Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 16, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 16, 1855 Page 2
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AFFAIRS AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. THE PACIFIC lilLROAl BILL Bl THE SBVATB. Interesting Debate on the Collins Steamers. Inportant Bill Regulating Emigrant Shipment*. INCREASE OF SUPREME COURT JUDGES' SAURIES. MORE ABOUT THE GIBSON CASE. Vorretpotnltnce on all Sorts of Topic*, 4c., Ae., Ao. rHIKTT-THOU) CORORI89, SKCOKD 8K88ION. Senate. Washington, Feb. IS, 1856. ARMY omcm AMD KANSAS LANDS. A communication was Motived from the Secretary e f War, giving further information with regard to the aleged interference of officers of the army with lands hmtki! in Kansas for the Delaware Indians. THX WORKB OF .WFXRBO.N, HAMILTON AMD MADISON. Cto notion of Mr. Clayton, (whig) of Del., the Com mittee on the Library was instructed to inquire into the expediency of publishing the works of Jefferson, Hamil ton kC(j Madison, and the papers and correspondenoe ?f James Monroe. INCKKASK OF REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS' PENSIONS. On motion of Mr. Cabs, idem ) of Mich., the Commit tee on Tensions was directed to inquire into the propriety ?f paying all the Revolutionary soldiers and officers now living one hundred dollars per annum from the first of January last, where their pensions are less than that sons. ADI'ITIONAL CIRCUIT COtTRTS I.N MIHHOURJ AND OHIO. The bill authorizing the holding of an additional term of the Cireuit Court of the United States for Missouri, wan amended to as to include the district of Ohio, and faseed. MILITARY BOS PITA I. IN MINNUIOTA, ETC. A bill was also passed, providing for the ereotion of a Military hospital near Pembina Tiivor, Minnesota, for ?the relitf of families, and for the benefit of the officers and crew of the Vnited State* ship Sea Oull, and for tno establishment of a land district in Oregon. THE INDIAN APPROPRIATION HILL. The amendment to the Indian appropriation bill pend ing at the adjournment yesterday, respecting the pay ment of the claim of R. \v. Thompson, was opposed by Messrs. Bayard and Stuart, the latter reading from offi cial documents to show that Thompson held intercourse with the Indiana, contrary to law Mr. Brown, (dem.) of Miss., replied. Betting forth that Thompson not only urged, but obtained for the In dians an equitable claim, which our government was in clined to disavow. Mr. Houston, (dem.) of Texas ? When the governmeut does not keep faith with the Indians, it does not seem very diireputable for private individuals to follow their example. The amendment was then lost, by yeas 10, nays 24. Mr. Brown then introduced an order requiring the Comptroller of the Treasury to examine the claim of Thompson, as to whether anything and how much was 4ue to him, and report to next Congress. Negatived by a vote of 19 to 14. ire hour or meeting, etc. Mr. Wr.UJK, (dem. ) of Cal., lost to order that the Senate, for the residue of the session, meet a: 11 o'clock. The order was reconsidered and laid on the table. As executive session wafc held, and the nomination of Oliver H Ferry a* Consul to Canton was considered and teferred. At a quarter to five o'clock, upon division, there being but twelve Senators present, the senate ad journed. WiiSHixoTo*, Feb. 15, 1855. TBI Btrnn rRusEKVATioji or uns on board j'ashkxi.kii VKSSEI.fi. Jlr.'SrwARD, from the Committee on Cummoree, aaked U? consideration of the bill regulating the carrage of j passengers in steamships and other veaseia. Tte bill wait read twice, and put upon itM passage. [The bill ia | |ittn id another column J Mr. Binjawi.v, (whig) of 1* ? I ask thftt tho further reading of the bill be auspen led, while 1 make a state ?nt in relation to it to tlie Senate. The Senate in aware that the aubject of a passenger law was referred at the iait ttMion to a special committee, of which the hon orable Senator from New York, now absent in uon eeqnence of ill health, (Mr. Fish,) wai chairman, and this bill in not reported from the Committee on Com merce. 1 assented to it reluctantly, because, prior to thi departure of that honorable Senator from New York, be being satisfied that there was no time for his kill to pans at tbii aesrioo, he requested me to pay eepecial attention to it, and not allow action rn it during liia abeerce. I withdrew my opposition to the reporting ?f the preaent bill in the Committee on Commerce upou tatt men'.s being made tbat the Senator had aseeutcd to tbe modification of the bill which he, aa chairman of ; the select committee, hi* reported to the Senate. I j have since received a letter from him, from which I aacertain that tbeae statements were erroneous, and that be ftill adheres to the bill aa reported by the select com- | mittee, a&d which ia the fruit of much labor, and the : gathering together of much information from all parts s?i tbe Union. 1 think, under the rirciimatitt -ea, the titrate will not be disposed to put thia bill upon ita pit mje in this haaty manner. Mr Seward ? Mr. President? My esteemed colleague j (Mr. Fiab) submitted at the last session anutiouto | Lave a fecial committee uppointcd for tbe purpose of considering the defects m the passenger Uws, aud that committee reported a bill to remedy those defesta. Mr. Flah waa leaving here the other day when a number of I New York merchants appeared and Mated there waa 1 great tmbarraa.sment in their city, re<ult:ng from tbe seizuie of vessels, owing to the mis.joniitructioa ofthe ex icting laws They called on the Treasury Department, *ud 1 that department trained a bill which Is exactiv like this, ' and tfcey requested me to introduce the bill hero. I j answered. that if it conflicted with the bill of my colleague, I I couUl not, and that I must have his permission. Mv col league went away suddenly. I did not s* him again. They reported to me that he assented to, and approved ! of, tbe introduction of this hill. I was prepared then to I jreeentit. and I called up'n the Senator from Louisiana, one of my associates mi the Committee on Commerce, to obtain his co-operation. He told me be had been re quested by my colleague to watch his own bill, and not to consent to, or permit the passage or, another proposed by the citizens of New York. Thereupon I refrained, and advised tbe parties in New Vork of thecircum stances. They replied to me thai although I hod not seen my colleague, he'had assentol to it; and they pro duced to me a letter from tbe Secretary of the Trea miry, saying that the department understood him to have a?s*nt?d to it. Voler theae cireu.n ;tane<>s tbe bill of my coil-ague was referred, oa the moti<n of tie Senator from California, iMr. Qwiu, j j to tbe Committee on Commerce, by whom yesterUi morning I waa unmimoutly instructed to report thia 1 hill, aod urge its passage; an! acting up >u the inform i : tion which he theu hat', lie concurred in tbat re<?omm?n- I dation. Thus the hill came here in the shape in which it waa sent from the Treisury Department. Now, my i freed from I?uisiana, who haa just <ome into Senate during the second reading of the bill, aaya that lie has ; just now received la.* information, fro a my colleague, Mr Fiah, in whicb he protests againat the passage of tbia bill Inasmuch aa it concerns the city of New York, which ia more immediately within his representation than I mine, that ia auBlcient to induce me to consent that the aatter lie over until we hear further from him. Mr. TimejAiii* ? I have but one word of further erp'*. nation, and it ia aimply to say. in justice to the Senator from New York niw present, that wh-n I Inform*! him ?f the de?;re of his colleague tint the bill aho ild ha de f erred nn til he coull re*uru to have action on it, he ebeerfully yielded, and did not inaiaton thia bill until he bad been informed that his colleague had yielded hie ob jection*. % Tbe following ia the letter from the Secretary of ths Treasury, alluded to by Mr. Reward:? Trkamry PKiunnncvT, Feb. '3, 18M. 9i?? 1 .hove the honor to acknowledge tli" rejetpt of jour communication of the 2d instant, with the accjm ponying copy of a bill regulating the carriage n' p wen- i Sa in steam- hips and other Teasels, and which forms ninth chapter of the compendium of the reran le Inws prepared by thia department, and in reply, to stite, tbe department approves tbe chapter in question as ' amended, but proposes to attach an add.tmnal clause to | tbe repealing section, and a copy of wh en is aerewith enclosed Copies of the chapter as amended have been . this day forwarded to the Committees on Commerce of both bouses of Congress I bave tbe honor to be, very respectfully, your obe eiient servant, JAV (it'TllRIK, Secretaty of the Treason. To the Hon W. H. SrwAiin, C.S. Senator. Tbe VU1 waa then laid over armniK cocrr /rnnns' sauhiim tiOMUB. Mr. Torcrr. (dem.) of Conn., intr>lu:el a bill to In - > rease the salaries