Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 13, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 13, 1855 Page 4
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1?$W YORK HERALD. JAM* dOKOOl BBllIT*, PROPB1ETOB AND EDITOR ?rrroi n. w. oom kkud and in to* an rUUU^Mii in adeoacs. THE hAIl Y HERALD, 2 c,nt$ por copy-9l por annum. THE WEEKL Y HERALD ootry Saturday at <v ctiUt pot mn, or S3 prr annum ; tJu Airmail Edition $4 por annum to mm, part *j Ormut Brituxn, and V <? ??? fort ?/ t*4 Cm tiKJoHTrfTdRylCoixM^'0>IDRSCE, coHtainiat impor tant MM, from anv<,uarUr ?/ Uu \eorld~if mod ?mU b? Morally paid far- *V~ Ot* r?m*i*w C?1>UMII ?inn AKB rimtVUBLT iniwtd to iul all LiTTMf in ricu*M tnr us. ALL LETTERS by Mail for 8ut,cription, or witkAdvrr ru,-mouf to tx poot paid, or tAo pottapo will boidodusUd/rom Utt moaoy r I mitt rd. ? /TO NOTICE taken if nnonymon* communUntUm*. Wt do ^JoffViwri%Qt?cnUd wit* iMolnm, eJuupnou, and 'Xvik T18EMENT8 remind terry day. ftliM XX 43 AMUSEMENTS THIS BYBNINO. BROADWAY THEATRE, 8r#?dw?j- Ciwcbbblla-As Lin no Two P?>. BOWBBY THEATRE, Bewerj? (imiiTU- 1ha*?bv HiL?im-(>i'h Gu. MORTON'S THEATRE, Chambers etreet-THB hMU't Tier ? twiiTiiunra inn Vim. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadwaj-C* mb or Lire - 0*f LAJ?J?1HA* AMD THI PAIBIIH. AMBB1CAN MCSECM? Arur?M?- Ph* Dumi Mar or MamCHBSTBH. EVCalBf ? Tbc Uamiak OF aa?BVA-J'OOB Filljcoddy. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Meehaaiee' Hall-47J Broadway BUCKLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, 139 Broadway? Boob. Btmiofiam Opkba Tbovf*. B?w York, Tuesday, February 13, 185ft. Malls for Europe. THE NBW TOU HERALD? EDITION FOB EUROPE. The Cunard mall steamihlp Africa, Capt. Harrison, will ktn Boston, on Wednesday, at 12 o'clock, for Liverpool. The Barojwan muls will clous In this eity at a quarter to two s'sloek this afternoon. The Bnuon (printed in Englirh and French) will be published at tsn o'clock in the morning. S.ngls copies, m wrappers, eti pence. Bnbecnptlons and advertisements tor any edition of (fee N^w York Hbuld will be received at the following places in Burepe:? juts spool. . John Hunter, No. 2 Paradise street liONDON JCdwards, Ssndford & Co., No. 17 Cornbill. ?? Wm. Thomss & Co., No. 19 Catharine street. Pabm. . . . . . .Livingston, Wells h Cow 8 Place de la Bourse The contents of the European edition of the Hsnn.n will embrace the news received by mail and telegraph at the eiftee during the previous week, and to the boar of J publication. The Sews. Tbe steii id skip Asia left Liverpool for Halifax and Boston on tbe 3d instant. She is, therefore, fully due at the former port, with one week's later news, which we shall probahly receive by telegraph s?ne time during to-day. One of the administration organs of Pennsylvania 'am published a long account of the proceedings ? the revelations, as they are called? of the Know Nothing Councils of that State. Without vouching for the authenticity of the document, we give it as ? part of the history of the extraordinary age of which we form a component part. Tbe steamship Prometheus arrived at Net Or leans yesterday, with California dates to the 24th ?it.? one week later. At the latest acooonfa from Sacramento City, the Legislature had not chosen a United States Senator in place of Dr. Qvin, although twenty-two ballots had been taken. The markets were du'l and declining. The Northern Light left But Juan tor this port on the 6th inst. We shall, there fore, receive details of the news In a day or two. Advices from Oregon to the 13th ult. state that the Indians were becoming very vicious, and a general war waa apprehended. We have news from Mexico to the 6 .h inst. bf way of New Orleans. A provisional government has been established at Acapuloo, with Qen. Alva, rex at its head, temporarily. An insurrection In Yucatan waa dally looked for. A crisis in the date nf tbe republic and of Santa Anna ia near at hand. Should the di -tutor fall into the power of the revo Internists bis doom is sealed, as they have resolved to summarily put an end to his career. By the arrival of the steamship Cahawba at New Orleans we have interesting letters from our cor respondents in Havana, dated to the 1st of the p-e sent month. A large nnmber of visiters from the United States were spending the winter in Caba After the Cahawba left tne More Castle she passed two British men of war? one bearing the flag of a rear-admiral of the white -standing into Havana. Thirty- five nfles had been seized at a house in Carra guaa, one of. the village suborhe of Havana, and the Captain General was on the qui vice, more parti :u torly aa be bad heard that an expedition of icvaiian was about to sail irom the United States. No leu than eight American citizens were in prison on va rious ctarges. Messrs. Felix and E;trampes had not been brought to trial. General Concha presided at a grand mulatto hall, and General Monzano was busily engaged in enlisting free negroes for the "defence of Cuba." His Kxcsllenoy and Madame Concha had given a cordial reseption to Mrs. Octa vla Walton Le Vert. Prom Bermuda we have flies to the Cth of the pre sent month, but the papers do not contain any news of interest. The Brrmudtan of the Late it date says: ?"His rumored that instructions have been receiv. ? ,b?re from home for the removal to Dublin, with little delay as possible, of that portion of the regiment now in these islands. The bark Sir ^e<>rge Seymour, Captain Stowe, and the brig Aaiklaid, Captain Williams, have been taken up by 1 Excellency the Governor, for the convejance of About three hundred and fifty convicts? whoae time f service ia about to expire, or