Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 16, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 16, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAKKI ?OBDO* FBOFKIBtOB AND ICHOR. wna m *. V* eouna or xamac akd rvurox m. mwn or t3 per annum : the Europtan Edition >4 jwr annum te mv port V Or??< Britain, and IS tc any part 0/ (A? Cm timtnt kotkto tntlude poetaee. ALL LETTERS by Hail for Subt,-riptiont or with AAoor TUoDeutt to be pott paid, or M? po$ta/t will bt deducted from Uli money remitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing impor Imnt nem, $olieited from *?y quarter of the vorld?if tued mill It liberally paid for. Our Fobamir Coiiuron ?MTI ABB r ART1CI LilLY tl??UTBI TO IUL A1X LkT *BB( i*r Pioiitti iii)T r?. NO NOTICE taken 0/ anonymoue communication*. We do not return tkote rejected. JOB PRINTING executed with nealneu, chtapne,?, and *'2dVER TKEMENTS renewed eoery day. Vdaiuc ax So. 105 amusements mis evening. BCAMMY or MUSIC, lourtoerth ?ir?*~ William ?w-. BMUDWAT TBCiTKE, ?Mttwif-ti.ADUTOI' VtVk' add Laroeny. ?8WMT TBKATRC. FlMii or Pimi -Bjuch Diamond? Bailor or VramCS BVRTCH'l TBliTKl, Ckuktri riMt- liGiiDUAii) WW AUDARI.tO HlMTKIIL-gmCTll Bw.dburoom. WALLACE'S THKATR*. Broadway ?The Souiu'i Davshtbi- Boon Dhaoocn*. AMERICAN MUSEUM? ,Aft?rno??- The Dh*. II ah or lAilOHOTIK. Iflllll-tiTnii BtrroHMAK. WOOD'S MlNSTMELB. Meehaeiof Hall?tTl Broadway. BUCELEfS OPKRA HOUSE, US Broadway ? Bcob Ul ? k.1 Kiev: AN Or KB A TBOurc. rXRHAM'S BUBUCSQUB OFSKA HOUSE, MS Broad ?J? Er*I(f IAS I'llldlHAHCU. ?KrntR HALL, 3?? Broadway? Panorama or .CRorB AMD tafUB or SS^ASTOPOL. HBtw York, Mon?.y, Aprtl^S, 1853. The SfWi. Tbe Engltb and Preach j ourn.lt continue to OJ cop, themselves with the Cute? ^ LctUon E? miner h?s a atro.g article o* the s -h* advo'atiag the emancipaticn of tie nep ^'olUiOO ?? tetoJ . ? J" "? *ta of Eiglurt ?>d Fntce.to jreveit the Diit?4 contends, is ft neoeasary step te the program "their Western policy, to wMdi TE. were made lost year >y Lord Clarendon to the noose t>: Lords. Toe Par* i?cfr?? of the M?h "lt~ atates that the Spanish government had frrm 11 Caetto, Kb MlniitcriTlenipotentiary to the S^aSS. ????? <** Wsshington seemed di.pos.6 to prevent auy fihb^^ tennr attempt again* the island. M. Btien Mnntci a writer in the Patrie, who seems to devote him Dell' epeciolly to American affair., ?ltne??h - nothing can eccaed the gross ignorant which be d splays .regarding tbem, furnishes us with " ??,?? ???!. <n t? Ort? to the text of the Oatoml cor reap oadenoe. He con ctades it by ?tr.ting taat any attempt up jo oar par to take poeeeeaion of Cot* by force, or ^compel Spain to reH -it, weld he ? a teot< * the history of civilised nations, and would rest as ? TdehL stain on tu forehead of th. ^erlc?u democracy.'' The Carrier du Havre of th? 22i. h?B the folic ?*in g iB reference to the Hews reaeive Srom Caba by the Baltic:-" Tnis ***? . present* the Spanish colony under an ^P^; ?hlcQ ' 5 it be of a tranqrittnlng nature as regard, the pieeent, d^s no. continue the les. " legarda future, buihiathe conclusion that la toba io:med, even froai tb. reports or the Captiin Gemral himself, wfc-ch we recently reprod^ed tor rthe moment the consp jacy i? explod.d tiie American expeoi?on whiA was preparing in the Bouthe.n States remeins without an oto^^t. The Im Xttxdades ?! Madrid mentions as ocrtain the irtelhg-nce that Poland has offered her mediation In the difference between Spain and the Unwe 04Aiag We present our refers to-day W.th a Tery ourioua ud uaeresting docscaent ? the appeal of the iHoly Synod cf RuBaia to tbe Russian people-whlch haa been translated for .ar columns from oneoftheS^ Petersburg papers. It was one of the reproaches Marnst the late Czar, since tne commeacement of the present war, that he waa always *PP^Kt:) tbe r*lisk>uB fanaticism of his people, rhe fact .of the Emperor Alexander permitting tie pubhcition el auch a document oa toat tj which we refer, provea that tbe reigning monarch was not, a? was gen?a , - 19 believed, oppoaed to bis father'a effort. .to caU to Zd oi nia policy the religious prejudices of hts sub lects. We have now, both in the empha^c decl%r* tkna ot the nobi .b and of the priesthood, uuqn-a Monahle evidence of the popularity of tbe war with all clatBes of tbe Rustian people. The cat* of Dr. Charles A. Peck.^ac Atner can gent e man, of thi- city, recently arrested by thi Cnban an boritiea a'. Puerto Principa and thrust lato prison a' Havata, is excitJig deserved av^n. tk>?. We published ye iter day the prooeedioga of a Bkeetifig cf hi. friends, at which resolutions con demaatory of the acts or the Cuban government, ttd invoking the intc-rpcaitioa of President Pierce to project Dr. Pe k, .ere adopted, and a committee api o r>ed to concert messurea tor holding a public ?teattcg to deliberate upon the cond.tiou of our itiantLH wi'h Cuba. A notica appears in our ad Kitis'cg columns tor a general meeting of the Ma k,-k Fraternity, to beheld thi. evening at the Ma mi: Temple, comer Croaby and Broome at1*?*8' to t?ke into consideration njeisures to be ad^tid for tbe liberation cf l>r. Peck. He was a prominent utd worthy member of the ancient aud honorable Prst?7BS*y, and baa been W.M.of a lodge under tb? jurisdiction. Tbere should be a full meeting. By an arrival at Fhiiadelphi. we have advices tforc Porto Cabello <Venezne'a) to the 27ih ult. OeL.Mon^g.8, the newly elected President, had faixiy entered upon the duties of his office, but hi. tmett promises to effect reforms in the govermnen tal departments had in no case been realized. Io it wap apparent that be intended to pursue bw previous administrative policy and no other, and *ko to rei^n In office his former subordinates. Cw ckss continued in seasion, without havirg done kijtLiDg worthy of note. Badness was quits ac tive it Poito Cabello, particularly in produce, and ?effee wss coming in briskly, this article com ?aLced troffl $10 25 to $12 50 per quintal, according to ft afle ; hides 1C to 16i cents per pound. Our tjmspotident at Rio Negro informs us m hie iet.tr cf tbe 10th of January, that the two tataJl ate?m?s, Tivado and Huallsja, coaatraotea * New York ftr the P ravian government, a-e rcmig at Loieto, they being unfit for a'.y semce The f fcvernnt.nt of Peru, a cording to the repor i>t the c^mscittee appointed to accjpt s ?id vfss.