Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 6, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 6, 1855 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. / _ WHOLE NO. 6797. MORNING EDITION-FRIDAY, APRIL 6. 1855. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE NEW POLICE BILL. Interesting Correspondence Between J. W. Gerard. Kaq , and Shyor Worn I. LVrrEK FHOM J. W QKBiKD TO MAYOB WOOD Nkw York, April 4, 1861. Dbah 8ni ? t returned to tbe city ltd evening from Albany, where 1 bed gone for the double purpose of at tending the Court of appeals, and of presenting te the Legislature the remotistrsnee. m pried (as I in Informed) by upwards of eleven thousand voters of New York, citi zens of ell parties, age net any change in the 1'olice law of I860. Yeiteruay, a new bill to reorganize the police of our eity wu introduced into tne Senate r>y Mr. Cro?by, incor porated into u b II to amend our charter, which gave rise to a very animated, exniMug and a ?rimon<oui de bate, in which your administration of > he government of the city, and ot tlie police iu particular, were fully criticlseu by Mr. Crosby ?'id lir. LMeain.ou, (two Sena tors ot the Seward section of the whigp%rty.) who, in their anxious desire to protect The 'oter.-st of ths citi tentof the city of N?? Yort, (not entrusted to their ebarg*,) wtih to fa?t*u up.>c US a new pa ice syatem. without the conaent or aoowUdu*, much less the appro bation, ot any one of the four honorable ienators who represent our city. it waa sta'.e<l by these gentlemen, that in offering this new Folio* bill they ctmea out your views anl wishes, aa expressed by jroa in your I'omin location* to the Couusi a Council of the lat and lltii of January; in de posing (aa this bill does.) the Itecordor and City Judge as Commiasiontrs with you, and by subititutim; in their place tliree private citizens, wbo, tuey admittsd, from scope of the bill, woull necessarily be poht cat partisans, ana woula be expressly elected an such by tae two domi nant parties of the day. At the same time that the two He na torn wbo advocaltd the bill professed to carry out your views aad wishes, aa your supporters in your ef forts to execute the laws by the aid of the police, they made broad chargns against yonr political nonesty, in the discharge of your duties as Mayor, and an tlie head of the polio*, impugning your mo*>ves, and broadly averting (wbere they got their knowledge from tb*y did not say) that you wanted the care or r.h it department to aid tbe democratic par'y . Now, sir, as I have taken gn-a* interest for the luit few years in the police of K??York, anl have endea vored, although a privute'culzen, to tid in every way to ?levatn its character and respe ?tabillty, especially by originally urging the adoption of tbe uni'orni, which liaa crested so great an imfroTeinen*. in tbe appearance of th* men and although I dul all I con J to elect an op posing candidate to the office which yci now hold, yet I will do a*l 1 can to keep you in it, so long a< you exe cute tbe laws with energy and impartiality. I have tbeiefore thought It my aaty to state to you frankly the charges that were made against yo 1 in the Senate, tbat yon may. if you think proper, answer tlim. an l also to give your views generally or the otlJ. I have no right as a party coadjutor, to interrogate you on tbe subject, a:< I have generally been tn* opponent of the party which placed you in power; but I think that the citizens of New York have a right to h*ar from you the truth or falsehood of the charges tlirown out by those wbo, in one breath, professed m the Senate to carry out your views, and in ^i* next condemned and opposed I abo a?k of you (if you reply to this letter) whether I may male such use of vour answers as I th nk proper, by making it known to the public through the press or oth?rwl?e. I am, very respectfully, most truly y?urs, JAMES W. OfcKAKD. MAYOK WOOD TO MR. GKltARD. Mayor h cmi.'K, Nkw Yokk, April 6, 1856. DkakSir ? Your esteemed tavor of the 4th inst. lure ceived I cannot conceive that anything in my messages to tho Common Council, which have b??o referred to, c>n be construed into an approval of either of the pro positions made at Albany, tois winter, to a -send the pre sent lav relating to the poll.a of this city. It ii true that ia both the inaugural an<l recommendatory mes sages. allusion la made to the precast police system, aa defective; but it 1a a? plainly and distinctly set forth a* can well be that the defects lay in the restriction ef the power* of the Mayor, as bead of the I'olica Department, aid not that be held too rouoh power, as ia the theory of the pioposition now before the Sena'e. In the first of theee documents this position i? pla nly asserted, when I aay, "though oatenaibly head of the I'oltja I "apartment, be la not ao practically, In the essential elements of au thority, that of controlling the retention or r* moral of hia own subordinates. The Chief of Police holds his place independent of the Mayor, that officer having been appointed doling 'good behivior," by the late Mayor and Board of Commissioners, under the law of 1 853, wblch they construed to giro that authority. He caunot, ?oil u, appoint or remove the humblest subordinate in the service, nor make the roles and rsgulatioat for its go v era nee Of these requisites of power, so necessary to make aa efficient police corps, he is by law deprived. Discipline can only be obtained and maintained by the Una hand of unrestricted power , besides it is wrong ia principle, to make any public officer responsible for the ' i jtn of subordinate*, wlio are placed beyond hia Indi vidual power to remove. ' ' Here is a complaint of the want of power of the Mayor over the department ? that be should not divide It with others ? that ha la responsible for the conduct of the po lice, aad hence should govern it? that two commiasioa era who oan out vote bim and control the appointment! and retuovala should not be placed beside hirn to maaagt It. To leave ro doubt a* to theee beieg my views, then as now. I quote again from the re com mend*' ory memag of January 11, 1865 ? This department of the city 7<>vsrnment is placed mors directly under the personal sni-ervision of the Mayer than others; and iu assuming its dir .stion, with ths restricted power aa to appointment and removal, which, after all, oon Stltnts the great elements of cvatril, I feel ranch responsi bility and concern. And again still carrying out the idea that there should be bat one head and but one powrr of appointment and removal, and that the two Judges, who now form part of the Board of Commissioners nbould be taken away and leave all to the Mayor, the following passage occurs : ? I am confident the jndiciary is not the proper authority for determining polio" matters, nor are it* members quail fled, el . her by habits "f li'e or train of reflection, to make Cod commissioners. The tin h an I the service woald eaen benefited by a separation. Vfy aolleagnes on the present Police ltoard fully eoncnr in thase opinions. The whole theory of my views of executive government of ovary character, so far a? this city . s concerned, is one head. I am satisfied no good government eao eii-u in a city like this coataining so many thousand* of tbe tur bulent, tbe vicious, and the indolent, witbo'it a chief officer with necessary power to see to the faithful esaen tlon of the laws, for the protection of life, <ib*-rtv and tho pur-uit of happiness. No incoaa.derable portion of our population think that republicanism consists in the absetue ol law and government. The bill now before the Senate proposes t<o create three commissioner*, who with the Mayor a ofiefn, are to form a board, wbo are to poss*-sall the powers now held by the praeent board. The oocimie?ioi*rs are to be e looted by tbe people for the exclusive puroo*eof mak ing and unmaking policemen. Now. tbongh opposed to dividing thepower of the Mayor over too ''oil -a, with any other officers, still if Ibe trn:iple is to be *olerated, batter that high judicial officers wbo are elected as judges, aad whose duties as commissioners are incident te their dutiee upon the bench should be nil associatsa, than mew who will be chosen for the pirpo?e under tbe primary election system now in vegje. 