Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 8, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 8, 1855 Page 3
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HaFFAWS in EUROPE. I EUROPEAN EMIGRATION. Important Oiwm or Emperor Napoleon. The Paris MoniUur contains a volumaloas report by M . Heartier, President of the Committee on Eu ropean Emigration, to the Secretary of Agriculture, Commerce and Public Works. To this report the following imperial decree ia annexed: ? Napoleon, 4c. On the report of oar Minister, Secretary of State for Agriculture, Commerce and Public Works, we b are decreed, and decree a a follows TIT LI I. Art. 1. There shall be eeUbllahel in the cities of Straaboorg, Paris, Havre, Forbach and St. Lonls, and in other places where the Secretary of tie In terior may flea it necetsary, special commissaries, whose dutv it will be to watch toe movements of Frtnoh and foreign emigrati n, both as a measure ef pollej md for the inter:at of the emigrants. These commissaries and their de' agates will be charged to enforse the measures imposed by the laws and the present decree. Art. 2. In every city fixed apoo by the govern ment there shall be established, under tie control of the Comminary of Emigration, a burean of in telligence, where emigrants wiU obtain gratuitously all information concerning their pasiige through France, their aojoarn on shore, and the preparation of their shipping oontracts. In places where there a? no bureaus of intelli gence, the Commissaries of Emigration, and in their absence, the Commissaries of Police will supply the necessarr information. Art. 3. No foreign emigrant will be allowed to ?ntcr France unless he can prcve that he possesses In money or in property 200 francs in the case of adults, and 80 francs in that of children from six up to fifteen years of age, when arriving bv land: and 160 francs for adults and 60 franos for children from six to fifteen years or age, when arriving by sea. Those who ire provided with contracts, en suring their pasmge through France and their ship eg for a transatlantic country, are excepted n the operation of this clause. All such contracts will be valid only when they are delivered la the form required by the Legislature ef the country Where they have Deen executed. If tee oontract contains the des>riptloa of the emigrant and the necessary indications to establish ? his Identity, it may be used as a passport, after it haa been signed at the French legation or consulate. The legalization by signature shall be gratuitous. Art. 4. The companies or agencies which under take the enrolment or transportation of emigrants must be authorized by the Secretary of Agriculture, Commerce and Public Works, and ftirnlah securi ties of from 16,000 to 40,000 franc?. In case of band, the authorization is to be at any time revocable by the Minister. Art. 6. If the securities are depoalted in money, thsv are to bear an interest of three per cent a year. Theeesums will not be paid back until six months sfter the declaration of the companies that they renoonoe their business ai emigration agents, or until the authorisation is recalled, as tne ease ma/be. Art. 6. The authorised companies or agencies - will be ailowed to employ sub agents, either in France or in foreign countries, provided they are supplied with a regular power of attorney. Tnese companies or agencks will be held respon sible for the acts of their agents. Art 7. The oompanles or agencies of emigration Will be obliged to deliver to the emigrant with whoa they have relations, either in France or in a foreign country, in the absence of a copy of his contract, a special Bulletin indicating his national! ty, bis place of destination, ani the conditions agreed upon for his passage. In twenty-four hours after the arrival of the emigrant at his port of ship ment, the companies or agencies must furnish the Commisary of Emigration with a memorandum, giving the name or the emigrant and the indica tions stipulated In the pre eding paragraph. Art. 8. The baggage and provisions or the emi grants crossing tne French territory by way of rail road, will not be subjected at the French frontier to the examination or the custom house ofllcers, and the marking of their effects, unless in case of suspicion of fraud. The baggage conveyed in suoh manner shall, if necessary, be escorted by a custom home officer. It will not be permitted to the emigrants to take with tbem in the railway cars any goods paying custom house duties, or prohibited by Jair. At the arrival of the train at the port of ship ment, the baggage may be put on board of the vee sel without verification, and free of custom house dues. TITLE II. Ait. 9. Every ship carrying forty emigrant! will be regard td as especially appropriated to emigration. Axt 10. Erery p*?s*nger on board of a vessel ap propriated to the transportation of emigrant* baa a rigbt to one metre 83 cent, square apace, or tiro metres 4 cent, square, according to tbe height of tb? deck. Chklren under one year of age are not ooonted among tbe pasaengeraon board. Art. 11. bhins appropriated to the transport of emigrants must have a space bstween decks measur irg at least one metre B3 cent. when they receive a sufficient number of passen gers to ocoopy the spaoe speciiied by the above mentioned stipulations (one metre 83 or two metres 04 per peuengez), the between deeka most ba left entirely free, excepting those parts usually occupied as guar ten by the captain, hii officers and crew. when tbe number of passengers specified is in ferior to tbe accommodations above, the vacant space may be stored with provisions (meat and fish excepted), baggage, and even a certain qianti tyof aetchanlist; all to be ds'-ermiaed according to the diminution is the number of paa*engerj fixed b? law. Art 12. Goods known as detgerous or nahealthy will not be tsken on board cf a ship appropriated to the transportation of enugrant*. Art. 13. The rupplles, whether they are embarked by the emigrants tbemstires. or are provided by the captain of the vessel, mu't be calcula'ed with a view to tbe contingency or the longest possible passage. Tbe time of passage will be calculated a? fol lows:? For New York and other ports of the Un'tjd States is the Northern Atlantic Ocesn ? a.r> diys. ForCanacs 60da>s. For New Orlcan* C.5 days. For the Antilles 55 days. For the countries beyond C tpe Horn and the Cspe of Good Hope, south of the equator 120 days. Foe tbe countries beyond Cape Horn and tbe Cape of Good Hop9, r orth of the equator 160 dav#. The Minister of Agriculture, Commerce and l*u'? lio Work? is <mpo wared to modify the above figures, should he 'l*?m it necessary, and to fix ths linnet duration of passages to placcs not specified in this article. Ait. 14 The Comrrlssary of Emigration may fix the quantity and description of prov s'ons that tiie t or tie contractor has to provide for each Art. 15. The vessel is to be provided with the necessary kitchen and table utensils, and fuel. There mil be also a scale, we'ghta and measures, to be used at the request of the passengers. Art. 16. lhe berths must M 1 metre 83 cen'.. in length, and 46 (fsnt. in breadth. In no ce?e rrnst there be moie than two rows of berths. Tbe bit tern of the lower berths trust be at least 14 cen timetres above the side planks of the lower d?ck. The bottom cf the upp*r berths must be at half the distance from the upper deck and the bottom etf the loner coaches. AU ibe bedding of the ship mast be exposed to the air upon deck every day, when the weather will permit of it. The bstween decks most be parifled with chloride of lims at least onceawttk. Art. 17. The ship must have, both b?f?re the aest asd upon deck, at least two water closets for the :se of the passengers; there must a'so ue a water closet for tbe ex:lusive u>e of fenates. _ Art. 18. A do* tor must bo stticbed to eac'i eui erant revel : the ship must aUo be provided with a bcx of mc 'Icises. and inatwc lions for osing thern. Ait. in. A sufficient number of bo'.ts most he provided for ea?