Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 27, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 27, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON HKVSKTT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. ?rrws M. W. 00 VCR NA/WUC AND FIT.T0M srs TKKM8, i nek in mtpaHe*. rHIE D AIL V UtLRALU. 2 cent, P*r <or*-t7 perannum. TBX II KKKL Y HKliJLD ever* Saturday .? ? <*??? per mm. sr $S per a mm , lAcr Kuropen t i?u?u M /?<- <?'????? to mmvpartaf Ore.it Brit.iin, und 15 to i?? pur< t*? Co? Mmm. MtA to in.-lude pn? t.ige. *M i LETTKKS by M..U for SnbecriptUne ?r toith Ailver tminii fo tx ^o?l puiti, or Ik* po$tnge wiU tw 'ieiincttd from **vOLU&TAit V OMUSFOWOINCB, tmpor l?at n?ir?, eati-ited from inv quurtrr ?/ t*c urerhl? if u md wiU be litxTiilly putt for. mf Ovr Fokkion Corhkapo.i ???th ah r>?ncvLt?LV u*q virmi TO iul ill Um>> ?""? ) ACItAbrD ?*?T V?. KO M> T/t '? <?' Aen of anon/Ymont commti ;iv*tv> n?. IP<? do ??r return thott rejected. JOB PUSTJSQ executed tiitt cheupite i?, and 4?patch. So . ao AM U S?M EN TS THIS EYBNINQ. ?ROADWAY THEATRE, Br<mdw*y-Ci*D?RRiAA Mia Fidb T? iviuft. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery? Wrick Asrorb? Idiot VlTDIII- ElT ClilON. ? JSM??''.?'","*' C"""" ?.T METROPOLITAN THEATRE, Broadway-Love Cbaib ?? ViRotn or tub Sun. AMERICAN MUSMCV? Afteraoen? The YIicdt Amors ? C1.ARI. Evening -ADOPTED CHILD -CLARI. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mechanic' Hall-473 Broadw?j. BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, 539 Broadway? Bucr Ut'i Ethiopian OrkRA Taovrc. DONALDSON'S OPERA noUSE, Hope Chapel, 718 Md |B0 Broadway. Hew York, Saturday, Jaanary AT, UM, Scw? tor th? Pacllk. Tb? itetmship Northern Light, Captain E. L. Tinkle pangh, will leave thia port thia afternoon, at 3 o'clock, forPnnta Arena*. The Nnr York Hhuld ? California edition ? contain ing ail the latent news by mail and telegraph from all ytrta of the world, will be published at eleven o'clock thw morning. Agents will please tend in th?ir orders aa early as possible. roivBxxx The New*. Yesterday waa private bill day in the United States Senate, and the bill allowing $131,600 for the relief of the parties interested in the caas of tke privateer General Armitrong was taken up. the History of the capture of this vessel, daring the laat war with Great Britain, in the neutral port of Fayal, and the failure to obtain indemnity at tbe ubA of the Portuguese government, are so fami liar to onr readers that it is unnecessary to enter apm a recapitulation of the circumstance* at this time. The bill finally passed by a vote of tweatj two to seventeen. Mr. Benjamin, however, stated hie intention of moving a reconsideration at some future day. The Senate standi adjourned to Mon 4*y In the House yesterday Mr. Poller, chairman of the Committee on Commerce, reported a joint re*> lutkn authorizing tne President to give notice fur terminating reciprocity treaties of commerce and navigation, in owes where the terms stipulated for their continuance have expired, with snob Powa-s and Statea as in his opinion manifest illiberality in their commercial intercourse with this country. It wai adopted. This resolution is in aooordanoe with the views of the State Department, and ita ooj?ct U te enable notice to be given the government of Den nark, with the view of urging the abrogation of the Bound dunes levied upon American vessels trading to the Baltic and ElMnore. From a Copenhagen totter, which we publish elsewhere, it appears that the agitation of this question has produced no little apprehension in the minds of the Danish authorities, who were posseised with the idea th?t a squadron of onr ships et war had been ordered to the Baltic to resist the payment of the toll. The citadel o ESainore had been reinforced and put in rtadinwa to repel the audae'eus Invaders.,, In Committee o the Whole, the French Spoiatkm bill was discusssd Every amendment offered' itoff voted down , but with ont cone udicg the subject the H Duse adjourned. Our Washington correspondent states that the Senatorial Anti-Know Nothing caucus has been abandoned. Mr. Stidell baa been elected to the United Statea Senate by tbe Legislature ot Leaisiin*. We print to da; the resolatldn* of the Democratic (hard iheil) State Committee passed at a meeting held in Albany on Thursday night. The leaders or the "Old Guard" declare that toey are true to their ptotform. and that they intend to preserve their party organization intact. No fualon there. Nothing of marked importince occurred In the Legislature yesterday. Bills concerning bank notes aad.to prevent bat king associations discounts* on their surplus fnnds were Introduced; also, to allow tbe < ity of Brooklyn to purchase the lands upon which tbe Mailne Hospital now stands. In the ii sembly the bill prohibiting the circulation of foreign fcaok notss of a lew denomination than five dollar* was reported. Mr. B'.atchfcrd Introduced his bill for tbe ei?tabllabment of courts of conciliation In the several counties of the State. It provides for the a-Mtrament of suits for libel, slander, breach of promise, malicious prosecution, Ac., and the settlement of disputed claims involving lees one hundred dollars, without recourse to tedioaa and expensive anions at law. His measure will baid'y be popular among the legal frater nity, as It ezprecaiy provides that the Judges shall receive no fee or emolument. In the afternoon sesMon the temperance hill waa discussed. Mr. ?oieman, of this city, made a speech on his motion to strike out the second section of the bill, which relates to the spp-.intment of persons to sell spirit aons liquor. He cited tbe opinion of Mayor Woid, that tbe existing laws are sufficiently stringent to prevent intemperance, and also tbat tho? laws can be enforced. Mr. Wood states that but twenty six places for the sale of liquor were open in this city last Sunday. The canvass In the Twenty ninth Senatorial dla trict is going on with much spirit. Yesterday an enthusiastic Anti Know Nothing convention waa held at Gentseo by the friends of Judge Loomla, at which every town In Livingston county was repre sented. Additional accounts from California state that on tbe New Year's Day San Francisco was visited by a rain storm of unexampled violence. Several build. 