'ireat is the Jit - ference between Police Commissioners taken from high jadieiai positions, and Police Commts-ionen made by the tools of party reeking trom tbe stews of s.n and Iniqilty which at prssent have so much influence over party ma chinory. How far tha lives and property end the order and deicancy of the people of this city wl'l be protect ed nnder a board emanating from a source of this character there can be no difficulty in 'livininr. Tha fenat* proposition Is to lessen my power over the police, whereas I have asked for its incresss. My message cannot be construed into any other po*i?on. I never need any other language. In tend of giv'ng to tbe Mayor that strength which a fall *xero*e of the duties of chief magistrate of tb - city shnu'd po seas, an l without which thero csnnot be the eecessarv vigor and independence, it ia proposed by this bill t-> Ukeaway power to decentrallr* It. instead of oon-entratlng It in him, by placing three active politi :i*ns along*' > of him to annoy and worry him into a coin pi. an " with their party behests. It is not too much to add that tbe de partment would soon be filled w:th men ebo*en for par tisan services and not personal tt'n***, and the power that placed them in office would prote:t tfi?m against the Mayor afterwards. Not oaly is the election of Police Commissioners as sucb eiclusively for this duty objec tionable, but the mod* of toe election under this bill i yet more so. It ptorldes that after the expiration of tbe terms o* thoso named In the act. there are to be sb< -en '.wo at everv elect loo. by taking the two candidate* who receive tbe highest number of votes, in the same manner as the Governors of the Alms Hou-e are selected. The al eged ground for this mole Is. to sernro a balm's of partisan Interest ia the Board, becauwi as it Is s* id ma; tj party will he sure to elect a man aad b'n e part e* will lie divided. Now. even admitting that ? m ? h would be Its effect ? which It w ill ij..', a- there are at least four Clitical pert:** la this city aad of <-our-e to do this, would be necessary to elact fo ir <'<jro?ir*:o?er* ? yet the theory of tbe mode >s wrong. Inasti ich as It secure* tho election of a Commissioner who has been rejected by the people. Tfie second high est would be really aad in fact oiscarlod l< uaBt to be entrusted with tbe mjortant ao I delicate d ut*ws evolving upoo the office It Is proceed ti take this repad.ated candid*'" aad give him a seat at a Board with aafuil power* aa the Mayor binueif. aad. :n faet, to oon'rol the action of t .. * Iv-ard itself, over the Mayor, even against his efforts 'o prote-t tbe ity? It m?v be frviin the very interests this -omm 'doner represents. fupposo tbe gsmMers, lottery men and bouse* of prostitution combine 'o ?le. t I olice Commission >rs w h , ; ?at -si that, if not successful in ej? :tiag both, they | would 'not at least so-urs th* secmd high's-, and con ! set] uently force upon 'is sa siren t to secure the protec tion of the r peculiar int' rests' A-otbsr n"> leas serous ohjaet oa U the naming of eiecuUv* officer* ia a bill by I the I'gtalsture. Thle is a clear to jMchmeat upon th* exscaftve by the legislatfe brsn- h rhs govern meat of , thl* Stat* ie separated Into the judicmt, ler'slative and | s^eenttve These dtvisums are ?*edsed in the Constitu tion, not only of New York, but of tho 1'nite.l <>t\to*, as well as svery t?tate in the Colon, "ne ^ran- h has no constitutional right to Interfere wi'h bither of the oth wts The legislature, la mv jqdg-men' 'ao havt no la- | fal ambori'v to perform Kaeoutive duties, aay more ; iian it can Judicial iluAiee And here let me say, that ! If tbe liberties of this country are ever betreved. It will be hy Ug,?i assumptions. aa<l not hjr jodl-lal or I exerntise tyranny In our own State, the l^sgislatnrev I t Alb-.ny brings with it dread and ala-m whene\er It' r in menace. Kor year*, th* property of individuals a- d the rights of municipal corporation* have I '?*a trampled upon la It* acts. Total dlsre I ?d hs.s *cn show* to veafej rights and every other | sateguard which i a former tinm* could prooure protec tion. ami to beld has become thi* innovation, tttat there U now pending a bill to overrule a recent decision of the Kupreme Court. ln>'eed, the other department* of gov ernment bare sunk into a mere inferior condition, from whicb appeal (a had to the Legislature. always with sue ceif, if the usual appliance- are employed. The people 111 net watch these encroachments. It 1* not only this city, but every other election of the State.removed far from tfce capital tbat m subjected to tbia wrong. If the city of New York, within four hours of Albany, andia hourly communication, suffers no much from tbeie legislative fraudi, bow u it with the agricultural and manufactur ing interest* is tiie Interior, which, ia lomi cane*, are removed 'ar from the danger, aad without meaui te t> ? continually tn'ormed of It* approach? Thia bill name* per*?ns to do exe:utive duty If thia can be, why no abolish our courta and narfle commissioners aa hoard* o' i>'! hi te* to act Imtead. Why not, ia short, give up all to the two house* of the Legislature, and permit them ti absorb theotiier branches of government which, by the ? obailtution, are placed independent of the law-mtkin< power, aa thl Uw making power ia of thain? By refer ? nee to hot montage, you will see thia evil more fully exu-eei. flie?e and other reasons which time will not permit a ? efeience to will prevent my giving support to ibis s. nMe prop- sit :(>n. I am against It in all it* length and briadtb and though concurring In some of fje provi aiona of the amendments to the charter propoied. I would reject the who:e rather than appear to recoguize tbe fatal principle* declared, allecrlng our police system. In reply to what ia stated of my political proclivities, aim the assertion that I am using or intend to nsa tbe pt lice for personal or par tlran purpose*, it la ecarsely necessary to allude. Ihe poaitloa 1 hold la public e*ti cr-t.on ia uot tbe result of party machinery. As a mi giilrite end chief executive officer of thia city, I kaow do party and recognize no political obligation* The principles which govern my administration are not in kteping with the practices of any party of the d-iy, whatever may be t tie. r professions before election. And, tbouih claiming no orlgiualitv of ideas, yet the practi cal application of principle* of government so long |.ro fessefl, but nevtr practiced, la a novel procedure in a public oflic-r. and puzzles the leader* wonderfully, time* I am at no loi-a to divine why partisan designs should be attributed to me, by men wh>> oannot unoer stand that popular applause can be obtained in any other way than by political trickery or the declamation* of the demagogue. I undei stand my own poaitloa folly. With out egotism, permit me to say, that I am conscious of a place in public esteem far beyond anil above any party, ami to