Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 2, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 2, 1855 Page 2
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wla had served their Umtytrt again ealled into sarvice, fMftntitDfi were made for orga nuiag into militia regi- 1 ?onto the "Pen msuiaia" reaidant >D HtvtDt, ud r?in IimmmiU were demnaded front Puerto Klio. la adit Itoa to ihe adoption of theea energetie uium, the government arrested and unprison.d a uu inker of per NIK who were reputed to M members of UM juoU of general insurrection, or coalman ling generals er chief* ?f organized bande. At Havana there wer? Arretted Ramon Pinto, head of tb? ooaapiraey. a rich Catalan, very intimate with the Cap tail General Cintra, an eminent advocate, Joae Au Miw Kchevarria, a distinguished writer, and the eu ftoeer of the railroad from Matanxas t<> tiivana. Cariua use*, Jnan Cadalro, >he two youmr Balviiee and Pinelo. Other arreata were made at Mataii/as, Bejucal, Guinea, ?enfnego*. Puerto do Golpe, (Villa Clara.) Cardenaa, Fteer del Bio. Trinidad, Tarnco, .Vc. A number of per N(( have tied; thin affair u being actively followed up by tile government. Pinto, the head of the cnnaptracy, ia deeply compromised, and important papers have been found in hi* bonne. . _ Com? rant a who bad been permitted to return to Cub*, aw among lit the number of the most dangeroua and moat deeply et mpromised conspiiators. In consequence of the meaaurea adopted by General Qeaeha. 5,000 men are oo noon trnted at Havana and 3,0(0 at Laa Tunes The military orsanixations which have beon effected raiae to 20,000 men. the number of the de feaders of the government of the island. M M expected that the American "tea mora of which ?o have spoken will be detained by the authoritlea of the I'm toe ^tatea on the demand of our conaul. All the Hpanlah ahipa of war have b?en aent out to watch the ?a*my. Large transport steamers have alao been got In .eadiness to convey troopa to all the pointa that were likely to call for protection The council of Minlatera liat?ned with much iatoreat to the report of M. Bastilles ; it waa decided in council that there should leave Cadiz on the 12th for Havana a bat t allien of infantry, which ia at present on the ialaadefSan Mernanda, and that by the lit of May there ahould be jeady to embark for Cuba aafficiant tioopa to complete to t*at it Land the effective foree ot 30.0C0 men. The ??vomer had ordered the judgment by conncila of war, ?anformably to anterior lawa, ot urined bands of more than three men who might be found traversing the into toriorof the island. In the lateat newa of the Patrir, we find the follow tog ? Oar letter* atate that the conspirators In Cuba had de termined to aaaaaainate the Governor General in the tfceatre. It waa intended to fire upon him from a box appaait; Wis own. Then the gaa wai to have been put ?at, and the Lieutenant Governor General Manzano, and fee other officers of the suite of General Concha, weie to have been despatched. The conspirators, whose num ber ia estimated at two or three thouaand, were abun dantly provided with arnia, ammunition and even artil tay. ?ZCITIN6 SCENE IK THE CORTES ON THE SUBJECT OF CUBA ? BtPORTANT DECLARATION BY THE SPANISH MINISTRY. The Madr id correspondent of the l'aria PreUe givea the following account of the interpellation* pat to tho Spanish Ministry In the Cortes on the subject ef Gen. ?DMha'a despatches:? The Cortea same to a vote to-day (March 8) of high iaapurtaace? aa importance the greater from the fact teat it teem* to prejudge the solution of the question toft to tho Assembly by M. Olozaga. It ha* affirmed in principle tho exiatence'of two chamber*, by a majority ?f 201 vote* against 166. Bat the sitting reeerved for na other emotions. I an noanced to you, a few day* since, the discovery of a **ry serious conspiracy In the iiland of Cnba. Thi* atoning the government received circumstantial dea paubea brought to it by M. Bastilloa, one of the moat distinguished officers of the Spaniah navy, who hat juat returned trom the iiland. Now General Serrano sud denly interrupted the debate on the constitution by demanding of the miniatry If they oould give aeme ex planation as to the content* of theie despatches M. Luztiritiga, in the midat of a silence truly to'emn, gave a reply at categorical as the circumstances would permit. A great conspiracy had in fact been discovered. But the Otptain- General Conch a had suooeeded in nipping it to the bud. All the principal actors in this drama were ia the hand* of the authorities. The minister was able to give the assurance that the lecority of this rich col ?nv was in no danger. Large re-enforcements of troops were about being dispatched to Gen.Concha. Spain would Mead from all nor vela*, sooner than support in that qaarter either injory or dishonor. On the charac mt of the conspiracy Mr. Lnzuriaga was ?ot as explicit as he himself would no doubt have desir ed. Ho only ventured to insinuate a fact which people here would like to doubt, namely, that the impulse of this conspiracy came from the United States ; and he immediately asserted with energy and in a manner which produced a profound impression on the assembly, that all tbe conspirators arrested were acknowledged parti aaas of the maiatenance of slavery. ?a this occasion tbe minister made a declaration which reheats the bigheat honor npon him, at well as upon the ?abinet wboae sentiments he expresses. He said, that without invading the rights of established property, without refuting to compensrte them by a suitable in drmnity, the Span'ah government was finally decided to pat aa end to a barbarous Institution, which all civilized nations condemned, and which M. Lu/uriagadid sot fear to eall a peat and a shame to humanity. The Kapartero minUtry has the more merit for having taken this generous initiative, from the fact that negro slavery reckons, in this liberal lnnd of Spain, numerous and very warm partisans. And for Cuba itself, the declaration ia not without lta perils. M. Olozaga constituted himself the interpreter of the aeatimenta of the whole Assembly, by proposing a rote ?f adhesion and thanks to the Cabinet. It was the pen daat to that which was pasted about a month since, in aanaequence of the explanations demanded by H. Maria tognv. 1 he Cortes have proved once more that they are I decided net to retreat from this position, in which tbe baaor of Spain is ao deeply involved Apart from tbe debates of the Assembly, I have learned that the principal author of this Cuban conspiracy ia an aafrocked monk, who had succeeded in insinuating him anlf, to a certain extent, Into the confidence of (Sen. Concha Mention ia alao made, in connection with it, of ^r?n known employ* belonging to the engineer corps. AFFAIR OF THE BLACK WABRIOB. Tie Madrid Uaz<fU of March 4 contains the follow ing? Some journals have, during the last few day*, occu pied tbemaelves with the question of the Black Warrior. It is their right to do ao, but it is to be regretted that they are not in possession of more exact details. Tbe government lias clearly made known in the Cortea the principles which will guide it in its international rela tions, they are tkoso of justice, which is the sole source ?f veritable force, veritable authority, and veritable na tional dignity. The affair of the Black Warrior has been treated with tbe strictest justice, and as soon as it shall ho terminated on botb sidea, the government will give pablicity to all its acts. AFFAIRS OF CCBA? RPMORS OF A MINISTERIAL CRISIS. The Clamor. Publico ot March 10, says that the govern mat had received newt that tome of the conspirators in Cnba had been executed. A letter says ? It has been reported for some tima past that a palace totrigae has been got up against the ministry and the revolution. But the truth ia that the Queen, in a ro aeat conference with Marshal Eapartero, showed every confidence in him, nnd the General, on liis part, displayed tho moat respectful deference towards her Majesty. The Queen, moreover, has formally denied in her own urn. and in that of tbe King, that there was any truth in the rnmors that had been spread about on the sub ject, and she added, aa a proof of her sincerity, that she waa ready to make any change in her household that might be conaldered deairable. If any interpellation on tha sabject be made in the Cortes, the government will otato that it ia perfectly satisfied with tbe eourt. It has been rumored that the debate In the Cortea relative to the constitution of tbe b'enate may lead to a ministerial aatais, but the ministers have determined not to make a ?abinet question ef it. In addition to troopa who are about 'e be sent to Cuba on tbe 18th, 600 volunteers are to leave at the end of the month. The Spanish government at Madrid had delayed the mlMsm ef the Havana mall steamer of the 0th of March to order to send out a regiment of Infantry in her. In the Cortea on tbe ftth of March, the Minister of Fareign Affairs, la reply to a question from M. Kances, aaid that he entertained hopes that tbe differences be tween Spain and the United States would be satisfac torily arranged. M. Ranrea said that what the country vaatod was to tee tfcem honorably settled. LATEST. Maiirik. March 14, 186.V The proposition of M Olossgn relative to an elective Senate appears to bare some chance of success. The E eminent will abstain from voting on tbe question. A d ef 24 Carlist horsemen have made their appear aaee n tbe mountains of Burgoa. Troops have been ?est ia pnrsait of theai. 