Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. James eoRoon bkjv.mktt, PROPRIETOR A.VD EDITOR. imci X. W. OOK.VBH or s-issec AXD FULTON m. nil MS. -iuA in aJranee. THE I' AIL V HER 4LO 1 renlt per -?rv? 17 Mr an, turn THE HEEKL V HERALD every Saturday at T7lZt? Mr top\. or $3 prr annum; the European edition >4 per an mm. to my p,irt ?/ Great BrUaU, jnd 16 to any part of He th itinent. Mk to include pott.iee VOLUSTAR V I ORRESVOXUESCH, contain* n? imnor ?li.iud from any quarter ^ SuSoHd-SfSZd wlU ke liberally paiil for. WOr* Fob.i#* Con re, row f" i" l*ABXrci'I.ABl* M miMTIXI TO (SAL ALL lirnu tus PiOtamttiiT in, Volume XX ?#? ** AMCSEMEVTS TOMORROW EVENING. MOABVtT TUIATKE, Broadway?' CisbbEblia - Tub Ojimibi s. ?OWERT THEATRE Buworr? W*pt or Wuh-tow vim UniM) As ir I?? Ibish Asiu*a?ci tm ? ajvkbb Moi>c?tv. MORTON'S TBEATRE, Chamber* (tmt? Ouk Sbt? Wom.i'i Lif*. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway? Tows and Cour ts*? Th a LitlTIC. METROPOLITAN THEATRE, Broadway? E>jvb?tbi am P*??0?MA!?CKS. AMERICAN MUSETJM-Art?rnoom? Evil BybQimtb at Huai. ETentn* ? Haomth. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mechanics Hall, 472 Broadway. BCCELEY'3 OPERA BOUSE, 1 39 Broadway? Buom lir a Ethiomab Ofbba Tboupb. DONALDSON'S OPERA HOUSE? Hopt Chapel, 718 and |Oi Bntdway. New York, Sunday, January its, 1855, The Hem, Tbe Unfed States Senate wu not in session yes tarda v. In the House Mr. Kerr offered a resolution, which was adopted, calling on the President for in form ition whether, in any correspondence with onr minister at Madrid and the Spanish government, it is insisted by the latter that the treaty ot 1795, be tween the two countries, is not applicable to the colonies of Spain. The resolution was offered , said Mr. Kerr, at the request of a distinguished states nan who hai formerly represented the country abroad. Spain denies that courts of justice are ?pen to our citizens for the collection of debts, which the treaty referred to undertook to guar in tee. The French Spoliation bill wai again discussed in Committee of the Whole, and amended bo as to re semble the bill reported by the committee of the Benate. It finally passe 1 the House by a vote oi 110 to 76. An amusing episode to the proceedings, ariginated by Mike Walsh, is detailed by our re. porter. On Friday afternoon, for the first time sines the commencement of the discretion in the Assembly on the prohibitory liquor law, the debate attained the dignity of an argument. We publish under the ap propria te head a sketch of the speeches delivered, including the remarks of Mr. Colemun, and the let ter of Mayor Wood, cemocstrating the feasibility of enforcing tbe existing laws restricting the sale of liquor. The debate was continued yesterday. By resolution of the New York Senate, the com mittee having in charge the subject of harbor en croachments were yesterday allowed leave sf ab sence, to afford them an opportunity of thorougoly Investigating the matter, ihis committee, it is un derstood, wiil co-operate with a deputation from the New Jersey Legislature. Gov. Prioe, Gov. Clark, and a large number of otaer distinguished person ages will take part in the deliberation. The con ference will be held on Thursday next, at the Astor House. The prompt measures adopted by the Mayor to prevent the landing ot the Italian convicts, now on their way to this port in a Sardinian man-of-war, are hacked up by the general government, as will be seen by the following note addressed by the United States District Attorney to Collector Reifield Nkw Yokk, Friday, January 2'i, 1855. Sir? I enclose a letter from Sr. \ aleiro, the Secretary ?f legation from Sardinia. May I auk that the reroute cutter may be despatched, bo tliut the officer corum ink ing the Sardinian frigate, to whom the letter la ad dressed. may receive it before entering the harbor. With respect. your ob't servant, JOHN llcKEON, U. 8. District Attorney. To H. J. Rkdkiklp, Collector. The letter In question is from the Sardinian Mini* ter at Washington, addressed to the commander of tbe frigate, and directing him not to land said convicts. Accounts of shipwrecks up->n tbe coast c jine tn upon us thick acd fast. The bark Nazvene, Capt. Pendleton, from this port on Thursday last, bound to Matanisas, stranded on Friday morning, opposite Merrick, Long Island. Fortunately her crew sac- I needed in reaching the shore. The latest advices from the ship Sullivan, ashore on Fire Island, state that her cargo will probably be saved , but there is i no hope for the vessel. It is reported that a whale ship went on shore near Shelton Island, Sag Har bor, last Wednesday night. We give elsewhere ac counts of three disasters, and likewise of others to the eastward, caused by the stormi that have pre vailed during tbe patt wtek. Hon. Luther Severanoe died at Augusta, Me., on Tuesday. He was the editor of the leading whig newspaper in Maine, served several terms in Con gress in the House of Representative*, and was ap pointed Commissioner to the Sandwich Islands by Mr. Fillmore. He received his education in the printing office of the National Intelligencer, where be served an apprenti eship. By therfficial report ot the City Inspector wo learn that tbe total number of deaths during the past week was 437, viz.: 79 men, 86 women, 131 boys and 141 girls, being a decrease of 30 on the mottallty of tbe week previous. Th*re were 62 deaths of con ?umption, 35 of inflammation of the lungs, 13 of bronchitis, 9 of oongestion of tbe lungs, 10 of diar rhoea, 7 of dysentery, 13 of congestion of the brain, 13 of dropsy in the head, 5 of apoplexy, 7 of inflam mation of the brain, 49 of convulsions (infantile), 16 of croup, 4 of deliriam tremens, 30 of st arlet fe ver, 8 of typhus tever, 15 of marasmus (infantile), 12 of measles, and 4 of old age. There were 2 pre mature birth* and 21 cases of stillborn. The fol- I lowing Is tbe classification of diseases Hones, I joints, Ac., 2; brain and nerves. 