Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

?Wful manner. The explosion wu distinctly teen by aaany pernona from the levee; and a moment after iU oc ??rrt-noe innumerable boats, and alao the ferry boat running between thi? and Washington, st>?d to the s-ene ?f the ditiasfr. The bo lie* were p.cked up. auJ a party ?f men proceeded to t'lear away the wreck for the pur poee of taring or recoveiing those remaining on board, it any. The bow of the *>oat was literally blown into ten thousand nieces by tl e force of the explosion, and hero it wis that most of th? passengers assembled, to citch tho drat sight of tueir destination In the cabin the floor was lofu up by the ?tuara pi|>? communicating (the Pearl bo ng a i>tern wheel bout) with the engiDe aba 1 1 .-"evertil geuttomen were found here, badly ?called, and tcmr in a dy.ug condition. The boat, or rather tlx wre then commenced pitting: one lialf, being 'wore completely destroyed than the other, broke loose from the remaining portion of the hull. The ef forts of those on board and on shore were then directed to bringing the wreck to the shore. This was soon ef fected, and what remained of the boat was moored alon{ ?ide of a store?hip situated about the foot of 6 street. In the iimantime muuy bodies (some of them mutilated ju a shocking manner) were recovered from among the fragments floating in the river. The number of missing it about thirty, while eight dead bodies have been found and alio several persons who have been wounded. As an lucident worthy of note, 1 may meutiou that a 'arg.' and powerful dog, of the bloodhound spscies, plunged into the river soon after the accident, and res cued Mr. James Johnson, who was slightly scalded, but ?evertbeless helpless, and wouli have been drowned but ?r the dog. LIST OF KILLED, WOUNDED AND MISSING. U is impossible at present to give a correct list of the killed, wcuodoii. Ao., bat the following is correct so far as it goes. The following bodies have been recovered ? Capt. E. T. Davis, of the Pearl. C. A. Schultze, fruit dealer, from Marvsville, aged 24 yean, a German, lias a brother in San I'rancisco. John Boyden, musician, Marysville. Cel. Alex. Anderson, attorney at law, Nevada, aged 50. Franc t Fluke r, tinner, formerly from Jjong Island, N. Y., aged about 26. Samuel Randall, mate, formerly captain of steamer Plumas, aged 40 years. Four white men, names unknown. fcight Chinamen. ? Williams, formerly in the enip'.oy of A. D. Brown & Co. , of t-'aeramento. Charles Crowell, from Maine. John A. CJouie, Shasta. John Miller, G H. Wellington, C. C. Kenton. David l.utlt field, deck band. Judge Hinckley, of 8basta I'hiljp Riley, a deck hand, died in the hospital. Charles Kavauaugb. Judge Wm. O'Conuer, of tang Bar, Yuba county. Jesse Janes, formerly of Mud, or Diamond Springs. Ac Italian, named Diodata, kept a fruit store on Pacillo ?trwet, dan Francisco. Fourteen white mtn, who are unrecognized. Fourteen Chinamen. Making in all, of bo<lies recovered, forty. Marctiiua T. Porter, cook, from Marietta. Ohio ? is mis aiag. lie may be among tlie unrecognized. MIBSINO AND SIPPOSED DEAD. 1. V. Mount, of Sacramento. Wm. McBnde, Express messenger. John Sfadcr, a miner, formerly from Pennsylvania. Geo. A. Clouse, miner, from Jusper county, Indiana A man, name unknown, called " Jack," from the same place Charles Jewell, fireman. James Smith, cabin boy. The above list comprises only those whose names art) ascertained. There are others missing. LIST OF THE WOCNDED. ravid M?i?ne, <<eck passenger plinlitl y. Philip Riley, deck hand, leg broken. ? Nicholson, badly wounded ? leg broken in several pkw.es. H D. Nichol*, tinn of Polley k Co., of Sacramento, badly scalded. Emanuel Lewin, of firm of Bachc &. Co., of Shasta, not serious. James Pollock, alightly wounded in the bead. Manuel J. Jones, of San Francisco, not dangerously. Edward Springer, bai-U?eper, badly scalded. Eight Chinamen, at hospital, badly scalded, and fjur taken to private quarters. JR. K. Williams, pilot, slightly. Mr. Oilman, clerk of the bom, ba ll) scalded. Mr. Davis, of Iowa Hill, badly scalded. Mr. Spay er, dying. Mr. Goodman, of San F ranc.'fco, badly flai led at the hospital. Thomas SherUau, of Sacramento, leg broken, and badly t ealded. H Hatifey, deck hind, severely scalded. Abaer T. foule, badly scalded on the face and arms. R. B Carroll. passenger, badly scalded, and leg broke. Kdward Duncan, deck hand, slightly. ESCAPED WITHOUT INJCRY. Henry Reefer, Adams & Co.'s messenger; ? ? I eat/er. a German, passeuger; Moffat, passenger; Tour lady passengers, names not ascertained; Andrew Wadlcigh, engineer: II. C. Bid well, Stewart; George Hoy, passenger; B. Thompson, passenger. Henry Neustader and Mr. Muhlendorf, who were on the Pearl at th- time of explosion, were among the aaved. Their names were not previou^y reported. Total nnmbeT of passengers on board the Pe ?rl . . . . 'J8 Officers and crew 18 Total IV* d, lound Wounded Known to be missing. . ,"} 110 41) IT u injured i* 27 Total accounted for. . . 89 ' S Unaccounted for -S I>CIDEKTS, ETC. Mr Henry Keefer. tlio menSvingor of Adams & Co., to whom we are indebted for much of our information, in forms us that just previous to the explosion he was sit ting in his room, which was at the stern of the boat, leading. Mr. WcBride, the messenger of Well* Fareo ft Co. and Khodes k Co., came to bis room and informed h ro that the steamer had reacted the city, and that aa he (VcBride) had removed his treasure box, 4c., lor- j ward to the starboard gangway, proffered his assistance to Mr. KL in getting his express matter forward also, Mr. K gave his i?per auJ letter bags to Mr. McB. and stopped to replace some articles In his room : went out aad got half way through the cabin, towards the bow, when the explosion occurred. Had he not delayed, as stated above, be would have joined Mr. Mc.Brlde and Mr. Mount, who weie standing togethtr, and undoubtedly, woulu have perished with them. Mr Keefer states that there was no steam, smoke or Are to >e se?n on the boat after the explosion, and he ex perienced no unpleasant effects from either. Tho entire belle r and steam apparatus appear to have been bh*n bodily ovcrboaad. Mr. K. also states that the boat appeared to be nearly ties red of passengers after tl e catastrophe, nearly ly all ?f tlero appealing to bo in tbe water. He immediately threw overboard all the chairs, stools and other articles t?i the struggling victims, which he could find left on Ward. In many instances, considerable sums of money and fold dust were found on the person* of the dead anl wounded, which was taken possession of by the proper persons. The clerk of the boat, Mr. Gillman, was standing at the desk in his office when the explosion occurred, aad it is a uilracUi he was *aved, as the office wa* blown to items Col. Alexander Anderson, who Is among the number of killed, wan from Woodstock, Shenandoah county, Vir ata a, fr. m whencc he craiprsted to this country in Juua fast, and has beeu residing at Nevada S'nce. He wai A brother of John Anderson, E?q , of Nevada, well known jo th'j State; was about thirty years of age. a la vyer by ft-o/ession, and A ;eu'''('man nbuixv <u J1'1! proles-inn His family are still in Virginia and his bro ther. Jchn Anderson, bq., wns about to depart to the Atlantic Mates for the purpose of bringing them to this country. Mr. T V. Mount, ul*o killed, was a young gentlemm of 8re social qualities and highly endeared to all who krsw li'in for hm sterling worth ai a riticen. He han heretofore resided inColum*. but recently in Sacratn?n to, slilcb place ho left for Shasta a few days ago. whither he de*igned removing. He war about 'J* jours of age, fr?m itassillon, <>l<jo. and came to this State in 1H.">0. We are Informed te lias two brothers living ill Placer ville. Mr. Jamuel J. Jones the bookkeeper of Wells, Fargo k Co at San Kianeisco was standing, wh* n the explo sioi occurred, on t' e hurricane <leck in front of the pilot house He got a tremendous hoist into tie water but escaped by having the left aide of his head and face badly burned. He was doing well last night. A quantity of papers belonging to the ??'apreme Court weie picked up, and are now in -ustody or Mr uall. ttie CiVv Collector. The pilot swam ashore with one of the spokes of the wheel in his hand. The engineer was seen to jump overboard at the mo ?wut of the explosion end swim ashore Mayor Johnson had a large seine placed across the river, from outside the prison brig to tbe shore, in order to oatch any