Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 29, 1851, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 29, 1851 Page 1
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T H WHOLE NO. 6913. ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC, WITH VERY LATE EUROPEAN NEWS. IMPORTANT FROM SPAIN. Negotiations between England, France, and 1 Spain, Relative to the Island of Caba. j The Fosition of General Concha { wiui uin Muuio wuveromeDi. 1 THE GOLD EXCITEMENTINNEW SOUTH WALES. THE FRENCH PRESIDENT! IL QUESTION. AGGRESSIONS OF RUSSIA IN THE EAST, liMai of Bullion In (be Specie markets of Europe. STATE OF THE MARKETS, fco.. fcc.. &0. The American moil .team,hip Baltic, Capt. Comsteck, arrived at this port about seven o'clock yesterday. She loft Liverpool about one o'cloek, and discharged her pilot at half-past two o'clock, at Bell Buoy, on Wednesday afternoon, the 17th Inst, tier run from wharf to wharf occupied ten days and eighteen hours. She experienced & rough passage, with westerly winds; and from the 10tU -to the asth, enoouxtered a succession of strong gaits. and ah, a vy head sea. Annexed are the distances accomplished each day:? The Dirraitccs Run. MiUt. Milrt. Sept. 18 2U5 Sept. 21 S13 " 10 300 " 26 230 " 20 300 ? 20 318 " 21 200 ? 27 318 , " 22 210 ? 28 200 - 23 273 \ The following are the names of the PASSENGERS BY THE BALTIC. I Michael Rapettl and lady. Or and lady. Col J A I Is mil ton and lady, Dr C D Smith and lair, Mr E Rstlly , and lady, Mr Axnew, lady, dausbt.r and servant. H North, lady and two servants, N Applet >n, lady, child and aervant. Mr Bill*, lady, two children and two eervaate, Mre Rod.nond and daughter, Miai Lnnoie. Mise Mitchell, Mrs Paton aad infant, L G Coin. JT Brady, P Prater, n Mil It, J no Llntoa, Ph. Allen. R I, Bnnj Waiuwricht, Dr J MTarren, Bottoa, itcretarj and tervent, E Snndford, L 8 Haskell, Mr ''.cleey, W Rttor. A Benedict and ?>?, Mr Granadot. Sicilian Contul, US. W 1 Sanlord, X W Tryon,lady and dsugh*-er, R Madhrr, a C Gibton, Mr Uwathmsy, lady and daughter, Com J C Sterent, Yacht Club, Mr Ruitel, S Mann and lady, Mr Oldmhnw. J A Stevens. Dr Pttoh, Chat Dwofer. Mr Wilton, Ph Traoy, Paul Thomai and lady. X T Darlano, lady and daughter, Unrdiettu Catnpi. J 0 Day, A MoLvurh- , lin. MlttA Daeh, Mitt Mitchell, Rtv X Mevi'la. D D. Mr 1 'Mitchell, Mr Solavi, Mr Stevenson and lady, J Wolfe, II O I Andereon, Rev C D Cooper. H M Warren, Mr Latoo, W i Brown, J W Brown, J M McCnllooh, X J Andereon Dr W T Webb, Mr Sooronte. W lion, CD Miller. Mr Balleitelr, , American Envoy to Atia, A Nottlebobm, T Bell. Jr. Tbo Baltic parted, at 8 45 A. M , on the 19th iut., nineteen hours west of Cape Clear, the British mail steam- 1 chip Aeia.'Capt. Jtxlkine. hence for Liverpool. Oar thanks are due to Mr. Canning, the gentlemanly purser of the B , for the latest news. The advices from Madrid mention rumor* to the effeet that negotiations have been entered into by the Spanish government with the governments of England and France, for the purpose of opposing further attempts against the island of Cuba In the Coir^nt Gazelle, which has been forced to abanIdon all political discussion, a paragraph throws n gleam of light on the attitude of the Klyeee:? The Cohwartenbcvft cabinet, convinced of the neceselty of .naintalniny the cutting state of things, has resolved enerf etieally to support the candidature of Prince Louie Napoeon. It ie desirable to avoid any convuleion; and it ie precisely for that naeon that the prolongation or the President * powers would t* preferred to anything else, l" In oonseiiuence of the recent disturbances, the President of the French republic has published a decree, , placing the Department of the Ardech* in a state of 'log*. Several members of the legitimetlst party have left r'arie for Germany, for the purpose of consulting with the Count de Chambord with reapwet to the elections of Way next. The President of the French republic laid the foundation stone of the new central markets of Paris on the Iftth Inst. There was an Immense number of persons present. It is anticipated that the building* will be completed in about six years. An Important reliure of nrm* >w mala at Roma on the 4th inat at the house of ? If nor da Paaq nails, the aon of one of the general* of the republican army now in exile. Acconnta from Rome of the 4th inat state that the Tom, in the Secret Consistory held on the pr> ri one day. -had erected three metropolitan chnrrhaa. eighteen ct'.hedrala. and a bishopric Th Pope haa ordered a reform of th* lews :md a re-organisation of the tribune* The police expense# have been Increased thl* year by 17,100 franca According t? a telegraphic despatch of tbe 30th alt, the American frigate Mie lseippl bad ruathed Constants opla In order to take on board the Hungarian fugitive*. It la aaeertrd that the IVrte and the British Legation have agreed that Kossuth U not to 4* permitted to Inul in JCaglend M Jnsmagji, the Austrian iut?rpre>r and commissary, has beeo inTlted to be present at the liberation and aubsequant embarkation of tbe Klutayeb prlacners. The overland Indian mall arrlred at Marseilles, on the 36th Instant, at 0.30 P. M. The dates from Calcutta are Aogu*t7, China. Juiy 34 No news of Importance. Unhangs at Calcutta. 3s. 0 ',<! to 3s. OJ^d. The I'ache was wrecked, on the 31st of July, on the form ? a lUnk; 10 men drowned, amongst whom are the third oDcer and two frst-claes paseengert. Advices from Bt Petersburg announce the opening of tbe railway flora flt Petersburg to Moscow. on tbe Slot ' August, by tbe Kmperor In person, who lrfc at hs>f-past vbree A. , and arrived at M >eeow at elev n P. M. The Bs'rlin correspondent of the London fuses gives a roh reported tn nave been made by the King or Prusat Preuhand, In which his Majesty r unplaias bit t- rly of the fslaehoods constantly circulated by bis enemies, principally relative to his religion* tendenrle* and thoee of the Queen?that they were about to turn Catholic*, I Aw Their wicked InTentlons. he on. nlv confessed. nre ftat bin from bciag so ctwerful m be could wish. The harvest la tbc Psion Dulchle* la reported to be very deficient; ryt ha* alr-ady there reached the exoritant price of 30* par quarter, and 0?t* are *0 dear that .ha boraaa are fra .uently fad upon whe?t. Disease ia alao very prevalent amng<t tba cattla, particularly among tba swine. It sports from Atb*ns state that tha harvest of currant* baa beea unusually abundant, whence tha government .-ipects a Urge tncraaae of tne< me from tba export duty. We learn from Liverpool of the failure af Mr??r?. Campbell, Arnott and Oo . a re-pea.table firm ia tl a So 'b American trade Their liabllltlra are not stated. but it 4a euppoeed they are rather considerable The stoppage afrfm. Nell A 'la . of Liverpool Isalao mentioned Tii ?y were concerted with the grain operations of Ppenovr, Ashlin k Co The United States frigate Independence aailed from Gibraltar cn the 4th Inst. Oar London Correspondence. Loaoon, Sept. 16, 1651. Summary nflSt Yrrr, The summery of event* *ince my lact. include soma important and come apparently unimportant matter*. . let* it U The Italian Congress of Potentates, with the Emperor of Austria at their head, is assembling at Verona The Xing of Naples has arrived, to meet tha Emperor, after . Is military tour. The Pope Is represented by his confident, Prince Atlicl j tha Grand Duke of Tuscany, the I)uk* of Modena, and tha Duke of Parma, have arrived The Kings of Wurt'-mberg and of ItavarU are hourly exPected. There is great hostility in this congress against .he King of Pardtnla?he I* gn'lty of liberality. The new* of the discovery of gold In Australia is con" firmed, and the gold region tin re Is rid to exceed oven California in extent and riches, It has caused more of a panic than jcy In the commercial World The great rham plot In Frauoc, got up against all deI none racy, and the txpnlakmof f. reignsrs, espnclal'y lillhrals, I* kept up. The President ha*, by proclamation, placed one of the departments in a state of siege an4 under martial law Arrests altbont stint, en rn use and thf mnrtllrg of the liberal journal ar? th- order of the day in that parud"o'oinue republic. De-p rtiem already rcigna, only rr-julriug lte real un?. whhhran *?lly be giren >y taw, in a country where law i? rub. trdlr.ale to d-p- 'i>m Great earitem*nt prerall" In Ktirnp- In con'eqitence of the Cuban affair ft will pr I ably lead to the restoration of Narrne* aa Prion- Minirter In Spain. lie t? a nan of bold immure* and d- pi-iate lie ia on hla way to Madrid It l? t" If V- -I ti<?t K'-< b 'i ,? b n lib r I an I M a on beard tl I ? -'earn ? 