Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 12, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 12, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. J&M7CS CORDON BER.IEfT. MtUPRIETOft AND EDITOR. Irn? m. w? corker or nabsai akd fultwi sr. M RMS, <?* in ndtxvtre. ZkUi DAU V HERALD. 2 cent* per fopr-% 7 per ??n ?m. TUX WUUiL V HERALD <wry 8,iturdayat c?oii yr- <oe?, ar SI per annum; the Enr*9eun edition, H per itn numKto imv flirt O/YJreal Britain, and %b to any part vf the 'C online** both tOAneluite poibtpc ALL UT.TTERH hy Mail far Sefiicriptioni *>r w itk Adrer tiumentt to 'be pott paid, or the pottuye trill be deducted from the moiteyren iUKl. VOLUthTAR Y CORRESPONDENCE, centnning impor tant to lieited from u?v quarter of the world? ij uted ^iil be-Ub-rnUy puidfor. WOcr Poaaion Cowreifo* smuts in riuricvLARLv RB?vanpai> to sral all Lettwrh a"d l'AOK?ers s**t vs. XOWnCCtakM of ancnymout Communication*. We do not-rdur nlhote rejected. V?a?me %X *?. *31 AMUSEMENTS THIS ErENINC. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway? Charity's Lots to*f Cwasb. SOVERT THEATRE, Bowery? LiriMami atu Ska # lui? Sites Temptations? Dun* Man orMinmiiTit BURTCN'S THEATRE, Chambers Hmv-Twrarvi Days o* Lovis XIY.'-Wanderiwo Miprtrbl. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway? llomr- Irish ? racoon. AMERICAN Ml'SEUM? Atteraooo? Don Cjehar si Bazan C*enia?? Tai?t Heart Ri7h Won Fair La ut -DoriLt Bidms Room. WOOD'S MINSTRELS- Mcefcaniec' Hall? 172 Broadway. BUCKLEY'S "CPERA HOUSE, 539 Broccway-BvcR aav' , Ethiopian Opera TRevric. CHINESE ASSEMBLY ROOM?', US Bk adway-J> As? ?ARA or IvRIT.I AND SlKfcE or StlilTKOL. riRHAH'S BURLESQUE OWERA HOUSE, 863 Broati ?way? Ethiopm:n Opera Trovpe. Sew \ork, Saturday/ May 14, 1855. 5ewi fur the PaclCr, The steattchip Star of the Went, Captain Tnraer, will ? Into this port this afternoon, at 3 o'clock, for Pkm Arenas. fHK Vkw York Herald ? California edition? coctain tog all tbe late it news by *%U and telegraph from all parti of the world, will be p n 'listed at elevea o'clock this morning. Agente will pleaM sen* in their tntera a? early as possible. TIm Sews. The steamer Illinois, due at this port witba week's later news from California, had not bseo signalized off Sandy Hook at 10 o'clock last nigfct. It was rumored yesterday fore to on that she put into Norfolk the eight previous, and it waa conjecture'! with some other objtct than foraBuppiy of coal. What tintb there may be in the report we cannot say, as our telegraphic agent states that no communication has been bad between Baltimore and Norfolk sin* Wednesday last. We are informed that, for some reaion beat known to tho?e immediately interested, a steamer was chartered several daja ago to cruise ofl Bandy Hook for the purpose, as is understood, of communicating certain important intelligence from parties in this city to their fiiends on board the Illinois. There have been some strange movements connected with the arrival of the California steam srs for several months past. Ur. MoKeos, the United States District Attorney, received a letter yesterday morning from the Secre tary of State, informing bim that Mr. John W. Fa bena, (the associate of Col. Kinney in the expedi tion to Nicaragua,) had been removed by the Pre sident frcm the post of Commercial Agent at Sa-o Juan del Norte. The abolitionists have ? gracias a Di^s?x. leng'b closed their anniversary meetings fox the present year. Tbey exhausted the last vial of taeir insane eloquence at the Tabernacle last evening. The speakers were Messrs. Lloyd Garrisoj, Wendell Phillips and C. C. Burleigh. Mr. Garrison conip'.i menled highly the New Yobk Herald, by de nouncing it as the mouthpiece of Southern senti ment, and of the popular religion of the comma ? nlty. Magna est Veritas. Mr. Bennett was also represented by bim as the apostolic champion of the ctiurch. We give a report of last night's proceedings in Dr. Pennington's Church, being the finale of the National Colored Convention* in this ctty. Tne greater part of the evening was taken ttp by Fred eri k Douglass, who was as usual very elo quent, and talked about the colored race being a spectacle for men and angels. He favored the meeting at the close of bis remarks with a song, in which pert of the audience joined. We publish to-day full reports of the proceeding* of the Prison Asso iation, the Board cf Foreign Mis sions, the New York Colonization Society, the National Council of Colored People, and the ban quet to the American Congregational Union. And with these ends the record of the sayings and doings, wisa and , foolish, funny and philosophi cal, religious and revolutionary, of the ansiveraury week of the jear of grace' 1855. Bat what has be came of the Bloomers and tne Women's Rights Women? Tte only live specimens of this interest ing genus that have appeared on the surface (luring the part we?>k tave been Abby Kelly Foster acid Crazy Kate. Something is out of joint, sorely. The Massachusetts House of Representatives, after a prolonged session, yesterday morning passed a resolution, by a vote of 137 to 15, expclilng Jo seph Hiss. We publish a report of the proceedings In another column. It will be seen that only one bncdred and fifty-two voted on the question, al though the House comprises over four hundred members Both boards of the Common Council met 1?; evening. In the Board of Aldermen the preamble and resolution respecting the Broadway Railroad giant, which had previously pxssad, were received from the Councilmen non-concurred in, and a con fereuce committee waa appointed. A resolution notifying the Mayor that the Board will meet oa the 221 Inst., for the pnrpoae of filling vacant .clerkships in the police and district courts w? adopted. Che name of Anthony street wai changed to Worth street, and Little Water street, to Mission place, on the principle advanced by a caitaia philosopher, that if we cannot alter things, way then we'll change their names. In the Board of Councilmen the report of the committee on tho new City Hall came up on its third reading. A motion to substitute Madison square, instead of tbe Park, for the site, was ruled out of order, and tbe report and resolutions were adapted by a vote of forty seven to three. Nearly the whole seisiin