whose sentence has Men remitted for good conduct- hence to Eogland." The British patriotic fond In Demerara, (West fedies), amounted on the Oth ult. to $5,67919. Our advices from Turks Islands are to the 31st of January. Cholera prevailed at Salt Cay. One hun dred and aixty cases had occurred, and fifty-three persons had died. The disease had not appeared at <ii and Turk. ?y the arrival of the United States store ship Supply we have a file of the Cape Town. C. G. H., Mercantile Advertiter to the 13th of Deoember. There is no news of importance. Temperance so cieties may he of good cheer, for the Maine law baa been introduced into Africa. Moaheah, chief ruler of Bssetuland, has prohibited tbe importation and sale of liquors In an effectual decree, contaiaing only three clauses. Jndge Roosevelt yesterday rendered a decision in the case of tbe proprietors of the Sunday Courier against John M. Wilcox, being s suit to recover a debt due for advertising in the said newspaper. The de len e set np wss, that if there waa any contract for Sunday labor It waa void by the provisions of the statute, and the Judge sustained the plea. The ship Maty Marriil, from this port for Now Orleans, pnt into Charleston yesterday, with loss of cutwater and larboard bow stove, haviog been in oea tact with a sunken vessel. Ia the board of Councilman last evening the spe cial committee appointed to inveetigate the claim of Gen. W. Trass, aa the elected Councilman of the Fifty eighth Council district, reported that Bryan M. CahiD waa tbe elected Councilman of that dis trict. other business transacted by tbe board will be found in our report of Its proceedings. The Preaident of the Biard of Aldermen, deter mined to give a leason to dilatory members, declar ed the board adjourned laat evening, for want of a quorum , at twenty minutee after 6 o'clock. Tbe proceedings in the Court of General Sessions yeetstday were interesting. Theodore Gray, the notorious "Vftri)l Man,'' hiving been proved insane, kin hail waa discharged. Hernia Carrie k, indicted far killing Hnga Hajran on the 12th December, was found gutlt? of maoalaugbter in the fourth degree, lathe one* of John B. Holmes, charged with the ?nvier of poUoemin < iourley, during a fracas just ?!*rfe?>totH iut alejWon. a postponement of trial 0) the third WetlLwc' iy of tbo farm wae granted, am the gwni tM> the IwE?ilsiit mt ?) severe !y beatea with a stung shot on Friday Bight last that b? km unable to attend in ooait, * Tha eto olioa of a United States Senator for Pean ?ylvaala takss pinco today. Charles B. Backalew halt been nominated by the democrats, Thomas Wil liams, by the whigs (eight in number). A number of the Know Nothings oppoied to Mr. Cameron wen in cauouB at a late hoor.laat night, bat we did not learn the result of their deliberations. .* In the United States Senate yesterday. a resolution calling on the Secretary of War . for information re specting cer lain lard transactions at Port Leaven worth ?m adopted. Petitions were presented tor the remsval of the long bridge acroee the Potomac; that slavery be prohibited in all Territories by act, of Congress; that treaty stipulations be entered into with foreign governments for the settlement of national disputes by arbitration instead of .by war. Mr. Sumner introduced a bill to secure to stamen their wages is case of shipwreck. Mr. Seward presented eight bills providing for lake and harbor improvements, which were referred to the Commit tee on Commerce. The bill authorizing the Secre tary of the Treasury to remit duties on unbroken and original packages of merchandise destroyed by fire, which w*i? imported between July 7, 1838, and March 28, 1864, was taken up and passed. The bill establishing circuit cqurts in California was also passed; also, without amendment, the bill fl*'u?g the salaries of district court judges. Bills relating to Washington and (leorgetown were made tbe special order for Wednesday. Tbe Indian Appro priation bill was taken up, and pending action thereon the Senate adjourned. The House adopted a resolution to hereafter cm fine debate in oamipittee to tbe proposition under consideration, except when evening sessions are or dered for general debate. Tbe Senate joint rei^lu tion authorizing the PresHect to confer the brevet title of Lieutesant-Genetal upon M^jor-Geoertl W infield Scott, for "eminent military services,!' was passed by a vote of 1 26 to 65. Mr. Oiddings proposed a resolution, that Qsn. Scott, for his per severing efforts to maintain peace and prevent blood shed on cur northeastern and northwestern fron tiers, when they were threatened with violence and bloodshed, was entitled to the thanks of Congress and the gratitude of tbe American people, but the House refused to entertain it. A motion to suspend the rules to reoeive a report authorizing a daily expreae mail between St. Lwis and San Francisco was re jected? 