Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1855 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 6830. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE LIQUOR QUESTION. Optalon of Jamei W. Uerard on the Prohibi tory Liquor Law of 1855. My opinion bu been requested by a committee of im porters and dealer* la foreign and domestic liquors, on Tarlons questions submitted by them, arising under the Prohibitory Liquor law passea at the last session of the legislature, involving a construction of some of its pr? Tlsions and the constitut cnality of others. The first and second of thete questions ? vie.: 1st. What is the eflect, extent and application of the following words, at the conclusion of section 1 ? viz. This section shall not apply to liquor, the right to sell which in this State la given by any law or treaty of the United States, and, 2d. If a right to sell any particular description of liquor la reaezved and exsapte ', then is that right gene ral in its nature, or is it limited and confined to any par ticular persons V atd if ao, to whom ? ? I propose to consider together I am not aware that there is now in force any treaty or law of the United States in terms sonferriag the right to Mil "liquor" in this ^tate. The right of introduction, however, is mdependect of State legislation, and is per xnissively derived from th- practical operation or treaties of commercial amity and intercourse subtistiog between th* Umtad states and I uropean nations exporting wines and t- pints from those countries into this, and the TanottB previsions of the lurid acts Ihese latter confer the privilege of importation, and that privilege, it has been judicially determined, carries with it in favor of the original importer the unresectable right of sale. The words, " This section shall not apply, he.," there fore, in the position in which they stand, neel not ne cessarily be construed aa a declaration simply of a right which no State legislation eould atlect, but are entitle 1 to receive a more extended application, foun led on the context and the power of the Legislature in relation to the internal traffic in ardent spirits of every kind. 1 un derstand it to be substantially established by various de cision* of the Supreme Court of the I'nited States, that a State, in the exercise of it* polite powers ma; , so far as Internal traffic is concerned, rrgutate, even possibly to the extent of prohibition, the enlo of auy art:c'e which It may adjudge noxious or injurious to the health or .moral* of its citizens, even though the inhibited ar ticle may originally have lorined a part of the foreign commerce of the country. Such a prohibition, restrained by the right of the importer to *ell imputed liquor In its original packages, is substantially the end of all law* relating to the saie of liquor, whether of li cense or prohibition. If, therefore, the power of prohibition, when exercise'! , can be exercised against the artiole ' in rem." it appears to me thut an exception or proviso, in terina as broad as the one unJer consideration, should re ieive a similar construction aa to the ex'ent of the permission, and ?houM exift in favor of the exempted article in nrhoae bands soever the same may be? importers and purchas era from them, dealer* and retailers ; for tnis is a sta tute restrictive of the rights of persons and property, highly strnuent in its remedies, penal in its coime -quencea, and therefore muit by construed moat strUtly against th* prohibition, and liberally in favor of the per mission to sell. Taken literally, the permission is gene ral, broad and clear, allowing imported liquor to be sold .generally, and not limiting its sale to the importer. It is an express permission ot tue thing to be sold, and not ? permit siun ol sale given tn tue importer or any class of persona. In oth?r woids, it declare* in effect that the act doe* not apply to impirted liquor*; anu there i* no other section that 1 can find, which limits or restrain* the general parmiation in the first and g'eat anaotlng clause. On tue contrary, the provision in the latter part of the 7th section? that ''on t>ie trial of such claim the Custom Houfe certificate* of importation, and proof* of mark* on the cask* or packages corresponding thereto? akall not be received aa sufficient evidence tnat the li quor* contained in said casks or paosagei are those as tually imported th?reln," strongly confirms my position that Imported liquors are exempted from the operation of the act, but requiring that additional evidence ahall be given of its foreign character, bei.ae* the Custom Bouse marks on the casks in which it is contained. It also appears to me aa if, atter the bill had been framed, the last clause of th* first section had crept into the act, and that the friends of the law did not see its eifect la exempting imported liquors from tue operation of the act. I conclude, therefor*, that the prohibitions, penalti**, and forfeiture* in the act contained, have no applica tion to the sale or keeping of such liquor, as pursuant to the commercial regulations of the United States, is a subject ol importation, whether it b* in the hand* of the original importer or retail dealt r, Ihe third question? "1* the keeping in a storehouse other thau a bonded warehouse, of a stoci of liquor on band previoua to the 4th July, 1H65, within anv of the prohibitory clause* of the act, the same not being in tended to be sold or given away V' I answer that I think it 1* Intended by the Legislature ao to be, bat am of the opinion that the provisions of the law which affect the general right of property in these articles, and direct it* destruction, are unconttitu tional and void, for the reasons presently given. The fourth que*ti*n ? "Does the act, in term*, or by necessary implication, prohibit the manufacture of li quor, as defined by section 112, for export to other State*, or the aale witkin this Stale of licpior manufactured in other States V" I answer, as to the firat branch, that the manufac ture of liquor in this State is not, in term* that I can perceive, exoreaaly prohibited, nor it* export; yet that the practical operation of the aaizurs clause* of th* law, were they conetitutioaal, wou'd virtually put en end to the manufacture or production of domestic 1 quor. But If these are unconstitutional, ani therefore void? ami I think they are ? a diatiller or brewer ha*, for augat I can perceive, a right to make an4 export liquor to be *jld in other State*, if he does not make it to be sold within this State ? and this view seems to be supported by the exemption of the prohibitory words of the first section, to the ca?e of its transportation from on* place to ano ther. or its being ftored in a warehouse prior to its reaching ths place of destination. Ihih ib the belt conclusion I cm come to on this branch of tte case, the different clause a being exceed ingly obscure and inconsistent. On thelibt branch ot the query, I am of opinion that ln.th? license canes in 6 Howard, the majority of the Court la eilect decided that it U within the power of the State* virtually to annul the importation from other States of domestic liquor, by prohibiting it* sale when landed in their limit*, there being no existing regulation of Con|res*. special or general, to which such a regula tion of internal traffic would be repugnant. (See opinion of Ch. J Taney, 5 Howard, 586; Catron, p. 608, 609, and Nelson J . concurring, p 018;) audi think, therefore, that none such domeatia imported liquor of American manufacture can be eold within thia State. Having