-h vessel, so as to be p'ep?red f r al ?eirerg* also, tbe necessary quantity of water ca?ks, ipxe #a 1> and ventilators. Art. Si, The owner or captain of * ahip appro priated to ?ve tr?nsixrtatloT< t4 tmi, errant* m.Mt al rite the caritato of the port and the Com<nl>siry o Emigration <f the peri d when he commsnccs lay iBfc in his outfit, and also of his departure. Art. '-'1 Bl fore its departnre the f hip will be visit ed by t e cfficers appointed uuder the law of tie 1 1th of August, 1701, to certify to its s?%wortjlnei?: Uieae rffir rs are, besides, to sec if tbe crew is stiffi h:ett for ti* passage, atd will seid a ctrtlfl~ite of this do?ib;?'.ion to the Commissary of Eni gratioE. On Ms sir's, the Ccmml*sary of EmUntian has to oettiy t ) tbe general minige stent and ovovUion ing of the .-hip, according to t:e pres riptious of ths Tire?er;t dicree. The results of this double Inspection a*e to bi ?tated n; o*i the ship's pipers. In ^ase the prescrip tions if t-s present decree should not be strictly ofcMved, I e Commis?ary of Emigration la em powe;er1':o prevent tie embarkation of the emignn'a. Ait. 22. Twenty foor hears before the departure of the ?tn;i<rai?t veesel.the owner or oaptiin will bsv* to a^td to the Commissary of EmlgrnMoa an term*'* 1st the psssemgere whou be la to on For Gulf of Mexico. For Brazil For La P!ata 70 dayf. 70 diys. 80 days. Tini in. *?7, showing ttelr HP, MX. and nationality, aad th? locaHtiea to which aaoh of thsm la bound. If, after the sending of this list, otter emigrants an shipped, the oaptaia or o inter will have to sent to the Commissary of Emigration supplementary llata, in theaane form aa stated above. The flrat list, and alao ita anppiemeati. of which ooplea moat be annexed to the ahip's papers, matt be conclusively signed bj the Commissary of Eml gTatloa, and the captain or owner at the time of de parture. No emigrant will be taken on board after the closing of the final lista. Art 23. No passenger having a serious or conta gions dUeeae will be admitted on board. The money paid for passage by an emigrant pre vented ficm sailing by these latter oauaes. will be refunded, aa also that of the members of his family If they remain on shore with him. Art. 24. The emigrants may be reoelved on board on the ere of the uay appointed for the vessel's de parture. Ttey will also have the right to remain on board twenty-four tours after the arrival of the vescei a*, the port to which she is bound, onleu ebe is obliged to depart again immedia'eiy. Art. 26. In case the snip does not leave the port on the day fixed for her departure, the captiln, owner or contrm< tor will have to pay one franc fifty cent, per day during the period of her delay, to the emigrants, to Indemnify them for their expanses on (bore. If the dehy extends beyond ten days, the con tract entered upon by the emigrant may be canssl led If he pleuee, ana the price of pa8s?ge refunded, without prtjadloe of damages, which may be reco vered before the ordinary tribunala. If the delay is produoel by stormy weather, or ccrtrary winds, (circumstances to be appreciated by the Commissary of Emigration,) the indemnity spe cified in the first paragraph of this attic's need uot be paid, providea that the emigrants are lodgel on board. Art. 26. Every vessel freighted for the transpor tation of emij rant*, however numerous ttey mav be, must csrry them directly to the port stipulated, unless it be otherwise specified. When the ship voluntarily takes another direction, or puts into a port other than that to whlcl she is bound, the emigrants' lodging and food are to be charged to the ship for the time they may remain in the harbor, or they most be indemnified for their supplementary expenses, by the captain, owner, or contractor, without prejudice to other damages that may be incurred. Att. 27. The dispositions of the present decree Will cone into force on the 1st of If arch, 1865. Art. 28. Our Minliters, Secretaries of State in the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce and Pablic Works, Interior, Foreign Affairs, and Treasury, are each instructed, so far as relates tj lis department, to contribute to tte execution of the pressnt de cree. Done at the Palace of the Tuileries, this 15th of January, 1855. Our Paris Correspondence. Paris, Jan. 15, 1855. 2 Tie Czar't Last Dcdge ? Its Motives and Results ? The Idea of American Mediation not Accepta ble in Fiance? Grand Banquet Given by Louie Napoleon to the Officer t of the Imperial Guard? Tie State of Spain a Source of Anxiety to the French Government? Interesting Industrial Sta tistics of Pari* ? Fashionable Gossip? The The atres, ^rc., 4*c. I have neither heard nor read anything which should qualify tte conclusion my first inquiries re specting the hopes of peace resulted in, and which I gave you in my last. In high places, where lips are ' officially sealed, a shrug convrys a great deal, and from oollateral sourees, to an observant eye, often as much to be depended on aa those of a more au- 1 thoritative character. I infer that the government j never consideied the word "peace" more at a dis count than at present. This is strong language I am aware, when the Journal des Dibits, one of the best Informed newspapers in France, has roundly espoused the hopes which just now take their rise | from Vienna; bat I could perhaps mention namea , which would fully justify my holding it. This, how- | ever, is impossible; a correspondent has? putting all honor Able reserve out of the question ? to remem ber that a perem:al supply is expected from him, and that if be fays or docs anything whlohoompro mces his iMcrmait, be uiay play ha part with great j easiness for once, bat after that be will probably find the doer closed. All the arguments in support of an Incontinent ! conclusion to the net negotiations at Vienna are resolvable to tlis : Bcfsla la as far from being ex hausted now os the was the day she crossed the Pruth. No ono ever heard of a cirnbiUut giving way under such circumstances, and to sapposs that Russia, who, for forty years, has been husbanding her strength and gathering in her mattriel for this struggle, is goirg to cede the question at sight of the first broken head? is to ran is toe face of all acknowledged antecedents. Why then djes she mock it ? TTat, of course, is on'y known to the Czar himself. Hostilities are not to cease? the notion of an armistice is never dreamed of. But the very slow-e?s of Austria (hows how strong a Hussian party must exist there, and it Is not to bs supposed that such an apparently frank acceptation of all, or mere than was originally aske<l, must paitial'y, at all events, paralyze the efforts of those who advocate active co-operation with Franca and Krglasd. Prussia, too, that evidently requires as much patt iog and c -axing as a timid sylph who first boars the winning words of love, has to bs confirmed ; and the Czar is in that position where moments are victories. Give him but time to s*rike one blow, to kick the Turkish infidel into the sea? to dub at Varna, or perhaps Constantinople? then " whoo wjoop," as they say, nfcen, after a maddening run ever dft'e, bog ard brier, tbey kill a fox in merry Bag land. What a cty there would be! Even now tfc?re are strange reports ttat his legions have enrnd tbe Dobrudscha, taougb they certainly require con firmation. But no sovereign or couatry, in the petition of the Emperor ot Buseit, csn afford to cake a peace tint would set all France blowing perny trumpets frcm Brent to Toulon. a specimen. this Istgntqe of M. H.