Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 9, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 9, 1855 Page 2
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Cfept. A. Bell and others made eloquent nwelMi to the point. i. article relative to tk* nutter, published in the SkutAtrt Californium of Tnursday moraine, ih ntd to ?ho meeting by Oapt. Bell, which vu received with un InuM applause, and ita sentiments ratified without a dissenting voice. A men* the numsrous speeches made on the occasion, ?n onV hie honor the Mayor, in which ho unequiro ?allr proclaimed hisaself in faror of hanging Brown and Alrftre together. Hii remark* were liatened to with neat attention. It will be reoollected that mainly to Li exertion* at the former metis* la due the fact that Brown wae turned over to the authorities, and he then pledged himself that, if juetioo was not done, he would r?iga his offlce, and assist with the people in can-ring out the wishes of the public. We presume he wlu re sign, and if so, there can be no doubt that he will be re flected without a dissenting voioe. A committee waa chosen, composed of Don Joan 80 pulbeda, Capt. Hunter and S. K. Labatt, to draft reiolu tie as, who reported the following:? lit. Resolved, That whereas, the time for the execu tion of Browa and Alritro will *??e arrived by tomor eew, the 13th (day of Januaiy, IBM ; and as, by some jneaas, Brown nas rooslved a respite and Alritre none; and as they are both equally guilty? we, the oommittee, they should both be executed at the same time and en the same drop. 3d. Resolved, Thai a committee of five be appointed to devise meaas to carry into eUTect the above resolution, which committee was chosen, and the meeting adjourned ^Tmi^OjacK- meeting is now in session ; exten sive and determined preparations are being made to fur ther the designs of the excited populaoe. The shirifTs party having spiked the dlfTarent pieces of ordnance in the city during the past ni<ht, smiths are M?ageJ in drilling them out. The sheriff is determined tado his duty in carr ring out the law at all hazards, having yesterday made his will and prepared himself for every emergency. Some fifteen or twenty men are pre pared to stand by him to the death. tum O'Clock? The execution is to take place in the Jail yard, the bill* overlooking which are fast becoming severed with the populace. Twklv* O'CLOCK.? A committee of our most respecta ble cltiiena have just visited the Sheriff to get him to yield up Brown, in view of the frightful crisis. The citiiens are arming and cartridges provided for same pieces ef artillery, to be used in demolishing the jail m bailding. Barton, tbe Sheriff, has been consulted by the committee, bat still refuses. His friends are using every exertion in their power to prevent the effusion of blood. Ows O'Clook, P. M.? Two thousand men hare gathered frem all portions of the eoupty, well armed and deter mined. One hundred dollars has been paid this morning to the proprietors of the shooting gallery, by Califor nlans, for loading their revolvers. Masses of people are congregating from all quarters. Stores closed. Halkpabt One. ? All business ceased: immense num bers of people are constantly arriving, there cannot be less than five thousand now in and about the olty. Crowds are thronging the hill-tops and about the jail yard. Tbe multitude. In overwhelming masses, are approach teg the jail. Excitement increasing to a fearful ex tent. Tutus O'clock? Alvitre hung by the Sheriff; but the snpe broke. He was, however, again put up and swung ?0. Whereupon, Mayor Fester and Capt. Hunter took the vote of the masses on Brown's case. One universal aheut of "aye!" responded to the question whether or not he shall be forthwith executed t The end not yet. News bas just arrived of the committal of the King hoy* in the Monte, for murder, by Squire Martin. It a quarter after three o'clock Mayor Fo iter resigned, and asked the mob if they would wait and let Brown be fcuag by the authorities, or if they wanted to hang him temediatelv. The answer was hanging. The mob then made a rush for the outer gate of tlie jail, and succeed ad in effeiting an entrance, after which they commenced breaking open the doors with axes, the Sheriff in the meantime having left. At last accounts? half past three? they were still breaking down the jail cells in search of the prisoner Brown, and should they succeed in finding him he wlH eertainly be hung. No resistance was made by the She riff and his posse. The Cocoa Island Treasure Expedition. We find the following letter In the San Francisco .Herald:? San J can DklSur. Dec. 24, 1854. After Incredible labor at "Coeos," during mare than totty days, we found that ? ? 'a instructions were a tiarne of falsehoods from beginning to end, based npon rumor, and gotten up by and himself, beliering that the treasure was there, and that as strong a force aa ours might stumble upon it, and they would come in ht a large share without risk or expense. We deter mined to proceed to 1'unta Arenas, the locality of Cliap laia's death, and see what further information we could ?Mala. At this place we remained seven weeks. ? ? ud were sent into the interior to San Jose, on the trail of "the Chaplain papers," when It was discovered that they were a nonentity ? never were. Chaplain never had "papers" ? never made a dying confession; nor, in deed, did he know exactly where the money wan deposited, althoegh one of the psrty that placed it there. In this state of the cane, we were in despair, M fortune favored as. ? has the commendable quality of luqulsltiva aoM, and loves to talk Spanish. Inquiring of every one be met concerning a eertain ''Black Doctor," who was Mid to have poisoned Chaplain, that he ruijht possess himself of his effects, lie found out that there was a man in Alajuela, some sixty miles inland, who had sure directions for finding the deposit. Accordingly, , , and myself, proceeded to that place. We found the man, who suti.^ioU us that has knowledge was perfect, but refused to let us have the papers After mnch negotiation, he agreed to go to Caeca with us for a specified share. In the meantime, our vessel had gone to this place (Ftn Juan) with a car aa, and would not rctnrn to Punta Arenas for ten or twelve days. We proceeded to Kan Josu, intending to take him with us on our return. On our re. visit, strange to say, we found him dying! It appeared us if a strange fatality attended every one who possessed the secret, .?at as he was about to avail himself of it. I haro aanated, I believe, thirteen who have died with it in their hands. It is now in mine, and it takes not a little aourage to hold on to it, but it would take several death's beads to make me give up the chuuce of a million. To aetara, he had been confessed, and received the last sa snt ? had made up his mind to die, and masses were ' said for his soul. In this stale he declared to us the troth of his statements. Seeing the difficulties thai we should have to contend with should he die. I deter mined to try to save him, although he was pulseless,' al ?Mat speechless, and in the cold, clammy sweat of death. I pitched in, and after combatting the grave for two nights and a day, with ? ? 1o help me, and he /?U a glorious nurse, lo and behold, he revived ! The townsfolk attributed his recovery to the Saints Mid me, (and in their admiration, which became op pressive, I doa't know if tkey have not enrolled me in the calendar, ) and he in gratitude gave us up the pa yers. We shall leave this place for Cocos in three or Jaar 44ys, and U we do not find the treasure, I shall aever rely en deathbed aasorvutions in future. I think we shall return to this plsce in about three weeks; and ____ . more doubt that we shall have taa treasure, ? ?"?'? ?