arrived at tbi* conclusion from th* examina tion 1 have given tbe case in 6th Howard, aod entertain ing the views I have above expressed in reference to the exemption of foreign liquor*, I am of the opinion that there ia nothing in the clause* relating to the sale and Importation of foreign and domestic liquor*, thus con atrued, ''repugnant to, or In contlict with, tbe section of the constitution of the United States whereby Congress ii empowered to regulate commerce with foreign nations and amon; the several State* and with the Indian tribe*." And I therefore anxwer th* fiftn question in tbe negative; merely remarking, by way of addition in this place lo what 1 have before said on tha effect of the eonclnolng words of asction 1, that if they are not to receive tue construction I have given, the sale of foreign liquor* 1* not prohibited, that ''restricting tbe Importer to sell only to person* authorized by the act to re sell, a* found in the 22d secton," ia a restriction against the constitutional right of tbe importer to sell to Anybody and everybody, a* the right is laid down in the - ease of Brawn v. the State of Maryland 12 Wheaton. 410. In reply to the 7th question:? "Doe* aesiion XXIV. re peal the power now vested in the Mayor, Aldermen and Councilman tor tha ward* respectively, aa Excise Com misaioners? If it does, lathe power, aa exercised by them, ?ne which the Legislature i* capable of wlthd-awlng or curtailing t"? my view* are in accordance with those exprasaed bv tha Counsel of the Corporation in his recent communication to that body on this subject, and I am of the opinion that whether the original right conferred by tha Montgomerle charter be treated aa a mere grant of _ political power, which is always subject to legislative * action, or as lost by acquiescence in legislative Inter ference, tbe lesult is the same, and that tha Legislature possessed full power to repeal it altogether. The answer to tha sixth question? '? Ar* any of the provisions of cald act repugnant to tha constitution of the State of New York?''? lead* me to the conclusion that the law. in ita apirit and mode of operation, ia op poaed. not only to tbe provision* of our own constitution, but to certain inalienable right* of person and property which lie at the foundation of the social compact, and which no legislation can impair or deatroy. ? I '?*<i the act aright, it not only undertakes to pro hibit the sale of ardent apirit* a a an article of general trade, but It makes the posiession of the same, without "? intent to eell It, an offenee punishable by Baa and imprisonment; subject* it to conflacation and das traction, baptises it a public nuisance, restrain* action* for injuries to it, or tne collection of debts incurred in its saw; provides for the execution of a roving and In quiaitorial process, issuing on mere suspicion, and limit ad only by mngtaterial discreUen; and to crown the ?whole, violatea ? fundamental principle of law la apply ing to jurora under the act, a moral qualification hither to unknown to tfae law and inapplicable to other caae*. No one recognize* more folly than myaelf the evil* of intempennoe, and were the act confined to the legiti mate and proper poVpoee of ragalatlng the retail liquor traffic, there would\ be no one who would give It a heart ier support than myhelf. or regret to be compelled to pro nounce any of ita ^provisions void: but " Intemperate legislation is tbe great legal curae of the age," and de feat* much good thai might be done, by ea*aying to ?tep beyond the const itational bound* and legitimate scope of ita authority. T Liquor ia lawful prrfeparty, a fact admitted in tha law ttselr, and if not thiVre conceded, one atanding on too broad a platform of common sense and juatice to be qui a tioned or leniai. In the linpac* o'J Mr. Justice r*tron, " ardent apirit* bava been tar age*,/ and now are, aubjaeta of sale and lawful commerce, recognized as such by our treaties with foreign power*. anU by the dealing in them among tha States ?f thia UnionV' legislative power v has it* limit*, and on priaclple, in accordance with 'the fundamental maxim" of a free government Is always\ Inhibited from Interference with or attack on tha right* of persoes or property; and tha frwrwrs of tha conatltnt'ion. anticipating the evils which ml?ht flow from intemperate legislation, have jealously ? *k<WMc?'l these rights, br providing ia the most explicit I "no per .on t '.ft iepf> ^."? +r? H'?ertf ? r property, except by due p Process at law," which urate acquired a dlsWnnt and definite meaning, and at judicially conttruad, farm a p> f feet barrier alaat la gislative encroachments oa private rights, like the pre sent act. It la said, however, that in the exercise or its police power, the State may, and often does ? as in the ca?e of gunpoadtr and quarantine law* ? destroy pri rate proper ly for the public pood. Th* reason of tbia however, is, that at the time such an authority Is exercised the auh ect is in itself, from its own intrinsic character, direct y dangerous to life or health, or la a position from which, by the operation of other causes, the like result! might flow. Putrifving nerchandiae stored in a ware house would be an Illustration of the former, gunpowder of the latter view. The theory of the law on this subject, ssya Chief Justice Shaw in the case of Fisher ts. McGirr, American Law Register, to;. 2. No. 8, p. 4?7, seems to b this:? "That property of which aoxious ani iniuriou use ia made, shall he aeized and confiscated, becaus either it is unlawfully used by the owner or person hav ing the power of disposal, or by some person with whom he baa placed and intrusted it. or tbat by his default it liaa fallen into the hands of those who have m*de an intend to make the noxloos and injurious use of it o which the public have a right to complain, and from which they have a right to be relieved. "Therercre, as well to abate the nuisance as to punish the olTinder. the property m?y be forfeited or destroyed as the circumstances of the esse may require and the wisdom of the Legislature direct " Now. granting that it may be competent for the Legis lature to provide, as a means o' aiding in the enforce mrnt of a prohibitory law, that liquor kept for sale should be a nuisance and liable to be destroyed, (which I deny,) it is impossible that the legislature could constitution ally direct such power to be extended so as to embraci the care of liquor cot intended for sale, but held ia store for such purposes, other tban sale, as the interest of the owner may suggest, auch as waiting far the re peal or modification of the law, or an opportunity of shipment to other States or countries. Liquor is not in itaelf injurious to any person or thing; it is its improper use. or rather abuas ? its conns quential moral operation, rather than any direct physi cal effect? agsinet wbfcli the policy of these laws under takes to provide, and, as a m ans of preventing which, when it ia intended to be made a matter o! traffic, the remedy of seizure is given. But in the act under consideration that process ex tends to all tbat is '? kept cr deposited," without even limiting it to tbat which ia kept for sale. Such a provision, in my judgment, apart from all other considerations, renders the taw unconstitutional in its application to liquor in that position There are other portions ? such as the manner and method of seizure and searoh? provided by the sixth clause, the manoer of trial of claims, the limitation on the qualification of jurors contained in the sixteenth clause, and of the right to maintain act'ons to recover the value or possession of liquor imposed by the six teenth clause equally objectionable and void. All of the m baTe been, in the laws of other States, the sub!ect of judicial investigation, and held invalid; and it will therefore be sufficient for the present purpose to refer to some of the cases Green vs. Brigga, 1 Curtis, U. 8. Crcuit Ci. Repts., p. 336; FUher vs. McGirr, Am I,aw Reg'r., vol. 2, No. 8, p. 466; The Monthly Law Reporter, vol. 5, No. 9, p. 483; Preston vs. Drew, vol 6, ibid No. 4, p. 191. In a word, my opinion is ? 