Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 27, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 27, 1855 Page 2
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INTERESTING FROM PENNSYLVANIA. THE SENATOBIAL ELECTION TO-DAY ASPECT OF PEJV.VSiXmii POLITICS. THE KNOW NOTHINGS. Vote for C ultrd States Senator. To-day the Pennsylvania Legislature wilt resume its billeting* for United States Senator. The last ballot, taken on the 13th inst., stood as follows:? fcunon Oanseron, American 68 CI. H. Buekalew, democrat .H J Prtngle Jones 11 I) Wilniot 9 Thomas Williams 8 James Veaeh 7 Thomas H. Baird 2 Smith Fnller 1 lie orge Chamber* 1 Jebn E. Kunkel 1 J S. Black 1 0. H. Tiffany 1 A large meeting of the citizen* of Pittsburg wan held on the '23d inst., in relation to the question of Senator, which, without expressing any preference for either of the candidates, passed the following resolutions:? Resolved, That the man chosen for that station should be a statesman, and not a mere politician ? that he should be a man, fresh from the ranks of the people ? ?lad in American raiment, and not m the cast off gar ments of whiggery and democracy. Resolved, That oar represenUtives be earnestly re quested to support no mao for United States Senator who is not in favor of the following measures : ? 1. A total repeal of our naturalization laws, or an ex tension of the term to twenty-one years, with such Ctrds as may be neoessary to prevent the enormous nds now continually perpetrated. 2. The repeal of all acts of Congreas in any way sus taining er recognizing chattel slavery, and the prohibi ten of slavery in all territory over which Congress has jarisdiction in this respect. 3. The encouragement of domestic manufactures, by such duties upon foreign articles as may be required to raise a sufficient revenue to sustain the government, and enable it to perform its duties to the people. 4. Liberal appropriation! to the improvement of our rivers and harbors. f> A tetal prohibition of the importation of the trimi aals and paupers which the Old World is now Tomitiog ?pen our shores. Resolved, That we deem it inexpedient to recommend >.ny on' as the man to be supported by our Representa tive*. but that we earnestly request them to nmte with ?tiers, in the hall of the House, in the election of s man, path as w? have described, for the important station so mob to be filled. Our HanrUbnrg Co*re?pomUnce. Harrisbvro, Feb. 22, 1855. 1M Excitement on the Qua tion of United State* Senator? Th* American C'oucui ? Preliminary Question ? Open or Secret Ballot ? BecetHon from, the Caucut ? Simon {.lameron Declared the Nominee ? Addrer,t of the Bolters ? The Democratic Caucus ? Their Nominee ? The Whig Caucus? 1 heir Nominee? TKt Voter for Senator ?? Con vention?The Effect of the Adjournment? Address of (At Non-Secedert to the American Council*? Bribery Investigation? Sunday Liquor Bill, dc., <tc. 9Jnce I last wrote you, important events hare trans piied in the capital ? events which will be felt, probably, tor ytm in their influence upon the future of the Ameri can party, and the destiny of sundry aspirants for offl:e. mm pi evioua letters I have sent you, and inforaiation derived from other quarters, your readers were made femiiiar with the course of events in this State prior to the recent effort to elect a t nited States Senator, w tli the names, prospects and character of the various can didates for that exalted station. But of the details of the conflict between these aspirant* in the Amer::an eancue, of the difficulties in that caucus, of the seces ?* t from 't, of the nomination made by It, of the ad drtsses of the secedersand regulars, of the action of the democratic caucus, of the Influence"; which controlled it, ?( the nomination made by it, of the votes given in sup port of it, of the ballot in < in the first convention of the two homes, of the adjournment for two weeks of the ?afcv?nt.oo , without having effected a choice, and of the ? umeraut wheels within wheels which have been playing here for the last three weeks, I hive seen no authentic and specific notice in the IIkiuld. 1 propose now to aapply this important link in the chan of Pennsylvania pobti:s that the past may be thoroughly explained, the present posture of affairs entirely understood. and tha toture either intelligently predicted or intelligently atudied whan developed. Tha second Tuesday in Fabruary is the day fixed by law for the election of United States Senators for this gtate, which is doae by the members of the Senate and B?um of Representatives meeting in joint convention, tke Speaker of the Senate pi esiding? the majority of the whole number preeent being req aired to effect an eltc tieo, ihis year the second Tuesday was the 13th ot the month; and the American caucue, to select a candidate, wee held in one of the committee rooms in the capltol, ea Friday evening, the 10th inst. At tais period the ex citement on this question was Intense. Every one thenght the nominee of the caucus sure to be the ?*nator, and that, therefore, the grand effort wa? to be seeds in the caucus. All thus nerved themselves tor the combat, and battled most vigorously for suciess A* koi a? the caucus organised, a motion waa made to exclude el) 'hoee present who bad not supported the bomtcees of the previous Aoeriian caucuses for legMa tlvecfih-es and the State Treasure. This led to son side reble debate, but was finally po-tp?ed by a decide,! meiority. lh- reason tor the large affirmative vote on the question of postponement wss that the passage of tht resolution would have excluded severil of :h? friomis of several p ominent candidates, and the msss af the caneus were committed to one or other. Tie pra eiee bearing of this exclusion could not be foreseen, an 1 each faction toped to mike something by the retent'on. The next and really bitter fight was upon the s-ibsti tatim of viia voce voting for balloting. At the previous aaueures, members bad voted by the ballet; but an effort was made to have open voting, in view of the I* acrtame of the office for w tiich t"i" nomination was to ?-e ramie the irnpor anco of entire fairueas in the votu.g, and the b- aiiDg any fraud wo Id t* * urc to hive np in xte subsequent co.irse of m?uib rs in the conveunn Cn the ot.ner hand it wai opp :sol as being aary infringement upon previous p-actice. Bu - ine trae reasons for the opposition to open voting were .hat ?attain rarties wero uod<r obi. Rations to support lit Jitho CKBfrcn unci other for whom th ?/ ?i?j no* wsh to be publlcty ktown as voting incaucus. an I 1>. it o'he rs feared I' th-y were on recor 1 as uot "/PP1*;"1 * (felonel Curtin, whowes ailed the - ul" administration can lid.. t?, they would be marled in the dispensing of exe cutive favor hereafter. Tie debate on was leegthy aud excited, aid resulted in 46 for secret T*1h'e caucus* Leo proceeded to ballot for a can 11 Ier United States Seuntor. 9ev<nbiUo wer ehvl t?r ?he sixth, twenty nne of the mein'ws bf . th? ciu ens, alleging that improper Influences were beinj W r nyim memlx'rs, and that a direct a ,.' bJ-n made on the sixth ballot, -vhen one more balUt J,- lied thsn there wera n ?mb>r? P ,, <?n the seventh b.l'ot be.t.g conn e.l, 'r?m w?? de^lar-d thp -aucus nomtne-, although he received two votes less than s majority of a t v The text day the town was full of wcilament. * vIoms oriniens t? in< ?xpress>d as to the ronda.t of the W>lt? is, th^y tbetnsshros took a lirm stand, and avowM their det? rannat t n to adhere to their position. On Saturday evening thej bchl s caucus to settle upon a line el roniuct, and appointed a committie to pr<-pvre an a>!diess to the puld c iu vindication of their course. Tie addrees was reported tfl lie ni<>e in^ on the Moidiy ? veil og subs.quou-., the evening previous to the d.?y m<Hl for the ( h><-' ou The *ddre.? was r?a 1, discos ed, amended, a''pted, orde ed to be printed, and P-acs l next morntnn up<m the desks of the meo.bers before the two he>i?es m-t in .onven'ioo. The meet ag dil no. adjourn until nesr midnight, after most of tne pr otiog oAcet in town were tljMd. Some trouble was eipe.i enced in having the docunionts pr.nted, but nnidy mouth ef hands were gatfceieil together and t was ctr mliteil thrcugh t-e legislature the nsxt morninf at an early hour. It has already been published in tne Nrw o Mcnilay evening tli* 12th inst , the democrat!: auens met. It was attended >y 'weotf six persons? Uesms. Cresswell and Try of the :<eo?te, ani t'arl s!e, raeley and i'allade of the House, all Cameron iu?o ? eclinin'z to go into the .