*- yy - - r . , than that 1 am alive. If we do, we shall put it on bottd a steamer and then ho ! for San Francisco 1 The eften told story of this hidden treasure Is, that In Mlfl, a Spanish galleon sailed from Aeapulco, with ?lft, (XX), 000 treasure belonging to .Spain and the Vloe Boy alt y of Mexico. The treasure was shipped for Spain to protect it from the revolutionary insurgents of lloxl oa. Off tha Cocos Island, tha galleon was eapturad by ytoates. and tha treasure burled on the Island. Papers giving the details or the spot and oircumstaaces of the hartal are supposed to have been preserved. These are tha papers given in gratitude to Dr. ? by the man wka was rescued from his dMth bed. Terbaps those advaculously obtained papers will lead to tha troMura? .perhaps net. The Lyach Law Execution at Iowa IIIU. The hanging of Johnson, by the people of Iowa Hill, for ? murderous assault upon Montgomery, has occasioned much comment throughout the State, and elicited g condemnation ef the hasty action of the citiiens. the exeeation, Montgomery has boon getting better, ,d it ia aow said will recover beyond a doubt. The pao alaef Iowa Hill have been induced by the strictures their coaduct to publish a i->ng explanation of the After stating that Johnson had abused and out raged Montgomery in the first place at the Queen City Hotel, aad that the affair had apparently there ended, they ga on to aay that five hours after Johnson rode up to ui Queen City Hotel, and seeing a friend, went in to drink. As he advanced to the bar he saw Montgomery iac agaiast It, and going towards him, addressed following words to him 11 I hear that you said I atrnek you with a slung shot." Montgomery replied that he had not Mid so, and asked Johnson who lie was, and raising his rap, said that he thought the marks on his forehead looked like it. Johnson replied "Damn you, you have twoof my marks now, an i I willgiveyou another to icmember me by." As be saidgtbis, he struck liirn ia tha month, knocking him down. Montgomery then complained that he was no mutch for him. being a ?mailer man. Johnson replied that he was a pretty fellow to run for a constable, adding: "Damn you, go aad arm yourself with a kaife and pistol, and m *?> yourself my equal,'' then turning to the bar he called lor seme brandy, bathed the bark of his hand, the akin of which had been knocked off against Montgomery's teeth, saying that he had come all the way from Yreka to cut the hearts out of some mcu on Iowa Hill, ooo of ~ om was a ticket seller and the other a merchant, atgomery In the m-aatnne bad risen an I re lit his aegar, and walked slowly across the street to Dreamer's Bote), and aaked for Mr. Colgan, who was sleeping there, but was told not to disturb him. On inquiring far him ha had gone into Mr. Oeamer's rram, an I. Mcing a pistol, asked for it, saying he.hvl been attack ad aad was afraid to go into the street, and asked Mr. Ci Meier to aaeompany him to Colgan's store, which re ??eat ho eostphsd with, and they passed oat and wtlkol dawn tha street arm in arm. Whsa about half the dls ? Johnson law them, and leaping from his horse drew ST his knife, saying, "Are yon armed now ??? At this tlm?| ho was wKhla one step of Montgomery, with his knife ralaed far the blow. cWmer, seeing his threatening at titude, sprang and Mnght his arm, aad received In so dales a slight wound ia his hand. This saved Montgome vy's life, as he had not at this time drawa his pistol and was entirely without defeaoe. Tha force with which Creamer seiied Johnson s arm turned him partly aro.iad, aad Mentgoniery then drew out his piatol, aad att>mpt ad to Are, but it hung Are, aad did not go off until he aad lowered It for the purpose of re-cocking. Johns m, ?a the sight of the pistol, fled across ths street to the Qaeen City, followed by Montgomery, who fired again at him from tha middle of tha street, hat without effect. Jehassa ran through the door, which was opened back, behind it. Montgomery following, tripped ?a the sul of the door, and would aave fallen to the fl >or had ha not Magbt at the door post, from which ha bung haak la an inclined position, /ohnton. seeing him faU, ****** mf?* him .seised him by the cellar with his left haad, aad stabbed him Ave or six timss, and Montgomery fallback, exclaiming. "I am a dead man" lie was allow ?4 to (roe* examine all the witaesaes, and to have all that "maossd before tne people s jury. He w.s aaad to death by the ualted voices of 1,490 eiti Ho died with the most dreadful imprecations an l VJHHI bU lip*. A dee patch to Wels, Fargo k On. Mys that no ths tth of January, Sheriff Asten of Placer county, an I two da yaUee arrTtd at Iowa Bill, aad arrested two mea named Dkljr aad Roberts, Mil IB havs Imi ooaoerned la the hanging of Tnhnii il mm M the arrests tMMH known, Mil were nag and a large crowd collected, mostly miners, and retook them from the officers, and UNrad thnt the accused could not b? taken from the place. There 1* no telling what tke result win be. Sheriff Asten haa aent order* to Auburn for a relief party. Some two hundred or more have been summoned, armed and equipped for service, from Gold Hill, Ophlr, Rattlesnake, Auburn, 4c. They go upon horeebaok? or, at least, all who can get horeee will, as the livery stable keeper* bare been pressed into service. High times are expected if the parties are not given up. I The Union says: ? "Some fifteen of the residents of Yankee Jim's, who participated in the lata lynching af fair at Iowa Hill, came down to Auburn on Saturday evening, and voluntarily gave themselves up to the au. thorities." Iiilei?Hna ftwn the Oils* From the Los Angeles Star of Jan. 4, we learn that Cept. R. Sackett arrived at that place on^Wedneeday last, after three months abacence on a prospecting tour on the Gila. He brings with him soase most beautiful specimens or oopper ore, upon whioh appear, in no small quantities, pure Tirgin gold, and a great deal of gold fused with oopper. The specimens are composed of the red oxide of copper, which upon assay give aeveaty-five per cent of pure oopper, and for every one hundred pounds of ore. one ounce and a half of pure gold. Thero is also a email ingredient ef silver, the exact proportion of which haa not been ascertained. Capt. Sackett pro cured these specimens at a point about forty miles dis tant from the Gila river, and about eighty miles from Fort Yuma, on the Colorado. He left there a week ago last Tuesday, coming in by the way of Valleeita, Agua Calient* and Temecula. Previous to his departure they had encountered no hostile Indians? in fact, they had never eeen any Indiana while there. He left about twenty men at the mine, who are now employed in buildiag houses, fcc., preparatory to commencing work in earnest. In the immediate vicinity of the mines there is but little grass and water? enough, however, for domestic purposes. Their locality la unquestionably upon American soil, being at least thirty miles inside of the boundary fixed by our late purchase,of a part of the State of 8onora, and in the immediate vicinity of that rich mineral country, concerning which much has been said but little known. It is estimated by Capt. Sackett, whose knowledge of that country and its resources makes his statements perfectly reliable, that copper can be taken from thesi mines, smelted and delivered in New York at an expense or ten oents per pound, and this, too, with a moderate investment of capital. ftflacellauieoa*. Th* Waoon Road Across tiii Plaxnh.? A correspondent at Sacramento says that in the Senate on the 13th utt., the preamble and resolutions, memorializing Congress to ealabiish a post road across the continent, which originated in the Assembly, were pissed in concurrence. As a means of increasing the population of our State, I look upon this wagon road as lughly important. That the mails or treasure will ever be conveyed across the continent in vehicles drawn by horses, I think prepos terous. That is, 'unless owing to war, the navigation of the ocean be blockaded by an enemy's cruisers. The malls can be conveyed between San Francisco and New York by steamers, via the Isthmus or Central America, speedier and much sarer than they can over be bv com mon stages across tbe plains. But crowds of Western people will be able to travel here in their wagoas, drawn by their own cattle, if a safe road be opened, who can never