^'s, ta recii ed tte price for tbem to $?">,000 Tae tnK' cf IM .OOO was first agreed opon. We I ft ?i? d frim our Q iebe j v>r .'cppcsjiitt. <?ie preian's sn anilytla of tee annut ie^ort of Uf AlobUfej.1 Btwrd of Trade, tfirir-g a urn atemtirg ?u*i8tics )f the tnde of Montreal, aad cl ;ke irthfuv. ocMion ar.c past pro grew of f.m i ?ic? gtneiblly in the P.oviaoa. It mmuh that tb; B:?rd of Trade 6ngi;nt ?otce amwdoi-n -i to I've recipioci'y trea'y. i'he circular if S*?re x\rj <Jotliie ia reg ion to the treaty is orcitlng an. ?icerabic atcentui*. Tft? ne?r <1 :>?vnor General, fcjr I.dniurd Heai, hu r?r,5'r.;d hi* ioalruc.ionfl fail ..v. -tone government ?m the oouw ia fxof.: <d ti paraae, oat :b..-e .1 :rs it <i? u atftta ncth /ig atier ?peci8? or u: usnrl. I'trt mnemtio: s of foreign good* inv? tbe p\- of B >' t_ fcrtb?'ve?k cuing Sa uril?j !??>, ?a Jord at il.HK.Ot-0. Ii . r.i f; .on of offi;flr<? of l> Tu a. y 8<ci'.t> ..f-npa ? v r.i?h; a- Timaiiny Htl. VV pap ??. a 1* o ...a.idaks in anitrfr ?^o!3in mi - ?*. ) ? t> ???? f.\rh u), wh?cb cjti r n.'? +:*'r> i1 *. *h??, r?vo wlraV* jL.. >M. i>U?* -? ?? -IVX Uj/ U <wfc Ut.il> Ut ' tmlcn, and wtU that harmony of mU> ment which mw happily prevails among all tm democrats." Tfcf ptewpship Northern light, which arrived yesterday, broeghi Bl tfc* detail- of the California news which had been annOnnctd by telegraph from New Orleans. It will be aeon by the card of Page, Bacon A Co., whfch we publish, that the t?nfcln| business of tbo Urn waa to he reraj** &n the 49 th d March. 1*ae excitement t A&eoted with the bank explosion had entirely subsided, and business had genera ly resumed ha wonted peaceful appearance, although it bore by no means at brisk an aspect as tenders might desire. The Legislature was busy in mtdtavortog to improve the morals of the Bute by the passage of a prohibitory liquor law, an anU- j gambling act, &c., and were also on tbo point of d? daring the election of Mesne. Denvers and Herbert to Congrecs void, and ordering a new election h'y districts instead of by general ticket. A bill was also before the Legislature to abolish the city g,ov ernment of Ban Franctaco, and to plaos the?P?y in the bands of trustees. The news wil' be fawid In teresting. We bave by this arrival reoeiveO Hono lulu dates to the Id ult, but there is northing of gtneral importance meitioned. The admirer* of the Rev. Mr. Ch/ip in, the aloqnent Universal i8t minister or this city, will thank us, we are sure, for the fuU report which we give of his sermon preached in the Church of the Divine Unity yesterday. "While extending an invitation to drink of the waters of life freely, he expressed his ablor renoe cf those other fire waters which seem at the present moment to ocsnpy more the attention of this community* His effective fermca will no doabt bs read with pleasure and profit. About 3,000 a 4?C0 bales of cotton were sold Baturdser, part after the receipt of the America's news. The market closed first. Middling uplands were at cents. Flour wss steady, with a fair amount of sales. A small lot of prime white Southern wheat soU at 12 W. Corn was firm, with sales on tie spot, at $1 07 a $1 09, the latter tor yelloir, and Western mixed, to arrive in Jnne, at 90 cents. WbUkey was ismer, and dosed at 32^3. a 33c. ^-'meoMttMUoiiklltr ?f the Uqpaor Law. Now that the law has passed, it is time to in quire whether it be constitutional. Not whe ther it be consistent with the State constitu tion, as has been the inquiry in several of the States, but whether it be not a fiat nullifioetion of an act of Congress. Congress imposes a duty of twenty to fifty per oent on the importation of wines and liquors. Bj that act sueh importation 1b licensed and autho rized : ?.nd on the strength of it numbers of citizens have betaken themselves to the im portation of liquors as a trade. It may safely be said that forty millions of capital are in vested in the business, and that ten millions out of the whole goeB to support the federal government in the shape of a customs duty. Now, the question is whether the State Legis lature can say to the importers : You, gentle men, have invested certain moneys, and paid certain taxes to the government in order to receive the right to import merchandise of a particular kind : yet we, in the exercise of our authority, think it not fit yon should exer cise that right, and therefore forbid you to make any use of the merchandise you have paid so much to the general government for the privilege of importing and selling. Or to the general government: You have relied upon the product of a tax by you imposed with un questioned authority on certain merchandise for the support of the State ; yet we, in the exercise of our authority, think that such mer chandise should not be dealt in, and therefore forbid its introduction in spite of your law to authorize its importation and your loss by the failure of the tax. That the law implies bad faith to the former ? the importer? and involves a conflict of juris diction with the latter ? the federal govern ment ? is obvious. A man who has invested half a million in liquors and paid thereon a hundred or a hundred and fifty thousand dollars to the United States for the right of bringing them into the country, cannot certainly be deprived of that right by a local jurisdiction without gross injustice. Nor can the general govern ment be stripped of one of its most fruitful and most legitimate sources of revenue without a very clear and imperative reason for the act. The people of this country gave certain powers to Congress, and certain other po wers to the States. To the former they gave power to regulate commerce, and in part expressly, in part by implication, took it out of the hands of the States. Accordingly the general govern ment does regulate commerce by a tariff of duties, which has been discussed and changed too frequently to admit for an instant any qnestion of the absolute power of Congress to past* it. Accordingly, also, the States do not meddle with commerce. All goes on well and satisfactorily on this basis for sixty odd years. But at length men start up and argue that for moral reasons, the regulations made by the general government with regard to commerce are improper and must be altered : and. true enough, a law is passed by several State Legis latures to prohibit the carrying out of a law of Congress. If this be not lullification, in what does it consist ? The general government could