Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 24, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 24, 1855 Page 4
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tfEW YORK HERALD. JAMKS 60KD0H BKSV KTT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR imoi m. v. co&NkK or NAsaec and n lton an. KK MM, ratA in TU? LAIL V H UK ALU 2 ??cnti per eopv?%1 po r .iwiu?. TUK Wtb.KLY HKRALl) every S mrd.iv .it b% ,imt? ft r copy, o< $3 per annum; Ike Kuropvin edition ti per an mm, to .my put of Gre-it Britain, ami %!> to jny part of lltt i'mili t (. I>'f* to include poitafe. ALL LM7TERS by ttiilfor S utHcrtptiont or nth Adver Mirmr ( to fc? /.<.<( p./ii, or He poetife 'fill kr ltiu<!eil from tAs flw^n u remuteJ. VOU'HTAK V CORRESPONDENCE, containing impor Imnt nt?r?, toli-ited from ji.y i)u.irter of the world ? i/ u?J mill '< iiterjlly paU far. Mriim fu&sioN Couremfon ?UITt A?> PlRTICUI-iKLV lniUUll.l1 TO ? IlL aUI. larrmi" and f w??? ?.* n?>r u? Votaune X* Na. *3 AMUSSMKNTO THIS &V LNLNO. 9R0ADW AT THEATRE broadwaj? ' Cindckbi^a - ?oka Firm T? atilueb. lOWKHT rHfcVTRB, Bo* ry? Auras* Srimo Jaca ? Kuh in iiic 1)ab*-No- I'auuv llun' Buy-?lUvdch. BCKTON'S TUJSaTKE, Chambers iUMt ? 0u? Bar? #1D Adam. WAl. LACK'S THEATRE, Broadway? Nioiit and Mran mv A Lauv a?d U?ntl?mak. ? KTROJOLITAN TlIKATllE, Broadway? Viaem of fM? fUN? CoEalOAN llnOTHEHS. AMERICAN UUSItilM? A:t.rnoin aad Efealag? Mi OHAIL fciUl.- VOVNO WlDOW. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Moohauioi' Hall, 472 Broadway. BUCKLXT'3 01' ERA BOISE, 6SI Broadway? Bvos wrv's Ethiopian OvaaA Tlitu'ra. DONALDSON'S Ol'ERA HOUSE? Uopo Chapal, 718 and 7 at) Broadway. lew York, Weilncaday, Juuuy 944, 1851), Ma I lit for Karope. IBB NEW YORK HK11ALD-- EDITION FOR ECRGPB. *>e Colli n h mall steamship Baltic, Cupt. Couci'tock, will leave this port to-day, at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool. The European mails will cloee in this city at half- pant tea ?'clock thin morning. Tbe Hkkai.d (printed In English and French) will be p uhMahed at ten o'clock in the morning. Single copies, ta wrappers, sixpence. dabncripUonH and advertisements tor any edition ef the S'sw Y^>uk 1Lkkau> will be received at the following platfti in Europe. ? KtRPOOL.. John Hunter, No. " I'araO'.ae street. don.... Edwards, Sandford A: (>) , No. 17 CornhiU. " Win Thoinaa h Co., No 10 Catharine street. twa Livingston, Wells K Co., 8 Place de la Bourne The contents of tbe European edition of the Hkr.ild wl! embrace tbe news received by mail and telegraph at lk? effice during the previous week, and to tbe hour of pwfthcation. The News. ?ettcn was active yesterday and firm, with sates I ?f 6,000 bales, in transitu The offerings on tu9 sjes were Ught, and sales limited. We quote mid dtag Uplands at 84c.; d ?>. F1 rida at 8|o.; Mobil d aftajc.; Texas aud New Orleans at a ?jc. Flour was unchanged, with rather more doing. Wheat was without important t ansactions, and Indian earn unchanged. Pork was firmer, with sales of old ?ess at $12 37 a $12 60; and 1,000 bbls. new mess wee reported sold, deli ve, able in May and Jane, at $16. Btef was steady, and lard rather easier to buy * previous inside figures. Sales of American dres5 , were m#d? yesterday at $200 per ton; and ?bout 1,000 bales Manilla were reported sold, at ?boat 10c. A vague feeling prevailed amoag deal Ms in staple articles of produca that a peace might be at hand in Europe, which had a tendency to cheok speculative movements to some extent, aud to keep down prices. wJhl4^etlinlted Htat?8 860446 yestarday Mesirs. aisted & hrochl's petition, proposing to remove Vie obstructions to navigation at Hell Gate, was ?efemd to the Commits on Commerce. Mr Oioper nflered a resolution calling upon the State and Treasury Departments f.r information relaMve I*uP?r Hid convict euiigratiun irom foreign ?nutrks, and the agency those countries have in the transportation hither of said em grants; also g inquiry as to what legislation is ne easary ' t? prevent foreign governments sending paupers I eonvicts lo this oountry, and llkewUe whether t?s necessary to prevent the voluntary em gration Mr Br?i?ad'- subiti tote to Ue Bjunty La? d bill was adopted. The Piattsburg volunteers were admitted to the benefits of the provisions of the bi 1, and an amendment riv ing one hundred and sixty acres of laud to the ire?ed to e<lCh "?1,iier ?' th? Iievolutio" was In the House yesterday Mr. Seward, of Georgia, ?ailed attention to tl e remissneasof the Naval Com. mittee ia not reporting upon a potition asking the establishment cf a nav> jard at Brunswick, Ga., wid in course of his remarks roundly rated the standing < generally for neglecting to re port upon matters referred to them. Monday, Tues day and Wednesday of n*xt week ware assigied for ?to consideration of Territorial business. The pond lag motion to rcconsider the vote by which the Pacific Railroad bill was referred to a select com mittee, and to lay that motion on the taole, was deoitied in the affirmative by a majority of one. In Oonmittee of t'.e Whole V e French Spoliation bill was taken up, and atter some debate as to the actual amount of the claims, it was reported to the House and pending a motion to cloie the debate In two hours the House adjourned. Mr. Bayly proposes to substitute the Senate bill, which appropriates V, 000 ,000 in full satisfaction of all claims arising eat of the spoliations. The total amount of the? ?laim* is variously estimated at from ten to f >ity I millions of dclltrs, but tho minimum amount is probably nearest the truth. 