-anie? d? Capag tac.cre of tbe Bscate, and the great semioffltiaj wiiter of tbe govertmint:? What wctild especially strike us, if the rfl>r of Rn??ia ahould lie nincprc, would bs tbe homage rendered in tbe face of the world to tbe prudence, raoderat oa urn! firm MM of Franco' When the Kmper<>r a*n'. the tn ~a lani*. he waa alone ? alone with good sraaa, a?|Blty, an 1 courage. Three isontba after he had the impport or En %? land . four month* after, that of Aaitrla; ait mmihi aft?r, that of Pniaaia. and at preaent he baa that of Ruaala. After all, th? king* and all the paoplea, tbe Kesperor Nicholas, could ?? y to Napoleon III:? Sir, jou are right; your policy waa from the rtr?t mo ment true, moderate. loyal, In conformity with the prin ciple* of ju?tl-e, civ Uzation and cbriitlanity ; founded j r ot on pareonal ?!i?i or private ambition, l. it on tin- in tereat exactly, eoultably arraoged of Europe , and the proof in, that I, who am enlightened and aubjugated by *? much wiadf m? I, who hare my porta full of Heats, my pro%inc?aof MiiSiera? I ai.ert tbla pol'ey in the face 01' f.'od and men. aa the baain or a treaty of peace. Such, contlnuea thia writer, ia what the daclaration of I'rlnce eiortacbakotf algniilea. if the (>%r be aincere ; we io not bel>T* that tbrre in in the history of aationii a aingle fact which gieea to atoTire'gn and a people tha glory which a f ace tbna br cught about woull gire to V ranee and the Emperor. Imagine Nicholas reading thia in tb? Constitution ntt, that journal which apeaka before events an rip* enough for the Mtmiltur. One cannot hslp fancying that ia sueh authorized language tbeie is to be seen that which I adveitad to in my last, ntmily, that were the autocrat really desirous of putting an end to hostilities, there la one at tbe Tuilerlea who feels his interest to be In a totally different direction. But the prespert of Americas mediation Is no* the prcdmtlr.aat subjcct of discussion in all circles. I * ish I could say tbat the idea has been hailed here ; in a spirit which would be agreeab'e to the United Rtates. I bavs used great diligence in my endeavors to aeceitain something approaching toofflclsl opinion on this subject, and am compelled to aid that in no | r ne Iwrtaac* have 1 found tbe notion of such a pro pcslticn acceptable. Bomebow or otber America Is n t In the ucendsnt just row, an), though It Is ccrcedrd that abebMtbe right to wat h and cut take part In ar.y conference which in \ pevieful set tlement.hsa tor Its object the a-ranicenunt ot the critm? rce o.f tbe wor'd, I do rot tMn'< tbat a fon In advance cf th's po*i ion would be >islde1 to her. B> fsr from Firncb opinion acqulesciag In h ir iu'erms dlatton, the dtspoait ion ia decided y to call to mind, j en this subject, that eld s or? of the ojater, woicb re'ates hew lbs arbitrator popped down t.i j p amp Interior and gsve the shells to ea-hof the dlipn tarts. Hhe Is locked upro s? a U4* oat, belllcow? lower, and a great deal of bked anl tnMHI m Ml jet be> spilled ere eitter Fraccs er Foglacd are die rosed to accept ber kind officer. I have not found two cpitirne oa tbe subject. A |raad {liner waa givM a few lay* to tie cffieen of tbe I?p?rtal Caard, an acovuet of wb.cb, whoa reviewed br the Emperor, I gate you la my last. The Guard Is bow on its way to the East ; bel before their departure a moet superb banquet wea given the officers by the Emperor at the Tuileriee. Everything that regal pomp could fnrulah to give empruttmtni to the occasion, waa applied wli a muniflceoce of which It most be admitted Napoleon la bo niggard. The plate waa of massive gold, the fruits and viands of unsparing coat, the wines the choicest the imrerlal Milan ooald produce. A bud of the Guides attended; the jxiiii smtu of the Em percr were more than usually punctilious; his ordi naiy reserve was completely laid aside ; and it was easy to perceive that Napoleon's deaire to be popu lar with the army, is a principle which he never for an instant lcaea H'glit or. Before leaving they were iatroduced to the Emprees, and when about to de Ct, a cloak Ii?6d with fur and admirably adapted defence against tre vi< isaltudes of an ungenial climate, wu presented to each. "Go, my dear 1 Mends," said Emperor, as he lifted a parting cup to bis l;ps, " aVent from you, I i>0 more 1 with yen, tban if present" Tfce adhtsiou of Pi *dmont to the Western AU1- , ance is highly estimated, and it is thought hsre, that England w.uld do well to subsidise 20.000 of I her troops. Tie state of Rpaln is a subject of considerable ' anxiety to the French government. Fears are en- j Urtained lest she should not be able to hold her i ground, even thraughcut the year 1865, when it is , horedthe eventuality s or war will be so favorable ' to Franoe that an aotive Interference may bj justi fiable. Eepartero is looked upon as one admirably ; acapted to play the part ot an imperial warming pan | ?to be a rea'Jy honest enthusiast, sincerely desirou* of trying the experimeLt, and sanguine In the be lief of parliamentary gomnmenta -a government which Napoleon considera impoeeible for any na lion, except thoae of Anglo-Saxons. But he is, not withstanding, most anxious that the experiment should be fully carried out, that the parliamentary gas should be suffered to escape? that the talk should be well over ere the time for aotioa arrives. It ia the Spanish question which produoei the American jaundice, and when M. Lazuriaga, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, in public Cortes, Is heard to apeak o! the critical state of the country , and when challenged as to lis meaning, to say? "I used that language in consequence of Information which has reached the government from abroad I and at heme, but which 1 cannot communicate to the Coites"? it is to Amerioa that he is thought ia great measure to poiDt, Even the abserce of court balls cannot entirely ?tress the spirit of gaiety which takes up its abode Paris as its r'ghtful domain. The Americana, who never at any previous period were so nume rous, have much to do with this; and what with ttelr unbounded wealth, the exquisite beauty of many of their daughters, and the luxury and hospi tality whioh is everywhere displayed when they take the belm, one bears infinitely more of the people of the United States than of the English. These last are particularly taw ia number as compared with 1 former years? the many deaths occasioned by the war baa something poaalbly to do