Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 17, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 17, 1855 Page 2
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AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Ou* Londoa Correspondence. London, Feb. ffl, 18t6 Orowtnp Dui+infactum vith tk? Palmentcn Mimiitry? D&tuUtu of the Premier' i Position? Probability of hit failure ? Lord John Russell's Mission to Vienna? Th* Bnghsh People ami the Aristocracy? The Prtt, the Only True Chawtpum of Popular Interest*? Lord Pal meriton too much of a Red-tapist for the Present Cri IM, tfC, It is <juit. certain that at few period, of our national kwtory have men regarded our .tateof affair* with, ?aoreglocmy eye than at prcent. No sooner doe. th. rSST-- POM?.io. of the Jong coveted object of K. .hoice-no woner ha. it cha^d from it. .ad mm.nt. at ? tUt fl*PP,Kl !t* dwk winf and douWd itV2!, r",rJ bur.tofenthu.ia.rn ; no sooner ha. ? t .ubetit.ted a. a pre.iding geniu, the statesman whe by all concurrent testimony, i. the true pilot that can weather the .torn? than it begin, to hang it. head and ?eaye iti heart in sorrow. Ixeept in the choice of Lord John Runh.ll a. Pleni jo. twtiary at the Vienna Conference, Lord l'almer.ton ha. ?olonbtedly not started well, and th.re is already breed '* th* country a B.rce .ii..ati.faction, not uncom mon to men who, having gained possession of their ar *?nt desires, dud they have only waited their energie. ?n a phantom a wiU-o'-the-wi.p, which ha. lighted them only to lead them deeper into the quagmire. To suppose that a man of lord Palmerston's distinc uen ha* coveted, perhaps intrigued, to obtain hi. pre mm Jofty position, for merely selfish purposes, is out of the question ; if such were hi. object, he bad ample oppor tmnity of gratifying th?m in a more subordinate office hot a better sentiment i. driving for utterance in every man', besom? a sentiment which, reduced to word, in that the aristocratic .y.tem of Kngland, rank with the eerruptiens of centuries, i. too .trong for hi.n or any ?tier man of the ..me claM. The great R.form bill that inaugurated the reign of William the Fourth i. ?nddenly found to have done nothing for the people, a* to h"e ltft the government tntirely in the hands of a few famili.s who have shuffled the card., and played them into one .nother'. hands, til] eve. they them eelve. have grown too blind, and old, and stup.d, to what they are doing. It is impossible to overstate the feeling of deep disap pointment, which, like some pe.tilentlal vapor, i. thick Ming and brooding over the land. The re appointment of the member, of the late admlnl.tratlon i. not com planned of; individually none of them were unpopular ?ad all were favorably known by their antecedent.; and the substitution of Palm.rston for Aberdeen was ?PPu?d? new mainspring to the cabinet ?lock, which would henc.forth enable it to keep admira tim# M#n in Parliament certainly d.clare that ?othing has been cbanged-that the Ministry i. the same ?. before; but the country doe. not echo th. accuiatinn on'r with Lord I'ilmer.ton to show by .^aeoi ieri!U?l! (l!r (I ?ppointment., that he was &Pa ?d ?> peril all for the people; to make a clean HWf*?n in th* *J?'; "ie.n4v7> the commissariat, and the whole host ?f corruption, cankering and rott/ng everything around whwe^h^ hJ?!?11*,10 10 haT? ab*olut*1J' deified him; iniril ^hi.v r . ?0n? f,r t0 rlk'M UP ? damning ?pint, which, if not timely allayed, will nne*iiiiv .hnu every instiution in England to its* ve^y centre ' If be take the .euhe of the House on Mr rtS'Si?.-" ik""6*: s\kL doi. HUrb\nir.r0W m*J?,rlty-, Wo be to him if ho cwee.Buch an escape wiU ouly serve to .bow him the yawning abyss that lies beuwe him. Suppobh 5u.nl outvoted: be must Of course iUwdve and to dissolve on such a plea, would doom iim former ?j j Je , thi? dilemma might Late been k*d I-ord Palmerston gallantly flncg himself into the breach .od shown a resolution to star tkc plague? Instead of which, his sole act of energy an pears to consist in the appointment of a man whose se Knc" bjr the pe?3n?l motive which i. believed to attach to it. Ixird John Ku.sell ia a state of isolation in the House of Common, wag foiin<l to be amon.tro.ity that could not enTire n;.? lopport to a ministry of which he did not form a par' would have overshadowed it, aud anything ilk* JwAji1 criticism have irretrievably d.magi it g Still Mi ffrand appointment had been fallowed up by others? if SsaaSS^rasasjaaiii "M* matters? if, moreover, hs had boldlv de! i? ?#,,n,inethe "tate of the ?avy ",stT ?f Pr0moti?n placing men in Command who were only fit for flannel aud a foot a , ^termination to overhaul the ivan<1 c?mmis?arUt departments, root and : country would have supported him in hi. -n M? 0f'<'ra,OOD,, to w"cin'l 't. vote of in ?tilSCld th? "-use of Coram, ,ns Itself iu 't. compliance . Now, now that all he has done ? 'PPo'ntBunt of I?rd I'anmure a. Se-retary at war k'd,th? "?7be '? looked at? a. t^e allies aay or t<ebastopsl? and of young >Yederick Peel, a lad of ?r **r' wt"'m mature inten.led for no higher poMtion than a banker's tinder clerk, for the un der Secre^ry in the House of Commons, men turn away in bitterness and wrath: and if 1-ord I'almerston do not mind, a strange and wonderful thing will come to pass the people s choice, the peeple s Premier, will in a month be the people's execration. The future is inscrutable to the most practiced cal culator of any of us, and we tinve as yet no element. Tu?r?. .co,,Jectn?1 ~Un?ate of the resutts of the Vienna Conference. I>ord John Russell goes to it it is well known, to make^peace if he can? that is, if he can . *? ?.D ,uch ? flrm. stable bast. a. will exclude all probability of a return to hoatiUties at ?ome future period, when the present good understanding be tween England and France may have cooled down to a less anient temperature; but no one believes in th. i'i ?h? ^ The combaUnts are yet too fre.h, iSi ' if P*;- V1 fU ?f ,twn*th, to listen to the toIcc of a negotiator who, from the disastrous state of ~? VmT' bw "UPP?"*"1 to hav. special rea.ons for ??^?!U03IS^"r* ?; '* f*ther thought that the lesult ?t Uid John s visit to Vienna will be the entering upon rJri'th'I'k P?rUDt phase of th. present war pulley, and that be will arrange and conclude plans with Aus tria forcarrjtn# on the content in a maimer no exten and ao radical that a state of war may be oounted on as the normal .Ute of the Old World for at lea.t a decade. The main obj"Ct I. to erect a barrier a>r?,n,t Russia, in the reconstruction of the kingdom of I'o land Now, If the re*ult of the Vienna Conference he to nerpetuate the war, and not to promote * peace, It in clear that Kngland mn?t go to work in a spirit very different to what ihe haa hitherto ??inced , and it i* the opinion of all the club state*men wi'h whom I have conferred, that thil i? I/>rd 1'almer irton'a move? that, in fact, he ia sot strong enough, ?*en if hi* peculiar temper adapted htm for it, to root oat the nui of ariitocratic corruption which burrowii in ??ery hole and corner at present, but that when it ii found that his effort* after peace, have only immensely increased the neceasity for war, he will Hue like a giant in bin place, and striking down, amid the universal ac claim of the people, every encumbrance, every enthral - wient, every stav and hindrance to hie uplift* 1 arm, will step forth the ro?l hero the eouatry has lovel to think him, and that, dismayed by the pjpalar cry, the aristocracy, with it* net of vented interests, its patron age and selflsh object*, will rather aid than thwart him in hi* patriotic effort* to Arraly place England one* inor? on the pedestal which now totters beneath her. 8ach may he Lord I'almerston'i intention, but in the meantime he la daily deepening a gulf betwiit liimneif and the people, which no future work may be able ta bridge over Thin diplomatic reaerve, so suitable, per haps to hie previous official life, i* just now (|uit* out of place. A great and generoui people has got iti heart in lt? mouth. It see* it* country lowering in the eyes of the world, it *ee* it* fam'ly affections? ita gran I na tional charasteristic? cruelly aevered; it *e?