Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 1, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 1, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. 1*111 60RD0H BKWWB*?. 7R0PK1KT0B AKD KDITCB. mrwita n. w. cowkb na6ihav am? fcxto* ?h THt*' 2 .?**?? jrr fi'J ?""'*! T** TI1E *A UK HI. y HSKALD *V9tst $"t*rd hy :,'^4 ^tnt9 ptw or an ,,nnuui ; tkt K*ro]>eau hdition 5M pir 'iflHW m ( | ttifmarrZf Or+it Britiin, 15 :o any part 9/ 'ht^.ox | 'VOL I' vV<kV VlfltiilfpONDENCK. , onzmiiiny impor tant utw, trlu-i'eJ from "?? ituirltrjf tAc loortj. -ij ?,e<{ Or Kber.ill* l>.>ul/?r If OuK I'OBBI** p?? |?> nuncvun* BB*CB?rBD T?. ?CAC aii. I rrnft# *?? J'iuMiun ti.u 1 6. ALL LKTTkRS l>y Mail for SuOi.Tip/xmi or i, irt jt t*vr (wrmrnri to &? pott ixitd, or !/K fwitai/* <rHi be de hl.Udjrom $Xt cumtu r eirt iltt't. HO NOTICE tuken <tf n(i,b-muti c<rmmunkfiri*n*. We do w( -iluru rt?w r?c, i?J, /OB PKINTtVO rnrutrd viM '.italneu, (fttif'xii, nul ?)V&R T]S K&fF.ST^j rtntxcod every day. Vohnw XX ? If ?. W AlfljSMlPfTS TIII8 ?T*JUWO. -MO&CWaY f HEATH*. Bro*e-!T?j Tii> Euvtti is II I AO* &VBD glMAf. ?OWEKT TOEATKK. Bowsry? IIuiit'HBACtt? NatW k Ambbicab? X5U) Kiwinu. ?UKTG V'B THIATHS, Climber* lttMt-TM| Bcicb Awa* W/NT'inno ltiHirrsBL? Phb Sr#r*iH*, o> tiic f?(ih?lv An OAT. T4tUC('f T/lliai, Srofc.lw?j? 7,,* fir*'. L >dv? Vincuii'i. A**IICAN 4CAE1JM.? AftoiotvB -ViIt(c>coc? ? loHAvau s Cons. r.TeaJni -Uboli FOm? L'ltr.. fMB'8 XINSTRILS, Uecb*Bi?i' 3?U? <',S Broftdw*} nCCSlKT'H Ol'IRA HOUSE. t3? Hres/vBj-BuoB' Ajrr't i THiotiAn Gpbba Taourc. JUtriRK HM.L, 596 Brondwsj-'-PAwolliiv.k or EuRorc. New York, Thar?*?7, Mirefe 1, 1853. Th? *ewi. The steamship Canadt, due at Ktilfax from Liver pool, had not been wgRuli/ed at the formsr port a', noon ysiit-rday, the date of oar last despatch. Later in the day ibe telegraph wires wore br ofcen, or otherwise disabled, catting or all commaiisition. Tbe steamship Dmiel WobsUr arrived at'Neiv Orieans yesterday with California adviens to tbe 9th io(t one week later? lr:ought down on the P* cific Bide by tbe Cart*:'.. The forty- fourth be.llo: for United States Senator in tbe California L'igisla taxe resulted in ne choice. The miners were suffering ?till for wan", of water. Commercial aTiira bad improved. Tne Star of tbe W?et left Sin Juan for this port on tbe SJdiact with half a miliija ia trea sure. Sbe will arrive in a day or two, wben wo ?ba.il give the details of the new. In Central Ame rica the revolution was progressing, and Chamorro hac obtained an important advantage over his op poient. Tbe health of the Isthmus was good. We have some additional intelligence from H iva ia, by way cf New Orleans. Seaor i sirumoes and Mi Felix bad been sentenced, tie former to deat'i bj the garo'e, and tbe latter to ten years in the chaia ganf m Africa. These gentlemen, onr readers will probebiy recollect, were implicate! in the attempt to kml &<-ms and munition! of war at Baraga, some monil'S ago, from vessels which sailed from this port. Mr. Felix was, we beiieve, a resident of Brook Ijc previous to embarking in the enterprise which has reunited so disastrously. Everything wore a gkomy aspect at Havana, and the banishment and disarming of oreoles continued. Tbere were thcea Bnti>h whips of war in port on tbe 25th. G ircla M h rre aid Conde de Carrigo had been appealed rscpsetively to the Military and Civil Goreraorship of Havana. Tbe blockade recently placed upon Ha vana by tbe Captain General is not against mer* chart vessels, but relates only to armed ships. We refer enr readers to tbe eminently suggestive despatch of onr correspondent at Karrisburg, pub lished under tbe telegraphic head. Onr Washing ton denpntc' es a Is j contain seve.alj interes'.ing items? one stating that an at*.? mo 5 w 11 shortly b; Bade in Congress to pass a resolution suspending tbe neutrality laws. Jn the United States Senate yesterday the bill providing for r.hi more efficient discipline of the ?avy, by the introduction of n uystem of rewerlsfor good conduct and punishments for offences, was paf-He i. The moti n to re: insider the vote whereby tfce report of the conference committee on toe bil velaiive to swamp lands was adopted, was rejected ?24 to 21; so tbe hooters and purchasers of awinp and overflowed lands receive the relief sought for. 9he Ocenn Mall Steamer Appropriation was Uk-m up, tbe clause relative to the C dlins steamers again die owed, and the bl'l finally passed? 2G to 22. The Colli i)i> steamers will contiiue to carry the invli till April, I860, at $33,000 the round trip, Cougre-w vebrquiahing the light to terminate the entrant at six moiths' notice. The Civil aed Di ilo malic Appropriation bill was reports by the Fi nance Committee as received from the Home, In cluding the modified tariff, and Mr. Hunter urged that it be paused without amendment. M Pear.te, of Maryland, obj5eted to su:h a summary dWpoti Mon cf this important muter, and tbe bill wis mide tbe special order for to-day. It is believed the Senate will adopt the propoiil to remit the duties an railroad iron imported from Jnne, 1H53, io .liny, 1866, and admiUing dje*tu(T<, woo), Ac., free of *nty. Gen. Cms announced that be should 3*11 up ?be resolution respecting religious freedom abrmd to-day. The Seaate went into execu'ive session ?ad unanimously confirmed the appoint uent of Sen. Scott to tbe I.ieuterat (leteral-nip. la the House a number of unimportant b. ls wore passed. Tbe Senate bill granting one hundred and sixty acres of land to persons who have served in the wars since 1790, and to the widows and orphins of deceased soldiers, waa passed? 