1 Nothing ofgtnsra. interest transyirsd In the SiaVg Senate yesterday. In the Assembly the Prohibitory Liquor biil came up for consideration, according to assignment. The poiut In dispute was the amount wf profits that should be allowed the autiftrized waders ot liquors. After much discnsslon, Uenty fl?e per cent was the limit agreed upon. We re er to the letier of our correspondent, under the tele graphic head, for a sketch of the debate. Tue Co n mittee on Commerce have determined to viait this eHy on Thursday next, with the vie* of examining *>e harbor for the purpose of ascertaining what en croachment* have been made thereon, in ordsr that they may be able to report understanding^ on tne bill to prohibit said ei.cioschment*. We have re ?eived a copy of the registry act to prevent illegal woti-g in this city, Introduced in the Senate and if M should ever become a law silllay it 'before ou waders. The report of the State Engineer ia given ?a mr inside pa^fs. V* ljnittd States Grand Jury yesterday pre. seated the oonduci of Captain Tho*. J. Hen y, o' the ship New Era, as negligent of dnty and want ing in vigilant e ou th.- occasion of the wreck of the lit* Era on taeg branch be&>h in October l*gt. Am there was no Lw authorizing the Grand Inqiest to indict Captain Usury tor his culpable conduct on that occasion , tney highly censured him for rwnain iag in his bertn, without the excuss of ill health, Vben the vessel was approaching the shore. The proctecicgn In the case oi the Empire Citv Beak were resumed yesterday, and some further exposures of finaccial operations were made. Tta matter stands adjourned tj this day. Tho Yentzoelan government hai put Into execu tion its design of taking possession of the Bird Islaads, a cluster of gnano-covered rooks in the Caribbean Bea. The Invading foroe drove away ?wo American vessels that were i?n.g j? cargoes, of which has arrlyed at Boston. All the Ame means on the islands embarked on board the vs* aels. The iloop of war Falmouth, at St. Thomas on the 6th inat, would sail In a few days to watch the movements of the Venezuelans. The rioters on the Brantford (Canada) Railroad, to the number of one hundred and fifty, fully armed, ?we yesterday in undisputed possession of the taack at Cayiga, and obliged the directors end a large party that accompanied them, who designed travelling over the read, to beg permission to re torn. The Sher'ff'.f the county, bo sever, has de- i ek.ed to employ a force of Brltisn suiter* against I tho rioiut, the troubJf w I , aj dvubi, sgva be j *? ?d. Tb# 1* borer* will than be paid off and dt. charged. Toe person aoeo*4d of killing Woimple, the Buffalonian, hM been oomuutted to prison for wilfu) murder. We publish in another put of the piper a letter from lira. Sarah Young who says aha hM been for the last thr?? years the lawful wife of B-igaam Young, ex Gorirtor of Utah territory. Mr* Yeung promises ?bortiy to visit B.'eton, iti i onneotion with Mi?h Kiiea Wll'iama. another Motmou retugee, who together, will deliver lectures o a tie sutyect ot, in all the principal citi h of the Union. Tbty prcmrlse to txuoae Br.gbam a-id hi* M arm an follower* , uud to warn young adies Kg*! nit the arts and fat^ho da ot tie tm s-aties of ttie Latter Day Saints who are s? nt oat from the City of the Great Ha* I-ttke to enttap them. If this letter should provt get nine, we mat expect Home ri h dlacloaurei fjem the lips of these ladie*; but it tears eo strongly the impress cf a nonx we ore not inclined to place mocf. relian, e upon it. Hnxham Younga^ ould sena us a list of iheLamesof ou thirty- tive wives, that we may be on our gu trd agiiust iwpostirs, au4 benble to warn t e public when they are likely te be humbugged. In the Massachusetts Housa of Representatives yestei day, General Bono Vila ..n, f ee aod Know Nothing, #as ele ted to the United States Senate by a large majority over all competitor. Tne mat ter tow remains to be decided by the 8*te den*te. In anotner column we publish a letter written oy Mr. Wilson, giving hie views of tne principles aud i bjf cte of the American pa ty. Onr report of the proceedings of the Ten Go* veinors y*ited<?y Is very interesting. The special cemmittee on emigrant paupers > are pr spare i for the conhlceration of the Legislature amendments to the law cow in force, which, if ena ted, will ompe. the CommiShioners of Emigration to take chirgn of all foreign puupers wuo have been in the county hue than fire years. The Governors also purpose to take into their hau<ia the full po ver of aischarg ing criminals trom Back well's island. The United States brig Bainbrioge, Con. Hunter, of Atvarado celebrity, arrived yesterday from Bio' Janeiro, via Barbadoes, where she put in for sup plies and repairs. She experienced a very rougli voyage, and narrowly escaped going on shore during the gale of Sunday t ignt. I Neal Dow, tbe originator of ;he Maine liquor law, ! has presented to the Legia atme of his State an I act still more slrngent in 1 a prohibitory provisions ihan the one now in Jo, ce. A synopsis of it is give a ni der the telegraphic head L. wTh i-jth, convicted s ?me time since at Mtl wankie of aiding in tue escape of a fugitive alive, has been sentenced to one month's imprisonment and a fit e of one thousand doilera. Tht boiler ol the steam engine on board tie ship G/?ai Repuolic, now loaiing at Brooklyn, exploded yebterda) .injuring severely the engineer and several of tbe laboiera on boaid. With t .e exception of aome light damuge to t e houaea on deck, the aaip sustained no iiijury. The (.hip carpenters of this city have agreed to I accept tbe redact d rat*e of wages. They now work for tweity shillings a day, instead of three dollar -i, as formerly. An altercation occurred yerterday between t wo men, named Wall and Miion, at a workshop in Maidfn late, duiing which t ,e latter shot the former in the abdomen with a pistol. A a accoantofthe affair ie given elsewhexe. As we anticipated, the recent storm proved an ueubIIj disastrous, both on lani and sea. On the first page may be found full accooata of the ship wrecks on the Long Inland and Jersey oasts, and country 1116 dum4ge exf*>rienced throughout toe Sweeping Progress or the Know Nothing Revolution? Shall Scivartl bo RfElttted. The Know Nothings, it appears to be well ancertaiued, can comtnaud, at least in the more popular branch ol the Legislature, a majority against the re-election of W. H. Sewaii to the United States Senate. They will thus hive the power of postponiug the