* it* cbii dren? the flower of it* youth? massacred : or, maimed and halt, pining and aorrowful, scattered among it* hill* and vnea, and it i* in no mood for jugglery. or to be aaawered and pooh pooi'd with a jest or a jibe. The ttret Minuter mutt now apeak oat like a man. aad not a diplomatiat, or the very atonei will cry out agamst him. It I* a remarkable fact the historians of these times will not fail to record, that at th.s juncture, when the aristocracy were found utterly incapable of guiding the destinies of a country on which they had fat tened their hearts unto aurfeiting, the real leaders of the people ? lack a* the great reform bill gave them from the large towns and more widely enfran ahised constituencies ? are dead against them. They who ?Bote off the wheel* of the tithe wagon, who emanci pated the slave*, who relieved the dissenters, who handed the country throughout it* length and breadth, ?waging a seven } ears' war, and Anally carried the corn law*, plaiting the banner of fro* trade forever on the higheet pinna le of the House of Commons, now, in the people'* hoar of need, turn their back* upon them. The voice of Cohden at a jancture like the preeent would ho a trumpet through the land, and the people woul l ?arry him into powor oa their shoulder*; but he has tied hi* principle* to the Quaker a broad brim, and doe* nathirg bat cry woe, woe' Hat Men wero ever found forthcoming when the o:c* eion was worthy, axl thera are thoea who think just asw that great and violent changes are at head for Kag land. The ballot, which had almost caased to have any formidable support, i* now ia awery one's mouth, and ehoold any of tboee great public meetiags tats place which are the organ* of atroag public opinion. It i* probable that thie remedy will be largely ioanted on a* aa avowed mean* of getting rid of aa incompetent ari*tocracy Should the present feeliag of disaaUsIa': tioa and discoatent be anfferad to iaareaee, it la not to ha eappoead that it will ba allowed t# die away for waat of stimulus. There are other moles of defeating an smemy bee idee mere cannon andcutlaaa. and tin Csar may eaaily And matrumenta in Knglaod who woald not he earry to pnll down high place* by aid of hi* gold, eveu the ngh the country iteelf sank into a second or third rate l'owar. Our rulars, it I* to be feared, have not on 1 v gone to Habastopol, bat hav* entered into the war iteetf, with a leap In the dark. Thay have not *at ?Iowa aad oonnted the cost. It may be qaite right to have |?wa at the Ovat'a throat in hi* raid upon Turkay, bat a feaifal train of eonae>iuenoe? lay in the rear of aueli a policy, we were to give up all the world for France, the ?aanlry whioh at bottom, perhaps, like* ua le*?t . we were to trnat to the consideration of oar 0wm j--ple, whoa we hava *y*tema?ieally de. wrivw^M any *haw in the govern as eat, and treated aa Imtipmif of desert We were to remember that our fnada mignt fall, aad immeaae sacritees be re anirad . aad it doe* not appear that we thought of any thing of the kind The trath cannot bo concealed at thf* momen* the ((if trw* mtmd 9t Ureat Britaia la U? frees, whicl, y?, TT*8*4. l>*t" ^ uttered the truth toalltho Wri4. lt U thepreee that overthrew Lord AhOKtaen, it i, tha fiwa that proclaimed tha mm ?*????* of the amy, wd It ia the press that haa made Pr*^*- *?* R*?la?, with aa am; ? "Mn> ^ no*1 *? mom 10.000 teyoneto, ia (till to be left u> hia place; and to hold up hU armi, or tha ?tamp of one of them, septagenarians, deaf aa a pott, ?aa crotohetty old mumblers in Mat out to tha Crimea, and heaven un tha mark!? by Lord Pal merston. I-ord Riflan oafht to have b?aa recalled If only in deference to pablic opinion. The very families whom the Premier seeks to conciliate are aileat la Uia praise; bo doubt there ia a difficulty ? the maa ia auch a gentleman, bat experience haa ahown that he la do gene ral; and thia ia the functionary which all Kugland at pre ??nt imptrienaJy calla for. Only Vook at the consequenoe of the present itate of thlngsAerrultingita' brought to a ataod a till; Ireland, which waaaa ei^.or+tun for fighting men, will aot now give one; the priest*, wheee moutha ware atopped by the enthnaiaam of th? foople, take advantage of it, aDd aay, why light for the^txen/ In Kngland tha work goes on much mere alowly. The stories of the Crimea are being told In cottag* dearths and over home ly firesides. The sogeriag excitement ia going down with a run, and instead of stopping the wheel by some bold effort, Lord Palmeratoa gives It Mother puah, waiting till he heart from Lord John Russell to turn it back again. Perhaps before I write to you again, all that ia aow mysterious may be made. plain, and every thing again be ?uleur de rose. Host heartily do I deaire it, for aaother change of miniatry, or even a diaaolutlon, would be a heavy blow and great diacouragement to the people of England at this moment. But a sudden thought haa come over ua all? that our new Premier ia too much stained with red tape, too much steeped to hla chin ia diplomacy, to make an honest First Lord of the Treat ury _ UNIVERSITY CLUB. Onr Parla Carrcipondenee. Pjikm, reb. 19, 1856. Prussia About to give her Adhesion to the Wntrm Alli ance? Hopes of Peace at Remote at Ever? Affairs at Sevastopol ? The Cession of that b\trtress a sine fua non of iMrd John Russell's Mission i enna ? Launch of a French War Steamer? He Carnival in Paris? Reli gious Ceremonies? PestvsitUt, <tc. ^ ? seem on the eve of one of those political solutioae, which, in the eventful and extraordinary timea of the latter half of the nineteenth centary, may occaaionally be expected to check or diveraify the mighty aocial tor rent now roaring and caating up ita foaming waters be fore the half affrighted eyes of reflecting men. A report prevails that Proaaia, after all, la about to give her adheaion to tha Weitern policy. The Pays and the Constitutional ? both of them known to derive their intelligence from official Inspiration? have, within thelaat two daya, bean ringing tke cliangea on tUa ?abject in a manner to attract general attention; and the circumstances of a deaire on the Empeior'a part to go and see with hia own eyea the atate of matter! in the Crimea becoming known at the same time, many who have throughout looked on the Prussian alliance as an almoat impossible contingency, are aomewhat staggered and confounded. ''If," aaid a gentleman to me yeater day, who haa from the outaet been cloaely mixed up with the politic* of the lait twelve monthi, "Prussia does give in her adheaion, knowing as I do the u? diaguiaed difficulties perpetually thrown in the way by the French government, who all throughout haa moredeaired her hoatllity than friendship, I can only believe it to be for a purpose not apparent, and one not at all likely to d ecei ve tbe imperial government. ' ' "jfimco Danaos dona ferentes," that government will say and it ia quite possible tliat the Cxar'a anxiety to gain time may have absolutely suggested the policy? a policy professedly meant to break down the moment It ia pat into practical operation. 1 bat anything like a hope of general peace prevaila I do not in the least believe, though the Constitutionncl yesterday wntea aa follows:? The mission of I/jrri John Rusaell gives an extraordi nary eclat to the Conference ol Vienna, whlah, by the presence of such a atateaman, aa well as that ot M Tit?ff, the K'nvtiy Extraordinary of Russia, wiM, to all in tests and purposes, become a veritable aougress. If as we should hope, the relations between I'rusala and the Western Powera are ahortly about to be auch aa will ad mit the cabinet of iferlin. tbrgugh ita repreeentatlve, to lake part in the canferelfce, the present and the future I- , v0p,? c,n?ot ftJI o{ befng regulated on the moat solid bui-la; and alter forty years a second conference at Vienna, in giving satisfaction to all legitimate European W reI*'r to? errors and shortsightedness of ill? nrut. In the meantime, while the inanities of diplomacy are preparing at Vienna, the following acojiint of Jjebastopol given to day in the Moniteur de la Flotte, and dated bumiesch Hay, Feb. 3, has an interest. The letter says : ? " We lately took a peep at febastopol on the sea aide, hut there is vtry little change in the place. The port simply appoars to have a mm deserted look than for merly. The pieces of maats belonging to the vessels which have been sunk were corered with anow, and pre sented a curious appearance Far down in the port, there seemed more animation, an) we were able to reckon eleven steamers, two of which? in Iron ? the Tau rogneaudtlie Kornlloff, were taken from the Turks at I the butchery of finope. It appears, according to the statement of a prisoner, that what haa been ealltd the defection of Austria, haa become known in the town, and has produced tbe greatest aatoniahment. " A touching eeremony took place on board ths Mon tebello. Admiral Hruat'a flagship. The picture repre senting tbe Holy Virgin, the gift of the Ernie ror, was transferred bv the Admiral's orders to that ves>el from the Ville de Paris, and a solemn mass was celebrated on the occasion by the Abbe Battee, the chaplain of the vesael, assisted by four other priests belonging to the fleet. Admiral Hruat, Admiral Chad ntr, and the captains of the other vesaels of the fleet were all present in full anlform. The noble vessel was dressed out, and the crew were all aaatmbled on deck. After the maaa the Dnmine talmm fac iVapoleonntt waa sung, the whole crew Joining In the last part. The pic ture waa then carried ronnd the deck In great state, an! finally