bodies which might rise during the night One of the unkn iwn white men had two sacks of gold 4u"t in his pockets. Mr. Casey, who *a* sitting on the bank opposite tbe boot when she explode.!, informs us that jnst before the explosion he noticed tha' the boat was goiug very f?st. and it appeared to him as i( the steam wa? suddenly shut ?or. Another gentleman who was crosi-lng the river In a ?Ball beat state* that the chimney stack" and part of the boiler were blown over hia head near th* Yolo shore Us distinctly saw a dead body accompanying the mass in <ta flight Tbe Haeramento Union contain* the following ? - Hoyden, tbe deceased, leave*, we understand, a wife and two children resident at Greenfield, Mas*. He died pe*0n**ed Of considerable property. To Illustrate the sudden and unexpected nature of the explosion, it may l>e mentioned that when the body of Kenton wa* found, both band* were buried in the poehets of hi* overcoat, at though he had been "tan-ling perfectly unconcerned. the death of Capt Davis was probably instantaneous. Rath ankle* and the elbow of his right arm were found to be dislocated, and a se rere and deep fraeture shove tho left eye, penetrating to the brain. It wUI be remembered that tbe deceaaed s'ood on tbe hurricane deck, almost Immediately over the !*>iler, at the tlaie of the explosion, and was probably grasping sem-thing stationary with b e ri?ht band. Il.s watch, a valuable article, wa? re ?rrere.! with the body, and was still moving. On the body cl one of the deceased, apparently an Italian, wa* found a memorandum book containing the names of Durand i.igringe, Jean 3apti*te, Michael Itivard, and an account current with War Patten, On another wa* found a loM?r from A. Eastman, dated Mleaoopr . Ea?t Florida, in which th* person to whom it wa* written ia familiarly addressed as -'Tobcy." la a letter picked up on the river, written by Anna 8. Annable, of Augusta. Maine to her husband, was found ? Mil of exchange for $60 in her favor. The report that no woman was lost hy the evploiinn i* erroneous. The lody of a female was raised in tha river ystefcrday, but un'ortunately wa* lost again by the ran ? (?g of ber garments. Valuable Mf>rr* were found on 'be, person of H. Wellington, and letter* rfihot-i./ tb?l fi* le?vw a wl-lo* at >'cw Orkatu. Active efforts are in profreaa to raise the wreck of the Tear), and will soon prove successful. M. Marie Heron*, at the HoM de France, was bally scalded, and sustuined a contusion of the eye *Q!j' * spra ned auklc. He is doing well, under the care ot Dr. Tiwsrd U. Pprirger, the barkeeper, was badly Injure!. Tlie bar ?a* totally demolished, and the watch of Air. Sprluger crushed upon hi* person. . . One of the deck band*, who was but nightly injured, I was blown up previously on the Helen Henaley, at Baa * ^"genHeman who was looting at the I'eail "}* 't,u? tlie boiler burst, says that ho could see the bo d as or i>er*ona together witb piece! of the wieck, turoan, lome of'tb-m at l.ast three hundred yards bomubooiea were ceeu to fall in the water very Leatly on the i-ppo "lraedsvmUt'lV"*Pre,'?<Hl l'>' the Chinese in tlio dispo sitiou of the bod if s of their couutrv men, has Wo gen? ral snd praiseworthy. In many Instat es they have sreminglv teen lavish in their e%p. ndituros to insure a resoectaolo interment. They lisvc uls.i Ibes.eg. d the telegraph olHce, to transmit intelligence concerning the deceased to inquirers at the Hay. lis the annal of California disasters there is none coronal able to that which now shrouds this entire com muuty in sorrow. Fires and floods we h ive experi enced, but these have ruined prop rty J loeses are by no means irreparable Accidents similar lo the misfortune which now afflicts this people have occurred liefc re, but never attended with the horrible remits of this, Tlie explosious of the secretary, Jonay lJnd. American Eagle, 1'ago, Hanger, Slgamore, ?nd S?n .loaqu'n. were, in leed, deplorable, but not so awful as that we mourn today. , _ ... The following, from the State Journal offlco, the 'I'rMiAV, 12 o'CM'K, M ? The room in the Water Works building presents a pitecus spectacle; the victims are ving in tierH, their bodies inaDgled and distorted. Per sons are employed in washing and dressing tho bodies It Is raid that Coroner Smith wiU to-day hold an inquest over all the bodies. Dr. Price, of the hospital, tuinks Mr. Spiinger will recover. No amputations havo an yet taken place. Mauy are lying at the hospital, whose re covery is very uncertain. Among those recovered from the river, havo been re cognUed the hod es of James Cavanaugh, Capt. Davis, and a Scla>onisn, who kept a fruit storo in San Fran cisco. Capt. i'avis receive d a frightful gash over the lett eye. The skull is awfully fractured, and his death must havo been instantaneous. A large number of the deceased Chinese have been re covered by their countrymen. The Coroner held an inquest upon the bodies, at which Alderman (Joss, who i* a machinist, testified in sub stance that the boiler was less than a year old, and was a good one ; had not sees any of the iron from it since the explosion- his impression was that the explosion was the result of carelessness on the part of the en gineer, by allowing the water to get too low iujthe bailers. Capt. Summers, of tlie steamer Enterprise, was next sworn ? Knows Wadleigh, th<- engineer of the I earl; bis general character was that he was no engineer? not at for the business; hews s formerly a fireman, and was hired in place of Mr. Littlefleld to make the Pearl run fasterthan the Enterprise; tbey wanted a "hotter man; the t?o steamers started together Saturday morning a little in advance of the usual time; the Enterprise came at her usual speed ; thought the explosion was causcd by carelessness; saw a small piece of her boiler. Geo. Hoy sworn ? 1 am a wlgmalier by profession ; I live in San Krauclsco; I was forward on the Pearl at the fimeof the explosion; I should think there was one hundred on board the boat as near as 1 eould judge ; I cannot state bow many were left, as I was on* of the first thrown overboard ; about an hour after we left Marysville the Express came in sight, and I recollect that John, the flddler, (John Borden, killed.) said to the clerk, ' You will not let her pass us"? and I know we put up steam very quick after that; we went an quick ? gain as we did before; I heard no orders given by the Captain to put up steam; I recogn'ze several bodies of pt-rpons tifat 1 saw upon the boat ; one of them offered to make a bet with the clerk of some cigar* about the speed of the boats; the explosion occurred about half an hour after dinner; at dinner the things upon the ta ble moved a good deal, as if we were going quick. Other passengers did not think the boat was racing. The jury after some consideration, simply returnel a verdict thai the deceased came to their deaths by the ex plosion of tho boiler of the steamer Pearl. NOTES BY ONE OF THE BLOWS nr. I was standing on tbe starboard side of tho botlerdeck, being above and little to one sice of the boiler, which was not more than three feet from me; this deck was crowded with passengers, who w ?-re getting their bag Sage preparatory to landing; I heard a tremendous ana ea tciring crash, and next found myself in the water, about the middle of the river; 1 rose to tho surface per fectly conscious of what had happened, and saw the steamer at a considerable distance; numbers were strug gling around me: with on* exception thev appeared to be either badly wounded, or had lost all presence of mind; the fragments around were ?o very small as to afford no assistance to the most desperate of the strug gleis; boats were hurrying to us from all directions, but the floating mass of ruinr, while affording little or no buoyancy to help tho drowning ones, prevented the boats reaching them in time to save; I saw but one picked up alive on my stfe of the boat; being hurt but little myself, it required no struggling te keep afloat, but it was awful to heboid the drowning struggles or I those around me whom 1 could not assist; though feel?ng perfectly safe myself, I was convinced that it others grasped me it would be a desperate case. Of the forty or titty who were with me on the boiler deck, not one in ten could have escaped; they were all blown uj>, as those who were below on the main dock. I think tuftfo wtre more human brings on board than is given in any ?stiniate that has jet appeared. There must have been 10(i to white persons on board, beside the number of Chinese who were in the hold. It may not be amiss to note t hn t #n hour boforo the explosion my attention WW attracted by a peculiarity in the working of the engines. If wo had landed in safely I would not have thought of it 8g:uu. not being a practical engineer. I do not feel warrauted in laying any great stress on it now, even though I wsh blown up, cr, more properly, blown out, for 1 am certain I did not go up far. Asjar as 1 can judge my escape (almost unhurt) was by far thu most providential of any. , .. . . . A public funeral, by order of the Council, took place yesterday, at three o'clock, from the water works. Mr. \Vadleigh, the engineer, was arrested on Sunday, at four o'clock, P. M., anfl is now confined in the station house. He makes the following statement ? 