Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 2, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 2, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK JHERALD. iA'lu doabbii icixKTfi raorancroB and bmtvib. tw icn k. v. ooiMn or *iww ub itltoh m, \oluiur XX Ho* CO amcsmknts this evinlnq. ACADEMY OK MUSIC, Vourt.ientb (V-U F*vOR!t*. BIOADW AY THEATRE ^Tftfcdvu?Lnv.'i q . -Mux.. jMtwmi, lHi.ii Two. Sack.r.oi: ?OWIM TH*ATRi tuwert- ??c..TW-Uov. C?a.. Th. Seniors rH?ATRE. Broa4waj? Claim - Thi. roo* WOOD'S tHNSTRKLS, M*chiaict> Hall, 471 Brov'ray KMPHfE HAM,, 5% BrsaHway? Pa?o*iMA or K> mors. Wew Vork, FrMny, .Maixh <, 1?.Y">. T*?e !Vcw?. By tbe arrival of tke steanaibip^ 8t. Lauii a*, this port, and Canada at Halifax, -we have one we-fc'a fcter intelligence from Europe. Tat appointment of Lord John Rowk-11 ai British Plenipotentiary*) tfce coiiif iyui'ts at Vienna was generally regarded as an indication of the earnest <Jes>re of tbe Famish government to tring tbess negnia iocs to a speedy and Successful conclusion. All tbe Five Powors had ngniiieJ their Intention to confer, and the Congress had been postponed from the 15>th to the Wth ult. 'Naples hsd, -it was stated, formally joined the al and Portugal were also about to give in their adtn flarce, end fpain also. Tbe efforts of tbe coalition J to drawing its ranks all the smaller European States bad given rise to tbe rumor-no doubt a piece of po Stical waggery? that those important duci! sove fcignt.M, Tuscany, Modena and Parma, were to fol iOw their ?example and to fnrniah contingents of one thousand men each! Tbe English Parliament reassembled on the Kith, when Ixird Palmerston made the usual Ministerial explanation on accepting office. The appointment ef Admiral Ducdas to tbe command of the Riltic fleet is not a very promising indication of the vigor which it was hoped would characterize b'n !,ord stup'D administration. After contributing to tbe failure of the operations in the B'ack Sea and th? Crimea, this offioer is transferred to a s.vne where his ^capacity may Ua4 to still more evil consequences. Advices from the Crimea up to tbe 8th of Feb ruary represent the positions of the belligerents as unchanged. Two-thirds of the Turkish fores had landed at Eupatoria, and there were iudiev taone which led to the belief that tbe assault would toon take place. Genera'. Canrobert hod been virtually superseded by the uew organization of the French force into two ?otf? d'urmie under O nerals Pelessier and Bos quet. There was a rep-rt in Paris tbat Louis Na poleon was about to proceed to the Crimea to as snme the command in chief, but this rnmo- can fcard)y have any serious foundation, m orders have -been given for the formation of a camp at Mecz, to which the Emperor is about to proceed. It was aieo stated that Lords lUgian and Lucan were about to return to EapJand. The weather hid baoma more favorable for the operations of tbe al'ies. in Jn<iia the British authorities seem I<ke'y to tave immediate need ef all the disposable forces they ^n command. Tbe Affghms and Bar mete seem to bo taking advantage ol the present weakened military condition of England to regain wit at they have loit by her aggressions. Tbe markets continued dull, but without any ma terkal decline in prices, and bus'ness generally was very dull. I arge nnmbirs of workmen were oat r> employment, and great digress is apprehended. Tbe effects of the war are beginnni? to be rigoons iy lelt by tbe industrial <-\awee. Before the receipt of the steamer s news yester <ay the sales of cotton reached about 750 b?ls*, at ?leedy rates. After tbe arrival of the npws ibjui ^.'<0 baies of the higher grade* were soli, without change 1c price*. The impression was that tae ?ewe would not exercise anv material iofluerc-; on tfce market. Flonr aud grain werc wrtboa: alter* lion of momi'nt. The news, it was believed, would produce oo effect of moment on flour, owing to the ipht stcck. Old mess porit was easier, while new ! was scarca aid lirm. Pickled bams and shoulders wer* firmer, while laid was without change. By the arrival of the Empire City, from New Or *aea and Havana, last night, we have receive! from ?or special reporter a lengthened description of the eerenicnies observed on tke occasion of the formal opening of the Panama Haiiioad. Owing t> tne late hour at which we received it, and tbe demands ?pon our space, caused by the arrival of the Euro pears news, we are nnavoidably compelled to hold ever tbe report cf trie speeches delivered at the bin ?iuet. To cun pec sate for this omission, however' we publish a fu I account of the ceremonial itself' with toe nteresting address delivered by Judge Bos ton, cur Minister to Central America, who was se lected as tne orator for the occasion. The comple tion of this railroad, connecting as it does tbe too gnat oceans, Md opening up countless facilities to our commerce, may well be regarded as one of the mort important and interesting eventaof our times. It was the only link necessary to complete the c oaln ef our influence over tbe who.e of the American continent. The Empire City arrived last night with Havana ^?reeto the W.h uit. We published yesterday news ?? tbe 26th, received from Charleetou by telegraph. There were eight British mnn ot war at Ff .vaoa when the Empire City left. The United States ahi^s San Jacinto, Princeton, Fulton, Falmouth firandywfne, Colombia and Decatur, were daily ex pected to arrive from ?ey West. Tbe Britiwb ves eels are ?n ff&d in convening troop* to various par t* cf the ic land. Everything waa in confnsion; the priione were fall, ru?d the Creoles were seeking *o get away by all poisible devices. 11m I*giblature of Missoori will to4ay resume its haMotting tor United Htates Senator. The last bar tot waa bai on the 31tt of January. It hi resorted that tbe President intends t j veto the Mail Steamer Appropriation bill, in consequence ?f th e clause relative to the Coltina line, but we thick tbe report requires (Mnftrmatioo. lathe United States Senate yesterday tbe resolu tions recommer ding that in irur treaties hereafter with other nations we ahould secure religiom free ?k>a> and the titeaof sepoli ure to oar citizens abroad, H accordance with their peculiar predilec'.ijtu, were adopted 26 to ti. The Texas Creditors bill, signed by the President, was received. TheO?oe ral Appropriation bili, with the tariff redaction at tached, was then taken up. Mr. Hooter. though disliking the manner in which the tariff1 <|iiea'.ion bad been presented, on/ul tbe adoption of the modifications of thfl House, as toeing mora ac rentable to the majority than any previously offered. Mr. Clayton opened tbe bill is uppm. ?Mm. The late political revolution h?4 changed rhe -haracter of tbe popular branch of the Le gator*, and be was opposed to forcing this m* inure on the <oontry. Mr. Brodhead also oppoi?