Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 12, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 12, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

lives art more la ihagtorio ^ of a doer ia ih* "I11** n* jrneU of ?mj A*erican bosom at the present 4?J' The : a* J? Pr ^itjou to this gnat reform. All mb acknow ^ that the old and familiar partial aie ***** j Uj losgtr cognliable by tka original tests ^ d"1' active cpjnloj^i^tho fading away of these it la _*Hy apparenttEawSeyhave lap ted into a coadttlon /?feicb baa lost them much of the confident* of the peo * pie. They lie open to the reproach of substituting for haneet differences of judgment upon questions of pablie concern, others of trivial import or even of mischievous ?itraTaguot. Many exciting subject a which, in the earlier rtages of our progress, legitimately divided public ?pinion, bare manifestly loat their sigaificsncs la the estimate of the present day; and the country has aeon with regret, that as these have sunk out of view, new and laa* worthy topics of dissension have been thrust into their place?topics to bo noted, chiefly, by the low pas sions to which they appeal, and by the base motives they propose to a continued strife. They seem to have grown ont of no better motive than a desire to seep up ^B-vision fcr the profit af those who may thiive by it, in ? career which looks to no object of honorable ambition, and scarcely affects to refer to the public good, l'arty action has thus, in grsat degree, lost all dignlt7 above that of a mere struggle (or the power of dispensing pa tronage, and has done what it could to incnicate in the sniad of the people an opinion that government is bat a eemplieeted system ?f rewards for olfioc seekers, In whom the faculty for faithful service is the last and the bast ef the qualifications they are expected to present. Te this latter strife the accidents and the necessities of the day have brought new and dangerous auxiliaries. The poverty or misrule which has overborne large no hers of the subjects of European monarchies, aad the attractions which have been offered by the United Slates ta many who desire to better their fortunes, have, for seme years past, turned an immense current of (nigra - tioa towards our shore. Notmuch lens than half a million strangers are computed to mal e the yearly sum of this hoerease to our population Whilst the greater portion of these may be described as respectable and industrious In dividuals, seeking domestication amongst our people : and whilst nearly all ? with some conspicuous exceptions May be turned to useful account in the labor reqnired upon oar public improvements, and in the settlement of ear bread and uncultivated territories, it is equally true that this accession to our population has aot been un attended by evils of serious import. The emigrant, ig aeract of our institutions and laws, often ignorant ef ?or language, necessarily in all cases unimbued with the traditional and native sentiment which gives life aad permanence to our institutions ? a sentiment without which no American citizenship can be soiled upon as the support of a true American policy? has been permitted, after the probation of a irw Tears, to be brought into the circle of national fel lowship, armed with all the powers for good or evil which belong to tho natives of the soil. With what facility this high privilege is obtained, with what fraud Its ac quisition Is often attended, with what incapacity and want of appreciation of its purposes it is used, it is use less to recount. Our experience Is but too familiar with these inquiries, and points to the facts they disclose as the ssBnoi reproach and opprobrium of onr elections. Whilst emigration was but an inconsiderable event, and was lost from our view in its dispropor tion to our native population and to the large com pass |of our unoccupied field of industry, there waa nothing in the contemplation of it to challenge the attention of the national legislature. It has now grown into a vast and commanding power. w fuvniaKM wh?t inn V wifh/lnt mn/?h Avairuwi-ati/iit of H is baaded into combinations more or less apart f i e?ii our long known and familiar masses of native citizens, by ties of foreign kindred, by unforvotten and ever- cherished nationalities, and by sympathies alien to the spirit which alone sustains our peculiar, temperate, and complicated system of freedom. Worse than this, it has caught the notice and stimulated the craft of selfish political aspirants and demagogues, who have too easily found it a pliant resource for jpaity jse, and who have cajoled, flattered and setucad it into the ranks of the partisan strife, and thus Imparted to it a consequence and an influence moat powerful to aid a perverse ambition, but utterly powerless to accom plish any honest end for which the highest prerogatives af citi/ensbip were originally designed. Already has the country Men startled by an extreme development of this Influence. In violation of the spirit ?f onr constitution, If not of its letter, for we cmnot hut suppose the literal prohibition was omitted only he cause the case waa not deemed possible ? wc find that in sasse of our States the alien, stranger equally to our tongues, our laws, and ere i our homes, has been clothed witli the power ot deciding, s far an his vote may de cide, the election of our national representative, and of the national executive. Follow ng in the train of tills policy, we have seen Congress deliberately clothe the alien of the Territoriei with th< .gbt of suffrage th'-re, with certain anticipa tion thai this example will be followed when the Terri tories shall pass into the higher condition of States. In same spirit of fatal flattery of the emigrant, Con gress has poolaimed the public lands to be the heri tage of the lorefgner of whatever clime, and has provoked the appetite or emigration to fresh en daavors by die lure of bribes of that magnificent dosnain, which it has re'used to be'tow upon the aatlvs population of the States fur purposes or educa tion an,', public improvement. This is the chosen policy ?f our government at a time when nsany half a mlUiou of persons m each year are pouring the flood ol i,ruo ranee, vice and crime, and In its best ingredients of din tine. and uugenial nationalities, into the heart of our ranntrv. Is it to be won iered at that the senso of the coun try sboub: revolt against such a policy f that the deef. bouiebred and earnest lover or our historical fwrfftt, of our glorious advance, of our fireside notions cf the er.da and aims and hope* of Anglo Hasan liberty, ho peculiar, no rational, so distinctive of rare ? that our pride, so fondly cherished by the anno tation of our colonial struggle* and the career which Utey inaugurated. and which we are left to consummate, ahculd be olfeoJed and disappoint**! by this heedless en. couragement of an evil that brings its daily evidence o. diss.-ier to oar Joors ' Nor ii this all that enters into the topic of our corn pla ut. A very roniiderable portion of this yearly ?mi jr ration, perhaps the majority of it, is evidently, and, srlthont n?an.ng any disparagement, we might hay b'gntedly attached to a church which ia regarded with jealousy an<<. suspicion by the greater number ?f our pecple. W hatever may be tlie merits or de merits cf toe peculiar constitution and policy of that ehurcb, in the popular estimation of those who do not pretess its faith, ? whatever may be the true interpreta tion of the allegiance of its children ? upon which point doobtUsi muck misconception exists, and much Injus tice may be dene ? we have no doubt of the faot that it exhibits, la Its brotherhood, a more submissive obe dience to its guides, a great) r dependence upon autho rity for lt? direction anil oouduct, and a closer inter relation of personal sympathy ami identity of end i aad objeet than any other fraternity in our land. Trained as it has been in a stroug and severe antago atam to til o'.her creels than its own ? long and eariontdy conversant in persecutions of which it has been equally the agent and the victim, and oonseious that it is looked npoa with distrust in alt communi ties which reject its tenets, it is but in the order of hu man actios that its votaries thould partake ?mn?what of the character of a separate embodiment in the great aaase ef the nation, and should f obsess, in greater or less degree, the disposition and the faculties of a se;r?t association ? not secret in its ordinary pursuits, but se cret ia such purpose* as It may find extraordinary mo tivo to promote, where the design may be most ef fectually compassed by concealed concert of counsel and actioa. To the emigrant