Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1855 Page 2
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Board of Couaellnaen. Fib. 01. ? The board mat at 6 o'clock P. If., pursuant to adjournment? D. ft CeMier, Esq, I'reeident, in the ?ha.r The minutea of the last mating *W raid ui approved. retmOM MTKKRKD. Of various companies of the Seventh regiment .Vationa OuarJ for roomi for armories. Of owners of property on Eighty-fourth street, from Third avenue to avenue B, against curbing, (uttering or Bagging taid street. Of truatees of inau ranee oempanie* for the first and aecond stories of Marion street bell tower, as a statloa for a Are patrol. To grade and regulate Eleventh avenue, from Forty ?ighth to Fifty ninth street. To prevent the peddling of wood in the strata of the eity. UMurnom. That the sidewalks between last Broadway and Madi ren street, in Montgomery street, be repaired under the direction of the Street Commissioner. Referred. That the Comptroller be requested to inform the board why be haa not purchased, aa direct jd by the late Com mon Ceuncil, a lot of ground suitable for ? location for a hose company. Adopted. That arehitecta and others who have plana, fee., pre pared, are invited to submit the aame, with the apeciB cationa, to the Commisaioner of Repaira and Supplies of t bis board aa soon aa poeaible. Adopted. That the Receiver of Taxea, Harvey Bart, be directed to report to this board, within ten days, by what autho rity of law he continues in offloo Mr. Richard A. Cham bers aa Collector of Arrears of Taxea; and also tie num ber of notices served upon taxpayers in arrears. Adopted. . Tn?t vacant lota in Thirtieth street, between Madiaon and Fifth avenues, be fenced. Referred. Tiiatthe Commisaioner of Re pa. ^ and Supplies be, and ha ie hereby, directed to repair He furniture in the 0s una', hamber, to protect the icmfrsrs from muli I mhm, BKPoBTB. Of the finance Committee ? In ' vor of appropriating $11,000 to the various ward relii ! association*, to be expended for the relief of the poor of the city and coun ty of I*#w York. Referred to the Committee of the Whole. Of the Committee on Cleaning Strtets ? In favor of can celling the contracts with P. Palmer, C Zeigler, F. Co vie and John Kelly, for cleaning the Seventh, Eleventh, Thir teenth, Seventeenth, Second, Fourth, Eighth, Twentieth and Twenty-second wards of the city. Referred to the TUB AMKXDKD CDARTCB. A report of the Committee on the Law Department, to whom was referred the subject of amendments to the city charter, submitting, aleo, a draft of aa act for the same, wae presented. In their report the committee ?ay "Aa a matter of propriety aad economy, there can scarcely be a doubt aa to the wiadoaa of confining the Cwer of originating finaaelal measures to on* of the o boards, or that auch board should be the one near eet and moat frequently accountable -to the people for tfaeir stewardship. In regard to spring charter ele?tiona, it appeara a aelf-evident proposition that local interests ?fcouid be allowed their full and undisturbed iuQuence at the election for municipal officers; that the fitness of all candidates ahould be. fairly presented to the publio, without the aid or Influence of a State ? or any other than a city? ticket." Tne committee advocated that feature in the charter of 1863 which makes this board more numerous than the Board of Aldermen, and re commended that the system of representation by wards in the Board of Aldermen be abolished, and a plan aubatltuted to conform to the prineiplea of equal representation. The Committee also reoommended for adoption the following reeolutlon: "That a committee be appointed to prepare a proper memorial to the State Legislature. now in ses sion, to accompany the propoted amendments to the city charte*, aad that the said committee proceed to Albany, and cause such memorial and amendments to be pre eented to the Legialature, and requeat the Senators and Assemblymen from thia city to urge the apeedy enact ment of auch amendment." The report waa made the special order for Friday evening, THI COMPrROI.LKK'a ANNUAL RKPOKT. The Comptroller's report represented that the recelnta and expenditures of the corporation during 1844, exclu sive of the sinking fnnd set apart for the payment of the debt, have been aa follows:? Kipendituies from Jan. 1, 18S4, to Dec. 31, 110,184,318 27 Received from all sources, except the siuk tegfund 9,744,310 (8 Expenditures more than receipts .... SI, (10, '299 40 There was, however, a balanoe in the treasury Jan. let, 1854. of $1,170,690 90. The report waa laid on the table, and ordered to be printed . The Board then resolved itself into Committee of the 'Whole. The adoption of several Villa was recommended, and' they were subsequently ordered to a third reading. The Board then adjourned. The Commissioners ol Emigration, THB CJlPK OP TOM DUMLaP AND JAMK8 KKLLY ? SHOULD TBI QtJAHINTlNI BE REMOVED?? THB K MI GRANT BILL BKFOH TBS KKNATri. ' A meeting of the Commisaionera of Emigration waa held Wednesday at 4 P.M. Present? Commisaionera Ver planek, (in the chair,) Wltthaus. Dunlap, Kennedy, Crab nee, Kerrigan and England. After reading the minutes, the folk) wing waa received: ? In Skkatk, Feb. 13, 1865. Resolved, That the Commissioners of Emigration be reqneated to Inform the Senate by what authority Themes Dunlap and James Kelly have been, and are, re cognized ss member* of their Board, and permitted to take part in Its proceedings. HUGH J. HASTINGS, Clerk of the Senate. Upon thia there waa no debate. The Preaidcat waa directed to reply aa follows: ? The Commlsaioners of Emigration reapeetfully reply to the interrogatories of the Senate? That said James Kelly waa on January, 1882, ap pointed by the Governor and Senate, and duly commis sioned aa a Commissioner of Emigration, satisfactory evidence whereof was given. That the aa.d Thomaa Dan lap waa In the r? cess of the Senate appointed and com misaioned as a Commissioner by the Governor, in Octo ber, 1853: satisfactory evidence of which waa also pre sented. That the said Jamea Kel'y an 1 Thomaa Dunlap entered upon the duties of the aaid olliee; that the Commissioners have not been Informed that any person has been appointed or qualified as a successor in offlce to either of them, nor baa any person claimed to be sucli successor; that the tenure of offlce of the Commissioners ?f Emigration is prescribed by the general provialoa of the clause of the Revised Statutes, which states, that " every officer duly appointed, other thsa the Justices of tbe?upreme Court, who shall have duly entered on the dutiea of hia offlce, shall continuo to discharge the duties thereof, although his timo of offlce shall have ex pired, until hia aucceasor in such offlce ahall be duly qualified." Cnder thia belief the Commisaionera have hitherto re* oogni.ed the aald Jamea Kelly and Thomas Dunlap aa Members, and entitled to all the (rivilegea of the aame *1 communication waa received from Dr. L M. Carao. eh an, Rurgeon-in -Chief of the Emigrant Refuge Hoapt tel wards, relative to the removal of Quarantine, aa tallowa:? To nil I'McaiDRtT and Mkmrkrs op Tne Boar* of Cox MISMCMKltX or Kmhiration: ? Gmtlkxcn ? As the bill now before the legislature for the disposing of the (Quarantine property on Staten laland, and for tne removal of the Quarantine, contem plate* a very great change in the uses of the Stat > Emigrant Hospital <n Ward's Island, an 1 as you are the constituted guardians of the hospital and of the refuge, I beg leave to submit respectfully the follow n objections for your consideration ? y the fourth section it is provided that It shall ha the duty of the emigrant pbyaician to seni directly to Ward 'a Island such emigrants as shall be found sick or unwell on bonrd of vessels arriving ia the port of New York, and also all sick persons who may be la t'te Manse Hotpital at the time he eutera upon ths dis charge of hia dutiea. Now. the eiTect