was spent in debating tbe resolution giving adli tional counsel to the "Sam" Brlggs police commit tee. It was finally carried. The Pjst Office ( apartment has framed a series -of instructions for the guidance of postm**t?r* a oon the introduction of tke new system for the registra tion of valuable letter?. For the inform ttion of ths public we p&b'.ifh the regulations in to-day's pap sr. Tbe plan wit go into operatioa on toe 1st of Jn'y next, on and after wLich date any letter can be registered and receipted for on payment of a fee of five cents, extraordinary oare being taken to ensure its sate delivery at its destination. Tnia plan of registration is vary good at far a? it goto, bnt what is wanted is tbe adoption of the Eagtish post office mote? order sysSe*, or something of a similar chancier; end we hope to? Postmaster Genera' will strongly urge it upon the attention of Congress at its next session. W- have advices from Porto Cabeiio to t^e 17to tr* There is no poHticai intelligence cf imoo' ?sane*. C< fie was arrMrg from the Interior li aJtrondaace. By tii ?c; v-kl at Ci*ries:on we have Htraoa da'.cs to the 5th u.st , at which time all wai qo -".. ! T. e nppearancs cf tbe yell ow feve' had caused the Han Jacinto and other vcslsof wa- to crder 1 1 ptHtrve tte health t-jsir o.ewi. lr. fhj Circuit Court yesterday, ./ '.gt N-!?k pref>d<nf , V ctor Fraecis TO, a ntt * s of Mani a, v? tried on a charge of killing Wiil.am Hodge, a *1 fxkve, t>y rabbiog bim wit1- ak-i-:. rascran w??(v i "" Jwwt, IW I ' i '! the h >g fcyitcfcad ? TVdkiof giUlyof muuiangbter, with a fecoBBWBteticn \l mercy. Sentence vm deferred until Monday. A k co motive exploded nsftr Seytnoer, lad., yes terdcy morning, filing te engineer a&4 tour others ksatontly. The lew propeller intended to take put in the Arctic searching expedition it to leave Phtteitl jioift to-day for thi< p?it, when the preparations for the to j age will be oempJeted. Cotton ?oW yesterday to the a ten1, of 2,000 a 4,000 bales, part ia transits, and all at fall prices. Common and medium grades of flour were easier, and in some sates 12 4 a 26 cent* per barrel lover. Bejond a trifling lot of white Michigan wheat, at ftbout $2 ?0, ne sales were reported. Corn was - firm, with salee at $1 17 for white and mlxei, and tl 18 for jellow. Pork advanced 6jc. to 12} ?. per barrel, with a tolerably active market. There was * speculative movement in lead, owing to recent extensive purchases in EagUnd, on account of the British and French government*. About 6,5Q? pigs of Galena were sold at 6 j:. cash; 150 tons of Spaxifch, and 25 do. Engiifjh soft, at G jc. oath. Sa garti were active, u&d transactions embraced about 2,130 a 3,000 hhds. and J00 boxes, at fall! prices, and in some cases at an advance of Jc. ft 4m per poend. There was mxrc doing in csffee, , ULd ameag the ealeo were two cargoes, am rooting to 6.00T bags, St. Domingo, at a fraction over 9{?. Freights ruled doll. Oar Power Iter MlscUlef. Tht recent speech of the Emperor -of the French may or may not have contained a threat addressed to the United States, accord ng to the construction put upon the words by the speaker. If it did, it is well worth our wttte to inquire what are our means of meeting tha contingency which might arise if any at tempt were made to carry out the threat Writers enough and too many have expatiated cn the weakness of the United States ? its feeble marine, its insignificant army, its im mense line of toast to defend. Very few have ever examined the subject with any other view than a desire to depreciate. It is time the real truth on these subjects were known and borne in mind. And first, as to our naval power. A war navy is the child of a commercial navy. Ships are first built to carry travellers and merchandise; then in time of trouble, a portion of them are set apart to carry guns and soldiers. Evidently therefore, a war navy will be numerous and powerful in proportion to the number and power of the commercial navy of the nation. Nations owning large, numerous, and well built commercial vessels will never lack men-of-war; while, on the other hand, na tions not used to trade on the seas can seldom do anything effective in a naval war. This is the conclusion of theory; and history shows it to be true in practice. How stand the commer- I cial navies of the world ? An English news paper gives the following table: ? Ent'd ani Cl'd. 4V0 of , 1864 , VesteU. Tonnage. Ventels. Tannagt. G.Bntaiio&CoIoBiei. 36,960 6,043,270 342,864 42,574, 3?#9 (aited Mates ? 4,724,902 ? 40,01)0 000 w^?ce "at 1i?8M 716,000 ? 10,000,000 er?n *nd ColonitB . 7 966 379,421 11,626 1 456 841 ionugai '836 86,166 _ Italy irnd Sardinia . 17,066 546,021 ? _ Austria 7,600 324,000 _ _ S**?* 3,970 264,981 _ iy*ej 2,200 182,000 _ 220 38,790 _ f"!,6:n:!? 149 36,000 4,792 706.C05 go-'aad 3,048 450,459 15,771 2 472 075 Hanover and Olden ' wo ? "urg 500 40,000 _ _ Hamburg. 369 119,884 8,920 1,686 749 I>o. coai>tlng trace 2.0CO 101,661 _ ' _ ???" ? 9.3C0 2,400 430,000 ,5 z ?g 1;!8 ijgffi ? 368/32 19,447 1,028,022 i"*5.*11* SSfi 147,928 _ 1 372 672 Kussia SCO ? 17,072 3,090,814 ? The coastins trade about one third inore in addition. A ton* M-ven lifhthi ci the Rn??ian traffic is carried on ?>jr lcreu-n nfcipe. Veiielt, Tannine. Central ud South America 1 ?.'W lyi,7i5 Sandiricfc and Society lilandi. 