1 lugs were blown down or unroofed, and a great j amount of property waa damaged. Tbe rain, how ever, which waa much needed by the miners, more than compensate I for tbe loss. We have reoelved filee of papers from the Bahamas to tbe 3d of January, but they contain no local news of any particular interest. 8 3 me marine intelligence from these Islands will be found nnder an appropriate heading In another column. Tne cholera broke out at Salt Cay, Turks Island, on the 20th nit, and the deatha np to the 29th ulu were 29. Agricultural prospects were eaid to be very cheering. By Preference to anjther column will be found later news from Melbourne, Australia, coming down to the 2 let October, bein? five days later than that previoualy published. For the valuable review of the Melbourne markets, and for late arrivals of vee Mia at that port, we are indebted to Meears. Mai Jor A Lord, of this city. Mr. Frederick Douglass lectured last evening In the Tabernacle, before the New \ork Library Asso ciation, on the preeent aspects of the slavery ques tion. A sketch of hie remarks will be foand In an other ooramn. The brig Frlry, arrived at Philadelphia yesterday from Rio Janeiro, brought letters from the sloop-of war John Adams, of th Braxll squadron. Cotton continued firm yesterday, with sales of about 800 a 900 bales at full prices. The stock on -..o. ot h.,~ .. . moderate. Provisions were In fair demand at steady ftfcffr 014 a** PW* wW * Mi sold pretty freely, deliverable in Philadelphia at 8ic., and in Baltimore at 7Jo. The extreme In clemency of the weather interfered with outdoo? bonnet a, and had a tendency to check operations in some branches of trade. Major Wood ha* notilisd the Sardinian Vioe Con sul that he ieteads instituting a rigid inquiry into the past life and present ctcumstances and condi tion of the persons now on their way to thla port from Gfnoa in the frigate Dee Geneys. Many of these emigrants havs been represented to the De partment of Stk'o as "objectionable citkena;" and the Mayor announces his determination, should the representations prove true, of not permitting such citizens to land upon oar shores, and alse to require bonds that those who may ba allowed to land will tot become a public charge. Some time ainse we informed oar readers that Sir John Bowring and Robert M. McLine, the British and United States Ministers to Criina, had left Shanghae for the Pel no, with the intention, it was said, of lajlng befure the Emperor the present in terraptioEs to foreign trade in China, and doming some remedy for the same in fntare. We recar to the subject again , and mve. in ttncAher column, a 'ate and interesting article from the North China lierard on the probable results ot their mission, and the nature of the concessions the United States and British Ministers are seeking to obtain. Campaign or '50? C>ndlita<? H>ltlM?w Con. TditluM-Know NotMng Programme. The various partisan movements round about tbe country for the grand campaign of 1856 are beginning to be worthy of attention. From all the indications of the day, it is manifest that, while among the remnants and fag ends of the old disbanded parties there will be an exciting sectional scrub race, the Know No- j things, circling the whole ield, will walk over j the course. As matters now stand, the follow ing are the most prominent of the aspirants of all parties for the succession ?~ list or CANDIDATES. FOR T1IK KHOW NOTHING NOMINATION. Millard Fillmore, New York. ...Silver Gray Whig. John M. Clay too, Delaware Know Nothing Whig. <Jen. Earn Houston, Texas Know Nothing Democrat George Law, New York Know Nothing Democrat. R. F. Stockton, New Jersey.... Know Nothing Democrat. Garrett Davis, Kentucky Know Nothing Whig. Jacob Broom, Pennsylvania. ...Know Nothing Democrat. Kenneth Rayner, N. Carolina.. Know Nothing Whig. And a host of others. TOR TBI BALTIMORE DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION. Cabinet Candidates. Franklin Pierce, N Hampshire. Spoils Coalitionist. W. L. Marcy, New York Anything for the 9poils. Jeff. Davit, Mississippi Secessionist. Caleb Cuahlng, Massachusetts. Filibuster. Kitchen Cabinet and Ottena Candidate*. James Buchanan, Pennsylvanla.War Policy Democrat. Outtide Democratic Candidate I. I* wis Case, Michigan National Democrat. Stephen A. Douglas, Illinois.... High Preisure Democrat Th< inai J. Rusk, National Democrat. Gen. John E. Wool, New York. .National Democrat. B. M. T. Hunter, Virginia High Pressure Democrat. Henry A. Wise, Virginia Administrate Democrat. And others. tor to* ciiancks or a Baltimore wino convention. Millard Fillmore, New York . . . .National Whig. John J. Crittenden, Kentucky. .National Whig. John Bell, Tennessee National Whig. Edward Kverett, Mass Free Soil Whig. Wm. C. Rives, Virginia Conservative Whig. And others. TOR THE NOMINATION OK THE NORTHERN ANTI-SLAVERY COA LSTION. Thomas H. Benton, Missouri.. .Independent Outsider. Wm. H. Seward, New York.. . .Leader of the Coalition. 