of the Judges of the Ripreaae Conrt, which was passed, by 30 yeas to IS nays. iievEBAL Homo* akt> Hta orriNrjns. Mr. Hotrarow, (dem.) of Texas, notiSe 1 the Senate that there was a pamphlet vMifying him. from the pen of Tho ma* J. Gr^en, which bad been la'd on SenUo-s' desks. He then gare Mr Orein a trem m loos ltahiq^. Mr. Cass, (dem 1 of Mich., aa 1 be did not believe a word of such cbargos; whereupon the subject was dropped. ax TiiA mwravRATiov to conwoooar rmnv. Tbe Committee on foreign Relations reported a bill appropriating 124,600 to Commodore Perry on.ac want of bia diplomatic serrleee at Japan. IOWA LA.vn RILL. A Mil to change tbe boundaries of the land districts of Iowa was pasaed mr sw amp tAvne. Tbe Senate adhering to Its ameodmeata with regard to , tbe Swamp Land bill, asked for a committee of :onfe ! MM. TOT PACIFIC RAlUIOAn Wtt After a* short debate, got precedent over tbe rvfa triet Columbia and Railroad Iron b Us Mr. Own* m>ved Judge Douglas' bill, proaoa ng N?r ? bem, Seuthern and Central routes, as a substitute for * ke original Mil reported by the select c?mm>t e?. This substitute *u raaatvad aa aa iimdmtyt by a ?eta of 33 j Mi to 23 n?y?, and will be considered te-naar raw. The Senate then adjourned. Hook of Roprcacntaitvea. Wabkiximon, Feb. 16, Itoi. TUB LA>D aRADOAltON BILL. The Sfkaekk announced the frat business in order to be Bennett'* bill granting lands equally to the -several States for railroad and school purposes, and that Mr. Hamilton was entitled to tk? Boor. Mr. Haykn, (whig) of N, Y., appealed to him to yield it, with the view of going into Committee of the Whole on the State of t he IMon on appropriation bill*. There w ere now bat fourteen remaining daya of the miiiIob, and those bill* may be loit unlets they are at once acted on. Mr. Houston, (Aim ) of Ala ?No deubt (if it. Mr. Hamilton, (Jem.) of ltd., then moved that Mr. Bennett's bill be committed to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Colou, and demanded the previous question, pending which the House went into committee on IUK MAIL STVAMER A PPBOPRIjVWON BILL? THB C0LUNB muna. Mr. Olds, (dem.) of Ohio, offered an amendment, ap propriating oight bundled and fifty eight thousand dol lars for the transportation of the malla from New York to Liverpool and back, and repealing that part of the Da liciency bill ol 1860 which directs the Secretary of the Navy to terminate the arrangement lor the additions! allowance to the Collins !ioe, pro*! lad Collins and his associates shall proceed with all dne diligence to build another steamship, in accordance with the terms of the contract, and bare same ready for mall service in twe years llrom the passage of this act. If the steamship is not ready within the time mentioned, by reason of aay neglect or want of any diligence on their part, then they shall carry the mails between New York and Liverpool, from the expiration of said two years, every fortnight, free of charge to the government, until the new steam ship shall have commenced said service. Mr. Olds, presuming the amendment was understood, would not tronble the House with a speech unless the proposition should be opposed. A Voice? Opjosed. Mr. Twraro, (dem.) of N. Y., inquired whether there hat not been a proposal to carry the mail between New York and Liverpool, at a less rate than was paid to Mr. Collins f Voichh? Yes, less than one half. Mr. Olds replied? Such a proposition has been made. Mr. Smith, (dem.) of Va , objected to the geatleman postponing his remarks under the idea that the House understood the subject. He wanted the gentleman to give a reason for this enormous appropriation, especially as proposals had been made to perform the service for one half the money now paid. Mr. Olds remarked, he was heretofore favorable gto giving notice for a cessation of the extra compensation, but subsequent investigation has convinoed hint that justice to Mr. Collins requires the money to be given. His line of Reamers have done more for ths American name and skill on the ocean tlian all the goveraaient steamers put together, Mr. Sollbbs, (whig) of Md., inquired whether stock in the Collins line was uot held by British capitalists y Mr. Olds expressed the belief that uat a single dollar of the line is owned abroad, and ipt)ke in high praise of the beauty, model and excailence of construction of the Colli* s stearoeis That line must go down if this appro priation is withheld. No doubt Mr. Collins could per form the service for much less in such vessels as the North Star, but not in steamers like the Atlantic, Baltic and Pacific. The new steamer Adriatic will not, he ven tured to say, be excellel by any on the ocean. Mr. Col lins has more than performed his regular engagement. We live in a fast age? we have fast horses and pretty women ? (laughter)? and we want the fastest steamers in the world. The Collins line cannot bo sustiined un less extra compensation be alio wed. Never yet has the company been able to declare a dividend on the capital stock, and within a lew weeks the stock has been sold for sixty cents on the dollar. As to the unsultable nf ss of those steamers for war, the idea originated among the old fogies of the Navy Department. Everv vessel, no matter bow perfect the model, how excellent lior moving qualities, receives th'ir condemnation unlets built under tlioir own supervision. He referred to the testimony ol' Coxmodore rf'.ewart and others, to show the superiority of the vessels of the Collins line, and thai they can be appropriated to war purposes. Mr. Smjth, of Va., (aid he had listened with inexpres- j sible surprise to the spe ich of the gentleman, who was the last member from whom lie expected to hear such a rtmarkuble somersault. It tilled him with amazement. Mr. OLCa asked him to give way for an explanation. Mr. ?mith said no would be willing to do so, and would thank the gentleman to tell why he urged the appropria tion. when the service conld be done jnst as well for half the money? But the gent'.eman had taken his seat w.th out making the explanation. Mr. Oi.rm raid propositions were made for carrying the mails for leas, hut ihe object was to induce Collins to buy off the proprietors. Advertisements were published for the per.'oimance of the ma.l service, but n >i a single bid was received. Mr. Smith. ? When t.?? that? Mr. Olds. ? During the last Congress. The same men have come forward olWing t> Jo the service for lea.i money than in paid Collin*. Vanderbilt w iutet to enlist him (Olds) tn bin behalf ; but he refused. He did not want such vessel* nit the North ?tar, but those which i an be converted into war steamers, like those of tho C?>UicH line. Mr. Smith resumed reading from a speech of Mr. OHs, delivered in JSi2, to the effect, that we had a respomi ble buMer before our committee, and the b 11 wal re ported for the -traii-port it on of the mills from Jersey City to Oalway, Ireland, at $10,000 the round tiip. If liiH were so, at-.ked Mr. Smith, why Rive Mr. Cillins $:i3,(PO for the same service? Further, the gentleman i roui Ohio said in the same speech that members want 10 give the extra c< mpensatlon as a bonus to beat the Uritieh line. I.et t jem say so and not do it under the pretence that it is necessary to the mail serv.ee ol' the country. Mr. Smith read other extracts : "As Chairman of the Committee oh I'ost Offices and I Post Koads, the gentleman from Ohio tbea persecu ted Men-re. Collins h Co , but like Paul journeying from Tarsus to l>amiacus,had fallen under tho power of a new light, and has been converted in an extraor l-nary and w?ndcrlul minner to a different conclusion. " (Laugh ter) He read an account of Paul's conversion frits the New Testament, not in the spirit of irnverance, but to point a moral and adorn a tale. The conversion of the Apostle. the great persecutor of the Christians of that d?y, was scarcely less miraculous than the sudden and unexpected conversion of tne Chairman of the I'ost Office Committee. (Laughter.) Mr. Oi-dm txpreixed the hope that, his conversion was ns pure as that of St. Paul's, but lie should not go to hiin, (Smith,) as St. Paul did to Annanias, to recover his sight. Mr. Smith, resuming, said the gentleman had alluded to the old logies of the Navy Bureau to get rid o: t'H responsibility of his official station ? Oh, wad the power the giftie gi* us, To see ourselves as others see us, It wad frae many a blunder free us, Aai loolish notion He would proclaim it here that Mr. Vanlerbilt iTi>r->l to do the service for a very considerably less lum tl- in Mr. Collins, tendering good security: but the rr< posi tion was rejected and duly disregarded, in order to con tinue lhe present monopoly. He declared himself op posed to the whole scheme, viewing it as a source of cot , ruption. Mr. Oi.m askod, if the gentleman was so opposed to extras, how he got the name of " Extra Billy V (laughter.) Mr. Smith retortod. The gent'em.in had no right to be impertinent. But