Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 19, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 19, 1855 Page 4
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NEW, YORK HERALD. Ji.Kll eOBDOII ?KffAHTf, f BOFRIETOB AND SDITCB. a. v. oo? kb or hab^to axb nn.ro* m. 1UM. ?uk to adroit**. rue Ll J II V HERALD 1 -??t? yer Cfy-tl per k?M. TUX WEEKLY HERALD every S ,y j{ 6>i <?U, f*r NHi *r 93 yer t*nn un; ?A? Surojf ?n < aiou ft j>?r .<? ?m. M?w jmiti ?/ Vrc it Britain, and to to any ??r? */ At Cemtment, Im><A to wtritui* pn/. >#? ill LETTERS by Matt /or SiihtcripNont err with A<k>er MmM X h ??? . .? ifc or poster* wUi to todmlsd /r?? v<Tl^tTr V CORRESP ONDEXCE, entniniug imyo, MM mm, miicited /r?m any qaarUir ef Ik* world- if tutd wtU to NtortuJy pctd/or. WO??Fo?ti??Co?*MrM fs ABB FtBTlOVLllLT Bt?VUTI? TO llil ALL .. mi ui) PAcitttiinr 11. . NO NOTICE tuken af c.n**ymmt Cammunicntioiu. We o met return tXott rejected. JOB PRINTING executed with ntalnci, amd "HbvER T1BEMKN TB renewed every lav i . No. 49 AMUSEMENTS T1I18 EVENING. lUlSVlT TB BATHE Biosowst- Hamlit-A utosv MB CLMmiA. BOWU1 re BATHE l4*<rj-AMJT*r?-PomiT of ?OXDT- DlCATM 0J- 1 OOB JOB-fACKBT* Of Bl.UK. BOSTON'S TElinU. Chambers ilmli As You Lim ??? Black Kvn Susan. WALLACE'S TUBA THE. Broadway? Thb Las f Mats? liwuoi or Abt?- iirruL Dor>w?.?. AJBBBICaN BUSBUM? AfterBcoa? IIbads o? psilm? Lbs?d Ma hva 8wilaj??s. tseBing -Urtoi.a Tom's Uabii?. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Bail. ?)) Broadway BI)?BLBT<? OTBBA BOCAE, 938 J?r:*4wa,-Bw?B saf'i Ituwias 0??ba Taovra. Ira York, Monday, February 19, 1855. Malls Iter (Be Pacific. IHB HBW TORE HERALD? CALIFORNIA EDITION. Tbe United State* mail steamship Illinois, Capt. Jlart atoin, will )t+ie this port tomorrow afternoon at two ?'clock, for Aspinwail. Tbe msits for California and other parts of the PaciOe, will etose at one o'clock. Tbe Mzw Tom Wkou t Herald ? California edition? eMtaiaiag the latest intelligent from all parts of the werld, will he published at eleven o'clock tomorrow Single oopies, in wrappers, ready for mailing, sixpence. Affsto will please send in their orders as early as pos Tile New#. The Know Nothings of N iw York, Connecticut ud Venn out, have recently held State Councils, the proceedings of which, so far as they have trans pired, iadioate that the onward progress of the ?rier continues unimpeded. Oar Syracuse corres pondent has furbished us the results ot the labors of fee State Council held in that city last week. The ?Been for the ensuing year were chosen, and dele gates to the National Council were elected. Lists of their nsmes are given in the letter alluded to. The older ha* been purged of the unclean birds that have defiled their own nests, and harmony reigns throughout the entire K. N. camp. As a proof of the rapid progress of the order in this State, we will mention the fact that at the convention heid in Old FaUowa' Hall, in Ootober last, at which candidates for State officer* were nominate J , the total number of members in good standing was represented to be tat sixty-nix thousand. On the day of the election sue hundred ard twenty-five thousand votes were east ft r Daniel Ullman, the Know Nothing candi date for Governor. Of course it ia hardly presume, his that all those voting for Ullmaa wtre at that time members of the order. At the recent State Council ?he number of "tested" me libers represented was eae hundred and fotty-two thousand? a two fold ia. see? s to the brief space of four months, aud that, toe, tat the face of t^e a tive and unscrupulous bogui organisations of the partisans of W m.H. Seward. The Bteie Council of Vermont met at Northfield last wesk, three hundred delegates being in attendance. The State Council of Connecticut was held at New Haven oa the 13th inst. One hundred and eixtj-ninesnbor dilate councils, embracing twenty thousand mem hers, were represented. A convention for the no. ?ainatkm of State effi iers will be held a? Hartford ea the anniversary of Washington's birthday, next Thursday. They confidently expect on election day to scatter the " dry bones," a< the fosailizai o'd parties are termed, beyond all chances of resurrec toon. They Know Nothings of New Jersey have su; seeded in obtaining the passage of an act, in the House of Representatives of that State, incorporat ing the Chascery of the Order of United Ame ioaos. The vote stood forty to fourteen. Snjh is the drift of the tide. The latest accounts from Texas represent the In' dians as being more hostile and bloodthirsty than ever. Eleven men had been killed on the frontier early ia the present month, and four had been car ried into worse than Egyptian bondage. The Bat tlers, consequently, were in the greatest alarm. Toe Gamanchea were endeavoring to effect a junction with the Northern tribes, aud a geoerel war was regarded as Imminent. Active preparations, how. aver, were being made to proteot the families of tta settlers , and to de feat the savages. While this state of things prevails on; the frontiers, Congress is per mitting the bill providing fcr the increase of the army to rest quietly in the bands of the committee, deeming patent extensions and other schemes of the spoilsmen or greater import ince than tbe Uvea aid property of the bold pioneers of civilization. Our Varthegana correspondent, under date Of November 10th, gives an estimate of the weigh', iu which Santa Anna's private and public political character was recently held In New G aaada. His old home at Tnrbaoo was still ready for his reception, provided be abdicated bis executive chair, which it was thought be would soon d). Wo puhiiih elsewhere