Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 24, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 24, 1855 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD. ?*??* CORDON BEHMBTl, FBWWETCR AND KMC?. tni(> Si. W. C?k<ll KilUC A>? jrrHCM wr? TEJUUP, ran h ?n m t.'jIL / HJ-fi Ji I 2 .-m* ?tr ?T*-V w ?*???? W? WtEJO. V B&M a I J)nirt "'??? '*?> 4i? *W"L mpv, Itr S3 ffr >.nngn , </U ?* J ??aay >ur! ?/ or u> W <? >w( V ?** WtMtt. ?clA (? tn. li.uf ?ct I 1#< V?>lMOB? II ajtcumutc this irjjcue. ?IfABWAT TH1ATBJI fc:??d~?j-Civu.i?4rio!?? A* lias *? Two Faas. AC WIST TBEATKI, lmety~ Mi'Br*n*p Bo'tain - (h'RinV 0vT?W6-fTl? SvAKUlXU til III HCBTOS'B THIATKK, CLi.iK*ti Hfe?W-SwE4Tnr?RT? Jk*i> Sniii. i i-Tm SnTti>?. WALLACX'B TEEATAX. Src?CwM? Tub 9olm*i ? hmnmr->*h ?whin You C.t?- O'f LannittAN ?itc TUB > nihil"- ilnt'l Dooobi. A47X1CAM tfCtXCK? Aft?Bi.o?B ?lJ EtBBlBf- UitcLB *(>?'? k'AeJB. (T CO!' S JilMTMLS XtckMlM' K?J2? ?7> Brtk4w?J JliCllIT I Of ERA H&ISK, &3S Xrcaavtj? Brca. lTa:C?)AH tTIBA T*t\.?E. EMPIRE HALL, 506 Bro&'i waj? I' ANOiiiu a or Suaort. JHcw York, Hatarday. February SW. 1855. The few*. 1b tbe United Bute* S-ns:e yttteriay, the bill to inkct cfficers ud ether persons ac-mg under the tathomy of the federal government ?u taken no. M is detJgted to put an effecttta" rtop to tbe annoy aun heretofore experienced by ifficereef tbe gov ciHMit when executing tbe a?n .n districts whers tbe "higher law'' advocates attemp: to override the atatotea and tbe constitution. 1? as inevitable con wqoeoce the free soil caoai oppose! tbe meuure, ?r. Wtde leading tbe aita.h. A fiery debate eesned between tbe free soil fusion coterie cn tbe cm aide, and the Nebraekai'es cs tbe other, beaded by Jodge Dooglas. Since tbe commencement of tte session tbe free sonJer* hive axxioutly watted lor an opporrnnity to display their forces, and tbe Mnoerats have as anxiously waited for an occasion to awaii tbe omnipotent Know Nothing*. The wished for bme arrived? :be icag pest up rhetorical Hwrn: burst faith with & vengcacce. Judge Dong* las a terrible ous acght on the party which, A hjf opinion, were instrumental in defeating Gee. Shields. The debate on tbe slavery question was ib? most exciting that bas occurred for years, and him reus la tbe extreme. Tbe disensron iaued ?nil after midnight, when tbe bill was parsed by a vots of twontynina to nine. In the House jeeterday lit'. Bell ere' resolution, offered early in the session, calling for information respecting the objects cf tbe Oitend Conference, was if ported by tbe Committee on foreign Affaire, and adepted. In ccmmittee (be consideration of tbe Cirll and Diplomatic Appropriation bill was re newed. Mr. Edge:tos offered ui amendment to re fud dctiee oo all r&Lrcai Iron laid down between Jaae 30, 1853, and July 1, 1850. Tbe chairman de deed it out o! titer, but tie ccmmltt oe reversed ibe decision, and a ceba'e on tbe tariff ensued, daring which Mr. Bankc tald tea: tbe manufacturers el New Erg'and did cot demand other protec tion tfc&n that a revenue principle affii:d9i> thus oenfrming tbe asiertfos mau9 in tbe Senate a day or two by General Wil9on, that Mtstachusttta was nearly ready to embrace frte trade dtcirlnes. Mr. Let tier cfT;red ao asub ?ttu:e tie attended tariff bilJ, pr; posed by tbe chairman of the Ccmmitwe o.' Ways He ana, with attemicie proposing that after Ju.j ] articles tic w raying trie hundred, forty and thirty per cent, aha 1 pay eighty, thirtj twc and twenty-four per ?tnt It wife agreed to by a voce of 99 to 86, and lutoeeqnently the amendment was ccnouired in by the Home., Ti. siedtcertiedniy exraLroad ten lis fei cent, and is regarded ae mere aivcrae t3 tbe in? interest than tbe operation of tie bill to extend credit fcr duties would be. Oar special dispatch fives seme interesting ii'.o:xa;ion respecting tbe anticipated action ol Congress on tiLa mtaeure. Is tbe New York Senate yeeheruay the prohibi tory liquor bill was referred to tee select ccmm.tee m temperance. There appe^ra to be a strong im preesjou that *.be blJl will be materially modifies, and, Indeed, thne is a remote probability :1st it ?ay bo thrown overboard altogether. Tie L?m ?on (uave case resolution ( bp, do diapits fcttween tbe rival w tig politician) was renewed with ?creased blttemear. Mr. Dlck-iuion read letter* from Henry Clay, tiank rg fceward for hie services IB the canvass of 1844, aid also letters frcx -hrr low Weed, Mr. Schermcrbcrc, K.* .Clones aud others, wkj.b we have transferred to our odium as, relaiv# >c tbe Albany mee ,'rg cf 1848 Ibe bill relative tc tae tenure of church jrope-ty discu?ted by Mr. Biancp and tben laid Tie report of the com mittee cn tbe Stave census giving tbe appointment ef marshals to tie Secrttary of State, was agrees to. Tbe Senate alto agrctd to adjourn from tea i?tb to the 16:h cf i?artb; :n oiie: to a:oept tbe ?vilaxcn cf tie Ten Ouven err. Nething of special interest transpired m lis &s Mmb'y. In tbe vote rpoc tie Seal pum+t cf tbe temp*: ante bJJ, on "Weduesd&y, the saie of Mr. P. D. Macniie, cf tela c':y, was Inadvertently omitted % ue reporter aaccg tie nefati*?es, w'th wicm be ??ted. Mr. M. regarCed this as a malic! cut tiara >reeentfcuOc, tra moved t he fxpus.'onof the ni tt: ly reporter frcm tie fl *or cf tt t Asss ?t"j. Tbe notion wat, however, aid :>n tbe table. "?? j ublisb to-day tbe address cf Gen. E:.ust:n to iLe abolttionlKs of Boetoc,de Ivsredcn The relay <v??icg iait. las: night tie Gex?ra' lecture i to a targe audience In tbe s? ne city -vhen Ttx<.e formed it* :b*mc cf hit dis^o-te. Tfct Senate cf New Jit*} jet.eri.ay ae:ta'<t>d tie fit hibltory l.quor bEl by a msj )T"ty of on*. It bat abtcdy parsed tie House. "Ve have later news from Nev Mexico. Tre lr gtaic are becoaisg exzteu-sg