1HK NKWB FKOU CUBA DIRECT. Ot* HAVANA OORIIKAPONDKNCP* Havaxa, March 23, ISfiS. the il<+ roe Doctrine? Int'rdtJi oj England and Fntnee m ih?^Vrrt ln>lt a l/lanil* ? Alarm at frigua la Grant'? /Var if fWiimitrra* Krcil-mmt at th- Arriml nf tk< Pt in* ton ? A mm an Shipping at Havana? Kngtirk VrHult of War? Kwr< ut i tin <f J'in ? ? Hit History Commutation of IA> /'iintUAm/tif <tf CitiUiUn awl I'i n*lo, <tc., ttc. My reemt alluaion to the "Monro* doctrine," a* It I* generally called, wa? without intention of giving to jour r?ad?r* aey new view* ai- to it* prac tical nbnnr<tity , bow ever wiee it m'ght hare Wo when uttered, a* I km in ?lined to Wicvf, withrut n. ueh reflection. Ptich in ray *MkifN, in examination of the policy intimated, that I ftad no reaaanable groand* for nuMaiaing it, or tang Mag' with it^our politi?al relation*. France, KogUnd and other Tawera hare Intercut* in the We?t India archipe !???* jnntify boneat over ight, eare and regard for anything fa the vicinage that may j?op*rdlie tnera. The I'lited State* with aelf reepect, in view of her own relative ia'ereat* nnder like eirrum?taneea, could not object to active meaiure* here on the part of Kuro p*an Powera, when their intereet* are aewiled or tbrea'enar., aay more than they coold if the immediate dentin ef tboee Power* w?re entered by lnraaion of "flliburter*," inftead of that of th?tr neighbor* Kagland and France bar* (bown by neo' action, that aucta i* the view they take of tbeir own right*, pre ?eating therewith tbe force nec***ary to *uata>n them in f. a aaaertion; and while tbey claim tbe debt of gratitude <roe* fpain for the preservative of tb* " integrity" of Cwba. they bav? tbelr eyea open to their awn latereet ? with the Ptxon a two edged aword.that enta both way*. The Brtifh and rren:h veeMl* of ear Hill continue In abeyance to Spanish neceseltie* ud Spanish fears, ud th?y prep***- to fallow up the practice , under the prece dent now estabUnbed, upon the neighboring ?????, of any near lands that may be liable to, or open (or Kinney emigration, for fear tbat theae agriculturixta, aahai been often the caie with onr great grand sires, m*j prove wolves in sheep's clothing, to the detriment of Span, ith power in (Tuba, and tho prejudice of British industry By tbe time tbat France has done lifting herself, with her foot upon tho neck of England, and Louis Napcleon is safe in the saddle ? umpire of European, Asian, and African power? but one greet antagonist left upon the ?tago to growl defiant negative* to hi* ambition, then onr good mother will begin to 'eonnt tbe ralne of the Crimea and its Sebastopol to herself? and tbe fatal blowi wherewith she has severed the fond and filial sympathies and interests on this side, will be multiplied in the devotion of her own Eng lish heart, at home. No one objccts to England or Franco in oomfort and aid, as it may be needed, furnish ed to 8pain; but not therewith to plant a policy upon tbe island of Cuba that will not only be fatal to Spain, but to the nearest neighbors fraught with imminent danger. The friendship of England ha* cost Spain more than tho enmity of France in days gono by end her love embraces now will be certain death ; tbe nerves of old age may not endure it. On Spanish plains, and before the walls of Spanish cities, the battles bave been fougfct that were, at the moment. essential for the safety of Great Britain, and hpaln paid ths largest por I tion of the debt, or gave the bond*, which have been wearing into her viuU lince. With the new sprout of tbe ancient terror, that Britain is bleeding it every pore her beet blood to nnrture and strengthen, a new and un natural line of obligations are bring created, which out be finally elucidated and adjusted upon British soil in stead of Spanish, when they may feel th? want of' the strong arm of the green child? the towering sapling of the Western world? too late. As the sun sinks in the West, the grateful shadow may coyer m the East mil lions that these struggles wake to freedom, for their comfort and guidance. I am ' no prophet or the son of a prophet." but these things may just as weU be, as tbe ?reama whieh tincture tbe present of British policy, now being webbed round the feet of Jonathan ; so adieu to the shade of Monroe and his doctrine ? it ia not a necessity for human progress, and therefore can never be realized. Ia this connection I may as well note that full advan tage is taken by tlie sis vers of the ' 'actual circumstances" of alarm created in tbe palace by premature declara tions ef the invasion for which it was "notorious that preparations were being made i?t several points in tbe Lnited States," not a thousand miles from "Saguala authorities are ho sensitive as to tbe vitiating influences of a painted spread eagle upon an eighteen inch square piece of pasteboard, hidden away inkthe counting room of a Yankee merchant- not dis played over the entrance of his offise. An awful alarm was created a few evenings since by the report that some thousands of fillbuiteroe were being landed In the vicinity. The volunteers and tbe regulars, both white and black, were aroused from their dreams of safety, and got inlo marching oraer as soon as possible. Ad 7* nee guards of picked chivalry, soon came in view of the oause. and hastened to give the fraternal embrace to their brothers from the eoaxt of Africa. The peaoe of the neighborhood was restored; two hundred ounces comforted the loyal officers, who went to sleep, to dream over the nightmare of tbe "spread eagle," which quaking bosoms; and four hundred and Arty African* rejoiced In having escaped the chances of British philanthropy. Several other landings have been made on the south and north side of Cuba during the "extraordinary cir cumstances" which make the key to the still pouring oilers of personal services and means, predicated for the period when consummation shall occur by piratical in - vaslon, and the number ii stated at over two thousand five hundred Africans that are duly registered and pro vided with "eedulas" of protection. On the morning ot the ad of March, I think, an Ameri can man of-war steamer wae reported in the offing, sup posed to be the Princeton, Eagle, commander, (the San Jacinto had arrived the day previous.) We had be-n so long in a period of some excitement, without any na .5 > representative, that tbe rumor caused the curthlii of Valde* to be filled with spectators to witness her en t ranee. Strangers and citizens mingled together, and as the noble steamer entered port the air was filled with waving handkerchiefs in welcome to tbe stars and stripes and tbe ship. I am told that such an incident on the entrance of one of our vessels has never before taken place. I mention the fact only to intimnte the necessity that always exists in this port, for the pres ence of a respectable vessel of war. It makes a great difference in the confidence of business men, and in tbe treatment of American citisens. It gives security to our commercial marine, employed in the carriage of tbe island products, which is to day sixty five