1 have been engineer of the steamer since she com menced running the last tiac, which v.as January 1st; 1 have been on st< ainboats as second engineer in this i country since April, 1863; was formerly assistant on the I iteomers Uelle, Gov. Pana and Daniel Moore, at tha I time of the explosion I was in the engine room standing I up; the engine- s ro about seventy-live or eighty feet I from the boiler; not more than five mlnuton prior to the arciCent 1 triei' the water gauges at the holler ami found I tlnee cocks full, at the timo I had t?o pumps pumping | w?ter into the boiler; I ulways keep one pump going, | snd have an extra oue to be used when wanted; soon as ' I came to the engine I shut oflf the extra pump, as I J thought 1 lied suflicient water to last until ? made tho ) hauling; by the eteam gunge 1 had tten Jtty-slx pounds; J i it is a mercury gauge, and I did not ever tblnk it per- ; I fectly reliable, but It wss the only ono tho boat hud; i I there can be no cold water pumped into the boiler, as it : all has to p:i?s through a hot pipe, the usual '|iiantity ot steam we carry ib i-ixty pounds; I am suie-1 only had 1 tiftv eight pounds, according to my gauge, as I examined | it a lecond previous to the cxpiosiou the ouly way I j i can account for the aecidext is that the gauges were not i I correct as there must havo been eighty pounds of steam on wten tbe boiler kurst; I don't know ot .inv other way I it could have happened, unless there was a ll iw in the boiler; we were allowed by ttie Inspector to carry oi|licy i Kiumls of steam, but have never, since 1 ha d charge, lad over sixtj-two; I was not running the usu i I speel; | j Uad inide better time, ol ten, than 1 did then; all boats j T a little (aster iu coming into thecitf, ???. i rot from putting on more steam, but bocaiiM tli? w?t*r | is deeper n< ar the mouth of the Ainer.jao riTtr' an_ , I can run fanter in deep water, end dou t use ss mucu ?tes in 1 w is never ordered bvCapt. or ("en Bed ' nint*' " 'o ruD tbe boat 'a?t; have not l>een and was not I ti ' n racing it ! had no reason to, ss wc always b?at the j Kni' r,.i i- without trying the UPers were ! w hin i ar by the Cominl- "loners, under the I nlteJ t-te'es lav which Is very rig'd ; no persou ever asked me to race, or . aid -nyM in;; ;.bout it I ha 1 no rei*on 1 to CO -o aud iv vcr did. the boilers wlo-n in-poctel wore I Hil' i cli : to a pressure of 1U<- pounds to toe eu.ii.re inch ; ?is -con ?!? the boiler burst, I got on th? gu*rd of the ! M M, and an the mate, Captain Randall, 'n ' " I i ulU d h'mouto' tbe water, an l.placed him on tbo Ki'.rd th? a tool, the boat s skill and put olT for l-u*w \t .1' u??, the pilot, whom I saw stru ghng iu Ihe ??W, just as I tot to hi in ho hunt, but he came up aga'a, 1 when 1 caught hold of h-m. and also a deck band who wa- tear, are brought tnom to the shore; I then came I to in v house where I have been ertr since; I nevar left . re V |'oHt on the boat, and cannot account for the accideut | othi rwise than above. PJlKKBINd THE PFAI>. Tbe Ci.rorer last evening <atited ?lx pers?n< to 0? is r n ten charged with tbe crime of rili ng the dea l holies, but an tbe charge could not be suN-tant ated, aft?r an I examination, they were discharged. TUB VERDICT. I The verdict of the Coromr'e .1 iry ha- not yet been mai!t public, tliougn reported y ster lay It Is said to te to this etiect ' That the parties were killed by an explosion of thw>teamerPiarl, on l-ridsy -<th inst^a. I batf past 12 o'clock; and that the ?am? was caused by | pulpabh negligence on the part of the engineer. Ti e body of luring V Jordan was recovered on the 3Ut ult , at Pacramonto. lie ?as eon ne ted with the ' ?te?rnor i'esrl ss fireman. Ihe deceesed lias a wife an l ! two children living In Coventry . N. a Hampshire heal -o I has a brother at (.old 1(111. u. sr Port Orford, O. T. Tlie Sacramento Journsl of the dlst ult. says;? Yestfrdey two more bodies were recovered from the 1 rner One has been recogni/ed as Tbomss McCabe, of 1 i-an I'rsncl.co, vhe othei hat notyet been ldenti?el. He , i has ?videutly b-en ? minor, and a consi lerstde a aount ; I of irx'O y was found about him. Coroner Snj th yest-r day held ln<iu??ts rn 'en ladles. The evidence tilon throw, no additional light on the cause of the accident. Inquests w 11 tc-i'iv be li -Id on the two buJle.i found I ye.terdny, I Mr Jehn tyres, cimneited with the Sacramento City 1 Hank, recovered im Monday afternoon the box of trea- j sure be.ong ng 'a Wells, Var^o Ac t'o ; it contained The i-ame gvotlemi.u recovered, yesterday m irnlng. .lolin ' M. Hboiles' treasure box, which contained $1\000. It S is somewhat rem-irlable that although upwards ot > ne ; botirtred tr.en wete dragging the river, Mr Ayfes should j tecovei both the boxes o( treasure. Judge Heard, of the (V un'y Court, Issued a thir l order I vestcrday. to compel Coroner Smith to pi*s over all the ! tressnre and valuables in bis possession, found on the | eorpsee. to the Public Administrator. 11" sl.oappota'ed i a committee to wait npon the Coroner an t learn hi de termination. Coroner Pr.lth still concludes that in 1 county officer has ? right ?o interfere with him lu the oischarge of his duties. _ _ The Ceirlnit'ee eho^-n br the Coron?r, via., R P. ' Johnson W H Watson, K. P. Jacobs, T A Thomas I. 1 iiVrb. and G W Woo ley. who were preeen' when the aluables were^ deposited at tho offiee of Walls, Fargo * J. re, .nested to meet at the shive benkin< house at ten o'tdock rnoroing. to ceosnU with .hetjor ^r, ! ToslTe sn inventory of the artH-s sod take such other " t^Vml.h *' maYinTo" "Kfr'the bodies not rt identified. Their description and appearance will be taken down as accurately an possibls. The drnpgiug will be resumed thin morning. As tbe txxly of tbe female tbat was drawn to the iur fare of the water hae not sinoe been seen, exertion* should net slacseu so long as there in a probability of finding it Tlie body in no doubt that of the Mexican women who wan standing, with a child in her arms, in the forward part of the boat, a short time before the explosion. FWEItAL OK THE EXPRESSMEN, The remains of the late T. V. Mount, James McBride aod George II Wellington, were interred at Sacramento on the oOth ult. , with Masonic honor" ? tbe oroer of Old Fellows in that city joining in the ceremonies of the oc casion. The pioceaaiou was headed by Heymuu's brasi hand, and consisted ol the Max as, Odd Fallows, citizens on litroeback and on foot, tic. Immediately in the re^ cif tbe hearse which contained the remains of Mr. Mount, a magnificent bone, suitably caparisoned for the occa sion, was led by a oolortd groom. The horses In tin express cars were appropriately dressed with insignia of irournilig, and an fie cortege moved up J street to the mournful diru# ol tbe bano. it pretectal a solemn spec tacle. The deceased were killed by the explosion of the bttamer 1'earl. Criminal Record . The trial of I.ir.zie Sullivan, who (taliheJ ex policeman IleuryW. Kerri'on, whom ahe charged with seducing and deserting her. had c< liiuienced in San Francisco. It was thought tbe girl would get clear, on the ground 01 inranity. Wm Bay. who waa tried In the District Court foi the murder of Jam?s Cavanagh, and ac^uitte-d, waa found on the 28lh ult with bis throat cut. His dying declara tion wan, that he had been killed by Woolly Kearney. On the 31st ult., tbe staples were forced oil the door of tbe Oakland jail, by a patty supposed to bo Redwoods wen, who captured two of tbe inmates, notorious horse tbieves, (jeotge Seldon and Hob Parker. They imme diately proceeded to the bridge leading to Clinton, where the mob hung Cieorge Seldon upon a tree. Bob I'arker ? aa wt at liberty. These men had been arrested on Monday night hv t