Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1855 Page 2
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V> seek civ4.! ud religions freadom to the wildi of the New. The PunUns who landed ?t Plymouth Reek the Lutherans who *K1*I on HuhittoB Island- the Catholics who r>i#ht an asylum on the ?bores of the Chesapeake bay? the L*TaUen! who kided at James river, Virginia, and the Hugneiioti it Charleston. South Carolina? were all pug mis forced by the name jiersecuUoiis and revo hitkma from the 01 J Work), to leak a home In t e New, for the exer-.tse and en jojment cf politic it righ's and freedom re ?ulated by morality and religion. la leav ate the O'd ??o;ld and their old home*, they left tbe prejudice *nd passions of that land, and brought with them to this new c'lma only the Ideas and principles '0 which that great revolutionary age gave birth. Prom their first landing a new soeictz and a new civilisation took deep r ot in the laad, aud generated the revoution of the last cantaiy, erdiair in the establishment of our present republic. We then b i eame a country and a polity of a new gro?rth, whici may be fitly called Auieiiean in every sense of tbe term. . In constructing the present, constitution the fram srs of that gTeat instrument, remembering the ->n gin ot their ancestors, left a memorial of their sym pathy for all the oppressed in the Old World, by authorising Congress to p^sa naturalization laws of a liberal and generous tendency. But while tnsorv ing inch a generous provialon in the constitution ?a would admit, on brief periods of probation, t':e oppressed of other countries to the privileges of this land, it was- expected and believed taut all emigrants thereafter admitted wouU folio w the example of the first pilgrims by aban doning the prejudices and passions of tbe Old World, aud Decome merged in the greit bady of tee new American civilization. roi> groat principle, with such an understanding, has been carried out for two centuries, and it is only of recent date, that corrupt men and mere dema gogues have endeavored t? band together citi zens cf foreign birth, according to their national or religious cneds, thus preven'iajf them from following the uobie example of ue first ptl grims, by mixing with American citizens, and lending themselves with the manners and custom* of tbe new dispensation. All religions and all seou of Christians are alike protected under the se^is of the American constitution. But when the high?*', clergy of any fct attempts eitLer to monopolize the political power of their flecks or the pecuniary means of their congregations, it is tine for tSe pe> pie of this country to take warning by the tarrio's examples such clerical usurpations have produced in other lands ar d in other times. In this important point of reform, there have besn strong manifestations of lat? in different part* of tbe country. Ten 3 ears ago efforts began to bs male to correct the 6nois and prrify the co'rnotions of tbe two old partlutt. aud to give a high tone, Ameri can and rational feeling to toe aotlon of a new and energetic organization of tbe popular manses. The effort, originating in New York and Pennsylvania *nd radiating to various States within the cMt of their ii fluen. e and examp<e, was, after a brief strug gle, overwhelmed bj the corrupt politicians and the concentrated exertions oi tbe two opposing parties. But the evils of that ime and the necessity of reform have grown with onr growth and strengthened with our strength, until the Ame rican heart can stand no longer in silence a ad tee tbeir country disorganized and disgraced by tbe corrupt and demoralising spoils system, entor^d by a degenerate rac? of man. Daring the last j ear the ametican people have b*en waking from a deep sleep. They are bursting on alt hands, and in every quarter ;he manacles with which nobis intellects and free minds were tound, and no doubt seems to exist, from he progress with which the new revolution has -advanced ,_t hat it will end in as glo rious a triumph ss that Set la motion by the Decla ration of Independence itself. This great movement, has done my heart good, and It will spread the name sentiment through out the country, to see the noble old State of Penn sylvania taking one of the first great steps towards a consummation of that revolution to which Ameri can sentiment and American patriotism points so clearly. In the o!d Revolution, your noble State, marching under the command of the immortal Washington, rallied under tbe motto of " Virtue, Libcitv and Independence."' Tne same sentiment, I have no doubt, will aoimite your present struggle, until victory it proclaimed from the sour es of the Susquehanna to the shores of the Atlantic and Pacific. I am, gentleman, Your obedient servant, GEORGE LAW. Members of the House of Rspreaentatives. To the Honorable Hkkky K. Strong, > Speaker of the Uooae of Representitivea, Harrisbarg, Pean. And the Honorablee Wm. A. Grab, John Ferguson, I H.nntnri> John W. Keliiuger, Jonn Hendriaks, ' BsnaM,ra Alex. MoConnell, John J. Muse, Geo. B. King, C. S. Eyiter, E G. Waterhouse, 8a. J.Krepps, Samuel B. Page, J And many others. Jfanlfrsto of William II. Seward, Delivered In the Senate of the United States, February 543, 1855, on the Bill to Protect Officer* of the United States. Mb. Prhudkkt:? The scene before me, and all its cir eumstances.and incidents, admonish me that the time haa cone when the Senate of the United States is about to grant another of those concessions, wdich have become habitual here, to the power of slavery in this Republic. For the second time, in a period of nearly three months, the brilliant chandelier above our heads is lighted up; the pannage* and galleries are densely crowded; all the customary forms of legislation are laid aside. The mul tifarious subjects, which hare their rise In all parts of this extended country, are suddenly forgotten, la a con centration of feeling upon a single question of Intense interest. The day is spent without adjournment. Se nators, foregoing their natural relaxation an 4 refresh ment. remain in their seats until midnight approach es. Excitement breaks out in every part of the Cham ber. Criminations sod recriminations, and denuncia tions of Senators individually, and of Senators bv clim es, equally of those who have participated In the de bate, and of those who have remained silent, grate harsh ly upon the ear. Suen as these were the incidents that heralded the passage 4f the Fugitive Slave act of I860. Such as tfcoae attended the abrogat oo of the Missouri Compromise in 18&4. 1 know full well that the fall ?f constitutional liberty is as certain to follow thess in chlents occurring no*, as it followed the like incidents on the sad occasions to which 1 hare referred. And, for aagtit 1 kno v, the teeis'ng gun which proclaimed those termer triumphs of slavery h already planted again anier tte e?v?s of the Cap'tol, to celebrate another vic tory. My course on this occasion has be?n the sams as ea all formtr occasions of a like character. 1 hare for borne from engaging in the debate until near the cod of the controversy, thit the country may know who it in, and who it is not that disturbs the public harmony, aal bt-'eks the public peace, by the agitation of slavery in tbcae halls; and I shall si>eak now, less In the form of an argument aiaiort the bill before us, thin of a protest, spsrn which I rha'.l take my stand, to abide the ultimite judgment which shall be rendered by the American peo ple. Kcr my if If, there is a painful association connscte 1 with the rise of th s debate. I aroso in my place at eleven o'clock this morning, siinuluneously with the honorable Senator from Connecticut (Mr. Touoey), and each of as demanded an audience, which wis assiguiJ by the Chair to biro He announos-t this bill, which, h.iw ev?r obscure in its language, was, as we all insttn'lv knew, designed for the protection of ofDoers of this I'm ted Hates who are engaged in executing the Fugi tive Slave law. On tbe other side, I he d in iny lien 1 a proposition, to be submitted to the Sea tte, for th* erec tion of a bronze monument, It fty feet high, in the city of Washington, which should illustrate the life an 1 dsath of Tuoma* Jefferson, anl comnism irate the im ssortal names of tbe signers of the Declaration of American Independsnce. It was a new acknowlslg nwnt which I was about to ask from the Sanats of tie ('sited States to the great fact on which the liberM** of this country aud ail iU constitutions rest? th?t all wen are created equal. Sir. the success which tlis honorable Senator from Connecticut (Mr. Toucsy) ob tained over me, when the tloor was asrigneito linn, was ominous. The Senate of the United States will erect no monument to the m?mory ot Jelferson, who de clared. that, iu the unequal contest between slavery and freedom, the Almighty hid no attribute which coull take part with the