afford to overlook the insignificant cases of .Maine or Vermont. If they were to give up trading altogether it is not clear people would know of of it. But if the fiscal laws of the federal gov ernment are to be nullified in the city of New York, the treasury will soon perceive the difference. It ranst not be forgotten, either, that the successful nullification of the tariff'by a Maine liw might be used as a precedent with fatal ef fect, in case any State, as Pennsylvania, Mas sachusetts and South Carolina in times past, found itself in conflict with the general govern ment. If a State can exclude one commodity, nullify the tariff in one particular, of coirse It can exclude all, nullify the whole. Wherein then did South Carolina go wrong in 1833? Tiiis businers will not be eettled without a foun.il decision of the highest United Sutes Court, and the sooner it is taken there the better. * Great Travel North and West ? The travc t>n our great railroad lines North and West, will evidently, during the present spring, be oa a grand swale. We perceive that in one week lately, on the Illinois Central road, (which con nects with the Mississippi river, and in that way with New Orleans on the South, and with our pi<at, through New York lines at its northern Ui minus, at Chicago,) that there were from seven to eight, thousand passengers, and that id one train of thirty cars, drawn by two Lico HiO'iviR, there were some fifteen buadrcd p is sciigtr-. From these symptoms we should not be ftiijjtited if the travel and emigration to the - rent Northwest, from the South and East, were .0 exceed the present year, by twenty, thir y, vr even fifty per cent, the pawenger traffic of ?>i; j jHTvions in h>#tory of tie co?n "J ? '? y- - ? ? -J . i. 1h* ?utu? VHUmT UfkUtaN. New York has been notoriovs d*rf ^ whole of the present century for p*?' ^ fligrcy and corruption. Ever rip- ^ , ** . of Aaron Burr ud too totw , ?ch demogogae, down ^ 8pr^?t buy? ure peofrf of York Stote boon affiicted and accuryi pttWic leaden of the moat intoVerj^ endurance. Partisan power has, ^lU'.iog the entire period, been wielded by th.? most corrupt and unprincipled men. "Vbe seff constituted leaders of the shrew a Eucktall faction, the dictators of the Cli'jtonian dynasty, the old Albany Regency, Vere all men of the most desperate character and unscrupulous conduct. But all those men, unprincipled and villanous as they were in their day and generation, were saints of purity ? wvre angels of mercy amongst men? in comparison with the " little villains" who have wielded the Legislature tor the two past years, and who have had the State adminis tration in their hands during that period of time. In the iron grasp of their hands they have held the Legislature of eighteen hundred end fifty-five. The people imagined they had elected a majority to the lower branch pos sessing sufficient courage to perform their pub lic duties for the welfare of the State. They 1 counted upon a majority pledged agabst the Albany Central Regency. The people ima gined that the House of Assembly would stand 'elevated above the influence of dictation *, and accordingly that 'majority placed a man in the Speaker's chair who was bound by the most ' sacred and solemn political pledges to carry out the people's- wishes. But he proved a backslider ? he deceived and betrayed the confi dence reposed in him, and, together with thirty six others, deserted to the enemy. The names of all theee ba ksliders were exposed at the time. What have the ' little villains" of this Legis lature done ? 1. They have elected William H. Seward to the United States Senate; 2. They have passed a Prohibitory Liquor law; 3. They have imposed a direct tax upon the people of fiiteen hundred thousand dollars; 4. They have squandered many, many thousands, as gratuities to political favorites, in the annual supply bill. Besides this they have endeavored to destroy our police system in the city of New York, in order that it night be made, as here tofore, a mighty political engine. They have undertaken to alter the charter of our city, without the authority of our Common Council or the will of the people. They have attempt ed to cripple the energies, destroy the power, and frustrate the efforts of the Mayor of this city, in his laudable endeavors to reform some of the thousand evils of magnitude which have long existed in our midst This Legislature undertook to nullify a solemn law of the Con gress of the United States; and in one branch the " little villians" labored to open the con stitution so as to allow negroes to vote at elec tions and become amehable to hold office. ThiB model administration, after having bank rupted the treasury, set about to obtain the ways and means to replenish it, in order that the funds might again be squandered. The first proposition was to compel the railroads to furnish the quota? supply the deficiency. The locomotives crushed the project at once. Then resort waB had to levying taxes upon banks, insurance, and other incorporated companies. This received only five votes in the whole Legislature. An attempt was made to borrow money upon the pledge of the Sinking Fund of j the State. And, finally, the whole power of the whig State administration, in the Cabinet, in the executive chamber, in the kitchen, and in the Legislature, was directed towards opening the constitution, and postponing the debt of the State, twenty-eight millions, for the period of thirty years. The election of Seward, the passage of the liquor bill, and the church property law, are the only important measures of the session. These measures, either singly or combined, have been the means of raising the mighty tor nado now so majestically sweeping over the State of New York. The Regency, by electing Seward, by persisting in his election, and no whig else, have dethroned themselves. That victory was their own overthrow. That success was nothing but destruction and disaster to themselves. forcing upon the people an in temperate prohibitory law many thousands are forever driven from the whig ranks. The "little villians" have run through be tween four and five hundred bills, and enacted them into laws. Not fifty of them are of the least general importance to the people. The remainder are all for the benefit of those who have been in the lobby all winter. There hai scarcely a bill been lost which the lobby de manded, and they were mostly for