pay the high rates of passage on Bteamers for themselves and families. Hosriiiui Traoxdy in Los Anqcus.? We take the fol lowing from the Lot Angeles Star: ? A most fatal affray occurred in the Monte on Snnday afternoon, between Samuel King and sons, and Mica jab Johnson. The par ticulars, as far as we can learn, are aa follows Johnson was in a drinking house, and took occasion in the pre sence of one of the sons of Mr. King, to call hlu a scoun drel and many vile epithets, which it is useless to men tion. Young King told JohnBon that he should not take up the quarrel, as he did not consider himself man enough for Johnson, but he would Sad one who would, and left the grocery and went home. Shortly after this Johnson saw King and his sons oomiag towards him, and he got on his horse apparently with the Intention of leav ing, raising his hat and bidding the by-standors '? Good day. " Whether there were any words passed between King and Johnson we have not learned, but in the exa mination it was proved that King fired first, and is sup posed to have wounded Johnson, whose horse threw him off, who then retreated into a house, and us King came up fired upon him, the shot taking effect in nis left breast, hi the upper lobe or the left lung, passing en tirely throngh, and mortally wounding him. King im mediately got off from his horse and lay down on the ground, tilling his sons be was dying, and kalltag upon them to avenge his death. Johnson tiion attempted to escape but was pursued by the Kings, knocked down and severely beaten. Johnson then retreated to a house, barricaded the door, which was broko down by bis pur suers, who entered tbe premises and shot him down, two balls taking effect in his side, one in the head and one in the arm. Jobnuon died almost immediately from tbe wounds in liis head and side. The young Kings, after tlietr father's death, came In and gave themselves up, and their examination la now being held. N California Lkoiblaturk.? It appear* that there are in the present legislature, 20 miners, 18 lawyers, 16 farm ers, 20 merchants, ? pbjrslcisus, 2 civil engineers, il ran cberos, 1 surveyor, 1 clergyman, 1 broker, X tanner, 1 blacksmith, 1 expreta agent, 2 contractors, 1 carpenter, 1 jeweller, 4 traders, 1 mason, 3 editors, and 1 printer. There are 112 members In the legislature, and 52 of these are married, 68 are single, and 2 are widowers. Of nati vity, lb of the members were born in tho State of New York, 5 in New Hampshire, 6 in Tennessee, 1 in Connec ticut, 1 in California, 11 in Ohio, 2 in Missouri, 6 in Ver mont, 11 in Kentucky, 12 in Virginia, 4 in Pennsylvania, 2 in Alabama, 3 in Georgia, 9 in Massachusetts, 2 in Illi nois, 1 in Maryland, 1 in Mississippi, 1 in Arkansas, 1 in Indiana, 1 in Rhode Island, 2 in Maine, 1 la Delaware, 1 in Ireland, 1 in ?ngland, 1 in France. Prkaciiing in tiis California Licm-nrcas. ? There was considerable excitement in the religious world on ac count of the action of the Assembly on the Chaplain question. That body refu?ed to pay for the services of a clikplain, but invited all tho Sacramento clergymen (a Mormon minister included,) to visit tbe house alter nately, and oiler up there a morning prayer for the good of tbe souls of the honorable membirs. One reverend gentleman vows that he wen't accept the invitation be caure there is no pay for the work. Another declines to go near the Assembly because, as he says, it has ae I nowledged, "by a Urgo vote," "the Christianity of that daring imposture of systematized licentlousnf^J called Mormonism." It is presumed that the Mormon will have all tbe praying to himself. Vwfntis Ownkd in San Francisco.? There are now owned in San Francisco? Tow. 9btht. 22 ships 9,660 62 65 barks 14, *68 62 69 btigs 11,701 25 153 schooners, oyer 20 tons 12,539 SO 60 sloops, over 20 ions 2,194 36 04 schooners under 20tons 1,105 68 121 sloops under 28 tons.,,.., 1,168 61 ? steamers 10,684 61 Total tonnage Marriage*, Birth* and Deaths* MARBHD. In Cniontown, January 1, by the Hot. Mr. Taylor, Joseph B. McGonagle, of New York, to Miss Mary Jane Bluodell, of Bridgeport, Conn. In tbe Monte, Mr. John McCullam to Mia* Melinda Crandall, all of Loi Angeles. In San Fruncixco, December 31, by tbe Rev. ffm. Rol lim-on. Mr. Samuel Groeh to Misa Eliza Joyce. By the name, in 8an Francisco, January 6, Mr. Howard P. Lovejoy to Miaa CUatia Anna L. Kinney. In San Franciaco, January 6, by the Iter. T. Dwlgtat Hunt, Mr Wm. 8tevens, of Aubnrn, Placer county, to Miaa Isabella Sinclair, late of Edinburg, Scotland. On Dry Creek, Shasta county, January 2, by J. T. Lan drum, Ksq. , Mr. Win. RegUn to Miaa Sarah Wella, all of Shasta county. In Coluna county, by Judge N. Hall, Mr. John McNalty to Mra. Jane Mack lay. In San Francirco, January 9, by the Rev. Dr. Wyatt, Mr. Wm. Branch to Miaa Ellen Welih, all of WUllama { burg, Long Inland, N. Y. At the head of Shaata Valley, Siskiyou county. Decem ber 20, by R. B. Stratton, Mr. Jamea K. Trappard to Miaa Kllaa M Miller. In San Francisco, January 14, by the Right Rev. Biahop, Mr. John A. Lander*, of Sacramento, to Miaa Dorathe Watson. In San Franciaco, January 14, by the Rev. Dr. Scott, Mr. Pierre Johnaon, of San Joae, to Milt Mary Campbell, of San Franciaco. BIRTHS. In Downleville, Jan. 2, Mra. Foley, of a aon. In San Francisco, Jan. 10, the lady of Adolphe Deyme, Eaq., of a aon. In San Francisco, Jan. 11, the Iaily of Mr. Joaeph B. Ballard, of a daughter. In San Franciaco, Jan. 14, the wife of Wm. Giange, of a daughter. In San Franciaco, Jan. 13, the wift of Mr. N. H. Lin dry, of a aon. DIKD. In Pulgaa, Mra. D. Flashner, wife of Mr. Marcua Flaah ner, aged 23, ef consumption . In Placerville, F. 8. Littleflld, aged 25 yeara, formerly of Monroe county, Mieh. At Minnesota. Jan. 1, Mr. David Hamilton, formerly of New Yoik city, aged 41 yeara. In Han Franciaco. Jan. 0, Grace Stuart, infant child of Theodore C and Elizabeth Boyd, aged U montha and II day a. In San Franciaco. Marie Uranle, Infant daughter of P. O. and M. I.. Partridge, aged 1 month and 27 day*. In Maryxville, Jan. 6, of liver complaint, Jamea May Jones, aged about .16. The deceased a native of Reading, l>nn., and had not reaided In California. In Delmont, I'ulgaa. Julia, infant daughter of H. and M Flashner, a^ed 3 montha and 8 daya. Jan. 8. Mra Josephine ('lumbers, (formerly Hirachey.) In the 41at year o< her a^e. The deceaaed waa a native of Hanover, (ieimany, and for many yeara a resident of New Orleans, La. Market*. San Fiuwcaco, Jan. 13. 186.>. The general market haa been more languid to-day than perhapa for any preoedlng day of the week. though price* shew little ion to rece<le. The recent apecnlative movement la flour and grain, it la now gene rally conceded, waa premttnre. and though their position may be maintained, it la thought doubtful whether there can tie any further upward movement until an increased gold yield and a consequent increased demand for mer chandise have been realized. ho?* ?Sales from mills and from hand* of jobbers, of *00 qr saeka Ooldea (Sate, 800 do. American, and 100 do. Magnolia, at til; 800 do. Aahley, at 113 60; 090 do. Val ley, at p. n. t. ; JOO do. repacked Chile, at til 60; f.O eases Suffolk, at ?16 per 200 lb*. . and 60 bbls. Uallego, at tli 60 per bbl. OMumAi.? Jobbing (ate of SO bbls. iweet, at $7 per bbl. MlDDUJrae.? Sale of ;MM sacks at p n t. Sale* of 76 bags California red, at 3e., anl 20 do. do. Bayoa, fair quality, at 7c aer lb. WhiuT. ? Sales of 400 aacka California, slightly smutty, at 2?;c. a Se. ; 3M do , la three lota, at.1e.;eod 1 .086 de. do. good, la three iota, at S^?. per lb iUaurr.? Sales of 1,100 aacka California la four lote. at 2e. per lb. Oiii ? Mm of 104 Mki CiuiU black, it 2Jfe. ; do California, Inftrler, at H(e ; do. do. food, at So., end 800 do. do. choice, at 8^o. pw lb. ' Potato*.? Sola* of IH sack*, in lots, at 1 and 1,3*0 do. do., at lKe. par lb. Rici.? Sala of 22,000 lbs. redeemed Akyab, at 6J*o. per lb. Suua*.? Sale of 300 half bbU. powdered, to arrive per Spitfire, at p. n t. Tea.? Sale* of ISO oaaai gonpowper, In 1 aad 2 lb. eat tie?: 150 do imperial do ; 76 do. yoang hyson, do. ; aad 300 boxes choice black, all at p. n. t. Brnor.? Bale of 100 keg* Beth Adam*', at 97>?c. per gallon. Caudlmb ? Bale of 900 boxes Crumpton's, (dark,) at 40o. ; and 1(0 do. do. bright adamantino, at die. per lb. Laid. ? Sale laat evening of 100 kegf , at 12 c. per lb. Haub. ? title of 40 t??rce?, in brine, to arrive, at 17c. per lb. Bacon.? Sale of 22,000 lba. extra elear, in order, at UXe. per lb. CRAKnuun.? 