optres-er. But the Seoate will, on the other hand, promptly comply with th* demand to raise another bulwark around the institution of slavery. Mr. President, as there Is nothing new in the circum stances of this transaction, so It has happened now, a< ea all similar oceaalons heretofore, that everyth'ng to reign from the question at Issue has been broaght int > tbe debate. Tbe introduction of these foreign matter baa, as heretofore, been attended with a profus.on of r? 8 reaches and calumnies and epithets, as inapposite t> he oecaswMi as they are inconsistent with the dscoruia and dignity of an snguit legislature. Those of us upm whom such denunciations, calumnies aud epithets have been showered have endnred them loog, an I 1 think n > eae will deny that we have endured them patiently. To sueb Senators ashsvs given utterance to their opinion, in that form of argument. I make, for myself, only this reply? that that field of debate is relinquished exclusive ly to themselves. Now, as on similar occasions here Vofore, the relations of piiitical parties, and their rs spsetivs merits and demerits, hsve entered largely into 'be discussion. Sir, I shall forbear from entering into that part of tbe debate for the reason that I am address ?ag aot politicians, bnt statesman. So far as the jnstics e? expediency of the measure under consideration is ?eaoerned. it can make no difference whether tlnse wk* advocate it or thoee who oppose it are whigs '* democrats, or belong to that new class of ??" ?ko ar? popularly called Know Nothings Argu "J"** ?s*sd on soch (rounds may havs ths.r wsiglit " else ? ontsiile of this chamber, er possibly up taere? (inint-ng to the gsllerls?)_but cerUialy not '**1 nisitlon haa been made soocerning tbe ?gewtanow and inll uen,.* whi(.b attended tbe recent Su-llTS Bot of th,? ??use, but of the H?a?? Of iMpr%4cQUtiT^il for DurfKVM m It *' Hnlnat tEose who oppose the J* hnanable Heaalerg I W"? DAT# ?nop <?d ihiN line of &rciiiB$Bt thai it la ^u,re5 be the peot le whom I 12*3 hero ' aer if it consistent with their dlfnlty acl bene, that i should unn? to Interpret the mOUrat which detw- I Mined their oholee of legUJatow. The result* are before the world. They ei plain themselves. Equally derogatory liom my duty, and di*r?*pectful to the statesmen around me, and to the States which they represent, would It be were 1 to inquire into the manner or circumstances of the election* made by those State*. 1 recognise every Senator here ax the exponent of the opinion* and principles of the State frera which he cornet, and 1 hear no voioe from any 9Ute but that to which it? r*pre?entatives give utterance. Nevertheless, Mr. President, I Hba.ll not shrink from iueh?.n exposition of my own opinions and sentiments on collateral issues as shall tend to disembarrass a good cause, by relieving it from unjust prejudice#, directed against myse J as its advocate. First, in regard to whst is oalle 1 the Nebraska qu?? tlon. 1 lreely ceinfess, that I regarl the abrogation or the Missouri compromise by the Nebraska bill of the last session, as an unjust, unnecessary, dangeioua, and revolutionary act. 1 voted agaiutt it as such. Let that vote stanrt against me. in the minds and in the hearts? if it must lie so? of those Senators who regard It as a cause for reproach. Hhrtainly. this is not the time to justify that vote. A time to uo so.was when the vote was given, and its vindication wan tfcen duly made. There is probably anoiher time coming fur the renewal of that vindication? a time iu the near future, when t ie question of a restoration of freedom throughout the Territories of the United State# will arise in the Senate. Th?n, if God shall bless me with continued life anl health end strength. 1 hope again to do my duty. To that future time I adjourn the argument en the bill tor the abrogation of the Missouri compromise. There is more of propriety in the discussions or tho Fugitive Have law, whleh have been re-opened during tbis debate. I have no no d, however, to speak on that subjeot 1 have fully debated It heretofore, on more 0 casi-'ns than one, in this place. Every word of what 1 then f* d is recorded in the legislative history of the United States. There iB not a thoug'ht that I would wish to add ? there is not a word that 1 am willing to take away. Time it full surely and quite rapidly enough re solving the question whether those were right who pro nounced the Fugitive Have law a just, aud necessary anl constitutional act, full of healing to a wounded eountry, or whether the humble individual ?rho now stands be fore you was right when he admonished you that that law was unnecessary, unwise, inhuman and derogatory from the constitution, and that it would nover be exe cuted without new and continued usurpations. The transaction of th it nigbt takes place, in order that the nords of that prophecy may be lulfilled. 1 am riot allowed, sir, to reach the merits o: thla ques tion without alluding to a body of men who sport in the public gaze under a name which I hardly know nit to repeat in the presence of so grave and reverend an assemblage as this ? the Know Nothings. Tiiey are said to have contrived their disguise with so much ingenuity that one, who is not a novitiate, cannot deny a know lege of their ceremonies and principles without implylng bis communion and membership with them. Nevertbe lest, 1 mutt reply to the Senator from lllinoia, (nr. Douglas,) who nharges me, among others, with such an affiliation that 1 have no knowledge of that body of men other than what it afforded me oy the publications of the day. Thus informed, I understand the Know No'hings to be a secret society or order, consisting of two or three grades, 'colleagues and mutually sworn elect Individuals of thei? own order, or at least persons maintaining tho principles which that order entertains, to all offices of trust and profit in the United State*. These principles I understand to be in general, the same which, tefore the organisation of the Know Nothings, passed under the name of Native Aeneriaan ism. 1, sir have no connection with that order. I am nn ler no responsibility for its doings, and I have lot the least pympathy with Its principles or tentl ments. I belong to ene voluntary association of m?n, which has to do with tpirltual affairs. It '"the Christian church? that branch of it, all Imperfect though I think It Is, which, according to my notion*, most nearly re tains, In their purity, the instructions of the Gospel. That association is an open on?, which performs all its rites and givet all Hs instructions with publicity , and Invites every man, in the language of it* Divine V "u"d?r> to come in and partake of tue privileges with which lie invested it, and of the blessings which he promisee. I belong to one temporal socicty of men, and that la th* political party which, according to my notions, embodle* most fully and most truly, although, I confess, as in the olher case, very inadequately, the principles of the Declaration of Independanee aad of the O'ja"titution ot the United States. This association, alto, of which I have last spoken, it an open one All its transactions are conducted in the broad daylight, and ^ th? citizens, aid all men who become subjects of tha p. wer of this government, of whatever clime or rice or color tliev may be, to enter into its ranks, to partici pate iu its labor*, and to co operate in maintaining good government and in aJvaucuig the human nature. These two association*, the one iP1^"1 and the other temporal, are the o .i ly vol u n U r7 tions to which 1 now belong, or ever have belonged since I 1 became a man; and. unless 1 am bereft of reason, they I are the only ?p?o Nations of msn to whicu I si hall ev. jr i guffer myself to belong. Socre-. socisties sir ! Before I would place my right hand between the hands of other men, in a secret lodge, order, class, or couucil, and, bending my knee before them, enter into combination with them for any object, personal or bad, 1 wo aid pray to God that that hand and that knee rolgkbe paralyzed, and that 1 might become an object of the pity anl even of the mockery ot my '*JJ?w I Swear, sir ! 1, a man. an American citizen, ^Christian swear to submit myself to the guidance and direction of other men, surrendering my own judgment to their indgmentH, and my own consc.ence to their keeping No, no. sir. 1 know quite well the fallibility ofmy own judgment, and my liability to fall into error and Umpta ilon. But my life has been spent in breaking the boadt cf the ilavery of other men. I, thsrefore, well the danger of confiding power to _ lrre?pon*i ble hands, to make myself a willing ?Ut?