Ulcers Kellogg and Stoder for stealing a horse from Alderman Keleey. On tbe 19tb ult , three men were captured near I.iver more's ranch, by a man named Neal, who were (barged with stealing cattle Mr. Neal took them to the neigh boring settlemCLts ? Smith's house on the San Joan cin ? called a jury of twenty -tour Americans, who tried, con victed, aid hung them that evening. Two of them were Chileans, and one a Culifornian. A correspondei t of the California writing frcm BestvLlle, states that two men, named Craig and Moisn, bad a difficulty with regard to a fight between two other men, when the former struck tbe latter in the face twice; when Moran drew a knl'e and stabbed Craig to tbe heart, killing blm instantly. Moran made his escape, but wp... finally arrested by tbo officers of the law, from w 1.01a be was violently wrested. A jury ?f tbe people wan tbc i empanelled, and he was tried and convicted of manslaughter in the first degree. >ot. satis fied with tho verdict, the mob took the miserable priso ner and bung him to a tree. Moran was a young man, born in the city of New York . A man named Frederick Oldman, rather a hud charac ter, waa ebot in San Francisco, by W. 11. Backus. Old man was instantly killed. On the 28th ult., a man, supposed to be a Mexican, rode into the town of San Antonio, drew a revolver and fhot at a number of people who were collccted under a portico, wounding three men, one of whom died during tbe night. He then put spurs to his horse and rode away. He is supposed to be tbe same man that shot at Judge Morrison a few nights previously. A policeman named Fairmao was shot In San Fran cisco on the '29th ult.. by a man named Landrusa, who was in tame way Implicated in tbe murder of Bay the previous evening. Petitions were circulating all over tbe State for tVe pardon of John Tabor, who is und<r sentence of death for the murder of Mr. Mausfleld, late editor ef tho Sin Joaquin Republican. A duel took place, just beyond tbe eonnty line of Ala meda, on the 2' th ult. Tbe principals were Frenchmen ?one named Albert, a trailer lu San Antonio; the other a resident of Oakland, name unknown. At th* first round no damage was done; at the second Mr. Albert re ceived his adversary's ball through the arin, lodging in hii side. It is thought the wound would not prove fatal. Tbe followirg statistics show the number of arrests in San Francisco during the month of January Murder, 6; Highway robbery, 2; grand larceny, 9; potty lar ceny, '27, forgeries, 2; assault with intent to commit rape, 2: obtaining money under false pretences, 1; bur glary, 4; atsault with deadly wen pirns, 7: perjury, 4; threats against, life, 4; escaped convictB, 2; State prison ers, 4; false imprisonment, '2; assault anil battery, 41; bi each of the peace, 30; violating city ordinance*, 4'2; drunk and disorderly, 6S; drunk, 6.'); disorderly, 7i);Bii? deminnor, 6; insane, 8; lodgers, (dostituto persona sock ing shelter at the station house) 8; vagrancy, 27 ? making a total of 4114 arrests. Of theae, 235 were dis charged?leaving 179 cases disposed or by the Hecordor. 'llio total numVr of arrests during the previous month waa 6"5 ? showing a balance in I'avor of the present month of '241. Although the figures exhibit a remarka ble decrease in the number of arrests since tbe close of Decern! er, the fact Is by no means evidence that crime has diminished during the period. Of the numerous burglaries recently committed in various parts of tho oity. in a majority of instances the perpetrators have escaped arrest. Upon comparing the reports specified it is found that the excess of otfenc s eunineruted In the December report generally comc under the head of potty ofle nces. or otfences of trivial character, while the re port for January evidences a considtrabio Increase of criminal olfoncts of a higher order. Arrival from Carson Valley. ANNEXATION ? LOSd O*' MULES IN TUB SNOW? l OKH* , MATK EBCAI'E OK TUB OWNXKS. Two brothers, named Uaymond, accompanied by Mr. No't, arrived in Placerville, from Carson Valley, on the 2<>th of January They left the Valley on the 24'.h, and walked over in three days and a half, a portion of the route on snow sboce . Mr. Nott resiiles in Carson Valley, and is tie bearer of memorials to our legislature anil to Congress, signed t y nearly all the inhabitants of the Val ley, asking that immidiate action be taken to place the Valley definitely within the limits of the Stato of Califor nia. Ho will present himself before the legislature early this week, and then leave directly for Wasbiegton city, to lay the meirorial of the people of Carson Valley befoie Congress. He will, however, reach Wftshlngt<>n at so lute a period in the ses'ion as to render it iinpro bable that (inythag can be done before tbe meeting of tbe succeeding Congress. Hie Messrs. Raymond left Platcrville on tho first day cf this month, by Johnson's Cut-Oil, with a park trvn of sixteen mules, loaded with goods for Car ? on TftlM/, and they bring tDe first accounts of their perilous jour ney and almost miraculous escape". A few hours after starting it began to rain, and know ing it must bo snowing on tho summit, they pushed <M as rapinly as possible, and some time iu the night reacLed the Slippery Ford, about fifty miles from PI icer ville. on the South Fork of the American. There they found three men, who started to (an on tbe day before, destitute of prov sions. and the snow an iocb deep aud rapidly falling. At this point the road commences ascending what is called the summit. As they aeceuded tbe mountain the snow increased in depth to two or three feet, and w lien uiglit overtook them they hud, after a toilsome and suffering day, made but six miles, and tho snow atound th^m four feet deep. Shortly liefore they '?crossed, on* of their mules was missed, hut they could not go back for it. l'lie prospects lor tbe night were gleomy in tbe extreme. Their mutches br.il been so dampen" A by the rain the day pre vious. that tliey found it impossible to make a tire: ttioy bad nothing to eat, and wire compelled to camp iu the mow as best they ml?ht They pas.-ed a dreary and hit ter niglit, but daylight found them all alive, and tbe snow jiot increased so much as to preveut their advancing. Ibis day they snceecded in paasing the summit and gettin j to lake Valley, wb? re the snow was then but tLvee feet deep, and where n stack of hay wa , found, which hail been left there by a Mr. Smith. to this tlicy tied tin ir mules, find after another night ofsufleiing and endurance, the men started for tbeMuricon stai on, distant seventeen miles, for aid leaving tlie mules at tl.e hay stack Hie station was reached the same day; but assistance for the poor animals could not be con veyed to them urtil tbo third day, when only three wero fdi. ml alive, twelve ol thim having frozen tu death dur ing the storm. 1'pi u their lste passage fromCurson Valley, th* Messrs. Raj nieud found the lost mule fro, on in the snow, with its pack on. A iii?ro perilous journey is rarely u? ler talen When they entered the region of sn iw with, such a storm raging, tho chances sere t >n '.o one against tbi ir ever surviving ti e ucdertaking. Ihe dau/er was increased by the wanton burning of every station house on the route, by a couple of yourg men w'uo a nt over the road about six wee ks sinco. Tho snow, when the party name over wm lying on the summit from live to six fest ?i' ip on a level, and, wheru diilted, mush deeper. MlsrclanrouN. Caiohu I'aptikkd i t Piiutc? By the Uoo'ge . E. WtbfUr, from lloog Kong, we hive Wceni-I Iu'or.n*- ] tion of tlie capture of the l>atk I'alde'a, from ffcw* K in< In Fan t'r.mcmco, by piratical jnnta at "in* of the i land* ; iu the Chlncua *(?f, where the i put .a to refit, ift?r ! having been reriouMy ilar'ijjed l.y n -orpre atorm rhi Mi ' ?ho had ercoitnt?n" 1 Captain Koonv an t a Ctilnaan^a imiie their i-ac.if ?? in a junk, and airiei-d at linn Kong, mherf tlwy rave mini mation. Alt ainar wel armed >iu mm'dia'ely despatched b) tl'f , .i?li .iu'honll??. Onamvlig at the ialaad. they d'*c rered and the crew, and i n a aevond txc ur?ion ".i ? eclel in liud irg a Trench lady paeaenger .ml a CVnuman, whom tbey were utaMe io find on tl ?? firat trip. Th> liar* wat burnt by the plr??< a. The. rrwof th? H'eamer ile?tror- 1 wwril junk* ami Tiling-* belorjfirg to th" p rue* ? Al'a CaHfomw Jan. 30. ltr<nn<>iK m Iowa Hut Thus* ijtm Lou ? W'oha^ InxiOtllT I.sjritrp ? < . 'i \ ? ? Vw.-kt, Jan. 27, [ HP. M? fi iargo rr-irn.t<ii ? pi till ul tlie e??t end ol tli tti.n ol I >*? IHI ?rn<tf it if thta i.ttfB M. Tl e Mi i ' ex- !i . alat'i bone to the diatanco of thn ? ti.udrc I van '.eot.l.iinlnjr four punoM, ntmfcl I John flo?twlcfc, irom i'etrolt. M> bitfan .tohn T C>Ihy wife and Infant child. tr..m IrtMind. M? -twick. tolby. , nml the child we.e found dead; V.r-. C.ilhy l? ntlll allre.