y trsnolefcmt. At Voebio on December 25 fourteen men were mussvrej l?y tie lavages, atl stwt wtmen anu dllL-en carried :ff The iababUante cf S-rta Fe exptcted ax at ack fica a luge fone cf yipachet tho bs3 tfettimiMd to tike tie town. Tbe First dragocae i.U. a figbt with a purty of ixd-ats a: Bacramstto ^Unntaia on tbe 25tb Jauiary, wben twelve of tbe latter were ktllel. Cap.. Henry W. Stantcn and tbrte privates, bovver, were s kin by U.e Icuiane. Ifcnl. Hturget comj letely routed a ;a-,y cf Aptcbee a xty ailec ft on 3aafa Fe, ard recovered a number ef atoita cattle. Thrtc ooaorrtntt* bad tre .lc j an tnie nit fjui'-emctt tbrcugk: ut tbe Terr tory, ant tov. c'ariand bid caL'sd cn> Cve eompaciet cf v> laxtrera to protect tbe settlare. There was, bow eve. , great diMpprcal mssl/fs ed at Oartt Fe to the cturse of tbe Ooveror In reftidnc; to udopt "la aimmary me^sarts reooaaeaded by ibe people tn the suopreikion of hit'.oiiet. A Elate con7fnt';,-a of tie Ko;w No r .:?# of 1L*t .ookr, for the wz-n of norc rut sg rf-aes for State off era, wau Lc ma ;l w; Louitv^la vta'erday. it aactker c lara wli. \r. 'cuzL a rep.r. ci very jf'reatiig prsceed'XfB t? ra a ? tbe order fc* the ?rrsstaf tha Spanish C:?>rU in d Garret*. '.a:ut ea*? tt the jourg C^bai 7ho, 21 le a:i*gsd was I fertlby fakex frcm scbocl for the parjose oi ccn. yt}i2g jiuj tt Caba, ttbtie 1..B fatier 'sactptlvt. ~iet-?lcf Ol.ver l4?fo?tbe moruar of n. Harrison Ix Wriiimtburg oa the 7th of N.vem ?>?j jfit, dorixg ti e eleotua riot , and which it tt i tuj fl '.if ut/sx-. :.n ef tbs Ksg- Couxy Court of Ojr r ax. Termbs? foi f u* diys, wan toerlnilad y?si?-'?y- Tit jury .'Jtoi & ve*dic' apaiast tie I' of muT>{h'.rr ta i'.i 5:r: > ^ret. He wta rtE^s^ci to .iaJ rx ? J tAr aorax^ ";c.#d ???? tiico aill be J.ssatd. jnstlea wcsaol y i for stvtrul bor a la?'. ev9B Svg J tae I<o?er rclice Csmt.far tht ptrpoea of 4''? meters onafjtsd wlta the lata yppti^d fl*8u qj tht Market B^fc. 7rt uo wit? is were reexamined ud again eroes-exun ined by ax- Judge Bee be and Mr. Clinton, bat very few additional facta wers elicited. The cue sauli adjourned until nrxl Wednee day after noon, at thre* e clock. We bare in tjpe a foil report of the pro ceeding* of yesterday, which we are compelled to emit for wasit of room. Tte Board of Aldermtn met lMt evening. A resolution tendering the Governor a room to tiss. Houston, for the parpeee of receiving the cirfltuts tf iua feiiow- citizens, wee adopt sd, asd a committee was appointed to do the honor*. The Board of C-mnoiimen net laat evening, puctl a number of bills, and transacted, generally, a lai at amount of business. The ordinance for tbe relief of the poor wis passed, appropriating the turn of $11,000 to tbe various ward re lief associations, as well as $15,000 to the New York Relief Association. A resolation fjox tbe Beard of Aldermen to tender the Goverrcr's rcom, In the City Eil'.to General Sim Hooitoc, on his aniva', so tha*. he may publicly re ceive ;be citizeu of New Yo:a, was concur.ed In. The report of the Committee on tbe L.w Deptrt meit, submitting the draft of an act to aaend the ci the city o? New York, was accepted, and tbe draft adopte d by sections. At a vary late hour tbe Bobrd adjourrtd to the first Mot day in March* Tbe Btcrerary of the Treasury bas promulgated an important decision relating to the carrying of emigrant passexgers. It Is as follows If <i dbio doen cot carry a larger n imbtr of raseen geri. in otl?r parts of said T?sie) than she ia legally en | titled to carry on her loner and orlop deck a, and aaid pasafsgera have tbe ipacea unoccupied by other good", not being their pergonal baggage, in tbe part of eaid vesae) where carried, which are p-et>cribed by law, tbe ia not liable to the penalties imposed by aaidlawa tor an ficedf of paaeengera, even though her lower or orlop decia may be occupied in whole or in part for the a tor* age of scerchandiae. This lettles the matte; in controversy between the merchants and shippers and Congress, and also secures to passengers the space allotted by tbe laws to them while on shipboard. Tte market for cotton yesterday was less active, the sales having reached only about COO a 000 boles. Grades of good middling Gulf cottons and upwards were about J c. per lb. higher, while tbelo*er,gr&des were unchanged. Flour was in fair demand, at un changed prices. The trade in Southern brands was tome iets brisk, owing to some let up in the East ern cemard. The export demand was limited. Small aales of Southern white wheat were made at 1 2 25 a 12 30. Corn Has inactive, and prices about the same. Pork w&a held Grhier for new mess, bat ra'es were moderate 'or all kLsds, except new p im9 mess, considerable lales of which were reported at 116 50. Wbi?key tended downward, and siles of prison were a?'31c. a 32a. Sugars were stiaiy, with ti'te of sboot 1,600 hhds. The Onto* Queitloii?The OoTcrnment and the FIllbuj?t< r*? Necfvslty of a Settlement. The disclosures which we published yester day concerning the late extensive conspiracy between '-he Creoles of Cuba and the filibuste ros of the United States, for the liberation of " the ever-faithful ielind" from the bondage of Spain, Lave doubtless confirmed our intelligent readers that this island has bad a narrow escape from the combined atrocities of a baccancering Corny and a local insurrection. From the fate of Lopez and h?? followers, we may conjecture thai a collision in Cuba be tween eight or ten tbousani American filibus ters and the creolc insurgents cn the one side, uid twenty or thirty thousand Spinish troops, Tviih ;he cc-operating forces 02' the Spanish, English and French fleets in these waters, on the other side, would result ia a horrible slaugh ter to all parties. Wc may also safely