population which And shelter under its wing, the remark is more es pecially applicable. Not the moit intelligent as a class. aad, at the same time, deeply imbued with the opinions of foreign co intr.es where the dominion of the etnrcii authority Is more absolute, this concourse of 'arc- goers Is the less capable and the less willing to reetst ti e influence of cliiiue and profession when these are exerted upon some plausible motive to extend the power of the ehurch, or to promote its poll -y, or to se ?w? for iU friends some deairable politital advantage, or manic, psl coatrol. Whilst the winre liberal-minded and intelligent Catholics of the country may refuse to he brought into such combinations as may repel them in the m ist earnest conviction of their iaconipatibility with the paramount dnt es and obligations they owe the 3late, wo nave too nitny evidences before us, and too de cided aa experience of the fact, not to know that tht* has green to be a great evil in the country, and one which claims the most earnest efforts for its correct i an. Wekoow that the Catliolica of the United States have bee* brought into a strung array for political action on Mere thai, one notable occasion. We know that they knee been more.! in these enterprises by the force of private aad concealed ambition. We are not without the strongest grounds for belief that they are Mainly impelled to these attempts by a dtlire to ag graadls* their own community and give it control, at tar as the* are able to achieve It, in the adminiatra Use of the civil altairs ef the country. We per oetee them to be actuated by a sentiment of hoituitf to the predominant I'rotes'ant spirit which our origin ss< law* have inftised Into the stricture of our govern nsent, aad we cannot but see that their ultimate aim an 1 hope is to acqnlre, through the influence of the foretga atoaisat In onr population, a power over our institat.on* whtej> shall, at least, be able to mould them into ac.-or 1 an re w'th their own Interests, If not wholly to subvert mmcb as stand ia the way of their designs. The Catholic influence In the United States la th? predict ef a recent growth, and may be measnrei b/ the progress of Catholic emigration. They have al eaaced aide by side; and the increase of both is a ?tnking manifestation of the establishment of a dis tinct and fermidable foreign element which, In later years, has assumed a position of great elgoMoance in ihe body pell tic Its organisation is rorign , its K i' ?. anl direct ars, are in great part foreign. Its paramennt attachments are foreign; Its m iral, if ?"t its political all*. -.ancs, Is fnre gn : an I Its am tutioo le to effect sueb a change n the social constitution of the co iatry aa shall assimilate the put lie poli ty and the prUate habtt* aad op nlon* of th? n itnn to the teachings of a Church wh-ch Is itself, as regards nine tieths of our people, essentially a foreign power. The mauve American population of the United .States ean aet look upon this influence, fed and strengthened as It is from alien sources, and see It so assiduously I eoaeeatrating its energies within its ewn cirele, an! | creating aa organ /at Ion Oeaigntd to give It unity of | purpose aad great tommand of means? they cannot look npen thin without eome'hing more than distrust, and I without feeling that it requires, at least, to b* vlnr nisb rd against tie .uui^rtUv* of nittoog it* piUUcal aims l*e far' IN thiak eureelvea justified in aaMnaefiaf car *? tarafeattoa to resist and ceunWraet thia InflmtM* ky ?11 lawful bwm withia our ptwwr: mtd we proaljiaa that wa should oppose with tha um deUrasiaatioB any ?th*r nllgiou denomination we might detect is a similar endeavor Us bring fta Members into political oonbiutitiB for similar todi. Our object n prsoti cully to umt and malnUIn in all casee. tho between civil government and eocleeiaatieal authority by whatever name or craed the Utter aaay bo known, holding their union, however alight, to be m dangeroua to the one an it is corrupting to the other. If, therefore, we make war to-day upon CatthoMe organizations be cause we And them in the nolWeai field, we should, in the save spiiit and with the aasne zeal, make war to morrow upon any other religious community we might find in the same category 1 la avowing this purpose, we cannot but believe ww announce a principle to which the American mlad will everywhere expresa a ready assent, and that It would be doing injustice to the patriotism and intel ligence of the native Catholic citizena of the United States, as well as to many of foreign birth lang domes ticated aseongst us, to suppose that they do not acknow ledge as strongly as we do, the intrinsic merit of this principle. Action in obedience to a sense of duty suggested by the considerations we have ww presented, the American party has fouad it 'necessary to take its stand against the political action of the Catholic church in the United States . We resist it in a lawful mode when we discuss the merits of its pretensions, and express our opinion against it. We resist it lawfully when we resort to the ballot-box to choose these who sbu' I administer the public affairs. Our resistance iimot less lawful when, in the selection of indi viduals for otii'-ial stat. on, we give a preference to those whose recognition ef civic duty is most in accordance with the convictions of the country at large, la the exercise of these powers of resistance we have been charged with a proeeriptive spirit, and our actic n has been denounced as a violation of the rights of citiren a When it can be shown that the free citizen of our s is under any obligation to explain the motiveo which induce him to cast a vote or to select a public functionary ; when it can be maintained that he has no right to express an opinion upon what he conceives to be ?n impediment in the way of the public welfare ; when it can he required of him to be silent or passive in the presence of any public danger which he has the power to avert, either by individual action er by combination with his fellow-citizens ? then may the American party be called to answer this charge! It is sufficient for it now to say, that the course it haa pursued is that which it believes to be the most effectual as a defence against an abuse of no small magnitude in its beginning, and full of poitentous mischief in its con tinuance If they who are aggrieved by this course desire netting more than equal rights and equal claim to E'llic confidence with all other members of the te, this object is of easy attainment. Thev have only to descend to the common platform of civic duty. It is but necessarv that they fall back into the ranks of their fellow-citizens of every other religious denomination; abandon all claim to privilege or exemp tion which is not common to all; renounce all attempts to embody themselves as Catholics, to influence public policy ; proclaim undivided allegiance to the civil power, and exemplify it by practice, in conformity with the theory of our government and ita laws. But if, on the other hand, tbey prefer to maintain a contest for what they conceive to be the rights due to the peculiar structure and polity of their cnurch, and, impelled by this consideration, shall find ia it motive to demand from the State tke recognition of their separate identity In the mass of citizena, and to insist upon exceptional privileges ia the domestic ad ministration; if they shall feel themselves justified in concentrating their power to secure an election or to obtain an acknowledgment of their distinctive exist ence and infiuence in the community, by the elevation of individuals to official trust as Catholics, and be cause they are Catholics or deemed to be especially favorable to Catholics; ? if these objects are thought worthy of their enterprise, let them aot be sur prised at the array which this must bring into the field to oppose them, nor let them com plain of proscription if they should find their endeavors prostrated. The judicious and liberal-minded Catholic citizen will scarrely allow himself to be embroiled in such a contest, but rather, we shoHld hope, would promptly interpose to teach that large body ol foreigners wbo constitute the preponderating mass of hia church, that the objects sought to be attained are neither in accord with the institutions of the oountry nor the genius of the people; that the pursuit must not only be lruitless, but will !