election in the event of finding themselves unable to c*rry through their own candidate. Manifestly, the next best thing to a conservative suc cessor for Seward, is to torow over the election to the next Legislature ; but still the general impression seems to be that the Koow Nothings, failing upon a candidate of their own, will con pent to Sewnrd'B re-election. Against such a suicidal aud ruinous course, on the purt of the Know Nothings, let thein be warned. Let thein remember that W. H. Scw nnd is the great stumbiiug stone to their future prospects as a national party, and the great is me upon which their soundness upon the slavery question in this commonwealth is to be tested. Re elect him, and all the work of the Know Nothings in New York, and the North, will have to be done over again ; su persede him, or postpone the election for a sea son, and all that has been achieved will hold good, and the field, North and South, will be open for the harmonious and uninterrupted progrees of the new political revolution. The advances of this popular reaotion, under cover of the Know Nothings, are rapidly ex tending in every direction. In the ^outh. par ticularly, the progress of Kuow NoMiingism is scat teritig to the winosi th? fiu6st estimates of the old party hucksters and politicians 01 the dt?y. In North Caroliua, the people, tn nuuae, eeem to be enrolling themselves among the mysterious Know Nothings. In Virginia the contagion has spread from the lowlands to the hills, and from the hills to (he mountains and their valleys, until the whole State swarms with the invisible Know Nothings. There the reign of the Richmond Junta and the spoils de mocracy is ended. Henry A. Wise hears their death-knell and his own in the winds, whether they come from the Chesapeake or the Blun Ridge. He is fighting now, not for a victory, but to cover his retreat, while the Know No things are multiplying in every bole and corner ot tbe State. In various other Sowthcrn States this strange and extraordinary popular revolution is as ra pidly going on. The old fogy politicians i?ee nothing, bear nothing; but they feci that great changes are working, like a groundbwell. from the bottom of public opinion. George Sanders, upon his ar rival at Neir Orleans, discovers that Cabinet candidates for the succession. (Jstend arrange ments and Baltimore conventions are obsolete things? that there in an irresistible under current at work all over the I'nion; and that an the rod of Aaron swallowed up all the rods of the Egyptian magicians, so are these Know Nothings swallowing up the old political par ties of the country. This ustonihhing progress of Know Nothing Ism in the South proves the satisfactory noundutss of the national platform of the order upon the slavery question beyond a doubt Keinforccmente of whole regiments of slave holders could not be secured to a doubtful cause. Southern men discover in this Know Nothing revolution the principles of their con stitutional safety, and the extinguishment of Seward's Northern anti-slavery coalition. The general movement has acquired a momentum which cannot be stayed. It must go on. It will culminate in the great campaign of '56, | and iu tbe establishment at Washington of a ucw set of ma oaU a avw order of tilings, ^ lieu of xht spoilsmen and party corruptions which ia their progressive ?Umoralization of the Just twenty-five years have brought oar political affairs to the crisis of this new revo lution. The administration which, from its tollies, bluwfcrn, oairupiious an* imbecilities, his pre cipitated this popular reaction upon its**, ap preciates the hopeless position ot Pierce and all concerned. Tbe administration is broken in at tbe bows, like the A.ctic, and rapidly funking. Some of lu, faithleas crew are flying to the a , and others, from the loose materials j adrift, are patching up rafts upon which to re gain the land? wk;ie tbe Cabinet organ, chained to its post, continues to fire the sigaal gun of diet rr us. But th? Know Nothings, mer ciless as they ^tem, are submergiu* the wr-ck and it aiust go down. The new revolution must run its carter, and ruin all Congressional democratic resolutions, all Tammany Hall pro nuirciamentor, all Baltimore conventions and platforms this side of tbe elections of '56. Tbe people are resolved upon a change, compre hensive and complete, and it must-come. It is inevitable. In view of this " fixed fact," what is the true policy of every Know Nothing, nay, of every man in our Legislature aspiring to a political future? In on; event, the ftiture of the Seward party will end with campaign of 5G, and the politicians in any way associated with his fortunes will sink with him. We are well aware that individual temptations of the spoils in these hard times canuot, in all cases, be easily re sisted. We are also informed of the spoils pressure that will be brougnt against certain supposed accessible Know Nothings in our As sembly. It appears that our harbor m isters, and the bulk of the offices attached to our State works, are being used as anodynes and per suasives among the Know Nothings for a vote here and there for Seward; or. where nothing better can be expected, for an absentee or a trimmer on election day. But, let it be remem- I bered, that the proaaises of the spoils, in all cases, far exceed the performances. Let the Know Nothings try the spoils system of exchanges with the Seward managers and they will be egregiously deceived, ke-elect Seward, and the fat offices expected by credu lous silver grays and Know Nothings will vanish into thin air, and the deluded victims of this i'olly will be thrown out of any " healthy organization" for the future. The man who tftue betrays himself, like Daniel Webster when left alone with Captain Tyler, may ask " Where am I to go ?? but there will be no re fponse. He will be shelved, high and dry. The true policy, then, of the Know No things, the silver grays, and of every man in the Assembly aspiring to a political future and the chances of political promotion, is to second