135 to 39. .This throws Into the market about two hundred million acres of land at one dash, opening a rare chnnco to speculators. As a large number of prrsons are in tare* ted in this measure, we refer to a synopsis of Ha provisions under the proper bead. T ie rem kin der of the session was devoted to speeches npon Kansas, Nebraska, slavery and Know Nothinglsn. In the New York Senate yesterday the Pautma Railroad bill was again, discussed. It provides for increasing the capital stock of the company two million dollars. Toe chances of its success are spite problematical ; but i<s friends are re-o'ved t> get the bill through before acting on any nomina tions. Tbe bill to allow leeident alVns to hold reil estate was paseed. In the Assembly the c >ramiU*e M the petition aiking the State to secure the swords of tbe late gallant General Worth, reported a Mil favorable to tbe prayer of the petitioner!, aid it passed nnanimoinly. rha bill relative t? the First division of the State militia was di'cuseed aed passed, but four voting io the negative. Amng ether things it takes the c imputation fecsfr .m the role control of the commissioned nlB.vri, nj ?a this a: count the bill bis been strongly opposed by Gen. Sandfird and others. Gj?. Ciark fluia great difficulty ia msking his acipoiotuien *. Tie temceran-e men bold him strictly to hij p>f;r , t0 appoint rone bat teeto-*l(f rs ..ffl.y., wh;Io t1e wbigs a* strongly ins-rt upon bis dls rinro iM ig in tkver of ? embers of their party. How he wi I ei tn ute htmseif from tbe pred'ciment is hard t> con )ertii?f. Meantime, tbe office seekers are shueHug * t!.e ante ro n.s of t e Capitol, hat In band, rhs ?emulation cf Dr. Thompson as Health 0(JW.r ? i.l bangs Are, s'tb ugb the Governor has been threat ened with terrib'e conse<|oer.cee if te does rot g?:d is his name. 1>,? Osmnee'lcit Whig State CotTint.im mo* ?artfo'd yesterday, and re nominated toe tickot o' last year for htate i-ffi era by a> vn^tior. Among tbe resolutions adopud was one ersdorning tbe nrfn efplen rl tie Know Nothings. i ettoo aold yes^ert'sy to the ex >- t of abnnt I 000 bales, chiefly tor hems c:am?ptlon. The aiariet <Jrsed a' steady ratts. F.our and grain w< -e witi in* material change. D*aW~ an'^evd disr>o:eJ t > wait for la'et foreign r.esr* pj,a w.,? rath-r e*? tr fcrcid aiese wjit a /air atw-unt cf *u t?, llesvy iiJcioT Kentucky ^OOhaTO b?w D '^ie reiently i.t vij full pslccs^ tuning lighV stock ia market. Ttw vtohi^rttery tiqajr bJl of tie Delaware legislature bceaae % lew yesterday. Ik goes into tflfet : on ? je lrt of June. Tte Canadian Assemb'y 'baa th? jxlnoiple of prohibition by a vole tf '?itly-?re to twang-five. A ilLi) meeting of th) Commlssio: era of Ejrjrra ttPB oe.'d y 'Btfrrd&y, a long and interesting cimma iilotvicu ?j?t received from Dr. Vache, Health X)fBctr, jB Di? proposed removal of the Quarantine, 1 In whu'h he preBfc&tB some very forcible o Injections to tti*. w asnre. The subject ii an important owj, aid tbe -document, *hi:h will be f.mnd elsertosre, *IH repay perns*!. Mr. Gustav Sa^wabUrok hit ?at t i Commisfl'oner, (ia place of S. WHtl*n?, re sJf?v? . ,) by virtue of hia nlec'.ios t" the offl:e of Pre tddertt of the German Society. Dr. <V. Gtar&ison Hull daKvered a *9C*nr? tat evening, in the Chapel of the University, Washing ten ?quare, tiki op for hia subject tko " Porcea of Nature, and treir adaptation to the cure of disease.'1 Tbe n tendance *.vas small but select, and the Do;tor advar.oed tbe tficory of electrical modlcine, asserting that rhat amnt (electricity) he- proved, in his banthj, a means of forralng rd unerring diagnosis of a lame, and afterwards afforded a curative power wt.vj! cor Id be urcd on aoertaia fixed bisis by pfeys>k*ian?, If they understood its action. The examination In the case of William Post Sa.-kftt, lite receiving teller of the Market Qmk, cborg d with bring a defaulter to that insMtatiou to i^k. amount of (26,000, was concluded yesterday, before Justice Connolly, at the Lower Police Court. The oo'.msel on both sides, after reviewing the evi dence and descanting upon it at some length, sub mitted the caEe t> the decision of the magistrate, who wEl, It iu presumed, render a decision in a few dayB. We publish to-day a tabular statement, giving the number of commitments to the City Prison during tbe year 1864, ako a classili :ation of tna prisoners as natives or foreigners, their habits, in tellectual capacity, and other interesting statisti cal inform ition. This table haa been prepared for the information and guidance of the Legislative select coamittees cn the prohibitory liquor bill. There were receiveddurlng the jear, 30,691 prisoners; wtd of this number 6,320 only were of temperate habits, while ttie balance? 26,370? were victims of the irosS debasing of all propensities, and 9,481 of these miserable beings were women. Of the total number (>,960 were natives, and 23,726 were for eigners. Hero is food for reflection. A report of the proceedings yesterday before the Railroad Committee of the Board of Couneilmen, relative to various resolutions and petitions urging a redu:tionof fares on the city railroads, is given in another column. All the coili to adjourned yesterday in respect to the memory of Henry P. Edward?, Presiilig Jus tice of the Bupreme Court of New York, who die! at Lis residence in this city on Tuesday evening, after an illness of several weeks. Reports of the eulogies delive-ed before the various tribunals are given elsewhere. Tbe fugitive slave Barns has been bought by citi zens of Boston, and is row on bis way eastward, where he will be qnite a lion? an African lion. The Alteration In the Tariff. It is wonderful to see how meek and quiet the old protection organs are under the pro poned infliction of a new tariff. After they have been clamoring might and main for an in crease in the duties as the only cure for the evils under which the country is suffering, all of a sudden and almost without notice the House ot Representatives passes a bill to cut down those duties yet twenty per cent; and actually there is hardly so much as a gro*n heard from the bewildered protectionists. Let us hope that this is a symptom of returning common pence, and that the unfortunate per sons who have been so long crazed on this sub ject will now become useful and intelligent members of society. All, however, cannot