add tbe belief that If a candidate for the office of Mayor tomorrow, the peaple would not deaert me If every political organization in the oity were to oombine in opposition. '1 therefore ia it necessary for me to act tte part of the mere politician, and by prostituting tbe whole police department to political purpose* to jeoparl thia position)1 Can any putty mate me so swerve from duty and a pro per senile of personal security, as to throw nway the good opinion of nearly all my fellow eifieris, whose sap port it worth having.' Tbia can never be ! The same principles and acts which have given ms the confidence of tbe cooununi*y will enable m> to hold it down ti> the close of my Administration. Of this I have no fears. Ibe dsrger to tbe public lis* not In any relaxation or derellrtion upon my part, nor in my improper its* of the C lice, but iu the passage of this bill, fh* police has en tbe main instrument bv which I have been ena bled to perform the acts which have secured public ap proval. Take it away and tbe horror a or bad govern ment will return upon us four fold, nnd it will be diflt cult then to combat the assertion which will be m t ie that as bead of tbe department (though stripped of i>i? power) I have been derllict and have deviated from the pre*?nt policy. Is it uncharitable to add that some such design may hare influenced the projector* of this scheme? Tbat Its author's suppose that whilst the peo ple will continue to bold me to a strict accountability for the maintenance of the forms initiate! aud sustained would at the same t'me forget that the means by which they have been effected were talen away, and thus de mand a continuation of reforms after all power of en forcing them bad ceased'' This opinion of the Intelli gence of tbe people, though not very flattering, is con sistent with the motives which have evidently dictated this measurn. The wsrmth of expression ot this Utter may offend ? my language may appear a* if emanating from excite ment. which Is net the fact. It la true I fcal deeply *hs*e efforts to deprive me of the means by which any im provement in our city is effected. No man but myself can appreciate tbe critical itate of our seoial condition, if the authorities are deprived of control of the only meaDs of prevent. ng danger* of far more serious charac ter tban have ever before threittened us I am no alarm let, but believe me sincere when I tell you that in my opinion New York can only be saved from a rule of cor ruption, engendered by the devotees or the t'cree great vices, viz. : ? intemperance, gaming and debauchery? but by the strong one man power, who, with a bold and fear lees hand can comma od the satire police force, without hindrance or molestation. My many pressing duties have not permitted me time to do justice to tlila subject. This letter ia hastily written and fnll of Imperfe tinn?, but withont reference to lt? style or natter, receive it as the bontat pro-test of jour friend and fellow citizen, FCRNaNDO wood P 8.? -In answer to your request as to the publication of this letter, you may do ho, provided you deem my v ewa of sufficient public interest. K. W. Superior Court. Ilefore Hin. Judge Duer. TUB INJUNCTION AO AtNHT TI1B N1CAKAOCA TKAHnlT COMFANT. Atkii. ft. ? Utimisl B. Allen "t. Char 1*3 Marg in , I'reii ttmt of tkr A crtiory Trantil Gim/Minij of Nieanujwl, nnJ oth.-rt. ? This cane (which had been pontpinel la order to give the plaintiff an opportunity or producing affida vit* in rebuttal of thoee read by the defendant*) wan re ?umed to day. Mr. Ppton, one of tie counael fur the plaintiff, commenced by reading the affidavit of the plaintiff. Daniel H. Allen. Tbia affidavit nta'.ed aubatan tially that deponent waa ore of the original grantee* of the government of Nicaragua to tbe " American, Allan tie and Pacific Ship Canal Company," and Vice President of tha aame; that when the question of the e isnection of tbe said company with the Ocean Navigation Oojipany waa brought befjre tba director* of tbe former, by mean* of a contract with Mr. Vanderbilt for the enta bliahment of a line of ateamera between N a ? York and Han Kranctsco, by which the company do aigned to pay aaid Vanderbilt one flth of it) ra celpta, <?ep?>nent d'nouaced any attcli ?ont.-ait an a fraud on tba stockholder*; tbat deponent* spinion waa overruled, und that in eonee.juenre he resigned kin ofilc*, that afar hi* reeignation he continue I to hold ?took, and in December, lSft i. owned 12,500 aharea; that <ie]>on*nt wan called on by Franklin Oegood, who atated that Vaaderbiit bad employed him to nell the ahipn to the Acoesnory Transit Company, tba* -all 0?good asked plaintiff tor bia uanietitnee in tW* negotiation, iind he wan prevailed upan by him and Vandarbilt to give it. that negot atlons were comm?nc?d. and deponent atatad at the outaef to White tbat tha company, by Ita charter, waa without tbe power of holding -teamahipn for nan gating the Atlantic and i'aciflc, and he would do nothing unhan the charter waa enlarge.], that White answered te would procure Ita enlargement, and iteponent and White fina'ly drew up an agreement for the aaie of the ahipa; at tlua time there w>t* a bitter hoatility between Vanderbilt and W hite; deponent denounced the naheme aa aoon an he found that White did not tncoead in ob taining the enlargement of txe charter, at thl? time White tran-ferred to deponent 1,000 share*. one third of the amount to which he wan entitled, tua*. in May. 186a, deponent went to Kurope previous to wh ch he waa advtaed that he did cot, forfeit hia righta to maintain an action for tbo at.s-k be bell in the Traneit Company tbat on his return tbe a<-tMn wan bought, that it ia falee he inntitn*ed thi* proceeding for ti e purpo * or trafficking in the itock of 'be com pony Tha plaintiff, moreover, atated tbat tbe affl lav.t ol White, Vandarbilt, Dexter k Brigham were fal>e, ttrigham being a man of tbe higb".t probity Among numerous ether aflidavita read by tbe luunael, Franklin On goo I oepoaed that he waa aon.'inte! with tbe facta anil circumstance# conae^te^ wftn the pur ckae* of ?even ntearnnhlp* from Mr. Vaaderbiit aud tbe plaintiff* relative to tha*. purchaae, in 1*4:4 de (?nent wan intereaied in the atock of the iy.m rmy, and that Intereat wan known to Mr. anderbtlt; that Vanderbilt alvljed deponent to dlveei himself of" thia atoek, and declared the aVouk wortkle**, a* lotg a? White remained in tbe com panj^ for he waa using tbecomuanv to hia own benefit; tbafto l^SV! Vanderbilt requested deponent to undertake the tw*mena of negotiating the aale of the ?teamen, atatlng aa a re:iwin that he waa gatt ng old. and had better clone bti?in??