104 to 65. The joint resolution to fulfil cer tain stipulations of the treaty with Spain, made in 1819 , involving a million of dollars for damages de creed by the judicial tribunals for losses sustained in East Florida, was discuased until the House ad journed. The Nebraska House of Representatives has adopted resolutions endorsing the principles of the Kansas act by a nearly unanimous vote. We pub lish elsewhere some additional intelligence from this yonng and sturdy Territory. The oapital has been permanently located at Omaha City. Both branches of the New York Legislature m?t at 7 o'clock last evening, ao wording to adjournment. Tbe Senate discussed tbe Census hill. In tbe As* sembly the Temperance bill was reported complete with amendments. The question of acsepting th? report was laid on the table. Wednesday of next week has been fixed as the day upon which debate shall cease, and the final vote be taken. It is probable that afternoon or evening sessions will be mean, while held for the discussion of the bill. The bill authorizing a loan of $2,260,000 for the enlargement of the Erie Canal was passed to a third reading. The bill incorporating the New York and Brooklyn Ice Company was defeated. The sales of cotton yeiterday embraced about 1 ,000 bales, part of which was sold in transitu; ths market, on grades of middling and lower qualities, was about one quarter of a cent per lb. lower than before the receipt of the Atlantic's news. Flour was steady, with sales of about 4,000 barrels of common to good State brands, for export, at prices ranging from $8 26 to $8 60; a portion was said to have been engaged for Gsnos, to go ont by a Bar dinian vessel. Canada white free wheat sold at $2 32, and a small lot of good white Southern at $2 20. Provisions were without change of m oment. Freights were rather easier. William Post Sackett, late receiving teller of the Market Bank, of this city, was arrested yesterday, on Long Island, and brought to this city, to answer the charge preferred against him of embezzling twenty- five thousand dollars of the funds of the bank. Winter en the Prairies? Railroads and Snow Driru?Wrcrka and Wreckers? The Pacific Road. We live in eventtul times. The age is fall of wonder*. A summer, the most remarkable in its political and natural history of the last hundred years, has been followed by a North American winter scarcely less conspicuous for its extraordinary peculiarities. For example, our late great snow storm was bounded on the West (Cleveland) by hail and rain, on the South (at Columbia. South Carolina) by a rat. tiing thunder gust ; and in the extreme North east (in Maine and Nova Scotia) by a bona fide earthquake. Within twenty days, in this lati tude, we have had more rain, more snow warmer weather, and more intense cold, thicker logs, and clearer sunshine, than in any tweaty days of the same interval within the recollec tion, we dare say. of the oldest navigator of Pell Gate. But onr winter cn the seaboard has been mere child's play compared with the rigors of the season in the West Tbere they have had a regular Russian campaign, and cold and snow drifts rivalling the severities of the re treat from Moscow. The old whaler who en countered, at the mouth of the Penobscot, a Methodist meeting-house, sailing out into the Atlantic on a voyage of discovery, was some what " flabbergasted but after passing this "dry land-craft," he would have been puzzled to account lor the shipwreck ot a cargo of pas sengers a thousand miles inland on the western prairies. Yet this casualty is an historical fact. It has occurred in several instances on the Illi nois railroads. It is unnecessary to repeat the details of win ter railroading on the Grand Prairie of Illinois, heretofore published in the Hriuld. A few material points will answer our present pur pose. This Grand Prairie is an open cham paign district, some fifteen miles in width, and of unascertained length, very thinly inhabited. It is a perfect paradise of flowers in summer, but a continuous snow drift in winter. On this prairie they have had the most ex'raordiuary winter casualties in railroading in all the world. Russia not excepted. Trains tunnelling their way under snow drifts, and finally freezing fast in the snow, within some twenty miles of a flourishing village, but inaccessible to relief as a ship stranded within a hundred yards of Squan Beach; passengers reduced to the neces sity of tearing to pieces all the spare cars for fuel; compelled to make a lunch of the stray dogs on board, in order to keep off the wolf of starvation; signals of distress; vain efforts at a rescue; teamsters at last coming up, and of fering to take off a load of passengers at ten dollars each, thirteen miles to the nearest set tlement?such are the leading facts in these late experiences of Illinois railroading on th? Grand Prairie. Under such circumstances one train, with several hundred passengers on board, men, women and children, was locked op in the - snow-for a whole week, within some twenty odd miles of the thrifty town of WllMlngMn. * Such ilthe romance of * railroad pleasure excursion (ubong the snow .drifts of the Grand Prairie. ' We have here the principal ?lrawbaok<4 of & shipwreck upon 'some desolate island? no relief ? thort supplier ? oompelled to break up the ship's furniture for fuel ? to melt snow for drink ing water, and to make " a hasty plate of soup" of> the dogs on board. Compared with these trials., the hardships of Robinson Crusoe wore' holiday amusements. Sinbad the sailor, with ail his marvellous experience, was never ship wrecked in this Illinois winter fashion. And they had their wreckers, too, not quite so ex perienced as the Barnegat wreckers, bat bold, enterprising chaps, with a keen eye to the spoils in the relief of suffering humanity ? the spoils on the Grand Prairie, as at Barnegat, being the first consideratfhn* humanity the second. Cute chaps, those Illinois teamsters, and reasonable withal. Only ten dollars a passenger for their transportation thirteen miles ? less than a dol lar a mile ? through a snow drift !.. Cheap, with the thermometer below zero, and no competi tion?dog cheap ! But with these blockades on the small prai ries of Illinois, what would be the chances of a trip by the Pacific Railroad, supposing it to be finished, via the South Pass, or by Col. Bea ton's more southerly central route, from New York to the Pacific Ocean ? Between St. Loais and the