>e repelled by the (piickent and most sensitive instinct that distinguishes the national charac ter. We disavow any interference, therefore, which may l>e drawn from the free expression of our opinion, that the American party is intolerant towards the Catholic religion. With the principles and doc trine of that iaith we have no concern. Wc value too highly the privileges of freemen to hold any man to ac count for his religious belief. The Roman Catholic has our respect in as full measure as any other establialed creed. In the legitimate sphere of Ita influence we will dtfend and protect it to the utmost of our ability, against all assault As we cherish the foundations of our political liberty, not less do we cherish the right of ever)' man to worship God according to his own con victions of duty. We UBsert this as a peculiarly Ameri can principle, and pledge ourselves to its full and faith ful observance, in all cases whatever. We have now presented a brief review of tlie chief questions which have led to the embodiment of the American party. Tliey are suggest. te of the whole scope of it* aims. Whilst in the waning stage of the old political parties the country has been distracted by tiie teeming growth of new organisations, created to nurture many startling extravagances of popular opinion, some of them threatening the Union, others the peaceful relations of our government with the rest of the world, nnd all et them tending to the fomenting of sec tional divisions, the inatinctive sense of the nation, brought into active resolve by this emergency, has proclaimed tlie necessity tor a great American party, in obedi ence to that call the party has already come fortn, and has ent< red upon the theatre of it'i duty. 1 1 comes to silence the clamor of factaon, to check the career of pernicious innovations, to rebuke the busy intrigues of selfish politicians. Its great purpose la to recall the government to its time honored and approved princi ples of administration, and to express the authentic voice of the American people in favor *f a thorough American policy. We mean that henceforth, In the fare of all opposition, and sll combinations, Ameri cans t-li-ll govern their own country, and that every genuine American interest shall take its paramount place in the counsels and thoughts of those to whom the management of the puhlic allairs shall be in. trusted. We desire to see our internal resources improved, our labor rewarded, our genius fostered, our agriculture, manufactures, and commerce, guarded and sustained by an in'.olligont American states manship We desire to see the children of oar republic educated in American sentiment nnii principle, and fortified by the window of that sacred book from which our ances tor! drew the inspiration of the moral and religioux free dom which they infused into our civil institutions. We dealte to M?e the light of suffrage consecrated in the veneration of the people ax the bulwark of liberty, and protected liy lawn which filial! forever preserve it as the peculiar medium through which none but genuine American opinions and sympathies shall find expression in the functions of government. We desire to see the federal constitution faithfully administered in strict accordance with the views of its founders, all usurpations of power checked, all en croachments upon the rights of the States rebuked, all foreed constructions di-ovowed. The American party feels the responsibility of the position it ban assumed. It knows full well tie keen opposltiuu it bas to encounter from the conglo merate of all fragments and factions, or the old etl'ete democratic and whig parties, with their alien allies, 'nanirs tliat were once hallowed and had a meaning. I rror* it may commit ? inferior men may attain eleva tion from .li swelling ranks; such matter* are una voidable in all great popular movements and revolu tion, but they are not its principles nor its high aims, and will bee rrected. National in feeling, national in uume, Ami 1 1 'an in all things, it claims as belonging to its brotherhood and entitle*! to all its rights and privi lege#, any iud every true hearted cltiten, no matter to what party he may have belonged, no matter in what pursuit he nuy be engaged, whether In subduing the forest, tilling the earth, levelling the mountains, tilling up vaJleys, wielding our commerce, toiling nm.d the din and bustle of crowded cities, ssilingon the ocean, dig ging in the mines, seising on the idle streams that llow from our mountain sides, and causing them to leap upon the water wheels and labor millions of spindles in to motion or amidst the dust and whirl of bright ma ehinery, he is in (Jod'n appointed vocation, moul ling aud fashioning the rude materials of nature into forms of strength, usefulness and beauty. He has only to feel in his own heart that he approves and ndopts our principles, and that he is ready, when the star spangled banner is unfurli-d, to stand under it and by it. Irne, it is but a piece of bunting, a painud rag ? yet what hallowed associations cluster round it ! It waved in glorious triumph when Itainbridge, Decatur, Perry, Hull, broke the charm of British invincibility on the ocean. Surk had it at ilennington, Warren at Bun ker llill, (iatas at Saratoga, Sumpter, Marion and Mreene In the !*outh, and Washington bore It aloft and stood under Its ample folds when he seale4 our nation's inde pendence on the plains of Yorktown. It is now, as.it was then, the emblem of our nationality and power. Finally, and above all. we desire to see our I'nion pre served, strengthened and perpetuated, as the bright links of a chain that has no end: and to this, before all the rest, we pledge our unalterable faith and the whole power of the American party. RESOLUTIONS. 1. R> solve !, That the highest civic duty of an Ame rican citiren is to promote the prosperity of his own country ; tliat to do this he should endeavor to preserve, strengthen ami defend the principles of American repub licanism, as they were promulgated in the Revolution of 1776, and Incorporated in the constitution of the United 8Ut?s And to this end we hold it indispensable that every eitiu-n who has the privilege of voting in elections should be acquainted with the constitution, b?th by a capacity to read and understand it in the language in which ft ia written, and by such long and familiar In tar course with the country and its institutions as Is aeoes siry to Imbue his mind w.th the distinctive Anieric\n peraeption of the natnre of free government, and with that sentiment of attachment to it which shall render him at all times its effective fiiend and supporter. T)iat with this view of the qualifications for citizen ship we proclaim it to be a fundamental precept of our republican system, that America should be governed only by Americans. '2. Kesolved, That whilst we have full confidence In the strength of our nationality, as it is cherished an 1 <k fended by our native citiaens, and, with scarcely less attachment, maintained by numbers of eitlsens of foreign birth, who by loi.g dnmestlcat.on have be-a identified with our people, we are yst deeply impressed with s con viction that, in the ea'raordluary concourse of alien* which recent inducements havi brought to our land, in the pec ullat Incompetency of many of them, from education and habits of life, to bvijne t Bo rough American citUens . in the attraction which, both from their numbers and their faell ty to he misled, they offer to the ambit on of demagogues, who hare not scrupled to mtke M Of them as allies to *r -tire selfish ends; in the frequent evlden e they a fiord of htj iirspa .!y t? appreria'.e the r'gb' if storage, when they havo obtains* tt b* the operation of Mr present v^m of natural? ration, and to the abuses to which tbia right is subjact is their hands - that the time bu oome when it is essential to Ue pu rity of our government ud its wholesome adminlstoo longer term for probation for dtlMnaMn mn rigid provision* for conferring it, should ha *?t&Miihed orjjat th. n.tur?Ux.^w;,^V^boS,yh?: tt to *?tkotatere.t ud S'^K^'rirStoKr i? &ss ??Zt tn^?rL to thM. protection ud encou thf^ritv af tw *TW7 ri?ht neoessary to t *- .ft?