8ale of 817 kegs. (6 and 8 gallon*,) at 87 He. per gallon. Daiv?.? Bale* during the week of 300 bales 30 inoh brown, at 0c. a 0Ko. per lb. Co a u? Sale of 140 tone Lackawana, ex-Flying Fish, at ?19 per ton. From Oregon. We have datee from Oregon to the 30th of December There is no new* of importance. The Oregonicm nay ? the Legislature have decided that the ay item of voting shall be changed from ballot to twee, or, in other words, that each voter shall march np to the polls and proclaim 1he name of each person ho wishes to vote for. This is a singular procedure on the part of a legislature, when the provinoe of that body is properly regardea and the rights of the citizen duly appreciated. A bill baa been Introduced into the Legislative Assem bly to prevent the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors in Oregon. IMPORTANT FROM ACAPULC0. The Desertion of a Portion of Santo Anna's Army. Our advices from Aeapulco are to the 24th nit. Our previous intelligence was to the 7th. We learn the im. portant news that a portion of Santa Anna's army, 2,000 in number, had deserted and gone over to Gen. Al vares. A part of them, with some of their offloers, reach ed Acapulco 23d January. The remainder were daily expee'ed . affairs on the isthmus. The Approaching Railroad Celebration? Pre parations to Receive the New York Rail road Deputation? Health Report?A Row at Taboga. The Aspinwall Courier of Jan. 30, has the following review of affairs on the Isthmus:? Daring the past fort night nothing of importance lias transpired except the opening connection of the railroad. Tor weeks it has appeared doubtful whether It would be possible to com plete this oonneetion before tha end of January; but notwithstanding that there have been several obstacles, either of which seemed almost insuperable? not with standing that It has rained every day, and almost in cessantly during several weeks? the connection was made, and the cars went over the track the whole dis tance from Aspinwall to Panama, on the 28th of Jan On the arrival of tha train near Panama, it was met by a large proportion of the native population, who were anxious to behold the fire eating steed with his train of carnages. On the approach of the train, they seemed stuplfieJ with amaiement; but when the engineer Opened his steam whistle, their w0?d" w^Tsoen fpiTr? and some ot the women and children were so en tlrely bewildered and horrified that they started for the woods, screaming at every jump. The impression upoa the entire population, on the appearance of the 1 ?>i? ritv wan of the most exciting character, and after first naroxysm of wonder was over, the people Mowded abont the train so close as- scarcely to leave ZZ for tttomove upon the track ^rain reached Panama about noon, (having run do ?rn from th? Sum mit the first time, in an hour and a half,) and remained until near seven o'clock in the evening, giving the whole population of the city an opportunity to see the grant msrjgjra asrafcES - lulted States fer California lett Aspinwall for lanama, in the cars, to go over the whole transit by steam. Thus, it will b. seen, the conneotionha.beenfuUy established between the two imm., "*1* at^and hundreds and thousands both in the United mates ana California, who have heretofore been so incredulous re lative to the possibility of constructing the Panama Railroad will now believe, not only that ths thing can ha hut that it has been accomplished. We learn that the formalopenlng of the read wV take place about the l'.th of iohruery, on the arrival of the steamer which will leuve New York on the 5th of February; it 'sex- I that several of the directors of the Panama Hail raadTcompany, and ? considerable number of vliitors fJom the tn?U>d States, will be present at the opening. At ?r before that time,' we shall account of the commencement and progress, *c., of the mteoed. The transit trip can now be made dally, in from five to 1 six hours, and but a short time will probably elapse be^ fore the trains will run regularly in Jh* supremacy of the Panama route over aU others i Is ni ow fully established, and the only means thatitlacks, to it in avirt respect the most d*sirablo that can De fo, m?V?ars is such a provUion of steameraas will Umltthe aJejage passage within eight days on the lu.nuc and with?' twelve on the Pacific. This can be, and we doubt not, soon will be done The averare trip*, Snider present arrangements, will be about nine days on I ftbe Atlantic, and thirteen on the Pacific? and when we Eemlnd our readers that, in 1851, the Atlantic voyage ganeially required eleven days, and the Pacific averaged seventeen, we must convince them, without further comment, that gTeat credit and ample publiofavorare due to the companies that have thus Improved the faci lities ef the ocean travel on the Panama route. The subject (next In importance to the improved eon- I dltion of our route) which has occupied the attentioa of the Istmenians during the past fortnight, is th? prospect of government for the Isthmus. The Pan*Mtno, of Jan. 26 In an article setting forth thq greit benefit of the I railroad, suggests that ^ nrittcb should be opened to Cborrera, and 16 Cliepo. _ . ^eVrlnd^al, individuals composing a circle of friends, 1 will^e'ebrate their own private account, "If nomeansoljo mng ?? L M;nui?i0 n? those who have come in, as it were, attne I e eveJnth hour oTthe other hand, this, who have but unite recently joined the ranks, as well as all *^0 have ever beea engaged lu the work of building up ma route, should cordially welcome each other in Uu matter The residents of all points on the Isthmus are I deeply interested In having a pleasant and KeMral cele Kratinn of the rreat event, and natives and foreigners I nhould have the opportunity to use, and should use, ere- I rv effort to render such celebration eomraenoratlve a* I well for 1U harmony and enthusiasm as for the oonsum matlon over which they rejoice. I The Panama Herald of January 22d says:? Our city never was healthier than at present, notwithstanding this Is the changing of the wet to the dry season, the exception of a few infirm or chronic sufferers, there Is hardly a patient in the foreign hospital. The contemplated opening of the railroad thro ugh to this eltv has already commenced to sffect a change In 'the bueVnesVof Panama. Yesterday on. . of the large" mule owners in the city sold out, at publioaucton, his entire stoik of mules, contemplating no further use for ^'inVfew* days we shall have the first train of ears rat- I tllng over the tiack Into Panama, at least so sured, and we are anxious to Snow what Is going to be done to celebrate so remarkable an event. A IjfW'J of gentlemen fi om the Board of Directors In New York is expected ont in the next steamer, to be present on the occasion, and If no display Is made by the pjopko' Panama to welcome them, they will carry off the Idea that the Panatnenos are rather a peculiar genoration to ?ay the lea*t of it. We hope that some of the will take the matter up, as It would really be disgrace ful to allow so Important an epoch as that of the open of the first Railroad in New Granada to pass by un_ noticed. It is not the business of the few fore^ners here to take this matter In hand, else we fancy It would h*ve been attended to before this, but the celebration, If there be any, iliould be undertaken purely by the na tl\' tdeVHbe head'of a "Kow at Taboga," the same pa^ .wr h*n the following ?We lexrn tbftt lather a serious row^>Mumd at Taboga on Friday, by which one man lout his l>fo It appears that the sailors of the ship An ftottton . lying in that harbor, were daily d.<ertlnr ind on Friday the captain went on shore determined capture those be eoul 1 of them. Immediately on his 'ending he found a large crowd of ins to attack him, from whom he was obliged to take ^re fuxe in the Company's works, being at ths time unarnr ed After procuring his pistols he proceeded with a friend to the grogshop where two of his m- n were drink iu? and ordered them to g.? on boar.t their *bio. ThU theV refused anl attemptel to escape. "P"" *blc^ ? nd the captain laid hold of one of them to take bim to the boat. Ti e teUow than drew a knlfs, with wl'ich h> endeavored to stiike the captain, swear ?? at the same time that he would kill him.