an it teresting and important letter from the city ef Mexico. Our correspondent Mates that the capital is the scene of the greatest excitement at the present moment. Santa Anna's funds setm to be at the loweat obb, and rumors are rife that, to raise the wind, his prime minister, Bum Bonilia, had made propositions to General Gadsden fcr the sale of Yucatan, and that in all probability our minister may be expected next month in Washington with the projector a treaty m his pocket. Intelligence by tbe next mall sill, peihaps, throw more light upon tbe subject. In tbe meantime, we commend the Utter In <juettion to the atlentkn of our readers. Col- Francis Kinloch linger, an eminent citizen of South Carolina, died at Charleston on Thursday fcMt> aged eighty two jears. When a young man, aad fniiy ixs:>ired with tbe ardor of American re publicaaiem, he joinel D.. Kric Bull man, of Paila delphia, in his attempt to liberate (Jen. I.atayette from the dungeons ot Olrauta, an enterprise which led to a long incarceration of the yoong and adven tarous patriots. Fiom the Bahamas we have files of Naaaau (N. P.) I apers to the '27th of January. Tbe Bahama Una Id ml the 24th nit. states that a British colore! sub' jest, named Cox, had been kidnapped by an Imsri oaa ahtpssaoter, and sold into alavsry, in Virginia, aad fears were entertained respecting the fate ot soaie other men who tailed lately for Texas. The paper cautious its colored friends against going to sea in American vessels the captains of whioh are not well known. It is assarted- as if on authority? that the forts of Cuba havs recently received heavy amasseots from Europe. Fho silk cotton trers wese in a good condition. A meting of thoee rave; able to tbe establishment rt Kaaeas es a frss State was h* Id on Saturday night el Hrpe Chapel. An address was dslivsrsl by Dr. J. K> Saodgrass, who ha* lately been elected Vi e President of the Kansas Settlement Company of this city. A nport of ths proceedings will bs feoad elsewhere. The tales of cotton on Saturday amounted to aoont 2 400 fees, a part of which was In transitu. The ritfrher grades wots scarce and firm, while qualities feajow middling eeutinoed easy to pui chase, without ft' w? "*???? is pn -?*. V-tir was ia |||| slhssH V j lllJrtWU* M ?|iav-e? iiooik Canadian white wheat in boad Nil at <2 3#, ?id ocmmon Southern rod at $1 12. Cora vu iLOie active, and free aalei were male, iactadtag coosideibbk lets for export, Prieea na.-ed chiely from 98c. a $1 for white aad y*llo*. Old zuess pork waa eafier, aod salts weia nudi *> 112 tl Coffae waa about jc.per lb. big er tor Ha, w'th mora doiag. Cotlou frtighta to L \ttj ">ol iacLoaied -ume improveoueiit. We pnbliali this morning half a dozen letters from Washington, detailing the tranaociions, sojlil ani political, tinaDUil and filibusttro, diplomatic and domestic, naval and Know Nothing, daring the past week, at the capital of the republic, all narrated with a tprbklhg of spice and spesula'Jou just suf ficient to render the otherwise tiresome details of congressional doings agreeable and interesting. Tiere aie rumors of all sorts of bnrglaiiona deslgaa on the strong box of Secretary Qa'hrie? sohsmea for bujing np Mexico in instalments anl Sauta Anna in the lamp? plana for d^pMliog the Indiana of their Laming grounds and enlarging the area of lend speculators? in fact, pnj- eta for pluaderiag without er.d, and of inconceivable vaiety, all evinc ing a wonderful versatility and leouodity of reamrce on the part cf the jobbers and lobbyites who con grf ga'e at the capital. The Ministerial Crlsla In England?' The Disas ters of the Crimea a Valuable Political Lesson. Thero never waa an administration which his closed its career under circumstances of greater discredit and humiliation than that of Lord Aberdeen. Composed of the cleverest states men of the old whig and tory parties, with ft flight infusion of the radical element, it seemed from its very constitution to be of all others the beft calculated to carry on vigorously a contest, which has absorbed for the moment in its interest all party distinctions and differences, and united the whole of the Bristith people in one common bond of patriotic policy. There was only one drawback to the hopes which this administration beld out, in connection with the war, and that was the lurking suspicion in duced in the popular mind by the intimate and cordial private relations which the heal of the Cabinet was known for many years to have entertained with the Emperor of Russia. It is not to be wondered at, therefore, that, when the conduct of the war began to show evidences of want of vigor and earnestness of purpose, when in addition to the failure of its military plans, the disgraceful ncgligence and incompetency of the departments at home pl&ced in a still clearer light the indifference and lukewarmnesB of the head of the government, popular discontent should loudly attribute to treachery the short comings and disasters which have marked the opening campaign. ThiB suspicion has not cer tainly been weakened by the extraordn ary dis closures which Lord John Russell thought proper to make in defence of bis dosertion of his late political associates. The conduct of Lord Aberdeen in wilfully persevering, in spite of the remonstrances of one of the most influential of his colleagues, in a course of administration which was ruining the honor and the influence of hiB country, presents, to say the least of it, an example of fatuity and obstinacy so unac countable as to justify the most unfavorable inferences that could be drawn from it. In the general distrust created by these evi dences of