<l lU introduction if tbe modiflcation* in view of tbs f*<wls.ar character of the next House of FtopreienU Vim. The Texas Creditors bill, the Bounty Land hill, and other mea?nies, wiU soon redn<* the ptttbtra of the treasury. Mr. Badger offered Mr. Rdpertoas proposition to retn't the d? Jies on railroal iron from Jane 1, 1H6J, to t'tt) y 1, 1 Wfi , atd admitting wool and dye atnffe free, bnt iiibsequently withdrew it. Mwri. Cooper, Pierce, ri%yard. Rs'jamin, Jaau. forward, Wad?\ Donp>aas and otbers, vehement/ opposed the bill, and after a kong and anirry <ie >ate the rase ion of Mr. Clayton, to strike from tbe appro ftmtioa hill the tariff moc ideations. prevailed by a m* ft rty ef tare forty-'c or Snaton votirg. Id U>r Uousa a number cf unimportant hi],* were paeaed. In committee the Army Appropriation bill was diacusBed. The Senate's amendment! authori zing two additional regiments of infantry and tiro of cavalry, and making the necessary appropriation for their pay and maintenance, were concurred in, and repotted to the Houce. Ret. Calvin Colton delivered a leeture last even, ing before the Geographical and Statistical So ciety. His subject was, " The Future of Ameri<* a," and his remarks from lirst to last were atten'ively listened to by a fair and discriminating audience. The members of tbe judiciary and bar of New York met yesterday to give expression to their feel ings on tbe lamented death of Hon. J ud/^e Ed raids, presiding Justice of the Supreme Coar'. of this State. A report of tbe proceedings will be found in an other part of this day's paper. Tbe on! j important feature cf the proceedings of tbe l?gislat.we yesterday was the debate ou the bill to ir.cr ;a6e tbe capital stock of the Manhattan Cue Company. There was considerable opposition, and finally tbe subject was disposed of for the pres ent by toe adoption of a motion calling for a detail ed statement from the company of its financial con dition. We trust, while about it , that the Legisla ture will imstittte a rigid Inquiry into the manage meitot these corporations, with a vie* to cheapen ing the price of gas and securing a constant supply of the article. Peace Nrgatlatlani In Enrope. Lord -John Russell's appointment us British Plenipotentiary to tbe Congress at Vienna must certaiDly be regarded as indicating a de sire for peace on the part of the British govern ment. In the last speeches made by Lord John in Parliament his tone was singularly pacific; he declared, not without suspicion of official authority, that neither France nor England had any desire to diminish Russian territory, and Bjiokc throughout in so conciliatory a tone that no one could infer from his language that at that moment a British army was lying broken and baffled before the walls of Sebastopol. The present head of the British government has not, it is true, been given to lean to the Bide ol peace. Lord Falmerston has cjurted the repu tation of a fire-eater rather than the laurels of a peacemaker. But there are times when the natural bent of the strongest minds must yield to circumstanoes. and it seems that there is nothing even for Lord Palmorston to demand in the present crisis but to be preserved from the enemy. AH accounts concur in represent ing the prospects of the siege ot Sebastopol as hopeless. Sir John Burgoyne, the Chief En gineer of the British army, wishes it to be understood that he is not responsible for the works now going on there. The loyal corres pondent of the Times declines to state the number of men to which the army has dwindled down. Several regimental officers have gone to Constantinople and MaJta to try to raise men ? their owa commands having totally disappeared. Disease is telling on the French. The Russians are erecting new batteries to command those of the English, and in a very short time we miy expect to hear of their commencing the attick anew. The recruits sent out by the British go vernment die without tiring a shot, not being, in the language of a correspondent, even fit food for powder. On another bide, the move ment so Ion? planned by Russia on th'i frontier of British ludia has broken out. Cabul is once more in arms. Turkistan and Bokhara are preparing to vindicate their long promised fidelity to the causc of the Czars. Even Bur xnah ? miserable, spiritless Burmah ? declares that she will not cjnsent to her provinces being wrested from her. and war must probably fol low. To add to all, the financial pressure on the government has become excessive, and it is obvious that a few months more such expen diture must lead to some explosion. Here are reasons enough for Lord John Rus sell's paeilic tone? grounds more than enough for a vigorous attempt on the part of Eogland to declare peace. But the question arises, how would peace overtures be relished by the Em peror ot the French and the Czar? With re gard lo the former, the case presents itself in a duplicate aspect. As a revolutionary monarch, the most formidable enemy against which Nar poleon has to contend is the mob of Paris. A war drains off that mob; and heDce it was that Louis Philippe picked quarrels in Algiers, and never would allow peace to be mule. The Eastern war has served the same purpose for the Emperor Napoleon. It has rid him of his most dangerous enemies who are now fol lowing their bent by shooting the Russians in the Crimea. Make peace and these men re turn to continue their practice with the Emperor as a target. Again, peace without Se bastopol implies defeat; and defeat in Fnoce implies revolution. The French cannot, as the English do. overthrow their ministry and pat in new men; or keep the Executive in check by means of Congress, as we can. With them there is no alternative between barricades and loyalty . If, therelore, the siege of Sebastopol Is defi nitely raised, and the 75,000 Frenchmen now in the Crimea return to France with drooping eagles, it will go hard but Napoleon will pay the penalty of his failure with hts crown. lie needs no peace to reconstruct his army. Every man in France is a soldier; has been bred and taught to handle the musket; on an