1 it I by l'i> time, on hie way ta Southampton. Gp at pitH.riM?>n< are tnal.i(Ht there to rcc ir? Sunt and the Am.-ri-an frigate honorably. 0 E N E' M The Queen of England i* making a tour In the country, and is expected to visit Manchester and Liverpool Great preparations are made for her reception in those cities, and at Manchester some of the ultra-protestant words in " Qod save the Queen," hare been altered, and others substituted, to suit the Catholic population there. The sale of souls by wholesale?parishes full at a time? still oontinues in Knglan 1; agencies are appointed to drive bargains, and as many an three hundred parishes of the souls of men, are advertised for sale in the religious periodical publications of the Queen's ohurch. The Archbishop of Canterbury has given great offence to a large body of the clergy, by denying the exclusive necessity of ordination by the regular bishops of the Queen's ohurch, and thereby virtually overthrowing the sacerdotal doctrine of the Apostolical succession of the bishops. A great Indignation meeting of all the clergy Is in consequence proposed to be held at Derby, at whioh it is contemplated to denounce the ooaduot of the Archbishop, and to call upon him to reiign his high office The statutory overseer of noun Protestants in the din'.Hct of Canterbury, Mr. Sumner by name U in consequcuce in a bad fix. The accounts of the general extension of the potato rot are confirmed, ax aleo of the grape rot in France and Italy; in England the same rot, or rather blight, preTails among the grape vines. Diplomatic negotiations are on foot among the great Kuropean powers, and it is believed that ror tne present, Franoe. England and Spain will unite to address a strong joint representation to the government of the United States, in respect to the late expeditions of citizens of the United States against the Island of Cuba In the event that these representations should produce no result, the determination Is to resort to more effective and overt de<-ds, and an alliance offunslvo and defensive against the United States, will, it is confidently affirmed, be formed between these powers These rumors and reports, however, are chietly Spanish The first part is undoubtedly tiue, that a diplomatic representation will be made to tho U. 8. government; but that England will proceed to any step beyond that, is not probable. The government here and everybody except the Spaniards, are convinced of the good faith of the American government. and that It never has bsen an abettor of the illadvised expeditions which have resulted so deplorably Still, it must not be dissembled that a strong party, both in Europe and in England, vis : all the high aristocratic party, effect to be highly indignant that the American government hae not, or will not use the power, eff-ctlrely and with strong hand, to put down and punish the adventurers among the people The lion. A. Lawrence wjth his family is now in Ireland, to which beautiful island tours of exploration have become very fashionable of late. It is probable that he will suddenly cut short his tour and return to London, in consequence of the exciting news from Cuba requiring bis presence, in the diplomatic (lurry whloh it has everywhere occasioned. A speck of war ia beginning to arise in Eastern Asia, in Lhe vicinity of Persia The origin of the contention is the occupation of Herat, the King of which ia just do ceased. Post Mohammed is one competitor, Russia another, and Persia another. The Persian governm tnt ha I sent an ambassador extraordinary to England on the rubject. who has just arrived. By the latest accounts the Russians bad marched a force of 5 030 men upon Astern bad. and had seized upon the city, from whence they were on the march in a direct line to Herat, the country in dirpute In 1838 there was war in this same region, in which Dost Mohammed the Russians, Perhixn.s. and English were all mixed up On that occasion it cost the English twenty millions of money, and thousands of lives, in the celebrated expedition of Lord Auckland to Afghanistan, in order te keep out Kusxia.and pat the native prince on the throne of Herat. Mow it is ail to begin over again. A well known character at the time, who was honored and distinguished in the romantic adventure of the escape of I.nvaUtte, on the night before he was to hare been executed, bas just died. The three heroes who accomplished that dued. at the risk of tlioir lives, which drew down upon them the applauses of the world, were named Bruce. Hutchinson, and Wilaoa He. of them, who was known and admired as Colonel Hutchinson, has just departed this life, unknown comparatively under the name cf Lord Donoughmore. All the roma ice attached to him perished the moment he became a lord, and took upon him the title of his ancestors No oue looks tor the romance of Treat deeds in a lord all tha rliarm of Grecian and Roman exploit* woul 1 vanish. if they were related at* the exploits of Lord Miitiades, the Karl of Tlirinoetocle.*, Viscount Scipio, and Count Ilariibal. lie assumed a poor title by becoming the Karl of Donoughmore. and dropped a great name wh -n he ceased to be called Mr. Hutchinson, the gallant liberator of Lavalette. W. The Gold Kxltement In IVew loath Walei. FOt'B DAYS LATER NEWS FRO.M SYDNEY?HISTORY OF THE OOLD DISCOVERIES?THE EXCITEMENT. [Prom the London Times, Septembir 16 J Much Interest was occasions t in the cl!y to-day, by the arrival of paper* with six days' later intelligence from the Australian gold regions They were brought by the Teviot steamer, along with the advices published the day before yesterday, but did nit reach town uott last evening. The date* thu* furnished extend to the ltd of June It appear* that the discovery war muds by a Mr K. II. Ilargrave*. He travelled over the district about sixteen years ago. when the soeuery, and to a limit) d extent the geological feature*, of the country mtde an imprecsion on his mind. Latterly he visited California, and. while In the gold region* of that country, was struck with their resemblaice to the wilderness which he had seen in Australia so many years before A resistless desire to return ar.d explore for gold then took possession of him, and he "could not rest until he had satisfied It by a personal search." which he at length accomplished. although under difficulties and privation*, the result being,according to his words, the disclosure of "unbounded wealth" to his fellow oebmlst*. The papers also state that the Rev Mr. Clark, a local geologist. has all along contended that not only was the precious metal to ba found in that locality, hut through >ut the principal chain of mountain* which belt the Australian continent. It is added, that fir some time pasta shepheod named M-Oregor had be*n in the habit of bringing gold to Sydney for sale, who maintained, however, gnat secrecy respecting whence he gained it Mr. Hargrove* rommence-l h:s *e*rch about the middle of January last, and after traversing the country for about three hundred miles, took ad vanirge or dm experience id uauiornia. am seieoun; a ?pot. proc?-<-(W successfully to work, Me immediately earned t e place the " Ophir Dizgtn*.'' and th*y hare since rimained in operation The gold d strut U described ae Mm to the westward of llathurst. tha Ophir digging* being thirty-flvs milt* northwest, on the dummervtUe oreek, near It* junction with the Maoquarie river It wax estimated that there were about 3.0U0 p<rson* et Ophlr. and hundred* Mattered In other directions f* verel peril** working In company were known to klTI *(cured large return"; one Individual, who with live other* had made their labor a joint stock operation, calculating hi* share a* about i.'3,0<W. Already upward" of A'ii.OOJ wa eald to have been gathered taking the return* a* represent* d by the m'*t successful diggers. Purchatci of gold and gold du*t had been effected on the epot to the extent ot ?!