Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 26, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 26, 1855 Page 4
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NEW "YORK HERALD. JA11I GORDON BENXGTT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. tmn M. W. CO KM KB or NA888D AND tolio* BTfl. So. US AMDSMSNTS THIS &TKNLNQ. nOABVAT THEATRJS, Broadway? Cmi BaaA fu>a BOW 1ST THEATRE B?-w?rf? Rook*oo?- Conoi rt - Buoi Siaivi-Buxd Ml?? I>AMO? AMD Pythiah. ?CRTON'3 THZAT1UE, Ch*mb?ta itcwt? Ou* Sar? tU ADAM. WALLACE'S THUTU, Broadway? Niaur iTD Hoa.t orfc-A Lady tan Qb*ti.kma?. MSTKOrOUTAM TE&ATRC. Broadway-Viaom or 9mm Sim? A Lmv'i IraATtan-Wiru Witchbj. AM EMC AN MUSCOM? Aftarnooa? Rr hre r '? Wnw ILjviitu too Faur Stuubc? RarrAKix?? Mu?t AratKB. WOOD'S lrrNSTItEI.S, Me-.h*nk?' H?U, 471 Broadway. ?OCKLirt OTTSRA EOVSC, AS# Broadway-Bcc* jkvv'a Irnoruii OraBA Thoiti. DONAIJOSON-S OITlF A HOTTED? Hop* Chap*, 718 ?si W* Broadway. i XX. ?tow ??rk, Vkriday, Jamury 30, 1855. The N?w?< By the arrival the Pacific we have one week's 1 intelligence i'rom Europe. The n sire that she brings ia important, although considerable doubt etxista as to the^ahie which ia to be attached to it. H to announce*. that Russia has net only consented to treat on the basis of the fonr points laid doirn in the Vienna protoool of the montfh of August last, and which, it will be recollected, are in the highest degree huinfi ating to that Power, bat that at a can fc rente held at the Austrian foreign office, on the ?th, qt which Prince Gortschakoff, Count Buol, and the English and French Ambassadors were present, a general understanding was oome to by the repre. Bsntaiiveeot the Fonr Powers as to the interpretation lui is to be given to them, which is to serve as the groundwork of fresh negotiations for the restoration ef peace. The impression which prevails respecting tois qew move of the Czar does not seem favorable to the conclusion to which it points. From the tone ?f tbfc English and French journals, and from the tenor r, of our private correspondence, the geieral opiuien in Europe seems to be that the object of tote diplomatic manoeuvre is merely to gain further toae.' It will he recollected that by the filth article of the treaty of the 2d Daoember it was pro vided that in case the re- establishment of a general peacrf should not be assured by the end of January, toe eontracting Powers were to deliberate without deia/topon toe means that were necessary to secure toe ffeject of their concert, or in other words to eater into a fresh treaty of offensive and defensive alttanta. This sadden change in Russian policy, and Abandonment of the moat important of its previous conditions, may, therefore, be referred less to any sincere disposition to treat for peace than to e de&e to adjourn if not defeat this pressing stipu latioB of toe treaty, and thus obtain toe time neces miy* Russia to complete her military prepara tions.. This view of the case is confirmed by toe although by the treaty of toe 2d of De cember Austria undertook to protect the Princi palities against the return of the Russians, that eventuality has already occurred without tie troops ef tie former Power making any effort to fulfil the ?aga&ment. By advioes reseivei from Brailow, ?nderidate of the 9th Inst., we learn that no sooner bed Omer Pacha withdrawn the Crimea contingent fteoijihe frontier , than toe Russians creased the Dan nbe, tovaded the Dobrudscha and captured both Tolt !*chaMd Babadagh. We hear of no movement being I by the Austrian forces, either to guird against i ? probable event or to meet it when it occur With such fasts before us it is impossible to a any faith either to this alleged pacific dispo sttkmon the part of Russia, or to the zeal of Aus trie Mtosrrying cat her engagements with the allies. **er Power will, in all probability, shelter 1 behind these fresh overtures to postpone i into the immediate fulfilment of her ct with toe Western Powers, and thus time will jto again purposely wasted until the result of toe campaign in the Crimea enables here to shape enlmtoe new and safer crane of action for her The announcement that Sardinia has joined the will surprise no one wha has observed tbe Mfaence which British diplomacy exercises at tha'. eoufC " Her adheskn was deemed neoessary in nedeg -to calm any apprehensions that Austria might entertain with regard to the safety of her Italian possesions. Thelposition of Prussia still continues as nfuiatieal as ever, the mind of Frederick William distracted between his personal sympathies and the antagonist tendencies of his peo pto. liar over and Brnnswlck have resolved to take ppmmon part with Austria in the affairs of the East. ne ?lege of Sebastopol was dragging its slow I? gtoaJong, without any material advantage being gained on either aide. Several additional sorties had been made by the Russians, but they appear to hnv#bta> of a trifling character. The French siege works are completed, and are stated to be of the mas* 'formidable character. The Euglish arrange ments fjsre not perfected, and the assault was ne cessarily delajed in cocscquence. The 6th of Janu ary itos the probable date at which it was expected to take place, but on this point it was impossible, firototte dilatory operations of the Eagii?h engineers , to an$r? at any fixed conclusion. A report prevail, ed in Paria that the place had been taken, but no osedk Was attached to It. Prince Venschikoff had ttotoetod his army by immenee defensive works enctodalong the banks of tbe Tchernaya. The address of the French Emperor, ontheoscv stondtf'fcl* passing tbe Imperial Guards in review, exhihi^ no great faith in the hopes of peacs held out by the recent Vienna conference. The new an Ipan had been received in the English money t with favor, and the Paris press appears to be grteMy elated at the fact. The London Time* continues its fleroe onslaught on tbe Aberdeen ml ?iatry, and it pnblisbes an indignant article on the heartless reception given at PorUmiuth to the wenmkty soldiers who have returaed fro n the Cri. mm, Out unfortunate men harit ig been detained for ktmr* ?wfriverrng in thread while the euWwi hnuit rt examining their baggage. The Pacific* news bad a favorable effect yesterday apo^JJ^fotton market. Tae sales embrace! 