political and individual perfidy, in volving the reputation of some oi England's highest state smen, the man who undertakes to form a new ministry will have a difficult task. Few will be inclined to accept the legacy of labor, suspicion and personal annoyance which the abortive and disastrous measures of these men will bequeath to those who succeed them For the present, at least, it seems to be the general opinion in Ed gland, that another c >ali tion administration is unavoidable. The Derby Disraeli party can of themselves do nothing. Nor do we imagine that another ooalition min istry will embrace any of the leading members I of that clique. Lord Derby is unpopular with the people of England generally, and would inf piie no confidence, and Disraeli's antecedents, both of family and conduct, render him dis tasteful to the higher class of the Commons, whilst at the same time they are not of a na ture to recommend him to the democratic mem bers of that body. The only combination that could possibly give force to a Derby adminis tration would be Lord Palmerston's adhesion; but Lord Palmerston remains "master of the situation," and will be Caaar aut nutius. But though supported by the unanimous feeling of the English people, and armed with all the prestige that unbounded personal popularity can give him, we fear that even this able states man will experience great difficulty in gather ing together elements that will work harmo niously together. It is objected that his ad vanced age incapacitates him from combining in his own person the offices and duties of Premier and Minister at War ; but unless he can do this, or secure the services of some one in the latter office on whose energy, experience and lojalty he can lely, it is likely that his administration will disappoint the sanguine hopes that arc formed of it. There is only one English statesman that we know of, bt sides Lord Palmerston himself, who possesses the necessary qualifications for that important post, and that is Earl Grey ; but there are con siderations which render it doabtful whether it wculd be advisable to offer it to him in the pre fent emergency. Tbis gentleman, with natural talents and attainments of the highest order, labor) un der one misfortune, wLich in England is a very great one? he never was at school. In conse quence of his lameness in infancy, he was edu cated under the eye of a private tutor, dwell ing within the walls of Howick llall, the an cestral mansion of the Greys. The consequence is, that while his mind has been richly stored, his temper has remained to undisciplined that whether in the Cabinet, in committee) in Par liament. or on the magisterial bench at (Quarter Sessions, every person who has had the misfor tune to coae into collision with him has been nnnojed and harassed, not to say disgusted, by his Lordship's cross, perverse, and crotchety temper. This is his only failing ? his instincts are noble, liberal, and in every way worthy of the high name he bears. He has always been the consistent advocate of political reforms abd although the views which ho entertains re garding the present war are peculiar, he has upon all occasions enforced the necessity of prosecuting it vigorously when once entered upon. Such is the man to whom the London Titne* points as the probable colleague of Lord Pal merston. From what we have stated, the cm junction does not seem to be a very favorable I or a very likely one. Lord Palmerston, if he sccepts office, will take it with a full under standing that, as the popular voice has de volved upon him all the responsibility, so most he wield all the disoretiooary powers and nec?M?rj control conaectod with th? prosecn wU* W 0<V MM. iu L.Jtl V>i -J tiki MTUttlj, Oil. . taw we are much mistake*, only Gad a fretful ?ad peevish obstacle to hit purposes. The constituent elements of the new almin iatration will, we apprehend, be taken princi' pally from the Peelite and radical parties, the former of which has become almost as mnch identified as the latter with the principle of re form. The nomination of Lord Palmerston to the premiership, in despite oi the backstairs in Uueroe that had been brought to bear against him, will be another triumph of this principle ? a concession to the indignant com plaints of the people of England against the results of a system which is fast ruining the country, and which, from a first rate, has already reduced her to the rank of a second rate European power. But, although in compliance with present necessity, there will probably be a large infusion of democrats in*.o the ministry, the choice of these men will hold out no assurance to the people against the re currence of the evils which are now pressing up* n them. Such a ministry will only answer the demands of the hour, aad will afford no permanent guarantee against the consequences of aristocratic venality and treachery. The tiuth is, that England has been brought by her oligarchical system tj pretty nearly the same condition of moral degradation as that which led to the first revolution ia France. The union of church and SUte, the monopoly of all the gifts and offices, in both, by the aris tocracy, and the ooneeqaent corruption, ineffi ciency, and profligacy which pervade all branches of the governing classes, are now bearing their retributive fruits. As long as there occurred no violent shock to dislocate this apparently harmonious and well oiled political framework, its parts continued to work together without much danger of disruption. It only needed a great convulsion, like the present, however, to lay bare all its defects and incongruities. When England has greatest