>.000 Among the specimens transmitted to f) <lt cy. and which were being exhibited, wa* a lump weighing 4<i,'j ouaeee grcei alleged to be almost entirely virgin gold. The metal wa* said to be distributed to a considerable extent In the bed of the creek, and other discoveries were predicted Reports had l>e*n received et cidti. y of gold having been found at a place r die I II lawarTa. near the Manning river Mr. llargrnvei state* that the gold be ha* obtainel is quite equal, If not superior, to that which he saw while in (lallforn'a Mr dtmhbury. the government geologist, had examined the locullty; but his report bed not been published at the latest date In the midst of the prevailing excitement it wa? feared that much exaggeration nrght be enoonraged It was represented by some that provision* at D ithurst had" risen enormously ; other* contradicted this statement. A letter dated the 29th of May. fiom that place written hv a resident who had visited the digging", did not give in every respect the most encouraging account of proceeding*. ' Where one ner?on." he say*. ' I* Insky and fled* ?20 or ?.10 worth of gold in a single lump fifty person* ate scarcely earning 10* a day. and forty nias not more than than the cost of their ration- " Di*tre*? and sickness wers also apprehsnd"d from the nature ol the climate In the mountain* and the severity of ths winter when it should net in. The party in question, however weaken* hi* warning by lb* *tsti'iii*at that during Jftp only two day* he wa* at the digging* he obtained Wd to the value of between ?5 an I ?d. flub joined is a copy of n private letter hand >d to us by Me?r*. Phllllpps, llhaw. and l,owtbcr. from the eaptain of th? Thomas A rbut h not. the veseel by which th* present intelligence was brought to Pernambucn, whence It hv reached I'.ngland bytheTevlot. Ills statement* short the s< rious way In which every branch of the labor mar ket is Ukily to be deranged:? Hlirr Tllltfit Ar-iPTttuftf 1 PrintliiTj, Augmt 'dO. IH' 1 | Geniletnen.?I auppoee yon have had rum <r? of th' ?*ten?lve gold fit Ida discovered In New I >nth W*Ie? cauairg *udden a revolution aa I believe ever could far* vlaited any country T1h< colony l? compleMj poralji' l Kerry man and b j who I* able to lift i ahovel la rff, or going off. to the digging* t-ta tlon* arc lit many part* completely d?aerted ; con nr'inently theep and cattle are le(l to ffo and do a< tb<y Ilka. Nearly arcry article of f.>n<l hat jinr up ti eon e rnaee Ino per cent; and *?elng that a great mn tlon In the grain eropa next eeaaon mint enme for wan <>f labwr. It ?ill nrceaearily follow that maintenance f v man and bea?t will be both rcarre and high Iff Ink thtre will be extensive emigration from all paru o Kurope. whrn cnce the newe get* wind We hare on board about ?300 worth of An'trallai gold, the flret ehipped from the rolony It war purrhaw < on the spot (In f?ct. dug op before th?lr eye*) by f n P nt!<tnen, managing partnera of different mercan'll lame in Pydney tt la all In Intnpe, nearly pu-e, th larceet weight 4 Iba . leea 3 og Wben thla wee br.eagh down there wr.a a targe amount at llathtirat wallinj for mllltaty eecort. whb-h the people were In htpea th government wou'd allow to them What we have oi board Wee br-light down by four gentlemen, they be:a armed to the t?? ?h I bad crtat difflrolty In get'lm? avay from Prdn<<j Although I promlerd my crew iliubl* wage*. tome fit o leven left me ti toon ne the affair became kniwn Fore arcing what would moat likely b-lhe ra?e. I got a et?ame and lowed the rhlp down toward* the 11,-ndf. I placet two armed po|ic> nn n. n'ght anil day. one at earh end n the chip PtlP. thoro that fuld swim i t off *o-nehow All Ilii- ran i J much exp-n"?. I I ft Ihi LmI/ 111*'! trad? for tea without n Mini nn Vnril bat tko t?tiln I I f II* m ha was a Son t rtnrttrf. with hta nrUeh* In hi fttkil.tR tbr read |oward< Rafhofat, thlakir mii<h in lira aMM enilnra to rrtutn an I chip, fhry w-ri "'H,T (I man what aallnr? wrrw left ll Sf4ri*jf * fcln? i 'O f t thunn h< ma. and a r?i?ratit*? ft prirurini II <m a ?Hp t? tatnrn illrant to Prdnry. I paid Si an All p?r tnnr I It for what f wanted. Iouiithj uLMuli/, 0 II UK ATOM. W YO 40 orning edition"?-mon; Important from Spain. THE INTELLIGENCE FROM CUBA?IMPORTANT DIPLOMATIC MOVEMRNT PRANCE, ENGLAND, AND SPAIN. [From a Madrid Letter, Sept. 8 ] The affaire and prospeeta of Cuba are the subject of greatest interest here at this moment. The Oazet! t today contains a telegraphic deepatoh announcing the landing and destruction of the Lopes expedition, in the following terms:? THE MINISTER FI-ENIVOTENTl ARVOF Mil SAIIiTV TO THE M1NISTRB OF FOREION AFFAIRS. .... . _ . "Pari*. Sept. 5, halfput 11, . M. IJ ii known by ofloinl noeounU that th? pirhUc command? ky Lopez had disembarked on the 11th near Bahia Q >adi. and that on the 13th thoy were destroyed by the troops of General Bans. The remains of the faction were r ireu?d by the eountry people, and 11 ty piretee had been shot at Uarana oa the 16th. I mentioned in my last letter how decidedly the French government had come forward In support ot dpaniah interests in Ouba. and that I was not aware what our government would do in this matter. I now learn that the English government will not only do nothing for Spain in the Cuban question, but have, very uselessly anl lmpolltically, caused as muoh to be signified to the 8p inlsh goveinmeut, which, when it is oousldered that it is the unanimous policy of all parties here, without exception, to retain Cub* at all oosts, shews at any rate that Lord Palmerston seta very little value on preserving any influence that may have been esquired by the British Envoy at this Court. It is a favorite uotlou m some quarters that Spain must lose Cuba, and perhaps the anticipation of the loss is nut regarded with feelings of very irrcAt rttfrflt hv mich ntrtiriri: itMTprfchHlBM it miirht. Mini. ly be shown that no oiim otyect of British polioy would be promt ted by a change which would substitute the stars and stripes of the American Union for the banner of Castillo. The anti-rUver/ cause would certainly not be promoted by it. The present Captain General. General J. Concha is believed to be desirous to repress the slave trade, and gradually to extinguish slavery itself; but annexation wonld mtke It, to all present appearance, perpetual Then, again, th i Spanish government have drawn upon the surplus revenues of Cuba to the amount of eighty millions of reals, which, under the moet favorable circumstances, it will probably take two years or more to pay off; anl should this source fail, the bank, and other parties who hare taken the bills, must be indemnified out of other revenues; and it may be judged what chance there would be of the srrrangetnent of the public debt being fultllled under such circuuistauoee. The prompt puttlnx down of the Aguerro iosurrtctlon. and the destruction of the Lopez expedition, will perhaps give a breathing time to Spain, which, it is to be hoped, will be used to place things in better order in this island and her other ooloniet. One praotical evil has been the division, and often opposition, of the colonial powers. Thus, in Cuba, the Captain General buds his authority counterbalanced by the (Superintendent Geueral, who if at the head of the finances of the island, by the Commander in-Chief of the naval department, and by the head of the juliciel deE&rtment. General J. Concha, on arriving at Cuba, found imself so hampered (the parties being frequently nominated on the game principle as at one time regulated the appointment of Chief Becretarie* of Irelaud, viz, thai they were to "look after" the Lord Lieutenant) that he demanded to hove supreme powers conferred upon him over every other authority, and forwarded his resignation to his brother, Don Juan Concha, the dtplomatist, as the alternative The breaking out of the rebellion prevented the resignation being sent in by Don Juan Consha when it arrived here; but it is understood that the present Ctptain General will not remain except on that oondition. watch, from the recent language of a ministerial journal, the Popular, will probably be agreed to. It is said to be uuder contemplation to raise the governors of Cuba and the Philippines to the rank of viceroys, and also to create a | separate ministerial department for the colonies, the new , Colonial (secretary to be assisted by a Consultative Junta, composed of tbe members of the oolonial section of the Council of State; to be increased to nine Spanish