emergency, half a million of able troops might be raised with a little pressure. Money seem-, to be Bow ing into his treasury, and really peace seems to promise him nothing but trouble, difficulty and danger. The Czar, on the contrary, like Great Britain, ought iO be rather favorable to peace. The po licy pursued by Austria must have made a wonderful difference in the feeling <f the Russian court. Three hundred thousand men occupied solely with the work of watching the Austrian frontier, and needing at the least reinforcements at the rate of 30,000 a year, are a heavy drain upon the imperial army; net to speak of the possibility ot defeat in the field and an Aus trian advance on the Dneiper. Again, if the Mege of Sebastopol were raised, and peace de clared. it is patent that the net results of the campaign would la* a gain of pres tige by the Rqstian* and a loss by the allies. In this war the Russian officers have proved that th< y knew their business as well as the French, and nf courfe infinitely better than the English carpet knights : while the soldiers have con firm' d th?>ir old reputation for courage. A Kussian fort has witli?tood the utmo?t efforts of the English and Frcnch to Uko It, and by care fnl mani?g?m?,nt anil skill, the si^ge has cost the Riifsians nothing morn serious than the loss Of a ft w men ? which in Russia means nothing. The ships are safe, the arsenals are safe, tbe forts ttronger than ever. To borrow a figure from Mensehikoff. General Badweatber, and Gen<ral Disease, and above all. General Stupi dity? the only really efficient officer in the British army--bave done the work for them. Peace would now cost Russia nothing. Bu' tie power and prestige of her enemies wo ild U IrckfD. Profrcoa of ***> D^wcnile R**oI?U?n In Bnglud> The article from the London Timet which we give 'Jirewhere will show how vigorously tfce democratic revolution is proceoding in kog" land. The worst step the aristocracy eould I have taken when their incapacity became appa rent, was to stand to their colors, and to refuse to give way; and that is precisely the course they have adopted. With all the shortcomings of the past campaign befare the public, with the countless proofs of lordly imbecility and igno rance staring every one in the face, no change has been made, no new men have been called to oflice, no old ones disgraced, no noblemen have even been censured. The State continues as for merly to groan under the weight of lordly folly. Lords lead the army to destruction and the regiments to death. Lords starve the English men who are sent abroad, and display such a helpless sense of uselessness that doubt ot their (.unity may be entertained. Yet not one word of reproach or censure has issued from the gov ernment. The British peers arc determined like Charles the First, to make no concession to the people. They will defy public senti ment, and engross all the first offices in State, I army and church ; and when their incapacity is I proved they will treat their assailants with 'CThis sort of thing can have but one end. The inquiry into the management of the war now proceeding before the Ilousa of Parlia ment will not be burked, though the Peers are trying their best to burke it. It will disclose the extent to which birth, connections, and favoritism have degraded the public service in England, the army especially. Public meet ings follow in the counties, and every mail may be expected to bring us news of a mass meet. jn<r in London to denounce the aristocracy and to call for an introduction of the popular principle into the government, lteform bills with slow contests at the hustings and inter minable debates in Parliament answer wcl enough in time of peace when the people can waif, but in time of war when every day is costing England over one hundred soldiers, they maybe thought too slow processes. The wisest cannot tell when or how the ex plosion isto take place. But that it must come Ln, no careful student of English history past or present can doubt. The aristocracy have served their purpose. They have govern ed England for one hundred and seventy years, and during most of this period havenot even had the excitement of a contest with the peo ple. Until the excise duties were imposed, and the Stamp Act was passed, the people of Lag land submitted without a murmur, an argu ment, or a protest. The great lords ruled the church, the army, the navy, the colonies, and everything else : they held Parliament in their breeches pockets, and drove their coachwhee Is over the necks of the masses. A brief contest, until William Fitt was shelved, breaks the mo notony of the history; and again, until the spread of democratic ideas obliged the nobles to embark in the fooUah war wiih France, they reigned undisturbed. Forty years of foreign wars and domestic dis- i tress procured a like period of tranqui lity for the aristocracy-to be terminated by the out break of the war in a worse form than ever. Two acts in the democratic drama oi England have been played. They were tbe R.form bill and the tree trade meiisurpfl. The third i. now commencing. It will be the total republi canization of the army. N?r will its efTects be confined to England. In France and on the continent, the effect of the democratic impulse will also be felt. It is contrary to reason to suppose that while the British press is breaking down the oily bul warks of the nobility, and an allied army is relishing before Sebastopol, the French press ,-bflll not be allowed to spettk at all. The Em p, ror will find that the electric telegraph which unites Dover and Calais is a bond of union no easily to be severed. The French on* sent d< mocracy to England; it may now be the destiny of Great Britain to reciprocate the gift. Conohksh Closing Up. ? The last se>si n of ibis Congress of spoilsmen, according to the constitution, closes to-morrow night at twelve o'clock. The Senate have so agreed, and the House, we presume, have concurred, or will concur in this resolution, to sav appearance*. On more than one occasion, heretofore, the last day of the session has run through Saturday night, and even a considerable margin of Sabhath morning, amid such scenes of disorder, debauchery and corruption as would di"grace a council of savages. Such scenes should be spared us now, henceforth and forever, from their demoralizing effects upen pober and honest men, from the odium which they cast npon our republican institu tions ; and because they arc a libel upon