claims against the State upon some frivolous pretence or other? the large number of companies incor porated, turnpikes, bridges, plank roads, and amendments to former laws, constitute the work accomplished since the first of January. Such a gathering of legislators, reckless, heedless, party-bound as they are, would have remained at the Capitol daring the rest of the year, if their per diern was provided. To cap the climax of their labors, it was attempted, before they separated, to present their signa tures to the Governor, soliciting him to call an extra session of the Legislature, at the latter end of August, "as a public exigency will then exist for re- districting the Senate dis tiicts under the census then taken.'' As to the effect which an extra session will have on the destiny of the whig party, it is a matter of very small moment, as that qnestion is already well settled. It cannot injnre it. There never was less talent concentrated in the A.vembly chamber. With a Speaker work ing in opposition to hfs professions, and a party leader on the floor assuming openly and sh ime lew-ly to direct the "little villains"' of the Le gislHture. the men who were sent there to attend to the people's interests have been led arid driven like abject serfs and slave?. The Administration and Cuba ?It will be .-een, from our Washington special despatch of thin morning, that the administratisn has virtu ally backed out again at tb? sticking point of cur cortro*er?y with Spaia. There is no pluck in mr man Pierce ; in fact, Col. Polk was a Napoleon compared to him Wail street, and cur old fogy coaimerci .1 journals, need enter tain no further alarm. The danger is over. The cdmini.*- :V.ion has collapse J like a b>g of wird. Don'* mind the bluster, brav.ida. aud hut* and cry of the Cabinet organ?. ft is a trio. Tbtire will be no war with Spvn, if Mr. Fivtir and Marcy? b!? good Man F>iday? -c*n * i ?' ji ? 4 " ' Wot aid Li?cob Dbalbbs aw> thb To total Puss.? We sre informed, from reliable > sources, that at the private meetings which I have been held in tills city by the wine sad ' liquor dealers, they hare resolved, among oth*r things, to withdraw their advertising ps^roa sge from each ef oar city cotemporurise as stand among (he advocates or apologia, of the new liquor law. The liquor interest <?. this city is, perhsps, greater than that of all the free States, outside of our limits, put together. It represents here a capital of a*, least fifty mil lions of dollars, and involve the badness and subsistence of from a hundred to a hundred and fifty thousand peop'ie. This vast business will be quashed il tMs new liquor law is en forced. Who can predict the coo sequences? Out city newspapers implicated in the re sponsibility of t>Js despotic law, as its advo cates or apologtkts, are the Tribune , the Times, the Commercial Advertiser and the Journal of Commerce. It is from these journals that the combined liquor interests have determined to withdraw their advertising custom, and to trans fer it to a new dally journal, the JVewt, which is to come out to-day, the Evening Mirror, the Day Book, and some others. This will be a con siderable loss to the losers, especially to the Lieutenant Governor's Maine law organ, which has been advertising, on liberal terms, all branches of the liquor interest, for the edifica tion of its temperance subscribers; and it will be quite a plum to the Mirror and Day Book, that are sadly in want of a little additional ready cash business. The consistency of this plan of operations cannot be disputed. To have a newspaper daily preaching temperance, and daily advertising liquor, is, on the contra ry, as bold a humbug as Barman's plan oi lec turing up stairs in his Museum on the blessings of prohibition, with a half dozen establish ments, more or less, in the same building, rented out as grog shops, in full blast under his feet. Let the liquor dealers follow up their game. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, The Cabinet and Cmba. ANOTHER BACK OUT OP THB ADMINISTRATION ON THB CUBAN IMBROGLIO. Washington, April 15, 1856. I learn from good authority here, that after two or three,weeks' deliberations, the Cabinet have detailed Com modore McCauley to Cuba, with orders amounting almost to nothing at all. He goes upon a fool's errand, like oar diplomats at Osicnd, or like the King of France, who, with thirty thousand men marched up the hill only to march down again. True, the Commodore sails to Cuba with despatches to oar Consul at Havana; but he is cau tioned to be extremely careful against getting into a difficulty like that of Captain Hollins, at 6r?ytown. At the same time despatches will be sent out by the Spanish Minister to General Concha, advising him to let Ameri can steamers pass without molestation hereafter, except in very suspicious cases; and to use all available means for conciliating our government. In point of fact, Commodore McCauley goes out as a sert of marine police officer, to aid the government of Cnba in detecting the filibusters, should they come ?loag. He will have a talk with Concha, and make it all straight, and all past offences will be forgiven upon the verbal explanations expectcd of the Captain-General. As I was the first to promulgate to the world, through

the columns of the Hzxald, the warlike movements of the Cabinet on this Cuban imbroglio, upon the heels of Boole's return, so it is likely that this will be the first intelligence of Mr. Pierce's backing out. But you may rely upon my sources of information, as heretofore. All the warlike bluster and gasconade of the Washington ?Union, and other cabinet organs, is all for Buncombe and deception in the Virginia and other approaching ejections. This administration can't be kicked into a war. Grejtown exhausted it. Arrival or tne Southern HalL Baltimorb, April 16, 1856. The mail from all points South, as late aa due, is re ceived. Weather at Washington. Washington, April 16, 10 P.M., 1865. We have had during the day a series of intermittent showers. The thermometer stands at 66 degrees above zero. It is now clear and fine. Market*. Provide* ck, April 14. 