Her lrfltbl|h in broken In tlireopU i-K letv ankle broken, i anil ai?o ?ev? ral rib* bro'.cn In ?uc'i a miuncr that ber luog? wero torn Tmv. Matoh Um AJirtri.Bi.? Mayor Kos'er, tt will be r> ni< mherad, realgncd hi* pealUoo, In fulfilment of a pl*4g? t>r*Tton?1y given, to lead the people to execute the iiiurdarer* Prown ami Alvttre, in care an attempt pi, mild be mi<> to chott (attire ol ber dtiea by the i utintcgy of the lawyer'. An elfction to Gil the eacetcy mi tn be hel l in Lc? Angele* . n the 26th, anil aa Farter I ad oo o|ip<i?.tion. he waa Ooubtleao .nvnimnualy re elected. Tit* Fi.km'ii Couvkttk Ma*kuk ? The San Franclaco Krko <fu I'ariHiur of the '.Hth nit. aate that the French ' corrette Mo?ell?- Commander Hellatid, aot *a l on Tuea day morning it 8 o'clock Tbi* vea.?el in ifitog to join at I l'aneete the dlviiiou of the ocean aijaa-lron under the (>ider< of M. dn Bowr?>t. Iinring the aojeurn of the Moselle la the rut of Pan F?aael?co, thcn< ha? cot J-een : a plnjle rate ef aiekne*a ?,r oeaertlon. The oftijer* ba* e ; U?a much aatiafied with Uielr relaxation on abora ami ; the numerona tcaijurcra for f .*?tag the tint" pleaaamly they have found in this city. Our merchants, on their part, are glad to >m their national flag flying in the port It is to be hO|*ej that the government will gratify the ] wish of the navy and merchantmen, and permit, at leant, one ihip-of-war to remain at Pan Francisco. Ak Indian War on thk Klamath? Four Whtt* Me* Killko ? From an extra of the Mountain Herald we copy the following ? Bestville, Jail. IS, lH$o. ? It ap pears that the people on the Klamath river, in this i ountv, are in the midst of an Indian war. A totter to ( aptain Brut., at ibis place, from Steven Smith, at the n.ou'h of Hslmon river, arrixid here yesterday, calling <n the citizena for assistance. Four men have been killed or severely wounded, and more are missing; among (lie latter ii Jamen Strawbridge, th<' expressman from Trtnulad The difficulty grew out of the lawless acts of certain person, who were in the habit of forcing the squaws. Samuel Harris, a few weeks ago, shot an In dian for attempting to prevent him from ravishing a squaw claimed by an Indian. Such men deserve the rope. Hut as innocent men are ma'lo to Buffer, tlie In dians must be subdued, (apt. Be?t, Mr. Luddy, and about twenty o bers, started this morning to the'iicese of action, amrng whom was Dr. Willard, a surgeon. Marriages, Hu t lis an?l Death*. mahkird. In Pan Francisco, on the 20th January, by Rev fl F t"ii tier Mr George Reed to Mils Elizabeth A. Baker formerly of Portland, Me. At Weber Creek, Jan. 14, Duvall D. Phillips, of Iowa Hill, to Mr*. Mary McCloud, of Weber Creek. In Marjsville, Jan 21, Mr. John B. Wise, of Yubi county, to Miss Amelia Faille. In San Francisco, ou t!io 2Mb of January, by I W. F. Mrotbske, Mr. W?. W. Hsnnes, of Sonoma, to Miss To banna ^eeman, of San Francisco. At Gold Hill. El Dorado county, Jan 12, Alfred Tho man to Miss Kliza Terrii, both of Mud Springs. At Camp D? LosMuertes, near Angel's Camp, Calavera courty, Jan 22 Mr. l're.'erick Wenderortli and Mis Louisa Jost. (>n the 20th January, Mr. A. C. Neill, of Sacramonto, to Miss Virginia E. .Surface, of Dry Creek, El Dorado county. At Angel's Camp, Mr. N. Smith, of St. John, N. B., to Mies C. Younger, formerly of New York city. On the Yuba river, at the residence of the bride's . ..r.r! "ton 27, Mr. John G. Williams to Miss Marsa.et A. Klrspatrick, both of this country. BIRTHS. On the lttth January, at Millis k RuD's ranch, on Cot tonwood, the lady ot Mr. Thomas Price, of a daughter. In Mary sviile, on the 22d January, Mrs. W. C. Taylor, of a daughter. At Eureka, on the 17l.li January, tl.e laly of J. C. Sel lers. of a daughter. At New York Flat, on the 23d January, the lady of U-uia Bernhardt, of a ton. In Weaverville, on the 21th January, Mrs. A. Cbabaud. of a daughter. # ' At Ruch's ranch, on the 10th January, Mrs. M. Rjch, of a ?on. ' In Maiysville, on the 26th January, Mrs. John Clouse. of a dangbter. ' In Marysvillo, on the 2Sth January, Mrs. Claries Co villaud, of a son. In Union ei ty, Alameda county, tha wife of Andrew J. (iorhe?, of a daughter. In CoulterviUe, January 1?, the wife of Mr. Jamison, of a daughter. ' In Sun Fianoisco, on the 24th January, the wife of V. I-ambert, of a daughter. In Agua Frio, January 14, the wife of Mr. Isaac Lyons, of a son. ' In Mariposa, January 17, the wife of Mr. J. H. Neale, of a son. ' At Clinton, Alameda county, January 2fl, the lady of Mr. J. B. kuapp, of a boh. of'a so" Fr*ne co' January 30) the lady of P. Heaney, t ? ^ DUD. In . an Francisco, January 17, Albert Harlow, aged 13 months, son of James and Lucy Harlovr. In Columbia, January 17, Samuel Arnold, aged 45 years. ' B In Shasta, January 19, Elizabeth, the wife of W. G. Moody, aged 38 years. In San Francisco, January 2?, Mary, wife of Mr. J. J. 1 < nnypacker. .! 'n I?..^riinc'"C0> -tonuary 2<l, Samuel Ressegine, a aa tivo of meounin, aired 66 yearn. In Sacramento, January 24, Clement W. Coote, late ci't e^or, aged 3b years, a native of Washington in San Francisco, January 27, Thomas Murray, aged 26 jears, from injuries recefrodat the flro in First street, cn the previous morn;naj, In San Francisco, January 27, Catharine Clarke, wifo leans" 7) aB?d 20 J"r"> * native of New Or In PlacerviJle January 12, Frann Ober, infant son of ? und Eli/.abetk Ober, aged 1 8 monihs. In Yreka, January 19, James W. Tyler, of typhoid 77' A8**-2? ***"? of Warren, Vt. At tbe Bee Hive, in Auburn, January 22, of typhoid ^"Vork11 *' Whitehall, Washington county, 1 j P'J,nP'*i on Eonth Bay, December 4, A. F. Knott, sgtd 24 years. ' ' In San Franeisco, Jannary 31, suddenly, Wm. C. Hall E?q., fcrmtrly of Bost< n, aged 39 year*. ' year of ^"e"00' Jauu*ry 31> Julea !a the 45tli lhratts, D . , , , Fra.kjmco, Jan. 31, 1855. uriD8 f^e fortnight has Ven ex^dingly lull, and eomparatively a light amount of gooOa taken or consumption. The want of rain is tho groat draw Uu fnll dtur)?8 tto Present winter, little rain ith'lv work/? <1 y diWiBi" haT0 been but ,?J ill. i I j h^ould ttu rains which we haTo had 7 ? extend into the mining districts, d?UU "11Te- ^ to iayLve b^n Fiot R.-po market for floor is dull We hare no , sale* from Bret hands. Sales yesterday of 1,200 sa:k* Col. eu Gate and P., Mills, it *9. 450 quarter sicks d! me?tic jobb?d at $10 50 a $11. Gjmi*. We have heard of but little in grain. Sales dlt inn?M?k8barl*T' at2c,; 150 sacks do. to prime, at 2\c "C 8multy whe,t' *' <00 sa:ka Soap. ? 210 boxes Colgate's pale soap, at Sc. terms l,L?S" boxe" ^?mantin# candhs, on priTate BtMr? 1100 dozen Fnvlish a'e and porter, at $13 50. a, rmI- ,'?C0'^ taws, in dry salt, at 17c.; 55 bikits new butter, at 47o. ' Kl".*.? 16, 000 lbs. prime China rice, at 8??e. "twi ftxtm Oregon. We have dates from Portland to the 27tb of January. The Legislature has removed the seat of government of the Territory from Salem to Corrallts, Benton county, by a vote of Are to four in the Council, and seventeen to twelve in the House. A joint resolution has passed the Council, presiding for ? joint committee of both bou?es to prepare a State Wh uh to be "Emitted to the people to vote on, for or against its adoption, at the next June election. This moie of forming a constitution saves The "P^aso of a constitutional convention. The feople ran see jus. what they are votinr for, ani in ease of its adoption by the people, will enable Oregon' to -Um^ekrton ,e"?n l? tah^V0te 10 !h0 aext Pre?; A prohibitory liquor law was in agitation in the L'gis Vh. 'r", w" believed it would not pass, iwv.ii- , ,"'!v hv ?b" n ol ll"cd to be romoTed from tor^njh.s to Jacksonville. The Hi a w;i> 'ballot bill p.?ssed by tho Legislature did not meet with favor among tho people. M ARMED, At Urvallis, Benton county, by Rev. T. H. Petrne. .Ismes B Luintiart tv Miss Martha A. CardweU, daughter of J. (.ardwell, E>q. ; all of Bentou county. On the 2d January, by S. M. Black, i^sn., Mr. Seorge M. I arotjue to Miss ArWneo M. Clark, all of Butevillc Msrion rountv. ' At Bois Fort Plains, Lewis ccinty, Dec 1, 1H54, |? Hon. F. A. ( heuoweth, Vred. A. C.arke, of Cowliu Un.f iDg, tr> Miss Eunice A. btillnisn. At Pleasant 1IIU Dec. 25, by John T. Giliey, Judge of I robate. M.