-aucus. ibere were two balijts far a can-.ldate. wt'.ch re sailed thur ? ier a can f\rit bat. &C<mdM Charles A. Buckalew of Columbia 12 13 SJeorge W. Woodward, of Luxerne 12 II .loroiniah 8. Black ^ _ nJI'lkdViet ballot, Messrs. (ioodwin, iloga, l*i*tt, <J.i j 1, Cer and Walton, of the Senate, an 1 < or ?; rmicBongherty Dunning, Johnson, and Thompson, of tke House, voted for Mr. IPickalew. MMsThro-ne, Hanjlin ^ ter. eftbe Senate, and ,*5^1' r Wo >d Orr and Wright, of the House, voted for Judge ? took .'.ale vo'ed for Jeremiah fl. Black, a j1 dr. Backalew declined ^"t^n.'v x gave him the nomination, for had ha t?entr eole* would have Wn csst, would h I fourteen lor a choice. Mr "'"kaiew is at pres t a member of the Senate, In tha fifth year of his that body. He Is a yonng mm, of piw^ i,B' ..fL. i a ad radical democracy, but not likely to hava r c t he namination of his pirtv for the office, if |? h d a BMuerlty oa joint ballot. After tha * i ,oa was effected, a motion wm m%.ia that ike members of th? caucus pie l<e them elves V> sdher* to the nomiaatk.n from first t> last, wnun ?aa loot and hy the votes of the very m?n whonom1 wsted Buckalew, proving that they had sot him up t* knock him down when they had a protest for doing so. f ? , ewfusai of tha members torn posing tha caucus to i themselves to the continued supp<ir? of Mr. Buck* CI .hnw~l that Mr Casneron s strennth was N?ln* I r.VrfuUrWt i? the old line democratic org*ni?atlon. | coo?i<l??U? 4oubt whttHtr he w?HldB?t | ??>r ur% We. jou on a second tialli " *> Ui? dtfeat.on of anti American democrats. A third caucss was a) bo held on kloncay night ? that o! tbe oM line wMgs, eight in number. They nominated TS.|M?? W:lliam?, Kan . ol l*iti*burijr, a* their candidate, a toading lawyer of that city, formerly ? State Senator. Than B ve part e? wr? in the held? the tegular Aineri caoH with a declared saucus camU^ate the bolting Amercana without .1 regular candidate, but "?et" againat Caunruu; the old line democrat*, the antl caucus old Lne democrats, and the old line whigs. Of the candi dates, <ien. Cameron had the belt chance, as he had the regular American*, the anti caucus old line democrats, and, it was anticipated, a considerable number of the old line democrats who attended the c*ucus Many thought he would be chosen; but be failed from not having received the vote of all '.ho fifty nine Amorlc%ni who voted on tbe seventh ballot in caucus, and as many ol' the old line democrats ar be expected. At IV o'clock on Tuesday, 13th Inst , the Joint Con -notion met and ba'loted twice for a Senator, but with out sincere. Mr Camrron bad the highest number. The convention lacked three votes of being full ? one in consequence of a vacancy in the Senate, one by tbe n?n voting of Mr. MelHngcr of the Senate, and one by the absence of Mr. Clapp of the House. The adjournment of th# convention w?h very mortify leg to Mr. Cameron, <vbo wat, conldent of an election on the second ballot, acd had the cannon and powder ready for a salute in honor of the < vent. Th<* view generally taken of the adjournment was, that it wm unfavorable to Mr Cameron, because it gave the people an opportu nity to protest against his el?ction. He is very uniovu lar with the ma."ie* of the State? no man In it standing lower In their estimation ? but has managed to retiin bis influence with the leaders. Every day's experience bar "moved tbe sagacity of tbess expectations, as tbe people are protecting against his election, and there iB every probability that no choice will be made on Tuesday next, if at all this session. The opposlt;on are divided and not likely to coalesce upon any man, but are bitter Id their hostility to Cameron, and would prefer no elec tion to his election. Ibe old line Jem o rats oppose him cn various grounds, not the least of wli:h :s his alleged connection with tbe American Order, agaiaat which they are waging a merciless war. They cannot support him without a tetrayal of 'heir principles, unlesi they have reason to doubt" the sincerity of his professions of Ameri canism, in which ease ibe Americans could hardly be expected to continue tbe;r support of him. The latter part of .ast week tne nan seceders from tbe American caucus, prepared a statement in defence of themselves, to be read before the Council) of th* State. It has not yet been published, and was n;t intended to get into the newspapers, and will therefore be new to most of your readers It is well to have the statements of the two leading parties to this controversy together, an<i I have obtained and now subjoin a ropy, as printed in Harrisburg for private distribution among the order: STATEMENT 0? THE NON BKl BI1KK8. The tindersigntd, American men: hereof the I/'giilatnre (friendi of different candlJatiii voted for by tbo caucus, as also in favor of and opposed to the secret ballot,) ask leave respectfully to submit Ibe fo.'.owing facts, and facta only as the v actua'.ly occurred, wi'hout cote or comment, ana not to b? considered a*. spoak<ng harshly of, or de nouncing any man or set of men, whether members of that caucus, or members of cur great American organi nation, before it as .-andidaton, and claiming the benefit ofitg Miflragea. Pursuant 'o notice posted on thf doers of both houses by the directions of the presiding officer, Thomas C. Steele, Esq. , of Philadelphia, tk6 American cau*os of the Legislature ? c'uerj one tuembere in all ? mt'. at seven o'clock od Friday, "he 9th inst , in the East committee room of the House, for tb? purpose -. f nominating a per son to bo supported by the American members of the Legislature lor tbe office of United States Senator After organizing id duo f irm, motion wa? made to ex clude all gentlenen who, although members of the or ganization, had not, as was alleged, acted in good faith and BUpporteo the nominees of previous caucuses. After diecusH on aud explanation from some of the geallemjn Intended to be excluded by the resolution, upon a divi sion of the House And a mot>".n to postpone the whole question of exclusion indefinitely, and that we proceed to nominate a candidate to be .supported by us for the office of United Senator, the motion so to postpone and to prc:e?(] at once to a non.ini.tion prevailej by a large majority, whliout even a call of the vtas ami nays. A resolution was then offered that we nominate by a lira rcee vote, amended by "ballot" in stead of vira v?ce After a protracted discussion, and on a'call of tbe yeas and nays, the amtadmec-S to vote by ballot prevailed? yeas, 48; iiayn, 4i. Tie caucus '.hen proceeded tc ba'lot for a nom nee to be supported by them, wlie* the end of the first ballot showed the folicving result . ? Votes. Voces. Simon Caiceroc. 27 Pavi<? Jajrie 1 A.G. Curtin 11 J. PHagleJoaw 3 I>. M. ,Bm jser 3 Hri, F. Johnson 10 Jame< l'odd 1 James Coop er... ....... 6 0. H. Tiffany..., 4 J. S. Lilttfi 1 Ralph Clapp 3 J. K. Mooikead 1 David Wilmo-. . 6 U. M. Fuller 1 James Veecb .... 6 R. T. Conrad 4 n. S Evans 1 Tiaddeua Stevens. . ... . 1 William Darlington .... 1 A motion was !h?i; Made to proceed to a second 'bal lot, atd so on through the tbir-i, fourth and fifth hal lo's, showing a steady increase on th?