members of royal n< mtnatlon. and six colonial ditto, oach ! named by tbe (juecn from a list of three candidates firwarded by the Governor, on the proposal of tha colonial ! merchants and proprietors. Something of this kind will : very likely be ultimately adopted, and if this lead to a 1 belter administration of Cuba, and ths fall power* given I to its Governor enable him to repress the slave tra la, ' and perhaps to promote the gradual abolition of slavery, ' all will have been done that can be done with safety; for | It is the height of folly to suppose that slavery could be > extlnguisbtd there at once, as it is that has any national object to gain which would be promoted by tbe* | list of that valuable colony to Spain. [From a Madrid.Letter, Sept. 0.] All doubts respecting General Arraero's entering the 1 ministry are now set at rest. lie was sworn ia before the tfueeu last night. I bell* ve that although tbe predonderating feeling in I the ministry is In :avor of conceding to General Con,iht tbv full powers be demands, and some of the chief refjrms which be has proposed, tb< r? was no unanimity on the subject, even previous to the eutry ot General Armero; i and tbe presence of the latter, who has filled of late the 1 post of naval commander-in-chief at Cuba in which oa pacity be did not work very well, it is sakl, with (laneral Coerhu may prove rather embarrassing un icr present ciroumrlanrse, since it may be difficult to withstand ih: derated* of a captain general who nn successfully put | down Insurrection and invasion. while those detain Is will not be willingly acceded to by the new .Minister of I Marine. It la quite understood, howwer. that Oennral Concha wilt not lemain at Cuba, unles* the power* an I ref,>rui? which be cons idem necessary for the efficient government of the island be granted him. [From a Madrid Letter, Sept. 10.] The diplomatic world is occupied with the negotiations between France, Kngland and Spain, for j >int ropresentai tion to the government of the United States, to Induce the latter to art with energy againat the piratical expedition* directed from its Stats* against Cuba. In case the** designs should be overtly fomented, an alliance, | ofLnsive and defensive, for the protection of the rights j 11 nation* ou this question, will, it I* sal I. be firmed between the three government* above mentioned. Opinions In Karope of the Cuban Movement. [From the London Chronicle, Sept 10] e e e i On this ride of the Atlantic there can be but one opinion with r? gard to the gui t of the lnvalers; and there will doubtless be mum person* who. looking merely at the gravity of the crime, will think that the summary ex >rutton of fifty prisoners was but an act of Justice?or, aa ths < fficial apologist of the Spanish gcvrrnm mt term* It, '* the moat simple and primary duty." We must, nevertheless, condemn this wholesale judicial massacre. Tba litis me plea of right Is no iustia ration for a preclp'tite art of vindictive cruelty. It Is indeed, asserts 1 that, On the previous occasion of the attempt* at Hound Island and Cardenas, the utmost clemency was exhibited by the 8|ani*h authorities, but without the effect of prersutLig furtlnr sggre.slon. Vet this 1* e most insufficient jaffilficetlon; and the fact of the iuvud r* hiving led the warning then given, and having mad" a new piratical Ineursk n. I* no exause f ,r savage severity on the part at In? t |OT(>rnnirD(. it wa-. on uou?. ta?- u ny m lb* latter to inflict hub* punlahmmt upon tb'-lr prisoners; but a summary execution wan alike cruel and iui politic It has dishonored and damaged th* Ppinlsh cause. It has er.-vperated the Am rlcan people. and it baa Increased th* diffloultia* *f tba f"i- r-il exeou'.tv*. In defeadlng th* act? ol his government, M Isturitahas tlought proper to alluda to th* proceedings of th E lglish cruiver* in tba eastern archipelago. a? atT rrding an aoatagou* case but tha parallel la not exsot There t* agreat different* between destroying a h >J7 of eavsg a actually, engagcl in piracy, and th* whrlaaal* execution of prisoner*. Tha operations ?>l our ships ;n tba East were. id reality. very much Ilk* the war at th* Cap*?a campaign again*? barheion* rape*, who. by r-p*?ted act' of pi'io-; dtr and murder, hare prorokad their fata! But neither our naral i fll-?r* nor Sir Harry Smith are aicustom*d to aboot their prison*!* an w.atae; on the contrary, n capt on the field of battle, our oommarvd' re hare ratn-r erred on the aida of leniency Nor can U be admitted that such rindicatton* of authority are necessary to tha l intereetaif aoeiaty. Pu-h a principle l.s strictly a pi| mneular one; and though it may ha acted upon by Mar . TBi * and the military state-ev-n of Spain, it will notroe | Iy be rero^nt. -d by tha mat of the worll. Again, it I alleged that the number and resource* i.f the inraler* aggravated the criminality of their attempt; but i would be equally true, and more to td* purpose, t > *ay that th* power and resource* of t he Hpnoh government which rendered summary proceedings nnoecstsary for its Immsdlate security. heighten the Imprudence, if not the guilt, of Its conduct. Notwithstanding th* difficult!** arising from the *cited feeling of the American people. It appears that thgovernment of the t'nlted State* la taking rigor >u* ?t? ps to prcn nt *ny further infraction of treaties hy its elti ten*. It i* said that I'reei l-nt Fillmore I* determined to pern re re in tha policy laid down hy hi* predecessor. an 1 that precaution* will b* adopted to prevent the d* partur* of the bodie* of troop* which hart Utely te-en j collected in different part* of the Colon The govern: no lit is already, to sotn* extent, aniwemble |of the effi cts ot it* previous remissness and for the waat of vigU ' lance on the part of it* officer*. But if Ike federal au thorities are really re*rlr?d to restrain the unruly buj( cant< t* of the South, there la no d >uht that tbsy prases the ni) an* of so doing Th-y would have th* sup pert of th* New England State*. a* wall a* of the North ! west; for in those part* of the Colon the aun**stlon feeer I* lee? riolent thnn It I* elaahero, bad It I'f"lt taat , the ao?jul*iUon of additional claee tftato* w uld lnju, rii urly aff'ct the political balancn af the confederation If the cabinet at M'aebingtou ha* (ho emir**, to adopt a decided rouree of action, it m?y. in ?pl'.e ?l the opprMllcn of Southern feeling, and of the mob* In the large elite*. onr -ocpfally maintain, unimpaired th* good faith of ih* I tilted State* But the nnioa?rl ' i of* e hicb bar# n*ourrr.| In Cuba and at SairOitcati , ?tb'c?*c.- re of a barbamu* goeernm-ot on tha one hand,at it a brant p' on the oilier?hate roa d*rtd the i* cl' rt r prool>n>atital. Krery effort wid * f route* i ? in .le h| ih * la'.K ni?t* to ttiiniilat' I til It ?. i i <| t >i e i ejtlaawi to hollara thai ' the li era ot An.* rtcao* mn t be atoned fit ST.* may b? , rare'hot r thrban epect *t|rn wilt s *t okll for waot o( j Bgllatt. i on the part of it* pr<>"ti >lar? a .1 fh r- t* dargt i< to | | tilaiMHiof adTcnttiierain 'h# Uot'eo fi*>t r whoaic * ? } lor*n)uru~ i-.Kin*.h..w**oroaTara^tnt j nnd wbec att* niit ti u un% fl>.e<| upon Uie piiiuderof th f aialtl.y depMiti tirj i| op* it It will b* a bard * M(<l* belwr-n he i -an wot ? 'Oj of th - O'flntr , nify a( large, and thereokl"** audari'y of a ferot l*>u?*u.i Ultoei apt e'ae rnrty if. ,? a . i ( i K-r <.r* fAe l/ ' liA h it for [ * fAt# ti't'tt'.y it rm reined a# ? e iih ' ore In ? ? , ran*a a ml in inhrtot in it* m?i <r. T'*n 'i i . etater nit -i a** m.fl! ilentiy (er *?|ot?* to pare. If* th* I | ict wlili ti lln?l iiritaiii ha* in ihe n. ac- *o ? * I a 1 I r>1 lb* (jti'.etlnn. and tti?y are pSibeM* awarn .f 1 i' t i i ? ** that e .'Hid be pi id*"* I ** I Hie ?i I i*ftt*?*hfl en A?i< I loan Ovi upali. m of the Uaraua Hat, until on r jr |RK H DAY, SEPTEMBER 89, If lntemti are really ? dengorad, lntorftnan would oni 80 ham ; for no American government cuuU ruloict far < hour vmdmr tht nuyicum of icing dictated to ly a Europe* rT' [From the London Times, Sept 18.1 The nations who are most strictly bound by all ti