this great conservative revolutionary move ment of the people, and to co operate in the overthrow of Seward and hi* seditious pro gramme, in every legitimate parliamentary ex pedient calculated to "crush him out." Lot LO maD, Who is not thoroughly a tool of the wily demagogue, be deluded by the bribery and corruption of the spoils. He may be be trayed and turned adnft. In view of the na tional prest ge of the Know Nothing move ment, it is incumbent upon every man of the order in our State Assembly, first, to super sede W. n. Seward, if possiole, by a conser vative Senator upon the slavery queation; or, j failing in this, the next duty is to throw over ! this Senatorial election to the next Legisla- i ture. I Thus we shall secure a fair trial before the people upon the merits of Seward and his anti slavery disunion league for the Presidency, unmixed with the late Nebraska furore and the Pierce administration In the event of a failure this year to supersede the Auburn de magogue, it is due to the conservative people of Nt w \ ork that they should have a vot? upon the question of his re-election. Let the Know Nothings look to their man and their laurels. The triumph of Seward will be their defeat. The Hierarchy and the Press. Bit-hop Potter of the Protestant Episcopal Church in this diocess, declared to an audience he recently addressed in Montreal, Canal a, that " public sentiment in the Uuited Slates must not be sought in the newspapers.'' He advised the Canadians to "go to the cducaicd men, to the clergy of the church, to those who studied Shakspeare and Hilton and Hooker, aud they would tind that they were h-art and soul with England in the struggle, and daily offered their prayers l'or h?-r success." ? We do not know what bishop Potter's merits may be, but if he knows no more of theological science than he does of public sentiment, the Episcopalians are in a bad way. Priests have seldom made good politicians, or formed sound opinions on public affairs They live mostly in a little world of their own, with men of their own calling, and read the fa thers, and the common prayer book, and woiks of that description, until their minds ar rive at a very extra ordinary pitch of narrow ness. Prisoners say that by practice it is pos sible to coutract the visual organ to such an extent that objects cannot be discerned ten paces off; the same phenomenon is witnessed daily in the mental world, in the case of men who by addicting themselves exclusively to one pursuit acquire proficiency therein at the total sacrifice of their general faculties. Par sons are the most familiar examples of this, and really Bishop Potter appear* to be the type ol his class. Else how could he have been un aware of the fact that in one way or other all the talent and learning of the country is connected with the press! We speak not of the daily press alone, though this ob viously commands a large proportion of both; but of the weekly and monthly, of periodi cals and magazines, of all that vast mans of literature which can be properly classed under the generic title of the press. The bishop hints that the men who furnish these huge heaps of reading matter arc ' not educated,'' and reserves this distinction to "the clcrgy of tbe church." All men are not agreed as to what constitutes "education.'' If to know enough of Hebrew to read the first five chapters of Genesis with the aid of a dictionary, to be able to wade through a few pages of the Greek Testament, to be familiar with Origen's views on the conception of the Virgin, and to be pre pared to rehash Luther's arguments against the mass on the shortest notice ? if this be education, it is likely that "the clergy of the church" are the most highly educated men in the country. Certainly editors are not as a rule in the habit of studying the Hebrew lexi con w indulging ia Hookers ?cckttiMti??l Polity, which Bishop Potter classes with Shakspeare and Hilton. But If a practical knowledge of the constitution and lsw? of the country^ an acquaintance with domestic and foreign history , many branches of science, and mwt walks of art} a far ci?Aer because a practi cal taudy of Shtk*peare, Mil ma aud the great, Banters ot letters than any priest can posa.bly pretend to; finally, a constant ami intimate in tercourse with society of every kind, and a habit et Interchanging ileas and ?opinions with intellects of the highest or der; if those be the pr?per attributes of th? "euucateu man," tkeu most assur edly tbe press would occupy a tar higher place in the scale Ikon the church. There may be among us less biack letter lore than among them, but tlaere is more knowledge of men ; lets antiquarian research, but a clearer insight into the future ; lets information about the world to come, bat a far better acquaintance with the world that is. Any oue cau decide which set of qualities is best calculated to enuble its possessor to form a sou ad judgment on the war in Europe. We have 110 design however to souud the meritB of our owii calling. That can vindicate itself ; and certainly needs no dvieuce against huch assailants as bir-hopa It tieems to hive been the design of Providence to counteract the t fleets of churchmen's blameless lives by en dowing them wit/i unsound judgment in tem poral affairs, ieetthe rest of mankind, won over