4,000 hnlee to Wsnsltn, with some loa oa the spot, the asart^t'^ing at one quarter cent per lb. advance. There mas some Mobi;e middling on the market, totMU ibove the views of buyers. There was no Mew Orleans middling on the market. We quote ?Idflltaf uplands at 8Jc. a 8|c., Florida and Mobile ?to. /$,'$)?. and New Orleans and Texas at 94c. Fleas* end grain were dull, and provisions quite Isady. The news was considered by oar mer nhseto rsfirn favorable to peace than that previously receiver, 'hnd st eles likely to be depressed by the adv?n?bf.''peaoe were dull, and those likely t) be Improved by it were more buoyant and active. The Mew S'^k correspondents of London Greek house* recetotd' advices relating to the reports cirrent in tl^^ty, first, that the Preach had taken tbe Quarantine Fort, and second, that Hebwtopol bad bfceti ' canied by assault on fie 4th last: bat toe fMr**tiii here did not credit tb- rumor. FAteftts were steady yeeterday, and among the ? giftstilrtntn were 2,000 barrels of New Orleans maidme* tor Havre at about three csnts per gallon. oift ilpEfk's later intelligence from- California will fce KtoB#dn another part of this morning's Heralp. Ilm.^eamship George Law, which brought the MayitoW board, consigned to partiea In this city, njrwards of a million acd a quarter of dollars in ^MffusL The most exciting part of the news is a 'iimMmr ? * of a ?aeoessfnl revolt at tbe Catt torato Stats prison, which, after a severe fight be twens tbe prisoner* and their < v*rseen?, resulted In of twenty pf tbe swiv'A linking govd their escape, mot, however, before some of them were pretty severely wounded by shots from the keepers. There bad also been a desperate fight between a party of miners and a band of robbers, in which twelve of the bandit* and one of the miners were killed. The minee and the markets were not in a very prosperous condition, the former, owing (2 t\je want of rain, and the Utter, in consequence of the general depression and the tightness of the mmej market. On the day on which our riarket report was made up there was net a single transition in Ban Francis :o worthy of record, beyond naies sary demand for door and wheat. By the George Law we have later intelligence from various ficnth American States and repnblios. In CbUe general quiet prevailed. Internal improve ment, the reduction of duttes, the con it ruction of railroads, and reform in the system of taxation, formed the subject matter of newspaper discussion. Business in Valparaiso was brisk, and many vessels had arrived with well selected bat not very large cargoes. Frocn Bolivia, cur only information is de rived through the Lima papers. The revolution still goes oa as usual, without any material advan tage gained by either side. From Peru we bear of the contfeaed progress of the revolution, under Costilla and Ellas. President Uchenique's downfall was daily expected. He had issued a decree abol" ifching some of the restriction* on commerce. The guano trade seems to be going ahead at the Cnincha Islands, to judge from the number of ships loading there during the latter part of November. Tnere is no news of any interest from Ecuador. The Pro gresso is highly indignant at the idoa that the Galapagos can be bonght by the United States government for so small ? sum as three millions of dollars. The news from the Sandwich Islands, published elsewhere, will be read with interest. The suhjaot of annexation continued to create no little excite ment. His Majesty, fc'ing Kunehameha, alarmed at rumon of filibuster invasions, issued a proclamation on the 4th of December, proclaiming th?t? he ac~ cepted the proffered aid of the United States, Great Biitain and France, in support of his sovereignly. The United States sloop of-war Portsmouth sailed from Honolulu on the 3d for the United States via Tahiti. The intelligence from New Granada is interesting. The United States steam frigate Mississippi arrived at the inland of Tobaga, Panama Bay, on the 3d ot January, and sailed on the Uth from Panama via Valparaiso, Riode Janiero and St. Thomas. Addi tional details are given of the triumph of the con stitutional party and the death of General Herrera. We also publish the particulars of the dreadful storm which caused such destruction of property and lots of life near Aspinwall, on the 31st of De cember last. Very late advices from Acapulce represent that the revolutionary movement continues to make great headwsy. The entire department of Michoa can and the greater part of the department ef Guer rero, Puebla, Potoei, Osjaca, Tamaulipas, Naevo Leon, and Guanajuato, are said to be hostile to Santa Anna, and it is tally expected that the government of Mexico will be in the hands of Alvarec and his oo-patriots within two or three months. Under the head of news from Mexico, we give an Interesting letter from General Ignaoio Comentort, General Commandant of the city and port of Aeapolco. News from Australia is received to the 8th of Octo be i ? live days later? but is not of any especial in terest to the American reader. Melbourne papers say that business there continue* in a depressed condition. A large number of laborers were unem plojed, and were holding meetings somewhat after the same tahion that they have been doing here. The latest trade report and gold circular from Mel bourne and Sydney papers will be found in another column. We have received our letters and papers from Ha vana to the 20th inst., bat they contain nothing very new. The letters of our correspondents will be (oond in another column. The Falcon, about which Rome feara ware entertained, had arrived safe ly in Havana. Advices from Nassau, N. P., state that the United States steamer Fulton, Commander Mitchell, ar. rived there on the 4th inst from Norfolk. The Fulton was on a eruite in aearch of the missing ship Alba ny, supposed to be lost. She pat in for coal, but not obtaining any, went np the harbor on the <S;h inst. through the eastern passage. This completely dis credits the report of a disaster to this steamer. In the United States Senate yesterday two mev ssges from the President were reoeived ? one ask. lng an appropriation for Indian affairs, and the other containing information respecting public buildings in different cities. Mr. Chase introduced a bill appropriating two hundred thousand dollars for the improvement of the Ohio river, and declaring tbe Louisville