102; generative organs, G; heart acd bloed vessels, 15: lnngs. throat, Ac., 144; old age, 4; skin, &c., eruptive fevers, 47; stillborn and prematnre births, 23; stomach, bowels and digestive organs, 61 : uncertain seat and general fevers, 32; nrirary orgars, 1; unknown. 1. There were 6 deaths from violent causes. Of the whole comber 86 were inmates of the various public in stitutions. Tbe table of nativity gives 306 natives of tbe United States, 75 of Ireland, 34 of Germany. 9 of England, and the balance or different Kuro;?ean countries. Cotton continued tirm yesterday, and the sales embraced about 1,300 bales, including about 500 on tbe spot and 800 do. in tmn'itu, at full prices. The ?took on sale continued light, and most of the ordt nary to good middling lota offeiing were held above tbe views of buyers. Hour was rather more active, ?I unchanged prices. The sales Included about 4,000 bbls. common State for export. White Cana dian wheat, duty paid, sold at $2 36. Genssee and Southern were nominal. Cotn closed at 96c. a 9*c., mostly at tbe latter figure, for Ssuthern yellow and white. Provisions were steady, and the sales in cluded some parcels of lard, baron, beef and pork for export. Out readers are referred to the account In another column of the search yesterday, by the revenue r fti - t-ere, of the steamer Massachusetts, recently seized en complaint of the Spanish Consul, on suspicion of being engaged for a lilihustering expedition up ?n tbe island of Cnbs. We publish in another part of today's paper a long aid Interesting letter from a correspondent at Kiagslon, Jsmaica, giving an amusing and instrnc tive description of a tour round the island, Including all tbo? points of attraction which would naturally excite the attention of a traveller. We pnbUsb to day an Important letter from S*n D mingo giving interesting details of the progress of the Caaeiean negotiation". It now apisars that the French and 'English governments have lamed a ?ort of injuncMon to prevent the Dominican gov err men t fro-4 making any treaty with the United State* TVis U oeitainly very singular conduct. O^i onr inside pages, in addition to other inter ceding matter, to which we have not space to refer Inert particularly, may be found letters from our correspondents at London, Paris and Berlin, and a number of extracts from foreign journals about the war, a perusal of whish will add much to tbe read er's stock of Intelligence inspecting the condition of things abroad. The severely cold weather has rendered the navi gation of the Ohio river impracticable above Gin cinati, in consequence ef the accumulation of ice. Foreign Intervention In China. It is beyond a doubt that the year 1855 is destined to effect notable changes in the rela tions existing between China and foreign pow ers. The revolution has reached a point where intervention, direct or indirect, has become almoBt a matter of necessity, from the impossi bility of distinguishing between the government de jure and the government de facto. Some time back, it became obvious to the plenipo tentiaries of the commercial powers, that it was advisable to optn direct communication with the belligerents in order to ascertain their views, and intentions with regard to foreign powers; and accordingly the Susquehanna ascended the Yeang-tse-Kear.g as far a8 Nan. kin, where intercourse was held with the insurgent leaders. We are not yet fully in formed of the net result of the expedition; but it is no secret that so far as gaining any con cessions from the insurgent chief, it "was abso lutely a failure. The language held and prin ciples avowed by the officers of the Tae-ping Wang were a mixture of barbaric ignorance and profanity : he claimed to be the brother of Je=us Christ, which is the title usually assumed by the Chinese Emperors; and showed even less desire to cultivate the friendship ol the outside barbarians than the monarch* he seeks to subvert. Upon this, the envoys of the foreign powers resolved to communicate with the other party -the government dejute- and the British and Lmted States Ministers undertook an expedi tion to ascertain the views of the Emperor. They have not yet returned. Whatever reception they meet with, it is cer tain that foreign intercourse with China during the coming year must take place on a very different looting from the past. So long as the imperialists and insurgents continue to tight on the Yeang-tse-Keang and its shores, collisions with foreigners may constantly be expected; and it is reasonable to look forward to some thing more serious than the recent brush at Shanghae. Again, at the rate the insurgents have been progressing during the past year or two, the chances are that they will shortly succeed in expelling the imperialists from the five ports; and questions will then arise as to the payment of duties, &c., in which it will go bard but foreigners will find themselves in volyfd in the struggle. It is quite necessary that some understanding should be had with either party, or both, as to the ground which foreigners must occupy. The safety of our citi zens and our ships require it: it is loudly de manded by the interests of our future trade. If there were any reason to believe that the iebel Tac-ping-AV ang was an improvement on the Mantchoo dynasty, the question might be easily solved. But from the best accounts, it seem* that neither he nor his followers are any nearer civilization than the ruling house. Allusions to the Bible and to biblical history have, it is true, been found In their prr^Um*. Hons; they have waged unrelenting war upon idols ; and hence it has been inferred that they were Protestants, and intended to christianize China. But this belief rests on very slender foundation. Christianity gained a foothold in China earlier than in England. For at least twelve centuries there have been Chris tians in parts of China; now persecuted by the Mandarins, now protected by an enlightened Emperor; now numerous, now few In numbers, but never wholly extinguished. Many es^ teemed works in Chinese literature were writ ten by Christians; and it is quite possible that the scrups of Christian history displayed in the Chinese proclamation were borrowed from these