Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 18, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 18, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. Jilll ?OROOH I^IIIVV^ PROPKIKTOB AND BXTO& m. w. ooim or kamau ajtd pulton m. TSlKf, >ui ?? Mh>mne*. TWK DAILY HERALD. 'X cat* por c*py I Iporammum. THE WSKKL Y HKRaLd ooory /tfet?-kiy*|6* c?a. p?r ?M, ?r w?*r "?????. tkt Kurop*<m Edition U por annum to a?v D*rfof Great Brttatn, and K to amy part of tAo Oo? Hmomt btfkto tnelmdt pootaoo. ALL LKTTKRS by Mail for SuUcription , or with Adrtr I twrnl' <o Upitt paid, or iko pottugi will bo doducttd from thowtoney remUttd. Volume XX Mo. 107 AHCiEMENTS THIS ITEMING. ilOADVAT THBATBB, Broadway- Qla?iato*t fiumiT Nbghwm. soman r thkateb. s?w iotii or Buhdit ?dmidt or bioit? Younu Kum-hii Good roa XOTIUMk BURTON'S THZATRI, Chambers Btre?t? Com*dt or liion-iMMDmiia. I WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadwav? Tub Diauv ova ' Toi'so Wir?- Bold I>bagoo>?? Lady and dasTi.aMAB. AMERICAN MOBIUM-Aftenwt ui If?ll|-lLTUl lriwaA*. WOOD'S MIN STEELS. Etch Bales' Hall? <7S Breadway. MCKLrrs opera house, us bio Ibi i It'nwriia OiUl Taours. PKRBAM'S BURLESQUE OF BRA HOUSE, Ml Bmd (g-Smorui Fiiroixincu. EMPIRE HALL, BM Broadway? Faboaaka w Bvaora Am Bibob or SsBArroroL. Hew York, Wednesday, April 18, 1850. BhlU for Europe. THE HEW TORE HKRALD? EDITION FOB EUROPB. The Collin* mill iteamahip Baltic, Captain Comstock, 'will lear? this port this morning, at 11 o'clock, for livsrpooL lb* European Kails will close la this citj at half-past ten o'clock this morning. An Herald (printed la English and French) will be peMUhed at ten o'clock in tlie morning. Single copies, In wrapper*, sixpence. Subscriptions and advertisements for any edition of Me N*w York Hzrald will be received at the following places in Europe:? A?TBKrooL..John Hunter, No. 2 Paradise street. Lonio. ??.... Edwards, Sac d ford & Co., No. 17 Cornhill. i *? Win. Thomas & Co., Nor 19 Catharine street. Vaxis Livingston, Wells ft Co., SPIaoe de la Bourse, i The contents of the European edition of the Herald win embrace the news received by mall and telegraph at the office during the previous week, aid to the hour of publication. Notice to Advertise re. ? Our advertising patrons are particularly desired to oondenee their advertisements into as few words as pos sible, the great pressure on our columns compelling us to make this request. Advertisers will And this of ad vantage, as brevity in language is economy in adver tising. ___ The New*. All adjourned meting of the friends of Dr. Peck was held last evening. The special committee Bent to Washington to lay the case before the President made their report. The committee prepared a let tor and placed it before the President, in which Dr. Peck's case wa? fully set forth, and which summed ap with demanding? 1st. That a special agent should be sent to Cuba to secure for Dr. Peck a fair and impartial trty; 2d. That he should be released from prison or ptonded with com fertable quarters; and 3d. That he should be in demnified by the Spanish government for all in juries sustained by him in consequence of his arrest. The replies of the President and Secretary Marcy to the representations and demands of the committee, M rendered by the chairman, are given in our re. port of the proceedings last night. An agent will be despatched toi Havana forthwith, to inquire into the matter? the President and Mr. Marcy take the ?veliest interest in the case? the Caban government must be crazy? "there is a point beyond which for bearance," &e., 4c., appears to be the Bum and sub stance of the President's reply. We give this morning a number of reports of local matters to which we have no spice to refer particu larly. The trial cf Capt. Dit:hett, of the Fourth police district, on a charge of refusing to release a prisoner at the order of Justice Bogart, was com menced yesterday. The committee of the Board of Aldermen whose special object s9ems?to be the ex* aminationoi policemen's pedigrees, were in session. Chief Matsell was industriously pumped by Alder man Bnggs relative to the place of his nativity, and he pertinaciously persisted is being a New Yorker. A number of witnesses were examined as to that Heary Clay funeral cloth, supposed to have been ausniactnred into talmas and paletots, or other for eign fashioned garments, for certain functionaries about the City Hall. The public are awaiting the seport ot Alderman Briggs on these important sub jects with nervous anxiety. The sale of leases of Washington Market cellars on Monday shows tbat that description of corporation property is rising In value. An attempt by a party of persons to storm lie Sevastopol of an intelligence offica keeper in liivington street is detailed under oar police head. The timely arrival of a detachment or policemen compel ed tne beseigere to deaist from their work of vengeance. The Almshouse Governors met yesterday, and parsed a resolution instructing their Clerk to in form the Board weekly of any excess of the ex penditures over the appropriations. This is all very fine. It sounds, however, like an economic dodge ? and it is to be hoped that tho Clerk will immedi ately notify the Board that over four thousand dol lars were spent by the Governors on the late legis lative frolic, when only dfteen hundred were appro priated. Our Quebec correspondent states that the opinions ?f the peopie of Canada with respect to the Militia bBl have undergone a wonderful change since the introduction of that measure in the Provincial Par liament. The mlnistsrial majority of fifty obtained os the second reading was roduced to ten on the motion for the appropriation to meet the expense of the force proposed to be raised. The Upper C? sadlas vote? allowed to be the real expression of publie opinion? stood twenty-five for the appro priation to twenty-four against it. The bill, having been prated of its obnoxious clauses, is now re garded as merely establishing an official constabu lary for the maintenance of law and order, instead of an expensive and useless standing army, as at first designed. Trinity chapel, a new Episcopal church edifice, located in Twenty fifth street, between Broadway sad Sixth avenue, was yesterday consecrated to the service of the Lord with all the imposing ceram> niesof the sect to which it belongs. Provisional Bmhop Potter conducted the proceedings, which ware witnessed by a throng of spectators com posed