*, y *UT> ta *??tever lawful pursuit thIL^tJ.fE.P~? Mrf to demonstrate to L^?iv y JlberiU ud oonaiderate hospitality, that it is beiMflta'of^onr ^ 0f 'onr countr7 to ?ha? tl*e benefits of our free government with all mankind who / KSl'vrfTJw* WOr^7 ?,f ,uch Participation. ?.Re,olrod,T*a.t we ackoowledge religious tolerati? *** fon^kmental principle of free go T!"1^! *P* ? declare that wt holdtke riahtof MEM ^ "* especially the freedom of opinion aod 1fce privilege of every man to wonhip God mSEFEEI ^iD? to *??' ?h? own convictions dictate ? to be amongit the dearest and most sacred rights of freemen; that we will defend H[!T?w^a ^^tall assault, from whatever quarter tb*J 10 tils determination we know no distinction of oreed, nor sect, nor person, holding that the State h V r1" ?? oXhel contro1 over these rights than w-v ??ceawy to goard the public morals j lt?nw?i abuse, and to secure to every one the worship ** u enjoyment of bis religions opinions and 6. Resolved, That, as necessary to religious toleration, and as indispensable to its healthful support, ws retard ifc*ryuat.t,,D,pA "J one ,ect> or denomination, or church, to obtain an ascendency over others in the stste, by the demand of especial privilege or exemption of any kind, within the sphere of polMcal rights and duties, and still more, any combination of the members of any denomination to obtain political power by con pert or action, in the performance of civic government ? th^t ^t/of right which should belong to all dtizens. hostile to tno order of society and conspicuously objectionable as a step towards the sub jection of civil power to ecclesiastical influence; that we therefore take our stand against all such attempts wherever we mav find a disposition to make them. ' 6. Resolved, That we cherish, with the highest appro, ciation, the education of the youth of our country in schools provided by the State, believing such institu tions to be the most valuable auxiliaries t# en lightened and free government. We look to these as . *V a?d best nurseries of republican sentiment *"5 brotherhood; and regarding them as particularly adapted to the formation of a vigorous national char w-??. i*1 t'?*y shouW *e common to all citi Mi, wiwjt distinction of creed; and to that end should be free from all influence or direction of reli funnl.1^.' A A M .we b#"?T# the Holy Bible to be the ?2L- i depository of the universal religious doc trine of our country, and the teacher of the profoundest wisdom to all men, we express our arm dissent and re thiVntSiHJ *.n? 07tTJ attempt to exclude it from the course of school instruction ! .A"'1' n<>w. having announced the principles of the ^ 1 1 j'Tu cbief an(i peculiar questions wl ich have ^!!r. ?.?>. Bece"?'ty for its organization, we deem it proper at the same time, to declare the views by which it is governed, in reference to other important questions therefore ?f pUb"C 11 ig r J: Re?91Jel' P**t the American party, holding the ' thfi ^tes to be the great distinctive aud vital _ Peraianent and comprehensive American republi oaniam, wiU devote its united power to the duty of sus ,f.nd "trengthening that Union against the at eii,h" "Pen or secret, of whatever enemy may as ?i f 4 1? eDd' 14 wUI ,n*i,t upon a strict construc tion of the constitution of the United States in accord ance with the true intent and meaning of thi? S thVm?at exPounde(1 b7 its authors, and as sanctioned by the most approved opinion of the country, of^ t^ri?ht/nf Mknowledgement and due preservation fths States, as expressed and reserved ia ^ gowrnment^n^by 'ach ^f the States <ntspectUe{y>>of rrr ?r <^vssssts Ule f*ithJ"1 performance by the general govern Tr ?l.rkJ ?VeTJ a ' ,nd .by eyery public functionary iu ? 1 ' t dnt'es enjoined upon either by the con ?tHution of the United States. To the same extenUhe ftTA.P^0 PIIr,,geVt,elf 10 '"PP"""- *" ?? it has the power, aU tendencies to political division iXri 0n ^o?raph,cal position, Pto rebuke iS? ?gltation upon topics of dangerous import to the peace and harmony of the 'Union, to check the ef. lorts of selfish and designing politicians to create diMenalons by appeals to local interests or prejudices of class. ? The purpose and desire of the party beine to me nt 'of "ds "fen a Uo j al ty * tb o'rou gb?y AmSn^nch^ ?: Resolved, That the American party retrard it a<i the policy of the Government to exercise its power to secure he prcspe.it, of every American interest, Tnd to giH the most ample scope to the ingenuity and industry ,.f eom"l rV Xrr erery Uw'nl pu?-iit : that to ac b?. tb, " 11 lU *Ut' to ^ve ??" aid, comp *W ble with the power vested in it, to interruil ap<l cxt?rnal commerce, by improving the ua Ly ajAptin* the OAtionftl bar toora, both on the Ukcs and the sea coast, to thp protection and convenience of shipping; ami by nro moting the construction of national roues for intercom munication botwei n tlie oceans which bound the terri L!nion- Jo encourage the developemen*. of i ?' ^ due protection of inventions, pro ructions tT art, sad works of lioerature and science To guard the industry of the country against the iniu rioi s influence of the adverse pohcy of foreign oaflim. and to secure, as far as the same may be Z. in t he r, oswViU ^,rr' COnferred h? rhe constitution, ihl ,.-. 7 f American workman, by giving liim ?e cPo'unteynee 'D the "UPP" ?f tte "ork Mqui^d by To maintain the public defence, by sufficient military byi inefflc,enf ptogreas of a'g^eat'nation'.8 he4jtb,Ul and And as the American party is aware that :? <k* dutiea here enumerated, there wiU be dillsront views honestly entertained, at difleront periods and in dif jS^JSSnl. tb". country, on The ,i.tSonof the we take th? r some of tho ends proposed, tbat mJs^T?. nrnn( Co??ressional iadepon.fc.nce moMures of temporary policy which from th 17 J"tu.re "* constantly and variously 'affected by J1* changing condition snd circumstances of tha n*4*ioo should be committed to the free decision of tht^ople' to be made in accordance with their own sense onwhat i* best adapted to the wants of ?ch ?S?n ?t ^th. i<?t.ntry, ? untrammelled by the influence of mrtv lir &T,XlX,,piZ:0? ?J thp ^"taueW^h i #.r !:i? Senators in Congress are concerned or ' ' ach congressional District, so far aa members of tha liouse are doocernod, are the best guides to the ireaeral esiimate of what is moat conducive to the weifawrf^U ? ,c^,cn of Ko^ernment should be cosdncted n a fpirit of compromise, directed to the establishment , ?f Uat content which is esseutial l0 the general^ peruy. W . are especially induced to make this declaration, be ? ?hum we are not willing that the efficiency and useful raa? of our Association in the prosecution of its great constitutional and reforming purpose*, .sb juld be impair ed by dissensions arising out of differences of opinion upon -ubject* in their nature transitory. au<l dependent upon tlie shifting condition ef national expansion and growth of public Interests, and upou the detail* of which entire unanimity of view ia scarcely possible. IX. I.etolved, That we utterly oondemn an odioaa :md no American, the obvious absence of Executive power and patronage, which for many yearn pant ban more and more found favor in the administrations of our poTt-rnments, both Federal and State. The whole ryHtein of reward* and punishment* U unworthy of a free and independent poopie:? We perceive in the prac tice to wbicn it han led, the moat unnatural and demoralizing influence upon our popnlation. It pro scribe* the high minded and independent citizen, and put* the obedient tool of power in hit place; It de nounces the beat men for a sincere love of their coun t*y;lt often prefeis the foreigner to the native citi zen, and It corrupt* the patriotism of the mantes not less by destroying a genuine American sentiment of independence, than by stimulating the people to aban don the pursuit* of wholes sme industry Iot the stake of the emolument* of oflioe It has thu* bronght an ? lenient into polit cal conteit* which, by appealing to stilish motive*, ha* proved itself sufficiently powerful to embroil the country in a perpetual strife for the be nefit of those [who flatter and s?rve the appointing power, and who are impelled by cupidity more than by an honest ambition in the discharge of their duty ?* of tlatn*. We reject this principle and practice, not only for tl.e reasen* we have given, bat aUo because we deem it to be ol dangerous influence in enlarging and strengthening the Executive power. We have had too many occasions to observe this influence employed in making war upon honest, independent and capable men, who have been found not sufficiently pliant to the execut ve will . have teen it too often exerted to control the action of the eo-or>linate depailmeat* of government , and (till oftener to enforce a servile sab mission, in all subordinates, to the worst designs of party leader*. We believe, therefore, that an upright admlni*tr*t'on of government demand* that honeat, faithful end capa ble public servants, at home and abroad, should All place* of honor, profit and trust? that they ahould not be di*mie*ed from employment for tbe exercise of a comiiundahle independence, so long a* by their conduct they aball not impair tbe usefulness of their *ervl,:e. We believe that the power of appointment shooKl ha enercised with scrupulous care to preveit the patroaaga of government from ever being brought into conflict With the freedom of election. And, finally, we believe that the dignity and prosperity of government are most surely snstainM and promoted by a wise and kindly toleration of honest diflereaoe of opinion, and by the acknowledgment ef this right a* the true national American fesling. 10. RoaolveJ. That the American party, in reoalbng the government of the Union to tbe principles <v It* founders, revert with affsctlonatc eoncrn to the precepts of Wa<hiagt<>a, as tbe sa.t*t and wfs??t guide, both for oar loreign and domeatic policy, and in concurrence w th these, adopt his warning afloat all interventions in the affairs ef foreign ftates, an especially in those of European natian* ? rebuking all demagogues of (very class and name, w*e would lower tbe atendard of tried bi tiI and intellectnal training for