and Portland canal free. Mr. Cooper made a set speech in support of his resolution re specting the transportation of paupers and convicts to this country by foreign governments. A debate sprung up, daring whioh tbe principles of the Know Nothings were severely handled. The con sideration of the Army Appropriation bill was re sumed. The motion to strike oat tbe sum for the eapitol extension was rejected. An amendment, proposed by Gen. Shields, providing for the appoint ment of three commissioners to treat with Indians, and for organizing three thousand mounted volun teers, gave rise to a lengthy discussion. Toe sub ject will be renewed to-day, whan Gen. Houston wlD give his views. In the House of Representatives a message from the President was received relative to building sites for courts and post offices in New York and Phila delphia. Tbe President having declined to mike selection of sites, as authorized by resolution of Congress, the subject was referred to a select com ; mittee. After another ineffectual attempt to take np the Senate resolution providing for the tearch of Dr. Kane, the debate on the French spoliation wss resumed and concluded; hot without taking further action the House adjourned. Our special despatch from Washington states that the Secretary of the Navy will order a court martial upon Lieut Hunter, of the brig Bainbridge, for loming home without the sanction of his superior, ( and also direct an inquiry aa to how far the other tffi< era of tbe B. are compromiaed In advising so .h 1 a course. Tbe Bainbrldge arrived at thia port from I!lo Janeiro on Tuesday last, after an exceedingly tempestuous voyage. She is represented to be un ' era worthy. Tbe ninety-sixth anniversay of tbe birthday of ! Robert Boras, was celebrated by the Burns Club last evening, at the Union Hotel, Brooklyn. Oar report of tbe festivities is unavoidably crowded oat. The steamer Massachusetts has been arrested by the United States Marehtl of New York, on suspi cion of beieg fitted oat for a filibustering expedition to the Island of Cuba. The report of the particu lars will be fousd in another column. The inrwttigatlcn into the charge of overissue of Huilem Railroad ato.k was concluded yesterday, before Judge Duer, in the Superior Court. Tbe Ue c'aicn is reserved. Tbe New York Senate yesterday was occupied | n discussing a motion to appoint a committee to i examine into the expenditures upon the first fourteen j milts of the Krie canal, which amounted to $100, 000 ! during tbe past jeer. This wss under a whig anpsr- ' ictendent ; but it appear* that during tbe prsvioas ' year, under a democratic officer, the expenditures r* ached 1 105 000. A profitless discussion ensued, I which terminated by laying the resolution on the ! tible. In the Assembly tbe prohibitory liquor bill was discussed, tbe question being on reconsidering ! the amendment limiting the profits of authorized venders to twenty five per oent, which wai carried, } So legalized rum traffickers are not to be restrlrtfd I in their gains. The debate on tbe bill presents n j ! features of interest. There is evidently a firm dj> j termination cn the part of tbe temperan e m?a to j vote dewn all amendments, and the discnialon is I- rol nged toJeiy witji the view of InC wfng the election of Un?* ^ States Senator on the 6th prox? A bill pro*- ^ajng against the erection of aaufo building in this city wu introdncei by Mr. Dixon. A ?J^optis of ike provisions i? given under the ap propriate heed. The further hearing of the motion to vacate the order for arrest of Benor Francis oo do Arrangoiz, late Minister of the repnWio of Mexico, was ad journed to Monday next, at 11 o'clock. We pobliah in another port of oor present issue some interest ing correspondence ooueoted with this affair. The Board of Aldecmen met lost arming. A communication from tha Mayor, asking that a police magistrate bo totalled to his office to decide opon complaints altered there, was referred to a select committee. Ttie Xcm by tlw FeclUe? **eoreof Peese. The main feature hi the news brought by the Pacific is a rumor "from Vienna that Prince Gortechakoff has agreed on behalf of the Czar to accept tbo interpretation of the foar points give? by the thrw allied Powers. Honce, it is paid, there is a prospect of a restoration of pewe. Supposing thifl rumor to be based on fact, and unconnected with operations en change, there would be nothing aotually impossible in the Oar's consenting to renew negotiations, or in the Western Powers straining a point to meet his views. It is plain to every man who has studied the contest that all parties have been hurried into hostilities contrary to their expectation, and before they were prepared for them. Nicholas never expeoted that France would unite with England or that either would attack him; or he would not have been in such a hurry to cross the Pruth. Lord Aberdeen never expected that Russia would risk a wir with Europe to carry his point. Much less did the Czar expect that Austria, on whose support he relied bo implicitly, and to whose aid he bad come as lately as seven years ago, would waver in the hour of need and afford hiB enemies at all events a passive assistance. Again, Nicho las never expected that the allies would land to attaok Sebastopol. Cronstadt, or Odessa, or Riga be was prepared to defend: but Sobastopol, ae he thought, with its enor mous forts, and ranges of heavy guns eight one above the other needed no de fenoe. So Marshal St. Arnaud when he planned the invasion, never expected that three months would elapse, and winter over take the army before a practicable breaoh had been made in the walls of Sebastopol. He ?counted on carrying the place by a coup de mam. In short, lrom the beginning of the dispute to the present time, all the anticipa tions of all parties have been mistaken, and everything baa turned out just the contrary of wbat they hoped or apprehended. Under these circumstances what more natural than that some cfturt should be made to establish a truce ? a breathing time ? to enable each nation to weigh the question in its present altered form, and accustom itself to contemplate its neighbors and their new and unexpected attitude? There is Rubuu ? for instance ? thrust head long into a desperate war several years before she expected it. She has lost already avast num