Rocky mountains there cure eight hun dred miles of prairie^. now covered with snow, deepening as you rise towards the mountains. Suppose a railroad train ','with.five hundred pas sengers on board, blockaded on this "waste, Ave hundred miles from the white settlements: What would follow? Inevitable Starvation, or the massacre of the whole party by the Indians, and the plundering df'tiie train. At the Illi nois speed of twenty -infies -Jnstrven d*ys, how long would it take a lOQO&j^ftc^f HMtflke a win ter trip from St. Louis across ^o San Fran cisco ? It would be detained at the first station till spring. Here, then, in these Illinois snow drifts, we have a nolle prosequi for the Pacific road by the northern route, or the central route; for who does not remember that far south of the proposed central route, Col. Fremont, in 18 19, was driven back with the loss of all his mules and half his men, from his exploration, after vainly struggling to fight his way through a blockade of forty feet of snow in the moun tains ? These Illinois snow drifts have put the quietus to the Pacific Railroad by any other than the extreme Southern route. And there the howling voloanic deserts which we have purchased of Santa Anna, without rain, or wood, or water, are as terrible to the traveller in summer as the snow drifts of the South Pass can possibly be in winter. Experience is a wholesome teacher; and the embargoed railroad trains of Illinois show us the folly ot attempting to ran the gauntlet of the great plains and the Rocky Mountains with a locomotive in the winter season. But there is no danger of a Pacific Railroad short of a half-way discovery of another California. In the meantime, camels and dromedaries are per haps the best locomotives for our overland travel to the Pacific. They can fatten upon the thorny vegetation of the deserts of the South ern route, and get along comfortably for a week without water, which is the thing required for the Gadsden country. And they have long legs, which would enable them to walk through the snow drifts of the Northern route, where a railroad locomotive woold stick fast and freeze up. We see no other chance for Colonel Benton and General Gadsden than to abandon their , Pacific railroads, and fall back upon the long legged, high-backed sure-footed and abstemi ous camels and dromedaries City Eacxmkx? More Reforms.? Ia pur suance of the old absurd plan of trying to go vern the city of New York at Albany, Mr. Sen* tcr Whitney baa given notice that he will in troduce a bill to regulate hackmen in this city. We have read the bill. It has two objects; one to crcate a supervisor of hacks, the other to fine hack men for exacting more than their fare. Now, we ask any person of common souse, what in the world ia the use of this new law? Under the present law every one who le imposed upon by a hackman has only to go to the City Ball, state his case, and have the man fined, or his license taken from him. The system is, strange to say, quite efficient; and it' people would only avail themselves of it, and take the trouble to complain when they are cheated, there would soon be an end of dishonest hackmen. What more would the supervisor of hacks do? Is it not very natural to suppose that there is some highly intelligent but disengaged individual ia the back ground, who la waiting for the paasage of Senator Whitney's bill to step into the office of supervisor? On this as on almost all other points, we have laws enough; all that is wanted is to help Mayor Wood to execute them. Let the Legislature pass the bill ? with certain amendments already suggested? reported by the Common Council of the city; in order that the Mayor's hands may be strengthened, and that he may be able to exccutc the laws. After that let any man who introduces a bill to interfere with the city government be treated as a nuisance. It is very true that our hack system requires improvement. But ? without meaning to ex cuse the hackmen? we must say in the first place that the prime faults lie at the door of the public. Complaints are made of the cost of car riage rides: but why have we no one horse vehicles as they have in London and Fans and every other large city ? Is there something so majestic in the person of a New Yorker that he cannot travel without two horses to draw bim, a large carriage to sit in, and roomy seats and grand cushions to repose his person? Why not try the cab ? the French cabriolet which works at 26 cents the trip of whatever le jth or the Hansom cab at twelve cents the mile? As to the extortion of hackdrivcrs, a remedy is open to every one. At the City Hall, pro per functionaries, clerks ami commissioner* are in attendance every day to hoar complaints; and as we said, what is quite strange, and what used to be almon ridiculous, they attend to their business. Anyone having jasi cause of complaint is sure of justice acd relief at their bands. This may seem incredible; but it is the actual fact. Now, if every one who has been cheated by a hackdri ver would call at this office, and enter his complaint, in one month, most of the evils at present existing woald be cured. The remainder would vanish If the police had proper instruction" to *ie: ire a s^iarp s ip? r intendence over katks. atidif tbty obeyed cr dtn with (ttTgj ard v jer. Mvaicai. Entektbisks in Akkiuca ? The hlfctory of mimical enterprises in 'thls CMfltry, during toe put twenty- five years, would mike a most amusing volume. The entire history of the Italian opera, from its foundation up to its introduction here, would not be more strange, more amusing, or more exciting; than a rela tion of its fortunes and misfortunes in this fast age and this rapid oountry daring the last quarter ot a century. From Main# to California the country baa been filled with tbe plaintive