> part of the two prominent candidate*, Me^rs. Cam iron and Cartin; U ere being or ohjetilon dur'r.g ill this time, as<i all parties apparently ca-'sfied with the proceeding; when on counting the sixth baLo', it was ascertained that Si mon Cameron has received forty rix out of all the vo'es cast; A. 6. Curt in, thirty-seven, an* nine votes a tatter ing belrg one rr.3?e vote than tl-ere were members in ibe caucus. Hereupon great confusion and excite ment prevailcl before even the tellers tad annua need the result ot the vote, and a rc-tinn wns made ta pro ceed to anotbrr ba'lot, which prevailed. Greater con fusion and excitement than before tben ensued, which resulted in twenty nice gent-tiieu leaving the room, six two remaining Every efl rt wai csaoe tola luce thc-e who *ete ahcu', to retire to remain nnd prore'1 to another hullo', but )n vain. Nothing would sat'sf.r them but an adjournuiont which was voted dewt by a large 2c.nj jrltjr, after which they jet'red. Previous to *be se^essioc, a member who was about to retire with the otl ers, and who had been one of ti.e officer* of the Taeetloj. (and who afterwards did retire,) and at the table the wbols evening where the election was ccnducted, av .wail openly ilia: there was no wrong to be imputed to aoy cne in relatou to the extra vote ? that it was a mere mls'ake, which might have occurred under such circumstances at any tcce and with aoy peraon. After the rnBlora.t on o' quiet and c-'ler, nno'hsr bal lot in pursuance of the atnres&id motion, v. as gone into, and fit t y nine votes cast. The resu'.t rhows'l that of the vote- cant Simon Caraeron tad received 44 v., tee, A. O. Cuitin 11 votes, James Cooper 2, ac<i Ueory If. Fuller, 2. time declining to vote. Simon Cameron h i viae received a m.ijo.ity ot all the votes, was '.ecJojet by tns presi dent the nominee if the caucu-, an I ou motiu Hm no i natiOL was ra.. a unanixous, there cot bjlc^ a, t;agle | dissenting voice. Hith tbie brief siatcmep' <f fa:i? as ibey occurred, w# submit to ycu (he question whtthfr, und.rtbe c>r cnustances, wo could, const*' *Btly w th nurhevor. do anything but adhere to tbe * oit nation so fa rly ma'.s, ae we Laver'oae. Thos. C. h-'te?l. John Stardevant, Henry K Str? np, l'UIUp Clovee, Joseph Cummins, C. H. Ejrstwr, P. C. Boat, TImdm Wood, fa'eorge W. !-'m:'n, *tli am l'ear n, Jr , E. w Fr?e, Charles A. Alhgocd, <<eorgef>. Kins' ; 8. II. Ponmao, C. Hubbs r. 0 iFatrrhou. r, Jesse Wed dell, W A IVirry James Foster, (}. W. t'r swell, (ieorce I^-as. 1 1 M Vorlien, Uijak ilorriioa, H. II North, John A ttchlsjr, J trom H, Hohj, A. W. Lane, (J W. ialm-tr. John J MiiKe, Ja ob L Groan, I'anu-1 Kutte", A C*! i ve i, Jsinuel Bberer, Ueorc- 7i?fler, Jotm M. Kirkpa rick, K r'a li iinei J. A. <tuy, KuwHl J. <repps, Josb ta H. Fletcher, .) itnee V. < 'rawiord, David L Sai th, \v'. F Fnxer, Alexander M' t'unr.eU, J ? II. ytlien, Ja lies R'.ttenhouM, J. . H ild'-rman, SI I'onsl.soB, John llendrioke, Alexander Cuanm ng?, Johi. \n. KlUin^er. Je rem lab Ueagltt, 1 tn i)ti(vi) ? vbly abeent from Ut-rUburg at the | time ui tbe c.i'i-us lamsat siie l t ? ? : j? K?..ig state I BKr.t ieent rely earreot: ucd t toriial'r Hustitce-1 the , tiomicati n l>/ oy voti' in tl.e eon e itton ?.r, iue.lay. W. M. M'i'OSKi'.Y. MB. -Tbe n?nei of Ifessrt W \ C'lbs and Jacob , ShuMtn, t'enauirs fri'in I'bUadelphia a-5? '.nncast'r. are | no! i.t.acbc,!, C being s'ci. tt in I'hi-a etph.a, ? r<l Vr. ^hum?n on husiaees h*. Oslambta. B>th of i tt? se &? rati- ta- u, h.. hough Oppose J to the nominee n | caucus, r?m- -n? 1 *Bd eopnorUrt ">im la convention in I the II or i f n <\ Slid w? ui I d lubtle" bnve ?i;n> 1 the ?l> >ve [a| t * I they been here. Afponded lelr ? ie an u-rolic ed !*t e?, a r.-iael to f!?n. Cnmeti o. I>y Mr. la'.tirop wlu-st uiu? it attached to a paper a dr?-?e 1 V.y the '.er? "To the pu i ic." It sp-at,'-; .: itsel : ? H i -i v 1. o- tixi.xrATi iw, Fob. Ij, 1845. i llOX. t'lXOS ( aMKHiM ? I u* - 1 h - 1 liava j .-.I :e j a p..j? r pat t r ' li by the re-in'>er? .f the \r.. rican cauC i to: the n.iminvlou of I'mttd Ftat s Sen. tor who sveeded, atd U> w'.llch my nauis s attieheJ. I sigmd the paper " tboat r?adiug i'. It wasbriig^t to late last tv fug, when they mid (bey s-eviua gnat burry to s>n<! it 'o t^ie j.rin'ers. I xi assured by riltnris 'k*t i' ecc'i:ae4 BO'htng 1 woull refuse to sign, an 1 I interred t -a* it lv tter-ly a sW! n?"nt o *riit j occurt-d in caacu* So far it co:.t.i c 1 chir^es I agair^t yur cliarnct*r as a iTi*o a-da c ti;>a, I bet to a>!-ure jou that I never intended to, no' do I.e.ilorso tbcm 1 have fel b und to sustain Mr. Wilmot, b it n doing 10 liteo c<ver iotaoded toasia'ltUe li ?r.i ter ,,r ; ijnalilica'l .n* of o' * >r ?sndidate?. R p?c''uliy yoi?s, Hob Siy><4 Camkron. C. J. . A I'll it' >1*. ,Vea?k 'b*' the foregoing cay be read te your cjuni.l at its first meeting. if there sli'uld be no ele -t". n this winter this |uarrs' betw??n the Aai-riean leiri- a^ors w;iles>nd to the peo lie, ?mt may mirk an even:f,.j era in the inetory of ilie order n '.his .state. I have alluded liefore to the ju at coiBT.ittee wbl h was hy tbetwohMsee, on th* -a irningof Tu< lay, the 18tb, to .nit' a^te ,et. un charges of b-ipsry. Ttie committee ? t e?e ry ev?ry evening, have examine<t a n miber >'f 'v tne.e. , aivl sabptrBed in in/ more. They a ? iust teglnriog to g?? at the larts, which will rtartle th* peop e of 'lie "-tole common *e*.tti, implicate seve ral members of the LegieUture, and lead to Mima snook ; lng eiposuree. The ends of justice rrrght he defeated by a statement ot sdiomim- at pre ?nt, aud I - nail therefore I forbear. The whr^tr i'h as far as it can be reached will yet be la d t-efore the public. I kith branches have passed a bill to prevent the sale of i intericftting liquors on Sunday? la the House, by the decided voteef 73 to ?. and in the Heaate by the vote of V to 2. It l? stringent 'B its, and is ia tLe following terms ? Sec. I lie It enacted, *' , That from and after the flrst day of April osvt. it shall set be Uwfel for any per eon or pi IQSBS to sell, trade, or barter ia any spirituous or jsalt ignore, wiae or tiler ca Ui? first <i*j of the week, cosnun n.y called ; or (or tbe keeper or keepers of any notel, in*, tavern, alehouse, beerhouse, or other public bouse or place, knowingly to allow or permit any *p rituous or malt llqucr*, wine or cider. to be (frank on or within the premise* or bouie occupied or kept by such keeper or keepen, bit, ber or their agouti or servants, cn the laid first day of the week Sec ?. That any peraon or persons violating the pro visions of the tortgoiug Melon, (hall for aich and ??r7 otfrnre forfett and pay *he sum of fifty dollar h. one half of wbicb shall be paid to the pro*eeutor and the other half to the goardiana of the poor of tbe city and county in which ?uit U brought, or la countlea having no tfuar dixns of the pfor, tfcen to the overseer* of tbe poor of the townxbip, ward or borough in which tbe oflenes was ccmnitted, to be recovered before any Mayor, Alder man. or Justice of the Peace, as debt* of like amount are now by law recoverable, in any action of "debt brought in tbe name of the commonwealth, as well for the use of the guardiata of the poor (or for the ovei seers of tbe pcor of tfce township, waid or borough, as tbe caie may be) as for the person suing. Provided, that when ?r_v debtor is himself a witness on any trial under the provisions of this section, then the penalty or .forieituie sball be paid to the guardians or overseers as aforesaid. And provided farther, that it shall be a misdemeanor in office for any snch Mayor, Alderman, or Juatlce of the Peace, to neglect to render to the said guardians of tbe poor i. ud prosecutor the amount of such penalty, within ten days from the payment of the same. fee. 3 That in addition to the civil penalties Imposed by tbe last preceding section for a violation of the pro vision* of the first soction of this act, every person who shall violate the provisions cf that section shall be taken and deemed 1o nave committed a misdemeanor, and thall, on conviction thereof in any criminal oourt in this Commonwealth, be