need of dexterous and skilful statesmen, she finds only drivelling senility | or inexperienced red-tapeism at her command ? when she looks for leaders to place at the head of her armies, her choice is re strained to military bureaucrats who have no thing but their aristocratic connexions to re commend them. What chance have capacities like these, in rivalry with the vast administra tive and military talent 4 of sovereigns like Louis Napoleon and the Emperor Nicholas, whose will is law, and who embody all the powers of government in their own persons? The answer fs to be found in the widely spread conviction arc ami amongst the English people, that the wl>olo tyatero of their institutions is rotten and mutt go by the board. If prompt efTect be giveu to this feeling, the honor of England may still bo saved, and a new state of things brought about in that country, for which even tha disasters of the Crimea will not he too dear a price to pay. Intolerance at Harvard University. We taunt the people of Massachusetts will congratulate themselves on the progress whioh Harvard Colleger has made in tolerance and en lightenment since the Quakers were hanged and the Independents whipped and exiled under the advice of the overseers of that learn ed body a couple of hundred years ago. We trust they will read once more those gratifying portions of their history, and compare them carefully with the decision rendered on Thurs day, in the matter of the vacant law professor ship, by the same body, whereby Edward G. Loriup, II. S. Commissioner, was rejeoted as a candidate without discussion, in consequence of his lirm discharge of his duty in the case of the fugitive slave Burns. There is no question about, the facts. Loring is rejected because he did not rctigu his office as U. S. Commissioner on the first occasion when he was called upon to act, or because, retaining that office, he did not yield to the mob and play false to the power which appointed him, or the constitution he had sworn to currj Had he done either of these things? had he played the coward or the knave ? he would undoubtedly have received the suffrages of the overseers of Harvard, and might now have been in fall bloom as law lecturer. He cho9e to do neither ? to be courageous and honest? and be is re jfclnl without discussion. This is the estima tion at \vr>ich honesty and courage are held by the oldest acadcnJcul institution in the United States. The event is not a tit occasion for an idle parade of words : it demands deep earnest thought on the part of every northern man. Every day that we live the danger presses upon us: every hour the spcctrc Disunion advances a step nearer our homes. The time for ab stract discussion has past. Slavery, in all aFpecti, has been thoroughly exhausted by ppc alters and writers; we know all thatwc shall ever know both of its merits and demerits, ot its past histoty and of its future prospects. All that remains is to act npou the knowledge that is in us. Whether that action shall be such as to render the dissolution of this Union a mere matter of time or not depends upon a very few men, to whom it is given to lead the minds ot the masses? upon none more than those to whom the education of youth is entrusted. If the instructors of our young men set their en ergies to the great work of nurturing a spirit of unswerving fidelity to the Union, we mty defy the efforts of the demagogue andthe Unit ed States will stand. If on the contrary, they dircct the influence they wield to the ungrate ful task of fostering sectional strife, we may feel assured that the seed they ?o? will bring forth fruit, and that the generation now abont to spring into manhood will earn a questionable fnmc by destroying l he work of the men of ? 1776. Harvard has choscn her Bide: she selects the latter part, as the one most congenial to her sym pathies, the most worthy of her nam*>, and her honors, and her learning. It must henceforth be understood that all the power she wields will be thrown into the scale opposed to the Union, opposed to the constitution, opposed to the law. In her halls law will ?je taught a* for merly, but students will be taught to break net to obey its provisions. The constitution will be read and studied, but its readers will be care fully admonished that disgrace and ostracism are ihe penalty of carrying it into effect On gala days the Union will be lauded in one breath, but the necessity for its dissolution will be inculcated in the next. Strange predica ment for a teacher to be placed in ! The gen thman who tills the chair from which Mr. Lo ring has been excluded cannot explain to the students the nature of civil or municipal law ; far that, we are told by jurists, springs from a mutual compromise of interests and opinions, each member of society yielding something to | "Li w.ii vi v Lti i uiftd i ?.'ti t yields Dotting, knows of no compromise, will bear of no concession to the will of others. Her own narrow prejudice is the only law the knuHs. He oaniot, in descanting upon consti tutional law, explain in any intelligible man ner the theory of popular government by ma jorities, for that rests on the submission of the minority; and the minority at Harvard do not submit ; they rebel. He m'ist never touch on tbat great cornerstone of American prosperity, tbe respcct for established law which has en hbled this country to thrive, under good and bad, weak and Btroug governments, during an uninterrupted period of nearly eighty years;