- 1 "?? tciibe a man, .ir^becau.e he was not birn s th tame town, or county, or State or country, in which I wa* born I Why,**ir. I do most earnestly and most if ?ectionately advise all persons hereafter to be bom, that i hey be born in the United States, and, if they era with out inconvenieuce, to be born In the State of New Y?r*> and tbu* avoid a great deal of trouble for themselves and for others. [Laughter.] Moreover, I do most alfec lionateiy enjoin upon all tuch per eons at are kerea.tir to be born, that tbey be born of father! and of mother*, of erandlathert and of grandmothers, of pure American blood. Still moie, sir, I do affectionately enjoin upon all who shall thus have the wisdom to come into e*is tence on this *lce of the Atlantic, and of such pur. and untainted ancestry, to bo either born in the 1 rotestant faith, or to be converted as *peedlly as possible to that gentd and true Protestant Church, within whoae pale 1 myself am accustomed to worship. . More than that, sir. Speaking from a full knowledge and conviction of the serious inconvenlencies whicu abiolute and eternal slavery entails upon man and upou race* of men, 1 do earnestly, strennoasly, and affection ately cODiure all people every where, who are herea ter to be born, to be bon white [Laughter.] Thui.be ing bom in this free and happy country, and being born white tbey will be born free. But, Mr. Pretident, this is the leu (th and this is the breadth of my connection with the new and mysterious Order of Patriot* An I, If there shall hereafter com* amongst us persons who, be cause from ignorance they may not bo able to profit by my advioe and counsel, shall b? born in foreign lands; or, even if there shall be any who, in despite of ray counsel, shall per.lt in being lloman Catholics, or Jews, or Turks, or Cliiness; or if there shall be other* who, disregarding my persuasion, shall insist upan coming into the world with blackened faces and t*i*ted hair, all 1 can say In regard to them is, that I have done my duty, and / shall not ad.l a feather's weight to the dis I abilities which they will incur by their preemption and j perversenes* . (Laughter ) Sir, my hon. friend from Connecticut (Mr. Gillette) . I han thought this was a go>] occasion to iavlte m to . consider the quextisn of alukshiag slavery in tho | District of Columbia, nn I In* thereby incurred hojbo conaure. He ccrtaiuly ha l a warrant iu the latitudu | which the debate had already a.^um 1. although the subject was not very gnrmain to the question before ua. I hare no herniation to diaclos; my | f&naticiam in that direct'on Five yi<ar< ago, I propo^nJ ; in the l>nnreas of the United Sta'o*, tin- jMinuoip ition ! of all the aUvea In ihe Ointrict of ColuniSia, with the I consent of iu citltens, to bo ejprosael through the cus tomary forma of a popular election, and with full com | pen*ation. to lie pani out of the pinlie treasury, to the I Individuals who al.oul 1 aulTrr damage in their fortunes by ao gresi an act of national hum tniiy and justice I am ready to go with my honorable friend that leagth now. I shall U) ri>sdy t-i go tho nam) lejgth to morrow | ?next year? al way*. Th s ia enough, I trust, on that : aubject. . ! I, and others here, air. are denounced a abolitionist*, in * broader nenae, and therefore as traitors. 1 hav-> no hesitation in confuting the whole truth on that point 1 believe that I do not know a human being w-io maittaina or supposes that th? Government of the I'mted States lina laeful authority or right to abdlsh alavery in the H Ufa of thin I'n'on. Certainly, in my own opinion, that Government ban no auch power or right. But, air, I am a man, none the l*aa because I am a citiren an I a S?na-or of ihe l'nie<l Statea An I, although 1 have no power to et?rcia? *n a alaveholdingSui'e, I Tury freely aay, that if 1 wore a member of auch aeon nunity, 1 should reo mi mend to and urge upon my fellow citir.-ua there, with patl-noe which eon It en lure until the neces sary reform could aafely he obtain* d, ion < metsure of ernanipation, immediate or nT'ispeojive, with c iro .lega tion fur damages, through the action of the State Legia lature. upon the naoerUmed oonaent of the ptople. I add, further, to meet the requirements of tho-ie w'io suppose that a proposition of gradual emancipation to the aUveboMlrig Statra la either tla??dy now, or noon will be eo, tliat wh.l? I retain a place in the national coun^'ila any alavchnld.nf State 'willing to alopt the humane policy which ha? been already adopted by my ownSta'.e and by other Stttee, -hall have my rote for any aid, either in 'an Is or money, frosa the federal govern ment, which the condition of the publi: treasury and of the national domain will allaw, is furtherance of an oljject in which not only the elaveholdmg states are interested, but which concerns the wh>to I'mon, and even human nature Itself, Mr P rn <ient, I have made my way at last, through the intricate marea of this diacur -ion, to the actual question before the Senate. The bill before u* la In theae wor ls If a nut tie commenced or pending in aay State enart, araiurt any nfloer of Ihe United Statea or other per?'>na for or on aeeuubt of any ait dun* under any law of the Unit* 1 Statea. or under color thereof, or for or on aeeonnt of any rirht. authority, claim, or title. ?el up bv t'ich ofllcer or other I.t-nna, under any law *f the I'mied .States, anJ the i defendant ahall, at the (Irat terra of auoti State court after the paMaire of thia act, ur at the first term of such State court after ?nch suit tball he t umineace I, flic a petition fur the fruoril of the oaoae for trial laVi the not circuit court to be held in the dn-triot wh'-rc the <uit la pnndinn nr. If there M no circuit coert in aach diatrict, than to the llatrict eoert inveated with the pownra of a ciroul! court neat to bo held in aald di'trlet, an4 odor poo. I and eafBcient anrety for Me i entarin* in .n-h l0nrt, ?n the drat day of Ha aeealoo, eumaa of aaid p?oee a a?-ainat l.im, and alee for hit there appearia* and e^tertaa .,*,r.al bail la the niiH. if apoeial Hail waa nriaiaally reonlaite th?reia, It ahatl then be the .fntv of the SUte eourt to teeepi the aurety, an t proceod no nirthar In lb" canaa, and any bail that may have bean taken ahall be dlaehars?t. and the .aid coaiea t'm* anter>d aa aferaeaid ia auah conrt of the L'nitel itatea, the came ahall there prooeed is Ihe iin> manaeraaif it had been brenght there by "nafaal preoe.., an t aay aiLechtnant uf theaoeda or eetate of the de<endaat hy the oriaiaal nese<Ma ah an held the geods or a.tate a. attached to anawn th! Aaai jndnneat, In the aaaa>raa by the lave ef aeoh Stat* they wonl4 bsve beea held n to aaawer eaeli ttaal ludraaeat, had It beeai raadered by the eonrt ia which the ?alt aomaaenaed; and the nnrty r- rneviae the eaaye ihall aet I* allowed tc plea 'I n five fvidtfee ef mt ikvltbtH tftM that HUH r.,..irt k Itwof tb. Unit* St at?S, M Km Whal is proposed her* <? an innovation ? a new thing ? ? thing unknown in the h,. of th? country, sin* the State* earn* into a tederM I nitn * * ? * ? ? * I repeat, ?ir. that there la w neceaaity for thia act. Io every cm which ia .ntended to be reached by it, the mandate of the Supreme Court of the United State* an nuls the judgment of the State Court which has iniaU -f?k HOWn 0r *ncro?cht<d uyon the feJeral f",l,h?cr ty "3 ll'? htata itaeir, with all Its dignity and i-f' ' bu"bled *nd *baaed at the foot of central and imp'-ml pow.-r. 1 habitually contemplate every i nd IfnTh0 J"1? lh" dev,,1<,Pment or the resources, thli . and "fgrandliement and g <>ry of lit ? 7'1. "enthusiasm which 1 am euro I y ^n. buruln? hearths of all with Jti i- I1"1/ *? f*1 '? h?*' eouncils But, air, I 1 th'?.k thAt thU development, this ex lwr :~ "?Kr*ndiMn!#t't' "d th" accumulation of glory, are go.ng on firmly, ?teadil? and crusliioglj, at th"? ""hie independent Statue; that the JT i1 ?P^*d? Utt?lf more widely, au l ^ "Dd "i'*hBr' proving into crumbling ' u i ?rt P?l'?rs which coaitituta lU true and just klr, we lave had on thia occasion, aa we alwaya have on painful occasions of thia kind, pathetic allusions to the aafety of thia ie^eral Union. And th^e allu iona have bef n adareaaed to me, although I have nitherto been content to be a slimt listener to thia debate. What co you think muse be the feelings of a man, himself a representative ot three millions, one-e ghtb of your whole people? a representative of one sixth of all tie menu n in tbe republic-? a representative of even a larger pre portion of the whole wealth of the country? a repreaen'at've of your wtole concentrated commerce? when be linda himself surrounded by men who think that a lommiimty so numerous and ao intelligent, anl enjoy ng such wealth and cherishing such interests, are -o far habitually blind?d by passion as to be disloyal to the I nion on which all tlieu safety depends? Sir, I al most forget my customary toleration, when I see around me men who know how the interests and affections of their own homes cluster and entwine them elves with everrtlbw ot their own hearts, and who yet seem to for get mat those interests and attections are the offspring of