los life in danger, and his prisoner me-t desperate, captain, in sell defence, fired his pistol and shot the man thfougli the beau, causing almiet instant dea^ We I never wish to justify sueh an act as that of taking a man s life, but from what we can learn of thla ease It is one of those oceurrenees which ars at times almoit ua avoidable, and one which, we pre?uire, would be Justl- ) fled by any court or jury in the world. NEWS FBOM HEW tJRANADA. Antral of General Poult at Acplnwall? Conrtct Soldier* Milppetl to the Irthnwi Approaching Exec at Ion fT Melo? ItanUh ment at Obando? Appoint menu at Pegota, ?tee., Ac. The Panama Herald of January 11 071. We bare reeeired the Aipiawall Courier ef the 13th tart. It contain* no local aetre of I taper tan re. The Charier inform* aa that the St Thoiaa* itoaaer brought tiea. PoMda, who left her* mm e??tt neathi since, with Um troop# of tte Iathara* Ik* General oosaea from the coast where everything 1 a quiet, ud where he wu stationed on bis bit irilnl there. At the time the Cienegaa threatened to take up arms for Melo, General Poind* went than and aubduod them, ilnce which tine he haa been offlelating u second in com mand of the force* of tb* Atlantic eout dlviaion. The Iathmua troopa were aaperseded on the Atlantic by Carthagenlans, and were uaitad with the foreee that centred at Bogota. It U laid the/ hart bean dismissed, and will probabljr bo Mot to Carthagena in time for thU port. The Courier tearna that an* hundred and ninety of the prisoners taken by the government foreee in the rebel boo, have been condemned aa eonvlct aoldiera, and will be brought to the lithmua upon a sailing Teasel, under guard of ho me of the troopa that left here la Hay laat. The Teeael will probably arrive hare within a few days. We learn that at the battle of Bogota Melo waa com pelled by his officera to aurrender, with three hundred men ; that be declined to make any full declaration be fore the tribunal, bat aaid ho would do so at his execu tion, which waa soon to take place. Obando la to be banished. Meantime, be haa been compelled to go publicly to the sittings of the tribunal, under a strong guard. Tb* Panama Herald of January 334 aays : ? From Bo gota, we have datea to the 23d December. The news ia unimportant. Public peace has been tully established at the capital, and business haa reaumed its regular march. General Herran has been appointed Secretary of War. General Mosquera has been nominated Commander Gene ral of the Department of Cundimarca. Senor Panteleon Bacca baa been raised to the position of lieutenant Colonel, and had left Bogota for tne South. The Panama Herald of January 27, referring to the ar rival of tbo Melo prisoners, says:? we noticed, the day before yesterday, the throng of new arrivals of the exiled prisoners belonging to the Melo faction. Many of them have brought their familiea, which Indicates a long residence among us. We learn that thia body of men will form a garrison hero for the protection of tho place. Having beard of tbe many atroolties and whole sale depredations committed by the Melo faction, when at Bogota and elsewhere, tho Idea naturally forces itself upon us will thia body of men bo any benefit to our community? With auch a heterogenous mua as our population is composed o', we should not be astonished to near of some disorder and breaeh of the peace occur ring. Tho arrival of this body of democrats hero must cause some rather unpleasant sensatlona among the na tive portion of tbe community. Different aa the two partiea are in political feeling and sentiment, it ia acarcelypossiblo that a fuaion can take place for some time. The one compoaed of men who ruled and awayed with tyrannical power to the utmoat, but now defected, diagraced and driven from thoir native places of birth; tbe other, adhering to the constitutional party, unani mously arose to a man to aid in the restoration of con stitutional order and law. Goaded and oppressed by tbe opposite party, while in power, it la natural to pre sume that the appearance of thia class of men among ua will be looked upon with diaapprobation. We are ex ceedingly sorry to see our city become a penal colony, or a Botany Bay for these political delinquents. NEWS FROM PEETJ. Termination of the Revolution? The Battle of Chorlllos? Detail* at the IE iqpmement? De feat of Echencque? General Caatllla Trium phant? III* Arrival In Lima? Surrender of the Caatle of Callao? Earthquake at Callao. Through the kindness of Hurry Howard, Esq., bearer of despatches to the United States government from Peru, we have received file* of Lima papers to the 7th of January. The Callao Foreign Newt ef that date contains the fol lowing interesting intelligence:? A decisive battle has been fought between the revolutionary army, under Gen. Castllla and the Government army, resulting, as wsh confidently anticipated, in the overthrew of the latter. In the absence of all official dospatchea, and with very jlttle time to write out and put in type lengthy particu lars, we can give to-day but a brief outline of the occur rences of the past two or three days. On the morning of Friday, bth in it., about 4 o'clock, a small detatchment of Echineque's cavalry was thrown forward towards Caatillia's entrenchments, for the pur pose of calling forth a sisellar demonstration from the enemy. Castllla, however, had changed hU position during the night, and was fully prepares to engage with his entire army. Echineque, finding hi* original inten tion to charge the left wing ef the revolutioniste frus trated, gave orders for the three battalions, Junln, Callao and Pinohlnclil.'to charge in front, they dashed in handsomely, and the two entire armies were soon en gaged. The government forces becoming a little disor dered, two entire battalions went over to the revslu tionists, and very shortly after Echineque's array was routed completely and lied preclpitatsly from tiie field. Gen. Deustua,|Col. Cavranza, and several other officers of the government ariny, were killed. It is also reported that Col Montes, Col. Duenns, Major Garoias, and nix o^ber officers in the revolutionary army, were killed. Col. La I'uerta is severely wounded, and Generals Cas tllla and rian Roman received alight injury. President Echineque, with a small cavalry escort, suc ceeded in reaching Lima, and placed himself under the protection of Mr. Sullivan, the Engliih Minister, where be still remains. Gen. 1'etet escaped to this city, and embarked on board the Amatonas steam frigate. The liberating army entered Lima about 10 o'clock, and as they defiled thioagh the streets and entered the grand Plazs, an immense throng accompanied them, and the most enthusiastic rivat rent the air. At 2 o'clock General CastiUa (el Libertadnr.) arrived at the gatei, and amid the rattling of artillery, the clanging of a thousand bells, the discharges of firework* and small arms, ami the leafenlng shout* of the multitude, he entered triumphantly The "City of the Kings," from which he haB so long been an exile. The people flocked areund him and embraced him, aad his path was literal ly strewn with flowers. After much difficulty he suc Cffded in rttchiag bis own house. We were present In the Plat* while the battalions were forming on each side of the square, and were struck with the precision of their movements, and the strict discipline which teemed to prevail. We saw wounded men m the