it was only one who could violate the rules of ortfer who could violate the rules of goo! m in ner*. lie got the name honoftbly by extra and faith ful service in the democratic party, not by dishoaorabl) means or unwonhr tuck. "Do you," he asked Mr. Olds, " understand that!" (Sensation ) Mr. Ou)?? ? You ought to understand it better than anybody else. Mr. Smith further replied, saying in conclusion, '? iVtuld to Ood the gentleman s past history was that of a democrat." Mr. Walbriwik, (dem ) o' N. Y. sail? Mr. Chairman, looking to the important relations which the city of New York bears toward the commerce of the I'nlsn, and the measure of her annual contributions to the revenue of the eonntry, no one will deny she has a legitimate right to be heard in the matter now before us. The question involves high and grave consideration*. It af fects deeply our commercial iaterests, and is no lets than this: Shall American naval enterprise, invited by your legislation, begun and suita<ned under your aus pices for the wisest considerations, and resting upon a basis of the roundest economy to the c*untry, be ne {lccted or discarded by hesitancy or refund to contlo ie he cflhtract which give* us a position of ascendancy in the rivalry between this coantry and Oreat Britain In ocean navigation. The general government had long felt the reproach that lay at its door for neglect.nf the interests of our commerce for seven years, by permitting our transatlantic rival deliberitnly to assume superiority in ocean steam naviga tion. In the year 1*38, the first ship of the Cunard line was built. She was called the Great Br.t tin In the year following, the British government made a con tract for seven year* with the proprietors for carrying the mails from their shores to Ours. What was the con dition of things at that time in the competition between the American anil British sailing vessels' The former (?eflel all competition In the transportation of tight merchandise ami of oassengers. Superior speed and other sailing qualities placed them far ahead of the Eng lish models, what was to be done? The British govern ment, justly sensitive to the commercial ir.Wests of I 'J citlrens. sought a remedy in the contract of 1M9 with Canard .and with it went to that line almost a mo nopoly of the valuable carrying trade which we had previously possessed. In this new and profitable channel of business, cur Anno 'rivals went on most prosperously for themselves, but most detrimentally to our splendid ciipps'r ships, that had been doing a thrifty bus ness, and had distinguished themselves in this special t'epar .mant of the carrying trade. The country felt the neglect; onr people saw the ' liatlesanes* of the legislative depar,m*nt in the matter, I but linally public opinion? the propelling power in our institutions ? reached these balls an [dictated theenict ment of 1M5, by which the Postmaster General was authorised " to contract for the transportation of the | United States mall between any of the porta of the i United States and a port or porta of any forsign power, wheneve*, in bis opinion, the public interest would I thereby be promoted," and the Postmaster General waa i also directed, in all caaes of offer to contract for carry ' ing the mail between any ports of the United States and any foreign port or place, " to give the preference to fliicb blddtr ftfl flball contract to carry tht mill in A I iteamsbip or steamships, sad the said contractor stlpu 1 lating tn deliver said ship or steamships to tha United States, or to their proper officer, upon demand male lor the purpose of helag converted into a vessel of war. the [ United States being bound on their part to pay to tall owner rr owners tbe fair full value of every snob ship or vessel at the time of such delivery/* *a. Well, after the passase of this act, which shows that CongreM, though tardy, had at last waked np to the im portance of doing something, the Postmaster General made (.roper advertisement for aid* to perioral tha service. Vrae waa received. The British had taken the start of ua. They bad already beea reaping the ad iuti|( orwM|HiD navigation for Mvea year* with out romptfli^^Kraoquian high standing, great expe rience, with unlimited capital. Who w? a then to to found ready to vindioate American enterprise and skilL and to enter into this fierce eompettaa with capital and < onrnge at band f An analgetic and patriotic eltiian of New York, ifr. Edward K. Collins, came forward, after having been soioited by the government to mike a bid, and submitted his proposals, which were accepted. Tke contract of Mr. Collins called for thipa of 2,000 teas measurement for each ateamer, with 1,000 borae power, to be built for great speed, wad lufficientlj itrong for war purpoaee, and in 184T Oongreu gave tta deliberate and unequivocal sanction to the law of the 3d of March, of that year, providing for the build ing and equipment of four naval stiamships. Tbe 2d section of that act made It the duty of the Secretary of the Navy "to accept on the part of the government of the Hatted States the proposals of Mr. Cellini and hia associate*" for the transportation of the United States mail between New York and Liverpool, and to contract with the said R. K. Collins <and his asso ciates for the faithful fulfilment of tbe stipulations therein contained; and in aceordanoe with the provi siowx of that act, the third section of which declired "tint tbe steamships to be employed by the said E K. Collins and his associates in the traampeitation of the United States mail between New York and Liverpool shall be constructed under the inspection of a naval constructor in the employ of the Navy Department, and ?hall be constructed so as to render them convertible -at the least possible cost into war steamer* of the first class.'' At the time this oon tract was exe cuted between the government and Mr. Collins tbe largest Cunard ship was only 1,400 tons, with live hundred horse power. Soon as the energectic action ot this government became known, Cuoard la'd tbe kerie of the four ships, .America, Huropa, Canada and Niagara, each of 1,800 tons. Collins, fully appreciating the re?ponslbilities he bad assumed, determined to do his part in vindicat ing 1he ability of the American people to compete with the citizens of Great Britain, and ne therefore applied to and received from the pro|>er department a "carte blanche " to build ships 1,000 tons larger. with a corres ponding increase of motive power. By this increase in the steamships' capacity it require! but little ealcnla tion to determine that the running expenses were in creased to the proprietor fifty per oent. By the original contract it was stipulated that they should run twenty trips out and back at $10,260 per trip. They were then required to increase tbe tiipa to twenty- six at the same rate, sod the whole allowance for the whole service was a traction over $600,000. With all the care, prudence, economy, and the additional advantages of increased speed, it was found the proprietors were sinking money; and while the mail service was performed faithfully, and to the benefit of the postal revenue, the finances of the owners were rapidly collapsing, and the whole business was on the point of discontinuance. The Congress of 1862 thoroughly lilted the whole sub ject. Tltey found the then existing contract was a losing concern to tho proprietors. As legislators ther were unwilling, even if the ability of the owners would allow, that the tervice should be continued at a loss. The alternative was brought directly before them as it now is: Shall the American ocean steamship line to Great Britain stop, or shall it go on ? The answer is found in the act of Congress of the 21st July, 1852, in which it is delared as follows:? For additional compensation for increasing the transpor tation of the United States mall between New York and Liv erpool in the Collins line of steamers to twenty 4ix trips per annum, at such times as shall be dlreoted hy the Post master General, and, is conformity to tho last annual re Sort to Congress, snd his lcttrr of tho 15th of November ist to the Secretary of the Navy, commonoing said increas ed lerviee en tbe 1st January, 1892, at tbe rate of thirty three thousaud dollars yer trip, in lien of tbe presnnt allow ance, the sum of two hundred and thirty sis thousand five hundred dollars: Trovidod, That it shall be in the power of Congress at any time after the Slut day of December, I'M, to tcrmiuate the additional allowance herein provided for upon living six months notice. What effect did tbis legislation produce? By giving the increased compensation of $13,750 per trip, ana making the aggregate for each trip equal to $38,(00. the total for the service was raised from r.sing $600,000 to $838,(00, and tbe increase continues until the lit of January. 