*n, that deponent undertook )hld ne gotiation* that Van erbilt nuggented to deponent the assistance of plaintiff: deponent thereupon ceiled upon Allen, wbo at tirat decllnci. but after be ng urged by deponent and Vanderbilt, beat laat "loaented, ani negotiatlonn wer? opened wi?!? White White -po In ha rah t?rm? of Van'lerbUt, and aal 1 he woult not concur In tbe projoMtion of the purthaae, anleaa Allen obta.ned Vanderbilt a authority . All^n then an<*er'.o<tk to nbteia from Vanderbilt the ?ale of tbe ahipn for the purpoee of transferring thern to tbe oompatfy ; deponent continn?d the negotiationa with White an the repre e?ntative of tbe company, nrithout the co operathm of Allen Wlilte n language wan, ' 1 am the Nicaragua Transit Company," Vanderbilt lie* -la red that he would lather aink Mia nbipa at ti e dock than th*t Whi'e abould piane money; the plalot lT wan not a party to tha nego tiation*, be prMeated frt>m the flr?t again 't the propoa*! i?me of th? stock. After the reading of the deposition*, the argument in the ca>e wan pontpourd until .'aturtay morning nett Town Klrctlona. CaTMMLL Nawa Drrnr, April 4, M*. J. <J ? At the election in thia town en Tu<-?day . '? I'arn ' made a < lean ae?ep, not a man on the ticket has a majority ? I |] au MM, ann Ironj that to ISL There were unly two ticketa run the fuelon and N* Know Nothing. Rrookbavan. Hoffnlk Co , V Y., 200 A merican majority ? clean ticket. Bocntt I. and Applications. ? Tb? an precedent ?dly large number o t three thousand four hoadrwl ap plicant* under tha bounty land act of March J. 1 ni . P*r*M'" (Mem Waahingtoa, on the 4th iaat. Total aanher of application* andar the act, up to prveent Ume forty tbouaaad three hundred Bucnwi Bali^iTs? Aa act to rwtow the voting bp aacrat bal'-H in Maaeachu^ tin, han paeead Ma f|tu American G*?gnphteal Soclrly. sketch or the roar office and postal commuki C AT IONS or THE UNION. Tbli association held ite weekly meeting last evening. Mr. Punt Milks nid th# paper of the evening, on the Pout Office and postal communication. After referring to the antiquity of tbe post, and siring aoma interesting facts regarding the poat in ancient time*, Mr. Miles passed to tha consideration of the United State* Poat Office. Ha aaid : ? It will strike many aa not only an Important and interesting fact, but aa quite an inexpli cable oce, that from the first organization of our na tional govnumect to tha pr? sent time, our correspon dence and postal ititercouri-e ? tbe uses of the Poat Office ? have 1 net mi ?*u from nine to alxty times as fast a* either tbe population, th? government incoma and expenditure the exporta, (( any other branch of national affair '. Our population between 1790 ana I860 increased aeren feld, our n ports twelve fold, and postal oorrespondenct four hundred and forty fold. The actual per eent ig* of in cieare of our letter communication by mail from 1700 to 18.'0, w?a 843 965. "lbs figures that show most cleirly tha fur greater activity and larger Incpease of uur posta intercourse tieyond the increass of population, wealth, and national income sol expenditure, are these During each ten jearn alnce 1790. tU? average Inoiois* of the population o( the country baa been 31 per cent, the ex ports 4- per cent, the expenses ol government wij per cent, tbe l'ost Office revenue 120 per cent, and th* num ber of letters sent by mail 140 per ccnt. This is the eve rage increase curing each of the six periods of ten years from 1790 to 1S50. Thus, while our population has Increased in sixty yean seven fold, letter correspondence by mitil in creased 440 fold, or sixty-three times as tut as our population. In tbe year 171K) there were aent by mail, In I nited states about 580,000 letters, and dur.nt the year 1864 ov>r 100,000, COO. After all these gratifyiig evidences of the Increased value and use of our paital system, how will you be prepared for the lact that during the last four years (sinoe 1860) the Inbab.tants of (ireat Britain wrote and sent by mall 200,000,000 invre letters than we have sent through our mails since the organization of our governnent ? more than sixty five years ago r Is this a good comparison between our government and that of Ureat llritaii ? between our populttlon, where the benefits of education are extund ed to all. auc'. tlie population of tbe British Isles, wuere at least cne half of all that marry cannot aign their names to the marriage register, but are obliged to make tte.r mark ? According to the official postal statl.tli* of 18 ol. 1852 and 1863, the population of (ireat Hritain write and send by mail four letters where our people write one Kach thousand persons la Ureat Britain write on the average 14,7?0 letters annuolly, while esih thousand ol the population of tbe United State* write 4,121. or only about four letters to each man, woman and rbild in tbe country. In l.ondon tliera are forty one letters written to each Individual, while in New York thsre are hut twenty- three. This is according to tlie report of 1842. With the aid ol Horatio King and John Manon, E |S., tbe able and efficient Kirst and Third Asslstan'. Post masters lienersl, I have prepare! a table of estimate* of tbe number ol letters sent through the in til since the year 1789 Hie estimate cannot vary from the actual number either war? probably not more than five to ten per c*nt. The number in 1790 Is given at 205, 64> in 1&00, aliout 2,0110,0^0; In 1015, over 7,000,000; in 1H25, 10,000,000, in 1840, 40,000.100; and during the last yesr, 119,034,418. In (ireat Britain, the year before last, the number of letters written and sent by mail was 410,000, 000. Pur ng the sixty-five years from 1790 to 1855, the number of letters sent through the mails in the I nited .States, according to our estimate, Is 1,393,930,814 During that time the number of our l'ost Offices has in creased from seventy- five to 24,000, and the length of post roads over which the mail is carried, from 1,876 miles to 219,0.';* tclles. The postsl revenue in 1790 was 937.936, less than five times tbe present salary of the Postmaster -General; and during the year 1854 the in come Irom letters alone was over six millions of doilirs. Mr Mn.xx then proved that our Post Office facilities were no better now than they were a hundred years ago. New York has just one l'ost Office, l.ondon. with about three tim?s tie population, has 493 Post <; Manchester, with about half the population of New York, has 107; Liverpool has 60, Bristol, wo, and til.vt gow, 77. Mr. Mil** srzued strongly and forcibly in favor of the delivery of all letters by earner-), as giving a local circu lation to letters. The drop letters in London in 1851 numbered 4). 685. 952, wbile tbe number in tbe United Ptales, acording to the official report of the same year, was 716,428 ? i-si than a fifty sixth patt of those in London alooe. The entire number of letters mailed In Ijtndon during 1S61, for both local and neneral circulation, was 88.40.'!, 441 ? while in the whole Unltad states, during tbe same year, there were but 06,790.624. The latter carriers and receiver ? In London, with their wages, are as follow*:? A'omW. .V.ilin>j Letter carrier* 1,385 0470 275 Letter receivers 4;?8 9L436 Total carriers and receivers 1,883 06di.71t> Tbe postage cn l^ndon local letters is 01, 226, 000 This slows t clear profit of orer 8000,000 on tandon drop Utters Besides tbe vast convenience to tlw pub lie, more than <ne half of the postage on such letters Is clear profit to the Post Office Department. The follow ing statement gives the nimber and salaries of all the letter carriers of Oreat Britain : ? Ai?mfc-r. Milam. Letter cair ers n cities an<l towns. . .4,305 0*04, 61 j letter centers in rural ami suburban district* 4,32'i 601,430 Total In tbe United Kingdom 8,721 ' 01,406,036 Here we see that the piofits on the drop letters alone pay m* re than six reventbs of tbe salaries of tbe 8,721 letter carriers of the United Kingdom. The followicg table gives the population, tbe receipts from postages, the entire local expenses ? pay of post masters, clerks, lefter carriers and receivers, and con tingtnt expenaes ? *11, except expenses of transportation ? in tbe several places mentioned. In th* year 1*54, tbe last rolnmn showing the percentage of expenses, or pro portion that tbe po-<t office expenses bear to ths receipts I'lwri. IHMlaNM, lUceipti. Krp't Prrt I ondon 2,882 336 08,109 161 01.0:8,290 17 Liverpool >76.006 482,725 70,145 14 Manchester 316,213 383,985 88,820 18 llirmmgbam 301 841 192, 708 00,830 l'.? liristol 137 328 14H,7?^t :)0,7'.?0 30 Preston 72,m 33,788 7,000 20 leicester 80,;.