deposited In the hospital, where it is to remain for a week, snd then to be brought back on board.'' The French General Guyon arrived at Sebastopol on the 5th instant. The allied forces amount now to 115,000 men. The Rusaian General Oaten Pack en was, by accounts up to the Hth instant, preparing to attack Eupatcria, at the head of 40 001 men, which is, how ever, defended by a force of 20,600 men and very for midable earthworks- no fears were consequently enter tained as to the result. An important affair before Se bastopol seemed to be looked for between tbe 15th and 20th. The re'nforcements received during the last two months by tbe Russian* are estimated at 100,000 men, about one third of whom have remained at l'erekop. Their general activity, akill and induatry In the defence ?re represented on all bands as something marvellous, and it is quite certain that the most astuto and aaga eious soldiers begin to look upon tbe possibility of cap turing it at a problem the solution of which sesms far ther off the nearer they approach It. And yet the ces sit u of the fortress is said to be a sine </u a mm of I-ord John Russell's mission to the Congress of Vienna. Colinel de Olberg, who is atta:hed to the mission of : Central de Wedell, and who had been sent t> Berlin to | receive further Instructions from the King of Prussia, ; has to-day returned to Paris. I The Pr' ugne has just been launched at Brest, and is | tbs finest specimen of naval construction ever produced ' in France. Her keel waa laid in February. 18>3, and j she therefore belongs entirely to the imperial era. .She | is a screw steamer of the first class, with enginas of 1,200 horse power, and pierced for 130 guns. Her length 1 ol keel is 21? feet (81 metres), breath of b*am <10 feet | (18 metres, * c.). being 10 metres longer an ! 2 metres broader than the Napoleon. Her draught of water when ready for sea, with her guns and stores on board, will be 20', feet (H metres 20 e.). She is to he armed with un usually heavy guns. While the ground still remains oovertd to the depth of a foot with snow, and the cold is ao excessive that the water you have in your dresaing room within ten minutes, is frozen, Paris ia in the thick of the ' Carnival, and does not fail to take its fill of I fun and romping frolic. Wbere there is any real j attraction, the danger of frozen extremities is utterly disregarded, a downfall, however ? anything that uilght seriously deteriorate a new hat, a silk robe, a velvet mantle, or a love of a boonst? would be quite an other thing, and all the fairies that ever peopled tbe bead of tbe niiwt inveterate tale toller would never keep a Parisian in the streets under such a circumstance. But the proceaaion of the famous bauf gras was perhapi never more fully attended, and never attracted more genuine inttrest than yeaterday, which waa the first of its three days' promenade The thermometer at six o'clock was at 17 Fahrenheit, anil at noon 21 but the streets were erewded with eager spectators as two cars, the principal of which drawn by e ght horses, conta nlng at usual Old Fathtr Time, Venua, Cupid, an] some other heathen deities, set out .*rom the abattoir of the Koule. Tht other was drawn by six bor?es, and was much less lofty than the other, u hire the hero of the lay, the worthy Ixruf gras himself, the slippery state of the streets rendering it impossible for the obese beast to trust to his usual all-fours. The ptr ties in masks were "got up" with great care, and the goddesses did the best thty coull to confront the wintry blast with habiliments better suited to the summer galea of Paradise than tbe wintry northeast win I that blew all day with a very raror like edge. This is one of those vtry absurd customs which every government seems obliged to countenance, to put its capital under arms to honor, and to suffer ita commeroe to be impede 1 to make way for, but the whole spectacle is a positive disgrace to the France . f tbe nineteenth century. Not content with the whole day, when night falls in the procession still continues its perambulations by torchlight. Notre I lame, loo. was tbe s?ene of great pomp on Saturday, on account of the solemn promulgation of the Bull of the Immaculate Conception. The columns of the nave, the choir, tbe upper gallerit* and the organ- loft. were magnificently decorated with blue and white velvet? the colors of the Virgin? and fringed w'th gold. The initials of the Virgin an 1 the arms of the I'"r* were, bes des, displayed In different parts of the aa cre>i ^t the entrance of the c'iot, on aaort o' ibrone, waa a statue of tbe immaculate Virgin N'ume rous tapera wera placed anund it, and above it wat a canopy of blue velvet, doubled with ermine. The caaona ! .. V k " ehM,u ?? of the Rtnevltve, and a fht du 'r V oth'T ecclesiastical dignitaries, were ia Arch t i.hon /f ill! v,p" ttrtof ,l Cardinal th7l?ih?ns2 U" Patriarch of Antioeh and ,',f the aXdr. \T"' *,0rv anl The canons of the cathedral wore an eecletiaatieal decoration wh ch ^ *?Pter? it consists of yroee e?iptj,M ),j, klu# 4nd ru,bo, Th# Crated ni'aTs If'totC! ^ .b, "chdtaona. cel. bra ted n?> AIW the gospel, the prelate aacen led his episcopal throat and read tke P .utlfl -al Hull to -ha original latin, relative to the dogma of the I. JeVato conception. Tbe stotne of the Virgin was afUrwarla hwn, b? six priests, and preceded by youag girls dressed in white ?y members of the Conf?r?nce of ?t. Vtacent de Pa.it' the Brother* of the Itortrlne fhretienne, the <-lercv and i the Beater* of the Chapter, aad feUewed by the' pre lata* who wara mint at the eownjr la the ? ttm, It was e?me<l through tbe u?e, ud aa it pwtd the ycraoaa present fall reverently oo their kaeee To tarn from such rrtn matter* ? Um Hotel da VIHe baa just been electrifying ?11 Pari* by another of thaaa feat* of hospitality which can bo mot with in no other eity in the world It flung opan ita Boat gorgeous anil picturesque saloons, on Saturday night, to t?a thousand gneitt ; and what ia mere marvellous still, *uch waa the excellence of tba arrangement that nothing like gene or over preaaure waa experienced for a moment, la order ta ccmply with the eararat entreatiea of many, after UiHiiDg carda of invitation fur 8,000. the authoritiea fitted up aome additional rooms and iiaued tickets lor two thousand more person*, the moment the fact got wind solicitationa poured in upon them in tornnta, and inatead of 7,000 rejected aa before, the number now aug mented to nearly 12,000. It must be remembered that though the ball i* eseen tialiy a municipal one. and peraon* in the humbler walks of ccmmi rca are invited to It, there are none *o high in tbe State of Franco, or indeed in any other State, who io not think themselves honored by an invitation. Alanost the whole of tbe brilliant receptions of the Eng lish ambassadress. con nil ting of the ilite of the nobility of France and England, repaired from her magnificent rooana to those of tbe Hotel de ViUe. lfaria Christina and her daughter*, the ex-Queen Dowager of Spain, was ihere, and placed herself on a raised fautcuil ia th? yel ow drawing room, and of course attracted general at tention. One sf <??, in meetings of ttiis character, the true distinction between the governments of England and France. Here, the humblest clerk, or daughter of the most modest tradesman, is thought worthy to be received In a palace more magnificent than thut of the Kmperor, to be regaled with the mofct charming music, io rest on velvet and gold, and to have handed in the rbape of refreshment dainties fit for the Olympic gods; and tbe highest classes, and even royal personages, are proud and delighted to mingle among them on equal term*; while in England, if a tradesman move between tbe wind at d the nobility of the upper ranka, or com* within tbe very breath of royalty, the town would be perhapa ranaacket for Windsor soap and fouatains of running water to purify them from such demagogical defilement. BERTIE. Paris, Feb. '22, 1855. The Emperor Wot Going to the Crimea Now? Burial of the Carnicat? Lent and Ditmal ? Weather? The Irish A arria at Balaklava ? Curious Communication of St. Le Verrier to the Academy of Sciences ? Reception of M. Berryer at the French Academy? M. Quito', and the Intellectual Resource* of the United States? Celebration at Paris of the Birthday of Washington. The rumor at the Bourse yesterday, that the Einpero had abandoned, for the preaent at leait, hi? project f visiting the Crimea, checked the fall of sto:ks aid inac tivity of operation* which had indicated that both people and minister* regarded hia departure an inoppor tune, and ita results ai dubious. I believe tint had ha really decided upon it, he would not hare been deterred by the popular fear, which he may well deem ground lens, that hi* absence would be followed either by a con spiracy like that of Mallet against the First Napoleon, or by a