American .vessels against ninety nine of all the rest of the world, including Spanish; and 1 have known of two hundred and fourteen vesiels in this port, two thirds to be of I'nited Stktes tonnage. The idea of i be proximity of Cuba to the coasts of the United States mak ng it unnecessary 11 ,** *rror? the vicinity makes It more Imperative. The relief of our versels of war could be so regulated that henlth would be consulted while the publ-c Interests would not be neglected, as lias been the case in past years. I see H. B. M. brig. of- war Espeigle reported arrived on the 10th from Port R. with "powder and ball," not a usual form of announcement at tlie inspec tion office and leaves the impression that she brings those munitions for the Cuban government. In the pa ET,r", tH? reported from I'ort Royal only. While England uses these arguments to impress her reasoning among her neighbors, it Is not to b? presum ed that we shall keep up with her. without a little of the same logic, which will be found much more effec tive with the Spanish mind than the fine spun expecta tions of the State I)ep?rtment? at any rate, it will oerve torenforce "respectful attention," which has never ob tained in this jurisdiction without it. It ia hoped by our business folks that the matter will be esteemed of sufficient importance to induce investigation or enquiry by the proper department, when the declarations of your correspondent wiU be verified, as they ever have been. Our vessels are fired into, and no reply is even condescended to official questions as to the reason why <>nr arms are hunted out from the interior of a* public office and dragged from the walls, with out the shadow of cause for tlie indignity and our alliens taken in the peaceable and honorable discharge of their public duties, and dragged Use con victs from Sagua to the Havana, under a guard of sol diers. to the great injury of their business.. Arter being detained here a few days, Mr. Thompson is told that be can return to Sagua la Grande, but no Intimation given him that be will be compensated for the outrage; and while these things are being done, under tbe protection or lfagland, Era nee and Africa, the treaty between Spain and Eog land is violated in so open a manner tbat it is not po- sible to escape the attention of John BuU: but the difference. With the seed now strewn broadcast !n the land, the objection ceaaes. They will make excellent vo lunteers In two or three years, for service in Cuba or the peighlorlng coasts, as may be deemed advisable for the fruition of British policy. The San Jacinto, it was known, could only remain here a day or two, which caused the welcome of the Princeton and lta 'Eagle" u'der the belief that they would not put their hands with impunity upon him, to drag him from his ablp, for reason of the obnoxious name, worn in liocer by the noble sailor. A word expressly for "J."? the fair and romantic apo logist for Spanish wrong doing? vide Kxpram March 0? which, as a bon bouche, has been extensively copied by tbe Cuban press? embraced by the Diariii. "J." may be nervous; she certainly 1a full of charms? person and mind, In angelic harmony; and all bow the hnee in wor ship of tbe divinity which stlm within her; but a month whs a short period for the procurement of the vast knowledge displayed of Cuban affairs, enabling ber to write such a philosophical sweep; to give the negative to the best Spanish authority which had been kindly put In requisition for tbe intelligenoe of her countrymen It was not pretty in ber to deny what General Concha had proclaimed In solemn edicts to be a "notorious" fact and for wblch be had put us n^der martial lasr, and the coasts of the island under blockade ? not to say any thin* of the arming of volunteers of all shades and colors, and callin* to his aid the maritime forces of France aril England The sweet play of her imagination over the surface of social thinga we can duly admire but we want also the sterner stuff of delving judgment', which shall give us basis for actien, and sbaae the ac tion tar tbe advantage of mankind, which we hope she will try to aid us in ? snd we will go to heaven, or any where else that may be permitted, under the prestige of her gentle influence I should like to close this letter without adding less pleating matter We had believed, as we had hoped, tbat Pinto and hie companion- were sate, Inn whs'. seemed to bs well established data ? but not so Tnis |>eople liad to learn, tliat justice could be circumvented for a pur pose. The ' Court of Correction," crested by i;?n>ral Concba to meet the case, after refusal of tbe Audit ir of War to confirm the sentence of tbe court martial, had divided ? two being for death and two for much milder punishment? so that the casting vote was left to the Captain llenenil, who gave against Pinto. He was put in tbe "capilla" the 'Jlst, morning 'ollowingthe eonelu sim of I he verdict ? delivered to the hands of tbe exe cutioner, morning of the 241 ? and expiated tbe offence of which he was sii peeled, a few ininu es after seven o'clock A M. Mauy tears have been shed in Havana since. Pinto leaves a wife and nine children I am in formed by those who knew him well, that he was univr sally esteemed in this community. Of tbe others, 1 shall have something to ssy, If possible by this -teamer. Pwroirr.?I am promised a copy of the lut will and testament of llnto, but fear tbat it may not be ia tim* for this steamer? as from the last words of a man who has not been insignificant in his career, light may be thrown upon a subject which now aeeins hurled In mys tery. Rmion Pinto was 61 years of age ; was l>orn of resectable parents In Barcelona, not rich, but comforta bly occupied with tbe industry and business of tlie )tty ? in what class of trade, if any, I am not advised. The family hsd property at *nt in that city. The youth of nnto was passed at Madrid, near the court, beiny pro t>H< of the popular fa?orite of that dav, Duke of Alsgon, who was the most intimste friend of Ferdinand VII.? the King having aho given the advantage of his influ ence for tbe manly culture of Pinto, of course through his friendship for the liuke of Alagon. Pinto was eda rated at a seminarv un'er the royal patronage, and In tended Tor tbe priesthood, which he declined when the period arrived for taking orders and the robes, a* his tastes did not lean tnat wsy. lis joined the volunteer* of Msdrid in 1S3ii, when the constitution *as proc'almed, snd was oae of the three tbou.snd men that fo ight the celebrated battle of the 7th of July, In the Citr and repul ?d tbe royai guards with great lo?s. He was nne of the guard that eecerted Ferdinand to Cadis, when, bv surrounding creumstatcee, be bad become powerless as a king of whieh adventure an aneedot* remain. Kerdinan-i never (orgot Ibe face or name of Individual* whlih trait was remarkable with him. On tbs route from Ma drid. at a small village where tbey rested Kor the night I Into was plac*d by the officer of the immediate guard | of the royal person at the door of the king's chamber | On crming out of his r? om Into the h II adjoining ! he looked st the sentinel on do?v ex<-l%im:ug Ah |? I jlttljf, Pinto t" "Yet, your Majesty." Am I safe riato?" "Tour Majesty will ever be uft with the vo lunteer* of Madrid." The rn?p?? ? waa, "I now be lieve -o.'' The King passed into another room aad re tamed la a few mosaeat* to hla sleaptng apartment, with a how t? \A?pr"Ugt wntinel Ramon Pinto wax one of the defender* of the salient work ef the Ghdis city defencea, called the Trocadero, which wok opened to the French tfirough treachery, they entering with the nuked iword only, In superior number* to the sur prised tfarrition of Madrid cl'y boys, bat they fou(bt gallantly, each one paying hU score a* be went. Of iv? left alive, Pinto wan one. The political change* that mhw followed ?howed that freedom wu not in the land or it* Pinto embarked from Cadiz for Caba. Her* he wa* well rrceived? the fame of hi* conduct at Madrid aad Calls baring preceded him. Hi* aspirations of lift hare been for one cauie to whleh he haa undoubtedly been de moted. The objection* made here are to the mode of hi* trial, and the incompetent testimony upon whieh he ha? been condemned, a* well aa the general repugnance to tfce punishment of death for