Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1855 Page 4
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MEW YORK HERALD. JAKKB GORDON BSlllTf, PROPRIKTOR AND EDITOR. tmex n. w. corner or Nassau amd fulton errs. TERMS, en h in advti nee. THK DAIL\ HERALD "1 rente per copy) 91 per annum. THE I* EEK.L Y HERALD every Saturday, at t>\, cente per copy. *r S3 per annum, ike European edition %i pecon mmm to any part of Qreat Britain, or SS to any part cj the Continent, b of A to include pottage ALL LETTERS by Mail far Subecriptiont or toith AAver fitment' tu be poet paid, or the pontage mil be deducted from I he money remitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing impor tant nelfi, to luited from.any quarter of the world?if lued will be liberally putd for. 49-Ouh Foition Co?beipo? MKTS III r ARTlOl LARLT KRQl'WTID TO IML ALL UtTIII AID i'ACXAfitl KBMT U?. T?l?me XX Wo. 1)18 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ACADEMY OF MUSIC, Fourteenth itreet? II Trova HII. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway? Charity'* Lot* ?Bora Fids Travellers. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery ? Millb* or Whi(itoii ? Birin Temptatiohi? P aul thi Poacher. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chambers street ? Youthtul Bats or tiovia XIV. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway? Captain or t? Watch? look Before Vou Liaf. AMBBICAN MUSEUM? AtteraooR? Soldier'* Dauoh VIR. Erasing? LOVE. WOOD'S MINSTRELS? Meohanioi' Hall? 472 Broadway. BUCRLBY'S OPERA HOUSE, 539 Broadway? Buck an'l Ethiopian Or kb a Troupe. CHINESE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, 639 Broadway? Fauo Iaha or Europe akd Siege or Sebastofol. PBBHAM3 BURLESQUE OPERA H0US1, 663 Broad way ? Ethiopian Opera TR' vrr.. lew York, Wednetday, May 0, 1855. TIM Itwi. From Washington we learn that Dudley M*nn has at last positively resigned the offloe of Asalstent Secretary of State. Chief Clerk Hunter take. i his ?lace. Geo. P- Scarborough, a professor in William sad Mary College, haa been appointed to the Judge *ip in the Court of Claim* declined by Judge Lumpkin. Sheuld he accept, the Court will pro. ?eed to business. . .. The sloop of vat St. Louis, commanded by the ?ailant lo graham, of Koexta celebrity, arrived at Philadelphia from the Mediterranean yesterday. Senator Wilson, 01 Massachusetts, delivered last evening, at the Metropolitan theatre, before the New York Antl-Biavery Society , a lecture, entitled " Anti BUvery in 1835 and 1865 Contrasted." The lecture wae itch in facts, pungent in satire, and highly sug gestive as to tne aims and objects of the anti-aia ?ery party, and will be read with much interest in all parts cf the country. The American Female Guardian Society cele brated its twenty-first anniversary yesterday. Tnis society finds employment for adult females, and homes by adoption for deetituie ohildren. The an ?nal report shows that the managers have been vary Moeetstul in carrjirg out the objects of the organi sation. The receipts from May 1, 1854, to Dec. 1, 1866, were $10,869 GO. The treasurer's s tatement shews a surplus of $232, exhibiting a healthy finan cial condition. The Amerioan and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society net yesterday. We publish an abstract from the annual report. A more vigorous agitation of the fanatical doctrines of abolitionism is strongly urged, in default of which but little is expected by the society torn the present generation of sinners. The American and Foreign Christian Union as sembled jestarday in the Broadw?y Tabernacle. Ta check the growth and spread of Romanism appeve to be the main object of this society. The report of the dlrectois relers to the action of the Bardlniau, Spanish, Biszlllan and other South Amerioan governments, and to that of the Legisla .uree o New York, Pennsylvania and Michigan, with refta enceto monastic institutions and the question of the tenure of church property, as indloatlng the pro gress of the principles of the Christun Laion. Interesting statistics of the Roman Catholic Church to tte United 8'.ates are given. The number or Papists in tb?e oountry is estimated at 3,250,009. The society bas expended $66,361 69 during the past year, exceeding by about $3,500 Its receipts. The Ac. eric in and Foreign Bible Society cele brated its anniversary yesterday, in the First B?p tiet church, Brooklyn, under the presidency of tbe Bev. Dr. Welch. Three sessions were held daring the day! snd meat interesting reports given of the pro cess of the body In tne United States, Canada, China, France, Germany, Central and South Amni on, and other countries. The Interests of oar eolored population were advocated by Mr. Lane, of Massachusetts. , -The anniversaries of the various Sunday schools -were held throughout the city in the differen ehurcbes pet apart for the interesting occasion. The day, though very unfavorable, was du<y cile bntid. A large attendance of children added to the Inteies* of the celebration. Suitable addresses ware de ivered in each chuich by select speakers. The exercises comprise! singing by the pupils, ad dresses and payers. In the evening a large an dience assembled in the Tabernacle, aud were elo quently addressed by Rev. Messrs. Bsker, Saider Indand Tyng, in behalf of the Sunday School L ^convention of colored people met yesterday in Dr.' PenningU n's churob. A lull report of the pro ceedings is given elsewhere. . The Massachusetts State Temparanct C^ven tion.held ai Boston yesterday, was I largely at t.ende . A quartette of Governors from New York, Maine, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, drew an ?f two thousand persona. Gov. Clark bopelte prohibitory liquor law would be teg cf the liquor law-the licence In thlsB^tesx ptred by limitation yesterday. Henceforth, ao STto the stitnte, liquor i- a nni?nc?. whea regarded w a beverage. A case of selling ?MM has already been bronght before the courts to this city. In Brookljn the Excise Commhaioners attempted to exercise their functions, but the Mayor would not recognise their authority. nK^ county the liquor dealers will have a trying _ t me. Read Mr. Gerard's opinion of the lnw, publm dav. and take comfort. , The fact tnat disreputable women are as attendants at RanuaU s IaUnd , WM ?abject of diicueslon in thr Baard of yesterday, the majority of the Board M lobe decidedly averse to any Investigatlon iDto _ tor, and ?ael.est a disposition to hush It up, it pos sible. Dr. SangeT, Resident Physician of the Pe tentiary aospiUl, made along report on the anairs ef that institution, in which be recommends ? of name, as, in hi i opinion, it would then become tiled witn pay boarlers, who would help to pay the current expenses. An abstract of hi J report wi i be found elsewhere. Previous to the aljonrnment of the Pennsylvania Legislature yesterday, a resolution approving the conns ol Gov. Reeder In Kansas was unanimously adopt# d by the House of Representatives. The new election ordered in the Territory by the Governor taken piece on the 23d instant. We shall, therefore, noon learn in what estimation his conduct is hsld by those beet entitled to pass judgment upon It. The committee of the Massachusetts legislature, appointed to Investigate the conduct of Mr. Hies, made a report yesterday. He 1. exonerated from blame In the nunnery affair, bu I for his Patterson peccadilloes expulsion from the Home Is recom A Hat of the Marshals appointed by the Secretary ef Stale to Uke the census In this city is published to another column. These cfflcere enter upon th- r duties on the first of June. The f??Uer mills of J. C mnolly A Co., near BJ. cheater, exploded lait evening. Five workmen were instantly killed, and the buildings were blown to atoms. This is the fourth explosion at thia mill within five years. ?hteegld "map" which has pnvailed fore day or two laa Ml to serious apprehensions for til bedding (rait tnu aa? early vegetables. A. des patch from Cin inaatt lUtM that a frost baa been experienced in that region, ud a total destruction of fruit and vegetable* la feared. The grape vines have Buffered severely. The money stolen from the Penlnenlar Bank of Detroit, amounting to between six aad seven than aaxid dollars, was atierwards found in the yard of the cashier's residence. The sales of cotton yesterday reached 1,000 a 2,600 bales. The market oloeed at one -eighth of a cent advance, especially on (he better grades, j Common to good brands of State floor advanced 12} cents per barrel. Other des crip ions were flm, without material change in quotations. White Michigan wheat sold at $2 60. Indian corn was firm, and yellow advanoed one cent per bathe!. Perk advanced 12 & cento per barrel, while all other provisions were firm, with a tendency to higher rates. Cuba molasses advansed half a cent per gallon. Freights for England ware more active, and among the shipments were about 22,000 bushels ot corn, in bags and bulk, at about 2d. a 2Ji., and com id er able lots of naval stores. There was, also, a fair amount of engagements made tot the Conti nent. The first canal boat through from lake On tario reached the city day before yesterday, but brought no great cargo. The receipts of flour for ' the day by the river and railroads, only amounted to about 11,000 barrels, which did not amount to much more than the aggregate sales for the day. The French Bmpei or'a AnU-lUrery 8p??eh? | Tbe closer Napoleon's speech to the Lord i Mayor of London is considered, the more em barrassing and equivocal does it appear. This will best be seen from a careful perusal of the whole. Omitting the mere phrases of compli ment, it runs as follows: ? flattering as are jour praises, I accept them, because they are ftddmud much more to FruM tuan to myself ; they are addreaied more to a nation whose interest* are to-oay everywhere ioentical with your own. (A pplause.) They are addressed to an army and nary united to yours by an heroic companionship m danger and in glory newed applauae.) They are addressed to the policy or the two governments, which ia baaed on truth, on mo deration, end on justice. * .. Mnuil Eegland and France are naturally united on all the great quetlv.ru qf politic* art of human progress thai agitate the world. From the ahorea of the Atlantic to thoae of the Mediterranean ? from the Baltic to the Blaok the desire to abolish slavery , to our hopes for the am eltora lion of all the countries of Europe ? I see in the iiwral as ?? thrvelitical world, for our two nations but one course i ml orient. ( Applause.) It is then only by un wort ay con aideratioas and pitilul rivalries that our union ceuld be dissevered. If we foUow the dictates of common sense alcne, we shall be sure of the future. (Loud applause.) You sie right la interpreting my presence among joaaa a fresh and convincing proof of my energetic co-operation in the prosecutun of tbe war, if we fail in obtaining an honorable peace (Applause) Should we so fail, al though our difficulties may be great, we may sorely count on a successful result: ftr not only are our soldiers and sailors of tried valor? not only do our two countries uoeseis within themselves unrivalled resources, but above all-and here lies th?ir superiority? it Is ??cau?e they are in the van of all gen?rous and eullghteoed ideas. The eyes of all who suffer Instinctively turn to the West Thus our two nation* are even morw poaerrul from the opinions tbey represent than by the armUB and fleets they have at thsir command. (Grant ap Pllt is} possible that the words "from the desire to abolish slavery" have reference ouly to Europe. But the context furnishes very many arguments against this construction. The in timate union in which the Eonperor glorifies extends to "all the great questions of politics and of human progress that agitate the world;" amoDg which the slavery question in the United States must of necessity be included. We know how this question is viewed by the British aristocracy ; if Napoleon is united with them thereon, it must be in "a desire to ab ilish slavery." Again, the sentence following, con sidered grammatically, contains three antitheses* In the first, "the shores of the Atlantic" are opposed to "those ot the Mediterranean." In ihe second "the Baltio" is opposed to "the Black sea." The