1856. After that period, unless you now in terfere by further legislation, the original contract, which extends to tbe 1st of April, 1860, will leave the owners to do the service at the sum of $500,500, with the enormous loss which they must necessarily suffer, even if they have the ability to go on with the service. Now, all the world knows that tbe rates of living, and the cost in every department of the mechanic art*, havo risen one hundred per cent since the original contract was made, and that they have been augmented fully fifty per cent since the increased allowance by the law of 1852. This, of itself, would bo an un answerable argument against any attompt at reduction, by failing to come up to the spirit and pur pose of the law of 1852. But whit advantages have not resulted from the establishment of this American line, in addition to the national reputation we have acquired upon the teak!1 Frevioos to its organization the mari time genius of our rival bad evi'r triumphed. But in this tierce competition American skill and genius has brought the two great continents nearer together than they have been brought before. The reduction of the cost of freight on light articles has been marly one hunlred per cent; a reduction of twenty six per oent In the price of passage; a reduction of one-sixth of the time in the passage o' crossing the Atlantic, The cheap support of war ships, ready at a moment's warniug to past from tbe hands of tbe present owners to those of the govimment, and perfectly capable of taking on equipments of battery, and iron material, should the exigencies of the service require it, withal officers and seamen, trained bv discipline and ex perience in the science of navigation, constitute an ele ment ol strength in time ef war, and a commercial fa cility in time of peace, which place them far beyond all com)>etilion Are all tbese advantages ? positive and i direct, not only to the eity whi.ih I have in part the honor to represent, hut the whole Union ? to be sacri ficed by a discontinuance of that enlightened policy which has always given to the United State* the ptlm ?f victory in a -sliuggle for tne commercial supremacy of tbe neaa? Mr. Lktthkr, (dem.) of Va., oppo.-ed Mr. Old's amendment, giving notice of one which he intended to (Her, authorixing the contract with Hanson for $386,000. No quest on taken. Ibe committee rose, and the Houie adjourned. Oitr Washington Correspondence. Washjxctox, Feb. 14, 1866. A Treaty Being Xegnliated ? Another lerritorial Gootrn iiicnt in Embryo ? A New Era in the History of the Red Man ? Colt'i I'atcnt, Threats and Reool oeri? The Jixai lMbt Bill in the .Senate ? Treaty of 1819 totth Spain ? Mr. Orr '? Expoiure?Fatt Legislation, itc. A delegation of CliO' taw Indians, now in this city, are negotiating a treaty with the government, by which tliey are to b< guaranteed the right of a territorial governor ut v.pon ?n equal looting with other territorial govern: < ut*. Fy such a treaty the Choctaw* will not only be tntitled to a ceie^ate in tlie l"nitsd Stite* Con gieit. but ailinlrxlon as a Stale into the Union, whenever tbey iitve tlir requiiite number of population. In this treat i '.he Choctaw* propose, for a outtie'ent compenaa tion to be paid by tbi.s government, in money, to take uLfcige of anil manage various Indian tribe* which have ? 'iiiatfed upon tbs Choctatv territory, and *re now occu py it in violation of txifting treaties. If tbit treaty be negotiated. and continued by the Sena's, it will not only be the tno?t important Indian treaty entered into by our government, but it will be the :ommencem>'nt otftien *ra in tlie history of the red maa. leading to a pirfert c:vil ami political equality with hi* white brother*. AHhough the Colt'i Pc-tcnt c?*e peems to have been UD:eremoniouidy kicked (roui the liall* of Congrts*, yet the pirtie* interested are determined not to remain kicked out. FJlorts will be redoubled at the next aestion of Congress, end the friends ot Col. Colt are alrealy ex E retting c? indent hope* of Hnc;e*s before the next ;oii!-e of KeprnnnUtives. In this connection, I would mention that vat ion i and in ndry threat* are rumored to have been made by Colt and bis friend* against cer tain member* of Coogre-i*. Oa* rumor ii, that the Colonel was coming on for the ex pre** purpose of testing the virtue of one of hU revtjvsr* upon the p*r*on of the Hon. John Letcher, but was written to by a friend from thi* city ' not to come ' Sensible adviee, this. How ever, I place no confidence in theae rumor*, but am ra ther inclined to think that Col. Colt, in hi* pa en*. tx Un*:on, haa been ra'her persecuted than opposed. The !-?n*te, xo day disagreed to the amendment* raids to the Texas debt bill in tne House of Represeatative*, and will IntiHt upon the till in its original *h?pe, appro priating $8,600,000. The House amendment appropri ate* only what ha* already bets appropriated. ?P, RAO, 000, and nhijh now ataudt on the books of the tinted Stats* Treasury to the credit of Texas. It then amounti to n> appropriation at all, hut a mere |x-rmis*ion to the State of Texas to rtceive what i* already hers, provided she will surrender large 'quitable claim* ahe hold* ?gsln?t the federal government ; and provided farther that ths creditor* of Texa* will release bota the Stats and federal government* fiom all Alligation and liability. Of course such a bill as thl* would not be seriously coaiidered by the State of Texas, and tbs t*me spent in it* p usage i* ao mu 'h time lost. It i* now believed, however, th?t the committee of conference will recommend the paasaje of the Senate bill without an amendment, and that this perplexed question will be finally settled. A Mil to carry out the provision* of tie treaty of 11119 with >pain. wns undet :onsideration in the House to-day, and Mr. Orr, of S C., made an astounding exposure of the character of the bill and the fligrant fraud* already perpetrated under cover of this treaty. This bill propose* to |?y 6 per cent interest on all the claims allowed under tlii* treaty, which wonld amount to |1 -.'>0 000. Mr. Orr showed that $1 ?6'2,607 bad already bees paid, and that too In the face of aasursn.-es when the payment of the** claim* was assumed, that th*y wojli under no cireum stances exceed forty thousand dollars. Some of the claims aodj vouchers read by Mr. Orr produced maeh men intent through the ball. The House, by a large vote this morning, ordered that 10,000 copies of Coin. Terry's report should be printed, whenever it should bs submitted toCongre**, for the use of the preient members, should tbey aot.have added, "and Ml report* hereafter to be printed?" " K. CORRB8PON' PKNCK OP OTHER rAPRXA. [Oorreepondence of the I'ennaylvanlan, Administration 'Vshhivoto*, Feb. 14, 1MA> the Praident and (Sen Scott ? Ocean Mail Sttamrn, <tc. Whenever democrat* are wheedled into the magnani mous towards political opponents, they generally Bod themselve* in that clasaic situation which G*n. Siott so feelingly alluded to, when suddenly called upon 1 5 ad dree* hi* fellow citisen* of Washington, during the last > residential campaign. The lieutenant General bill which pasaed the Houee with inch cordial nnanlmitr oa Monday last, was a complete cell. Democratic members were told that nil that the veteran looked for was (lory, not gold ? rank, not rations few more feathers, hut not aaothsr sxtra allowance fK>m the Treasury. It was whisperingly hinted that the new rank might possibly add a few hand red dollars to (iea. Moot* * income; fcnt it was talked of as a bare possibility? as one of thoee little Treasury dribbles which usually attend warriors in their upward oarerr of glory, spangles, and (Old lace It new tarns out, that under the provisions of the hill, ss ale mis la It wonted, that the future Unlesut Ow*ral ia mWM to about $60,000 in the shape of back pay, and a* annual income oT between $10,000 and $11,000. Hia military family ia to consist of four lieutenant colonel* and two secretaries, the latter to take the rank an 1 re oeive the pay of lieutenant ootonel*. The ocean mall ? tea mi hip bill* come ?p thia week for action. The frienda of tbe Collins line net and talk aa if they apprehend no dancer or difficult*. C5>1. Colt says that tbe rejection wliie application for