sources. But, in truth, there is nothing in the manifestoes or Tae-ping-Wang which might not have emanated from the Mussulmans who live iu certain parts of the empire. They are just such confused jumbles as a half-Mussul man ha If. Chinese might be expected to make. . Protestant missionaries have made much noise about them, beciuse the supposition that the insurgents were Christians naturally sup posed great zeal and success on their part: but we must wait till something more tangible ap pears Wore we can attach faith to the alleged conversion of the nation. It is quite clear that like all revolutionary leaders. Tae-ping ang will wage war ou everything which bears traces ol the present dynasty; and this would fully account for his destruction ol the images. He intents probably to set others up in their stead, quite as absurd and as foolish, but bearing no connection with the Mantchoo Tartar. On the other hand, the imperial cause is (|uite as unpromising. The whole government of China is steeped in corruption to the core. Higotry. fanaticism, ignorance knavery, false hood. these are the characteristics of the officials of the empire from the Emperor to his lowest foot soldier. Every Chinaman steals, and hates foreigner.. In other respect, they differ rom I Cich other, but in these they are all alike lo this day a foreigner canuot avail himself of the privilege conceded by the last treaty, aud walk the streets of Canton: the populace would stone him: and to appeal to the courts for re dress would be simply to waste time. In a word. then, if the war continues without decisive success on either side, our trude will be unsafe. If the insurgents are *ucce?sfnl | i ae-ping-Wang Is quite ignorant and faithlcai enough to refuse to be bound by the treat v. and to close the five ports. H the imperialists pre vail. the present system of corruption and kna very and exclusion will continue. A very grave responsibility rests upon those who represent foreign interests abroad at this conjuncture. It is obvious that the present distracted Mat* of Chinese affairs offers an op portunity ot which a judicious diplomatist will not be slow to avail himself. rrned interven tu n on either ?ido is of course not to be thought of: hut now that dunger is clearing the sight of the Mantchoos. they are likely ?0 be less averse than they Mere to admit foreigners to commer rial privileges, and the latter arc bound in jus- I tice to themselves, not to allow a band of rebels to deprive them of rights wnich tb*y have de rived fr< m fhe existing government. It Is a question of international law whether a nation ' has a right to refuse to folerate foreigner* wjth in its borders. The result of oar expedition to Ja|xui rather tends to establish the negative; and tie treaty which followed the opinm war admits of a similar interpretation. If the prin ciple be established that no government has a right to exclude foreigners from its coasts, why from the interior of its country? Why from any part of itB dominions where they could be useftil ? Theatrical Enterprise in tike United States. The statistics of theatrical enterprises would form a curious chapter in the history of specu lation. More money bas been unprotitably expended in catering for the public amusement than in almost any other sort of operation. The prizes, though brilliant, are comparatively rare in the lottery of theatrical ventures. To the uninitiated they are apparently as fugitive and difficult of attainment as the successful chances of the gaming table; but nevertheless, like those chances, they are to be secured by a certain degree of tact and skill. The his tory of the great European theatres presents a long list of lamentable failures, broken only here and there by an epoch of successful man agement. Not to go further buck than our own days, we have seen a Macready and a Bunn falling through in Drury Lane, whilst a Chelseu publican has since contrived to reap a golden harvest out of the same establishment. Mr. Smith is not a theatrical pedant like Ma cready, nor a writer of bad ballads like Bann, but he seems to combine those qualities which are essential to success in his position. In that pleasure loving city, Paris, we observe the same curious result. Neither there, any more than in London, does mere professional talent or experience insure success in the admin if tration of a theatre. Those who have read the memoirs of Dr. Veron will remember how that clever charlatan converted into a profitable speculation the operatic fail ures of a score of his predecessors. The fact is that a skilful manager must be a thorough man of the world, which artists in nine cases ont of ten are not. He must possess not only rare powers of combination, but an accurate knowledge of human nature. A theatre is a miniature despotism, the economical and social well being of which depends entirely upon the statesmanlike qualities and judgment of its ruler. The annals of theatrical enterprise in this country, notwitstanding the wider field that ex ist* for speculation, offer but few exceptions to these conditions of success. If we were to ?trace the circumstances of each oase, we would find that where failure has ensued it is attribut able less to the indisposition of the public to patronize than to the incapacity of the manner to conduct. The instances are r.ire indc 1 which we find men in this position rise to 1 level of its requirements. They in m in stances know bat little of art. and spend their efforts in blind experimnitH upon the public taBte. The first theatrical peculator who reduced tbe business to something like a science in this country, and who attempted results on a magnificent scale, was that eccentric and uni versal genius, who is just now occupying the world with bis eacapadet. the Chevalier Wi koff. Every one is acquainted with the tact, the skill, and the talent for creating excite ments which that accomplished and modest individual possess in so eminent a degree. Through all his subsequent career, remarkable as it baa been, those qualities have never been more happily displayed than in