by their amiable deportment aud many virtues, should fall into the error of worshipping them. Theocracies have invariably been the worst possible governments ; and, as a rule, whenever the church has made an independent step, it Las been on the wrong side. Every schoolboy knows what a mess the Pope has always made of his dominions ; what ruin the Inquisition wrought in Spain, till Carlos III. drove out the Jesuits ; what mischief the old abbots inflicted on Eogland ; what follies and cruellies were committed by the theocratic government of New England ; what havoc the priests are working at this hour in Ireland. Wherever the church? Protestant or Catholic? heathen or Christian ? has got the upper haad, all hiBtory shows that temporal concerns have been badly ordered. Nor is there an in* stance in the annals of Europe or Ame rica where the church came forward in opposition to any other body in order to sup port the cause of civilization, truth or good government. On the contrary, from Saint Dunstan to the priests of Illinois in oar day, the clergy have invariably been fouud on the side of intolerance, misgoverument and ille gality. The faot is, living as they do out of the world and among their book*, they do not really belong to the age they live in. We have no doubt but Bibhop Potter is a very worthy man, but he belongs to the seventeenth not the nineteenth century. So Archbishop Hughes, who is a distinguished prelate in his way, ought to have lived in the fourteenth century. They are all the same. Who can doubt for an instant but Theodore Parker belongs of right to the twenty-first century of the Christian era? As to the question of public opinion here on the war in Europe, we have said over aud over again that the people of the United States have taken no Bide, and the press expressed no prejudice or prepossession in favor of one or other of the belligerents. When Bugland, aud the toadies of England in this coun'ry repre sent the contest as one in which civilization is engaged against barbarism, we expose the ' fallacy, and correct the impression it might ; create. We point out that Russia is only ful- I filling her destiny in expelling the Turks as Spain fullilled hers in expelling the Moors from Europe ; and that England's cause I for which accuidtng to Bishop Potter the 1 "educated men and the clergy of the ! church offer up their prayers7' is in reality j the cause of the mosque and the harems, j the cause of immorality, bloodshed, tyranny, and vice. Far deeper than any Btains left by ; Russian excesses is the blot left on Earope'B face by the loathsome corruption of the serag- | lies, the ruthless despotism of the Pachas, the stolid barbarism of the Mahomedan faith, i When, therefore, England calls her defence of these monstrositks a defence of civilization, we tcnut the imponture. aud bid her champions ; speak truth. She will confes?, sooner or later, 1 what all men see, that she is flghtiug for a Ian- j ciful balance of power ; and then how ridicu- ? lous will tbey seem who have been trying to excite a feeling of sympathy for her efforts on this side of the Atlantic? We take no part with Russia; feel no sympathy for the Czar; but the I tusk of praying tor the success of the allies in upholding the harems and the mosques and the bowstrings of Turkey we leave altogether to Bithop Potter's "educated men, and clergy ol the church." SF.XOR ARIUNOOIZ AND HIS COMMMSSION.? We have publifhed, recently, several letters and extracts from our Mexican correspondents and j from the Mexican aud New Orleans journals relative to the final disbursement of the seven millions of dollars paid by our government to , establish the reign of his Serene Highness An- I tonio the First, Emperor of Mexico, Grand Master of the Order of Gaudalupe, and so forth. ? There is a little episode about the matter, and it is interesting enough lor especial notice at this time. j The precise amount to be paid to Santa Anna was six millions eight hundred thousand dol lars. His Serene Highnevs directed Sooor Ar rangoiz, Consul- General for Mexico at New Yoik, to receive and disburse the money. Se nor Arrangoiz obeyed the orders of the Em peror. and, as it was purely a business trannao- j tion, he deducted a commisuon of one per centum (sixty-eight thousand dollars) for his j services. Great was the indignation of the | hero of Vera Cruz aud Bwna Vista. He had , previously appointed Senor Arrangoiz Envoy 1 Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington, and had been graciously pleased to dtcorate him with the order of Gaudalupe, j thereby acknowledging that he was entitled to some extra compensation for special services rendered. But the Emperor has orders and offices to give only? he pays bis debts with ribbons, and settles his accounts with a diplo matic commission. Senor Arrangoiz preferred the bard cash. The wrath of the Emperor descended upon him like a tornado. The order of Gaudalupe was withdrawn and he was re moved from office. But he retains the sixty eight thousand dollars as a panacea for his wounded dignity. It has been stated that Senor Arrangoiz has gone to Europe. Such is not the fact. He is still in the United States? probably in Washington. It appears (bat Senor Arrangoiz is a man of bweitttce, Uwt bis we uiucb practical than thoee of hie countrymen gene rally. He ia an hon*nt man, too, aud ho high wai> hie reputation in this reepwt ttiat even Santa Anna trusted him and dlrtcwd him to receive the very large suin upon which he charged his moderate commission as abovo I noted The seuor was once Finance M:uistcr of Mexico? he hud been Consul at New Orleans, I aud Consul-General at New York, aud he had ' always borne the reputation of a maa of honor aud probity. It is uot just that such a mau should l<e condemned without a further investi gation, which will probably be had, as we un derstand that a suit will be brought in thia country against Seuor Arrangoiz for the pur pose of recovering the money. The testimony taken iu this cause, if it ever comes to trial, will be piquant. It must reveal interesting diplomatic secrete. And iustly, we ? pine, that it will result more to the oredit of Senor Arrangoiz thau to that of his sovereign, the illustrious Santa Anna. Fokjciqn Convicts. ? We publish In another part of to day 's paper a letter from Mr. 6. F Sec cbi de Oasaii and several translations from Italian papers on the forcible transportation to this country of some seventy emigrants by the Sardinian government. The articles will be read with interest at the present moment, when the fact jb becoming more and more apparent to the American public that certain European governments are making the United States a place of exile for their most intractable crimi nal?. The extracts which we give