Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 30, 1851, Page 7

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 30, 1851 Page 7
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? Til CDB1H qUKSTIOI IN IBIIPli Optelmu of tk( British Prm, from the London Herald. September 0 J The Nkw York Herald and other or the United BUM papers make a might/ uproar about the laughter of these fifty-two vagabondizing adrentu/ers, thus engaged in an expedition by whioh the lives of peaceable hundreds of thousands were perilled. All New York, say the aeoounts, was in a fermest. and New Orleans biasing. Meetings were called, or excited to be oalled, all over the the Union, to devise measures of vengeance against the people, who were only defending their o vn homes and hearths. We are not now about to reenter into the Cuban question, which can be more appropriately discusses on another occasion, whioh will shortly present itself. Hut we may take leave to tell Mr. Daniel Webster, great statesman as he undoubtedly is, that the fifty millions of dollars which he has tifered the Spanish government for the purohase of Cuba will not buy it without the consent of the English government, and the reasons why we may explain to him hereafter. [From the London Globe, Sept 6 ] Cuba has been invaded by a fresh batch of buccaneers; and this time thty have brought down a terrible retribution on thoir heads. Fifty-two of f Lopez's followers were captured, and shot the same morning. We attsoh very little credit to a narrative of the mutilations said to have been indicted on the remains of the prisoners after exeoition. Two things only seem quite beyond dispute?that the Spanish authorities determined to give the pisatical foree such a lesson as was expeotod effectually to cool the oourage of future sympathizers, ana mat tne populace of Mew York hare been thereby vtimnlated to a fever heat of excitement and indignation. There are probably not a dozen men in Engls nd vho will not agree with iu that the euffererson this occasion have bedb very rightly served. The desperadoes of all nations who assembled under Geneial Lopez's flag, knew perfectly well the danger that they ran; they wore taken in th commission of wholesale robbery and murder, and nobody has any more business to complain of thair treatment than of the equally snmmary justice which would be done on any rovers in tho Chinese or Bornean seas. The Viceroy of Cuba has met this violation of all international law by a determination to stretch the law on his own side to its very widest limits. He has exercised a most bloody and unsparing justice; still white we filly allow that it is justice after all, wo greatly fear that it will turnout as impolitic as it is unquestionably inhuman. [From the British Army Despatch, September 12.] 1 be attention ot this country, for the last thirtyfive years of peace, has been occupied by events so near in their interests, so various in their oharaoter, and so rapid in their succession, that objects at a distance from the sphere of immediate action, apv peered frequently to have lost their due magnitude nd importance. Every political chance not directly a fleeting the affairs of Europe have passed away as an obscure underplot in the great drama, the play of which is liberty, real or imaginative, of which the catastrophe is still in suspense. The scanty portion of public discussion which had formerly been bestowed on the events which have at intervals taken place in the .Spanish American colonies, presents a striking illustration of this remark. From the days of Montesquieu to the present time, a successful revolution in Cuba has been the speculation of successive philcphors, the favorite vision of enthusiasts, the hope and object of evou practical statesmen To exaggerate its importance would be difficult, if we take at the measure of that importance, its necessary influence on tho condition and happiness of a large portion of the inhabitants of the west India islands?still more, if we tako into account its remoter consequences, and the elote < on nee'.ion of the destiny of America, with that of Europe, and more especially of England. No wonder, then, that this at this time excites some degree of interest in this as well as in ether countries. It seems quite evident that ths presont revolu'.ion in Cuba is not entirely the effect of party intrigue, or of a temporary ami casual burst of discontent; but that, proceeding from cauies in their nature radical and certain, thouxh gradual in their operation, it has extended itself witnout previous concert orer the whole, more or lets, 01 that large island, has survived the trials of dofosts, and of civil dissentions, and, in all human probability, can terminate only in one of the following results,? either in the independence of the natives, or such an alteration in tne system ot' tho Spanish gsvernment as may induce them to acquietce in the future supremacy of the mother country ; the most effectual steps should be taken at onee; their absolute ami unconlitimal and permanent snbjugation is far beyond the power of . 'pain can hardly be doubtI ed by any one who considers the present weakness 1 of that country, and compares the strength relatively with her distance from the seat of war, and the resources and conduct of the contending parties. Whatever may be the comparative probability ot the two results which we have stated, it unquestionably becomes this country to adopt aud to sustain a steady line of policy consistent with nations' honor, and not to be warped cither by sordid view< of interest, or by any vague notions of uodiscrim inuring philanthropy. The mere recital of the name of Cuba?the vas extent of the island, its mountains, its forests, an its real or fabulous riches, have iu all ages capti vat ed the imaginations of men, and inflamed th> spirit of adventure. This impression his bssn ran dered more forcible by the consideration, that rich as this favored region is in the productions of tho tropics, and possessing all the natural facilities of internal traffic, and offoreign oommerce, they have been depressed by a system of govern men', not more harassing to the governed than ineffi dent for its own narrow purpore*. It would have been no creditable symptom of the state of p-ublio feeling in England, if it had been altogether unmoved on a question forcibly applying itaelf to so many juit sentiments and lofty prejudices; nty, if its tondensaws Karl not Kr?#n rat map rarnMKin than ratkavaisa tn <L cause of the patriots. Uat on the other hand, when it ii taken into account how prone to change is the genius of the present age, and how fearful are the untried chances of a struggle which shakes society to its foundations through an island nearly NX) miles in extent, and involves thousands of all ranks, habits, colors, and conditions, in a bliody, desultory, and apparently interminable warfare, we aay well rejoice that the government of this country has not suffered itself to bf ?o for infected ss to foment a contest of such a character by any assistance or encouragement. We are no more the ptnegyriits of legitimise * authority in all times, circumstance, and situations, than we nre'the idvoeafes of jtut revolution I in the abstract. We should regret that the Cohans were subdued before they have secured to themselves a change of system?the removal of absard end oppreseive restrictions on their industry, their trade, and their private enjoyments. If these concessions had been spontaneously offers! by the mother country at an earlier psri. i, they woull prebebly have conciliated the colony. If theseeoncessioae ?h mid be extorted from Spain as the ?