republican outbreak. Most of the French repub licans, 1 am quite aure, would be restrained by patriotic considerations superior to their partisan sympathies, from reizing such an opportunity for interrupting the couiae of a war that begins to assume a more national character than before. The increasing prospect of the union of Prussia, by means of a separate treaty, with England and France, in the alliance of the Western Powers against Kussia, is assigned as a main reason for the change, or at leaat the delay, of the Emperor's project of a visit to the Crimea. But he may have some yet better reason for awaiting a more favorable moment The Parisians, now that their speculations about the Fmperor's departure are suspended, miy have leisure for the solemnities of Lent, or for the musical entertain ments by which these are liberally relieved. Lent opens dismall.v enough, with a dreary snow storm, amidst which also the last echo of the last falat laugh of merry Carnival expired. Tbe big prize oxen? Trebiiond*, Bsmarsund, and, especially Sebastopoi? were with ominous melancholy, rather than with the usual hilarity, paraded in turn throughout tbe city. Sebastopol made his appsarance yesterday before the Emperor and Kn press, who saluted bim from the balcony of tbeTuilene*. But no bueuf gras was ever escorted ay chillier musi cians, mousquttaires. and Olympian deities. The annual descenle de la wurtilk must have bwn more slippery tbip gny. The Know, encrusted by sharp frost, eorsrs tbe streets and causeways of I'aris, and sledges, with horses fan. tastically arrayed with plumes and bells, flit across tbe sober pedestrian's path continually. Among the number oi those who thus cheat winter of its horrors are the Emperor and Empress, who may be seen daily, comforta bly ensconced in an elegant vehicle guiltless of wheels, drawn by a pair of bright bays, whose crimson trap pings and golden ornaments are as striking to the eye as the rustling plumes and jingling bells are to the ear. The imperial pair have a most domestic aspect, as, with out servant or escort of any kind, snugly seated side by side, tbe Emperor "waves his light lasb, and shakes his gilded rein." The weather gives no indications of a break-up, and the snow has been falling throughout the night and the whole of tbe morning, in large, heavy flakes. There is every symptom of a more determined fall than has been known for many years. It is Impossible to dissociate the weather and tha far distant siege. Every wind that blows, every snow flake that falls, every chill that bids uh approach more n early our own cheerful hearth, is a freih link in the chain of interest that encircles that grim fortress in the Crimta, whose towers still frown defiance on the might of England and France. N ever did men sustain the hardships of warfare with more intense sympathy from their leilows? naver was the eye of the c.vilized world so absorbingly con centrated on on* object. The government papers conti nue to speak encouragingly, and now and then letters frcm individuals are published, written in a spirit too gay and nonchalant, as many think, to be genuine indi cations of tbe writer's sen'iment*. The accounts which make their way from the English ranks are strongly sus pected to have some reflection in the French, though no one doubts that the English have by far the worst of it. the proposed line of rails from the port of Balaklava, which was to be the great panacea, seems to halt mise rably by the way. There appears to be a spell, an evil incantation, on every effort the English make. Their transports are wrecked; their choiscst soldiery are swept away by wholesale slaughter or disease; their old gene rals are put ho) i de combat; their new ones, aeaf, asth matic and gouty, only encumber the operation* they should lead; their Secretary at War i* changed onlv to give way to a worse; Aberdeen goes down and Palmer ? ton up, and yet things do not improve. And now, when private enterprise steps out of ita commercial circle, an 1 offers to show the State how things ought to be set about and brought to a successful termination ? wh*n Messrs. Veto and Braasev call from oat th*lr numerous corps the flower of their navvie*, men who, while laboring on the true commercial principle of no protecvicn, no favor but th* thews and sinews of their own sun-burnt, weather-beaten, muscular frames ?those lionet t, sturdy, steady going fellows are found in their new relations to be scarce worth the.r salt. On their passage it is with the greatest difficulty they can be kept in any state of subordination At every port they touch, th* raacals play auch pranks that the in habitants believe the Oemls of darkness are let loose upon them, and when they arrive at Ralaklava, it re quires all tbe coaling, soothing, "soft sawdarlng" In the world to induce them to commence and continue their labors. The work, it seems, does indeed somehow or ether drag its slow length along; but wbat with faults in the survey snd the fu-tid humors of these enfant gaUs de travail, but little hope i* entertained that any available assistance will be derived from them. Apropos of the weather, a , vinous communication has just been made to tbe Academy o' Scien es by M Le Verrier ?a series of meteorological charts, fifing the atmospherical situation of France on Friday, Saturday, and on Monday, at 10 o'clock in the morning; that Is. a few hours before tbe session of th* Academy. The electrical telegraph had, of eourse, been placed at tbe disposition of the Observatory to obtain this resolt, which is a fresh proof of the service which the telegropU may render to science. To day had been at length fixed upon for the long de ferred admisslin ot M. de llerryer, the prince of legtti mist orators, to the French Academy ; but I was inform ed yesterday, that the illness of M de Salvaady, who was to respond to bis discourse, may postpone the ceremony yet another day. M de Salvandy ha* had three months, at least, and M. de Berryer nearly three years, in which toprepar* their respective discourses. The interest which always attaches to an occasion of this kind, is en banced by the name of M. de Berryer, and the lnstitut* will be fined to overflowing whenever his admission doss take place Not a few Americans in Paris wilt donbtless join th* crowd in the Institute neit Saturday, when M Cuizot. ex Minister of I-ouis Philippe, will deliver before th* Academy of Moral and Political Science, a discourse on the intellectual resources of the l?ni-.*d States. The text for his discourse is to be the gift of ten thousand vo lumes which the ?Itv of Paris ha* received from the United States, through th* intervention of Alexandre Vattemaire, who is the founder ot a system o' interna tional exchanges, and bids fair to achieve a nobler and not less enduring immortality than Sir Walter Scott con ferred upon him a* llerr Alexandre, the anrivalled Ten triloquiat. A goodly number of Americans will also assemble, without doubt, at tbe ball and supper in the Salle Heri, by wbitih tbe anniversary of the birthday of Washingtin is to be celebrated this evening. A still larger number would gladly hav* united in publhly observing this con secrated date, If a *usp(oio* bad not arisen in their ml ads that tbe maaagement of the festival might pass from the bankers whose names I menti-med in my last letter, to tbe hands of certain person* who are actused, Justly or unjustly. of remembering their titl* of American citizen particularly, if not only, when some auch oecasion a* this offers for displaying it to more or lens advsnt w" Person* of tbi* stamp am noraetime* quite useful They **rv* the Stat*, if in no other way. at least an active ball managers and toaat masters ' With what graceful dignity do they '-strut their bri*f hour I" Their vanity i* not only pardor.abl* hnt commendable, when It I* not divplayed at the expense of other people? when they ? pay the piper" themselves. But should they yield to any temptation to lift a stl'l heavier burden than their own onerous re?porsib!li ties, and to lessen, however (lightly, the national cha racter of a festival like that which i* to be celebrated to day- -why. they must not be surprised if some of those whoa they condescend new and than to recogn ie a* fellow eitiren*. shonld be somehow insensible to the honor, and *itb*r lesve them alone in their glory, or strive by a counter effort to make the featival less ex elusive and more rational than it might be otherwise. If I am correctly Informed, some of tbe gentlemen whose names are printed beneath tbe note of invitation wifb which yonr correspondent has been favored by le Minis tre det Knot* Vnis et le Onmite to att*nd th* celebration this evening? gentlemen who have never betrayed be fore any delicacy abont seeing their natn'a in print? opposed although vaialy. a propoe Hon to Invite the correspondent ?? the flaw To** Hsmstit, a* well a* a few correspondent* of *ther American journal*. It may safely h* pr"??n*d that tbi* pnrwntia* f*-t wUI not ?rrest th* *ireul*t on ot the Baiui. Not every Joshua CM Mill U# IU *tM<l sUil Fitf ARV. Oar Washington Oomipwtow. Wabuwwtok, March 11, IMS. /batten ?/ <JU Superior Court in the frtmotU Can? Oomftmrity if Political Affairt?Otorgt Law's Letter? Jtwimr* of Ckanget in tkt Cabinet? The Board of