the high places of trust in the republic ; who smM barter away their birthrights for the emoluments of of flee, or 4eee*rat? our fUg by placing It in th* hand* of resiles* an! demora'tved propagandists, to plunder in the name of liberty ; preserving pure and unrorriipted t?? public conscience? by ??oofln ng our*elve* to Jnst and peaceful relation" with all nations, as far as tkefr conduct towards o* will permit, bat no fnrtker, and not refusing th* expression of that *yapatl>y. VUll la natural to the historical i. e*orles and national senti ment if ? ?: . I Frnlfallir EJ*. SUUB SMtjg" RlSSK ?S- 'S ^ ?03&' "i?a ??? Mm* 46 875 8" ^ 2?,?1U ?,W3 28.3WJ 62.ZB MiehUan . 41842 36,254 80,212 13,738 114,102 lt!H*mp.. 39 971 U>!? *38, 974 48,681 3K,?7tt 43,891 N. Jmij. US' Si37 I1'011 * nB a'788 38,148 N. York'. INK A'H!' 38,312 34.530 34,302 44,811 Ohio KvflS ?'ISX> 272.C13 166,496 321,917 Feansvlv. ' ^f'iS JS!"** 139,186 110,912 188,467 K. Island,, **'?& '63,203 118,112 167,010 194,167 Vermont ,2'A?? JS?80 10.3W 8,192 6,4M 9,343 Wiscor 30,794 18,289 29,488 16.084 29,630 ?**?? 33,668 31,064 30,406 26,278 22,149 30,411 wiiS AUkl^'" ifSi"' Oppo'n. JHm'm. 0/>po'?. T.t.t '? ?????? yJUl 30.*i2 17 ,(,23 tfo,j*i2 17Te^.t AfVlBllii ? ..12,179 7,430 11,687 3 SOI til #?H7 t %n Ifelawnre.... 6,319 6,366 ?4244 6,941 62J4 69?! n?'876 3,373 3,215 5,638 4,.>79 Georgia. 3P.688 21,22fi 47.628 47.154 i47 1)28 47 H4 K???ueky....fla,?W 57,333 W.839 61809 LttttS Isi'm l'OuiviinA,.,,]ti (^7 17,2ft5 22 4 59 18 728 iaWmc JJ'ry l?nd. . . . 40|028 36', sk 767 a? ^767 .??5 Mississippi... 26,840 17,648 32,133 27 309 t32,133 ?7 JOB Missouri 38,363 20,962 *30 :.21 66 365 l0521 69$S ? ?:?! W.'iTS $812 46^742 n. 1 aroliua. . electors ehostn bjr the legislature Tennessee.. . .67,126 68,943 62.KM 60,6*8 162 *'14 (10 678 Z?"fv 13. ^ 4,988 13.091 IH5UJ a ?2 Virginia. . . . . .73^872 59,626 173,872 He.AX K$*2 m!m6 Totsl 461 ,330 374,913 470,931 471960 471.121 471,660 ? Election returns of 1K'>4. t Eleotion returns of 1862. J Eleotion returns ol' 1863. HBCAriTPLATION, 1862 , , -1863. ? . IHfj . vial" \ i tyu'n. Adm it Uppu n. >ree...l,l66,.W3 1,1/7, <69 679,889 1,1/79,772 Ni6 187 I ?tlft'>7 Sla?e.. 451,330 374,913 470,931 472,960 471.124 471,'.Vi6 Total.. 1,607, 723 1,632,682 1,330,810 1,562,732 l,337.3lT 1,696,323 Majority for Administration in 1862 M041 Majority agalast Administration in 1853 Majority against Administration in 1854 a'4?,'2l2 The Alleged Slav* TtoUHeklng. CK I TED STATES COMMISSI OVER'S OFF1CK. Before 0. W. Morton, E fcj. March 10.? Th* United States agt. Bartholomew Blanco. ?The prisoner ia under arrest upon a charge that he built, fitted, equipped, loaded or otherwise prepared and caused to sail from the port of New York the bark MiUandon, for the psrpoae that the laid Tense! should be employed in the slave trade, or that he cauaed some of those acta to be dome with auch intent, in violation of the 3d and 3d aeetiona of the act of Congresa passed April 20, 1818, 3d at*tuto? at large, pagea 460, 461. It appeare that during the month of May, 1883, Mr. B. Blanco, a merchant of good standing in thia city, in the ordinary course of hia business, purchased of Walter ^2?^??^' ,of Gr*onwi?k. Conn., the bark Millaudon, for ? 'i. Y* r.0Ii, , Ctb ?f December following sold her to Stephen E. Glover, a shipmaster and merchant in this city, for the sum of ?8,000, and all the uiutl and legal forma necessary on a change of ownership wore cone through with by the parties. The bark was afterwards chartered by Glover to C. C. Carraloro for a term of nine montha. at $400 per month. On or aboat the lath of De ??If, r * c/*w *M ohipped, the proper pepera executed at the Customhouse, and the veasel cleared; and on the 18th or 18th of the same month, sailed for the west coast or Africa, with Carralero as supercargo and Holmes H*rr* *? master. She arrival and anchored off the Congo river about the 19th of March, 1854 and subsequently proceeded un the river to Cabenda, where her cargo was delivereo to a resident consignee. The testimony of George Jackson, an Eng. lisbman, Edward Myers, a German, and John Colsteln, a Swede, forming part of the crew, so far as material, nar rates:? 1 hat soon after the arrival of the bark the sail ers were called into the cabin and infoimed for the first time by the master, that he intended to take on board a cargo of negroes for the Island of Cuba, and that they might eith?* go on shore or remain on board for the voyage to Cuba. If agreeing to the Utter, each should have four hundred dollars for the Toyage. The men concluded, under all the circumstances, to remain on board. While making preliminary arrangement* for shipping alaves, the bark was seised by a Hritiah cruirer, acting in concert with the United States ship I'erry, and was afterwards condemned for having lieeo employe*! in the slave trade. The crew of the bark were Undo*] at labenda, and the master *n<l consignee gave to each of the men due bills or ordere for their wages of the follow ing import? _ Csukwda, May 1, lHfM. ? ?. D*_m holomkw Buak,oo? *'Si,r~rT.01 *','1 P'-a'eto draw on M>erra Salvador Talucta or Trinidad de Cuba, for tNj .'<0, and pay them to Oorce Jacli ??n for work done on the Millaodon to the 30thofAi.nl lauinr Lealth, 4c. ... GVI.IEI.ME JO/.KDE Sr. CORRKA. ?asr dedoet from the above 825, which I paid torpas The captain of the bark noted upon one of these pa pers the place of business of Mr. Blanco, the accuied, by which be was iound. When called upon by the men Mr. Blanco nt once denied all knowledge of the parties abroad, and all interest or ccncerD in t be vemel, cariro rojage, Ac., and relueed to have anything to do with tlin men, or U> pay the wag?s, Ac , observing that some other jereon of a similar name must have been in view The aiiors prncuied a lawyer to act for them, and in conse i,uence of a lettoi from him, Mr. Blanco called at his t Blue, where disavowals and disclaimers of substantial y a similar character were made by him, with the addi tional evidence of hia being at irst vry angry at hit tetag thus troubled, cooling down, however, snd saying that If there had been liut one demand he would have pa d lt ?>Kiner than to have been so annoyed and Jothered The saUois were afterwards sent to the United ?tate-j District Attorney. The question presented for < onsi leratkn under the general statement of the cirrum itances is, whether tbe facts proved constitute probable r5U?e Sn "?''*TiDK ?>at the prima Jade honest position of Mr. Blanco as to the bark was false and deceptive, and that he equipped and dispatched her to trade In slaves, or caused any of the acts ipecified to bo done w th \ } !?i duebills held by the crew, if really in tended for tbe accused, Import upon thoir face nothin* be jond a request that Mr. Blanco should draw on a house In tuba forfuads, and after having received them, pay the bearer so many dollars for wagea earned on boird the bark ; but bo color of evidence sustains the idea that Mr BUnoo, directly or indirectly, hired the crew, or waa aware of the destination of the vessel, procured her cargo, Ac , Ac It is not probable that the captain of a slaver upon tbe coast of Africa, whoso veasel had been i eited, and who intended to defraud hia crew of w'uC'i r,0uld.b? "7 acrup.ilous as to whom he would direct them to caU opon la New York, for thoir pay, nor at all inconsistent with hui object that the name and place of the persons should be apocifie l. it would seem to be an extraordinary stretch of the doc trine of presumptive or inferential guilt, to incnlpate a respectable merchant under circumstances m> slight and open to satisfactory solution, as their credulity must be largely invoked to make np the suspicion which would pronounce all the apparently innocent facta compatible TJkk J" 04 "P*" onHnary bnsineaa to be false and deliberately gotten up to dooeive and divert attention rrom latent and extended criminality. It is more difficult to detect anything leading to a different concluaion from a consideration of what occurred durincthe interview ??:!? W??