conclude that this would not be :he worst of It; but that in the complications and excitements of the biooSy dram*, there woald lie the greater din ger oi" our government being abruptly dragged into *.he contest against the combined land and naval forces of Spain, England and France. We presume that the good offices of Secretary ' Marcy in the timely warning whi;h his supe rior xtcans of information have enabled him to give to General Concha, of the impending ex plosion, will be duly appreciated by the supreme government a; Madrid. We suppose that the Hon. Aug jstus Cirsar Dodge, our new Minister to Spain, will require no other cre dentials of the good fj.i:h of Mr. President P'ercP; since the blow np of the Ostend fill' basttrirg coalition, than these important ser vices against the Cu' Creoles and our filibus ters. Certainly no better proofs of a faithful and vigils! neutrality could be req tired by Qioen Jta"t>eii8. wha-ever may be tteo eitent of the suggested treachery in the Cabinet or Kitchen Cabinet to the 'iberaiing conspiracy. Tue plot has been detested, expwed and ex ploded in the nick cf time. A few days longer dc.ay would have ?esuited ia a Culan raid and a Cuban revolt. Upon the heel of fb2se dis coveries it becomes impoiUnt to kaow what our administration proposen to do. We have seme glimerings of intelligence cp ,n ibis point, but they are indefinite and unsc.ti* factory. Itap penrs thai something of a sensa'ion has been created "n ..ur "used up" Cabinet, if no: a decidcd;ioo. We understand ib?t WL\ Pierce, with the. advice ancl consent of Marcy, proposes now :o bring Spain to an understanding, cne way or the other; and to dem~?nd at the same time an explanation from the Eri'ish Cabinet of the meaning of those ships of war constantly hovering about Ilivani. Spuin is to cone to a settlement touching the Black Warrior and oiler similar outrages, in cluding. we presnjW, " Indemnity for the oast and security for the fu'ure."' Mi. Dodge will go out charged with this "mpir^nt business, tut suppose ;ba: Spain give- the indemn'ty and the security required ; suppose that England insists ^pon fcer r'ght to g^a'd the colonies of a friendly newer aguin&t the filibusters, on the plea of piracy? the same piea upon which she has betn watching the coa?ts of Cuba against African tlavers ? whit then? The sovereignty of Cuba rur.ains ihc s?me ?nd there will be no answer to Eng.aad's justificaticc, for the fili b asters have been outlawed by the prcclama I tiens of our own govtrnmei.-. To the Ht?it 0." our information then, there j? nothinp in tne p-esent policy of the admin istration which p:omiFC9 the pvifica ioa of Cuba. Spain wi"l continue to hol1 'he islacd ; the filibustering organizations in United S* jtes will continue to (?outi?h , } .tent rebellion wii:stiM oe encourage] amnnr *he cr?olos ; the fears of Stain and thrjealojslasof England and Frsece will thus b? kept a'.iv", and *h?ir ?hips cf war, hedging about the cori-j aci bays o* Cuba. w;l! t y serve 0 inline and popularize .Lt filibustering sp'ri; in tbe LrDi*?.^ c ate*, as a righteous xEdT*me:u against :.n intermcd <V.;rg foreign toalit'on appears .nut ifc's lust Atner'tao o.*t'aiii/a ?'.n for a d- cent upon Tabu vns modelled up<n the <xp"'ien;?> u <1 ilre'l from 'be pioneer ing esTcd'*iocs of Lupea. The I: t of thsso eir?v"im?n' r-Ted tbv ceu,J ^ * ?Uen. ]Iad Lopez ; messed a. 've foi.e of three 'r&"."nrd, instead 0:' 'hree hnndre* Ten *ve result ninb; have oeen vastly different. The filibusters Ir this la.c plot pursued 'heir p'ans tc?ordiogly. Soto *eti ibcn<a"d m-'n we t* I tiutllcd, 0 mlllioa ^'3 a l-L' oi icjney wjs ?WW raised, and the necessary steps were taken for th? beet arms and the swiftest steamers and clippers, for a sudden descent npon the " faith ful" island, including better and more reliable arrangements for the co-operation of the creolea. With these precautions, can any one suppose that, with the landing of even five thousand Americans in Cuba, there oould be any other ultimate issue than the liberation of the island, or a war between the United States and Spain and ber allies? The conspiracy is suppressed. Gen. Concha has been pursuing and punishing the rebels within the island, lie may exterminate them, for he has the instruments, and the will, and the power, at his command. But the case in different with the filibustering clubs in this country. Our laws cannot reach them. Their organizations and proceedings and purposes are secret, and can only be detected through imprudence or treachery among themselves. We venture to say that these clubs, though be tray ed for the present, have not been disbinded, but that they still exist, and will continue to exist and increase as long as the present tempt ing and anomalous relations of Cuba to Spun shall last. For all that we know to the con trary, the mass of the great Know Nothing party of the South are at this day active sym pathizers with the filibusters. In fact, it is ?cry likely that a Southern Know Nothing Council and a filibustering club, in most cases, are one and the same thing. The danger, then, to Cuba, is not over ; it is only post poned. The liberators will hold on, and watch their opportunity. A crisis in the European war may call off the British and French fleets ; and an opening like this, of a fortnight's dura tion, may bring upon Cuba, under cover of night, a well-appointed army of six, eight or ten thousand Anglo-Saxon invaders, dropping in from Dominica or Yucatan, in the rear of the island and the Spanish rorceB. Such, we doubt not, are the estimates of the oonspirators. What, then, is the policy of the administra tion? The mission of Mr. Dodge will amount to nothing. It may cover the sore, but will not heal it. Under the