the character of the American people. If this ses sion sh< uld be continued through Saturday night, till sunrise ol Sunday morning, the spoilsmen will be very apt not only to fleece Guthrie, but to skin him alive. They are des perate. and will be vigilant ; and. with a friend or two in the sleepy House and Senate, they may secure, from midnight to sunrise, millions of plunder. For the sake of Guthrie, therefore, we trust the old fogies of the Senate and of the Ildise wil adhere to the resolution, and insist npon it that the session shall close with the third of March ? Saturday midnight. The session, until within a few days past, has been flat, stale, and uninteresting. The most important of the bills passed are the French Spoliation bill, (vetoed.) the Texas Indemnity bill, the Powd of Claims bill, the Collins Steamer bill, the Naval Reform bill, and the regular ap propriation bills, which, upon inspection, will probably be found to carry upon their backs a multitude of sins. Some good things, however, have been done in the shelv ing of other bills, including several patent, monopoly extensions, and a score or fo of grasping railroad landjobbing specu- ' lations. Considering the fact that this is the last chance for the Kitchen Cabinet spoilsman, ?nd mnny of their retainers in both houses, the respect which has been exhibited this session for the treasury and the pock?t? of the people in really wonder! ul. It will be still more aston isnii'g it this defcr? nee to public opinion shill prevail to the end ot the session ? Sa'.urday nixht. or Sm.ilay n.orning, as the cose m<iy be. Let our reporters keep a sh.trp lookout for the gleaning" of the last day and night. Watch the nu'sice bills that will be slipped in, and the lobby 3in? ndmenta. ?nmo ov ttik Fnrr f'lin i Pkh<k-*4TIc Co?*rrTKi ?A of the I>?M>rratle Soft Shell <.*s?ral ??? t*ld Iwt n'rht In th? Coal IJol#, Tinmtny Hall, t o.. Al??kti?!?r Mmg id th? chair. Mi>tar?. lt>n?<lict anil ? l.tD'f llor li-tilR ?* H?rr?tari?? \o Su*ir?*-? of ini per tat r* ?a a lb? ?wtliiir ?<ljo"*nloc at** i faring lb* r*p?rli of itaDUiog roiriu.:u??. ACj?ura?<) U Lr?t Tfcam'aj in April. THE LATEST H ? W 8. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Important from Washington. OUBLATE SPANISH MBSOT1ATION8 ? RKFUflAL OP THE ADM IKIBTKATIOM TO TMLL THE TRUTH. Washington, March 1, 1855. The President (till withhold! from Congress the infor mation called for relative to the proceeding* of the Os tend Convention. The propriety of acquieactng to the demand meet* with Mftrcy's disapproval, as also wi:h the opposition of several of the more prominent of our Senators. Possibly a reply may be sent in, bat none of the information called for in the resolution will como be fore the House. It will surprise you to learn that the Spanish embassy in this city is secretly at work with members of both houses to defeat the intentions of the President in this matter. He has the best of reasons for taking this step: the certainty, if successful, that It* publicity must redound to the benefit of the Spanish government, and to the injury of the United States. In the controversy thus far upon this subject Spain is in the right, and the publicity ef the correspondence between our country and Spain would draw towards the latter power even the sympathies of the American people. The allies, England and France, have had submitted to their examination the entire question as it now stanls, by Spain, and the action of this government has been governed wholly by the decisions of those two Powers. If the English Minister in this city !b not as busy in the matter as Is his colleague for Spain, it is only from the feur that he may meet with detection, aud be exposed to the jealousies of our people. I nave already informed you that the late Spanish ad ministration urged upon our government a final settle ment of the embarrassing questions existing between us and themselves, which our government refused. I can now inform yon that the conditions ottered by Bpain, were those negotiated for under the Polk administration, hut which the fierce administration would not listen to, as being unwirtby the American character. The least well disposed concession by our government, or ambas sador at Spun, in addition to the terms offered by Presi dent Polk, was not only expected, but as hereafter may be shown, the Spanish government had prepared itself to accede to the wishes of the Cnited States. England and France advised the sale of Cuba, and notwithstanding Spanish pride opposed the step, it was conceded to, and our government notified of the result. The unfortunate misunderstandings that subsequently took place between the President and Mr. Sou)?, and between the latter per son and Gov. Marcy, have produced results that will add additional discrec it to the United Stales should they ever appear in an official form before the public. It were worth the loss of Cuba to Spain, so far as England and France are interested, to have placed before the worlj, as a specimen of American diplomacy and honesty, the en tire correspondence upon the Cuba difficulties. 'Its pub lication would sink the American character still lower, and render Gen. Pierce's administration a thing to be talked of as smong the greatest evils that ever befel the United States. I wish you to give full confidence to these statements, which I design more fully to confirm hereafter. VETO OP TUB OCEAN MAIL STEAMSHIP BILL. Washington, March 1 . There are strong indications of a veto of the Ihean Mail Steamer bill. MEETING OP THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. Washington, March 1, 1855. The National Agricultural Society met this morning,

