at .^A'.o iict and Com ai.t.m.pi-: 0 missiouaries, 3 i.-uaie i*s*istau: missionaries, 1 native help- r?total, 7 )?Amis sioLjry sr i nis i< ifc h ve joined th# mission, and anotter a.!.-? o.sry is puparing to emoark. The ( Hatb nical Jews in "Nilomca are reckoned at about { d? and t be -lohamm-daa Jews at o.eKJU. i oes | alter ure said to be the nobles; class of's I n tbe city Ihe priesthood has been roused to ; great exertions to keep tbe people from the prcacnitig if the missionary, and tbe children from the j Missionary scncol. 1 he reading of the report was interrupted by the Ktv. Mr Chickerirg. who informed tbe audieuce that all the resources for accommodations, both public and private, had been exhausted; but that a eutsiderable number t-oiud be accommodated in tie IM-lgfi TiCg tOWSI, to wnitu lat/ CVU. J ja u/ tug art It was then voted, when the b^ard adjourn, to adjourn to nine o'cl- ck to-morrow m >rnii.^ A recess was then tnken until seven o'clock, at whtch time the Kev lie Kiddle, of i'uUburg, I'* , is 'o preach the annual sermon. 1 ta<ill stud a report of the farther proceeding* of the H< aid, as feet as they take place, tor tae benefit of the readers of tae iltiai-l. 1). Interesting from the Hlo tirenilr. [Fiom th? ?* OrUan Pteayun* -er 3.] We hare re reived the first number of a n-.-w and hatdscmc paper, the llto Bravo, issued at Uru<*usvdie, on the /7th ultimo, from which we gather scn.e intere-ting intelligence from northern Mexico una the Valley of the Kto Grande, a* follows:? The edtor has seen a letter, iated Z ace tec as, | Ju!j "I, frr'in a highly respectable wa cs, stating that at Ltaranro, a serious riot ani outbreak M4 I centred, whicn resulted ia the death of a number I of people. He says:? l'be difficulty sums to have originated in the j general scar:ity of provisions, ami am >ng other thir gr, in the rui-iLg "f the ptice of corn to the rate i f two doi.ars a:.d a half per bushel I ne d-y season has operated disastrous y on tne crop* in th at whole region of country, and tne mining luteresU are much crii pled by tbe ic.rci y aud h x'i price* of atl sorts of sab'L-tence Mu.n public discontent I?na0fi all cla-aes, an t the le-teral governm it -will have its hanCa fail, if it restrain* tne popular syr pat hies. w? also laarn from another respectable r. that ii the state c( ' uanajuato, ? ymun itmtni > has been iesucd in far ,r ef Sati'.a Anna,and in open Loeti jty to the pre teat elecutive. Tne u u icuis i we Lave Lot learned, but we art assured that a very roi <iu-rauic parry cu c?. >?h au|i|ni m >u>? ?eoiotionary mevomtnt. I here are in any who be litve that the peoj Ic uf Metico ae oa tin ere of mm gieat ecintu tion. and it ia certain that a n? tii n o r tight bh!: * ?>f people, a leig? p-Xtion of I wt'ion ae discontented with the govern neat, a id l*La .1 f.-r food, are a potent rng no for g<* .J or lorcrii. wben the/ ttiet. a forth their iitade in tie caa*e We wait with actiety to ?ee waat each dey mey bring forth. .' 'nuid the eren . bj traaqti liiy it Mttir. >, we itvotet y pray that it inay ti d to advance ti. irur lappineaaalf tar J^etnaa L-. gl.b< * ' i loni the Victoria '. < tin'mii (Ta.nv:'l ji?) of tfce I i. inni, we u ?rn that th- ?::.o.r of 11 guard at Guan -4 ** 'irtee .il with a ,'U.i ef a CToluti-c ii. bit Ua', ovt tthio* ii>r* (he p. - at go-cm jitr-t of Mc-t.c , fiil^fan . A-.-vt dictator, annuJiirig the tr- .:y w.t'e the L'irted "-later, and respecting the pro ?rty 01 tbechuiea. II i.fdt-r.d to be u.-.i od. oat m- o'd lwih .no t there in inak'fr lit > .-er-e. Wnv rer ti will quell the ipiiil ol ii. arT:c.ion in tbat f-'a o reuial se to be eern The K'o R.?v) sop'ct an article f-om III H * Putt in, by which it app.-.? that tn< Mci ran goTertmett ban adopted prwc.-eiingr again tee vara I eaatarf, iaelad'ng General Alwort-, a ..! .i r offi "te, under an old ?j>atii*h law of 1-1.1. 'liter; gcntlnree, it ia etated. hare brefi fin-J,e in of Uh in eert to the prion at Pe.ote, othora diriOMo d, and the hoM?" of ?etleral A 'moot* otiioied ai.d pro- I petty i moT< d to pay thr One, br a file of arm-d Mi lie omplarua lotidlr of abuee a id outrage, , and f i^ood l'-mi of public feeling aeeote to be eaoited 1 -rp and ar.g?y diwjintcot nppeerato perraJo a1 |? ..f Meaici. How it will eud, noooeraa foretell. 'i ne .eteet eeoottn'a from the eity of Uelleo, it le e?id, rrpr-eeet ttr r(it:diiion o'bnilncrJ men in that city, to t?e *< rr'ln fljr precarmaa. ri < ! i.' n., r 11 i v | o ir:vi, ??r we r v lie Ted to be in tin eve ef <K:urr1"if. and among ! th<m i ?ef iheulteit and i.e?t erabiuhed bourne in Menco. The it.fli'n'je of tbe?e eve ,t<, on the inet?iiTef end |>To*fieet? of the government Iteelf, 1 W*J leaeh trueb turtber than at lift tight may ijear jrobable. The aeptreta obv.o i* y train- ' bin n In ?be handb of thoeo vetemn mooopolMU '1 be #fi B> w learn* tha' ia the vieini'y of 'Mo (irandf < i*J and below. ?u the rive., a', tne ?e r;rel point*. bodbi of tn u, in tbe aggregate a.ui,anting to NTtrnl hordred, are roueenii ated. f >r the parpoee, a* if believed, of embark'ng in tbe ei**1iti'>>i to Coha. Meet of them are weil aimed, and th. ir man' ate deftlnatioa i? thought to be Cnrpm < liriatl, er pome other ? onvinlent point on the Oulf t r naelirg Cuka. Ulltr front Colonel Crtttfltii. [from the New Orleans Crescent, Sopt. X] The following let er, the lest the gallant Crittenden ever wrote hex been handed to us for publication. Tbo news which wo pub'.sh to-day shows ibnt he. ??.< mietah-n in hi* sweeping estimate of Cuban desire lor freedom, as, indeed, having never passed beyoud the ooa?t mhabi'.oi by Spanish lisberiueu, he bod no opportunity of fairly judging In their unarmed condition, tie Cuba'ti would bo very apt to wail till Lopez bai gained a victory and poeiiioti before declsriug theaseivee. 1'bat Lopez did not return to assist ( ritteoden. now seems to be aoeouoted for by the aia >st certain fact that be bad juite at much is he could do in defending himself. That Lopes is rash, wj believe, but it is fully to suppose that be would b ivo wilfully racrillced one hundred men, the ilowcr of his force, at the risk of incurring American indignation, and ol It sing his own bead. Colonel Crittenden, doubtless, would convey bis idea of the hasty unci r*ob, not treuhorous aa 1 false, ob tranter of Lopes. lu this estimate of him, we are urt dispoied to concur with thi brave and lamented dead:? StllP OF Wa? K-PKR4M4A, ) August Id, 1451. \ L)i ah LrciEN:?In half an hour I, with o'ty others, am to bo shot. We were taken prisoner! ' yesterday. We were in small boats. General Lopez separated the balance of tbo oommand from me I had with mo about one hundred?was attacked by two battalioas of in'aatry and one cj up>any of horse. Tne odds was too great, and, I strange to tell, I was not faruisbed with a single mu?ki t c&rtridirA- I.nui >i,,1 not intia, artillery. 