ber of men; the enemy menaces her strongest place; her navy will again be shut up all next year; her people pray in the ehurches for peace. A truce would be a godsend to her: if it were only to give Nicholas further time to manoeuvre in Germany and counteract the growing influence of Great Britain at Vienna. Nor, in some respects, would it be less ac ceptable to the allies. They too have suffered severely in men; and the recruits arc not com ing in fast enough to supply the vacancies. In France Napoleon is submitting to a hard shave to negotiate his last loan; in England, the ministry are shaky, and the people some what bewildered. A few months breathing time would enable them to place matters on a much sounder footing, aud to look fairly in the face the great task they have undertaken and the fearful struggle in which they are engaged. On the other band there are a variety of rea sons for withholding our belief from the ru mor of peace propositions. In the first place, the latest intelligence from Paris denies that Gortschakofi accepted the interpretation placed on the Four Points by England, France and Austria. The four points are, first, the free navigation of the Danube; second, the free navigation by all the five Powers (Russia, Tur key, England, France and Austria) of the Black Sea; third, the abolition of the Russian protectorate of the Principalities; and fourth, the abandonment by Russia of her assumed ( right to protect Greek Christians in Turkey. It seems improbable that the Czar would con sent to these points now when the first cam paign is over without material loss on his side; when he refused them before hostilities com menced. But again, if Russia did agree to ne gotiate on this basis, would England and France? They have spent too much money, and lost too many men, to make peace on the same terms as they would have accepted last January. Something must be shown to the people of both countries as the fruit of the war, or neither Napoleon nor the British minis try will be able to withstand the torrent of dis content that will burst forth. Again, it is at least curious that the news of , , Russia's willingness to negotiate should be si- 1 | multaneous with that of Canrobert'a readiness to assault Sebastopol. Something very similar occurred quite recently in our own history. At the battle of Buena Vista, when Taylor pressed the Mexicans, and horse, foot and artillery reeled back in disorder to the foot of the moun tain, where their destruction seemed inevitable, Santa Anna sent a message to Oen. Taylor, to ark him ''What he wanted?" The ruse as every one knows was successful; while the flag of truce was passing through the ranks, the Mexican chief extricated his army from their perilous position. So now, if the allies are prepared as they ray, to assault Sebastopol? if their rein forcements have arrived, their batteries been completed? if the Russian corps d' observation has been compelled for want of provisions to 1 abandon its ground on the Tchernaya, as ?eems to have been the case? it would be a very good idea for Nicholas? and one quite in keeping with the cunning character of Russian policy?to propose a peace. That it will not attain the end sought? if this lie the secret ? is quite apparent from the incapacity of the diplo- ' matists at Vienna to grant an armistice. Taking cither view of the question, it docs J not seem that the negotiations or the new pro posals of GorU-cbakoff are entitled to the im portance demanded for them. For before any decision can be had upon them, in ^M)roba bility , a decisive Mow will be struck ^&??nto pol. Either the allies will ha\e taken the city or they will hate been r. pulsed with fenrfhl loss in the at tempt, cr they will stand, a disor dered and diminished bind, on the smok'Dg rurn* of a destroyed city. In uaj of these lj 1 pothews, no peace era be declared. Russia cannot make peace after lacing Sebastopol till her whole strength has been pat forth. The allies cannot wake peace after defeat; the pea pie would not hear of such a thing. Nor can any negotiations at Vienna solve the main problem of Russian progress in the East. Even should all tke peace rumors prove correct, we can safely rely ?pon it, nothing more than a brief tiueu is intended. Drohmmsubs foktbe Dkheets. ? We perceive that t? the army bill tho Senate have added an amendment of thirty thousand dollars for an experiment with Arabian or African dromedaries, in order to test their usefulness in the transportation of passengers and baggage ever the great plainB and deserts woioh lie be <ween the Mississippi valley proper and the Pacific Ocean. We hope the House will concur in the amendment, and let the experiment be tried. That vase region, from the eastern steppe; of the Jtocky Mountains to the Pajiflc, is eminently Asiatic in its topography, climite and productions, such as they are. Vast arid plains and deserts, with watering places at long distances apart, are the proper fields for the camel and the dromedary. Let them be introduced, and we shall have the introduction of a new epoch from this in portant military and commercial movement in our Western territories. The overland travel to the Pacific will be rendered comparatively quick, comfortable and easy? the arable inter vals over the route will be speedily settled, and a new element of wealth will be intro duced in the propagation of camels and drome daries. Let them be tried. Some years will elapse before the Pacific Railroad will be com pleted. Try the dromedaries. Rapid Trip ok the Pacific. ? The Collins steamship Pacific sailed from this port for Liv erpool on the 27th December, and arrived out on the 9th instant, at 7 o'clock P. M. She sailed from Liverpool on the 13th, at four P. M., and arrived off Sandy Hook on Wednesday at 5 P. M., but was obliged to haul off on account of the thick snow storm. Thus the Pacific made her round trip from New York to Liverpool and back to this port in twenty-seven days, and discharged eight hundred tons of freight. The Pacific brought back the news of her own