with it? but at lady Blennerhaaset'a party a few evenings ago, of ; foreigners the Americans comprised by far the m^jor part. The Misses Hntton, whose parents have taken a splendid hotel in the Roe Matignon, | were, alike by their natural beauty and the taste of j their toilets, especially remarkable, lira. Pari tnge is c n the lcokont for an hotel wbore her already sumptuous entertainments may be given on a larger , scale; in the m<aawtile, her toirtu daiuatUtt are ' universally sought after. The 1'rinoess Lieren, who for so many years inhabited apart . -sen in the Hotel , Taleyrand, Rue St Florrntln, and who, when the Rossi an Embassy waa obliged to eclipse, retired to 1 Brussels, baa? mi-. Me dictu- returned to her hotel; whether aa a permanent resident or not, I cannot say, but I should rather think not. That ahe ia here, and receiving aa usual for the moment , la certain. G eLeral Lowefctlne'a superb hotel in the Champs E!j slca, baa been taken by the Due d' Alba, brother In law cf the Emperor. Those predentiaariaLS who pin their faith t) tha', f?nu ub star cf Napoleon, which, now in the ascen dant, Is thought to be twinkling more brightly than ever, anrnae themselves by predicting that tae year 1?65? of course the month of June, when in 1815 It so U tally disappeared? will ate after fort? years tbc Napoleonic circle once more described: that the Arstrisn alliance, that broken reed in t*e hand of him, the fl st of the came, will be a great faet? that Italy will be dangling at the nephew of my Un cle'a stirrup? tbat Spain will be ending his nod, and that Pruas'a will once more have to beg the French Emperor for a place among the nations ? the only differ* nee being that England, lustead of RumIs, will be his backs r. The folic wirg abort table of the varioui industrial prcfieaiois la Pails, will probably interest your rea den:? fTbe Htatlstlc* boirevar, the MonHeur atat?a, hare be*n taken by preference from tboae of the year 1847 ]:? Butcher*, 501? who employ 1,420 IniliTldmla, an<4 th ? Talus of tteir tranaactiona U eatimat<*d at 74,8!).l,172f. Pork butcLera. 381 ? employing '3.1 lndiriauala, 72 of whr m are women. Value 1&,7.'jI,.H2 franc*. Brewera, Tl ? tin ploying 238 peraoaa. Vain#* of trade, 3,861,04X1 trance. Chocolate manufacturer*, 94?306 workman. Vahi> : 3,h99,0oo franca. Confectioners, 91? employing 0S9, 214 of whom in fnnwD Value 6.202, 3oo franca. Ia thedixth Arrondia cement alone, tbe value ia 3,749,000 franca. 126 Diatiliera? ba>e 918 workmen, and proluce 8,273, 810 franca. 4t 2 Pastry cooka? have a pertonel of 1,690 workman. Value 12,2a6,0<j0 franca. 9 Pugar reflnera with 436 workmen? produce 23 mil llona and a half of goo^a. 4,061 liulldera? employ 41,603 workmen. Value 144, 41",7tO trance. 126 Carpenter*? employ (in ordinary Uraoa, jnat now. tbia number muat te very much under the mara,) 3, 646 workmen. producicg 16,187, 0C0 (ranee. 119 Plum!* ra ? bare l,lt>6 workmen. Value 6,082/>00 franca. U,9 Maacn* ? employ 9,589 worlman Value 28,163, 740, (thla alao torn oot apply to the preaent buay parted.) 1 to Marble cutter*? employ for building 992 workman. Value 4.728.080f. 1,020 auperlor carpenter*. turner* and man u titan? tin ploy 8,134 workmen. Value 21.948, 900f. fci2 houae painters ? employ A,fi 71 workmen. Value 16,134, SOOf. 334 farriera (blackamitba;? employ 2,829 workmen. Value 10,171 ,M?. 742 lockamitba ? employ 4,863 workmen. Value 18, 600, f> OOf. Ia the way of theatrical* " II Trovt'.ire" at the Italia* Iomh none it lta pieatige, but rather ioireaas in attnction. A chain ing ballet at the (Iriod opera called " Ia Fonte" tills the hoaae tvery nfgb'.. I'caii ccme? out In it a mtirillr, ard brings down tfcnndeia of ?pp'aa>e. Uer gnre anl the rjc^iliit^ pietr? other mute pant-mime rlvel that >t mi, aid tl e grcupln# and costume of 'be eorpi da ball a ia * r.o otbir coott*y in the whole world could produce but Trance. A* a'sinper at thu iheitre, a v< ry successful dfbnt ha* besn nuJe in " Licia dt l orcermor" h; Senora Anglee Firtuni, a 3?ail?r<L rbc baa a voice singularly agreeable, without being equal to that of Ciuvelli; fie is aUo youn,', rx xei ir.^ly pretty, and po*?es?ed of a bead of hair that pcta all the coifien a in Parle In aretacy. Ano'her charge, it is said, is to oo'ur in the management of the tteatre Frsncslae, and that the Emperor intends to testow the furctlo: ? on a Senator, with a salary of 2/>,(HH,f. At the Iistilut* Bora'o Vernet a new picture (intended for the <lrand Exhibition) ia now being (xhibi'cd. The subject la "the Celebration of Maes in the French ( imp in the Crimea." While the ptieat relate the kciu a ball falls in the midit of tte iftertbly, and coven several of them with the eailh it ha* ploughed op in ita course. The energy aid atimat!< n displayed in the figures, and, abire aJ. the effect* ol light and ahade, are peculiarly btiikicg and truthful. Tie fashionable m roing occupation for all ladies who would a and well with the Court it, lust tow, tie manufacture of lint. Tte Ktnprcts rem If seta the example. Bbrtie. P. H ? M. Guizot, the Minister of I.ou'a I'hUippe, wlil, for Lbe first time eince the fall of that monarch, have, in a dsy or two, to re-enter tiie Tuileriee, and as Director of tie Academy, solicit the sanction of Ntpcleon the Thlid to prrs'iit M. de Ilerryer, the newlj elected member, and tfca peracn who, ch ef of all. denounce! him for his covp di *t<r on the 2d of December. lbe triad is interesting? Berryer, Irgltlmlat; Coiaot, Orleaiist, and the little man Nspolecn, that !a te :her, bnt who has triuagph:d ovtr all. A pkamnt lit', e fusion in fact. Oar London Corrxpnml m r. fxxwoN, Jan. 18, leii. Appi oar/,mf Fj 11 of the Englith Afinufry? f.ird Aberdeen Sannv n*at to the R'iidt of the 1'i'wi ? A'rtfntiatun u? TUe f.omi m Ti met tht EcS ) if I'uMi * Opinion a* Rtfirdi iht Conduct of the War~-8ir Fi aneu If'&d on tlu Eoi nti m it Crimea fitr lie Laef Evan Tuikti of iii jl/'i i$tir of H'ar ? Tn > Frtnck Emperor nrai Pfuiitn ? Printt Alhnt At pi ring t9 Arlivt Sovereignty I'pco the stab: ity of the Kcglts'j Ministry bangs eve&te of enr-h v?*t importance to the inter sta ot the civilized globe, that I make no a;ologf for re i toning to the eabjact at the prcaeat cntietl mo meet. Tte aVorlityof mak'tg pol.ticsl prot>';* iee is proverbial, and f r V la reason, that thoogh the may be tight in the mala, he m?y oe so at?-ly ? an to time aod mann;r of accmpluh xent, that for all arefnl pnr;<4?s he ml?t Jaet as wall has* held his toegoe. Far laaUnoe, tUn a e qniet meo wfcrae vorda are arver pabUc'.y heard, w* ot ia tte pilvacy of t'elr cuHeta, predict ihtt tba ' eo'e p%rttea to tha preaeat Karopaaa eoatest wlil al< tinaialy prm to be i'raaie an J Riasla, for the po? sessioc of Cotstaatii. -v'e- t>jat tht I&JUaa qaast oa to ? bm Webwr, whhfc EngUni will ono fcy flnd o^anathetthe endwiAhe.ftrtsr.U.Ussold.tnig jrle again betwixt Franoe and England, with prwbe