100 3,000 From this it appears that the United States stand? second in the list, being very slightly behind Englnnd. It has more ships than all the rest of Europe together. If Great Britain, France, and Spain were united against this country, the three combined would ouly possess one-fifth more tonnage than the United States has afloat. And as we find that the tonnage has nearly quadrupled since 1812, it is safe to assume that four or five yeaxs hence, the Ame rican merchant navy will be equal to theirs, and will only fall short by a small figure of equalling the entire tonnage of Europe. This is a startling fact, if viewed iu coanec tion with the possibility of a war. During the last war nearly all our pons were blockaded from time to time; all were under a paper blockade; United States merchant vessels were swept from the sea, and the few transient gallant deed* of the navy only served to make the national failure on that element more conspicuous. Hid the United States possessed one-half her present naval strength, the battles of Chippewa, Nia gara and New Orleans would have been fought somewhere on the soil of Ireland or Eogland. The history of the struggles of Ferry and McDonough to get their miniature squadrons afloat on the lakes, will illustrate the previous weakness of the American merchant mariae on those waters; it war were to break out now. the lakes would in a week be private waters un der the dominion of the United States. So of the ocean. Gallantry is an excellent thiog in war, no doubt; but as the fate of the brave English men in the Crimea but too plainly proves, the real issue depends not on valor but on the number of men. the amount of ship?, and mu nitions of war, and the sums of money that can be used or spent. The table abjve shows that were war declared to-morrow, the Uuited States could send abroad very nearly as many vessels armed a? privateers as Great Britain, nearly seven times as many as France, four teen time? as many as Spain or Austria; and if, as would certainly be the case, several months notice were given beforehand, there is no reason why out of these, or on the same principle ae these merchant vessels, a national navy should not be built equal to the com bined navie* now in the Baltic and Black seas. In re?peci -of men, this country couid not compare with iniaad warlike nations like Rus sia or Austria, accustomed to keep four to five or seven hundred thousand men on foot in time of peace. But on the other hand, these immense armies would be powerless against this continent. We might not be able to con quer Austria or Russia ; but they certainly could not do much mischief here. Tho United vat'js could ulways raise men enough to repel an inv..c:on. As compared with the maritime powtrs of Europe, the United States would hate nothing ?o fear from land operations ia iiny quarter <#f the globe. Great Britain finds .t ia*] osfib.o to keep ip her army in the Cri mea to u st i...ditrd of 10,000 men. D.niZti the fast six wteki of the Mexican war. onehuadlid aad fifty thousand men *olun Mred ;o i <me\ *nJ in the course of the fol ic months. HA many moro malo a 'ik* ???. half a million of mr a might luvo bees railed? more than Franco and England, with all their exertions could ?jver bring into the field to gether. These men of ours, moreover, wooll he, or at least nine oat of ten of them, stoat hale men, and good shots. The British and French levies now being sent to tne Crimea are represented as half grown boys, city fed, and never trusted with a masket in their lives till they enlisted. Every third wan in this and the other- cities r*nd villages of the Union has been crw a member of a target oompany ; the expe- , ricnce of the Mexican war shows how that cir- ; <jumstuQce tells io face of an enemy. An emi nentriilitary man has stated that In the ordi nary "European line, at fair range, not one skok. in- a hundred is oflectivc : the reason being that the men do not fenow how to take aim. Wnat a difference this would make if a few thousand Of such men were pitted a^adnst our practised marksmen ! In respect^f munitions Of war, money, and defences, the United States would have nothing to fear. England, which is generally considered the richest nation in the world, is very glad to bave her last loan taken at a trifle over 80, end 'her funds would rapidly recede below that figure if it were not for the operations of -etook jobbers. Repeated pur chases by the government have raised our Federal -securities to exorbitant prices ; but allowing that a new issue of six per cent stock, to an amount of say fifty millions for one year's serious war were made, it is not likely the de preciation would exeeed 20 per cent, and that would still leave the price above par. Mite rials of war abound in this country. We could build all the ships the world will need for cen turies, without buying a dime's worth from abroad. We could cast all the cannon and balls ? make all the rifles and swords and bay onets that would be needed, in our own fac tories in far less time than would-be consumed in the negotiations preliminary to the war. We should not need to go abroad for any single article of necessity or general use. Finally, and this is not generally known, the system of fortifications which have been in progress for some years are in such a state of advancement, that it is exceedingly unlikely that any naval fcroe oould bombard any of our principal sea board cities. New Yoik, for instance, might be considered as comparatively safe. A few months would place the defences on the Nar rows in such a state that no fleet could pass through, and we have reason to believe that the other great cities are equally safe. The monarchs of Europe had better count the cost before they attempt to abolish slavery in the United States by force. The Washington Organs on hie Kansas Question. ? The Washington Sentinel, the spe cial organ of the Virgin!; Hunter and Bright ticket far the succession, comes oat boldly with the right ? ? < upon the Kansas and Reeder inr roplio. is opposed to the programme of feeder Forney and the Kitchen Cabinet speculator*, out and out. This Forney con spiracy. in order to dispose ot their Kansas land purchases to the best advantage, prefer to sell them in small parcels to the Pennsylvania free soil Germans, over any other squatters; and coosequently Reeder & Co. have been working to make Kansas a free soil colony and a free soil State. It is very natural that the organ of a Virginia Presidential aspirant should be op posed to this conspiracy; but it is rather a sin gular piece of boldness just now to speak out upon the subject, considering the delicate fix of the administration. The Union , on the other haud, like Mr. Jo. Bagstock, is " sly, exceedingly sly but it won't do. It approves and endorses Reeder as a good democrat, and says he is going back to Kansas to reside there. What we want to kaow !?, does he go back under a'-snrancc of protec tion and assistance from the Presin- if or a*, a venture? We undertake to say that&i. Rac ier would not return to Kansas with his family un less with the fullest assurances of protection. His conduct and policy are, therefore, approved. Mr. Pierce, also, in