arrival at Liverpool. This may be considered as the most remarkable feat yet performed by any of the ocean steamers. The Liquor Law. ? The Assembly have been working at the new liquor law as if with the fixed purpose of passing the bill. "There is many a slip betwixt the cup and the lip." There may be a majority for the measure, but the bill will probably hang fire till the ques tion of Seward's re-election is tried. Liquor law or no liquor law, Seward, if possible, his partisans have decreed, must be re-elected. It is the paramount question. Not Pledged.? Mr. Z. Clark, of the State Senate, says that he is not pledged to vote for the re-election of Ssward. Good, as far as It goes. Dht a refusal to pledge himself by his vote on election day will be better. Cloudy weather at Albany. The Spoils at Albany.? An Albany paper says that every man in that neighborhood "who wants office, gets up early and sets up late, praising and lauding Wm. H. Seward." Let the Know Nothings beware of the spoils and prepare lbr the election of a Senator. Important, if Tri e. ? The official intelligence from Washington that the Cabinet is a unit. What sajB Marcy? How long has Guthrie agreed to remain? THE L. A T E 8 T N E W S. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Interesting from Washington. RMPORTED COrBT MARTIAL OF LIEUT. AI.VARAIX) II t'NTER ? EFFECT OK MTDL1Y MANN'S LETTERS. \V A"HiN(iTuv, Jan. 26, lHi5. It Ik understood the Secretary of the Navy will imme diately order a court martial on Lieut. Com. Hunter, of the brig Bainbridge, for coming home with his vessel without the sanction of the commodore of the itation ? Walter. The Secretary ha* also determined npon an in ?eatigation aa to how far tbe officer* of the Balnbridge may be compromised in baring advised I .lent. Hunter to pursue the course he has. It ia believed Hunter will be broke, as his excuse ia simply that he differed in opinion with the Commodore as to the necessity of proceeding to tbe cruising ground where lie was ordered. Every one la laughing at Dudley Mann's letters. KNOW NOTHING NOMINATION IN VIRGINIA ? RTPEEME t'OI'RT PROCEEDINGS, ETC. WisniXGTOff, Jan. 2 (i, 1H:>5. The A merit an Organ denies tbe report that a nomina tion baa been made by the Virginia Know Nothings, and ?>ays a nomination will ere long be made by a convention of the party. In the Supreme Court, Hon. Andrew J. Harlan, of Indi ana, and J. K. Dickerson, of I'enn., were admitted At torneys and Counsellors. No. 48, Thomas Ltw et. a I , ap pellants, vs. Joseph R. Law. Argument was continued by Mr. May for appellants, and Carlisle and Coxe for ap pellee. Mr. Clayton in the Senate to-day endorsed all the views expressed by Mr. Coeper to day, and promised to enlarge upon them at some future time. Col. Sutherland, of Philadelphia, and Major McNair, of Washitgton, are vigorously at work carrying out the plans of the recent old soldiers' convention. It commenced snowing here this evening, witn pros pects of a heavy fall. latest from ihr State Capital. CANAL EXTRAVAGANCE? SHALL THE Pt'SUC WORKS HE SOLD?? THE BANE SUPERINTENDENT ? THI TEE PFRANCE BILL? THE DEAF AND DUMB A8THE? A WHIG OPPONENT TO REWARD, ETC. Albany, Jan. 25, 1356. It appears that the change of public agents has had no effect upon our economical expenditure of the public money upon the canals. Senator Lickinson introduced a resolntien this morning, asking for a committee to aselst hiin in ascertaining the resson why the large sum of one hundred and nineteen thousand dollars lias been expended during ten months in keeping nineteen miles of the Erie canal in repair. This portton commence* at the Hudron river in this city, and extends about half way to Schenectady. Tlie Krie canal is tbat distance enlarge 1, and all the structure- recently completed in the must substantial manner. It astouiahed Senators when they learned that sucli a large sum haa been drawn from tbe canal fund merely for keeping in navi gable condition such a short distance of canal, which had been newly finished upou the enlarged plan. Senators Crosby and i'ratt endeavored to convince the Senate tbat the present superintendent on that section ' was no more extravagant than his predecessor. Messrs. i Brooks, W. Clark ami Putnam, sustnired the resolution of inquiry? the former snd Utter in aa cnergetlc and forcible ma* tier During the debate, an opinion was advanced to the effect that the extravagant expenditures and peculations ef subordinates on the canals here not been confined to the friends of I either party. The whig Senators confessed tbat their fiierids were equally guilty with the democrat.*: and the oj mion was advanced that the feast policy of the State w<<q|d be to sell those public works as soon as they ? bull be completed, that they would then be token out of politics. managed more economically, and afford e<, ual facility to Iho public in the transportation of mrn huniii/e and produce that U done un<l?r the control of |<ilitieians. It will he seen, by rsfersuce to the late ropott of the State Engineer, that lie advocates the i?ilicy of taking the ? *nal? out of the bands or poll ticians, either by ilaoin; them iu hun.U Irrespective of party, or -tiling tie m outright to individuals or cotupa Dies. Mr. Diek in -on con"? nde-; ac-^B't this -a!e. ne did not betters tits "boa* and sin- ? ' of the Stite wo'ildever r<n n< to Siihir it to an al oration nf tlM coastitntioe lor ? t } Siicb pur|MM Tlis' the toansrfe af the carats g ?*tcr than all the fo ?? fo tocaagt ng rgto the . port of Neu York, and that in the course of a few years would be greater thin all th? ocean commerce of tie country. He ?u opposed Ut selliag thoie great artiti<;itl rivers, but stated they should remain in the State through all future time. lie. Dickinson deserves credit for hie promptness in undertaking to ferret out the transactions of thin whig superintendent, Bussy. In the course of tho debate one whig Senator remarked that he had received letter* from office holders on the canal, stating that tliey have been threatened with a re moval because thvy did not vote at the last election in obediem n to instructions from Albany; which, of course, means that they voted for CUmau instead of Clark. This certainly indicates that the conduct of all the canal of ficers has been scrutinized, and the result ?ent to the Canal Hoard with profound secrnsy. Those who vot?d the Hnow Nothing ticket will, then, be removed in February, when the appointments are made. It in believed, how ever, that neither the Attorney-General, Engineer, nor Comptroller will succumb to such dictation. Strong and secret efforts are