8. P. Chase, Ohio Eree Soil Democrat. John P.Hale, Massachusetts.. Free Soil Democrat. Joshua B. G lddinga, Ohio Whig Abolitionist. LIBERTY PARTY ? FREE COLORE!!, AND WOMEN'S RIUHT3 CAN DIDATKS. Gerrlt Smith, New York General Beformer. Frederick Douglass, New York. .Black Republican. Wm. Uoyd Garrison, Mass Bed Bepublican. Bev. Antoin. L. Brown, N.Y.. .White Rjpublican. This a formidable schedule, comprehending candidates of all parties, all principles, of all sections, and of every color and calibre. Pos sibly the next President may be In this list, and possibly not. Things are yet in a state of chaos and effervescence, and a whole year must elapse, and something over, before the political cauldron Is brought to a crystallisation. The late revolutionary uprisings of the people against the electioneering and spoils corruptions of the old political parties have thrown them all into confusion. The only com pact, national and homogeneous party now existing is the new universal, but Intangible and invisible party of the Know No things. Notwithstanding this fact, there are, according to our catalogue, believers in the timely resurrection of the democratic party. In and out of the Cabinet, who arc intriguing for its next Baltimore nomina tion. There are others who think that even the whig party may be galvanized Into life at Baltimore, and are trimming their sails ac cordingly. But the Know Nothings, confident of success, arc quietly organizing their forccs to sweep the field. We congratulate the friends of temperance, honesty, law and order, to begin with, at the prospect before us of the complete everthrow of those corrupting and demoralizing party conclaves known as Baltim re National Con ventions. Any dispassionate spectator of the scenes at the convention of 1852 which result ed In the nomination of Franklin Pierce at a venture, will hail with gratification the destruc tion of these drunken collections of party thimble riggers. There never has, perhaps, assembled at Baltimore a more disgrace ful gathering of wire- workers and scene, shifters than the ungodly horde of spoils men in attendance upon the last National Democratic Convention. There were many honorable, upright, worthy and patriotic men among the delegates; but there were others ductible and flexible, free and easy, who readily bccame the Instruments of the lobby. And such a lobby! Peculators and speculators, Galphin and Gardner claimants, railroad jobbery patent spoilsmen, plotters for fat contracts, subsidies and rich sops from the Treasury In every shape and form, were there; ana their reserved corps, bringing up the rear , was composed of such a coalition ot gamblers, thieves and pickpockets as, we venture to say were never before concentrated on any occa sion, at any point within the United States. Such were the forces of the lobby of the last Baltimore Democratic Convention. They had their club rooms in every available hole and corner, luto which the delegates were inveigled by the temptations of free liquor and refreshments, a sociable game of cards, and other devices. And under these Influences, free liquor being the prime element, the wran- | g lings of the convention by day were only ex ceeded by the bacchanal rejoicings and clamor which made the night hideous throughout the city. The crowning result was the nomination of Pierce at a venture, the different delegations struggling to be first, like a flock of frightened sheep scrambling through a breach In a stone wall. The work done, jirrtto! the free liquor rooms were closed, but the i drunken orgies of that night in Baltimore cap- j ped the climax ot tbe horrid caturnalia. Thus, beginning at ttuliixnore and extending . to every party club or association throughout the country, the wise demoralizing influences have operated to diffuse intemperance through the iaud. and corruptions into our political elections, until the people, disgusted with both, have spootaiteously risen up for a wholesome revolution. We rely upon the Know Nothings to effect the work. Tlieir movement is not only a po litical one, but a great moral aud temperance movement. No free liquor is needed at their councils ; oo subsidies to short boyB and other savagi'H ait the polls; no scenes of intermingle i drunken tyoiltmen and slippery gamblers and ihieves disgrace the Know Nothing conven tion. Quietly, peaceably ana soberly, their work is planned and consummated. They sus tain the dignity of popular sovereignty? the supremacy of the ballot box, and the peaceful ?and law-abiding character of the American people. Therefore, we congratulate the country upon the prospect before us of a sweeping wholesome revolution in our party politics ? abolishing the corrupt and druoken orgies of Baltimore Con ventions, and tbeir supplementary local organi zations, and olearing the polls of bullies and ruf fians, charteredlor the day at so much per head, exclusive of liquor and segars. The prestige of these Baltimore Conventions is gone ? the last to wkish we have alluded has given us Ahis salutary popular reaction. In this light, it is amuning to mark the intrigues of the old party politicians, in and out of the Cabinet, for their next Baltimore nominations. They affect to see nothing and hear nothing el this sponta neous rising of the people for a great change, though we are in the very midst of the revolu tion. Van Buren was the first President of these Baltimore Conventions, and Pierce is the last. The man for the succession will come from the moro respectable and orderly councils and elec toral colleges of the Know Nothings. The reign of rowdy conventions, free liquor, and hired bullies, is at an end. So let it be. Progress of the RevoliloibJIotc Trouble Ahead. The Pacific brought us a batch of commer cial statistics made up in London to the end of the y?ar 1854, which indicate far more clearly than mere words the real condition of the world's commerce at the present time. Not America alone but England also has long been allowing the glittering promise of Australia and California to hurry her into excessive specu lation and social extravagance; daring the year just