blj ? wry different termination to that of 1815. fto* of ooane any pereon who ventured openly to talk la sucn fMhion would be a?t down ?* ft prejudiced old (OoL Nor ahonldl, by mentlonlag ?nco ba-'dsrdftsb, seem to endorse it bat for wb?t I know to be golag on about me, ftod which will In ft ahort time Maume, , through the prew ud the House of Comm it*, aome thing like form and shape. j Lord Aberdeen la decidedly narguine as to the result of the negotiations to be opened ftt Vienna the flrtt of Febiuuy. Even Lord Lansdowne has hopes, thcugb they ftre fur from being of so ?an guine ft character as those of the premier. Lord C'arendon halta between two Ares, and Blr William Moles woith thinks that a good peaoe might be got , out of the present juncture. The unflinching portion , of Prance alone botl em the minority of the Cabinet. Lord John Russell, Lord ralmorston and Sir James Graham openly swear at the whale thing ai a more r un of the Cz?r. Mr. Gladstone may ba rank:d with Lord Clarendon. A breakup tf the fxiatlng coalition within a ) month after the assembling of Parliament, la looked | upon at the clubs as Inevitable. letters from the J country exhibit a state of feeling iB?g the ooosti | tuecciea which cannot be much longer controlled, j I told yen In my laat tiat the Times hftd only en doiaed .public sentiment when it suddenly fell upon Lord Raglan and his staff of incapablea. Tho private commnnicationa which have been received from the Fast, from parties whose antecedent* were all In favor of the coalition here, po completely oonllrmed the half expressed hesitation of the general mind that murmurs are already swelling Into oris* t and tow that there la a whlaper of an Ignoble peace, a feeding of lntenae indignation la burstlig forth > which, If not pacified, must awoep any admlniatra. tion before it. Incapability, it la said, has marked this coalition from the hour of Ite birth. Whether from the claaa of ta'.enU too nicely balance d, or from lack of true courage, they have shown themselves utterly incompetent to the occasion which called 1 them Into being. The weight of their combined talent was to crush the Emperor of Russia, and all the reault baa been hceltatlcu when there should hare b*en action, followed by action when there ah oold bare been beeltetton. They hare ?> contrived nutters, with all their experienced statesmanship, that the Emperor of the French, who, all bis life In England, waa spoken of by them aa a "nullity," has chained them to hia chariot wbeela and'd ragged them along. They have, do men say, bat:hered o?r army, dla honor* d it even In the arma of victory, before an ally who, whatever hia cordiality, cannot fall to Uka note of it. The pith, and sinew, and pluck, and cherish od children of our soil, have been handed over to a leader who must, from his antoct dents, necee* sarily be Ignorant of the high dulua devolving upon him? to ft war minister who is a mere clerk? to a j commlaaarlat not fit to provision a cook-house- -to i ft medical staff that have not the competency Of prentice lads. The militia have been snubbed, by an arrangement which drafts off the beat men from their re laments, and llouta the senior officers by | cot fining all reward to the ?ubalterna and (Jerman | mercenaries are voted better than all the militia pu . tc cether. Now, too, when they have done all tali, | we hear of a contemplated peace, in which all our sacilQoes are to be pcob-pofted, and our treasure ecunted for nothing? ton milltouaaentto the winds, B< bastopol untouched, and not a baubee In return. The wVrdi of Hlr Francis Head will whothrouth out the length and breadth of England- All of a ?n<ia? ? he seta, "the House of Commons as m mblee, aolely and expressly to coufeee that the pro duce of Us 'econ^mlcar votes for the miintenanceof ssrjr^sjs&^r ''VSH : calx, tht hve?, *?><! the property of Ureat Britain must hire* forth be defended by poor wandering, exoatriatid (Jerman mercenaries. Bo sudden, so shocking, aad ao pub'.i: 'J1??'11*1'0" c< untiy, history ha* never yet bail to record. With Uc?e dreadful results practically bi;f"rt' c/"'hl4 i ( If net undeniable that if, Instead cf fighting at the extremity of the dominiens o? ItU'sia, with the . Poiiletscf France and Turkey to aw 1st them, our | Utile body of trocps, withoi.t stsfi or IJeid dspy t nent*. h'-d untoiwinatel v been ieiiult*d to luh sirglr-hsided. In the neighborhood of London, agati at the duo.c:gu ? and w. 11 organised ocjmotirs armjof France, the House of Commons, I'1'" *'' | t'eilble d'sr'sce, might 1 ave been fa'a'iy reru.nded, w ben tt wasto i late, of ;he aged Duke of We Jlng ten's last sffrctlig pmyei : I on sev ss ? ir ?,'?? ^btre has been some talk of making Hir 'la L*cy Evara Minister of War. and In many reepec * the country would perhaps be satblled with such a man. He hss nnqw sUenably brought b?ck l^*n obi nlors friin tie Cilmes; hut tbere sie difflcaltiei i in ti-nvHv which it may le nuest'.ooed whe.berthe adv?ntsges to be derived from his jpra^ticai life and experience cbtaiced at the aeatofwar, (.re si Ibcitct to overcome. Tceh'gh arlstocia lo famiiief. of Eaglsnd will be very r^^ot w?ee the TKxt of Minister of War go out of tht.r nnks ftt an Important juncture like the i tl rtaad a mere aoldltr of foitune, with no ^ndrtsl ^tand hv h'm in a lalry day, ard m?r?over he la sn? e<;tr rd by the people of bting ain;ply a paity man ^r iriibltiouH i.urjcrts tf his osn. Ills ^ulfsi ry bse itinats Uen nnnuestioned, and hi* am'abe and plf!J*lar manr.ei s nave rendered Un. a * the Wettmii-ster constituency. HI* rrlginal in .o ducttor to that corsMtnency was , how? ver . uecftliar. iUh!Tthe wW i? iMaWd the rej,,? b ill. t-eresro e ihoitiy after, a cry for aw?eping mea acres, which, it wia understood, the'whjgs were rot prepared to take the rtst-Jtalbllity of. hir Kian lS" Buidett aid Mr. f ^'i Bronghton? t' en represented Westm n? er, tin rbsmptoca cf frted' m dnrlrg t>ie heat avl , ,,,rw' of the cor.utt. Evsns. when the bftUle wae ? on came forward oo the radical lut.r ? , u d to Purdott's gietf diss ,n?t an4 mor .i cation. I>eat H^bhou.e, and thus l^"irne ^ Moiatlvo of the first city cf t'esmplr^^w^.n slioncn to thia contest U?at Hf-bhouie aft? ?va d* exclaimed in tba Boure of Com-oons w nilli'sry genloa aa or mmander of the B lu?h l k?>d m lipain was belig severtl/ crHic zcd, Cr?*t let him be, Yitt h* eoo'iuertJ m* Hot, with all bta radical protni Ma, Ktvb wa? f jucJ in Pariiaaeebt to ba not a whit m >t* lit* -al than t'.e nrwn tabid tnrrtd out. Ha fattened blaaelfoetw tfce ?Wg party, rccaakinaliy voting wltn th e radl lair? Pfctn Li! i dc lnjg no c ui?l not Dart h * ckltfl but is tbe muln atkklng to tbem, throng ? ttilck and thin. I tn*j*et, if be were olftrid a [ e?ni"<\ or m mitbirg njaalJj remunerative and pletetrit it ill, ba rxu'd ?k> ver y well eoutent, though, aa be la only a kn'gfct, I do cot anticipate Lla ge'.u&4 anything true than a baronetcy. Bat an rxchange of ibbordinaVa wiU ra'Jafy do one. The wl ?U macMne Boat ar.<l*rgo ttc jeatroc t ion. and In the prtrent a-?u of thlora nothia* bat another coelitica will do. I bava IW' r<- ahown Uiat there la cotbng inat now to | r???nt I/>r-l Dsrby aa ?o 'atlng with !x>rd PaJmeratoe; !*it lx<rl l>artiy ba#, nnfoitnnate'y, t.'.c repaUton of bMor tb* mo?t tim <1 aeter while a', tb* ?mne tin e b?> a the bo! Vat ipeikar. U<a ateteamanahip, !t It *?H, b*r IM aad anda with bla ape'cbca: and wlta l.wd !'?!.ner?t/n bl<1 1'ilnce Albert then- lean 114!? Iv-k. I. >r j ttysdua not like hia It' j*. II Korea's ine:f>re.'.ca, ardhla B' jal Hlgbn#a? tiof oplr-'on tJutt^- tint h*a f<,me when the title of K;i?