falling back upon hi 3 first principles, deBires to see Kansas become a free soil State. He is evidently in the plot, and the appointment of Reeder wa? intended as a trick upon the South. Indeed, it we mistake not, Mr. Pierce, pending the discussion of the Ne braska bill, said to Mr. Jerry Clemens, of Ala bama. that he had no fear of Kausas becoming a slave State. Now, the South are beginning to understand the game. The Kan?a>- Nebras ka bill was a deception, and the appointment of Reeder was intended to bring about a snap judgment against them. But he is indeed an ignoramus who does not see that this Kansas question involves the ultimate issue of union or disunion, and who does not feel that it is to be the paramount question in 1856. Can't we have some opinion on the subject from the W'nshiogton Union ? Cau'r, Mr. Wise make ihe oracle speak? Or cannot some of the friends of Mr. Flournoy, in Virginia, ca'l upon the President and a?k him to explain the mystery of this silence and dodging on the part of his official organ in relation to the affairs of Kansas? Neither silence no equivo cations will help Mr. Wise. Why not, then, out with it? .What.'s the use of waiting till after the Virginia election? Mh. Wise in Washington. ? Mr. Wise has just had a serenade in Washington, where he popped in the other day to report progress upon the prospects of the approaching Virginia election. He made a speech to his musical friends, and predicted that he would be elected by from fif teen tp twenty thousand majority. Mr. Wise has made some sixty speeches throughout the I State, and we believe that at the outset of | his campaign, the returns of the Know Nothing lodges showed that they had the control of the election in thtdr hands. Suppose, however, that the two parties were about equal at that time, and taking Mr. Wise upon his maximum ma jority of twenty thousand, it is clear that he has averaged at least three hundred and thirty three converts for each one of his sixty speeches. Pretty good stumping. But don't let the sachems of Tammany Hall be led astray by these estimates of Mr. Wise. Neither Tam macy nor the Custom House has any money to spare upon such desperate calculations. Mr. Wise will be wiser after the election. President Making. ? The Chicago Democrat flies the flag of Gen. Houston and (Jon. Henry Dodge of Wisconsin, as its Presidential ticket lor 1856. What has become of Judge Douglas that an Illinois democratic paper should go all the way down to Texas for the candidate of a m xed commission ? Is this a confession that Mr. Douglas has been killed off by the Nebraska bill, and is really dead and buried, or hunt; up ?? ??) ? ? ? tr Governor Gardnxb's MSm sage to the Le gislature of Massachusetts refusing to carry oat their recommendation fee the removal of Jadge Loring, proves that the Know Nothings, evea of Massachusetts, have still some of the right staff among them ? that they will not bow the lcaee to the Baal of abolitionism. We apprehend that the fifty or sixty bigoted and ignorant poli tical clergymen thrown into the Legislature of the old Bay State last fall, had a " great deal" to do, not only with those seditions resolutions respecting Judge Loring, bat with the appoint ment of ttmtf Hiss Nunnery Committee. The Rev. Theodore Parker, at the abolition anni versary the other evening, very truly observed that " thatcorumittee could not ba pronounced "without a Hiss," and the Loring resolutions were of the same kidney. Now we say, let the genuine American Know Nothings of Mise* chusetts stick to the Governor ou this issue, and they will soon stifle this rampant spirit of fanaticism which threatens there to ride rough shod ever all impediments, laws and constitu tions included. There is yet a hope that some thing good may come out of Nazareth. AecHBisHor Hdohks and Senator Brooks. ? The ten days grace ot Archbishop Hughes to Senator Brooks have nearly expired, and we may now expect at any moment the Archbish op's manifesto, which is to extinguish the Sena tor "intirely." The whole controversy his been, on both sides, nothing more than a waste of words upon quibbles, catches and techni calities. Master Brooks having made some as tonishing discoveries on the subject, charged in his place in the State Senate, that Arch bishop Hughes, in his own individual right, had possessed himself of church property in his nrchiepi&copal district, to the extent of some five millions of dollars. The Archbishop re plies substantially that he does not hold five millions worth of property, but that, as an in dividual, he scarcely owns mere than the bed upon which he sleeps. Brooks returns to the charge, with copies of the official records, to show that the Archbishop does hold in his own right, as plain John Hughes, immense amounts of property in this city. The Archbishop re joins, pleading that all these specifications of Brooks prove nothing. Brooks comes out again, insisting that these parcels of property belong to John Hughes, because they have net only been sold and deeded to him, but that he has actually sold some parcels again, as in the ordinary business transactions of other owners of real estate. Now, we presume that in his forthcoming

clincher upon this subject, the Archbishop will make himself distinctly understood upon the real merits of the case. We presume that he will show that, though he may have had, or may yet have, the legal power to sell a large pro portion ot the church property uuder his control, and to pocket the money, it is im possible th&t he can do it as the agent of the church, to whose honor and truth as a man and a prelate the church ban confided the guardian ship of this property. We presume that he will ('how that he has made a will, a copy of which has been left in the possession of three different custodians, devising all this church property to his succeFBor in office. If such be the facts in the case, it will appear that, while both the Senator and Archbishop have been disputing upon side issues, they are, upon the main question, both substantially right. The Archbishop does hold the legal titles to, and possession of a very large aggregate of church property. He has sold, and may sell it, in the name of John Hughes, like any other holder of real estate ; but