fined in any sum not less thin ten, nor more than one hundred dollars, and be im prisoned in the connty jai! for a period not leas than ten nor more than sixty duys at the dlacretion of the Court Tbe Governor will, no donbt, give it his official sane ton. A prohibitory bill haa also been reported in the Houae, to go into effect on the fourth of July next, the people to vote on a day not designated for or against the repeal of tbe law. Tbe probabilities are that this bill will not pass this session. The most radical temperance mea sure* likely to be adopted Is the bill to abolish the tavern license laws of the State, thus to illegalixe the sale of liquor in amall quantities, and strike a severe blow at the whole traffic. SENTINEL. Oar Lancaster Correspondence. Lanoabtkr, Pa., Feb. 19, 1856. lh e Know XatAing Victory? The Local Elections , 4c. As I intimated in my last, the new councils have made a clean aweep of the old fogy leechee that have been ?ticking the life blood of oar city treasury for a " time whereof the memory of man runneth not to the con trary." There was a great howling among the " turned out" on last Tueaday, when the couaciU tn joint con vention " turned out" and elected true and worthy .Americana to the placer that have bo long been die. graced by subserviency to the foreign and Catholic influ encee which all our city officers have been the most ab ject a ".arts to. These are melancholy facts, and 1 write them more in sorrow than in anger, that to this time oar eity officials cared more for the good will anl votes of Father Kef nan and the "lager princes" than they did for onr own native born citizens. And why was this so? Because they at a'J times could elect just who they pleased; holding the balance between the old parties, they had to be -'kept'' pie i Bed to be sAfe. But now thing? have changed; the boys "to tbe manor born" have taken charge by the votes of the same boys " to the manor born." And what a glorious day it will be when every SUte, town, vii Age and city in the whale Union will hate done as we have done ? shaken off the chains that have bound us down in fear and trembling to the foreigners. What a spectacle to con template. The President of the United States and every one holding office by the votes of the people, a native jorn citizen. In loss tiiau two years this shall be the case. Who will or who dare dispute it ? no true Ameri can but will rejei. e over it. The inauguration of Mayor Albright tofik place in Ful ton Hall on Tuefday last, in the presence of about one thousand persons. Toe number usually preterit on each oectsipns are from fifty to a hundred. The new Mayor elect delivered an inaugural, which was received with great applause and satisfaction, and everything argues well for the future for OTr eity and the spread of Ameri can prinrpies. As I h?re cot seen the vote for Mayor in the Hkhaui, I will trans:rlbe it: ? VOTE TO* MAYOR. Jacob Albright . American. Christian Kuffer , Coalition. Southeastward 230 Southeast ward 223 Southwest ward 231 Southwest ward 190 Northeastward 2'JO Northeastward 210 Northwest ward 414 Northwest ward 273 Total l,10l> Total 906 905 Albright's majority. 260 There la a certain degree ?! respect at all times due from the ret. ring otAstr to th? in-going one) but oa Tuesday last the coalition Candida* and retiring Mayor refused to accompany Mayor Albright to meet the joint convention of councils, as ha* been the immemorial cus tom. The conduct of the ei Mayor is universally con demned by all parties, ae unworthy of any gentleman, and particularly one who had been honored with a ma jority at tho three former elections for the sume office. "i| Is a Corner,' iome one who pretends to be a Know Nothing spy of the Kramintr and Herald, s>ys the next Gisnd State Know Nothing Council of Pennsyl vania is to be beid in 1 sncaster in April. Wha; truth there if ia " Q" 1 am not able to aay, out if there ia no mere truth in this revelation than in some others he has made lately, it will as likely be held in New York. Since our obliging newspaper agent, Mr. Uarr, sup plies the citizens of Lancaster every afternoon with the I morning edition of the Hwai d, we not onlv feel and knew that we are going ahead, but strangers look upon ns as fully up with tho times- as no people ran be who have not ready access to the Beraij>. While i am wrltmir this, 1 hear the newsboys singing out New York 'Eiulp. B'ully we are a New York too. JOHN JO VKS Our MMdletown Correapondence. Miudlctow*. Pa., Feb. ib, 1W6. Cameron tan I'rofptcts ? H. A. W ist?The K. -V. Interest ? Buchanan to be Killed Off through Cameron, dc. T>e interest excited ia every section of the State upon th?- United States Senatorship, continues to Increase as tbe day of election is approaching. The Legislature baa never been in a more ludicrous quandary to mak? cbol ?? of a rep-esenta'.ive for the State. The dlffeTeat psrtiee, and fractions of patties of which it is compoel, all need a teacher to Instruct them what to do. Kone of them "an foresee the termination of the difficulty, and each seems as much troubled as the na tional adm.nistration in fixing upon a policy to be st?adily put sued. A P'erce-lke vacillation is becoming coiuniou to them all, acd the contagion may even ewiitua'ly reach the Knc w Nothings. Home of the de n ocr iti are ei'eedmgly savage, ready to ' tear a passion to tutti rs," whilst tbe mire moc'eraie ones administer a llt'.ie com'irt, by coolly advising them to take even 'im ron and be content with as ' mus'a democrat as fiu b- obtained under the c|r:ums*an.*ea " Tho whige arc preparing to maie ail out of :li<- flglit pos? bl?. The h row No'h'ngs curse the bolters, denounce the whig* <w' !.??.?, 'l ey aay, they assisted to a full shars of the ?,) as ungrateful, and declare tl at Cameron sha'l be cleeted, to aj te of all that can be <;oae to the son trary. The doing" cf ti e Investigating Committee occasion ti i jr little Interest throughout the State. At tbecapi t?i they 0:cae>03ally came a little curiosity ? not so m i eh t.ecaui o any particular revelation* are expected, as because of the design, which is generally believed to i be more to give a turn to the el I' kioo tl an to prevent frauds. Although very lilth- nagacity may be allowed to tl e legislators, tliey >st ill po -es- enoi.g'i to prevent tV> ni fioui making too minute an exposition of them selves. it is a consi lerable time since any repree-ntative of l'i nns> Ivsn'a has cccupted a very prominent position iu tie I'ulted htat< s Senate rii? Leg slat ore. 6a?, for * srs, selected inferior men, and th-re la now htlU pros ;?it tbat tbe next rix years will bt'ng '.o light any one ?uperior to his inimeaialj predecessors. We are very evidently appioaibini a point in the politics of this country, to prr<'ict which is r.ot so veiy easy Kmw 1-otlni.glsiii, it is asid, c.incot endure, aud should it fall, | wlial Ilien'. > hi. II the old parlies reniro* clie.r original , pehitiunr tdiill democracy again cont^nU with whiggery. | and wh gxery with democracy? ^hall we fca\o an Ame rican and a foreign party? Or. which nuty even' ually be j the result, shall the question tie beiwsen the North and | | the touth? The last issue is quite probable, and it is as I dangerous aa probable. The bugtear thundirsof the i Pope are nothing to this country when compared with , th? MDNqoetci'S which might follow should our inon frnoiia pollt'csl elements resolve themselves Into a ntgroand anti negro party. In that event Pennsylvania , should have men in the Senat* who?? ability would en able them fully to ritdlcale its l iyaltv to the constitu t en. Viewed in this light, the Legislature has a h 0t luty lo perform, and tboie who compose It must an 1 swer to tne people should they aegle> t lo perforin it fear lesaly. Tbe course of I'ennsyleanin is distinctly marked out before ibem, and whoever may tbe sj-ceesful candl ' date, the people demand a Senator In whom they can ; cotfl<*e, whatever may be the condition of politic* here aftrr. One sentirntnt which has entered into the contest, now seems mn re prominent thtn all th? rest ? a determined opposi.on to the nat.onoj administration. The Ruchinaa men bare nj iove either fi r Pierre or his Cabinet, an 1 many of the Tass men e ipp->rt t'air.eron me-ely (as tkey say; ' to kl'l off Pierre and Durbanai. at one blow Some even labor for ' sn.fron under tbo ispression that his defeat would contribute to the prospe-tsof B?nry