mainly of ladies; and it miy be aald with to nth that Salomon, in all his glory, was not arrajed like one of these. Late accounts from Zauto, Greece, represent the inhabitants as still safl'sring to th y las! extremity of destitution from the continued failure of the eurrast crop. Hon. Robert C. Wistbrop has bsea elected Presi dent of the Massachusetts Historical Society. A steam boiler belonging to the hosiery tactoryof Charles Spencer, at German town, Pa., exploded yesterday with terrific force, blowing the outbuild teg of the establishment to pieces. The engineer, Mr. S. Selsor, was instantly killed, the top of his head being blown completely ctt The damage to the building was estimated at a boot eight thousand dollars. The sales of cotton yesterday reached about l,200bai's. Prlc- s rloesd rather tame at previous rates, dealers being disposed to wait for later for eign news, now nearly due. Flour was again firmer tor State and Southern, with fair sales, while Cane* d?sa was unchanged. Corn was higher, and nes white ud yellow sold e? high as II 10 a $1 10J. A MM.ll lot of Southern white wbett was sold at 12 J TO. Old o jxk. soM at an advance of 12};. a )*f. pw bfc. I*HI wat I'm, ?od sold at a slight | |<TUM. la npn, abort 1,500 a 1,800 hhda. changed kndi, consisting et Cub* u4 New Or leans, at foil rates, withmtt further change in prices. The nalarifis and upeoiw of the Board of R til road Commissioners created at the recent session of oar LegiaUtare.will amount to aboot twelve thou sand dollars per auto. Thla mm is to be re funded to the State t reaaory by the railroad compa nies in proportion to their receipts, and is jost ao mach money taken from the pookets of stock holders and transferred to the pooketa of political partizana. The Comm<m Council of Jersey City last evening adopted a prohibitory Hquor ordinance by a vote of ten to one. It ia deemed Impossible by the tem perance men to get this law revoked, and if not re' voked no licenses can be granted there daring the ensuing jear. The Massachusetts Senate yesterday passed the coercive liquor bill before that body. It had pre viously passed the lower branch. This new law it more Btringent in its provisions, particularly as re garde the infliction or penalties, than the Maine lav just enacted in this State. The committee of the Massachusetts Legislature appointed to investigate the oondnct ot the Visiting Committee at the Bcxbory nunnery, made a report jesterday, which was accepted. The Visiting Com- J mittee Is censured, bnt the Legislature is recom mended to take no action in the matter. The Know Nothing Movement? Its Varying Phase* and Dubious Prospects. Three-fourths of the little local elections of the laBt few months round about the country have been carried, nominally at least, by the Know Nothings. Very likely, too, they will carry the State of Virginia against Mr. Wise by a large majority. Yet, with all their suc cesses, past and prospective, it is impossible to define accurately the purposes, principles, or prospects of this new political party. What are their principles and purposes as a great national organization? They are aB mysterious and inexplicable as the future des tinies of the Order. The party themselves, in this respect, are veritable Know Nothings. Look, for instance, at Massachusetts. There they have absolute and undisputed possession of the government; yet there they have favor ed us recently with some of the most abomina ble legislative developements of fanaticism, treason and indecency ? treason to the consti tution, and indecent outrages against private rights and public morality. In New York, again, we find a portion of the Know Nothings aiding in Seward's re-election, and aiding in the passage of the new liquor law of pains and penalties, which is destined to produce a more disastrous revulsion in the business affairs of this community than all our Schuyler frauds and bank and commercial failures of the last ten years. There are already two or three branches of this Know Nothing movement in this State, two or three in Pennsylvania, two or three in Massachusetts, and similar symptoms of division and discord are not wanting in other States. How all these discrepancies are to be harmonized ia the inexplicable mystery of which we speak. In the meantime, "Sam," as he is facetiously called, appears in most of the petty elections of the day, South as well as North, to hold and wield the balance of power. His last notable achievement has been a great victory In Colum bia, the State capital of South Carolina, in the most ultra pro-Blavery community, perhaps, in the United States. Very curious, this, and embarrassing to all reasonable calculations. Yet these scattering shots will doubtless be continued through the summer and fall, East. West, North and South, in favor of the Know Nothings. But how are they to be fused into a homogeneous mass ? In the North, they arc allied with the ultra anti-slavery sentiment; in the South, they are leagued with the ultra slaveholders. Prom these clashing materials the Know Nothing or new opposition elements will hold the House of Representatives of the com ing Congress, and very likely a large majority of the State Legislatures next winter. From these materials, too, they must then begin to arrange their plans for the great campaign of 1856. And who are then to be sacrificed? their an ti- slavery confederates of the North, or their conservative slavery allies of the South? Nice question? rather impertinent, perhaps, just now, but suggestive of extremely difficult and dangerous navigation. Consulting these Know Nothing embarrass ments, it is evidently the policy of the scatter ed elements of the democratic party to await patiently the final snuffing out of this expiring administration, and to postpone their National Convention till July, August or September, 1856. in order to appropriate to the best ad vantage the sectional divisions and reconstruc tions of the various opposition forces, which can hardly be brought sooner into a definite shape. Otherwise, we must depend upon the eventualities of a scrub race-=-a most miscel laneous, exciting and ludicrous scrub race before the people ? and a still more exciting and perilous squabble among the factions of the popular branch of Congress upon the three highest candidates. Upon a new departure, a new organization, new men and new measures, the field is still open for the reunion of the scattered democracy. Sebastopol is