poll '.leal offence*, which i* aboliahed in Hpein by legislative enaetmeat. A day or two aince I had the pleaanre of meeting a gay party, compoeed of Western New York and North Caro lina, juat on their return from inspection of the More Caitle aad the Cabana* fertre** ; and I congratulate the military intelligence ef yeur city that from an interest ing source ? the personal pronoun of one of year journal* ?they will have a scientific picture of theae Impregna ble work*, mingling with " the c>>arm* and beautiea af dear, lovely Cuba." Thus much I gather while helping them to due enjoyment of their aupper at the Domlaica. Will the lady also say tliat " It i* a pity aach a man (hoald die, and *e die," while *he vindicates the way and the manner of the cause? or will it add another roee leaf to her Cuban embellishmenta, while ahe condemna a!l but her own dear relf ? of the many who presume to know aomethirg of the mbject of which they apetikf We wonld ever have her free from tie incubus that recta upon the aoul of aelf-cendemnation? aa to the world and roe, it la of bnt little consequence what we *ar, ko thnt a hp la conscience-free. By the files herewith, in the Diario il< la Marina af the 23d yeu will find the condemning order* stripped of all intermediate proceedings before procurement ef the foim of verdict. Cadalzo and Plnelo committed to ten years preridlo at Oueta. Many others remain on the huge military docket. Pinto made bia will late in the night of the 21st, giv ing in direction to bis executors where to find deposited bia letters received from Genera! Concha while in Hpaln, with a request tbat they abonlo be sealed up and de livered into the hands of General Concha. They have been made the subject of much discussion, aud it i* supposed to be an act of magnanimity the delivery of them under the circumstances. Being aware of the peat capacity af the Humlp. I have taken the largest licence, for fear tbat something of interest might be emitted. The news of the death of the Emperor of Russia doe* not And ready belief, for reaaon of the late taking of Se bastopol. for which our choice wines were violated, and we bad the mortification of finding ourselrea done. Pinto was executed upon the Punta. but not at the same point n* Lopez, a* itated by the I'rrnta of this morning, who saw also pinto "tremble" as thegnrrote came in view. The earth may have trembled ? Pinto did not. D. Havana, March 26, 1855. The Catf of Ramon Pinto ? flit Ex?-utu/n ? Mar* Arrtsts ? Trial and Conrirtion of Eitrampei awl tllix ? A' quit In! of Capt. McCulloch, <tc. I little thought when I cloned my last letter to you that I should again have occasion to mention the name of Ramon Pinto ; but circumstances that transpired af ter his brutal execution, exhibit in so strong a light the character of General Concha, who manifested his ven geance even upon the dead body of his victim, that I feel I should be wanting in my duty as yonr correspondent, were I not again to " write of the dead." You would scarcely give credence to the fact that positive orders were given not to permit the members of the family of Pinto to follow his remains to their last resting- place, and that it wss only hy a special personal application to the Captain General that a nephew, a son of his sister, who married General ? , was permitted to do so. Ihe body of Pinto was taken charge of by the "Hu mandad de la Curidad," a negro religious society, who narrowly searched thejeorpne? stripped it, I understand, to find any money or valuables upon it; but the brutes only found a- single segar in one of his pockets. Then the Captain General refused to permit the corpse of Pinto to be placed in one of the n'ebes in the wall that sur rounds the " Csinpo Santo;" and the body re its in the pan e hole ss that in which the remains of Narcisso Lopez were placed. Every effort was inado to induce Pinto to make dis closures tliat would involve other parties. The Chief of police went to him in t he prison several time* for that purpose ? on the last occasion about three o'clock In the afternoon of the lay preceding his execntion, wlen he was in capillo, making him an offer that his life should be spartd if he would make the disclosures; but the dying man nobly replied, "Do not pester roe? let me die as honorably as 1 have lived." When he was ascending the steps of the scaffold the attendant priest impressively urged the doomed man to make the desired disclosures; but, waving his fastened hands after the marner of Spaniards, he simply tald, ' No ! padre, no Within two minutes after uttering these words? which were bis la.-t, except those mentioned in my last letter ?he ceased to be or this life. Hi* eldest daughter I* literally crazed , whilst tie second, Darned Marianne, has been at death's door ; three evening* since the boly sacrament wss adminis tered to be r, it being then thought she was dying; but the Teity, in HI* infinite m*rcy, ha* spared her, I trust, to be the moth<r of a race of patriots who will not dis grace their lineage. The fourth and favorite child of Pinto I* named "America." Hi* last message to his children was ? "Never to be nshnmed of their father'* name.'' But I w>ll pursue this sad theme no longer. The intel igence of the reader will naturally supply suitable reflections upon thi* mournful event. Den Francisco V aides Herrera, who lives at Guanajay, 1 ha* been arrested and brought to tbts eity, where be i* permitted to remain at hbeity, under hi* parole of honor not to leave Havana. Forty other person* of great respectability have been brought in prisoner*, from the Pinar del Rio district. Amongst them there is understood to be a Lieut. Gover nor. whose came I have been unable to ascertain. < Doctor I'inelo and Cadalso are again, I understand, itufiiiiunii a>lo. Francisco Estrampes, Juan Enrique Felix, and Capt. Richard McCulloch, were yesterday placed on their trial* bef? re the Come. jo de Guerra. Neither of the accuied choae to be present at their triul* The Prosecuting Fiscal read from a manuscript book some twenty psges; then coming to a portion that was cot material to his case, said thi* is of no consequence; then turned over about a dozen pages and then read a few more sentences This farce was repeated two or three times; then the Military Defender entered upon his de fence, and after a brief consultation, the Contejo declared Kstrsmpes guilty, and he was sentenced to die by the Sairote; Felix was also declared guilty, and sentenced to i n years Imprisonment in chains, whilst McCulloch was acquitted. He was not, however, at liberty at a late hour last evening. I presume we shall have another dreadful sacrifice to Spanish brutality within forty-eight hour*. The early hour at which the Isabel leaves thi* morning, doe* aot permit me to make anv lengthened remarks, but I will simply ask II such a trial ran by any ingenuity be con strued to be according to the seventh article of the treaty of I think that is the date of the treaty be dween the United Btrte* snd Spain. BRUTUS. Havana, March 25, 18*5. Thr Trial t of F'lix ntul Krtrnmptv ? fnrUatiim to thr Amerimn Can. ml to br Prrfnt ? His Trnitnirnt by thr Officer! ? Hit Iirfuml to Atti-mt thr Trial, <tc, Ihe battle against life and freedom opens fiercely un der the new lights which have given the " Military Com mist ion" the means of securing any verdict that they may be initructed to find by the rabble in arms, or the power that tremble* at the creation of his own brain. The reviling court can be aisemblei at any moment when it may be esteemed necessary to evade the legal adviser of this branch of the judiciary of the country ? the ever just and honorable "Auditor of War," who refuses to ssuction the use of vile convicts for the con struction of esses of their own denunciation ? or the sen tences that may he derived from them by the honorable gentlemen of the " commission." whose " sense of jus tice" sleeps w th the s words they wear? in tneir scab bard* - not to be driven to houest action, even, if ?eor plon like, they could strike back with the spurs they wear upon their heels. We liive just canght breath to ytt on in toil for our daily bread, with the hope to hear no more of military conmissinne," courts of correction, or Concha convictions ? when we are aroused again by the alarm that more justice i* about to be dene? after the last sample. 1h? trials of Messrs Felix and Estrampes, both citizens of the United Kate1, were ordered for yesterday, by General Concha, before the Military Comm s-ion, ami a commu nication of the intention was sent to the acting consul of the l otted States, invitingbim to be present at the trial. Tte consul went to the place appointed for the display of justice, afid Hiding the court not organized, *n<t the members of the augustbody amusing themselves as thry could, be drew a chair n?ar ? window, for the advantage ot fresh air. and seated himself. Ia a moment