A., the administra^.on candidate fcr Governor of Virginia. I'oer Wisel The si nipatbles of ?be Pennsyl vania de*..vrary are w.-.h him. but even th'y would rather see bim tal> '.han help the adm n atration through him. The Know Nothings ha-e Seen m advance of tfeeir 0p. rnnents, and have extensive y c.rcila'.el the report that ameron will be elerted on tbe firs* ballot on rne?lay ?ext. This is a stroke of pulicy, and Is intended to de I ress the rplrita of the oppositlos. It Is generally heliet e<), however, that he has well employe,] the interval since tbe adjournment, and his well known shrewdness may All present Indications reader his elect. en prcbable. Tten who will be pleased ty f nn.'Kki? Om Columbia Correspondence. CoLcauiA, Pa., Feb. 23, 1845. The Senatorial Question? Cameron'! I'atition, VKancti of .Sueeesi, dc., ??c. The weather of the past few days has put new lite and vigor into our people, the severity of the winter having only fitted them tbe better to enjoy the sunshine of a pleasant day. The baeineii of the up ring promises very fair, tight t noes are gradually mending, aid there ii no doubt but the approaching season will find ns as happy, as active, and as full of enterprises, as any of its prede^ssors. The only thing that now seems to trouble the perfect repose of the people, is the question, who shall represent Pennsylvania in the United States Senate duiing the next fix years? The peculiar wrrkings of the Know Nothings hav? given a strange tenor to the politics of this Stat", as everywhere els*. Old, blustering politicians are evi dently, at present, trying to " assume a virtue, if they have it net;" and, by some marvellous agency, those who have heretofore bsen the noisiest are now apparently calm. There is, however, enough of excitement to be witnessed? yet with one party it is a kind of suppressed excitement, which must ooze itself away as best it can, whilst with the other it occationa'ly resembles a raging torrent, which must lose its terror simply because it cannot hit the object at which it aims. Notwithstanding the great elation occasioned amongt the Know Nothings, by the nomination of Si. mon Cameron, in their caucus, and their certain assurances of oomplete success, their calculations were spoiled ? an unexpected blow was struck, and from the manner in which the old fogies continue to growl, and young America to pout, it seems to have hit both. The contest is to be renewed on Tuesday next, and both par ties are preparing for the light. Whatever plans and schemes may have been engendered in the interval will then be developed. The wire-pullers have been indus triously at work, Cameron ha a visited the Know Nothing councils of Philadelphia, and if the bolters can be set right, be is victorious. Every section of the Stat* pro mises to be well represented at Harrisburg on Tuesday by little politicians, whom Know Nothlngism has mys teriously dug up from obscurity, and old hucksters, whom it ha? mysteriously set aside. Legislator* will be carefully beset and judiciously belabored and impor tuned, and amid the a mount or good eounstl and bold threats, the poor fellows win have no very pleasant time of it. Tbe choice of the United States Senator seems to be beyond the control o' both parties. The mutiny in the Know Nothing camp has placed them in a very equivo cal poeition, but they are now determined that Cameron shall go to the Senate, or Pennsylvania remain unre presented. They have said it; but the fact is, of them selves, they cannot prevent the election of another man, although there are other causes which may do so. There is yet little pioipect that the frag ments of their opponent* can be united, and until a thorough union be effected, Cameron is the "strong man." The persons thus far named cannot secure that nnion : and so long as old rasniniscences and old party feeling hold a controlling influence over the votes of members, it mav be hard to find an* who can. What if the farce of tne Baltimore Convention, which nominated Pierce, should b? reenact* d? the law mskers balloting and quarrelling among themselves, and at last uniting upon eonw obscure major, colonel, or general, who would, during tlx years, furnish the peopl* innumerable occasions t* repent of the folly and stu pidity of their Legislature * Cameron is an old tariff democrat? a shrewd politician ? and has many warm personal friends throughout t he State. He was not idle at the fall dec lions; and had the democrats then nominated been returned, his elec tion to th* United States Senate, on the flrst ballot, would have been caitaia. Th* outside pressure is in his favor, and it may be more so an Tuesday next. Tbe abolitionists are not against him, bat tlwj have been plated in the back ground. Stevens and Johnston are no longer thought of. His opponents ascribe hi* position to his money ; cut, after the bost investigation possible, under tbe circumstances, it ia now conceded that the charges of bribery against him were false. They may have owed their origin to the impurity of the Legisla ture, whieh i? generally supposed to be pur^haseable. The probability, thus far, seems to bs that next Tues day will witness the ek'"t!on of Cameron, notwithstand ing he hss been " mightily abused" Dy his enemies. One of his most serious misfortunes is, many of his friends are not disposed to contidu too much in him, yet til will give him their support. Shonld he not tu-cesd, another postp< nement may be tbe consequence. Came ron. or no eJectier ? that ia fixed upon by h.s sup porters. Which will their opponents prefer 1 We must wait : yet, in the meantime, the eall is, " to tbe capi tal J to Harrisburg !" Apart from the i interest manifested in the pending election for United Btatea Senator, there is nothing astir in our bcrougb whieh could interest yonr Pennsylvania readers. CLEVELAND. Our Reading Correspondence. Rbadi.ig, Fa., Feb. 19, 1056. Tht -American rarty'i National u y ? TKe Senatorial EUc. ticn ? T\f Election in Reading, Ac. My predictions Id my former totter regarding United Bute* Senator bar* k> tar proved correct. l?x -Governor J oli n etc n (of the abolition firm of Seward, John* ton k Cc.) received but ten votes in tbe American caucus on the first ballot; on tbe fifth It was redure* to one, and afterwards withdrawn altogether. I think thin proves conclusively that tbe American party in Pennsylvania are right on the great question of slavery, and were de termined to cruib the agitator in tbe begiuntqg, to save trouble hereafter. 