an extention of patent ia of no aerious consequence, aa bia beat customemure tn the Old WoHd . The rain ceased at an early Mar thia m>rnlng, and the weather la now aa warm ?a tbe weather you are usually favored with in the blooming, blushing month of Kay. [Correspondence of the North American.] Warajxarox, Feb. 13, 18 )6. Anticipated Appointment of Senator Skieldt at a Brigadier General ? The JfYenek Spoliation BiU ? The Navy. 4c. It is stated that it is the intention of the President to appoint General Shields a Brigadier General, should the amendment to the army bill for raising four additional regiments be adopted by the Houae. This ia no doubt one of the very objects for which these troops are to be raised. The commissioned offices are to be diatributed as rewards for services rendered tbe administration in the infamous act of repudiating the Missouri compro mise. The patronage already existing ia not sufficient to reward all the martyrs in that cause. Shields is one o.' them. He fell, like Dodge, in the foremost rank. But he cannot, like Dodge, be compensated by a foreign mis sion. It is not easy to make a vacancy for him by turning out any less conspicuous partisan. Therefore tbe pretext of an Indian war ia resorted to aa an excuae for the creation or about two hundred and fifty military com missions, for general distribution among the maimed and weunded, and for adding two and a haV millions of dollara to the annual expenditurea of the government. 1 hope that the whigs will stand together as one man in resistance to it, and I trust that enough of the demo crats will oppose this monstrous addition to the power of the Executive to deieat it. All opponents of the Ne braska bill should regard this proposition as a supple mentary part of that scheme, and treat it accordingly. At this moment two thirds of the House are opposed to it; but what executive patronage may do, it la hard to ft ia said that the President ia painfully exercised in regard to tbe French Spoliation bill. All his antecedents warrant the expectation of a veto; but he is besieged with committees from the anxious claimants, who press him with appeals which he finds it difficult to resist, whether as a man or a politician. The Cabinet are known to stand four for signing, and three for vetoing the biil. The indications to-day art* that it will be signed; but of course no one beyond the official house hold of the President can have any positive information of his intentions. The subject of reorganizing and increaaing the navy has been alacufted to day in the House. The bill for building seven additional steam shops of war will doubt less be rejected to-morrow. The temper of the House is decidely adverse to any more legislation in that direc tion during this Congress. Mr. '.Seward, of Georgia, caused much discussion this afternoon, bv moving as an amendment a plan nearly equivalent to tbe internal im provement bill of the last session, which was vetoed. He argued, very sensibly, that it was better to deopen and improve the Southern harbors, so as to fit them for the admit sion of largo vessels, than to build ships adapted to those harbors in their present, condition. Most conspicuous among the opponents of this very reasonable suggestion was Mr. Ashe, of North Carolina, who last year got through an appropriation of $160,000 for the Improvement of the Cape Fear river, which was the only stream in the whole Union found by the Presi dent to be constitutional. There is a report that Santa Anna's government has requested the recall of General Gadsden, on the ground of unwarrantable intermeddling in the civil dissensions of the country. The request has probably not been made in a positive form, but rather in the shape of a representation that General Gadsden's presence In Mexi co was detrimental to the public peace, and not favora ble to tbe present good understanding between the two countries. There is no probability that the suggestion of bis withdrawal will be favorably responded to. A Bill to Regulate the Carriage of Passengers by Steamships and other Vessels. Sec. 1. No master of a ny vessel owned In whole, or in part, by a citizen of the United States, or b y a citizen of any foreign country, shall take on board inch vessel, at any foreign port or place, other than foreign contiguous territory of the United States, a greater number of pai aengeri than in proportion of one to every two tons of auch veaael, not including children unjer ths age of one year in the computation, and computing two children over one and under eight yeara of age, as one passenger. That the apaces appropriated for the use of auch psssen. g< ra, and which aliall not be occupied by stores or other goods, not the personal bag; age of such passengers aliall be in the following proportions, via:? On the main and poop decks or platfoims and in the deck hoiibes, if tlwre be any, one passenger for each sixteen clear su - pel fleial feet of deck, if the height or distance between the decki or platforms shall not be leaa than six leet, and on the lower deck, (not being an orlop deck,) if any, one passenger for eighteen such clear superficial feet, If tt>e height or distance between tlie decks or platforms shall not be leaa tnan six feet, but ho as that no passenger shall be carried on any other d?ck or plat foims nor upon any deck where the height or distance between dtcks is let s than six fret, with intent to bring such passenger to the United States, and shall leave such port or place and bring the aaine. or any number thereof, within the jurisdiction of tlie United States; or if sny such master oi any Teasel aliall take on board his vesf.?l at any port or place within tlie jurisdiction of the United State*, sny gieater number of passengers than in the pioport.'on aforesaid to the * pe.ee aforesaid, or to the tonnage aforesaid, with intent to carry the same to any foreign port er place other than foreign contigj ous territory as aforesaid, eTery auch master shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction therr of before any clrcnlt or district court of the Unite! States, shall, for each passenger taken on board beyond the limit aforn a d. or the space aforesaid, be fined in the sum of filty dollars, and may also be impnsone 1, at the discretion of the judge before whom the penalty suall be recoTered; but should it be ne-eaiaiy tor the safety or conTenienee of the Tessel, that any mrtion of her cargo, or anv other articles, or article, aho&ld be placed on, or stored in, any of the decka, cabins, or other places appropriated to the use cf passengers, tne same may be placed In lockers or enclosures prepared for the purpose, on an exterior surface Impervious to the wares, capable of being cleansed in like manner as the decka or platforms of the vessel. In no case, however, shall the plt-es thus prorlded be deemed to be a part of the space allowable lor the me or passengers, but the same shall be d? ducted therefrom, and In all cases where prepared or used, the upper surf.ee of sail lockers or enclosed spaces shall be deemed and taken to be the deck or plat form from which measurement shall be made for all the purposes of this art. It is also provided that one hospi tal in the spaces appropriated to passengers, and sepa rate therefrom by an appropriate partition, and fUr nlslied as Its purposes require, may be prepared, and when used, may he included in the space allowable for passengers, but tha same shall not occupy more than one hundred superficial feet of deck or platform. Sec. '1. No such Teasel shall have more than two tiers of berths, and the interval between the low set part theieef and tha deck or platform beneath, shall not be less than nine inches, and the berths shall be well c in structed, parallel with the sides of the vessel, and sepa rated from each other br paitltians, as berths ordinarily are separated, and shall be at least six feet in leagth. and at lent two feet in width, and each berth shall be occupied by no mors than one passenger; but double berths of twice the abore width maybe constructed, each berth to be occupied by n J more, and by no other, than two wotasn, or by one woman and two children une'er the age of eight years, or by husbtud and wife, or by a m>n and two of bis own ch Hrea under the age of eight yeara, or by two men. members of tfee same family: and if there shall be any violation of this sec tion in any of its provisions, then the mutter of the tcskI snd ths owners thereof shall severally forfeit ant pay the sum of live dollars for each passenger on bo ir.l of said vessel on such voyage, to be recovered by the United States in any port where sack vessel may arrlre or depart. Sec. 3. All Teasels, whether of tbe United States or any foreign country, having sufficient capa:ity or space according to law for fifty or more passengers (other than cabin passengers) shall, when employed in trairt porting such passengers betseen the In: ted States and Kurope, have, on the upper deck for the use of such passengers, a house over the passage- way leading to the apartments allotted to such pa seogTs bs low deck, tlrmly secured to tto deck er combings of tbe hatch, with two dcors, the si 111 o' which shall be at least oae foot aliovc the deck, so cons'ructc.l th.it one ikor or wiidoiv in sueh house may at all times be lslt open for ventilation ; and all vessels so employed, and having the capacity to carry one hundred and fifty such passengers or more, shall have two auch houses; and the stairs or ladcer leading down to the aforesaid a part mint shall be furnished with a band i ail of wood or strong rope ; hat booby batch's may lie substituted for su:n houses In Teasels baring three permanent decks. foe. 