it is not the property of John Hughes ? it belongs to the church. The new law of the Legislature will relieve his successor of much of the anxiety and res ponsibility whiclr^^aches to the management of mch large possessions. This church pro perty will return to the trustees of the several congregations corccrned, or to the State ; and in this light, we think the legislation of our State Assembly better and wiser than that of the Catholic General Council at Baltimore, al though the Council be supported by the Holy Father at Rome. Simmer Retreats. ? Oar summer sea side, lake side, river side, and mountain side resorts are making all ready for the approaching sea son's campaign. At Saratoga, at Lebanon, at Sbaron, at the Catskill Mountain House, at West Point, at Lake Mahopac. Lake George, at Coney Island, and all along shore within th? limits of New York, it is quite probable they are preparing other incidental expenses to meet the losses anticipated from the new interdict against distilled and fermented liquors, from French brandy down to lager bier. At Niagara, on the Canadian bank, we understand they are making ready to supply an immense accession of visiters from the American fide, on account of the larger measure of personal liberty which citizens of the United States, and all other people, may enjoy in Her Britannic Majesty's possessions, on the liquor question. It is even eupposed that some of the hotels oa the Ame rican shore will transfer their barrooms to tb j Canadian Heights, with the necessary ferry and bridge commutations, for the better ac commodation of their customers, than a simple regimen of cold water nnder the despotic laws of New York will allow. Meantime, in our more immediate neigh borhood, Mr. Rider, formerly of West Point, announces in our advertising columns to-day that he will open ttie " Heath House," at Schooley's Mountain, New Jersey, early in June. This house is within two or three hours ride by railroad from this city, and is in the midst of one of the most romantic, healthfal, picturesque and delightful localities. Always a popular resort for our summer birds of fash ion, we presume that the " Heath House" will lose nothing this season in their favor, from the fact that it is beyond the pressure of the Maine Liquor law. Barnum's Babt Show? A Goon Hit.? We publish to-day Mrs. E. Oakes Smith's sensible protest against being included in the committee of lady judges for Barnum's baby show. Mrs. Smith thus proves herself not only a strong minded, but a sound minded woman, and we i hope that every other lady on the committee will follow her example, and publicly repudiate any connection with this most repulsive of all : of Barnum's humbugs. Let his baby judges be | the fat lady, the tall lady, and the dwart lady; and if they are not enough, let him send for the ' bearded lady, or despatch Tom Thumb on the I woolly horse for the negro turning white. Where is Joyce Heth ? Thi Steamship Ericsson go?s on another trial trip down the bay to-iaj. Thla la the aacond trip a ace tlia satorle fBgin* ?m replaced by ("team, the prarlou* ooe bolnj what la technically ternwd an "urglnaar'a trip." To d v ^ T>?r?r ?' irti"** ??* r>f fd? Wk X* *?????, ???* ?? ? ? ? the latest news. BY MA6NET1C AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. rutin ga of tl?e IlilnaH. Baliimo u, May ll, 18M. There ku been bo telegraphic -communication with Norfolk elaoe Wednesday; consequently we have nothing tellable la relation to the rumored antral of tbe Illinois at that port. 8a.idy Hook, May 11? lo P. 11. There are a* yet no signs of the Illinois off this point. The weather la clear and mild. Fraaa Wuklagton. TBI KANSAS Ql'EbTION ? THE QRITTOWN CONSULATE. Washington, May 11, 1855. The Union of tfeis morning ?ajs that Governor Reeder ianot in Washington for the purpoae of invoking the ac tion of Ihe general government, bnt simply preparatory to bis return to the Territory, which he propotes making his future home. The Union proceed* to praise the Go vernor as a firm and conservative democrat, aiding with neither party in relation to tlie existing excitement in Kansatt. Capt. George W. UcCemn is the prominent candidate for the commercial agency at Ureytoirn, vice Fa bens, removed. Later bom Havana. THE YELLOW FEVER AMONG THE SHIPPING ? DEPAS TURE OF THE WAK VK83KLS. Charleston, May 9, 1855. By the schooner Hey ward, we have received Havana dates to the 5th Inst , at which time all was qulei. Yel low fever had made its appearance, and the United State, steamer San Jacinto and other vessels of war had (quitted Havana to preserve the health of the crews Nem from fexaa. Haltimoru, May 11, 1855. The New Orleans papers of Saturday last are received. Our Galveston dates are to the 3d inst., but the news ?is unimportant. Complaints of want ot rain and the destruction of the crops generally were prevalent. Four Mexicans, who bad committed an outragi on a iamiiy near hi 1'aso, were captured, tried by lynch law, and hung. Fire at Chicago. THE FA88EKGEB DEPOT OF THE MICHIGAN AMD SOUTH ERN RAILROAD DESTROYED. Chicago, May 11, 1855. The passenger depot belonging to the Michigan and Southern Bailroad in this city, was barned aown this afternoon. The cars and baggage were saved. The building is a to.al loss. Completion of tne New Arc tie Ship. Philadelphia, May 11, 1855. The new Arctic ship, to go in search of the Kane ex pedition, is completed, and la taking h?r stores on board, and will sail to-morrow, at noon, under command of Lieut. SlmmH, to join her consert at the Brooklyn Navy yard. Dreadful Casualty. EXPLOSION OF A LOCOMOTIVE? FIVE MEN KILLED. Cincinnati, May 11, 18o5. A locomotive, attached to a freight train, ou the Jef fersonville railway, exploded near Seymour, Ind., this morning, killing instantlv the engineer and four others. The locomotive was completely blown to pieces. Fatal Railroad Accident. Providence, May 11, 1856. Jolin S. Harris, Esq., long a prominent politician of this city, was killed this afternoon in Cranston, by being struck by the locomotive of the Hartford Kailioad. The Sloop-of-War Falmouth. Baltimore, May 11, 1855. The sloop of-war Falmouth arrived at Pensacola on the 6th, from Aspinwall, and would sail trom there to join the Cuban fleet. Printers' Strike at New