humanity itself, and therefore common to all men. and suppose that it is treason against the country to protest against the oppression of any one of its many and various masses and races. I warn you, Senatora, that you are aavlng thia Union at a fearful cost. Ihia ii a republican government ? the first and only one that has ever been widtly and perma. nently successful. Every man In this country, every man in Christendom, who knowl anything of tno phi losophy of government, knows thai thia republic baa been thus i uccessful, only by reasou of tbe stability, strength, and jreatnesa, of the individual Statsa. You saving the Union of those States by sapping and un ^ the colllmDH oa which it reits. You reply to all this, that there is a newly devel >ped necessity for th s act of federal aggrandisement. There is no such new necessity white ver. The courts of the several States have exercised their concurrent jurisdiction over officers nnd agents of the United States for a period of Sixty yeara, In cases which involved li e, liberty, proper ty, csmmerce, peace, and war, subject to aupervision by the supreme tribunal of tie Union, and while individual rights bave been maintained and the public peace has been everywhere preserved, and tbe public aafety has never received a wound. During all that time, there has never been an agent or apologist of the federal power ao appre v! v? the public aafety as to propose tbe measure which is now before ua. There has sever been a time when *ucu a proposition would have been received with favor. These have indeed been discontents, but they have Men local and transient. Such discontent* are in cident to free society everywhere, and they are inevita iv 4 /*' through the working of such discontents that free communities, acting by constitutional muans, and within constitutional restraints, work out the refor mation of errors, the correction of abuses, and ths ad vancement of society. All that has happened it a change of the tcene of these discontents, resulting from a change in the geographical direction which the anion or the federal government takes. Heretofore, the mur murs of discontent came from the South Nuw, the brotie which bears them seta in from the North. When the wind blew from a Southern quarter, tlx' rights of the citizen were not safe without tbe interposition of the State tribunals. Now, wben it comes from an op posite point of tbe compass, a Senator from Connecticut (Mr. Toucey) requires Congreas to prohibit tbat intar and porte 'tous pow?. ftderml ???rnment wHh "" ., Mr , President, all this trouble arises out or the Fugi tive blave law. The transaction in which we are engasoJ is by no means the first act of a new drama. You be/an here, In 1703, to extend into the free States, by tbe ex ercise of the federal power, the war of races- the war of tbe master sgalnat the slave. The Fugitive Slave law, which was then passed, became obsolete. Though no great inconvenience was sustained, the pride of th) slaveholdirg power was wounded. In 18S0 you passed a new fugitive Slave law, and connected it with measure* designed to extend the territorial jurisdiction of the Inited States over new regions, wlthont inhibiting sla very You were told at tbat time, aa distinctly as you are told to-night, that your new law could not be ex ??u?di *n,d would become obsolete for the same reasons that the old law had become obsolete; that the failure of the old law ha* resulted, not from its want of atrin lr?m ita too great stringency. You were told then, aa you are diatinctly now told, that your naw law. with ail ita terrors, would fail, b-cause, like the old law, and more than tbe old law, It lacked tbe ele ments to command the consent an) approval of the con sciences, the ympathiei and the judgments of a free people. The new law, however, was adopted, in defiance of thltflVX n lt W"Vn *ct of KedeMl tiaurpation, that it virtually sunpended the writ of habeas corpus, 't yn^MtltutlonaUy denied a trial bvjury. anj that It Tirtually commanded a judgment of perp?tual slavery to be snmmarily rendered, upon ex parte evi dence, which the party accused was not allowed to re fute in the due and ordinary course of the common law /L?1t. .vP D*W ,l,d ?PPre??'^ penalties, in answer 10 al. these remonstrances; and under threats and alurms for the safety of the Union, tbe Fugitive Slave bill received the sanction ot the Congress of the United States, ard l-ecame a law. That was tbe second act. When murmurs and loud complaints arose, and remon " 5anc" CMn? '? frt,In every side, you resorted to an old and much abused expedient. You brought all the great polit cal parties in the Urited States into a coali i'?""d ^ maintain this Uw, and every word and letter of It, unimpaired, and to perpetuate it for ever. All your other laws, although they might be benaflclent and protective of tinman rights and of haman liberty, could be changed, but tbia one unconsti tutional law, ao derogatory from the rights of human ' rlV,/1"?1"} out T'm ?mong all tbe rest, and dec* ee forever Medea and Persians, a 1 hi i was the third act. And where are you nowr It y? y'?r? Fugitive slave law was P*"*d. Y0" ';?Te poured out treaaurs like water to se l * '"cutlon The public police, the revenue ser Vh" D*T' h*T? tM,?n ?t your com mand, and hate all been vigoronsly employed to aid in ^ou'kE I U .1 ,hc j,?K1Ut?8I?w is not executed, and is becoming obsolete. You demand a further and a arm.! T?.e federal government must be E.*'w Ppw?re, subversive of nubile liberty, to th? obnoxious statute. The bill b^rore us sup pliea those new nowera. Thia ia the rourth act. It 's eaay to be aeen that it cannot be the final one th.-H'.J, Borr,ow; but with no anxiety, upon T^ey "ill have their end Wore long in th^aTnnt f?yr UW- 1 'hide the time, and wait for Irr.nl f p*rf0r,n duty, the only duty which re of this U-T It0"' ,n Pro,?Ktln* against the enactment ^7' "d ,n "Pressing to you my conviction that J " '"??Ulng altogether in the wrong direction. If JnltlTli "e<'ur'' to lhe authorities? to between tl.e 8tatos_to secire uni rJIIil ^ i crMt* n,(w bon''" of P'rpetual union, new r?'n?<li'i/.0ne "I7 ,befor* Iwtead of adding new apen-ies. and inspiring m i b t al e n? r'< l ' g" tb? point where your mistaken policy be^an, and conform your federal lawn ^magna charts, to the constitution and to the righta of Our Mexican Corri'*|>ondcnrc. Mkxico, Feb 19, 18')5. Manifesto of San 'a Anna ? Hrinarka'ale Companion i ? KectttilieM oj II. S. H.? lht lldy Mother Church com inn Retcne?The Spoil 1 0/ the $.ri,000,0w ? Finan cial Oprratwni and Diitinpuiihed Financier!. I'erliap* the moat rcmar'iable atate piper of the day in a late mauif. ato of Ilia Mont Serene lli<hne .a, thank fig the nation for the unanimity with which it haa confided to him the important and nacre J truit of government. The document rrhearae* hi* own v.rtuc*; enumerate* the womlerful be m-flta which he hits conferred on the country; atate* what he intenda to do hereafter, and aeta forth what lie might have <looe but for Mr Alvarez, he., Inc., and ia in ahort ai pretty a apeclmen of the Lit tle Johnny Horner atvl* aa one could wiah to ice. It heat* the Monroe manifeato, I'ierce'i inaugural and the Route p*pera all to | le ;?.?, and it mo?t unequivocally tlirowa down the gauntlet to the hereen of the Ureytown j achievement. II. w II. S U lun^a on la a mystery ta ua all here. 1 Some ray the chursh Ta forking out; but aa that matitn* ! t on never willingly rendera unto Cnaar the thing for which all Ca-aar* lmre erer hid a ken appe'.lte, the fact may be queatioued. Bnt g.'t a ong anmehow he certainly doea. The troopa at iea-t are tolerably well paid, and >0 long aa they shall be paid, juat ao long will Serene Hi/hmighUntaa prevail. Tnere are ttioae who aaaert tbat the cash now being apent.n nothing more or leal tbr.n the produce of the fainoua t'i.000,000 which H. S H. liaa negotiated with the Salaminea* of thia eipittl, auhinitting to a dlarount rf about ooe third. Why don't aoineof your Wall atreet gentrv come out" There'* a Hue 0|x niDg here juet now, and In fact the banker* have aver ruled Mexico. Ita'ael Itafael (of whoj) honorable men i tion waa made In my laxt.l with certain Americana whom 1 will not mention at praaent, had contracted, you know, to pnt a bill through tVngreaa at Waihington for the immediate payment of thla l.t.nOo.uOO. Ill* Hale mancaa advanced haudaomelr for eipenaei, and aa there have been a great many gooddinnera eaten at th?ircoat, (not to mention amall gratiflcationa judicioualy beatowe-1 here ana tbere). it would reallv be a very hard mm if they are not to have the raah immediately. Wiah they mar get it. The entire Pacific coaat down Sooth haa now pro nounced in favor of the plan of Alvaret, which aeetna to eonalat -.imply In getting nd of Ilia Serena Higbneaa. Whether the conntrv will be benefltud by the ehan*e irom King Stork to King I?g, remainato be eeen. The