Claimu, de. Oil*' Justice Taney delivered the opinion of the 8a f(NM Court of the United States in the p??t Und e?*e of Colonel Fremont, confirming the title in him. The cnee w?* ably argued by Col. Fremont'* brother-in.law, Mr. Jon**, followed by Mr. Crittenden, in ft Tor. and by Mr. Cuahing, Attorney General, on the other aide. This decision will make Col. Fremont one of the wealthiest men in the oountry ; and no man deserve* it more. He hae suffered from the neglect of the government to re imbonehim for large outlay a in California, and it seems meet and proper that he should have judgment, con firming to him a portion ?f the soil that he has enriched by hie genius, intrepidity and courage. There seems to be some complexity, if not of Know Nothing mystery, about the Cabinet, the Ostend confer ence, the return of Mr. Soule, and the presence here at this time of General Quitman. This rajrstsry grows more profound with the raising of four regiments, dee. tiiied for Bait Lake City, the prospect of a Mormon war, with the simultintouB outfit and equipment of the Kinney expedition, the rumorei new republic on the shores of the Pacific, the movement* of the filibusters, the lectures of lien Sam Houston the letter of George Law, and the Stockton clubs ail over the country, which add to the complexity, and give more than a Know Nothing mystery and significance to pauing events, "big with the fate of Ctrsar and of Rome." The letter of George Law has awakened a new idea, and struck a new vein. The (peculation is if lie wrote it. lien who do not know (ieor^e 1a w suppose him igno rant, and incapable of writing such a letter. They little know the man. W ritlng is not his occupation, but a man who thinks well can write well. George Law is no ignoramus; and if be had been an Israelite, in their jour ney through the wilderness he would have rivalled M i ses, in his exodna with Aaron, and all Israel at his heel*. I would that our politician* and Presidential aspirants knew George Law. that thev might beware of him. He is a man to be afraid of. When Col Benton'* house was on fire, the President called on him, and tendered to him a home and the hospitalities of the White House. Col Benton declined, but expressed his gratitnde, and cheer fully accepted the proffered use of the library and manu scripts. There are all lorls of rumors about changes in the Cabinet. Should the i "resident follow up his vetoes, with such a reconstruction of hi* Cabinet, and each a change in the foreign and domestic policy of the government as is indicated ot late, he maybe re-elected ? who knows? The new Hoard of Claims will draw many ex members of Congress, whose terms have expired with their political lives, to Washington, as counsel to claimants before the Board. I Wahiijnoton, March 14, 1855. Alarm nf the Kitchen Cabinet at the Effect Produced by the Ostend Correspondence? Their Clumsy Attempts at a Vindication? The Ministerial Organs Preparing the J'ublic Mintl for an Extra Congress? The C tar's A uto graph Letter and Confidential Disclosure* to the Execu tive?The Administration on the Horns of a Dilemma. General Pierce and hi* friends in this neighborhood have become alarmed at the extent of the exc temenl that ha* followed the publication of the few official paper* on the question of Cuba. The pen* of Forney and Cuihlng are at work trying to bolater up the anti national and treacherou* policy of Pierce. Saturday'* Union show* the desperation of the cause in which these employes are engaged. The effort at vindication of the President's conduct prove* a painful failure, notwithstanding Mr. Forney advances arguments used by him aome time since, in which he labor* to *hift the responsibility of our unfortunate relations with Spain from off the shoulders of the President, by charging Congress with a want of patriotism and intelligence; and this, as is stated, i* the l'reaident'i reply to the almost untvertal condemnation of hi* foreign policy which Is anding echoes in every part of the coun try. From the few of the friend* of the admin istration in this city this apology meets with a becoming sympathy, while with the disinte rested and thinking portion It is received with mortification and regret. Thi* apology from the Presi tent would not have thus early made It* appearance, but from a well founded apprehemion of the publica f ?n of certain confidential tetter* of hi* on the Cuba negotiations, and which were sent to our Minister at Spain. Had the vindi :ation of the President been de ferred until after this correspondence had bwn given to the public, neither his recklessness nor Forney'* lmpudtnce would have ventured a reply, so overwhelm ingly abounding wiU the faithlessness of the President bs made to appear. Finding that public sentiment is largely in favor of the joiat letter issued at Ostend, it would be gratifying to the President to have the coun ry believe that he entertslns the sentiments which it < cntains, with slight exceptions, but which he does not find it convenient at present to point out. As the pub licity of the proceedings of the Ostend convention, with 0,jrkf1rP0tta?tl0I1M at ?rB proceeded in. together with the private eorresfondence , and placed in the nos session ol the public, It is thought that increased ex 'he country will be a consequence and that public .sentiment will demand the Immediate possession of Cuba. Tbls is the opinion of the President him?elf, and hi* organ (the Union) ha* com.n-noed pieiiarmg the pnblic mind for such an emergency. A hint is thrown out that the President may entertain a necessity, before the meeting of the regular Congress, to v? under bis control certain means to enable him to nw et a crisis that i* approaching in our foreign relations . The means are noted down as the want of ten millions of money, the refusal of which on the part of the late Congreis to entrust In the keeping of the President hi* organ would have it understood has been the cause thus long of tuba remaining under the Spanish dag. These means it seems the President must hav?; but the oreau does not say that to obtain them an extra session of Congress must be called. White it would avoid this startling announcement, it 1* plainly to be seen that it entertain* a beliefin it* probability. It is even made | la n to the {'resident that the United SUtes have too long been trilled with by Spain, and her forbearance to enforce redress has received a construction of fear and cowardly. It may not bo amis* to mention that the resolutions on tuba read at the late rasion mass meeting at Tamraanv Hall received their vitality in this city, and are the senti ments of the President and a portion of his Cabinet Cuba alone Is the subject, at present, of convention in this city, and from the large num'ier of principal offlceis ot the army, from Gen. Scott down, now visiting this place, it might be supposed that aome important busi Bess was under way, in the dlicusiion of which their presence was rendered necessary. Freed of the gentle men of epaulettes Washington and her hotels would f repent a very deserted appearance. You may walk a ?quare without meeting with a traveller. The stone eutters on the government work have received an addi tion of fifty cents to their former price*. From the 10th of thil month until December they are to receive two dollars and fltty cents per day. 1 he flimsy covering that has been used to disguise the complication and embarrassments of the President in our ? iSi '1'on"' hT some of his newspaper organs in tbi* city and elsewhere, i* shortlv to be torn oir by a more immejiate exposure or fact*, wMch General Pierce ha* *o industriously labored to keep from getting before the country. Necessity, and the impossibility of delay without great injury to the nation ami it* reputat on, are burrjing forward this exp i*ure, which it is in seriom contemplation to place before an extra Congress. Tho call tor an extra session, communicated by your eorres poncieut a few hours before the adjournment of the last Urngrea*, a* spoken of by many or the President * friends and advisers as among Ui- possibilities, incurred the contradiction of those only who are in the habit of denying the truth of all early important information from this city appearing ip the ltnuu>, but which is f agerly availed of by a small portion of the pres* as idea* for columns of matter to grace their otherwise un nter esting perns, and to save themselves and paper from bankruptcy. That the question for taking tbis step is seriously entertained by -he President and a large portion or bis Cabinet. 