Orleans, dtc. Baltimore, May 11, 1855. The compositors on all the New Orleans papers, exoept the Picayune, were on a strike, and in consequence of it other printers were btlng brought to the city. Conviction for Murder. Bociikstek, May 11, 1855. Martin Eastwood, wlio hss been on trial here for all the week for the murder of Edward Breretln, in Januarv last, was found gnilty, by the verdict of the jury, which was rendered this evening, of wilfnl murder. He will be sentenced to-morrow morning, at 9 o'clock. Movement ? of Southern Steamers. Savannah, May 8, 1855. The steamship Augusta has arrived at thin port la 60 hours flora New York. Savannah, Hay 9, 1855. The steamship Florida is detained here, and will not ?ail for New York until to morrow (Thursday) morning. Harketi. Charleston, May 0, 1855. Our cotton market has declined a 3-16ths, and since the receipt of the Atlantic's news, good middling being quoted at 9>^c. a 9%c. The sales of the past tire days toot up 10,000 bales. Charleston, May 10, 1855. The total buMness in cot'on during the past week has been 13 UOO bales, at prices ranging front 7Xc. a 10^c. The market has now recovered from the previous decline. The receipts of the week foot up 9,500 bales, and tbe stock oc hand is 34,000 balen Freiglita ?*? dall ana tending downwards. Our rice market is quiet at pre vious rates. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. Philadelphia, May 11, 1855. Mcney easy. Stock* dull. Reading, 48% ; Morris Canal, If ; Long Island Railroad, 15% ; Pennsylvania Railroad, 43>, ; Penn. State Fives, 86)?. Pei sonal Intelligence* The Empress Era*.iiE.? In the Paris correspondence of the i'recurtcur d'Auvtrs, under date of the 25th ult., we And the following:? The Empress is ehchasted at the idea of her visit to the East, and she is proud to find that tlie Emperor has ended by gaining every one over to hi a side. The journey to nng>and fatigued her greatly: but she always endeavored to conceal its effects, from an apprehension that the Emperor would not consent to take her with him to the East. Whenever the sense of fatigue over powered her, she hastened to sav that that which tired her most was the continual efforts in public to which she was condemned. Yesterday evening, as she was spesktag with enthusiasm of her approach ing departure for the East, Bbe added that tnere was only one thing that troubled her, in connection with this journey, and that was the idea of her stop, ping at Constantinople. "What wonld you do at Se vastopol?" inquired tbe Emperor, "would you accom pany me about cn horseback?" "No," replied the Empress, "but wherever there is suffering to aisuage, have not women a sublime duty to fulfil Whilst you would be at the head of your saldiera, I would be the leader of those meritorious women who visit tbe battle field to attend upon and console the wounded. Among tbe passengers by the steamship Africa, which left Boston on the Pih inst. for Liverpool, was the vene rable Mrs. (isroner Greene, who goes to England for tbe purpose of visiting her brother, Lord Lyndburst. Il< n George P fccarbur^h, of Virginia, recently ap pointed one of the Judges of the Court of Claims, to gether with tbe two other Judges of that Court, are in Washington city. ? Coi. Jaruts H. Lane, late member of Congress from In dians, arrived in Lawrence, 'Kansas Territory, on th* "2d ult., with his family. He was comfortably ensconsed in a log cabin, and would in all probability remain per mtmntly in Lawrence City. His design is to live in the Terrltoxy. George Washington P. Custis, the nearest surviving connection of Gen. Washington, and perhaps the only man living who wa< on terms of f.imiliar intimacy wltH him, has been invited to deliver the address at tbe cele bration of tbe unniverstrv of the settlement of Jimes town, Virginia, on tbe 13th. ARRIVAL8. At the St. Nicholas? -Hon. C. D. Wilson, Delaware; Col. K France. Baltimore; John II. Rriggs, lUrrisbur^: Dr. Kerr, Va.; Root. Wateon, M'ashtnRton;C. G. Edwards and lady, Ala.; O. li. Titus. Bnffslt. At tho Astor? Edward L. Davenport. Bos'on: Chas. P. Mather. Yonktrs; Goo. H. Rogers, Phila.; E. E. Iiawlev, Troj : Thf p. 1'erkic*. Salem;J. R. Morgan, N. J.; I). Dau'a, Boston: W. II. Morrison, Va At tbe St. Denis? J. Ru?a and family, N. Y.; D, C. An drews find sister; C. M. Wilco*; R. T. Peck. New Haron. From Matanzai, in brig Eugene A Reed? Thos Howls, Long Island. From TIavana. in bark Lyra? Mrs Callahan and daughter. Mrs M Hatson, F I. Vnitee, Jr, J Rays, E Rodriguea, E J Rndrigues. From Liverpool, in ship Australia? Miss C Knight. Mies R Fenwfck, Mrs W M Mofl'att. Miss M M dandy ana nurse, Mr M M McCatt. From Liverpool, in ebip J L Bogert? Capt E Ms Lean, New York; A Bates, Belfast. Coroner's Inquest. The Late IIoiktwat Accident in Walker Street.? Coronrr Gamble held an inquest yesterday a pin the body of John Sharpe, who died from the effects of inju ries received a few days ago by a barrel falling upon him while he was at work in the store No. 98 Walker ?tieet Tbe jury rendered a verdict of "Death by eon cussion of the brain, caused by the falling of a barrel of wLiting " The jury added ? "We further censure Messrs. J. W. Gardiner and Mr. E. Brown, for neglejt it g to u?e proper sting* in hoisting barrels to their manufactory shop in the said building " Deceased wan fcrty five years of age, and was horn in England. Forsn Drowxid ?The body of an unknown man, about 30 years of age. was found floating in the water near Castle William, on Governor's Island. The oorpse was taken ashore and an inquest was held upon the b<dj by Coroner O'Donteil, when a verdict of suppose! (in wning was rendered. The deceased was about five feet eight inches in height, was light compleiioned, and poejly d reused. He sppeared to have been drowned about three months, as the body was much decomposed. A letter addressed to Jacob Labmer I'lains, Osrmtny, c?T.d January 20, 1854, which appeared to have been written by a sen to bis father, requesting a loan of 990, v ?s tounu on the body. Kavnl Intelligence. I'nited States bri* of war i olpbin sailed from the Sot! Ik Lavy jsrd 10th ir?t for the coast of Africa i be 'f 'lowing is a list of her officer* L'eut Comma I it-.