for Harvard respects no law, however estao lis-bed, that does not precisely coincide with her own views. A strange performance and rotable will be these law lectures at Harvard. Retaliation from the South is of course o be expected. Independently of tbe feel ing which eo gross an attack on Siuth un institutions is sure to engender, the men at the South who desire to give i heir tons a liberal education will not send .hem to institutions where by precept and t sample disobedience to the laws of the laad is inculcated. Thpy may be as ready as others to admit imperfections in our Statute Book, and as anxious to tee them cured; but they will not allow their joung men to be taught that whea they dislike a law they may openly deride and violate it. The general admission of such a principle would in time put an end to all socie ty ; and whatever progress Massachusetts may make toward that end, the South will have no bund or part in the disgraceful work. We ought, perhaps, to exonerate the former from responsibility for the acts of Harvard College. All experience teaches that college men, like churchmen, are unsound guides in matters of politics? They live in a world of tbeir own, and know little of any other. They read Plato, but ignore Calhoun: recite Isocrates but disown Jefferson; know all about the slaves in Athens and Rome, but are quite unconscious of the working of the system of slave labor in Virginia: can tell off the laws of the Twelve ta bles on their finger's ends, but have never read the laws of the United States: can solve the pro blems in Algebra, but cannot answer the sim plest question of modern politics. It is not rea sonable to expert these men to act wisely when they travel beyond their sphere. Many a western farmer is a far better politician than the professors ot Harvard: few settlers in the backwoods of Iowa or Minnesota would have committed so great a blunder as that which has just disgraced the Alma Mater at Cambridge. The Judgment in the Fry Case. We publish elsewhere the opinions of the Judges who hive ordered a new trial in the case of Fry vs. Bennett. It will be noticed that s'ress is laid in one or two of the judgments on the erroneous admission of the evidence of the plaintiff -s witness ? Strakosch? and that the Judges were unanimous in deciding that on this ground alone the defendant was entitled to a new trial. To prevent misapprehension we ma; observe in this connection, that on exam ining the points on which a new trial is demand ed, it is usual for Judges to stop at the first point which, in their opinion, is fatal to the foimer proceedings, and to proceed no further with the other points urged. Thus in this case, the inadmissibility of Strakoech's evidence be ing one of the first points urged by the defend ant's counsel, the Judges decided on that ground, and paid but little attention to the other points raised. Our counsel had tak*m about fifty other exceptions to various proosed ings at the trial; most of which, we are advised, would have been as fatal as the one relating to the witness Strakosch. Many of these points involved high and important questions of lair. One objection raised was to the vindictive damages awarded by the jury, on the ground that no other than positive damages, or damages equal to the loss actually sustained, can be claimed in a civil suit, and that vindictive dim ages can only be properly awarded by a crimi nal court on an indictment. This point seems very plain and obvious. When a man deems himself injured by the publication of certain facts in a newspaper, two courses are open to him. He may pro ceed criminally by indictment, in which case the Court condemns the publisher, if convicted to such punishment as the law awards; or he may sue civilly for damages, in which cue, if , he succeeds, the jury will award him such com- ! pensation as may be deemed sufficient to make j up for the loss he has sustained through tfae 1 publication. Mr. Fry, in the case of Fry vs. ! Bennett, attempted to blend thoe two proceed- j ingc together, and sued civilly for damages, not by way of compensation, but as a punish, i ment to us for the wrong he said we had com- , mitted; and the jury granted him what he de. ! manded. ' It is so important to obtain a decision which i shall be final on this and some other high legal points involved in the case, that we have not J et determined whether or no we shall rest con- , t?nt with the judgment published elsewhere. We are convinced that were we to carry the case to the Court of Appeals, the remiU would be completely to quash all proceeding* hereto- i fore had in the case; and for the interest of the press, it would be well to tako this opportunity of taking the opinion of the highest legal an- | tbority in the State on points involving nearly the whole fitld covered by the law of libel. It t is worth considering. Re Opening ok Niblo's Theatre ? A New Star. ? Among all the operatic promises which have been made? among all the attractions heretofore offered to the public ? we remember cone more tempting than that held out at the most popular opera bouse in the city, Niblo's Garden, to-night. This great attraction is found in the person of Gen. Sam Houston, an individual who has made his mark upon the history of the country, and may be considered the great star of the age. He will deliver one cf his peculiar essays upon the manners, cus toms. histoiy, religion, social habits, politics, literature, bittory, philosophy, oratory, amuse m< nts and politics of the Indians. This event may be considered as the opening of the Presidential canvass for the coming cam paign. Although Gen. Houston will not speak upon this subject, yet every man aai every woman, (the General is said to be very popu lar with the ladies ) who goes to Ni bio's this evening, will think