4. Every sucli vessel so employed, and having the legal capacity for more than on) lunlred su:h pas senger*. shall have at leaat two ventilators to purify the apartment or apartnents occupied by such passengers; one of which shall be inserted in tbe after part of the apartment or apartmenta, and tbe other shall be placed in tbe forward portion of tbe apartment or apartmeu a, and one cf them fhall hare an exhaust ins cap to carry off the feul air, and the other n re ceiving cap to carry down tbe fresh air; which said ven tilators shall have a capacity proportiono 1 to ths sloe of the apartment or apartmenta to he purified, namely; if the apartment or apartments will lawfully authorize the reception of two hundred such passengers, the capacity of such ventilator! shall each be equal to a tube of twelve inches diameter in the clear, and in proport'oa l?r larger or smaller apartments: and all said ventilators i-hall rise at least four feet six Inches above the upper deck of sny such vassal, and be of the most approved form and coast r u ctlon : but If it shall appear, from tbe report to be made and approved, as hereinafter provided, that such vessel is equally well ventilated by any other means, such other means of ventilation shall be deemed and held to be a compliance with the provisions rtf this section. See. 6. Every vessel carrying more thaa fifty such passengers, shall have for their use on 'leek, housed and eenveaiently arranged, at leaat one camboose or cooking range, the dimensions of which shall be equal to four feet loag and oae foot six inches wide for every two hu adred passengers snd provision shall be made fa tbe manner aforesaid, n this ratio, for a greater or Isaa number of passengers; but nothing herein contained shall take away the right to make sach arrangements lor cooking between decks, if that shall be deemed desirable. fee. 6. Ail vessels emploved as aforesaid, shall have on hoard for tl e use of suen ptsseagers, at the time of leav ing the last port wheaee sach vessel shall sail, well se cured under deck for each passenger, at least fifteen pounds of goad aavy hi sail, ten pounds of rice, tea pounds of oatmeal, tea pounds of wheat flour, ten pounds of peas and beans, thirty-five pounds of potatoes, oae plat of vinegar, sixty gallons of fresh water, tea ?of salted port, free of boae, all to be of good qua idasufficieat supply ef fuel fee oooklng, but at pin ts where either rioe, oatmeal, wb??.i, Sour, or peas and beta ? cannot (^procured, of good iCility and on rea sonable terms, the quantity of either*? any of t&eo'-her last Mined article* may be inarmed and substituted therefor; and hi cass potatoes cannot he procured on reasonable tenqe, om pound ot either ot said article! nay he substituted in ilea of fire pound* of potatoes; and the captains of such vessels shall dsliivei to each pasppnger at leait one-tenth part of the aforesaid pro visions veeekly, commencing on the day of sailing, ani at least three quarts of water and sufficient tuelfor cooking daily ; and if the passengers on board of any such vessel in which the previsions, fuel and water herein required shall not have been provided as afore said, shall at any time be put on abort allowance daring any voyage, the master or owner of any such vessel shall pay to each and every passenger who shall have been put on short allowance the sum of three dollars for each and every day they may have been put on short allowance, to be recovered in the circuit or dis trict court of the United States; bat nothing herein con tained shall prevent any passenger, with the consent af the captain, from furnishing for himself the articles of food herein specified; and if put on board tn good order, it shall fully satisfy the provisions of this act, ho far as retards food; and any passenger may also, with the eon sent of the captain, furnish for himself an equivalent for the articles of food required in other and ditferent ar ti les ; and if, without waste or neglect on the part of the passenger, or inevitable accident, they prove insufficient, i nd the oaptain shall furnish comfortable food to such I assengers during the residue of the voyage, this, in re gard to food, shall also be a compliance wito^lie terms of this act. Sec. 7. The captain of any such vessel so employ ed, is hereby authorized to maintain good discipline and such habits of cleanliness among such passengers as will tend to the preservation and promotion of health; and to that end he shall cause such regula tions as he may adopt for this purpose to be posted up, before sailing, on Doard such vessel, In a plaice ac cessible to such passengers, and shall keep the same so Sos ted up during the voyage; and it is herebv made the utv of said captain to cause the apartment occupid by such passengers to be kept at all times in a clean, healthy state, and the owners of every such vesst 1 so employed ate required ts construct the decks and all parts of said apartment, so that it can be thoroughly cleansed; and tney shall also provides safe, convenient privy or water closet, for the exclusive use of every one hundred such passengers. And whan the weather is such that said passengers cannot be mustered on deck with their bedding, it shall be the duty of the captain of every such vessel to cause the <ltck occupied by such passengers to be eleansed with chloride of lime or some other equslly efficient disinfecting agent, and also at such other times ss said captain may deem nececsary. fee. 8. The master and owner, or owners, of any such vessel so employed, which shall not be provided with the house or houses over the passage-ways, as pre scribed in the third section of this chapter, or with ven tilators, as prescribed in the fourth section of this chap ter, or with the cam booses or cooking ranges with the bouses over them, as prescribed in the fifth section of this chapter, ahall severally forfeit and pay to the Unit ed States the sum of two hundred dollars for each and every violation of, or neglect to conform to, the provi sions of each of said sections, and fifty dollars for each and every neglect or violation of any of the provisions of the seventh section of this chapter, to be recovered by suit in any circuit or district court of the United Mates, within the jurisdiction of which the said vessel may arrive, or from which she may be about to depart, or at any place within the jurisdiction of such courts, wherever the owner or owners, or captain, of such ves sel may be found. Sec. 9. The collector of the customs at any port of the United States at which any vessel so employed shall ar rive, or from which any such vessel shall be about to depart, shall appoint and direct one or more of the in spectors of the customs for such port to examine sush vessel, and report, in writing, to such collector whether the requirements of law have been complied with in re spect to sneh vessel; and if such report shall state such compliance, and shall be approved by such collector, it shall be def ined and held as conclusive evidence there of fee. 10. The proviiions, requisitions, ^penalties and liens of this act relating to the space in vei sels appro priated to the use of passengers, are hereby exten led and made applicable to all spaces appropriated to the use of steerage passengers in vessels propelled in who's or in part by steam, and navigating from, to and bs tween the ports, and in manner as in this a -.1 named, and to such vessels, ani^to the masters thereof and so much of the act entitled, ' an act toamend an act entitled 'an act to provide for the better security of the lives of passengers on board of vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, and for other purposes, "approved Au Sust thirtieth, eighteen hundred and fifty-two. as con icts with this act, is hereby repealed; and the space appropriated to the nse of steersge passengers in vessels to as above propelled and navigated, is hereby subject ed to the supervision and inspection of the collector of the customs at any port of the United States at which any such von el shall arrive, or from 'which she skill be about to depait; and the same shall b? examined and reported in the same manner, and by the same olHoers, by the next preceding section directed to examine and report. Sec 11. The vessels bound from any port in the Uni ted States to any port or place in the Pacific ocean, or on its tributaiirs, or from any such port or place to any port in the United States on the Atlantic or its tri butaries, shall be subject to the foregoing pro visions regulating the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels, exceft so much as relates to pro visions, water and fuel; but the owners and masters of all such vessels shall in all cases furnish to each pas senger the daily supply of water therein mentioned , and they shall furnish, or caur.e passengers to furnish for themselves, a sufficient supply ot good and whole ?