grammatical inference would be that the third member ot the sentence was constructed on the tame plan, and that ' the hopes for tbe amelioration ot all the countries of Europe" were opposed to "a desire to abol ish slavery;" the latter consummation being naturally viewed by a European abolitionist as equivalent to "an amelioration of the. United States of America." If the "slavery ^sought to be abolished was European, the phrase would be faulty in a grammatical point of view, and tbe antithesis clumsy and incorrtct. There can be very little doubt but the Empe ror's address to the Lord Mayor was the joint pi^jduction of Napoleon and his faithful coadju tor and ally, Lord Palmeraton. The coosam mate skill with which it is drawn; its compre hensiveness. and at the same time the exquisite tact with which everything offensive is avoid ed; ita apparent candor and confident tone, certainly entitle it to the very first rank in co temporary political li'erature, and render it quite worthy of the Emperor's sagacity and Palmerston's experience. Even if the credit of the performance were wholly dux to the for mer, it would still be Bafe to say that its con tents were known to Lord Palmerston before hand, and approved by him. At so critical a moment as the present, neither of the allies would take any important step without the knowledge and approval of the other; abjve all, a step on which the duration of the alliance might hinge. An unguarded expression in the Emperor's speech might have roused all the old British enmity against his race and hi* nation : policy must certainly have rendered it impera tive that a speech of such vital cousequence should be submitted beforehand to those best calculated to judge of its effect. Altogether, the circumstantial evidence may be consi dered conclusive in favor of Lord Palmer b ton's associate authorship and responsibili ty. And Lord Palmerston as is well know*, is perhaps the biterest enemy this country ever had : an uncompromising abolition ist. fierce for war upon slavery to the knife, and servile insurrections; an ardent monarchist, deeply imbued with a hatred of republicanism and popular power; cloaking under a liberal disguise, a tory mind filbd with respect for ail oligarchies and titles and trappings ; a man. besides, whose age and rank are complete guar antees lor his conservatism and for his thorough horror of revolution. It would not be at all surprising that Lord Palmerston should launch a shaft at the United States; or that he should use his friend Napoleon as a shield. Of course, there always remains to be ex plained the object which <hc Emperor could have had in view in uttering so unprovoked a threat. And this, the closer it is looked a'., appears the more inscrutable. The United States have no quarrel with France, and *eek none. Tbe Powers were never on better terms To make an enemy of this country could do the allies no good. But ft certainly would in flict immeasurable injury on their cause, by necessitating the recall ot their fleets from the Baltic and the Black Sea to protect their ships and trade. In every point of view a rapture with the United States would b?i perilous and might be fatal to their b?st hopes. It has tx en suggested that Napoleon's speech was the programme of Western policy during the alliance; and that the allusion to slavery was inserted as a gentle hint to this country that it had better remain neutral. We have on one or two rtccnt occasions noticed allusions in the London Timet to the current of popular opinion In the United States on the aubjegt of tbe war, based on * belief that the American people were ea a role n favor of Route and against the allies. It he* been our teak more than once to controvert his belief, and to show that the position occupied by the American people is purely one of watchful neutrality, leaning neither to the one tide nor to the other. We have not, it seems, convinced our London cotemporary. If Napoleon or Lord Palmerston are as incredulous, it is possible that an appre hension of American hostility may have led to tbe utterance of the threat which in their opinion was likely to be most effectual in re. straining the expected enemy. However this may be, the fact is there, and tbe abolitionists of the United States who, it may be observed, have all along made them selves conspicuous by their rancorous hatred of Napoleon, will of course take comfort from it. In the course of bis appeals to the discontented class in each nation, the Emperor has made special reference to them, and they are sure to be grateful for being noticed. The people at large, as we said, take a different view. In all friendship and civility, they desire that his Majesty would explain what he has siid, and would declare, with that frankness which he has been the first of Emperors to practice, whe ther or no he intended to refer to the institu tions of the Southern States, when he ?' desired to abolish slavery." This explanation might be made spontaneously with good grace. If not, it might and ought to be solicited, with or with out formality, by Mr. Mason. A demand for ex planation, couched in courteous terms, would not be contrary to diplomatio usage. Mr. Web ster denied tbe right of a foreign government to demand an explanation of messages pass ing between the several branches of the State; but the Lord Mayor of London is not a branch of the French government, and communica tions to him are not of a private nature, but are plainly intended for the world at large. With a little energy and tact, the whole affair may be arranged speedily and satisfactorily; if it be not, it may lead to the gravest trouble. Gkouob Law and Old Foot Journalism. The newspaper organs ol the old broken down parties all over the country, continue to be very facetious, very solemn, very violent, or very much puzzled and bothered concerning the nomination of ? Live Oak George" for the Presidency, by the new American party of the Pennsylvania Legislature. It is a hoax, a '-live hoax," an imposition, a trick, a joke, an insult J to the American people, and an outrage upon i the dignity of the office, it these old fogy wise acres