1866. Cotton has been in active demand during the week, the market closing with a firm feeling. Wool ? The stock of both pulled and fleece la very Tight, and the market closes at stiff prices. The sales have amounted to CO, 100 pounds. Printing cloths ? The market has been steady, and the stock of the best grades is light and prices firm. The sales add up 38,800 pieces. City Polities. ANMTAL ELECTION AT TAMMANY HALL. ?' Old Tammany " it In the field again. To-night the annual election of Sachems takes place. We have heard from one 4de; the following is their manifesto and ticket:? Kkw York, April 12, 1855. Broth kri:? On MonAav evening next, at heir past seven o'clocg, w? meet again within the venerated walls of " Old Tammany,'' to bold the annual eleotion ot the officers of our beloved Society. At the prosent moment there are many impcrtant matters to engugo the attention of true lepublf cans, and tn summon all within our chain of brotherhood to the full performance or thuir political duties. Our national flag lms been repeatedly violated upon the ocean; onr State treasury has been brought to the verge of insolvency, the re sources provided by tho prudent forethought of dopartod pa triot? for its proper uses, nave been squandered open partisan Jobbers; and the constitutional restrictions guarding its inte grity are threatened with overthrow, and even onr indivi dual action and our social interconre are placed undeathe ban of legislative regulation. At this time, when patriousm, honesty and self respect alike demand that the jitiien should look to the public welfare, *? ask vou to rally at " Old Tammany" to maintain her glory. We commend the en closed ticket to your hearty support. It is formed upon the basis of union, and will maintain that harmony of sentiment whieh now hui>pily prevails among all trne democrats. Yours trnly, in faith and brotherhood. Signed by one hundred and eighty-eight " immortals." Annexed is the ticket: ? FOR fUCHXMS. Lcrenio B. Shepsrd, Anson J. Herri:'*, Richard B. Connolly, Thomas Dunlsp, Daniel E. Delavan. William S. Durbrow. William D. Kennedy, Charles H. Ring, John Kelly, Joseph Rose, Andre Froment, Asel Freeman, George S. Messerve. ' FOR TREASURER. FOR SAftAMOKK. Wilscn Small. Charles Mills. FOR 8KTRITART. FOR WI9KINKI8. Stephen C. Durjea. R. D. Letter. ? Marine Affairs. Thk I.ort in the 8mp Wm. Layton. ? The following are the names of the unfortunates swept from the deck of the (hip Wm. Layton, lost on the paosage from this p"rt to Antwerp:? Wm. Brown, seaman, of Masaachuset. ?. John Carson, teaman, of England; Engene White, car l^nter, of Ireland; and Martha Ann Forsyth, stewardess, of North Carolina. It is said tho crow were on the wreck seven days and six nights, without eating any thing except one rat, which they caught swimming about the vessel RKrovKRY of Capt Whttcott ? Th t Coiirrv r <lr la fJi rr.ndr say* Capt We?tcott, of the ship Adams, who was stabbed at Bordeaux by a sailor named Robinson, is fdtng on fsvorably; and that though the wound is deep, no doubt is entertained by his medical attendant* of his raf id recovery. Nival Intelligence. The United States frigate Savannah, Com. Salter; and the l.'nited 8la??s sloop of war Gertnantown, Capt. Luish, from River Plate, were at Rio Janeiro March 6th. Personal Intelligence. ARRIVALS. Fri m San Juan, Nicaragua, in the steamship Northern Light? 15 M Ola-horn, Wm Johnson, C C Traoy. Capt Brent, V II, Vlt lint', ilawcs ACo'i messenger; II G ltntler, J Ilarrold and wile. W II Hampton, Wells. Vargo A Co's mes ?cr^er; J li I'ainter, Paciflo Express Co s me??enger: Col A rs, I. Ttipper. J Perry, W ll Onnlap, T Hotton. .1 Johnson. J Ore?ti. t; I. White, A Itishop, W Jones. R Hr" wtt, G M Cele, W J ?'ole, M w F.lkinx, w T llenry, J ,V Smith, K Stone, II Whitney, N Younf, J H Dodge, and otbers in the >t?ersge. I'rem Liverpool in ship America ? John Mos^rave, James F*tcn. From i iverpool in brig tl?nry Leeds? H Parsons, Wr Pa mer aid lady Th? Massachusetts House of Repr?<^aUtiv?s have or <i?reil ssrtber Investigating eon\m't>e irt o-j ..ire jj'o ? mioatu ' (t Hon Jttmh Usee. Mr. lis* was the To mmmii liquor uws. VESTING OF THH HOTEL PBOPRIBfOBS AND WHOLESALE LIQUOR IMPORtERS IN OP POSITION TO THE NEW YORK LAW. Oeer ene hundred ud fifty gentlemen interested u bote! proprietors or wholesale importer! is the liqmor traffic, aaeemblcd la the As tor House on Saturday Eve ning laat, to take raeh meeanzee ea might ha deemed ex pedient to teat the oonatitntiouUty of the Prohibitory lev recently peaaed hy the State Legialature. Mr. Charles A. Stetson called the meeting to order, and nominated Mr. (Mirer Whetmore aa chair mas. This being carried, Meaars. ThredweQ and Cozzens were ap pointed Secretaries. Mr. SmsoH aanonnced the objeet of the meeting. It waa to take measurea to And oat wnat the rlghta of the liquor dealers were, provided they had any righta in the community aince the paaaage of the Prohibitory lav. It waa deemed advisable to call together all those who were largely intereated in thia prohibited business, to consult aa to the beat meana of evading the provisions of this obnoxioui law, or to have it aet aside f declared unconatitutional by the proper legal au thoritiee. Mr. 8., for one, waa satisfied that the provisions of thia prohibitory act were not only in viola tion of the rpirlt of the conatitution, but in direct oppo sition to Ita moat obvioua requirements. To invest! (ate thia matter properly it waa propoeed to ralae a fund to teat the opiniona of the moat eminent counsel in the city. Euch men as Chaa. O'Conor, J. Curtis Moyee, Judge Bronaon, James R. Whiting and George Wood had been mentioned. It waa thought it would be well to get their advice not only individually, bat alao aa a board of council, to aubscilbe to a united opinion si to the an' constitutionality of the law. If the liquor dealers have any conatitutional righta It would be well for them to know it, and if their natural righta can be constitution ally violated it would be well for them to know that alao. At the auggesllon of Mr. Stetaon, a committee of seven wai appointed to call on the lawyers mentioned, and ar range matters, so that a favorable expression of opinion could be had from th?m. It waa then decided to fee the following named gentle men ? Chaa. O'Conor, J. Curtis Noyes, Greene C. Bron aon, Jamea R. Whiting, Borace F. Clark, George Wood, J. Fresoott Hail. Mr. Philip W. Enos moved that Eliaa E. Klrkland be added to the list. Skvbjul Vokhs ? 