>*4 8,245 22 Limerick- 6C 44* 37,367 8,406 22 Total, the 8 cities. 3.010,741 87.425 711 $1,308,620 17 Reet of the K 'dmn.24,223,700 5,743,012 2.010 0>? 35 bntire Kingdom 27, 833, 601 13,160,733 8,883,520 26 New York 61.', 647 '119,143 lOULlTO 21 Philadelphia 240 045 S?>1 ,81*1 60,2,4 28 Baltimore !*?.< 54 l.':8,5?l 36, "2.: 25 Boston. 138 811 191,94:! 64,770 29 New Orleans 118,37.'. !<8,309 84,081 35 OnrlDnatl ll.'.,130 80,433 27,121 32 Ht. Louis 77,880 4.S,fl32 21,220 46 Saa Fra?ri-ro 34.77rt 93,737 64,88'. 41 Total the H citle*. 1, 974 ?1,473,M(? ll<W,4?* 2* Ra?t of the U. H.. .21, W6,i?2 1,7*1,927 2,690,94* .',4 lb* entire IT. 8. 23,191,178 ?, 266.688 2, 999, *16 48 *?(? by tbe above figure- that eight of tb* large ritlea of tireat Britain, contain, ng only IS per cant af the population. contribute '8 per ceo t. or more than t n* half, of the entire poatal income of tbe king lorn; while the receipt* In the** cilia* amount to 68 per cent, the eipanae- are only 39 per rent of tbe entire local poatal expenditure*. Ihe eight American cltlea contain aix per cent of tha population of the country, an1 coo tribute ii.'i per cent to tb? poatal income, whil? tha ex pense aie but 13 per cent of the local poet office eipen fliturea Ike folio*. ng labia give* a different arranjemen\ and Clflirent date-. Tbe population U tba une, according to tbe cenaua of 1?W> the receipt* of tba American '.IBce* according to the cfficial report of 1*51, the number of letter) according to the report of 1862, and the receipt* and lettera In tiie office* of titedLifrltein actor ling to

tbe rejort of 1 *5J Iteport* forall theee pU itt could not be obtained for the wm> year, but the c.oociuaton* we arrive at will differ eery little in convenience of tbe difference of data*. Tbe la-t two column* give the ?um of money jaid and the nnmber ?f latter* written by each tboniand per*ona in tbe average of tbe popula tlon ? Sumh*r Re: pi i l.t'Ur? "f ft J"' flat e* Pofulmtii i a Rttnph Lrlttri 1 (*10 HW Ixindua 2>-..2M ?3.Ml?lt r.Jl* W W..W 41. I'M l.iTerpeol J??M6 447 797 14,?4.ii4A l,IW S7 77* Manebeetnr ... ?1* 213 3>?"l? II *14?,??4 1.16* J7.376>lBabain . - I I I7.\<e.1 ft, 7C1.7'?? 7M !?."?> I real., a 7'-'. I U, .11. 6^1 I I CM I i ..Ml I.elc?*?"r. ??>4 S.PM I.OT.IW 17, lee limerick . M.44A 33. Ml I.084.W '.M 9>.IVi Total 7 elttaa. S, 473.413 tt.aLM* 132,173 967 $l.UtT7 V <? All tbe klag'n. 27.n33,MI 12.1W.040 410,817.41* 4 IU II, 7SU All tba km* m .uiejtl.. adea A'., 181 T.2SB.HM J?M?,1S? 2M 12 312 Km* V?rk ... 413 '4* l*>3l.m 12,337,11" II S 94* I'bilaHtlptile W\ 04A 1^7 ? J9 ? 780, ?8 Vt II, ail II.,.'. n l < -I i: "7 (4-'. tC'. ! 31.730 llaltlmere IM.nM W.67I 1,7.8.743 .'?>? IdLM Naw Orleaa* ll?,X6 117, -S7 l.*??.7WI I M.-25 Total SeHta*. I.fft.m II |t*.|6# 2S.17l.3ilB |H?i 77. ?i Heat ef L ? 3l,m.f74 S,AM?7? 7?,ftl?.3l? 170 1,2* Total I' 8 23 191, *78 1.014. <180 M>.79?,924 >16 4,131 < Mr. Mil** then argued ia favor of a uniform rate of [eetage a< a, notifying labor, and gave tba following ? tatietlc. ? Tbe entira axpena* of tba Rritiab loot Offlea In ltAI, wa * 17,(08 399. Tbia wa* made op of tba following tern* ? ?Anveyarce of tba mall* $2 MM16 I'nrveynr* for apecial agent*; 186 W6 Colonial p^etel expenee* *7, *76 l.?j,en?* of the money order offlae :i8.t f.j>: letter carrier* 1,40*,*?! <>eaer*l Poet Office aad mlocellanaoa* 972,1)4 Total general mail aipenaa* |4 m>4.**w lompenaaUoB to poatmaatera, aah po?t matter a aad clarka, expanaaof rtati nery, rmit, foal, ligfcte, he $A4A Ub Kipenae of tba I.oodon Qty 1'oat Oflaa. *02 4*> lordoa tetter raeeteera n.4U ??al eipaaa* far week. *?., la the Poet ' fl.lM II# teaaad tetei aatu*. portal aiftaaw. I'.ooi w The NMn<u of the United State* I'oit Office la 1843 ? mounted to $7,082, 75ft, ocoiUtinf of the following iUmn * Mall transportation $4,9W,30$ Ginntl oiwilluNiu nipeiiMt 70.1,700 Total general mail expense* $6,410,008 Component i>n to po*lma*ter* $1,821,474 Sal* tie* o( clerk* &09.820 btatiuoery 41,444 Total for work, ?e , in Po*t Office* $2,371,748 Grand total entire peatalexpeaae* $7,082,76 We hare her* $2,372,748 for expenae* la our Poa'. Office* to go again*'. $1,1:19,110 lo ton I'oit Office* of Ureat Britain, bat aa we have to round aumbnn 24,000 Pi atuuster*. while tbe whole number of I'oatmaeter* o ? *ub-Po*lin*?teri In Gteat Britain amount* to bat Uttle over 8,000. t&? circumatencee an n >t e<|ual. We will tbeo deduct frt m the expenae* of our Toil Office* two third* of 'he amount of all the Malar leu of our Poit mat ter* ($1,214,314) and that will leave $1,168,432 to go agaiuat the *um of $1,139,110 for the name kiad of Mr ?ue ia great BriUm. Now we hare taken away 18,000 of the laborer* ia our peetal ??rvlce, and if we once *uu po*e that the remaining I'oetmaatera and clerk* could attend to the work w'lat do we get a) the reault of their labcreV It 's i-ertatniy not to be *uppo*ed that thty could do the eor* with our complicated and heteroge nics* *y*teni; but i( tbejr rould perform it. howdoe* It compere with the re*ult* of tbe ubor in tbe ttritUb Poet Office*. In 1862 there were 96,790 6",(4 letter* mailed In the Uaitec tHatee, and In Great Britain during the aame JMr 8tV,6 l,4l-9. Aco'diag to the above rxpenaea eve ry million letter* m tbe United State* coet for deepateh anu reception? independent of transportation ? the earn ot $12,067. while the ?>me number in (ireet Kri'.aln oo*t $2.w??8 beu>g le*a than one fourth the amount. Wera tbe ltritiih method of dolug buiiaeu at com plicated, labor iou* and eipenalve a* our* their <179 mil lion lettrre would bare ro?t in tho stamping, mailing and bandiiag $14, 5M. 480, instead of $1,139,110, end tbi* beside* transportation and general poit expen***. On the other hand, were our *y*tem a* simple, unlorm, and ia resequence aa cbeap, a* their*, our nlnety-ilx million letter* would bare coat $287, 9t8. instead of $1.1J8 ,431, or we could hare despatched (oar hundred milliou letter* at tha *ain* coat ami trouble that it now take* (or leu thaa one-fourth of that number. Nothing i-< *ald of paper*, b>>ok* and pamphlet*, but n* the) aie similar in soth couutrtea, it woull not ailect the geueial result. If we a-Jded to the expeme of the post oilices ol lireat Britain, a< given above, the aaltrle* ot all the letter carrier* m tbe kingdom, ($1,406,936,) it would only raise the amount to $2,446,046, and tbla woul<l omy be aboat $8 000 for every million letter* not 'ar from !ialf tbe mm that our letter* coat, Theae glgsntls reault* in the British J'^it Offioe are moet cer tuTulr attained in simplifying labor by making poatage uniform. It may ap|?ar at first like a amall matter, that we bare three rate* of 'letter poatage? on* for drop Ut ter*, one fur genera! |>o*t letter* that go lea* then 3,000 mile*, and another for dlltance* beyond 3,000 mile*. It may appear to be of lr.tle consequence that we have two method -i ef paying for our letter*, either ia *t*m|M, or ia money, an (that we have three method* of computing the rate* of )>o?t*4<* by weight. Rut theae are not email matter* or onimportant. lathe mailing and delivery of a hundred million letter*, and the man agement ot twenty four tr onaand post office*, it i* n question of mlllibua of dollar*, Ho long ae we go on the principle tbat oar I'o*t Office mu*t *u*tain it*elf, it bec< me* a ijurat'on of high or low rate* of po*ttge. Were every rate and procie* In our *y*'.