*iee of ftsture submission, to tJpiiu herself they will be productive of equal or even of greater benefits than to the Colonies. But the time for conversion ii rapMly passing a?ay, and if it be allowed to p tes altogether, S >aiu may txpcct to solve the prol'em proposed oy many of her most intelligent writers, whether the separation of her West .ndia colonies from h*r dominion will ultimately impair o- ensure b:r welfare It would he as rational for the Pope to issue hie bull in the nineteenth century, granting -ertain degrees of the Pacific to the republic of Sau Mariaa, as ills for Spain to attempt, in the government of her color ire, to adheie to the mmms of the sixteenth waHlnrw TVs? avetwn. /tAtilil nr>t PAiict. ta f.iPtt itf public opinion, though a Charle* ?* on h?r thr >ne, aiid though hor arintne were commanded hy * Pinorro or on Attn ' To prceutue in enforcing her o?n dtepotiftm unable I, ir to miecahulate her ow.i rceouiccr, e-en to infatuation Far hotter wo lid it b? for Spam, inotoa<l of piHhiug her syateni of gnve'Dinct.t on the Cuban* further, to profit by oar # eiperience long pa?t. and to luMtituto, ere it bt too late, for effora life tboee by which the North Amerietn co onion were loot to thie couitry, the emeiliatory meaauree by which they nigh; hare been retained. From lie utter futility, the newspaper " invasion of I'uha" ie too oonteinptible a eubject to even merit a patting notice. Suffice it to eay, that the attempt of a hand of American maraudereto gall poeeemion of an island belonging to a foreign power at peace with the government of that nation of _kl.k tkaa* huxtllli inklull I. Ik.. . diiect infringement of the law of nations; and. how ecer the severity of the Spanish authorities maj ha csMarrd by aome, such public robber* and distur ban of the public paaoa should moat wi.h that degree of punishment allotted to burglars aod the worst order of swell inob depredators We helieTe It Is la eoaleapla ioa for the Ualted Stater to parehase < aba: we siaoerely tra-t the Eatopenn powers, particularly England, will put their reto oa this farther grasp or power by America Her long arm ie no* already stretohisg Its limy aad ararteious baad towarda Asia on tbs oas ids, aad Aflrioa on Iho o ber, aad it would not bo woll, especially for the welfare of oar Weet India ielatde, to fini a Vaakeo lording it as republicans know bow to "lord It/' on our Western station, with iho agrees hie proipeet before ae that la the ease of wer the strip* would be, like Vaa Tromp'e besom, sweeping the waters of tho Spanish Mala' A New York paper crlngingly expresses a hipe that Estop* will not oppose a purchase thai cannot, la She smallest degree, affect her interest Bat we csa tell the New Yoer Hssu.d that Earope Is slice to the " wide awake" and " go-a heed" policy of American progress, aod of her priaoipUt has tasted more of the bit-srs then of the sweete, aad | that i is the policy if the eml red world to maintain that belence of power which It < the apparent sMnaivr vl easres Se upeel sg| dsstroy. Opinions at llu rnn?h Pram. jTmilital from La Jotml 4m Debate, Sept 10.] The papers and correspondent* from A atriea, wkloh we reeeiTed to-day, bring us aeooants of ths excitement produoed, in all the States of the Union, bj the last new a from Harana. Cuba! Cuba! has become the watchword?the war cry. It is the name which is in all mouths, which is hoard in all the public places, in all the popular meeting*. If the reports arc not exaggerated, it is possible that, in all the ports ofthe United States, acruaade trill immediately be oomonenoed for conquering the richest oolony left to Spain. In the meantime, the Americans, aocording to their oustoin, are retaliating upon their own territory. As we published yesterday, the patriots of New Orleans besieged and aaoked the residence of the Spanish onsul in that eity. The consul took refuge in the prison, wharo hs was guarded by the police and an armed foroe, who were not certain of being able to protest him. Before this beautiful exploit, the same patriots plundered and sasked the office of a Spanish paper, published in the city, and performed the same ope ration at me cigar I tores orSpanish merchants The Americans seek to justify these savage acts on account of the exeoution which the invaders of Cuba justly deserved. We may regret the tad and bloody end of the hundreds of unfortunate men sent to plunder and to death by Now Orleans speculators, but it is impossible to doubt the justice which overtook them. Tho adventurers, who, in a time of peaoe, plotted and oognized, in the faoe of day, an armeu expedition against the possessions of a friendly nation, were, according to all the rule* of the law of nations, purely and simply pirates. Those whom they were going to attack, in their property, in their wealth, in their houses owned by them, ono other answer than that owed to thieves, who, with arms in their hands, attack you in your homes. The expedition which has so fatally terminated, was only the sequel of another attempt, which was unsuooes^fal, several months before. After the first invasion, the Spanish authorities had the generosity, or the weakness, to release the prisoners, with the warning that in case of another invasion thoy would execute the law in all its rigor. A second invasion took place; it took place uuder the most aggravating oircum stances. The American government, even, repudiated the buccaneers who disgraced the federal in making it a banner of pirates; thoy hvl openly declared that those who thus violated all the laws of civilized nations, had no right to the protection of their country, and that they Bhould be abandoned to the fate merited by the in. In a word, they were put beyond the law; and the Spanish government, in shooting fifty in the public plaza, acted strictly right. The American) arc in the greatest excitement, but that happens to them very often. They think very hard that the Spaniards received with guns a bund of pirates, who came to burn their houses; and they declare that they would execute, without mercy, those who should go to their country, and that they would even arm the slaves. Hut the Americans have, for a long time past set up a law of nations, for their particular use. They eolertained of themselvoi, of , their dignity, and of their involability, such an { opinion, that in their mind, all is permitted upon { the earth and upon the sea, to a free oitizon of the United Stutes. Another fundamental article ef their code, is that the New World, witheut exoep I tion ta owned, by right of birth, to tho Amerioaa I republic. It ia an idea, to whioh they always gave utterance, which haa been proclaimed, more than once, in the presidential messages, and which they will alvavs preserve in their mind. It is their divine right. Oar old Europe, 10 much calumniated, has, however, more distinct notions of meum and tuurn. Tno young American republic has, in tbis respect, a ; larger conscience. Our demoora's said, lately, that all monarchies are based upon armed conquest and spoliations. We answered them, in giving the example of Amerioa; and we did not know then that new fccts would oome ao soon to justify o ir opinion. ' Surely we will not say that the Americans are pirates, because they are republicans. First, we can give that name only to such citizens of the Union who take a part in such acts; and as for the federal government itself, we acknowledge that it has disavowed them. Hut it ia impossible fir us not to remark the incomprehensible results of a form of government which is every day presented to fr as a model, as a tpye. Spain is, at this moment, at peace with the United States. They are two friendly countries?two allied nations; yet that does not prevent, in the porta of the Union, the American citizens from openly org inizing armed expeditions to land upon the territory of that allied country. A first attempt is unsuccessful; the federal government puts beyond the law all those who 1 would take a part in similar violations of the international law. They laugh at the government. Preparations begin anew upon a larger scale; enlistments are openly made, with all the resources of the moit unlimited publioity; the day and the hour of the sailing of the expeditions are known, and the