of hardly anything else, and will mentally take Gen. Houston's measure for the executive chair. Gen. Houston has had a meet singular and eventful life, and if be would, at the end of his lecture this evening, give a chapter of his per sonal experiences, in the style of the Chevalier 1 Wlloflf, orBarnnro? or even Greeley ?It wou'd ' tC .11 1 1 thC M'Jtl CC.C2wi. bits of ( ever spread before the public. Tie Bena'or | from Texas has pasted through every rank and , condition in life. First, a country trader, a j FchooJmabter, a soldier, a lawyer, a stump ora | tor, a member of Cougrew, a Governor of a State, a voluntary exile among the Indians, commander of the Texan army, hero of San : Jacinto, twice President of Texas, orator, l (statesman, Senator, legislator, pacificator, war rior and politician. With such a star a*. NIblo'e, the programmes I of the Academy, the Metropolitan theatr>, aud ! all the other opera houses, sink into ut'er iu | significance. I Our Commercial liitercottme wltb Vraiwc. It is not improbable that the attitude us | Burned by the American people in reference to i the pending war in Europe may lead the Empe ror of the French to pay a closer attention than heretofore to the commercial relations existing between this country and Franco. The French have not, it is true, exacted bj mpathy from us in as imperious a tone as oar British neighbors; but still, they have shown in more ways than one since the war began that they are not in different to the opinion of the United States. And it is by no means nniikely, as the French are rapidly becoming a practical people, that, when they find our neutrality a fixed fact, they will make some decent exertions to induce a state of feeling here more in harmony wit their hopes and wishes. The task is not a very difficult one. We have few principles but many sympathies in common with the French ; and our ma terial interests are closely united in many particulars. There are more Americans living in France than in any foreign country, not excepting England; and for many years the American residents of Paris have cut quite a figure. Of our exports of cotton about one sixth goes to France. France took last year about Ave millions of dollars worth of floor from this country. Over four hundred vessels cleared last year from the United States for France, a greater number than cleared for any foreign country except England, the British North American Colonies and Cuba; and abont the like number entered oir ports from France. We took from France during the same period abont five millions worth of wines, and ten mil lions of silks of various kinds, not to allude to minor articles. All this certainly constitutes a j trade of quite important extent. It is susceptible of far greater developement. The population of France is nearly ten millions greater than that of England; the French fac tories are qnite as skilful and as perfeot as the English; and as large a quantity of manufac tured cottons are worn and might be exported from France as from England. Yet France only takes $15,000,000 worth of the raw arti cle against $60,000,000 taken by Great Britain. The reason is obvious : it is admitted free into England but is taxed on its entry into France. It is true that a drawback is allowed on French manufactured cottons exported, and that the amount of this drawback is supposed to be equivalent to the import duty. But it is ob vious that no judicious man of business would lay out his money in paying duties to the gov ernment with a view to get it back again seve ral months afterwards; and bosides, every one who has done business with government offi cials in any country knows that the trouble of claiming money from them tosts more than the amount obtained. We have no hesitation in saying that in the present state of the French law the regulation respecting the drawback is a mere nullity ; while the import duty on raw cotton is enforced with the usual strictness, to the grave injury of the manufacturer and con i sumcr in Frtnce. Again, there is in certain parts of France, ; especially the large cities, a considerable de ; mtnd for salt beef and pork. These are articles | which we produce in surplus, and export largely. But hitherto the high duty in France has prevented their introduction thither. It has usually been contended t?y the inveterate protectionists of the government that the aduisaion oi American beef and pork would ruin the cattle grazers of Normandy. It hap pens however in this case that the statement cannot be sustained even by the obsolete logic of protection ; for so far from militating against the native produce, our beef and pork would never come into competition with them. To them the fair fields of Normandy, Paris and the other rich cities ; to our beef and pork the barren spots, and overcrowded towns where soupe maigre is the laborers' ordinary fare, | the navy, and the seaports. If the duty were i entirely removed, the cattle feeders wonld not sell a bullock the less orcheaper than at present. A more onerous provision of the French com mercial system than either of these is that which regulates tonnage duties. Under this old law, which was intended to build up the merchant navy of France, end failed as all such laws arc sure to do, our vessels entering the French ports are subject to tonnage duties nine times higher than French vessels pay here. Re monstrances against thin inequality have we believe been long on file in the State Depart ment at Paris ; but hitherto nothing has been done. Had wc been iortunate enough to possess an adminifttNtion imbned with anything like energy, some steps would have been