from Italian papers? some of ihem official orga-is ? go far to strengthen the position we have taken in rela tionto the shipment 01 emigrants in the Sardi nien frigate Dcs-Geueys. The Corriere. Mer cantile, of Genoa, says that when these indi viduals reached that city, representations were made in their behalf ; but the authorities an swered that they were not transported for po litical offences. That criminals are among their number, we think, m clearly proved. Enough at least is shown in the papers to which we refer to place our own authorities on their guard, and require a strict investigation to be made when the vessel arrives. Concert for Tint 1'oon. ? The proceeds of the enlortiin inent at Donaldson's Opera lloune, 718 Broadway, on Saturday evening next, will be jjiv?n to the poor of the city. There (hould be a full attendance. THE LAT?8T NEWS, BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. PROCEEDINGS IN THE LEGISLATURE, - Debate on the Liqnor Bill in the Assembly. Attempt to Sequestrate the Trinity Church Property. THE RAILROAD RIOT IN CANADA THE mSUCBCHETn 8EJITOR81I1P , Ac., &e., Ac. Latest from the State Capitol. A 8CKNB IN THE BENATB ? OLD TRINITV AMD HKR ?moras? FOREIGN PAITl.ttS AND CONVICTH ? TBI 1M LUEKCE OP INTEMPERANCE? THE cod.: OK PRO CKDURB- HARBOR ENCROACHMENTS AT NEW YORK ? DEBATE ON THE ANTI LIQUOR BILL, ETC. Albaxy, Jan . 23, 1855. At the hour of fteven laat evening, at which time the Senate stood adjourned, Hugh J. Hastings, Ksq., the efficient clerk of that body, called to order, aail stated that the Lieutenant Governor wua not present, (Mr. Kaymond ban been confined lor several days at hit lodg ings, Congress Hall, in oonsequcnce of illness,) aud it therefore became necessary fur the Seuato to make choice of a president pro tem. Mr. Walker then offered a re solution, designating the Hon. Joaiah B. William* aa such preeicing officcr, which waa unanimously adopted. There were seventeen Senators, the necessary nunitirr for a quorum. Business went on very harmoniously for an hour, when of a sudden, Senator Crosby rose and remarked that a quorum of members was not present consequently the Senate was incapable of transacting business. He moved a call of the Senate. Mr. Hopkins moved to adjourn. Mr. Crosby thought the motion to adjourn could not be entertained while a resolution for a call of the Senate was pending. The President was appealed to, who decided that a " mntiou to adjourn wa? always in order." Mr. Crosby promptly appealed from the decision of the Chair, (only an hour after the President yro tempore waa appointed,) but, after a few moments' colloquy across the circle, withdrew his appeal. The question then was taken upon adjournment, and lost. Another informal debate ensued, in the course of which Senator Brooks called to the recollection of Senators the call of the Senate in 1861, wben Tom Carroll, then a member. r*n away from the Sergeant- at Arms, by me ans of the ilath ferry horse boat. Mr. Hopkins alluded to the united democracy pre sent (Messrs. Hitchcock, Z. ('lark and Spencer all the other democratic Senators being absent.) being in a state ot fusion and bappily united. To this Mr. Hitchcock objected, and alleged that he was as hard as ever, (though he voted for Seymour at the late election,) which createo a hearty laugh around the circle and in the lobbies After several alternate attempts to ad journ and obtain a call of the Senate, the latter vote finally prevail- d. Mr. l'resldent Williams was about clearing tfce lobbies? the reporters keeping their se?t?, hnvng before witnessed many farces of the line ? when Senators Wm. Clark aud Brooks interposed, by stating that tbe affair had proceeded to a sufficient length, ard hoped tbe further proceedings of thecal! would be dispensed with. Upon this a motion to ad journ was made and carried. So the call ot the Senate remained undisposed of until Tuesday morning, 1'pon assembling this mnrning, the first bisiness was to susp?n? tbe call of the Senate. Amongst the orders laid before the Senate last evening wnsa reply to a resolution of the S?nr?te, by Ojdeu Hoffman, Attorney-General It seems that# gentleman of Itira, ItuU" r B. Miller, induced the last legislature to believe that he possessed 'n his bosom .t profound ae cret, which, if revcal?i, would dispossess Trinity Church of mill i ns, and throw it into the coffer* of the ttate. As the prospect was pretty gcod to replenish the empty treasury, the Commissioner* ">f the L*nd Office were #u tliorited to confer with Mr. BWecker, and stipulate terms upon which a suit of ejectment should b? commence I and prosecuted The terms were, that Mr. Bl?eck?r was to guarantee the State from all co?ts and expenses of suit in tbe sum of five thousand dollars, and in caie of custing the church from " King's Kami." he wai to lie placed in poeaesslon of twenty-five,, per eent of t it property recovered. The reply of the Attorney General, In answer to tbe inquiry of the senate, is here inserted, to the ease and comfort of Old Trinity:? rni*mr cur am raormTr. The following resolution waa adopted by tbe Senate, and sent to tbe Attorney -General:? Keaelved, That the Attorney -General he requested to Inform the Senate whether ne haa, since the adjourn ment of the Legislature of IBM, commenced any suit in behalf of the people of thla State against tne corporation of Trinity Church, and if any suit has been, or is. about la be commenced, tost he lie requested to communkctle io the Senate hi* authority or reason for auch proceed fiie Attorney-General, In reply, respectfully submits the following ? No such suit has been commenced. Tne authority to commence auch suit is given by the resolutions of the Board ot Land l'?mmi*sioiiera, passed June 10, 1854, anl amended August 31, 1864, a Copy of whioh ia hereunto annexed, by reference to which it wiU be seen that such authority depends npon certain conditions to be perform i d on the part of the relator or memorialist, named In ' he said resolutions. These conditions not hving been i