his manage ment of Fanny Ellsler 'a theatrical tour through the United States. With a heart more fresh than that which he had to offer Miss Gamble, he thought Fanny a divinity, and he succcedcd in making all the world agree with him in opinion. He knew his public so well, that we verily believe if he had chosen to install her as the Goddess of Reason, he would have attracted as mauy votaries to her tbrinc as worshipped the beautiful effigy ele vated in the Champ de Mars in tbe frenzy of French republican enthusiasm. No cicerone of histrionic or Terpsichorean talent that ban since followed him has ever succeeded in so effectually controlling the wires of public feeling in these matters as VVikoff. He knew at odcc how to appeal to the aristocratic prejudices of the ?' upper ten," and the levelling tendencies of the less wealthier classes. By his shrewdness and adroitness be made a splendid fortune for Ellsler. and attracted a host of imita tors in bis wake. Bumum copied him in his speculation with Jenny Lind, but it was at best but a course and vulgar parody. Ellsler, though a mere dancer, has, through Wikoff's gentle manly and skilful management, left behind her the impression of high urtistical ex cellence. while Jenny Lind's fame will go down to posterity associated with the mer maid, the woolley horse. Joyce Ileth. and the other equally elegant and interest ing collectanea of tbe American Museum. In a pecuniary point of view, tbe Swedish nightingale made a profitable affair of it; but if she has tbe feelings of an artist, the money that she gained during her visit here will hardly compensate her for the humiliation and mortificution she must experience on finding herself figuring in Barnum's book, amongst the iiiembeis of "the happy family.'' Various have been the speculations tried with European artists ->ince that period, and unprofitable in most instances have been the results. But the gieatest failure, both in an artistio and moneyed sense, has lieen that ex perimcnt which was so proudly heralded, and which excitcd such extravagant hopes? the engagement of Mario and (irisi. Great names in Europe ? well known names here ? their advent was supposed to carry with it the cer tainty of success. How have those hopes been fulfilled? By disappointment to tbe public, disappointment to the artists, disappointment to the manager, und loss nearly to every one concerned. Had those deservedly es teemed singers fallen into proper hands, roch an unfortunate result could not have occurred. Their merits must have successfully carried them through. But with the dead weight which their manager contrived to heap upon their shoulders, it was impossible for them to avoid sinking. Ignorant of his public, incapable even of properly governing a theatre, and. al>ovc all. deficient in that courte sy and conciliation of manner which are indis pensable in a person placed in bin position, Mr Hackett did all that a man could do to ruin his own enterprise. He forgot in the first place that the ape ot theatrical excitements was ,>ast with us. and that what Wikoff and B&rnutn had so successfully accomplished wm no longer possible. But his greatest mistake was to carry into his enterprise bis proverbial worship Of tbe wealthy parrmuf of tbe Fifth avenue. and to suppose that he ooald ignore the general public In hie anxiety to minister to the silly pride and vanity of a class. His pretended auction tales, the indirect appeals to the onriodty of the public in the person of that fascinating creature, Miss Coutts, and his adherence to high prices after he found that high prices would not pay, all exhi bited an absence of tact, judgment, and an obstinacy that could not fail to mar the specu lation. After he installed his company in the Academy of Music, that remote and classic temple which costs to vulgar mortals a painful pilgrimage to reach, he thought himself Bafe, but he soon discovered to bis cost, that our cod fish aristocracy are not so liberal of their money in matters of this sort as the less weal thy of our citizens, and that without the sup port of the latter no operatic or theatrical speculation can succeed. The lesson, however, came too late to profit Mr. Hackett. More is the pity. Let us hope that it will not be lost on those who succeed him. Santa Anna Tihned Slavedealer.? Under this caption we mentioned some time since, on the authority of our Mexican correspondent, that a rumor was current in the capital that Santa Anna had turned slavedealer, and was selling the Yucatan Indians, captured by gov ernment troops, at so much per head. The story turns out true, as we then believed it to be, in every particular. A correspondent wri ting to us from Campeachy, informs ub that there were in that port on the 21st of December last, upwards of forty Yucatan Indians, which were about being shipped on board the Mexican schooner "Jacinto." to be sent to Havana, and there sold as slaves. Our correspondent also sends us the protest of some of these unfortu nate Indians, then in prison in Merida. who are also to be sold into the same bondage. We publish the translation of this protest in another column, as well as a letter from Senor Bonilla to the Governor of Yucatan on the sub ject of the infamous traffic. Both of these doc uments prove beyond a doubt that, to raise money, Santa Anna has entered into extensive arrangements for selling the Indians of his ter ritories to Cuban and other customers. Such a gross outrage on humanity is sufficient, if shadows of other coming events were wanting, to prove that the downfall of the Mexican dic tator is at band. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Interesting from Albany. THE Tl VKRaNCB BILL? MB. O'KMFB'S OPINION OF MB. LEIG II ? IMPORTANT MEETING KKI. ATI VK TO HARBOR KNTROACI1MENTB? BKVI8ION OF THB MI LITIA LAW?? t THBCST AT SEWARD? SCHOOL MONET FOR THE PITS POINTS MISSION. Albany, Jan. 27, 1855.