1 have not thelie&rt to write to auy of my family If the truth ever comes out, you will find that I did my duty, ana have the perfect confidence of every man with me. We had retired from the fiold, and were going to sea, and were overtaken by the Spanish steamer ! llabanero, an I captured fell Gou. Ha*to i ina'. | his nephew got separa'cd from uie on the Idch?day of the fight?and thai 1 have not s.'e-i hnu siusj. lie | may have Kraggted off and joined Lopes, who ai- j vanced rapid y to the interior. .My people, how. , ?ver. were eu' trey surrounded on every oile. We | i&w lLa' wc had boon deoeivtd grossly, and were mak ng for the Uu.ted states wti utakeu Daring : iny sfijrt f>.i urn in his l.luod I hire not mo . u j single patiit. Vv'e Ja..u i o ue firoy or fifty urles ! to the .ve t ?; rd of ibis, h ui ! am aure that ia that j irt oftiis i.-!ai:d Lo]?/. b"s no fiiends I When i was at ai eked. L >pce ? as only three mil 's off 1: he nat cot been deceiving us an to the state o: (Lings, b wool i baie fj.lkn h ck with his force i and wade figet: ic&te.idoi ; aish he marched ou im- I mediately '.o tLc interior. I am requested to gjt | y u to til! .dr Green, of the custom hou y, that i his brother shares mv ftte Victor Kerr is also j with mo. i?l o Stanford. I recollect no other of your acquaintauH'S at present. I will die like a man My heart has not failed me yet, nor do I believe it will. Communicate with my family. This is an incoherent letter, bit the ctrc i nstances 1 tnurt excuse it. My hands a*e swul'.on to doable j their thickness, resulting Irom having tacui too I tiubtly cordtifor the luM eighteen hoars. Write to J >hD, and ley him write to my mother. 1 an ufiaid that the news will break her heart My heart i beats warmly oward.- her now. Farewell! My love to all my friends I am sorry tlmt 1 die owing a cent, b at it is inevitable. \ ours, strong in heart. W. L. C&lTTEXDI't. To Lr Lucicn Ilensley. *. in.. C,1,1.... nf Ijim. n/ ? ?[I rem the Sewburyp rt IK-rail ) In addition to the accounts wuich wo giro below, broegtu by tse Empire e ity, w hare the fallowing letter from one of oar owneitizens, a well kaown nit i chant, who waj at tho execution o:' Lopez.? IIav ana, Scpt 1 ?10 o'clack. Tois morning Geii. L' p.A was czecjiwl as a , criminal. The scene was imposing, al'.hoagh awful. All the military in the city were formed in a j large hollow sipiare ; in tno midlle was tho machine ! oi death, on a platform raised ten feet fro n the j ground on posts, with a railing tound, and w:de step from the ground in front. <'n tho p'n form was the gairute, an iron seat or chair, with the bark in ore piece, extending higher thai tho pore j a sitting on the teat. On this tack, oven with tho beau, is the apparatus oi den'h, comUting of iron clasps which are to fit tho sides of the head, and a clasp to pats round the throat, from behind is a long iron bar attached t> a screw, which, pur in motion by the hangman giri"g one tarn, draws the side and throat pieces tight, and, at the same instant, sends a:i iron into the spinal marrow of the neck, from behind, which causes instantaneous death- tuch was the machine fur Gen Lopes. He behaved Lite a brat o tu ?u, throughout tho aw.'ul morrerts He walked, surrounded by a guard, freni the l'unti tort to too steps of the garrole, i.s cool, apparently, a if he was at tho head of an a.u y. He was dre-sed in along white gown, and a whito cap; biswiiata were tied in front and above h s elbows behind, witn the coras hold by soldiers. lie ascended the steps with two srviiiaus, friends, no ptiest, as common in such eaiea. He fucid round sr.d seemed to take a good look m the s ildiors, and the immense throng ot outside of the ? [ i*re, and then turned round and kuelt in prayer for about ore minute, lie then rose and tcrucd towards the front ul 1 in a clear, manly voice1, aod in to.too load it was as "till a: r.ight.) spoke u* follow*?" Countrymen, 1 moU solemnly, iu tbid last awfdl moment . ol injr life, a.?k your par loo for any injury I bare ! ca Mt ii j"U It wa.- not my wish te injure anyone, 1 my object ?i. youi freedom and happiness;*' here be to interrupted by the ooiiinundiQg otiiier ia front (m horseback) He concluded by saying, my intri.'ion was good. uiv hope is in God j tie thin bowe 1 and turned riund and took hie seat | aj j areLtiy with as u,utb coolness as if he had taken a chair iu a room with friends. Ho | laced hie head back, between the iron j grasp", the negro hangman then adjiHtel the iron h'??t eiarp and tied hie feet to boils o.i each aide of tie teat. During tan preparation, Lopoi *i< in c at (.nation witii hi friend. The tail tx-gej i hang mi-a. who ii kept as public executioner, than . took his place at the iron bar b -hin i Lopcx kissed j the cros-batiued to htm by nl? friend: the negr> ' then gave one turn of the wrench and Lopes died instant y without .he least struggle. Tnis was precisely as the clock (true* seven The military at ( nee returned to ihe city, the band playing a [uirk step: the thou.-ands dispersed with little or i i. . "trie of the rabble tried to get up a row but it would imt go. There was a solemnity in the I whole #cc;.e which (truck iato the heartiol tie inob I which but a few day* previous were ia wild eertaey ' of joy a> a brutal tie utiun o' fifty hum in being*, -n wii< te corpse * they cciMg'ut a savsg; r-rcnge, c L.uiitt tig the most inhuman of iuuig ulieJ J /! Tlve liivsilnn of Celts, 1 i lilt Xturoa OF TUB LOVlt ia TIMf*. Mr ? (ibj-ii. an extra it f*otn a letter rereivel 'hit day (row .New Orleans, which will show that the p-? of the Cuban iav?d?ra are not entirely to words. The writer is a young hligilr.nisr. Wto em.gra' d a few years ag > to the I i,iiru Maie*. wuere ne has tatt wrh taauy vicissitudes I am, sir, your obedient servant, August 2?? Delta. I Icorr ) Ni Ob July US 1V,1 t writs r ow in tb* luiii-l of all ami* al di?tw',??- * j basin? <( urrrtid My sU"** i*>i'> lb" h ?i ,m.-. Mlf I L ilisiy i uii US'* of wuitli 1 have Ueu c >uiut. I it 1 . Cr : li'Utcu?Tl *A "crp ; tl *?Tg? int. an I Ui ra itaiti ?rc srvu :*ir in <m. rrm r ? > >ul mate <4 tu? mlouiii.' t tb" dtili ..i: ou wj inut. diati' right innl is > yrtrs'.cs . are star bin, tb" iiii'-ist uu u*l eli'i hT'oiA' fcdfi*. . . . . ... . i .... .i 1 11 . I alk ie I ha?? art* >1 k? recruiting officer f r tlree Jiji. I mi rt bt.f aiic t li>d u|> the euaqmoT with r< Tj<;?, kin' nf wht ui 1 kin t? terahiy f ;?nl?r ? I reft *-1 ?.!_n ?. *i?"'t> t > iiitn n diflr/ent in"" "Mr miJ |iruilii? u ret- ! f ?f. Ik n-i tp a?l f i-<4 1 ?n.,i j >u ull icc on la uni'iim wtb ?w>->1 n?li ki '< . ?*4 I'trlafc Ml. I mt )N I l???k IwrrlMj Mrege mth the . *i4 "I n. at I' < ' I i ' i it u? i' > Af -r all ; In I i <1 i.' t l firwjojth . I ?ui h mrly r*;. etlug , tr> reri ,ti nrdat loea.lnrli with Wf krUihi* 'II for kill* i'land ?f Onlia. wbeti' w mil ?--t#t IL p^.ri t< tu44rlfi ' tb? k|ut mi4<- n? of ibe pUr- .r el * get kl>l 'nir1 liji.w it |? ? ej | r ili'lde that t in will i|.?.?j?- ' piowk of itieaiii Mat i?u' I I?I * gn?d rii nigh repuiiiiean I m f< 1. t *iii'<U ' o'. it* j ptmi.' tj ranaiskil art , aal'iji}.