and after receiving reports of the various committee!, elected officers. M. P. Wilder, of 'Massachusetts, was elected 1'renident, and a Vice-President was bad from each Hate and Territory. The executive is composed of Mr. King of New York, Calvert of Mary land, Poole of Massachusetts, Watts ef Ohio, Jones of Delaware, Klwyn of Pennsylvania, and Wentwortli of Illinois. W. S. King of lioston, Secretary; B. B. French of Washington, Treasurer. The reciprocity question as affecting agricultural interests was discussed. After a warm debate, the Association passed resolutions ob jecting to the doctrine of free trade for agriculture, and prote-.ticn for other interests. Many valuable pipers were read and discussed. This evening, lion. George P. Marsh lectured on the rural economy of Europe, and wa? followed by Dr. Wilder, of Cincinnati. UNITED STATES HUPREM* COURT. Washington. Mar :h 1, 1955. Hon Andrew Oliver, James Maurice and Washington Murray, tsqs , New York; Thomas J. Todmood. Michi gan; lion. A. ' M Peirington, New Jersey; Thomis Heyne, 111.; J. Fletcher, Va., am H. S. Stevens, Michi gan, were admitted attorneys and counsellors. No. 4l ? Jen--e 11. Thomas. admioWtrator, vs. Missouri Iron Company . ?t al. Appeal from the Circuit Court for the District of Missouri. Judge McLean delivered 'he opinion of the Court, affirming the decree of said Cir cuit Court, with cost-*. No. 4.) ? W. A. IVioth vs. Ferdinand Clarlt. Appeal from the Circuit Court lor the District of Colomoia. Judge Wayne delivered the op nion of the Court, affirm ing the decree rf said Cir:uit, with costs. Nn. 80. ? Jack H. Griffin and Wife, plaiatilfs'in error, v? . James ?. Keynolds. Argument concluded by Rever dy Johnson for plaintiffs. No. 157.? Hugti Maxwell, plaintiff in error, vs. John G. Poler.- On motion of Hon F. B. Cutting, the cause was docketed and dismissed, with costs. No. 84 ? Alexander Deuistouu et. al , plaintiffs in er ror, vs Kcger Stewart. Cause argued by Phillips for plaintiff. No. 85.? William I'bristy, plainttlf in error, vs. Henry C. Bollards, administrator. Submitted for tfce eonalde ra'i<n of the Court, on record ami printed argument, by Ciittencen. I awrerce, and Hughes, for plaintiff, and Heiid'rsoii for defendant. Judge Taney announced that the court would adjourn on the 10th. and would not take up any case for argu ment after the 7th. Uteit from (he State Capital. ANOTHER ONSLAUGHT ON THE TREASURY ? CALL ON 1 HE MANHATTAN OAS COMPANY ? PROTECTION TO HOLDERS OF RASE RILLS ? TOWN SUBSCRIPTION TO RAILROADS? GEN. WORTn'S SWORrH, ETC., ET J. Albany, March 1, 1855. The treasury plunderers are in unparalleled activity. Hie time has come, as they allege, when the legislature must be pressed to pass their claims, or they may fail for the session. The less money there ia in the trea sury, the more stringent the money market, the greater ; depression In business of all kinds, the more active, in. | solent and importuning are the harp'es in the lobby, i The claims for canal damages are increasing so rapidly, ' that members of the Legislature can scarcely find leisure to attend to the legitimate business of their immediate I constitnents, or that of the State. The whole of the day I wai occupied, in both houses, upon bills of this charac ter. The Legislature ought to institute a commission ; for this purpose, and not spend days in discnssing the merits of those constantly increasing demands. The Manhattan Gas Company, of the city of New York, are asking for an ircrease of two millions to their capital. They wish to greatly eatend their mains through the upper part of the city, but cannot accom plish it unless such increase is authorized. It met with sn opposition stronger than was anticipated, ^ome of the membera from the city offered a clause to the bilj compelling tbe company to furnish gas lor S2 perthou sand ftet. This was contested strongly. The rural mem. bers appeared astonished at the large amount ofaddi- I tiotal capital asked for, believing that two millions of it self would be sufficient to organize a new company upon. Others stated that the company was now ex- I ceedlngly wealthy, its stocii bearing some thirty or for ty per cent premium, and that they now have a surplus of piofits on hand amountiag to u larger sum than they ask to be added to their capital, which they could use for tte extension of their works. Finally a resolu turn was offered, calling upon the company to state the amount of surplus on band, the maiket value of the stuck, an.) the prices they receive for gas. The Pr*si- ! dent of the company was in the Assembly Chamber, sitting along side o! Mr. Rlatchtord, when this resolution of inquiry was submitted. The friends of the company in the House, objected to the consideration of the in quiry to lay, but to morrow that pr vilege will not exist, when tfce company will be called upon to report. Beth bouse* have passed a bill to protect bUlhoMen from the avaricious grasp of receivers, It enacts that the [lank Superintendent a),al] retain In hi* hands so much of the securities, in his possession, as may be ne eessary to tedtsm the lircuLat.ng notes of banks failing therr, nives to redeem, and which may go nto receiver's hands, Perhaps it is well as to give a -opy of the bill ? An Art ti amtnd Strttim 11 o/t'Aopfer 211 of the Lam o/lW9. The IVnplsnf the Statu o I New York, rcprei" nted in Sen ate and Assembly, do cDnct a? follows ? Sfetlon 1 The el- vetith section or said act ihall be amend ed so as to read ss follown ? S>c 11 Evi-ry receittr appointed accord in* to this act, alter Siting security. shall take Into his puesesidun all the property, efj<ct?, l ooks, pspeis, accounts and demands of i such corporation ?r associatiun, including the securities, if art. ? hu h may have been definite. I with th" Sup.rlnt-n ?Sent I'flnniinr to such corporation or association, excepting ,,i mach of tald securities as may he necessary to enable the Kuperistsn'tenl of ihe Hank Department to redeem the cir i ulntng r.utes of such eorpaeation or association. M shall in.nieilmlcly jits ailicc, hy publication in soeh newspaper' m the "uperintrailent ' r any Justice ef the Supreme Court stall direct, requiring the creditors of sacb corporation or ? sr. elation to ? xhihit and establish their demands before , withm thirty days from the time of hi* app'intmen' ' Saeh receiver shall ro>wss all the powers of receivrrs f 1 . rf.rnticns linger the third article of title four of chapter tig at aid part third of the R*ti*ed Statule?, la respect to 1 itc settle m. nt of all <lemand? exhibited to the#, and i-i a'l ot tier retpeets escept as herein otherwise prueited', and all : ? o> h n wi rs at s conferred hy law o? trusteed of ineoleev. 