\ R. M. lowers to Miss Elizabeth J. Winter, both of lane county. 1 'rotestant Episcopal Chapel, in Oreuou City, by . u \'j !fV' !'lnh?P ^cott. Mr. Jose-.o W. Ttutch to Mis* juHh it) lie ?.I?,CoW.!''71r',^n^' Wa?hi?R<en territory, by Rev A. F. Waller, Mr. i. II Lewis, of Raiuier. to Miss Harriet I. *atl< w, of Cowlitz county. " ...'V1 Ucob0u",? 01 Hoyt, Jan. 17, by :ha Rt. Rsv *? ?? to Miss i-'amiah A. Frsnklln. DIKD, \Vr Vr. Charles IajwIh, So th T lalar liU 1 jainp, HaHhin^ton county, Sunday. Jr. a. 7, of con | jiiiirj/tioD, ran 'IB Wainslcy, aged 21 year s. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH PACIFIC. Plnvny Al.ollaltrri In Pern?The lluttle of >.? Pnliim, Ao. Our advice* from ValparaiFO arc to the loth, acd from Crtllon to tLt '.'"ih of January. The Callao A <? t of the 20th My?:? A d*cr<e was published a low t ays alnje. by order ?>f the Provincial Preaident, Oen'ral Oa'tllla, g tint? freedom to all tl>o?e rldvet who bad not volunteered 1 1 ?crve Id | ibe army of Kchin?<iu* The government pledge* itnelf to jay ?lie o?n?"a for tfc.ir property in Are yeira. T'ub | lie op'nii'U UdiyMtd a' to the propriety and juatneaa of 1 the ntiigN. i The political guillotine haa been at work Tory lively i *ii,ce the acce*?ion of Ca*tilU to power. and about two huorired army and navy official* have be n called upon to retire to priva*e life. I The AVw? of the lath **y*:? !Tw? I'criiviaa war steamer* were dei patched c#?af*i?e ? ire .*nutk and the otl.tr North? on Monday ni{ht >aat, to bring bark tho<e citi/cn* who were expatriated for ; tfc'lr | olltical opinion* by HehineqtM' government. IS' me are >u Kcaador, Mime in Bolivia, and a larfe num ber are in Ct.i.i. [From the Vor?lgn Newt, Jan. 1:1 J Tlir II ATT I. K FIELD OF LA PALM A. We w? re unable !a*t week, for the want of accurate information, to (rive anything ?ore than generahlie* in (uiiiirt ? with the battle of Ia I'ahoa, aa It ia now railed, tbat >cing the name of the hacienda np-rn which tli? ftd'it oceurred Our authority for the account given ?.ia terived fr* m varioua rnn.or*, many of them contra dictory , but by cartfully comparing the reporta we were able to give a tolerably correct narration of the impor tant ?r?nt Mete than a week ha? now el.ipeed mo-? the battle win fonght, and yet no detailed ?tat*m?n', no effi-ial a count ha* been published; and we are ?tfll dependent i ufon (eneral ramor for pvitlci,lara and incident* -rhich, I if well authenticated, would b? intere?tin| to the public. W? were misinformed in reUtion to tbe desertion of two of Echineque'* battalions to tbe Ride of ChstilU. They ran, but in a different direction. Tbe battle waa a tierce one while it lasted, and on tbe part of Uie revolu tionists it was characterized by many brilliant instances of individual bravery. The i4grados, a battalion com posed of picked men, among whom were a party of Amer ican', led on the attack, and the opposing ranks went down like gr-tsa bctore tbeir furious charge. Caitilla's officers invariably headed their columns, and many of iheui re flair . On the side of Echineque, tbo officers Ei-tierslly took good care of tin m -elves and kept out of arm's way. Lehineque him-eif was among tie first to turn bis back upon tbe enemy, and with a fow officers fl*d to Lima. . A friend who was over tbe battle Held, a few liourt aft?r the action, inloiui." us that the at-enes lie ther^ witnessed were horrible and soul sicktniiig He was for sometime engaged in carying water for, and administer ing aid to the wounded, who were left entirely neglect ed and uncared for. No surgeons were on the ground; and nothing seemed to have been provided to alleviate their sullerui|(s. Those who had strength, staggered away toward* Lime, some of theiu dying by the way side, while others succeeded in reaching tbe city, and were taken to tbe hospital. As late as Sundiy, the field was still strewn with the bodies of an hundred dead and dying, and the stench from the putrifying heaps, was horrible. Ihe features of the dead, exposed as tUey had been to the sun for two days, were aefullv distorted s nil swollen, and hero and there a score of tbe filthy yallii,a:ot were quarreling over tho pallid corpses. Tbe field was strewed with 'arms, clothing, accoutre ments, 4c., and tbe road to Lima, and the pampas for miles around, gave evidence of a hurriod Might 'ro-u the battle ground. The Bpot where the infantry of Echine que received the impetuous charge ot the Sagradoe, waa tasily distinguishable from tbe heaps of dead lylug in line. That charge, without dotjbt, decided the battle. LIMA AFTBB TUB BATTLE. Ihe excitement in Lima, when it was known that Cas illa had been victorious, was intense. A mob repaired o tlie magnificent summer residence of Esbineque, just outside tbe city walls, and it waa aoon completely sacked and pillaged. Tbe elegant and costly furniture was car ried away or broken up, marble statues were thrown down and destroyed, the Ilowers and shrubbery torn up, and nolbizg that could be of any value, was saved. We underntaad also, that two or three servants attachod to the premises, were shot down. In Lima, the private residence of Kebiueque came near sharing the same fate. The crowd assembled in front, and attempted to bat'.er down the gates; but finding them securely fastened, they e fleeted an entrance above, and would very soon have gutted tbe premises, had not a guard oi Lastllla's sol uiers arrived in time to prevent it. As it was they des troyed considerable furniture, broke in all the windows, and completely riddled a portrait of EcLineque with musket balls. Tbe President's palace was also occupied by the peo ple, and many articles of value were t*l en away. Several otber residences and places of business, belonging to per sons known to be particular favorites of Echiueque, were broken open and plundered. But at kngth quiet was restored, guards were stationed in all parts of the city, and once more the shops and stores were thrown open for the public convenience. Kl'flIPE<iUB, THE EX PRESIDENT. Jos>> Rufino Echineque, who is now a refugee, stripped of bis former almost despotic power, was elected Preaident vf i>m on the 2tth of Itooember, 1650, and toot his seat in May following. He bad accordingly occupied bis seat nearly four years. He receive! 2,447 votes; Llias 628, and Vivanco 268. Two or toree other candi dates ueeived scattering votes. A ihort time after the election, there was a flight demonstration made in favor of \ivanco, but nothing serious grew ont of it. In Trnglllo there occurred an iniurrection among tho slaves about this time, and afiairs presented an alarming ap pearance for a short time; but quiet was soon restored. A question was also raised as to the eligibility of E:hi neque, on tbe ground of his not having been born in the republic; but a Congressional committee a pointed to examine the matter, oecided in his favor. During tbe first year or two of hia term of office, Echineque devoted himself assiduously to the public bu siness, and suggested many government reforms, which were creditable to his statesmanship and patriotism. Tho papers of that period speak in high terms ot his publle .-vets, and it is quite likely that bad he continued as he began, his administration would have been a popu lar and useful one. Dut yielding at length to the clamors of political favorites, and to his own avaricious promptings, be began a system of wholesale public 81 under, the extent of whicn has not a parallel In the ittory of republics. Our readers will doubtless re member the list, published a few months ago, containing tie names of the favorites, together with the amomts paid tliem by Echineque? amounting in all to upwards of fifteen millions of dollars. A Urge proportion of this money waa awarded to members of bis own family, on frivolous claims, and tbe people soon began to murmur loudly against tbe corruptions existing in the palace. On<' or two of tbe papers also commenced an exposure of tbe matter; but tbey wtre speedily suppressed, and all ?lio presumed to sptak boldly on tbe subject were arretted, and many of them banished the country Matters moved on in this way until General castilla took the Held, about twelve months ago, determined to over throw t lie government. Without men, without money, and destitute of everything like the elements of war, he pushed forward, raited the standard of revolt, and invited his countrymen to rally to his support. They responded to his call; and although