paat doea not juatlfy any hope* I>r. Bon ill* (the Premier ) and oM Oadaden atill aleep In the aame bed, and webope from their joint efTorta aeme thing portentooa may apeedtly be brought forth. Let ua have a new Gadaden treaty by all meana. Jamea Outhrie ia analoua to get rid of hi' mint dropa, and Hi* Serene lllghneee la Mill more deairooa to get hold of ? few more of the aame a art with the teat, lint he aweer* no little ?10, 000,0011 tranaactlon will auit him at all thla time It mnet be a >40,000,000 pop, or he won't trade at all. If Jeema rwnea down handaoaaely whofcaowe bat Hi* Serene Hifhneea may aend him the grand croaa of the nattraal and dtitingulihed order of Quadatape, vacated by the " deatitatioa" ef that other famoua laanrter? D01 FrMdae* de Ana&foi*. %? AFFAIRS IN ALBANY ? A New Fugitive Slave LtW. Mr. Eot.ntoh has introduced in the* Assembly a bill to regulate proceeding* respecting person* held to labor or service in a State or Territory of tbe United States, and eicsping into this State, wnicb provides ait follows ? S?e. 1. When a ptr^on legally bt Id to service or labor in a .-t?te or Territory fcf the Fni ted State* escapes iato this, tbe person entitled to hie services, or bis agent duty authorized, may apply for a warrant to arrest the fugitive. lat. To the Supreme Court at a special term; 2<l To a Judge of the Supreme Court ; 3d. To a Judge of the Superior Court, or Court of Com mon l'leus of the eity of New York. 4th. To a County Judge; 5th To the Recorder oi a city, or 6th. To a City Judge. Sec. 'J. No other officer of this State, than those nun tiooeo in the last section, can issue the warrant; and any other oftWr who does. so, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall forreit five hundied dollars to the party aggrieved, recoverable in a civil action i-'ec. 3. Tbe person alleged to Im* entitled to the services of the person claimed as a fugitive, shall be designated in all tt<a!s arisioK out of this act, as tbe claimant, and tbe alleged fugitive as the defendant. See. 4. The application shall be founded on proof by affidavit setting. forth minutely and particularly the Hounds of the claim to tbe cervices of tbe fugitire, the time of his or her escape, and where said fugitive thrn is. Fee 5. If the court or magistrate be thereupon satis fied of the existence of tht alleged facts, he shall issue a warrant to the sheriff of the county where The defend ant is. commanding: him to tuke tbe defendant and bring him before tli* court or magistrate, issuing the warrant, at a specified time, to answer the claim. Sec 8. The sheriff must thereupon cxecute the war rant by arresting the d-fen ltint, and taking him accord inir to its command, before the eourt or magistrate by whom it was issued. Sec. 7. The court or magistrate shall proceed to hear the allegations and proofs of the parties, anil must, if required, allow a reasonable time to either party, to pro duce further necessary proof, and the defendant shall have the right to be tried by jury, and on making de mand for such jury, the court or magistrate shall ies le a venire to the sheriff of the county, directing him to summon a jury for tt.e purpose thereof. Sec 8. If time be allowed, as provided in the last sec tion, tbe court or magistrate must coamlt tbe defendant to the custody of tbe sheriff of the county tor safe keep iug, or may discharge him from actual custody upon his giving a written' undertaking, executed by sufficient sure ties, to the effect that tbe defendant will appear before tbe court or magistrate, at a specified time and place, to abide tbe decision of the claim, or that the sureties will Bay to the claimant the sum specified in tbe umlerta irg, and vh ch must bean amount deemed sufficient by the court or magistrate. Sec 9. If upon the hearing of the parties, the court or magistrate be satisfied thet the claim is not sustained, the defends nt shall be discharged, and tbe claimant thereupon sbsll forfeit to the defendant one hundred dollars, recoverable In a civil action ; the defendant may also recover in tbe same action his or her costs and ex penses In resisting the claim, and the damages be or she may have sustained. Etc. 10. If the claim be sustained, the court or magii trate must grant to the claimant a certificate stating that it satisfactorily appears t r at the defendant, (descri bing him by his manner, age, site, and personal appear ance. ) owes service or labor to the claimant, (stating his nsme and place of residence,) and allowing the claimant, or his agent named in the certificate, to take tbe defendant and convey him to the place of residence of the claimant. Sec. 11. No person claiming that he or another is enti tled to the services of a person alleged to be held to labor or service in a State or Territory of the United States, can take ot remove, or-do any act towards taking or re moving from this State, the person whose service or la bor is so claimed, except as authorised by this act. Sec. 12. A violation of this last section Is declared a felony, and the person guilty thereof shall be subject to imprisonment in tbe State I'rison not exceeding ton years, and to a penalty of five hundred dollars, recover able in a civil action by the party aggrieved. Sec. 13. No judge or other officer of this State shall grant or issue a certificate or other process for the ta king or removal from tbi< State, ot a person claimed as held to labor or service in a State or Territory of the Cnited States, otherwise than in pursuance of tbe provi sions of tbe act, and a violation of this section shall bs a misdemeanor, and punishable by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and imprlsonm'nt not exceeding five) ears. Sec 14. All Inws or parts of laws inconsistent with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed. The New York Firemen. Mr. Pixos ban introduced into the As*embly a bill for the better regulation of the New York firemen: ? It cor tain* twenty sections, and is the itme as adopt ed by the representative* of the Department, at a meet ing held on the itlat of February laat. It provides for the electirn of five Commissioners by the Department, on the cecond Tuesday in May of each year ? those first elected hording their offices for the respective tepns ef five, four, three, two and one years. In caae of vacancy, be L'epartment shall, within thirty days, elect a person to fill the same for the unexpired term. In case of re fuel or neglect to perform the duty assigned them, the Commissioners -may be removed by the Common Council; but only on petition of the Department. No person shall be eligible lor Commissioner who is not an exempt fin-man, and who bas not ceased to be a member of the Department ler at least three years prior to election. Ibe Commissioner* shall nominate a clerk, to be ap pointed by the Common Council, at a salary of not over (500. It sball be the duty of the Commissioner* to in vestigate all applications for the organization of volun te<r firemen, and no compaay shall tie organized unless approved by tbem; but a vote of three fourths of the Common Council, if given within thirty days, shall over rule any deci?lon of the Commissioner* The Chief Engineer shall lurnish the Cotrmiaaioners with the names of all persons applying to be volunteer firemen, and of all persons expelled or resigned from the Depart ment; and tbey shall investigate and act upon tne same. Tliey shall also have cognizance of all complaints against volunteer firemen for riotous or dlaordeily conduct, and are empowered to suspend or re move persons guilty of toe same, suhjeit to the approval of the Common Council. Tbey may make rule* and re gulations necenary for the performance of their duties, administer oath*, examine and compel the attendance of witnesses. False swearing before them shall be pun ished a* perjury. The bill also piovlde* that a badge, to be designed by the Common Council, shall be worn by every fireman when on duty, in addition to the cap now in use, and by such exempt firemen as the Board of Commissioners may allow; and tbst the Common Coun cil shall pars such ordinance* as will prevent the ap proach of persons not fireman or policem-n to the vicin ity of fires. It imposes a line of not lees than 125, nor more than l"60, and imprisonment for not less than ten days, nor more than three months, on any permn false ly representing ai jv of the member* of the fire dopirt mint, or using or imitating any of their signs, beiges. &c. The terra " volunteer firemen'1 is to apply to all persons in the Fire Department of the city of New York, as at present organized The act is to take effect on the second Tuesday of May next. Indemnity (tor Lou of Property by Moba. Mr. Mact'iiut has introduced a bill in the Assembly, compensating parties whose property may be destroyed in consequence of mobi or riots. The bill provides as follows:? Fee. 1. Whenever *?y building or other real or per?on al property shall be destroyed or injured in consequence of any mob or riot, the city or county in which such Iircperty was situated, shall he liable to an action by, or n behalf of tlie party whose property was thus destroy ed or iDjured, for the damage* sustained by reason thereof. Sec. 2. Such action or actions may be brought and con ducted in toe same manner that other actions may now be prosecuted by law. and the judgment may be appetlel i Irom in the manner now provided lor app&a:* in civil lo tion*; and whenever anv final judgment shall be ie covered against any such city ?r county in any such action, the treamrer of said city or coun'y shsll, U|?in the proouction and filing in l.is olii-e a certified copy of the judgment roll, pay the amount of such judgment to the par*y or patties entitled thereto, and charge tho ? mount thus paid to said city or countv Sec. 3 No person or corporation shill be entitle 1 to recover in any such action, it it shall appear upon the trial thereof tbat such destructi >n n? injury of property ass occasioned, or in any manner aided, sanctiooe 1 or permitted by the careleasuees or negligence of such per son or corporation, nor shall any per?on or corporation he entit)?