>me food; and in case they shall fail so to do, or shall pro vide unwbolt some or unsuitable provisoes, tbey thall be sutject to the penalty provided in the six'h se:tlon of this chspter, in caae the passengers are put on short allowsnce of wster or provisions. fee. 12. The captain or mister o' any ship or vessel arriving in the United States, or any of tbe Territories thereof, from any foreign pla-e whatever, at the same t:me that be delivers a manifest of the cargo, and if there be no cargo, then at the time of making report or entry of the ship or vessel, pursuant t> law, shall also deliver and report to ths collector o( the district in which such ship or vessel shall arrive, a list or manifest of all the passengers taken on board of the i aid 4toip or vessel at any foreign port or place ; in which list or manifest it shall be the duty of the sa'd master to designate particularly tbe age, sex, and occu pation of the said passengers respectively, the part of the vessel occupied by each daring the voyage, the coun try to which tfcey severally belong and that of which it is their intention to become inhabitants ; and ahall fur ther set forth whether snv, nad what number, have died on the voyage; which liat or manifest shall be sworn to by tbe said master, in tbe same manner as di rected by law in relation to the manlfett of tbe cargo, and the refusal or neglect of the master aforesaid to omply with the provlslous of this section, or any part thereof, shall incur the same penalties, disabilities, and forfeitures as are provided for a refusal or neglect to re port and deliver a manifest of the cargo aforesaid. Fee. 13. Each and every collector of the castoms to whom such manifest or li?t of passengers as aforesaid snail be delivered, shall quarter yearly return copies thereof to the Secretary of State of the United States, by whom statements of the same shall be la!i before Congreas at each and every session. Sec. 14. That Uie amount of tbe several penaltiea im. p< sed by the foregoing provisions regulating the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels, shall be liens on the vessel or vessels violating thoee provisions, and such vessel or veaaels shall be libelled therefor in any circuit or diatrict court of the I'll ted States where such vessel or veasela ahall arrive. . fee. IS. AU and every vessel or vessels which shall or may be employed by the American Colonization Society, or the Colonization Society of any State, to transport, and which shall actually transport, from any port or porta of tbe Tnited Statea to any colony or colonies on Ike w?*t coast of Africa, colore' I emigrants to reside there, shall be, and tbe aame are hereby, subjected to ti e operation of the foregoing provisions regulating the carriage of passenger* In merchant vessels. Sec. 14. Tbe collector of the customs shall eiamine cach emigrant ship or vessel on its arrival athiiport, snd ascertain sod report to the Secretary of theTrea sury the time of sailing, the length of the voyage, the vtntilation. the number of paaeengere, their space on board, their food, the native country of tbe emigrant*, tlx- number of deaths, the age and sex ot tho.e who died during tbe voyage, together with hi* opinion of the cause of the mortality, if any, on board, and if none, what precautionary measures, arrangements or babita are supposed to have had any, and what, agcn:y in causing the exemption. See. IT. The actof 2d March, 1810, entitled "An act regulating pa?renger ships and vessels;" the act of 324 February, 1847, entitled "An act to regulate tli? car riage of passengers in merchant vessels tbe act of 2d of March, 1847, entitled "An act to amead an act enti tled an act to regulate the carriage of passengers in mercbsnt vessels, and to determine the tine when said act shall take effect;" the ait ef 31st January, 1844, ea tltlsd "An act exempting ve><**)* employe., by the Ame rican Colonization Soc.ety, in transporting colored emi ? rants from the I M led States to tbe coast of Africa, rem th? provisions. of the alts of the 23d February and 2d ef March, 1847, regulating the carriage of passenjers in merchant versels;"' the act of 17th May, 1848, enti tled "An act to provide for the ventilation of pas?enger vessels, and for other purposes;" and tbe act of 3d March. 184W, entitled ' An act to extend the provisions of all laws now in force relating to the carriage of pss sengers in merchant vessels ana the regulation thereof," are hereby repealed. 1'roponed additional clause to repealing section of chap. IX. But nothing In this act contained shall in anywise ob stiuct or prevent tbe prosecution, recovery, distribu tion, or remission of any lines penalties, or forfeitures which rosy have been incurred prior to the day this act goes into effe:t under the laws hereby repealed, for which purpose ths said laws shall continue in for?. But the Se^retarv of the Treasury may. in his discre tion. and upon such conditions as he ahall think proper, discontinue any such prosecutions, or remt or modify such penalties. The Cane of Captain Olhson. i.rrrr* to the chairman or m? committee of FOREIGN AFKA1HII ? KCRTIIKK DBVELOrBMBKTS? THE CAPTAIK'S NARRATIVE, ETC. Captain Gibson, who, as the readers of tbe Herald will remember, was imprisoned at Ilatavia, tried on a ri diculous charge of treason and suffered by the confisca tion of his property, has addresael a lettsr to the Chair tnsn of the Committee on Forign Affairs in the Rouse of Representatives. Tbe present letter Is In answer to on* put forth by the Dutch government, in relation to a memorial alleged to hava been eddratsed to the Dutch government in tbe Kast Indie*, ("apt. Gibson states that he ha* written ao such memorial, and proceed* to detail the circumstance* which *arrouo<*d him at Batavla. He waa without friends? in a noisome dungeon, sur rounded by felons, and had no prospect of immediate re lief. In thi* dilemma, by advice of tbe representative ef tbe American government a* Batavla* he addressed a '?tier to tht Governor General of Netherlands India. Thin letter (-outlined a narrative of Capt. Gib.on's' lifff^ travels in various parts of the world The latter clows with these wotds e ? I do not wUh to write wholly in the ?pirit of ielf ?Wi cation, but rather a* confessing siacerely much impru l dence in deportment and speech, though in nowleer* tended with a inali:lous contemplation of bostUW against the Netherlands India government. The accompanying paper* and document)) will, I think, afford some further clue to my general history and eharv aster, and will manifest that whilst ay poetic lmaginaj . tion might lead me into many excesses not approved or j hy the matter of-fact opinions of the world, yet still 1?J am not of a nature to plot treasonable designs, much less to execute them. . .. u How, by the promptness and rigor of the Ne India eovernm.nt, its moral power has been fully sus-j tained in the eyes of the natives of Palembang by my( arrest, and has, also, thereby been v arv eSeta^lyd forced upon my own eonrictions. rienoe I now hope to| realise its forbearance for whatever indiscretions I may i have committed against the majesty of its tews. After the reception <?this letter, 20th February, l?Kf, the Captain was released, but only to be again arreetef on the 26th. Be remained in prison until the date oi his escape. It was during this time that the Dutch go., vetament allege that he wrote the second letter. Ht says:? . It Is not pretended by the Dutch Minister that level- 1 wrote but two communications to the Governor General r | the first, a statement of my previous conduct, the other" and the last, an application for a stay of proceedings itr 1 my case. Mr Van Uall says, in his despatch to Mr, Bel-. J mont of Feb. 26, 1868, on this subject? (H. Ex. doe. No? ] 18, p. 26.) ? "In the meanwhile, under date of Feb. 25 j while he was at liberty, Mr. Gibson, under the imprest i ?ion that he would again be incarcerated, wrote to thai Governor General the letter of wbicn u copy aseons^l panics this, la which he Implores his clemency, acknow-*! ledges the imprudence of his actions, and ask* for ar I immediate trial, in the hope that extenuating circum-'l stances would cause a mitigation of the punishment I whlcb, strictly speaking, be might have deserved. Or the following day he again addressed himself to th{ Governor General, supplicating him to otethapowei with which that high functionary is vested, in hlQ behalf, in older to stay ail further proceciriags." ? Now, there are two points in which Mr. Van Hall ancj myself agree, namely, that I made two resainunlcationa to the Governor General, and that the last in the orde* of time was a mere supplication to sUy all proceedings" We differ in regard to the time when the first ietiej^ was written, and as to what it contv.ned . If, then, j can establish, by incontrovertible proofs, that the lotte, sent bore the date and contained the ma<ter stated b;^ me, and also that no letter such as