go nuuicuv uisuro uv svioiu^v iu ikup ib. nuw, uibucr tbe American government is without power to repress the crime, or it is an accomplice; and in that ca?e, aa in the other, we do not find that it presents to ua a moat glorieui and a moat honest moaol. The apology given by the Americana, we mean thoae who seek to justify the expeditions directed agairat tbe island 6f Cuba, is, that thev act aa auxiliaries of a national movement, whtoh has beon declared by the population itself of the iylaqd, in order to aid the insurrection of the Creole party. The last events must nave destroyed all tbe illusions that they had formed in this respect. It ia now acknowledged that the entire population of the island fought against tbem, aal .they have not fonnd in the cities, and in the fields, the supJ port npon which tbey counted. It hat been often said, particularly in tha New Orleans papers, that indignities were committed npon the remains of the untortunatc men who were shot by tbe Spanish military. These reports hare bee a contradicted by the papers of the federal government. Tne truth is that the authorities of Ilavana were obliged to display an armed foroe, for the protection of the condemned against the anger of the population; and the execntions took place ami 1st thi cries of "Long Life to the Queen," by the exasperated eolonitts. An American paper gives some just reflections on tkat execution. The Americans who speak thus are right. The pretended national movement of the Cuban population was an American invention; it was a story invented In New Oikana by speculators and agitators, and entertained and puffed by the journals of the Southern States, for a lucrative end, perhapi, but not a very honorable one. " I l < American sympathisers have been mistaken,! they reckoned on a ftrontmciam'.n'.o ot the crto.es; but tbe inhabit tnts of the Island know perfectly well that their independence would not bs of long duration, bat would lead to what is railed annexation?to an absorption into a columnar y fort ign to them by baiiiU, religion, and language. Thee bad alio reik^ncd on tho rcalinet* of the blacka to lake advantage oftbc quarrel* amongst the whiter, hat there are in the ialaoaofi uba two darnel of blaeki, the free men and the slaves, neither of whi:h baa to gain by an annexation to the United Meter The Americana who get up tbeaeexpedition to i uba are from the Bbaltera Stater. 1 ne slaves I ef the Spanish colony would not have any thing to fain by a charge of rule, and the free blajka would ave every thing to lose. There latter arc about 2UO,0(0 in Lumber, and they hive aleaya offered the giea eat possib e reairtance te all attemp.a at ir.vanor, ha'irg, in fact, in that rerpect, discovered to the Spanish government tic existence of a i force, which it, perhaps, had no suapiei >n of. Taat the island of t uba is drrlined to free iteelf, sooner or later, from the bonds which unite it to the mother country, ia a question of the future, watch it i< ts?eieaa to enter into at present. The rame may be said of Canada with rerpect to hngland, aid, in| deed, of all colonies whatever. Hut to con Sue ourleliea to the present, it is certain that Spain can Mill anure to bene Ir.fur a great length oftitne, the voluntary dependence ef her magnificent colony, on the simple condi'ion of making some a lininia Hatty# reform* Whatever may have tuen the result of the introduction of the constitutional rfgtwir in Spain herself, it is incontevtihle that the island of Cuba has not to congratulate iteelf on the charge. The island is rich and productive, and is in that respect what ?*icily war formerly to the Horn ana, their granary It has, therefore, eoma in pun inn i?i wr? ntfruiuei aan tea toe anfvrrtit ministers of r'pain to torn the island of Uaba into an instrument o'government. We cannot ray \ obftbtr ^jiain get* on better sinco the Introduction of tho parlinrnsntary system, but what wo know it that the ?ol my gets on infinitely worse. At present all the ministries. moderate or progres*i? ta, who hava need of a majority, make on, iu order to obtaia it, of the eicellent situation* whis i the rich colony of Cuba offer* Hence, men suddenly 1 arrieo among the inhtbitante of the colony, wita high powett entrusted to them, bat completely ignorant of the affaire and interest* of the popalation. If 3pain deeiree to preserve Caba, the in ut (Ire some rattsfaotion to well foaaded complaints, aad that eaa only be sffeeted by remoriog the administration of the colony from the aboeee of the government at home. To eeteblish a separate administration la the island, woo d infallibly be the means of conducting It rapidly to emaaeipition ; bat It Is possible to establijh at Madrid a ootneil composed I either of men baring property la tbe Ulan J, or of men familiar wita iu affairs, and well acquainted ; with its interests That woald be the ealy means : of naitiag the maintenance of tho sovereignty of tho mother country with tbe jam demands of tbe colonial popalation. Tbe people of tbe Htvana hare r?pulsed the Americans as ooa?|serora ail invaders, bat if the Spanish government alienated | them from itself by bed administration, they might, some day or other, accept them as auiiliaI ries." An importation hes re*sally taksa place at Uvsrenol for the firs* ttais, of several ps'* *?? of oysters, by e e*e' rslfTom lt? York tw a awn oan eyelets **re r >ua<i i on ?*:>mtaettoo. to bs cataiaed la Jars, shelled aad pr#I seteid, vita rleega* and pseesr- eod h-toe 't*>- ?e.l i ig i aiakiu U l.i m, i iioi i>ii|nui vita laeadsetemr , I daly ae a maaaUctarod a0UU. ??? ? tlw Kar lyw|l?< Banner raleed ! Eanpt1 I Prom the Uindoa Lssdsr, Btyt. 18.) Ou mum would be certain to Moure victory for the peoples of Europe ega'nst the orowntd coaspi reoy of Austria end her allies; we indicated that eouree last week; but let us new pjiat out its advantages rather more specifically. With Austrianism advancing unresisted to the conquest of Europe, with England acquiescing if not aiding that inhuman conquest, we have counselled the peoples of Europe to seek a leader in the natural head of the damooraoy of the world?the great republic of Aaerioa. it would be quite possible to pi ace at the head of revolutionary forces, an Amerioan general, bearing the star-spangled banner of the Union; it would be quite possible, in due oourse, to engage even the government of tho American republic in the same service, and to dictate from Washington the terms for the capitulation of Vienna and S?. Petersburg Foremost among the politioal advantages of such a plan would be its tenaenoy to override tho jea lousiesand reciprocal distrusts which might still be a source of weakness to the federation of peoples. In almost every oouutry the natioual party is divided upon eertain internal and ulterior questions; although Germany is beooining almost entirely democratic, there are still constitutionalists among its publio men; in Italy there are constitutionalists and republicans, federalists and Unitarians; in France there is ne absolute majority, th )u<rh one might be created by the mero fact of pro claiming a crusade against absolutism, on grounds sufficiently broad. The first great objeots to secure are, the national independence of each nation, and the freedom of each people; leaving internal and ulterior questions to be settled by each people when it shall be free to act, and relioved from alien control. We have no fear that the democratic party of Europe will be unable to subdue the jealousies and unite in action against the coninou enemy; but no one can be blind to the fast that each section of that party might bo indisposed to accept the lead of any other seotien, lest it should appear, iy*o facto, to give up its own defensive principle. Such mistrust would not apply to an American ' leader?territorially remote, not implicated in the seotional questions of Europe, abo' e all suspicion on tne score of sincerity in the vindioatioa of liberty, the republic