<l to recovr any damsg?s for any destruction or injury o' property as aforesaid, utile** such party sball have u^ed all reasonable diligence t> prevent such damage, and shall have notified tbe Mayor of su:li city or tbeflieiiff of such couuty, immediately after being apprised of any threat or attempt to destroy or in jure hf* or their property, by any mob or riot, of the facta brought to lii* knowledge; and upon tbe receipt of *ucb notice it rfc * II be the luty of tuch officer to take all legal mesns to protect the property attacsel or threat ened, anil any such ofiuerer officer* who shall refuse or neglect t ? perform *uch duty shall be liable to tbe party aggrieved for such damage^ as paid party mty have sus tained by reason thereof. Provided --aid party ? hall elect to bring hi* a :tion against such officer, in?te*d of such city or county Hec. 4. Nothing in thi* act shall he constraed to pre vent any person or corporation whose property lias been Injured or c e? troy 111 by any mob or riot, fr>m having or maintaining an action against each and every person en gaged, or in any uiatner participating in *ueh riot or mob. t-ec. 5. No act on aball be maintained under the prnvi siona of this act, unless the same shall be brought within tbr. e month* after the loo* or Injury occurred. To Prevent Cheating In foal Dealing, Mr. 1'xtty introduced in tha Assembly the following bill to regulate the sale of anthracite, bitum nou*, or mineral ooal ? fee. 1. All anthracite, bituminous or mineral eoil, when sold in greater quantities than MHI lb*,, ex?)?pt by tbe cargo, shall be sui t by weight; and two thouetcd pound* avoirdupois sball be tbe standard of the ton, by which tbe same sball be weighed and sold. See 2. Any person who shall sell or deliver less than two tbonMnd'pnnnds for a ton, as above prescribed, shall te deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be liable to imprisonment for not more than thirty days, or to a One not less than 12ft. nor more than (100 or both, in the dtacretion of the Judge or tha court be/ore which such offence ii tried; soch flee to go to the city or town where the ((fence Is committed, to be used for tbe bena fit of the poor. A Cheek Upon Embeaalement by Carrlrra. Mr. Ricantao* ha* introduced in the Aesembly the following bill ? Sea 1. If any company, carrier, or other neraon to whom ' any food*, valuable property or offsets shall, without the expresa aeaaent ef hie or their employer or employers, make away with or secrete with Intent to entente, er thail tonwrt to bin or their owa nae. the money, pri-.eorpro otfdi arising from the sale of such good*, property or ef fects, he or they shall be deemed guilty of eiobeuKnent, end upon conviction thereof, xhtil be panUhed in the manner prescribed by law for feloiiously stealing property of the smonnt or value of the money, tine or proceed! arising from lueh fale Fee 2 piuvldes that the proof of the delivery of such goo^s to the carrier, and refusal or failure to deliver them up, tliall be prima facie evidence of their einbez ilement. Sec 3 providea that e^h and every member of a transformation company aball be liable under tbe act See. 4 provided that lothlog in tliia act contained shall be construed to pre* en* the retention of cointniasion, charges, kc , by any carrier. The Manhattan Gas Company? A Call for Information. Mr. Wager offered the following resolution:? Retolved, That the I'reildent, Treasurer and Secretary of tbe Manhattan (Jan Light Company report to thin House the present amount of tbe capital xtock of said corapaw, the prices charged for their gas, the amount, ex pen sea and receipts of tlie said company , the amount of dividends declared, tbe coat of their works, and the turpltts profita on hand, if any. Law Prohibiting tbe Use of Camphene. The following ordinance baa been presented by the Mayer, to the Common Council of Albany: ? A law for tbe better preservation of Ufe and property in the city of Albany. The Mayor, Aldermen aid commonalty of tbe city of Albany, in common council convened, do ordain as fol lows : ? tee. 1. It thall not be lawful fer any person or par ents to uie or burn the liquid known in trade as cam phene, or any compound of the same ingredient*, in any lamp or ether apparatus conitructed for the purpose of giving light, in any dwelling, itore or shop, within the fire limits or the :tty of Albany. Sec 2. A penalty o' 926 for each violation of this law is hereby impoied, to be recovered by an action in the name of the Chamberlain. Sec. 3. Tbia act shall take etTeet on the first day of May next. Our Pennsylvania Correspondence. Columbia, Pi., March 2, 1855. The Election for U. 8. Senator? The Know Nothings? Tactic* of their Opponent i ? A Practical Joke ? Gov. Pollock and hit Aids, <tc. The election for U. 8. Senator to represent Pennsyl vania has resulted, as you informed the readers of the Hriuld through my letter of a previous date. The friendi of Cameron not being able to secure his triiraph, the election has been postponed to the first Tuesday in October. The action of the Legislature has only de ferred the time for the final result ? nut in the least de creasing the interest felt in it. Ihe number of candi dates for the post fully sustained the reputation of Penn sylvania, which has never yet been wanting in patriots who were willing to serve their country. Of course, all of these, not even excepting the very reverend ones who are anxious to exchange the "Rev." for the "Hon.," are pleated with the issue of last Tuesday's ballotings. After seeing their own chances suddenly vanish, they are thankful for a little time to lure them back again, if possible. The whole pack are now hanging at straws, trusting te luck to keep above water. The reverend ones, it is reported, confide in Providence, but It would seem their hope has abandoned them, following the example of Ca'iar, who, when his favorite legion* mutinied, de serted them before they had a chance to run away from him. Well, what they are evil in now, cannot be said to be " by a divine thrusting on," and it can scarcely be supposed that they will ever wear the "Hon." by ?? htavenly compulsion." The general State elections, at i|}iich time the different districts elect representatives to the Legislature, will not take plice until the se cond Tuesday in October, tbe memtiars taking their seats tbe January following. Thus, if tne present Legislature acts in accordance with tbe pottpouement, the election will come before the same body. What chances tbeie would then be for an election caonot be foretold? tbe wbole matter depending upon the bargains made In tbe interval. Home suppose-, however, that the postponement will prove equivalent to transferring the matter to tbe next Legislature, dhould this supposition prove correct, the subject will be canvassed betore the people, and may lead to some very singular revelations. Reports of large numbers withdrawing from the Know Nothings lire actively circulated. It is said by members formerly belonging to the Order that upwards of 1,600 have recently withdrawn from dilTerent lodges or Coun cils in tbe State. A novel mode has lately been devised to curtail the Know Nothing forces; and It is quite com mon to tee petty politicians, who have nothing else to do, runn'ng from corner to corner with large lists of names of tnote who have declared their preference for the outside barbarians. What correctness there is in all these reports, it la generally difficult to dlsoover. Should tbe organization suddenly explode, the old poli tical backs who have hunted popularity through it will be in rather an unpleasant dilemma, for the bitterness of the ou' aider* cannot be easily appeased. The know ing ones, hewever, declare that a know Nothing l'resi dent must tire', be el?c'.ed be'ore the Older cau disband or proclaim its principles publicly. a practical joke wss played off upon a double Know Nothing who visited the Capitol on Tuesday last, to add to tbe outride pressure. A plausible fellow persuaded Inm tbat the hostility manifested towards thn national administration had kindled the wrath of the valiant men who comj one It, and that an expedition, a la Ureytown, was on its way <o Harrlsburg. Fearing tbe conse quences, he hurriedly " packtd up and vamosed," de claring that all the colcnels created by the present and late executives of the State could aot resist the orazy valor which sometimes bursts into a blaze at Washing ton. By tbe way, <iov. Pollock has s'gnified his deter mination to revoke the commissions of all liis aids who will not at once provide themselves with suitable uni forms. Let all tbe lieutenants put on the " rig we shall have a State full of colonels. His Excellency, who Is a Know Nothing, may be apprehensive of Irish sbille lahs ; therefore, let his aids bnckle on their armor, and in t.me of p?a?e prepare for war. CLEVELAND. Gar New Orleans Correspondence. Nrw Orleans, Feb. 24, 186S. Fililuster Mo ements ? 