of this provision will be to make our hospital what it is not, never has beea, anl never sbould be ? anhospit.il for tne treat ment of dtseasea of a contagloua eharaetsr. The reasons for the permanent excluaioa of tbia clasa of diseases are based upon considerations of sanitary expediency and hnmamty. and are as strong now a* they have ever keen ? that Is to say contagious diseases are excluled on account of ti<w dangers to which the city wo ikl be eipoied by the very act of trinsportatlon by eteamboat or otlierwiee, and by their treatm?nt wi a Io-ality wh.e.h mu t necessarily remain acces sible to tbe visita of tlie whole emigrant popula tion; besides. Ward's Island Is a rsfnge for emlgranta in health aa well as emigrants alTected with <iisea?e, and H canoot dehherste'y be made a receptacle of cout iglou without deciding by Implication that the healthy emi grant is undeserving of legislative solicitude. tat* rants atlei-ted with conttgious disease have hitherto been detained and treated at the Mar ae Hospl t?l on Staten Island. This Institution is ab dished hy the bill, and ia to be repltced by a floating hospital, which, it Is Intended, sbsll be aecurely.ane.iured In the bay or cove north of i-toney Island. where, it ia lu'eaded, it ahsll be the r ? cepta-ls not of all cases o! contagi >us disease, but ef auch aa are foun t oa beard of vettel' arriving in port between the afteenth day of tUOs an I the Irat day of November In each year, from any port enth of the southern iiounlry of Virginia Th >a t>t"re will remain no nutated hospital for the treatment of eon. ?ogfon introduced from other parts of the world, an 1 a class of diseases la aaaigned to the Ward's Island Hos pital which have hitherto been very properly exaiu led from it. In faci, the fifth a d sixth sections are in leaded to provide solely against the introduction of yel low or other tropical fevers, as if tbe?e were the only diseases of a contagious character to which the city can b- eipoeed. Rut > nolera, whether it originate norts or south of Virginia; ship fever, (mallpox, anl many other diseasee, are equally contagious or comrau alcalde, aad ship fever especially la of more certain ant fre quent occurrence In tbe port than any tropical fev? r. In fine, gentlemen. I permit myself to hope that a bill which provldea for the tranaportation of eonttfion through so crowded a mart as the East river, and for its reception and treatnont In so unsuitable a locality aa Ward's Island, will not meet with your auppwt, but that, on the contrary, yeu will take the necessary steps to protest against it as an snwlie, perilous, and adjust (?novation. I have tbe hosor to be, gentlemen, your obedient servant, J. M CaRNOCHA.V. Commissioner WrrniAW offered the following:? Resolved fhat the Committee on Rills be hereby re quested to appoal at once to Congress, that tbe two clauses providing for tbe doty en the part of veseala to furnish emigrants with well cooked provisioaa during the paasage, and aleo that the owner ef vessels shall Mfcara tbe passage montv of all passeugera who die daring the voyage, be added to any bill la regard to tko conveying of passengers which may be before that boaorable body This was referred to ? committee, -onslstlag of Com mifcitoMr* Verplanck, Kennedy and Mr. Devlia. Tne Board toon after adjourned. WXLT mniABT. Allien emigrants arrived to 31st in?t 11,967 To Mine date 1864.. 17,377 Decrease thia year* 5,410 In Institutions 'Ward's Island Hospital 1,810 Refuge department 3,163 Total 3,773 Aggregate receipts 901,343 03 " IHaburtement 88,760 10 Ralaree in bank , $3,675 03 Due cc jnties 930,609 03 Board 0* Ten Geremonu ? meeting of the Board of Ten ftovernor* waa held oa Tuesday altemoon, at 4 o'clock. Preaent Oorernors Townsend (la the chair), Tieman, Taylor, Henry, Degro, Smith, and Wset. Got. Bra per is absent from the city, and Gov. Herrick ia at home dangerously ill ofa bronchial fever. After reading the usual requisitions, a communi cation was received from Mayor Wood, enclosing a nam. ber of bills advertising certain gift enterprise*, it being understood that the Board should proseout% the parties, with l view to oonflscate the property for the benefit of the city char .ties. Gov. W?* waa of opinion that this waa a singular pro ceeding on the part of the Mayor. It was Impossible for the Board to know who the parties were that projected these swindling operations, and when his Honor sent those bills he should have communicated with them some information on the subjeat, so that the Board might know who to proseoute. That Board waa not bound to perform police duties, and spend tta time in fer reting out these parties. No doubt Mayor Wood one of these days, woula issue a message, atatlng that he had laid thia matter before the Beard, and tbey had taken no action to prosecute the offenders according to law. After some further conversation, Governor WasT offered the following, which was carried >-?' Resolved, That his Honor the Mayor be, and hereby is, respectfully requested to furnish, through police officers or other wise. the neceisary information to enable thid depart ment to prosecute the real parties conducting the lottery scheme referred to in the handbills seat by his Honor t? this Board." A communication was received to pay ccrtaln parties 9200 for destroying rata and mice on Blaokweli's Island, at the rate, it was said, of 930 for each rat killed. The Board gave the gentleman the privilege to with draw his communication. Governor Taylor offered a resolution conferring on Mr. Rutherford, clerk at the Lunatic Asylum, the powers of a warden. From the debate that ensued on thia mo tion it appears that a most deplorable state of things ex ists at tbe Lunatic Asylum, growing out of difficulty existing between the clerk and Dr. Ranney, the .real hH physician. 1 he grounds are not kept in proper order, ana, In the language of Governor Taylor, the condi ion of tbe place stunk in the nostrils of every one con versant with the mismanagement prevailing th ?tro, grow ing' out of a misunderstanding arising from the powers of tbe officers not being properly defined. Gov. Smitb animadverted with great severity on the conduct of Mr. Rutherford, whom he accused of negli gence in the performance of his duties, &e. On motion of Gov. Dukb, the subject was laid over un til next week. Gov. Wkbt moved the following:? Resolved. That the Wardens, Superintendents, Store keepers ana other officers having appointing power, re port to this Board without delay? 1st. The names of their subordinate officers and others in their employ, when appointed, the amount of com pensation paid, tne duty discharged; whottjer the ser vices of any such persons can be dispensed with, and how, and in what numbers. 2d. That in the same report they designate the poli tical party which said officer supports. Gov. Taylor moved as an amendment: "And where they were born, and whether they are now citizens of the United States." Gov. Werr was opposed to the amendment, on tbe ground that while he could see no reason why the na tivities should be inquired after, it was evident "Sam " was at the bottom of the matter, and he did not feel dis posed to gratify that mysterious individual with any in formation whatever. A vote was taken, and Governors West, Henry, Dugro and Tieman voted to strike out the inquiry into the na tivities of the officers, and Governors Taylor, Smith and Duke voted to retain. Tbe last clause of tbe amend ment was carried, asking for information as to whether the officers were citizons or not ? Governors West and Henry alone voting in tlio negative. The Board soon after adjourned. NCMBKR or I.N MATCH IN THE 1.NST1TUT10VS UNDKR CQA.RGI OF THK HOARD OF TKN QOVXRNOKy. Bcllevue Hospital 780 Lunatic Asylum 661 Almshouse 1,448 Penitentiary 486 ?? Hospital 496 Workhouse 1,130 Smallpox Hospital... 3 Randall's Island 025 ?