are to be believed. We have frequently referred to this sensa tion, this panic, this merriment and indigna tion which the name and lame of " Live Oak George" have excited among our old party co temporaries. The Albany Atlas , the special organ of Marcy, affects to consider him a good standing joke? the Evening Pott, still adhering to Martin Van Buren, gravely turns up its dainty nose at " Live Oak George," and passes on. The Washington Sentinel, in the special interest of Senator Hunter, of Va.. for the suc cession, argues the unfitness of George Law for the White House with the gravity of a colli ?h aristocrat of the true Richmond J unta school; the Boston Atlas, with the solemnity of a ve teran Puritan, mourns over the degeneracy of our people in th*se latter days as a bad symp tom: while the Richmond Examiner is per fectly furious at the bare idea of George Law becoming a candidate for the succession. It thinks that this mighty and glorious republic s approaching the condition of the Roman Em pire, and that our next step after the election of "Live Oak George" will be to put up a horse for Emperor. Such are the varied opin ions evoked from our old party journals in re ference to the running of George Law for the high and responsible oflbe of President ol the United States. Still, the question recura, how are we to satisfy the people?. With the administration of John Quincy Adams they seem to have had enough of the old statesmen of the country; for they repeatedly refusad to elect Henry Clay and Webster; Cass and others have bean tried either one way or another, and have been found unavailable. So, too, with our stock of generals, since the great and glorious General Jackson. The people tried General Harrison, but it was no go; they tried Gen Taylor, but they found that good old man out of his ele ment at Washington; they declined Gen. Cass; atd in 1852 they had become so surfeited with generals that they refu-ed Geo. Scott, the greatest living general of the age, and elected over him a small provincial lawyer and politt cian of New Hampshire. Now, the trial o' Mr. Pierce proves that pettifogging lawyers and intriguing politicians are not the thing. The people, therefore, want something el>e, and th. y are beginning to look in a new direction for their man. Of statesmen, such a3 they are in these times, of generals, petti fogging lawyers aBd peddling politiciansj they have had enough for a season. IIow natural, then, that the people, the sove. reign people, should turn their atteution to the great, substantial, practical, honest, go ahead m? chanical and commercial ol?w*a, and the bone and sinew of the country 1 Anl as "Live Oak George" belongs to the commercial and mechanical classes, and as he lacks neither bone nor sinew, there is nothing, after all, ?o very astonishing in his nomination by the domi nant party of the Pennsylvania Legislature for the honors of the Presidency Let this, also, be remembered: Thirty years ago, when the statesmen and politicians of that day were all in a stew upon the subject of the succession, the sagacious Penn*ylvanians brought out Old Hickory, wno very *ooo cleared the track of the whole tribe. So again, Ending that our generals, like our statesmen, (such an they are,) and lawyers and politicians, have become a drug in the market. Pennsylvania strikes out for a new man from a new political class? the great solid mechanical, commercial and business class of the country. Further more if this class have the will, have they not the power to elect their man? Rely upon it, there is something more than a "live hoax" in tbis popular movement for George Law. The old party organs see it, and cannot disguise their alarm. But when the solid people take the field, political organs, cliques, caucuses, juntas and conventions of huckstering spoils men must give way. ... .. ... Consequently, we must again declare that it won't do to call Mr. Law "Live Hoax George." He is no hoax, but a solid reality. It is said that the Nkw Yob* Herald is using him ns a bait for gudgeons and other silly fish float ing about in the dirty waters of party politics; and that we will cut the line and lot him down ite c trews with a run, one of these day* Don't ] be too eore at that. Everything depends upon the spontaneous will of the people, and just now it seems to be centering, to a prodigious extent, upon " Lire Oak George." The Liquor Campaign! Mr. Gerard's opinion on the Prohibitory Li quor law, which we publish elsewhere, will be read with the respect due to the character and learning of its author. Mr. Gerard is positive that the law is unconstitutional, null and void, and that no legal consequences can flow from it. ThuB another great lawyer is added to the already formidable list of anti- prohibitory counsel : a list now numbering nine of the first names at the bar of this State, including Messrs. Hill, Dillon and Hall. No two of these gentle men, as we believe, bave argued the nullity of the act on the same grounds ; and it is safe to asBume that, when the law comes to be tested by the courts, grounds of objection will not be wanting. On the other hand the Carson peo ple bave published the opinions of ex-Chief Justice Savage and Mr. Capron in favor of the constitutionality and soundness of the law Their opinions are entitled to weight, and it is reasonable to suppose that they will in course of time be followed by others, equally pointed in their approval ot the legislative act, and de serving oi careful consideration. The more the better. The war has begnn; and the more fiercely it is waged, the more minds that are brought to bear, and the keener the analysis to which the law is subjected, the more whole some will be the conclusion reached in the end. In the meantime the Carson League meet to night to organize a sjstem of espionage or de. tective police for the purpose of enforcing the law. Incredible exertions have been made to