1. That imported foreign liquors may be sold by any body . in any place within this State. 2. That the seizure and destruction clauses are void, whether applicable to foreign or domestic liquors. 3. That the act does not, in terms, prohibit the manu facture or exportation ol domestic liquors, but that the practical operation of the a?lzure elause, if constitu tional, would, in effect, destroy the business of manafao turlnr. 4. That as the seizure clause is void, liquors mad# in this State may be exported, and If not intended for sale, kert here without risk of destruction JAMES W. GERARD. New York, April 24, 1855. SELLING LIQUOR WITHOUT LICENSE. Patrick Boylan, of the Fourth ward, was arraigned in the Special Sessions on Tuesday morning, for selling liquor since the 1st of May without a license. He pleaded guilty to the charge. Els Honor the Recorder said that the quesllon had been mooted as to whether there was any punishment applicable. He would, thsre foie, look into the matter carefully, with the light af forded by the published opinions of Messrs. Hall, Savage snd Capron, and render judgment on Wadneeday morn ing in the General Sessions, to which court he sent the case. 8PIR1TUAL OPINION ON THE TEMPERANCE QUESTION. We understand that a distinguished ex Judge has nearly ready for publication a legal revelation In favor of temperance. He haa dissovered that Messrs. Hall and Dillon are not proper medium a. THE BROOKLYN BO AH D OF EX 0 1 BE. The second Tuesday in May is the day fixed by the city charter for the meeting of the Board of Excise; con sequently the members of that body assembled at Toynbee's Hotel in the morning, and appointed a com mittee to wait upon the Mayor, and ask him for the use of a room in the Cty Hall in which to organize. The Mayor Teplied that ha did not recognize them as an ex isting body ; that their powers were extinct, and. enter taining these views, lie bad fordidden the Citf Clerk to take a record of their proceedings. The Corporition Counsellor, who was present during the interview, coincid ed with the Mayor and the delegation left the office. The Mayor intends to commence his eruaade against the l'quor sellers to-day, by arresting every one oaught In the act of selling. THE KIKG8 COUNTY LIQCOB DEALERS. At a meeting of the Kings County IJquor Deilers' Association, held yesterday afternoon, the committee previously appointed to employ couneel reported that tliey bad aecured the service* of the following legal gentlemen:? John A. Lott, counsellor; S D. Morris, Alex Haddon, John B. King, Philip Hamilton, associate attorneys. The Gowanda (N. Y.) Chronicle, in speaking of the delects in the Liquor law, says: ? " Wan ever another such a blundering, beetle-headed Legislature known? or, was it knavery that prompted such a bungling enact ment? We i nclme to a belief that both thick headed ness and chicanery have secured the passage of as ob noxious and conflict ng a law as could conveniently be framed and yet preient a semblance of the prohibitory principle. A meeting of the frienda of the I.tquer law was held in Pou|hkerpsie last week, which broke up in a row and the final organization cf two meetings. Williamsburg City Sews. Assistant EsoisxMtB.? ' The Representatives of the Fhe Department, (eastern district,) met on Monday evening and canvassed the votes cast at the resent elec tion for Assistant Engineers. The returns of Engine Companies Nos. 8, 6 and 0 were thrown out in conse quence of informalitie#. 'and that of No. 10 was re ferred to a committee. A resolution waa adopted declar ing that O. B Lane, Alfred Wallett, Charles Wall, ?m. Meekes and Andrew J. Hinman had received the highest number of votes, and soliciting the Common Council to confirm their nomination. Democratic Fcsio*. ? Another fusion meeting was held at Military Hall, last evening, pursuant to a call of many democrats of the First Assembly district, Kings county. About 8 o'clock the meeting was called to order, by electing to the chair John R. Rowe, and John McGillett, Sectretary. On motion, the call of the meeting was read and adopted. For the first time the unterrifled were harmonious after the "pow-wow." At the Fulton Houie, In Fourth street, Mr. Wm. Marshall, who at tempted to break up the previous meeting, in denounc ing President Pierce, his Cabinet, and Mr. 8weckham?r, waa severely bandied ; and thoae gentlemen were sus tained and endorsed by the meeting. A committee of five were appointed to draw np resolutions. After some deliberation the committee reported the same, endorsing President Pierce and his Cabinet, and denouncing the Know Nothings and tbe Prohibitory law; and organized a elub, called the " Democratic UnHn Club of First Assembly District of Kings County." An election for permanent officers being had, the following rent le men iv ere elected ?President, Philip Hamilton; Vice Presi dents, John H Bowie and H. D Birdsall; Secretaries, John M Gillett snd Joseph T. Sackett; Treasurer, Chas. Klehl. After which a committee waa appointed to pre pare a const itntion and by-law*. On motion, they ad journed in great spirits, subject to the call or the officers. Jersey City BTewa. ScnooL grratrcmncMST Dxcmnrn.? Rev. Chas. Hoover, elected Superintendent of the Common Schools at the late mvnicipal election In Jersey City, has fonnd it ne cessary to decline the office, owing to necessary demands upon bis attention, and has, therefore, file! his resigns tlon In the office of the City Clerk. The necessity of this step on bia part la much regretted by the citi*?ns, as he is regarded as remarkably well qualified for that station. Hoboken City News. Tri Hobokxx CorKCiL.? At ita meetlns'on Monday, the members of tbe Council decided by lot which of them ahould serve for the ahort term, (one year.) and which for tbe long term, (two yeera.) The reeult was as fol lows : ? Short Term. 1/mnTrrm. First ward F. T. Carpenter. James W. Brush. Second ward Geo. W. Hampton. William White. Tbird ward Jaa. I. Wilson. Edw. Snedeker. I The Council adjourned to meet at the City Hall on Thursday evening. OMtasry, Died, at the United States Arsenal, Wetertown, Mass., May ?, Captain Jonif A. Wmimt. aged 5ft. Capt. Web ber was a son of President Webber, of Harvard Unlver srftv. He eradiated at the t'nite4 States Military Aca demy etWeet Point, and for the last twenty five years has occupied the office which he held at tbe time of his death. Paron Fre?ost. tot?Tn * secretary to Louis TTTH , eaill Charles X. of Frsnce, died ea Aprtl lit,' at tie Chateau de Boise oar aged 73 yiars. The Tarf. 1 roiON COrRSI, L. I., xmOTTINO ? thb qrkat haoi BUT WHEN SONTAG AND FLORA T1MPL1. Monday being one of the finest days of the uuon, thousands were induced to leave their ordinary avoca tions, and indulge in a day 'a sporting. The particular event which drew such ft Urge concourse of people to the O?ion Course w?e the announcement of a trot between the celebrated Flora Temple ? the " mistress of the turf'? and Sont?g, mile heats, beat three in five