ranks, who certainly stood in need of hos pital treatment, and yet their devotion to their brave Cneral induced them to forget their pangs, and main n their pest to the last. CastUla's soldiers looked hag gard and careworn, as men naturraliy would who for twelve months had kept the field under the most dis couraging circumstances, but there was resolution and firmness la their look*, and we could not wender at their success. Soon after Lima was taken possession of. * batalkm of infantry was desp itched by railroad for Oallao, and a detatchment of 400 cavalry left for the same destina tion. On the arrival of the ear* at Bella Vista, one mile from Callao, the soldiers were disembarked, and when the cavalry came up, the whol* body took up it* march for Cailao. It was expected that the castle would make an obsti nate resistance, as heavy guns had been planted, conn mamling the Lima road, and other extensive preparation* made for defebce. The Infantry marehed directly in front of the castle wall*, the cavalry being held in reserve ia case of need, and an effioer presented himself at the gate, and summoned the surrender of the plaee. A few moments sufficed to settle all preliminaries, and at seven o'clock the castle of Callao had surrendered without firing a shot. While the parley was going on at the gate, some firteen or tweaty of the soldiers attached to the garrison desert ed, suspending themselves by their hand* fross the walls, snd falling into the arms of those outside. This Crt of the programme afforded considerable amusement the spectators. As soon as Callao was in possession of the revolution ists, a stiong guard was posted on the mole, and a pa* trol traversed the streets. The utmost quiet and good order prevailed, and one universal expression of admira tion of the happy consummation, was heard on every side. These event* have renewed publle confidence greatly, and It is fair to presume that much good will grow out of them. We have no time to-day to speak of the indomitable perseverance and untiring patriotism ef General Castllla, who has struggled forward during fourteen months of most discouraging and gloomy trial, to fiaal victory. It 1* sufficient to say that he has shown himself a soldier, a philanthropist, snd a patriot. Advices of a week earlier date than the above, give u* the following :? Fcbenique having lost every foothold in the South, sent a large force under General Moran, to quell the southern Insurrection, which fell Into thehands of Ellas, ss prisoners, their leader (Gen. M ) being killed. The crew of the war brig at Arica mutinied, kilted the purser and another officer, distributed the vessels armament among the people of the town, aad with the latter, declared for Castllla. The mutineer* after wards shot their own leader. CastiUa had decreed the al>ollticn of slavery In P?n, and the planters were con voked *o secure themselves against attacks from those thus 1st leose. A shock of an earthquake was fait at Calloa on the day after the place passed Into the hands of the new government. the Callao foreign Xewt, of January T, tavs:? The Montoneros, tab in* advantage ef the recant disturbed state of affairs in this vicinity, have committed various depredatkns of late, even entering Callao at different tiroes snd running off horses. On Tuesday evening last, about ft o'clock, a party of some ten or twelve of these fellows ottered Bella Vista, robbed two or three houses, and made off with three horiee. On Thursday night, they piid a visit to Lima, and we are informed actually broke open a store, from which they extracted a conside rable sum of money. The Callao papers express great regret at the departure of Mr. Howard and Commodore Bangs, of the American merrhant squadron at the Chiacha lslnnds, from Peru for the tnited State*. NEWS FROM BOLIVIA, The Reported Deffcat of Acha? Pardon of hi* follower*? An Extra Session of Cangre? Trad* Prohibition* XUaaowOTl. Advices from Bolivia of the 37th of December inform ns that Acha (who, at previous accounts, was success fully pushing forward towards La Pa*,) has beea put down. Hie President has pardoned those engaged with Acha. He has also called aa extra *es*ion of Congress for the 1st ef February; and has aaaeuaeed to the nation that on* of the marten to be disposed of will be the ae cept^fe of his reeigaatioa a a President, aad the pro vistoaet a successor. In this an noun so meat he state* that he deeiToa a private life to rest from the severest la bore, to avotd the necessity ef punishing hia opponents, aad to remove any pretext for aew revel atioaary move ments. The ismasi'iitel prohibition that ha* to Mf existed toward * l *n ha* beea aholtehed. NEW8 FROM CHILE* Approaching Municipal and Congre? lonal the United State*? Wheat and floor Mar kets. Our flies from Valparaiso are dated to the 30th of De cember. The city furniahea little of moment. "Though city offi eera end a new Congrees are to be chosen in March, " the Mercury says, "no intcreat la openly manifested in qaeationa of the elections." The Mercury, noticing a pamphlet recently iaaued in Chile, entitled "An Eaaay concerning Emigration, Immigration, and Colonisation," wa it ia the great question of the day for oa. It ia impor tant for the preacnt. It la no leas ao for the future re aulta that may grow out of it. It is Intimately eonnect ed with every part of oar national prosperity, and with all the interest of progreaa. The question of subjugating the Indiana of the south, says the Mercury , still attracta public attention:? The press ia unanimoua in the opinion that the govern ment should now aerioualy undertake thia Important business; the Indians seem to be on the alert, and not uninformed of our intentions. They have held a council of war for discussing grievances and measures. The council wat held in Quempulemo, meaning Round Hill. The chiefs of the Araeanos, Peguenches, and Hui lichea were present Among the magnatea of that grand meeting of savage potentatea were, Magtiil, Cullucoy, Wenman, Lupai, Cuniuguan, Quentrlman, and Concon. The whole number of Indiana waa about 2.000. Haguil, the moat powerful of all the chiefs, presided. He suid, fince that for the Security of Araucans, and fer the maintenance of peace, it waa neoesaary to eject all the Spaniards, and alnce the early treatiea with the other Spaniards had, defined Biobio aa the boundary between the two nationa, it waa now necessary to send the Spaniarda north of that limit altogether; that, aa thia waa a strong measure, it would be neoeasary to resort to force, and hence he convoked, summoned and command ed them all to be in readiness when he should call them; that for the preaent it would be neceaaary to leave the Spaniards until the harvest, and then, when they should have gathered tbeir crops, they must be notified to leave the territory. Thus, he thought, amicable relations would be maintained, and tho government would have no ground of complaint. ? Ifagull carried everything before him by his eloquence. He declared that the Chilean government intended to destroy all the Indiana and take tbeir lands? that they muat show the Spaniarda that the Indiana of to-day are not inferior to those of Lautaro, Itengo and Colocolo ? and that all muat unite to purge the land or them. The press and mercantile community of Valparaiso complain much of the failure of many of their lettera and papers, both from the United States and Europe, by the previous steamer. In other matters it remains only to say that agricul ture haa not changed its prospect at all within the fort night. The prices of wheat and flour rule verv low in spTteof all the exertions of speculators. Aa to mining, a month has passed alnce we had newa of a rich ailver discovery; but its importance may be doubted, in view ef the alienee which the Copiapo journals observe on the subject. Tha estimate brought forward for the year coming, and sanctioned by the Council of State, amounts to ?6,833,333. nut CoMduttaa Fall ores n-oft THE ARGENTINE CONFEDERATION. Hope* off Peace with Bnenoi Ayrei (fcnlct In the Pro vine e? A Blew