< Hospital 237 City Prison* 316 Colored Home 313 Colored Orphan Asylnm 180 Children at nurse in the city 182 Total 7^064 Decrease since last week 81 Board of Education. A regular Meeting of the Board of Education wal bald on Wednesday afternoon, at the Hall in Grand street, tbe President in the chair. After the minutes of the last meeting were read and approved, the Preaident ap pointed the following commissioners aa special visiters of the evening schools, in accordance with article 18, section 6 of tbe by-laws: ? For the Fifth ward Mr. Tap pan. 11 Sixth ward " Lawler. ?? Seventh ward " Webb. " Eighth ward " Fell. " Ninth ward " See. " Twelfth ward " Williams. " Fifteenth ward " Underbill. " Eighteenth ward " Smith. " Twenty -second ward " Shannon. The following preamble and resolatloa was adopted:? Wht-itas, It appears that Mr. Wm. H. Wood, principal ol Ward School No. 14, has originated a historical map. designed to exhibit the localities of all the prominent events in the early hmtorj of the United States and in delibly to impress these and the facts tuemselvee upen the mind, capable by its being also applied to general history and verv much to facilitate the teaching of this branch of knowledge in the schools, therefore, ltesolvei, That the Committee on the Course of Studies snd School Books be requested to investigate its cU ms to superior merit with a view to its introduction into the schools under the supervision of tali Board, if deemed desirable, and report thereon. rouMrnit'ATloxs, applications, ktc. Communication from the school officers of the Fif teenth ward, asking an appropriation of $29,680 for bnilding a schvolhouae in Twelfth street, according to plsns, Ac., npproyed by the Board of Education. Re ferred to Finance Committee. Application of the school officers of tbe Seventh ward for aa appropriation fo> rsi'tag and putting class roon? in Ward beliool No. 2. Referred to Committal on Re pair*. Application of the school officer ? o! the Thirteenth ward for an appropriation 'o lit u; sol furnish Ward School No 4. Referred to Fiuane* C'minlttee. Nomination of Ueorge P. N. l-un as Commissioner for the Ninth ward, in place of James W. Uusb, resigned. Referred to Committee on E'ections and Qualification* Application of the school officers of the Nineteenth ward for an appropriation of $22.9'.)t> for the erection of Ward School No. 18 In i it ty-ftrat street, Nineteen tn ward. Hefeired to Finance Committee. Application of tne school otticers of the Seventh ward for an appropriation of $.126 for a pianolorte. Referred to Committee on School Books. A report of the Inspectors of Common Schools in the Twentieth ward, relative to the condition of the schools in tbat ward, tbe number of scholars, the accommoda tions. Me , was ordered on file. A ton if rommonication from the School Officers of tbe lwentietb ward, U relation to tbe work do >e to the school house in Twenty -eighth street, near Ninth ave nue, wan on motion, referred to the Finance Commit'** A remonstrance was received from Edward l.inn?n, stating tbat the contract for the erection of a new school hou-e in the Twenty-second ward, was asarded to another whoa* bid was higher than his Referred to Committee on Sslar.es ami Offices. A communication from 8. P. Moult m, Trustee of the Nineteenth ward, In reiat on to t' e sa aries of the tebchers in that ward, was referred to the Committee on Salaries and Offices A petition *1 John Finner, railing the attention of '.be Toard to a new system or gas economies, whereby a greatly improved light is obtained at a reduced cost, waa referred to the Committee on Kepairs. The report of the City Superintendent for the month of January, was laid on the table and ordered to be prnted. Report of tb? Auditing Committee, t ibmlting bills far sundry ewpen-es, amounting to I1.4J6 76, of tbe Board. Adopted. Kepoit of the Executive Committee on Vnrmal Sihools, relative to tbe mere elTeetive management. and *ui mitting a resolution appointing Miss Susan Wri<'it, V ce 1 Principal of the Female Normal school, at a stltry of I $100 per annum. Adopted. Report of the Finance ' onimitte- ? in favor of an ap propriation of $2,000 for th* shop of the B ar l of Edu I cation. Adopted. Report of th* Finance Coosin itte*? Hee immsi, ding aa 1 appropriation of $12,000 for >h? Depository, with aa | aw-enment to th* by-laws, adop'ed The Hoard adjourni-d to tb* nest stated masting. Theatn s and Kxlil tHIuia. i Riwaiiway Thratr*.? The far. -rite A nsricsn trtge i dian, Mr Davenport, who la received ev?-y night with ' enthusiasm, appears this even og id 'II* chsrt'ter of Rolla, as?i?ted by Mr. l'*-ry, feada-n* Poaisl and lire. | Abbott. Th* terminating piei ?? sr. II he th* faro* of ''(he Happy Man," Mr Seymour as Pa Idy Murp'iy Jtowmv riimnia. -The benefit of Messrs Coivanl Wibb comes off to night, when a fin* blU of entertain ment will be presented for th* am i*eaaent of their patrons (he drama of " Napoleon, or tb* l>e*?rt*r an 1 nla Dog," " lh* Cattle ,-itealers," " The Ceosa of Death," and " Don Juan," will be played. This bill will be sure to draw a laig* house. Prato*'* Thtat**.? Hie selections for this eveaing ste both well known by tbe frequenter* of this bouse. Tli* first is th* com?dy of th* '? -Vinous Family"? Bur ton, Jordan, Mis* Paymond and Mr*. Hngh** In tb* lead ing cliaractsra. Th* laughable p'eee of " Tin- Too4lee," with I'nrton as Timothy, eoncludf s all. Wallace's Tmxat**.? This place of amuisnitnl son i jinues ia a prosperous career. Tb* heme la ever j atght well I1M by respectable andiences. "The Last Mu," with Blake la hi* great character or Goelfrey Dal*. U tho first piece; "The Bachelor of Arte" and "A Laay Ml Gentleman in * Peculiarly I'erplexing Predicamenf ' will follow. AmiUH Music*.? The selection fat this aftsrnoon is the dnmt of "Ambrose Gwinette," end in the even ing the much-admired drama of "L'nele Tom's Cabin," with a line cast. Besides this attraction the visiters can view the various curiosities of the establishment. Wood's Mimthuls. ? The burlesque of "The Hotel d'Afrlque," which la general]* admired, ia announced again for thia evening, with other novel feature a. Bccklkt's SoaiDiu.? Tbi vocal and musioal enter tainments which are given nightly at thia place are wit nessed with enthualaam by delighted audiencee. Hkbhkw Bxhkvolbut Socnerr.? A grand concert in aid of thia society will be given on Tueeday evening next, at Dod worth's Academy, Broadway. Panorama or lemon.? Thia exhibition ia given nightly at Panorama Ball, near Niblo's. The Siege of Sebastopol and other beautiful feature* can be aeen. The Alleged Slave TrsuBle In 18991. V. 8. COMXIMIOXKB^ OOCBT. Before George W. Morton, Esq. Fib. 22.?'/ he United State* agaiiut L. Kraft aliai Jouph Filletti. ? Decition. ? The prisoner is charged with having fitted out the aohooner Advance, to be engaged in the slave trade, and an examination is instituted for ? he purpose of determining whether he shall be com mitted lor trial. The charge originated with a man by the name of Ray mond Knowles. and depend* mainly on his evidence for being sustained. Knowles is now twenty-three years of age, and was one of the crew of the U. S. ship GermantJwn, and cooper to the chip, the Germantown being one or the squadron nndtr the command of Capt. Lavalette, on the coast of Africa, tor the supnreeeion of the s'ave trale. During October, 1842, the self oner Advance, com manded by Gapt. Kraft, was at anchor in Porto Praya, and came first under the particular notice of the com manding officc r of the squadron by driving from hor moorings and going ashore. Bhe was got off and re paired, through the assistance of the cOcera and crew of the Germantown, and during which the personal knowledge of Oapt. Kraft, the master, relied upon for identifying the prisoner as that individual, is derived. Early in November information was received, through Captain Lavalette, that a suspicious cargo had been pri vately landed from the Advance; and she was subse quently siesed, sent hone, and