spread the organization throughout the State ; and in tbe country parts they have been attend ed with some success. It is natural to suppose that money will not be wanting to realize their schemes. The party is known to be wealthy. But the temperance police will not be aided much by the law, because there are no penal ties for tbe benefit of the informer. To meet these movements, the liquor dealers will need to put forth all their energy and to act with concert and decision. They are pre pared, as we understand, to pursue their busi ness after the 4th of July just as if no law had been passed. Fortified by the opinions counsel we bave named, they are prf reslst from the beginning all attempt ^t poever nature or coming from wli s oever source to impose on them or on th? ir trade penalties inconsistent with the law of the land and tbe rights of the citizen. If any choose to take the responsibility of executing or attempt ing to execute the Prohibitory law, let them do bo : on them will ths duty rest of proving that law to be sound. For if it be not? and there is good reason for believing that the Court of Ap peals will concur with Nicholas Hill in his view ? those who trespassed upon their neighbor's property and molested his business must answer for the offeuce criminally as well as civilly. A few weeks imprisonment would be a very fit punishment for the magistrate or policeman? years would be too short for the spy ? who undertook to serve their party by executing a bad law: and though there might be cases in which the retribution would seem to involve hardship, the precedent would on the whole be a good one, and would serve as a fine warning to luture legislators not to inter fere with the civil and personal liberties of the people of New York. The contest is passing the bounds of a local question. It is becoming cosmopolitan. Free men throughout the world are on tbe watch to see bow New York will act, and whether it be tiue, as monarchists so constantly allege, that democracies are after all the most tyrannical of tyrants. If this law is enforced, and the Car Bon League with Its machinery of spieB, and in formers. ruin the liquor dealers and prohibit tbe sale of spirits or wlue in tbis State, the leas we talk about foreign despotism* the better There m no derpotism on the fact of the earth in which the ruling cfcss prescribes for the ruled what th?-y shall eat and what they shall drink. The Albany Argus on the Newspaper Press. ? The Albany Argus is entitled to the crtdit of an able and sensible article on the up ward and onward progress of the American newspaper press duriog tbe last twenty years. It truly suggests that the commanding public influence which Congress possessed some fifteen or twenty years ago, has been gradually shift ing to the third estate, until th-i power of the public press is without controversy in the as cendant. Our contemporary might have gone further, and said with equal force, that the power of Cabinet organs, party juntas, and cliques, and caucuses h? passed away. Where, for example, is the old Alb tny Regency, and the ancient prestige of the Argus and Tamma ny Hall ? Compare, too, the Washington Globe of Gen. Jackson's time with the Union of the present day. The word of the Globe was the law to Congress, to newspapers, to statesmen' to the universal democracy. The Union, oj tbe other hand, is the mere recipient of the spoils, laughed at in Congress, kicked out of Tammany Ball, and scarcely read except by the office- holders at Washington and its news paper exchanges. The Argus , too. has failed to notice the fact that this upward and onward movement of American journalism began with the establish ment of the independent press in this city. The pioneer in this movement was the New Yoke Herald; for it was the first newspaper estab lished in the country upon tbe broad and com prehensive basis of a full and free discussion of administrations, Cabinets, parties, politicians, politics, and all questions of public import, without regard to parties or party platforms, or party cliques, or organs, or the spoils of office; but simply on the broad platform of the Union and tbe contitution, the great interests of the country and the people, perfectly inde pendent of all parties and party machinery. From this beginning the American indepen dent newspaper press has advanced to its pre sent commanding position, and the continued and still increasing success of the New Tore Herald is pretty good proof that it has kept pace with this most marked of the progressive movements of the age. Let as stick to the truth of history. Flint Amu.? Mimh. Heine and Brown, the utlito of tha Japan expedition, are about to publish a seriei of six chromo-llthograpbs, representing the more remark able incidents of the expedition. Tiro of tbe subjects, entitled " Peering the Rubicon," and " Ftret Landing of American* la Japan," hare been sent to ua, and pre sent all the evidenoee of local fidelity. They are care (ally end characteristically drawn, and from their sm aid tbe brilliancy of their coloring will make attrac liTe and highly ornamental pictures. The New York agent of the artists is Mr. E. Brown, Jr., of 142 rattja tuoti THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. A<MWIwi?1 Intelligence by the JUla. H aufax, K. S., 1 lay 1, 1855. ITALY. A difficulty hta Miles between Sardinia and Naples re specting a suit at exequatur. Napoleon's Consulate at Genoa I* withdrawn. PASSENGERS. Hr Taylor and lady, lilia For?ythe, Miss Ryan, Uln Birt, Miss Baker, llri Bo(hM, Miss Cobb, Mr Kingstord act lady, Mr Rill* and lady, Mr Spnrr and la ty, Mra Dog Ktty, Mlra Cook, Miaa Slmpklnsm, M> Ellloa and lady, Mr Reserehsr and lady, DrTuokorson, Capt Holyoke, D Talbot, Mrs Bramly, Mr walker and lady, Rev Edw Paget, DrJas W Powell, bearer or French despatches; Capt Smith. Rev Mr Sbeine, Mr Tinnie and lady, Mr Morrison aud lady, Mlsa Deaa. Mr C'urk, Messrs Yon Rath. Qiodridge, Slmpkisson, Mattblae, Seett, Ronald. Cooper, Knight, Kingston, llall, Mawberry, Hellewell, Bramly, Tompkins, Cobb, Roberta, Smith, laugher, Chamberlain, Head, Tait, Rogers, Rail, Ryan. Maaaell, Brown, K?y, Wilson. Asken, Chamberlain, Robinson, Ball, Dnpasgair, Shepard, Sheerard, MoNeill, Phelps, Adams. Bnokenshaw, Snow, Thompson, Gordon, Broussean, Anderson, Selelia, Rebinson, Serene, Dyer. Uao farland. Freedman, Keyer