higher sanctions which can alone influence the oondui of soTerstn communities, to set an example of the mo ready obedience to tbia exalted morality, are thota upo whom fortune ha* lavished her choioeat gift* of weuti power, and intelligence?and, if wo wera called upan.J this moment to select that people which, of ail othag from their political and social oowdttl?, to aaae eepa dally under an obrtgatl? to obey the dictates af this is ternatlogai morality, we should, without haritatkm, poll to the JiBited States of America. Cahfca aU other m tlons, tlNyhav* as* beam anadi?id U paaa throng an ignoaMt and barbaaaaw ladhaey. They began thei national aaletence at the highest point of oiviluatlon t which aumkind has yet attained. They entar into th great commonwealth ad ?llone just whan aadaaaa an art * ? tttm it ?ihilatad limi ?I rthdttiar rl~^~ InUUlgaaat can be caauaamicatad from am end of th earth to fee other almoet with the rapidity of thought when, teat the physical wants of luaaMad am aatisdw with an aaae that, ia times poet, would ham been deams miraculorn; and when, besides, poiitieal science has dh covered the means at uniting Into oae national oomesu nity. undtr the rale of a law made by thamseivea, an number edhuamn beings, spread ewer any extent of tex ritory. thus happy as to the moment of their nation* birth, thap haws been eoually fortunate in the territorli in which aa a people they are destined to dwell. Pc eges these territories will ha practieally withou limit, aad they oontain within themselves all ths a nation mods for comfort, luxury, security, and powei The people are suited by the tie of one Ian guage aad one law; and. although many dilforea races of men have contributed to make up this po puiation, am nation, namely, the English, have ro fa outnumbered all others in this contribution as to statu' upon them a national and peculiar character. It is (hi people, waaay, united, homogeneous, enjoying every com fort aad aB the luxuries of life, possessed of a b media* and fertila territory, secure against outward aggression and cafe, as far as a commuatty at fallible hum in betag can be sdfb, from Internal danger, endowed with ?m means of acdlghtment, and already In all the useful art evincing 4 wosdarfsl and ever Improving eSeteney?It I this people we my, whs aaw booed by every o art get? a duty to mankind. every ooneideratlesof pottey asfespial themselves, to set an example of willing and earnest oh dience to the rules of international law. Is the Suited States the people govern, and their rest lutions are manifest by law alone. No despotic will ia b the spirit ot the constitution permitted to hare nea; The predetermined rule of the law is supposed to be pan mount, and to govern with its inflexible will and con maul not mereiy Individual* but the whole communit; Just' as n? single man can, by hi* mere volition, dete mine for the oommunity, so no body of men. none. I chert, but the whole oommunity, acting according I form* pre-arranged, can adopt res< latino* for the Stat A mob in a great city?the great city itself?nay, tt State of which it may be the metropolis?1*. according t the law and the *pirit of the constitution, a* much witt out power to act in the name of the people of the Unit" State* asm single individual; and were the President ti morrow, by hi* single authority, to declare war again' a foreign power, and call out the armies anl Seats of ih republic in support of hi* warlike resolve*, he would u be guilty of a more flagrant violation of th* law. a mot criminal breach of hi* duty, than wonld a band of ui authorized individual*, no matter how numerous, pov erful, or respected, who should, upon their own mere m< tlon. oommence hostilities upon a neighboring peopl Tbrre U in the United 8tates, a* there must be i all communities assuming to be civilised, and profenin I I tobogovernid by law, a specified authority l>y wliic , communication* with foreign powers are carried or there Ik also a rule a.s to the mode iu which sisch oca iuunicktUmo are to be conducted; and auy dcp.irtu: fr< ui this inode, any er r roach merit upon the i-tin" pc were of the constituted authority by which In term tii nal intercourse is to be conducted, i- not merely avi: latir.n of international law. but also of the oou.stitutio of the United States, and the violation is as signal au as mischievous when the work of ma ay as of one Thia regulation of the American constitution is In ar cordance with, and is suppotted by. the general rules < international mor?l;ty. War leviid by indiriduala. an without the authority of a sovereign State is by tbis It; ternath nal law, adjudged to be piracy. They win thi d levy war are pirates, are without the pale of law. an are de< med the enemies not merely of the country the unju-tly attaok, but of the whole civilised world, rh >? however, who would more than ail others he bound t rapri ss mat a breach ot the most sacred obligations i law and moraii y, would, in this ea?o. be the people c America themselves; and if we apply the*' rules to th lata proceedings of the piratical ajal marauding bin wto attacked Cuba and to the conduct of certain aesea blies of American citisens, who met to dlscuse. to approv and defend this outrage upon thn civilized world, v ?hall not be at a iocs aa to what judgment we are ta fori either w ith respect to the original piracy, or the subs quent approval of it; neither can we bo in doubt aa ' what wld be the course of conduct which the Units Ft a tea should feel bound to pursue upon the ocoasioi If, under circumstances such as those which have 01 curred, any government should either be unwilling < unable to do what tbecomityof nations demand of ( such a govei anient would necessarily incur the contemi and excite the indignation of every civilized communit We cannot believe, from our knowledge of the men wf compose it that tbe American government wl'l bow willing to pes form its duty We are snre. from what i know of the constitution of the United States. th?r*is i real lark of power to enforoe in thia case the dictates i mine n prudence atil ccmmounoacsty upon l tie nauc at lart u. Spain and th? United State* arc not merelyalllid tha ?r? friendly ratline. The wretched subterfuge to whi< Mr. Aehtei Mailh bad recour*a in onr < .lumn* timed v *l?0*> in order to justify an attack upon t'uhi. oaonot i pnwibility be accepted by the President of the Uaiti State* and id* government upon tide occasion. Toere no quarrel between the United State* and 8p*in. n -i'.h can any pretext for a <|uarrel be fmnd in the condo of rerlain Knqliebnieii who ebooee to adroeate the abol tic n of elavety in Cuba. The cirrumttan :ct whioh ha' ted to tbia cutregeou* agcrr**ion hare no conneoti with ulaviry or the doirtce wi -e or uawiae. of K-vglii abolitionist* There are tn the Uuited State*. more ?*p ciaUy toward* the south. large band* of men desperate I fortune, loote in their morality, and recklee* and darir in conduct. To ruthan* of thl* doeorlptlco the exntt no nt < fa marauding expedition, together with the hn| of plunder to re*ult from it, la absolutely irra#istiht Il< Id out to them a chance of eunoeaa. and tbsywoiil join In an expedition agiilnst London, f.lverpool, or ,Ve York. with the same nlavrtly a* that whleh they cvlno* when invited to attack Cuba Tble buccaneering *p1t wii the flret moving nuao to thl* unproroke outrage A love of excitement and of pluuds moved the attacking band* to action. The circuit etanre* which hare Induced an expreaeion c sympathy nith these pirate*, are, however, of atona what dlllerent deeoription. We are quits* rinly to tuf p< *e that the execution In cold blood of Sfty gallon the ugh unprincipled youth*, by the Spanish autbortlio thrcked n my who in no way xympcthiied with tb object* ee justified the conduct of the unfortunate ?u(T I er? upon thi* occasion. Keeling* of national vanity wet quickly mixed up with the ang?r rouaed by the Inh.nwi ity of the tx edition ; and tVu* a com*what gemrm aa-n.f 'wionat an.i uti almnat r.<ir<l.innKln Weak nana iuttd simultaneously to ? sudden outburst of pmlor Tli-re ?re a!-o ?ome politician* in the Tutted State* wl c< n*tder Cub* an eioeedlogly desirable aifiiWition f< tfc? Ir country, and who ylew with undisguised tlon any ntati which mar teid to briug it abuu i These m-n Join the sympatnlaera, and swell thrah.n which demand* reyenge and seeks to enforc* punist me tit. if to the?