opposed by the power and influence of a corrupt President and ministry, with money at tbeir command, he steadily persevered, until success at last crowed his efforts. NEWS FROM NEW GRANADA. Arrangement* r?r the Opening Ceremonies of the Panama Railroad? Tranquillity In Hew Granada, A-., Ac. oun OCEAN CORRIBPONDENC*. Stxahxk Ubohgk Law, Feb. 14, 1855. The Trip of the Qcvrg* Lau? Whom Have IVe on Board 0? board we have lome thirty passengers, Including directors, with their families and fr'ends, on th?ir way to have a grand joll.ficatlon at the opening of the As pinwall and Panama Railroad . They hare bannera, fire worka, kc., and we are in anticipation of great times open ear arrival to-morrow, and in anticipation of the event, they hare endeavored to make themselves happy. We bare on board aloat four hundred and fifty paa aeDgera, including children, moat of them bound for California; about one hundred and fifty young uion from Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. Tne kind of men to work in the minea are in the atterag*, and a fine and bardy let of men they are. We hare on board the Bon. James B. Bowlin and fami ly. bonnd for Granada, be being, aa you are aware, our ap pointed Minister to tbat government, and one of tue true {rntleuicn on board of the vessel, notwithstanding his ring immortalized as one of Old Bullion's three Jews. We also have Mrs. Booth and lliss Davenport, who are on their way to fill an engagement in $aa Francis?. We bave, betides, some from Boston, New York, Phila delphia and Baltimore. Ihe tlri>t tlree or four days out, the weather was cold nnd tea rough, and many of the passebgeis quite sick; but now we are in a warm latitude, and most of the passengers arc to be aeen upon decks. All thing* are quite agreeable, the officers courteous and edible. Tomorrow we laud at Asplnwall. Ollt AHVtS WALL COKBMPONDIN CS. AsPINWall, Feb. 16, 1855. Cur Dryar Cure from Xrw York ? bYigidily and famine? Xv ml-r of l'anengers oil Board ? Judge Bouiin ? Charwleristict of Ike California hmigrntion^The Thr'e liabiet? Inauguration of the J'anama Ilailroad. Bantr, jam, blow, freaze, cola and comfortless embark ation i n the George l-aw the 6th of February, 1855; ther" mt meter at 24 deg. ; veuel under way at 2 P. M. paa?CDg' ta freezing, huddled in the cabina looking for the stoves, but finding none. A slight pipe, containing steam tjected from the boilers, ran* underneath the tables, aud haif warms the feet of a few . Two o'cl-ick pa?ses, thr< e, four, and cold aad hungry scores of re pentant humanity, itnocent of food since an early break fast, long for the dinner tbat is to waim and au?'.iin their sinking frames. Starwm; *M> Kkik'jmi Pamemikr ? Waiter, what is the dinner >.ourr Rt.t t.H Ja< KkTin A!?i> HlRRTlxo Waitkr (aeornfnllv) ? We don't give no dinner, sir; only givea tea at 0 o'clock to day. STiRviKO asd Fbiowijio Paf!>k>ioicb- Bring me a bottle of porter or ale. and some crackers and cheese? anything eatable and warming. Waitir? Store rot in ain't open, air. Not allowed to get any stores until regular meal, sir. lUsigt.ing hiraielf to his fate, the experimental pawn ger, boryintr bis nose in the folds of hie cloak, aB'l bold, ing bis net braced against the steam pipe uu ler the cabin table, relupaea into a state of shiver. The mill la, tbe directory tbat controls the operations of tbe New York and Panama line of *teainer?, is, in seme res pet ts, neglectful of the minor, nvttosaytbe major nutters, es.ectlal to tbe comfort of passengers. Tie pro'l'ion for tbe table is inadequate in quantity and qua ily. Kruit, that moot craved for luxury at sea is a stranger on the table Tbe prohibiten of comforts is even ? srr'ed so lar as to prohibit the storekeeper, as is customary, from keeping truits and condiments for sale. These are little luxuries tbat passengers would buy if u?t otlerwtse procnrahls. Twelve ?? tern and '/as ttewardea* comt rise tie service for table and stater* <ms ol 1M' eabin passenger*. Ihe officers generally of tbe George law are all that ;nuld be wished, but the owners and the cook. Oh, hli orni' rold rests and eoll vegetables do not *uit thy stormeh. ft la but simple justice to any that a more rourt?oi.?, kite, obtlg ng ami rare ul captain and more thorough geclleirac than Capta n Mrkinsiry never sailed a ship. It is neeoleas to say to 'hose who travel in his ve??el that where any of the appointment* are deficient it la in matters that, under eiistlnr organliationa, do not roine witbin his coolrol, though that fact Is never l-arned through him, as he quietly deea bia daty and impugoa no one's arts or motives. This vessel brought out 457 passengers, of which number ^67 ate in the steerage and lt>0 n the eabln. Tie ticmen number S?. and children under tw. Ive years At. f-'o latge a proportion of women and children .tampa the California immigration with a favorable aspect of amelioration. On a late trip ot this steamer aie carried eut three young wives proceeding to join their hus bands, each of whom had with her a young child, neither of whifh bad e\er >ee? it* fatbe. The ladiee were all atrargera to each ether Among the passengers is Judge Bowlin, our newly ap i oiated ll nis er to New Grans.la, and his family The Judge is a tactician, and alive to all tbe nrreasitle . for I |!oir.|t and e flit-tent action in the pre.ervath.n of our i>iihts n tbe Republic of New Granada, and for the I itcnrlM of ruch c< mnK'i al advaatages as may offer. A party of gentlemen cum oat, on invitation of the Panama Failroad Company, to inaugurate the opening1 of the road. It i* designed to celebrate the opening by giving a bamiuet at f'anaina, and to lay the corner atone of a memorial to the original grantor* of the road, in - eluding the late Vice Pres'dont and much lamented tra * ycller, John L. Stephen*. Ju'lge [iowlin will deliver the sildre-s at the laying of the corner atone, 'rhe memo rial iit to be eroded at the summit, or some point of the road. 'lhe following record may b? of intercut an sbowini.. our progreaa and the change of climate as we drer. ?out hoard, as uiarfc?d by the thermometer:? J'tb. Wvon, l)<g. 8 1'. it , Dry. Miles. 6 " 1 22 6 V8 3ti 181 7 69 6a 214 8 68 70 152 U 70 72 14 * 1 0 72 "4 220 11 74 72 210 12 72 76 227 13 *0 11 2:13 14 81 81 240 15 at 0 A. M. reached Anp>nwall 2,025 lhe wheela of the steamer having mivde since leaving New York. 11)7, lfib revolutions. Aspinwall males a tormiilable impression in point of sppearaure as we approach the wharf, lhe familiar American aspect of the white housea and groin blinds, aiid the train ot cara seen on ita way tbreugh the place, are rather an agreeable sight to the Yankee*. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. [hon the I'anama Herald, Feb. 1 5 ) A report is in circulation that a suspii-ious looking \?h?el,of about 3t <> ton a, wai ?.een entiling the harbor 1 1 Tal>o,a a few nights ago, which, after sailing among the shipping for a short time, ceand out again without casting anccor. We by no meana vouch lor the troth cf the statement. frowned in Taboga on Feb. lOtli, from the steamer Sonora, James tileeson, of New York, aged 26 years, second ccok. Deceased accidentally fell overboard, ana being unaMe to swim, sank almost immediately. [From the I'anama Herald, Feb. 13.1 Ily the arrival of the Britiah ateamer at Aspinwall, we are placed in possession of late dates from Bogota. 