1 ?lehtors as may be applicable. and shall be anljeet to all th. rtoiies si d obi get* ns by law imp- *ed on receivers or corpc rati' TI*. rtcejt S? herein modified ' Sec This a<t shall take effect Immediately. Senator Hop* ns presented a bill of iaportaacs ia the > Senate thi? morning. relating to testimony bj parties ibeaneivae in litigation. Whether it will tend to the com minion of the crime of perjury, tbe legal gentlemen of tbe Senate will undoubtedly investigate. Tbe propriety of placing a bill, allowing towns on tbe line ef railroads in embryo, to aubacribe to such stock, is wisely questioned. A bill of sueb a character passed tbe Senate tbe otber day, relative to tbe contemplated IHica and Bingbamton road, but bas not been taken up in tbe House. This morning an adverse report was made upon a similar bill, rotating to tbe Albany and Bingham ton road. Why tbe Senate should pass one and not tbe other, is not understood. It may be that certain parties in this city, who originally subscribed quite liberal to that stock, but Home twelve mon'.hs since refused to pay their xabicriptions, and now wish to break down the project, havo had in j flnenoe sufficient to induce the Kailroad Committee to report against the proposition. The idea, however, of I building roads of doubtful utility, by meanx of mort gaging the lands of farmers against their wishes, U a very grave affair. The agricultural member* of the As sembly are not railroad speculators, and will carefully weigh the proposition to coerce the raising of money in aucn an arbitrary manner. Mr. Searing deserres credit for his success in procur ing the passage of a bill through the House, authorising tbe c.ty ot Brooklyn to borrow money. At the time of the consolidation the treasury o( the new city wag empty, and the authoritiea have ever since been unable fully to pay tbe members of the police and other officers of the city government. Tbe object of the bill ia to borrow a sufficient amount to liquidate these demands. It will, no doubt, speedily pass the Senate. It would have been complimentary to tbe memory of the late gallant General Worth, if tbe Senate had this <lay, tbe anniversary of nia b'.rth, passed the lilll from the Assembly In relation to his sworda. Senator Robin son very generously made a motion to go into committee to pass tbe bill to-day; but tbe Hon. Mr. Yost inter - poaed objections which were fatal. Major General Worth wa? a favorite son of this State, and died in his harness, fighting the battles of hie country. Did Mr. Yost know thin? Anti-Know Nothing Movements In Malta, chusetta. Boston, March 1, 1K55. A meeting of the citlzene of Salem is called for Satur day evening u?xt, of all those opposed to secret political organizations. The call is signed by three hundred citl zena, among whom are Judge White, George Peabody, Otis 1*. Lord, N. J. Lord, Asaliel Huntington, and other prominent whig* and democrata. Tbe Know Nothings of New Bedford have nominated George Howland for Mayor. Municipal Nomination at Uttca. Utica, March 1, 1K56. The whigs to-night nominated Henry H. Fish for Mayor. Destructive Fire at Philadelphia. PurLADKi.PHiA, March 1, lRr>5. About one o'clock this morning a fire broke out in Fisher's block, on Chestnut street, below Seventh. It commenced in the room occupied by Messrs. Bright & Weller, as a publication office, who lost $5,000. The whole upper part of the building was destroyed. The following is tbe amount of loss: ? McClees & Germon, dag jemoty pists, 98,000; Chas. Oakford, hatter, $10,000. Mr. Oakford Is insured for $4,000. The stock of James H. Orne, carpet dealer, valued at $100,000, was much damaged by water. Damage to the building about $20,000, which ia covered by insurance. The adjoining building, occupied by Mr. Oakford, was damaged by water; loss covered by insurance. The fire is said to have occurred from a defect in the flue of the furnace. From the South. Baltimork, March 1, 1855. The Union of tliin morning makes the official announce ment of the appointment and confirmation ot General Scott as Lieutenant-General. The United States Treasurer's statement, made up to the 26th ultimo, shows $20,439,500 in the treasury subject to draft. From St. Louis. TRAVEL STILL OBSTRUCTED ? DRl'DTY MARSHAL SHOT. St. Louia, March 1, 1855. No arrivals from Missouri river yet. Illinois Railroad still cloned. The Upper Mississippi is open to Alton. B. F. Brand, Deputy County Marshal, was shot yes terday by Bob O'Blennls, a notorious desperado. We have not received an Kastern mail for seven days. Outward Passage ot the Asia. Halifax, March 1, 1855. The steamship Asia, from Boston at 10 A. M. on Wed nesday, is now? 5 o'clock P. M. ? coming up our harbor, and will probably tail hence for Ijverpool at about 0 o'clock th s evening. (?ood Telegraphiiigi New Oklsanh, March 1, 1855. Our citizen" this morning were notified of the advices from Europe by the St. I.ouls simultaneously with the New Yorker", the National Telegraph Line having placed us in possesion of the news by ten o'clock this morning. Markets. Nkw Orleans, Feb. 28, 1855. Our :otto& icarket is unchanged. Sales for to day 5,600 baier Molaeiea sells at lfH^c. a 20c. Mess pork at >14. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. Philadelphia, March l, 1851. Stock! are 'lull to day. We quote Heading at 38%'; Morris Canal, 16. I<ong island Railroad, 16%; Pennsyl vania R*il;oa<l, 44}( ; I'ennHylvBnia State Fives, 88. The money market is without change. KALTIMORl CATTLE MARKET. Hai.timokk, March 1, 1855. 626 hea3 of beef cattle offered, 175 driven to the east ward, and the balance sold at prices ranging from $4 to t6. Jloga scarce; sales at $7 26 a $7 76. Farther News from Havana. ARRIVAL OF THE EMPIRE CITV. The steamship Kmpire City, Ciptain Windle. arrived at this por: last night from New Orleans and Havana. She left New Orleans Feb. 20, atK A.M., reached llavana on the 23d, transferred the California mails and pas rengers to the El Dorado, and left Havana for this port on the 24tb. Among the passengers from New Orleans is Mr. Tho mas Francis Meagher. A great deal of excitement still existed in Havana, and the city was filled with volunteer trosps. The following British men ofwar were in the harbor of Havana ? Steamer Colos-us, Buzzard, Media, Vestal, Krp.ege?, Arab, Scorpion, and Bermuda. The United States ship* San Jacinto, Princeton, Ful ton, Falmouth, Brandywine, Decatur, and the flag ship Columbia, were reported at Key West, and were ilaily expe:ted at Havana. News from Key West. OUR KEY W?*T CORRESPONDENCE. Kkt Wk*t, Feb 25, 1855. Arcidrn! ic the San Jacinto ? JVaoal Intelligence? Marine Dirattert. ifc. The U. E. steamer San Jacinto, Capt. C. K. Stribbling, arrived tbe evening of the lBth, from St. Thomas via San Domingo City. When off this port (he broke the tbird and last blade of her unfortunate propeller. She came in under lull Fail. She has visited Madeira, St. Thoxcas, Santa Crux, St. iKimingo, and the Grand Cay trans. since last braid from in the States. The United States steamer Fashion, Baker, arrived from Tampa, the ltith. She has a large number of cano?s and olber appurtenances for the exploration of the E?af la/en Tbe troops now at the Miami take charge of this at. pment, and will at once prepare to make a tour ef ot?ervation wtthfi the Seminole's hunting proutdi. Lieutenant-Colonel Monroe, in command or the troops in Flor.da, was on board, and went up to the Miami. 