weuld be-e'pecially fitted to take the lead iu the strnggle for national inlopcndeuco and popular froodom, without projulging the external question of any one nation We believe that the mere hoisting of the star-spangled banner on the field of Europe would call fort! the vast body of the peoples of Europe?a rising of the peoples from the Rhine t? the Danube, from the Baltic to the Mediterranean, against organised tyranny. Even to the United States the polltioal advantages would be considerable. Too unemployed energies, which are beginning to raise trcubleioino questions at homo, would iiud a glorious ani beneficial vent in that more dut int field. Action of that kind might help the republicans to gain time, and with time, powgr, for the deliberate settlement of that social question which presses upon thorn most dangerously. It would enable them to force back, to European ground, that class of disputes which English abolitionists, aided by manoeuvring English diplomatists, now make them discuss so inconveniently on American ground alone. Besides, is not European intervention?the intervention of European governments?between the Americans and the Spaniards, at laBt become imminent in Cuba 1 Th? wnrkinff Alt nf norf oSn wnliki/tml vtartKlama ah the continent, would be of vast service to tho English pcoplo, and not less no to the English colonies. One of the first advantages would bo, that England would find its faculties of speejh and action unlocked from the present nightmare of doubt and apathy; and it weuld not long suffer its gorerhmont to abstain from taking its proper place by the side of tbe republic, with France at the head of the antidespotic movement. Hut the commercial and economical advantages of the great movement would not bo less strikiag than the political. Upon these, for the preseut, wo must necessarily touch briefly ; but wo beseech the reader to think out tbe considerations which we indioate. For the Americans, we need not enlarge upon the pickings which are to be enjoyed in the conquered treasures and the captarod palaces of imperial luxury ; but we mean far more solid and general advantages. For example, the shipping of the I nited States, which now seek an unpleasant and hazardous employment in the slave trade, might find more congenial and not less profitable employoment in the crusade against despotism. In that respect tbe United State) might perform the functions of Venioe during the crusades against the less barbarous Sarsiens. Eng1 sh capital would find abundant employment in supplying the newly freed industries of Europe with the means of developing internal resources. Indeed, this emancipation of Europe would realize the true complement of fiee trade ; at pre* nt, f.ee trade finds its foremost antagonist In the Zolivercign ; which absolutism is to imitate and extend ioAu)triaaad Italy; Hungary, who would joia with Eogland, is pinioned by Austria; Turkey, free in deposition, is kept poor Russian intimidation. Tbe emancipation of Europe would be tho > first step towards(cxtecding the alliances of commerce over tbe whole field. Imagine the trade of j a Russia set fre 1 The same process would o^en the trade of Eurcpe to the colonies Canning talked of " calling anew world into existence," when he reanized the Sonth American states ; but this eru- j e would call the old world into existsnoe for tho new. Need wc dwell on the sooial advantages of the movement I Every state engaged would feel them aaples, none, Milan, and Baden can tell what are the hideous crucltiei?the oppressions of fantastical taxation, the inquisitorial tyranny of an official priesthood, the imprisonments, the Hoggings of men and women, the subjection of women ami children to the brutalities of a licentious alien soldiery, and not less licentious native gendarmerie?cruelties now daily inflicted by the Holy Allianoe throughout so much of Kurope as it already possesses And the frontier of the region possessed by that bad power is daily spreading. Of course Italians, Amtrians, Germans, Hungarians, Hi he- ' mians, would be glad to escape from that shocking thrall Western Europe would be well pleased t > see the onward march of that system checked. France would be more tranquil if the p)polar tarty were endowed, as it would bo, with a decided preponderates. A period of political action, of hope, and of commercial diligence, would be beneficial to us in England, socially as well as oominsrcially and politically. Wc forcree two objections to the suggestion of the alliance of peoples be ided by the United states? I the English (economists will objsot on the score that war always en-ails expense; the Americans, on the score that Washington and Jefferson be| queathed the precept of non-intervention. Tosse two great men lived before the Holy Alliance. ; They bad not read in the Timtx a bint that, if American avenged American blood in Tubs, there might be a combined demand for explanations from the maritime Mates of Europe. And Washington was too good a general, Jeffe -son too keen a s'-atesuaD. not to perceive how powerful a diversion it wi Hi be if European governments meddled ia the waters of Florida, to raise in Europe the prior question at to the right of thosi governments to tp<ak at ail on bt hail of their own Mates. If thay mmi lie in Cuba.it might be possible to " annex 'to the felt rat ion of peoples, aol only Cuba but rtpaiu itself?and cot only Spain Let the maritime States look to it; the star spangled banner in Eur >pj Will hare turnd their position Nor re< d tbtifty English (economists be aiarra?d No hifflish taxes will be needed, unless thev are ' stktd to fight against tbo pe>plei; and "then tbty aq be refu-cd by the Faithful Commons 1 be federation of people* will fight at one great adraMsge agaimt ttie Holy Alliance, Audria <- perially Tbe despots fight with mercenary aruiiee, I at d Austria tas a bankrupt exebeqasr. The lede' ration of pecplri will fight with patriot force*, and will know how to render the war self-supporting. Yes, tbe Tictoriee of government# cost national debts ; but this rietoiy of tbe peoplee aha I MW < bare their meana of redeeming national debt*. The teo-be?ked Kagle govern* only t> d-rour; but it la a crtrtn bird, accustomed to tyrannise. not accvitrwrd to dcfi at the Black Eagle Is a bit me og the kings : the Great Bear of the North le harm lire where be cannot hug: the I.on of hug land aluinhore, like a lap dog rail of featling; tbo Bald beaded Eagle of the West, freah fro a tbe wilde, harden* d to the elements, hold in flight, 1 rharitig tbe fortune of the r are, ir un-m.pie e i, untamed, unrated; he oaata his eye on Karope, and tbe Atlantic shall not arrest his swoop TIM M?W Refer > Rill wf England. [ftna the London OioOe. fiept 14 ] If we lament the alight interert whiea the ap preaching revision of our parliamentary syitem ha* hitherto excited la the country, we hare hardly I ear reason to deplore the |eneral rear city of any ma tare I thought or careful opinion even among uthosr who profess themrelees mast anxious for a change Th? ultra liberals, with whom this question had beta identified for the last few years, torm no steeptloa to oar remark; and we baee searched their organs in rain for nay mors deflnim scheme than Is suggested by the demand that whatever the nee me stare le like, it mast, at all areata, be affl-neotty sweeping to sot the question to roet for a long time to rome. lo the sentiment of this last prayer we heartily acquiesce There are a hundred ransom why the sun rage question, abort all others, premei for a settlement, and le tbe precise topic which We can least afTprd to leave as foal for per pet a *1 agnation. It i assesses a fascination for the wor tiog elasses from ehirh almost srery other subject is wholly free. Nobody ever heard of an iasurrec tineary moremeat for th# ballot or anaael ptrlta m< His A very different degree of internet test attaches to rarleae articles of i he ultra popster ereed The right to rote iarotrte the possession of at loan sows share In the regulation o?eeiete. Bat etch potato as tbe ballot or eaort parliaments level re only the eeofcUoawuadsr whtob the right ie rote la oxer