still making among the bankers to prevent Gov. Clark re nominating llr. St. John Rank Superintendent. Their labors will prove un availing, as his recommendation and continuation will be among th? first of the 6th of February. The Temperanco bill was under consideration in the House yesterday afternoon and this morning. There was little progress made thns far. Several amendments were offered and promptly rejected, its friends declaring that no alteration will be permitted, as the bill has passed the inspection of the ablest con it'tutional law yers, and othem of as sterling sense as there is In the Legislature ? that every syllabi' and sentence hat. baen thoroughly examined and weighed by the committee of the State Temperance Society, therefore it must be put through, ad literatim ad punctnatim. A Urge portion of to enemies are prepared to take the final vote immedi ately, in order that the time which is used in its discus sion may be employed upon other business; hut the most ultra Seward (pret?nded) temperance whig- now freely declare that the bill shall not paas both branches of the legislature until the first week of February shall hivi passed and gone. Dr. Feet and Gen. Wetmore are here in aid of the Deaf and Dumb Institution. They had a oonforeme with his Excellency this morning, in relation to tho pro priety of bringing up to the capital a dozen pupils for exhibition. The Governor thinks the members of the Legislature will bo moved into compassion by such an exhibition, as he has been himself, and that any sum will be advanced which may reasonably be reauired. Enow Nothing stock has advanced rapidly to-dav. They are preparing to bring out a distinguished whig against Seward, both in their secret sitting and in the whig caucus. There is sport ahead yet. I am not at liberty to give his name. MEETING OF THE IIABD SHELL STATE COMMITTER. Ai bjlny, Jan. 26, 1866. The hard shell State Committee met at Congress Hall this evening. Augustus Schell, the chairman, whoso presence was considered as doubtful, is on hand, and there is a tolerably full attendance from all parts of the State. Strong resolutions against any sort of fusion will be adopted. There is a very decided feeling favora ble to the establishment of a new paper here. Front the South. NOMINATION OF THIS VIRGINIA KNOW NOTHINGS, ETC. Haiti mork, Jan. 26, 1865. Messrs. Kennedy & Co., whose failure has been an nounced, state in their card that all regular business not connected with the house of Rhodes, Peyram & Co., St. Louis, will be continued, and all demands and liabilities promptly met. The Washington Sentinel of this morning says that the Grand Council of Know Nothings, recently in session in Alexandria, nominated or expressed a preference for the Hon. James F. Strother as a candidate fer the Governor ship of Virginia. Mr. Walter, the architect, has completed a design of a magnificent new dome for the Capitol. The Canada Railittad Riot Quelled. Buffalo, Jan. 25, 1855, The Sheriff and local magistrates, accompanied by one hundred soldiers, government troops, proceeded yesterday to the point on the Buffalo an 1 Brantford railroad occupied by the rioters. At Port Collom fifty Irishmen had opened a drawbridge and refused to have it closed. The law was explained to them, and being assured that legal redress was within their reach, they voluntarily closed the draw and promisod no further molestation at any point. The party then returned, and thus the matter rests for the present. Balloon Aaceiit by m Female. EahTos (Pa.,) Jan. 25, 1855. Miss Louisa Bradley, of Philadelphia, made a fine bal loon ascension this morning. The balloon went up straight for a great distance, then veered to the east for a short distance, and burst; when, forming a para chute, she came down fast, and landed four miles from here uninjured. The excitement was intense until word waa received of her safety. The Prohibitory Liquor Law In Mew Jersey. Trf.nton, Jan. 25, 1856. A prohibitory liquor law passed the House by a vote of 36 to 22. There are some doubts of its passing the Senate. AwfUl CalnKtrophf. Mac.vch Ciicxk, Jjo. 36, 1853. A New Brunswick coal boat caught fire at the wharf laat night, and the captain of her, with .hu aoo, being drunk, it is supposed, in the cabin at the time, their bodies wore burned to a criap before they coull be res cued. Fire In Oawego. Oswego, Jaa. 25, 18.">.j. The dwelling of Reuben Beach wa* entirely destroyed by fire lait night. Lose not large. Acquittal of an Ex-County Treasurer. Phjuhkiphia, Jan. 26, 1855. Simpson the ex County Treasurer, baa been acquitted in the criminal suit against him for embezzlement. Weather Report*. Huston, Jan. 25, 1855. Snow, to a depth of about two inches, fell here last night. Weather clear to day. The noon reports from Oguenaburg, Montreal, Burlington and Concord itate the weather to be One. Jan. 25, 1865. We had a slight snow storm last night, but to day tho weather is fine and the sleighing excellent. Tnermometer at six this morning. The harbjr is opeu. Markets. PU IL ADKLFH I A STOCK BOARD. i'niLADKi.Piu a , Jan. 26, 1H66. Stocks are active and have advanced. Reading, 37 ; Morris Canal, 1H% ; I/ong Island Railroad, 15 ; Pensy Iva nia Railroad, 42X; 1'ennsylvauia Area, 87>?. Bamxoax, Jan. 26, 1866. At the cattle market to day 560 head of beeves were offered and all sold at a general advance of from 50 to 76 per cent ? the prices being $4 25 a ft on the hoof, and extra selling at higher prices. Hoga were in active de mand, with a light supply. Sale* were modera'.e at 97. Superior Court? Special Term. Before Hon. Judge Duer. ALLE43FD OVKR-IS8UI OF HARLEM RAILROAD STOCK. The Director ? of the Harlem Hail road Company <?*. Air lander Kyle. ? This case, which was a charge for an over itaue of stock, wan resumed thin morning, by Gen. .uandford, counsel for the company, examining Mr. H. 3. Klatchford, Vice President of the compaay, and a mem ber of the Board of Dlrectora, who depoaed that la July last the following reaolation was paaaed by the board:? Tbat, in the opinion of this board, it is juat and right that the company assume the whole of the over-issue, as reported to this board by the committee, by purehxs ing preferred stock equal to the over- issue in the old htock ; and for that purpose the board resolvea that there be a meeting of the stockholders caUf it on the first day ?