0, he's a temperance man. He won't do. Mr. Bmthon? I suppose it is understood that no lawyer will be employed unless he agrees to give an opinion on our side of the question ? Mr. Jamis W. Gerard was named aa not being averse to the use of good liquor; whereupon he waa added to the liat. Mr. Esgs? Gentlemen, we have decided to employ a number of diatingaishea lawyers; now, in order to se cure their services it will be neceaaary to have a large fund. We aheuld raise here, to night. $10,000 at leaat. After some conversation it waa decided to open a sub scription list, which was done, Mr. Enga acting as treasurer. Mr. Bayacd moved that the Committee of Arrange ments that had been appointed, be instructed to co-ope rate with the Retail Liquor Dealers' Association, and also with the Diatillers', both of which societies are nold ing meetings nightly. The interest to be defended waa the same. and it was useless for the importers and hotel keepers to hold back from any Intercourse with the smaKer dealers. This suggestion was adopted. A number of gentlemen then came forward, and sub scribed sums varying from $600 to $'250. It was under stood at the adjournment of the meeting that over $8,000 bad been pledged. Some conversation enaued as to what ahould be done with the money , in case It waa not all need in feeing the lawyere, when it was unanimously decided to employ it in defending the fir it violation of the obnoxious law that should come up in the courta. After appointing a finance committee of twenty persona to collect funds, the meeting adjourned, to meet again tbla week. Mr. Stetson urged the propriety of the liquor dealers keeping the action of the meeting secret; but as he made no such request to aur reporters, we infer he has no objection to the publication of the proceedings in the Huuld. THE EFFECTS AND DEFECTS OF THE PRO HIBITORY LAW. A* the time approaches for the expiration of the li censes, the excitement on the subject of the new law continue! to increaae, especially among the liquor dealers. New facta in relation to the effects of the law are coming to light, and the defect* orthis absurd enact ment, and the injuries it will inflict upon innocent parties, are beginning to be more apparent. It is stated that 8,000,000 bushels of grain are distilled in this city and Brooklyn during the year, three-fourths of which is damaged in transitu from the country, and rendered unfit for any other purpose than distillation. There an also 60,000 hhds. of molasses distilled in the same places, much of which is useless for any other pur pose, from the fact of its being soured by remaining too long on hand. Should the law be enforced, these arti cles will become valueless . The distilling establishments in this city employ orer a thousand men, most of whom have families directly, and a vast number indirectly depending upon them. Seven-eighths of the rum ma nufactured here goes abroad, and at least one-half of the grain is used for the distillation of alcohol for ma nufacturing purposes. Now, by the provisions of the new law, it appears, from the second section, that though ceitain citizens will be Mowed to sell liquor and alco. hoi, they cannot do so without giving security a year in advance of the'application. A manufacturer of alcohol has sent ns a communica tion on this subject, in which he complains bitterly of this provision of the act. He states that among his customers Fare druggists and daguerreotypists, who are compelled to use this liquid daily, and who cannot prosecute their business without it. They will therefore be compelled to violate the law, though they may not wish to do so. Another correspondent thinks the effects of the law will be most injurious on property holders, by reason of the tenants being unable to fulfil the ir obligations to pay their renti. He adds:? 'Ihis will not only affect all the liquor stores that have already been taken (in expectation that su.-h a law would not pass) but grocers and hotel keepers will be ruined. There is no disguising the fact that tho en forcement of this law will do more to bring about a com mercial crisis thsn the stoppage of the import! of gold ftom Calif ore la. There is no question but that importers can sell by the glass or any other way to whom they please. Hum man ufactured in Cuba can be sold here freely, when pie cifely the came article manufactured here ctnnoc b<t sold at all, even through agents. It is well known that much of the foreign brandy imported is Amer:can p ire spirits shipped to France, there adulterated and rea cup ped as French brandy, the sale of which this law canuot prevent, for the importer pays toe United States 100 per cent for the right to sell, which no State law can deprive them ot. Whatever may he said to the contrary, it is well known to the trade that domestic liquors are tctually pure aDd the foreign adulterated. Who will say that New Kngland rum, toe puie extract of molasses, or American whiskey double refined, and simply colored with burnt brown sugar, is adulterated liquor r There is something like thirty barrels of alcohol used daily In this city In the manufacture of sarsaparilla. Must these manufac turers go to this political agent to buy what they require, pay him twenty-uve per cent profit, and not go direct to the manufacturers 1 The wholeaak druggists of New York tell nearly one hundred barrels a day. Must they give up this bransh of their business, or take an oath that no renpectabie merchant can do conscien tiously. in order to get a license ' The fsct Is, these hypocritical, fanatical country legislators are forcing laws upon this city that they do not understand, and don't pietend to carry out In their own persons. LHJ anybo ly fee a temperance legislator on Black well's Island at the visitation of the ten Governors r II this kind of ; eg sta tion is forced on the city, a new State will be tne result. The following inflammatory handbill was pasted up srousd the city yesterday, and attracted no little atten tlcn ? 1 HE AMERICA* INQUISITION. Tou who hold your libcrUts dear, road over the pro hibition act, with care and attention. m, whether you will sanction so monstrous an invasion of per-ooal light. 