closed, both have beeu suddenly arrested by the untoward accident of the war. For several mouths after the declaration of war, the trade of Great Britain showed no perceptible change; merchants had given their orders be fore the commencement of hostilities ; many believed that diplomacy would restore peace; but at length, in July, the tide turned, and a large falling off in the exports was noticed in the trade returns. This decline has continued to increase ever since; the returns for Novem ber show a falling off in the exports equal to nearly ten millions of dollars, being at the rate of $120,000,000 per annum. The Imports have not fallen off; on the contrary the consumption of foreign articles of food has increased, pro bably in consequence of the large demand for the troops tent to the East. Now, what does this indicate? Simply that England, like this country, is importing more than she experts, and running into debt to foreign nations, in stead of keeping them in her debt as heretofore. There is one great difference, however, be tween the position of Great Britain and the United States, which must be borne in mind in viewing this new attitude of the former ; the United States have generally kept the account square by sending bonds and stocks to Europe in exchange for woollens and hardware ; Great Britain has never sent her securities here, and is not like ly to do so. The consequence, therefore, of England's assuming the position of debtor in stead of creditor will be far more serious to her than it would be to us. For the present, it is obvious that the difference between her exports and imports must be made up in bullion ; and accordingly we find that the Bank of England has lost ten millions of dollars of coin. Should the decline in her exports continue, and in all , human probability it will, a fearful crisis is un avoidable, and a susjiension of specie payments by the Bank quite certain. But though the suspension of specie pay ments might save England from being drained ot her last sovereign, it could not remedy the j disastrous effects of a diminution of exports, in volving as a matter of course a diminution in the production of manufactures. Some of the men who will be deprived of employment may find bread by enlisting, but this resource will only help a few. and there must remain a ! vast mob of human creatures to be thrown des titute on the world in consequence of the com bined effects of the war and the over specu lation of the past few years. Nothing but some miraculous interposition ofProvidcnce can save England from a speedy repetition of the scenes of famine and distress and riot so often re corded in her aunals. The masses do not sco this. Blind to every consideration but the na tional honor, they are ready to sacrifice every thing if they can only whip the Russians ; and thus it is, that, however plainly statesmen miy discern the perils ahead, and ministers sigh for peace, they dare not propose it in the present excited state of the public mind, and must re sign themselves to be the victims of disaster which they cannot be permitted to try to avert. Ilow will these disasters affect as T In the first place, the demand for our cotton must de cline, and the price fall. All the advices by the Pacific concur in prophecying a declining market; it seems highly probable that most of the shipments of the new crop will make a loss. So much for the effect of the decreased exports and consequently d creased manufactures in England. It is quite clear that with fresh English and { French loans constantly in the market, there 1 will be but little disposition to invest in Ameri- i can securities. The French treasury offers the I new 4 1-2 per cents at X9; and the chances are that within a few weeks consols will again rule | at the lowest point touched last year, namely, 85. Should any dii-aster occur in the East, a still further fall may he expected. During the ; wars with Napoleon, consols fell to flfi. Sup pese they touchrd 60, what chance woald there be of British capitalists taking our loans at par when tiny can get their own securities at forty per cent discount, and French rentes at very little more? Is it not certain that the Ameri can securities which have bten placed in Lon don for rale will be returned on our hands, as a large lot of thrm were by the iast steamers ? 4t Lome the is uyt more cm our- . agiug. InspUe of all the warnings that have been uttered, our merchants will not contract. Last week, foreign merchandise to the extent of $3,708,372 was imported at thia port alone, ?while the export was only $1,552,116; thus plunging ue over two millions more in debt to the world instead of lightening our load. The a hole curtailment in our imports during the fitcal year beginning 1st July, 1854, has only been some $11, 500, 000. or about ten per cent; while our exports have fallen off during the sam?) period some $8,500,000, or twenty per cent. We mnet make a thorough change here before any durable improvement can be expected. Ope rators in Wall Btreet may bull or bear stocks, oh they please; so long as we are running every day deeper and deeper in debt to the world, importing more than we export, and vainly endeavoring to make up the difference with railroad shinplatsters which are sent back on our hands, it is folly to talk of better times.