be cldfced in this improving category. The Wash ington correspondent of the Courier and En quirer is very affecting in describing the ills which he foresees mupt grow out of this diminu tion of tbe customs duties. According to thii authority, the reduction will cause a great in create of imports, which will lead to a financial reaction, which must " cripplc the country's (?nrrpy, and prostrate private business." Now this is a fair sample of the sort of logic tbepc protectionists have been hashing up lor the last twenty years. The argument? if It can be dignified by sueh a tiile ? is that low duties produce large imports, while high or protective duties tend to decrease them. It is quite clear to any man not blinded by the pro tective mania that the consumption of foreign gooii-wiJl be in every country in exact propor tion t6 th? demand for them; that the people will buy them if thoy want them and can afford it, no matter how high the duty may be, and that, if they do not want them or cannot afford thorn, they would not import even though tit ;re chonld be no duty at all. For instance, under the compromise act of 1832. high duties were enacted ; yet in five years under tho working of that act, the imports rose from about one hundred millions to one hundred and eighty per annum. The reason was very obvious. During the same period the banks expanded in their loans and discounts from two t) live hun dred millions ; thus affording every man the means to buy. After 1837, the duties under the act of 1832 were reduced ; did the imports in crease ? Instead of increasing, they fell off from $140,000,000 to $64,000,000: because during the same period the bank accommola tions fell from $500,000 000 to $250,000 000, round numbers. Again in 1842, the protec tionists got the upper hand and the duties were ir.creafed ; wherefrom, according to the Con tit r' a argument, the imports should have fallen off. But they increased again from $64,000 000 to $140,000,000 ; the banks having begun to | expand, and the loans and discounts having in j creased nearly a hundred millions. Under the present tariff, which, whatever the protection i itts may pay, is a protective tariff to all intents and purposes, the imports have increased one 1 hundrr d and fifty per cent In eight years ; sim ! ply lifcjupe the banks have expanded one hun ilr? d per cmt in the same period, thus doubling I every man's means to buy foreign goods and wares. There are some men who will never be con vinced: and it may bo that some protectionists will n? ver admit that you cumot by law settle what a man shall buy for his liou-e. his belly or his back, or from whom be chall buy it. Tbe world, however, cannot wait for thorn: it must go en, and the twenty six millions of enlight | ened human boings who compovj the American | preple connot be bamboozled any longer into I legislating, atlho selt1?h dictates of this or that , clA's. on tlx: in*aac method called protection Ctaolfd in laeannt'ss and avarice, that theory ! hfis grown by falsehood, and h"?s owed its suv epp 'o the kDavery of tome, to the ignorance ?f others. The ti-st rm n who domAndod a pro tective tcriff in tbta Country were the manu Tacftirsr* who hi* I* ogort Jo mnn-ific'iiro d iring | !(>?? >*)ir with 'treat Bri'airf* and wo foresaw t> ut p? ace must destrcy theif vocation. Th.y ty at ('<rg~ fw afcciilri mvM a fo pr? vent the peace dc8*\0ying their factories ? or I in other words % guojeci the people at large to the burthen', of a perpetual w*r. The idea was caught upl'y Mr. Calhoun, Mr. Clay and others who ecu/^ht to make political capital out of it, and to marshal the people into political parties on t'jc issue. Tben New England began to fo^nd cotton mills ; Rhode Island Bat up woollen factories ; Pennsylvania mined and wrought iron. All ran to Congress, and representing themselves a* beggars, implored alms in the nuit-e of protection. History proves tbat it is only on rare occasions that communi ties of men have sufficient independence or loftiness of character to refrain from nendicancy when an} thing is to be made by it. The manu facturing interests ot tbe United States made a but-inees of begging. The more they got the more they wanted. When John C. Calhoun discerned the fallacy disguised under the word protection and denounced it, Webster aud Massachusetts begged more sturdily than ever. Their rapacity grew with their bucccss. With maw gorged by the public plunder, the iudus trials would return home to fatten and whine at the want of protection. They said they were starving when they were in reality fattening on the plunder of their fellow citizens. Day after day they told us doleful tales of closed factories, and broken mills; and the ink with which the impudent fallacy was written, tbe paper on which it was printed, the tools with which the types were fashioned, and the press on which the sheets were thrown off, were all bought and paid for out of the taxes imposed upon the public for the benefit of the complain ants. A more astonishing example of brazen* faced impertinence has never been witnessed than the spectacle of tbe9e manufacturers and their party friendB crying and lamenting over the wrong that was done them, when in reality they had been screwing money on fake pre tences out of the nation for nearly forty years. Their day is ended, however, and unless Pro vidence is unusually hard, we shall hear no mote of them than we do of other lunatic). The tariff may be altered and reduced or increased according as the public wants require it. Hut these changes will not be based on the protec tive principle. Nor will any who have a regard for tbeir reputation as men of sense, hazard future speculations on the effect of the tariff on imports. The figures are before the public, and no one can henceforth pretend ignorance of the fact that it has happened in this country that alterations in the tariff have been followed by the very opposite result to that expected by the