taken long since : either our tonnage duties would have been raised in the case of French vessels, or theirs would have been lowered upon ours. We neither hope nor expect anything from Mr. Pierce and his Cabinet. But the Emperor Napoleon is a man of large experience and practical mind. He will readily see, if be gives his attention to the subject, that the re forms we have indicated would not only be practically beneficial to his own subject!, bat would exercise a material influence on the tem per ol the American people towards France. An equalization of the tonnage dues is impera tively required by sound policy and justice. We have a right to expect it; and France can not surely be a loser by increasing the number of ships which visit her ports. The removal of the duticB on raw cotton and salt beef and pork would, in the first place, give a wonderful stimulus to the industry of France. Men who now starve or grovel as peasants in unproduc tive lands would turn operatives and the wealth of France would be Increased in propor tion. The danger of such famines as that which cost the SUt? so much last year would be diminished in proportion to the foreign food imported, which conld be laid down in Paris so cheap that every workman could have his pet au feu. Finally, all the beef and cotton Men from ns wonld be paid for in French wines and silks. For these article*, there might be created an inexhaustible demand here. No beverage la better suited to oar iliuU than the light wfnos at the south of France, which are sold in ? culv jms, L) vw Mi U Mm*. jliwa *1 ? (?? mnm a I bottle, about ttte price of Uger beer here. It ooIy depend* on the Eoperor to inareMO our coDtumptlon of tbi? staple of France <Vom ttvo to ten or twenty millions of Jollirn & year. THE LATEST NEWS* BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING T&lftRAPH*. General Homtn&'l Movaieiiti. W MiBiNOTOH, Feb. 18, 1866. General Sam Houston left her: last evening, 'or New Vert, to lecture Were tbe Youcg Men's New Knglitndr Ampf iatlon of that city. Indian Tiouhlea In VeiM. >KW 0KLKAN8, Feb. 17, 18'j6. 1 ater iIhUs from TVsas bring tbe *unonn -.iineot ot nuintrous Indian depreOatioos en the frontier, wi'.h'a the poet fortnight. Kleven men hay* been killel, and four captured. The tattlers ar? greatly excited, and have assembled their families tor protection. Partiea are scouring in all direction*, l ive cotnptuie* of trjopa are organizing at Fort CI a<i bourne to proceed uKaiuat t^e vouiher<i Camunobes, who are endeavoring to juio tte northern tr beg, and a war ?eenn inevitable. An Itkut to tin- Steamer Xortli Cui oUan. ruiLaDKi.FBlA, Jeb. 18, 185 J. The steamer North Carolina, from \.b's port, lor Liter pool, returned to port to-day, in consequence of having tncountired a heavy gulo, during which tbe blade* of her propellor were broken Sbe shipped a number of heavy s< ax, causing several leaks. She will have to dis charge her cargo and undergo repaira. Cornelius Kassett. tbe agent of th? Underwriters at Berlin, Maryland, died on the 16th inst. Sudden Death or a New Hampshire Bdlior,. Concord, Feb. 18, 1856. Mr. Carton, editor of the Concord Reporter, dropped down <U ad yesterday, from disease of the biiart. He bad jnst concluded a speech at a political meeting, and wa? in tbe act of taking his teat, when he fell and expired. The Weather In Boston. BoifoN, Fab 18. 1866. Weather to-day cletr and fiie. The snow bas nearly disappeared* Markets. Nrw Orleans, Feb. 17, 1855. The cotton market is dull. The sales for the week Uave been 29,000 balsa. The sales to-day amount to 3,000 bales, at unchanged prices. Freights to Liverpool are 13-3 A). Prov mixes, Feb. 17, 1865. Cotton. ? Prices Arm and unchanged ; salon moderate. Wool.? Market steady. Sales far the week, 47, COO lbs. Printing cloths.? The demand (or good goods continues active, sad prices tend upward, teles, 38,400 pieces. Yoang Aourka in CoMum. MADAMS FKRUKO'8 GRAND FANCY DRESS BALL. Th* annual raney dress ball given by Madame Ksrrero, At ber dancing academy, 09 West Fourteenth ? tract, on Thursday evtning, wai an occasion of mora than uaual interest to bar numerous pupils. With the ex option of the parents of tba child ran, and a few friends, the/ were all dressad In costume; and su:h a diversity of character* as were represented we have rarely seen at any similar ball. There were vivanditres of all afee and siiee ; cupids of both sexes; Yankees, with the uaual allow race of coat tails, pants and straps; Hamlets, as usual, In sable; bearded ladies, got up for the occasion, without re gard to expense, and exhibited free of charge; Titan ia, the Fairy Queen ? very dliakspearean; brigaod*' wives associating on terms of perfect equality with qusene and kings; Spanish asnoritas, realizing all that traveller* tell us of the wondrous beauty of Caatilia* maids; Turk* without the long, flowing beard, and with the long, flow ing pants; Irishmen, w th very poar brogue* on their feet, and worse on their tongues; the Queen of Night, and the White Knight; the genius of Amenc?, dressed in the national colors, beapangled with, stars, and bearing In ber hand a wand surmounted by the cap of liberty; Greeks of Albania and Epirus as sociating on the moet friendly terms with their mutual enemy, the Turk; St. George, unaccompanied by hi* amiable associate the dragon ; nobles of the coart of Levi* XIV; French, Swlaa and Italia* peanaot girls; General Washington and his lady, represented by two youthful and fair looking specimens of young America, not yet in their teens; Hungarians, Poles aal Russians boatmen, sailors, soldiers, clowns, flower girls, barbers