Yesterday afternoon, during the debate on the Tempe rance bill, one of tbe richest scenes of the session oc curred. Mr. Coleman having concluded an able speech in opposition to the bill, Mr. Ieigh arose and remarked that nearly all tbe speeches made against the Tempe rance bill were unworthy a reply; but the one just made by the gentleman (Mr. C.) who liad just resumed his seat, was of an entirely different character. He (Mr. L.) felt bound to answer those remarks, inaamocb as be deemed him (Mr. C.) worthy of It. Whereupon Mr. O'Keefe rose upon hi* feet, and delivered one of tbe most excoriatibg > pte> bes of the session. Directing his re marks in a direction not misunderstood, he wanted to know who this gnat man was who thus affects to despise | the effort* of weak soil pusillanimous men like himself (Mr. O'K.) Is he some famous statesman, whose sagacioua views In the Cabinet or in the Senate have covered his i country and his name with immortal glory t Or is he j some great jurist, the brillisncy of whose mind, and the ; scintillations of whose genius have shed imperishable 1 lustre on the jurisprudence of his country; er, Mr. Chairman, I* be soim two-penny retailer of broken china ware and dsmaged decanters, in the upper part of . the city of New York, whose name is lisped with affec , tionate reference by all the old women in tbe country, to ( whom be habitually toadies? Out upon such a self-con ! stituted leader, who condescends to speak to everybody! , Nay, (even to me! Why, air, one wonld think this man I was the chief of some protection guard, and that when | he opeaed his valves and raised his mighty arm that any ' man within the range of his influence would be crushed ! and annihilated. Such an indiviilaal, with scarce ca | pacity sufficient to retail broken and damaged decanters, ; assuming the leadership of the Maine law host! Mr. O'Keefe challenged the honorable gentleman alluded to | to arise on the floor of the bouse and support his dirty { and illegitimate bantling. The gentleman alluded to did not deign to reply. The Mouse during the delivery of . the speech, of which the above is only a sketch, exhib : tated symptoms of high gratitlc ation. An interesting conference tn relation to New York bar i bor encroachments, is to be beM at the Aator House rn ' Thursday of next week. Ihr dignitaries present will be, his Excellency Governor ( lark, of this State, tbe Corn mittee on Commerce of tbe Senate and Aaeeaably, toge ther with his Excellency Rodman M. frtee, Governor of New Jers^. accompanied with the ?iwiilai uemmittosa of 1 the 1 egislature or that Kate, lb* oktject is to consult upon the propriety of instituting some united action to protect the harbor of New York, and also of Jersey City, i from encroachments by the building and extern-ion of ' bulkheads and piers inte the waters of tho?* harbors, to tbe detriment ot navigation. This meeting will be an interesting one, and no doubt call together a large col. j lection of the commercial gentlemen of New York. In relation to this subject, the se nate adopted the follow- I in*, offered by M. Hutchins ? Whereas, the Governor and Committee* on Commerce ! from tbe Se-nate and Assembly of the State of New J?r- j sey are to be in the city of New York on Thursday, the fit nt day of February . therefore Resolved, That the Committee of Commerce of the Sen - ate have leave ef absence to meet the said Governor and committee*, for the purpose of taking into considsration the best method of protecting the harbor of New York from encrrachment. The militia laws of tbe first division have been tho roughly revised by Brigade Major Cocks, member of the Honse, and lie ha* prepared and laid before that body many remodifications ot tbat laws. The alterations are ' quite numerous, and many of them of such importance | to the welfare of the division that they should be closely scrutinised. The general officers of the divisions and , brigades asy as well attend to this matter. Perhaps tbe multitude ol amendments of Major locks are ail right , and proper, stitl the welfare of the militia demands that those laving it in active charge should exercixe eternsl vigilance. I'pon examination, it will be found that con siderable innovation is proponed upon the present dutri bntion of the commutation fuad. Mr. i'ettf introduced "Sam'' into the Hou?e today j in tbe following *bape ? Re?olved, Tbat in the now distracted state of parties, it is the duty of the legislature to cast off the bonds of paitv leaders, and vote only for such men for the office of I mted States Senator as have shewn themselves by their acts, speeches and votes that they are true to the i interests of tbe 5tate, to the public achools and to the whole country. j A member nam* to debate tbe above, necessarily threw , over the consideration of the reeolution to a succeeding day. But oa Monday it will be tailed up, and the first actual Know Nothing' demonstration made this session will then he exhibited. There are more than twenty m-mbersnho have been anxiou* to open their safety | valves in defence of '-Sam" ever since tbe commence ment of the oetslon. This will afford them an opportuni ty. Their strength will then, for the first time, be made public, and their constituent* will discover how many remain true to the profession* made before they wire elected. Tbe Seward whig* listened to the reading of tie resolution with surprise They will exert every means in tbeir power, either to defeat the resolution or to lay it on the table. The <(uestions will aria*? Is Wil li* m H. Seward a true man '-to the whole country?" I* he in favor of the "public ?cbools,'' without any dis ! crimination- I)oe< Daniel I'Uman Of den HolTnaan, <sr Francis firanger ctme within the rule prescribed in the resolution!' A large crowd will undoubtedly be present to bear the discus-ion on Monday: it will ecllpae all the bombast and fanfaronade expended on tbe famous pro hibitory bill. Tlua vote will decide the fate of the free soil aspirant foi re-election. Mr. Patty ia a delegate from the Thirteenth ward. Eleventh diatrict, of tbe city of New York. He is one of the independent, unshackled, uncollarsd members of the Houae. He ia ratber whig Bull, though he is in no way committed to the views of the dictator* to the present* State adm oistration His conatitaent* may fWI safe, therefore, that their Inte reeta are in impartial hands. Tbe bill for distributing school moneys among the Five Points industrial schools pa??ed tbe Senate this moraing. There can be no reasonable objection to it; Ita sacoea* in tbe Houae caaaot reaacnably lie doubted Arrival af the Knuvlll* at Savannah. Savanxam, Jan. 34. 