* ?il *? tl? i ubku- h*r? i??n Mi j litre a per- : feet I'W lit t tMn.uti ui* I be K'lTi-ram-n'. ami aji|i .lot < Sir- r* ? L'l wl'l lepi p-*i?t i IK p iiiiir Wiii, e g* | i i 0'>t tie- i- tot w::h ? - i I'Ut 'imji'j tj 1 w.ilini t?> I I '1-1 'e aj Id. in,| i.fe. if n. mrjr. in *liia{ tin gU- ' lar t p?i ,nt? lit their gl-irl m< me I HT ?' I'.H? n> ( '* Lll f>?fti' i ! - n ; t l ' - !?" i?-z >t? Will '4 Wtlotl kii't Loin, In ?*if. u ?ctlr-l? c ?t'i a? r?H-r? ?1 I u -h i ??.bui let orb. i|i.: I I iii ?B ]Bt*rr>w w;rh iild HimiI ?|M <l?y? a^n. | ?i. I h* mj.lin.-ni I act . j h:<o.*<u oiy 11 1 iihn | i .11 ; ! 1*1 t< *. I t r. , w , ?I. ' iV 1 .ii ? . I I" 'T* 1 ii ft I irl kii in . "?l . priHi H : if I 11 11 t'> u ii th- 'i -n til f'.xMmn ' cachet p !*#14 I* i '/I A- th* pwy. Ih*t?rni 'kr* (fit i| i jh. U ?" *in end If Iw K won't tiir'er wlwtUiii/Mi' Ni?'ijr J11 if? i^r bi 'ith iid 11, . ivy of fll) b >ut" I- pni.l kt tb? ad of tho war. |? wbet f 1 otiwII t?i ?i?o, If ri at" >-lrr |iij? k fk, t which I d si I Ml?i<wli?t pro' . ui??!'-aI, l.ti; f ||.I|( < tlw i>Ul I Iin* I' fr .ioil Mill't'ln Ji"?nilyf >J no I tiMk I I ft,all U reti-O'l *ri t * 111 f Willy n f i my t . ?? n. aod retoru to el*.I IT*- ?#?in wlj. a. in w ir 7 trif l)i o*< r. Ga?* j* luiii'-fci f filer lierber ptiMnntd tho .-vijmritr Conrt ot N vr London cotm'/, ( oooccHi ut, the A if it ti nu, Itr divorce ft obi his wife, on ;in growl t hit tit -U|, y o{ bkhitunl f'i" ntjiorcmjo, k . 1 i! n r. ,n? pf i o?pl. ir, ' Vch, under the fl-"i j :i' , ?t fk u <i iH?t,ftj M gool i m-? of imti. Judir* < burrh oi nhd the j, ti ion, f<r the rc?MJij it? the pieMite# f??npl?tiird of w enmre^v ' j hj the ] iut<,?.?r ?f.d Iks r.?_U of kit own I I*u); kud t? n ^mie. Tito PwmMwn Cornnpondentc. I.K1IKK MK ANUKXWS. I'eab Six?lathe iVno Vo le UrraH of the 221 r of August, appear * number of letter* frjiu virio n 1 individual*, my*e<f amoof* the number, purporting 11 Lo have been wri'teu in answer t) coin nuuio itioni 1 received by them irout Li. H Donaldson, of Taxi*, 1 > nml Nathaniel Jrecr, of Iowa, uint of thorn re- 1 u ting to the time and j tajc for holding the next National Convention Inasmuch as i my letter baa been published in the federal papsrs l ?f th e ritate, with what 1 deem unjus" ooinmcutx, 1 i take the liberty to cause the letter of Djualdion to t tue to be published, t>getber with tuy answer:? 1 New Yokk. June ?0 1pm. 1 lie* Aiiikk.hi?D.iar Sir : 1 regret to inform ] yi.u nt the U. atti of Hon David Kaufiu to late a ui-iulb ;r | of 'Vneress fr?nn Tela*, and also a aituuber of the Demo- , era tic National Comunttee 1 have two appi luted to fill the vacancy existing on the coinm.ttee and bare recently arrived fro in (Vxus to see about issuing the call of the Democratic National ] ConteDlit'U lo purfuance of this. I have written to you as to w'lat ( time tnd place you would wish to nee the convention I , held Baltimore. iu May. an u-ual. is propoeed; and it ban been suggested in t to bold it before June, ?oth?t the 1 up-hot ot tbe roovi imut of the iouth 1* ascertain* I?but . 1 of course you are to a :C just as you please in ref.-reuee 1 t i tbll. I If you eould at the eame time send a lie'of demo- ] cratic CorrespoBdeu'a ia the different oounties of your j Plate tbry mu.d be of irriat convenience ia sending , doeumentii and paper*, and also be of much serrice lo the national organisation ' The demo.-raey of IVxa* bore a choice for the Prod- ' dene;. as the ahoie nation la aware; but I assure you ao ' Ptale in tee L'ulcn will submit with a better grac* than Teias to the decision of the D.-mocratic Nation d Con- I Tendon Texas is a State which never falters in tae | den ocr&tic eau-e end may always bo relied Upon. Trusting that 1 hbell hear from you immediately. In re- j lation to issuing the call, which ought to bs published iii the demo rati.' piper:- as soon as possible, I iiiilv fortliii uiiiuu of the liemosrAPV. 0. II 0>M0L93JX. P S ?Duvet to me at 113 Beekman street C II. D. i f We here ouiis Mr A's answer to Mr. D , hav- i ing publ shed it, with the other letters, several | weeks ago ?Fu IIkkaljo ] It will appear ro every eandid mind, that my let- ; trr wus s'tujily a hasty reply to that, of Mr Donald [ kjd. and tbu: 1 .-poke nf General Houston as a ota- j diiJute 1 could cbeerully sappirt in the event of his j rcee ;n i the iioa.iuai.iuu by a democratic u itiuail ccr veutioii, without tven oppressing my preferences ?for "here are many other rtistiuguisued democrats in the nation fur whom 1 entertain at exalte 1 as oj ii ion as expreatd of General H in my letter to Lonaldson. It wiil bo perceived by Mr Donaldson's letter, in ailiirg me fir a li.-t of democratic na a s. L: does 1 Lot name General H , and most c rtainly in the list 1 given, tie inference cannot bo drawn that 1 intended to oonfmo the uaui.'i to the friends of any ' one individual or interest. 1 simply wrote down ' mrh names R3 1 thought of at t ie tuo ucit, and re Raided as etlicient democrats, and wa> would have a regard fur tho whole country in the union of ' the deniO' racy. Of Mr. Donaldson, or his being a member of the j ; D<tnocratic National Committee, 1 kioar no.aoig inure than from his letter, nor do I know anything | of tis plans. 1 regarded him at the time I wrote ! I as a member of the committee, and unsweroi as such ; and if he had, or has, any plans to carry out : in connection v.ra such politicians as J. It. Giddings, be can hare no aid from ins Of ;ho com ucnts upon myself and letter which appeared in the Portland Advertiser cfSaturday j last, I have nothing to say. I'ahis, tkpt. 1, lHal. Charles Axdeiws. letti-r fko.m mr. gidij1n3s. in . u;;- in, ohio, rvpt. 2,1851, Dear Sir?1 Lad not met with jour comments in ! the 'J'libttru, ujon my letter to Mr. Donalds re, u:i , t;l this day. For my hitter fw tTWT scntiinrat and thought which it contains, 1 shall cheerfully Lold myself resp msible For placing it in c >u- j Lection with those or other gentlemen, written upea ' other subjects, ami for your iui-representation of it, | you, of course, will feel responsible. As my letter indicates in its language and spirit, I 1 had no thjugLt of, l r reference to, the Demo- j ' cratic Conveiitiui, nor to the election of General j lleutton, nor to any convention, nor to any caadi- j 1 date whatever. Ot Mr Donaldron 1 kiow nothing, I 1 I couid cull to mind no c>rcu.ustances winch led me I 1 to luppo.-e 1 had ever heird ot him btfore; much ' * less Lad I toe least Wlfisni that ht belonged to j ( RLy coinmi'.te, or was seeking the uoinination of 1 any p articular candiuile to the Presidency. So far as J was act" to understand ni* letter, l supposed him n barnburner of your State, desirous of bringing the democratic party to the support of free soil priorities, and oi obtaining the names of gentlemen in Ohio, who sympathise.! in that object. In short, I understood him precisely as my answer j plainly indijaletn I may hare m .