condemned at Norfolk, Va., for having been engaged in the slave trade. Knowles appears to have seen the person known as Captain Kraft on board the Advance at Porto Prayo several times, but never spoke to him on any oacasion. After his return to New York, while at work on the brig North Star, at Greenpoint, he saw the prisoner on the frame of a brig called the Balear, building at tns saase place, and thought he looked like a man he had seen somewhese. and, approaching close, thought thepri soner caat nis eyes upon him in a manner which was particular, and similar to that which he recalled as noticeable in Kraft wh?n seeing him on board the Advance. The Bala?r was built for fast sailing, and adapted for. the slave trade ; and having seen the prisoner several times after this, and on board a vessel m the North river, which was under his command, witness lodgel the information which led to the arrest of the prisoner as Captain Kraft, of the Advance. Knowles had been employed bj the prisoner to work for some days about the balaer, building at Greenpoint. and was discharged, as be says, because the finishing of the brig had been let out to lumpers. Ii> u tenant Sogers, of the Germantown, was on board the Advance (or two or three hours, rendering the assist ance required by her diiaster, and saw the captain, but had little if any conversation with him, Le Kraft, or De Kraft, as he was cslled, speaking hardly any English. The witness had not seen Kraft since that time; his at tention had been recently rtscalled for the | urpose of identifying him w|^the prisoter. He had received a note from the DistnWMtorney, and had conversed with Knowles, who .said the captain of the Advanoe was en gaged in building a brig, and that he h wl lodged infor mation as to Kraft. Under these circumstances, Lieute nant Rogers, on botag asked whether he could recog nize Captain Kraft now, answered, "My impression is that that is Captain Kiaft. " indicating, at the same time, the seat occupied by the prisoner. The commander of the Germantown, E. A I aval?tte, aftt r having afforded to the Advance the important as sistance which relieved that vessel from her perilous con dition ashore, received a visit from Captain Kraft, who came on board the Germantown to express his acknow ledgments, Ac He conversed with him in Frsncli, and held a somewhat prolonged interview with him. Capt. Lavalet'e having understood bitn to be an old trader, took the occasion of making extended inquir es as to the winds, currents, sn shoragvs and other matters impor tant to the coast navigation, and which Kraft responded to fully and freely in the cabin of the Gerountown, and in clore proximity with Capta n Lavalevto. Aiterwards the Advance Ml under suspicion, and a communion of cfficers apootnted by Captain Lavalette and the authorities on shore made investigations about and examination of the vessel, which brought Captain Kraft more fully under notice. and resulted in sending the Advance to the L'nlteo States for trial. Captain Lavalette now in substance says, that some resemblance may be said to exist Between Knit and the priioner, but that would not be rtcalled unless first led to it by some circumstances of suspicion or inferential inquiries Uke that of tte present: "That If this gentle man bad been placed among twenty or thirty ethers In the same room, and was asked if anv of them bore a re semblance to tbe captain of the Advance, 1 would sty this gentleman did/' that when In close proximity *x> Kralt he appeared paler, thlnuer, and that several other conspicuous personal peculiarities, now obvious la that gentleman, were not observed in Capt. Kraft, tic. Lieut. G. F. Sinclair, of the Germantowo, also saw Kraft in tbe ward room, and detects a general resern bltnce between Filletti and Kraft, but negatives de cidedly their identity. This constitutes In substano*, tbe ev'dence offered by the United States for the purpose of identifying the prisoner. ?. Some ten witnesses have been examined on behalf of the prisoner to disprove his Identity with Kraft William E. Curtis, counsellor at law, wa? the profes sional adviser of Captain Kraft during the proceedings sgalnbt tbe Advance: accompanied him to Nor 'oik, and necessarily, from fre )ueu? professional Interviews, pos sessed a knowledge of Kraft, as fully detailed by him, not necessary to be reitoreted, and which thoroughly repudiates any possibility of identity with the prisoner, and corroborates the conclusion to that effect created by Captain Lavs lette and lieutenants Sinclair and Ko Crr. The remaining w tnesses, who's evidence has en carefully examined, but quite unnecessary to spresd ov t at length, show very clearly that tbe prison er, Joseph Filletti, who speaks English very fluently, and well known by them unter kls present name, wis, at the period referred to, In constant command of the brig Amphitrite, trading from New Orleans to more southern ports, and F^sonstantly met wit*i and well known as to render his^mv.ng been engaged upon the African eoast, as criminally Imputed, entirely incredi ble. 1 be case, npon a full and careful examination of the subject, is ons of rcembance only, not identification; and being entirely satisfied of this fact, and no founda tion existing for detaining Mr. Filletti to answer the ac cusation, he is accordingly discharged. Board of SuperTleore? Hii Honor Major Wood (a the chair. The minutes of tli* last mee'iag were read and approved. MI8C*LU*5W)C8 VATTKM. The report of the Committee on Annual Taxes, la favor ofremittirg the taxes of feveral parties, was adopted, llie bill of William Dodge, ($135 69,) for examining and correct'ng indexes, was ordered to be pail. Several pe tinons for the correction anl remission it taxes were re ceived and referred. A communication was received from the Counsel of the 0>r|iora Ion, respecting th i 11% bilitj ol tie count; to p*j Tor n>p3 ia the Register's office, and was or tered to be entered on the m uu'.cs. Adjourned to Monday next Aiitl- Slavery In MuaachnictU. LF.TTBH OF MHfl. HAKRIKT BKKC1IBK 0TOWK ? POtiriCS, PimCOATR, AND l'OBTHT. [From '.he Washiogttn National Kra. free soil.] B iHTON Fsb. 2, 1855. To thi Editor or ran National E*a Our uld cry vi nau-uU'jr auaiie.1 tain wither. (Jereia'iy no reapt<y*bi? stupid aad slueiiy, i'. hat thia winur auned into an uusr<inte4)if?. Ls;iar?s about d, and are cowried, ?ol tie o ert i? *% d Dtre: I j rave drawn anoh full aai bn'lUit L m-:n. Tfe & urne ol *nti alive 17 lec'.oree ia .he r m >nt Temple h?v? be*n wonie-ta-iy 'uo***fai. Ftok^t* hftvt. b* ec ?ol i at a prsmlam, *ud th* ball, *trci aea'eabon'. three Mr uauid, hti geoe.ally beau w (nil amtc u>d be p-fk 4. It l? a n jMyabie mng abont these UMf."U"w, th?t all the more de.Jd>d, fjrfcw uni nnt-sjokm ex Sr wops of feeliiig, each m onoe were ctlled ultra, ?vfc b?en iistenerf to ?it 1 the ?ieat*et eatbnsl u n. N-vcr, sli ce KomqU ?ia in B >atin, f'ave *t sua a wnole botue aiirgug wi b a graa>r eotnusi tvn 'tan du Ilk * m- ot tr.e?e leotu.ee. The Vectu.-e * do oat eu much sreui 1 1 pro iuee feelisg, m to dev to >e tut wbifb mute. On tble sahjm t$e wh-ln air ee*nM In be obarg-d with elec'itcy, aad a spsak^r H?ems to be only tre conductor through wi>.n it llnb>i Int.) ?? x?re**t n. It la a ien a kible and most rotioetb'e f that W> m'eil Phi Hps, who In other daya w*i 00 is ia ?d as a id o?t b'nu'U aUrn'ion, aa a du>r<*ai*er a id a madman, baa drawn ate of the Urgent aad mon latl.u^lutt houses of any tbla winter, and liat, tto' kh 'be obj* ct ol his le-ture ?u tw or >*e t ie ab ?Mute oeoe ei<y of tbe diseolati n of thi Ualon, be war he??d throughout without the e ights', lntl<ni tl ?c of disapprobation, ?a tw tnoet solemn aad *t t?nMv? allrnce. The papers endetvor toeciiunt for thla fact, by attributing to Mr. Phll.iptai almoit fabnloua naaey of tie magical arte of oratory. Aa in tn? time of l.utber, tbe RoaUh tra:ta*laas erugbt to cover ap the mighty fao* th*t of de aroTved movement of a)ciety b/ a*erit>lng Wi L itber inperhnmaa gif?e of peraon, tatelle t, v j.oe, aad manner; aa no *, m*nv stek o blind ne-n-v ves to .-he great change in thi c unmanity, by a;tiibiting It to the orstoi m**1 power ef aa ln<t v d i?i. fbey fcrgittbe daya w!>en the tame dsazituf. am o'.i, k'djDoUahed el quencs apnt ita llgsjtalnga sitnut wholly u valD, tcrt 'hit sn h a* audience would bare received anoh a omionnloatioa aa the Jew* mi