1356. Tbe steamship Knoxvtll* arrived here to-day, after a psseage ef seventy six boars from New York. Ripe rteeeed * |*le off Cspe Matter**, ill u hoard are well. HUM Mates Ifrwn CmmrU Washington, Jan. 27.1855. 11m fallowing etui will com* up In the Supreme Court next wMk ? Monday, No. 49, Booth t*. Clark; Tuesday, No. 50, Bruoe ?*. the United States; No. 51, Hendrickson vs Hinckley; Wednesday, No. 52, Steven* ?*. Gladdine; Thursday, No. A3, Short*, ex'rs, ?*. the State of Pennsyl vania. Friday, No. 54, Wright vs. Matheaon. Death of Hon. Luther Severance. Boston, Jan. 27, 1855. The Hon. Luther Severance died at hi* residence in Augusta, Me., on Thursday night la*t. From Baltimore. THE SOUTHERN MAIL? BUSINESS IN NEW OKI. HANS. Baltimore, Jan. 27, 1855. We have received the N*w Orleans paper* of Sunday last, and those from intermediate place* as late a* due. The opening of the river navigation had revived business, and matters wore an improving aspect. From Toronto. CHANGES IN THE CANADIAN MINISTRY. Toko.vto, Jan. 27, 1855. Mr. Cbabot has retired from the Chief Commissioner ship of the Public Works, and is succeeded by Mr. Li mieux. Mr. Cheveau has ceased to be Provincial Secre tary, and hi* successor has not yet been announced Mr. Cauchon succeeds Mr. Morin as the Commissioner of the Crown Lands, and Mr. Bidgley is appointed Judge o the Court of Queen's Bench. Destructive Conflagration. FIBS AT MONTREAL? LOSS $16,000. Montreal, Jan. 27, 1855. A fire broke out here at ten o'clock on Thursday night, and destroyed Allen's extensive chair factory, near tbe Lachine Canal. The loss is $15,000, of wliich only one fourth i* insured. FIBEB AT HAHTFORD. Hartford, Conn., Jan. 27, 1855. The tobacco manufactory and warehouse of Ira Baxter, recently belonging to Messrs. Fuller ft Burnham, was destroyed by fire last night. Loss on stock $10,000, and on building $2,600. Insured for $5,000. The sash and blind factory of Meek h Teft was destroyed here this eveniag by fire, which it is supposed was caused by an incendiary. Loss $2,000. Insured $6C0 only, in a Boston office. United State* Senator from Louisiana. Nkw Ori.ka.nh, Jan. 24, 1855. The Hon. John Slidell, dem., wan to-day elected by the Legislature of Louisiana ai their reprepresentative in the United States Senate, by twenty-eight majority. We are in the receipt of later dates from Texas, but there if no news worth telegraphing. Later from Mexico. Nkw Orlra.vs, Jan. 25, 1855. The steamship Orizaba has arrived at this port with Mexican dates te the 19tli inst. Several successful attacks on the insurgents by govern ment troops are reported, and the revolution is said to be croshcd out in Vexaea. The formal taking possession of the Mesilla Valley by the United States authorities is officially announced in the Mexican papers. From Chicago. RAILROAD COMMUNICATION STOPPED, ETC., ETC. Chicago, Jan. 27, 1856. The rccent snow storms have again blocked up the railroad trains due here from the South and West. No train from St. Louis has arrived for a week, and at that city navigation had entirely ceased. Fortyeight miles below here the river is gorged wit h ice. In the channel to Cairo there is only four feet of water. A Railroad Conductor Killed. Troy, Jan. 27, 1855. A conductor on a freight train of the Central Railroad, name! C. A. Curtis, was instantly killed this morning by striking his head against a beam in Cohoes bridge. He was en top of the car at the time of the accidenti and stood with his back turned towards the bridge, and striking it, broke his neck. Arrest of a Mall Robber at Hartford. Hartford, Jsn. 27, 1865. Mr. Holbrook, the Post Office agent, caused the arrest to-day o( the ticket master, at Willimantic, of the New London and Palmer Railroad, for robbing the mails. The evidence of his gnilt is conclusive. He was brought to this city, and is now in custody in the jail here. Condition of (He Ohio River. Cincinnati, Jan. 27, 1855. The Ohio river is not now navigable above this point, in consequence of the accumulation of ice. Accident to a Blew Yorker. Wilkkprarrk, Pa.. Jan. 27, 1865. The long bridge over the Susquehanna at Towanda fell yesterday, slightly iojurlng Mr. Dillon H- Brown, of New York. The Somerset and Kennebec Rallrosul. Watxrvillk, (Me.), Jan. 27, 1855. The first passenger train from Augusta, over the Som erset and Kennebec Railroad arrived here this evening. The Weather. OcDKKHRt'RO, Jan. 27, 1856. A severe snow storm has been raging here fur thirty four hours, with continually increasing violence. The snow is now eighteen inches lieep on a level, and still falling. The wind blows a gale from the northwest, and the thermomet< r stancs at 17 degrees above tero. ? Wathrtowm, Jan. 27?10 A. M. A snow storm has been raging bete tor thirty hours, and it is now eighteen inches deep; thermometer at 7 A M. 13 degrees above zero. Boston, Jan. 27 ? 10 A. M. The weather here is clear and flne. The thermometer stands at 20 degrees above zero. Calai*. Me., Jan. 27?10 A. M The weather is quite mild, and it is snoeing a little. The wind is east. Eawpokt, Me., Jan. 27 ? 10 A. M. It rained and snowed here all last night. The weather is mild and wind southeast. Montreal, Jan . 27? 4 P. M. On Friday afternoon the flr?t real snow storm of the season commenced here. Wednesday and Thursday were brilliant days, but shortly alter noon on Friday, snow began to fall very heavily, and baa continued to do so up to this time, and there is now aevtral feet of snov on the ground. The mails are very much delayed. Okwioo, Jan. 27?4 P. M. A snow storm has been raging here for about thirtv fotir bonrs with great violence. The snow is now 18 Inches deep. The storm began with a northeast wind. It is now northwest and blows a perfect gale. The ther mometer stands at 20 degrees above rero. Markets. PHILADELPHIA fTOCE BOARD. Philadelphia, Jan. 27, 1856. Stocks are firm today. We quote Reading at 361, , Morris Canal, 14?,; tanglslaud Railroad, 15Jfi Pennsyl vania Railroad, 4.';jf, and Pennsylvania rives at 88. ITie money market is easy. Nrw Oki.fans, Jan. 24, 1865. The sales of cotton on Monday and Tuesday reached 12,000 bales, at 7?