*m re duced at ftnre to tbe grea'eat uniformity and simplicity, the *>Dgte rate of letter poatage m.ght to-day he put at one cent aad a half Inatead of three and tea cent*, and have our Po*t Office revenue and expense* a* nearly balanced n tl.ey aie at pretest A atrikirg result of the benelits (if uniformity in poit ag* aa a measure ol economy, I* ahrnrj in the compara tive roei of attending to the mailing and tranaporilog letter* in Great Bntair and the United Htatea, and in Great Bri Mia before and after the rate* were uniform. In (ireat Britain, In 1839, the ye?r hefnie the Introduc tion of umtoiin (oatage, thei? wtre 82,471', 690 Utter*, end tbe <ro?- expenitea of tbe Poat Office amounted to $3,784,997. 1 l.ia *liow. in expeo-^i ol $48 for etch tbou.-and letter*. In 18N3tbe aumberof letter* -ent by mall in Oreitt Britain waa 410,81T.4*9, and the groa* ex penae of the Post ('dice $7,0C3 399. Tbifl amount* to $17 for ereiy thnu**nd le'tera. aa tnat iu proportloa to tbe buaini*s tione, all tbe expeqae of atleu<iing to the mail i in Uieat !lreat Britain ia only a little over en* third what it wa* Mw thare *>.< uniform p<>*tage. And how i* it in the C&i'ed State*? In l?>^2 the number of l?M?r* mulled wa i 95,79( ,fi24, and the entire postal expenae* ?7,1C8,4C9, being an etpenae of 474 f't earli thousand letter*? a atrong r.on'.ratt to the $17 for a thouaaad lettira .a < reat Br.taia. Can any onr aerioualy think tbat there i* a financial advantage u having letter* between the AtUntin and Pacific htate* pay ten cent*, with ltttoM other dlatance* piyieg three *n1 drt-p letter* one, while in con*equ?nce of theae *everal rate*, we are burdened with a varied, complicated, laborioe* , an l expeuaive ayitemf I* there any reaacn in believing tint there i* any other reanlt than a great loan? I?ok at the following figure* i-howing tlie xroa* amount of poatage* coun ted in the rita'.e* and lerritoriea meatioucd, in the year 1H64:? t'alifornia $266,181 Oregon Territory 10,496 Weebiagton Territory 1,628 ''tah Territory 1,847 New Mexico...., 908 Tot?! $'/70,?<W If *e < : u ?- 1 ooe-th'rri of thi? for th* poatag* on looal matt-r, w* aha'.l Lav* JliO.f 4>'> for tb* poatage on l*t Urn mi] paper* going over 3,000 mil**, and which la charged double tba rata of mail mattar ?ant lea* than .',0< II rai!e*. (Iha lata law ha" ranted -hi* to tan caote. ) lhae half of tl.l< ? Sbo ft'U- may he cou-i'lered ax the pro Ct or siirplu* derived front th* 'high rata ?f poatage. If we add to thia an eoual >um lor tba po*t*g*a ooTlestad in tba Atlantic State* on mail mattar going to the Pari lie, we abalt hare IHn i.W, a* the gain accruing to our Port Office .'apartment, iron tba rata of poatage for lotg dl?Unce.t. An 1 what doe? it coat to collect thLn iub of $1*0 OW Why, it coat* at the leaat calculation, over a million and a half of dollar*, or umr* than night time* tba mm gain*). Mr Ml!** then gave hi* attention to tbeffaakiog *y* tam. and presented Ibe following tUtiatlca ? Quantity of mail matter ?*nt from Waahington during tba month of January, 1H.14, upon which n* poatage i* collected and abowiug the amount of reveoue that would accrue, if the aain* wu chargeable with po*tage, and prepaid ? Number of latter) franked by member* of (ODgre** 77,737 Weight bt th* uaa in pound* :i.44? Amooot of poatage on the anm* if prepaid lt,WU dli Weigh t ot ; .i ? .? docamea'v franked by member* of Con, -;r**i, lb* fl93,M?H Amount of poatage on the *xm*, if prepaid 9110. Ml M W? iiht of letter* franked by Kxecutlve of fice.. lb* 7,'*W> Amount af ptatage on tba aanie. U prepaid $11, 7Xi 40 Weight of m wapaper* lb*. 111,002 Tot*l amouut of po*t*(r*nn fbenbov* (th? tieweptiper* excepted) far ooa month, provided It !? prepaid 407 TJ Total amount for twelv* m< ntha.,.. lljei.tHO r?4 Total ami unt for twelve month*, if not prepaid ?2.9:il 049 U0 Without taking *ay acoount of tha aew*paper* tiara w* find nearly a million aftd a half of doliara for free matter that leave* Waablng'oo in on* year, b?*ul*? all that arrive* at Waabington, and all that I* **"t free In allotbar portion* of the country. A fair eatlroata would probably give three million* ai the amount of poatage on the franked matter annually aaot tbrongh our mail* Th* Po*t Office Committee of tba Ron** of Kepraaenta live* put it at $2,100,000 ml we are willing to admit that a ? a fair aatima'e. He lata Pnatmaiter i.eneral calculated the p??tx*e on tb* Iraa matter of Washington ?going out 'and coming in ? daring two year* ending July 1, ?4 being at the rate of I JO 410 anaually. It la thai vary evident that two million* and a half for free and goT*rnm*nt mail mat ter I* below rather than above, a correct **t!m?t* Now. la the same af all that ia Juat, why la that an or mou* tax ? aa purely a government matter aa mpportlng the army and navy? why la tb!* aum ril*ed by taxing our * If we add to the Po*t Office revenue for the Laat ill year* tb* ?um of $lft,0t0.t?0 for government poa'.ag-* natead of ID, 917, ?34? the aroot/nt tint wu appropriated ? wa aba. I have a groaa raveaue of 147 '.???* . .'i to go agalaet expenaea to the amount of $a913H.'>,3<? during to* aame period, ibi* will leave a balaaea of ? nd tb i* ana the Pott Office l?par>ment he- actually earned during the la*t tlx yeare over and above all ex tenaea And yet. In 'be face of all thla we have a law paaied raiaing letter pnatage. on all lettera tha' go thr-* tbouraad ni Tea or over, from all to ten ?.< n -a on iue piea that tha Department doe* uot aupport Itaalf Peraoetal Intelligent*. Hoti Ralph II Metcalf, SMfMf (Idllf New llarn^ ?h m M r ouai . i'I at hi* realdeao* a V*wpo*l UBTilJ. At the Irate* [|'?sa -||.,a l>av!4 Tt>4. nhto, Toi IE. C r iark Albaay, K V . I ir 4)?.4iir Itaat .a. II n !? WrigM, lad . Dt Cnflertn*, Aertralia f.n.'ia I' Ki??r Mu? s I Ilea H 0. Ilarria I'aaa Ke? f?v t'ortav. fi.rttaad. II f Ittwlay, (?t Ionia On C?| It A Walaaa, Itae'.aa or. K V R llvatar ft Johui. K H Fnaol Sanadara, Pbdanlpbu. MtrAHTtRgn. For Ca!lfor*la via A)pta*all I? aiaaataht; (iaarxa I.**? J llaaaa A 4'0'a atmncr Alarm 4 t naaaeac r W?lla f ar*o * < ? ? n?eae**f?r W < a'e. J r at L'apt A nrier and lad;, ' el J W Will una l?A II -anlJfa lad. a*4*hil4, (r? Karltbaw, J Willaei), lady an1 ehll4 J *? Janaa ane ]?4r Mra Iiarn aad fare; ? Mr a Th"?ta?a, Til O ' xaavr, Mtaa V Tate* *ed eervecl. Met IImI Mr Wilaoa ? l> Valea tire K?v t. Tbcmaa aad lastly, Rev ? It K '<ttev wife a*4 child Kav A Kellaer, wife and lafaat Rav liiab f lta*>> | .? Mr l-awia aad ladr 'lev Mr Uvimat** aa4 *ua, J nm Jl llran <ait l.tih J JJn.i. o M laa A < lark Mr* II' ?? ?* aai Infaat / , t?' R Reya -.Ida an I Ut; Mn ? J >i?i. J I' Fieri ? a la aad infant, tf Naffai. R < Ma Uaa a4y aad aevvaat; f) f H Ralataa. JH.I I ia me * . Mn Raeda and fanitly. D W ??4 aad ?*? <MI4ra*. Mf? I'aerea. J RnarS A Kaafeaa Mra Iaa4frav aa I let 'luldrta. Mra Waid. Mra Aadrawi aad 'Itild R r ??' >?)*. ? A Jaekena. A iMaee a*4 lady, I Mean. 1 AahcrefW 11 H Tbaaaf, r D Int. C A 'ittp. J 4 Ara*tM*|. W I, It kealar i,.tlia4 i.l rii|?? More Hat' Mr i A ? I la aat t "iyr?a ; * Uarh, 4 II lauh A J l^aek Wi B .'t a??4 )lra Treat and 4e?fkur J Hail; Mm Ml*h?l> Mra jrti Mrarleaaar W P'.rter aad lady e Nwbala, 1 J mat A li-ntel A Aaavia aal lady Mra A l<**ay, J Peltt W I li'ile aad l*4y llllta* Biae ? 'Jail 4, R IU*4a aa I t:aJ4 Hale. I) tbalvy. Mra M Rernkar4l, J O Traa'.ar H I' Wadleigb. C Terkia*t?e aad etf*. Mra r*amtag> aal t Mid, art E Deaellle. * Peek. Mn A A "aydev ( r Maa itar'ae. J t Marina, * ft Plial. I I' fllal. r> WiaeaU Mra M Ratber Be 4 aaa J lnpa*<, V 4 Walla,' Mr IWyla Mr Kaa?>*g. J l'?4tar J *4* Pa?t*r. t BaUa I Riler **4 e l? t*4 4 fall Iia|liai?