plaster of indemnities and securities, if be get them, it will still ran kle. So of the demand which Marcy is about to write to the British Cabinet respecting tbose ships of war. Better send Chevalier Wikoff to Lord Palmerston, and Chevalier Webb to Lord Clarendon, at once. They might ferret out | something; but who* is to be expected of Mr. Buchanan. A reply that it is all right? no offence? only watching the filibusters? nothing "What, then, should be done ? England and France suspect, trom what they have seen of Mr. Pierce's foreign policy and his European diplomats, that it is the fixed purpose of oar government to steal Cuba, through the agency of the filibusters. Spain religiously believes it, and in this view the three Powers are leagued against us. Let the allies succfled in a timely and satisfactory peace with Russia, and they will proceed to settle the law for Cuba in their own way. Now, therefore, is the time for taking the initiative. France and England, con?i<lering the importance to them of the most friendly relations with the United States, are now open to conviction. A joint commission, therefore, to England, France and Spain is our policy lor the preeent crisis. Mr. Dodge will come back as empty handed m SouU. Spain, as anrofectorate of England and Franc?, muBt, through them, be approached. "We submit this proposition, in good faith, to our Premier. Now is the time. There is no safety in the uture. The New Haven Railroad Spurious Btocte? Honor In Wall Street. It is tot gfnerally known that an act on is pending at the present moment between "the New York and New Haven Railroad Company plaintiffs, and about two hundred persons, de fendants. for the recovery of the stock which was illegally and fraudulently issued by Robert Schuyler. It is hardly necessary to premise that when Robert Schuyler issued this stock, he sold or pledged it for money to various parties; and that, being to all appearance identically the same as the genuine stock, it was so bought or received as collateral by many persons who hold it to this day or have in their turn trans ferred it to others. No one has yet been able to distinguish this spurious stock from the genuine; and partly from this difficulty, but more from a sense of honor, the policy of adopt ing tLe spurious s'ock and recognizing it as valid has been strongly urged on the com pany. It bae been argued that the com pany appointed Schuyler, and gave him fall pjwers to if sue stock, and that they arc there fore bound by the contracts which he made in the capacity in which he was placed. Reference has also been made to the fatal consequences which could not fail to ensue from the repu diation of this stock, on legal or technical grounds; and the railroad interest of the city and the State have been warned that it were better economy for them to lose twice the two Billions involved in tb? spurious stock, than to destroy their credit by diiowning the act of their duly appointed officer. Well after six months deliberation on these various sugges tions. the New Haven Railroad Company, wnicn in the meantime has passed under the control of new men, resolves to proceed by suing a given number of stockholders, who in the opinion of the directors arc holders of the spurious stock, and claiming the surrender of the tame. The a:t!on is based on various grounds; but the main one, on which the chief reliance of the company is placed, is the plea of usury. It is alleged in the declaration that tbe defendants obtained their stock " for a cor rupt and usurious consideration/' that is to g?y gave less than the par value, as is the cae in every railroad security except first mortgage bcnd?; ur.d on ihis ground the company demand tbat their tMe to it be resiliated and the stock reitorcd to the directors. In romtcentingos a transaction of so flip-ant a character as -hit the ,o arnalist is embarassed tc know which cf Its many scanlalous features to notice first. How can tbe company tell wither the defendant's stock be genuine or spuricos t An Odip is would fall to perctive any distinction between the two issues, so pre cisely a ike are they in every respect. Then ncaic. tbe law of New York declares that cor porations thril not plead isury: a provision -.?p?rep41.y la'al to the roropaoy's action. But, no doubt torn-: hair splitting lawyer will argue ?bat a declarn'lon la not a plea; at all events. lb? law oi New York i? not the ".aw of Connec ticut, w d :L-jre 'he om. aty m-y r>ad uwry with snc:?", while in this St*V> tbe share holders, ihemse".vc? (nod, are *h:i ?r*.ra suing th* irirpary Again ft* tttlcn. or rather tb?se two hundred acuots fcrc;gbt i^alna; twol^lrca d'-fcicoi will ec*i a large sum of money. 01 oonne the com- , pan j 'b costs are to be paid out of the earniags of the road; bat the defendants pay their own. Among the number we notice several females ; there are doubtless many poor persona also, who invested their petty savings in a few shares ot a railroad managed by the leading men of the State. These persons are pun ched for baying New Haven Railroad Htock in good faith by a law salt wh'.ch th*y will be forced to defend at great cost. These are, however, the minor anomalies of the proceeding. The main point is the inten tion evinced on the part of the oompany to avail itself of every legal qolbble that can be devised to defraad the honest and innocent holders of its stock. It is a matter of notoriety that nine out of ten transactions in Wall street ?re in violation of the usury laws; and every sale or purchase at the Brokers' Board is so di