not yet taken. Revulsion to be Pbooccbd ny the Liqvor Law. ? It appears certain that the total des truction of a branch of business in which forty millions of money are invested cannot be effect ed without some serious suffering. The amount involved in the Schuyler fraud was not at most, adding the spurious to the real stock, five mil lions of money ; and the actual lo?s was not half that amount. Forty millions are invested in the liquor business in this city and the vicinity; and we shall be within the mark if we say that over one half this sum must be totally lost if the bill be carried out. We measure the con sequences by the Schuyler business. It is very well to talk about the duty of en forcing tie laws ; there can be no question but the laws should be enforced, but we must try if we can, not to cut our throats in the doiog of it. If in the present delicate condition ot trade, twenty or more millions of property bo suddenly destroyed, obliterated, reducod to a value of zero? and this must be the effect of the Prohibitory Liquor law? more misch'.ef will be inflicted than would flow from a score of , riots. Nothing, in short, can prevent an extent of disaster compared to tvhich the revulsion of last year was a mere frolic. All the men who are concerned in the liquor business are like wise stockholders in hanks and other financial enterprises; if their means are taken firom fhero. all must suffer together, and twenty thousand will bo a mere trifle to the number of men who will be thrown out of employment, and placed on the high road to starvation. The prot-pect des< rves far calirer consideration on the part of the temperance men than ibey <-een?fd prepared to vouchsafe it, RlFOBX WITH 1 y BNQHANCB ? PbOOMSS OF F oit*ib*ihm.? Some ten or twelvs yews ago "a lousy, Godless, Ghristless set" of scheming va gabond*, M Governor Wise of Virginia would call them, bnt reformers, aa they called them selves, started up in this neighborhood and down East They had just made the grand discovery that Fourier, a visionary French man, had hit upon the plan of the millennium. This plan, which they immediately proceeded to carry into effect as far as possible, consisted of the grouping of society into phalanxes, or voluntary workhouse Unions, in which every thing was to be held in common ? women and children inclusive. In these phalanxes labor was to be classified and made "attractive;" and the social amusements of man in a state of natural innocence were to render these institu tions as sweet and romantic as the Happy Val ley of Rasselas. The leaders in this enterprise accordingly applied to all the visionary old grannies and t pinsters of both sexes within their reaoh, and possessed of more money than brains, to give this new and glorious moral revolution a help ing hand. Money was raised, various fine tracts of land were bought in several of the Northern States, and Fourierite phalanxes were established upon these purohases, and put in operation, including a good many loafers, charmed into the novelty of having labor rendered "attractive," and of having a whole community of affectionate brothers and sisters all under the same roof. But the theory, when reduced to practice, proved a disastrous or lamentable failure in every case. From Broofcfield, In Massachusetts, so delightful to the sentimental Miss Bremer, all the way round to the persevering North American phalanx at Red Bank, in New Jersey, one by one these phalanxes exploded, and the happy communities were dispersed. The loafers at these establishments, finding, that as far as they were concerned, even Fourierism could not make labor attractive," and preferring idleness to the drudgery of every day work, and dancing and frolicking to prudence and economy, were soon reduced to the alternative of bankruptcy and starvation. Of course, then, these birds of evil omen were dispersed from their rookeries, and driven to pick up a subsistence according to the old rule of each man for himself. Some of them found a place of refuge in a Seward newspaper office, here and there ; and the motley crew, in various disguises, have thus succeeded in- en grafting their atrocious doctrines into the poli tical programme of the Seward ooalition. They have given us a striking illustration of this fact in our new Prohibitory Liquor law, involving the destruction of an active capital among us, of from eighty to a hundred millions, and the interests and business? more or less? of two hundred thousand people. This is one of their expedients of moral reform, after their drunken spree at Blackwell's Island. A batch of others, including the nullification of the Fugitive Slave law, for want of time, have been thrown over to the next session. Such are the measures of reform of what Mr. Wise would call that "lazy, lousy, Godless, Christless " clique, so characteristically repre sented by those theorizing Fourierites of the New York Tribune and Times , for the last two or three years. The new liquor law, however, is but the beginning. Give these Fourierite reformers the Legislature for another year, and we shall probably have a law for the repu diation of State and individual debts, and another establishing free farms and a division of property a'.l round, upon the broad principle of equal rights. Progress is the spirit of the age. Literature and Diplomacy ? Cue valuer Soule's Forthcoming Book. ? We understand that Chevalier Soule, who has now become aa historical and literary character, is hard at work upon the history and the mysteries of his late miseion to Spain, " and its consequences." We have every reason to believe, from the facts which have been disclosed on this subject, and from the talents and pluck of this preux-cheva lier, that this book of his will be the most in tensely exciting, interesting and romantic that has ever been written upon American diplomacy, at home or abroad. We do not even except the forthcoming work of Che valier Wikoff on his amateur diplomacy in England and France, under the auspices of Lord Palmereton and Louis Napoleon. Wikoff will doubtless make a curious volume of his very peculiar diplomacy, including the various matrimonial alliances of his general scheme for perpetual peace between the great Powers of Enrope and the United States; but the book of Soul? will be more profound, more piquant, and more to our present purpose, because it will be a full exposure of the Cuban imbroglio, and of the causes and agencies which have brought