ininitely torn foree to tki mind of ths aoo-cleotor. Again, commercial and social jritrueM ususlly affect Um whole mass of the community, aid the ohanoes are that a little calm discaseion will dispose of than, while tl^e excitement 90000(11001 oa their agitation rarely extendi beyond the original object* or diieaaalon. Bat whether the Immediate eauie or popular diecontent U the high prioe or bread, or the mieoonduot of a oourt, or the eelamitiea or war, or the preaeure of an nnjoat law, the flrat thought of the uniepreeented elaMee is to secure the right of voting, that they may forthwith make an end of whatever happens to he their immediate grievance. Therefore, we say, we yield to no one la oar desire of seeing this question settled. We desire to get rid of the everlasting olamor going on among the excluded classes; we desire to deprive the disaffected of so handy and permanent a vehicle for their disaffection, and we need not add that we folly recognise the assistance whioh some members of the working class might bring to the legislativeellliiency of Parliament. But just in proportion as we appreciate all these advantages Is our relaotanee to see the matter taken h utily in hand, and our distrust of ail rough and ready remedies. And we must take leave to say that most of the remedies for the acknowledged defects of our representation whioh we have yet seen proposed are exceedingly rou>?h indeed- I . For example, wo are not liable to miiinterpret the wish so often expressed in favor of a sweeping uuafure, to moan the concession of a X >, or perhaps even a lower, household suffrage. We pais over all the objections that may be fairly brought against any scheme which, in its operation, though not, perhaps, in its intention, might alcogethsV swamp any very meritorious and useful classes of the community, which might sacrifice the rural population to that of the towns, or vice versa,. These are considerations which no thoughtful statesman would willingly overlook, though they are seldom mentioned by the violeut partisans of household suffrage, except to be pooh-poohed with the boisterous contempt of ignorance. Nor, again, will we dwell on the obvious expediency of so contriving any change that it should entail the least prosper, of a permanent agitation for the purpose of revoking it. But taking this idea of household suffrage purely by itself, will any one say that there is a chance of its " working well, or satisfying the people for any length of time T In our opinion it would include tboae classes with whom the franchise is a matter of creditable pride, but who are not wholly without other moans of makibg their iolluonoe felt; while it would exclude those with whom the franchise is, rightly or wrongly, considered a matter of life and death, and whom all experience shows us will continue to plague us till they get it. Look at France, where even the restricted suffrage of the Jlstof May is enormously more comprehensive than any household suffrage ever proposed in England, and where, nevertheless, the cry for the restoration of universal "suffrage is infinitely more violent thau any aiovemcnt directed even against our owa pre'eut system of representation. We may fix the exact line of demarcation a tew shillings higher or lower, we may out the country up into as many districts as wo please, and adjust to a man the exact numerical force ol each, thoro will still remain the grand difficulty hew to provide for the excluded millions of the working classes. And we n lver cac repeat too often that the groat problem for a statesman is how to satisfy this demand, without thereby letting in a deluge to overwhelm all the existing irstitutions of tho empire. It is now two or three years ainoo Lord John Kussell showed the surpassing superiority of his cultivated intelligence over the mass of noisy <v?. k...,.i.ni i _i? w . _? the possibility of gi ring a franchise to the members of mechanics' institute*, or to workmen whs hid in rested a given sum in any sarings bank. It matters little whether in the first ease each member has a separate vote, or whether a collective one?as in Kossuth's scheme for parUuiontary reform in Hungary, and in Mr. llowfand's Hill's plan for a municipal suffrage for the town of Adelaide, in Australia?is given to a greater or less number of individuals. It is enough that any suoh proposal would meet the precise difficulty that we have been explaining, and it would meet it by what would virtually oe a system of double election! For the virtue of double election docs not consist in any complicated machinery of colleges and p-esiient*. but in the simple principle of passing the eleotoral body through such a refining process as would leave us only its best and worthiest element. Sometimes, as in Franx, nnder the Restoration, or in the American Senate, this prooess takes plado by two distinct eleotions. Here the election wonll bo made by the parties themselves, and the standard of each man's education or econ >my would 4n Is bow far he was fit for the responsibility of a share in directly nominating a member of Parliament. Any such scheme would give us precisely what we watt, and save us from precisely what wo draai. It wc uU give us the good will au 1 the assistance of the working class, while it would froe uj from any necessity of simultaneously admitting the nuisance of their ignorance, numerical prepondcr ince, and liability to sudden p'siion nnder tho pressure of o?casi?nal distress. No man would have it in his power to tell the operatives thatoapltal was making | laws sgainit labor, for to participate in muting laws would obly need the exercise of self-deniai and eflbr.s at self-improvement. Such a process would thoroughly ingraft tho working class into our focisl system. Wt should immensely profit by their co operation and their oontentmeat, while the ordinary infirmities of human nature would, we fear, be only too certain a guarantee that the registration list would never be inconveniently overcrowded. P. ii unnecessary to anecify the obvious provision! it any such schemes for readjusting the limit* of boroughs and preventing the manufacture of ahem votea. It is enough that we have ikclehed an outline, which, in our opinion at leaat, ii far more liberal, aa well aa far more comprtheaairo, than anv which we hare yet heard promulgated from Mancheater. And it may guide the people to the leader* moat worthy of their confidence and attachment, when we remind tham that the first seat tiealschemo for giving any direot legiilative influence to tho purely working claaa proceeded, not from any loud-spoken demigegue, but ftom the whig l'rime Minister of England. Important from Part la. [ Pr<>m the Lindoa Poet, dept. It ] It la come time aince the affaire of Central Atia bare occupied much of the attention of Europe. The Kuavo Persian expedition againat Herat carried Lord Auckland Into Affghaniatan, and, while our armies were there, more than one column of every Hriti?b newspaper waa filled with newa, or reporta of aomo kind, from that country and ita vici- 4 tity ; bu*.. aince the withdrawal of our troope, an occasional brief notice of Doat Mahomed'a whereabout ia all that the Indian hi monthly has brought, aid nothing haa reached u< through any . other cbaLncl. hut an event of no small Interost ha* occurred in that (juartor, which maybe attendvl with comaenwaaees of bigh importance Yar Mahomed Khan, the ruler of Herat, who defended that city against the Persians in iKth, haa juat died, and the couttiy he g ?verned with much vigor ia, in eonse<(uenre, looked upon by all its neighbors aa an h?r?r/uuayrciw>. which la free to the 6rat w)io cto aeiae am, hold it. Kohun lil Khan, the half brother of 1 '' ?? Mahomed, who governs Kandthir, has seat ore force to scire it; another ia moving down fnm hukLura ai d the Oxui ; and we cannot suppose that Dual Mahomed, who had got p aaeaaiun of Piiif n. w.u w?