Already exchange on England has risen to 101)4, and by next steamer it will pr?j >ably have reached the point when It will pay to ?Up specie; when the old drain on the banks will be lenewed. Thus it workB: alternate periods of pressure here when specie does not go out, cer tainly, but no ne can get money from the banks, which answers as cruel a purpose; and periods of expanslou, when money is compa ratively easy, the banks discount freely, and gold is shipped by the million to Europe, cannot be different until the effects of the ex cessive speculation have worn off, the social extravagance wrought out Its own cure, the bankrupt houses and corporations broken, and the imports largely decreased^ ^ Neglect of General Scott.? A bill is pend ing as usual In Congress to create the rank of Lieutenant-General in the United States army, and confer it upon General Scott. We say, as usual, for the bill has been pending for some time, having failed to become a law In conse^ quence of the stupid prejudices of some ancient females who got it into their heads that the title of major was more democratic than that ol lieutenant, and that the Union would be endan gered if W Infield Scott were promoted from Major to Lieutenant-General. The bill compasses something more than a mere title. It would Increase General Scott s compensation some three thousand dollars a year; and to one who has lived all his life on the scanty pay of our army, and educated a large family cn a mere pittance, this tardy relief would be acceptable. Not so grateful to him, however, as worthy ofhis countrymen. The unrecompensed services of Gen. Winfleld Scott are a living disgrace to the American people. No foreign country deals thus with her heroes. England heaped millions on her Wellington, France couid refuse nothing to the Marshals of the Empire, even Russia has ever cared that the great soldiers who have led her armies to battle have wanted nothing that a generouB monarch cculd bestow. America alone fattens on the blood of her bravest sons, then leaves them to starve. If General Scott had given to trade or the bar the talents he has devoted to the scrvice of his country, he would unques tionably have been reaping at this time an ample reward. His days of toll would now be over; and the old man, repaid for a life of steady unremitting labor In the en joyment of comfort and plenty, would spend his declining years in repose and happiness Instead of this, he had the misfor tune to deBire to light for his country ; to guard ber frontier from the British attack, to keep the Indians in check on the South, to carry the stars and stripes to the capital of Mexico. His reward is poverty and neglect. It the United States would but give to Gen. Scott some fractional per centage on the gains he has brought 'nto the national coffers, his friends would ask no more. Think of what he Bave<f on the Canada frontier, of what he gaiued in Mexico? strike a balance? say how great is the debt of the United States to the valor and the genius of Scott ; and then remember that in his old age the people of this country would not grant him a petty sum of three thousand dollars a year out of their overflowing treasury. It seems farcical at the present day to talk of Mr. Tierce's promises, so proverbial has his want oi faith become. His conduct to his van quished opponent in the Presidential contest is not a whit worse than his treatment of Dix, Soul?, and almost everyone to whom he made a promise. But it iB worth recording that, notwith standing all the asBurances of Presidential sup port given to Gen. Scott's friends at the time of Mr. Pierce's election, all the influences which surround and are believed to emanate from the White House are now openly or secretly op posed to the bill creating a Lieutenant Generalship. And it is safe to say that if the bill be lost, the circumstance will be due to the malign influence of the President and his friends. Surely there are members of Congress who will not Buffer the spiteful rancour of a mean man to prevent the country doing justice to its greatest military chief. A day may come? we have seen the like before? when the United States may need all their soldiers to protect their homes and firesides from aggression. It would only be a fitting punishment for the ingratitude with which Gen. Scott is now threatened at the cloee of his long and arduous career, that on that day, a man should be want ing to take his place. Tiik Twenty ninth Senatorial District? j Curious Seward Movement.? The Seward men pretend to consider themselves safe in the As sembly ; bat they have their misgivings of the Senate. The filling of the vacancy of the Twenty-ninth district is therefore of some im portance. and the dodge which they have adopted to secure it is curious and remarkable. There was a People's Convention at Canan daigua. on the 23d instant, which nominated Cheater Loomls for this Senatorial vacancy. Loomis is a soft shell democrat; but what was this People's Convention ? We remember that in 1823 or '4 Seward and his set started out on their political career from a People's Conven tion, in opposition, we believe, to the nomN nation of Crawford for the Presidency by a caucus of the republicans of Congress. The next stepping stone of our arch-agitator was poor Morgan, and tbc anti Masonic agitation ; the next the slavery question; and the next that mifchicvous diplomacy for the Catholic vote, which involved Archbishop Hughea in the plot at Can oil Hall. Now we tlnd Seward coming back to his first principles of a People's Con vention. This toft shell nomination of Loomis, we take it, is a Seward coalition nomination in disguise, including the support of the administration Van Purrn free sellers In tbc common cause againtt the Know Nothings, Thus this , new party will have to elect their candidate, if they can, over the combined tree soil forces of Seward and the admini* tratinn. The Know Nothings, however, will be sustained by the whig silver spays and democratic hard shells, and all other conservatives on the slavery question, and thus the isuue will be a simple one, though the organization of tb? two par ties in the contest is new, complex and very significant. We have here the proof of the drift of the ad ministration party