>t August next, to be held at the oiToe of the company. No. 1 Centre street, at 1 o'clock P. M. of that day. to con ?id? r and paia upon the subject. It will be aeen that the whole n mount of stocs (old or preferred) over Uauedcaa be replaced lor less than $150 000, if pur phased now, at th<' market vain* of said stock at the time the transfer hooka were closed whic'i waa, old stock (40), and prefer red stock (96). I W. C.WETMORR, President, pro. Lhm I July 1, 1864. Witness continued to state that in pursuance of that re solution a meeting of the stock holders waa held, at which a resolution was passed with regard to the assumption of stock, of which he, witness, had mi distinct recollec tion. Nicholas Pein, President of the Harlem Railroad C'><n psur, testified that the whole of the old atock, a* far as I known, was aaaumed by the ? no jany. They also pur chaaed eight or nine thousand share* for the purpose of j cancelling them when autnorizedby the Court. Cross examined by ex-RecoM?r lallmadge, with whom I Mr. Frederick Kay was associated as counsel for the de- 1 fendant.? I think the stojk was purchased by the i treasurer, in the name of the company, by the exchange j of second mortgage bonds at par. on seven per cent in terest. payable in ten years; theee bonds have never been In the market, therefor* I cannot state their mar Wet value, the company refused to recognize those shares which they believed to be spnrions, and would not allow transfers lor them; the ?, 000 sharea alluded to by Mr. Blatchfo'd were genuine. 'IL* Court intimated that in giving judgment he would hold that panic" in the ion of preferred shares ? ire emitted to recover the money which they have advanced on t'.i'-m, and which he would assume the hoideis had ptireka*ed at market value. Witne<? ;o Counsel ? All the old stock Issued by the de fendant has been R?-iimed by the company. Cuun-el for the d?l'ence then called Mr J. L. Van Una card. a >tock broker, who drpo??d that the value of the old stock of the company before the discovery of the al ii lied over i->ne Hnctnated frvun $40 to 170 or $80, per hundted dollar skate; In Ue spring of 1*61 It was be tween W and AO. ll.e testimony lierr closed. The < on < t Wiahf 4 the counsel for the plaintiff* and de fendant submit to him the form el ds.-ree nhK-h saeii -iipi ' *' d should be inade In tlte case, and h s would rea rer in. h iVcistua its the evidence !? h ? jo !ge>en: war ranted, a* a i jture day. KVifzozrAft Arrn&i PROGRESS OP THE MUNICIPAL REVOUJ TION. Several liquor liccnces wore revoked yesterday, and the Mayor ban uxpreamd his determination- to enforce the penalty on every offender agunst the h*. The Street Contractor* bave been relieved from their work of * street c'.eaLing for the present by the saow storm, but it is only for a few days, at the end of which tto-j will . bave a Herculean task to perform. Meanwhile the people themselves are compelled to do a little in that line, and every morning are required to have the snow swept off the sidewalk in front of t toir houses. They are not very punctual or prompt, however, at their work, and it will be ne :essary for the palice to remind ' some of them of it in accordance with the requirement# of the ordinance, whhh punishes every neglect by a fine. The only complaints which we observe upon tbe jm>. lice returns are against llie gas companies for neglccting to light their lamps at night, but there were uo'. more than a dozen oases altogether. The following n>* the complaints entered upon the Mayor's hook : ? COMPI-AWTS BY THK ?VOFUC. That the asheH at the corner ot Iieeuman and Nassau streets bave not been removed for a week pa*t. That the snow on the sidewalks of St. John * park and Iiu'luon street has not been removed. Tbata child, artificially disfigured, is allowed to beg on the corner ?f Thirty seeond street and Fourth avenue, and that it Is exceedingly repulsive, un<l a source of ntuch annoyance. Tbat Amity street, between Broadway and Merer, is badly id want of repair, and dangerous to firemen when going through the street with their apparatus. Tbat the occupants of a house In Forty-third street, adjoining the Catholic church, keep two doge which con stantly Dark all night, and sometimes all day. very much to the annoyance of the neighborhood and pass ers by. Tbat Lynch, in Gold street, between Frank fo-t and Spruce, obstruct the sidewalk and view o :i the street with his sign. That the police do not prevent the numerous vagrant children irom frequenting the wharves and stealing coal, sugar, coffee, Ac. A. Trumbull, of 273 Hudson street, complains that b? has lieen mace to take in his sign boards, and that hits neighbor, 241 Hudson stroet, is allowed to keep his out in violation of law. That the ash earts have failed to remove the ashen ? from William street for several duys past. Tbat EastThirty-tbird street, between Madison and - Fourth avenues, is encumbered with timber and fluff ?tones, and that it has been in a very filthy condition ever sinoe it was first opened. Tbat liquor continues to be sold in the Sixteenth ward, in come places, on Snndnys. That proper weight and measure are not given at ' Washington market. That the hat and rap Hand in front of 88 South street ? is an obstruction to the sidewalk, and a great annoyance' ? to the occupants of the store in the rear. That drapers hang out their clothes, fcc., to the great annoyance of passers-by and the storekeepers in the vi cinity. That the police do not prevent horces of beggars from annoying the neighborhood of 42 Fifth avenue. That the smoke which issues daily from the premises 1 56 Duane street is so offensive as to drive persons u? the opposite side. That there is a tree in front of 50 llrsadway, which la ~ in a dangerous condition, in consequence of b*ic? tot illy decayed. BOARD OP A DEBMEN. Jan. 26. ? The President, Isaac 0. Darker, Esq., in the chair. The minutes of the last proceedings were read and approvod. n.