* in lures in in a". quarter, win io:>* tfn with i.'.Jiflrtenc#. lie U nearot to it by p >?itii'B lleiot.it in to ho oh*er*ed, hat, tince tha da;* of A him <i >h*h Abdali, boon considered a* a d? pecdinry ?f the Afigban Liupire, and ?ra? held a* *ucb by I ar Mah"mid, though ha ww, dt futo, quite independent hut the IVrtian* alto bar* claimt no Herat, to mi 71 aed f llfww which they laid teige to tho ptace in IHNI. 1 hey are preparing to arail tbe-n?. lritof the opportunity afforded by Yar M showed'* drafh. to occupy the eitv, aod a* much of it* tenhorya' they can. The liaxara tribe* of the il< ui tainr, who aie Shea*. like th.i Persian*. wil l ot be torry to ?ee the city in the hand* of eotellglnnitte, their annotation wi'h the Affgban* who are amatly Noontee, being anything bu. cordie I, and ib:* the Persians well know Now, here ia a ve?y pretty pise* of Adatie em bioiliaent, and, if tae matter rotted with the Ada tea, ?e tbou'd be Well content to look on aoJ watm the iarne, a* a part of tho worli'a bittary which ttry little <*neerned na Bat It to happen* that Ku ria hat jutt now a little quarrel of her own in that particular part of Asia She tome time ago (?rupn d and established a depot u^oi a tmall bland* If the coaat of Heaeederan, and not vary far from Att* rabad I'he plaa wot to haea a port or refreshing place for eeaaela amployad la protecting ttade, and wa aupp ?e aha will add, in order to ear rj favor with oar agitator*, for suppressing the horrible traffic in human fleah. whioa ? largaly carried on by the Turkomans of that eie(nitT. fhi* port ww looked upon with growl jooniiay'hy hrth torknraodt ond perwtorw, nod tbo utter raanowtrotod tieqncntly, hut witbeot ->flhol not 0*17 long ogo, 0 forty of tbo turboaoao wtdad over frua tbo aoix food otid dertroyod tko ramion depot, or?r- | powering the am .11 ftrtoohaont ltd to gaord it 1 bo turbom ar.i hod to crooo p^-wion lorn lory to tffclihu, ot dtbtro woo other ground for amwoootidg t hot the porwiooo noonirod ?i, if thoy did mt aid, tho erterpriw; tho re noon 00 woo woo o doaood from huaaiothat tho poroiow uooorwor of moavnderon thonld ho teaovod. tho forotam rofoood ot 8rot, bnt rue-rem bed whoo tho kuwaioa gororn mrnt ir rlrted. nv. content wfth thin, tho kaporor how ?, at o force of ohoot 5.000 men to loot lb 1 hot port of tho coo pi to, ond pumoh tho torhouiore, ond thio forot horiog forcibly oooupted ae torohn j, l? bow ope rati of np the alrot tint 00 um direr', 1 'tie to moehid om herat the pert ion w, hi* horto, hove vtowod thto foreo ond iro operation* with groot jealosy; hot, ooder he prrtwrwet ef oenntrfng herat, tomowomrlf an-?n the droth of yor motioned, ltd hy no aeoov \mpoofihu thot oordiolity aoy ho rwtotvd hotwooo ihf > court of Porsia and the ambuiador from Potoroburg, and then we may wo Herat bewiged again, aad porbapoooonpiod, by a Russo-Parsian army? the Tory danger to moot wkioh eke twenty million) of money ana thousands of liroe were expanded between 1838 and 1812. We pre man not yet to spsonlato npon thaw events and their consequences; it will saflloe at present to sta e the fao(e, and leave the public to ponder over them. Advantages of the Aastratlan Qold Fever. [From Leaden Punch, September 13 j Good lriende, let us all shake hands ; but that is not enough. Let us all embrace as our foreign friends do, and make a Great Exhibition of ourselves, by rushing into eaoh other's arms. Ring your bells, good people, send up your roekets, let off your crackers and your cannon, blow your trumpets, j beat your drums, hurl your hats aloft, and hooray < with all your hearts and with all your lungs. J We have got a California of our own. There is t a colonial EI Dorado near Bathurst, in Nov South i Wales. The Times says that the Si/dtui/ Mir mug t Herald says, that the BiMlmr.it Fret Press says, that a Mr. Hargraves has discovered the tact that ( " the country, from the Mountain Ranges to an , indefinite extent in the interior, is one immense a Sold field." Literally, no end of gold in a British j i?pendency! The most precious of minerals ? . Britannia metal! Happy mother country! Happy, [ happiest of oolouies! Australia Felix? Felioissiina! t Hooray! hooray! hip! hip! hip! hooray! One oheer moro?hooray ! And what are you making all this noise about, 'i Mr l'uaoh !?you, a philosopher -at least, I al- 1 ways thought so?tolly into these eostaoios about a discovery of yellow metal?of which? nH to call J the substance itself dross?the very abundance will i soon destroy the vaiuei?1 am surprised at you. fa You, who ?ell use?give me, I should rather say? p your wet sly inutcoll ?ny of wit, poetry, and wisdom, for 3d - Id. Mtam jed?lor mere copper?whence . all this eL'htuia m on your part at the prospect of gold i J My dear ubseriber! only think of the rush to ' the diggings in Australia, crowds of persons, of every description, on horie or foot?with pickaxes, crow-bars, rraUles, thorels, tpadss, rakes, grub- -> bing-hoes, hung at their saddle-bows, or at their P backs, or around their waists?hasten to the minos. ?> The blacksmiths can't make picks fast enough for them?and fathers of families take their wives' fen- ? ders and fire-irons lor wining tools, aud run oil' with 1 the pokers and tongs, uud domestic cullenders, and & pots and kettles, like travelling tinkers. Away they go?"people of all trades, callings, and pursuits " a It will scon be the same iu this country. ? I don't see why we should congratulate ourselves j, on the expectation of the g >ld fever?which you ti yourself seeui to have caught, Mr Pun:h. No, wv dear sir ! C insider. Think of the em I- , gration that must ensue. People ol all trades, call- (, ings, and pursuits. What people I Of course those , to whom gold is the orituo objjot. All the lawyers g aud doctors who praotuie chiefly with a view to fees, i All the divines who look, in the first place, to the loaves and fishes. All and sundry who labor in ^ their vocation prineip tlly to get iu<vi8y. The rospcctable solicitors, honorable barristers, exemplary parsons and bishops, fiair dealers, reasonable tradesmen, disinterested authors, aud woll-paitl workpeople, will all be left behind?and will be, if not very numerous, bow very select! What a blessing it will be to have all the sordid and selfish members of every profession at the Antipodes ; self-transported! What a clearance of the system by the gold fever; what an extremely good riddance of bad rubbish! Foreign Music and the Drama* Her Majesty s Theatre iu London has closed for \ the season. For tho lust two or three weeks the prices of admission were reduced apparently on the New York plan?but the press express a fear that , such reductions will have no beneficial effect. lnc na'.eman children are performing to largo, t mixed audiences, at the St. James's, London, but i tbc critics do not approve of these precocious dis- ( plays of imitation. Still, they repreiont that pub- 1 tic curiosity is very much excited to witness the per- ( formances. ' At Sadler's Wells, Shakspeare's " Timon of Athens," which has not been performed in London, since 1H16, has been brought out with great careMr. Phelps as Timon. Madame Sontag sang at a concert at Manchester on Wedursday ; also Signer TagliaSco; they were ft most enthueiaitieally applauded. ? At the Adelphia Theatre, Madame Celeste has el appeared in a new play, it being the last one in " which she would perform, prior to her departure to the TJniud states. The London Timu thus speaks of It i? h ' Who was the Man In the Iron Mask V is a Pj question which for variety of solutions may vie with 0 Ltic other question, * Who was the authorof Junius's d Letters while in the power of awakening '.he sym- j pathies of the former question has an advantage a jver the latter, inasmuch as a romantic interest is diffused over the masked prisoner whioh