<r Gei?eagtah<*ald re z lite tn ifcebuaband of the Oaten * m->f raa^n-' bla MMiM Ha, Aw MnMn, howetr, will d'r.pp t?t befoto tie Wl,! o( tie 1- pie. If thinga :<> t'tiHB n?vrn a moie atllafac'crj appeal ?. The bare no faith whavm ta , nythtaf ah it to lake plate at Vwaia|tk*fn;fi t if a* gotialiotaoe't ring *o wn *1 *? tie ad ev 'if Anttia, :?viv?a ti.r olaimtt >. f * H ' T> far: ? t UlknAlift* Kuteer.r ,.f the K. 1? It tor. to fail opou Piw* *V t %' tb- ? a ??' w?r life a . t n'..i*rty go wlpyed, ' .*1 tbe oelr aa valEt-n el IVfiet.d ia 6 (llr K wwf, bW. a- J roal, i?o ibe po ?. j ate he* elite red oji ?. Tt e a> r <lurt cf t^se Prai h ? ??>? '> V p*i eg pari in, ar a?tett?f>. H a^ri a kMa'alnp* rial Oi srda- hla atlen a in tba ? 1 i?fgar.? aUmt i!>? Fcnr PotUa; bla ?a, ai ?.r *n ia vfc* ?'.<r,i mr ffa.bit Pi Sit a, all p off that b*. at ali f t i.l?, ka ? Ri. g away t* ?-d. '?r**tt iaga n \y icdeed be looked tjr D thia/aMol UrMi in-,. Albeit a dialia to v#e? Mag toaart t< Mid to tvfg'i ate lr. bta ?lati to tak? a Bora active fart n (rc'aaleat.eal a^triiD'o a. Ha' .a trt*-.f gjr ate a*l.r?,ii tm^regr.aiel *'th tM ll<? rr?n aeli ol. Tba affair of the l???'-'iia*e ! Cb?c?' tWr ,?hieh baa B'?w )<h n f inu ? *' . to tie tr fcliab Cat bole, woril, by Card.a* fltae-^aan, baa pt* dread aa naaaey aoriatioa. Thar, hare tt re w> l*>at pa -a in U.e Krgnab Cbath (mi ai I 81 Mi Uova ? ba ?. i' a>op? ar. m tnm anwng thoee eesoieaiasttsa wfeo approach oeareetto Pomi); u.1 bow from Hi. Peter a has come a boll which w reviving theological dieetiMtoa In the Pro testant establishment with Unfold interest. B;lief ma already extwdtog la tbat chmoh, in the dlrec ticu of fc>manlsT?; but another dogma now naa sprung op, whioh, U la understood, man; aUll mln Istertrg at her alUra are also prepared to receive; and publications am being widely diseimeaaied in ?which the question la teetaced to two heads ? namely, Debm or Horn mi sm- -that between toe two there la no ornnmon griund. Prnee Albert ia of opinion that the time baa oome for tte Church, of which the Queen la the anoreme head, t? apeak, or that we ??hail have his Eminence or no te-igicn whatever. Without enteilng upon any que itioo f t this sort, I t m inclined to believe that nuolic opinion will sup port the proposition if it Is brought forsarrt. The Quttn ia perpetually increasing her family, anl tne wcik of eoveieiKiity must nscetaariiy be done by her husband , and ii that ia tne caae, It is bst'er ioa* bis agtti'y thculd have something of the nature of rtsponaibt ity. Univkiisitt Cluu. Thu Find Price ef <?. let and the Blnuelarit of Valne. [Fr<im UiP Ijorxlun Hanker*' Circular, I)sr. .'10 ) Tbit? a tide ia intended aa a general answer to variooR c? rrcsporidenta, who at;: perolexed by the two Hil'jeclH which *tand M our heading. Kir the take of puspiouity we shall treat each of tham as larately. The > who deny that the prioe of gold Is fixed in emr coinage, iess>n in the following manner: ? Tak ?, say the;, a dclimte weight of wh?%t, ar.,1 call that weight one quarter, ant then divide it into night equ?l purts, calling each part one bus el; here there Is nolhirg but weight ard division; but amurcdly no fixed price. Granted. In a similar manner, say theae ercnom'sts, take a definite a eight of gold, aud call tlia*. welghi one ounce, and then divide that ouuee into tour equal part s, calllrg rach pai t t ne quarter cunoe, or sove reign. Hue also tr.ere Is nothing but waig'it and division; but assuredly no fixed pi Ice. Onnted. Ti e parallel, aa beie stated, betecen wheat and gild ia complete, and it woold letnain complete, and aflord a lull justification to the bulllooK*, if wheat and gold were treated, as they are In this parallel, simply as commodities. Dot to expose tin aophlsin we muit proceed a Hep further. Tha wheat la not coined, tbe gold la coined; the wheat ia not legal tender, the gold, when coined, is legal tender; no monejed dei.omioatlon is put 01 tbe wheat: but a moneyed denomination is put upon the gold. Oo them i c r uals it Is, that the parallel Is b okeo , and Instead ol Illustrating a demonstration, it only illus trates a fallacy. Lei the reader realise In his mind what is, aud what alone can lie, underitooJ by tbe words "moneyed denomlEatioo," and the aopblstn becoaes transparent. T*ke any arti le yon please, and put opon it a moneyed denomination, and, by that very act, yoa do of necessity fix Its prioe. People go to Mark I.tne to ascertain tne variable price of wheat, which fluctuates from day to day under the law of supply and demand; but does any body go to Lc mhara street, to aar trtein the price of gold coined into sovereigns? Nobody does; and why not? Because tvery body knows that ltd price la fixed, whether the bank fcoM twenty minions of sovereigns, or only a half, or a tenth, or a twentieth of that amount. Every working jeweller meiM down sovereigns, wttn he intends to apply gold to the purpose* of Ms manufacture; he n^ver goes t> any maiitt to inquire what la the price of 5dwts. n grains of the metal/ because he knows that the price is fixed in that weight of gold, or, in other words, in the sovereign. We now proceed to tbe standard of va'ne. "Oo'.d ard Bilver, says Mr. Iticardo, "like all oiher com modities, are valuable only in proportion to the quantity of labor naceesary to produce tham and bring them lo market. (Jold ia abeut fifteen tim<* desier tl an silver, not because there is a greater de mand for It, not besauae tbe sunply ia fifteen times f r eater than that of gold, hat s< lely becauao fifteen limes tbe quantity of labo- is neceseary to procure a given quantify of it." Our ordlranre of collage, peaa>>d in the third year of the reign ef (ieorge I., adopted t^e propottlons lefened to by Mr. itlcaido; that ii to say, it fixed the relations of valoe between gold and ailver In tne ratio of one to fifteen. Be it observed that this ratio, in lie first instance, app.led to the two metals simply as commodities. This ratio was tbe act of catuie. rot of legislation, for nature had so depo sited them In tbe mines, that the same labor which would only produce ono < nnce of gold, would oro dQ'e fiftee n eunceeof ailver. That proportion Par liament did not cteate, nor could Parliament change It. We have only as jet arrived at raw bullion, not at coinage. Ilow li en did I* rfalatlon proceal to convert thla row lull!< n In'.o legal tepder? It put, bo'.h on fold and allvrr ,'a monevurd^norninatlon, ard wet to woik in this taalilon. 11 took an onuce of atlver < o iitd it, and eoac'ed that tbia < olned onnoe ahjald bear a moneyed denomination of fire *tul!lnga aud tiro |i?D' e(>ay So. Jd.) But ft old, an already att'.ed, ia II men tlmea more valuable than atlver, it! welghte for equal weighta; con?e<itiently when a n>onejed denrmlratlon Whit put on thecolnid oiune of ^".'d, it waa nroevaary tbat it abotiid pna< aa legal fender for fifteen timra aa macb at the coined nance ofeilver; In other worda for aeventy aeven e'iill!n<rv it l aixpence; and in tbia manner tb ? ratio beteenn {o d and ai.'ver, a a raw bullion, aaa preaeivM, whrn < th were convert* d Into coin*, and receive! tbelr ita(.rctive moneyed den >mJ nation*. Hubwfj'irntlr. it wee found tbat the ra'lo of fifteen to ore waa not <|iilfe oorreet ; it bsaame fl'teen and a tmaJl fraction to <mt; therefore tba coined c unco of quid waa taiacd to aeven'.y aeten ahillloga ar tl tin' pence; hence wc iay tfie price of gold la i : IT*. pr ? 