* w* add all wh > b-long ta th? claa* those who nr.ffered. via . all t ha Idle, reckless bucsaoee who ntlll remain In the Totted State*, aad are eater f a fray, we hall understand the nature of the cry rai?abd it*probable Influence upoa lli* sober minded g >?er nut of the toiled Sta'ee That IIIWIMH rmn fall to lamer t the Inadrertenee? to pre it norther nstj ?which permitted the expedition against (tub* to ? and they ought henceforth to exertlae with prcj.. r rrgy the p< wer which the lew give* them to put <1 Ml ?very attempt to renew euch an outrage upon the oora ty of nation*. Then" i Ire* enlightened, and obeying t! illetatea of a eerere morality, they ahould b? among tl flrst to acknowledge that hesitation or wcaknee* on Mi* pert would now he a glaring rlolation of the ?aere 1 d tine :mp"*ed on them, alike by their position. by a reg* for the true interest* of the I; sited State* and hr a wo thy consideration of the general welfare of mankind. % Oerminy. The .lut'kirt Onrrtit, under date of Frankfort, 8 Auai "t. say* :? n e learn that th? resolution adopted by the German Plat relative to the liberty of tte pre**, goee no forth tt an that a circular shell be addreeeed to all the g rear nient* to ii i|Ue?t them to adopt energetic measnre* wl ni *rd to lh? democratic joU-nal?. ami 1< reguute f I law* on th# pree* conformably to the raorarchiciR pri riple It 1* particularly prohibited to the j luritl* c-ill In question tbe principle on which the f'e ler Ax-?roh'.% rsnoMN The rlern ?nic Diet intends to e ea tb* r?ult of thsss measure* b- f.>r* turning i ta attsntl' 1 to ths jtopi ?Uloa* mad? to It, by th- coiamlttse, relati to th* general lawn on th* pta** Tb* (Mum Jm'rnnJ n] f'iimk/nrt **y? ? Wo born that. at It* loot elating. too (lermanle fll ' voted on lb* ulterior proposition* of th* po|M*al?oi m'tts* nod that the** proposition* h*d a laral mij ?rir Thsy reint*. It I* Mid. to meaMire* which eh*ll **ouf* ti eisoutb n of th* last resolution* co*o? to on th* *wbj.' of the fui. lament nl tight*. and of th* regulation* whi should arc mpary tba publication of th* federal r???l tiro* of tta ibith iilt, aa, for initancs. tba formation *n ejrreutlv* eeniniittr*. an<t th? datermin itiou of 1 rcmpstvnry. a* w*.l a* to the n.can* to ha plated at I dl*p<**l Among tbse* mean* l? a federal army of fr. 11/?0 to 10IW m? n It ta however. raid that ihr pnh cation of tba revolution* will depend on cireuunta.13 ?. Iwlltrrlandi Th* Zurich CiMiaiiatNtkat thj mi?*ion eonfld*d M Errnlar at Herns, ia explained by the e irai t of a ! M r from r*rta Tlie difficult)** which bars ariaen relative to th* <IU' tk.n of tks eeatoee' dutba be. waan th* *ow'h*ri 4t. ii 1 ,f t.etnieuy and flwitaerland. arc regarded with gi inteiert hrra, For some y ar* past a treaty hatw* tiancs and twitrerland ha* haan In aont-ncliM >n. n iiatn* ha* alwai* hssn opp **d to it A p * n In list' land that Bmw appear* mora fav <r*iiiy d'?p >*? and in francs th* government ia pr*p*rad to mi asridcsn rvi a at th* rap.oiaa < f ta* prit.nctivv ?f*t' on In fores M liuftet 'h* tdlnUt*r of )m? ire a Agtirulinrs hop** to proBt by the difference to whi.'i b?yt aUui -d ahors. I [ERA] * 351. It lnterdtliif flnaacUl InUUInnM-Thi in IfMl* Market* off lEarepe. in (from the London Newe, September U J The Bank of Bngland return* show conalderable peymenta of note, for taxea * diminution of circa! ilion, and * aa iooxeaee of government depoeits. The decrease of built bee alhectrd tame notice arid routed uncuiitwat, though st it la obeerred large auppliea are coming In thia week. The it deoreaaa la, howa ??, of no Importance, aa left week wia n that of the amalloat Importa, and thar* vaa scarcely a enough imported to meet the cum nt demand The attte it ?f the bullion market Ukaaia ahowa there la no great a, Of aratlon tram .abroad, though the Sardinian reaittancee e might have been expected to affect the a tuck of bullion here. it Jm Ml tf Fruet rttunu A>r the ??<-k n4lngTku? l. 4*7, the 11th of Be.\feinber, show the following result* h ffltfiruuesfor ?1) : tr Bnllio* 24,803 068 Increase..,. ?40111 0 TIiilTle* n* deposit 03.302 1 uoreeae 2,010 OImuMIm ^1.065.815 Decrease.... 308,000 d fuhdlo dUMsH* 6 4K6.690 Increase.... 43.33o b Private deposits 6iVJ6,081 Increase... 28 681 e BIB* diss onnted 8,8t>U,100 Decrease.... 133056 OertMenHto 7,064.464 Decrease ... _ 764 1 Iu the abnveretanxws find that the Bank of Fraaee ? bullion ha* not yet reached 25 000,000, and that the aecuy. imtimHfm Aat rteeireJ it flight cht ** Toward* the end of the month a further check will be felt, aa the half-yearly y dividends are payable on mate 0& the stocks, and are taken largely In coin The exobangV * P?I? on Consi don ie so far improving that exports' of bullion may be is expected. though the large export* of frheat to Kngland, >r and the expenditure at the English In i7*W give a great it : advantage to the lsdter country. % it The last return of the National Bank of Belgium, as r. made up to the 31st August, is a i follows ( 25f. for ?1): i Bullion ?1.323.266 Decrease. .. ?28,641 Discounts 1242,460 Inoreat'.... 66,90. Circulation 1.025.964 Increase .... 62,081 r Current Account* . . .. 823.669 Decrease..-- 86 961 p The account* ef Che National of Sardinia, for the week ending tie 3d of September, *how t he following results ? , Bullion ?854 048 Increase .... ,?69.986 i Circulation 1,462,272 Decrease. . ? 48,981 Private deposits 60.TOO Decrease.... -12,481 f 1'ublic depeslts 111,960 laarsaee .... 44016 , Discounts. 1.171,164* I nix ease . . , .V.96I a The increase of tho bullion, and decrease of the ehr* g eolation Is eantimous, aod-lt i? stated great exert Vans b will be made to recall the forced currency notes of .the * ^Tfirfnliln market Is wash. and the tisliri are wmtah y. lag events The confirmation of the Australian gold y findings is one event of the week, and another, which r. ] will exercise eventually a great inltuenoe cm the bullion i. | market, is the publication of the contineatal exchange i. prices received by electric telegraph. This rapid transr mission of quotations will have a great tendency to r. equalise prices in the different markets, and to diminish n t?inporary speculations It is-likewise to be expected lo that it wi 1 result in the drawing of short bills on places R whereon it is now the practice to draw at three m *nths, id as it will be wished to avoid the liuotnations and continio genries. when a comparatively certain transaction can I. be effected As bullion can so ea-ily be commended by ,4 the use of the telegraph, there will be less necessity for >. keeping up local stocks, and a greater disposition to ,t accumulate in this market, which is the place of receipt in from all quarters of the world. it Ths Australian news creates at present, a fueling of auxre ie*7 rather than any fixed impression of the definite rei_ suits to be obtained. In its beginning, however, the r. Ophir of Australia i'more pregnant with great expect v>. ticfUs than tho El Dorado of the West As the discovery in the American or Feather Creek irdioated the producd tiveness cf the basin of the baeru.nento, so d'-es lbs d!?f eovsry of gold in Orange llivermoet strongly suggest the 1, like procuctiveneas in ail the affluents of the Murray. I- 'nor ate there wanting rumors of further discovery I.' going beyond surmi-e. If this expectation be true, the .B Aurtn.llan gold region will be at much beyond Ca'lford nia or any other gold region known, as California is bek. yon-,I the Altaian district. the I'ral, and Virginia. Kxtending f! < ui the baek of the Moreton Hay district tort the hack of Victoria province. the h?a.l* of the Murray j rover an area of 860 miles from north to south, by liOd frcin c-aat to west, mns'itvtin? a Mai of 100,000 it/wire iHihi fuur or firt lint* the n>nU of Ilit Cajitnrniiin Ki Dojf rede Kouds give the coast population access by a oosa1 psratively short route to every part of the district, and rtesMers running from Adelaide round to More tan Bay i, connect eyery port As the Kanak of Hawaii is at,j traded to ban Francisco. so the Maori of New Zealand, y and the Am ferae cf New Caledonia am) the neighboring , group, will be drawn to Sydtey, Newcastle, and iloreton Hay An intercourse already open with Canton will >f bring Sydney into rivalry with San Francisco for ,f Chinese emigrants flour will not have to be brought , from the other end r-f the world, as from Chile, nor pro1 visions from Honolulu, while the operation on tho Boor { trede by Aneiialia may glee to Tasmania a like benefit a, j to that experienced by Chile. re tt hat etTi ct the news has already bad on the neighn horirg province* it Is of course iutpoealhlo to d-floe, but i we know (hat the intelligence of the Calkfornian dtasoy. to eriee drew numerous emigre nta from all the Australian ,1 tort* From Adelaide the journey up the Murray and Q l'srllng to Bathurst is long and toilsome, but th?r > are j. other m< ana rf access Hegular steamers ply to Sydney, ir and it is feared the miners hare been drawn from the it, rhh works f tbe Hurra Hurra, aa th-y hare on the |j? other side fr -tn the collieries of Northumberland. ,'i Mr. Jsmti Alt Henry's Circular. g. IsralNH) Sept. 16, 1551. r , | There Is nothing new In bacon 10 | He?f and pork are almo-t nominal of In hams tr shoulders n? thirg doirg m There t? a fair Imiuiry tor good obeese. The market is cleared of all lard offering tinder 50s. ,j There hut.