an officer of the court approtefced aod Informed him that it was not usual to admit strangers into the part of the bail whete the court was organized. Tbe consul replied that he bad no intention of intruding and could retire, bu- that he was invited by the Captain General of Cuba to be present at the trial of his countrymen, as the con sul of tbe United States. He was immediately informed thst a place was especially appropriated for his service, which, after several serpentine curvatures, he was biought to? behind the arrae ? a rat' a rat'? in tberanrof yellow? very yellow fever looking curtains? which made a convenient whispering screen for secret inquisitorial meMtgt*. He found a small partitioned work, not unlike the cages on board of tbe Rodney, In which wa? placed a chair. My great exertlens. snd with the advantage of a bole, he conld see through tbe bars, and get a glimpse of what mglit be go ag on, with the aid of imagination. He declined accepting tbe nse of the place or the chair, which ws* as unlike befog pre-ent at the trial as the trial itself was to be unlike that provided by Ju*t con strnctK n of the seventh article of the traaty between Spain and the United States. They returned to the court room (old barracks), and the offi< (r mt'e explanation tl?a? the Crwrul ef the UnHed ? tares would not acoept tf the aeccirt-.ta4aHona proffered Mm. General Kamon who <? t eesMeat of the Conaeil of W*r and of the Com r batched an sid to tbe faptata (isnerai far i. 'r as to what c>s?:e ihooiJ be taken in this difficult/. Th? reply iaformed Brigadier General Ramos that the Consul moot be provIdM with a cbair in tu trying room, between the spectator* aad the Mat* of t*ie judges in harness. The Con?al remarked tnat he iihould requ're to be placed near tbe prisoner*, when tbe officer MHi " The priMnere are not required to appear before the Conrt until they are required for leatenoe." Col Mobertaon immediate! v replied : ? "If that ia the caae, gentlemen, I bare no bnaineea here. I can wiln's* no proceeding)* that do not conform to the requireatentf of the treaty between Spain and tbe IJpited State*, and tkerofnr* I lb?D not require the chair yon have *o kindly and promptly arranged for me." ihaCcroM) elpteued hi* that ?#d dis turbed the hoiorable gentlemen, and roquMtod tni! hi* thank* should bo give* to the Captain General for hi* kind eon Md? ration in providing a chair for hie use, regretting that, nnder the circumstance*, ha could not ore It. He left tbe ball immediately, which eauted another despatch to bo *ont to the palace for more advico. late la?t evening nothing could be poiittvely ascer tained m to the demand of the Queen'* Attorney, bat it I* generally supposed the live* of both were (elicited of tbe noble jndge*. A great many of our most respectable country citizen* have been called to reside in Havana, a* Geneml Ooneha wishes them near his person. They come on their words of honor; the city limits their bounds of circula tion and tbey have tbe pleasnre of reporting themselves every dsv at 2 o'clock P. M. to the military Governor, Mu nor., that he may be assured of their good health, fce ? atbing very common jaat now throughout the country and all the citie*. D. THE OUTRAGE ON THE AMERICAN VICE CONSUL AT SAGUA LA GRANDE. The reeent arrest by tbe authorities at Saras U Grande, of J. P. C. Thompson, Esq , American Vice Con sul, call* up the recollection of an outrage committed at the aame place, in 1862, npon hia predecessor in that of fice, of which mention was made in the Nkw Yokk h?? ald, at the time of its occurrence. About the lit of May, 1862, the brig Luey Watt* Capt. Watta, being at the pert of Sagua la Grande, three seamen were taken out of hor by order of the Spaniah authorities on the ground that one or them waa a do ferter from a Spaniah man of- war, and that that the other two complained of ill treatment on board. Daon ata ? ? V1* to the American Consul ?to, and a request from the Vise Conaul to the 3naniah Con mandaot of the port for a return of the manwlth refu?alti?V'V C*?tail1 W*n" would P"> teat in caae of thlm J aJkl A'm ?W* o?oiaf declined sending ^mbach^to their Teaael and moreover demanded thai? clothes and beda. threatening tlie Captain to arreat him and Bend him pr/aoner to Havana. Tbe Luey Watte final ly went to sea without her men, but waa not allowed to depart, however, until the foea fir ?he , ble of taking the men from th. ?M!eL ? well aa for their maintenance while in orison wei* n!.u to the Spaniah authorities I'^n theae fa^ bf ? made known by the Vice Consul to hia chief at Trinidad u Hi lnforme<1 the Spaniah Port Captain that he should sustain Captain Watta in hia ckim lor cmi, dnptlni?nf Vh7 he m,?ht experience from the ab doction of the men, an well as exact an aeoloffy for tb? insult offered to the American flag. Not recZirmr eUher the one or the*oth?r, he laid the whole matter before Th?^/ r .lner,U ?f Mtrine ?* Havana. The finale of the matter waa that thia official *ft?* 3taaktM tr? ,H,Uf 0f the hta iub? OH ii "c. ' an<1 ^commended that the Viee Oon ?ul be severely corrected" for his coarse in conform a* ???^1^yia^rarsr^ bj th. blgheat TH* CORRESPONDENCE. r. . ? a?.un> 2SSWSL"- "K hlSuC* ?the ?rp,a,? of the American fr J? . ' now " ?>chor in thia port, rand I of the "am.. ) that km*, nner of his crew has been removed from the Teasel bv oboin, your orders, and without the consent or wiah of said capUin: and I beg of tou that aaid Snoran't of'th* r<,turneu 10 hia Te,Bel- Though I am ignorant of the causes which eziat or may have existed for such proceedings, 1 do not doubt that th"v a? acts' of^ thia WbiCb a""^ SE ?et I nZnJ Tan,l<""la' Jet the autr which the post I occupy impoaea on me. obligea me to ai lv to Jnn? ? requeai of aaid captain w hi nope youwill ?rant. J a MRS H WE*i 1 Am. Vice Consul, delegated by SamI Mcl??n I.J? OR^.VDB, Ami .to IKS ' *55* 0F M'uu;?,t or ?AUIU t.A 'IANDK -I .rz??g "hiSwbS tutr* z?t mM* .?? ? deprived, and that finally be protest* ? '"?nnlj .against whom It m.iy concern, for any . u"Y l"aH 10 h'm. declaring, at the wme time, that he does not consider himself responsible L "^rrarr*'?:orb> h" wb./i. i lie ' h? ?' thia communication. All which I inform yoi, or, for y cur guidance. JAMm H. WBST, American Vice Consul, Ac. Mr. Jam. SB. Wm J*mA " ?*A!'DK' April a0' 1852 nobleneaa of character c natraina me to UU >ou, that, aa captain of tbia port I am re.ponaiblo for ever} dlaordtr therein occurring, whatever may be the H the veaael In which it may take place. Thr?e mariners have been disembarked from tbe Aran rif an brig Lucv Watta, Capt. Watt., on amount of the SI / ,re receiv'd- One of them provea Inritb. r??K f m, ? Spani'h m?n-of-??r i'atriota ; c.,h<?r. two Jefu"e to go on board, on account of !bi i tren S^qufntly threitened with a pistol by nwi?.t, PV Tb?h* reason a make it impossible to oblige them to re embaik. And respecting Capt. Watts Hr t .u t ft he ,la* no ri<ht to claim damages authority which r represent in thia port being enough to proceed against him iu any way which n^Td;""Ve; PtoM* further alvlse^him'not to present to me claims of any kind, as 1 then shall be uuSThlm ^??m'nce Bu|t ?gainnt bim. arrest him, and send him to ?avana. ZAVIElt CROQl'Eit y PAVU. Mr. Jamc8 H. W?t:_ 8A?P" " GKA"D* **T *' U6Z ir? in,''T'duals arrested by me, at preaent In n 4 !' ?Prt: Proc**dl,,? from the brig I.ucy atta Captain \Vatts, diaembaraed from tbair vessel on ?