protectionists. As well might we argue that a high tariff encourages, as that it tends to diFCOurage foreign imports. Hon. Mb. Rufpin, tiie Hkrald and tiiis Know Nothings. Mr . Ruffln, of N. C., in Con press the other day, complimented " Mr Ben .bhi8 I1kiuiu" " having " done more to ?r th? P">gress of tho Know Nothings than any other man." We are obliged to Mr. Ruffln, but beg leave to deinnr. There are other persons, occupying the highest official positions, who have done a vast deal more to advance this wonderful Know Nothing reaction n "Mr. Bennett and his Hkrald." In this respect the President of the United State* is entitled to the first premium, Judge Douglas to the second, Gen. Cass to the third, and various other leading democrats to " honorable men tion." Mr. Pierce was elected by the Union sentiment of the country, for, notwithstanding the great military popularity of General Scott, and his blarney to the Irish and Germans, the Union sentiment was against him as Seward's chosen man. But Mr. Pierce betrayed the people? and his appointment of Southern and Northern dininionists to the highest offices, and of incompetent foreigners to diplomatic mis nions abroad, hurried up this American reaction. It commenced with the revolt of the New York hard shells; but had Messrs. Cass and Douglas at that time co operated with Bronson and Dickinson, they might have saved themselves the democracy, and perhaps even the adtnini^ trat < n. Bnt they stuck to the spoils and the spoilsmen; and to recover their lost gro ind they ventured upon the desperate expert-' ment of the Nebraska bill. iut0 this revi val of the slavery agitation they plunged over bead and ears. Disorganisation and ! chaos followed, the administration was crushed j between the upp,r and the nether millstone of the Northern anti-siavery sentiment and the indignant American sentiment of the whole country. The blunders and the follies of P.erce, the weakness of Oaw, the reeklcs ex- i pedient of Douglas, and the blindness of tb? I Kitchen Cabinet and the organs of the spoils democracy, have, more than all other causes combined operated to "stir up the fountains of i! V S? 0f thc American 8cut'ment of the whole Union in this mysterious and tre mendous Know Nothing reaction, which even I now foreshadows thc most decisive and over whelming revolution in all our political his tory since the revolution of 76. Mr. Ruffln will oblige us in making the necessary cor- ! rection. The particular thunder which he j n u,e ?d to Messrs. Cass and Douglas. Mr. Pierce es. jxcially, has done "more than any other man | to further the progress of the Know Nothings " ; and not Mr Bennett. Mr. Pierce "put th? hall | in motion; we have only aided in keepine it rolling, Mr. Ruffln. 1 ^ I Soi lk Comino. At liut we are inf.nned that Soul* had started to leave Spain, and, via Liverpool, to return home. Let ,the tilibus teros here prepare to give him R fitting recep- ' tion. He was faithful to his prour.mLT^ <he administration, Nebraska, and the late elec tions prostrated him. Sickles and Sanders are here, the Cuban junta is here, Soul* may ba In t,he ncxt so let everything be prepared to receive him in style. A <*??.? taring of the filibusters may result in the most j importaiit disclosures. Soule can tell a great deal, if be will; ai.d be is bursting wi h indiff nation against the treachery of pierce Jl Marcy. lie is full of useful knowledJ r O.toni, Clai. .,,,1 a?d j, ? j Gfn. Houston's Mistake.? AUhe 'b? other evening, Gen. Hen.to,'.,' KMt, of , blunder. He ? ?ot speech reported, and so the acccmm.wt ?i provided the press for, bat purpose w, re t^n awny. This was puerile and ridiculous It was an afl*, at Ion of modesty ?, nnfitfor ? ton as the dress of a Ilroadway dandv m should he ImiUte the folly ?f Ifpnrj { * Has be but one speech on Texas ' chores to give it f, the pnhlic. whose nr r!l f .s it but I heirs? Gen. Houston .pokJ 7 thwirund; .o h.,e rep,,.*, ki. ?eps live hundred thousand. Didn't wan ?^i tyerb reported? ElddK^dee Diath ok Henry PikrUbpont Edwards.? The fell deitroyer, death, is busy in all ranks at eveiy season, but amongst the judiciary and the leading members of the bar he has of late drawn from their scenes of usefulness many whose voids have not since been adequately filled. Of those who have paused away within tbe last few years from sudden casualties, from disease or ripe eld age, we need not again speak; the more recent Secease of Judge EJ wardn now fills the hearts of the whole legtl profession with sorrow and with awe. Sorrow for one whose urbanity and undisturbed equa nimity gained for him the respect of all whose business called them within his presence; and awe to think that one so young, so fall of health and vigor of mind and body should be thus prematurely taken from the scene of his earth ly labors. All the courts, federal and State, of this city, adjourned yesterday, after brief eulogioms on his memory , and a generaFmeeting of the bench and the bar is called for this day, at one o'clock. We Icain from the few remarks made yester day , that Henry P. Edwards died at bis resi dence in Fourth street, in this city, on Tuesday evening, of typhoid fever; that he was the sjn of Governor Edwards, of Connecticut, and ne phew of Hon. Ogden Edwards, formerly Circuit Judge of this State. He came to New York more than twenty years ago, studied law, rose rapidly in the profession, and possessed legal and urbane qualities, quick ness of perception and correctness of action ? " rare in their separate excellence, but wonder ful in their combination." He was about eight years since elected to the bench of the Supreme Court of this State, at the first election for judges under the constitution of 1847. He sat during the past year in the Court of Appeals, and his term of office as Judge of tbe Supreme Court would have terminated on the 1st of January next ; yet there is no doubt, as one of his associates has said, had he lived, his re ehction would have been