it to the present dreadful entangle ment. We may expect from the Chevalier Soule, for example, a full exposition of the imbecili ties and vacillations of Mr. Pierce, and of the treachery and ignorance of Marcy on this Cu ba question; and of the labor and trouble re quired to bring Buchanan and Mason up to the Ostend platform. We may also expect a complete inside h'story of French and British diplomacy in connection with these Madrid duels, including the particu lars of a projected meeting between the Cheva lier Soule and Lord Ilowden, which did not come off. General Concha, now dictator in Cuba, was to have been the second of Howden in the event of a meeting; but why it did not transpire we shall leave our Chevalier himself to explain. We shall also expect, in this neir l>ock, a full account of the Chevalier's official conversations on Cuba with the Queen Isaliella ar.d the Queen Mother Christina, both willing to fell the island for a good sum in hard cash but unable to do anything, from the want of a mitistry to back them. The public will also discover from Mr. Soule's narrative the real meaning of his stoppage at Calais by Louis Na poleon. We understand that the Emperor of France wa? induced to suspect, on that occa sion, that Soule was about to enter into nego tiations with Russia to put Spain upon a foot ing of dignity and strength, independent of England and France, the like of which she has not held since the time of Charles the Fifth. Upon the whole, we have no doubt that this diplomatic brochure will be a most conclusive and scathing exposure of the blunders, follies, tergiversations and treachery of the administra tion, and of tbo self- conceited ignorance and double-dealings of Marcy, from first to last. With such a book as this from Chevalier Soule, and with another from Wikoff on American diplo macy, wc shall only require a small volnme from Cbev?Jier Wetb to complete the triumvi rate. THE LATEST NEWS* BY MAGNETO AND FNNTIN6 TELEGRAPHS. Postage of the HuMehMrtU Uqwr BUI. Booro*, April IT, 1866. The Liquor bill putid the Senate today, and now only await. the signature of the Governor to become a Ww. The Nunnery Visitation. BKPOBT 07 THIS COMMIT IS ? Off INVESTIGATION. Bobton, April IT, 1866. The committee of investigation into the doing* of the Roxbury Nunnery Inquisition nude 4 lengthy report to the Homo to-day, in which they eensure the Visiting Oommittee, hut recommend no definite action la the matter. The report wan accepted.* The oommittee on the specific charges against Joseph Hiss, member of the Waiting Committee at Lowell, hare not yet reported. Exploeton ef alteam Boiler. PuqjU>Klphia, April 17, 1856. The steam boiler connected with the cotton mill be longing to 0. Spencer, of Germantown, exploded early this morning, shattering the mill, and destroying the dry and dye houses, and also an adjoining boiler house. S. Selsor, the engineer, was killed. Fortunately the ex plosion occurred before working hours. Shooting Affair at Buffalo. Buwalo, April 13, 1865. A returned Osfifornlsn, by the name of Forbes, shot another man here to-day, named Schaler, on account of Bchaler's intimacy with his wife. Schaler is not con' sidered dangerously injured. Forbes surrendered him self, confessed the deed, and expressed regret that Schaler was not dead. Forbes had been absent three years, lie has been committed for a further cxamina natlon. Lees off the Ship Golden Mirror. Boston, April 17, 1866. The ship Oolden Mirror, Maguire, from New York for Toulon, with 6,000 bbls. pork, sprung a leak on the 8th of March, and was abandoned on the 0th with nine feet six inches of water in her. The crew were taken off and carried to Cardenas. The caxyo was shipped on French government account. A Prisoner Pardoned. Boston, April 17, 1866. Luclan Ayer, of Plaistow, New Hampshire, sent to the State prison on conviction of robbery, was set at liberty to-day by the Governor, it being clearly shown that his conviction was procured by perjury. Lake Navigation. Watxrtown, Tuesday, April 17, 1866. The harbor at Cape Vincent is clear of ice. Markets. New Ortjuvs, April 18, 1866. Our cotton market was somewhat easier to-day, al though previous quotations are not altered. The busi noss was restricted to 2,000 bales. Sugar has advanced Xc. per lb.? fair to fully fair selling at 4%a. a 4Jfc. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOAHD. Philadelphia, April 17, 1866. The rates for money are unaltered. Stocks are heavy. Reading 42)^; Morris Canal It; Long Island 16; Penn K Ivan la Railroad 43 W, interest off: Pennsylvania State ves 86X. Travel to Europi.? The steamships for Europe are bow crowded with passengers; some to visit the Palais dt 1' Industrie, which is to open next month at Paris ; seme to make the tour of Europe, and some to visit the Crimea, to witness the grand tragi oo-melo-dramatic spec tacle at Bsbastopol. Steamers take spectators from Mar sellles to Balaklava for two hundred and fifty francs each. Three hundred leave to day in the Baltic ? the largest number ever carried across the Atlantic by one steamer. It was expected that Mr. Augustus Ceosar Dodge, the recently appointed minister to Spain, would go in the B., but another change has come over the spirit of the Cabinet at Washington, and it will therefore be impossible t? get his instruction ready in time. Metropolitan Theatre? Mrs. Clark's Concert.? This

affair, which took place last night, was bat thinly at tended? the weather was not propitious. The prima donna of the night, Mrs. Isidora Clark, is, we believe, a native of this city. She has a high soprano voice, of considerable power, and rather uneven in quality. We cannot say much in praise of the manner in which she uses her great vocal wealth? her intonation is often hurried and indistinct ? her style is ungraceful, and her xecution is hardly up to the level of mediocrity. The conctrt was not biiUiant. Miss Camille Urco's violin (olo was the best thing of the night. She played the concluding part of the fanlaria from the ?' Favorita" very nicely, and received a deserved encore. Mr. Gria. wold, who sang a ballad, has a pleasant tanor voice, but it is not powerful enough to till a large theatre. The German Opera. ? Tbe final performance of the reason was given at Niblo's la at evening, to a fair house. The opera was Bellini's " Romeo and Juliet." Ten per. formances have been given during this season, which has been pecuniarily successful. Niblo's Garden? Italian