in the North It is to a free roil coalition with tbe Seward alliance against ! the national and conservative movement of the i Know Nothings. We shall wait wi<h interest the result of this Seuatorial contest in the Twenty-ninth district. It is signilicant, important, aiid well worth looking after. That People's Convention is evidently a dodge of Seward's. Dudley Mann veksuh Makcv ? Further Ex tbaohpin aky Dibcloburis. ? We refer our read ers, with pleasure, to the special despatch in this paper from one of our Washington corres pondents, touching tbe official relations between Secretary Marcy and his chief clerk, Dudley Maim. It appears that the original instructions of Mann to the President on his foreign policy, aud which were so implicitly adopted by Mr. Pierce, were a scaled book to Murcy until their publication in the Herald. The rage of the Premier on thus discovering that he has been used merely as the tool of his subordinate is perfectly natural It further appears that Dudley Mann contrived to be sent over to tbe Ostend Convention as the President's confidential ambassador with* out consulting Marcy , and that the Premier did not discover, till some time after the departure of his assistant, the cause ot his absence. No wonder Marcy is disgusted wita these treache ries ? no wonder he is asking about the White House and tbe Kitchen for explanations But why does be not resign? He smells a rat. He suspects that the publication of this Dudley Mann correspondence is a trick on the part ot the Cushing conspiracy to make a va cancy in the State Department. So, to die appoint the Kitchen, he will probably re main where he is a little longer, and swal ow his humiliations with the best face he can. He seems, however, to have sufficient self-respect to comprehend the unfitness of the official copartnership of Marcy and Mann, after the revelations which have been made. It is out of the question that the pair of them can any longer pull in the same traces. One or the other must be unhitched and taken away. Clearly, from the trouble and disgrace which 1 Mann has brought upon the administration, he ought to be expelled; but it is just as likely that Marcy will be crowded out. Is the Cabinet a unit ? Our Minister at Paris. ? At the last ac counts our Minister at Paris, Mr. Masoa, was gradually recovering from his late paralytic attack. It is most probable, however, that if he is ever sufficiently restored, he will return home. Tbe French mission will thus be va cant, and may yet become the pivot lor the reconstruction of the Cabinet and the reor ganization of our diplomatic corps. Things cannot long hold together at Washington as they are. THE LATE 8 T JJf E W 8. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. INTERESTING NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. THE NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC STATE C0MMITTE?. THE BIRD SHELLS INEXORABLE* Heavy Snow Storms Tbrougbont the Country, Ac., Jus.. Ac. Interesting from Washington. TBK SENATORIAL ANTI-KNOW NOTHING CACCC9 ABAN DONED ? TBI WHY ANP TDK WHEKKKOHE. Washington, Jan. 26, 1865. Tbe adjourned Senatorial anti-Enow Nothing caucus which was to hare been held to morrow, has been abandoned, it is understood, in consequence of Senator Welber having yesterday resented in the Senate, a* an amendment to Senators Cooper and Brodbeads' reiolutions, the anti-Know Nothing resolution, which had txen introduce! at tbe first caucus, snd wbich waa to hare been discussed at the second caucus to morrow. It is intended to aban don any further discussion of the subject in caucus, and to fight it out" openly la the Senate. MieCELI.ANEOI'8 NEWS ITEMS FROM THE CAPITAL. Washington, Jan. 26, 1HJ5. Tbe Washington Sentinel of this morning says:?' "From an intimate acquaintance and political association with Judge Douglas, we feel justified in stating that be n*l tber desires nor would receive the nomination for the next ('residential term." Senator I'ixon is confined to his room with a b?d cold He is not seriously ill, but is too indisposed to attend to business in the Senate. Hon. Mr. Latham, of California, will address the ma sonic institutions of Maryland at Baltimore, on the Slat nstant. The Star says that private advices, received from Ha vana to the 21st Inst., represent the Cubans as being highly excited, and joining tbe revolutionary cause, because the Cortes refuse to sell the island to the United States, and that a serious outbreak was expected. Advices from California say that Major Hammond, to whom Pr. Cwin entrusted the management of his reeled tion to the Senate, turns up as a candidate for the posi tion himself. Col. Kinney leaves In ten days for New Orleans on his way to Mosquito. Large numbers are flecking to join the expedition, and more confidence is generally felt in tbe enterprise. A man, calling himself A. C. Brewster, has recently been attempting to iaaue policies of fire insurance here, in the name of the Merchants' Fire Insurance Company, of Iloston. and bad appointed agents, Ac. LstWrs from Boston state that there is ao sncb company in existence there, and the President of the Merchants' Insurance Company writes that their company ha* no such a<ent. Brewster bad policies printed here, aad in the assign ment Is printed the name of tbe American Insurance Company, while the policy bears tbe name of tbe Mer chants' Fire Insutsnce Crmpauy, and has th* signatures of ita Secretary snd President, both >n the same hand writing. It is supposed that Brcw*t?r has an accom plice. He has now gone to tbe South or West. It has been snowing slightly here all night, and tbe snow is now about two inches deep, and the weather lias no indications of clearing up. CNITKD STATES SITREMB COURT . Washington, .Ian 26, 1M6. No 48 ?Tb' mss law, Ex'rs. et