notes of distressed prima donne, seedy tenors, and indignant baetos. They have strutted their brief hour upon the stage, sung their sweet est bo emp'y b;nchew, and gjt no sala ry. . Tbe seductive El Dorado, painted in such plowing colors by dashing managers, has, in miany 'coses, turned out to be a very poor Sahara after all. Tbe managers have lost all of their own money aod as much more. as they could borrow. They have been ruined , the enterprising impretsario has been totally used up five times, and yet, like Old Rough and Ready, he does not seem to know when he is beaten; be rather likes to be ruined< and he is ready to take the field again in a perfect blaze of glory. We are visited with the Italian opera in pre cisely tbe same style as with the fever and ague, by periodical shocks. At one time we have three or four classic establishments under fall headway. All at onoe their lights go out, the managers disappear, the codfish aristocracy is disconsolate ? there it) no opera ! What a bore life must be to our Fifth avenue friends, under 6ucb distress ing circumstances I After a temporary calm coiqpsa perfect hurricane of opera companies, like the great snow storms on the Western prai ries, where the railway trains are frozen up and the passengers have to eat doge. One of thete musical avalanches is now hanging over this devoted eityvand it will be down upon as in a few days. There are no less than, three great operatic enterprises unter way here at the pre sent time. Mr. Hackett will first open the Me tropolitan theatre; Jacobsohn, Niblo & Co. are making arrangements for opera at Niblo's; and tbe Academy of Music, that uufortunate estab lishment, is to have another trial under the baton of Ole Bull. What a delicious prospect is here opened to the view of the dilettanti. In these enterprises we shall have all kinds ot opera, all kinds of managers, and all kinds of artists? the highest and the lowest ? the best and tbe worst. Enrope will be good enoagb to give us some of its good singers, a grea'. many of its indifferent singers, and not a few of its bad singers. We ought to be very grate ful for such condescension. We shall have any amount of high art, bad and good management, tact, skill, ignorance and intelligence, courtesy and arrogance, modesty and presumption. There is no occasion to go to the spirit-rappers or to tbe astrologers to find out the probable late of some of these speculations. They will go to swell a long list of previous enterprises of the same kind. Within the last twenty years we have seen many attempts to establish tbe opera in New York. It has been tried in tbe Park; in that classic locality, Church street ; in Broadway ; in tbe Bowery ; in tbe Astor Place Opera House, and finally, in the "Academy of Music, Fourteenth street and Irving place." We have bad all sorts of opera, in all sorts of languages ? French, Italian, German ? interpreted by all sorts of artists, from the days of Garoia down to Grid; but they have all failed, miserably and utterly. The democracy will not pay its money for high art or low art, because it does not l.ke it. Tne aristocracy has no taste for anything beyond billiards, livery servants, late sappers, eau de eolegne and German cotillons. So the Italian, French and German opera has been annihilated, while only one sort ot musical enterprise has succeeded, and that is the great original, unexcelled, unterrified, unequalled, pe culiar. remarkable, astonishing American classic nigger opera. One fact will prove the truth of this assertion. Thirteen years ago Mr. E. P. Christy established here the first American nigger oper*. This day Mr. Edwin P. Christy is a millionaire. He has quietly attended to his business? his opera has been managed with tact, taste, skill and discretion. He has given to the pablic popular entertainment, without pretence or exclusiveness in its arrangements, and he has received his reward. The history of the Italian classic opera in the United States is a history of reverses, of quarrels, of newspaper warfares, of paste prima donne, of blatt tenors and ruined managers, while the record of tbe American classic negro opera is one of popularity, of success, of ulti mate triumph. At one time in this city we have had fonr fall first rate American classic nigger opera companies, and now there are two that draw fall and delighted houses every night. In ramming up the case, it must be acknow ledged that nigger opera has the best of it. It ia the most popular amusement in the country. Let the directors of tbe Academy think of this fact, and if everything eiae fails, try the nigger opera! Justice to Gen. Scott. ? We are happy to an nounce to oar readers the passage by the House of Representatives of the resolution of the Se nate. conferring upon Major General Scott the brevet rank cf Lieutenant-General, in consider ation of his distinguished military services. This is tardy justice; but it is better than no thing. The most accomplished soldier in tbe practical art ot war, now existing in the world, is, we venture to nay, no other than General Scott; and next to him. judging from bis bril liant defence ot Sebastopol, is Prince Mcns:bi k off? but even Menschikoff would have been, e^e this, on his road to Si Petersburg bad such a man as Scott been at ihc head of the allied forces. The compliment of Lieutenant General is bat a small recognition of his bra very on tbe Canadian frontier, and the consum mate (kill of bis Mexican campaign. Sach an officer in France or Bogland. would have re turned from Mexico