Opera.? Circulars have been issued by Jacobiohn & Co., to the effect that the season will commence on the 30th instant, with lime. Lagrange as the prima donna. City Intelligence. IurROVED Patent Cab Brake. ? A number of gentlemen connectcd with the railroad interest, started yesterday morning from Jersey City in four cars of the Mew York and Erie Railroad, to test a new car brake, a notice of whieh has already appeared in our columns. The train ran to Paterson aad back, and a number of trials were had which tested the invention severely, and secured for it the approbation of the oompany. The great merit of this new brake is, that the engineer has full control of every brake in tne train, no matter how long it may be or at what speed it maybe running. By simply pulling a string, a spring attached to the brakea is brougnt into operation, and the train almost immediately stopped. This of courte has a great advantage over tho ordinary method of stopping the train by brakemen, who must be warned by the whistle in ease of any danger, and after that mukt run from the part of the car at which they are stationed to the brake wheel. In case of any ob struction or danger on the road, which of course is first *een by the engineer, tbe time wasted in calling the brakemen and in their running to the brakes, is saved? a difference in time, perhaps, equivalent to the loss of hundreds of lives, and ef torture aad agony to ai many more. The fearful Norwich disaster would nover have happened had this description of brake been in use. Vtry^many of the dreadful railroad accidents which have excited the herror of the community, and entailed serious loss to the railroad companies, might have been avoided by the timely stoppage of the trams. The drat aad tecond trials on the Lroad to Peterson were not very successful, owing to a breakage of tht rope. On tie third trial, however, while the train was going at the rate of thirty miles an hour, it was stopped in forty five seconds, the ergine being reversed at a distance of 950 teet. on a slightly inclined grade. On the fourth trial wfth tbe same vpeed, at a still more downward trade, it stopped at a distance of 1,160 feet in 58 seconds. It was afterwards tried on aa upward grade, at a speed of St miles an hour, in 25 seconds, at a distance of 375 i feet. It is not proposed to discontinue the employment ofbrakemen; indeed, this operator is tot intendet for trains that require to be stopped slowly. The jar In the sudden stoppage, by the way, is not so great as would be supposed. At a recent tritl on the flai-lorn road, the experiment resulted as follows: ? Fir 1 1 Trial ? Train running about 90 miles an hour, engine reversed nmt the operator applied, stopped in 345 f' at. Stionil Trial ? Samu speed, on down grade of30 feet, stop ped in 350 feet. Third Trial? Sum* speed on down (trade, ;ind brakes ap plied in the ordinary way, stopped iu l.fiOU feet. Fourth TrUil? Same speed, same grade sad same brakes, stopped In 1,5'U feet. Ibis invention Is well worthy the attention of railroad companies; nor is the public uninterested in a matter that will insure the safety of l:fe and property. Occi'Ltatio* op Venus. ? This evening a long looked for event, among astronomer* and oth?r scientific men, will thke place ? the pisnet Venus will be hid from view by the moon. About an hour after sunset, Venus may be observed in close contiguity with the mcon, and gradu ally approrching nearer, will at ftX o'clock be entirely obrcured. The ocrultation will la-t about twenty-five minutes, when V-nns, in all her usual brilliancy and beauty, wOl make her ippearance from behind tbe moon. Tbe rarity of this phenomenon will no doubtcause the housetops to be crowded with anxious spectators. Those fond of astronomy as a study, should not miss the pre sent opportunity of witnessing the occupation of Venus, Marrlmik op a Tity Ofvtciai ? C. T. MeClenachin, Esq., Clerk of the Hoard of Councilman, was united in wcoiock. yefteruay, in St. Thomas' Church, Broadway, to M>ss Louisa Parsons. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Doctor Neville, and was witnessed by a large number of friends, including m Any membora and officials of the foremen Council, and tbsir ladies. The happy couple leit New York immediately after, ?% rente tor Washington aad a hi: u them tour. Ssvsl Intelligent^. Commander H. B. Wilson, recently in command of the frgale CnlnmMa, has been ordered to the command of the slo"p of war Cyane, now at B'xrton, and whi-bisto b? <mm?dUtely fitted for sea to join tbe Home Squadron under CommoOcre MoOauley. Lieut. Hamuel Fd wards and Master Francis G. Clarke have h??n ordered for duty on the fnited States brig Tolfbia. now *t the (Joeport navy yard, fitting out for the African station. United Slates District Court* Before Hon. Judge tnganotf. Apbii 17. ?Charles Keller, charged with smuggling jewelry, made no defence, and was found guilty. S3B tenced to twenty days Imprisonment. # Ralph Howell pleaded guilty ton charge of obltru&V ing one of the deputy marshals in tilt P?fora&r);? of hie doty. fea tepee deferred. Tn Nit Bmxrair Obaxaba, Captain 8. P. Griffin, sailed yeatrn day ?B har firat for New Orleaaa aad Havana, In the mall ltae. Anouour Exmnrauu.? Tha hark Badly , Captain Fletcher, which left thia port la December, with three of the Nautilua Sub-Mariae Company'a ob hoard, bound for a pearl fishing royage, la now en gaged In exploring the wreck of the Mgate Ban Pedro, on the coast of Venecaela. Thia Mgate, anppoaed to have on board aome two to three milliona of dollara, took Are and blew up at the island of Margarita, la 1811. Bar i tern being blown oat, her treasure waa acattered upon the autroundlng aand. Some three hun dred thousand dollara have been taken np, bnt owing to inefficiency of the machinery employed, operations were auapended. The company fitting oat the E. Banning (topped thqre, and the trial descent of the first machine sent down in 00 feet water brought np one hundred dollara, thirtv-two dollars being found within the first area covered by the machine before moving. Other articles, aa copper, te., were brought up at the aame time. The captain, finding it profitable work ing, immediately left for the aeat of government to ae eure the necessary privilege. Thia privilege waa grant ed. Lettera have been received from on board, during the abeence of the captain, which represent the opera tori as busily engaged in "shovelling dollara." It 14 the