al, appellants, vs J. K law. Argument continued by Mr One for the ap pellee. and concluded by Mr Brent lor the appellants. No 107.? Wm. Jones et al plaintiffs in ?rror, vs. Win. S. J< hnston Motion to dismiss the writ of error, argued by Hon. S. P. < ba>e in support thereof. No 49 ? W . A. Pooth. appellant, vs. Ferdinand Hark. Argument commenced by Mr. Bradley for the appellant. Adjourned until Monday. Pram Cincinnati. WEATHER AT CINCINNATI - RIVER NAVIGATION ? MARKETS, ETC. Cincinnati, Jan 24, 1856. Tbe weather here is very cold. River navigation ha? been ?nsp*nd>d between here and Pittsburg ia conse quence of tbe ice. Money matters are much easier. Eastern exchange we quote at three quarters per cent premium. Hogs are sell ng at ?4 71 a 14 tO. Provisions art dull From the State Capital. THE NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC STATE COMMITTEE? ON SLAUGHT ON THE B A RRIRS ? BANK NOTB8 ? THB* TKHFIKAKC1 BILL ? RECEPTIONS, ETC. Aluany, Jan. 20, 1855. The greatest anxiety among both sections of the faith* ful and unterrifled democracy has existed ever since Mr. Augustus Schell issued orders for the meeting of the National Democratic Slate Committee. Fears prevailed to an unlimited ? stent ou one side that the object of the call was intended to produce a complete fuaion through out the entire .State to throw down all weapon* of re bellion againtt Pierce. Marry, and the national adarni*- ' tratlon, and to unite upon all meaiuroa, regarding no. enemies but the whig party. On the other hand, hope* were entertained teat the dxtinction existing, known as barils and softs, would he obliterated, and measures im mediately taken to present a united front, prepara tory to the next election. Other*, Again, were positive In the faith that the call of tbe committee had particular reference to the present condition of the democratic preti at tbe capital of the State, and also to assist the bards and softs in the Legislature in preientfng a. candidate to be voted for on tbe sixth day of February, ' to fill the place now occupied by William H. Seward. The .atter vi?w pr? vsiied in consequence of reports in cir culation, tbat in v use a necessity should exist, some of th? barnburner vote a were ready to be cast for that distinguished gentleman. Inconsequence of the alove, and other rumors oS minor import, much interest was felt, whicn increased aa tbe time approached Tlie time as*igne<l was last evening At an early bour a large numbei of outsiders Uot keo to Congreatt Hall. Tbe members of the State Committee were very freely button holed, 1 and various kind* of advice gratuitously given. "Will there be a fusion?" inquired the uninitiated. 'Will the sword of ' discord be converted into the ploughshare of concord?" "Are the bards and softs to become bedfellow* ?"? were inttrrogatorirs passing from one to another. Kinally tbe interesting body retired to a private room. The halls and ante rooms weie fllleo, and the anti- Maine law department of Congress Hall duly patronized. After an hour's consultation, and the selection of a sub-committee to report resolutions, a recess of another hour was taken. The resolutions, as published in the niium, were then read. The first one, relating to the position and prospective condition of the hards, their determined opposition to the national administration, and their pledges to continue arrayed against it, wee adopted with acclamation. The other, remaining stead fast in their adherence to Daniel S. Dickinson, cau*ed , some debate Those who spoke against it* adoption were none the less friends and admirer* of that gentleman, but only thought it a mistaken policy to introduce his name on the oceaaion. Some of the members thought they discovered a certain inkling squinting towards the Presidential question. The resolution waa adopted by nearly tbe whole committee. Theiesultol this meeting shows, beyond a peradven tuie, that tbe national democrats stand firm an 1 im moveable. They reiterate the determination of the bar da to prosecute the war against the present national admin istration to tbe end of its existence; and that whatever influences may be brought to bear, whoever may tra verse the Sta'o, with a carte blanche to fill offlce*, or to attempt to "crush out" tbe insubordinate, no effect ? can be produced upon tbe hard national*, mis, there fore, ends all attempts at fusion. The hards and soft* must continue at variance, until one or tbe other be comes swallowed up. The bombardment against the bards has continued for nearly two years? much longer than tbat of the allies against Sevastopol ? and they have withstood the mortars and bombs with the most determined courage, and aie likely to hold out to the end, without either capitulation, submission or treaty. Tbey boldly so inform the powers at Washington. Mr. Munday gave notice in the House that he intends, at some future day, to introduce a hill to cloae all bar ber shops on Sundays in the city of New York. Where's Pbalon? Mr. Maguire gave notice of a bill to prohibit the cir culation of all foreign bank notes, unless secured by State or United States stocks. Seme days since the Ilouse adopted a joint resolution authorizing a committee to visit the courts. Tombs, ^lise offices, penitentiaries, and all other public places tbe city of New York, having in charge criminals and matters sppertslning to that large class of individuals. It was sent to tbe Senate, and amended. This morninr it was railed up in tbe House, and upon the question or concurring with the Senate, the motion wait lost. The ' probability now is tbat no investigation of the kind will be bad by tbe present l egislature. 