11 allows arrest u|on suspicion. It provides for an army of spies and informer* It disfranchises thou ssnds of the most ettimable citizens, by refusing :n?tn a right to f it upon juries. It is an implement by which private malice csn be gratified to a fearful exent. It provides lor ths destruction of an amount of property sufficient to cau?e an unparalleled amount of bank ruptcies throughout the btate. Its evil will be felt in every department of business. It will drive trade iromtbo city, tenants from their storss, hundred* of thousands of men irom tbeir employment. Wtivt meicbant can meet his pajment if his *to:< in trade is deitroje.l or rendered worthless > Hfs creditors mint take his house, his furniture, his all, and dr ve hie Ismiiy in tbo street to swell the numn-r i>r pan. pers. It in a inw imposed upon t1# psoaie ov baud. It does not represent their wishes. New YrrV give majority sgamtt it. The peoptnof the State of New York protested against it by a rote of 313.077 and A MAJORITY OF 150,723. Besides, this question wan net a direct issue in the last e lee lion. 1 he whig party represented all the Maine Law vote, all the snr.-Nebraska vote, all the Seward vote, ?nd all tbo^e adherents of the old whig party woo always vo> that ticket, bo matter w?iat II represents Therefore, thin law does not RflMWiit t ie wishes o' the people oi the State, but only the arbitrary iatenton of a small minority of iome twenty or tb.rty thousand to out shack;es over .i,GCO,0C0 of people. it is a fraud: A Mot upon the sta'ute book and unfH for a free people! . Cit 7en?, laws molt be obeyed, but this is a new issue. Ij.wa are made to prote-t the perton and his property. Tris provides for the destruction of the one And ue v.o la;ion of tbf> ether. Ci'i;en, tfcmmufft be itstant a-tion and concert of * ? ? 1 "" ft ' < '.h?l every V?--'b of trade. Af >>r '.he i. ctat oiiat '.rou? seaton, it will deal a Mow at the ^ roe as& of the Kmpire state iiwwyM is Its rvinottf I IT MUST BH ttKWEA? in IUS TUB UT? lug Tn n? BEAD TBI UM. THE ILLINOIS LIQUOR LAW. TO THX EDITOR OP THB ? Chicago, Uxwow, April 12, 18A6. I Mod yon by tlx mO OM of tte Jtuuli just issued against the prohibitory liquor act. The battla hai com menced here in good earnest. There Is ?* doabt that fanaticism will get awfully "crushed oat" in this State. No person dreamed of any prohibitory act being passed when the General Assembly commenced. Should it be come a law, and wire it possible to enforce it, deetruc* rion would follow in almost every branch of business. We hope New York will also more in the matter, and repudiate their liquor law ; but we, of oomrse, do not ex pect that your people will sgbmit to the destruction of their property. If a stand Is taken in your State as U taken here, I think there will be a revolution against those wretched and unconstitutional laws that will make the republic quake. Ptrhaps tbeee views are adverse to yours; but, never theless, you will please do us the nvor to notice the fact tbat the opposition has commenced in this State, and that the liquor act will be defeated. THB NEW LIQUOB ACT OF PENNSYLVANIA. [From the Philadelphia Ledger, April 14.] The new liquor law was yesterday signed by the Governor, and is now a law. It goes into operation on the 1st of next October, and makes it unlawful to keep any place where may be soli and drank any kind of spirituous or malt liquors. It makts it also unlawful to ?ell less tbsn a quart of such liquors, and requires a li cense to be taken out. The law also says that the aot shall not interfere with licenses granted before ita pas sage, until the time for which they have been granted shall expire; nor shall any license granted before the 1st of July next suthorize any sale after the let of October. The latter section of this act is differently construed, and many persons, supposing that if thoy ^anticipated the time, and procured their licensee now, they would have the right to seil until the year should expire for which licenses are granted, bad theirs renewed a few days ago, before the law was passed. These persons are evidently mistaken in the operation of the law. No li quor can be sold by less than the quart after the first day of next October. The licenses in this State are granted at two different periods, the first day of May, and the first of September. The act just passed covers those granted the first of last September till they ex pire. Thoee granted for the period of a year from tho first of May next, are not among the licenses referred to as "heretofore" granted, for though they may hare been taken out in advanoe of the time, they are only legally recognizable from the first of May next, a period subsequent to the enactment of the law. It 11 not the policy of law to encourage evasions of a statute, and the licenses taken out (or a period subsequent to tho passage of the law will, we inf er, not be allowed a longer existence than the first of October. THE OHIO LIQUOR LAW. The Columbus Ohio State Journal says. ? A (ingle Judge ventured the. opinion that eur law wai in violation of the constitution, but In retired from the bench, and hii associates, whoa the cane oame before the Supreme Conrt , unanimously reversed his decision, and declared the law constitutional. The opinion above referred to, was given in July last, by Judge Corwin, and was regarded at the time, by the people of Ohio, as pretty sound doctrine, coming from, one of the most learned jurists in the State. Police Intelligence* ALLEGED DISHONEST T OP A DOMESTIC. On Saturday afternoon Mri. Ellen Halsey, of No. 331 Water street, found, to her astonishment, that her bu reau drawer had been broken into and rifled of its con tents, including $260 in bank bills. Suspecting that her domestic, Catharine Swift, was the thief, Mrs. Hal ?ey gave information of the robbery at the Fourth ward station house, informing officer Wagan at the time of her suspicion as to OathariLe's honesty. It was decided by the officer to arrest the girl, which he accordingly did. At first the domestic indignantly denied all know ledge of the larceny, but on being severely cross-ex amined, admitted having taken the money and burying it in the cellar of an unoccupied dwelling house in South Brooklyn, whither she immediately conveyed the funds after the theft was committed. The officer accompanied her to the spot indicated, and there, trne enough, wta found the missing money safely hid beneath the earth. The prisoner waa taken before Justice Bog art, at tho Lower Police Court, who held her to bail in the sum of $1,000 to answer. A LITERARY GENTLEMAN IN TBOUBLB. A few days ago Walter Moopey, of 58 Barclay street, appeared at the Lower Police Court and made a com plaint against a young fellow about 17 years of age, for snatching his watoh out of his hand, under the follow ing circumstances