intention of Mr. 0. to blow the fragments of the ship to pieces, securing the copper runs, shot. fcc. The captain writes : ? "The bells are all they are said to be." One of the chief engineers writ?s: ? "I wish yon could look into the bell when we are down on the bottom with our ipadea digging for the almighty dollar. We can look out of the windows or the bell and see the fish looking in at us. We can take the bottom up in the bell and get out on the aand, and pick up the bell and run all around where we like." Two month*, it la an ticipated, will be sufficient to take up every veatige of the Ban Pedro, and the captain reports he has another vessel near him, in same depth of water, 60 feet, with fifty thousond dollars on board, in specie, and another with fifteen thousand dollars, both of which he shall take up before proceeding on nia voyage. Sale of Corporation Leasee. WASHINGTON MARKET CELLARS AMD OTHER PRO* PKBTY. The yearly leaae of the Washington Market cellars and other property, owned by the Corporation, waa disposed of at auction on Monday last, at the City Hall. There were a large number of persons present, and more com petition than on any former occasion of the kind, for many years past. As a natural consequence, the rents at which the property was leased exhibit a large increase on the rates of last year. The terms on which it was dis posed of, were ten per cent ?n the yearly rent bid for each, and the auctioneer's fees, payable to the Collector of the city revenue at the time and place of Bale ? the ancceasful bidder being also required to have an obliga tion executed by two sureties, approved by the Comp troller. The lessee in each case gave a bond for double the amount of the annual rent, with one or more sure ties, approved by the Mayor and Comptroller, con ditioned for the payment of the rent quarter yearly, and the fulfilment, on tlieir part, of the covenants of the lease. The following la the propeitv and the rates at which it was leased, compared with the rents of last year:? CtUart. Occupants. 1864. 1855. Noa. 1 and 2.. .H. Kelly 9300 $500 ? 3 D. Riley 150 425 " 4 James Mason. 375 450 " 4 Mary Toralinaon 40 70 " 6 Benjamin Johnson 00 05 " 0 J. McArdle 45 05 ? 7 B. Grant 35 110 << 8 E. Kirke 45 150 ?? 0 J. Markee 50 80 ? 10 W. T. Skiff 25 40 ?' 11 and 12.. M. Smith 400 300 " 18 .M. Smith 100 150 ? 14 H. B. k J. B- Johnson 65 60 Tbtal 81,740 $2,625 A comparison of the foregoing aggregates exhibits an increase In the rents of 1856 or $786 over those of the preceding year. But while there haa been an increase in the Washington market property, the value of the Corporation property, consisting of the three atorea No*. 12, 14 and 10 Greenwich avenue, with cellars underneath, appeara to have diminished to a corresponding extent. Last year, the rent of these amounted to $1,600, while this year they will bring only $776. These stores have been rented to Thomas Lawrence, the present occupant. The three story brick house in Willett street, between Rlvlngton and Stanton, which was formerly oeoupled by Hose Company No. 29, has been leased to A. Phillips, Jr , for the yearly rent of $216; and the house in Thir teenth street, near avenue C, formerly occupied by En gine Company No. 18, to J. M. Reed, for $130. The tota amount realized by tie sales was $3,695. Court of General Hmlnni. Atril 17. ? Larttny.? Elizabeth MoQee fu Indicted for stealing a quantity of clothing, of the valae of 9100, from lira. Anne Lafarge, 17 Broome street. The prisoner admitted her guilt to complainant, but as the property stolen was laid in the indictment as belonging to the wife instead ot the husband, a special verdict of not guilty, on account of the variance, was found by the jury. Steal ing Hon*/. ? Richard H. Thorne, of Washington Market, lost SCO lbs. of honey, and subsequently re covered one can, which he identified as part of the stolen property. That can was purchased by one Thomas Ross from John Stevtne, the prisoner at the bar, and this was all the evidence against the latter towards connect ing him with the crime. Veraict? not guilty. Burglary. ? William Fiaher was indicted for borgla rioufly entering the wine cellar, 91 Allen street, of John N. Miller, and stealing therefrom a quantity of rum. Nicholas Miller, the son of the eomplalnant, found the priioner in the cellar In the act of pouring rum into a demijohn, but the evidence of the premises being bro ken into or feloniously entered was not clear. Verdict? not guilty. Personal Intelligence. ARRIVALS. General Rsed and lady, from Krie, and the Hon. J. B. Tyson and sen, from Philadelphia, are now in the eity, oc cupying rooms is the St. Nicholas Hotel. Among the arrivals yesterday were:? At the St. Nicholas Hotel ? Captain M. Connell, U. S. A. ; Joseph W. Fabens, Central America; Le Grand Smith, N. v. At the Metropoli tan Hotel? Y. Castancdo, Mexico; Lconos Kosai, do,; F. Ramlrci, do.; Pascual Agras, do.; Juan Padilla, do.; Dr. K. R. Chapin, San Francisco; Rev. J. P. B. Wilmer, Pnila delphia. At the Aator Homo ? Robert Sohenck, Ohio. From Charleston, in the steamship Southerner? J Maginn, Miss M Bethel, Miss K Li&htbura, Miss S Lord, Miss L Weeks, Miss J A Immett, Mrs Kmmat, Miss ? Hoffman, Mits Jones, Mrs Dirt, Mrs Ilaberneioht and child, Mrs W Fisher, A L Sands and lady. J MoBlaney, lady, and two children, H G De Forrest and lady, J Sands and lady, J Sol n mwiuc*, n m-iuci, * o tt mimvr, o .ivvftiri, w c? reuoa, M Emanuel, J Marty, J Ward, J J Emmett, J B WlndJe, C Spooner, W II Moor, W Walsh, C C Fish, J W Gned, L Livingston, J D Lamb and Win the steemge. From Savannah, in the steamship Augusta. ? Dr A D Put nam, Robert Fortcr Dr Henderson, George Dodges, Antonio Marti, li S L*verich and lady, Miss J P Leverieh, Miss M A Leverich, P H Grant, John Brightman, Levi N Baker, Miss S E Foster, Jobn Whitehead and lady, Mrs E 8 Thompson, Mils A Kirkland, Miss Julia Green. Mrs Lathrop, Miss Lathrop. Mrs Stehbins. C B Churchill. Wallace Beach, S Fcnchtwanger, Charles Peterson. J S Diokinson, James Manran, Rev R Graham, Mrs G H Barrett, R C BessinS, James Montgomery, S II wood, A F Smith and lady, Miss Willeford, Mr Btiages, Mrs Ryan, Miss Williamson, and 78 in the steerage. From London, in shin Devonshire? F Roysen, G Griffiths, and Chas Griffiths, London; II Ellis, Wm Seymour, and Wm Weston, England. From Havre in ship Franois A Palmer? Edmond Menard, France; A McHenry, England. From Cart h agent, in sohr F Barritt? H W Donohuo. Board of