of old, b? e-ytng oat, aad atopplag their etra. Fhe fact, which neimaper writen igaore, la, tnat the tWe ia riaicg- slowly, inrely, and with raaUUeea regnlar<ty. Kre.ry year Itfta it higher. Waat oaoe waa called nltraiam, ia now calm, nnlveraai bsllef; atd the laet and nttimste ex'.-eaM of the ant na compromkiaK ahoUUoniele ia now looked la the Am* with ft eerljoa tcraitay. 1$ it true that tW ' Northern public bin lot, as ft bum, brought them tehrta to wish the dlaielution of ths Union; tat they hftte some to that point in which they an willing to ?it (till, sad give cftlm attention to the ttscouion of thftt mhjeet. The fftct that thii subject waa care fully oonddered, in a long and elaborate aeries of articles in the Tribunt, last season, and that Wen dell Phillips has met with such decided acceptance in presenting it before public audiences this winter, an signs of deep rignifioanoe. Those who have used the cry of dissolution of the Union as a threat to frighten unruly children, may one day find the asms threat turned round upon themselves, in a form which has an earnest meaning. It may be their turn to make concessions to prevent it. The culminating point of the changed public feel ing in Massachusetts, this winter. has bean shown by the election of Wilson to the United States Senate. This is the flash of the loss gathering cloud, the high water mark of the fast ruing tide. No appointment could have been more distaste ful to tnat aristocracy wh'cb has so long ruled Bos ton. To step from attic Everett, whose lips wen " dewy with the Greek of Plato," to Henry Wilson, from the shoemaker's bench at Natick, seemi traly a nine days' fall, and, asoordingly, " confounded cbaee roais." But what baa done it? Who have don* it? They who outraged manhood and womanhood, and human nature, in the late atrocious slave captu-ea. they have elected Wilson. They " the precious diadem stole" from the head of old Boston, that they might " put it in their pocketl " They shamed her ia her own sight, in the sight of all her aons and daugh ters; and the deep, let heart of the people baa never forgotten the insult, and this election is the result ? boric ess man of Boston, who has hitherto had large Soatnern dealings, raid to ua not long ago, in tones of sopprtsssd feeling, " I was barred from my store bv soldiers m Boston streets, that that man might k carried back. I never bave forgotten it. I never will. My partner and I have made np oar minds. We have looked over our Southern lists, and, if necessary, are ready to lose them all; but our stand is taken." Such has been the deep resolve of many a heart; and so deep is that ground-swell of the State feeling, that Henry Wilson was borne upon it, against the will of the party that elected Mm, becauee that party knew the State would support them on no oth?r terms. The stern voiee of the people was at tl eir doors : " Elect this man, or your party is a cobweb before us:" and they did it. We have faith that Henry Wilson will prove that tbe people were right. The country sometimes ones to a strait, when she most put by a scholar, and take a nan: and Wilson is a man. Let anybxly read one of ale terse, nervous ssntsnoes, or hear one of bis speeehes, and than, if any one aaye jeeringly , " That man roee from a shoemaker's bench," he will answer, "Let him bo proud of it. Other an are made by colleges aad schools. This man made him self. And let scholars console themselves with clas sical precedent ot men of low degree exalted, and re member plain old Goodman Cinctnnatua, called from bis plough to the Consulate, and be comforted. Other folks, it seems, have done so before us; and tl at is something, in this precedent-loving world. To be sure, there has been one ef the leather oraft in Ooagress before? stout old Roger Sherman? who learned to hammer out soles on nts lapstone, before be tried his hand at hammering the constitution. Old Boger, however, compromised with slavery, wiiich Henry Wilson will not. His vote and hta speech will always be in the right place; nod we prtdiotthat even his classical oom patriot, Sumner, will tot merit better of the republic thiu he." Oae of the principal sensations of Boston this winter, has been caused by the coarse of le:tnres on poetry , delivered by R a* sell Lowell, before the Low ell Institute. Bach a rush has there been to them, that it has been entirely impossible to accommodate all who aought ar minion; and Mr. Lowell has repeated tbem afternoons to equally thronged booses. The course is upon English poetry, ana eomprisee a his tory of English pcetry and poets from the earliest times. Every lecture baa been a brilliant success? wen, a- itpor t d in (be dally papers, a re often more truly poetical tban the po?ms ha revievs. Foese lec tures, bo foil of thoug t, research, wit, hut^or and feeling, are desttosd to mike taeir mark in oar 11 tf jar> history. Yet we trust the author will not for get, in the brilliance of hia success, tnat it is she p:et'? first work to create, not to analyze. Let bin give more works for futart hstorians tc record. The brilliance of Loweil'a wit hu i j laza'ed the ejee of many, tbat they have not till recently ap prt ctatfft the wide soope, tne deep feeling, tbe exqui site word painting, the true appreciation of nttare, in his seriou* pieces. Theie 1b * spirit and sprightb rets about his moat careless sketih, that slows tie band of a master. To those who have delighted in bin, merely as the gay and entertaining companion, we would recommend a study of hia "vision of Sir L ttfal," or "Beaver Brook, 'r or almost any of tbe fugitive p teots in his two volumes of poems, and Ibey wi 1 find him rising befo.e t .elr mi ad in a neir ?\titude. Can America have and cherish poets 7 Certainly. Does she lot ? Is our hot, bu-v, talky, uewK-mong ering age, favorable to tbe poetP For one reason it if particularly sr. The sensitive heart is wearied and overworn with this bustling materiality, and lur ge tor a contrast? for the unreal, the dreamy. In tills re active mojd of onr over-driven society liw tbe toet's bepe and sphere, ft l?g forhim.jaat as city people long for green trees and quiet stream* ; ardyear by j ear his ssray over as will inoreaee? witse?s tbe sat cess of Whluier's last beautiful idyl, Msud Mailer, which has found its way, like a flash, from tbe Era into newspapers ana magazines through tbe country. We have met it In the yarlor and the kitchen, everywhere a favorite. Pray ask him for another. Since poetry ia eternal, and tbe need of it con stant, tbe poet can never cease oat of the land. H. B. S. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL KOI IT MARKET. Thursday, Feb. 23?6 P. M. The stock market does not change much from day to day. Prices have become qaite stagnant. Specu lators manage to keep np a show of active baaiaess, but it really amounts to very little. Tne few stocks sctuslly sold are to each other, and the uniformity in ) rioea ia regulated among themselves At the first board Virginia 6's advanced 4 per oent; Pant ma 2d Bonds, 2; Illinois Oeutral Bjndi, J; New York Central B ndi, 4< S onington, j. New York Central Railroad declined j percent; liaison B.ver Railroad, 4. Railroad bonds and S a<e bonds were told to-day in large lots and to a lar^e amount. Illinois Central, Erie, 1875, and New York Central Bonds were freely cfF-red, and were sold prin cips ly for cash. Virginia 6's, amonnticg to upwards of (40,000 were sold and closed at an imp-ovament Tbe large shipment of specie by tbe AtlaiUo his checked all upward tenden y in tbe fan:ies, and if the ?xpo:tation cottinues at this rate, current quo ta' ions cannot be stisU-'ted. Tee steamr tor South aropt n on Saturday will take out but veen seven and elgM hundred thousand d'.lUrs in spe:!e , mak ing tbe eg;r?ya4e for tbe week upwurJs of tvo millkns of dollars, a greater enm tban ever before shipped fmm 'hp port in the same time. The hanks can stand a drain rf three or four millions withoit wtaketlng themseivei ranch, and It w mid be a groit relief to have the bonbon on hind reduiel to t">at extent. A iter the a 1 jonrnmsn i of tbe Boa-d, tbe following rales of stocks and bo:ds were made at auction, by 1. 