1 he temperance bill is treated with culpable disfavor. It has been more or less under discussion since Tuesday mornint, and yet there has not 'been a single se:t Ion adopted. Strange, also, that upon an effort to take it up frr consideration at four o'clock this afternoon, not a sufficient number of its friends (?) could be mustered to carry that motion. No one believes the bill will be brought to a final vote, not even m the House, before tbe cay when an attempt is to be made to elect a United (States Senator, as there are now only six or seven working days intervening. Public at tention is now more than ever directed to the Know Nothings of the House, who, holding the balance of power as they do, on both these questions, can elect or defeat Mr. Seward, and pass or reject the temperance bill. Which will they do ? Will they be whipped into the support of Seward, and then be told that it will kill the whig party to pass tbe prohibitory law? Attempts were made to-day to adjourn over until Monday. The effort failel; so the first Saturday ef the session ? now one-third spent ? will be occupied in tbe transaction of legislative business. Tbe snow has been Tailing here during the last eight hour*, and there i* now suffloient for goed sleighing, which i* being Improved by the ever- ready tiding com munity. The weather i* moderately cold, *o as to keep ice and snow without meltUg to-aay. The annual parties in honor of tke Legislature are now lb vogue. (0n Wednesday evening the members par took of the hospitalities of Mr. Thurlow Weed, who alwav* deals liberally with bis guests. This evening hi* Kxcellency Governor Dark gives bis first entertainment. He does not intend to give one every alternate week during tbe session, in imitation of ex -Governor rieymotir, but will optn his doors two or three time* before the ad journment. HXBOLITIONR OF TI1E BAUD SHELL STATK COmHTRt ? NO FU8I01I ?THE "OLD OUABD" IN BIOH SPIRITS. Aumny, Jan. 20, 1855. The democrat!* bard shell committee beld a meeting ^ In Congress Hall last nUrht, and the following gentlemen were pre tent? Augustus Schell, James 8. Libby,Thoman J. Barr, from the first district; Grosvenor 8. Adams, Elijah Ward, from the second district; John 8. Nafew, Lyman Tremlin, James R. Fonda, from the third district; Joseph M. I. yon, Thomas It. Mitchell, Dr. Cook, from tbo fourth district; George Clark, from the Oftb district; Ho ratio O. Warner, E. Darwin Smith, Abram Vernam, from the seventh district; and C. C. Barr, who was admitted as a substitute. The following resolutions wer* adopted: ? Resolved, That in the resalt of the reoent flection In this State, mill ? u' ed mb it wis by new and eitraoeoue issues having no legitimate bearln* upon the position and principles of the national democracy, we And no causes of regret, for while these new elements necessa rily diminished the rote of our excellent State ticket. The one hundred thousand votes given to oar candidate* f> r Congress, despite all tbe embarrassment of that cam- / paign, furnishes gratifying evidence that the national democratic sentiment and organization of New York ar* by no means impaired. The only fact clearly established in the recent election in this State is, that the national administration has entirely forfeited the confidence of ail parties, that as national democrats we feel confidant that our real strength is undiminished, and that when tbe proper time and occasion arUes our principles and orgsiiration will be fully maintained. Itesomd, That in view of the emphatic manner In which those who have sotght to crush out their princi Sles snd their par<y, in this State and at Washington, ave been themselves rebuked and defeat*d. the na tional democracy of New York will continue firmly to maintain their principles and position. The rubbish having been cleared away, the Old Guard is prepared for tbe future, as in the past, to du ample Justice to itsalf, its principles, its enemies, snd its friends, and with thi? end will fully, boldly and fearlessly maintain Its organi zation, relying on its ultimate triumph. Resolved, That we with pleasure avail ourselves of this opportunity to reiterate our unbounded confidence in the political integrity ot the Hon. D. S. Dickinson, and refer with unfeigned satisfaction to his unerring con sistency, recognizing in him a true and faithful patriot, of whom the democracy of tbe Empire 8tat? may indeed be proud. Resolutions of sympathy and regret for the death of Richard T. Mulligan, a member of the oommittee, were offered by Senator Iiarr, and adopted. Aall Kliew Nothing Convention. Gsxaaao, Jan. 20, 1865. A large and enthuiiastic anti-Know Nothing conven tion was held here te day, at whieb all the towns in Li ving! ton county were repreeented. The "Hindoo" or ganisation was denouncsd, and the nomination of Jade* IjoousIs endorsed. Men of all parties joined In tbe meet ing From Rio Janeiro. I'mtjiDUj-HU, Jan. 20, 1855. The brig Fairy arrived at this port to day, bringing dates from Rio Janeiro to the 12th of December. She left In port the United States vessels which bare before been reported. Outside of Rio the Fairy was boarded by the sloopofV war John Adams, from Boston, bound In, with all oo board well, and she brings letter bags from hsr aad other vessels of war. The Fairy sailed in company with the Indicator for New York, and experienced a hurricane off Cape Hate raa, but escaped without damage. The Isnsl Riot. Rocmm, Jan. 20, 1955. "he Sheriff ealled out tbe military to-day, and with a. lsri e police force proceeded to the scene of riot and ar retted about forty of tbe ringleaders In the disturbance, and rrought them to this city. From floaton. DISTBVCTITB fiiuc? heavy SNOW STOirn? va?HBL* MM Bnerov, Jan. 20, 10S5. Tbe up|>er portion of the building 306 Washington stieet, lathis city, was p"r<iaUy destroyed by fire thin J morning. C. C. Helbrook. a large Msr in embroideries aad laces, wbo ocevpM the lower stories, bad bis stock