-understood b 1 , letter, for, as I ray in my u war, "1 was unable to bceyther icu. U of it " Hut 1 s'ated to him distinctly the ideas 1 had obtained tr >m it, and giro b:m the numcs ol genii, men understood to be in favor <f brn t it g the democratic party to the su> port of buia> u freedom. The publication s t the Until gave mc tac first ntimation < f Mr. l'nnfcldfcuii's belonging to the ! etuoerat o Ccrutnittec, or ?-f his being in favor of (ienral Houston's nomination. Although some- 1 what acruitoucd to tetiug my vnwj and posit! in ' misrcpitsenud by pattima presses. 1 an yet demons of correcting such mioepresentatiou* when within ny power. Very respectfully, J. il. Giddinos. I KTTER FP.OM MR BrUTTA*. Thee has been much raid of late by ottr coatcmporar ts in this city and elsewhere, of a "great conspiracy" of the democratic party, to plate l*eu. bam Hourton, of Texa<, tu th> Presidential chair; J and ix.*inuAtions have been made that the under- | sigued was ft jaityto this conspiracy. 1 feci no disposition to complain of the fact that, whilst car neigh>ori have commented on my letter, tlmy have neglcited to lay the letter before their r'alert. Circumstances teem, h iwever, to require that the following letters should be publ^hed m tuis paper, with a word or two of ex; Una'ion The undertignd was a member of the Democratic National Convention of 1*, tro.u the Mventh Coagresrional cut net in this Mate. At tie adjournment c-f that o?dy he wai appointed, by the delegation troin this Mate, a member ot me Democratic National Com mittee?composed of one Irom taeh State to the Union. Ttiia committee hills front the c?nTtation hi abieh it wan appointed, until the meeting of the next, and is empowered to select the time uud pi tec of boiling the convention, and to taaue a | ublic calllorits a?*imbl?igo. As will brntubj the Utter oi Mr. Iijnaldaoj.the late Mr. , haufiiiittiwu-the comiuitti ti .'an from FeXits IXriald*on, it w II also h?;>ccn,r< p't ecn * himself ai having betii u) j intcd in the pluco of Is iut'in in His letter whs ttdd/tcsed to me under this *t?t. of facte There ie act a word raid in hie letter about Sun lloa* '.on, or any other mJ.vidu tl, in e >uiieciiuu * with the 1'mileucy, and, coase jueiit y, I hive n?d r "thing to do with any 'conspiracy" to make 11ouiton or any other n an President 1 will only fuithtr add, that it tttms out that Donaldson has Lexer bt?n api-ointcd a m rubor of the Na'ional Democratic Committee, ai.d that he is u m --e tnol "f Houston's. By representing him suit a? hiving l-ieti appelated, he ?u reeodod in drawing letters fr<'U various individuals of the committee, ,md lioui others who at v not in iU formation, and are not now number* of it. With tbi*e lew word*, I submit the eorreapondn.oe to tLi public?with the single remark, that i o Mate of dream l?*w* c-uM toutice me. humble a* 1 am, to give iLe leant e >u .t manee to any scheme or movement for tie i j n ol such a man m Houston to the Pre; I n.'j, and that I w mid uot j vote for L'ui "ete he i . i.aled hy f >rtv National , Democratic Coi.xiatii r*. P. 1). Barrr*.*. x* Mo is t"a: . t ori i k, or nw.t t [I rem Ike builo,' . id rij i.iMis.ti ?t. 3. | We bax? hmru ol t ,'en lent n< at a distance, ; i.u' 11 mott dil.gcr.' , i . i >n the Mil* auioa has ;be repntid h<> r , h . r t whip. has n it | maided usti; tr%' ; v*. rp Mr '?re r ln? heicuie ' a f ertotrgi' of t at :*>? .' ' pottaiic*. an I d. serena'a , ll.i-al b dotation." now i he I. > ?i .1 nun.' " W'e ?t-t 1m ' i < f I1 > U appointed to ' I'M- t; ' . ia t A r.i . 11 eu . t t' u- 1 u < , c i. l>/ t death hi ? >e t'Urke; j hi i i V p |r; A " Yak It'Tll'l, % y 'i it i- f ' ) ';?- li 'i with letter* > f ( , I: : ' '/ kiio o'K' i / i" c<' mi.arjico'iojg fro.u 1 : hi* '.rM a*. ' ! oi.e Donaid-w, of T< son, ?po# I I h? ' lt.j' the Ca.i'l.'leK t'J uO . J .* :? oixi tip ' r ?' ii t. | m u ! .? c par:/ lor ? iiieni*tiu ..i..i.?l cuiivh<< .-tso ? I r ( :ii ? 'a S ? A alt kit Jv-l y i ??n u lit ? t' e; ?, wbi .b wa# brought ir>r ore etil, tlw charge in a Idirioo to too tioial i rote, which tko | i-tBi thet cit/m*k*e tut wuy Icittre. '1 ho etur id jention, <>u wh>ch I m: cert wop pt -tage We* charged, no I boon pro I u.1 It **? birogV. ' tu< ty o.? ti< i. tiirciator , t 'r ' 'ato/, oil I w?a put in the post ofli-e wr b the , iiii?r 1 tnT? from tbot boot, i. won, of jotirte, not , [tailed at the place who i it wa? written HI tint iff ron'o did that, under th" itvoi Itil.MniiMti I bi i fight to charge the w*/po<tage on a pro- 'I in' t it 'I i.- ' ! 'if ..; i ' n- th. ? i <if 1 !' I, cited by plaintiff ?ay? nothing In rtlotion to *?/ lott'rf. 1 ; ?pc?k* only in Motion to drop ' Ikt'trf had Ir.tef? projwtid. and other matter* irre- . leiuol to the point In cobtroTemp, tho oct of lefll (J. c? r."* re). af tho Mctinn of th' aotof pro- 1 lid g for thn charge of one cent on way lottera. f Jt ' t for It indaiit "?P't'itltip vi l*iirr f rt.iMMt/.AMA i.ot.uci -Tkt annual com- J tut.em ' t ot the 1'ttnneylvan.o Coilcg lo< itod at i

i "tttjaliurg. 1'* . will -eke place on tbe Mth iott. I Tte Atumnl A*oociatlon will be a ld cwed b/J. | |> bacon of Hroohlrn; the l.innu n Aieociation bp n I'rolt-'or W I. AMee. of I'ailadeiph a, and the two ,literal/ oc.tici b/ iter. Ceorge B. (.becrer, of New York . Foreign 4mle nnd the Drain. Madame ."?ui?g, after oo absence of some weeks, eturued oo Saturday, an I appeared as Koiia* in he "Barbiere" Tbe fair artist encountered a uost flattering reception, and looked in eicsllent lealth and spirits. she was also in delightful oice, and sang with all her wontel charm and lueacy, and turprised and pleased hir bearers, i'be K bodes air and variatiine was is inarrellous a display of execution as ever, and tae variation : with tbe arpeggio passages, as a metier of ooursa, I apurously eucored. Madame Sontsg substituted ,he rtrtuio hnilt from Alary's opera, " Lj Tre N'oko," whi)h was hardly less -ein ark able ai a \ brilliant specimen of finished an i rapid vootlisn. Madame ooutag produced a dojilsd iuaoressioi ! both in her tinging and actiug as 11 isina, aad was requeutly aud continuously applauded throughout the performance. Catherine Hayes, the Irish fciyron, is about to leave the shores of Great Britain, cross the wide Atlantic, aud, for the first time, rest her little feet upon the soil of America. Having filled the old norld with the melody of her t>ues, she is going to snchunt tbe new. That Brother Jonathan will welcome her with openarus, who can doubt that doubt i uot the largeness of Brother Jonathan's heart! Catherine Hay ee?the gentle Kate?has but to move her lips, and Brother Jonathan, who with all his boasting lacks neither sentiment nor soul, will straightway bo enslaved. An English, an Irish, a Scotch, or even a Welch ballad is enough to do tho busiuoss. The general ear of America will incline to the dulcet strains of the sweet warbler of Erin, und the general knee will bend in homage to tier beauty und her art. L'alk of her It alma triumphs, her English triumphs, or even her Irish triumphs as much as you please; it is our firm persuasion that tie American triumphs of Catherine