11. Nicolsj:? ?HO, 000 M. Y. ni l Harlesa UK 1st mort. Id*.. added. 88>? 1&,( (ill (irott Wrnt?rn III. IUI d<) do Uli 7,000 Central N. Jen- 7 Kit do. do 91 2,C00 Flushing HR do. do C9 16,(00 Hudson River 3d mortgage do. 71\ a Tl ^ 6.: 00 F.rie sad Pa C?u?l sixea c'o. 20 a -I 9, COG Ia Cioac and Mil <r?uti<> RR fl'a do. 65 a 46 5,(00 CleTrUnd and Toledo RR lo.omo* do 7 n 5.('(-0 Rieloe City WIeeon?1? 7'? do M 6,000 Acrea land Cannon Co.. Tenneeeee. S2H0 110 ?bare? DufTalo and S'ate Lin* RR 10?*< 1(0 do. Michigan N>nth?rn RR 91 'a 50 dn. HixVon IUTeri.lt 31 1' 0 do. N-rtl.ern Indiana Kit 91 60 t o FrieRR 46 '? CO do. Cuat'ierlanl Coal Co .14 2t do. Facile Mul Staai.ub.p Co 51 200 do. F'araer'a Lo*n and Trust Co.. ,,,,,,, ,, 82^ 100 do. Ohio Life and TristCo 87 60 do. Chatham Rank 88 60 do. Ocean Rank S3 10 do. Excelsior lire Ina Co 78 20 do. Wells. F'argo A Co 'a F*pre??Co 80 ?0 do. Grower*' Steam Soi ?r R?Anlng Co.. .00 a 59 X 40 do. Humpbrejsfllle Copper Co 80 At the second board there was a better feeling among (perators. Cumberland advanced 4 P?r oent; Illinois Central Bonds, 4; Nicaragua Transit, 4. Af'er ibe board Cumberland sold at 344* easb. Tbe Corn Exchange Fire and Iiland Insurance Com; any have declared a semiannual dividend of (ix per eent, payable on and after the 1st of March The gross earnings ef tt-e Ha'lem R it j road Com pany for the six months ending Jac nary Diet, 1865. amounted to *6(16,009 67, agaiuat 9495,648 05 for the corresponding period the previous year, abo sing an increase of 170, Ml 6? 2eqoal to about fourteen ),er eent. Tbe transaction* at the Assistant Treasurer's of fie* to-day <?ere ae folk) we i? Received 9182,064 45 Payments. 7C.572 82 Paid for imi office 4,464 80 Balance : 94,662,031 77 In the railroad report reoently pat forth by the Eagineer of the State of New Yori^tAppeare that the entire length ie 2,724 nilttf^PSSgle tra;k and 803 mllea doable track. That the ooel of the whole aa repotted to the government nnder oath ia $128, 649,646, and that the nnmber of tons of freight car ried or tranaported daring the year 1864 amount* to 2,260,000 toni; while the Blading rallroii, which iaonly 93 miles long, and with all ita whirree, warehouses, depota, machinery, can, freight cars and doable track, coat $18,494,114 68, and carried oyer the entire dittanoe 2,134,665 tona, exclusive of paeaengera? just exactly 116,846 tona lees than all the roada of the State of New York, cottlng $128, 649,646. The warrants entered at the Treasury Depart ment, Washington, on the 19th and 20th inate., were:? Ffor the redemption of stock 916,609 36 For paying treasury debts 17,090 43 For the customs 20,976 07 Covering into treasury from misc. sources. . 242,169 68 Covered Into the treasury from lauds 161,866 82 For covering Into treasurv from cuitoms.. .1,431,100 08 For the War Department 87,810 60 Fox repaying in the War Department 1,262 (0 For the interior Department 46,128 11 For repaying in the Interior Department. . . , 2,468 22 For entering an appropriation for the Inte rior Department 8,248 00 For the Navy Department 10,806 17 I Thq Legislature of Illinois haa abolished entirely the office of State Financial Agent at Net York. Hereafter all indebtedneaa of the Stat*, leektng payment, moat be filed in the office of the State Auditor, and warrants will be leaned therefor. The chairman of the Finance Committee of the House of BepreeentaUree haa made a detailed report on the indebtedneaa of Keen. Wads worth & Sheldon, the late agents. Tae following ie a statement of theaceoMta:? Balance of interest in their hand* on the let day of July, 1864 961,190 78 Amount remitted to them. by the Governor to pay July instalment.. 120,000 00 Asaount remitted to pay interest on liquida tion bonds 6,067 17 Amount remitted by tbe Governor to pay the January interest, 1866 212,000 00 I Whole amount of funds in their hands .... 9388,206 80 This amount is subject to a deduction of 9126.<i00. for interest paid last July, and also interest upon the liqui dation bonds, which leaves in their hands the sum of 9267,100 72. Tbe committee also find in their hands :? Amount belonging to the surplus revenue fund, unemployed sinoe Dec. 1, 1864...... 910,000 00 Balanoe of land fund 10,386 16 State bonds purchased by them and still in their pos session, 9180,000, which were purchased for caxh for 976,000. Regarding the three per cent fund, no part of it Is now in the possession of the tnn, the amount, 940,402 23, having been withdrawn by Goverror llatteson. The State has no security for so much of the land fund, surplus revenue fund tnd State bonds purchased, as may be in the bands of Messrs. Wads worth & Sheldon, amounting to 9106.416 63. Tbe interest fund, however, amounting to 9267,199 72, ia differently disposed of? receipts having been taken for this fund in the name of Julias Wadswortb. So tbe State has recourse to the securities of Mr. Wadsworth for 9*67.199 76. Tbe recapitulation is aa follows:? Balance of Interest 9267,100 72 Balaseo of surplus revenue fund 20,000 00 Land fund 10,386 63 Cash value of bonds In their bands 75,030 00 Aggregate fundi In their hand! $352,016 25 Tbe State Auditor of Illinois gives notice that osier authority of an a;t which hai passed the Legislature, he is authorized to exchange the se curities deposited by any bark that has gone in-o liquidation for the circulation of such notes at par. Tbe notes must be pieaented at the Auditor's offi :e in sums of not less than one thousand doLars, with in twenty dajs of tbe U'b of February. Atter tbe expiration of the said tventy daja, tbe sscorities tbst may remain on band will be forwarded to the cAty of New York and sold* and the proceeds there of will be applied to the redemptiin of the notes ai pio/lded lot by law. Tbe B.ston Journal furnishes the fallowing sum mary of the annual report of the bank commission ers of Massachusetts, just issued from the press:? Mara ara now 172 banki Incorporated In Massaohn setts. Five of tbe twenty bank* chartered by the last I cgslature, bad not cummenoed business at the time (Lite. 1) that the report was closed. Consequently, the number of banks in actual operation waa 107, of which 08 are in Boston. Tha total amount of bank capital in Massachusetts actually paid in, waa $57,10.1,843. Tbe Georgetown Hank, which haa had but a qualified exigence lor the last ibree years, Its charter having exptied September SO 1861, haa now bat $347 of Its bill* in circulation. The final dividend to tha stockholders beyond the original capital paid in, waa $10 58 per ?bare. During tha year 1854, the commissioners examined 08 banks and 35 savings institution*. Of these banks 23 wars in Boston, and to the Cochltoate two vistta were paid. The commissi jners remark of these Institutions, that In general they have been conducted without ha tard to the public, and certainly with benefit to the stock - holders in the shaps of largo dividends. The spirit of rivalry which exists with regard to dividends, prompts bsnk officers to Indulge In a course of business of a cha racter which will tend to Impair, eventuaUy, the profits from which alone dividends can be made. The commissioners, in their comments on the banks in Massachusetts In general, commend the provision by which banks are obliged to make