-rrno*s. Of several persons, to be appointed oommisMoners ot deeds. Several petitions for rednction and correction of taxes were referred to the appropriate committees. Of J. Knapp and others, for immediate grading of the Eighth avenue, from Forty-eighth street to Harlem . river. Of Jno. Riley, for extension of time to finish his contract for grading Forty seventh rtreet from Third avenue to the East river. INCREASE OF CRIXLVSL HrStM-58 IX THl- MAYOR'S O'TJC*. Mayor Wood transmitted to tho Foard the following communication in regard to the increase of but. newt in bis office: ? Mayor's Ornn, Jan. 25, 1805. To this Common Coc*nt ? Gentlemen? The criminal buninest pressing upon this office, together with other duties devolving upon me of a municipal character, ren ders it necessary for the public interests that assistance should be provided tor the criminal department. I therefore recommend, and respocttuUe ask, that one of the police magistrates be transferred to this office to discbarge the criminal duties under ray supervision and. direction. By adopting this recommendation, a certain class of offences heretofore entirely exempt from punish ment will be reached, and my exertions to give tnls city a better government will be materia llv aided. In connection with this, Alderman 'Howard offered a resolution tbat Justice M. T. Brennan be the magistrate appointed to the post. Alderman Brhmjn- moved that Ji.ige Oehorn be the pei son. Alderman Ely was in favor of referring the matter to a special committee of three, in ori:er that the Mayor miflit be consulted and his wishes met. The matter was no referred. RM'ORI-R COHC I'RR '' Df. To fisg Thirty-eighth street, between Seventh aiul Fighth avenues, and appointing an inspector for the work; to appropriate $l,lxw for die widows' and orphan*' lund of the Fire Department. OOHM I'SlCATIOXf. From the Counsel of the Coiporation? In reference to compromising a suit of the Bank of f'onimon wealth pen ding since 18&3. Ordered on tile. From Geo. W.Matsell, Chief of Police ? In answer to a resolution to the effect that R. W. Bowyer, while engaged at the Crystal Palace, was paid by the city his salary as a policeman. Ordered on file. r A PERfl FROM THl. OTHER BOARD < 'OM'CRRKD IX. To have piers No. & and 7, Eaet river, repaired To purchase "Audubon's Quadrupeds of North America,'' at a cost of $300. To pay the funeral expenses of Adju tant Jas. McCabe, (.'174 60. The Board adjourned to Monday. BOABD OP SUPERVISORS. His Honor the Recorder, In the chair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and ap proved. Several petitions for the remission and correction of taxes were received and referred, and some small bills were ordered to be paid. The Committee on Annual Taxes reported in favor of remitting tbe personal tax of (6,000 assessed against 8. Curtis at tbe Howard Hotel, he not being a resident of this country; and also in favor of remitting tbe taa up on several other persons. The Committee on County Offices, in reference to tho petition of the members of the bur in relation to the condition of the Register's office, reported that tbe office be fitted up with tin cases for tbe maps, tuc., and th?t all the record books out of repair be rebound. Adopteu. rhe Supervisor of the .-"ixteeoth ward, offered the fol lowing.? Kesolved, Tbat the Committee on County Of fices be directed to cauee such alterations made as will f tee this room from gas. Adopted. Tbe Board adjourned to tbe first Monday in February. The Foreign P?np? niul Criminal*. THK RKPORT 01' THE COMMIhSIONLIIS Or BtUQAAIlOV UN THK rROrOSKU BILLS TO I'KKVKMT THK IHTHO* DL'CTION OK KOREION PAl'PBKH AND CklMLNALS. Several bill* are now before Congrea* to prevent the introduction of foreign pauper* iwi criminal* into tbia country. The Hon. Frnncii B. Cutting, from tbejadi ciary Committee, to whom the bill* had been referred, neiit to the Commissioners of Enrgratlon, a* king their view* on the vanou* provisions o: the propound billa, a* the committee deeired the benefit of their experience in framing a law to meet every exigency of the case. H y the time Mr. Cutting'* letter wa-. received by the Cum missioncn, the Board of Councilinea had taken action, on the name matter, at the *ugge"tion of Mayer Wood, and liai. appointed a roramittee to draft a bill, which committee also called on the Commisaioner* of Immigra tion to act with them. Thu* Instructed, the following rep ort wai prepared tobeient on to Congre?* imme diately. A* thia matter I* of the utmo-t importance to ship per* and other* interested in the linu<portatioa of pa ?enger*, w* puliliah it thii mcrning lor their per isal and comment. The endorsement of the provision* in thi? bill by the Commissioner* of I miration will no doubt have great weight with Congress in their deliberation* un thi* subject: ? Your committee, to which was referred the bill now pending before Cnn|re?s In regar] to emigrant onv.ct* and pauper*, respectfully report': That such b- II baa been thoroughly examined, and the * in jortimt subject thereof carefully rot tidered. \our committee cannot too stiuugly express its con densation of the unfair course pursued by cer;ain a* Ihonties and large land-holders, In Ureat Britain and lmand. and on the continent, in cleviug their pauper establishment*, or effecting a geo'-r : ^?ol-dell?crj , by shipping their poor or convict* to this country. It baa been a cause or annoyance and expense to this Commia Mon and the Conimlssioaers ha%e long desire) a law * liicli woulo put an end to such a ^liberate brra.-h of J romity, and imposition npoo this ? mm try. J The modes suggested to produce thll important roault, J have been various, hut jour committee, however, prow joses to tcnflne its observations to tti? above- mentunef bill, and, in addition to anbroit ont of tbe many prop remedie* that one which, in the judgment of your const mittee, will eflectualiy produce tbe 'le.ired end. The principle which runs through the bill be> re CiA gres* It substantially that of the pas -port system. TH* ol'jeetion* to it *re these:? Thi* system I* oni mliotfn I* the extreme and justly so to tbe j,. '>plo of th.s c<>un?rv. It exist* >nly in those govern m< r>u under stfiich the liberty of tin* subject is invaded o' restricted, and W a material portion of the intricate machinery lutoted for tbe *nst?inment and p*rpetn*t|ou o' despoil pow*r. fitch a *y*tem, so abhorrent to th" spirit of the ln->tftn Hon* ot this conntry, should not "?e engraft* I tipoa lh< m except in an ?\treme caae, and where no other effective leuiedy for the existing e\il caa lie c.evisel. Th* commiai oners, >n a recent re|<>rt, bare* >te?*e4 tie ofttiien that moral, beul'.hy an I * go;*js cm gratia*