rectly contrary to law that in case payment be denied by the debtor, the creditor has no re medy. This is not peculiar to New York; the tame is the case In London, Paris and every commercial city. No inconvenience arises from the practice, because the sentiment of honor answers the purpose of a legal restraint, and no man can hold up his head who would avail himself of the opportunity afforded by the law for defrauding hi^ creditors. Even those who in other matters would not stick at a sharp operation, have too much policy? if no higher motive? to plead usury. Tet this is the plea set up on behalf of the New Haven Railrogfl Company, and by the aid of which it is sought to deprive the holders of twenty thousand Bhares of Btock of the proper ty which they bought of Schuyler and his agents. Have the annals of railroads ever contained anything more scandaloue? Was the infamy perpetrated by Robert Schuyler himself of so mnch deeper a dye? Note the men, too, who come forward in tne face of New York and the world, and say that, in their col lective capacity as shareholders of the New Haven Railroad, they decide that such and such of their fellow shareholders who bought their stock in the same way as they did themselves, have no claim to it, and must be deprived of it by the aid of a legal quibble ? because, forsooth, these same men elected a rogue for a President, and let him issue false stock! The list itself will be lound elsewhere; but note a few of the names. There is William B. Astor, Stephen Whitney, Henry Grinnell, George Griswold, four names not usually found on the side of dis honor or trickery. Then we have Brown Brothers, Dennistotin, Wood & Co, Alsop & Chauncey, Phelps. Dodge & Co., Grinnell, Minturn & Co., firms well known over bath continents, and hitherto irreproachable. Of Boston, we find s:ch men as David Sears, Francis Peabody, Peter Parker; whose friends will be not a little surprised at their lending their influence and their character to such a pro ceeding as this. All these gentlemen, and more of equal standing, are parties to the action brought by the New Haven Railroad. Not one of them but would indignantly repudiate the idea of pleading usury in his private business; and yet, as partners in this railroad, they plead it, and by its aid demand that the widow, and the poor farmer be despoiled of his savings. In a very short time, it is to be presumed that the case will have passed out ot the do main of newspaper discussion, and will be left to the adjudication of the courts of law. How it will end there, though very material to the two hundred persons sued, is not of much im port to the public at large. So far as they I and the railroad interest are concerned, the I mischief will be done long before judgment is rendered. It will go fbrtb as an undisputed fact that the first men of Ne v York, associated tog ther in a commercial enterprise, agreed to refuse payment of a claim beyond all breath of suspicion sound in equity, because a pe culiarity in the law enabled them to do so With SUCCCBB. The Last Parody upon Aristocratic Instttu tioks ? Two Island Sovereignties Compared ? We copy from the Moniteur Haytien a detail ed ond very amusing account of the pomp and circumstance with which the anniversary of the Declaration of the Independence of that exten sive and influential empire was l%tely cele brated. At a time when events In Enrope are daily demonstrating the impotence of aristo cratic institutions, the refreshing and pleasing picture which we present to our readers cannot but, in some degree, neutralise the feeling of con tempt which that fact inspires. We really never could understand why people should ridicule nigger royalty. Examining the thing philo sophically, we do not see anything in the pa geantry which surround* it more inconsistent or ludicrous than the tinsel show of European courts. It is only the color of the ac. ors which suggests any difference to the mind, the firms and substance being almost identical, with, perhaps, a slight difference in favor of the darkies. The English monarch, for instance, exercises less real power and personal xtluence than the august individual who fills the im perial throne of Hayti. The latter can mike dukes, counts and " belted knights,'-' at will; while the royal automaton who is supposed to rule in England cannot name a lady to her household without the consent of her prime minister. In other respects, too, the position of the Haytien is more in dependent than that of the English monarch. From reasons of obvious policy the royal family of Hayti are excluded from choosing help-mates amongst the European dynasties, and obstacles of an equally stringent nature prevent them from selecting partners from the families of any of our numerous American sovereigns Thus no suspicions of foreign and anti-nation! al partialities can ever weaken the legitimate nflnence which they exercise over the affections of their people. They are homogeneous in color and interests, and if they can only keep from quarrelling amongst themselves, ebony rule may flourish forever in Hayti. In the congratulatory addresses offered to the Haj tien Emperor on the occasion of this happy commemoration by the heads of the dif ferent departments and orders of nobility, oar readers will recognise a truly patriotic and loy al spirit, which we look for in vain amongst the aristocratic classes of older countries. Tbo Dukes of Marmalade, Limonsde and Bcenf-Roti contrast favorably with the Aberdeens, New castles. Rnssells and Grahams of the l ite Eng lish cabinet. Their eloquence may not be of so elevated an order, bat their hearts are in the right place, and there is nothing double-tatted about them. Niggers they are. a id niggers they will remain. All the gold in the world would neither make Russians cor Torks o them. Car the aristocracy of England lay their balds on their hewt* and tij as much ? It will Ik seen by tfce t peecL of the