*Ptam and tbe ill treatment b^a thlh ti^ I ' mc for th# ctothea and I 7 ?T* on boar< **id veesel. Please claim fhL Ji* * P^ce th?m ?t my disposal. They, at U>e aame time, wiih to be embarked in one of the Ame wyi.i-Vrt D?T 'n ,he h4rbor- ?d it not being iu my power to do so, I communicate to you In orler that vou SSflS-' " " ~ ? Sfl" CONSUUATK OF THK UNITED STATIH OF AMERICA ) _ _ Hujiidad dbCura. Mat 7 1862 ' f F LA ***""< aMoa la'Grande i. r/J T i thia day reoeivad from the United States between h^er?H ' kh,RU* ""?.eopyof a eorraspondenee between h.m and yourself, relative to the abduetion bv K cj 'watts. ">k"ta fr0a ,be Americ?" ^ With respect to the one claimed by you as a deserter from a Spanish man cf war, lean oil> sav If sucTdt sertlon can U aat.afacU.rily proved7you7?U have a right to reclaim him, but your rearona for taklnir the other two men from on board the brig do not appear to ??t&bV?S:fmctorT-u,,5?,' ,ora" ?itted. which requires the intervention of the nroiwr rBUU.rfJ?'i't?,C?l?n0t e#DC*'1? the riffht to any peraon to S, t rhrm"J 0f anr Al?"ri?'?n vessel in ? ? i ,r? Ifeediilt" of two dissa tisfied seamen fhould not, in my opinion, have hsd auf flcient we'ght with you to induce y.u 'to Uke the 4i ponaibility you have... Captain Watte waa at least enti tied to a hearing, which I presume from the tsnor of your note, he baa not had, aad aa it is not th? habit of uSTd^U t T "'"t?1' iu "?? execution of their duty, I must beg to he excused from *ivin* ere better authcritytinl",t ?f "" m#n' unW confirmed by wIhVu f? f, ?orwcl view of the matter, Captain f"11' entitled to compensation for any delay be may experience from the abduction of the m?n. anil f? tC"Mh *Mlt mj d?t-r to *uPP?rt him in hia claims for It. Should you deem It proper to aend him to H% ^r**t*n> m7 further intervent on in the matter may become usnecrasary I aiocerely hot>e be fore jou receive this communication, the mstter will haTe been satisfactorily arranged. .SAMI EL McLEAN, Consul U. 8 A. Coxsclati Uwitkd Stato of America, ) jAMr# H WH* F,q., TUMWAB' \ n?ACtJr/ U; w CoD/11?r A(f*nt. Sa??? u Orande - i?*a* Sl* ? ' this moment receive.) yourcommii nication of tbe 6th Inst , postmarked the 8th Vou will have received my letter of the 7th before this, Inctoem, 0f.th" P?rt 1 h"' on'/ no. to say, that I shall exset from tbat gentleman full and am ?v"?."* Vi?n ,or th* ",JDrT he h?s done to Capt ?11' *? " 5i*n for ,h? iKult he has offered to our dag The consuls or their agents are tbe pnU persons allowed by our government to interfere between masters of vessels end their erwwa, txcept ,n where the laws of the country they are in are iofrineo i and 1 feel perfectly satisfied with t^e competency bothof m, agents and I myself to attend to tbe dutiesTmL^d on us. wttliout the interference of anv suhnr,tin??. ? of her Catholic Majesty. You wii7plea? ^l. th2T'?r ten's of this letter known to the captain of the port an*d ?l.hn time intimate to him that l am waiting 'or his repl, to my le,t.r of the 7th Inst P8 Ifth? ?._ . 8AMITEI, McLEAN. factorilv nrn.^T cUin"^ " * <l**rter cannot be satie *. l .y Proved as such, he must be eent on board of Gipta n Watta' veaael with tbe other two. CO*M LATK OF Tint VlttTTD 9T4TW OF AmkRICA, > , ? _ T*inhmd. May 24, IMS. f JAM* H Wist, Esq., Acting United State* Consular Agrnt. sagua. P*. Sir? Your communication ?f tbe lltb, with P S of the Hth instant, was duly reeeived. I am without a reply from tbe Captain of the Port. Should I not re ceiveone and that of a aatMactory character, in all ibia week. 1 will lay th; matter before the "Command anteSeoeral de U Marina. ? from whom I shall expect lull and ample redreas for tbe outrage committed h? bis subordinate in yeur place. You have acte<l nerfeetl* rigbt In n. t t.UDf char? of th. men ^l%,i w^ei ,h{ matter is arranged ent.rely to my satisfaction, It wUl be t.meeiourh io take their cases into consideration. Di rest the masters of American veaaels In your port n.it to receive them oq loart of their vesesls without In I sliactcns Irani you to do w. gAM L Mc 1XAN INTERESTING FROM EUROPE. Oar London and Paris Correspondence. THE PEACE CONFERENCE IN VIENNA. THE CZAR ALEXANDER II. Death of Don Carlo*, the Spanish Pretender. 4c., Ac., Ac. Oar London OorrMpondencc. London, March 1?, 1855, Opening of tttc Vitnnn Oottferenet? ? Th< S?g< of Stbulo pol ? The Attack <{f thf 'Hid FcWwxry?Tkt Railimiy? Extpalaha ? Dtaih of Mrt. Can at Rome. Having written m recently u Tuesday last, I have not much to cay to-day. The Conferences at Vienna hare commenced. Prussia is not represented tneie. Of ceurie nothing reliable haa transpired as to what took place at the first meeting. A general opinion prevails that the new Emperor, Al exander II, will do what he can, without compromising his dignity, to ceme to terms of peace. The last words ?f Nicholas are said to have been advice to conclude peace. The dying Emperor avowed that he never believ. ed that the alliance between France and England would last. That was a great mistake. We have letters from the seat ef war ta the 4th March. The railway at Bai&klava was alrtady of great ser vice. lie this It is completed to the camp. The Freneh had a very serious brush with the Rus sians on the nif ht of the 23d February. The following is an account of it: ? It ii known that the Russians wire erecting important works of counter attack near the Malakoff Tower, to wards which the Trench linen were gradually appro* th ing nearer and nearer. Ah these works were likely to embarrans the French miner* and disturb the plan* of the allies, It wan resolved to destroy them, fo this effeet a portion of the Third division, under the orders of General Monnet, advanced daring the night of 'the 23d, and attacked the Russians in their intrenchmxnt*. The Russian*, much superior in numbers, made a valiant defence: but, notwithstanding their resistance and the fire of the batteries and vessel! in the port which bore upon the battle pound, they were driven out of their positions and the works destroyed. This, it appearx, was the tele ebjtct of this nocturnal expedition, an there was no idea of remaining in a position that could be swept easily by the guns of the port. The French relurned after accomplishing tbeir object, but not with out considerable Ions, estimated at 100 killed and 300 woutrded. Among the former there were seven or tight officers, and some twenty officers woundfd. General Moonet himself bad the thumb of his right hand shot off, and received a shot in his arm. The loss or the Russians, which must have been considerable, could not be ascertained. The reports of a great battle, in which Osten Sacken was wounded, &c., are all pare fabrications. No furthor attack has taken place in Eupatoria since the defeat or the Russians on the 17th Feb. what llenschikoff styles ' 'a reconnoiasance. ' ' Menschikoff has been recalled from the command in the Crimea. What ever may be his faults, his defence of Sebastopol was well managed, and the sinking of the ships at the en trance of the harbor saved that place. The news of the death of Nicholas had been received by the allied armies, but the effect produced npon the Russian army has not yet oored out The French have been throwing a new kind of rocket inlo Sebastopol, which has net it on Are in two or three places. Here all Is quiet enough, and the first warm days of spring have shown themselves. A letter from Rome, of the 6th, says The diplomatic eir< le here has recently sustained a freslr Ions in one of the most amiable of its members, w) Icath Huerct-de'l ttoheof the Mar?hesa I'ralormo, W a Bargagli, and Baronne d'Arnim. Mrs. Mary hi' rn I mulum. wife of the Minister of the United fct was yenterdaj -I natehed from life and from the a) tion of h*r relations by the bursting of a blood vessel in the head. She was near ber accouchement. Her vir tues, beanty, and unable qualities will make her me mory deeply regretted by all who knew her. tauis Napoleon has not yet left for the Crimea. Londo*, March 15, 1855. Tht A etc Mini/try and the Ctar'.i Death? The Vienna Cnnfrrenee ? The Chancel of Peace ? Sir ChtirUi JVii pier'i PotUion ? C<immiotiim all ovtr the World Dr. Granville, the Nrw Proplut, tfc. dr. 8lnce the unexpected death of the Emperor of Russia, our new ministry may be said to have obtained something like a respite, though there are unmistakable signs abroad that such la but of a temporary nature. This event ban fallen with such stunning effect on the genera councils of Europe, that parties and individuals seea (lad of the momentary pause, to lay aside