altogether unopposed. Of the merits of Judge Edwards, as a clear, logical exponent of the law, a calm, faithful, fearless, yet temperate and mercifal dispenser of justice in the highest criminal court of this State, his brethren have spoken more authenti cally than we can ; but from our observation of hia judicial career we can endorse all that has been said ol him. Judge Edwards was only forty-six years of age. He was, therefore, in the full vigor of life, and was remarkable for his manly beauty and dignity of deportment. He was not mar ried. The grave has not jet closed over the ashes of the lamented dead, yet rumor has been busy in the halls in naming bis successor. Hcman Nature Thirty Centuries Aoo and Now. ? A little seven-by-nine country paper, published somewhere in the interior of Alabama, recommends earnestly the New Yokk Herald as one of the best and ablest newspapers of the North; but adds, that while it entertains the highest opinion of that journal, it has a great dislike of Bennett, the editor. The conductor of another paper out la the Northwest expresses a similar opinion of the Herald; but amusingly enough also confesses to a strong prejudice against Bennett, its editor, without ever hav ing seen that personage, or without, in fact, knowiDg aD j thing about him. Human nature is the same in all ages. A lapse of thirty centuries canuot, it seems, change the characteristics of the human family. AthenB, in the time of Socrates aad Aristidos, was precisely what New York is in this age et dirty streets asd bad government. The simple and upright character of Socrates rendered h>m an object of envy and dislike to the evil dis posed, and the wit, sarcasm and ridicule lav ished by him on the sophists of his a^e led to his arrest and suicide by poison. " I wish Arie tides to be banished at once," said an Athenian loafer to a fellow-citizen, who, without his being aware of the fact, happened to be Aristides himself. " Why do you express such a wish ?" inquired the latter. "Because," replied the loaf< r, <4I am tired of hearing every one call him 'the Just.' He deserves to be banished from Athens for setting himself up as superior to the rest of mankind." Such is human nature in all ages and coun tries. The individual who, by his tivlent, in dustry and rectitude of conduct, raises himself above others who are deficient in those quali ties, is ture to be made a target for alt 1 he spleen, malignity and calumny that his rivals can pour ont npon him. Such was the philo sophy of the conduct of the cotemp iraries of Aristides and Socrates; such is the philosophy of the eimity of ours. The Virginia Opposition Candidate. ? Why not bring him out ? Why not nominate William C. Rives, one of the very first and most ex perienced statesmen in the country ? It is a pity that Mr. Wise should any longer continue to heat the empty air. Confront him with Rives, and leave the rest to the people. Give him something to fight. Marine Affair*. I J r*CO or a Lahok Btkamhhif.? Mr. Jerem ah -imot, M>n will launch at half pa-t nin? o'clock, next Saturday morning, from h.a yard at tba foot of Ninetieth (tract, E*?t river, tba steamship Arid, of 2,300 ton* burthen, for Commodore C. Yanilerlult. She has b-en fu!!y com pleteri on the stocks, and baa her enginea and l>oi era alretrij on board, no that aha could m not ready for i>?a at a ft w bourn' notice. The machinery wai constructed at the Al aire Works. DiRAfTtM on tiii Ohio and M mbmffi Rinu ?A latter from the agent of thi New York Board of Underwriter) to KUwood Wallers, Kaq., .'>? retary of the Board, dated Cincinnati, Feb. 20, aaya The river ia foil of drift Ice, and the water Is very low, which make* navigation very I'trgerou*. During the paat week dome a.ght or ten I'Oata have been sunk, among them the ateami-ra .fa?. Kelt, 1'ieatlen, Northener, Norma, and Orant) Turk, on tie Mississippi river, and tha l-atiob, Helen M*r, Win field and Cincinnatua. The Cinclunatus aunk near tba landing bete, and bad a cargo on hoard insured in B-ih tou fit beng consigned there) for ItK.OlKI. The Iota will beat least thirty per cent. The Helen Mar'a argoia mostly for and intured in Baltimore. Pei lonal Intelllgenrr. ARRIVALS. At the Irving House- Hon. Jaeoh nroom, Per.n ; C?t, H I". Loud, Hoston; I>r. Ilt|>|.in. Phlla.; J no Y Rush'.on! He.tH. Laljrop, Savaanah. tia ; Col. c I . Tbomp.oa ? Uvelanti, Ohio; Jud*o T. J. Smith, N. Y. Rev II. P Par ktr. Md ;N C. Mnneon, WitimncUa; J. R. A. Tompkins ( allatln, Tonn ; Rev R, P. Sannd- r>, Pa.: Col. J. BaJ-.r i Xaw Orleans; Major HamUtoa, do. At the St. Nicholas? George W. Stettos, Boston E I' Rose. Am ?r?; James Btrlsn, I'hila ; lion. 11 Anthony! Cincinnati; (apt. Shields. Wanhin*ton, A I.amtard Roe' I W. I. Dslrnrple, Baltimore; A R P. Cooper, Boatoo; Hon A. 1 Seymour. Toronto. D1PAETI7RKS. lor I.lvtrpool, in the si-ametup A-ia, from Boston? Mrs E Wcudworth, Mrs Johnston, Mian Johnston, Mrs II Stowell. Mrs J R M llorald. Mrs Rdw S Rand, Mrs P Parker, Mrs 1 I'.rown, Master V Woodworth, Mea.rs E Woodworth, <i 9 Potter, Thos Stott, II Johnston M Callahan, llersey Sto well, Jr J K M llorald, E J Crocket. ? Iw 8 Hand. A A Kauri, l ha* A Rand, P-t?r I'srkir. Win II Badger, and F Arkley. I'ostoriJ Sylroter, ltarvers, Jaa rre.jman, New l.sdfrd J I, I) Wolfe, Portland; W m l.indsay, Maine, Thos Pan>l<r*ast. Baltimore; and others. l or Charleston, tn steamship Nashville? Rev G T Bedell Md lady, J Adams, Mrs Seth Adams, Ml*s F. A. tame. Mis |i Ai am*, Mt?s Bi|*low, T DeF-nrest, J Dimmiek, Jno Hon I 11 I' Woof, O Frankenstein, K S Hailey. N W Sally D I. II- t.nett. Mi: * Mi I'onald, Mrs Putnam. Mise Riee, J C Boyle, ? J P Met all, I. Andrews and ion, Mtse Andrews, Mre Dab 4 ney Mis* Palney Miss Dal nay W R Rahoock, II Brr.na.