jockeys, postillions, Aj., Ac. The vivandierea, peismn . girls, soldiers and sailors predominated, but there was alto a pretty fair sprinkMng of kings, queens snd nobles. Francis the First, of France, amused bim?eif during the evening in Mnverslng upon affairs of state, it in to be presumed, with a very beautiful peasant girl, of Nor mandy. and Mnstapha Pasha (Mr. L ? f? 1), aae of the most Christian and good looking Turss at the ball, ap peered to have surrendered himself entirely to the at tractions of a lovely dark eyed Senorita (Mi%s T? k ? r). Miss E. M ? rr? 11, as a vivandlere, enlisted wnole regi ments of juvenile suitors, and ber sister, Miss J. M ? rr? il, aa a fairy queen, performed wondrous works of enchant ment. tieneral and Lady Washington, by Master C? r? ce B ? n and Miss Urate B-n, presented a fair repreeeata tion of both characters. Matter J. N? jl? r was an excellent imitation of ta* the bearded lady, and from hi* resemblance to that dls tlagulsbcd character, to attracted the attention of the whole company. The Queen of Night waa admirably personiflel by Mis* A ? Id ? n, in her sable rob?s spangled with silver stars, and was apostrophized more th?n once by Hamlet. The association was in perfect keeping with both characters : but we acre somewhat astonished to find the Fringe of Denmark in company With a postillion, a baroer, a Rus sian, snd a iockey. Miss A? J? ns, as a'Greek tfirl, was very richly dressed, and ber picturesque costume set oil t* great advantage ber graceful form and classic features. The b?autr or Hungary bsd a Uwitcbieg representa tive In Miaa Van 1. ? r, before whose throeeeven Russians bowed the knee in fealty. Considerable calculation, and more guessing, was don* bv two pretty creditable specimens lrom Yankee laal, Messrs. P?r-?n and H?bb?rd. Mary Queen of Scots, a brigand's wife, a French peasant girl, and ladle* ef all ranks, rceeived their attentions, and with St ii*eeea,lhe White Knight, and other distinguished chara ?stereT they appeared to be on the most intimate terms. Messrs. C ? m ? ga and C? kl ? n, both got up as newly arrived tons ef the Emerald Xsle, played quite a conspicu ous psrt, and although the brogue was somewhat over done, they burlesqued the ;bametirs tolerably wall fer amateurs. The dress, however, it aot very be coming in a ball rocm, -ad many of the ac cesiorTes, inch as the p'pe and the shllMah could have been dispense! with without say lose to tba successful performance of the part they had undertaken . It must have been gratifying to them ?s they made tketr way through the crowd of hackmen to their carriage, to be asked In the real genuine ascent, "Will you ever go home/" for with all their exaggoratioa there waa eer tainly no mistaking the characters they hal asss Miss W? lis was ons of the most ?ucceesfsl t tre<ses we ha re ever seen, and her potent charms i ed a magic which there wan no resisting. Mr. and Madtme Ferrero were drersed In the costume* of a gentleman of the Court of Leuls Quaterie aad a French peaaaat girl. The dresses of lioth were gat up to excellent taste, and that of Mr. F., waa of the richest description. The thrta Misses N? bl-s, though not la full costume, were dressed In admirable taste. Their resonating aaa neri and brilliant conversation will net he aoea faegettsa b^ those who had the p lessors of an ietervlaw with Mr. M ? t ? n wore the uniform of an oBcer of tbe New York ?tate tioards, one of the finest military dresaes at the halt We do no', mean to flatter him, however, when we say that it woula he a very poor one that woald aot look well on him. Messrs. J P. F? n ? s H. B. B ? in? tt, W. R. W? p-la G. H. M? t were well dressed as members ef a new boat club, receatly started, aad entitled the Omastl. Tbe dress is very beconrng. Mr H. M? n ? 1 waa a capital representative of Figaro, and played bis part mo?t successfully. In conslusloa, we might In justl/e to both Mr. aad Madame Ferrero say, that as a bat eottumr. H waa. If not ths most, st least one of the most successful that ha a been given In New York tbie seeson. Tbe musls under the direetioa of Mr. Wallace, was excellent, aad we be lieve there waa not one among the flve or sis haa-treA present, who went away dtssatiaflsd. Court of Com as on Pleas. Before. Hon. Judge Woodruff ACTION KOR ASSAULT AND BATTlftT WITH A KNIPI. Feb. !?.? This was an action for an assault cad batte ' j ry, brought hy sneJoha Rrown against Mr. A .-org* B. Boegebold, a merchant tailor, of thie city. Tba plaiaUlf ' alleges that in Angus'. last, whilst talking with a frieo : ^ in front of a porter house la Thirty-eighth s'.reet, th* defendaat passel ont ol the frost door of th* house, and, without aay provocation, inflicted a ? lee pa rate wound with a kaile in plaintifl s bosom. Be lays h*? damages at $5,000. One witness t*st fled positively that Mr. Boegebold inflicted tbe blow. Hi* t*etissoay waa. slightly corroborated. Mr. Jaaxs MrOay, who appeared for the d?lsadaat, , alWred that at the time of the stabhlag tbe defeadaat had been In his own house, dlrertly oppoeHs, seaee flew minutee or more: also, that it was another ;wsm who. had committed the act, an< that he waa seen maniac up the strset immediately after the occurraoea. One *f th* plaintiff's witnesses was also proven by e?v*ral person* to have been in a state a' iotoxicatie* ea the sasaa * fhe jury took th* latter view of th* cae*, aad re*|*r*<t. a sea kd verdict, aa Saturday morning, tm '.he dafsad ut. Bmaiva ? la a notice of tbe Turkish ceAse boose, lath* Hnuui *f yoeterlay. for C. J. Hraayaa read C. Oecaayaa^ f*e 'Fraakl n Coffee Bonee " Turkish Coffee R-nae fa* ' Am"0>,' Ikohsfte-Jh ?s?SB Jm Aa*