Constitution? The United States Minister at Parana, <bo. We have intelligence from Mendoza dated on the 27th of December. The new* gives strong hope* of en ami cable arrangement of the difficulties between Buenos A y rea and the province!. All is quiet throughout the province*. The Hall of Representative* of Mendoza was revising the new constitution. Gov. Segura was laying oat tbe town of Uspaflata. The National Congress had adjourned to meet in May. The Oronica bad been suspended by the government of Buenos Ayres ? Hunoz, editor, asking a jury trial.' The arrival of J. A. l'e Jen, Esq., United states Minis ter resident to the Argentine Confederation at Parana, November 27th, i* noted in the paper*. NEWS FROM THE JSANDWICH ISLANDS, Approaching Funeral of the King? Adtlres* of the Council to Kamehameha the Fourth ?HI* Flrat Appearance In Public? The Hun (Ian Prisoner*, die., die. By the arrival of the North Star we have file* of the Polynesian dated to the 23d of December. Prince Liholibo ha* ascended the throne, vacant by fie death of the old king; and the scheme of annexation, at least for the present, may be regarded as abandoned. Tbe Polynttian el the last date says:? The Court has gone Into mourning for three months, for tbe death of his late Majesty Ring Kamehameha III. The funeral of hi* late majesty will take place on Saturday, the 30th of December, agreeably to public notice, which will be given hereafter. At tbe Privy Council of the 16th, the minister* of the late king offered their condolence, and placed their re*peetive portfolios at the disposal of hi* present Majesty King Kamehameha IV. The member* of his Privy Council followed this example. All assured bis majesty of their loyal attachment and faithful alle giance. It pleased the King to addresa hi* Council in the following words:? Chiefs ? I nave become, by the will of Ood, your Father, as I have been your child. You must help me, for I stand in need of help. To you. minlstfr* and other high officers of State of our late King, I return my sincere thank* for tbe expression* of condolence with which you have this morning comforted me. I request of you to continue your labors in the several positions jou have hitherto held, until when my grief shall have allowed me time for reflection, I make such new ar rangements as shall seem proper. I thank the mem ber* of thii Council In general for their condolence, who will alio. I hope, assist me with their advice, a* though they had been appointed bv myself. Tbe first appearance in public of his present Majesty, King Kamehameha IV. was on Sunday last, in the bouse of Ood, leading hi* sister, her Royal Highness, Princess Vic oria, on hi* left; and followed by the Minis ters of the late King. A sermon was delivered, adapted to the occasion, by tne Rev. Mr. Clark, la the Hawaiian language. Since out last i**ue, the British frigate* Amphltrite add Pique haie arrived at thia port from San Francisco, which make* six men of war in our harbor, of three different nation*, vi*. : ? One American, three Engliah, and two French. The Amphltrite sails to day for the South American coast, touching at Tahiti and Plt cairu's Island. At 12 o'clock, on the 16th, the royal standard at the Palace, and the national standards at the fort and on I'unch Bowl were raised from half-mast, and a salute of twenty one ran* fired in honor of the accession to the throne of H. R. H. I*rince Alexander Iiholiho, under tbe title of Kamehameha IV. This salute waa immediately responded to by all the men-of-war in port, with the Ha waiian ensign at the main. After which the flag* were lowered again to half-mast, where they will continue to be worn enttl the obsequios of hi* late Ms^jesty, which will take place on Saturday, the 30th iast, The whaling ship Black Warrior was seld. with her in ventory, fcr $1,100? James Makee, Esq,, purchaser. Tbe American brig Noble sailed for K'.n Francisco on Wednesday last, says the Pdynetian of Dee. 23. This vessel, it will be recollected, was at Petropoloski last sn tamer when tbat place waa attaesed by the allied fleet, and received about thrice as many sh?ts during the bom bardment as the Russian frigate Aurora. She Is now due at this port. Tbe Polftiftiait uys there are on board the Britiah frigate Amphltrite s6me twelve or fifteen Russian prison ers, being the captain and crew of the Russian skip Sit ka, captured by the squadron at the north in August last. Thry will be landed at Tahiti, on the arrival of the Amphltrite at that laland. Tne same paper adds: ? It 1* a matter of ju*t pride and congratulation that upon tbe death of hi* lata Majesty, and since tbat event, tbe utmost pease and good order have reigned throughout Honolulu and on tne island of Oabn geseraly. Such an occurrence in the "olden time,'7 would have been the signal for an almost unlirni- , ted degree of crime and debauohery, and for the practice of heathenish ru?toms highly revolting to civilized men. I<runkennees and its attendant licentiousness wonld j have offended tl e eye in every direction. Teeth woald have been knocked out, the bodies of every class would have been tattooed, and the bridle thrown upon the neck of passion, to run riot at it* will. rNTBuariNQ to whalers. Lahaixa, Maii, Sa.vdwicb I Inlasdr, Dec. 8, 1*84. j Annexed we give a Hst of the whale ships that have touched here this fsll season. The average catch of the snmner, as represented by 134 ships, is nearly eqnal to tbat of last year. Tbe Arctic fleet have done little or nothing ? not averaging a whale to a ship. The Ochotsk have averaged about half as much as last year. The moat of the fleet were in tbe Ochotsk. A synopsis of the snaexed report I* a* follow* Kodiak, two ships 1,400 whale Arctic, twenty ship* 4,000 do. Ochotsk, 10C ships 97, M0 do. Japan, six skip* 980 sperm, M0 do. Total of.. ...7. IT. 106,88# bbls. Average to sh'p 788 do. As compel ed with the two laat year*, it i* as follow* .? 1862?104 ships gave an average of 1?M? bbls. 1883?102 do. da do <}0 18M ? 104 do. do. do a IP, Ao Exchange has ruled at an average of about 12X per cent, and the amount drawn, about $138,000. The only disaster* reported are tbe loss of the skips 8Mas Riehards, N. B ; Wilcox, at Shanter Bay . City, N. B., Gilford, Saghal an Gulf, bark Ravsllo, \ alparaiso, Bay, do. NEWS FROM AUSTRALIA. One Month lats?-l>ull State of Trade Fail ure of the Crop Oread ed? The Bottlers and the relwilal Government. Our advices are to December 1? ever one month later. We obierve by enr Sydney and Melbourne exchange* that the Panama route for a line of ?teamers to Austra lia is at prwent attracting eeasiderahle attention in the eeleales. The people of 8y*ney and Victoria generally are highly ia favor of the route, and at the meeting of their Cham ber* of rsmmirni the merchants invariably discuss tbe ?abject witb ? mere favorable view of this than any rout# yot projected. Cven at the meeting. of the me diants of Kilk?aiu i nwt tal of favor is >hrM ta the Fiiuu root*, notwithstanding that ths Isthmus oC Boot or Cap* of Good Hope route. ?e either more advan tegeoos to Melbourne la MM respect, which it, that by J?1? 1*t*fr,rout# *?? new? ?? received in Melbourne b*for? it Is In Sydney, whereas by tha Manama ro?U the MM reaches both Bydaey and Victoria not oalv sooner thaa but qukkar than by any other rout*. The Arpinwall Courier of January 37th says: Date* from Australia to the laat week la November, givo us interesting new*. ' Trade U in erea a wore* ooudltion thaa In California?