-, ! J Mitchell lady and Sve children, B D Uetcalf, lady an I child, C B 1'ret. Wm Howell, Mrs R W Tvundy. Mre Thorn is sn-l three children, J Itaeklsy. J Sasa, S Chapel. W Benne |, , K,l?aid Jaaes, ? Cochrane. M l.annd. O Rocks. Wm Boll! ! Miss Tl.or psen, Wm IMekea. Charles Miller. The* I; Court ray, C C Varttr , J C P'faaiai, D Lee, aad i; In the ct er ?!? THE LATEST HEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. TDE PRESIDENTIAL QUESTION AT IIARRISBURG Interesting from Washington. Affairs at the State Capital. 0!fE WEEK LATER FROM CALIFORNIA. FURTHER ADVICES FROM CUBA, POLITICAL AND TEMPERANCE NEWS, &c?, (Sir., &c. % Ifon- Arrival of the Canada. Halifax, Feb. 28? noon. The steamship Canada, now due from Liverpool, with one week's later advices, has not yet been signalled. The wmther I* exceedingly cold. Wind northwest. Bohto.v, Feb 23 ? 10 P. M. We have no tiding from llali'ax thin evening, the New Brunswick line having been broken at a lite hour this afternoon. Wo are, therefore, without later new* relative to the steamer Canada, wgieh Is now in her twelfth day from Liverpool, and in fully due at Halifax. Portland, Feb. 28?9 P. M. Tie lino between this city and Halifax is at present interrupted ; wo haTe, theiefore, no tidings of the iteaicer Canada. Stirring Kewi from Harrlsbtirg. OF.ORG1 law's LETTEK RECEIVED- EXritAOltDTNtRT JlOCCMENT- INTENSE EXCITEMENT, AND MOKE KX rtCTED. IIaruisiicro, Pa., Feb. 28, 1855. The defeat of Simon Cameron and all the old fogy can didates for Senator is a great practical triumph for Young Ametica. His nomination whs a mistake, and the Know Nothings will proQt from the reBult. Oar State election next fall will be a furious contost between (hem and the rotten spoils democracy. But a new topic of exciUment amntg the American party has just come to light. Pay before yesterday a Utter was received from ; George law some two columns long, in answer to the legislative letter on the Presidential question, to which 1 have heretofore referred. This reply U addressed to Henry K. Strong, Speaker of the Uoase, and rainy other membtrs of the new party In both houses. Thoy have had a reading of it in caucus, and a curious and tremen dous excitement was the result; but what for, ani of what description, 1 cannot exactly tell. 1 understand tlat Mr. l.aw goes pell in<'ll Into the cor ruptions of the two old parties, and briefly, bluntly, and pungently gives his views upon national affairs, covering a broad, conspicuous, strong and comprehensive platform upon a Know Nothing basis. A prodigious political sen sation will follow the promulgation of this letter, a copy of which 1 hope to bo able to obtain to send you by mail to day. It will prove to you that Mr. Iaw has other articles in his magazine besides old muskets. Interesting from Washington. TIIE COLLINS STEAMERS? THE MODIFIED TARIFF ? THE NEUTRALITY LAWS? TUB PACIFIC BAILROAD. Washington, Feb. 28, 1865. There in great rejoicing over the Senate vote suhUIb ing tbe Collins lice. Mr. Hunter, Chairman of the Finance Committee of the Senate, desires to report the Civil and Diplomatic Appro priation bill precisely an it passed the Iloune, but there is no doubt Mr. Edgerton's railroad iron, wool and dye stuffs proposition, will bo engrafted on it by the Senate. Meters. Douglas, Tosmbs, Mallory, Chase, and a number of leading Senators, will advocate this amendment, all sectio>s of tbe country being united in its favor. It is said tbat a rasolutlon will be introduced to mor row or the day after, suspending our neutrality laws. Ihe Pacific IUilroad bill is to be tacked to the Iowa land bill, and its friends are sanguine of its passing the House in this shape. mb. bknton's loss bt tub pirk. Washington, Feb. 28, 1856. Mr. Benton lost, by the fire at bis house yesterday, the Oata and notes for the second volume of his Thirty Years in the Senate, together with other important docu ' merits. manuscripts, books, kc. VN1TID STATE. 4 AQMICULTl'KAL SOCIETY, ETC. Washington, Feb. 28, 185ft, The I'nited States Agricultural Socie'y commenced its third annual session to-day, at tbe Mnithsonian Insti tute. Twtnty-six States are represented. Anion; the delegates present are Messrs. Childs, Fay, Prostor, Up i bam, Waters, Nesrball, Haker, Poors, Wilder, King, Morton, Walley, Eo'mondr, Brown, Mixer und D.< kinmn, of Massachusetts. Colonel WiUer's address, on taking the chair, was warmly applauded. Committees were appointed, and the Society adjourned till to morrow. This evening George Washington Parke Custis lectured , on the agricultural character of his father, by adoption, George Washington. The session has opened under fa vorable auspices, aid, from the agricultural talent assembled (seldom equallsd), the proceedings will be marked by tbe greatest interest. | A proposition will probably be made in the Senate to morrow to establish an ocean nail, as a substitute for tbat which ceased by the withdrawal of the Cunard steamers. Dougia'sC. Cooper, who was appointud to the super intendrucy of Indian affairs, refuses to accept, and re tains his old ag?ncy, and haa been withdrawn as nomi ; nee for the former office. Mr. Bolton, of Indiana, has been confirmed as consul to Geneva. ITNITKD STATES SUPREME COrBT. Washington, Feb. 28, 1855. A H Magruder, of Virginia, and Dwight H OInastead, of New York, weie admitted as Attorneys and Counsel : lors of the United Statu Supreme Court, to day. No. *9. The United States Ex relatione of Hevrly [ Tucker vs. A. G. Seaman. Argument concluded by lte vudy Jobmon for the plaintiff in error. No. 80. Jack T. Griflin and wife, plaintiffs la errar, T?. Jiid<8 Y Keynolds. Argued by Reverdy Jolias-in for p'aintill-<, sod submit ed on printed argument by Mr. 1 1 sure nee lor defendant. Latest from Uie State Capital. Till F WORD OF OEN. WORTH? THE CANAL AfDlTOR SIIIP ? NEWS FOR OFFICE- SEEK KB9 ? THE MILITIA LAWS AND THE FIRHT DIVISION, ETC. Ai.binv, Feb 28, 185J. The l egislature is about accomplishing a meritorious ' act, and one which no individual will object to. The , family of the late lamented General Worth have cjb lei.tsd to place for public inspection in the 8'ate library, all the swords which have been voted him by C ingress, by