with the baton of a Field Marshal. Still, the compliment of a Lieutenant General's brevet is something, and we congra tulate the worthy old hero upon the trinmpbant majority by which it has been carried through the House. The Kf.biuhxi Question is Nebraska ? The Territorial Legislature of Nebraska, clected by the sovereign people, has substantially decided in favor of the Nebraska bill. They are satis fied with tbe re?pon?iblllty of settling tbe que*- , tion of free soil or slavery for themselves. They accept the act of Congress and are willing to abide the consequences. This, bewever. does cot settle the istoe in favor of free soil ot slavery. That question !? still open, to be uecked toy a convection here after tc be elected wbe? tie time d&j] ecme I for organizing a State go vaameot for Nebraska, ! preparatory to ber admission, ae adch, into' the Union. The Territory is still open, &q<1 one good effect of the struggle between Southern men and Northern free goiters to secure the ascendancy in Kansas and Nebraska, will be the rapid filling op of Both Territories with an active and enterprizipjt popnlatiop. 'We ' should not be surprised if this seotional rivalry | in the settlement, of these Territories were to give them each the requisite population for a | State before 1 the expiration of the next Con j grees. Without this exciting rivalry they would ! probably not come to that point for the next, , twenty years. ? ? | Thus, out of evil, good 4s often educed ?thus j tbo re-opening of the anti-slavery agitation is , working up the raw materials for two moro, thrifty Stales to the Union? thus thousands of poor men will be provided for, aad become use ful and worthy citizens, who, otherwise, would probably sink to the level of common loafers, from having nothing to do. In this view, we don't care how . soon all our anti-slavery and free soil fanatics and demagogues, in panta loons and in petticoats, emigrate to Nebraska or Kansas. The country is open ? the South is wide awade, and we are willing, with the Ne braska Legislature, to rest the ultimate deci sion with the people. Npthing like squatter EOvereignty. Sunday Nbwspapbjrs is a Fix. ? By our legal intelligence, it will be s,een that Judge Roose velt decides, In the case of a Sunday prvper suing for money due, that, as the Revised Sta tutes declare there shall be no servile labor or working on that day, excepting works of neces sity, and no exposing to sale of wares, mer chandise, Ac., except meat, milk, and Ash, the contract made to publish in the Sunday Courier was a contract to do an act prohibited by the statute, and that the price stipulated to be paid for the service, whatever the moral obligation may be, cannot be recovered in any court in this State. The decision is one of very great importance, and will demand further attention. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA AND OREGON. No Election of United States Senator. AN INDIAN WAR APPREHENDED. IMPORTANT FROM THE WEST COAST OF MEXICO. A PROVISIONAL UOVEBYME.ir AT ACAPiLCO. Insurrection Throughout the Country, Ac., ACij <ta Later from California and Oregon. ARRIVAL OP THI PROMETHEUS AT NEW ORLEANS. New ORUAjts, Feb. 12, 1866. The iteamship Prometheus haa arrived at thli port with California datee to the 34th of January. The iteamahip Northern Light left San Joan on the eth inat. for New York, with 300 paaienger* and ?000,000 in treasure. Twentj-two ballot* had been taken for I'nited State* Senator without anj choice being made. The markets were doll, with declining tendencies We have date* i'rom Oregon to the 13th January. The I'lanth Indian* bad attacked and murdered five white* near Orlean*, and the United State* troop* had gone in pur* nit of them. A general war i* expected with the Indiana, a* they are numeron* and well armed. The ahip Oaborn, Hawe*, from Boston, arrived at San Francleco on the 21*t ult. liapoitant from Mexico. Nrw Orlrajm, Feb. 11, 1866. The (teamthip Orizaba arrived here to day, with date* from Mexico to the tlh, and from Vera Cruz to the 8th inatant. A provisional government hai been established at Acapulco, with Genera) Alvarez at the head, until the arrival of Ceballos. General Babamurdo was confident that Santa Anna woi.ld be shot by the rebels. General La Vega will relieve General Woll of the com mand at Matamoraa . The revolutionists at the Iithmni of Teliuantopec have der.lar*d in favor of Alvarez and Ceballo*. A new revolution i* talked of in Yucatan, and the a r rival of the Kinney expedition waa favorably looked for ward to. Prom Washington. TDK (AIT FLORJPA CLAIMS? TH* JUDICIAL NOMI NATlONi FOB OHIO? A M?W TRKATT WITH ?Alf. WAsni.voro.v, Feb. 12, 1866. The joint resolution to cairy into effect the ninth srticle of the treaty with Spain in 1819, which provides for tlie proper measure of damages to the citizens of Florida for the u*e of property taken and withheld by the United States army, will probably pass in the House to morrow The resolution is urged with much ability by Mr. Stanton, the chairman of the Judiciary Commit tee, aid finds gTeat favor in the Kouae and among the outsiders. Hiram H. Robinson haa been nominated for Marshal, Hiram V. Wilson, Judge, and Hugh J. Ja welt, District Attorney, for the new judicial district in Ohio. There is considerable disaffection among the Ohio democrat* at the nomination of Mr. Wilson aa judge of the new district of Ohio, they wishing tor Ranney, of their Snpremo Court. Great influence will be exerted by them on Senator* against the confirma tion, and it looks likely to be successful. The Singapore free Prett of Dec. 1st aays that Minister Me Lane was about to leave for Banhok, to negotiate a aew commercial treaty with tha King of Siam. rwrriD statin mvpkemb COiht. Wakiiisgtox, Feb. 12, 1865. No. 61. Richard B. Handrickson, vs. Samuel Hiook ley.? Appeal from the United States Circuit, of Ohio. Judge Oartis delivered the opinion of the Court, alBrm ing the decree of the Circuit Court, with coete. No. 47. City of Roeton, vs. D. R. 1 .eg raw ? Judge Grier iel.vered the opinion of the Court, reversing the judgment with costs. No 44. United Stat**, va. Archibald A Ritchie.? Ar gument was commenced by Attorney General on the j?rt of tha United States. Csurm Nominations Ibr V. B. Senator from Prnsiylvanla. HaRRiircro, Feb. 12, 1864. Toe i?moi rati; uemters of the Legislature met in caucus to n<ght, twenty-six in number, and nominated Char!