Berlyn, Pope, Dothard, Browa, Nicol, French, Macinlay, Orabam. Kllice, Marlow. SHIPPING ItTBLLIGENCE. Arr from New York April 23. Orient, at Liverpool; 24th, Golden Era, at Galway; 25th, Union, at Cowes. and proceed ed: Patrick Henry, off Dover. Arr from New Orleans 2ith. Jacob Badger, at LtvorpooL Sid for New York 23d, Adirondack, from the Clyde; 25th. Belle Wood; 2Sth. Will<*m Stetson. from Liverpool. Sid for Boston 34th, Emma, and George Washington, from Liverpool; 26th. Victory from the Clyde. Sid for Charleston 2(ith, Mackinaw, and Mary Adeline, from Liverpool. Prom Washington. JTTDGK OF 1HF. COURT OF CLAIMS ? BEBIGNATI9N OF DUDLEY MANN? KANSAS AFFAIRS, ETC. Washington, May 8, 1856. George P. Scarborough, Esq., principal Professor of William and Mary College, Virginia, has been appointed Judge of the Court of Claims, vioe Lumpkin, declined. The appointee has always eschewed politics. A. Dudley Mann has resigned the Assistant Secretary ship of State, and Win. Hunter, ohief Clerk, will provi sionally officiate in his place. Sidney Webster, the President's Prirate Secretary, left this afternoon on a tour to the West. Secretarv Dobbin has been absent two weeks. His health is improving, and he will return about the 20th. There are no dissensions in tbe Cabinet. Neither Seeder's case nor the Kansas affairs have been before that body. TJie Pennsylvania Legislature. ENDORSEMENT OF GOVERNOR KEEPERS CONDUCT IN KANSAS. EUrrisbcro, May 8, 1855. The Legislature of this State adjourned sine die this morning. Tbe House passed unanimously a resolution thanking Governor Reeder, of Kansas, for his faithful adherence to the old land marks of republican liberty, in defending the purity of the ballot boxes against lawless mobs of Missourians, and bidding him a most hearty we let me home to his family and friends. Prior to tl adjournment of the Senate, Speaker HeiHter resigned his seat; and on the ninth ballot, to fill the vacancy, Wm. Pratt was elected, the contest termi nating by Piatt voting for himself. Meussachusettg State Temperance Convention* Boston, May 8, 1856. The State Temperance Convention assembled at the Tremont Temple to-day, and less than five hundred persons were present at the opening. Governor Gardner was chocen President, and in accepting the office made a brief speech. /? During the afternoon and evening, reports from the Osntral Committee and Treasurer ware read, exhibiting a highly encouraging aspect of affairs. Resolutions were adopted embodying tbe principles and objects of the meeting, and urging the thorough enforcement of the Maine law. Between two and three thousand persons were present in the evening. Among the speaksrs were Gov. Clark, the Rev. E. H. Cnapln, and the Rev. Mr. Whiting. Got. Clark evidently labored under a severe cold, and spoke briefly, endorsing the Maine law, and expressing his hope that its provisions would be sus tained and enforced. Kxploelon of Powder BLIlLs. FIVE MEN ANNIHILATED. Rochester, May 8, 1856. The powder mills situated about tve miles from this city, exploded at six o'clock this evening, killing five men. The shocks, three in number, were distinctly felt here. This is the fourth time these mills have been blown up in five years. The buildings around them were blown to atoms. The property was owned by Messrs. J. Connolly h Co. Arrival of the Sloop- off- War St. Ixmls. Philadelphia, May 8, 1866. The United States sloop-of-war St. Louis, from the Mediterranean, is coming up the river. The HIm Investigating Committee* Boston, May 8, 1866. The Hiss Investigating Committee made a lengthy re port to day. They find nothing in the oonduct of Mr. Hies at Roxbnry or Wooster deserving of censure, but are quite severe on his eonduet with Mrs. Patterson at Lowell, and recommend hie es pulsion from the House. The report was accepted, and will be acted upon to morrow. From Bonton. 8TIAMK* TICTOBIA IN DI8TKB8B ? THB LOSS OF THE BHIP LIVING AGE. Bostoh, May S, 1855. The steamer Victoria, connected with the New York and Newfoundland Telegraph Company, put Into this port thla morning in distress, with some derangement of her machinery. She waa on her way from New York to St. Jehns, N. F., with operatirei engaged to complete the telegraph line in that province, which, it la expected, will be joined <? the Hot* Scotia lines at Cape Breton, by meana of a submarine cable across the Gulf or St. Lawrence, early In July. The ship Living Age, reported by the Asia to have been lost in the China Seas? supposing her to be the American ship of that name, bound from Shanghae to New York? was owned by Wm Appleton & Co., of this city, and is insured here, with her freight money, for 166,000. Her cargo of teas alone ia valued at aboat $820,000, the priocipal insurances on which in this city are as follows:? China Mutual Company, $10,000; Alli ance, (20,000: Triton, 911,(00; Equitable, 91,100. The bun, Atlas snd Atlantic offices in New York have about 91(0,000 Insurance on her cargo. Boaton Wctaly Bank Statement. Boston, May 8, 1856. Capital slock 932,710,000 U.an* snd discounts 52,091,058 Sp-cle in banks 3,021,<p9 >l>ecie dne frcm other banks 8,222,410 Specie one to other banks 0,863,000 kjioiiitri.,., 15,141,185 circulation 7,016,106 HallMad Collision. CoLUMHDf), Pa , May 8. 