Hayes will surpass thorn ail. Shu is just the singe: for cur transatlantic friends, al.riurn linolilw Biicnan'tKlu t r\ nnMsil n vns.ujinn ana instantly touched by a bit of gaauine eimplicity. in the ballad it may be aaioly said that Cutaerino stands alone. Tbero ii aa inexpressible tei<1 nSSS I twdentH devoid of ail a'ioota'ion?in the delicacy of those tuneful flowers ot song bine never overdoes her soatiuicnt; she never nab-ls it to you in a plate (iike certain singc i we refrain from mining); bat goos direct to ; y<.ur heart with the innocent confidence, the irrosi ruble persuasiveness of a child FnLs id Cathon e's molt aduritable quality, aud with this, or we n c 1.0 propbeis, she will Itindie a now tire oa the hiarth of American enthusiasm. In her Italian aha, in her sacred songs, and iu her selections from tho groat German composer;?Mo- . tart, Beethoven, Mendelisoha, and others?Ct* thoiiuo Hayes has wou too high a repetition to | Heed any eulogy at our h in is. In Abort. America ' will hear her and be convinced of her admirable qualifications for shining in every so cool of vocal ma- i ie. Meanwhile we find among our proviueiaWjUers ; he announcement of four fare veil concerts which . Uathetinc llays intends to give previous to her j leaving Kngland The first three, tor tho 2:1th. 29th | si . 1 :JOth inat., arc to take place in the Free Tra le 1 Hall, Manchester; the fourth and last, at the Theatre Royal, Liverpool, on the 1st of .Sopieia- . btr. Her coadjutors are Augustus Brahnin, M i- ! gis, aid Lavtnu. And tneu?good bye! The j ihain.ii g bird of song will spread her wiugs aud ' IIy to tbo now world, made- happier thai the o. I by I the pcescssion of such a treasure. Our prayers will j be for her speedy uud sife rsturu it Catherine ! be home-sick, let her despatch a pigeon to our | oflioe, with the news; vre will send off a steamer, I swif. aid strong, to bring her back to liuglaad.? j J,o-ivli-n .V/ia?icif Wot Li. Madame Atna Tbillon, the charming and fa Mi- I rating ex-iocs:gcol of the Opera (. uin'.que, b is I lut J.iglanJ for America on a prol'cisio-ial tour. | There is not the slightest doubt butthit tin fa r i eong*tri ss will prove an irresistible attraction to the Yankees, despite their recent p os atiou at the shrine of tue Lind idol. Tbo Manchester 'I'mus says :?' 'J'no personal beauty of -Mad vine Tnulon is indeed a quality to be impressed with rattier than to describe. It is Dowerfu! v c.ioti vaiing. I'd attractivune:? Isincroasod by its ing uious eloqu-'uce?the ever-varying emotions ot tha heart corjuring up u kindred expression to the countenance. uponwhieh the eye dwollr with a gaze ikiu to fusoiualion." tihe i J [Kit Tueflay at Niblo's in the beautif-il opera, b7 \uber, the "Crown Ibainonds,'' which she >iigiLalIy introduced to the I'ari :un Opera C'obique. Massol las left London for Pari3, to renew his irgugomcnt ut the Grand Opera. Ltton Biurcieauh is engaged on a new and or glial drama for the l'xincess'a. William Brough has completed another 1 ireo f >r Ic above theatre We trust, fco'h for hie owa nke inu ttiut of the manage men', th it this ne v proJa ion of his son wiil beat bj-oesjful as "Apai tuieat* o Let," which bus just reached its elghtio.b rep'crentailon. liobe/t 1'iougQ, the othtr ol' tue iroihtrs. or, put not t't f tiiuni, has returned fro n L'ans, where he has been for conic time residing. A meeting of cttifns was lately held in 13or;nicu, for the purp ire of erecting a muniment to .be memory ol the composer of "Lucia di Liamcruoor'' ?.Donizetti. Madume Ugnltie has made her rrntrfit at the Dpera Comique in Paris. Several novelties are in ictive preparaiiou for bi r, end she will shortly appear an Maria, in the ' I'llle du lU'giaent." Henri liert, the celebrated pianist ami co.nposer, bus arrived iu London, attcr an absence of many jrars, which have b;en spent in America aai the VVc.t Indies. Madame Celeste is, also, about to visit the Unitid States. Mifi i.aura Addison iu about to v!?'t the United Mates. f-o? is represented by th? Liniou newspapers to be the most impassioned actress on the ! -.tigijth stage Mie h is recently refuse 1 Mr. Web- | iter's otter of three thousand pounds per aainm, fir lie ycuri. 1 .0 i.onaoa iw FpeaKs 01 iicr 1 u? "a g oat actr. 1?original ii ityla and fsrci )!c is cjccu'.iuu ;" and an IMiaburg critic thus le.-rribes the effect produce'! by hor powerful iLd effective rcprcicntatioaa in that c ty ? 1 til Laura AUUUuu, duiing the b iof period thit -n> : aas gract d our board*, ha/ preened to toe idiuiiera of hiatrionic* a aeriea of creations in thi Uvcloprnxnt of dramatic character, which, With a unanimity that u.iuiutakeaMo exrelleoea alone M'bM pio'.uce, all h ne con irrcd in lauding Her hurt engagement has be-.n to her a real triumph, i.d to Lcr audience. a perfect pleasure. It u east tiling ly queationable aheber any otber a' rem it<-ii the nagc could have dr.iwn *>ich h mo* from l.gbt to nigbt a? thoee which have been to aci Miti ' tddiion .-he ha/ mind, will, and dataruiaattm; ' 1 ii<i with iucD qualities, added to pure luste and aitful cultivation, no itep on ambition'* laJler it 00 high for her to rca-h " A young lady who ii old ir.ei gh to view natu'e Web her own eyei, i-i ure to meet a favorable rescptioa from an A a-riin aud We look for her Grit a pp . ear an ; nth plca/me. The Yacht Regatta at Knit. Aecc.rdlog t?i pr. ?lou? *rrni r?ment il,- U j" re.'atta oca place on f? uruay 'b" .-Ten', lay* tf?e I' -toi immtur, attracted aeftral hua Jr. da'<f our citliia. ?at .? Willi. *.< U will: u:u : llit.|i-.t I >w!ag t I a rilji til* aebu U.U not atari at the b-sur alr*rt:*ed U c'elo t 1 M The f, liowlnf jae-ht* ?nt?r 1 the flr?t rac? ? Txceilor. Wallaee. Bal>m; IVart Vi'e-tern. SuVin: My:*ry via,t.? Bakta; Triumph. 1! u'.inr llo.hiu ?fu*h, ?Nll ftoatna. Mary Caswell. Utarl *towa; lUaiel A'UIl'??, Iwi'ik B etvl; lirac,'b H >? >.a. Itiirid.'. Xu.'b>U. IIu t: Cyuu't. I h?j-r, H .'. o; lilt Manning. II ?ton; Odd KrU?v. Toevr Hall; ?. i t- Hull the retail* enmicenc-.d at tecnty etpkt mlj'it?? p?.ftlli u'epek ?t wblcn tirn* nun*! a-io ??* ' *? I Kin ih? j?iM r?w J> oa*. w m in.tali atari.r f fr??? ' IT Aldrrton P.not an 1 g >m< d Vj . ii ? ?'r bt lin-. u to >m A 0- * we M -liTei I..* diitaner. fund n *1. ton*. n>r* t tac lot ? r? o p.ia l?r b?*rly two h?um th?r? ?n e<?a':?iy a ria'b of wind aad tlie p-ogrc** wa* nac???a-u* ?i ,w i|i?r P, Mil 1 ii 1 ( h- jt. i . ,i wo o'.lick a ?ou.b t?r ?pf?n up. aoi gar* I r*e* <Bit III* lhi-y o?ow id a. foil -#. ? dirt 3 o'clock. 2* 4 Ttir-iZh m. bataiie. - II "12 0 imA^....... * Mlf * 1 t 9% I liiil * 9 " * 9 liirh U;? '-3 3 . *( Ijtlwy. - 34 "36 0 kites, "1st y ft U i.Mn|h " kli "36 a i*r?lrlut " 41 ,'j "3 12 JO ni?j MMr.... M 6? k S 2/ u It.'t Daakl W till OR*, Mary ani Or*?* tin n t tiVn Tllrty m*?<? wwi tlloM '?a all In'-.-.n- |i??-t-.>?? 1 Ii* f- tug ??t* d**lara4 Mi* ?ion>-r? nf prlia* ? < harad*. lu toua, lot pn*?. a nlr*r p ich*r. ? nl.r4 -it 36. Ttlumph 19 tor* 24 Jo.. a apy (la**. t.i|j*4 ?*. % jn ^ Ike. 63 t*>?