11 r re. No* wb?t have we artivid at? At nothing more tian tbia, that an lave dt'erru'nfd li e ration be tween yo'd atd aMver, whi h.ln the pr j> r*l<me atat"d, ate Htardhid meaaurta of eae*] oibor. Kit lave we diacottrvd ore univrr ial itandtrd of vain*, aa the bnlilotlafa bare bef'o'ed the world V? be lieve? Cirta'nly cot. Wc Lave ietti< d no nuw tlua the relation* between ?"'<! and ailver, and have taken labor a * tb? atandird meaaure of bit i But fare we ibown wbat proportion eith*r ?f tl'se m'tab, cr both of tbein, bear to eoa! or cft'ot, In n < r aoj?ar, l^if or beer, timber or flax, cr to any otter corom' llty whatever? No, wa hare dore i oiblng of the kkd: and wbat m more, it never rail )? i< ne, fo that t -e ideaof an unl/erea! a'andard cl fabr oa'cd o.,t of gold or atJv.-r, or a iy other commodity, it a Vltliaa abaurdlty, th< ugh it baa rtrvd mi a e<"<3 ha:', to catcb k'J''k n*. Teifcct inwlabill'y at all Mmee. unleralleir urn atanrea, ard Id ration to all enrroualtng thln#?. la th* very ea.?ence of* i.tandaid, and t t?? coadlU'iua '( Ut rt ul?h it from a w?a'heie? 'c. N .?r.?lncaer^ry tblrp i:.v<nt>d >>y t.v. i lajpe'fe-rt.h?' ir.notcrea'e a [?rf(Ct eianda d, ?!. cb c.It < o:y i, fn-i > I ra'oie. Sf:e?.ki* t pi-il.ei phlca'lr, a ata-dari of Ncrglh la roond In 'h : iWtiOJXfO b pwt of t%e eaitbV rlrcnml're- ?, w bh la e'(t>ai to tbim'iea'e < f 3 ? .,70 Irjigi ah if ??>#?. rbia la tht laoath of the Kteroh Metre. In Krplaad, the phll'>a>{.bir .1 atandaru of in v'U ia a t'odalom tibratin* a?< '?nda ,n th? 'atito<!e of ?? ?en?l. h, which la tHe m-nmre 'I ; K- i-' mt. The fW'.h a'ati lul I <f weight la a <ch>lr *h of o'aiillf't wat? r a', the 1?m;er*tnte of 6'2 d*,.raa? of Kahretibett, w'.ilcb w.ifla Uoj g aln*. Onr a'Aniarl of rapacity it trcera'ed tn m the ej.a"e iKci|,lel by tin t'-on'a of liMilltd wa''r a ttoe Urn * latiue of o- derroea of Kabr?bh?lt, onati till r* <or ktanlard Rv't,. New a I tbeea atar da. da ard ma a rare ate Item 'alJo In tWr tie t rifld atd ab?>!nt? and no form to what ttir?h?yae a;piktd. If * n dealre tin hag i, T the wilRb'., or tbr ra>acry of any oo.Timo<lty, ban J(l Mil tie it*#- labs ataadarda atd ic*a at ria; atd It la dUIb that !b?y have n- thin* Ui di mtft prioea. Tb</ a e rr , ataotly at onr ootjmand . tl ry ten rever br boarded or eiporud; oin?r n? tkta are free to n?e tfeem. or to? uae tVra, aa tl?ay pUeai ; b(.t r rh nee would can e n > d?r?c(r m*' I m-rff < ur.i ,v ? '.'an tfcie be aald of what la ?-i ? npldiy a.t.iffl'd "f cur Rcld etandard < f v?'na ' V. f?n it la h<?rded or e*;*;itcd, la o t ail Viaitie * itaf r.atic ? let na aaavnr.e that a lawi'vtad tl?et all w m'aiorie of lirfh, wtifM.ial e?f*city were U> be of ?!tt foid; ar d that, bre-atte rooirlTanoe. f * (ffuriiit p'ai<??e?j >4 tt?m all; U H iw>t pla'a ? lata I 'ait* ?l and retail would Dave v le M,?rien/co, ar the abwd law were re i?al ?t lint f> raietera do ret p> . a?a?!oo of wbat fa Igic^ar.fla ca"ed r?tr e^ardard of rai'W, arad taay n j i 'art it wb> aUar Lave "iBMiit d ne to lower t,fty per Or the f- reiyner eaya, "*lre ae .'4 It ctee for a yard, Kafad of M ia^Me. and then I wl 1 ai*e ? " lat tne cheating Wl> i.y wi e yoi r *i. f . ijr a.1 ,wi j n \>> be per!'?di a.l/ pl*.rd'r?d > '."l a',-1 a ?e% mre, tttr maliaiM bj bo! looiata. u very lea a ^t'an*. Tte aur. oai rev> nUr.r a < f *ha earth rimed tie rm i* a tart* and Invar'aUe ataodard of Ume, of ? 'hiooc * ka, fc)a, b< we are tr?*. end ia. \aii?k a rj'a -.iaa '<* Vnr. The yr. ate at ahtrh na'ir b> ? ' r ' una r ? a1' iXm tie ataadard a # t ? at. wl he wai" < ry. "f c latracla^ In DiituU.M It tt'tlv- e cf 1 eee beat, wtrttutaa the Munt t f heat, in hoth tlieet e%?ea, tv>e ?tudeid of tlaa and of beat le heM la aa U/ aav hacaaa MC^aey; but the maaiute of h#et, t? ag only a ?'?le of 'eitia< Ita ?trfTie of Hitiraity %/?.?*, o raodatea iwif to IV rrntr.vaceia rf n en of ao^eaoe aa It way ae*m vi tiara U it adapted la ferlag tte VTta*f of a< tad ard itit) |/!if il TVm ?? t?? iHree o Cat rati v gridntte 1 aoaJee of I ahrankalt, Thari tea.?, ifi'ity Iaiik, wa b\rv diff^raat iwu <'a? Wt a j i.f thi m rwferaUa to the one v*. ildwd f "iad, ar A ' ity to be t and la rature. Alter tbaae ejrolarat t s, w? aak aay *a I na^er to p ^nt ' at any flaw ia ?wr r*a? ? n< ' r ae are taarheb!#. aad rial to U eore-t*J wvn wr'-ar let If ia (law 'aa la detictod thee we ea?. vn re va Uat atatea/ed aU'-darl of ea>e aap^ ?e i to l? i da'a. 3 p ? r k| ebowa that it U fcaad in Htg re and Iqv triable fer tbeee in tbe absolute ooedltioaa of a etwieC Ut It be ahown that it la iamaUbta la 01 oow tilaa, u thaetaadaid of time la Immutable la *? countilee. lat It be ahowa that 6 data. 3 mu?af gold la coin lajthia oountry la alaraya of the aiaM ralue aa H data. 3 gralae of nacolaed (old la el other i ouatriaa. Lat It be ahown that thia pre tcndad tUndard alwaya malntalaa all commodities at a uniform level, uerer damaging a ay. Theae and man/ rther pcinta mut be proved, not nerato aeaerlrd. before any man of coaunea aeoaa all admit thai a Uue ataadard of value extati ta thia countt jr. 0|irrtli of the Ural. (Jorrraeraflnf Biom** h Irk. The 1 .trot . Gortrnor of New Brunawlck deiiretwd b!? apeech to the I<*|i i*la<ute rn the lat InaC It mainly itlatra to local adjure, bnt hu tha foUowtaf leterenoe to the reciprocity treat/, witb a few worde about tve war I have (Urn diteciioo* that there ahould ba laid be fore y< n a copy of the pro< tarnation which. by Uia ad vice of ray Council, lUaued on tha lllh of November. f<>r tb* adulation lain thia province, duty fro#, bat under bond*. of the article" aped fled id the a&hednia of the let far giving rll?at, on tin | art of the iioviooe ef ht w ltrun??ick, to * crrtale treaty between h?r Majeatf and the I'aitad Htalca of Ani' A airollar rnnounua of aiinlUr character wa? mad* by the government of the United Mate*, arlih r?aj>eet to Uia ci rte*t onding articlaa, the pruduir' inn of thia provtaea. I hi wLole of tha provi*ton? of the act war* thua prae Ilea))/ (nought into operation without di'lay, and tha trade of thia province witb the l otted htatea waa at o mom relieved Item tha uncertainly which la neceaaarlly a'M - ant on a prospective altera* on of dutiea Your joint *<idrea* of c< ngraiuWtiun to her Majeaty. on the Mice** achieved by her Maleety'a artnt, and thoee ol lier aliiea at the Alma, haa been laid before Ika thrnae, and I bare much pleaiure in aignifying to you, In aeroidanc* with the matruetlun* which T have re reived, the gratlflcntion whi< h her Majr.ty haa deiira4 from thia loyal and dutiful addree*, I rm wall U ware that the inhabitanta 'of New llruaa wlck yield lo none of her Majeaty'a auhject* in the ardwr of thair aaplratlon for the *acre?