7V Ball in Motion ? The Con tinental t ? Gov. J/ebert. The day after Concha's latest proclamation reached us, Quitman arrived here; was duly announced in the papers as being among us, and between two days? the very next evening ? was on his way to the Florida coast, passing through Mob le and Montgomery, Ala. To-day the expeditionists, who have been In rendezvous near this city, and whose numbers have much Increased of late, were to leave to join their chief. Concha's call for volunteers: the ready and marvellous response of not merely the Spaniards, but the Cuban Creoles themselves; the excitemmt existing in the island, and the manifest alarm, and comet, jent preparation ot the Cnptain-Gen eral, have hurried en a move, sure to have been made, but not to have tun made so soon. The descent of tbe filibusters will be sudden; their blows rapid and ef fective; ami each favotabl* turn of afTsirs, the result of panic i ,r indecision, seized and acted upon with avidity. A '?ot' old *111 be made, altvit the shod*! ng of much bl-od; and t nee mad", it will he maiota net until reinforcements arrive sufficient to consum irate the hazardous > ml. No man knows what a oaj may bung forth, and contrary to the ex p??:Ut'oriH of all, with very tew exceptions. Concha's pre "sutiotis I ave only prec'pit.ited a movement which soma weeks yet to con.e would have been lequired fully t> mature. Hence, in writing th ?? t it would not be done "tJ is week nor the next, nur the next," 1 had arrived at '1 it con. iuslon which seemed to possess the general j l.o.iv not tbo spec.al l.<-a'J of t ie e sedition. An expe j ritucsd army officer, it. siieakiug of General Quir-nan, j sail , '*1!" aoti luck, are M nuoimous terais. Other men, better pen* rsls, mi <e skilled in tbe service of war, ana j with si uml? r judgment mav fail, but Quitman's luck | knows no sucli word as fail." Tbe soldiers he Isails re ftsrd this as a tru im, bence they will fight, abnegating ieveri es and defeat and must S'.i ceed The expedition is expected to embark from the Florida coist, an I a im bei bttwem 3,00' and 4 000 in* n and the lilow will bare te en struck, unless present plaz* be changed, ere this reaches jcu. Tli? lact tba'Cuoa lias been governed more by them II tary and less by civil authorises for the last quarter of a century. as dependencies generally are that the er?ole Cubans ?iem?*lves sre forb.o t<i bear arms or keep them in their hou?es, whilst the Spaniards aud eveu the negroet are not ooiy allowed but encouraged to arm th? mi elves, organise, drill. and be disciplined to warlike >nds, and finally that each pulsation of an hot est, patriotic heart, or one suspected is watched with despotic vigilance, would superinduce com misseratlvn, i nd le.<d one to compare at l?a?t a por tion of the islanders to the wbigs in the days of our o?n revolut on dwelling in the midst ef tories an 1 the nur. lots of Kick G?orge. These men. finding pro tectors in their ml i?t may prove therm. Ives men worthy of libsrtv. and, fraternising with the filibusters, present a loi mid hie trout and possibly attain their holy end without a hi con d army or ^ther reinfoiceirerts. Though bUbterk are about, ?ecr*ts are now really secret, and tbe b?-t etidecce of lb* fact tbat the filibuster ball is in motion is that muni'i tbe word, and nobody knees aoythiDg atirt all sven snspertcd of being oonaected with 'le expedition have left, are leaving, ot are ready to move i n tbe iostmt. the trout apt in., beautiful feature In the relsbration of Ibujiiaj- the anniversary of Washington's birth day? was tl e first app- -.ranee on parade of a new vslun t?er in'an'rv crtnpauy, wer.ring the quaint costume cf tbe won of 'id, calltd the ion-mentals. They numb-red about 'orly mnsiets, wer* the cynosure of all eyes, took amsr only with all c'assss of peop'e, and bid fair In time to swe I to the site of a battalion. Many of our oldest and best citizens, whose soldier days we thought bad passed, put the leit foot foremost In the ranks, as tbougb rejuvenated and born to reginental* Great en thusisrm prjvaili d, everybody and their chil.lreu were on tliestnets ? the big guns buomei out their thunder, and public ia?tltutiois. places of business, Ac., were closed in honor of ihe day. Tbe weather was made for the occasion, just enrugh of sun to chase away the extreme chilliness of tbe atmoepber* ? no clouds, no rain, no mud. no dnst. Msy we have mesiy such day*. (>ur youthful Ooveroer Heb*rt, elcvatelto his preennt pcsitlon by the democracy, cam* nigh bursting wi'h ambition, and quite collapsed as adenierat. when, alas, for his hopes! John Slitell was re-elected to the United States Senate by an almost unanimous vote. Hli Ei e^lency Is now manifesting his ?pleen by appointing to once very many of h<* late pol tical opponents, tbs whig' and Know Nothings, and therein is engaged la aa interesting gem* ef political chess with eur democratic ffc aate. which Is delerssined t> thsck his king moeae. It is a very prstty 6gbt as It stands. CH1PJ. Supreme Court* Before Hob. Judge Morris. ' March 3. ? Hiram Anderion vt. Henry Willard and /Tarry ICy tinge.? On the 80th of January, 1856, the at torney for plaintiff presented to me an affidavit ?? the pert of the plaintiff, with summon attached. The affi davit ret forth that defendant* oired plaintiff on notes of kaml, tod alio set forth that defendants had disposed of property with the intention of defrauding creditors and other statements of defendants' fraudulent conduct and intentions. Upon this affidavit, I issued war rants of arrant against both defendants On the 31st of January, plaintiff's attorney presented me with an affi davit, shown g an ineffectual attempt '.o serve defendants with the warrant of arrest, and * statement showing that the defendants conceited themselves to avoid ser vice of the warrant of arrest, upon which I issued an at tachment. The authority for me to issue the attach ment was both affidavits, and I consider that they sub stantially comply with the Code, and ar<; sufficient That the defendants bave ?ub?equently submitted to arrest, is no objection to the issuing of the attachment. They may bave submitted to arrest ouly because the attach ment was it-sued and to get rid of It. Defendant'! mo tion denied, but without costs to either party. , Marine Court? Special Term. Before Hon. Judge Thompson. MARRIED WOMEN'S RIUHTB. Marui 3. ? Higginbctam agt. IHcktnton, by Bogardur. her next friend. ? Cause submitted upon demurrer to the complaint. The ground assigned is, that the complaint does not contain faots sufficient to constitute a cause of action. Tliourgoif, J. ? It is alleged In the complaint that the defendant, Margaret O. Dickenson, is the wife of John Dickenson, and that they were married in th* year 1843; tbat (rem tfce year 1853 down to the commence ment of this action, she, the said Margaret, hath been neglected and deserted by her said husband; that during all that time she has carried on business ut a boarding housekeeper ? applying the profits thereof to her own use, making purchases and contracts for her own benefit by the permission and agreement of hei said husband; that che hath, during all tliat time, in all rospects acted as a Jem me lole, and hath so acquired a lane personal ae tata of the value of 16,000, which she holds as her on* separate property, free from the control or debta of her husband, wbo, the pla>ntiff alleges, is insolvent; that I'eter Murphy, at the city of New York, told and de livered to tbe raid Margaret, at her special instance and request, at divers timet during the years 1853 and 