to wagons, wa; on and driver weighing 300 lb'.t for $-,000. Great pftins had been taken to give publicity to this match, and the omnibuses, steamboat* and railroftd cara had been plastered for days in advance with hand bills announcing the afTftir. The training stables of the respective nags weie literally besieged for several days previous to the rase, by individual* anxious to obtain the smallest item of lnformalion relative to ths condi tion and probable ?p?ed of their favorites; but their trainers were " mum" except toafavcred few. Some w?re so anxious to ?scert*in their powers, th?t they waited from daylight in the morning until efter dart, in bcpes of obtaining a |lln>p?e of the horses ?t full speed in their training, in order to make up their minds ?bout the proper way of investing their money. But whether they hftd meiely their labor for their pftins is best known to themselves. One thing, however, is cleftr to our mind, thftt Flor? Temple was entirely overmfttch ed in this i?ce. It will not do to expect Impossibili ties. She performed all thftt waa expected of he* by lier friends, ftnd even more; ftnd the opinion pre valent thftt her defeftt w?s owing to ft change of drivers, is sheer nonsense. Hiram Woidruff is undoubtedly ft great driver, and Florft Temple is ft great horse; but, conjunctively, they oould not h?ve beaten Whelan and Sontag on Monday last, the opinions of others to the contrary notwithstanding. Warren Peabody, the trainer and driver of Flora Temple, is an accomplished ftnd skilful man in his profession, and under his guidance the mare made every exertion she was capable of under the circumstances. One thing which ?ppeared to militftte agalast her speed was the fact of her being unusually wild and fractious throughout the r?ee, owing to more speed being required of her than fhe h*d been accustomed to for some time past. She has been in training for her twenty mile race, which takes place this month, and not for those sharp, quick races which she had been formerly accustomed to, and In which she was so generally successful In anawer to the frequent inquiry yesterday why Hiram Woodruff did not drive Flora in the race, we may observe that he had been engaged by the Sontag party not to take part In the present match. Notwithstanding her defeat in the present instance, Flora has lost none of her former prestige ? for the old adage aays that " for every good there Is a better' ' ? and her owners must not expect to win on every occasion. Ihis waa the first instance in her brilliant career that she was not the favorite before starting. Sontag, the winner of the present nice, has been a very successful nag. She made her advent here last summer, and won live or six small races before the dis covery was made that she possessed uncommon speed, which waa first manifested in her race with Frank Forrester last fall? one of the miles in the race being performed by her in 2:31. She is a Hambletonian, of large sixe, and finely proportioned. Her action, when at full speed, is very high in front, but she is very steady and graceful in htr long stride. It is said that she was originally a pacer; but she shows no disposition now to break into that peculiar gait, ao offensive to the trotting connois ?eur. She has now reacned the pinnacle of her profes sion, and her future engagements will have to be with such naga as Ed. Eddy, HigbUnd Maid, ks. No doubt she will sustain her newly acquired reputation, with eclat to herself and profit to her owner. On reaching the courae, we fonnd that a large crowd had already assembled, and which received constant ac cersiona up to the hour of starting. At the appointed time, the nags were brought upon the track and station ed on the southern end of the course, to keep them out of the wind as much as possible. Soon udges were chosen and all preliminary matters adjusted n drawing for places. Flora won the pole, considered a crrat advantage in a close r?ce. Much excitement pr _ vailed among the crowd ?t thu period, and all sorts or bete were loudly offered by the Sontag party, the | |ray mare by this time having become ft decided favorite. Flora having previously b?en ao. One 'ndivi' dual was shouting at the top of voice, "I'll bet 50, 100, dol ars that Sontag win* the race!'' Others were offering K.0to8C, 100 to 76, Ac., iw.; and for fear could not get all their money P.o?ed before the 1 horns exhibited their speed in scoring, 100 to >60 was freely off* red. The crowd now appeared all betters, and in every direction thftt the eye eiuM reach, group* could be keen collected backing their favorites with an anxiety, bordering on frenxy. It wasan ex citing icene, and the mania for betting seemed so in fectious that men never known to Indulge in [ could ba d.gtrf!, lightly harrowed and dressed up for the occasion. The bones looked uncommonly well, and were In the best Flora took the lead at the word, ftod away she went opening a gap of a lpi??th clear, sronnJ th? turn. Her friencs were In ecstscles, believing J* in?pos sible for Sontag to overtake her; but their 'P*' ta were soon dampened, for on getting en the ?traight side Son^ tag was observed gaining rapidly on her, and as they pssMd the quarter noil-time thlrty seven -con<U dontag was lapped on her. Tnls brought out a shout of exultation from the Scntag party, which continued un til the grey mare was entirely clear of Flora, *n<* like lightning for the hnlf pole, which she reached in 1 .13 ! Flora struggled hard to overtake * ??_ nent gaining and then falling off again Or. .the lowtt turn, she broke up. which seemed to benefit her, and alter regaining hsrtrot she made a tremendous burst and reached the wheel of Soatag, but could not reWin I her position. The speed ef Sontag again carried Flora I off her feet, and notwithstanding all efforts of Flora and her driver, Sontag come home a winner by a length In ?2:31, the quickest heat to 300 lbs. w?lght ever per '^f'result of this heat did not dampen the ar dor of the friends of Flora, so sanguine were her ad mirers of her ultimate tucceas. N ? ithe r ^?"e appeared to mind the seventy of the race, and looked remarkably well after the usual attendance on ?uch occastons Second Heat. ? Sontag now having ths pole, took the lead at the word, and maintained It to the ,ndj.7ii!u!?n an apparent effort on her part, passing the ln tblrtveeven seconds, a couple of lengths ahead of Flora, and the half-mile pole In 1 14 vinced that Flora was overmatched? she could not get along with the weight as well as the gray they mmed to think that her chances were hopelesr Pcntsg continued on the even tenor of her way untt she reached the goal, winning eaally in 3. 33?1 Flora a couple of lengths beh'nd. We never saw Flora to much distressed as after this second heat. Ihird Heat.- This was a counterpart of the pwvious one Flora strained every muscle, but without avail, to rtach ber antagonist, who came home in hand In 2 34. The quarter waa niade by .if. cond.i, and the half In 1 .17. Thus ended tht. mott ex citing contest, which has absorbed the minds or the p porting circles for many days, and cn which much money has bean lost and won. The following la the summary ? Mosdat, May 7 ?Match $2, COO, mile heats, best three to five, to wagons, wagon and driver weighing 3C0 lbs. W Wheelan named g. m. Bontag.. . .. \\\ W Pea bodv named b. m. Flora Temple ?? ? 7 Tlme-2 31? 2:33? 4.36. The next Important match will coma off to (Thursday.) at the Oentreville, between Whalebone and Stella, for ?2,000. to be followed on match at the same course between Pocahontas and Hero lor alike sum. VIRGINIA RACKS. Fair man, May 4 Foirtr Dat.? Jockey Clnb parse $600, four naiJe beat*. Jamee Telly '? g g. One Eyed Joe, by Prince George, dam Register'* dam, 7 yeare old, 12111m 2 1 Jobn Belcher'* b. m. Die Clspperton, by Boeton, lam Bellamtra. 7 yeira old, 121 lb* 1 din time, 8:02^?8:21. PiroNn Rack ? 8weepstakea for three year old colt* and fllliee. mile heats, $200 entrance, half forfeit. Jebn Belcher* (David IT Daniel) b. f. Regent, dam by Imp Whals 1 1