frequent returns. They mention the fsct that some hanks transcend the liberal provision made by the general banking law fir each bank, If it withes to hold such real estate as m?y be re quisite for the convtnient transaction of its business, not exceeding twelve per cent on the amount of its capi tal. They give as thieir opinion that the law on this subject is to be taken as a literal restriction, especially when liberal provision is made for what banks may hold In mortgage or execution, or as security for, or in pay ment of, debts, and deprecate the skill ul reports some of the banks make to escape its operation. The commissioners allude to tbe practice prevalent among some banks of loaning to each other, and con demn also tbe practice of loaning on paper maturing in other states, urging that hanks should endeavor, so far *s possible to aid tlie neighborhood in which they are situated. They remark ? "It is plain that the hank capi ta. of the State is, at the least, large enough, or, If not so, any increase at present does cot promise much lien eat to the buiineks rrmmunity, unless dispensed with ? jus discriminstion." Ths Increase of banks has exeited a sharp competition; circulation ban of necessity been subdivided, much to the dissatisfaction of the country banns, while in cit e*, the distribution of deposits aqjong the increased num her of banks, has detracted from the earnings of each. Ihe result has been, new channels ol profit have been sought to keep up the dividend* to the oi l mark, and the rates of exchange charged are far from oeing alle viated? rates which are often submitted to rather than acquiesced In. Ihe commissioners give quite a lengtSy history of the failure ( t th e Cochltuate Bank, attributing the failure to tbe Isige airount of foreign pai>er ia tlie loan, fortified by worthless collateral, and the failnie of the President, '. M. Allen Tbey adege that they wat-hed the opera tions of tbe bank with ail poei'ble care, ani regard it ss unfortunate that the stockholders failed to mike regular snd thorough examina'lons, leaving It to the five direc tors to ree that things were kepi straight, who in tarn ru'rosted the management of the bank vory much to tl e I 'resident ?uch a course on the part of he stock holders and directors they regsrd as in onsii-eot with just policy and pruden forethought As a crum>> of ccmfort to thosa who were so unfortunate as to be ere fiito-s of the concern, they remark "Toe failure of a bank is always to be regretted; hut in this rasa the pub lic will be losers, if at all, to but a f-mall amo mt Tbe fact ie n?t a little gratifying that a failure of this kind has n- t before occuned in Massachusetts for many years." Stock Rxcltange. Thi'rsdav, *>b. 2?, 18W. lf,0C0 L' 3 6's, '?7... 117V 100 shs Nic Trans, .c 1?V 1100 Ohio #'s, '60.. 103 100 do *10 lftftf 11000 Ind ?tate5"**3 HI 100 do *30 IrtV fCOO Virginia 6'S. *3 9f>? ll>0 Cumti CoaK'j *30 33V SHOO do....s3 96V 7 0 do 3.1* / OOO do ... . s3 ?">V 100 do.... hlO 3.1, * KOO do 95 >4 200 do b3 33 V .C00 Har.lstM B? *3 00 V M do *3 33 H 4< 00 Frle 2cM Bs s3 1C'.' V 3(* do V.O 3-IV UKO ErtoCeaBs.ll 7?V 10 NYork On. RR c 8.1V !W00 trie Bd?, 'S3.. 94 50 di *4i 91V UOOO Erie Bd*, '76. S3 20 do b3 93J$ 1(000 do.. bft? 21 Panama Railroad 108 JM'OO do . . . b3 82% 10 Erie Railroad . . . 45V 14HnranBs,2dis's 108 V 160 do ? 4."> 10000 do 108 1, 20 do 45, S 1000 do 109 250 do *3 45, V ISOOti U1CRR B?.b30 72,V 10O do 4.1V 7000 do 72 V no do SJO 46V 3000 d<> . . .MO 72 V do ,a0 46 V 2:000 do 74* 100 do ....b10 ?:>V 4000 do 72 ? 100 do 10 46 V 250 00 do...bl0 72V IM do HOCO N Y Cen R bds 88 40 Nor k Wor RR. .e 36 V 7000 do 87 V 50 do..... b*0 30 oOOO do. .b10 88 10 Stonlngton HR.. 6?V 2f00lnd Bank Wis. 79 V 200 Reading RR .... 75 j( oo do 7#V '0? do b3 76 3000 N Y Ten 7's... ??V 10? do 2000 (to. 99 V 700 do c 76 f COO do... b?0 99V do WW 75V 100 do 90 1C0 do blO 76 V IffO do WV 1M 4o b30 70V leoo rh k Rk Is R bs 93 150 Hud RKR... b<50 37 V lOshsBk StstoN Y lf4 100 do 87V 100 M?th Bkg Ass'n. 100 453 i 0 37V 8 Hanover Bank .. 91 12 Mich So RR 9$ 26 Mstierolitaa Bk. 106V 306 tll Central RR.. 96 0 Jo 1MV ? do 40 Am Ex changs Rk 106% 100 do .si 96 's 1#0 Canton Oo. .. . s30 23 12 Oev fcTot R?_ 200 do bl6 2$ $0 do. .....M0 MV s?0 MX aiUWefcBekl ?*-e $7 SECOND HOARD. $2000 U P ?'?, '#7. .. 117K 200 sha Own CI Oo.a3 33b? 3000Cel 7'i, 70.... 89* 100 do 33^ 1000 Virginia d'e... 200 do b90 84 1000 do W6jj 200 Erie RR fifcOO Louisiana o's. 8J"; 60 do a30 ?5>? 6000PnB?,2di?.bl6 110 100 do 46 2000 Erie Bde '75. . 83 200 Reading RR.a30 75 6000 111 On RR lids 72X ?00 do 75)? 60 nhi NlcTnaCo aSO lc^ 1(0 do . ...a3 75 100 do o 10V 200 do *960 75 )? 100 do bCO 1?# 100 do WO 76 lOOCumb CI Co a 10 33K lOOIUCen RR....a3 95'; 100 do *10 3a Yt 100 do aftO IlllnolH Central Railroad ruafflniij TO TBS EUiTOm OF Til HBW YOKE BKBALD. In jour iaaue of Wedneaday you took occaalon to com< ment in auch tfiiniu I thought tho Tory great Impor tance of tho aubjeet required, upon tho effect of our usury la we upon the bonda of the lUinola Centra] Rail road Company and other corporations. All the paper* of that evening and the following morning wet* supplied with a copy of the law of Mow York and of IlliBoie upon tho subject, which they published with tho following piefoee: ?'Vo hare been requested to publish tho follow ing law of the States of New York and Illinois, which it will be aeon settles the saattec" ? and the Put Indulged in remarks upon tho oooasion, from which 1 extract thi following: "In the ca?e of those hoods there hi no anet thing as usury. The law, both of Illinois and New York exempts them front the regulations which prohibit the making of contracts for more than a certain prescribe J rate of Interest." Your remarks of Wednesday, as you said yesterdays were made with full knowledge of the Misteaeo of these laws; and I again revert to the sabjeot by reason of lb vast impoitance, and the necessity of a comet under i- tending of the effect and operation of the law prohibit ing corporations from interposing the d* fence of usury As the law is short, for convenience of reference I giv< it again 1st. No corporation ahall hereafter Interpoao the defence u usury in any action. . .... 2d. The term corporation as uaed in this act ahall fc) con itraed to include all aetooletloaa and Joint atock eerti paniea having any of the power* and privileges of corpora liona not poeeeaaed by individuals or partnership#, 3d. Thle sat aball take effect immediately. Now, in the first plaoe, it will be seen that tbe aeons j sec tiOn ol this act limits by definition the broad proli jitor; provision of universal application to corporations contai in sd in the flrst section. It has been argued that the login latlve intent was to limit the prohibition to such corpu rations as possessed banking privileges ; that the pollc; of the law requires this limit; and that no other the banking corporations, strictly speaking, possess power and privileges which may not be possessed by individual or partners. It will be seen at onos that there Is amp! room here for doubt and discussion, to say the least < it. This view of tbe legislative latent to limit the pri hibition to banning corporations has probably bee taken by the learned counsel of the Illinois Caatral Rai road Company, who ia now, as the counsel for tb New York and New Haven Railroad Company, seel ing to repudiate the liabilities of that corpor tion by the Interposition of the defence of uaur But let me, for the take of the argument, admit tl prohibition io be applicable to railroad corporation The law doee not pieUnd to touch, or In any ssanner a feet, the usurious contract itself? it simply declares th the corporation ahall not interpose the defence of uaur It is tbe remedy, not tbe contract, which the law unds takes to deal with. Now, what says the law about tl contract ? I quote tbe statute >-. All bonda, billa, notea, assurances, conveyance. All other