- been DO futtuer salts of <|uercilron bark, h Tallow la rcy steady, y, Oils are unchanged. ,y l.iuet ed cakrs continue in good demand ?] The corn market does not shoe the slightest improve [n irmt The advance in flour h Ml been quite lost, so 1 U oibsr reticles are nr.mio?lly unaltered, ct Cor ion?The market was qulot rii Saturday; but oa l|. Monday, after the receipt of the Canada's news, there r. was m?re Inquiry from exporters and speculators. and )T> prices of middling qualities were slightly dearer. The ,j, trade continue to art with extreme caution; and as the n arket has b?en well supplied there fat no change in quo[a tations. The sales in (be three days will not exceed 10.. ,,, WO bags, of which 7,000 are on speculation and for els' P?rt. " Mm kef a. I.onroN Moore Massrr, th pt. 10. P M ?Ths aeemnts * frt m ths continent, this morning. being rsther less , (,1c emy there has been s le tter feeling In the market for ' public securities h?re Consols bars been dens for ths account at (MiZ, 0 and for mnnsy from HI to ltd'{; Kt| c> equcr bill-hire been done at lis. to 47s., and India _ bonds at Ms pm. India stork h?a also been done at 1 !fl:2 In li e foreign market the mttl-ment of the account has be* n pre reeded with tbi* morning; and with " the xeeplion of Mexican bonds has proved to be light. , Coatemsla bonds hare been done at H ; Mexican. 26H! ' Pardinlwn scrip ,1>,4di e ; Cpenoh Flve-per-OsoU ill, ' Rusetan Pour-end a-half per cents. 101\, Dutch Tw v. and a-half per cents. MM. ths F. ot-per cent osrtlflrates, tics, There has not br-n much change in the market fcr railway shares and ths payment of balanoss his proceeded far-rahl f the m? riun* no defaulters har. in* been anncunoid, either In the foreign or share warkeia. |0 Half past two ? Consols for account, MaM^. jr I.israenci. Cottoo M.ssir Tuesday evening Srptem0. ber 16 ?The tendency of this market is daily to harden, t. with a rrod demsrd from all classes of buyers Iinpir's j* continue light.and our stork diminishes Accounts from 1. the Ptatee show nr encouragement t?'bippers. and tend uf to cheek experts At present ths demand Is freely suprs piled, and the sales are 6,COO hales of all kinds; I 100 ex,r port. The receipts of new cotton Into the ports are mush 4, bear!er than la<t year; and although they are no eriterioncf the ultimate extent of crop, they tend to confirm ,t the larg. r estiwiatee of I he coming searon. >s I ittaeooi. Cuss Maraer.Tuesday. Peptemtvr 16.?'This B, is the finest Pep ember wrathsr we hare known for a n- number of years and Is truly au-plrlcu* for the saving of ra tbs nnVhsrn and latter harvest, which see may export to il- be contlids d In a short time Tha Imports of grain are i* im<l?rat? "? rnortpai tni* * to ima tna LMioj lit 1 Stair*. whnnra wr barn rtcaimd 7 SSS quart?r? of whtal, ir and 14.347 iKMfe *1 fl.^ur at thr aama lira*, tha wank'* a- eiporta to frrland and roaatwta* of thraa two arlMra r.J 'ttiKi m bl^b t 4.*U qnar'rta ami 9.458 barrel* Oar >r- keal consumption I* atrady and rxi*n?tre At oar proont nfn ?h< w a amart In ? on Impart* fr m ln-rin. the ahipnirnt* from thener for a time III. T ry nribahly, bp poi ij ar*' ivrlj Mtiall. The corn market thn m >'nt<i{ th ?*? dcil. Old fi rrl/n wboat wa* taken In limited qu?ntltlp* only , at a d> rline of M |>-r battel ir >aa the r*>* lie of la?l Ta>-d?f In American barrel and French aack nr fl? ur a mrdnata bu-lne*? *?? d< tie, at quite a- g ,id n prlcw a* of late We am perfectly ham of Irieh eld u?t*. th at d new beli g In abort ruppty. fu'l price* were obtain* I. ha nxrept f> r tbo low black onee. which wnra Id to 3d p*r a buahel pbraprr. lUrley. bean*, ana prat wtp w thmt to thnnita ll> arr alao eery ham of good Indian corn 'tl aecnndatjr quality commanded full price* ye'terday an 1 dt lo-Cny Tb<* aTounta from eartou* quarter*, of the nt *m t?riru? potato dlwaae. an- oominft to band of a mom rn a> rn u? complexion l.oanoa t'oao Rxrmor.r, Moeoay, Si ft. 15 ?TT* weather batii a limn r markably fine during lait we?k. - , m< narreai poii not inn iianiwr. mm a ?ery re? ?t' rr|trotrr tua? be considered orar >41 grain ere *pt b >aoa J Tlw i, generally nil rpmen of, tut the prodaea '' i In flour alii >'? ahnre an average bul whether the .|iiaa* tlty of wb?at per ?< re i? ?n mutt -till remain ma*t?r of , doubt; the gtiim.l opinion of I be beet lafor.nrd p' r?ioe la, howenr that it It * full average erop. The rroptof apm* rem tp mtro well reported of: bat. oro vei t > thl* * fa mi aide ooof un?, If the rap.d progo tt wbteh Ihr n?tat> dl'ra?e I* making. nmt peftli'MMrly In the initWnl "J" i eonntV ard In the f?ri? of Oeravibfeehlre. *h?re t,n? | |>otaivie? ptati'd to here gri'e off wUh'a the I ??' f^w itej* In the country w*rke?* a 'ar^a * up ply of wiu'tt I l>*- been brm gbl forward ny I ho farm # * 'he pri<je? t. have per.efall* declined lr- auJ la the l.laojtaalrtna aad York, hire ai r kef i to '2> per .m-trtur At lOrott | pint* mkKIn bender, ca ?Vdu an ay and frl.Hy, the ,v prima I are rcerr, 'y *;t. n w ? but ;be balnea* done ru lib , I fieei Ireland tbe acjonnte of the g, ?'a * ? i rrop? are t'aenral le Inn they ate a;lit emuU.nind oo to ' the potetree. no t fn nt 'be rapl I pr greet the ili.?a*e 1 bae rerer.tly ntede lii thi? norm try the ?r p ttvre ran l In try ra > iitbly be con" def?.| *afe. fioa ai ear , goea Of uheet. bring rcaepe, litre In l? lo r f.rl ml lull, a <*>rli f'?r tbfbidlae and November attpiawata Wa? >m h'ld ft*.krf ibf the prwrent rate for i r. ir. I a?r ,-oee I At thi-uiotu'ig inn krt toe lr??h-u p'y 01 wh **t fr n> Ke**V ?u moderate but frhna Ket.t it pea (arte an! I theia war ?o?ic (aaatitf of r>1 <?u<-r4.n| ii/ rait, iki LD. PRICE TWO CENTS. whole of the supply consisted cf the new my, end, th? miller* being mmmIj fo eager buyer* as test Week, a deeUn* of la. per quarter waa submitted to on white, and la. to 2s. on red wheat. Foreign waa in r?ry limited demand. hut the holder* generally were unwilling teoomply with any decline; a alight conoeaaion waa, however in arm* lnatance* made in the sale* effected. The new English barley waa mnoh inquired tor. and fully realized last Monday's prioea. A run of vary superior quality obtained 32b per quarter. Foreign remains the Laninna Inat Wualf Mm If riAnfi n I It-J wit hnill niliih Bailff tion. Oats, notwithstanding tb? large arrivals of Russian, maintain the lata prices Bean* and pea* hnvn not experienced any alteration Flour continue* tk* name,a* the arrival* of French are mmIU and tho demand for English made from new wheat 1* good. M stale qualities are very unsaleable. Floating cargoes of wheat remain the same, but a very large business had been done to-day la Indian corn, for distant arrival, at Cd to Is. per quarter ad ranoe. Mam Hi.aica Brars or Trade. Sept 18 ?Throughout the week our cloth and yarn markets have been charaeterised by what may be called quietness?with one exception, however, and that is coarse yarn* the demand for whioh continues unabated, and with a little tightening in price. The demand would seem to be unlimited? the buelness done Is still very considerable, and the least giving way by holders, either la cloth or yarns, weald lead to much active business. Vor reasons most 11M cult to assign, the fustian dyars are again on short hoars; this Is the more remarkable, as at this season they havw been wont to be particularly buy. The calicoprletosw are just moderately employed. There U no reaction la the yarn or cloth market for India, and the coneequeaoe is. thai spinners and manufacturer* art turning their attention to other numbers and fabries. Our market, oa the whole, is healthy. Tito Very Latest from K or ope. ST TSLECRArH from LONDON TO LIVER FOOL, VERY INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE. London, Sept 17, lttl. TREATY WITH SPAIH RXLATIVX TO CUBA?FXIHM 8TEAMRR DISFATC H*D TO WASHINOTON, ETC, Important despatches hare been reeslrsl from Spate amounting It Is said, to a treaty with England lb* te t preservation of tho colony of Cuba from 1 mrrioon invaders The Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Spanish sad KngUrh Ambassadors had a meeting on Monday evening. Francs and Kngiand are decided on preventing a rup. ! tare between Bpain and the Uaited States, and in pseu erring for the former her valuable colony, hot with tho Introduction of some fcsdirpemable reforms In the gnnsrit. government sf Cuba. , A French ,-rieamer was to leave Havre on Tuewday fee i, with despntsbee from the French govsrn! men* and the /wnericcn Minister. FAIL!)IMS OF COMMERCIAL HOUSES. Tho Times say>? advices frita the Mediterranean mem. I tion the failure of Messrs. Frter Clark It, Co., a firm havi lng establishments at Corfu. 