* of herMaie*ty'? arni, in admiration of tlia brilliant valor of tb* allied armiaa. aad in e.?m|athy with thoae whom auecea lire Victoria*, a< hie red for (lie public good, have overwhelmed with private aorrow and rfomeatle iil?tr*?a; and while wa Jake In the eipreaaion of an earnaat hop* that the lahera which you ara now aWit to commence will, un lcr Pre vldence, contribute to promote tbe happlnaaa and prae peilty of thia province wa ahall unite in e bMrUrft prayer, that the Almighty may Mean with auceeee the military and naval foicea of the Itritlali empire, aad la due time crown that eucceaa with an honorable, eure *a4 laatmg |>eace. Ttte Hnllroaala of <'hlra|(n. [From the Chicago Democrat, Kali 2 | The lutein t la Imploring. The comm jni-'aUea with the Miaelaalppl la again open, by the Ktuk Island road. Thi Michigan Central end Southern ere on Usee. Tbe (>a!ena road la < liar to Kieepw*. The Celei a reed la aieo dear to (Silent, aad tha tiaina running on time. Tbe Atuora read waa not cleared out at laat aa counta, but will probably be to dev. On tbe IL Inula Central road the train* com lag north were In atfcht of la Halle at laat a coanW. Ihe Uke Hbore la open, aad haa been throagheat tbe atorm. All but about fifteen mileaof the Calcego tad Mta alieippl ItaUioad hu been cleared. Tbeee drteea mi lea lie between l'ontlac and Islington, rtaow plough* and a large number of handi are engaged upon it, and it la expected the entlie line wtd be c fraud to morrow. Home of the drlfta on the Rock U'aad rotd wort fifteen feet in depth. The rail rotd* will probably loee ever t?00,00Q hp tbia great enow atorra. Tbe l'?e to etch road, In clndlrg expeaaeaol clearlag, Ac., rianot be leae than i20,000._ lloiaxnurAKrae at Wntm P?,?isa nturwa UontttiiT at Mi on mut.?1 The bouee of Mr?. Ilaanah Caipenter, (widow of the lat* Jamr* C?rj>e3t?r,) ta the town < f Hatrleon, waa et t<red ou TueaJay eight It at by tbrre men, wbo, effecting their eutraooe through tbe crllar way, pmceeJed up etalra after flocMrg a candle and lighting Ik? to the tleeplac ? I artincnt of Mra. C. One of the rjbhe-a aeiaed bar, with hla band orcr her face, white ahe lay la bed, and telaipg a d rk or ki ire over her witli tba <Aher band, thriatct td inttant d"atb if ahe atUmutrd aa alarm; wbl'e one or the other*, Ntaadiog at tbe door of ber n cm, with a pittol .!rtwn upon bar, mada almilar tbreate. Tliry then d( man led that aha rbtuld tell where ihe Lept her ra-ioey. Hhe, how i utr, refuiK d to anawer to au> h demand*. Her tniak waa diacoverrd at the feot of her bed, 1 x-Aed; but fal lng In tbeir nttempte to l<r*ak or cru?h K, t *y dtBitndrd tbe key ?which not^, t'tey letirhed thrcogh the drawer* ol a buret i *ut>dtng Ic tt e rcom. Not euc^-ecdir g in flndlng it, or manay thtre or eleefche.e, tbey left tbe premlaoe, tak er the tiiink with them. In t'ni mean' I mo the hired ?lrl, who had lieen eroueed by the tu'uult ia the home, fled to one of the reighbor* to give tbe alarm: but lefrre abe n tuae I with a?ditaace, tha R bier* 1 ii . Jef I ai? aliore etatnd. M a. h hired Khl, an elderly lady ami a rmall bo/, wen- tha oitif [ertona ccna'ltuUng tbe family anl they were a ore when the bouee wa* eotrred. Tbe truek wee alb rwerda fiund Id e field *ime half a rails froattM hfn?e, broken rpen and / fled of It* <? intent* -II J<? n mor?y, tllvr tp^ora, Ac. and the jiapere l*A jlrg iralteted about on the irmind. Tie r?bbare have be< n track' d to tbe Kye ?U<lnn ol the New Maven llilira', br papera dm^ptd a'oog tbelr way. - F.n ihih Staff Jatt nal, l'ih. 'J. Tin. stkim Fina KwiiNr., Tbla ' mai:talna. ' a? tl< ?? of wbkk have br^n gl?an >t aarloaatime* ?n^ It lad ('Incitntti <-n i'a way Ut Moat m, wm In bars i ?< n r-nt la r.prraM' ii yeawrdiy In I'bl'.vVpkla. IM trial eaalrg oem poatp;nad fr*;m the |ir**l-jaa day, in cotafqueoo* of tha aaaertty of tUa weather. Hum of tLeaa Mgbtt are main Mt la Otbclanali, urd Late ipera'ed with p^ifi -t aatia'ac'loe, In ttrry re*i>ect. ( it a of th?ae ma bl">*a ta capaVIa of working from 1 </<> '.o 2,000 bamla )>*r Uonr, which ia at om tha capac 'y of a i fl at clan bxsl enjloM. ^?aam, It U latima^d, la n??wly|??r en*, <i?ipae ttan hard labor. The r nxtrn ? i?m of the bJil-r la m. tint ataan an be raltad Is five m'.mttta, tblvk I* a ?? i) ini{x<r'ai.'. leatnra la It a ma' :,?oa, a* it U na na ary Uj b**a a-. mi arraag'tnaat b/ whl< h It can fa pirught Hito arrvlc* In a ahvt ?!?a. i'hU ha a been tha pi I pal otyidka to 'iwag SlMM l'W<r! I ."n. at drew; aid tVa diffi i'ty briaac of#?f tn e, U>e u.. oi m ta a.a rn re aaeily a rangwT At.'/ h>r *??'ora In Ihla tr.a Ijm, iet'.e wat?r -l*v?l Qt l' ? I* lap, ft mat Mra not !a aliit |*wHt<ra It lira akathrr li?al or ot MltHi Tttta rtudara it pm < 'i.latJ/ e..ajitnl t , the Are tnglae, at it tat to \m i km ottr aii aorta ? f etna'*, it?aty Kradea, Ac. Ilrrt It ?ar> Ui r?m%rk thta et*lae baa bat tbf?? ? ? ita any uaavia1. atraia OB it Id |ia-atpg UTtro'area aueata the froot wti aal hull v a | '.collar art an a.- i t, by wbirb It i^rolrm, flf tlirt ir* n* hiw f> hi 'weed rrood la ita (?an iMgth. Vfefa b i<acb)*t la oa'r >a In CI ?. mat It in, .1 ?a tan men an! a.* botaee Vt nr ac It; ft ur b' a?> ara ata nd to t^e ttgii* avf two Lci?#.a draw two brM-far'a.wltti irr.a ilea aa* 4 fft tarh, of thrra Icrb hoa?. T.vat miftaea ma k *?U tb"?Bh i?o l td of 'Mi ti'tinnl ?* I ; rar h>r\<if d fwtt k nf. aod t brow tb? ?aUr anf fl i ai'y klgfc !< raa^h ib? blfWt b i i<ll ./? Tha ' at ol '4<r?l'ng c*a in fin'irnaUU abvet par inia. Tri ad jc K" nru**T i* 4 Cm a u. A rarp la'pa '? nai'lta'l <r> ?fwrabkd at S< M?u '? < barrfc, ((?'ho!/- "0 roiday avaninf ;aal. trbaaradla coarw from Ilaf. Mr. i.ttardat, tn aarloaa t^jAea ra ti' i g la Catholic dot '.rlara - t)?a laxa-alata tm raraid daa tba Vlrtrln If sty, Mr. Tka -l vi< h waa >lanaa)j cr?>a?!a4t ?a<l U?ara <Diil aat h**a ia?b !aaa than 2 V/t p?t * ** araost Whaai tha IV'iWK waa r??r)y tttilal t.J, 16a aiara of Ara on Ilr'/f ? at f Ml waa aad arrarmJ p?ran?a < caaaad mmm coa fna^ a . IM airrtoaa tm Mapaa<U4 tampararHp uatl or la- ?r?n'4 l?a laaturatf Tba f ju4 moaUy rlaaa a>>? ttalr fed, aid Ut boxbar ftctnc ??rt in raaaad, is* a ale bad U it' c!b"1, a> i aa lamaaaa 'road lu4 iaa-x?d tba donrwar At tbU m itr.?n? a tar i ft' orp an ii fl at tba < oar thai tba '* cburtb ?mn Are. ' A baa* ibrtaailj *alaa4 tba wh/<la at l -ae?, ? I at tha -1 <>? nubad with Wrrifl' 'rtjrbt ba- k t?,wa?da ti^? alla?, traiaf lla* ani er aiU* ta b otier ia a n? at fr*ot> ut*nrnr. Waaia ?maw J ar d U i tad, ck.ldaaa a a? b-1 wttk Ur r r, mat! roabcu Vj tha w.:.4aaa a.-. I daa' ^l tbr aifta tl?tr. rarrylBf >aah a-t4 ail, wooaaa aad man wara ae?b rt uir it irnaa tha Wja of pa?a ta tha raa ?f tba tr?a?s.l,r>< a ?c?aa o? orrafaatow. i tti u-iUnar tka' i v-> ; ? 'babk TV> d?i?a *uaa in the aUJ^a aera f'?ra4 >?ark t?war*? tka n.*ar ?l'k S'laaleUjIa |??w?r Ii iknpaa af eRrraa Uirotirb U,? f~'ty, arid a ia'ira ouaiba* a>?a> I d gau.r.( t tat tSa* a*y. ? ' ! 1 ?wk batatlrg t'owa a d"<rw*? en t>e e*t?i Mi of iha ? ?t erd of tba rt/"l ?-? > ?aa no*, uaal ar d had beea paraawa lr -**aa #f?a#a Hafaa *la{ar<j balaia U? ain waa hau ta M *1 en BM*t ar u? ? eerwuee bad tat <**.. At *bar of ladle* ?*" ?? a f*lr4ia?f ar?ra ?? ra or laaa lajwatf . Im M bata I aard ut aaea being bort arru*?Jy ? t>h Iforua - Fi ' ??*? Tt? Ma ar*t< Mwrm p>iMiakan a ratter rarloaa alwy. to ba e?*t tSat M arr.aa, wm ? >'?<d. waa M-hnd tor tha Ftm v,? ?, 'or I'll ? 0X t?*Ir ??<?*ta, baa W* ftriM II my ma a 1 orfcaj; that ha row fiaa hvthe aawi -f Maatapha tad la ar gaged ia taae^af the Ka?tt* a a Karitt glita for Iw mrth . te J. ??j,b A. lik??a. Aocwi ac W? tba ,t/trrwr, ?h/t maa lPrf?ja ?w? Mcrgaa a*, a ixmw la harm. ? ' ta the utter r> <e a 'ietailed areaaat of bto r??. It ia atavad tV?? Morgaa l*ft tM *mm try In tlr aklp Marfine, whicb aat<ed f/iaa MmImi to Ka>' ma, at I Ml^rad U Uw> Una af l.aajfVw 4 it. Tba raf/ataNi baa^ f/t e Merrtaa waa w#?k. it Mattm ittta bow, pertaf* w 4-a?: tht 0mj M MM ft %M>