1854, merchandise to the amount of >800, to be used in ana for the purpose of her business as a boarding house keeper, lor the 'benefit of her separate estate, and that the same was so nsed and applied; that the said Marga ret bath paid at divers times on account of said mer chandise, $.".00, leaving a balance due the sail Murphy, of 9&00, which the said Murphy hath duly assigned to the plaintiff. who demands judgment against the sail de fendant of said sum of five hundred dollars. L'pon the argument, counsel for the plaintiff claims tbat be was en.itled to recover upon either of the follow ing grounds: ? , First? Because the hunbnnd having deserted or aban doned his wife, the was obliged to maintain herself by her own unaided exertions. Second ? Because ahe transacted business and male contracts in her own name, by permission and agreement of her bust-and. Third ? Because the property she accumulated became her separate estate, not liable for the debts, or under the conliol of her husband. Tlie mere act or desertion or abandonment cannot in any event change the legal disabilities resulting from the relation of husband and wife. These disabilities can only be removed by some sort of a valid contract between the partita. As a general rule, a married woman cannot contrtPbt a debt charging herself personally. Again:? Mere permission of the husband that tbe wife may de> business and make contracts in her own name, can have no different bearing upon her legal disabilities than hie desertion. ?pon this point it is quite unnecessary to enlarge. But there is to nething said about an agree ment between these parties. The nature and character of the agreement are not disclosed in the complaint. I am !ed to infer, however, from statements mads by count el upon the argument, that no valid contract ha* ever leen entered into between the parties, which would at all affect their relations as husband ana wife; or their duties and obligations to third par ies? no contract which could be enforced by either a court of law or equity. A feeling of tbe bitterest hostility has for a long time existed, and still does exist, between the defend ant and l>er hust and? a state of feeling from which it would be extremely hazardous to infer that the husban 1 would enter into any contract with his wife from which she could derive any possible benefit. A contrast evi dently does not exiet between these parties upon wli!cii tbe court can act. If It wereln our power te de cide this case upon tbe equities involve 1, we should have no hesitation in giving a judgment tix the amount claimed ;n favor ct the plaintiff There is no room to doubt that in this case tbe credit was given by Murphy to Mrs. Dickenson as a /mime tot e. He did not know thai she wis or ever had been a married woman. But the case mutt be decided here upon well established roles o( law. Property acquired by the wife during coverture belongs absolutely to her husband Hhe is incapable of securing lo herself a separate estate by her ewn labor. She can only obtain sucb an estate by gift, bequest er revise. Her husband only is entitled to her earnings. Tbe personal property now held by Mrs. Dickenson with I ? at a doubt belongs to her husband. If she kept the bearding bouse with his assent snd permission, he alon? is liable for all the debts contracted by her while she w a* so et. gaged. Tbe judgment of the court, therefore, is hat the complaint be dismissed. Court of Common Picas. Before Hon. Judge a Ingraham, Woodruff and Daly. DECISIONS. Eduard Thomat ft. Edward MLllt. ? In an action for lamaee* in consequence of not earryiog the plaint. II from New York to Pan Francisco, evidence that the de fendant was interested in one of the steamer*, and en doteed the ticket* an good for the trip, and revived pay tfcerefcr, was sufficient to rtnder him liable in a failure of the steamer* on the line to carry the plaintiff. The judgment must be reduced to 910, and affirmed, with interest. SUphe ? A. Main rt. H. R. Stephens and Wife.? Where two person* are sued a* husbind and wife, for wort, labor and materia!* furnished to the wife, ahe cannot be examined a* a witneis. The hueband ia alone liable. Cromwell vi. BU*m*r ? Judgment affirmed. Slack rt Heath and C'nlton. ? Thin wait an action againat tbe Sheriff for the recovery of personal property. Toe court beid tbat it ia unnecet nary, in *u;n a ca*e. to aver the return of tbe property a* a consideration for giving tbe undertaking Tie giving of the undertaking deprived the plaintiff without action of the right to de fraud the property from the Coroner. Jud(e Woodruff dial* n ted. A. Maniel rt. R. IP. Hoberti. ? Where a not* ia sought to be recovered upon the ground that the payee ia a lictltou* persos it mu't appear that tbe person to be charged tbereuu knew the fact when be iigned the paper. Mtchael h'ujp pi. I.obaih and Otkert. ? A freighter ia liable for demurrage in a foreign port where the delay U produced by the law* of the countrr tbat did not allow an entry at that port, %nd the vessel was obliged to go \o another port to enter be.'ore taking her cargo. Too master wbu signs a charter party, payable to himself, may correct or ansi^n it in bis own name. Murttldtimer v t. Heine. ? A vender of goods who h** agreed to sell the same, Mid received a partial payment thereon, Is nevertheless entitled to the poiseaaion there of, and can maintain tn action for the re:overy and tbe wrong he Las sustained Stanton r?. Inland. ? .in innkeeper ia liable for money ftolen from the trunk alter it is pa -k?d for departure and | the key of the room left with tli? landlor 1 and inform* ! tion given, although a notice was put up requiring . nioncj to be placed in a *a!e during the itay of a gueit at the hotel. lAine rt. Xa/han. ? Where a motion wa>- made in the Marine Court to adjourn a cause where the affidavit wait defective In not atating the parties to the action, tho motion was properly kernel. ? Jchn Hickt vi. Jacob H't'ft ? An endorser of a not*' not an aligner of a thing in action within the mean utt of tbe code Where such endorser I* examined a r a wit ners, the defendant cannot be examine 1 in hi* own behalf. A'? intt ri Gulling.? In th!? ca?e tbe re'. 'irn from the court below i* *o imperfect that bo decinot* '-an L>t> rendered. Wllllunibmg City N< wa Hi-Arrot of as Burriojt Kioto. ? Yesterday morn, irg, Officer Murphj of the fourteenth Ward I'olite, re turned fram Savannah, (Ca ,) having in ciiarge Julio Hied one of tbe person* charged with being engaged in t)>e fourteenth Ward election riot last fall, In whiih Harriroa and Smith weie killed. Reed was >-nt for by Supervisor >o!an, who becsir.e security in the sum i $1,1 CO lor bl? appeal an' ? at tie Court of t'esaions for trial. A?< ut two week* a n;e, Koed left '.hi* port as car penter for tbe (bip Sardinia, under the name of John liolmon. The vessel touched at t^avanaali, on her way to Liverpcol, ana Officer Murphy having arrived there two days previous. arretted and brought him oack. St krk*ikrki> RT Ills BaIi_ ? Robert I<ee, brother of Oliver Ice, cbargee with being engage! ia the Four teenth ward election riot, wa? sorrsniereil bjthx bail on Saturday tvtning He wa* committed to the -ojn'.y Jail. Chargk or I MR*mxM*vT ?A young man named Adam Gates, wa* arrested on Satuiday by officer Hell of tfco Fifteenth ward polio*, on the charge of colleot ng bills o the amount of $100 belonging to Oct rye ranger, fter having been discharged from hi* employ. Ac<:u*ed wa* committed to await examination. A Frsuo I?*nrt'Ti<iir Ck*MR>.? Tbe soup !m-e which wa* e*t*blished in the .Sixteenth ward, and hat been doing an extenaive buslnea* for a aumber of weeks faet, wa* closed yesterday afternoon, by a dis tribution of tbe atores on band, consisting of toe follow ing article' ? foup, bread, pork, ham, a liberal aUowan of sour krout. and each recipient one or more cifars It will be s?en that this affair haa terminated in a smoke Body or ax Ijifaht Koc.vn. ? <Jn Saturday, eomecitlseni of the Seventeenth ward, (Orm Point,) di*?ovsr*d a hoi in a let, which, upon opening, wa* found to contain tbe body ot a yonng lolant. Coroner Iiaoford will hold in is quest to-day. AmnrrxA Bvboi art - On Saturday, offieer Stone tt arrested Joseph Wjman. on a warrant charging i.im with having, ou the 14tb Februarv, attempt*! to bretk Into tbe grocery rt Martin Mjer, No 74 Marshall atreet. Ac cused was locked up in tbe Fifth diatriot aU'.ion house. P??-'TOKNTS AMD G< > VRRMUM. - Fife of t*? American I'reeidente ba ! been Goveroere of .-'tat**, and two bad been Governors of Territories, previous to tbsir elevation to 'be residency. Jefferson, Monroe, and Tyler were Governors of Virginia, Van Bursa nf Ksw York. end Folk of Tenneseee. General Jackeon was Territorial Governor of Florida for a short ?'m* and Gen. Harrisen fainsd crest applause dnr ng the iong term te wss Ssvermor ?7 the Territory of Indiana.