-, ] dwsrd R Thomson ^Liegteaaots, J. M. Wain vrigbt an" < to. M. Raniom; I'aswdjtsaiatant burgeon Elward !" t ipi'B; J'urser, G?o P. t'ri* woLl : Acting Master, N II. ,|? o ?> J, \ , Vttf UtelUgtMt. The Me*ca>tile Limuey Association ? This iaatita ties imbi to b* profrtM'ng satisfactorily. Daring tha months of January, F*bruaiy and March, tb? reading; too* ? wki;h it on* of lb* bMt In tha world? ?u vlnital by 40,000 person*, 01 thereabout*, b*i*g an oC 3?S daily. From the library department, during tU? ??me period, thcio have been delivered loinu 2a, 003 ?Cluxoo, being at the rate of 240 dally. Tbia it exclu sive of the busirese.done at the office in Nmuu meet, where, doling the tame period, nearly 12,000 orlar* tie booki have been received. The collection of works ifl rapidly incieaeiog ; and we are glad to liear that tn* auwwr of memrer* I also on the increaae The libra* rian, Mr S. Hatting* Grant, haa juat tailed for Europe, wh era he intend* to spend tome month* In visiting the librarie* and great educational eatabliihment* of Greet Britain. Germany. France, Kr. Tne information ha wiiB thus acquire wll enhance the value of his already valu abie aer vice* to the library. CONKKI'KATION OF THK HOSPITAL OF THK JKWS.? Tb? Jew* Boepital will be cousecratoJ, according to tli4 ceremony of the Hebrew church, on rhnraday, 17th intt^ Thi* building it located iu ???nty-ei{hth atrcet, between Seventh ana Eighth avenue*. it loir stories hi#h, cov-ta two foil Irrft 1 1 ground. itn<i ha* a apace of 50 by 100 feet in tbe rear tor tbe exercise o' oonvalessent*. It cost $3S.00t?, in the fund* are ail exhauatad Tbe Jew* nor appeal to the benevolent ol all '^nominations fir aid to* put tbe bosaita. in successful op<*r*t<oa, for which pur pose a grand banquet an i nail are to be given at Niblo'a taloon on tbe day of consecration. Daring Attempt to Escape from Blacewpll's Island. ? On Tuttday afternoon, five of the convict* on BlackweU'a Ialand made a moat daring attempt to escape. It appear* tbey were working in the qnarie* cutting atone, and taking advantage of the remissness of one ot the keeper*, tney ran towards tha river, stripping them* selvet of their clothe* wbiis doing no. and plunged nakwl into the stream. What I* almost incredible, two or them bad sbackle* on, and another was adorned with a chain and ball, lhey (truck for the middle of the river, but as the tide was running rapidly, they were borne fir down the stream. The alarm wa* soon given, and tha boat* were lu immediate pursuit of them. Four war* picked up, bat one made good his escape to the oppoaita shore, where no doubt some ol his friends were in readi ness to supply him W'th i-.li thing. Mr. Ketne, the effi cient Warden of the Penitentiary, haa discharged t'i? negligent keeper. The convict* are no doubt sufficiently punished in their cold plunge in the river, which mu<t have been anything but a pleasant operation. American Institvte? Election of Officers. ? The an nual election ot the American Imtltate took place on Thursday evening. The tailoring name! gentlemen wera elected officers for tbe ensuing year:? President, Robert L Pell; Vice Presidents, Kobert Lovett, D. Mere dith Keese, Jose jh Torrey; Kecording Secretary, Henry Meigs; Corresponding Secretary and Agent, Win. B. Leo nard; Treasurer, ho ward T Backhouse; Finance Com mittee, John A. Bunting, George Bacon, N. G. Bradford, George Dickey, James K Smith; Manager* of tbe Fair, Peter B. Mead, Isaac V Brower, Jacob C. Par*ons, Samuel D. Bacsus, J. N . Wells, Jr., Bailey J. Hatbaway, David B. Jaques, Henry Steele; Committee on Agricul ture, David Bsnks, Rabt 8. Livingston, Thomas Bell, Nicholas Wykoff, D K. Sherwood. A New Ciiapel for the Sisters of Chaxitv.? A newr edifice, named the "Chapel of tbe Immaculate Concep tion," has been built for the use of the Sisters of Charity, at Mount St. Vincent, near Manhattunville. It is a handtome and coinmod'ous building* Man and Horse Trap on the Harlem Railroad.? Th? police of the Twenty -first ward complain that the cover irg of the smoke pipe over the Harlem Railroad tunnel between Thbty seventh aDd Thirty-eighth streets, wai removed, making it extremely dangerous for person, passing that way. Tbs Fireman's Funeral.? There was a typographic*: error in our account of the fireman'* funeral yesterday The deceased was a member of Engine Company No. 10 not 15, as printed. TO *BE EDITOR OF TBE HERALD. Believing it it your wlsb to give b)th sides a hearing, ? take the liberty or correcting the report in yonr paper < today, beaded "Ejecting a Negro trom a City Kaiiroti Car,'" in wnich in lattice is done to the Sixth A venae Raf. roadasd to myself, at a conductor. The report of what the complainant and hit wi'.neitei said and did it very free, but your reporter dispose" of tbe defence in six Hee* The facte of the cate a? proven were, tbat the Sixtk Avenue Railroad has nua twelfth part of ita wbole equip ment devoted to carrying colored persons; tbat tbi* arrangement was made at the request of tbe mora respectable colored people; tbat these cars earry far let* than the averag* number of passengers, and are an ex pense to the road, and that no other road in tb* country does the same; tbat these colored cart run en a regular time* table half hourly; that the condnetort ar* directed by the management to keep colored people from riding in the othee cars, for the very rcaion that they have provided separata ones, because there are msny of their passengers who dltlika the promiscuous mingling of blaek and white, even i* Sk railroad car, while others, it it true, would as soon rida next to a decent colored inan at a whit* man; that no well ditposed colored man knowing the liberal arrangement mada on this road for their comfort, would foree himself -n, on a pretext of legal right, where he was not waut e1, tnd was liable to have hit feelings hurt by bis trettment by other pastengert, whenever it wa* thowis that tho instructions of tbe company did not authorise fnrca to be used, and that their sole purpose was to to joromodata all classes. By the eomplainant'a own statement ha wafl bent on provoking a riot. Although in a hurry tie left tha platform of the car abead of me on wbiob he was not molest ed, and ctme on to mine. A lady aad gentleman who wera artengert came to tbe court end testified tbat the com* iainant was merely lifted off the platform and put on tha ground, tbat be was not struck, and sustained no injury. I should not have removed bim on account of his color, bu? l.is manners were insolent, and every pattenger knows hovs disagreeable it is tor lady passengers to get in or out over % crowded platform. We seat all we oan, run a car overy t ?? ortbree minutes, which is as often as we can do without makin t it a funeral, and all stopping together. I beg that you will do me t he favor to publish this in jut tics to mo, as 1 have many friends ?ho would eonsider me a* roorly emnlosed in Attacking a man merely becante of 'be color of tbe skin, who was t<!