>. the sailors and theTrVonn^l A?to the first, the diaavowalof Mr. Blanco waa prompt, explicit and uneqni vocal ; and when afterwards their demands back?<lby a professionnl intimation that an expensive bi'lB*!^ i? "*T, rrrinl1 P'oceeding, migbt poh(ibIy ei a jhV ^0nn" ,r*PBdi?ti?n of havlni- had anything to do with the vessel after being sold by him, was emphatically reiterated, with the not unusual declar !( . . m*(le fom,"rb?t analagous circum that w'f* lb?? but one demand, he would have P*'d !t 'tvt h"n"'lf tb? annoyance he was underjo fng. WbUe every proper eirort should be made to ex ,n *l*vr"' proportionate caution ch * nt^ ^ or' er that the character o( m.r chanta should not be reckl.sely assailed, and their busi STuk V.100"* *nd 'ague suspicions: bevoul * I" Judgment, nothing has been made to ap pear. If different views are entertained by tho proie cution or should additional evidence be within his con i^V.. presented for the consideration of J tbmt th' ?n,1? of ju,. Wee will be defeated by the present decision ef the Com rh*'!0^ 4wblch th,4t tbe ?ceuaed be discharged :rmn the present warrant of arrest. Our Georgia Correaponriencr. Cnoi<;M, Much 2, 1V5. Stale I'tti'irt ? < anduiairi for the Xtzt XomXnation? ThHr PrHtnnont Eraminrd. The Hi.mii> I* tl.e only newspaper thai 1 can rely upon for correct and varied information from irtrjr quarter of tbe globe. In thii State the approaching fall election* begin to agitate the public mini. Several candidate* are in the Held already for a nomi nation. Senator Dawson, who i* regarded here an a sort of Kindorhook huckster, though on * (mailer scale than the grsai original, U denirou* of being run, and i* uaing all hi* power and influence to obtain a nomination. It is not thought, however. that he will be taken up. Apart from hii want of ability, hi* rote on what it known in Georgia aa the Copper bill weuld doubtle?? defeat him now, aa it dli? on a former occasion. Judge Andrewi, whose financial abilities are well known wherever ha is known, it ii thought would like to make a run, but he i ilecidedly alow in everything but gathering pence. The Hon. A. N. Stephen* haa been spoken of. He ia, no doubt, the nc-t popular man in the .State. Hi* strict ntegritv and great abilities as a statesman I. are justly made blm so. li>it he, it i? well known, declines, and is in favor of the liou. Charles J. Jenkins, who you know was defta'eri at the last election bv H. W. John son. Mr. Jenkins unhli; an 1 private virtue* are *ow*ll knew* at home ana abroad that nothlrg but the whip ami spur of the party jockeys prevent a iarje number uf the opposing party from voting for him. f ader severe training they were brought up to the scratsh at tbe last electit.n, but it is not believed that he can be again de feated. He it the " aotle?t Raman of them all." ?SOD0IA. 8t. Patrtch't I>ay. ro thk iPiron or thk hkk ai.i>. 1 iei there are great preparation* making for the ;ele 1 ration of St. Tatrick's day. That Is all well enough but I bear that some of St. I'atr.ck's worahippors are en d? avoritig to l ave the flags dying tram tbe City Hall and other public, bnlWings. That, ax an Ameri-an, I convder as not well, and shouM not like to ?e? anyth.ng of tbe kind. If foreigner* wiah to celebrate e-rtain 'lay* of tbeir own, let them <!o so. but !et them not seek to get Americans to into with them in any way? tf they do, tb>j wnl find themeelve. m ?take?? i* bat been trt-d too often already. Also, I think tbe aatfeorttiM *bc<iM see ?.hat tbe (foreigr.l miliary do art carry j???!er and LaJ>, aa J uadeiltaml tbey a 4 last jeer t". 1 ii. Ai??efcar ImMM Thrown law UM C?mp ?T the IphHwlliu A Vat War J miff Ed> mon da to Ontk. TO TKJC BDITOB or THB NIW TORI HBBALD. I trn.it it Is not aaking too much to beg the favor of a short space in jour etluuu for u explanation to which I find myself forced by Judge Ed mood* and the editor of the Ckrutian S-jnrilualiit, ia relation to a fiction pre pared by Be for the Pioneer Magatxn*, which, I moat say, singularly enough, they have aeen fit to republish as tact, and as an avidanoa in proof of " spiritualism"? the former in hie magazine and tha Utter in hi* Mwi paper. In order to render the matter clear to yon, it ia, per hapa, neeeaaary for me to atate that, in casting about for a subject, it atruck me that no one had aver paaeed to Imagination aeroee the line of the aelemn Shadow of Death, to record what may be the aenaationa of a dying man daring the moment of disaolutlon, and to aketch a picture of the seenaa, so to apeak, which may open to the soul u it enters upon ita aecond existence. Knowing that the aubject would necessarily involve me in ideaa somewhat metaphysical in their character. I determined, in order to render what I bad to write the more attractive, to aurroundit with a story in the narra tive atyle. My first difficulty waa to aceount apparently for the manner in which the strange information concerning death and the of the phyiique future world waa to 'each the earth; and It occurred to me that the beat mode of overooming thla difficulty would be to aaaume a fictitious character, i escribe bis death, repreaent him aa converting np to the laat moment, and then allow him to give the remainder of hia experience of death, and a deacription of that which waa opening to hia gaze, by meana of '? spiritual manifestation," so called. I gave tha name of ?' John F. Lane ? to my leading fictitious character, located the occurrence! in Francisco, and entitled the article, "The Eventful Nights of August 20th and 21st" Two or three months after it waa published, I re ceived a letter from Judge Edmonds, in which he atated that hia attention had been called to the article by a friend in San Franciaco, and that he had copied the first half of it into the November number of " The Sacred Circle." Thla waa quite a surprise to me, but the aurpriae waa aa nothing to my astonishment on being made acquainted by him with the fact that he had sevsri.1 "spiritnal" interview* with my defunot fictitious character, "John F. Lane." 1 must confess I acarcely knew what atep to take un der the circumstances. At first I waa about to write to Judge Edmonds; but on matuier thought I decided, for ** vV to adopt the course af addressing the jmbhc, with your liberty, through these column?. In the firat place, if l am to judge an i thing from the nu merous letters on the subject of "the Eventful Nights" which I have received from strangers. the article has gone broadcast over the L'aion. In fact. I know this to be the case, from the republications which are before me; and I cannot but feel that the minds of many 7*\? I??'"1, it. and believe it to be a narration of facts, should be disabused of their error. And in the second place, I am the mere impelled to the atop I am taking, inasmuch as the argument used by so aanv thousands? namely, that Judge Edmonds has' for years bean in the habit or weighing testimony, and that if there is enough in spiritualism to ooavincehim, "there must be something in it"? can new be easily refuted. Ibe fact is made too evident for contradiction, that he hasehown himself to the thousands who look for and implicitly believe his views on the subject, and to the world at large, as a man incapable of weighing testimo ny touching spiritualism, carefully, and not only one whose mind csn be easily tossed about by the designing but, aa in this instance, to be one who ia anxious to de ceive himself. u" Had he merely republished an imairaarv case ef "spiritualism," which contained a^ ",7rtL?* in physics impossible in themselves, or which, granting the correctnesa of the -spiritualist" theory? might have occurred, the blunder would not hare been so un fortunate for him as a leader in the new theory. He testimony' *r**d with ind,'cenl i-aate in accepting But how utterly incompetent he is to stand prominent among what has become a very numerous sect in Ameri ca? how utterly unworthy he is of wielding the wide and increasing influence he unreasonably wields? will be plainly seen by any calm, thinking man, who may peruse '-Tha Eventful Mghta of Auguat 20th and lilst. ' ' How stands the case? In the first pla.e, the article contains assertions in pbvsics wliich cannot, in the nature of things, bo true. Vor inst nee, a circumstance is recorded which, stripped of all aurroandinga, and reduced to plain kngliah, amounts aimply to this- thata magnetic needle turned away from its place at the north, and went round to the southwest point with a jerk,' several times, and of its own accord. Why, it sesms to me almost incredible that thin fact alone should not have sufficed to stagger the Judge s credulity, great even as he has shown it to be. ,Tond.P.1*c?. one who ia not overanxious to believe in spiritualism? who is not willingly blind could hardly fail to see that the article, , as a 'whole Is trie argument reduclio ad alxurd uw? to be applied' to spiritualism. I assume the grounds of the spiritualist, rir. : that all natter conducts this mysterious " odic fiuid, and that it is the neoe?F.ary condition to interlie between mind and mutter, to enable the dis?n tolled soul to ?no?e matter, as the embodied mind mo?e? the arm o?