1 be steamer Fu 1 ' on was at St. Thomas on the 3d of F e brusry, and sailed the 7 tb for Martinique, in seareh of the Albany. The U. S shop of-war Falmouth was going Into tbe r.artor nf St. Domingo on the Bth. The officer* ?nd crew of tbe San Jacinto sre all well ' She will re main n .h f pert several days. She will go hence to 1 avsna The American bar* Harritt Chipman, of Boston, Cast. Hill, arrived on the lf.th at this port in distress from Triirdad bonnd to New York. She left the fnrmer port on the 4th inat. . w tb a cargo of m'dassea and melada. On the Kith, when near the D. H. Shot Keys, encoun tered a fev?re Nortb<r and a \ery heavy f?a; sprung a lesk and '-aeried away the gammouing of the biwiprit, ? nl w?s obliged te make l?r this port for repair She has tot dis-harged. The uppr works will be caulked. If sb# then leaks, her cargo will be taken out and the lower pcitinn repaired. The ship Mediator, Bell, of and for New York, went ashore on Triumph htef on the 14th. but got off with the aniftence of the U. 8. cutter Sea Drift, Lieut Ran dolph. on '.be 16th, and proceeded on her voyage to Nsw Orleans. She received considerable iojury. She lay in a dangerous p are. and would have taken aid from wreck ers bad any been near. No other sews. Police Intelllgenre. A!:rO?D CASE OK BIO AMY. Serg?aL*. Howjei, of '.be Chief's office, arrested a man yesterday, namet Daviil Hale, doing business in Thirty, vctb street, who ttands charged with bigamy, Inhavlng, on tbe 2Stb if August last, entered intn the silken bonds et matrimnny with Msrgtret Blair, while his first wife, Maty 111. Ion, was yet in tbe land of the living. The ac cused was taken Mf re Jnetice Oinnolly. at the I/>wer rolice court. *b) held htm to bail in the sum of 11,000 '? answer the charx* preferred againat him. The arcus ed denies 'be rbsrge mo?t strenuously. AHRFRT OF AN ALI 1WKD PICKPOCgRT. OWrer K nner. of the reserve corps, arrested a man nsn.ed Moire Rosenthal, yesterday, who stands charged ? 'b Lev rir stolen a pocketbook, containing 112, from ?be (.enon rf William Patterson, a sailor, resiling at 716 Water street. Th* transaction, It la alleged, took place on tbe J2d nit., eines wbicb tbe aeetiae^. hat r??e? at laige Tbe er?n?ed wae. en be sg taken be'ore Justice Ksgatt stkbi two tor irtaL Broadway Theatre? The KfypUaA. .. "Ik* Egyptian," a melodrama in fir* acta, Mf. H. Wilkina, flnrt played at tke City of Uraa theatre, on the 18th April, 1868, wai produced here on Wodnea" day night, and played again last evening, on Wit oeoa aioni to full houses. The p'ay is, in the respect of effect, the heat that the author ever gave to the puhBc. The plot ia somewhat involved, but the main incidents ran thug The scene ia in the ancient city of Palmyra, in the reign of Queen Zenobia. That lllustrioua personage hav ing neglected to pay tribute to Rome, ber city is besieged by an army from the Eternal City, led by the Kmperor Aorelian. The city is menaced by.foea without and trea* sen within. Antiochua, one of Zenobia 's generals, hav ing been jilted by her 'laughter, the Prineesa Julia, re solves to fell the city to the Romans, in which he ia assisted by a miser, Hujus. Julia lovee a young Roman attaehed to Zenobia'a court, but cannot fenarry him because ahu ia promised to a Prince of Persia, as the price of an alliance which will be valuable to the Queen during the war with Rome. Zabdas, an Egyptian, Zenobia's general, who ia also in love with Julia, acM with unexampled magnanimity under the circumstances, and succeeds in securing the Queen's oouaent to thw marriage of Julia and Gracchus. Antiochus, who it a very great scoundrel, ia flrod with rage at this, and sue* ceeds in living to the enemy and in making an atUok; upon l'almyra just as the happy pair are about to pro ceed to the altar. By the gallantry ami forethought of the Egyptian General, the enemy are beaten back, and Antiochus is taken prisoner, which ends the third act In the fourth act another assault ia made? the city it taken ? Antiochus and Zabdas have a hand-to-hand com bat, in which the first named individual ia killed. In the fifth act we find that the affair waa a total rout for l'al ? my ra, the Queen and Gracchus being taken prisoners, and Julia obliged to solicit protection from Zabdas, wha has promised Zenobia that he will kill the Princess ra'her than allow her to grace the triumph of Aurelian. That dignitary, however, turnn out to be a very excellent person for an Emperor, and he declares a general amnesty. Gracchus and Julia are duly united, but Zabdas refuses to accept the par don of the Emperor, and dies at the foot of the altar. The play, as will be seen, is a very effective drama, full of startling situations, combats, and "stirring inci dents by tlcod and field." There il no lack of opportu nity fcr good acting in the principal part, (originally played by C. D. Pitt,) and, at the Broadway, very finely done by Mr. E. L. Davenport. Nothing could be mora graceful or vigorous than his style ? more picturesque and artistic than bis attitudes ? while in the general1 ensemble of the part he displayed that evenness and fullness of delineation which is one of the greatest charms of his acting The other parts were respect ab y sustained. Mr. l.eftingwell'a Hujus wan ant excellent performance. Ihure was nettling else above mediocrity. The performance went oil very emoothly, and to the patiafaction of a very full house. Aa a literary work "The Egyptian" is below criticism? as an acting play it will alwtys lie successful, with a fine actor like Mr. Davenport in the principal part. This evening at the Broadway, Mr. Davenport's banefit is announced. Mips V. fining, an artist whose name irf favorably known here, will make her first appearance iu America, aa Margaret Elmore in "Ixive's Sacrifice," Mr. Davenport as Matthew. Mr. Morris Barnett will also ap pear as Mons. Jacques on this occasion. Tire Theatres. ? The arrival of the European steamers, with the great press of other news on our columns, ex cludes our usual notices of the places of amusement. See advertising