* 34 4o . a ?*t "t o"lf? The l*4l?alM jwfwma w*ni Jl?r-?' apt Jain'- ft *|. itir. f apt l*aar Hull Wright ("apt. ditthmr Hunt, .wh*r J Batm*. F.m| lln preonar6oa-t-x>aplaea abont o'elnck. fir ?m*'i i <?l* ?( 14 It*' li>4 (O'lk. Mirllogfroa I'm I >r ? >li iff. | .'till. Ill* nnl* T>*lnr ftiwanj* f Ii**p I'land. Ih"ii?- i > tIf >1' 1.1 mi 4 th' ii bark di tan * fir* lull"*. TP* f' ll"*l' K lioat* w*r<i?Bt*f? tl ?t.'bar.i.l*. Mit.Jrll . 'It,111. Iirit* i I ?J"t*. ; Ulll. IWlb ; (M I Fi l m*. !?? . Imln-ti'ttl I -Und. Bri.i'f Nary. CaaSi'lt; fu*m. >111*1; anjAntia Hi-y poth tli* Kip*rim?til aad C< I It ari-*n wrr* lot-n-d, ! ,lil u.f* >uli*i',Mr Iitlj * itlidraw n liny *11 ttartiit mi* In giillan'. *'y> untl r a rpttk- I i g tin * a*, at lb* bllt*ln| (ISM ? liarai* a'al'tll 26 in in Tim* M mln .6 ' fl), .il'4 lild llllntr i " 29 ? *' . t I , M|ki 6 ? :m Pi la rail 1(1 I.labil 6 'k*? ? ill', I.II 6 31 ft: '? 6 ' 39 4 6a', 1 k* IS w*pa tan pnr ? ?l? a l iM Mf* *i i' .nil. f ri |i.ri?.li? flritlutba ' aad t?e ?* <! to ll > I ii an 16. I'll *>rr?n an I 1h. 14* > -is * 1 ' l?? !? * (??. tin v(4 tb?ir I'llt ?a- ii' . tuh ! Iluwl MuafkctaNi of Uu (Jnltod lUtoi Mi Scotland. TO ITIK EDITOR OK THE HERALD. Ntw York, August II, 1851. I hare read in the Evening Post, J our nil of Commerce, and Prilmne, articles on protection to American manufactures, in which there ire statements made in reference to tbe manufacture of Scotch tartan or plaid shawls. The writers of the several article* show the grossest ignorauce of the above mentioned manufactures. To correct their misstatements I at present trouble you. I may state that 1 have been engaged in dili'ereut departments of the manufacture of plaid shawls for the last sixteen tears, it Scotland and A uteri in, and therefore ought te know something of the shawl trade. The Evening Post says " The Tribune seems igu >rant of tho facts ucoessary to a right julgmout in the cate, although these have been laid before the public in this paper. It was Ainorioau ingenuity, and not the American tariff, which ennoled the American to undersell the .Sootchinan in our market. Before the invention of a method of making the fringes to shawls by machinery, the Bay Stats mills, which now issue shawls in such quantities, could hold no eompetition with the owners oi the mills in Scotland," &c." The Journal of C'/mmerce says"One word more in regard to long shawls. The suooess of the Bay State mills is owing more to the enterprise and gocd management of. its projectors, than to any protection on the part of the government. Tne greatest difficulty was in regard to colors To secure perfection in this respect, a German dyer of some oeleOrity was employed; but he in tic a total failure. Then a Scotchman from tho principal shawl district of his own coua'.ry, was tried, and he gave up, we believe, ascribing his failure to some fault in the water. Tbe indefatigable manufacturer fell back upon a Y ankee, who had served his time in the dye hiuso of another mill under his charge, and he succeeded in producing the colors, which are tho wonder of all 1'iuropu. The Scotch mode of twisting the friuge was at nand, and this cist, at the lowest rate, forty cents for each long shawl. A Yankee in this same mill invented a twisting machine, which docs the same work, in bet'er style, for three con J." Tbe 'J i ihune mya .?"Tae saving in tho fringe ii equal to but thirty-seven cents m each shawl. That, with protection, the inventive gouiuj and ac tive enterprise of oar people, would rapidly reduce the price of every article. even while paying better wages to labor, ul1 makiug rea3ouab.o profits." The above arc a few extracts fi'otn the editorials of three candidates for ausi ptpularii. Of protection to manufactures by government I would say nothing; but will give a few facts ia regard to shawl manufacture. Tue above mentioned journals say that it is to the saving of cost in the twisting of fringes that tho American manufacturer is able to undersell the Scotchman. Now, wiitt is the cost of fringo twisting in Tillicoultry, &c , in Scotland, where the principal manufactures of shawls ate carried on! The price paid for twiitiog such shawls as are male ia the B ty Stale mills is from two to three pence?equal to tour aul six cents?each shawl; tbe cost to the liny SJito Company being three cents by machinery. Such is tho cost of fringe t vistir.g at the present day ; and such it has been in Scotland for a number of years pi?'.. As to paying lor'.y cents lor hand twisting shi.vls in this country, the pay has beeu for years at eight to ten cents, and even at tin p. ice tlmydr not cost much, if any, more thaa machine tw.stod shawls, beca isc wh-.n done by hand there is no breaking of fringe or cutting of the cloth of toe shawl; whereas, by machine twisting, shawls aro at times damaged, which certainly adds to tbe cost of production. In proof of tho above, a shawl manufacturer in this rita'o got a inichi -j to twist his shawls, which was to cost, 1 believe, $l,u) lie had the machine put up, un l set L> wo k, superintended by a Yankee, and alter a trial of a week or eo, it was found to work so billy that it was taktn down, and, 1 believe, sent baes to tho maker. rSo much for the prices paid tor hand twisting and machine twisting. 'i n? trio are, for once, unanimous In awarding to \ atkees considerable praise for their inven'ivc abiliii s. Now, without doub ing in tbo least tnc iurc-ntire genius of the Yankees, from what I have saidnbove,it is plain that tbe machine applied to twisting shawls is ot little or no benefit to the shawl uunutucturcr. J be saving troiiinvo to seven cents by twisting by machines eve a allowing no damage done at tiuiei to the good*, is u ^mull item in the cost of a ,-biwl, that sells iu the whole-Ve maiket at ?ti to jdij, and surely the Bey 6:a!e or any other company did not show much of aa invcutive gen us in manufacturing the same kind of EhaiTig that hai been manufactured in Scotland for at leait twenty years before the Hay State mills were i i existence, neither has the inventive genius been disputed lg the b 1 mafii' dosigns uctitioned in another paragraph, a' they *ire, and continue to be, pirated IVout >cotch par* t-.r:as tuuj be seen by any vL ter to tuo Word's l air, when iLere a number of t-xitisli clan tir an pa; vrns among iht si,awls in toe Air.ert in foe i-,u of the bxhibttion. But the Jwntt uf (Sunn-ret finds stinithii g besides the ? chin- ? with which to reft rawdcr Lis Yankee friends ll-c tells us that tli Bay Mute L tnpa'.y hired a Germ n of ms celebrity to color f-.r thctn, and that this German utter'y failed. <1 ery?what was this GenuaJ celebrated for! Then we Lave a Scotchmen from the principal shawl di.-tri -t of his own country, wh > wast.iei; but be " puir coield, ' gave up. The Jivrni1 does not inform us whether he was a dyer in Scotland, or only a rborer ia u dye h >n?e there. Af er the failure of to etc two, a Yankee is brought to the rescue f the establishment, and produces c tiers that a o the wonder of all Luropel Lei as see if it wvi fo.