_ foot; and, finally, at the close of the article, alio* to what an absurdity these positions will lead ii,. that the departed soul can have a power over ita dead bo-ly, ""f mnd ,ho nniv???5 experience of mankind teach itdoes not and cannot have. Kor, while the "circle" pi*sentat Lane's death are charging the table all aight with the " odic liuid, ' tbey uncon sciously charge line's entire corpse, which, after his soul has given all the information promised, suddenly interrupts tlie conversation by rising bolt upright In tha bed opening its eyes, and announcing that the soul feel* Instant dying very suddenly is the next world, and paaaing into a third atate af existence. And absurdity, Judge KcmonUs, for sooth, clutching tightly his premises, moves placidly like a sheep to the slaughter, into any rUicolous eon elusion tu which his assumptions may lead him. 131 ^at should have arrested the attention of the Judge, of his colloturaleur of the Ckrittian hpiritualut . and of the spiritualists generally. The ( very communications purporting to come from lane thiTwirV th>ry w'th1re?,rd J?. the Creator, the soul, I ' Ao-' V r 7 contrary to the theory S!^t^iTrvb7 for .nstanoe, de nies that the soul is etherealized matter, and that it has th*t th* 'mmeiorlal Article occupies time to pass through space- ahat if it " doesn't knoW," forsooth, whether our absent friends ar? well or fj' saa," and "return and let us J , "? denies that one must become purer and tn .nJ.iK . v? 4dTanc* ,rom OD? atate of existence in 4c An<1 /???'"'Jge Edmonds in his kifatuation, and his brother of the Spiritualix in his infatuation, have blindly republished aa true, ami a* corroboration of their tbeorv, an art.cle illstinctlv before Wh.cb their awn mSSSSSH hierarchy of itphersa' and " circles," and their own fine drawn materialism, must utterly fall. It really seems as If these astute investigatora had adopted wh*t the frenchman called the Americans' motto, ' Go bead? no mind." '?Sf 4Uu,lt* 10 ,h* ill-disguised differences of atyle between I?ae s remarks, the reinarka of another spirit, and the narrator's remarks, as well as to other internal nvidenoes, going plainly to ' lhf?,rt,?1? could ?ot have b?ea a narratioa cf facts, but will only make one more statement ia this connection. Not to go lato minutir, according to tba theory de veloped in " The Kvsntful Night-,'' the aoul, at deatb, passes into a second atate ot existence, as different from " ,rom weight, and. in the prooess of time dies there, and passes on to a third state, as ditfe rent from the tint and second as the color blue is from a mass meeting; and so on. there being no possible inter communication between the spirits in the third state and men upon earth. And yet Jmlge Edmonds, while he publishes aa true a statement, needing to which he could have had no ? spiritual" intercourse whatever *ra"ting that sucb a character had hi to the world a co?jroun.C4t?on from That thoae wlo ?tand at the heed of a claai of reli gioniala in America numbered by thouaanda? that thone ! who arc the Sir Oraclei of " apintualUta"? thould hare republish*) in their own journals, aa a remarkable proof in favor of th?ir theory, an article which, a* a whole, ia an argument agamlt themarlTe* : which, (Maiden, oen tain* etatementa in phyaice that could not b? true, and whieh, in add tion to thil, propound- a theory be fore which their own moat ntterly fall, and to crown alt, ihould report a convereation which they hare jait announced could not hare tal. *a place? wema almost too ridlcatoua for belle/! The whole affair in too glaring an evidence ? I will not lay i>?ainn*. ''apiritual i?m"? hut of the bl.ndnee* of i'.a devoteee, to jmtify my taking any other atep than that of exiting it to the world. To complete thle aingular hietory, aUow me to ftate that Judge Kdmonde, in laying before hit reader* the Rr?t hair of my article, publiahea the letter from hii friend. Mr. J. K. Anatin, of thia city, with a atatement that he givea the article for what It ia worth. In hii J>eoember naraber, however, he pubtiahee the cenclu ?Iob, with a prefix in which he <aya. thai although nome who have read the article doubt it* truth, there ia nothing in It too marvelloua for him to bilieve; and, finally, fettle* the matter, no far an h? iefconcerned, by an a'idit'onal prefix, date<l November 4th, ia which be publUhc* a report of a spiritual conversation about the affair between htmeelf and lane, containing, among other carton* annonncemeat* from the latter, a promise to the ellert that lurther communication* were to come frtiu liiiq through me. 1 merely dealre. by way of pa r?ntli*?i*, to inform Judge Rdmondi aad hia friend* that I faid all 1 wiahed to *av in ' the Eventful Night*"? [ that I conalder Mr John F. l ane escecmafly dead, and ? tlat I do not intend to write another fiction ia which he nha 1 figure. 1 find alan. that afteT the oecond half had been re pol>li*h>d in the .Sacrtd firclr. theeilitnr of the Ckr%-tian SpiirUualitt, for fear it ahwM net be thoroughly place) oefore the tx-liever* in th< new doctrltea, and those who *ere wt?< ring, republlaheil It again, and, to aettle all cavil, write* an article nearly a column loag, to prove that it ia utter folly to diabeUeve ia the Mentful Nigbta" a* a narration of facta I fear that I am encroaching on your nptce, but the pontion in which I And myietf dernanda a word or two mora of explanation from me. Mr. A. atataa in hia letter tint there ii 'much doubt eiietmg m the mind* of noma of our community aa to wbeth?r *aid article ia fl tlon or fact," that be kaow* me. and belieree me to he "entirely incapable of giving j u tin aio o to ao importaat a falaehuod aa toil would be were it att tl..e, and ore calculated to do ao mueh u I jnry." 1 fled mv*elf. therefr re, reduced by th;? either to tbe nec? -a.lv M rente a. ag tiient, and thereby iropl) .Lg .tat The Ereaiftl Nighn ia a aarcntJoe of fa ta, ?r to th* disaaiaeabla necaaaity efobtrudlngmyaalf np tm public with the aanounoemaat that the article i* Action, aad with an explanation, to clear ap i character for raracity. I oonoelv* that I ha*? Srfcct right, aa a truthful man, to propound eery which 1 have never seen in print befr aad which, I be Here, may not ha without inter, to tome? to hold up (area at a charge of arrogance) ' result of an unaided mind oa earth, in contrast witl theory purporting to come from a world beyond grave? to eon trait a theory which la, aa I think, con ent ia all it* parte, and, to aay the ieaat, not impoee with a theory which contradict* iteelf, aad than cannot poaaibly be true. I believe that I have a pei right to weare this theory into a Action which, a whole, ia the argument? redmoKo ad ai*urdum U ?ppiied again it apirituaiism, without subjecting m; to the charge of being a man regardleee of the tgk tates of truth. 1 ahell say no mora on thia point 1 but propose, now that I have become i a tor woven < the apiritualiata, to treat the mattar mora at lan through the pagca of my OWto periodical. Mr. Auatin also states that the little girl ? alia to " little Janie," another character in um tale living at the boaaa where I resided, aad that I a " writing medium. '' Thia reminda me very forcikl the atory of the 11 Three Black Crowe, ' and only.