1 again fearlessly assert; and further, that aa immediate deeiaion in its favor Is recommended and pressed by a nearly foil vote of the Cabinet, I* also true. The desire to work through the nine coming months without alarming the country, ha* been the wish sf President Pierce; but this desire i* about to yield to present emeriencies, and the f'nion of thi* city ha* ? ??k ?u * *0 frrtdually prepare the public mind for such an event, and thin duty it ha n already ?o tered upon. I speak knowingly and adnaedly upan thi* subjectjte correctness will shortly be made more appa rent. The letter from the Ciar of Russia, and the in formation communicated by hi* Minister for Foreign Affairs to our Secretary of State, would have been placed in the hands of the House Committee on Foreign Rela tions for Congressional action, but for the shortness of time left to Congress for the transaction of business Ihese papers are now strengthened in their importance by private communlcatioaa which have reached onr government ttrouah the representative in this city of one of the most powerful State* in Europe, which reveal tho hostile intentions of England and France towards this conatry. A like intelligence from onr representa tive* abroad ia also the property of our government - and so convinced is rtov. Mercy of the importance of early action, that he has not hesitated to openly eipreas him self open the subject to his intimate friends. The labored effort* making by a Wail (treat sheet te give the lie to the hostility of F.aglaad and France to tbe United St a tee, and of the friendly feeling of those powers towards this country, have their appre ciation >n tbi* city, where the motive for this display of feeling to Kogland and Franco at so critical a juncture as this in our own affairs, is equally understood, an 1 by nose better than Gov. Marey. Mr. Soule, forgetting In part bis own wrongs, has c1?arly demonstrated to the government that circumstances are alons wanting for an open declaration of hostility to this country, in the part of Kngland. France and dpain, thus *ustsining and renfinning tbe particulars whlah have been received from other quarters. Regrets are now e< pressed that sny of the Ostend papers should have been published, and ft is thought that a stop will be pat to their further ? rcnlation. 1 be I nited States, as ft supposed, had all alorg, in good faith, been deallnr with Spam; but it niw is r< milled to admit its error in having fount out that i Spain r as been bm tbe moathpieee, and that the L'ntted | State*, in her demands, has had to encounter the secret I and interested 'ipUmacj of both Kngland and Fnns ' Had Mr. Sosl? s early advieo to our government, convey | ing th s inteUigeece, received tniUble attention and prompt srtion, mneh of omr present difficulties coold ' have te?n avoided. Mr. Buchanan a and Mr Mason'* subsequent expressions ia a belief of its truth w?e ?ln poroutted to fas* MbeeCsd, ,% WM **?? th* Ru**iaa government salted th* atten l nlUd St*4** t? th* importaao* of the fact that it bocain* a *nbj*ct of Mriou consideration. Tb* determined resolution sow governing th* President to obtain the many lnatancea of Interference on th* part of England and France la our foreign relation*, to bo placed before Congreaa, in connection with our Spanish ? w. .?!? "? .m7 much o* tho interest heretofore felt in the proeeedlnge of tho Ostend Convention. Tho late notification from tho King of the Sandwich islands 1? fv' th*t th* *n,?e*ation of the island* to the I nlted State* must not longer ho entertained, waa tho forced work of the English and French agent* at that place a* U ?bown by a despatch received here a day or two ilnco. With these complicated and hottile iatemsta uuAlS* Pre*id*nt feeli himself powerless to more in his further demand* upon 8pain. Tho (lmple rec'tal of our wrong*, and the repetition for immediate redre**, will constitute the Inatructlon* carried out ay our new Minuter A refusal to comply with these demand* will bring with It hii retorn to the United States, and a pro clamaticn from the President calling an extra session of Congreia will shortly follow as a oonsequsaeo. I rl?e jou facta requiring not much time for their conflrmation. Virginia Politic*. OUR RICHMOND COKHttPONDCNCE. Richmond, March 10, 1R5?. DiJJlculty Between Two Editor t? A Know Nothing Editor and a Wise Champion in Amu ? Duelling in Virginia? Election J'roepeclt ? A Know Nothing Convention?Re bellion Againtt Mr. Wile ?n the Democratic Camp, <te. After th* dull monotony of tha winter, we have beea refreshed during the last few day* with a touch of equinoctial weather, and a dramatic flaro-up between two belligerent knight* of the quill, which quite net* th* town agog. The two parties whose bilious eruetationa have disturbed the aweet serenity of our atmosphere, are Mr. Roger S. Pryor, junior editor of th* Richmond Enquirer, and a Mr. fcasley, a Know Nothing editor, who haa lately aelccted Richmond a* hit reildence, and ha* unforled tho Know Nothing banner here, and upheld It with considerable spirit and energy. Mr. Pryor, through the columns of his paper, had likened the Know No things to the Jacobins, which, considering that he is sup porting a candidate for Governor, whom, not five yeara ago, he himself pronounced little bettor than a Jacobin, was modest and consistent, to say the least of it. I am of opinion, however, that Mr. Pryor did not design to be abusive, but to be classical. Mr. Easley, however, who ia country bred, did not in hia rusticity comprehend the line point* of the Enquirer, and being a youog man of plain speech, replied in native American lan guage, rather more remarkable for strength than elegance. To this Mr. Pryor responded in term* that pointed clesrly to the arbitrament of aims, and Mr. Easley rejoined in language equally belli cote. There were various rumors on ihursday that a challenge bad parsed, but it seems that it was difficult to decide on which party the onua of a challenge reatod. So It waa generally uuderitood that a street fight was to be the result, which, on such a thoroughfare a* Main ?tiset? the principal one of our city ? was a thing of considerable interest to other* beside* the combatant*. On both Thursday and Friday the parties are said to have been occasionally on the street, looking for each other, and knots of curious gentlemen gathered at th* corners to seethe "aport." Happily, tho comb Uinta did not encounter each other, or a melancholy result might have followed. On Friday the partiea were arreated and brought be fore the Mayor, who bound them over in $2,000 each to keep the peace. It la to be hoped that the two gentle men will confine themselves to combat with the quill which ia a more civilized and rational weapon than the piatol. At any rate, 1 proteat against atreet fight*. If gentlemen must settle their diiference* with cold iron, let them select some ret.red spot, where no one can be injured but themselves. There are many sequestered nook* In the neighborhood or Richmond, where com batanta could make mincemeat of each other without endangering the livea of othera. The history of duelling and personal encounters ia Virginia would form an interesting and melancholy vo lume. Some of the brightest intellects and most gen* roue koula in the Old Dominion have thus been prema turely put out. Ihe last caae in thia neighborhood waa that of the gifted John Hampden Pleasants, editor and lounder of the Richmond Whig, and Thos. Ritchie, Jun. one of the editor* of the Richmond Enquirer, and'son o' the veteran Thos. Ritchie, who founded that paper. Tho parties met, according to agreement, on the opposite side of the river, each armed to suit himself. Pleasants waa terribly handled, and died a few days afterwards. Mr. Ritchie escaped with acarcely a acratch. He lived ssme seven years afterwards, and died last year, about tha time of tha deceaae of his venerable father. You may infer from the breach be'.ween the Know Nothing and Wise champions, tnat the canvass ia be coming very hot hero. Such ls undoubtedly the fact. The locofocoa are more sensitive than I ever knew them before, and their opponents are more sanguine and ag gressive. The old whigs, while they fought well, never fought with th* air of men who expected viitory. They stood to tb?ir color* like the gallant fellowi that they were, but they had the stern and resigned aspect of the Old Guard at Waterloo, when Blucher had snatched away the last chance of victory, and all they could do tor V ranee was to die. The Know Nothings are an entirely different i?t of customers; they don't stand upon th* defensive; they are bold, hopeful, defiant? hungry for a fight ? regular rongli and tumble, pull down and drag out boys. When the I icofoco presa taunt them with their want of dignity, their secresy, their underground bur