1 ho interior of the country remains in perfect tran quillity, and the administration, at the heaa of which is the Vice President, Jori' de Obaldia, h?s published it? programme under date of the loth ult., with the object of guarantying liberty and public order, and to support, the wellaie of the country [From tbe Aspinwall Courier, Feb. 13.] With much pleasure we learn that the running time of tbe train, which came from Panama to Aspinwall on Sunday afternoon, was about three hours; and from one information of the condition of the road, the prospect* of its durability, and the manner of ita regulation, w? preiumo that will be about the average time of the regu lar daily trips. We hear it stated that it is the inten tion of the management, now that the roud la finished, to start tbe trains hereafter punctually at regular hour* each day from both termini. Some months since, we noted the very groat increase of the fi eight tram mittcd from Europe to the South Pa cific, via the Panama route, during the year prior to that date, and we haTe now the pleasure ef informing the general reader that said previous increase has been con stantly augmenting for several months past. This wax to have been expected, as the facilities of transportation on tbe Isthmus increased; and we may safely anticipate a much greater increase, when the completion and for - mal opening of the road haa been fully announced throughout the principal commercial cities of Europe. [ [From the Aspinwall Courier, Fob. 11.] For the past week the community of the entire transit of the isthmus has enjoyed moat delightful weather, and the damages which had been done to the new parts of the railroad have been repaired. We shall not bei likely to have any heavy raina for some months to come, and during that time we confidently expect the running of all the trains that may be needed, for tho Immensely increasing freight, as well as for the passenger business, which must be very much enlarged as soon as the open ing of the road is known, will be constantly kept up. Ihore recently finished portions of the road which wera not injured by the late unprecedented storm, as well aM tliote which have been repaired, are improving in strength snd durability daily. The crisis in tbe fate oC the great undertaking is passed, and the same energv ana skilful exertion which has triumphed over it, will put tbe road in tuch a condition during the present sea son, as to defy the floods and storms hereafter. NEWS FROM AUSTRALIA. Two weeks later from Sydney? Incipient He" belllon at 11 ail naiat? Collision between the Miners and the Troops. We have advices from Sydney to the 7th iaat. and Adelaide to the 2d lost. The new a in of considerable Interest : ? ANARCHY IN VICTORIA ? INCIPIENT REBELLION XT BALLAABAT. [From the Sydney umpire, Dee. 6.] By the arrival of the steamer Hellespont la.it night WO have intelligence from Ballaarat, which r? ally is of aa alarming nature, ilncloxiiig, aa it dues, atstAte|if armed - ebeUion against the constituted authorities in that pa ; uloua pail of the gold At Ids. From the complexion oC t vents at the last moment, we may expect that the next: mail will infoim us of a set collision between tbe mili tary and the populace, attended by serious consequence* and certain bloodaheu. We lubjoij) the latest accounts of these nnhappy oc currtncea, as they are given by the correspondents of the Argui. A letter, da'e,: from Halloa rat November 29, appears in the Argun ot Friday. It is as follows:? Never, perhaps, have these columns seen such an out burst of popular feeing as was exhibited last night on these diggings. In the course of the afternoon of yea - ttrday, a detachment of the Fortieth arrived here, irona Getlong. At 10 P. M , a squadron of mounted polic?s arrived from the fame place, passing through the mala street, at a ham gad op. As they proceeded they wera attacked with sticks and stones, by tho exasperated dig grrs, at J some sevtre injuries were the coniequence. The populace were by this time wrougbt up to an awful pitch uf excitement, but it remained for the detachment of the Twelfth, from .Me>bourne. at 11 P. M., to feel Wliat a wronged and neglected class could be capa ? ble of tloinir, and to what lengths an indig nant population could go. On passing the Eu reka tLey were met by a large number of diggers, who allowed all the wagons containing the soldiers and am munition to pats, except the last one, which ther upset, eutting the traces, atid h-ating the soldiers with their own arms, partially smashing the wagon, and injuring the diiver in sticb n manner that his life is in danger One drntr.mer boy was shot in the thigh. The return of the wounded is not forthcoming: but from the number of bullets, sticks, boulders, ami other missiles flyin? about, I hare no doubt that very many accidents oc curred. 1 nt ver wish to pass again through anch scene** as I witness) last night litis state of excitement lasted until this morning Everything was quiet until 2 I'. M., when flie <lieij?r< begen to assemble on Bakery, Hill. according to public notice. 8 P. M. ? Abcut 4,^(0 assembled to hear the issue oC t b >? Melbourne deputation, und also the report of tha Committee o.' the Reform League. Ihe following wera the resolu'innt:? Fropofed by Mr. Reynolds, seconded by Mr. WeeVes? ? 1. 'lhat this mee ing views with the hottest indigna tion tha dating calumny of his Honor the Acting Chief Justice, ?h e en th- b?ncb, of tbe brave aui struggling su I'ererM of Care. Tipperary, Bristol, and other districts, on 1)icir endeavours to as ert their legitimate rights ; and do hereby g.ve tbe mo??. unmitigated and the mos? emphatic denial to the assertions of his Honor, in stig ' n stis ng as riots the perMtvering aui indomitable strug ? , glee for freedom of tlio brave people of England and Ire : land for the lae t eighty years. Proposed by Mr. 1 alor. s?- onded by Mr. Brady? 2. lhat a meeting of the members of the Reform I.eap ue be called at the Adelpbi Tieatre next Sunday, at 2 P M , to elect a ccntral committee, and that each fifty im n.bt ih of the league have the power to elect ona I ccember for tl.e central committee. Proposed by Mr. Frederick Vern, seconded by Mr. j ijuinc ? t, 'lhat this meeting, lr in/ convinced that th" obnox ious liret"? -i?e is an inipo-itlon and an unjustifiabla I tax ? n free labor, pledges it-elf to take immediate steps to abolish the same, by at once burning all their licenses. 1 That in the event of anv party being arrests'! for having; ; n" licenses that the united people will, under all cirtum I stiiiires, defend and protect them. I 1 roposed ty Mr. 0 Iilack, seconded by Mr. *"hately? 4. That as the diggers have determined to pay no mord Icensts, it i* neoeses'y for them to be prepared for tha | eontingei.cy, as It would be utterly inconsistent, after refusing to pay a license, to call in a commissioner for i the adtustment of such disputes: ami this meeting re? ; folves, whenever snv party or partiss have a dispute, the per lies so disputing shall each appoint one man ; ' tbe two men thus appointed to oall in a third, and thesa th"e to dec de tbe ca>e finally. I'rojr e?d by Mr Murnann, ssconded by Mr. Ro?is ? 6. fhst this meeting will not feel bound to protect sny roan a'ter the l.ith i'ecemiier, who ahall no', be a roem hei of the I*igue by that day. I relx eed by llumfrays, i sounded by Mr. Kennedy? ?I. Thst t>- ia meeting protests sgiinst ths common pr u'tid of bodies of mili'.ary marching Into a peaceahla 1 diflrr' with fixed bayonets, and also any fi.ree, polica ; or Mbeiwse fir sg on the people, under any circum j tiofa without tbe previous reading of the riot act, n 1 that if govt rnmont officials continue to act thus un ions! tutiorally, we eaniot. be responsible for similar oc Worse deeds tTini the people. Tbe shove were tbe resolutions I endeavored to writ* report ol the proseedings, hut I confess it was impoaal> le. Tts ftr-ece of excitement and confusion on tha latform prerl ded the idea of a competent and proper sport and if the honorable speakers do not Und any of Mr strung remarks or li.eid illustrations qnotad !? our paper the committee must thank themselves for he manner In which they allowed the meeting to bo loudurted I feel I should be compromising both my ? wn and your position by sending what must neosssarily I e a gsrbled statement I did my utmost, and ones wa4 bilged to ahsni'i n the platform. Some thousands of guns and revolvers were fired off at : one per <d of the meeting, iwo bonfires of licenses wera inade. I had no means orascectaini'ig the dates of thosa burnt. Many tlcksts were issued to tho?e who wished to be r me members of the Reform Leag is. I believa the subrctfp'lon to be 6s. Through tbe slovenly mannsf in which jnstlos Is dis pensed 1 ere snd bsltg s wltre-s in a ease ts day, I can not forward you tbe eseort r? turns. Tii?y aball be sent in my next, together with the market nport and tha prices realized at the government land salei Aut<rg the casualties ot last night was the firlaf oC Day's I ound, on the townsb'p; his house waa burned, ann Provi<*?nse only sa*ed tbe lives of b a wife and child. A dinner ? as given to the American Consul last night, at the Victoria paioon. As the gentlemen ef the prea* were not recognised, 1 give no report of the prtoeedings. I believe a meting Is to eome off on tho 1 5th Decem ber, but ss it is not tht mods to advertise or placard public meetings un' 1 the last moment, 1 ctnact spea'c for a c rfalnty. Tot ) -rat, 3 A. M.? Everything is rjuiet ? no Imms- ? I dlste | r< -je< t of an outbreak. I have jus', fcesrd s rs poit thst ens mas of Um Twslith has lad, and thaf