Albj Monsaa that Pope Pius IX. regards the Emperor Faustin m one of hia most devoted and beat be loved sons. We can well believe it. The Ro man Pontiff is endeavoring to make up in the Western for what the Churcb is losing in the Eastern hemisphere. lie is accumulating a quiet little ecclesiastical nest egg in Hayti, to compensate in part for the results of Spanish and Sardinian spoliations. Who knowB but that he destines Faustin the First and his successors for the futnre heroes of the church militant on the American continent? If ever the abolition ists ol the Union should realize their political dreams, the monarchs of the little island em pire of Hayti may cut an important figure in the war of religions and races to whioh (bat event will give rise. The Ten Millions Again.? According to oar speeial advices from Washington, there is a probability that a powerful effort will be m?.de to grant to the President a discretionary fund of ten millions of dollar?, in view of the pos?i ble exigencies which may arise in the approach ing nine months reccss of Congress, from our present complex and critical relations with Spain. This same application was mads a year or so ago, and refused. Had the money been granted, it is likely that we shonld at this time be overhead and ears catting and slashing among the belligerent Powers ot the earth, right and left. The application, in this in stance, however, is most probably for peace purposes. The principal spoils measures be fore Congress have failed, and the deficiencies thus arising to the Kitchen Cibinet and lobby spoilsmen must be supplied, if possible, by other expedients. Thus these ten millions may be designed for service money to tho faithful, who could not otherwise be paid. The late elections have increased the number of these expectants, and they must be provided for, or, perhaps, we may get another Gadsden treaty. Let Congress act accordingly, and grant these ten millions. Guthrie has a surplus of twenty, and more coming in. Plenty of money. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Highly Interesting from the National and State Capitals. THE TABIFF QUESTION IN CONGRESS* Indian Hassncm in New Mexico and Texas, Ac., Ac., Ac. Important from Washington. AMUDHKNT OF THZ TARIFF ? THE UNION AND LORD ELGIN'S 61>KBCB? JUDGE DOUGLAS AND THE KNOW NOTHINGS. ?Washington, Feb. 23, 1856. Houston's Tariff till was substituted as an amendment to the General Appropriation bill by the House in com mittee, to-day, instead of Edgerton's railroad ircn ?nd wool proposition, in consequent of tbe Pennsylvania members, as a ruse, pledging themselves to go for it If Edgerton's amendment was only killed thereby. Tbe Pennsylvanlans take it for granted that the friends of Edgerton's proposition will kill off Houston's amendment when it comes to be voted upon to- morrow in the House so that, by their movement to-day, it was hoped the whole subject would be got rid of. But it has trinspire J that the railroad iron and wool men do not purpose fall ing into the trap, but will vote to-morrow to retain the Houston amendment. This takes off permanently tbe duty on all iron to the amount of six cents a pound, and consequently, if carried, will affect Pennsylvania interests far more than merely giving a credit on railroad iron. Already the Pean. ylvania members are trying to make terms A compromise may be effected after the hill passes the House, by which the Senate will reject the Houston amendment if the House will take up ani pass the Se nate railroad iron bill. As matters stand at present the Pennsylvania members have overreached tbeatselve* decidedly. There was a report that the President intended to veto tbe Texas debt bill. The President, however, has stated he has bo such Intention. The Union to morrow will contain a laihrjmo'? arti cle about Lord Elgin's opinion of the Pierce administra tion, In Lis speech at Dunfermline. Tbe organ thinks it very ungrateful in Lord Elgin to speak the truth after partaking of Mr. Pierce's hospitali .y, by dining at the White House. Lord Elgin evidently was not aware that the attentions shovn him were intended as a brioe, for which be was eipe:ted to puff the administration on his return home. Judge Douglas's onslaught on the Kno* Noth'rgs, in the Senate to day, has created a great sensation. It was characterised by his usual ability and boldness. The V nit>n of tl is morning announces the following confirmations. ?John Appleton, of Maine, as Secretary of Legation to London; Samuel 8. Cox, of Ohio, as Secre tary of Legation to Peru; Robert II. Swift, of Pennsyl vania, as Consul to Haracalbo ; and Oliver H. Perry, of New York, as Consul to Canton. The editor of the Washington Union has receive! the sword of General Jackson from bis family, and designs presenting it to Congress. I.ntfit from the State Capital. cnrurn T*Nt7i!M? assemblyman maocibe akdthk ASSOCIATED PBIP8 KCTORTBKB--THE EMOItTMENTS Or THE UK AIT n OTFICEK? A TAX ON KAlLBOAOB lJttiKEC on, rrc. Albatt, Feb. 23, 1655. The bill in r?l?tirn to eburch tenure*, known >? Mr. I" tn?TO> bill, to prevent asclae'.aitiee from holding eburcb property la their own name ex.lueivcly, was taken op in the Stcata. Mr. B ahop unrolled a quantity of fool- zap, ad 4 took tbe floor. We littered to him ror half ad hour, but for tbe life of ui we were unib'e? do doubt on account <f our obtuieneaa of cowj?reben? on ? to learn wbttber he tu for or againat tbe bill Proba bly, however, be.'ore his conclusion, ha took a decided stand on cnc aide or tbe other. The exqulaite profound s' a? and extenaive lore of aome of our legiilatora render it extremely difficult for reporteri for the prec- alwayi to give the r idea* with hteral correctneaa. Mr. HiaLop occupied the pr* ator part of tht (eaaion thia morning. Tbe Houae proceeded to buFioeea with great induat.