Mooney, it seems, while in the public bouse, corner of Greenwich and Barclay streets, was closely watched by this young man, who followed him until he had reached the street, when he stepped i p and asked him what time it was. Mr. Mooney pulled ? nt his repeater, but had scarcely time to tell him the our, when the watch waa snatched out of his hand by the young rascal, who succeeded in getting off with the > alnable, before any alarm could be raised. Yesterday, (fleer Hamblin, of the third ward police, arrested a young person, named Edward Crawford, on suspicion of being the indi virtual who so unceremoniously took pos session of Mr. Mooney's time piece. Crawford is a Ger man, and speaks six or seven languages, and is, to all appearaaoe, a very gentlemanly little fellow. WHOLESALE ARREST OF ALLEGED GAMBLERS. At an early hour on Sunday morning, Captain .Morris, f the Tenth ward police, along with a squad of men un der his command, made a descent upon the drinking saloon No. 50 Orchard street, kept by Jacob J. Strauss, and there arrested flfieen persona charged with gambling, i. e. playing cards for drinks, suppers and small sums of money. Tbe prisoners, on being taken before Justice Walsh, at the Essex Market Police Court, presented rather a curious appearance. Among them might be found a merchant, clerk, book-keeper, protestor, manufacturer, and a number of tradesmen. All were in a very excited state 01 mind when brought into court, but their pre sence of mind soon returned to them when they heard the decision of the magistrate in the case, whish was that each of tbe parties arrested be^Ined one dollar l! Tbe penalty, of course, was quickly paid, and the prisoners departed in much better spirits than when miking their ingress. SUSPICION OP BURGLARY. A young man named Cornelius Parsons wai arrested at an early hour on Saturday morntng,bv officer Slowey, of the Tenth ward police, on suspicion qfburgluy. The accused had in his possession at the time of his arrest a carpet bag containing a lot of carpenters' tools, which were subsequently identified by Mr. Collins, of 48 Christie itreet, as being a portion of a quantity of tools taken , from his shop, which he alleges has been burglariously entered by some parties. In endeavoring to arrest Par sons, the officer met with soma resistance, the suspected party not deeming it the officer's business to stop him, showed fight, but was soon mastered ? not, however, until he used the policeman ratber roughly. The ac cused was taken before Justice Wood, at tbe Essex Market Police Court, who committed him for examine* tion. ALLEGED CARELESS BLAST* KG. Three men, named Michael Rtley, James ] Riley and Patrick Kelly, were arretted by offl;ere.Ea?en ana Stew art. of the Nineteenth ward police, charged', on the com- i plaint of several citizens of that ward, wun having careleiFly blasted rocks in the neighborhood of Forty third street snd Third avenue on Saturday last. The accuse d were te ken to the ? ineteenth ward station house, where they were discharged, it having been shown that the blast was properly covered according to law, and that the occurrence was purely accidental It was in this case that tbe house of Ex-alderman Kelly was somewhat injured from a rock thrown on the roof from the spot where these men were blasting. H'lUltmibnrg City ffra*. Fire.? a*tnrd?j night, between out and ten o'clock, a fire mi discovered in the third story of the house 173 Kwen street. The occupant, Louis Gaerhardt, had fallen ?sleep in a cbair, ami a bundle of clcthug caught fire from the candU. The Are was extingn'*h?<l with trifling damage. Kkfict of nn Sr.vnxT Law.? The enforcing of the Sun day law in WUliamsbnrg. in re'erence to liquor wiling, has had the effect of reducing the reoeipta on th? ferries r?ry materially. 0* pleasant Sundays the ferry boat* were formerly crowded with persona, mostly Germans, who spent a pertlon of the day at the beer gardens in the f-ixtoejieh ward. Now the receipts ofcS inc.iys are said to be about >200 less than formerly. To C al Worn Ian a.? For Sole, A Through Ticket, steerage passage, fanama route, steamer IlUnoix, sails JOth. Apply at WHITE'S hat st'TB, 212 Broadway. Wllllrmson PliOtogrn|>hlc Inatltntr, Uvouk lyn? 249 Fol'nn street, oppoiite Globe Hotel. Old daguer reotypes copied to modern etylcs. Cars from Fulton ferry to the door. Fhotograpnic Pictures, large ilie, colored to nature, t< r lit U and ?/>; plain. $1 and (2; dagnr rooty oe* ?jr, and ?0 cents; tu-reo?c?t?- pleture* $1, takea by HO I.. MRS t. ft. patent double cameras, at ilroadwag . Planoi^lnat Bargitina.- roe Urgrst Aa sortm.-nt of eelerrated pino? in the United States. T. Gil bert and Co.'s premium reolsan pianos; Horace Wafers' mo dem improvcu pianos, and.th< te of a Urn number of other maker*, eomprisini the largest snd mast desirable yssort met.l in the l>'nion; will be Mild at a prias which <lety compe tition. for cash or satisfactory pap?r. JVrions in the eity having orders IVJSr pianos will tind it to their advantage to call on HORACE WATERS, M3 Broadway. Melcrtcoris.?S. D. <Si H. VV. Smith's Mrlo deon?, tnned the equal temperament, to which was recently awarded the first premium at the National Fair, VViWnnc ton, D. C., can bo found only at 338 Mroadway. A liberal discount made for cash, l'n'e trade supplied en tlie most libers.l t<rm?. HORACE WATBRS. The Smithsonian 1 louse, aa Rnlnrs;r<l, in now open, corner ol llroadway and Houston stroot, on tbe sarnr blook with tho Metropolitan Hotel and Miblo's. The house is conducted on the European plan of lodging rooms, ranging in price from 30 cents a day (for in <ide .in sle rooms) to (3 per dty, according to sise, loea'ton, Ac. The new restanrsnt is looated on the first floor, on Hr'>ad way, where, or in the private rooms, meals will be f inished st the lowest price the market affords, and in superior style, the cuests raying only for what th?y order. Travel lers will find at the Smithsonian accoinuiodauoua of supe rior order for respectability, ord. r. neatnns*, attentlan, cemtort and economy. SIDNKV kOPMA.N. Mourning Unntllla#.? t". F. Bartholomew invito* speclalsttcntlon to his splendid and nnrisa led as sortment of mourning and slight mourning mitnt.ilias, com prising e*iry novilty of the season. Oar arrangements ;ire snob that we are ?nahled to produce every novoity stinnHa neously with tliti.- appearance In I'.-arie. An examination is