old manoeu vres, and take a fresh survey of the polioy of the day. A new starting point appeared to present itself. Every one has been busy endeavoring to solve the groat prab'ie a whether, hitherto, we have been fighting a system or a despot V and the balance of opinion among club-states men was, at the ou*ret, 'most decidedly in favor of the last. Lord Palmerston himaelf was at first disposed to believa that his old field of protocol was fairly reopened, and that the laurels he obtained after the French revo lution of 1830 were, after the lapse of a quarter of a'cen t?ryi ubont to bloom anew. I<ord Clarendon, we knew, caught up the ?traw, and fairly flew away with it ; but it Is understood that communications from Lord John Ruasell, at Vienna, have tended greatly to shade off the bright hues of first impressions, and to impart a severe, if not sombre, tone to the hopea or the future. As far as relates to the new Emperor's manifesto, every allowance limade for It, and its identification with the he fedltary poliey considered as a thing of course, whatever degree of modification m'ght afterwards occur. But i4 has, somehow or ether, ooxed out that Lord John has ascertained that whatever might have been the present Czar's reluctance to the commencement of hostilities once tbe sword drawn, his very existence prevents him from sheathing it, except at the triumphant cry of vic tory. With an understanding that he will give the im perial prestige to the prosecution of the war? that he will see St. Petersburg, hko Moscow, reduced to ashes, before, by acceding to peace, he takes a step in Russian retrogression? tbe whole Influence of the party repre sented by his brother Constantino is to be brought In support of the throne, and under tbe double Influence of a listless, mild, but diseimulative chief, and a stirring, active, talented, and arbitrary younger brother, backed by a majority in public opinion, Lord John thinks that the chances of a peaceful eolation are even farther off than during the lifetime or Nicholas. | While these views are floating up by little and little from tbe Austrian capital, public opinion at hom? is gradually of Itself assuming a shape and tone that indi cates a settled conviction that a struggle is about to ensue of a nature calling for many and bitter sacrifices for years to come It is observed that nothing has oc curred during the long reign of the law Cxar to change tbe normal and aggressive character of the Ruasian State ; that though be has greatly improved the millions he governed, morally anil socially, that he left his empire as he found It? a people still seeking for a local habitation and a nam*. It In observed, that while England, shcrn of all fcer dependencies, would be Eng land still ; that France, biiected and subdivided, would be France to the very nail, Russ'a present" the seat of her empire to the world-her capital of St Petersburg? a mere depot of lodgings ? of public ofBces ; tbat com paratively few females take up their abode In it, and that commerce, instead of establishing itself and becoming d* veloped and rooted in localities, as the nucleus of civilisa tion, is driven hither and thither, and rendered suV*r" vient to military convenience and gorerLment It U ob served that Russia is a mere aglomeration of Poland, Persia, Turkey, Tartar; and eastern desert, and that her very constitution seems to compel her to push onward to the standing ground of European civilisation ; the her colonies are military if not penal, and tha*. Turkey would have been safe to this day If the military settle meets in southern Russia did not at once supply the not posts, the recruits, sud the reserves for tbe armies en the Iianube, the Prnth, and the I'cbernaya. It is ob served that wnerever Russia has nut her foot she has never receded, and that blight and desolation soon fol lowed ; that Livonia, Finland, Lithuania, PoUnd, have all become withered or nipped up? all sank and their history olosed? and that whether the Cxar he .Nicholas Alexsnd.tr. or Constantino, this policy of Russia It and will be, th? same. Therefore, that the choice for Europe? for England especially? hoe between continued advance ment in civilisation, or submission under Russian en ercachment. The danger of French aggrandizement is alleged by some, and there i? a growing disposition to admit the objection; but tho answer is, wo have no choiee except to go forward lathis fight? punish tho aggressiv* cha rector and barbarian Imoeoce of Russia, even tbouah Franco and England fly at each other afterwards. Hn?l, an evil might ariee wLether Russia warn oppo*?d or not and If when we have battled together against the com' mo, foe we .hould afterwards fall out, at least tho con test will not find us unprepared. unexercised In arms aad ignorant of the resources of our foe. Rueeia-it is lh* f*U "f Greece; of Rome, under I he Gothic invasion; of the Haracens, uncor the Franks? mnst be made to keep her bounds, aad. If need be, diegorga tho nab cos she has devoured, anleee we are prepared to hand down England to our children tbe shadow of her former self. It is very true that Mr. Rright is tleteaed to, wh'le wi'h fluent aad unquestionably powerful oratory he d? clares we u? waning for an unattainable object? a, phantom of the very wildcat character? that tor the take cl the fall of tiebastepol and military renown, we are paying the price of education, civilization, morality, aay, even life itself -< hat we are plunging the eoantrw into pauperism of the very worst and molt oppreaaiA character? that the country la disgusted and be wiWitred, the House of Commons scarcely lew ae, and the government a perfect anarchy. But th-se are arguments which do not yet penetrate into the large midnle and thinking ciasars, who, with few exception-, are unanimous In the belief that the war is a most just and necessary evil, which. In justice to the common country, we have no right to refuse. lu the meantime, the state of our executive i? ene of deep anxiety. Lord Palmers ton's position ehows no signs of being stronger, and there are many who uredic> that it will fall vhen Mr Cornwall la wis comes for mod with his budget That the opposition are waiting to \T7 their strength on that occasion is generally believed, and it la thought, moreover, that Lord l'almerston will ejer' w? to make the financial proposition ?f suvfa a chancier ai m?y enable hi a If DMIssAfy, constitute it an appenl to the country. 1 have repented- 1 ly ac vised you that whenever that appeal did take plaes it was to be on a financial question, because in this onlj ia tberb a chance of weakemog the protectionist party, who are quite as ready to prosecute war ai the Primter himself The only question on which l^ini Palmers ton has sin<e bis elevation, appeared at all like hi- former sell* is bis defence of Sir Charles Napier, which has won him ?olden opinions. Tlie country ia slow to believe th*t Napier is unworthy of his reputation; and the diacove rles o* gross mismanagement in the army, incline it to sospect that if a searching inquiry were made, he wouM be found to have very just cause of oomptalut agaimU tliOM* whose duty it, was to s*e him adequately provided for the important expedition be commanded. Sir Jamea Graham, on the contrary, is by no mesna popular wi-.h the country ; and a tuspiuion prevail* that whenever th? correspondence is published, Mir Jamea will have tho worst of it. The Knight of Netherby has a peculiar ta lent for getting into hot water with hi* asso-iates. In 1634, he separated from t!ie whig* and disgusted every one by the personal spite lie flung Into lils oppeaition. You know, in England, we don't admit of the sameHoeni* aa in America: and when Sir Jamea aaid that Rngland had had all kinds of administration*, but never before '-a shabby one," and that Lord Brougham, after floun dering about In the mire of radicalism, had sunk ? oH shame ! ? into the lee* of the ballot ? he was thought to use very strong language indeed. He was e-iuaily via lent about the China war, till snubbed by the Duke of Wellington: and then there was bis "peeping" at the Post Office, as shown by Mr rbomaa Buncombe, member for Fins bury : and many other things beside. Altogether be is not the man to itraogle Sir Charles Napier, and Lord l'almerston had both the Houie and