does not be- r long to the veiled politician. The known facts of tha case?that is toe man in the mask's cue?are . something to this offset:?Ii lw>t or 1679 (for dates a differ) a man of nobie figure was braught to the t Chateau Pignerol, of whioli St. M trs was governor; t he wore a black mask, so contrived that he might e vat without removing it; and orders were given to b kill him if he should attempt to take it off. He was b waited on by the Governor himself, who aooompanied him when, In 165)6, be was removed to the Bat- s? tille. His department and habits bespoke a person 01 of superior education, aud he was always treated J? with defetence. The occupations of reading and L playing on the guitar seemed |a content his mind, and he was never heard to eomplain o( his situation, n He died in 1703, after a few davs* illness, and hit 1 room was rigidly searched, lest he might hive left *Djr evidence u to hi* real rank and character. Such are the inafn tacts. Conjectures who the "Man In the Iron Maak" actually was are innumerable, the investigatioa being rendered especially difficult by the eiicumatance, that no man of importance was misled in Lurope at time of tho Maak's captivity. The Miniaver bouquet, our own unlucky Luke of Monmouth, victimised by Jeeaita, have successively become the block-upon which ingenious J theorists hare clapped their masks, the English duke beirg allowed to rctaiu his head upon his shoulders Tor the express benefit of his patron, r ('there allow a natural son of Louis XfV. and La ' alliere to ?<>M the tuystcry; whilo a more curious explanation, strongly supported, end honored with th? adhisnn of Voltulre, tnakes the " Man in the Mask" an irregular son ot Anne of Austria, wife to Louis XIIJ , and consequently a brother, after some fashion, to the " irnml Mm.arque." But of all the bold unriddlers, the holiest la the author of tbo "tjueen's Secret," produced at the Adelpbi last night, or rather the author of the French opera, of which it ia an adaptation, wmmm< the music. Here the question about the Man in the Mask is treated like a quadratic equation, and furnished with two answers; there is one mask, but two mm are made to wear it The explanation that the mysterious being ia the son of Anne of An*tria is adopted; tren tho peculiar theory that be ia the elder (win to Lcuia XIV., but wondroualy ia tba explanation modified The piece, aa it stands, hat anmo of tho defects which naturally pertain to a drama built on a libretto. Here and ibore a situation falls flat, and a scene teems needhs-iy elongated. But these weak points tie more thau couniei balanced by the strtk- i ing situaiion when Kolani is captured after the interview with hi* mother, and the ingenuity tf the Am IsMNMl Wni. Madame''electa aa Kolaod. representirg by look aud gestuia th; quiet despair of I a n an lot whom all hope u exiirguuti d, with Mr. Webster as the chevalier paniy ruffian, partly rime, but pa-belie under the influence of contrition, ai d w lb Mim Vt oolfisr as the Countess, one of those Kietib lad en of the old school who uni ed terioosmis ? f pv;f nsc with a laughing exterior, the puce has tvriy rsqulsftc I > insure sucoess, though a little eutuiluiei.i towards the beginning may he suggest* 1 After the curtain had decended amid loud app'eute. Mr Webster, in answer to repcatel calls, staled that ibe piece would be repeated every ev?nir g till the dhpaftaft of Madame Celeste for America 1 he farewell pttforrnaneea of this lady are to continue till FVvrday week, when she will ror some months leave a lbs a re, to the unvarying popularity of which she haa contributed by her histrionic talent, while, as a manager, she has dltpUve-l the rare msritol conducting an establishment for eight yrara wunnir any rocovrre to tae ? system Mr. and Mi?? Var Jcnhoff haro boon par forming t Sbtflield in Vir|(iotwa, Mocboth, and tho l*n m? piny that ?m produced nt Drwy Loan, ontitlei ' lngomar." At Kdinbarg, Mf. t'harloo Pit*, tho popular tragic actor, baa arrired from A morion, whom bo baa born performing fat four yeara pa A. and lo now playing reteral of his most a dm trod eharactsrs la Edinbuig audiences Tho grand ballot of tba " Spirit of Air " la In aotiro pro par at ion, an J will speedily bo prodncod at tba Grecian Saloon Tho Tbaatra Koyol, BHstol, boo opanad fir limited period, at bairprioos. Maaara Gomaraalaad Harconrt HI nd, with tho Mradamoa Cnihbert and Tyter are tho loading porformora. Mtao Glynn baa common rod S bah opo roan roadinga la Lndoa an h aar<|uiraaal anaeom. A farcr, founded on tbo Fro nob aaatdata of tba bat btr aba -ut an cuotomors' tbroaU. and diapoaad at tbr m to a pi? man noat door, baa boon prodaaad nt tba Olympic, London. It ia antitlad ''I'm Eaten my Fri*r n." and doala niib tba tarrara at Mr. Jst lotrp, (Mr t'oaapton,) a lodger nt n mont-pia shop in wbitrrhipol, aha dot rots at dinnar a bnttoa, maikod F l?, In hla ale. Firth with, ba imagiaaa all tbo buiPfi related of tbo Franah barbor, an acraaat of whom ho bad recently rand. At tba oilaiai, baarror, of bir^mrploaity. bta frtoad, a "fcak?iL?l dt r ojrat," a^ytMi, and an ciplaa&thn u gtraa of tba praaam by ahigfc tba batUa (band ita way into ths pie. \ secret connected With the pis"** enhances the mystery to be cleared * ingredients of hie cuitimt are peculiarly delicate and savory?being, in fact, game supplied by poachers; and poor Jelly top's horror is increased by the consciousness that ha had aotually liked the <"??> Tie euepioion that he has the appetite of a cannibal is intolerable, and the effeot is irresistible humorous, la this sort of charaoter Mr.' '~wrrtTn is inimitable. He gives to it, however trifling or absurd, a classical importance?the aridity of his style greatly conducing to this effect. At Drury Lane Theatre, Caroline Leyo, Stone, McCollum, and the rost of the company formerly at Niblo's, hare been, and are still, reaping golden opinions. Luring the performance of "Otello," at her Maesty's Theatre, on Friday night, Signor Pardini, sarricd away by the enthusiasm of acting, struck Madame Hontag with his dagger with such force as .0 draw blood from the arm. A surgeon, wha mmcdiat'ly attended, prenounood the wound to >e but slight. A constant succession of norelties secures to th# , iuscn's theatre, Dublin, that full amount of patronge which their attiactions merit. The grace and tgility of the Payne family, and the excellent aofc.... C 1?.? .. ..I VI- MnKiuxn -i._k.l_ daudiu from densely thronged house* The " Beariais" singers are giving oratorios in the Musio lull, Abbey street; they have been well attended. M. Jullien, it is diatrustiugly said, is likely to onduct a reries of promenade concerts at Her dsjesty's theatre. 44 The Heart of Gold," a new plar, by Douglas errold, has been purchased by the lessees of the 'rincess's. A ooinniv, by Bourcioault, has also >een accepted, but they will not be produoed at iresent. The privilege of the Teitro tl'Orien'e, at Madrid, aving been offered for several weeks to public cometition, without anv uccrptable offer being made Dr its purchase, Her Majesty has taken it on her wn account. Mr. ( reswick, one of the lessees of the Surrey he at re, has commenced an engagement at Llverool, aud will appear as Hamlet, ttichelieu, Mae th, Claude Melnotte. aud King Lear. General Welch, partner of Messrs. ilisley and 1'Cellum in the present lesseoship of Drury lane "d eat re, and proprietor of the largost stud of bores in the United States, has arrived in London. A theatrical commission, nominated some time go by the King of Holland, to inquire into the Late of the theatrical art, has presented a report to is Majesty, recommending that for the future the heatres shall not be considered private commareial peculations; that to each one a competent dirccor, with a fixed salary, shad be appointei; that are shall he taken in the entree of pieces; that auhors shall be duly encouraged; that performers hull l? fairly rewarded; that Usees shall be borne >y the state; that th*.prices of admission shall bo uch as to suit every purse; and so on. The King, rho takes peculiar interest in theatrical matters, s, it is said, disposed to ugree to all this. Scrap* of Europe. Trie Spmrr Oaztllr contains a letter from Berlin of the 11th, which flutes that the Tuikish government is about to establish llces of electric telegraph in Turkey. Orders have been 11lit to Berlin for tin* necessary apparatus. The Grand Duke of Tuscany has issued a decree, daUd the 20th ultimo, abolishing the forced currency of gold at Legtirn. SERENADES FOR JOHN BULL. No 1 Oh: rest thee, my Jnhuny. thy Navy's all right; riiru'rt Lord of ibe (.