Ja'. Tally'! eh f. by Tally Ho. dam Betey White. . 3 2 The*. Don well 'e (H. L Brooke) *br. e. by Baillie Peyton, dam by Emancipation die. Jobn Belcber'e cb. f. by Jobn Blunt, dam by imp. Priam pd. ft. Time, 1:62? 1:46. CALIFORNIA RACfR. Six Fraxcpco, April 0 ?A match race for tl0,000, two mile beets, came off over the flatter Course, Secra irfnto. betwetn Wake-up Jake and Antiiln, n Boeton roll. The following ie a nummary Wake up Jake 1 1 Attala 2 di* Time, 3:50?4 .01. Third Day? Paciro Pune 4404, mile heats, bent three in Ave, in barnee* Bill Armstrong'* Fred Jobnion 4 3 4 1 1 1 Mr Foff'e Price MeOrath 1 4 1 2 2d<? Mr EIH*' Young A?ertca 3 2 2 3 4 dr Mr. Shear*' Joe Wilscn 2 2 S 4 die. T me, 2:P4? C 82%? 2:88? 1.81? MS-4:W. Pi*r rx ANTnom 'fl Nobs ? We n informed ?>.?? tie toft'icn promontory knows u Anthony'* Ne*?, in the llm eon river, w "te to Aro on Mono*/ erraitg, and had been barmrg einct Slii .e; n ght. City Intelligence. "Printers' Snowi.''? Under this head several journals yesWrday published ? paragraph relating to the prtnter* employed on tli# Courier and ICnquirer, the errors in wbieb require some notice. It is not true that "fourt e?n hands left on Friday night," nor u it true that the whole number of handi employed was " twenty one " It i? false that any denial, "point-blank'' or other, was given to any demand, or that "waiting for copy" was formally complained of. The tacts are simply thsse:? On Thurs day a paper was piesented to us, aakirg that tbtrty-fire cent* per thousand might be adopter) as our seals, instead of thirty two cent-, as new paid. The request was n? in urgent terms; but on Friday, while we bad the m.tt ter under sentideration, ten of the men decided tcleavi at cnce, and on Saturday another followed their exam pie, making eieven in all. They were paid their dues on Saturday, and there the matter ended. The pr jprictorn of the papers which hare dene us injostice have been imposed upon by some parties who have professed to giv? the facte. The key to the whoie difficulty is the ex istence of an organization called the Prmtsra' Union, which desires to obtain the control of every composing room in the citiy. By adroitly operating upon the jealous rivalry of Bome journals, they have succeeded in ootaia Ing a degree of control over them, and thus enforcing a htgh scale of wage*. The effect up n the entire trade has been < inastrous. calling, ss it has done, female labor into competition. Saveral yearn age, when we paid a rate a* high or higher than the " Go von" demanded, we pub lished a notice that no o>mtw> of that tody would be employed on this paper, and we adhere to thatdetermi nation, baring bad no reason to change our view* It is true that we could conduct the business of our print ing room in compliance with the scale of the " Union" in. * decided saving of money, but It would subject our crn positora snd ourselves to inconveniences, which we prefer to avoid by managing our own affairs in our own way. ? Courier ami Enquirer, May 8 Flection or Fihx Department Commissioners. ? Thi representatives of the Fire Department met last night, in accordance with the provisions of a new act, to elect five commissioners, who will hereafter have much of the power now vested in the Common Council. There were ever a dozen candidates in the field, and the canvassing was quite active The following named gentlemen were elected : ? rotes. Charles McPongall, who received 151 William Wright, " J'*? Edward Brown, " J*? Wm. A. Freeborn, " I38 13?n. Cartwright, " 130 These gentlemen are aU well known exempt firemen, and will no doubt.flll their offices with credit to them selves and to the depsrtment A motion was made and carried, to notify the Corporation not to grant relief to disabled firemen, as there was a fund In the department especially set apart for that object. The meeting soon after adjourned. Mechanics' Institute? Election or Officers ?At a meeting of the members of the Mechanics' Institute, held last evening, the following gentlemen were elected cfiicers for the ensuing year:? President, Wm. Miles; 1st Vice President, Oliver Hoyt; 2d do. George W. Pratt; 3d do. James Rogers; Corresponding Sesretary, Charles H. relavsn; Treasurer, George W. Glaze ; Recording Secre tary, James McDonald. Directors? rho mas Srnull, Elijah F. Puidy, E. B. Fellows, John C. Brant, Myron Wight, Edmund B. Child, William Garner, Joseph Haydock, T. Jones, Jr., John Martin, Gilbert Harpur, George Steers, Wm. C Cumberland. Thomas Little, John McDonald, Jnn.es G. Hammond, Wm D. Murphy, Henry H. Hooper, Wm. B. Marsh, M. C. Tracy. Aft?r the election speeches were made by Messrs. Dejavan, Miles and Gltze, suggest ing what tbev deemed the best means of advancing the interests of ue Institute. Fatal Accident to a Fireman. ? Antonio Rausena, a fireman attached to Engine Compsny No. 10, expired on Monday night at his residence, No.l Sullivan street, from the effects of severe injuries received on Sunday, by being run over by a cart in Frankfort street. Deceased, while running to the fire that took place in Water street, came in contact with a borne and cart, and being knock ed down, was run over, the wlieels^of the vehicle pars ing over his body. The injured man on being taken up reclared that the csrmsn was in no way to blame, as he was driving quite slow at the time and it wts more the result of deceased's own carelessness than anything else that caused the occurrence. Having been severely in jured internally the unfortunate man lingered but a short, time after the accidcnt took place. An Inquest will be held upon the body of the deceased to day. Rau sena kept a drinking saloon at the corner of Sullivan and (.'anal streets. He was an Italian by birth and was about 30 years of age. Tbe New City Hall. ? It is now some sixteen months or to since tbe New City Hall was burnt down, but no thing has yet been done to erect a substitute in the pla-e it occupied, nor in any other locality. ThU delay in meeting the wants of the city government doubtless ariies from two causes? first, on account of tbe conflict ing interests of the up and down town population; second, by reason of the difficulty of conciliating in terested parties in regard to the size, plan and expense of the proposed building. That there is a powerful and growing influence in favor of locating the municipal gov ernment nearer the actual future ccatre of the popula tion than the Park, cannot be douMed ; still, the force of habit and the predilection* of business men engaged in commercial pursuits in the lower wards seem to balanee, if not to overpower, the progressive interests of tbe upper port of the city In this conflict of opinion and of interest, a solution of the difficulty cculd be found in an appesl to the ballot box. Let the city government call upon tbe peopte themselves to de cide ry a direct vote in favor of up town or tbe Park. The question of the locality definitively settled, we have no remedy agsinst tbe pickings and stealings in the ex penditures on tbe buildings but in tbe honesty of a few ' of the members of th? Board of Aldermen and in the