>r hi* duty and not interfer ing with wkat I consider mine. JA8. M. COXGREVE. Mew York, May 10, lt-65. The Emperor Napoleon and the United States Minuter In Lsondon. The Parii correspondent of tke London Chronicle, writ ing on the 24th of April, say?: ? 1 The immediate departure of the Emperor for the Crimea is looked upon a* a cer tainty, and the following little anecdote in reference to the voyage hag caused much conversation. While taa Emperor was in London, at one of the diplomatic recep tions, Mr. Buchanan, the Mioi-ter of the United HtatM resident in I.ondon, was invited by the Emperor to visit the Universal Exposition. Mr. Buchanan replied that he was very soon about to return to the United States, which would render his visit difficult of accomplishment. The Emperer having remarked that steam bad abridged the distance very much, sir. Buchanan observed, "Yes, it is not so far from Washington to Paris as from Pari* to the Crimea, whither I bear it is the intention of your Majesty to proceed." To this home thrust the Emperor merely replied, "Oh, that is an affair of my own, of which no one knows anything." For myself 1 do not credit the story, as I cannot easily believe th*t Mr. Bu chanan would be guilty ot an impertinenoe which, even In private life, would be marked with the reprobation of society The Empertr had g'veo htm a polite invitation, and Mr. Buchanan could not have so far forgotten what was due from one gentltman to another, to reply as to it by rudely attempting to invade secrets with which ho had no concern A Canl, TO THB EDITOR OF THE HERALD Id your edition ol this date I noticed a card of Thos. Cud ldrth, relative to the bastardy oase which is headed: 'The Cole und Cndbirth Difficulty. ' I, air, have nothing to do with the bastardy cast ? never tnewol it until after it wn br<u*ht on. For my children's ask? and reputitioo, do not couple mewitn all of Mr. Otidbirth's difficulties by allowing card* headed in which my name appears. It will be time enough by and by to bead articles as you have. Respect inilv 3 our obedient servant, COl'NsElXOR OLE, May 1 1 , 1856. 180 West Forty-second street. New Styles ot Kelt tats .The Felt flat, of various forms, qualities and textures, may be said to b?v# become a stsudard article of costume in this oonntrv. Its pe< u'iar adaptedness to business and travelling purposes, and ibe plctureaqneness of t^ appearance, have rendered it popular with both ole and youn<. In order to supply the ?rowing demand for variety in ?t\les, color, flniah ana mount ings, in this department of the haV.lnz business, the under signed ii oontini ally introducing new models, and thns ca tering for the independent taste whioh has sprung np in re lation to napless hats. The> are produced ia his lactory ot every gradation of flsxibfllty, from the "soft hat," wnieh may be rolled np and pat in tte pocket like a pair of t loves, to the stiffer and more elastic felt beavet "cylinders " that may be termed the dress specimen of this class ot chapeau. His present stook comprises about twenty different styles, for gentlemen, youth and bo>s. and nearly as many shades of color, from jet black to light drab and cream white. Felt hats tor shooting, fishing ami riding, for the offico. for tra velling, for *>e hoy at febool and the merchant in bis ware house, all of the most appropriate and oonvenient shapes far their several purposes, are tor sale, wholesale and ra<ail^ by GEMN, No. 214 Broadway, opposite St. Panl'i church. Hall, ut his Extensive Ilat Establishment* (the first in fashion,) 413 Broadway, corner ol Lisp-mrl Street, is prepared to furnish ths fashionable public with tha latest touch in the way of a h cranium crnamentutn " Should there be a professorship of hatology established na our very flourishing university, public opinion would over whelmingly point to HALL as the man to fill tke vacant ch nr. A Happy Faculty is Possessed by oar Friend KNOX, the > batter or getting np styles of hats that hocome public favorites immediately and suit the tastes ef all. His ? p town depot, at 53.1 Broadway, and his old established stand, 128 Fulton street (9un bnilding), are now the head quarters of fash on in the hat line. The distinction tbns ? onteired is well deserved. Anniversary Wecka- Strangers Attending lh*. ?"fjeMMles should not forget that RA^FERTT a LEA9K continue to sell their superior hats at tbeir well known stores, 57 Chatham, and copier Chatham and Peart ?e aso n1^, a* r Vfa! o^ If i!,e , ?r H*f ??r the present spoMth*"tre?# beauty of i^fl>a^hI,'0,, 2poD ""en ol taste ?ppearance. The stored 1,8 renVral Men Jlo, Hatter, corner of Broadway and Canal street.? Hia spring and ?nromer style of bata cannot be equalled by any other establishment In the city. Davids' Spring Style of Gentlemen's Hats are a 1 the ras:e in the fashionable wortd. Glee him a call at his salesroom, 301 Broadway, second door from Duano street, and try one of his beaut If nl Bats. White, (he Halter, tone lie moved from his old Stand, 212 Brcaiiway, to 321 Broadway, opposite Broad way fh>?tr?, where he can l-e found with his usual snpol/ of every srtlcle in bis line W II, TE, hatter, 321 Broadway. The Know Nothing Oa^iierreolypr Cas'.? MEADE BHuMJEHS- oelebrited plctnres Inserted in an emblematic Know noshirf <<*se. at prices to suit the tmes. These cases for sale, wholcale and retail. Artie's and im porters. W Bnadway; Paris, Boulevard des Italitns White the Hatter tvonld Invite the Atten tion of the bat w< arln > rnllif to his splendid etylis of s im intr hsts In endless vasletv. Jn?t receive*, on? m-re ea*? of ' a'. Wfft ; i . z; .? , . .