1855. The early emigrant train for the West waa run into by the recond tram, whilst standing upon the track in Front street, this morning Three cars belonging to the se cond trala were badiy broken. One paaaenger was sari onsly injured, and several others slightly *o. The Penlnaular Bank Robbery. Lirniorr, (Mich ,) May 8, 1859. The six thousand live hundred dollar* stolen from the Peninsular Bank, in this city, has been recovered, wilh the exception ef six hundred dollars. The money waa found In the yard of the Cashier's reaidenoe, where It had been thrown by the robber. The Weatber. OlltCIHWATI, May 8, 1855. The weather tamed very eold last night, and a smart front has greatly injured early vegetables and fruit Un less a change takes plaoethls afternoon, we may look for a clean sweep of all kinds of fruit. May 8-8 P. M. The weather still continues very cold, with a strong no*th wind, bnt very cloudy, and thla may protect the fruit. Mr. Buchanan, the proprietor of an extensive vine yard at Clinton, reports that one half of his grapes are destroyed. _ Marine Dlaaatera. Cam Ibla.id, S. J , May 9, 1855. Schooner Manohester, from Richmond for New Tork, went anhoie Aid morning on Hereford Bar. Hm nine leet of ws'er in her hold Her cargo oonsistid of Soar, tobacco, ke. Bctfalo, May 8, 1865. Weather extremely stormy. Propeller Ogenter is ashore near Sandusky. The steamer Michigan has gone to her assistance. Fire at Sandy Hook. Bastot Hook. May 8, 1856. The government bouse on Seedy Hook, known as ths Cove House, and occupied by T. Martin and others, waa totally destroyed by fire thn miming. Acadtny of Mnrti "The Barter a t l?Ttila.'r The first night of th* a*w opera eonpuj it ftt Academy attracted an audience respectable in number*, and particularly distinguished for critical acumen. The honte was eminently fashionable, also, and ?? doubt whether a more aelest audience hat erer bee* seen In our magnificent Opera Houie than was congre gated there last evening. Our readers are aware or the facts that this company was first engaged la Europe for Nlblo's Garden, and that, previous to itw appearance there, an arrangement was male by which it was transferred to the Academy of Music. The enthu siasm manifested last night leads us to suppose that the enterprise of the committee of management wiH not go unrewarded. The opera waa Rossini's, "II Barbiere dl SivigUa," and it has rarely been better repreien ed than en this occa sion. Every one is familiar with the slight plat, multi farious incidents and comh situation* of this opera. It is, musically considered, the master p'.ece of th* com poser, and yet it is not an attractive opera in this cauu try, chiefly, we presume, because it has no dramatic interest. Every one I* parfeetiy well aware of the fact that Bartolo is to be bamboozled and that Alratviva will marry Roaina. The music, however, is light, pleas ing and elaborate at the same time. This naturally brings us to the Rosina of last night, Had. de Lagrange. Her biography informs us that she is thirty year* of age ? that she is French by birth? that she attracted attention en amateur by her wonderful vocal powers and her rare touch as a pianute? that, afterwards, she studied the art in Italy, and that her engagement* since her debdi at Venice have been a series of triumphs. She ha* a pleasing and expressive face, and gave a flair impersona tion of the character of Rosina, a* far as acting goes. We should be at a loas if we attemp-ed to define her' regiater of voioe, which runs through nearly three oc taves from A below the line to F In alt. She i* there fore equal in range to Jenny Lind; her lower and middle notes are superior to those of Sontag when she song in New York; in mechanical execution and the art of pro ducing extraordinary vocal effects ihe is superior tt - Madame Labcrde. The only fault that we notice about her voice 1* that it is not quite to volumlaoua a* one would expect it to be from it* remarkable flexibility and compass. It* quality i* therefore light, bat not this, and generally pUailng. It may be easily seen what an artitU of this calibre (in some respect* the most extraordinary singer that his yet visitod us,) would do with the florid, elaborate, and ornate score of Roslua. In the Una voce the gave us a taste of ber quality In some well executed runs and a splendid trill, which brought down the houaa in three rounds of applause. But her great triumph waa in the singing lesson of the second act. Her transitions and vocal flights were exquisitely executed. Her voioa floated in the upper register like that of a bird, and whatever It Is possible to do with a delicious voice in the higheat state of cultivation, she did. The intro duced music in thie act ? a Hungarian melody and a grand vaUe di bravura ? was distinguished for the most brilliant execution. The audience was aroused to a pitch of enthuslaim never before seen In this hou**. Mme. de Lagrange'* debut may therefore be considered a success, in the fullest sense of the word. Signor Morelll, the Figaro of the night, made a most favorable Impression. He baa a baritone voice, full, round and rich in quality. He aings artistically and without apparent effort Be is a claver actor, and tha beat Figaro aince De Begnis. Signor Marin i, as BaalUo, received a hearty welcome, and sang aa well a* ever. Sf|nor Rovere gave an animated rendering of Bartolo. Bignor'Lorini's Almaviva waa respectable. Tbl* company will appear on Thursday, in "Lueia dl Lammermoor," when the tenor, Signor Mlrate, wiH make his debut. This evening -'II Trovatore" will be given for the last time. No admirer of the lyric drama should fail to see it. Political Intelligence^ Hon. John Cadwallader, member of Vongree* elect from Philadelphia, has written a letter to the Riohmond Enquirer, in which he ventures the opinion, based o? the result of certain minor election*, that the Know Nothing party will soon become extinct. Mr. Cadwal lader look* with confl : ?nce to the result of the Virginia election, and thinks in October next the democrats will carry Pennsylvania, and ensure the election of a United States Senator. Tbe Chicago Democrat, edited by the Hon. John Want worth, ex- Member of Congress from Illinois, has hoiatod the namea of Samuel (meaning Sam) Houaton, of Texas, for President, and Henry Dooge, of Wisconsin, fer Vioa Preiicent William C. Scott, of Richmond city, ha* been nomi nated by tbe American party to represent the Third district of Virginia in Congress. Robert Anderson, of Ycrktown, of wbom it U said that be " never surrenders," announces that he is a candi date of tbe American party for election to the House of Representatives, in the First Congressional district of Virginia. Governor Johnson, dem., and Meredith P. Gentry, whig, rival candidates for the next Governorship of Tennessee, are now canvassing the State together, and delivering speeches from the same platform. Their opening speeches were delivered at Murfreetboro' on the 1st tnst Johnson was particularly srvtre on the Know Nothing*, and contended that the new organisa