veto power of tbe Mayor. Let the question first go to the people. TnE New York City Literary Union.? This 0 ngress of literary societies commenced last night their third quarterly public session. Delegates from eight societies took pait in the exercises. The President, Mr. Douglas Leflingwell, gave a short openitg address. Tbe after ex ercises were ss follows:? Oration, "Triumphs of Com merce," Mr. Wm. Walter Kelley, of St. Charles Insti tute; essay, "Spirit of Liberty," Mr. James Wallace of the Minerva Association; poem, "Others and Ourselves," Mr. lavld Crawford, of the Henry Clay IJterary Society; essay, "Fenelon." Mr. P. H. Leonard, of the Clinton Union; oration, "Spirit of the Age." Mr. W. B. Asttn, of the Harlem Lyceum; essay, "Every Day IJfe," Mr. Johnson, of the Metropolitan Association. The session will be continued this evening, and cloie on Thursday. ARRHTfD tor Foreign Enlistment. ? Officer* Nlven and Helmes arrested Ferdinand Wechte, at bis office. No. 183 Greenwich street, yesterday, on a charge of keeping an agency for the enlistment of men for the Cri mea, In violation of the neutrality laws of the United States. It may be well to state again, for the benefit of such as may be ignorant of the fact, that those agen cies, while tbev profess to be intelligence offices, for the employment or mechanics and laborers to go to Canada, are nothing bnt recruiting offices of tbe English govern ment. A considerable number of men have been in duced, under tbe false promises held out, to leave their families in this city ana go to Canada, where on their arrival they found out the deception tbat had been practiced upon them. Grand Floral Festival at Tammany Hall? The Rynders' Grenadier Battalion gave a grand ball last nigbt at Tammany, in honor of the Qaeen of May. The room was appropriately decorated with flowers and ever greens, and with its gay crowd, presented a brilliant scene. At tbe head of the room a bower was erected for tbe Queen, who dispensed her floral favors with a grace and dignity of manner that won tbe admiration of all. Mies Feeks, daughter of ex-Alderman Feeks, of the Thirteenth ward, was selected to fill the throne by a committee of thirteen ladies, and at her coronation was addressed by Captain Rynders, who recited an appropri ate peem prepared for the occasion. The gallant Cap tain himself was one of tbe presiding spirits of the oc. casion, and ai a faithful subject or his fair sovereign, received from ber hands a fitting reward, which was worn on bis breast as a mark or honor. Each lady as ?be knelt in fealtv to her Queen, was presented with a bouquet, for in thin instance it was tne sovereign that paid tbe tribute, not the subject. There were present between five and six hundred ladies and gentlemen, and injustice to the former, we must fay we have seldom seen In one assemblage such an array of beauty. Al together the floral festival was most sue seesfnl. and at 11 o'clock, when we looked In, the company were In the full tide of its enjoyment. Coroner's Inqaeat* Tn Lath Hatchway Accidbst ?Coroner O Doaneli held an inqaeat yesterday, at the New York Hoapltal, upon the body of Joaeph Sharp, who*e death, aa we an nounced in yvaterday'a paper, waa canned by a barrel of lime falling npoa him while he waa at work nader the hatchway of the atore No. 100 Walker etreet. The jury in rendering a reidict, cenaure<] the proprietor* of the place for not providing proper holatlog apparatus in tbeir eetabliahmeat. The deceased waa a native of Bag land, aad waa about twenty yeara of age. The father, John Sharp, who waa *e rerely injvred on the ocea?ion. ia now doing well, and ia probably ont of danger. He i* attended by Dr. Danh, of (he New York Hoapltal. An exteaaive Are broke out ia Baugna woodi. near Box. ton, oa the 6th laat . aad burnt orer about three hun dred acree of woodland. A large aaaaber of perami were entaged all day in Bgbtiag the flame*, la the eren W. thr hrHnutmna'ed 'te borl >a, aud ?aa Keen for a *t?a+ dU-aace, c*u? ag aiatm be iie dag tn ra loaa (.iacaa. THE ANNIVERSARIES. ? THE CITY A5TI SLAVERY SOCIETY. HCTt HI OF t-BNATOB WILHON OF M AfWAUHl'SBTT*? BKVIfcW OF ABOLITION UM. OF OLD fAKTltt, A? OF TH* ADMINlflTRATlOX. The Hon. Hkicry Wilbon, U. 8. Senator fiom ehusetti, delivered laot evening, at the Metropolitan 1 Theatre Bioadway, A lec'ore, supplemental to the Now York Anti Slavery t-'ociety's second annnal coarse. The kubjret of the lecture wae announced as ?? Antl 81avery in 1884 and Anti-8i?rfry in 1856 Contrasted. " Though tlie price of tickets wa? twenty-fire cents, the at tendance ?>h pretty large, but yet by n? mean* no Urge or io fasbioBftfrle aa that which convened in the gam* building a week or two Ago to glorify on the passage of tlie Maine Lienor law. One colored lady, with a colored gentleman, occupied front eeata in the family circle, And were the only representatives of the oo-.ored raee present visible to our reporter. The entertainment* of the evening were commenced by the Hutchinson Family, singing what they termed the " Freeman's Rallying Hong," the refrain of which la ? And voices from tbe mountain height And voice* Irom tbe vale Say: for freedom's fearless boat There's no such word a* Fail' Rev. HKnky Wahd Bkkciikr then cams forward and Mid ? It was made Ms agreeable duty to introduce to their attention the speaker for the night. If he watt in Mas eachueetts, he would not need to introduce bin, for there lie is known for hit good work* In behalf of free dcm. He thought there must hare been a great change in public opinion for the last few /earn. In 1851 or 1862 there could not hare been such a meeting as this in the city of New York;aad if there was, Massachusetts Senate rs would not be the speakers; and If they'were, he would not be found introducing them. He now had pleasure, however, in Introducing to them Senator Wilson, the shoemaker of Natick. Stnater Wilson then came forward, and after the ap plnuie which greeted him had subsided, said:? American elavery, our connections to it, and the obligations im posed on us by those connections, make u{) the grand issues of American politics. These iesues are arresting the attention of philanthropists, scholars and statesmen, tie could hardly hope before this auditory, ho often in structed by the genius and eloquence of some of the greatest orators of the age, to deserve even a passing notice, but be intended to speak so as that there could cot be the slightest misapprehension of his sentiments. He was committed ? lully committed? in favor of the absolute abolition of slavery. Wheiever it exists under the constitution of tbe I Dited States, he was pledged to vote in favor of erasing from the statutes of the United States, new and forever, every ast sanctioning the existence of slavery in the United States. (Applause ) He proposed to contrast anti-slavery in the United dtate* in 1885 and anti-slavery in 1865. These were granl epochs. Anti-slavery in 1835 waa in the aadtr of its weakness Aati slavery in 1S56 is In the zenith of its power. Ihen, a lew nameless men were its leaders ? now, tbe greatest intellects of America are its chieftains. Then, not a single statesman in all America accepted iti doctrines or detendrd its measures Now, it has n ma jority in the Houte of Representatives, and Is rapidly modilymg tbe complex on of the United States Senate. Then, tbe press tidiculsd it? now, the greatest .journals of the country support it. Now, it sbapes, moulds acd fashions religious and literary organizations at its plea sure, even so as to compel the oldest literary institution In tbe country to cast trom its bosom an officer wfco had delivered man to the slaveholder. (Applause and hisses ) Now, it holds every political organisation in tbe country in the palm of its right hand ; and it has only to be true to itself to hold the sc? ptre of government in its hand. (Loud applause.) Wliittler, tbe po<)t, says of those days:?'