contracts or securities whatsoever, (exeopt b< tomry and respondentia bonds and oon tracts,) and all d ponlta of roods and otber thin/i whatsoever, whereupon wberejiy there aball he reserved, or taken, or axreea to reserved or taken, any greater anm or rreatar valne, for t loan or forbearance of any money, goods, or otber things, action, than ia above proscribed, (seven dollars upon o hundred for one year,) shall be void. Now, I repeat what you said on Wednesday, that t bonds of the Illinois Central Railroad Company bel tainted with usury, unJer this act, are void. The pi lilbltory law of 18f>0 in telatlon to the remedy, in j manner, expressly or by i m plication, exempts the ie b from tbe operstiona of the general statute. lawyer whose opinicn ia worth anything, pretend that the law of 1850 allows rj road companies to borrow money at usurid rates of interest, or exempta the parties to such co tracts from the punishment provided by the law, ofj fine of $1,000 or Imprisonment for aix months, or botf at tbe discretion of the court, for each offence, or in fq does anything more than prohibit the corporation Tr interpo-ing the defence. Any one else, whoae inter it may be to defeat tbe collection or enfoi cement of usurious contract, 'is at perfect liberty to do ao. Ni tbe statute provides In express terms for this very thii I quote Sec. 6 of Chapter 430, laws of 1887 Whenever it shall satisfactorily appear by the admiisii of tbe dofendaat, or hy proof, that any bend, bill, note, ?uranoe pled/o. conveyance, contraot, security, or any c danco of debt, has been taken or received in violation of provif ions of tbla act, (tho naury act,) the Court of Ch eery (now tha Supreme Court) shall declare tho same tr void, ahall enjoin all prosecutiona thereon, anl order same to be surrendered and cancelled, Now let ua suppose suits brought, say for Ia?~~ by ho.dera of the last iaaue of $3,000,000 of bouda of 4 Illinois Central Railroad Company. This, I take It, J not a very violent supposition (for how tbe holders ever expect payment out of the security mortg passes my comprehension). If judgment is obt tbey retort at once to the property of the eom| its road and franchises to satisfy that judgment. ft is for the interest of every stookhoider and < holder of the (17,000,000 bonds, to defeat this PTOC^ ing; aid how Is it accomplished? The corporation ( not interpose the defence of usury. The bonda nevertheless, absolutely roid, and all that ia I ia to bring tbe fact to the knowledge of the < either by tbe admission* of the defendant or by < petent proof, that more than aeven per cent per I num wa-j taken or received, or reserved, or agre be taken er received or reserved, upon the for whicb the bonds were given, | an<l It then bee tbe duty of the court "to declare tho bonds void ? to| Join any proaeeution thereon, and order the same I surrendered and cancelled." Now, in tbe struggle which must hereafter be ha this coupany, between the bondholders and atoekholdl or bet we? n one and another act of bondhol lera ? wl the time comes, as it soon must come, for tbe opeif of the eves of all parlies to the extraordinary hallocj tion unfer which they have heretofore regarded the 1 securities of the company, end tne contest la to <* mine who shall bare tbe road itself and Its eqnlpa snd tbe corporation franchise ? then, under our el laws, upon the application of any party In intereatj coirpanled by the requisite proof, which can ale he bad, theae uaurous bonda must all be declared by Courts, as tbey are now declared by the law. abeolu void.' lajunctians matt 1* isrued by the Courts, re ti ing prosecutiona upon them, and orders must be ia by tne Courts directing'their.aurrender and cancelled I feel the most entire confidence in the soundn tbia view of the law. Tbe queation la one of the | eat magnitude? none in oonneetion with onr ratlroi curitiea can be more io. If it can be ahown that 1 in error, I ahall readtlr concede It. If not, I ahall i tinue to declare that tne bonda of thia company are in law, not capable of being enforced by suit in court? tbe etatute prohibiting the interposition of d?'fenr e of naury by the corporation itself to the ( ry notwithstanding. CUT TRtOG REPORT. Thi mdat. Feb. 22?6 P. Aprs ? Small sales of pot? were made at ft 37 | 1 0, and of pearl* at 16 02 a 16 76. BiuuKSTcm.? Flour? The demand waa l?ea acl and Stat*, with Westvrn brand ?, waa aome ee?i^ purchase, a', previous prices. Ttia aalea embraced I 4.500 bbl*., Including common to good choice Sta| #8 12 a $8 62: Wertern at $8 76 a $9 12; 99 12 J for extra 8t. Louis; 99 26 l 99 87 for extra Michl ami |9 2<> a $1 0 60 for extra Ohio: extra Qeneees unchanged. Canadian waa tolerably active, and I 1,010 bbla. were told at 99 37 a $10 12 for duty I anil that in bond waa held at $8 76 a 98 87. Soutl war steady, with rale* included above, of abouq bbls., at $H 75 a $9 16 for common to choice br and (9 31 a 69 37 for fiiDcy and extra brand*, flour waa at $0 25 a >7 26 ? the latter for anp Meal ?aa non.iu&l, at 14 37 a 94 60 for Jer??y. ?Sale* of 3.100 bushels w?rs made, including L Pcutbexn red, at II fi.V and 1 60o do. Southern wnij 92 '20. Cora wan dull and salea light, being conflnf NM 16, ('GO a 2P,01HJ buabela Southern wtite, at | an I at ?5c. a 9?o. for ;-o,ithe rn and Jersey yellow, was *>Uady, but without sates of moment. Barley in fair demand; sales of 100 buaheU were mail* ( railroad d?i ot at 41. Oat* were in good demand i changed prices. C( tton ? The salea were moderate, and Included I f.00 it f!(;0 baV?? the market closlrg firm. Fr.?:i;in?.? Eagvgemeut* wi<re light the rate* st? .idy. aed inclodt d 000 a 900 bale* of netton, at 6 for c-mprened. ami 3 I ' d. for uncompressed, wi ba.'e- S?a Maud do at >?e. ; lOOhhii*. tallow at til, Corn ?an at 6d. a h V'- in built and od. in Dirre ??? nothing nc? to l/?ndon or to the Conti | To California rates wer* steady at Stc. a 3*>3. pei tuearurement. A ebip waa taken ap to load w.tl ton at Mob-ltt, for a port In Kurope, at one cant p>-r I Fat'ir ? Hale* if 200 boxes drjr raisin* were me ? 2 46. and khsII lots wet, at 92 12 a 12 26. Hay waa at"a1y at 90s. a 96c. Hops.? The market waa lower and only smafl were making fur home use, at 20c. a 26c. 1*0* ?The aa.es included about 150 tons SeotcB at >30 a $31. , I.E.ID. ? r'ales of 70 ton* Spanish In bomd, for expol to. cash. I MolawM. ? Hales of 300 a 400 bbU. Jfew Orleaaal made at about 2f>?. a 27e I Naval h'toR** ? Ihe market waa quiet anl eaJesI limited. 100 bbl*. spirit* were aold at dO.^e. waa dull at $1 t,2 Oil* were ur changed raoxmo**.? for* w?s firmer ao-i the sales iac about 600 a 80" bbl*., Including old meaa at $13 I ? 2; net ? do at9W/0atl4 62, and new prraae i '.6. H<-? f ? About 310 bbla. were sold, country aa ? t olo pi ices. Cu* meat* were atealy, with sa tierce* bama at 8)?c.. and 30,000 lb*, cle^r bacon ?t 9e. , al.ort middle a of bacon wer^stored at 8*. anl do. at *Xe. at-Hc aaked. Iar l? The sal?w "ml i 2WTi :.oObkl*. J about 9%e.. the market cloeed ! wl atfiru.ir. I Rick? A boat 300 ca-ks were reported at pri :ee I ' lag fiom $3 60 a $4 6C per 100 lb* I fririw ? 60 beg* ginger at 6e. aad 10 cases autm^B 06 eta Tl.p market was firmer and the sale* < ?d about 1 1,600 hh .a. chi< fly Xew OrUans, at 4 I fc., and 150 do. Cuba, at fXc. a 4\c. Bale* 4 hhde. ware also mad* by auction at $4 26 a $? 44.1 Taiiow waa letter, with sale* of 4,000 |%a at. )~| traa>air waa tewer and dull? Prison waa at It cent* per gallon Domeatlc i N'iw rtmroat) Oil Mabkkt? F?. It. ? 8perm-| have been no salea the past week, the market beii up to fatuHay, wben there waa aa arrival of W by the Kathleen. Whale? There ha* be*Si aome a ia the market and satee to the eateat of 1,60 bate been made apon private term*. Also 10C black, at 60e: aad 60 do. blaektiefc, at Mr. Id hsaeea, SOO bbla have been soM te parties in thf at ?3e dalieersd here. Wha?ebesw>? Mala* I * 10,009 tbe. polar at priee* aet traaspjredr