'taote. Cephalonia, and Pnti*.s Their liabilities are stated at ?46,000, and tho cause of their stoppage was sai-i to be their conowoUsm ! w:th Messrs Cartel'* A Co., upon whom they are etwdltcr* for ?'24,000 The precise estimate of their asestn i Is not known, but only a moderate dividend is expected. THE AUSTRIAN LOAN. The Times says that, judging from the letters from ' Germany of yesterday, as to the result of the aubserip{ tion for Ike loan, hare been dircoersgtng At Viennajt I is certain that not much more thaa ?600.000 In any oaao : will be taken for real investraeuts > and there was vory little pros pest of success at Frankfort, Amsterdam, and j lirussels. a son or victor lirao kined and imprisoned. Another so a ot Victor llugo lias been condemned tw i cine months imprisonment cud fluod'i 000 franc*, fjr aa ' article on the expulsion of foreigner* Irom France. the .money market. Pari* Home . Kept. 1(1.?Fives are quoted at Bl.Tt? lid Tliree* st Id 15. Gold is about (he same prioe la fa: is and Lendi n, and 0.12 per cent dearer In Hamburg then in Loudon The exchange between England and America is nomln.oly 0 17 per cent in favor cf England, leaving a Mul toot t on the importation of gold fr id *Le United State*. The influx r.f gold at the Paris mint has greatly dimiai lrhtd. nnd the period ATlwMlflR is now reduced ta tLiitydeys. The whole ot the d> liars which arrived by tl e last West India packet liave been sold to-day at ; being a d-cllue of one-quarter from the previous sale*. In bar silver nothing has been done but the pi ice quoted istO),. l'Le tiansaciIons nr?at(Ki\. City Inttlllgencef Askivsi. or Commodobk Iimmi, lstc Own re or vm I tschv Arsenica.?Among th? passengers who atiliad vesterday morning by the Collie* stteui-hlp Oalllo, wan Mr John 0. Elevens. the lata owner of the yacht Annrica The llaltlc havlrg been saluted with on* , hundred gnus, en her Bearing the pier, the trianda of Mr. , btevers honor d him with a salute of one hundred a*A twelve guns, for the signal triumph he ha* achieved over he yacht* of the Old World. UorMcwT* or Fs-maa msthcw.?Father Mat hew i lesvis this city during the week probably on ttVdnee1 Csy next, for Ttoy: the people of that city during hi* * rent visit there, having everted a promise from him to 1 return, lis tfaecoudition cf letting hlru away, lie will not btlHQ, therefore. to sail on the 11th of October, a* ' expected, lint must postpone hi- departure till the 2Mh. Mr. Coll. it* has kindly offered htm a passage In one cf his steamers, which rather Mat hew has accepted. On Punday. the 12th of Ortober. the Apostle of Tempcrsnre will administer the pledge in St Patrick's calhedral. by Ihe Invitation of Archbi-linp Hughes. Pan Acrmrsv on thi n*ai.cM R*n.aoan ?About seven o'elrck last evening, a man namqd Petri ik Kelly, 1 who lives in Third avenue. between Forty flrH and < For*y accord streets, while In the act^of stepping o3 the [ llarlerj car*. near th- forner of K.irty-eeooud 'treat end tie Tbtrd ?treu?. a!ip,>ed and fell on the track, when the oar? feed over both hU leg'. juet below tha kne?e. fracturing them Id the moot ah>cking manner. Ilv waa rnon aflirwarde taken up in a atnte of it eenaihl | litj. placed cn on* of tha amall car*, and conveyed with all j<??iMe baMa to the New York rtoapital. where hn w*a plan d under the rare of Pr I-erny, who do. a tot na teitain tlia ellghti at hope of hit recovery lie U not a*. ptctrd to euryiee ninny h< ura. The Injured man had been In thla country but fire won'.ha, and I.a* left a wilt and child In IrelaLd * Pi ni'tn V?? atn ? Veet- rday w rntng. an elderly gen 1? man. whore name waa not ascertained, died auddcnly, In bla carriage It appeare that about 11 o'eloch Ian | went to the church at the c< rner ai Powalng and Bad frrd atreete, and while there waa taken lU He wad l placed in hla . arriage, to be conveyed to hla reel true*, No. 1(3 Varirk ?tr. er, but . vplred on the Way. Corona* j Over will bold an inqueat thie morning. A? rirrw ?t Pr e* 81 ir Ki aav.?On Friday night, ad 1 ti e |>try but waa lying in the allp. on the New Votk ] ride an frtabman who waa into* leaf'A walked off man the L'-at. and *ae rr.-ciplii l.-d into the water He wna, with the grea'eat difficulty, raved from drowning, by tha er.rtl. ra of Mr. L. V Mart and thv ferry uraater of the night watch. P> mi av Daowwrwo ?Coroner (Jeer yewterday held an Irqncat at No f.3 Oliver afreet. on lh? l> aly of John Reei alter, a native of Ireland. aged 'V yoara. horn in Ireland, i who raire to hie death by drowning It seera. that, aoj nCil'H to the evld. art before the t'rroner the denenaad. on W?dreeday iaat. ah ut 1 o'clock, left hia home ana raid be war going to Aefovla I aland id nee which time he bad net been eer until hla body waa found In the river, foot of Olivet atreet. A verdict of death by drowning waa rendered. Ki?? ?On PatU'day. about noon, a lira broke out In the ate*m nw and (Uning mill tw lunging to Mr Rdward White, and attuated In Totnpklna itreet near Urand atrvet. It wae extinguished with but trifling \ dec.are Tie Are or'ulnalxl ia Ika Knufla aklla the wotYmet* Hf dlfcner | Tnr Vriwrt ?Wf ?i* in 'ted to fUtf that tho fr?t tumler of thii n?w i imliir taor edited by (? <>?* 1 <1 Ki?<n and Madam# Julie de Bnrfrnertttaa. wtl ho I J ubli?b?d tbla aft.raeort at four o'clock, at lDO Naaaoa ' rtr< i-t and {07 Broadway. Thr llrna?w Birr* llutantiv?Ta if# day?, tho Iludr< ii Klwrf rtllroad will bo ,-naiplrt* to Albany. Tho | fart I hot nrnalnrd untnlibf il b<twe?B Poiiahkeoarle I ai d Timll. la all lint d">Br. and the care, It l? erpeeted. w ill f ua Lbr ngli n a mrk. when tho entire dletaooe will | lx> frrfi rm< d la Uaa tfcan five b< ura I Tur Niw M ori it immiii R? iwi r rn ? It appear* that tha Ni*|Wiirll. after all. hoi a-1 hoalra tba ReUd*er. aod that tlie latter atill hear* tho palm Theatrical ?n?l NilMtak Bowrar Tiimar -Ttnw 'pl'iiil pleeee ara ana-unci d for tbi* earn!'* namely, litoton a?. i PrtMao " Mr and Mr* * hit#,- and the .Millar and hU Man " Paaai war Tiuar** ? Tho ar il Kn^lUh aitri ?a. Mia* Laura Addl-oa. appear-* tbii arming ?? M >rl?ns? la the Bile"' 1 he other po Oi i# ' IVttwoot ll -Trrnmeat n | the rclitt . n? cn tli? tl?ht m?. by'br bub I l?l |>?ltiMlw ?(tb? " lby?nr?{ " anl thy flint fVatar* | wtll ? " IU nl " l*i mw?'? Ikihij TPI* ?h? upt *><('<] traffic . A'r* M'i rtiif, b?f vUi *> r> ftf iy tha rharactrr if 1 .vly Afarb'tb Thutu -*Ii Ft -Wp an yr'rr nf ( *! nl.h i nkl - m 1> i? t.?, Mr .1 H Art* m C< nr <lr L?< k. im K,rbaiH m tTtiraJ b??rontittt (ky, f i t'l'l# d tfa ' bet r,--? of I DMt ' *lil I* pri "wntad %? Lltfht ?';? ( u?hn in Will *? th? Irullj n!mnW. ('" irit'a J. r*f flt..' rn r juwl t?blj ht hum'llirniiritut u: r* ?*T?r?l ?ylc;.JM dki, r;y(> ii_T>? r iu>?(ri?i? ???rel?a? fir-Mi ?A tbir *Myk.!l>l mm) ar? ?*r >t. Anim * M M ? A klJ cf ? M' I <Wff id " ttri?d t r tb? ?fl?ro~"n ?nil ' |h r('ir?? Mir? PtwriHi'd <>i "i' ni<* t fit hi' uryi i i?( ,r?U fr r thin rfrlt | ? ' ' L?in? Cn?H r?l<' 4'r wrlbi' <>?y. Pi ryu * nt-* im en ?Jlv? ISA, OmA, M. 1J7. A4 | I 1? ?6S, m, OM to 04b.

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