- thTr bnliiauey. Last tall, at the fiir held in L'sv.le Gaidin, a considerable number oi shawls wore on exhibition. The jurors examined the different manufacturers' shawls, and awarded tno prise (net to the Bay Mute Company, as oue might be le l to oeiu ve ought to :.ave boon the e? <c), but to l: >y k Company, Watorvliet. Eut Troy; anl the prize ?a tHHiUcl to tbo Watcrsliet Company fjt their superiority of colors ; those colors Wore prepared by ."milk aud I. liot, two ."cotcunea in the cmphijiBNil of i?oy i't. Frotn the abovo (which the editor* ol the Jmrril of Comet ret could not but )>.: aware oi). it will be seen that it could not be for superior eol.iring that tho iiay Company apj _-ar so wonderful ia the eyes of Luropc. TLo IVi/immiji that, with protection, iuTen'tre gttdut ar.d a:tive enterprise ot our people would rapidly reduce the price ol every article, even while pi<ying better wages to labor. Not let ui see what the wage* are that tiro paid in manufacturing these she wis in both countries Most of the plaid shawls made in America are woven by power looms. Far each 22 porter shawl there are paid, lor weaving, twenty to twentv fire <en's; moat of the shawls uub is dmtlua, arc wurea on hand looms, and for rach 22 porter rhawl is jail sia'y csnts for weaving. For weaving the sauir <jnntity of shawls at lioy h Company's, in Troy, ou the kmltonu, is pnid lorty cents. Spinners' wages, i.i shawl ."?> tone* in Auicrira, tie I rem tweuiy to Iraniy-five dollar' per month; is shawl lactones in .Sjoilnl, twenty four t? twenty eight dollar* per month. In the other depa :tncitl* Ol the bu'inert, toe wa~--l paid art at high ia ."rotUnd as the same branches inAburica. S?. much for the f itemsnU of the would be well informed j ournalist*. 11. I't/.Tii or iitr llrv. Thomas II. Ga:.t.a,-i>*t, T..1. J.C?Tbi- gii.tieman, so long Known as the friend of the deaf uiu'e, Jiid 011 Wedo o'day, in Hsrt!> 11 Mr. Calia.j.Jei wai the first principal t.T presiding officer of the ir-tnuiiou lor 1 d if sod dtitnb vi ili;tfff4, an was conuctl.d with i.t.c !i ?tltc'.!? n, us a uin >. r. nj> to the t- n of h't Ira'b. In the jcar lw! > bs w-? to l. irwps to j.:"n inforaiction of the 1 *tb-r'.? the-e ?ii..p?c4 f.?r tli- its': uevlasi of this uofortunatc class. In wis*?m h is . job l.*? >y ?ui-. tse;. lie remained a -rua-i utlil Ihe jear lni i, * ten 0 r?tn*icnl t-i this city, b igiiiL* with h'tn theft! rati d Mr. C are. Mr. Ci*.. mil't r?.R.t'i cd at the ! '<1 of th** tn?tituti?n f. r the deal at d dumb ut. ' 1* - ?. wtr h a ;? :? ?:<i tie <( e .if rh? am *0 he re'reat for the iu'uue, 1 Hurtle 4. which oAi :e be en, yvd .0 l so timr of L;?" dec sac. A\ iitKi Woman over tup. Fam.??Ws learn 1 rs. ihlc source, that y<"t iday Btwaing, i boti'. sefen > elo'K. s woman ell into lbs wa'.er a tbo ?dpr ut tbo Horse ~h'-e 1 all, and w * carried iv?r. ~li?'wa? a crsiy wmim, well kBoWn t>> sll . interr mnci an? .a t;a?, un tor foaie jcarj un l.< ia a tftior to ladie* walaing alone. A mm w.u rated and on a ? barge of pu<hirg h?r <w the wattr, but wt underitand be wa? dlr' Uigd, tn want of tTidence. Ho alleged that the motions made l>y him. and which Were thought to he Biade iu pushm# her over, were only attempt! to rav? her. Mill, eonic by.?ander* think th y |iai<ly i<w falm rhore the pojr creature into the U?am ~li*l/aio Ci.ui i<r, Ar/f. It). Sr/aitii Au?.? Captain Patherion, of the rte?mIrlf Clneii.uUl, from lla/ana 2>ib ult , rep i.-tr I on the 2otb ult , taw the tchr Heroine, Captain llnttty, Droit thia port benre for Cbagrei, iu tow of vbe .-pani-h liigate Ifabella; on -''ith uH , at 10 j o'clock, A. M , wai hoarded by the 'dpaoiab ateai.ier I'iritfo, who reported that the r?!ir. Hvroino hn-l been Oil tbc ccait, it diet.'* , ami ana taken into joit to topply her with provi. i ,r.i ?X o BtUicHn, A>; I. 11. Ant ikr> M , t.R ? V. c Joarn frota the Spirit f tSr !!>?/. that Mt' Ur.tri.oU t'won, of Hock Ciark towi.?hlp, Bi tl;o!on;c.v coni.fy, attempted to muriii r her niuband u fi w nightr aioee, by pour* ii ! olten lea J in one '1 ! i* rare while he rlept. - ii <>. aw: k? Lj w.fe bad eucteed-rtl in Itetiiif tho lend in In* car, wba* ?bc eat arreted, i > aamit. J, n'd h? ! ' <? l < ) ;n the of three b; r dltd a * t aiu -t ? JVcc A'. ;* i>"l< I I IUU Prison at lln| ling. DISCIPLINE OP THB CONVICTS? APPEABANCB OP Till PRISON?ARTICLES MANUPACTI KKI>, El'C. Many years ago it was thought impossible to govern convicts In a State prison, without adopting the c.ost stringent measures, adding corporeal punishment almoct on every trivial occasion of disobedience It was deemed, in those days, almost ! absolutely necessary, with the view of impressing & I terror on the minds of thoae individuals who, by a j violation of the laws. made by the majority of tho i people for the welfare and protection of society, had become viitims by a deviation from the rules laid down, and were thus made to feel tho t licets of the law, by an incarceration of many years, at hard labor, in a State prison. In days gone by, much inhuman treatment has been practiced in our State prisons?unruly convicts have been known to hive died by ill usage, | oudsome almost expired under the lash. Such treat- * mcnt and discipline of convicts, we are happy to say, have passed away, and now, under this moro enlightened age the barbarities heretofore practised and inflicted on the degraded and unfortunate convict, have been ubolishcd, and the only stain yot left is the application of the "Bhowor bath;" but that mode of punishment, which is oonsiderod very severe to those whoso constitution cannot sustain the shock, will, ere long, no doubt, bo also struck from the code of punishment, as a means of enforcing obedience ft th? manfiiitr.q nf thn nvlunn ?<*?tilaf!nna Tho Stato Prison at Sing Sing, Westchester county, is, probably, as at present conducted, one ot the besv regulated establishments in the State. Year after year improvements have been made, and. the last appointment made by tho Inspectors, of It. A. Robinson, fcls<j , as Warden, appears to have accomplished much towards the well being of the convicts, and discipline of tho prison. Mr. Robinson's gentlemanly inuncets, and bis perfect know, ledge'>f kurLsn nature, admirably belli him for the situation be occupies, lie appears to feel that more can be cccomplkhcd towards the reformation of the convict by good u.'ngc, than by imposing a punishment of torture on triviul occasions for the purpose of extorting confessions. Tho proscnt Warden, although rigid to the letter in the enforce n ent of his rules and regulations, yet he is at all times ajccssihle to the convict, and ready to hear and rectify any complaints made to him. Ho will reason and talk to the convict., and thereby has become respected, and obeyed much more readily than be would otherwise in many cases be, should be resort to violent punishment. It is not tho object or meaning of tho law to kill convicts by inhuman treatment, nor is It tho intention