1 assure you, let the nomination fall upon who it nay. it will be no man whose principles are to advocate the repeal of tbe Fugitive Slave act or Kansas and Nebraska bill. The last named has passed and become a law, the governments in the Territories have gene into operation, anti slavery men of the North have accepted the challenge, and are f irwird'.ng emigrants as fast as possible to fight them with the great weapon (the ballot box) at the coming election. So let it there be decided. To repeal it would be wrong, and would again agitate tbe country, and lead to the same results as did tbe passage of the bill. As the second attempt ap fnoacbee to elect a Senator, the excitement continues to nsrease, and it is the opinion of a great many that no election will take place this session, from this opinion 1 differ I believe that the bolters from the last caucus, with lb* aid ot those who will be instructed by the lodge* to opptae Cameron and unite upon a new man, will be stiong enough in the neit caucus to make a nomination; and, even admitting that there are twenty five Cameron men, who will disregard th- action of that caucus, there will still be tixty eight true Americans left, (inducing Pratt, of Phi la lel|>hi?, > which will just b? a msjority of two on joint ballot. Let them nonvnate a man ol educat on and- talent, one who is free from all eld party alliance* ? a icis ot conservative principles, and one who will faithfully carry out the wishes of h.s contituents, and all w.ll be well. (lar election for city and ward oflifsrs comes off on the 16th of Mar:h. lhe democracy, who hive always hvd a msjority of ii60, have iallen asleep, and, like Sampson, the fatal lock has been clipoed, and they wake up, crying "fuskn," ?? fur-ion, " in order to gain their atreogtli. Tbfy item terribly alarmed, and remind rue of the Irish man who wax brought into court to he tried for a crimi nal offence, lie seemed much troubled about it, and the JiK'ge told him not to be alarmed, that justice would be done him. '? rrotb;" says Pat. '? and it's iist what I a> altaidof." So it is w.tb these oil political thimk e rigtirr*, they arc afraid jus'ice will be meted out to them, aud ?o it wil'. The ballet ou the loth will toil au overwhelming tale against them. KiKI.n. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. H1MON CAMEROIT KXruHKI). [Prcic the Peunsj Iranian, (administration organ) KeV 34.] lhe lo. lowing is an authentic copy of the letcer of Simon Cameron, in reply to the letter of J. M. Kirkpa tiick, ?q , a member oi the "-'late I 'g'slatiire, Irom the city or Hltt>burg, In regard to <vni;h there baa been mu jh speculation in political circles ? H.ihm sim hi., Feb. 9, 1 8u5 IikaR Sir? 1 have u' 12 ocleck, received your letter of tbia morn ng, and reply to it .'Rune<i!at<%. To your tir?t interroga'ory. 4 Have you ever, at any time, been, or are you now. or will you ever be. in favor of the ro called Kansas Nebras ka bill passed by Cong/*** at its las'. aess.on':" Answer ? From the day It was in'roduced in the Seni'.s to th<*tlm? I have t?-en opposed to the bill, nor shall I ever favor 't. i'd. "Would yon if e'e-.te.l to tbe F?nat? cf tbe L'nittd fates, use all ticnorabie and fair means to rtfTect tbe re storation of the io i ailed Missouri Compromise. wh - h was literally and virtually abrogated by the pasiage of tie aforesaid Hans** -Nebraska bill " In answer? I would. 3d. "'Would you, t slerted to "he * >cate of the LVad States, use all brtoraM* and fair mrans in your power, to elfect a repeal cf -vhat Is comrc nly known as the 'Fugitive Wave Jaw ' " Answer? The passage of the eflitprom!<? measures was a-quiescsd in by *he North, and 1 had hop?d tne question* frcwirg r it of It lia-1 been settled, but ai t'je South has been tbe first to violate it. 1 hold toe b 11 sub ject to revision, acd will act wi h the North uion this and all questions connoted with the subject of slavery 1 snswee? 1 will. 4th. ''Do you re ogr re the right cf Congress, and i so, would you ast soon such right, and -ise your vote and influence to legi<late for all Tsrritor e? now belong ing. o- wh eh may hereafter b? acqjired, by th? United State*, to thl niter and entire exolisbn of slavery or in voluntary ?erv tod* in said ferr tories My a%swer is that 1 recognne ?&* right and wi u'.d ?? lsg.?-;a;e. Mh "Would you oppoee by all and every horora> !e and fair means n yotir power, the extension of slavery and iovoluntary servitude over Territory now frea, cr atywhere or any lime, now or hereafter, wherever or whenever it may be endeavored, >y its friends, to intro duce It V For an *n*w?r to thl*, 1 could read'ly refer to nay Sena toriil ronr?* ? especially my vote on the Wilmot Proviso; but that there may be no mi'unJers .a. .ding I en phat cslly anseer m 'lie affirmative. rttb. 'Would you at ell times, and npm all a-ca<loi!?, protect and preserve inviolate in this respect, as in all others, tbe r ghts, immunities, and privileges of t^e North, as guaranteed to them by oir constitution an I laws against any and all encroachments of our r ?U, Sta'es, comprising and romp??ing the Southern part of oir national confederacy f" Aaswer. ? A Northern man who would not prote:t and preserve the rights of the North is unworthy of tbe reipe<-t cf aay konerabli man, and for thosa r'ghtel I wonld battle unt., tbe la?t. e ther in a public cr private j station. 7th. "Are yeu in faver of and would yon vot?, act and us* yi?r Inflos see in favor of such a system of peM r rates sad duties as weald most effsctsafly, and beyond all f-obi guard enr horse industry aad n-.aanfae'.nres against fcrehrn -ompet '.ion and pauper labor Aneftr ? My prlB'.^ff ta*e always Ne? ia faurcf I tbe "Anxricu System." I bave sever doubted as to what iu the true policy of the country, and I an*wer your interrogatory in the affirmative. Mb. "I)o you stUlin this respecta ihere to and abide by the sentiments and doctrines contained in the rpeech de livered by you in the Senate of the United State* on the lBth day of July, lMCv" Answer? I most certainly do. Dtb. "Do yon recognize the right of Congress tolegis late and make appropriation* for the improvement of our river* anl harbor*'" I do recognize the right? greatly deplore the executive vetoe* on tbia subject, and will um> every mean* in my power for the paseage of bill* for the improvement of tbe river* and harbors. 10th. "Are you in favor of auch a change in our na tional law*, pertaining to the naturalization of foreign citizen*, a* will compel all of them arriving in thi* coun try, after tbe passage of such an act, to remain in this country at leai<t twenty one year* before being entitled to tbe right* of suffrage as tbey now possess tUein, aud will you use your vote and influence to accomplish such change?" This, your last interrogatory, I answer in the affirma tive. It was noon when I received your letter. Visiter* and friends have crowded my room since I commenced wri ting, or 1 should have written more in detail. Your in quirie* were direct ? the answer* are a* direct, and to th point. Still I must regret that I had not time to elabo rate them more fully. Very respectfully, your*. Ac.. SIMON CAME80U. J. M. Kirkiutrh k, Esq., House of Representative*. This letter was used in the Know Nothing caucus to induce the friend* of David Wilmot to lupport Cameron, and had been privately exhibited to the whig* ana Know Nothings of the Legislature, toaatisfy them that he agreed with tbem upon their respective point* an i doctrine*. It will be seen, that he goes farther than even Seward himself upon the abolition question, an that he is willing to meet the whig* and Know Nothings on all tbe articles of their faith. Our purpose, in thi* article, i* to *how that Cameron ia willing to adopt any doctrine, and if necessary, to swear to it, in order to secure his election to the United 8tates Senate. He has betrayed the democratic party, and so consistent ha* hi* treason been that no other psrtv is willing to trust him In order to ahow how recklea* and unscrupulous he is, we copy the following resolutions from the proceedings of a democratic county meeting, on the 2d of September last, of which he was a delegate and an active member. It ia notorious that Cameron boasla of controlling the politic* of Dauphin county, in which thi* meeting was held. Certain it ia that at the meeting in question, all the proceedings met hi* approbation, and that one of the members of the Legislature, chosen on the ticket then nominated, waa afterwards elected, and is now voting for him for Sena tor. Tlie following tre tbe resolutions, and they stand in marked and deliberate contrast with the Kirkpatrick letter which we publiih above:? Herolved, That we have confidence in the administra tion of (Jen. Pierce, becanae he haa manfully battled for those principles, and thrown hi* influence in favor of sustaining the right* of man to self-government. Berolved, That the able, fearless and