> ef *ee*e*??n ia th* ewead **4 la aad a ' "f *S J* k"4 BamAeae-Jafce DtltOl Ut* 4aii, MT M*?U<ea /atfcie- *r rv *ei ExComoI Mamlm to the OrmorrM, o. Marry, Dimoorath? N"W Yoiu? ***** ft, 18M r-IHTr' th* administration, rornor from WMbiDKtoo ,.r< with pUu.tbU a.n..,t, to 1,1 th* oount,,y Into a war' with Spain. III. poller '? lalolenca without prulenea lMdlor InerHably to extaaded bo.UUtia., oui, D cra.tinatlnf the crlai. to tba adrant.,, of the anemy with tha loan to onnwlra. of eTarythln* raluabla In tha conte.t. According to tha rumor, war Htaaitiera ara ordarad to tha Onlf, to crui.e tot and capture tba In ?olaatgpaoiard. that have flrad upon our Hag ?od o?ar hauled our mail rtaamer.. It cannot ba denied to Marc, that hia plan U aa car tain an old f.^y war of ? drlfMnf Into a war" of tha mo.t actraragant and ma?aitloent proportion, aa eon Id bar* baa a deviae* by that pnoca of fogiei, I/)rrl Aberdeen himaatf. Hot wa ara a comm. real and eraiaantiy a practical P?opl*, and In vindicating tha honor of our fla* wa eliould not .tupluly paaa tha moment for taking the oo y aacurltiaa poa.tble to cover tba etpen.e. of tha contaat aod aave tba great national lotara.ta at h.iard Tb. immmanca of th. pr^ent crUU maka. It widely ,ur umv-mIiSs iu",Pr?r*#dln* ,be l*rt 'th* ?"'? ?n^aa.rMr! "*"? hi. place m tha Cabin?" whYre h? ?.?* ppssss OEO. N. SANDK1W. Iluarrt of Aldrrmrn. tai*c O. Rarkkr) E*,., Pre .Idant, In tha chair. Tba minute. of tha la.t meeting war. raad and approved comn ?,c*Tioir? or ? ^JT! of ,h# Comm"'ioo,,r <* ??d Hup o h . m 'T 'C00Unt ?f lbe "P""" ??> r^alpt. ?'Tr ?">?? l?t April, 1865, bj whieh it appear, that th. total amouat of paid ap plieahla to tha Building Stock Kund betwean tha l.t of Janury, IBM and Mof April, 1K64, wa. Ml 170 In .1 ?*nu ary " w'a? lh,t lh" MptBded In February 917, :m :il In March.;.. ^?,01U <?3 "tzstftir. rmo,Vn? Vh* ?i?i w,u? 10 The communication w.. ordered oa Bla! ' " ' 8,907 24 sissssi of\ha SS2W!""" "" 0,r""' b> the Aldarnu. t ?cii??s ix'rs&vxr ttZrVrirrSF? rectad b, the < om aion * b *ncl|, Adopte'l ,Urt!'*r ?n,. i- ",?***""> ?* ironn nr MAOiixn ftssrsy-arifeS^s rornub.a\tVpur?Uan7to',tb;;;1 or 10 p" thaDoard ol r,, ""' !' ' "n tract., ha n?U0a.| gs^M?2?& WiSSsSSs^m fbllowlrir in ice Hr?{ ",*'n4' ro?tractor? at tha ward, S2.VM. warn, ? I , , So, and Si*th 'o which aeearal Cbarln* thf .treati b j ma. ^^",2 1 otK^,"U,? ' ,?f WTerfini Ui the old ?"he>. were for tba muw-laa ,'?? ????? br borri or adnpwd eitlw<n. '"l?er Am.ri an iSS~?rv-:-^ ufsir sssstsssr? ?" F1r?t, Second. Foarth .nd 2, th ,l?" of ll" ?t the a, pen., of tba KT^'i dlrecte.1 to do no by tha eniLU,?m.^ , r harebr re.ldenta .ad clti.en. of v.w f,?rk l"r"m" of Ttor on Uaanin, ?troet., fcy . T?u Ty - V" ' tALAI M HAHKrt . buTJSSS^i1 '.."ZZS?^ ' - .h. ,.?v? ?i ?sett, r^\:h ,or u>* r*n>i.aion of taia. ware re r^r,r*' ?';?? - n"L?wir,kf:rr.t.e^,r,"fb i.? afc&taiTr AOjOuruad to Monday neit. tormina' Kitjjrn ht fiium Row* U?ri,g>i Wilhaln li*M an ln>j'i**t y**tarday at tba N*w Vork iiof;t!al, nj'i? tba body of Ali't MuMroa, * ?wu a*. it tw*'.*y tlx ytart of ?s? who ram* to h*r d*atb by a frut intf tha ?hull, nirMaatally raralra-l by f*IJI?f down r ? at tha rear hoti?* No. 34 < Uj lla I IW?, o tha Ma mat Ir* in th**nd*nca a?VliJ(!*d It app?ar*d that th* d> ??*?d had b**n to tb* abora plar* <m a rlalt to kim frt*n 1", of bar* aad b?lB| In an I at- iirata I rtata, *r- <1*n'ailr mi???il b*r footlaa <.? tba ?tairwa y an ! >11 |i- ? hb to U>? fl o?<r t>?n?*?h fracturm* h*r afcall la tb* fall A r*rdl?lt In fx<ir<kgr4 With tb* atmrn fa-t< aa r*n !?r*l by th* jar jr. l??*aa*d vat a natlr* of I r* I and I itii A??ur*T ? Ormtrr Wllb?lm ball an ?rct -j?-t i*al?r'!ay at 1 21 Kaat H*r?t?!h itrwt, apon U+ )->!/ cf I aaial Kaflia. who diad tb* praa.ona da? trm *av?ra iBjurtaa ror*l?*d by falling down atalra wh J* ? an a U ilcaUd condition Th* Jury r?n'lar*d t'>* f- -/ L? ? a/ rvrdlrt ? " That Af.? da?-a***4 raa>* to b.a drath f* a< lura of lh* ba*a of tb? (kali, arwN<t*ot*lly r*(?*d b? 'ailing dowa (taira at tba h^-ia* Na 1/1 fcaat P?"ai? ?tr**t, oa tb* 4th day of April, 1*4* b* b* a< laVol raUd at tba tl?* " r?f<-aa?.l war ab?it 41 ;*ar of *K*. and vaa a aatlf* of l/vUad A?"Tmr? H' ??t??i Ffir> A' < inw?T ? ' ?*?????? 'J Imtnall haM an lft'(?**t y*at*rday at No 11 >lr?t atra*t upon tfra b?dy of a fovtig lady ?air* l Mary B VW!*r ? <?! V> y*ar*. who ram* to b*r -i**tb fr?>? arr*r* iBjqna* r? ,iiih* an tb* Hat alt ty tha upaati afol a ll?ht*d barn In* Bald '??p ?C'0 b*r p*roo > r*aa tba *ryd*n? fl 0o>*d, It app*ar*d thai tba daraaaad, on tb* *r*oiB( la u*?t < n war alttiBf a*vta* b??M? a labia on whl-!i a li?bt*d burnlaf B-?? laai| ?u pla ?d, aad that abila rar>H t> ib j ooeapattaa, mm ?f **a eklMraa *ka ?*r*playlaf a tb* rt?o? ac .daatally ap? i lb* iaaap ?h fb br*aa sf. tba baraia* Dal4 ?aa tbrawa all <??** tb* b?ad a ad ? U"? U*r? of lb* a<waaad. pmd?<-ia< frtf bt fuJ la, ap* ? 'r"?i tba *<f*?t? of Thick aba lla|*r?l onUI ta?*lB?a*5ay( ?ba* aha avptrad ta fr*at a#oay T'*jary r??<"* r*d a ?*?d rt aw/rd.aal ? [?*?-* -ad ?u a aalit* *' lb la rlty, and waa *adaar?3 to a larfa *lr?la af frtwad* and rtlalit*. T?m*?r*r I>wr **ni*irr- K*/, im?> orr?*. - tba ??' aat of drafta raftaWrad la lb'* aA-? for in* ???k *a<taf March Slat, 1W4, la a* fallow* ? I War ?? . i Traaaary ??>,!*? M laWrwc , or lAada if. kCJ Tl 'atarv>r b0,?.: M K*-t-?VUoa.?f pabl* i*bl I*?TT T* (artiki It T,HA ?T Wawy ?t Tt T??ai awikt ?? .m ma ? 0?r S?W (h Irmil OtWywAfU . Nww omuuaa, Mmh U, IBM. City tlf-Htn?Knosu Nothing* Vninriimt? Small ft** ? Try u Agmtn?1% Chitf About-?*- Hn> TruU-lty (try- at !/????? Our <??(/ JVe<? k'cnpomoc. Tbe cit y oltrliog for Recorder of Ikl Flrat dlatr at, aa4 for A Merman and tubUnt Aldennan of the city of M?w OiImu, Um* plaee on Mm day laat, andre-nlted la the triumph of Um Km? Nothlngn really, but reformer* oe t?n?lbly. The fiction wa ? remarkably ijuiat, paeeeaMe, and ordrrly ? no rawa, do flghta, ao killing. Theinapeet ?ri were all refomwra, and eonduetad tbt alaetloa la ault tli# m?el< ?h. rally 3.(00 demwerata dacOaad voting, and I, COO wire reacted, having baaa, in cOstaovanUaa af law, r*<|uir?<i to produce thalr saturallcaUaa paper* which, tor the ptlaelple Involved, and that only, tliey refnaed to do. Ilia vote nt.xxi for reformer*, 5,70# , far tba demacrat.c candidate*, 3,U6W Tha usual thl( rata la 6.7CO. aad tha ueiial detnoeratta nnr 7,000 Tba rio torjr aad fim i depaiture lor Yirgiala, vara to hare baaa announced by a ralute of 1M) guua yeeterday at aeaat but Captain foria, of tlia Artillary, waa ualortunaUty horribly mutilated by a pirmature eiploatoa ere tlea twelfth gun hail a*)da<l lt> voice to tbe clamor llereft of aa arm, aa eye, aad a iiortum of hta face, l>a la iu? lingering between Ufa aad death, euliatlng urn vernal ay u> pa til y Thara will ba aaotbar atruggk, aoil >laubUrea, a (all ahow?f hand*, la November aait, wliM tha general Mate election e< < u re Hotii partial ara fctngalne of <vrMai then, but alaa for bright hopaa and aaibltiou* rlewa, only una factlou canlriumph llie reformer* aay the lau' *l*-t1on waa all right aa hooor to tha conntry Tba democrat* pronounce It highly concentrated ann-nce of compound villany A r in a 1 1 farce of Alibuatera, becoming obstreperoiaa and too lf?|uacioua aa wail aa indlacreetly loabrtata. wara dlabandad bare mmt (aw daya ago by tna great . bief ; but on threatening, loud an I deep, lo peach, aa lm|iaaa liable tell of my*ter\ waadrawn over iha whala affair. Ibe Daw liar of ateamera in tlia Mobila and Oalraataa Irada, ware to have aaila I Ian'. Tliunxlay ? than changed tlia day to Saturday , no* h la uudaratood they will laava nait friday. What la koto* in and am?ni( tha army of tlnvadera. m kept a profound ? at' rat. All ?e?m fully impreeaed with the impot tance or tha magic w< rd mom Quitman wrat to hia home. Monmouth, t'other day, and haa not y at raturnad thara la no talk, no aicita ?nant, about tba expedition. Mattara mora national ara engroaainir tba putilie miad. Tha M Ixtrado eUamaliip outrage Na. 