rowing, Ham pulls off his coat, roll* up lii* sleeves, and exhibits an entire willingneas to takeoff his breeches, nut caring a continental d? a how much he shocks the modesty of people who never object to an underhold ex cept when their political adversaries htve that advantage rbe only thug that shocks the decency of the democracy is the prospect of an awful licking before them, and Sam don't care how murh they blush on that account. The lat* election in Alexandria ha* sorely scared the Wise men. Wis*'* great speech at tnat point was fully recorded in your column*. He couldn't find any Know Nothing* there? but th* election found them. A clear majority of 660 elected th* Know Nothing candidate*. It i* true that Alexandria is a whig city, Lut the return* ?how that the democratic vote waa 330 leas than the vote given for Pierce. What haa become of those 330 democrats!' That's the question. Now, awful thought! auppore there should be an equal falling off of democrata in other parts of the Bute? and I auspect there w?U be? I am afraid Sam has bean about the State, devouring those innocent*. It i* rumored that a Know Nothing State Council i* to meet thia week in Wincheiter, for the purpose of nomi nating candidate* Tor Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and Attorney General of Virginia. I have no doubt th* ruaaor i* weli founded, and that the aubjact will be taken up and settled on Tueaday or Wedneaday next. I con fess I look forward to the reault with solicitude. I *ee clearly how a nomination might be made that would, beyond all doubt, aweep tha 8tate from stem to stern. llut everything dependa on jud*eioua nomination*. Close aa the hour is at hand, I am no more able to con jecture who will be the nominees than I waa at the begin ning of the canvaas. I made diligent inqnirie* in 111 direction*, but the Know Nothings are mysterious fel lows. By the way, Mr. John Minor Bott* has just pub lished a card in reply to a communication in one or tha papers, mentioning hia name for Governor, In which he taj a he ia not now and baa not been a candidate ror the nomination; say a he ia aick or political lire, and that if he ever has another office, it will not be of hia seeking. I am aorry that Bott* is such an impracticable politi cian. If be were not ao impracticable and dictatorial the whigs of the frtate would delight to do him honor, and in bouorin^ him would hom>r themselves. Whil*t I Wlieve that his Domination for Governor would defeat the party, I believe he would, ir *l*ct*d, make a capital Governor. 1 have no ?ympatliy with hi* enemies, cer , taiojp. Would that he were not auch a marplot ! Would that he would work more kindly in the tracea ' For he la a ephndid animal, and never gives.out at the pinch of a hill. How be would larrup Wise ' But that luxary is impossible. I have never, like John ryler, slept with Bolls, but I have drsnk with him, and rongbt in the rame political phalanx tor yeara, and a stronger intel lect and bravtr heart there ia not in old Virginia. I'm sorry be'a so perverse. Why won't the leviathan let ua put a hook in hia nose aad st?er him the right way ? In the Kaoawlia district, Beale, a democrat, haa coma out for ( ongreas, avowing himaelr In favor of Know Nothing principles. In another of the western Cod gretNiciial districts, Jobnsoa, democrat, ia ?ut, speaking very favorably of Saai. Yet the weat ia wbere Wise ex pecta to find his great strength. Yon have doubtteaa teen an account of the manner in which ex Gov. Wm. Smith, at precent member of Congreaa from the Cul pepper district, handled Wiae on hia return rrnm Con gresa, in t speech which he lately made to his constitu ent at Rappahannock. Smith had beror* owned that he would not vote for Wiae, and In hia Kappabannojk speech he walked into him gloves off. Among other ex client things, was thia bom* thruat : ? " While you forgive Wis*, McComas, Bocock and Hun ter ? aye. and pet them ? you would sacrifice me to gratiry Henry A. Wiae, who haa been all things to all men, and nothing long ' If it be a war to tli* knife, be it so ' It is mon?tro<ie, that I should be sacrificed, ? hilat others are Looted and apurred, ready to ride de mocracy to the devil !" Wtat gives importance aad point to the position and language of Smith ia, that he has always keen the recog nired champion or the democracy on tb* stump aad hy all odda the most consistent, efficient, thoroughgoing democratic politician in th* State. No man, except old Tom Kltchle. has don* more for the democratic party of Ylrtinia than Mr. Smith In th* same speech b* spoke in very favorable terma of th* principles and ebjests of the Know Nothings. Ibegboetot the Richmond Junto ha* juat a talked upon th* stag*, and made a aepalchral appeal to it* party. It bubbles faintly about State rights, republi canism. Know Nethlngiswi, ke., Ac., but It don't sound lik* the bold, vigorous talk of th* Richmond Junto or old t>me. Not a word in it about tb* resolutions or '9ft -'9. It's more lik* *pirit rapping than th* free, out spoken words of liv* man. I think It muat be th* apirlta of the old Junt* tapping, tapping, gently tap pl'li *t the Richmond Enquirer' idoor. Can't y*u aead na on a good medium from N*w York? Ihe Junto have called a convention of th* democracy of the Seccnd or central district, to meet at Cbarlott* ville. o* th* 19th or April, to nominate a Commissioner far the Board of Public Work*. This will bring to gether the democracy of on*- third of th* State. There are sow -everal candidate* ror Commissioner of th* Second ditrlct, adding to th* general confusion. KXOW SOMETHING. Marine Court. Hefore Hoa. J wife Blrdaall. AVOTHIf* ?ONTWIPT C40*. V>nru lft ? Id the caae af Hiawart t? Eaeten. an ac tios for aeaanlt and battery, a Judgment *u obtained for the plaintiff, bat on the application of tx Jolfe I'hilllpa. connaal for defendant, a ?tay of proceeding tai (ratted for tea day*. In the meantime. It la alleged that Mr MfCnnn, eonaeel for the plaintiff, want to the ? Irrk of the Conrt. entered judgment, and Bled the trar'rrlpt In the o?re of the County Clark, thereby tak ng 'he mattar ftons the jarlvdletloa of thia Court, and placing It en tba racerda of the Common I'leaa Affile ?it? were praeentad la tne Caart by plaintiff** and da fendtat'a eaaaaal, and the Judge baa referred hi* da ciaiaa oatU Sataxdaj Conrakr ConTcnUwn^ml Cms of Capttf* _ [from the Journal des Pays Bw, the Hagut, Jan. *? ] , lh? recant news of tha conclaiion of i traacy betw?*ia the government of the Netberlanda aid that of tha United States of America, for the admiaaion of foreign consuls into Netherlands India, haa not failed to pro duce a lively astonishment among those persona who take an interest in colonial politics. It la difficult to ba understood bow. la v>ew of the reiterated declaration o? the government that the principle, as lUd down in thin treaty, would be fa>al to the pre nervation and security of our distant possessions, that the minister of tha colonies should so suddenly change his opinion, and open our East Indian ports to the official agent* of a na tion which, latterly, baa not appeared very w?U dis poned in our favor. This unexpected revemal ef policy i* not regarded as being simply a concesidon on the port oC the government to the views of the opposition to thn colonial admlolatmtlon. but it has been supposed thi?t the treatv in question nan been conceded with a view ta extinguish the Gibson reclamation, of which, no doubt, our readers have not forgotten the many curious phases. For 'Ome time past tha various call* for Information in the Chambers have bad the effect to involve the mat - ter In question in still greater obscurity, or to leave it; in precisely the same state as before. We have pub lished from time to time several well authenticated i or n merits in corroboration of various statements in re lation to the cute of Cupt. Gibson. which have awakened the liveliest desire for more complete information from the government. We are very positively assured that the convention for the admission of American eons a) t into our coloniul possessioca, has not been entered lata with a view to -motier the reel* ma ion ef Gibson; at least it does not implicate the reserve of ignoring de mands o' the American captain, which have been s4 strongly sustained bv bis icoverament. As already an nounced, this affair Is now in the hands of the Commit tee of Foreign Affairs in the House of Representative* of the United States. It was on the 21st December last hat it was referred to tbis committee; after that, Mr. , Orr, the deputy Irom South Carolina, had called atteni tion to the case as involving Important national con sideratlons. and invited the committee to give it an im - mediate and earnest examination. We await the report of this committee, to know whether the House of Repre sentatives approves or disapproves of the action of tha administration in their