* lo be an abolitionist then w?a to be brande I as sn outlaw " It was emphatically tbe rel/n of terror. Law wae prostrated in the dust, and the friends or t'-. e slave, when they laid tbeir heals on their pillow, did so saying, with tbe pealmist, " Lord, save me from the bsuds of bloody men " Why was this V They had com mitted no offence against law, humanity or religion. Rejsctlsg tbe wild and guilty delusion that tbe crime of oppression belonged to past generation, and tbe duty of repentance to the present, they Bounded in the ear of the nation tbe words, " Let the slave go free." They proclaimed that immediate emancipation was tbe duty of the master and tbe right of the slave. Tbeir offence Had that extent ? no more. And for that offence they were branded as outlaws. Now, it is, and will continue to be, - to the U*t syllable of recorded time," their glory and right to be kept in re membrance lor their good deeds by all posterity Mur murs of discontent sometimes spoke in the ear ol the country against the domination of a power which held tbe North in subjugation. A rapid review of the ris? and progress of slavery will show why this was so. In 1143, half a century before Columbus gave the New World to tbe Old, Afiican bondsmen were imported into Europe by Portuguese navigate r? Spain followed the example. Ej>riy in the sixteenth century Spain legalized the African slave traffic, and sent African slaves to work tbe rich mines of Ilispaniola. In 1626, twenty six f laves were brought by tbe Dntsh to the colony of Virginia, and some were afterwards brought to New England, but rejected by the Puritsn fathers. Encouraged by British legislation, the English merchants imported to t bis coaetry nearly 403,000 of the children of Africa. Tbe party of the elavo trade for nesrly two centuries dictated the policy of England. Parliament declared the trade to be highly beneficial; and in 1749, when the charter of the Royal A'rican Company expired, the ports of Africa were thrown open to th? free trade In African elaves. The American colonies foresaw, and strove against the evil. South Carolina, as late as 1760, undertook to arrest tbe rap*d Importation of slaves and she received the rebuke of the Kugllsh government there for. In MDite, however, of the policy of England, many o' the colonists in Nsw England, and on the banks of the Hudron, Delaware and l'otomac, advocated emanci pation The Erst American Congress declared that God never intended one portion of mankind to hold tbeir fellow man In bondage. Gradual tmtnu patlon sras propose! by Jefferson and other statesmen of Virginia, but timid counsel i prevailed and Virginia remained a slave State. Tbe great men of tbe revolution who were In favor of emancipation, shrunk from the son test with tbe slave power, and admitted a provision In the Constitution, undercolor of which the fugitive slave lawi< of 1793 and 1860 were enacted. In 1780, North Carolina ceded Tennessee to the Union, but upon the condition that no acts made by Coogress should tend to tbe emancipation of slaves, and Congress by receiving tbe cession commenced the policy of compromise. He bad not time to trace the several acts of the federal go vernment under this policy of concession and com promise. In 1807, the anti-slavery sentiment of the United States, kept alive by the society formed some twenty years tefore bad nesrly died out. In 1819 there waa a partial revival of tkat sentiment. The Hou' e of Representatives declared agsinst tbe introluctlon of slavery Into the Missouri country, but the Senate re fused to concur. Tbe United States Senate ? said the lecturer ? has been as firm a supporter of Southern aristocracy as the English House of Lords has been of British oligarchy. The Missouri contest proved to the country that the race of Southern statesmen who be lieved elavery to be an evil had passed away, and that a new race bad sprnng np, which made slavery the cor ner stone of the republic. Henry Clay, who had once been opposed to tbe system, now led tbe forces of slavery. William Pinckney, the great Maryland lawyer and orator, who bad pa'nted its daDgers, now lent the Itfluence of bis great name to crush out the sentiment of liberty In tbe North. The triumph of slavery in 1820 sras overshadowing and complete. Southern States revived old statutes and parsed arbitrary enactments for ths oppression of the bocdemsn, and even Northern legislatnree paseed sta tutes against tbe welfare of tbe colored race. The policy of concession and compromise bad reduced the Noith to such a condition that James G. Birney declared that If the Abolition Society had been deferred for five years longer. It would have been too late The time has not yet come? said the lecturer ? to do honor to those great spirits wbo organized and managed tbe movement. In other times, when that sentiment will have triumphed, and when tbe flag of the republic shall not wave over a foot of American soil on which a slave breathes, posterity will do honor to these men. (Applause.) In 1831 a paper was established in Ponton to advocate abolition. In 1832 the New England A nti Slavery Society waa organized; and in 1833 the American Anti Slavery Society was organized in I'hila celpbia. Tbe conscience of tbe North seemed to be at length wak ing up from Its slumbers. The South took the alarm? splendid bribes were offered for the arrest of Tsppsn, Gamsnn and other friends of the slave. The North trembled before tbe demands of the imperious South, tad hastened to denounce the beresv of the doc irlne of Immediate emancipation. Tbe reign of terror was luaugnrated, and the property liberty, and life It self , of thoee who dared to advocate emancipation, were held at the mercy of a ruthless mo). To ?dvo>nte abo litionism la New York in 1836 was, said Whlttier, like pieach<ng democracy in Constantinople. In Canaan, New Hampshire, on the 10th of August, 1836, three hundred farmers, with one hsmdred yoke of oxen, assembled to remove from Its foundations Koves academy for having admitted a few colored stu (>ents; and the men of New Hampshire did not blush for an act so base He wished he could say that their cattle did nol. (Laughter.) A woman, la 1836, opened a school In Connecticut for tbe purpose of educating colored children, but by the brutality of tbe Connecticut Legta- ! lature, colored persons were forbidden to enter tbe State for the purpose and the Institution had to be removed. In October, 1835, the New York Anti-Slavery Society of Hyracute waa mobbed; and In tbe city of Boston, in the esme yes r, thousands of gentlemen mobbed A assem blsge of cultivated and reSned ladies, and dragged tbrongb the streets of that eMy Win. IJoyd Garrison. Two of tbe leaders of that mob were, tbe same year, ehoeen to All seats In the legislature. to pass laws for the government of tbit State, and Edward Everett was chosen Governor, and Intimated in hia address that abolitionism might be punished at oommen la*. Ihe State of New uampehlre passed a resolution de daring It to be a violation of the national good faith to Cass a law abolishing slavarv in the District of Golum la. One of the Senator* from New Hampshire tn?n declared that not one in a thousand or the population wss an abolltloal't. And Oen. Pierce declared (laughter) In tbe "enate of the United States, that e.nly a I men srd children and prie?ts Iiad any synesthy with | etcltiociem. I apprehsui, -idles ana fe?UMM*S ?s 1 the lecturer, that President Pierce ha? recently ha<# reafOD to change hia optalona cuui-ernitig that ?enta ilment. ( Laughter and applauae ) And General Jaclaon recommended that abolition doc trines thould not be seat thiWifh the maUa. 