State legislatures, by corporate cities and a community of iudividua's. Their vslue at the time of their respsc tive prest ntatloni ate to be ascertained, and tbe annual interest of such sum la to be paid by the State to the widow or other memt<er> of tte family whi survive '.hat illustrious native son of New York. Hy placing these dislitguthtd lelics In tte puhl.c library, to which evjry btx'y Las i.'aily acceis, a noble deed will bs done by tbe legislature, which will ledoncd more to th?ir h>nor than the passage of a doren prohibitory laws. The question of electing a Canal Auditor by tbe people ;? put at rest for the present session. This Burning, a majority of the committee having that matter under consideration submitted a report against the measure. Ihe minority, Through Mr. Odell, presented their views in writing, which tbat gen'leman read in bis place. After btiig read, several members, ptrceiving some ?troag arguments in favor of changing the uioUof electing tbat officer, de?ir*d that tbe wboli- matter be deferred and laid on tbe table, In order that the repirt irom tbe minority might be printed, and laid before tbe lloure Mr Itiatehfoid being opposed to postponement, though he did not urge It in a speech, it was decided to sgice with the majority report, which killitd tbe propo i Itioo 'or Ihe sesrlun. There was no opposition towar Is Mr. tfbeonmaker, the prerrnt able Auditor, but t was argued tbat the people directly, and not through th? Canal Hoard, shonld be permitted to make their usn se lection of ?och an important officer. Nothing of importance came out of the Senate execu tive fe-sion this morn. ng. lhat body were sitting with closed doors leaa than half an hour, and all couflrinations were of notarie* in various parts of th? State. Why cannot these unimportant officer! be appointed by local authorities f TYej appear too frivolous in tbelr charac ter, . acd their dutlis too trivial to require t*ie sapervl slon of tbe Governor and the Senate. The reason why tbe nam*R of certain geatlemen were withdrawn by tne Governor, as Commissioners of Emigration, was because th?y dee dedly refuse to serve. One of tbe gentlemen, hiving <?evoted four yesrs to 'he service, thinks hs ha* contributed kbis full share of time gratuitously to tbe <mmi| ration business. 11 ore Is an inevitable dissolution of the whig and tern (trance party It Is caused by tbe pressure up n Gov. (lark fcr harbor masters. As was sal.] early la the session, he lias placed himself in a p'.sltl >n which must injure blm, let bim pursue whaterer course he may in regard to his appointments. Ihe temp"ran* men are daily itsisting, stronger snd itrenger. upon bis fulfilment rf the pledges made to them. Tb* whigs allege that he is a party man, acd must eunsnlt his party fneals, an l if be did make pledges not to appoint any bur tem persnre men he has already violated tbem in tbe se lsctlon r f h's military staff. The harbor ranWi are nit vst fully seiertsd. The name of Mr l.lttl-john, it seem*, has been robbed eff tbe ala*e witn b s own ooisent. Ameng ctber Mils IB tbe House called <ip for a third .?sscing was the ess to sssexd tbe m'l tla laws of ths j first division. It will be recollected that th?billw??i on ita Baal passa?e some tsn daya lince, and daring iU? rcacing it w?i suspended, upon the motion of MrCole man, who bad received a telegraphic despatch from General Pandford. or General Hall, that the bill must be defeated. So it ha* lain until to day, when it wan again taken up. Major Cocka aonreaeud the Home, and revived the objections which the general officers had against it. Ilr. Coleman opposed it, and fortified him pelf by reading a letter from General Hall and from an article in the Courier and Emmirer. He waa fully and completely answered by Cap t. Water bury, Col. May, and Major Galea, all precti"al military oflieers. The former gentleman said this wus an issue between therankan* file, who perform their duty in tb? ranks wi-.h miiHtftit. ana the mounted officers wear in* gilded erauletts a*" colored plumes The ro.un features of tlw opposition are? firft, that the hill defines the duty of thegen?riA officers, and also deprives them of the control of the* commutation moneys. No other major general iu the State has any control over those funds, except the officer in command ef the firtt division. The question was fl nally taken, when only four votes could be mustera* against the bill ? M>h?ik Blatchford, Jiioraomon. and Seagri?t, of New York, and F. W. I 'aimer, of Chau taugne Hie bill has gone to the Senate. There has yet lieen rn expression upon it. It is rt'ferred to the Military Comici'.tee. cousin tiog of Mt ssrs. Hutchlascn, Walter and RobertHin. There can be no doubt nf the Qaal pas n>nt of th< bill. Will tiie major general and his tour brigadiers thereupou fling up their cooimhsioDK l.ntci from California. ABRIVAL OP TUB DaNIJL WEBSTER AT NEW OR LEANS-NO UNITED STATE* SENATOR- l'ROSPEC r0 OP TIIE MINERS, ETC., ETC. Nbw Oruianh, Feb. .9, 1SJ5 The steamer Pankl Webster, from San Joao, arrived at this port tj-day , bringing dates from Caliiora a to th& 9th inst. The Webster connected with the steamship Coi ter, which tailed from San Krancixoo on the afternoon of tti* Oth inst., bringing about half a million of specie on freight, most of which was transhipped to the stoamor Star of the West, which Hilled from .San Juan for New York on Friday, the 2?d inst. The Coitez brought one hundred and seventy passen gers, thirty two of whom arrived here in the Daniel Webster. The Legislatuie of California had mado another at tempt to tlect a United States Senator, being the forty fourth ballot for that purpose. Tliis ballot, like its pre decessors, resulted in ro choice. A meeting of native Calit'ornians was held at San Fi an cisco on the 7th inst., to consider the expediency and to take all necessary measures for a wholesale migration to Sonora, in order to escape the heavy taxes of the State, which seem to be generally