-y. Several bill* ware read a third time and deposed of. Curing tbe dulncea of thl* order of burine**, Mr. Ma guire rOM to a question of privilege. lie bad been mi< I repreaented by tbe reporter of the uiociated preaa, in tt&tlrg that be waa abtent on the final vo'e on the Tem pt ranee bill. He denied being abtent, and very indig* nantly repelled tbe atatemen i tha*. he aa<l neglected tbe interest* of bii constituent*. At bia remarka have been fnrniabed for tbe aaaociated preaa, there ia no need for reporting tham here It has long been a matter of inquire bow ir.uch yearly ncome i* received by the Health Otnrer at (Quarantine, humor haa frequently *et the amount aa b gta aa tweu.y '.bo uand dellara. Aa tbe brother-in law cf tbe Speaker of tbe Hcuae stands A No. 1 with tbe central power bete, a diapoaitlon prevails amon* tbe anem'jerj to ob tain information on tbe acore of perquliitaa. Thia h it ! induced Mr. IVaterbury to introduce tnla reaolat'on ? Readied, That tbe Health Officer repirt to tbia Hr.j?e, under catb, tbe amo'int of a'J fee* And moneya that have 1 been received by bin, In addition to bit aalar/, for boarding or vlaiting reaaeja, inquiring or eiamininr aa to tbe health of peraena on beard of veaiel?, and the condi*ion of any veaael or cargo, or oat any re pert fcT any aerrlee rendered by him, by virtue of hi* ofllce, during tbe laat year. Now, aa Dr. Vache can indnlge no farther hope of re taining tboa* ptrqnlsitea, and aa tbe informat'on *a very deairable to tbe begu* Know Nothing wbo expert* to pet tbe appointment, we can diarover no rearonable excuse for tbe Doctor incumbent to wittbold the Information. Ry making a clean breut of it, Dr. Vache will confer an obligation upen a large number of M. D. 'a, whu have *xerc'??d much ealoury ia the matter. To further carry ort bia intent on*, Mr. tTaterbury baa given netice of a Ml), wbl<"h he 'ntem'.i to an^mit, ! for regulating tbe aalary of the Health Officer at tha I Qusrant re. Pnrb as attempt baa heretofore been made, but alway* Miiitad !n failure. Tbe politician* ko >w better bow tu keep tbe:r fri'nd* in tbecho'-est elov"t. lb* redaction of eal.xrite ia a very acpoj .Jar meaaurc, alway*. Tbe failure of the Truant ?o txtenl tbe icri tatlm to the camber* of tbe I?eg>'.?*. ire, to partake I 'inner and "be et cetera*, ba? ca-aed much Qlquiry. 1 Fver aitre oM Fresh Strong <Uvi*ad the pi*n of f*a?:icg tbe Legn'ature, tbe Trojaa* bare *u;e*ratuJy prevent*! tbe conatrat'.ion of a br dge acrca* the U at Albany. >rim 'ual taa lo tfc>?, new a<^!t# d*.?n yiur* tbe acital c near caa? a* &? ;oa 2*' i of February. Bat now, M that hai bMD abandoned, it i* luppoiM they hin fives up the Idea that the projeet ?f a bridge will ever be started again. They nay rett eaay, ae the railroads are not ready yet. The Committee of Conference of the two houses efreed, three to two, to adjourn over from the 10th to the 16th of March. 80 there ii no t?l!ing yet when the I<e Iitlature will vult tha ten Governors. The House in In avor of an early day. The difficult ideation nf impoiiog canal telle on rail roada, will come up in the court* u! . nry few da>e. The whole ground baa bevn surveyed, ever; conil agency ex amined and fully ('iacoueil, uu.l it haii been decided to Introduce a bill compelling railroad companies ? the Erie, Central and Northern? to pay into the canal fund Mis upon all freight trans ported, 40th ways, during the (ea ten of canal navigation. So it ma; be well for thoae in terfiled, en either aide, to appear in the lobby forthwith.. Everybody believes it was Injudicious in taking oft the tolls, while the " rent or mankind" very mueh doubt whether they can be restored. Distressing Jfewa from New Mexico. IHDIAN MASSACRES? FANUI INABT BATTT.M T?!TB rnu. 8A.VAOK8? CAPTAIH niNHT W. STANTON KILLkD ? ? EXPBUTCD ATTACK ON SANTA FE? A GBWiRAL WAK DiKVITABLK, ETC. Lo cis vii. lb, I'alT. S3. 1856. Tke Salita Fa mall arrived at Independence yesterday. On the 36th of December a party of 100 Apache* and Utabs massacred, at Pueblo, fourteen men, aod took three women and two children prisoner!. Great excitement is now prevailing at Santa Fe on atcount of the general faoitiilty exhibited by the Indians, who are (wearing vengeance against all Americana and Mcxieans. On the 26th January Capt. Howell, of the First dra goons, had a fight with the Miecaulero Apaches, at Sacramento Mountain, and killed twelve of them. The loft on the American aid* was Capt. Henry W. dtanton. and tbree nrivates. Gov. Garland bas called Into lervice five companies of volunteers for, six months, and recommends calling upon Congress for an amount necessary to pay the expenses. Col. Jones bad arrived at Santa Fe and entered upon the dnties of his office. The mail was not troubld by the Indians. An express arrived at Santa Fe the day before the mail left, stating that 400 Apache* and Utahs were coming to take the town by force of arm*. lieut S'.u-gis also bad a fight with the Apaches, sixty miles from ?anta Fe, and completely routed them, and recaptured a lot of stolen stock. The Governor la very much censured at Santa Fe, and throughout the Territory, on account of his disapproval of the active course taken bj the people to suppress the Indian hostilities. fltitcnl Houston In Bodon. Boston, Feb. 23, I860. Thin forenoon Gen. 3am Houston visit-d the C ty Hail, and was introduced to the municipal authorities and the numerous eitizons present. In the afternoon he visited ?etcral of the public institution*, accompanied by the Mayor and other member* of the city government. In the evening the General delivered a lecture en Texas^ at the Trenont Temple to a vtry large audience, the price of