of the law to subject them, while under sentence, to aots of violence, whereby their constitutions may suifor; but the meaning ot the law, it wo property comprehendit, is, to enu-.avo! if iossxble to stow the convict that by good conduct ho can reform and become > j again respectable in the community; that the ; whole work of reformation re.ts within his own rower; and manj n man whose misfortunes threw | nim into the commission of a c i nn, has seen tho | folly of violating tho law, which is intended for the ! benefit of all, and after a servitude of a few year, in prison h^s again become a worthy member of society. We are aware, however, that many convicts csti never 0a lefurmcd, as we have instances in men now in tho State .Prison, who have served nearly half their lit'o-time >n that establishment We made our mutual visit to the prison the forepart cl last week, and never have we seen the establishment in uinreC' mplcte ordtr; for 'loualinesa i: car no: be surpas.c J. and the dif.ipline exhibited ceilainly appeared to be all that was necessary. In the male department, (hero arc but few on the sick i list, rr.dtbe others look remarkably well, and seem ' to enjoy good health, considering too circumstance* they iaoor under. Tho majority of tho convicts, we are sorry to admit, ?ro from this city, under sentences averaging from two jeari up to a life imprintment. J:i passing through tne different workshops we were politely escorted by Mr. Robinson, the Warden, and Mr. Robert Lout, the abls architect of the prison, whose residence for over vears in that canacitv. boa rendered him ore of tho most valuable j>ersoiu connected with the cs'-abL.-buii tt. lie not only attends to his legitimate duties, but has become perfect in th* knowledge of convict discipline, andean give the hif tory ol' many c"nvi:t? v. i?v, a- he terus it, "hare bctu tegular vi- 'crs;" ii. fact, Mr. Lent is looked upon. as Capt. Cuttle v.ould say, as "A man a? ten give an ( pinion esi< i.u opinion," as alt h* does fay appii- - to be lu *, from the fait tha' all Ludoca ia ct rrect, and wo-?by the attention of tt.o.M-te *Loui ii is ili evtcd. As we passed through thv workshops ?? ibicrvtd some ol toe in >st pr>mirect sent from th'j c?ty engaged at their respective vocations. (Jingo \V. Niles, the lawyer, engaged making tmtrU's foj barr,tt>s hardw~ie; William raomoso.i, alias the Conldcuce uian," same mop; Isaac 1'avir, the negro prcachtr, in the coopers ship; | Cieorgc lltyt, carpet weaving: Thomas Hodden. do.; tiilbcrt Cronnufls, do ; Jam's Smith, alisc I iior.eyman, the huge robber, in thj tailors (lop This old utan, although near sixty v years of a;:o, wa> sitting on tho shop bovrd wita I spectacle!, busily <. gaged tailoring, and whet: I he locked up we could yet disw nr much vigor ia his e;e. 'Ibis i: the man who, many years ago, to ingenicuriy entered the City Bank by false keys. Altogether, ibis mat has served over twenty yean in yiison. His a-.ociates in tho barge robbery, L .rk Collaid, l'aikuison, and James M'Ucr. alia* " Cupid," were all sentenced t<> the State Prison. Collard is now at work in the file shop. Mtiier'c . time ba-i expirr l; he has been set at liberty; and j I'arkinn n. iifcou' a year since, died io prison. ; I!.ram .\iC'>ary, b nagroa robbery, in the shop. William Smith, jwrju-y, in going bail far tn? I " Confidence ti.i?n. ' This man lid' a good berthhe i? engaged as clerk in tne hospiui, and look# very well John A. ^.'atiter, convicted of forgery and passing counterfeit money, is at the satno table with Smith, in tho L capital. George Farnhaui. nafsirg counterfoil. money (aeeoinp:-. o of OuoI.yed Tbompeon); Walter i'ricc. grand larceny, la the lint ?hoi>. We could go on nnd ennmorttc the n.trari of a rutnbar of others; but we ioubt much the benefit to be dcri.'ed from tbe nitre mention of those already i (.amid, (.or should wo have done t<>, only from the I (act of their conspicuous characters in the | calendar of ciiine. During the year, tcvoral ' powerful atenm engines hare been aJdmi to the woik'htft, which buvo relieved the convicts of the heavier, woik, na all they have to loa n now is to atlend to the machinery, which U comparatively ra-y to the Isb'r rw*|uireil prevloai to tbe lutroluci lion of the steitu j ??r; the work, too, is executed better, quicker, and with U-ss labor to the convict. 1 he t rii t tpal articlci of merchandise manufactured in tic 11.ion, aro M carpeting, ornamental carved bedsteads, sttci filer, harness, hardware, and California lata. At 12 o'c l?:k the dinner bell rings, and the gangs c 1 con vie-a from each ahop piocjcd in tingle fi.u, la bck-step. ui.d-r charge of their iwpictlv# keepers, to the largo ditii-g room, numbering in all b> tweed ecven at d tight hundred man. 1 lore they lie seated at loi g tables, it.h man having place., before h'tn n ; lu'c of |ork andTeim, homo aa<i lotk, pepper a d (alt, bread, and a cup of water, with tho piivilcge of eating more, if wanted. 'I he chaplain says graoo, a i at t ie tap of a bell II.< y ciutuei.ce to eat, and -re all eed fifteen miuutea to laLe their fut d At p,rt*ion of the allotted t.u e, 'he hell is agaii touihed, aid , the garge and keepvr* r tnrn back to work in the tame order. 'J he dcpir'nent for t'ue f. uxh ctnvij's li iltu atrdontba bill rum ibort dittanc.I'.nm the mati , pri<Mi. Tbn 1'iniou ?f the prison i< I, -pt in ttu luoet jr'lfc'. cider There are oaly .":? < uty throe convic< co?.tii e<l; Ifco ruM*.r 'i'pU'i <? of tbit number li the notwvioaa liouora ?Hk-j.!.,rd, convicted * FMMdwrihiiiltintfiir^ ing ceuwrfif nvMf. 1 be flri-t Iibii of ber iewictuiiea, e*L. i * year's iuipiiroi.tnctil, me * n? pardoned by the < lovernor, anil ecarcctj wat ihe at liberty a j .if before ?he *ae egain diUctr <1 and Oou rioted p ining *purlona moot j, ai d i* now undi rgoing h?r momimio and it h a greet doubt If ?b? obrn ri another par don. The Ic male* are all reatjil la one room, mu ployed at the fti'iaiiiDH ol talifiraia hiU. uiaoufcotured by the wale convict*. I bo following in the m mb' r of couvicti: ? Malar 7.11 I'cmaloi 7.1 Total mi. orrtcaaa iv ciuann. A. H. W'clla innpc tor in charge H.A. llubiiiiiA Warden. I .'chert Lent Ar?bite>t. ( ?n. I.itkwocd at. . "'r Hale .blfik. In innk rp tbe nlmre vUie, we canon'. emit men tinning the tipediHowe mode of traveli ng afforded to the public by the Hudson Hirer I'uilroivd We rtrrtid Irtm (lie depot, corner of I ludfon an Itlhaui t-crn rtrette, at HgV o'chxk A M.t and in less then two lour* wo wire at Mug Sir.g prleon. Tn? polio* arrangements adopted for tko Mfoty of the parsergert are admirali'e on thin road, and tbe |uklicuac much to the vigilance ami untiring ndtirtry cxbihi ad by Mr titorge N. .'-uupeon, the Atti< *nt Mj em. Undent of the road, who aj pears to be cut ready to render every aeeo rainodi.i too bad rale'y to tba travelling community not fo;getting. In add.'no, however, ilie mluable ait of tlr. Venaulo, the gentlemanly conductor on tho train.

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