emptied with on his part, and as neither the evidence nor he bond required has been fu nislied to tbe Attorney General, co prociediogs have been iusututej by him In pursuance of tbe authority conferred by the resolution. Rest?ctfully submitted Ac., OGDKN HOFFMAN, Attorney -General. At a meeting of the Commissioners of the land office, at theSerretsry 'a office, June 10, 1864, preeert R. W. Leavenworth, Secretary of 8tste. James M Cook, Corap trolUr, Holiert F. J'ruyu, Speaker of the Assembly, John T. Clark, State Knginter and Purveyor Tbe memorial of Rutger B Mdler, OB behalf of him self and others, setting forth that ihey are in po session of evidence showing that the tltla of the property called the ' King Farm," in the citv of New York, and claimed by Trinity church, la vestei In tbe people of the State of New York, and offering to guarantee Che State against all expenditures of coats and expenditur e of r.uit, in case the Attorney General shonld deem it expedient to xercise the power* conferred npon him by tbe act of April 16, 18A4, chapter '280. the consideration of the Eusrantee to be one qnarterof tbe linl received accord is to it* valce, waa read Thereupon, Resolved, That in th* opinion of thl* board, the Attor ney alwuiti ?WUUCM< * (Hit to kit UM Ulk ot \ht* State to the "King Farm," provided tbe StiteBB be indrmnlfinU agrevahly to the statute in auch c made and provided, against all cost! growing out of t ibbw, and to the aalitfaction of thin board; provid? however, that before nucu suit ihall be com-ueuced t pi?)ier evidence. showing .lie title of the State to t ? aid farm, should be aiiowti to, and lodged with the i torney tieneral; and provided also that said nu'.t sh nut be settlei or dlacontinued without tbe coaitei and j'anotioii ofthis bt ard. Resolved, also, H at iu the event of a recovery, t perscn or ^er^ons furnishing the evidence on whi such recovery shall be had "hall be entitled to su per rentage on the amount recovered aa is provided the laws if tbis State. Tbe question being talcn on the adoption of such I solution* Messrs. Leavenworth, Cook and I'r.iyn vot in the aflinnative. and Mr. Clark in the negative At a meeting of the Com jiiniionera of the Uand Ofllc at the Secretary 'h oliit Aug'ist 81, 1854, prcieut J. Church, lieutenant Governor; E. W. leaven worth, S? retary ot State. James 11. Ciok, Comptroller: E Sp milling, Treasurer;!'.. H. i'ruyu, Speaker of 'he / hemblj ? i.e. ived, That the proceedings of the Board of in 10, 18t'4, in regard to tne memorial of Kutger il MilU be .so amended u- to substitute lor the sccoud resol Hon the tullowiiiK ? Resolved, That, by virtue of the authority conferr up< n this B< ard by sections one and six, title four, cba ter nine, part ttrri, o! the Rt vised StuUitos, in rega to land* of the State belonging to the C. ronton Scho Fund, the person or person* furnishing the eviden upon which said recovery hhall ne had snail be entitli to the per rentage o: twenty-live per cent of the vali of landa recovered, a* heretofore allowed by tho lawn thin State in cases of escheat Resolved, That tte amount of the bond of iod.-mni reftrred to in tb> first resolution of June 10, 1 *'?">-*, b and the Fame i? hereby fixed at tlve thousm dollar with security to >>e approved by 'hs Con' tro.ler, at that t!ie state will in no event tie liab tor ounsel fe paid or increased on bel.ali' ot thegtute in said litigatio The following was adopted, a* ollered by Mr. Ur .as: Resolved, That the Coinm ssior.ers of Emigration I requested to communicate to the Senate, as early i practicable, any tact- in their ponseaalon, aa to the nan tier and chaiaeUr of ("reign c i adnata and paunera am ing from time to time at the port of New York; al* what rules nod regulations aie adopted by the Board, any, aa to this clana of immigrants and ail informatio hf to the countriea from which they are sent, the agenc oi ie' ciun governments in tneir transportation, and tb prtciicul conatruction given to the State statutes 1 making provision for the r support and disposal. Senator Butts offered the I olio wing, which waa at cepted : ? Ketolved, That the sclect committee on no much'c the l.ovi mors message as relates to the subject of li temperance be authorized and requested to call upo the Mayors, Cr.iefs of 1'oiice and I'olice Justi-ei of <>u cities and villages, and upen the wardens und keepers r prisons, almshouses and other puh) c institutions, fa such information aa tl.ey may be able to ectnununicaU showing the influence o> intemperance in causing criim pauperism anil taiatlon in this State. 1 he Speaker of the House appointed Messrs. li-adley Gates, Seymour, -Boj nton and L. B. Johnaon the selec committee on the code of procedure. This report, mad to tbe Legislature tbree or four years since by 1). E Field, Esq., of New York, and A Ix>omU, Esq. of Hci kinier, commission! ra of revision on coditlcation, na been treated very cordially by the varioua Legislature! Tbe code has cot beeu confirmed to tliia day, in conse qiience of the strorg and determined opposition of th bulk of lawyers. F.ven Mr Loomii himself, wben member ot tbe House in lSf.3, could not, with all th power at bis command procure the confirmation of th report by that l<eg!?Jatur->. There ia not much reason t expect that the code will meet with any better aucces at the hands of the present legislature. The House Committee on Commerce and Navigattw have concluded to visit the harbor of the city or Nel York the latter part of this week. The object ia to ob U in practical facts upon which to hase action on tb Harbor Encroachment bill boiore tbe legislature. This being the day ass goed for commencing the dis cuasion upon the prohibitory liquor law, a large ? tbi moat crowded audience of the session, was early in at teudance. After the reading of the journal of yester day, the Speaker called the Hon. R. M Blatehford, thi leasing member ot th- Uouie, to preside over the de liherat ons of the committee. General Sherman, thi aide Clerk, commenced reading the interesting docu ment. He