Ten Governors. The Board met yesterday at 4 P. M. I 'recent ? Messrs. Town send (Chairman), Draper, Herrick, Smith, Taylor, Cuke, Tieman, West and Henry. Alter the reading of the m'nutcs, a communication wss received from the Warden of Bellevne Hospital, complaining of the state of the building; should a Are take place it would prove most disastrous to the in mates. A communication was received from a person who signed himself "An American Beggar." He related a most piteous story of his sufferings. A native of Geor gia, be came to this city and applied for admission into the Custom House, but the politicians in powsr being soft shells, it was discovered he was too hard a charac ter to obtain entrance; and, as a consequence, he, his "lovely wife" and "angel babes" ? to us? his orn words ?are without food, and lack the necessaries of Ufa. This ioleful tab excited the sympathy of the Board, an 1 tb? ease was referred to the Committee on Outdoor Poor, and an understanding arrived at to refer the matter to John Cochrane for his favorable consideration. Goverror bfupgR gave a long report of the result of the lobbying done at Albany by the Governors. It ap pears th.y have procured the passage of an act, a copy of which appeared in Saturday's Hkrai.d. Drs. J. Hail, G. H. A merman, J. Hitchcock, William Janos and W Gentry were appointed as junior assistants to Bellevue Hospital , and Drs. W. H. Draper, C. L. Ives, James D. bait and Wm. Frothlngham as senior assist ants. Governor offered a resolution inquiring into the propriety of changing the name of the Peniten tiary Hospital; alio as to the desirability of having one large building to accommodate all the patients, instead of tcur smalltyiildlogi for that purpose, as at present. Governor Dckk t eemed to think It was wrong fer the newspapers to be complaining of the name of the Peni tentiary Hospital. All the inmates were prostitutes, snd for any sympathy to be expressed for them, it was all tonsense. The resolution of Inquiry, however, wa~- passed. A resolution was pas?e.i instructing the clerk to in form the lloard we> kly of any excess of the expenditures ever the appropriations. atMii*R or ranon r vnwt nr. on.utus of ths tk? Gonrawcms. Remaining on the 14th of April 9 292 M??l 6K Dischsreed 2,779 f'ent to Pententlary Hi Jont to prisetJ 2 3,000 Total 0,392 X>f<ro*M siucf tout wwk, G#7i This new ehareb, nteM on Twesrty-ftfth street, M> t?MD Broadway mad the Sixth imu, m nnnaenratll yesterday, with imposing ud appropriate n nilM The notice of tho consecration having been published the day before, it tho hoar for tho -irntniX ment of tho ooremonics, tho church vu crowded to it* utmost capacity with aa aoloct and taahloa* able an audience aa New-York ootid afford. There could not haTo boon leaa than flrteentiandred people, mostly ladles, crowded into the powi of the church and jaaaaed into the aisles. At precisd^ 10>? o'clock in the morning the clergy of the Epiaeopol faitb, some twenty-flve"U> number, headed by provisional Bishop Potter, all dreatf In their ecclcaiaatlcal robea, entered the chapel room,' repeating the twenty-fourth Psalm, alternately, alone tho line of mlnlitera. The congregation at onee rosa and a voluntary waa given, which was continued till the clergy and the audience wore aeated. The consecration service was then began by the Hbhop, during which the moat profound silence waa present i throughout the whole house. An anthem waa thea chanted, beginning:? The Lord is la bis holy temple; let all tbe earth kelp A eace before him. This anthem waa composed Dy Or. Hodgea, for th? consecration of T rinlty church, and waa chanted most artistically by the chol r. The moraine prayer* wore then read by the Rot. Dp, Wbitehonse, after which the proper psalm*, the 84th, 122d and 132d were c haunted, the audience generally taking part. The reading of tbe Gospel then followed, the Rev. Dift B if bee performing this service. The selection was fron* the lat book of hiDgs, 6th chapter, verse 22 to verae 63. The 1e Deuvi Lauti?mtu waa then chanted, afteg which the second lessons were read by Dr. Seabary. Then, after the benediction had been pronounced and tho Introit (Selection zxi, ver sea 2 and 3) had been read, the ante communion service waa solemnized, and tho responses after the commandment* sung. The Epistle, which was from 2d Corinthians, chap. 6th, verso 14 to 17, and the Gospel, from St. John, 2d chap ter, were read by Rev. Dr. Higbee. The Old Hnndretls was then sung. after which the Rev. Dr. Potter, provis ional bishop of the dioceas, ascended the pulpit and pro* nounced a abort and impreaaive sermon, but which was only heard by a portion of the congregation. So badlw constructed ia this church in particular, and Episcopal churches in general, in reference to acoustics. The following anthem, composed by Dr. Hodgea, eape* oially for this occasion, waa then chanted: ? I was slad when tbey said onto me,| We will go into thft ' house of the Lord. Our feet stiall stand in tliy gates, O t Jerusalem. Jerusalem is built as a city that is at unity ia itself. For thither the tribes go up, even the tribes of the Lord: to testify nnto Israeli to give thanks unto tbe name of tha Lord. For there is the seat of judgment, even the seat of thQ bonse of David. O pray ior the peaee of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee. Peaoe be within tby walls, and plenteoutness within thg palaees. For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will wish theft prosperity. Tea, beeanse of tbe house of the Lord our God, I wUZ seek t? do thee good. The offertory followed the above anthem, being pre ceded by a remark 'from Rev. Dr. Higbee, that all tha alms given would be appropriated to the use of the XU* sionary Committee of the Diocese. The Holy Cemmnnlon service was then read by BiahO? Potter assisted by the other clergymen, followed by tha prayer for "tbe wbole state of Chriat'a Church Mili tant." ' After whieh a voluntary waa given, and daring which most of the congregation? those who did wish to partake of the Communion? left the church. The Trisageon was then sung, followed by the reading of a hymn, and singing "Gloria in Excelafs." A bless ing waa then prononnced, followed by a voluntary, during which the audience dispersed, the ceresMlM* having occupied nearly four hours. The music yesterday was particularly admired. It could rnot be surpasseaby the choir of any ohuroh in the city. The next services in this church will be