admission being twenty five cents. Be was listened to with great attention. The Slew Jcriry Prohibitory BUI Defeated* Tkunton, Feb. 23, 1855. The I'rohibitory liquor till wa* defeated in the Seaat? yesterday, by a vote of 0 to 10. The Biuk bill* were all ordered to a third reading la the House to-day. Ohio State Temperance Convention. CiacimsATi, Feb. 23, 1855. The State Temperance Convention met at Columbue yesterday. Delegates from all parti of the State were present. Resolutions were jassed apprcviig of the Stats liquor lew, as far as it goss, and pledgicg not to rest until the Legislature passes a prohibitory U*. Kentucky Know Sotiilug State Convention* Locisvilu, Feb. 23, 1856. A Know Nothing Convention is again in cesiicn here, it is reported, for the purpose of nominating cttrdidates for State oOcers. The Canadian Parliament. QtrsiiEc, Feb. 23, 1S55. The Provincial Ftr'!?m?nt re asrtmbled to day, after an adjournment of Liue weeks. The Government will introduce a mcaaure abolishing the postage on newspa pers. From the South. THE INDLAN n09in.rrii.-8 IH TEXAS ? FOROEHT, 8TC. Baltimore, Feb. 23, 1655. New Orleans papers of Saturday are received. Galveston dates to the 16th are received. I'ra'.ri? 8 have been burned by the Indians from Red River on the Fast, to Forts Belknap and Cbadbourne en the West. The Austin papers contain reports of numerous depre dations by the Indians. Great excitement t&ists, acl families are banding together for protsetion. A forged cheek for $1,400 was paid at the Merchants' Bank in this city, to day. Criminal matters. CONVICTION OF AN INTEND' AHY. Oglinbdcro, Feb. 23, 1155. Robert Wilson was tried at Canton, and to day con victed of arson in the second degree, and sentenced to State Prison for life. His wife, convicted of borglary In the third degree, was sentenced to five year's imprison' ment. MVBDER TRIAL0. Trot, Feb. 13, 1S65. Joseph Vsrney, who has been on trial in the Rens selaer Court of Oyeraad Terminer, for the m order of EliHurlbut, on the lTth of September Laet, was acquitted this evening. The jury were out two hours. The trial of Arthur McKabon, for the murder of his wife a fe?9 months since, will probably commence to morrow. Steamboat Disaster on the Ohio. CISCISJCATJ, Feb. 23, 1655. The 'tesmer Bacon, from St Louis for New Orleans, was sunk on Cunday at the junction of the Oh o tod Mississippi rivers. Boat ant cargo a to'?l *.o?s. JUi? makes tlree first class St. Louis steamboats that have teen sunk within a week, causing a loss of t200,000. Railroads Obstructed by Snow. Chicago, Feb. *3, 1-65. It has fc?en snowing at intervals during the day. The Galena, Illinois, Central and Chicago, am Ml' ssipjl railroads are strain badly obstructed. Markets. On<RTTsro*, Feb. J", 1855. Our cotton market opened buoyant, but c'oti J heavy. Sales of th? week 14,(04 bales, (food nudiling is quoted at 8 \e. a f \e. Re reipts ef the weok 10,300 balei. Stoc* on band 28,000. Our rice market stows n? haope, and the business is moderate, at prices ranging from $3 82,'? a 14 50. Receipts of the week 2.100 tierces. Stocu 3,800 tierces. Cotton freights to Literpool, 7-10: to HATre, 13-]Cd. Mill ADBLf ETA BTOCK BOARD. Pmi.ADn.rBU, Feb. 23, 1865. Money is abundaat to day. stocks are steady at the following rates:? Reading, .37 \\ Morrs Canal, 1 5 >?; Long Island Railroad, 17.H ; Tennsylrania KaJroeri. Feinfylrania Stats fives, 88. City Intelligence^ Tm W?i*yi*R ? Yesterday wm raw, stormy, "oowy, cloudy, muddy, Indeed everything that w?? unpleasant ?ad uncart fortable. During tfc* morning 'fcsre wai titty itdlcaUcn of a (dot itorm. The white flakes ram* flit ting down, fllling tne air, drifting from the boagetop*, and against the windows, covering window-ail], awning, ?toon, sidewalk and street, with a mo?j garment Th'a continued antli me afternoon, whan tha F*o*m e* ised and tk? snow melted from the pave meat. >.<? ? > -it able aature of oar :iimat? waa strongly exempUfK'l in the contrast between veeterdaT and tha day befaae; tha tne bright, balmy and spr ag lite, the other ?old,?lreary and wintry. Tba day eoat uued dark aal leweriaf, with every prof pe of Bore wet weather. Ajr*nriju>?!iT o* trie Rrvnumoi* Snenth anniversary of the Fr*nch revolution of 1S?8 ?iU t# celebrated to- daj by .hefreacti residecta c: '.his oity. The repre?"&tatl*?a of the different rad rwpthlieiu anl rocial'stie e!ubs. of all nat'onilitlcn, are tj ro?#tat 10 Leonard *tr?et at J if. M., u! fr<"ni th'a'a p.occei to he Mh?r?p?r? Hole?, wh#rc t'aey will parUVo of a, <.nJ b?t 'pet TnrHtfcS^s Rivm Ra:i.road A' Kr. iiiu-l &ingerianu, tha eafferer ,j the uoddent cn the l|u ?v>-? R.v*r Railroad, puVlshe I In jeeterday'e IIrm*, ha?, we nacerrtan.l, since dic'.frtu the effect* of the iejuri?e he rec?lv?d. Th? mUsisa I"*, whfih had te->n last by the '?arel???r>?"? of the drhe- who ronvsyed M-. HI nge.* Isnd to Ve r?sH?tfe, wa? |o-td l.y tte police |n Mia atreet. and ta<i?n to the Tw#i)ty-secool ward f.atioa boo?e, where Ms friend* hate since found It. Tnr L/tt iMintoj tw? IICDao.v HiTrit Rjnwao DtnTP or titk Itjcato Ma* ? Yeater<Uy, Mr. ?kma?-l SliagtrUad, ?lic wae eetnly injured ?a Tfcir?4ay, by belar rua ov?r by one of t>ie Hud<on H>er tatlroad trait of rare, d e I at hi* rem lenoe, No. i9 Rarraw strsr , from the of toe received An Taquert will be be'.i apon the body of tfce deceased to-day. Tn Latt Ijo Bur i' Civ? The ioqitest cpor. .be body of Eogeaia Wlee, the wtrrea who died at the Yew VerV ITo?pltM on Thursday aftamoot, fram the effr.'te of ?ttna pr.eanotis lag?r ht*r that aha <!??nh on tba 23d nit, *11 poetprned yesterday by Oo-aaer W!l. helm, on aeeomt of tha abtenea af wi'aessas, into 11 o'clock to day, w all wha can any ta?* m?y li tta caet W.U attead at tha New York Baep'tal