{e. a 8e. for middling. New ORLKASfl, Jan. 25, 1855. Our .cotton market baa been dull to-day, and the ten dency is liewnward. Sales 5,000 bales, at 7>?e. a 7\c. for middling. Marine Affairs. For Kuropi:.? The steamship Hermann, ('apt. Higgins, sailed at noon yesterday for Bremen via Southampton, with thirty-seven passengers, and t22,74A In specie For Cauporku ? The steamship Northern Light, Capt. Tinklepaugh. sailed yesterday afternoon for San Juan, Nicaragua, with [assenger* bound to the 1'acilc and California. GRKAT PRRroRWAMCIt? Cl-IPPTR BlflP WITCHCRAFT.? This fast clipper arTived a few days since in sixty-nine "lays from the Chincha Islands via St. Thomas. Her passage, the round voyage from New York via San Francisco, ia believed to be the shortest on recird. She sailed from New York on the 9tli cf May last, arrived out in ninety, seven days right hours, sailed thence Aug. 28, arrived In Callao Oct 8, performing the voyage in eight months and foiut'en day a, which has never been equaJled by any ship, by near a month. She ia owned by Messrs. Meigau & Co., of Boston, and will be again dispatched under her present commander. Ca|t. Freeman, to .S?a Francisco, on bar fourth voyage. Personal Intelligence. The New Bedford Mrrcvry says that ex Governor Clif ford is now convalescent, and with 4very prospect of be ing able to resume the Important duties of his profession in the course of a few days. The Boston correspondent of the I'awturket Cai'ttt says that Got. Gardner will rttain Mr. Clifford in his of fice of Attorney General. Mr. Clifford waited upon him to tetder his resignation, but the Uovernor warmlf re- I monstrateii. The writer adds that the Governor feels the , deficiency of the new party in talent, aad often alludes ' to It. Governor Wright, of Indiana, expects on a vlait to Inn i at Indianapolla. on the 'Aid of February, Governors .lohu j ?on, of Tennessee. Powell, of Kentucky . Medill. of Ohio; and Matterson, of Illinois. DIPARTtRES. Fet fte?lksiaptn? and Drimoa, la Ihe ?Warn Mf> iter tnana ? ? I. Kiassley, New llavoa. Ales Sltaia, X Ps'.f. i t ars; L 1. Ill sit, I C llvatt Mrs Hahlwta Nee V r ; C > >;c??ll, ?aa Irsscieu: i * Auk, l'hUa4?'pUa, A Ma ??.. ( Otto Dsagtwg, Adolph De battle, Ntw Task; M A AMw. Boiton; F A SebrondM, Ntw V*rk; N Tliill Ullaeii; t Field. Canada; J Rnckert, Savannah; A Ftasri, A liiuU. G Beieredi. Mrs Trip gait. I.ortn Berk, New fork; Mrs f Fiieher, Ohio: Mra Maris Edenger, MiesMarr Jtkuta. Mi*s Eliia Bernard, F W**termann, F Konre, lbs 8 Blaadford . Dr Jame* llarria, New York: O F Dana, T Fioaoh, Wlaoon fin; B P Acker*. Main*; L Foul, Now Tort; Andrew BnLean. Total, ?. For 8 Adam* < Major G __ _ infant and tenant; TA Wakemau, Bra W S Horn and in fant, Mr* J T Wilton, Wm Blinding, Mr T Barry, Wm Schal and wife, Juatinian C'aired, wife, child and servant, E E Johmon, J W Ryder. E Carter, Bra J V Fletcher, Miaa R Darrdh, M i*n M Parker, 8 W Kichardron, John later and two ?ervanta, B Savlge and aervant. Bra Wm Scott, A Wller. Thoi 8 Hike. II Birdiall, 8 SUver, 8 8 Smith. Jan, William Foirnrty, Mrs Guntrum, John Allman aud trifle, w 8 Com Muck. W A Banaum, W BrLana and wife, Mrs Cath BUler, W Mowbray, wife and child, P Billar, Robert A Boater and wife, W Skew era, N Denton. Min E Frrtuaoa, Owen Tolley, Wm I'atteraon. Jr. Mia* Eli* Fowler, M I'oeaoUv. Bias Ca therine Donnelly, Miaa Mary A Deran, M Judge. 8 Judge, p Atkinain, I' I'helan, J Miller, P Keirnan aad wife, J o l.ightcap, II Dunn and aoa, l?r J Retta, Mr* iu BcDeroaot, lira M Kelly, Miaa M A Kelly, Jolin Greenwald, O MeKniaht, B Van Kline, Miaa IS Siren, John Row*, Mi?s C Bydrick, Mra E 1'feater; Miaa E Hebrew, E Uilman, A M Carter, A M Jones, L Noble, L Bidault, Geo Elllaon aad wife, C StruV Una and wife, Mra C Ford, Mri J ( anary. M Griffin, R Mead. 0 I. Suilth, J S Window. W Davie, 0 C White, Jaa McBeth, John .McBeth T Hooking, Tho* Earl*, W Jackaon, I' Baron, and other* in the steerage, and a anmbar of car riage* for the Jathmu* transit. For Savannah, per ateamer Anpnita? Cbnrtee B Smith, Hon Judge lieniar, C T Haydin and lady, Frod B Haydin, Mark BcCammon, Aaron Ward, Bi*i Ilunter, Miaa Retina I'Uioan, W F Bruah, Mi?? G E Gardnor, Miaa Roweaa Ban ning, Wm B King, C T Foada, K U Harding, aad twelve la steerage. For Norfolk, Peterahurg and Richmond, ia atoamahif Jameaton? 8 Schlesaluger, Mia* Anna Randolph, lliram Jack aon, Mr* Johnremple, Utaa Virginia Raadelph, PatrkV Meinckobir, lady and family, Michael O' Male v. / D Wheeler B Diamond, Miaa E-tcrknapp, Rev John While. R H Gilbert, Peter I' Good. F B Head, G It N iehola aad|laaiy, Zaebariah Oram, and twenty nine in the ateerage. The Hrllbronn Extradition Cue* It will bo recollected that a young lad named Heil bronn wan some time since claimed by the British gov ernment under tbe Aabburton treaty, aa an alleged forger. There wan a difference of opinion between th< federal and State authorities as to the construction the law in this particular ease. Judge Mitchell deciding] on haleeu corpus tbat the charge did not amount to forge] ry, whilst the United States authorities declared that* did. Tbe accused, aa collecter of an English house in Ixmdon, signed on the back of a draft "received for Mc Intosh A Co. A. Heilbronn." He received the monev and having appropriated it to bis own uee, came to thii country. After months of litigation he wa? sent back t< England, but the jndge before whom Be waa then brought, decided tbat the charge did not amount to forge ry, and he was then convicted of a minor offence, fo which be could not have been extradited from thin coun try, and he was sentenced to six year*' personal servi tude. While here his youth, his