democratic ad ministration of Gov. Biglcr meets our hearty approba tion; and we congratulate the democracy of tbe State upon the certainty of hi* election. Fesoived, Hi at Judge Illack, the able and intrepid Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, has so conducted himself as to win the esteem and confidence of the peo ple. Retolved, That the manly repudiation of Knoir Noth Inglsm by Henry S. Mott . has won the respect of even hi* enemies, and will add largely to hi* majority at the coming election. Resoived, That we are in favor of the Nebraska-Kan sas bill, because it embodies the vital principles of self government, which never can conflict with the interest* of freedom. Resolved. That we are opposed to the proscriptive and anti-republican order called Know Nothing*, and shall deem It our duty, as democrats, to oppose for office all persons known to have any connection with it. Cameron now endeavors to avoid the responsibility of there resolutions by saying, that if they were paaaea, it wa* without bis knowledge and consent. This explana tion is made <n private to the members of the Legislature, and yet, in hi* very laat printed explanation to the Win r.ebsgo fraud*, he go** on to boaat of hi* popularity and influence with the democratic party of Dauphin county, thu* (bowing, that as umal, he managed the proceed ing* of the laat as of former connty meetings. Snperor Court? General Term* Present, all tbe Judgea. Fib. 24. ? Decitioni.?Claudiut Conant *gt. The .V. Y. it Erie H. 11 Co ?New trial granted ; cost* abide event. Morgan L. Ogden sgt. Theodore De * Artl. ? Judgment affirm* d, with cost*. John O. Rohr agt. Leip>n*ri Stewart. ? New trial granted ; coat* abide event. NoaKNorri* agt. George Pierce. ? Judgment affirmed, with cost*. Chalet Devlin agt. The Mayor, de., JVeui York.? Judgment affirmed, with coa'?. Eliza J. Bulky agt. Frederic Wright ? Judgment for plaintilT, on verdict, with costs. Ile> man' Patteur agt. John Livingston. ? Judgment for p'alntiff, on verdict; with cost* . Oeorgc If*. Walling agt. The Mayor, <fc., Xew York ? Judgment fox plaintiff. John Lynn agt. Benjamin BUstom ? Complaint di* miired, without prejudice to right of plaintiff to bring another suit. Sl'RCl AL TERM. * Before Hon. Judge Boiworth. Brown sgt. Bloomer. ? Motion for new trial denied, with coats. Powell agt Muck.? Judgment for plaint IT, on demur rer to ccunter clans. Sterentcn agt. Townttrul ? Complaint dismissed, with out cats to either party, except tbat the assignee's costs may be paid ont of the proceeds of the ass.gned property. A decision in writing is Sled with tbe clerk. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL, HOUET MARKET. Monday, Feb 26-6 P.M. There ?m a boujart feeling in the street to day, and the fancies commanded better prices. At the flrat board, Illinois Central B >nda advanced 4 P?r cent; New York Central Bonds, 4; Cumberland Coal, j ; Erie Railroad, j; Beading Railroad, 4; Hud son Railroad, j; Illinois Central Railroad, 4* Erie Bonds, 1875, and Virginia Sixes, fell off 4 per cent each. The most active s ock on the market today was Cumberland Coal, and it improved from the openixg. Reading RUlroad told freely today at higher prices. Trie market valaeof this stock is far below its intrinsic value. In looking over a list of the railroads of Vasaarhnsetti, we fin J thu ibe highest net income per cent oi cost aminnte to 10 62 per cent, and the road earning that late pUd tin per cent dividend*. Tie average net income per c?r t per mile on the taiiroids of Manpachueetta in 1854 was 3-52 per cont. The U:ad ing Railroad earns ah mt nine per cent on cost, bat as a large porUon of its cost is represented by botda bearing tlx per cent Sr.ten it, ihe net earnings on capital amounts to ao;n*. thirteen per ? en:. Tola for astevt scll'.ng at siiesty live aid six per cea^ makes the mrestmttit highly productive. This will be so apparent one of tliese days '.bat ihe stn k will be soupht after at much higher prices. Indi ana Fives and Virginia S'xes form ths staple of -itate stovk< daily ? ud at the boatd. After cioslderabl) fluctuations prices t: ;e become quite ste?dy. I ili rois Cent ai bonds comprise ths nolk of sales of ?hat cla?a?f ?ecurtiee. Afur t>ie a'ijouroineit of the bit. J '.tie follawin? rales ?rre made, at arctioT, by A. n. Nicolay:? ft, 0(0 Kl.iflM.-g Railroad, Tut mcrt . inat addud. 6 fljj 6.( < 0 Citaw ??h, Vci'ijiortft K. RR., In; in., do.. Mi'* 11,1.00 lialena h i lncstro I'slno RB-, do. do.. W9?{ l?,CCO Col. llqua fc foil. RS. 1st m., in*'. ad !ed 74?<a75 !i, rto N. Y. * lltrli m HK , Jo. lo. K3\"aS?K 6,0< 0 0. We.t'n 111. RR., 10* do do. hi !? r ,< 00 Or*. Pairt*vil'ie fcAahtabula RR. iio. M alrt',' 7,i 00 11 j<Jkiu River RR., -Id inort , do. 72',a72Ji Z 600 1 a Oio. ft ,V Milwankle RR. 7*. do. 50 10,000 Racine City (Wi?) "a. do. 0%Ja 7,000 Bifrkrari U" Caoel Coal Co SU1*5 ?.?) ?h* Albany ard Buffalo Tclegi&pb Co N K0 Michigan fHrotbern RR 9' '* ll<< lludann River RR >00 I r ? Kit 4*X 1" 0 PulTnlu aDtl -ti?t? I. lea RR 10'.' T? 7f Northern Indiana KH 90'4a9<iA? K0 ( umbf iland Co 3 lJ? '.0 M?'h?ni?' Rank < f WIU:am?burg *13 1?n. Esceliior Inmrance Co 73a75tj ICO Key a toe e Co of 1'hilvlelpbia !t 10 Manhattan Life Inauranc* Co 72 62 I nit?d Sta'ta Mali stcamahip Co ;iUatO 3<0 Aberdeen (iold Mining Co ft: ic Vera out Cupper \lio>ng Co <w.c I CO I.y ~oming Iron and Ceal Co.. 42 AI ibe ft c^rd board prices current in the miming were cot sustained. Krie Hallroai fell off j per wit; Cumbcilar.d Company, Panama Railroad, 4; Kud.-rn Railioad, \ ; Harlem, 4. Ii appears at erly irnpnf?ible to get una farther inflation in any of thine rii!:cad Juicy h. Ihej are carried at these prices at sre at erst in the shape of latere**, and they ate htid in such !a*ge b ocks '.bat this item is of pome Importance oj tbe wrong side of protit and kss uconst. \ The tri-f a Mo^s a' he 'jwlstant Treamrer a oflSee tc-day were as fol!o?n: ? R???It?<! $71,000 10 1'syn.en-a 23.';, 210 ?? Paid lor A'tay oft l.#9fl 20 ItaUsc*..- 4 M3.397 #1 Ra'arre to -r?d t of b ilHon fund and di? bti'?ltg aerouuti 4,146,035 38 Tt ti eitlmatei ft u' the Cucard steamer turn Bom Vm on Wtdr?e>lA,v all! tak? out betveen three and four bundrtd tt,OH*acd do> Urs in specie. The Cali forni\ f-vair.r', jual 'a wilh a million two hundred thoaaani, wLi furiu?h supplies for shipment from this port next week. Thire hae been bat a mode rate amount of bt:vr<?e* |n fortiga exchange by this packet Wo qmte, oa London, a 9j par cent t>remiunr, ou P^la, 6f. 16. a 5 f. 114. * 1 atato3>?at ha- Iter j>?t fcn*i Uia? Nf. St. Jobs, the Superintendent of Banking, im been acting con* tnrj to tow in allowing the Union Bank of Water town to rcceive in exchange the securities of the Ex celrior Bank at Meridian, for a certificate of deposit on tbe Utioa Bank. Henry Keep was at the tim* chief owner of both banks, intending to wind op the Excelsior and to erganizs the Union. Soma time tince, Mr. St. John refused to pay over the interest received on sccuiities in tbe backing (Vparrment belonging to a banker in the Western part of tbe State, and when applied to by a frieiAoi both par ties, to make the payment, as it was o^c >nsideiab!e importance to the backer, Mr. St. Juhn replied that he would not do so? that tbe banker was aa enemy of bis, and that he meant to crush him? that If he, the friend, would buy the bank, he, St. John, would pay the interest to him. Mr. St. John also hinted that , under tbe circumstances, tbe bank might be bought c' eap, and after the purchase, he, St. John, would accommodate him in any ?ay be desired Fortunately for the backer, the friend was a man of honor, aud would cot take advantage of his neoessi tics, caused by the private enmity of the Bank So perintendent. Such a man is unlit for such a high position. The great topic of conversation in fiiaaclal cir cles is still the unheard of suit of tbe New Haven ltailroad against its stockholders. It is oily gen erally known, nor, that