*' P Rnr.kal?w, of Columbia, for U. S. Senator. The wh.g caucus, eight in number, nominated Thomas W.lliamr, of Alleghany. The caucua of the Know Nothing b?lr?r?. 'Xaxy three in number, ia still in ses sion, and ti.e (eeling I* intense. The reuut to atorrow ii locked upon aa uncertain. and effort' w;ll be mada to stave olf the election. Th. I. a test from Omaha City. CmrAno. Feb. 12, 1865. b*v r?t?ivM k ere by the afWval of the mail, dat^ fr .a- Om.\bh C ty Nebraska, to January 30tb, and we l*arn tha*. botli Homes of Asnembly hate pasted a bill locating U'e capi'al of Nebraska at Omaha City, oppo site Co .ncil B IT, and that the oovaraor haa ilgnad the bill. The Snnbury and Erie Rallrosul. Fnii.ADRi.miA, Feb. 12, 1865. A meet'ng of tin stockholders of th* "unbory and Krie Rai.roa<i foapan? ir being held at this place 'hi* morn ing Hon Jarre* f!oop?*r has resigned the Presidency of the Sunbsry atd Krfe Railroad, and ex Governor Bigler appo tteo is lue fiace. This a^puintmsnt cannot but give aat:?fact'on to all interested >n the road . The Senthcm Mali. 3. C.. Ftb. ia, 1866. We leave m#*i?fl ter* the Now Orean* paper* of Tneaitay, i?ttl?y ccila.n sith r( of Bpcrtanc*. w lawm nu a* iiiuu, tnMk>nrn9B tj?q&8 ajw bales of cotton burnt. ^ ? M?w OauaNe, Feb. lu.Wfc. fr , ; T??nty ?i? .bniiasss bouti at Granada, Mia?.?w*fA. t de?troyeJ by Br* oa tk? 4tbinat.> The lose n at l!l 63,000 ' bumrlanee, %M, 000. *,? ? < **? J T*re? .thousand bale* of vwtton were burnt op at Jfroj. . Miai., oo the '8th inat ' , ' , '!**'.{ < MHTHICT10N OF A ! LOOOHOTITB KOM1MI. ? 'vf I ? ?.t" ? Boston, fyj, u, lS(iri ? w? Tbe engine boss* and repair shop of the >;r$^# IVv,n? Railway at Goshen, N. H.. ww* destroyed l>y Bte <tH& f morning? Vlght n|hiM id tWe botue *m? p?Y#3."*xj(oi * eil^ioes in tbe repair ^bop, (V^w_('?aco and UU^cefier,')* . w*r* fWr-troyed, together with .the tool*. l.asa "npV \ pBRcJuely known. The building, cost about $S?08,'antr > the tool! $10,000. . | ???!.*, a --?J !!. "> BKWOB 8BT ON FIBK. \ . ? ? i PimaT>?i.iJbu, Feb.li,-1Wf^.-.- ' ?? * . The .extensive bridge at Columbia, over wbicTi'croiiHtt^ the SupquqhipRa., Yqrk and Wrightaville. JWUroi^ wm*%4 set on 8re this eveping by come boyi, bat the tire wa* extintfuihHwl without any serioua damage. " ' r Matin* Intelligence. ' ?' " ^ THE BRITISH BANK Bi. YTUB ABHORS, ETC.. rmr.ADKLPHiA, Feb. Tg, 1865. , t 1 A letter from I>ewe?, dated Saturday, reports that th? British 'bark Blythe, Wood, hence for St. Dnningo., " ' (before reported ashore at Joe Flogger island,) i? ashore on Wet|t, Flat*, below Hawk 'a Neat, with her mntu. t i > maat only - standing, and surrounded by heavy ice. ^ ' West of the veitjiels in the roadstead ilra^ed ,ttj( iri an'. ' chore on Friday, owing io the force of ibe drift. ie$. , .A- . M schooner la.ai^Mre outxMeof 'PUob, (.'ape Henlopen, posed to be tbe Sarah, oi; Relax, from Savannah, f<>r Roc- ?< > ton. No ^oAnntonication tfan be liad with her* The tur boat America made the attempt to rtach hex, but failed f D18ARTBR TO TUX SHIP MABT mOULL. Charlkstov, Fei). 12, 1855. . The nhip Mary Merrill, of Portland, frpm New VerMoi*. New Orleans, arrived here to day in a leaking condition. ' having come In contact with a sunken vee*?l, in cob**-' ' quence of which sheloat liar cut water, and had b?rlaa) board bow badly Injured. ' S-y.. ? "? f ?!' 3 "w**ig?ti4? "ttWwe^ro. ; . j .... .. t .! -.Ogwiwo, Fefc. 12, l(jfcft ; ? ' Tbe propeller St. Nicholas, Capt. William*, tflfffbd ' here thyi mor^nin^ with S,OtO bbI?. of iflpnr. j^lj?.U)ucbedi , v Ht Voungsiown, audkencounien>d .cpuuideraU* ice at thV *j mouth of tbe Niagara rini. Ibe weather la mild. * ? f u 4 _ Tlie t'ba.rleaton kace*. J v/. Vl,i. | ? ? ? . CuAjtuatiON, Feb. 13, ^14*.., , 1 The great race between Wagner and Magrath -Mt two thousand dollars, failed' to come ' off to day? ^6e' latter paying five hundred dollars forfeit. , ? , Another BnllroaUl Accident. CursLAMD, Sept. 12, 1865. An engine and aix freight cars were thrown oil the track and down an embankment at Cpnneaut?and two. men severely Injured. The Weather In the East . Boston, Feb. 12, 1866. The weather here this morning ia very clear and fiae, and the temperature ia quite moderate. Our deepatciiea from Halifax, Bangor and I'ortland, are of a romewhat, similar import, but at Eaatport a heavy anow storm pro vaiia. Market*. PHILADELPHIA RT0CK BOABD. PBiLADKUtii.* Feb. 12, 1855. Stocka are steady to-day. Reading, 38X ; Morn* Canal. 14^: Long Ialand Railroad, 16^; Fennaylvania Kailroal. 