simplicity of manners, anil his aptitude for penmanship attracted the attention of tbe United States Marshal, an l Joseph Thompson, Kaq. | the Deputy Marshal, who gave him employment as clerk, pending the disposal of his case by the judicia| authorities. A few days since Mr. Thompson received from th| "Poor Captive ' a letter written in a style of such supi rior penmanship, that it would be difficult t? diatinguia It from copperplate. The diction of the prose tells well for the gratitude r the youthful Russian. The liappy versification of hi hapless fate developes au early poetic genius, worthy < a better destiny than the gloomy walla of a peniten tiary. x The prose and poetry will recount his story better tha we can tell it. PITY A POOR CAPTIVE. PKSTOWV1U.K PRISON, ) Reg. 6696? C. 221. j London, Jan. 1, 1855. JOHKPU 1 HOMPM..N, Esq., U. S. D*rcrr Marshal, N*w York ? My Dear Sir ? Had I not on so many occaaiena exp rienced your beneficence, I might Indeed fact apprehei Hire aa to the rf ceptlon this, my unentertaining epiatl would met*, with, but an U?? recepieut of jour eapecu favor during a moHt critical juncture, I may indulge n aelf in the Battering peraua aion that yaurgood will V ward me will neither be lessened nor extingniabed on a. count of my present adversity, and that you will gen roualy pardon the insipid tenor of my eomraunicatloi and the expense of poatage I again r?lu:Utntly entail i yon. 1 hope yon received my letter of the 21 at of June'i due courae. Once more I beg leave to broach the nan topic? that of my unparalleled, unjuxtiflnUe extraditic from the Uaited States territory. I mu*t cunfeaa th> It ia moat humiliating and painful to reflect how I ha< been expelled from a free empire where I sought, whe 1 deeenred.and where I waa legally entitled to protectio t would be below my dignity to make a comparison b ween myself and former fugitive* ; but when 1 eu ? ider bow punctilioua, bow scrupulously eva^/'og t' ederal magistracy were ia such instances, wbea tl claim was valid. I may be excnaed from saying, < becau t ia only too true,) that gross partiality and moons eney characterize the enactments of the legislature my unfortunate caae. As a legal precedent It will ? ubversive of the Brat principles or equity, and all dangeroua to the aubject and the constitution. Sot members of the Legislature would improve their kno ledge of the treaty by consulting a lexicon rather th? digeata ? and the Kxecutive ilmuld refrain from tranal ting foreign subjects until they can correctly constr their own vernacular. . Three months ago I petitioned the United State* Ai basaador in London. From ois Mlence I imagine he <? clinea my request. Meanwhile, I leave no atone u turned to find tie "open sesame," On Cbrlatmaa da made an impromptu recital of my affair la rbvme, aV subjoin it lor your diversion. 1 should be glad if t good people of tiotham would take the bint, aa it mig asaiat in procuring my amnei-'y before I am qnite in < spair. The fe?*t ol my verses are like the hands of Jn tice in extradition cases? unevi u ? a similarity, tbou( that may posaibly awaken a sympathetic feeling on t part of the federals. Like a cat. I >e<-m always to tumble on my legs. J though the discipline is here strict, I meet with urbaui aud forbearance, and the much desired privilege of wr ing to yon to day on blank pu|ier ia proof of it Rio my calamity nearly every ore has beea good to me. PITT A l-OOK CAPTIVK. My Yankee brethren, prey give ear, Whilst 1, in words, not strong, but clear, A curious tale recite. It will, 1 hope again recall , The interest once telt by all In an unlucky wight. In winter eighteen fifty-three, A Russian youth, well bred and free, landed on Uetham'a shore ; From Kngland straightway he had cetrw. In Yankee land to Hod a h>me, Protection to implore. For by designing knaves betrayed, Whose bills at a great risk he paid. He waa in danger brought ; At I*ondon thus left debts behind, In the wrong quarter raised the wi*?l, And now a refuge so ight. Hounds of the law aoon found hi* hatk. And one arrived to take him back, K Funnel, a detective ; Who under the Aahbnrton treaty Asked his surrender. < Kind entreaty " Alas ! 'twas too efTeetive.) Funnel Brat saw the President, And then to Nelson, junior, west, I1 iiitnl States ( omminalener ; James W hiting then advanced the cteiir*? Busteed A Co. attacked the same, For the subjoined petitioner. Hut as the case waa so ilelaved, And I in prison meanwhile laid, (A very alow diversion ') By habeaa corpus Ihiatced sought Relief in the Supreme State Court, From the unjuat coercion. I | Judge Mitchell saw no forgery, Hinted at one man's perjury, ftneseed why the requisition - And though so obvious the pretence, llusteed's nor Emmet's eloqnenee, Could alter my |>o*ltioi : For when Jndge Mitchell had deveec. That I from tbraldrm ahould be free d They disobeyed the order . The federal powert opposed the 9tate, Which served only to create Confusion and disorder. At last, to consummate my cause. By an infraction of tin law* Internet onal an ! local, Hie Executive basely surrendered I'oor Heilbmnn, who the atrlfe enge??ierv?'^ Instrumental and vocal. To I ondon I wa reconveyed, Again in a vile dungeon laid, Kept in dire apprehension ; Then to the Central Criminal Court, Before Judge Martin next waa braugb) Who ended the contention ; For be at once diamianed the caae, (?aid that the bill upon lie face The forgery refuted ; By bla decision thus confirmed. What kind Judge Mitchell had afirme< Nelson alone disputed. The platntiffa, then noway* cow.poae-V My debt a* criminal exposed, With spiteful certitude ? On which the Judge to me awarded, The fearful sentence here recorded, Plx years penal servitude. fo now 1 closely am confined. And for a spell to stay d?stia?d. In the Prison of PeatanviUa: An I though each boae i* very gm-d The discipline though atrlct, not nnw . . i la the Prlaoa of PentonviUe . ' ' Yet atlll for hberty I pine, lamenting the ill-fate ol Mae, That led yon to dlsdalaa me And as 'twas by a falsa pretence, My |??r?ecutore fat me hence, 1 keg J0<j rx'x'<f