the board of directors which instigated these shameful proceedings, was sleeted at New Haven a short time since by about 6,000 ont of 30,000 shares. Some explanation of this sort is neoessary to explain to the world that the prominent men in this city and Boston, who figure as shareholders, were not voluntarily parties to the disgraceful usury suit. Tae present beard was pnt in without their knowledge, and it is to be presumed that the present proceedings were taken without their concurrence, and are distasteful to them. At the same time, as the case stands, they are all cow fully responsible for the action of the board, and most be considered as acquiescing in its oourse until they openly disclaim it. It would seem, as the odium created by the proceeding is very great, that tbe better course for the honest stockholders to pnrsue, would be to call a public meeting to denounoe the course of the board, and exonerate themselves. Some such public manifes tation of opinion Is re<ptfred, if there are any men among the shareholders who do not wish to be re garded as willing to plead usury to avoid a just debt. The annual report of the PMladelphia, WilmingJ ton and Baltimore Railroad Company has just been issued, and from it we learn that the aggregate of receipts for the jear 1854 exceed those of 1363 by $64,710 81. Both fiom freights, and from through and local passengers, the receipts have increased. The net Income of the year is $538,936 14, theexpea ? ses being 42 per cent of the gross earnings. Eleven thousand shares of the capital sto;k are now held by the oompany. The President states that the property at the disposal of the compjuy would, at a fair price, pay every floating liability. The Rock River Valley (IX) Riilroad n advertised for sale on the 24th of March next, at Janesvllle, M., by the trustees of the mortgage bonds, the com pany having failed to pay the interest thereon. The annual report of the Treasurer of New Jersey slates that the receipts of the State fo: the year 1854 were (174,639 98; bal&dce on hand Jan. 1, 1854, 18,816 25; ordinary disbursements, 199,881 17; ex traordinary, $80,583 61- total disbursements, $180, 464 78. The indebtedness of the State is for balance of special loans made prior to 1847, $35,000; tempo rary loan In 1852, $30,000? total, $65,000. The lia bilities for the year have been met without any tem porary loans. The assets of the State amount to $252,174 12. The receipts of th? Treasury for the next jeer are estimated at $194,782. The receipts of the School Fund for the year, were $53,143 68; balance on hand at the beginning of the year, $10, 370 94. The disbursements have eqnilJel the re ceipts. The Legislature of Illinois passed on the 23d of January, 1855, an act inco-p orating the Wabash Va\ ley Railroad Company, and for the regulation of the capital stock and indeb elnessof other riilroad com panies, in which the following clause appears: ? Skid company ti hereby autborited, from rime to tim?, to borrow sueh Rum or ?um* of money aa may be omm ?ary for completing and finishing or operating their sa'd railroad, and to iaa>a? and diapoae of their bond*, la de nomination* of not Icm than Ave hundred dollar*. at such rate of iatereit, not exceeding seren per cent per annum and at aueh discount as may be tboaght for the benefit of the company. Thin section shall apply to all railroad incorporation) in tea State which deaire to avail themselrea ?f ita provision*, and far any ameant ?o borrowed, and to mortgage their corporate property and franrhirta, or convey the aama, by deed of truit, to *ecure the payment of any delit contracted by said company for tfie purpose* aforeiaid. It is under this lav ttie Iiliiols Central Railroad Cob pan y conceive It has a right ta issue bonds be low par. This act dues not do away with the usury lair, bu*. t,ivrs railrcad companies privileges granted to no other corporations. All other laws conflisting with ttls must have been, ai the passage of ibe abeve set, repealed. The annexed statement exhibit* the sverage daily rendition of the lealioq departments of the banks of this city for the week pteceding Saturday morn ing, Feb 24, 1855:? Kaw York City tltvuM l.oan*. .specie. Circula'n. Drpoti't. New York 83 167 ,7?n 8^66. 196 8260,285 82,846,709 Manhattan .... 4,3f6,8H6 6>36, 145 3?A,4<>% 3 089 45ft Merchants'. ...3,990,762 1.846,028 189,972 ft, 224, 56 1 Mechanics'.... 3,796,2.'>3 1,011, 789 336.746 3,669,161 I'nion 2,842 7 60 466,332 166.572 2 525,411 .America 4,111 1.M4 1,787 / 35 127,054 4,782,88H 1 h< nix 2.209,; 35 179,834 124,829 2,148.144 < Ity 1,674,814 269,732 66,93$ 1,873,928 North Fiver 1,040,6)6 124,9.i6 173,441 873,174 'lraiifsm.L'*, , ..1,282 0W 93.337 177,'.:50 71 0 1 72 y niton .1,465,464 171,716 136,080 1,153,614 (htmical 1 I' 87, 607 318,001 259,668 1,231,186 Merchants' r.x. 2,479,807 387,718 133 032 1, 909,10ft Nation). 1 1 6(0. 541 2< 7,696 115 913 901,168 But. b. fc Drov'* 1,360 207 128 368 34,338 782,463 Merb. ti Trad.'*. 664,013 62 087 96,0<>9 460,67tl Greenwich. . .. 473,608 31,064 166,619 372,391 leather 1.770,786 1 83.000 193,627 1,273,758 8ev?ntb Ward.. 1,122, 170 184,441 139,324 727,-131 frtate 3,670 784 626,398 474 ?41 2,531 556 -tin Exchange. .8 266.022 1,0: 4,059 244 713 5,56?ll724 Anoriatiin... 1,126, tfS 70,116 167,763 770,173 I'c-mmeroa 8,390,868 1,018, l;i8 2,270 6.284,616 I'owiry 870, 4:. 9 1*0,462 160,641 751,860 Broadway 1.261,287 169 229 199 966 1,070,916 Ocean 1.207,879 167,?0>8 84,497 629.43'". Mercantile 2,212,767 229,416 88 113 1,517,231 1 aci 3c 789,649 71 201 110,771 501.093 Republic 2,977.311 723,496 67.606 3,175,891 Chatham 624,2)3 47.764 79,872 261,113 reiipln' 729,204 7 'J 288 98 390 477.307 North America. 1 667,750 205 624 87,533 1,297.361 Ifancver 1,266,6*7 6'?,4I6 8? 171 660,498 1 vmg. 476.774 47 ( 20 04 105 367,65'. Metropolitan. .. .4. 629 472 894,899 96 804 4,933,864 tltiWB* 607 1^3 66.190 144,000 495,432 Grocers 619 461 71 166 69 063 514,626 Neman 819 1*1 143,051 110,572 748,628 Fast Kiver 491 72 ? <>6 943 83,338 224,596 frarket 1,070,609 96 346 111,7.18 7.60,060 8t. Nicholas.... f, 31, 417 39,129 77,633 363,461 Sloe Ai Leather 812, 6f0 ?6,815 109 306 404,877 Corn Fxchiogft. 1,413,6^6 103 481 102. Of# 1,148,437 Continental... .2,787,3*9 334,(66 8M.683 1,952,607 CoKRionwealth . 1,173 778 116,988 94.203 911,166 Orienta! 4(>4,637 88,178 89,881 306 55ft Marine 652.111 58,490 89.569 419 301 Atlantic 434,1 16 74, '*41 88,353 1&:J87?4 1? land City 330,0 .2 32.18S 87,251 132,600 Dry l ock 401,342 22.424 48,934 101,219 N. Y. Fxc'.iange. 187. It 8 10,590 86,477 114,2'OJ Bull'* Head 198,173 17,808 89,592 97,660 Total $91,690,504 16,370,876 6,968,562 74,444,721 CimiM Horn* TaansACTMirs. Echangei for week eariing Feb. 19 898,040,490 " " " 26., 93,311 149 Balance* for week ending Fib. 19 6,460 612 " " " 28 4, *7, 138 The above apipegaars, compared with those for previous wteks, present the annexed statement: IU.vkh or Nrw Yosk. Leant. Spec ie. Circul'n. Ptpotiu. r>?C. 30. '54 .181,888,687 12 076,147 7,075.830 83,838, 0? .lan. 6, '5ft.. 82,244,706 13,590 963 7,049,982 64,982,16.3 Jan 13, '5ft.. 83,976.0*1 16,4?8.f?6 6,666 461 67,303,398 Jan. 20. '56.. 86,447,998 16,372,127 6.681, >55 69,647 618 Jan 27, '66.. 86/64 667 16,691,260 6,639,823 70,136,618 l'*b. 8, ?8S.. 88 145,097 17,439,196 7,f00y7> 6 72 933,317 Feb. 10, '65 . 89,862,177 17,124,394 6,969,111 73,794,842 Feb. 17, '58.. 90,886,031 17,389.0*6 6 941,606 76,196,63* Feb. 24, '66.. 91,f90.t04 16 3 70,875 6,963,563 74,6*4,721 The last returns, compared with those of the pre vious week, sbo* an iocrease is dlsrouuU of 1740, 47", and in circulation, |21,'j6?i; a decrease la spe cie of |9#8,210, and In deposits, $64*1,911. Tnis is just abcut what was anticipated. The binks have found themselves too mack contracted to carry eiitly such a heavy weight of specie, and have, therefore, be*n compelled tv let out tLtlf Ujk of disc-uat, o as to

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