44 ; Pennsylvania State Area, 8tJ)4. The money market ia easy. Nkw Orleans, Feb. 12, 1866. Tbe cotton market ia without change; tbe ralea to-diy amount to 6,600 balea; middling we quote at 8c. a K)?e. Molasses 20c. per gallou. Cotton freight* to Uver pool 7-l?d. CuARLKsroit, Feb. 12, 1865. There ia a moderate demand fer cotton at previou* ratea; tbe sale* to-day have been 2,000 bale*, at prloee ranging from 8>?c. to 9c. f Knrnvmnor tiik Sassosr.? Madame C. Dubruel Ferrerc and M. Edward Ferrero announce their annual fancy drees ball for the 16th imt. Thia ball la given to ; Madame Ferrero'a pupil*, and will be, if anything Ilk* ita preaecessors, one of the mo?t brilliant affairs of th? reason. The ninth annual ball of the Grand Lodge of ibe State of New York, F. and A. M., (meeting at No. 000 Broadway), will be given at Nlblo's Saloon, thia evening. The affair ia in ibe banda of a competent com mittee. A concert, in aid of the Hebrew Benevolent So cieties, will be given at Dodworth's Academy, 800 Broad way, on the '27th. The object ia one worth; of pa tronage. Marine Affklrs. Sekioi a Mm xt ox Board tk? Ship MrwoRii.? The ahip Carrington, which arrived her* jextcrdaj from Cbi na, report* ? Dec. IT, lat. 00.16, 8., long. '26.30 eaat, felt in with ship Medford, of Boston, from Manila for Mew York, with signals of distress Hying; bove the ship to, and boarded her, when we learned that the captain, tirst and at con d mates had been 'tabbed by one of tbe crew; pat the first officer of the Carrington on board, to take the ship into the Gape of Good Hope, for medieal assistance for the wounded. The following ia the statement of Capta a Kopee, or the abip Medford:? Tec. 13, 420 miles from the Cape of Good Hope, an tbe captain went aft, to caution the mao at the belie regarding tbe steering of tbe ship, he became Ineo lent, and upon hi* attempting to chastiee bim, tbe reet of the crew ran aft to the man's (George Harria'a) as sistance, he having struck the captain, an<t knocked him down. The captain ordered all hands forward, whe obeyed, except one man. Charles Stephens, wbo used insulting language, and attempted to draw hia knife; at '2, P. M. , when Stevens was on his way aft to relieve the wheel, he drew hia knife on the captain, when be and tbe second mate attempted to take it from him. when h*s stabbed the captain in five different place*, tbe first mat* in tbe arm, tbe tecend mate in the aMomen. from, which bis bowels protruded. The wounds were dressed as well as circumstances would permit, and at 4, P. M., Stevana came aft, and surrendered himself a prisoner; he wss put in irons, an i confined in the lower cabin, tbe captain and mates being in a very low stat*. The British Eteaher Ccrliw arrived at thia port y*a terday, last from Bermuda, to nn.largo repairs. She ran* between Halifax, St. Thomas and Bermuda ai a mail steamer. Acttoioit to a Govn.MMEvr Vbhii Tbe U. S. scho*n*r Madison, of the coaat survey, pot Into our port yertei> day for repairs. Fourteen day* out from New York, off ' Gape Hatteraa, sherneountercd a sever* gal*, which pre vailed without ceaaation during the 20th, 27th and 28th uH. Tbe Madison sprang her foremrst and was obliged to cnt away her stern boat. Crossing Savannah riv*r bar, bound hith*r, abe got aground, and sprung a leak, making on* foot of water per hour. She now lies at the eartern end of tb* city.? .SanmnaA Otorgian, k>b. 8. Naval Intelligence* PH MENTATION OF MXDAL8 BY TIM FKIKC1 O0TBRN MXNT TO AMERICAN OFFIOKM. , In July laat, It will be remembered, tb* French steamer Chlmere put into Norfolk, having a great many of her crew suffering from y*Uow fever, where every at tention was paid to tbe petlenta by the ebief sorgeon of the Naval Hospital, Mr. T. Will amaon, and also by Dr. James Harrison. Tlie French government having been made aware of their praiseworthy conduct, by ? decree .of January 7th, Dr. Williamaon baa been re warded with a gold medal of tb* largest sis*, and Dr. Harrison with another goM medal of honor of first clasa. t | The 1'. 8. ator**hip Supply, A. Sinclair, I.ieut Com- ^ manding, arrived at this port y**t*rday moraiag. Sb* ' sailsd from New York May 4, 18S2, aod has been con stanUy employed as a storesbip in tb* expeditionary *<|ub - ?Iron to Japan nnder tbe command of Cons. M. C. ferry Notwithstanding the hard?btp* incident to tb:s ier? ice, the Supply bring* home her cr*w in a healthy conditio* not a man has be*n lost from diseas* or accident during ber long cruise. Tbe 8. sailed from Samoda. Japan, (one of tbe ports opened by treaty.) Udtb June, 1*M, touched / i at Canton, Hong Kong, Singspor*, and Cspe Tow*. Tbw following Is a list of her officers ? I.ieutensnt Commanding? A. 8in:lair. lieutenant? J4. B. Hsril'nn ( Acting U*ut*nant ? F. 8. OonoTer. I'sased Assistant Surgeon ? Joseph Wilsr.n, Jr. Acting Master? J. H. I'pshur. I'as.-ed Midshipman? Joseph Fry. j I. lent. Alfred Taylor. from command of tb* steamer I Queen, and Mr. Samuel City (gunner), invalid from tbe * ] Powhatan, came home as pasa*ng*rs In *b* Supply, Tbe l'nit*d States brig 1 la in bridge wee to i*ave the 1 Brooklyn Navy Yard yesterday, on b*r return to her station at Rio. as one of th* Braxlllaa aanadron. Tbe " follow, ng is a list of her officers ? IJent. Comma tding ? Jonas H. Rowan, I.ieut- nants ? ' has. F? Hemming i Joseph Day; Purser? Thomas H. I-ooksr; Surgeon? J (None appointed In place of l)r. Ru-lderiten. res.gned) . ' Acting Master? William Mitchell; Passed Midship. nea ? ' 1 Hm. M. Gwin, R. T. Chapman Midshipman? ' l>*rle* A Habcock; Commander's Clark ? Ja*. H. Rowan, -lr. , The Bio Lump of Goi.d Attached.? The lamp ,| of gold which la on exhibition in Washington street, ? which is valued at ?40 uOO, was visited tbis af-ernoon , by a i nstable wbo was about to pat an a'.tacba**at upee it for a sign painter's bill, nhieh with expea*** i ?? > ,rte?s to about $I<*. The proprietor of 'be lamp > probnbly tbonght that th? bill ?as exorbitant, arvl a 1 therefore to pay It, b-lt he dl *o' ilke the Mea* T f i S |M t?'rg "*l?n away, and so settle*!.? PMM I CkMii