'lb* Stat* IjgitJaturei, the cburcti an<I the pre** were all arrayed then against the anti slarrery doe trine. There *u one honorable exception in th* journal* of the country. That journal *u tl>e Homing I'nrt, which vai then edited by Wm Leggert Honored forever be that Mane in every aewmblane of American aholitloniata ' ( Applause ) Hut tol d au then* scene* the heroic enirita which inaugurated the movement did not iuail They looked danger in the eye and hurled defiaace at power. They knew that the contort between slavery and freedom in America wai not a war of dm, | but a war of opinion, lwrmigli the gloom </f the present they enw tbe rays of invUhing ?lory Hhine In. They be lieved in the promise of the poet: ? Keep heart : who bear the croxrtto day, t-hall wear tlie crown to- morrow. ?hey declared, 41 we are in earnext; wa will not eqnivo cate; we will not retrewt a siugle inch, and we will be heard.'' Tbej beKsn that coutiict which for twenty years baa agitated the country, and which now attraeta tbe attention of the ?iviliied world That conflict wa a familiar to theoa all The abol.tionUtx opp<>?*d ihe Flo rida war. Under the leal of John (Juin :y Adama, after a a?'Tf n year*' context, they won tbe right of petitioai; when the nest war came, they denounced it; and whan peace brought with it 600, 000 acres of fre? toil, they Ktiuggled to keep it free. They hurled defiance at all sggreawive measures. When those day* cam* at the mention of which Americana ahomd biuoh, vHaen old politician* want about th* country begging of th* people to repr*aa their sentiments, when merchant* met in Castle Garden? when true men were bunted down, and no man could receive an olfioe in the country unleaa hia hand waa bathed in negro blood ? in t hoae days a merchant of New York echoed the sentiment of tbe aoti slavery party when be declared that hia good* were for Hal*? not hia prlnciplea. (Continued applaua*. ) They knew that tbe old CpunUh proverb wan tru*? that " the mill* of God grind slowly, but they gr.nd to pow der;" and they knew that God and all thiaga pure and holy were with them in the contest. (Applause ) And wli?n the slave power had the audacity to open the green field* of Kansas and Nebraska to th* fieah jobber* of Virginia, they knew that th* hour waa cr me 'lbey had their otiainpiona in tbe ISenate, in Senator Chaxe, of Ohio, and Suinaar, of llaasachutetta. The slave power triumphed in that oen teat; but the chief* of that power, anl the ailmin atrn tion uader which it wax connummiM, have bowed their hear a be'ore the angry itorm of a betrayed people Of 142 Northern members who voted for that measure, only flltten will ever darken tbe doors of tbe llout* of Representatives again. (Applause ) Ijtmartine told tbe corrupt dj nasty of I-ouia I'hihppe that tber* would be the revolution of public cousciencx and the revolu tion of public contempt. Both revolutions came, tbe last one hurling him from his throne iato exile. Ihe revolution of conscience and the revolution of public contempt have come in America, and before them the administration 01 Franklin 1'iere* is going down. (Applause.) It is floating now on tbe sea in whicn it ia destined to go down so deep that not a bubble will ever i-ouie up to mark wber* ft KlJrS: aPPUl"* / Hamp?bira IK-tTi-t outrago m CtDuo had be?n commuted in Urge m#j?ritJ ln 'WrT f n? n^V to tT. tifn,?^*r*V 10 T?to t0 Joi.n " wiV? ?f tb" U?d?in!?trtXn7A'p^u:etC)h with Connecticut. In UainsMimtiSt. i., ,,,? 1 to*> ?h?rHTr m'd# This rg^l,!,e mtlictlEf "be freedom of^d'batS ^nTT.DM. "1 rece,ve<1 "cori iai -ntUlavery Legislature thVtVeVmeUal - & :rsr.^; h2l PK T!?? 0f. lhe KanH" *nd Nebrwka bin- rw <,.! y Dd bravely voted against the \?i>r..i. "?? ^hlTuR ,v country, be owed it to truth to s&v th.t r'a wou.dn be' ^'eLtid "2t "the Vo.T^ Cctt' ? sri ?* hat through the -ontbern country there will be faeriea to b.v.0,^'reLth# irsent ^??-totSwT wdVTS to bave a demand made upon ua In the North to ? ? - io, k"> ??* ?< ?? i&SSTS ??? l??t man to object to go into newer kIT* ? '\j* over the present dvntstw but he would not consent to bo into oownr h? iISU ? ^?cnflctngth. ? la very qu.ft ^e wou^T to it Z?ib?r'l??Zl n? 7hnte ?T#r >our dcor PCBtg< Proclaim movement, repress the ?.??< J7^ *nti * 14 very to it t h?t ,'h.(w P?lauM ) 14 wa" "me for then to ?? to t that the Northern statesmen who had .erred th! fcouth can Lever again serve the North and he hooad ? '.""bTavsi iSK.'surt: .t r A472 anti slavery sentiment of the North UddUum*) 'if 2mtoar.Vi?f?Wll? I**}" to7om\n(otPbP.!r ?tL2 a ml the d?aj? o7Si .t0 '0<* kt th? P'W j? ... Of ,h, po? fs&FsS^SSSs? S -r"'* S31X'itWh UU? ? emancipation of the bo?d?n?? AmVricT (JftttJ?? S^fSKasssas^Sg fffigr^SjerHS slave RtaL "h,1J ne? c?me into thia &nion aa a brevowVS 'pp,4u" ?<? ?e!%f Inon as a toL mu" com? tato thia *>?<? to"? tl?M?M?.wrS'r*",i',n*1 ^"lricl' I ??ii tn fre few C3Dgr?*?ional dietrtats in the NnrtK Jitrfi2f.MDA* V ? fV?r of ad?uSng contest it ?n ( ppJ*n'e;) them understaad we shall contest it in every Legislature in the free SUtes lid ua them understand that ia ISfifl, we. antT.l.verV ?I1 parties, make it a condition that we will not onalif? Lotln7,.^7 V wt of men " the oouBt!7 w!teM not in favor of our sentiment- ; and that the m.n we vot# for for I>re?ldent shall be pledged tn ot El R"7 ?f f"f>o?n in Kansas and NibnSa. /An7u?2?? k understood by the country? by th* w Sir nart2 "~bj the 'lemocmtic partj?hy the AbuiHi..? L?a ' that the candidate of 1866, if he ?eU aSIwS? free States, f placed bj La Li^ff ?T EPS.?"* "h?". bi0<1 ^im " M DtoteM ran bini m?n, that he is in li,? i " freedom to Kanias. (U?Unu^l annUuL ? fTS?* iiDoerstand, further, tfrt LftS country shall carry out thase measures wThatL th2 p?wert? do ,o. and we int?nd to use it Wa upon the Sou til. We do not deno"* tha ftl 5T* ?P support thia policy because we KUTS.^ ilSS^U Zl ^V^rf^ndto perform toward ^ Ire ? ave? to uae the wcrds of William Tn.TTtt 2 offlees of a kind humanity " We in ?3 at"(iiSJ?T utP&slr ~ ?2sr* freedom if ?, ???m i ?*?ould show Mrdevotiaa te of' UhTL ^ ^ ,"? P?*" we posses, to tbe oureelvei rUht^Tu ^W# iL*? that we plaee l^to^thlt ,T* d#T?^ to^the fMBMtZtta aad the ^^doeJ^S^La^Vo^S^^ all men are created euual, Is the national American p? fu T^' .Vl t tha declaration of the cenjtltutlaa of tha Lai ted Matee that it wss framed for the purpose at "eeuring tha blaeslnfs of liberty to oarselves and to our posterity is a national position; aad that on that aatioa. al position we stand? that freedom la national and sla very local and sectional, that we intend to stand by tfea constitution and by the Union, because by ao dtews can sscttre emsncipatloa, and by keeping ' ? ? oat the destiay which ProvidenM intended we ah*niJ work out Our Southern friends may threaten in ji. solve tha 1'nioa, (a voice, "no dancer ") m no, sir, there is no danger, none. Mr. Maans #5 vT ? at tbe rloee of tha session, told tha 8*a*t? i# ?*'" nest House of IqMUtJ .nd diplomatic bill a praviaioa rspeai JJTth! f?iu,l ?I 'sve act or restoria, freadwa iVk^ .Tn? ?rss*a he should turn l^a JTTIr .i nate anH iPsreh out of the door f A volee^U