*1 how eager apiritualiata are to believe what they w be true. It ia but another evidence that their ia f ationa are search? a, not after truth, but after ; or thtlr theory. It may not be irrelevant ft to aay that after tbe article waa pab' if I hap;>< mid to be in a bail-room where waa a little girl, or wan anywhere io neighborhood of a little girl, the quastie* frequently asked, "la that little Jane L*ne I" Ai probable that Mr. Auatin'a atory erigaated fr< fact that at tbe bouae where I occupied a room waa a little girl, an adopted daughter af the la With regard to my being a "writiag medium,'' never had any hesitancy in saying that nor ha , at ttmea moved in a very singular mancer, witho direct volition on my parr, to my knowledge. u Bay ai- o take thia occasion to sav that, after . of calm investigation.) could and ean oiawver i? ? dene* < f tbe interpdfeion of disembodied sou' i hand baa ne*ar given mb information of aay imj ? I whatever, although f have given it a fair chan' j ban never auiwerad any teat question correct ! the contrary, by caretul introapection and delic ?n> | mory, I have been able to trace every aatwer whicn it b ? : penned whilo in thia abnormal condition to the indir ection of my owd mind. I cannot, of courae, rtate tl with tlie same positiveneaa with whi:h I ean atate tl thia paper ia before me; but I atate it with the ? positivtoesa with which I can assert aay fact o' mory. I! Mr. Auatin bad made inqulriaa? aa be should ? done? he would have found, aa othera did, that waa no house in tho locality designated aa tfc. where lane died. But all tbia ia as naught. Whatever eoafldeaee . Kdmoads may have had in the coolaees aad good ment of hla friend, tbe latter gentleman's statamt garding the doubt existing hero, should Lava auffl lead him to caution. But, thia out of the qua*' cannot conceive how anything oould have weigL iota againat the glaring internal evidaacea in ? Eventful Nights " noted above, as so plainly indir M that it could not be a narration of facta? that vm faring men, though fools, could not errthereu. The grammatical errora that have crept into thi ticle during the laat aix months, I propose to say no thing about; but 1 conceive it to be r roper to remark, that the title which I gave to the article waa not " Won derful Revelations ? Toe Eventful Nights." Ac., nor " Wonderful but True, or The Eventful Night*," Ac., into which it baa been variously altered by ether bands, but aimply, "Tho Eventful Niglita of Acgust ittHh anu 21 at." f. C. EWER. Sj?!I Francisco, Feb. 7, 1856. Affairs In Brnall. OIR RIO Dl JANEIRO OORBEVOKDCVCK. jl Eio Jakiiro, February 11, IS.' Arrival of the United Stale I Steanwhip Sutquehan The Coffee Market? flour? Skips Unable to get in Port of Rio Grande? The Catt of Captain La Health of Rio? Fellow Fever? The United S'Ma V of War Decatur and MastaehuteUt?CMnete t grant* , dc. My last letter ?u forwarded per clipper (hip Teji- j which tailed for New Orleaoion Monday, iiurtea* of P J day, aa I itated. I have the pleasure of aamouaciag t 1 on the morning of the 4th lnatant, the United St.. ' fteamshlp Susquehanna of the Japan squadron. comma, ed by Commodore Franklin Buchanan, arrived in p Thin famous xhip is the first aide wheel steamer that gone round Cape Horn, all othera ha ring preferred i Straits of Magellan ; and her trip from Valparaiso * performed in 21 daya. Other vessela belong:ng to squadron are ahortly expected. Several American veaaela will probably be detain some time before cargoea of coflee c in be obtained, there ia only about 50,000 baga in the u.arket, t H that ia of a quality not auited lor the CnitodSta The last quoted pricea for coder are aa follow* ? J For washed per aroba ?* J B0? a 'm| I Inferior " 4120*. a t ' Flrat good ???? " 3)900 a t| Firat regular " 31000 a 3, |i Second good " lijj.iOO a 3Jt.> ? Second ordinary " '2;h00 a 3)| 1< > The shipmenta to the United States dcritg the part month have been aa folio wa : ? Baltimore baga 7,912 NewUrleana " 20,421 New \ork ?' 12,171 Philadelphia " 8.26" California " 2.0^ Total " bTT { Flour, in tho beginning of the mon'.b, waa in b hand* to the ex lent of 3,700 bbls. ; in second ban t lt?,700 bbla. ; and at present date the.sto:k haa deeraar I ah the consumption haa been greater than the qn. tity received. The pricea are '26 r 100 for all' new, 26)000 for Haxall, 21 J 500 for Philadelphia, 26. for Frecerickaburg, 26 [ 000 lor Baltimore, and 24JOOO , New Orleans. ( Seviral veaaela are lying ontaide of R?o Crania ana * to get into port, aa the water ia very low Home h* been waitiug as long aa twenty daya, and amsi them are tha North American bark Wym briga Charlotte and Henry Nelson. Captain W. lanp. tbe bark Overman, is still in priaon at Rio tiranu awaiting his trial for punishing one of his aailore. It ' aaid tbat the Chief of Vclice regreta that he will not *'? aant to be bailed out, for It it believed t'sat when comes to trial he will be acquitted. From all I can Is of the afTair I think Capt. I-ang it an abused waa, the lan a of thia country compel him to wal' for L If aur captiilna are to be detained for every ceanpn. made againat them by lawlesa, diaobediant seamen, m of the veaaela which inter thia port would not get aw . I again for montha. ' The health of Rio it good. For the last few days U.< weather haa been cooler, with refreshing breezes and rain. Great caution has bean taken by tbe government to prevent epidemics. In the harbor a small steamer is employed to take the sick, if necessary, from tha ahlp ping to a fine marine hospital, supported by govern ment. This ia a capital mum of preventing epidemic* in tha harbor. The yell"* fever in 18.M waa at it< greatest height from the 10th of April to tk" 7th of Hi < in 1842, from the 7th of January to tbe liih af Fab' ary, increasing sgaln in April and May; and ia 1' from the loth of January to the 20th of March. I'e< , mm to think that wa ahall ? scape thia mai.guuit It this year. The U. S. slooajfmr Decatur which sailed a bum: daya sinca in Mfeptoy with the f H. ateuaer k saihuanetta for Valparaiso, bad not arrived at that ; at tbe time of the sailing of the Susquehanna. It wil renumbered that the Haesachoaetta waa d.ama?te<i put back to thia port to repair. It was undarstuod, a ?li?s<> two ahipa of our nnvy left, this placa, that if t ?? re separated, the one which ahou.d reach the Stt vl Magellan first should wait for the other. It ia belt* tbat the Ilecatur arrived first, an I that tha Maass aetta follow i d to tow ker through into the Pacific. The Amriican bark Uiza Anne arrived on the 9th ft Singapore, with merchandise and 300 Caclie* or Cnin. col. cists. From what I have seen of this class of pe. in California. 1 believe that ttla emigration will pr. beneficial brth to Chlnaea and nraailiana. Brazil warn labor* ra, for tha slave trade with the craat of Africa h lately ceteed and tha aegroea are diminishing numbers. Agricultural produce is oa the increase, wh > the slaves are decreasing. Six or saven yetra ago, a able bodied aegro was worth $300 to 1350, and now b is worth from $?00 to >760. I understand that the new colonists from China are to wrrk for thaee who le ported them until? the prloe of their paster* money paid ofl. F. H fi The Ncrmnlllf I-lb*l Bnlt. TO Tirr. EDITOR or THE nKRlLIk Tkixjtt Btildugo, N*w York, Mar h 10, 1?,V> J Id your notice thia morning of tho lib*) nil pea<'.inK j the Superior Court *? Arthur T?f pan and c.Uera ami which I appeared u a witneaa. you gate to the pal my being committed to the c??tody of the Sheriff , , contempt of court, with liberty to iro at large u H Monday, and then to rejxirt my appoaran:* to *' Sheriff. True that I hare Wi in tt.a*. genU?wa I u-tody, to whom, ai to tlia Court, I feel (rater I From the motieea of plaintiff** oounael, aad the a hp' ef the queation which alone I rofuaed to aoawer, Mr O'Conor, couaael for defendant, at once objected, pre ? ioua to my fit in* eipreation to opinion one way Or the other. Counael on both tidoa occupied a cona>dera tie time in argument, when the objection waa overruled by the Cburt and tin admianlbllity of the queation iu' talned. Again waa the queation put, wliea, re?pe-tful; to Court and couoael, 1 declined to anawe- Tne Court, no doubt, iaiuad ita order, and again <:,d I refon at the fine time telling the Court that I had not the moat dintant idea of ottering to it the Mightart dit reepect in ao doin/. Acting under the improeairm then, and oow, that the pUintlfT'a couaael waa tr*vellm, iroin a nmal recognized and legal eourae in er.den. ?, and that 1 i onaidt red. and am atlll of the ?an> opinion, that the quertinn waa altogether foreign to my duty a< a witneia and, tnaj I add, legally cnc?an*ctod with the laaue lefore the Court and jury, rai.aod me not t' J he coerced, ai.d for thua acting my conduct ia puMic ' | Minatrtxd into a contempt. Coovinsed of thla, I pr 1 f erred the diapieaanre of the Court to be eia.to' up 1 I irr? again declaiming any thought of d.<ro?r<e' i ner tkan aarren.'er a principle which e\perieo? , l i an hoa arable rtaricttoa told me I had a perfe-t rgh? I uphold? ay ? even at the aacnllce of my per., ml I t f I li thil bo what la ru led contempt, no doubt ! am gu I an>l the Court ma? be a-aured unintentional!? ao f< ? j Idea ne??r p< ?ae???.l me of Ottering to Ita aith. 4 ei'i.-r oault or contempt A* thla may. in a met M tend to jtiitlfy tbo oouiae I panned cn that o< a j and tl.at iou tare rep. tod me committed for ??onu. ? I wUi aak of you to make room for my eiplana-li u ? I f. KLwOOf' M'Tlbli