'J, fire* tha |iaopla at la rue Tha l/aito? Matea flaat In tha Uulf la expected to lift tlia avenging arm at an early day. Iha puldio eya aboulu ao loagar alaap, tha piiblir heart ahnuld no langar be inaaaaiMa ? uatknal or oth?rwlaa, veageance la atlianl, and Spala muat and will ba htimMrd. DUllU, Poller Jutalllganaa. Tl'? II KM; I. T OK A Nioirr's DgBkroa. Kdward Cantllly appeared at tba Tomba yaatantay, before Jaatiee Connolly, ebaxgetl with having aeaaulta4 l.dwanl McCarthy with a ilaageroua weapoa. Krvm the atatement made by tha dafeodant, It appaara that both thaaamen, who ara ahoemahera, working la tha aaaa ?bup together, at 67 Cherry atrewt, on tha night of tba 4lh lout , Rallied out from thalr plare of buiinaaa oa a regular bandar; that having taated the bad i|uallttee of vary iDdillrrant liquor aold in the tuurth ward, they besame aoruewtiat elattd but thla happy atala of affaire waa doomed to a reaction, which fell heavily upon Cea tilly, for, aa he alla(e?, M>4'?rtny In a fit of paaaion took ih cuiIi n to brtng him lo tha earth aomawbara (he onu Id not aay aiactly where) In the Fourth ward aad wiiea In that unpleanant -ituatlon. a<lnnalitera<t to bin a aa vere beating, putting ooa of fcia optica in ?saraing. home partiea luterfertng at tbla jiiuctuie, It waa 4aoi4*4 to poafpona tha finale until the next aftaraoua, whaa MH'arthy, It la alleged, antere-l the wurkahln whata Caatilly waa engagvl In meodlng ahoaa, aad rerim men red boatilitlea. A aarood ftgbt than earned, whaa McCarthy cried out that he waa atabbad, which eiola mation waa clearly au)>etanUatiB<l > j a lltUe atraam af hUMid Howlng (rem bla thigh helnir made apparent to alt Cantilly aaya that, eiaaperatad by the n>ugb umm of McCarthy be waa obliged to nee the knife upoa bla aatailant. The inagl?tra> noiumiltel Cantilly for tha aaaaiilt upon McCarthy, wboae wound la a atete arratoM. The pritoner Iwre exeellent trace* of bard traalmant at tbe hand* of vim* one. The Vayar'a OlRi r, A HAM IHTTKM ?* A DOO. Mr Morrla O'Connor, reaidlng at <V4 (ireeawteh atraat, entered a cniaplalat rn'cr iaj at the Mayer'a oflloa, againat Ml. Fhiltp Shatter, a baker, llviag In tbe aaaaa houaa, whom be >? liaryad with keeping a aavaga dog It ap|>ear* that h* waa attacked when he went Into tba yard by the animal, which caunbl him by tha throat, and maaglad II In a horrible manner He alaa bit bla very aeverely on different parte of the face, aad weuM probably have ?ucaa?ilag la kiliiag him, bad It ao! I>eea for a servant girl, alto cametn hi- aaaietaaee The <lag waa attacke<l to a eba.n. bat It waa ao long aa lo raw der It unaafe for any i?r?m to enter tlia yard. Tlaa owner we# notified to kill the animal, but na I" a teg rather reluctant to do ao, and ? il l t bat hia dag woubt not have attacked O'Cuanor had be not beea provoked by him. He cmeented. however, to put him 'rat of tka way, but In what manner ha propoeed la 4o thla ba lid not Inform the Juetlra. MlRHIA'lg ItT A JUHTfCB. The ordinary lootine of bualae?. at the Mayor a .itttc# yeaterday waa aomawbat raliate<l by tbe celebration at a marriafe ceremony Juitlce I'earcy officiated la tha place i'l the minuter, and lh? namea of the worthy couple are J?eeph (ila.el, of I'olaad, aad Mr* Ikartiaa i.oebel, of liarmany. TO THE KD1TOR 0k Til* Wu.vieur M?un?u, Apiil 4 IU.'i Vonr repc.rter, la notluag my arreat ?a ^nn lay haa made aeiaral miaaletemenla, whlab you will pleaea cor rect- -lit, that I waa violating a city ardiaaaoe, which le oatrue and mi iha* ca>e waa not on the eidewalb bet ravea feet Inaide the limita of noart yard Henp^rtf ully yoara, M W I/K7K WoOli, f laguerraan artlit, 1 igbth aienue, corner of fourteenth ? treat. Wllll*atliM>((ll|r Inn "?OB VIAI."? IXTMflTINO Tf? Till Ult ** < Of !?? PAKT B?# r. T>.a fallowing tati<Uat la raiat ?a to ' IUW or IMt V? J," will mw to |>H ay ww of tin trtaha raaortaat to tor tli? pur| oa '/f paim ag oft n lh? ^?bli< aa ahol# / n>? lco<l A m?n, n?i7,.'l John J?ak.n* kaaj?r of th? Hraarll of tha t alton maikat, '*?? i.rair! it/x , ?aj i/i?l y*a tartay ?f'?rrn,' n f?f?.ra Jgitira l orry , at <ba o!4 Otf Mall id .'iiutt frv nA itrwl, oa a r.harga of ??41. a* "Platad \aal " lh? 'bargl ba.tig |>r?farr?l by Kabaat P.ULDala, M*at loap'rtor l-,rlU ll'Url liatr. t At th? appotn'.ad hour, a ??-I a?>t ba ag praaaa- Ilka I ? art pr?*a?'la<| to 'ak* taatimoay Oarirga l'?alrr?r aworn ? 1 ??? run* yjtrUrt >f pU'a.| aaal lni.| C( up la th* branch of tka ralt"a Ikrtit, la (?raad rtraat J>m m tl.a boy aa I ll.ay vara (''lag la a. II It 1 ?.???! by plalad taal, pa l ng a t>ta*a nt f?l pi.rk a Kara tha krtna; ?<igbt to tia If U>a whola of U.?aa alaa qvartark >?al au trad oat, afUr taa o< ? way tha pork, aa-ugb tat 'O jM Dot ba got oaat t? groa?a a . a/-k kaila Imt'lian "all tbla bob taal ' , I baaa baaa a Utrhir for forty ;>an. I m aahSar Ui ? moat rar / >m atu>t>?? It taa tar; ;??(, aa 1 ba<1 baaa -larr?l. a thar haia <n wl.IJa It ag lir?a(lil bar* th?ra ? aa a* t a jartlrla 'if fat ibnit it, >a4 bat r ary llttia iraa* oa ?>,* boa**, ao4 t atni'ar tbara iu ?arp !.a?V;>#ar nw Janhiaa !???* an a lato CV,?r% u a*k*4 to Kara 'baa raaa aO^ .rt.a-t aa fc? ? ** uat mri VJaat It wa* to laa tiM lO'ltf. Ha vtahad l/> pr?*ara Uia Waablagt/a n.krkal bgt'kat of ah"ai ha parrbaavt Iba >aj, to prta* that It ? *? t'O-l < ' aaaallor I) waa a>!)Jag to bat- th* -aaa a-l prorM lag treat*-'. ?<>aM altr/w blan V> '"iin#a tha rfearg* to aal.iag italii.iw.iia alat, ?h. a aoaM ir.aka tha j-?a? ty aaal baatlar paaal ift IMM vuaa<t if ha knaw a KM bar Iba Mat la ?|U?ati?? au t?al or <of maat ? JastlBi 4i<l a')t n,n?, b'n au^oaa-t t at't(< ha ra?l, aa ta buaf ht It f' r that i ?>> agar. 71. a < '/*n?a fr?n i>a>aa( aaa ka aatl raaa V tfcat tao? aolhiac abo-j It th* Itwia a< A! ?at I %a? pr'-duca a aoataa a * il.iair.a ( art '.*a' ooabaH ataakar?t tr?m th* tblft. of tba ptiata b? a bo aaa b ,a? >at C'pla aat ar. l pr"n ia ?-l '>??? tb# Jaait tba? aaar lal , a? tiarfar tha i?ipr*aal<>e tha' it ?*? tha of aa ? ?i?ai A"?i*4 "-a- n4?'' aot te Ka < ? th? r?*a a^1 /aarafl aa oeaarrdlaf i| ha*-l 110. I'wftlil ( /#' Tirana! M</?rr ? T?a"j??4a/, a man Mav t > hil** Coaa, a r?-i'?at v' a/ a -*a 'aiatf, aaa ar r?at* 1 hy farr?aat i't*rntt of tba ? fth 4 ?tr 't u?li?a, a baif* of futntg a l < '?4*W<?t MM oa *?aa? ajafc/ar, faaaaltb. la '.rar>4 ?'i*at i???l (? ?* f? a'l* 'o appaar baf. ra Jaa'.'a Ra?w> 0 oa ^atartaj f?< ?la aHaat<?a A a A'" ' artao l^v' '<? It'lO H?a atT* of I'atar ??ataga raai^'ag a t? a ? rUaaA war-! y**ia?-1ay aat* a > mpla'Bt U fliptaia Wa'arttaH, Ua* r.ftb 4kalr1?4 y?'? that fhtl p Maa4, tba kaapar at ? m-aarabta law gr'frar y a '-nrta l.?ktb itfM la ta <aa aaMt of aatl ag ran to tar I saUa.1 at ?U Um? of 4ay aa4 aigkt, ? a ! 'hat l*i b aabaa*) wmImi la?a tfe>ra all atctit la ? taaatj a'a'* of :al?il'a'."n *oai. plaaaaa< fartlav .ay* tba a hat ".aa4 aaU? far braa4j ia aat Waaity S?\ rrfalar I gbtaiag VdbaT I^V ? fau/ko - lit* a? parala c baagaa bara >a*a ?ta ? k?a.aa< K4war4 Kaaittk, >*?)? af IkaKi^t . ?b'7 I' *1 f'-? r /U'.iag 'ka ity oHIaaaaa by art ?;? ?' *7 *** t-oo'ty fca a? M* lat a* b af 4 *???? kp far trial >a?n Jaakiaa !?ra >VMay a/t'rw^a at tka kMOty 1 Tw 'Vfa*ra ra*a?*l U*a , ??%,?? pmaa tbal Mr HaaaU* Ml ? a* a yaryw Iba artai waa a4)aaraa< ?a ? r a . u >lri >??. baaa mW- .gaaaat ?? aat b* tata^ atr t?ka fa- ????,