>< mi. entirely and quite; If Yank-es outsail thee, old King .>f the dea, L?t that matter nothing, my John hull, to thee! )h rent thee, my Johnur- contented and wise; Believe thou'rt unrivail'd for bold enterprise; * itid don't think that J uathan flogg'd hie Papa, rt hen he eteam'dit before him aoroee Panama. '.fc' rest thee, my Johnny, the time will ne'er torn iVhen thou'lt wake up. and tiud thy position la rum. )b' rert thee. John Null my boy. sleep while you may; doth leads not to aorrow. as night leads to day. No a Lul'aby. Johnny, npon the tree-top; When thy ships fell, thy Nary will drup; When tby fleets yield, thy glory will fall, And down comes Johnny, and Commerce and all! It is laid that Metternicb Is writing hla biography and history of the Austrian <'..urt; which woik he hae lentiontd in hla testament. giving it sealed into the barge of a friend and his heirs, with special injunctions et to have the packet opened till aixty year* shall have spired after hie death It is stated, in the Gmm Gazette that tha Papal Court as addressed an energetic note to the French governlent,complaining of the toleration of the latter towards icendiary writings again-t Italian Statai. Tm note beerves that If the French journals were to publish b?ie writings, the drmegi guvs would be at a lata for oralis of circulation, becMaa the Kugllah newspapers are such less read. Kslrvme Delicacy of Taste?An earthquake has reused to ewallow the King of Naples! A letter from Vlenua, of the 30th ult., states that negilations have just been opened there between Austria nd Russia, concerning the junetion of their Unas of lectrie telegraph. "A nought the points,'' says the later, "on wblcb the representatives of she two dtatee hare ome to an understanding Is, thst private esse gee may e transmitted from Russia to the Austrian territories, Ut not tare tsree Tha Sorthrrn Stat Intimates to Its readers that, la eoawjuetre of ill health, and peountary difficulties arising ut of th# eail.arra<"?ed nllairs of the National Lan 1 Com iny, Mr Y O'Connor has. fur the present, rvtired te the ontlnrut. Ti tint It rnl ?*i I ?A araamt nnnntUv A# wvimmhrm efl.Ws mats and spars to be had cheap. Inquire al the Royai acht Club llouaa, Oowa*. The I'apal goearnment ha* tak>n the graitaat ear* In xclu la all tba journal* both Italian and fonslgn which are noticed the remark* of Mr lilaMonr on tha Inlultous turpitude* of tha Neapolitan goearnmant to-* 'aide political prisoner*; but, notrithstandtng th*** xertlon*. a law copiaa bar* penetrated ereu into Home, nd hare quickly spread amongst tha public. What kind of table* do regeUrtaaa keep ' V-ga-tables Tha IjuMn of Rnpland ha* approral of Mr. Mlbaoa 8 loln.a* as i >,n*ul at the Cap* of tiuwd Hop*, for the United tale* of Amsrloa. Tkifismm Gmrrttr antennae* tha antral of Don I If u< 1*1 Vienna. o? the 3d It add* that ha Intend.* oldirg a meeting of his partisan* at Wlthalnubadi. Tba rule of thiwe? "isAeifr?Kgmlitr?FrnlrrmU Tha American clipper schooner, with KagtUh colore nd Ih* yacht pendant flyiug went up to Portsmouth (id ('owe* on datuiday, the 13th Inst. She heat up ralnst an ia>terly bree aa, ill* smooth water, In a rarr iw t*rk? lying wlitno f ur p dot* of tha wtnd on aaen irk. fha readied Into the barb ir, tact ad in?id* the ietory. went out. and returned to Cowaa. She wi* no er b< r thrie sella-Jib. foresail and mainsail; her Byng jlbbos m wa* n< t out We new understand that her rlilog pile* wa* o-ty 4(00 guinea*; certainly a eery aids rale sum oon-leering her eary superior achiereiieal*. and the reiy ttai-h.d and excellent way la whieb ha la tuilt and " put out of hand " The autumn rare# at I'lantilly. are fixed for th* Ifth f Uct< ber The prlaclpai elaka th* Omnlnm, ie of 10,tt'f The Paris raaes ?ie to take place oa tha 10th, 83d, ad '.'lb of October Toe (l..r. rnment Stake< are to ha en fcr and th* prirelpal of them Is th* Uraod frlifhli nal of !40Uf The number of hor*es la training lo he rtclalty of Pari* i* unusually grant (about MX)), ami apttal spost la expae'ed. Tha l.owdoa IteiMsr. with apparent astonish mi at laairre?" I* there n? puUie spirited burglar In Loadna hat will arms f,.rw*rd for tb- honor cf hia country ml round mm of money to pi k tba Yaukaa'a lock f" A letter fnm Naples of the hk laat . atata.s thit tha uest.i n of Brttl?h rUlm* In t?tcUy haa hr<-a aatlafbctort t terminated Th* hi a; >11 an gorermucnt now graata II ibat wa* oisglna ly v-ked. and. era long lb* rlatmi is will ha enable d t > den,at d In lagal money, tha auata cc<r<i*d at Mrssiia With iuterant thereon op to tha resent lima The J,$ia if Medigixtta, want oil tha pre- . Is us day ig perfect trauq ullity It la wall known that tba United A tat** prod no* Im?ei *e quasi title* of that in t del>ei>>u* fruit?tha p >aoh, I d an I.r ? na?e head koh.- htfi ?T?r bw? uk? ? Prflatd A KM.il' am a mm board tbe <lrMihl| Aftiea a bn? rv*r. vidr tbe at tern pt and with iwt ear*, ha* "??<?< la Imp- ttltip a lot into Liverpool la a ^ifnt utf. He haa. therefore. Uia rlala to ba the tr?t la crtrr of ripe peaabr* f(oa the I'nitad lUtM to la|UM A work ba* baati alrrulalloc la the Praaeh rlrrle* at riitna fit *on>? tiai* |a-\ eblch ha* r I need ao little ti'allot) H la a aaw rditloa of a work iiMkM la rati* In l*2f frna the pi p of ; he Paro?e?? i f Newborodgb, no?h?rof l^-rd Hewle-r- n?ii The na' na?at4ralarea bar If to be a I'rlaeee of the II wee f orleaao, aad Loala I'htilppe the ana of an llallaa .tt.adant la tfea prtaoae. 0 bare boon *ab?tltated laaedlatelr after bar birth, to btala the A*aired . hjeet of a a?ale betr to tho Ortaaaa >raarh The reaeleUoo# la ijoe?tloa are oowtaiaad la rety rlrrnoiitanttaJ bttef* of tbl* mom atteadaat of the |nie?t?*. terrain chtapptal. and la death bod nahaleaa -f rtber Indlrldaal* taken upoa oath. The ratalng of 1 Ail* Niahrrt neb to Ike e?inee end the kel ~f IW. w. ?t<?w?lr rblarplat baring left w?^|i?>|i a**, arte at hid death die* Weight to the rtaliiMiati ; tat. aoet 'fall the extraordinary -- ?-g miatlun ad adT Newbornugh aod her eoua to the ran Mattel teaarea that rtaraatertmd Uta Boarboa hattt Loute hlliape aaa aaUha thaa I j hatld. ta teatwaa. ateh th tha *rt* fcto fcw',cur <MU tan teal tew rata rf hta lite ) A daaar orrwd aaa ealteatal la Parte oa fluudty tha ik * > . aoaea^adaait kaa. through whteh It aaa apoaetbte ta ptarra. the raser aaa that a tmh tedr, we?d la th* teat aa? taata fcahloa.Wonattai ba r urtoe.lt y at tha telr aaa. aa* that than tat a aaaaiaaaa rota la teror ad tha aaa attlra, whteh Mar. thanBfa.ha expaotad tgha teoaghtteteteihlna.aalto ?tea ba Barrpeaa toar. Tha Intel O/eAe aaya that a failhii attaamt waa tePWeadUly to te.Uterta. Um!? with tha appaaxaaoo 0< the aaa hate aaataaa ataly latrodaced la Aaartea. Two aaaw ladtea, wNh wo rowoaaleaa who Might ha we haoa 1* aathan, dtghted tew aaah, la tha paoalter draaa aaateaadoerthad ar late. and. pcoeaWIn tawarda UH aateaasa ta ta Oraaa Park. dMrlbutad ta thah way haadbilli talatrg a fainted appaal te tha waa of hfhte la ibraw < f tha ynha of thatr aateallag aad bratai ipara any aad adopt aa attire batter a alt ad ta tha ttfaftf ad He equal 4 aan la a abort tlae tha pi aw an ad tha mad beaaMa aa great' bat t be teilaaaafai teaad II aeh laaehta'tetol^ed ,Wt aatend, wh a ten

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