continued support of Gibson Us his reclamation, and whether anything has been dona which would explain the true motive for yielding to tha consular convention just announced. There are many who mistakenly Imagine that our diplomats have nothing to do. The Gibson affair aloua has given no tmall occupation to more than one. f ha duty was assigned to Mr. Lightenvelt, our Miniater at Paris, to Inform himself of the position which Captain Gibson occupied there last year at the legation of tha United States, and despite h's proverbial celerity he haa barely succeeded in obtaining some very incomplete in formation. We learned, also, that onr Minister at Brus sels received especial instructions in relation to tha Captain; and now it bas come t > the turnof Mr. Gevers, at Washington, and even Mr. Zimmerman, Consul of tha Netherlands at New York, to employ themselves assi duously in hunting up the antecedents of Captain Gib son?as if some law process against him was now pend ing. It seems that this police espionage had been exer cised by Mr. Secretary of State Marcy, who received, by a remarkable coincidence, a letter denouncing tha Captain, in general terms, as hfdog " unworthy the pro tection of hTs government," and alleging certain reaionit in support of the denunciation. Mr. Marcy addressed % letter to a certain Mr. McGregor, mentioned along with others in the denunciatory communication, aaking of hint to give such information in relation to Gibson aa would enable the Secretary to judge whether thedetalla which would be required of Gibson in corroboration of certain documents, could be relied upon. The letter addressed by Mr. Marcy to tbia MacGregor was circulated among the New York journals, and called forth soooe very un complimentary comments against the Secretary ef state. This provoke] explanations on the part of the Union, the organ of Mr. Marcy, which stated among other mat ters, that the alfair had been taken in hand wheat > , Mr. Webster was Secretary of State; that despatched from Commissioner Marshall, from Commodore Aultck, from Captain Magruder, from Consul Shaw at Singa pore, and from Mr. Cramorus at Ratavia, had been re ceived and examined at the State Department, simulta nerusly with a memorial written by Captain Gibson; and tha', as a consequence of this exsmination, tha f;overnment bad hastened to give Mr. Belmont stringent nstructions, (which led him to write his sharp notes); and that whatever might have been the antecedents of Captain Gibson, It remained only to be shown whether his imprisonment at Batavia could be justified or not, and that if not, nothing should deter the government of the Union from causing the rights of its citizens to be respected. There the matter rests. It remains now so be seen which shall weigh most in the estimation of the repre sentatives of the United States? the real merits of tha reclamation, and the favorable opinion entertained by l'rekiaert I'ierce in the goodness of Uibson's cause, or the antecedents of thn Capttin, so ably pried out, and the consular treaty, which the Cabinet of the Nether lands offers to America with the utmost graciousness, notwithstanding the late threats of the enforcement oC the Captain's claim. Tlie Terrible Accident at Meredith, N, H> 8EVKKTY FIVK PEKHOKB IN.ICRKD. [From the Concord l'atrlot, March 14 ] Yesterday morning, shortly after 10 o'clock, while the citizen* of the town of Meredith were'assembled in tho sew town home in Meredith Tillage, and were pjoceed ing with the ballot for oboice of Moierttor, a portion of the floor of the hall, near the eiHtern end of the build ing, fell in, and 300 perrons, it U raid, were precipitated into the space beneath, which wax filled with atouee, timber and rubbish. ami several of them fatally, danger' oui-l.y mil severely hurt, and all the other* more or leva bruised. Lists of the namea of the injured, and of the nature of their injnriea, are furniabed below. Those on the snot at the time, estimated that 800 peo ple were inaiile the building, which is, internally, eighty net in length by fifty in width. The front portion f? level with the atreet, and the eastern end ia raised on brick and wood supports, some eighteen feet above the level of the soil below. That pert of the floor which fell in wan situated near the eastern end, and within threo feet of the desk at the tame end. and extended into the area o! the ball tome fourteen feet. The width of the gap was thirty feet, and the depth to which the unfortu nate individuals fell was eighteen feet. The centre joist, or beam, in the defective portion of the flo? ring fell in Brat, piling tboae who went tnrough the gap in one mam below. Three men who stood in front of the desk escaped the accident, and many otherien the other aide of the chatm had most providential escapee from injury. Qnlte a nomber stood, at the time the Boot lave way, with their beela on it* very edge; and had not* * tboae behind them retreated toward* the entrance m a very instant manner, those ao situated would bave shared the fate of ao many otners. One gentleman informed ue that be balanced hiimelt on his heels for several se conds, until he tnt>rely lost his mind ia the presence of danger, and could not tell how he had finally escaped it. A I lief examination enabled ns to discover that tho ioist in the centre of the portion of the floor which fell in, was rotten near the mid He; also that the tenons of the crocs joists had not been inserted in their mortleee more than one inch on either side A full preeanre on the floor, such as that furnished by the thickly wedged ctowd yeaterday, would make it subside considerably, and reduce the depth of the tenons in the mortices in h correspond. nf degree; but had not the rotten joiat bro ken, no danger cou.d bave been apprehended on that aceouLt. As It was, the whole apace of 30 by 14 feet of the lioor, jo atlng, bracea and all, fell in, and the fol lowing casualties were the result, as we gleaned them hastily, and consequently, by possibility, incorrectly: DKA.D. Jam's M Iiargin, George Clark, Nathaniel Nichols, 8. 11. Tuck, John O. M Udd. DANGKItOCPLT Ht'RT. John I-eavitt, Hiram Pluamer, B. C, Tnttle, and Tho Fastn.so. Mr. Plummet had hia back broken, and tho other parties were so severely Injured that it wit thought tbey could not survive many houra. SIVKKBLT HURT. Benning Muggridge leg broken. WiMiam 1 angley . Benjamin Bobineon. " Isaac Chaw " John Piper both legs broken. Jefferson Verrill " Himton Drake,.., " 0 flin Cook leg broken. Hubbard Jackson " Jacob Perkins thigh broken. John Pf rkins foot smashel. Simeon Hatch leg broken. Tbeophilns Sanburn arm broken John Magoon ankle broken. D Corliaa, Jr several ribs broken. Wm. Eagerly badly crushed. Charles Hunt " Mosea Sargent. " 1 avid Corlias shoulder broken. Meonej Baker leg broaen and br'de Shep|erd Pierce badly hurt. IiOQia Hoyington internally injured Fben. \arney '? H N. Burnhim, " Brnjamm F. Wiggins " Joi n Smth, 6th. " Eben. leavitt shoulder dislocated. Noah Bobinion beck injured. benjamin Benin internally injured Hlcbard Stanton Daniel Eastman,, T. P. Hannafnrd. . " Washington Smith Ira Hiniui John Chase Charles a. Hunt " G'rorge Kelley William Fernsld " Joseph K. Mead " Cbarlea P. bnntreaa ?' BI.IVHTLY INJURID. Joseph Wiggins, Mosea Plummer, Harrison <*waun, Ju n. Mndgett. John L. Chase, Thomas Hart, Kdward < haee, Ptepl en C l.yfori, Benjamin Libby, James II. MudgeU, D 8. 1 ri scott, Harrison Swain Klihii Dadies L. II. Had 'ej, Rules C. Stevens, John Oilman, Caleb Oilman, Wm. W ent worth, Obed Gray, Fidwaid Bacon, Yerasas Tork, Dr. J. Sanborn. John L Olidden. kb*n Btckford, Benj. Perkins, Wm. Pile, Hr., and Wm Pike, Jr. Every etlort was made by the people on Hie spot to extricate the auffereis from the poeition in which the accident bad placed them; and the aoene. as described l,y a spectator, was one of tbe moit appalling that coul l be wllnessed. Tbe groans of the broken and bruised, and cries of those who looked upon the terrible scene, were such ss can never be forgotten by thoee who were pnieat aid unharmed. The houses in the vicinity of the Town Hall were thrown open to the reception of the sufferers, and all medical assistanoe procurable put into requisition; but the dreadful extent of the accdeot con. rituted this aid very Inefficient indeed Ktpreesee wero sent off to tbe several adjoining localttee for medical men and sundry gentlemen of the profession in Concord proceeded to Meredith bv special train. We bave given above the reeolt of a hasty investiga tion of one half honr into the circumstances associated with the accident; and wish, in conclusion, to state that errers in names may have occurred in the lists of eaautl-, 'a tlea, but the general aspect of the fact* is correctly ^ t stated. J. ' We regret to add that no hope whatever was ?ipre?te<r as to tbe recovery of themeu named in the list of ti>oi? faUIlj injured. \