tion was nothing more nor less than the revival of an cient federalism, with an additional desire to form a union of Church and State. Ihe Boston Chronicle mention* a rumor that a large number of the molt Influential member* of the Know Nothing party are about to give up their allegiaace, discard aeweey, hold meetings openly, and act tfke ether people. TOe Kaow Nothing Canvaatiea at ProvMeaoe kava nominated James Y. Smith for Mayor. Who Wu Blghtl TO THE EDITOR OP THE MEW TOEK HERALD. The following are the tacts u to the late movement among lome member! of the typographical profession in thil city:? During the csrly part of the past winter, the oompositors employed in the oflee of the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer received a note from Mr. Geo. H. Andrew*, (one of the pro prietors of the above named paper,) stating that in conse quence of the great depression of business, Ac., he should reduce the rate of composition in the oAoe from 38 cents per 1 004) ems to 32 oente per 1,UOO ems, (laid reduction being a loss or from MO to $150 a year to each man.) The compo sitors then *ddre**ed to Urn a courteous remonstrance against his action in the ease. Mr. Andrews answered the note by sating: ? "That he did not wish to be churlish," and bad thought of reducing the rate still lower, hut on account ot the previous "good conduct" of the compoiitora, he had concluded to make it Si: cents; and also, that he wenld re vert to the old rate as so>.n as an improvement in business would warrant it; and he said further, "that he should need no prompting; [a< to the re .toration of the standard price,] when the proper time oame " The compositors, mauy of them having large famUie* to support, daring that time of great monetary distress, were obliged to luhmic to hit prices, but they did net forget Ida promises. When the Courier and Enquirer took possession ot their new eflee in l'eari street, Mr. Andrew! said, in hit con* spicuous leader that the office was in a most prosperous condition, and enjoying an extensive patronage, or words to that fflVct. The compositor*. Judging from the inoreaie ot advertising, and the general improvement in holiness, together with Mr. Andiews' boast in his leader, and desiring onoe more to plaoe themielve* on an honorable footing with member* of the craft in the city, determined to give Mr. Andrew* an op portunity to inlflf hit promise to them; and, therefore, ad dressed to him a note, requesting him to raise the price to thirtj five cent* (the standard rrioe of the Printer*' Uaidn, and the price long paid by the Herald, Timet, Tribune, and New). On Friday they received an answer from Mt. An drew*, ttating that tho*e compositors who would consent to remain at thirty-two oente woald be retained; that those componitors who insisted upon thirty Ave cente could leave;, hut that for that day ana night, all who ohosa to do so would receive thirtj live cent* (the full price). The com* poaitors, being generous, on Friday helped them out with the ateamer's news for the second edition, atter which thirteen men left the offioe, feeling they oould no longer honorably remain. We ask the employer? we a*k the merchant? we atk the mechanic? we a-k the publie? Who wae right r 1 nnderatand that a more detailed ttatemeat of the faots in this case is in preparation, and will be given for the in* formation of the publio at the earliest Moment. JUSTICE. The Kapenecheld Hat la distinguished aa the most celebrated in the city. It boar* the impress ef ta*te ia design and (kill la manufacture. The taste ot the pro prietor surgeat* novel and handsome variations of stylo, and his skill and experience immediately give shape to those fancie*. and enable him to aurpriae the public by the olo. ganee of hi* itoek and the economy of hi* price I, at 118 Nas sau street. Eeehe A Co., 156 Broadway, have Just re solved a lane assortment of Pari* made heaver, telt, sofb hats, extra lae and light. Their assortmeat ef fashionable hats and eaps for gentlemens' spring and summer wear ia complete, and eomprisee ev*ry variety. New Style a of Felt rtata.? The Felt flat, of varion* form*, qualities and textures, may be aaid to have become a standard article of oottame in this country. Its , peculiar adaptedaee* to batinisi and travelling purpose*, and the picturesqaeneu of Mp appearance, have rendered It popular with boin old ard young, hi order to *uppiy the trowing ih-mand for variety in style*, color, flniah and?moaHt Inge, in thi* department offfce hatting bunineat the under signed ii continually introoncing new modtl*. nEU thu* en* tering for the independent taite which ha* sprung up in ro tation to naplesc hat*. They are produdtd in hi* fhotory or every gradation of flexibility, from the "*oft hat," jriloa may be rolled up and put in the pocket like a pair of glovse. to the stlffer anil more elastic felt beaver "cylinders " that may be termed the dree* specimen of this oly* ot ohapeau. Hi* ptisent *toek comprise* about twenty Afferent style#, for geatlemen, youth ard bo>?, and nearly a* many ihades of color, from Jet black to llghnkab and team white. Felt bats for shooting, fishing and riding, for the office, for tra velling, for the boy at ichool and the merchant In hi* ***?" home, all of the mod appropriate and oonvenient *hapee fer their several purposes, are for sale, wholesale aed retail, by GtMti, No. 214 Broadway, opposite St. Patfl * church. The Blaalng Photographic Portraits at Broadway have set the North river en Ere, and tbesreetesh excitement prevail* among the people; but no lives have been lost in the flurry. Daguerreotypes at 2# and W) seats, as usual. gnat Muilr end Pianoforte Ware- house.? Br A Munger having tahsn possession ef their spaeieu* ware* rooms, filU Broadway (St Nicholas Kotel), are sow offering vbi meet sitenslve ard desirable assortment of piano* and M aelodeons to ae foaad in the elty, including the celebrated ? triple strings'! donble octave piano, made by ouraeivest ? Eaesrs. A W. l.add A Co.'s superior diacoaai preaaiam ? elanos.and Me* r*. Carhart and Needham'a melodeons.all ej ? which we will (Oil at prices that defy eempeMMoa. ELT ? I