next Sunday morning, at 10# o'clock, and regolaaly everj Sunday thereafter. News by the Mails. A tea monster m caught near Punts Rofuuy on thtf Florida ccast, on the 28d ult., which had a month Three and a half feet long, and wide enough to swallow ? canoe. The space between its eyes measured four feet four inches, its length of body nineteen feet, aad breadth nineteen feet, and weighing 8,000 pounds. Got. Reedcr, of Kansas, is going to Washington, to lay the frauds perpetrated in the recent election before the proper authorities. ' A French family, a man and wife and five children, were recently found to hare been murdered and buried in a house in Wabash. The supposed murderers are la prison. The motive of the monstrous crime was fifty dollars' worth of goods. Widows who Iists received forty acres of land, and who are applying for ihe additional one hundred and twenty acres granted them under the late act, will not be required to furnish proof of their marriage and the death of their husbands, whtn that evidence has alreadw been furnished, and is on tile. They must furnish proof, however, of continued widowhood. At Fort des Moines, Iowa, there is a dreadful scarcity ?f women. In one house were found nineteen bachelors and only one married couple. The editor entreats the ladies to come out there. The Governor of Nebraska has appointed Charles B. Smith Auditor of the Territory, B. P. Rankin Treasurer, and -James S. Izard librarian. On the 4th innt . Mrs. Edward Thomson, of Lottesville, Loudon county, Va? fell dead while sitting In her chair. Her husband's brother, Ntmrod, ran to her assistance, snd, before reaching her, Pell on the floar a corpse. Their deaths were not two minutes apart. An affair of honor has just been settled without resort to weapons, between It A. Pryor, of the Richmond ?? quirer, and James McDonild, of the Lynchburg Vir Cintan. Tils is the second affair of the kind Mr. Pry or as had on hand this spring. Editors are looking up la Virginia. The total number of applications under the bounty land act, up to the 14th inst . has been seventy-one thousand two hundred. A bill has been reported in tfie Legislature of Massa chusetts to erect a now county, from parts of Middlesex: and Worcester, to be called Washington. Every State ia the Union except California, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire and New Jer sey contains a county named in honor of the Immortal Washington. One yonng man in ihe vicinity of Boston shot himself last week, because he could not get a wife, and asothec because he oould not get a divorce. The Albany Argun says the steamboats every moraine srrive heavily laden with merchandise for that city ana the West. That vast space known as the steamboat landing, is daily crowded with piles of freight. We learn from the Buffalo papers that the ice extends in one unbroken mass for more than one hundred miles up the lake, and unless there should be a decided and prompt lmprovemsnt of the weather, there is no pro mise of lake navigation before from the first to the tenth of May. A petition is in circulation in Cincinnati, asking the Governor of Ohio to commute the sentence of Arrison, tbe torpedo man. who dfstroyed the lives of Allison and his wife, to imprisonment for life. Arrison was sen tenced to be hang on the 11th of May. What has beeome of Brlghara Young's grass widows, who were to lectnre in Boston on Mormomsm? Hon. Mr. Hiss, who so earnestly desired the acquaint ance of Sister Joseph in the Roxbury Convent, has de clared his intention not to retlgn his seat in tae Massa chusetts House of Representatives. A train of forty cars, containing live stock, was brought into Albany on tbe 14th Inst, on the Central railway. The train was nearly a quarter of a mile ia length. In Adair county. Ky., on the 27th of March, the vene rable John Pindleton, aged 82 years, was married to the amiable Mrs. Mary Adams, aged 72 years, who is entirely blind. There Is a very general complaint in Louisiana of the prospects of tbe sugar crop. Heavy frosts, cold weather, and the absence of rain, have seriously injured the eaae. Dog poisoning In Newark, N. J., is creating consider able excitement among the citizens. One hundred and fifty are known to have died already this month, and among the number is cne which lately saved a child from being run over on the railroad by a tram of cars, and another Which had run " wid der mer;h?ne " for a long time, snd whose likeness was cut in stone and placed over the door of the engine home. Strychnin* is used. Tlie entire to s resulting from the destruction of the steamer Hnntsvllle, by lire, on the Mississippi, a fe^ d ays ago, Is about $300, OoO. A man, named John J. Jones, was recently arrested la Lock land, Ohio, on a charge of murdering a person named McCardle, at West i'oint, Mo., fourteen years ago. The Honse of Representative* of Wiaconsln, by a rote of 44 to 27, hare restored the death penalty in that Slate. The Senate bare yet to act npon '.he matter. Wm. P. Penton, Esq., a counsellor at law and member of the last Legislatcie of lia? sschu setts, shot himself through the head with a pistol, at hi- residence, in Bos ton, on the 13th Inst , anl died almost Insuntaneously. Elijah Wilkinson killed his brothsr-in law. Mr. J. C. Young, by shooting him, In Mobile, on the 7th iast. I.n?t Handsy forenoon, as the colored sexto* was ring log the bell of St. John s Church, Richmond, Va.,?t broke from Its fastenings sod came crashing through the- floor to the earth, a distance of ninety feet. The exton stepped asMe. N A specimen of paper, manufactured from the rummon rane, the bamboo of the Mississippi river, has been ex ? hlblted at St. lx>uis, and is highly approved. 1 The flremrn of Mibile c?lebiatel the seventeenth an niversary of the organization of the department on the Oth inst. The hemp factory of Douglas & B?er, in St. Louis, was destroyed by fire on the ltta Inst. Loss, $80,000; Insu rance, $43,500. In Orange county, Florida, which has a popuUtljn of four huDdred persons, there has not been a death la tuehe months. The .uan Frcnelsoo Sun, of March 14, states that fifty two murders bad been comm' tte<1 in that Mite -inse the 1st dsy of February, averaging more than one a day. Alexander Ramsey, tote Onvrnor of Minnesota Terri tory, has been elected May r of 8t Paul, by a large ma Jorlty. Thomas Grelg. a eoavlet, worked si well at the fire in the Tennessee riUte prison, tliAt Oor. Johaion has par doned him out. t