the oountry with him when giving the cold shouUer to bis former colleague. He declared that nothing which the gallant Admiral had done lately bad in the slightest degrea cbaoged his former opinion of him. There 1s no doubt tlie ('rentier has still his ey* upon the Admiral'* futur* services, should his administration hold on. He could n<* re appoint him to the Baltic fleet, because Sir Jamea l.'r.vt am, as First Lurd of the Admiralty, hid appointed Admiral Dundas? Admiral of th* very China expedition he once *o loudly condemned? just before his lata resignation. But unless death ? and he, too, ia a , septa - genarlan? intervene, "Old Charley" will still probibly | have another chance. t Commotion, it is to be remarked, seems quite the order of the day. Kiota in Australia and proclamation of martial law at the Ope, the prospect of another Cafflr war. Cuba is unsettled, and General Concba is busy imprisoning and garrotlng. Denmark 1* about to lev. | her King: Belgium Is in the throes of a prolan red mintl-L^ tenai crisis; and in Boll?nd the Second Chamber bests! the Court on a slavery question. Sardinia send* to Count! Ntiaelrode declaration of war %lugu<>Qur, and Spain! ha* voted herself Catholic and tolerant at the *amo| time. Vou will have seen in the English journal* the lettarB which Dr. Granville had, two years before, privatelyfl sent to i-ord l'almerston, predicting the Czar'* death alH hi if -i in July next, l'erhap* a snort biography of aj gentleman who ha* succeeded in attracting so much at tention may interest some of your reader*. Dr. Gran ville wa* originally in the Neapolitan navy aa surgeon. His proper name is Bozrt, but thinking that of Granville more euphonious, and, to English ear*, aristocrats, he! adopted it. Being an Italian, ne managed, on first so -! ting up in London, in 1816, to pick up some little practice! among the opera singers then chiefly In vopae. FrumH there, he worked up his way among some ot the mem bers of the aristocracy, as a capital physician for strengthening the vocal organs, chest tones, Sc. Being a good looking man, and, above all things, a foreigner, he soon became famous He took a splen id hoese, gave magniflcect soiree*, at which bis singing friends from tho lta an Upera assisted, and rapidly got on. He (peat money infinitely taster than he male it, but his genilltH kept him above ?ster lie went to Russia lor a month, and came back and published its history, la two volumes! Some people (aid he never went farther than Naples. Win. there a mineral spring discovered anywhere in Eug land, the parties appliei to Dr. Grtnville, who immedi ately (on being pain) wrote up its medicinal properties. He wio'? a tr*ati*e on the spine, and was nearly winning | the Kothergiliian medal, but it was, unfortunately, die covered thut he had bribed some one to steal his com Eti'or's notes. He kept town houses, country luses, and cottage orni't, with a suit of car nages. he brovglit up * family. and got geod berths for each mem tier; he wrote bo.>ks in English, though a fo reigner ? he lives like a millionaire, while ne one gives him credit for being worth a shilling? in fact, he is tpi ??r? pnaw ?>< ?? 1 onvtnroa out, Just be fore it is time to shuttle rtl Ms mortal coil, to bo the greatest prophet of the nineteenth cent'iry? ene w had Lo been listened to. might have saved tfurope mil-| ilons of treasure anc. torrents of blord UNIVERSITY CLUB. Our Paris Correspondence. '* 1'ARIS, March 16, 1855. Thi Pmct C'tnfrrm ?< at Vinnu thr OrttT of th ?? Day ? Tui J 'of it ion of J 'run <a ? Wilt Xnpoletm Go to the l'ri?a| ? Tlir fiupprut'il Pamphlet un thr War ? Tfu (Mir < Urn. Firty? The J'nluit tie I'lwtuitrie ? The Ruutiil Cznrt, dr., <tr. The feverish state of the public mind respecting th^ absorbing quest on of peace or war, is evidenced ia ?v phase or society. The absence of any faithful channel through which the ebb and How of populur thought uij be recognised, cnusn it to gush forth in mott eceeoti jet?, now soaring up high in air, straight, clear, pel!u<| cid as truth itself? now twitting, spurting, gyratin and splashing its turbid stream in the face of eon sense, as it trudges on in ilail; routine, lhe roie , dU'gebt correspondent is, I weeu, ao to eatch up th^ salient sprav and condeuse it, that men afar ell may re all, without the trouble of inspection. It is perfectly true, then, that since I last wrote 1 Bourse has gone up on the report that the plenipotea| tinries at Vienna have commenced their prelin conference with the firmest persuasion of a peaceful solution; but it is no less trne, that the moment sal* began to be effected, the Bourse went down as rast as ll get up; and though the air is resonant with gaatlf breathings of courtly letters from Prussia, ef i plated mourning for the deceased monarch of Russi*, o| tender emotion* and oompunctious misgivings e f Aui tria ? the C tar's former fidtu Arhatri ? still, I confess see nothing that should laJuce any modification of mj previou-ly expressed opinions, that the elements of wan fare are precisely where they were, and that Europeaf convulsion has hitherto only been dallying on t,hl *hre?hbold. The dying request of thr late Russian Kmp?ror to b'J brother in law at Berlin, tha*. he would never forget t words of William the Third, his father? a request wh is said to have sunk deep Into tbeCi ng ef Prusaia'| heart? are the following: ? Keep yourself tree, my dear Frederick, from tbe nia of tbnovatlon, which Das become re general, amj from tbe numerous theories bow existing wh.cb canno be carriet into practice. Hut take care also not to <p into another excess. which may be ju*t as Utal ? that1 exclusive prci iln tion for ancient institution*. His M in avoiding these twoixiremes that you can make rea.lj| useful ameliorations. Keep up as much as depend on you, a good understanding with the European Pews ? Tony Prussia, Russia, and Austria m particnUr. nev separate, for their union is the bulwark ef Europ peace _ There ii little donbt that the Prussian King, witt warm heart and a weak head, feel, himself sorely ] what course to take ; but opinion leans strongly ta 1 belief that bis place will ultimately be found by tha I of Russia. His actions, however, are precisely such we see in every day life, when the animal temperas and the intellectual are too nloely balanced. Foj in stance, a difficulty suggested itself at Vienna about en taring upon negotiations. Alexander tbe Second had i yet bten recognized by Franc* or England. as severeif of Russia ; and it would have been competent for Pr?sM| when, at a future time, called upon to subscribe to result, to plead tbe informality, and so Invalidate whole prcceedings ; but King Frederick showed hin at once ready to remove this ground ef ciifllcnltjl I proposing himself to be the medium ef Alexander'^ . e- sion to tbe two Westtrn Oonrta, who, in acknov sent, will put on court mourning for tbe C?.ar. Thus all fear of the Vienna business having to be dene ove again, in consequence of a technical objection * taken away. But his Prussian Majesty has sooner satisfied his love for fair dealing this point, than he sets to w?** <? make thj conftitnce not worth the good dienars it win prob consume, by straining every b"V* t? turn "?? mebilfx tion of ths federal eontlnge"ts of Germany, not again Russia, but against Fran**- H>e conseiousnees ef this I determined lord Job- Ru***" and M. Bourinenay? tb English and Frenc* plenipotentlariee? to insist, as a l ltminary of ul??ior proceedings, on the minister ?<f for Russia accepting, by the afllx of their signatures, I certain bests? for example tbe interpretation of the | toeol of the 2?th of December, aa afterwards e?|* by the treaty of December 1. If they decline, the (lees is at an end. It may happen, however, that th principle shall be accept <1 ehlle the exceptiona take to details are such as to obl;|e tbe plenipotentiaries 1 refer to their respective governments? in which ease I diplomatic course will run its length, until the Hi weather invites the conference to turn their attention less sedentary occupations. If tbe pmtoool is at accepted Prussia th >ugh no party t. the coafereo cannot be mora jeuions for R>i<sia than she 1s bnfelf, i will, of course, jmn the I- arapaao concert. To i-rn to matters a carer bane, but still b cartel i