that dated February 26 could have been written or sent, it must be eoaclua ed that the Dutch have suppressed the true letter, an<g have foisted a spurious one upon our government. Thiy proof I shall attempt. ? ? ? ? The first proof I shall offer lo support my statemen1 of what my first letter to the Governor-General contain J ed, is negative merely. Mr. Belmont, ia a despatch t* > Mr. Van Hall, dated January 4, 1864, (U Ex. doc. lq page 18,) says, referring to an understanding with tht-fl Netherlands India authorities to return certain evidence)*] 1 and papers submitted by me to the Governor-General :-H "In accordance with this pofitivt understanding, Mr Gibson sent, on or about the 20th February, 1862, statement to the Governor-General of Netherlands India accompanied by seventeen package* of papers, awrke-* A to Q, together with the log of the Flirt." The obje:" of this despatch was to obtain the return of these papers^ After commuuicating with the N. I. government, Brie Van Ball returned a reply , promising to deliver op tb papers, but not denying the statements of Mr. Belmond in regard to the statement. sent. Now the date of send* ing this statement agrees with the date of my eommu nidB cation, and a careful examination of Mr. lielmoat's det* patch will show tbat Mr. Van Hall was under the a^cer sity of denying Mr. Belmont's statements, if antrns. The original from which I have above copied the letted of the 16th February is contained in a peonage of paper % transmitted by Mr. Crameru* under his official seal. Thfejl package, with the evidence of its authenticity, I shall tak T great pleasure in submitting to your inspection. The Staff.) Department received a package from Mr. ? 'ramerus i'l my case, containing important papers, certified in I manner precisely similar to that of the package in qnet tion; Indeed, I have no doubt that the papers in que/ tion will be considered as authenticated in the mot ample manner by the fctate Department. Captain Gibson further quotes the evidence of ConJ< 1 mandf r Magrudcr and of Captain Bassett, master of tb I American ship Danl<l Sharp, t? prove ibat the letU sent on the 20th of February was a narration of faetf alone. This pnper has been suppressed by the Dutcr government, and one of an entirely different cbaractcj' I substituted. Captain Gibson then proceeds teanalyi*'.! this letter, ?ud makes out a very gooi case to show th?'| this letter was forged for the Dutch government toserv? i Its purposes; and then gives some particulars about b?j] "poetic imsgiiings," thus:? ' J I entered tlie Kast with a feeling of awe far it* history Its peat renown and its prostrate grandeur. I fouta (hem a people who impressed me with the idea that the?. ] were the Bclavl of Asia, and occupying tae laae positio in relation to the Teutonic race in the Kaat that th Sclave and Teuton maintain m tie West. Wlthoi* battle or bloodshed, and without a history to nark thee I foot etepa, the Malar races have spread from Polynesi* I to Sumatra, and from Sumatra oTer Borneo, and tb* | Boater part of the islands of the Ea't< ra Arcbipelogi, lese ractit have supplanted the aboriginal races amon. whom they came? thtir language the native lancnager.i and their religion the native religions. 1 found thei tractable, infused with an expansive spirit, and capabP* of assimilating with the advantages of edu:atlea to oif civilization. I felt that there was a den-joy in store fc^ the Malay races, and ventured to exrr?es this idea, n<? on'y to the intelligent Dutchmen with whom I beetm acquainted, but with the more intelligent Malays. Wltl ,j the latter I talked of the advantages of oar civilisatloi* and of the elevation of the Malay masse* by educatio^ and an improved economv. I did not suppoee that ,t| was an offence agatnet the Dutch government to spes4 f of a great race spreading ever thoie vaat seas, and of 11 one day becoming a power among civilised men. e The letter of tbe 18th it would net do for the DntC{J to produce against roe. In the first place, it was written while actually in pri.on, and would, therefore, be sutkl j?ct to tbe suspicion of having be*n extorted. In tt*H second place, it breathed too much of the heroic, whiljV the aim of the Dutch was to repressnt me as a weak injl postor, and thus destroy the Impression which it wtjl supposed I had made on the impressible Malay mind, il To obviate these difficulties, and destroy my hold upoftl the minds of the natives and the sympathy of my cout*fl trj men, this letter of the 26th was wr.tten, as I ckaigi* M by the procurement of the Netherlands Ind a govemmen 1 disown and deny that letter. * * ? e e e e e S If any farther proof of the spuriousness of thq lettet of the 25th i* required, it will Kugvest itself to ever' mind that considers it attentively. The last person wh" _ consistently with what we know of human naturcB could Bake such a confession, would be the man guilt?? of the crimes coLfessed. When an instance coo trad to, tery of this is presented, a new fact will be added to tb? history of human eccentricity . ' Tbe blow which was sought to be dealt ou see ky thif fabrieated letter, is the severest that perlldioua animosi ty could coocelve. It aimed at once to brand me witk9 crime and cowardice, ami thus to dettch from me thoel numerous and generous friends who have surronade*. me sinee my return to this country, and who have sus tained me by their sympathy and their counsels. H if' however, a time ot congratulation tbat thia bkse pnfc ceeding of the Dutch government has strengthened me! bold upon the regard of my friends, and baa found Uttlk sympathy in this country. I nave tbe honor to be, very respectfully, yours, WALTER M. fllBdO* Additional News from C si be? Tbe Lata Con**fl ?piracy at Havana and It* Acton. Feme erroneous and some iieperfect accounts havM been published in different newspaper* respecting tbij recent arrests in Havana. We are able I* give sort* 1 particulars ?nd explanations which will preeent th? | whole matter in a more correct and intf 11 >gible ligh'^f The conspiracy which has been di? -overed and arreeti was not of recent date. The foundation of it was la?| under the governments of the two last Captaiue-Gei ral, who were very unpopular and eien obnoxious to th people of tbe island. Pinto, who baa been arrested, and who may have eaj> tally suffered ere tbi* time, was not director of the Lj* ceum, but only its secretary. He is a man of conaidef able ability, study and knowledge. He waa formerly priest, but baa been for some years a married saan an Lead of a family. As a priest cannot be lreed from hn vows of celibaajr even by tbe Pope, this is looked upo as a high offend*. ? It aeemt tbat the original plan was to kill th_H Captain-General by a pistol shot, at the Opera, from * ? screened box, atter which tbe gaa was to be Immeda ately stopped. If that should not *uc<:eei, opportunitl was to N- sought at a ball to be givea to the ilovero'JjB by a Marquis; and if that also failed, be was to be aasa^H ?bated by perions pretending to have tmsinees wlt"^ him and calling at tbe palace. The Governor was not aseail*d in either ef tho modes, but ? as alarmed one night by the extiagulsl ment of b s gaa lights, and diacovery was made that onspiracy was on foot. It seems that some evident had before been ihtained by ths government whicf was ot some use. When Pinto's house was visited the officers sent to search it, they at first could cover nothing, but after a time his eld pvekethooh w found In a basket, aid it contained ieveral papers of ii port is re, showing his connection with tbe conspire*, though not proving that be waa the chief. ? At the date of tbe latest letters publis peace was a ? isturbed. nor business in sny manner interrupted I the reports of a filibuster expedition. It la said thi in case of any attempt by a party to lan 1 in Caba, soa of the black troops will be detached to reee ve them, >'|l that the greatest readiness exists among them to the whole builness left to them. PMTHPCT1T* FlM IK VlCUBTRO ? Vl0B?BO*l Feb. 6. ? A destructive fire occurred l.ere at about e o clock this morning. It broke out in a building ?'* Washington street, and before Its ravages oould hJ checked, had destroyed the Parana saloon, IHllahant) gun shop, Blerm's clothing store, Mad.ly ? dentist ofB'ti snd Helmer's clothing store, besides damaging Oenellarl saloon, Winston's clothing store, and other buildings PH tbe neighborhood. The amount of loss has not yet be^H ascertained, but mast be quite heavy. ae there waa laaarance of consequence oa the property. Fiwe i* RtrrtiANXon, VA*-I.ira Lo&r. \ ZaAarlah Dowden, of Rappahanntwk ? ? :nty. had L. kitchen destroyed by (tre on the aight of tbe list al and, sad to relate, an old negro wonan, ?joardaWei. hundred years of sge. perished in tbe flame* The '*(_ is suppsMod to have originated from the pipe of the .tl black wstnaa. who waa sleeping ia the house MrDtS house narrowly escaped deetructien.