proceeded some three minutei, when Mr Ieigh moved to di?pens? with tbe further reading, an( that it be taken up by sections. Mr- O'Keefe o">ject*d t< the suspetnion ot leading. As he had not read it him self, he wai dealrcus of hearing the whole hill through The Clerk proceeded with the reading some two or thr?? iiiiimtes, wlu n Ur. leigh again sprang to his feet, an4 pointed out ionic rule of the House whereby a ma Jority can decide whether papers shall be reac or not The (-tialrman was about putting theqaes tioii when Messrs. O'Keefe, of New Yor*, and Rhodes, of Brooklyn, protested against the ins pension of tho reading. They wanted the whole bill, in all :ta features, before the House. Mr. Leigh's mo tion was lost \}j a large vote. Tbe Clerk then proceeded with the reading. It was evident from tbe action of Mr 1 e gb that, he ia desirous to pass the Maine law at an early i'ay, that it might rot stand in the war o( the elect on of Senator ou the bth proximo. Having been reii' through, Mr Peck moved that the committee rise and i ? j oi t progtess, which was objected to, and the mo tion witbdrawn The hrst sect on waa then rea< through. Mr. Baker. or Montgomery, moved to awtlri out tbe wr.rcs "for sacramental purposes" Mr. Weed i leading wh> n umber from Buffalo agrain mnwl to nd report, and bold an evening session to discuss thi bill The motion was lost. An amendment wn propr.aed, declaring that the deal ers should not charge more man twenty-five per cent profit on tlieir sales ; another that only Ave per cent be allowed. Mr Johnson, ef Allegany, stated that he was a dealer in llquur a druggist, and he never sold a drop unless he made one hurdred per cent profit. He was opposed to aoy restriction as to profit H e fiiends of the bill spent no time in discussion. te\eral speeches wore mad? in favor of various rat*a of jri tit, varying from Hve, seven, ten, eighteen an 1 three ouarters, and fifty per cent. Finally, the motion of Mr. lhckerrou. restricting the proflta of dealers to twenty five per ?? nt, wis declared ained by a vote of &4 to 38. This will no* be reversed in either hou?e. Severalof the New York delegation addressed the com mittee, among whom were Messrs. Aitken, Munday, Maguire, lelgh and others. Nut a single section waa adopted. a Fro* Washington. TTIE FRENCH SPOLIATION BILL ? WILL THERE BR A VETO?? PROCEEDINGS IN THE SUPREME COnBT. Washixttob, Jan. 2 3, 1855. Tbero Is a probability tint the French Spoliation bill will pain tbe Ilou.-e. Opinlonk are equally divided an to whether the President will veto tbe bLl after it* passage In tbe lToupe. The f:?lli.winif rnse? were decided In the Supreme Court: Sebra M. Ilogart, et al vs. the Steamboat John Jay Ap peal from the Clrcnit Court of the Southern District of New York. Justice Wayne delivered the opinion, af firming the decree of the Circuit Court, with coats. No. 114. The h?irs of Poydras vs. The State Treasurer of Louisiana. Error to Supreme Court of l^oulaiana. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion, overruling tho motion to diamiss the cause for want of jurisdic tion. No. 126. Jotn 0. Shields vs. Dane Thomas, et al Ap peal from the District Court of tbe Northern District of Iowa. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion, over rul ng the motion to dismiss tbe cause for want of ju risdiction. No. 47. The city of Boston, plaintiff in error, vs. Da vid R. I?craw. Argument continued by Messrs. Til'.oo and Durant for defendant. Stukely Ellsworth, Esq,, of New York, was admitted as an attorney and cou nsellor The MsnuuhnartU Senatonhlp. Hohtwn, Jan. 23, 1856 The result of tbe ballot for l/nited States Senator to day in the House war as follows:? The whole number of votes thrown were 3?4; necessary for a choice, 183. Henry Wilson, of Natick, received 234; Nahum K. Bry ant. of Barre, 86; Julius A. Rockwell, of Pittelield, 18; ?catteriig, 37, of which Mr Ely had 9. Mr. Wilson wee then declared elected, aad tbe matter now foes to the Senate. ProRiris of Temperance. \| FRitBIIIITOHV LAW IN M*W .IKHHKT. TRKtroM, Jan. 23, 1856. Tbe prohibitory Itw has passed to a third reading, and the final v.ite will be taken un Thursday. The bill has been so amended ss to allow it to go to tho people at it special election on tho first Monday of October next. NKW f.tqCOK LAW IN MAINE. Boktdw, Jan. 23, 1855. A new Liquor law ha? been laid before the Special Tem perance C< minlttee of tbe Maine Legislature, by Meal Dow, which is more stnngen: in its action, if possible, tlian tbe existing Maine law. The bill provides that, f<? telling liquor In violation of the provisions of the act, a fine of 950 aud imprisonment in the county jail for four months, shall be indicted tor thi first offence, for the se cond, a fine of 950 and six months' imprisonment; and for the third, a fine of $100 and one year In the State prison Persons intoxicated are obliged to disclose w lW/e llicy obtained their liquor uuder penalty of goiag to Ui? House of Correction. > o action is to bold against any officer for felling and destroying liquor where the warrant is isaued by a competent court. Express men, aad rail road and steamboat companies who convey liquor, ex cept according to Ue law, are to be fined for tho two first offences and imprisoned one month for tho third. It is thought the Mil will be adopt*! by tbe Committee; bat there Is some daubt as to the action of the House. TIIE LIQUOR LAW IN OHIO. Cnoouuit, Jan. 22, 1856. The Supreme Ctnrt of Ohio, on Saturday, decided that tbe liouor law passed by the Ust legislature was consti tutional. Hie law la of a stringent character, prohibit ing the retailing of liquor, with tho exception of native wines, beer and eidet , the penalty for violations being a fine and imprisonment. Heveral coffee houses awl hot'U proprietors, who were arrested and found guilty ?f lating the law ?ome months ago, but on who.ti s?n'ence ' was ileferred by aa appeal^ to the Bapreins Court, will now be imprisoned for twenty days in the county | jtili i'UblK HBtiOMt ?;pwi (9 U TM ?lU M