columt a. City Intelligence. Tltn Wouniied Puoiusts.? We underatand that Tool*, who was ro dangerounly wounded in the affray of Satnr day night, yesterday exhibited much worse symptoms than were expected by bin physician. Justice Brennua went an officer to take bin deposition, bat found him in ?o feeble a i-tate an to be unable to speak. There am stiong doubt* eniertaineil of his recovery. An opera tlon has been performed on Turner'* arm by I)re. j. K. Wood and Woodward, and the ball has been extracted. It in now supposed that bin arm will be saved. Baker as yet bar not been urr-sted. l'RorosKV Nrw Dints of Judges. ? A meeting of thu bar will be held in the Supreme Court this day, at two o'clock, respecting the additional duties about to be im posed on the Judges of the Superior Court and Court ot Common Plea* by the law now before the legislature. Spring Style of HuU, Juat Introduced.?. Those of our readers in want of a fashionable bat can obtain one at HAl.l.'S, 413 ((roadway, who is the acknow ledged leader of fashion m New York by public ap$robi?> tion. Corner of LUpenard street and Broadway. Gentlemen's Hut*.? Spring Fashion for I8.V?? juat introduced by Kspenhcheid, of 118 Nassau atreet The sliape is admirable. It i* the most piquant ?ookini; hat that has ever appeared in the field of fashion iu New York. The Spring Style of Hat. ? Knox lias lasiu'it his style. light, graceful, becoming, durable and cheap. For particulars injure at No. 128 Fulton street, or Ho. 533 Broadway. The Fashion of the S? anon hi Gentlemen'* hats was introduced by GEMS, on Saturday, th-? 24th ult. New York and the Union have for manv years accepted the quarterly issues of GENIN, as th? governing styles of t?o day. and his Spriog bat for 18o:e will be found to poisem; i hi L!?!iS?t claims to the admiia - tion of men of taste ani ,1u<Vmput. GENIN, No 211 Broad war, Opposite 8t. Paul's Church. Beebe & Co., Ififi Broadway, respectfully solicits the attention of their customers and tbe piibl,<? to the spring and lummir fashion for gentlemea's hau and caps. White's Spring Sty le of Hals are Acsnowl edged to be the most modern and genteel looking evor exblbited in this city Caps of all the sew invention*, and soft hats for business are also to be found in greni variety at WHIIE'H, 212 Broadway, corner Fultoa. Portraits for '4H cents, 'iO cents, 91 and 95, by HOLMES' patent double cameras and machinery. v?to a system for picture making perfect, economical acid fa?i at the Young American Depot, 289 Broadway. Pianos? Great Redaction In Price*? Pianos from ten different manufactories, among them tue moat celebrated makers in the world. T. Gilbert & Co.'s pre mium .tolian pianos, and Horace Waters' modern im proved pianos; seconahaml pianos at great bargains? prices from $40 to (160. Pianos to rent. Pianos for sal* ?a monthly payments. Melodeona of every variety of style, and of the moat Improved makers, at prices whlrd defy competition. No better bargains can be bad <a musical instruments, of all kinds, of any other dealer la the United States. Music at the reduced rates. WORiCK WATERS 331 Broadway New Music.?' Tliomas Baker's new song ~Our Boys," just published, with beautiful v.gnette. Word* by C I>. Stuart Price 40c This is one of the happiest effusions of this popular composer, and promises to ex ceed in its popularity even his former choicest produc tion*. "Sparkling Polka," by the same composer, i ?. having an immense sale; seventh edition is cow out Tim Rolka is also arramed for four hands and forOTches'rss rice 40e. HORACE WATEB9, Pubiiaher, 33a Broadway . Broken Ban ha? l*r? -sent Value.? % II City t?k*n at par ? Wheat Growers, ?6 cent' Ilridgeton, #0c. ; Government Stock, fiOc Washtenaw* 40c., Frie and Kalama?K>. 40c.; I^wis County, 26c. Mechanics' Hank of Memphis, fcfic ? at Evans' Clothintr n?rtiJOUPt, 66 and 68 Fulton street. Jnst Received? I, ?MK? Black Frock Coats, ?5 each; 1,000 Pans css*im?ie pants t'i _>.<i00 elegant vests, spring[ *ty)S; one case blue cloth, $1 60 per yard one case black doeskin, extra heavy, Si 2fi one case Oxford mixed cloth, tl 25. GEO LEV1E, cor. Nassau and Reel man st*. Carpets from Haggcrty, Jones ?V Co., great sale ot .'<00 000 yards of splendid three ply arid iugraht carpets, loweli Liauuf* ?-tuie. Sold at a tremendous re duction In prices at ll'RA'd ANMOtSON'S, 09 Bowery. The Place to get good Shirts? Not such as arc mtae for on# abiding * piece, but nblrt* which co?t for sewing alone from Tic. to tl 50. may alway* be had at McLaigHI JN'S, Stt Greenwich street, corner of Cham bers street. Popular Trade? K. U. I ?e ad beater, tl T Itrosoway, is selling rich silks at 4a., j?. a ad i.? , (-,f yard; Freni h nmgliams at Is. ; l>areges from la. ?d. to 4s ; fine aeberge Is <4. and ribbons, shswja, lin?nt table damasks, napkias, aheetmgs, quilts, blaaaets, au<l flacnels equally cheap. Al>u? black ?ilk* Defiance Kelamanter *a*rs? Robe rt ,H. Pal UCK is the sole msDufMtiirar in the Us'teO Stales ot ft* above ce'ebrated sa fee, and F. C. Goffin's impene sranle defiance loeks and cross bars, Derot .Vo HJ faarl street, etc doc.r below Maiden lane. F.itract from the Washkigtou fnllesal In telligencer. of Feb A few words of counsel. Wh!b words of i eg ret for the lo-sof Mr Benton's valuable l. pers are falling from the Hps of .very iofelugert per? ?i in thip community, and perhipe in thm countr/, w?- tru?t we msy be pard'iurd for making a practical, and not u? profitable, remark suggested oy this oeeurreacs. For one or two hundred do'lar* may he purchased a beauti ful srticleof furniture frcm ? hich valuables cannot Me extracted by tb:?v?<, an ) u wtilch papers -annot !>? burnt. We alluce to HI- BRING * safes, cf whiqh tuea admirable special* ss may !>?? wen in the exliiti >on ai tlws Mnitbion an Institute. >ot < nlv every at ire and pia'-? I if business, but every spa-ious dwelling ahoul] conta n ore Of tf eie secure lepnufor es of the re or Is and other valuable paper*, and pre. ious thing* of ev> ry establub ment. GsyleCs Salamander ?a(V- Ouly Depot. '4Ht I'sarl sti.et. opposite Fie'ef er, eetabliar.e.1 t??rity flv years: fifteen thousand in i?e; five nundr?l |q||t u-te-l h) fire, not one fsiluts Safes of all s:ies ao ) tri -ss on band. For DtstfUrra ai.ft i.iijnur Manabrtiirtri. ? *> of roguae ee-^nce of ognas. (S-igaevre. (fact, ke | |a?a ea and Pt . r< ? rnir. Skhle -am sebnspt^ and al^ tther flavore irrr i.unnrs anO -erdial* For sale by F. II. OCI1H6, l!l Fvasthirt street.