considered oppressive' The mining interest continues to sulTer greatly for want of water, the recent rains having 1'urnUhed but a very limited supply. In tho interior, the mineru are anxiously awaiting tho arrival of weather adapted to their labors. The Kerr river mines had afforded an extensive yield of gold, and thousands were flocking thither, the pros - pccts in their own diggings being rendered extremely mesgre in consequence of the drought. In the market, a tetter feeling was exhibited for some classes of merchandise, especially in provision*. For the inferior grades the demand was light, and no cash salts were reported. The ship Winged ..Arrow, from Boston, urrlvcd at San. Franc itco on the 8th. The Isthmus is reported as being healthy. Tho revolution In Centnl America if progressing, and Chomcrro had achieved an important advantage over Governor Oriatillo. The Cortex brought $28 'i, 000 in gold on consignment to I'age, Bacon h Co., of St. Louis, from their hoase in San Francisco. Additional fiora Havana. THE FATE OF FII.IX AND RSTUAUPK" ? DISARM I. SB OF CREOLES, ETC. New Orleans, Feb. 27, 1855. A letter from Havana by the Crescen'. City s\ys that arms had beeo taken away from a number of Creole*, and that the partita were to be Rent to the United State* by the Crescent City. Senor Estrampes had been sentenced to death by the garote, and Mr. Felix to ten years in the chain gang In Africa. Garcia Monroe bad been appointed Military Governor snd the Conde de Cartigo Civil Governor of Havana. The British vessels of war Model, Buzzard and Hussar were ia port. Everything wore a gleotny aspect in Havana. ARRIVAL OF THE IHAHELI.A AT CIIARLBJTON? N*WS FROM HAVANA AND KIT WIST. ClURLKHTON, lib. '20, 186*. The steamship Isabel ha* arrived at thia port, with Havana and Key West dates tu the 25th iont. Her ad | vices are mainly confirmatory of those received by the : Crescent City at New Orleans. The blockade of Havana is not against tiiei chant res i el*; it relate! only to nrmcd vessels. Several Creoles bave been banished to Spain. Carni val balls sre thinly atl?n<!ed and opera performance*. | lave ceassd. Weather co'.d and irade dull. Market* i generally uncharged. The fr'gate Han Jacinto had arrived at Key West, alt well. She was to Bail on the ifith for Havana. The marine news is uninteresting. Later From alio Janeiro. Baltimore, Feb. '28, 1866. The bark Spirit of the Seas has arrived at New Oriwan* with dates from Rio Janeiro to December 28. The sloop- of war Savannah and Independence were ir? port at Rio. The John Adams sailed for Sao Francisco on the 24th. Coffee was scarce and in great denund. The ship Ma rion had sailed for New York with 1,000 ba^e, and the bark Curioca for Philadelphia with 2,000. By the arrival of tie Southern mail, an late as due, we have received New Oris an* papers of Thursday. Political Matter*. CONNECTICUT WniO STATS CONVENTION. Hartford, Feb. 28, 1865. In tie Whig State Convention held here to-day the en tire ticket of last year was renominated by ac<:U mat ion. The convection passed resolutions endorsing the Ame rican principle, Including in that prin:ipte the do-trio* of protection to American industry; decUr.ng that tl>e> repeal of the Missouri compromise had put an eel to all compromises on the subject of slavery eipreselng ? determination to nsist, by all constitutional means, tb* admlss'on into the I'mooof more slave states; npeessing disapprobation of tie course of Isaac l'ju-ey in tB? Vnit'd States Senate; condemning the veto of the rivet and harbor and French spoliation bills by tec I're* dent, approving the Connecticut prohibitory hv, and declar ? iog the administration of Franklin Pierce to be such ai to entitle it to little respect. ANN KNOW NOTHING MOVKMIMT AT Al'BtftM. At burn, Feb. 28, 185ft. The Daily Advrrtixtr at this place con U. as a call for a meeting of the citizens at the Court House on Friday evfniig, to nominate an anti Know Nothing tieket, to be supported at the ensuing charter election by all who arc opposed to secret political societies. NOMINATION POK MAYOR at 3Y*ACl!"E. STRACT8K, Feb. 28, 1H66. The demorrats of tliis place yesterday nominated Soy mour Ptevens (soft) as their candidate fir Mayor. A fuiion of democrats.! whig-i and republicans was at tempted, but no agreement could be made. The whig and republican committees nominated a ticket hea4e<l by Alien Monroe, the pretten*. Mayor, bat the xoventioa adjourned without acceptirg It. Kl.kCTION or STATE TKEA8CKKR OF M AW?ACBttrrr>. Powton, Feb 2D, 1866. This afternoon bcth branches of the Legislature met In convention, srd elected Thomas J. Marsh, of Wal tbam. Treasurer and Receiver General of the 1 '? amor, wealth, and Alfred It. f ly. of Newton, aad Ans?l ft T; ler, of < barlemont Ii rectou of the Western Railroad FENKS Y L VAN IA I.IOISL AtlRK. U?RRi?arRn, Feb. 28, 1865. Onr I eg. statu r# did not adjourn yesterday te the Hr*' Tuesday in October; it was only the joint 'invent-no hat did so. Rt.th houses met, as usual, to-day. MUNICIPAL ELtl llON IN GEORGETOWN, ?. C. Wahhi.votov, Feb. 28, 18AIS. Tin election of r|tj- officers took place ytst?r<la> In Georgetown, I). C., and eot in this '.ity, at ina-lver teully appeared in tbed epatch published tbi? mereing Fnrrhane of the Kn^ltlve Meve Bnritw. Haltihoms, Feb- it, MM. The fugitive slave Anther y Hurot is now a this citv . m hi. wsy hark to Ito?ton, his freedom i.av.iv U-?o? pur'baseu by a few Bostonisns for $1,300. The Case of Judge l<arlnp. Boeros, Feb. .8, IS&ft. A sec- l hearing on the ptrt of the p?'i'ir.ne*s for the removal of Judge loilng was held tbl? a'terno t> before.thr legislative Ccuimittee. A Large crowd wan in attend*n-?. Wendell I hillips, Theadore Parker anV Robert Morris, ? colored lawyer, testifted ns.W e.ttk to the allegation that Judge Istncg hxsten'd the tss<HUon 0fIh;eBs!a an UBwa'ian'ab'-c ruaoner Messrs. Mnrri* and Pitl ps s a e that they as counsel f?.r Boras,

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