* the statement of the Imports and export* from the last of July to date above riven, fully aeoount for ??" coa lition ? they were, of imports, ?3,193,287 ; of export*. ?868.230. The Sydney Empire says, that "tha export of gold from Jan. lat to Oct. 31, ISM, exhibits a declina of more thaa one half on the amount exported during the corresponding period of laat yaar, the deficit beinc to tha value of ?TNf,3M." There was considerable fees that the crops would fail, on aeoount of drought, and Chile and California grain and flour were being imported to a considerable extent. The prise of oil having risen, ' and sailors wages having fallen, th*8ydney papen state that whalers, whlchibnve been tying at Port Jackson foe years past, are now being fitted for sea. We learn from the Empire that the action of the home government, respecting the colonial affairs, especially is the matter of the new constitution bill, had caused great dissatisfaction at Sydney, aad that at a large publla meeting strong resolutions had been passed to bo pro tested to the Queen. The colonial Legislature hava passed a series of resolutions to be submitted "for tha gracious consideration of Her Majesty," setting forth The expediency of abxolnte pardons to such (or which here are very manv in the colonies) as now hold thosg that are conditional. In coneequenee of a report that Mr. Boyd, (formerly a very prominent and respected resident of Sydney), who was nuppoeod to have been murdered four years ag# by the inhabitants of Guadalcanar, was still living, a utter was despatched for the island (to search for him) on the 28d of October, and a naval steam tender (thea expected from a cruise) , was to follow the cutter as sooa as she should arrive. The papers aay that Kate Haves was eliciting great tea thoslasm, and the moat substantial demonstration* thereof, wherever she went. Death'! Doings In Ifevr York from Consunap ' tlon and Other Paseasee of th? Lungs u4 Throat. The City Inspector's report for the peat fortnight, ?Is.: from January 20 to the 27th, end from the 27ti? January to, the 3d of February, gives the following reaulte : ? For the first week 131 Deaths from consumption 62 Other diseases of lungs and throat 82 '' -14* Whole number deaths second week 5 It Deaths fiom consumption 61 From other diseases of lungs and throat 105 -16? REOATirULATION. Whole number of deaths in two weeks. 948 Deaths from consumption 123 From other diseases of lungs and throat 187 -31(1 If we subtract the deaths of children under fivfl yean of age? about one-fifth? from the 948 deaths, it would give deaths of 755 adults, frim>ll diseases, of which at least 310 weie from diseases of the lungs and throat. There la a great defect iu the returns made to the City Inspector by medical men and the agents off public institutions, in net girlng m all eases thai occupation of those dying from consumption and other diseases. Although the Inspector gives the ne cessary blank forms for the purpose, yet, in not more than one death in ten is the occupation given. In the sixty-two deaths from consumption in the first week ending the 27th ult., we find the occupation of only nine given. There was one baker, one stall and blind maker, aged 38, three laborers, three sea men, and one tailor, aged 35. These are all the oc cupations given in sixty-two cases of death tram consumption. Buch returns are incomplete. It in important to know when the death of an ad alt oc curs from consumption, or diseases of the ohest ee throat, what occupation the victim followed. It would seem very easy for physicians and oUiers ta insert the occupation or the deceased as well as to givo the ago and sex. What were the chier employment* of thoee who died with consumption in the preceding foitnight? Were they carpenters, masons, stone cutters, hatters, bakers, tailors, blacksmiths, stage or ear drivers, batchers, seamstresses, dressmakers, clerks, merchants, or nrofesslonal men? It is only by giving the occupations of t'aoea dying from disease that we 'an expect to arrive at a knowledge of the influence of occupation on lon gevity. we trust that the City Inspector will en force a compliance with tnis Important provision of the reuorts. At the rate of 123 deaths cf con sumption for the past two weeks, it would give a total, at the same rate for the year, of 2,952? and includlrg other deaths of the lungs and air pas sages, a total for the year, ot 7,440! Of the 62 deaths for the week ending the 27th J *nuary , about 38 ta 40 were between the ages of 20 and 40 years ; and of the 61 in the past week, about 35 died between the agee of 17 and 46, 8 between 50 and 63, 1 at 70? ' 1 at 84, and 6 children of 10 years and under. Of those who died with consumption, during thd week from January 27 to February 3, 1855, the oc cupation, age and condition of life, as far as given, were ss follows:? Occupation. Condition. No. Atu. Dressmaker Widow. 1 2d Painter Married. 1 22 (39 Laborers do. 4 {35 (53 Merchant do. 1 23 Clerks. do. 2 jsa Printer do. 1 23 ? Locksmith. do. 1 33 Music teacher do. 1 41 reacher do. 1 43 Domeslio Single. 1 45 Seamstress Widow. 1 43 Mason. Married. 1 55 Carpenter do. 1 51 Stone cutters do. 163 <9 Our Michigan Correspondence. <? Dstkoit, (Michigan,) Feb. 5, 1855. The Fwian Party? Work of the Legiilaturt ? Meeuuru Putted? Their Provitient and Effect*? General Ca*t en Electoral In* traction*?' "Sam" Floored by the Putionittt ? The Weather and Trade. 1 question whether, in the history of any neit party, a erne stands on record where so much has been accomplished in the very outset, as by the pr*> sent dominant fusion party in Michigan. Our Legislature has now been in session som3 thirty-three days. In that short space of time they have passed a new Liquor law, a General Railroad law, have instructed their Senators to vote for the restoration of the Missouri compromise, and com mitted many other deeds too numerous to mentlss* The new Liquor law is still more stringent than the piece ding failure of a former session, and bo* comes a law, tot by being submitted to the people - for ratification or disapproval, but by the signature of Governor Bingham, who stands ready and pledged to affix bis name to anything of the sort. Prominent lawyere pr nounce It in advance still more unconstitutional than the last, and bid the liquor dealers to take courage and go on selling. The Supreme Court will no doubt settle this point very soon. The law goes into effect in ninety days, I believe. Tie General Railrrad act has long been called for, and no doubt will meet with approval from all quarters, excepting, at oourse, the owners of th? Slathers and Central roads. A more liberal policy cn the part of this State, if adopted at an earlier day, would no doubt have operated largely fer bet benefit; but better late than never. At for the resolutions of lsiitrustioa, it Is not to to be presumed that Meesrs. Cars & Stuart rill pay much attention to them, or oblige their instructor* by resigning rather than disobey orders. Commit ted as is the General to the doctrine of obedience ta Legislative instructions, it Is supposed h* will walv? his principle oa this occasion and keep his seat "Bam" Is around in Lansing. A Mr. Moorman to* ' troduoed an amendment to ths ue? city charter of Detn it a few days since, providing that the appoin tees of the new police should all be American citiz ens. The amendment wu thrown under the tabid Incontinently, and Sam, for the present, is floored. Under wl at shape he will turn up again remains to be seen. The fusioalsts seem to display no anxiety to repay the Know Nothlsgs for fcelpug them to their seats, but like ever# other free soli faction after t election, turn round and abose ih^ir best Mends. I think it will be safe to prophecy that two years wID settle and finiah up fnstonism and fustontMs in this State, and tnat if they finiah their fire*, two sssathd of power without a Iris fight amongst themselves, it will be a miracle. Alre^y, simptomsofadomee tic row are visible at the capital, and a storm seem* to be brewing which will rubmerge them alL So much for politics; the weather Is intensely oold, the Detroit river froaen solid, and the 'eleigWati splendid. Trade is dul', money very tight, but faliuree few* I belinm brevity le a good point in a new ceetsw pon#A; so. promising a better letter again, I sub "criiMiyself Jivmng. Cot. Kikwxt. ? The Norfolk Herald says that I*, st ructions have been received by the agent la that city tnm Col. Kinney, authorising ths stopping ef enrolling men far the Central American expedftlor, It is said unfortunate circumstances and diffljultW have eaaaed ths Ooloael to eomc to this deientir 1