Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 31, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 31, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

?evrr this Mdt hi tta comisg yeare, tha (tTimnt vUl iespoee Ml ordinal?. qn*MS of taiaUoa, Imi mittoii ttu th? one WH?A The loan of tea m'.llloee viHbe divided amongst person* paying Uim amouiUig to |40 aad npwards, they to be rjimbarxed by the lead* isMaisd from aicrt main. or b y the money produced from A* it)* of inch lend*. 1b consequence of the bed conduct of the Captain tiirtl ef the Philippine Iilands, the gCfiriMit has resolved to remove him, although said Governor, the Or. Creep?, wu a protigi of Espartero. Amongst the arbitrary Mta of thla officer, he took oat of prison there various criminals, and sent them to Spain, thua revering them from the action of the local tribunals ? other arbitrary acta of a scandalous nature are imputed to him. It la reported that be will be succeeded by Moneral Ale son. In consequence of the oeturreacea in the palace with reference to the royal sanction of the release from the mortmain hill, which 1 gave yon in my last, the govern- ] meat has thought seriously of creating a commission ?f thro* persons? the Minister of State, the In ten feat of the palace and another ? in other to form a eode of interior regulations, or, in court language, "palace etiquette," in which will he determined the service of the royal personages, and those disaffected or ?ppoeed to the existing s tate of affairs will be removed h the palace anil about their Majesties there are mmy parsons opposed to the revolution, and It is by these that the mind or ber Majesty was disturbed anl worried In order to prevent the royal sanction to the la* lately presented, holding it up to her as a case contrary to oenseienee and rebgion But the (jueen, who at Inst un derstood her personal interests in the matter, and those ?f her daughter, and who has seen that the ideal of these persons were to place her in a bad at titude boiora the country, and thus strengthen the Carlists ? the (tue*n baa thrown her?eif into the arms ot the liberal party, a noble and generous band, who, in fast, are those who wish to carry this regulation of tbe p-tlaoe Into effect, and to separate ber from her true enemies. Tbe collection of the revenue is made with regularity; Mvertheloes, it has diminished. The amount collected (?March, 185f, comptred with March,, 1854, shoes a femiaatien of 11,100, OuC ? (a million one ban lred thou Md eellars ) Tbe arm? is in good eoud tioa and goad ?anriis At tbo ami of this month it will count in Sp?in 11,100 men of all arms. Tbe cholera is in Mudrid and ia many capitals of Spain, officially declared. In Madr.d SM yet it is ia mild form. . , Ben hifuel do Ios tantrs Alvarez goes to Washington aabpentah Minister, in place of senorCuito Various jmnnals bave supposed that the return of Senor Casto Mae been by order of tbe government; but it is not en tirely exact; tie wife of this gentleman, seeing that his aeeaU was inevitable, asked m a favor of Senor Lus uriaga, Minister ef State, that be" would relieve b m and alio ? him le return to Ihe Peninsula in order to re establish hie health. There bare not been wanting iom! who have said that Lueto has been removed for having favor ed the views and intfntions of the American envoy, Sea if. Hut this is stup d, for it would not he easy to ted in Spain any hcnorable person wnc would second the views ef the champ'on of (intend with regard to Spain and Cuba Theie has been some talk of conspiracies in various places, but without trutb. It was al?o said that some adeem ol the army had been removed as hostile to the aMaatk n. This is also without ground. It was said that Moasigneur Franchi, tbe Pope's lo ??<e, eould depart as soon as tbe unti e jcleslastictl law wee signed, but Franchi will not go? he is an Italian, or sathera Roman. Franchi will not leave tbe fat saUry Whieh 8pain wrongly gives him as representative of the Tape ($7,600); but as Franchi is not apostolical nuncio, for whieb personage this sum is assigned by tbe Spauiah nation, when a diplomatist ol that, rank is here, undsr the name of Frsgem of Rome ? by the powers vested in tbe eorlesisstical tribunal called Tribunal de la Rota, aaeatea in the time of Ckment XIV., and definitively ar ranged in the reign uf Carlos II . ? for this return this ?am shomld not be paid to M Franchi. But it is well haown that the conscience ot a Koioan ecclesiastic is qnieted with money, and it is' true enough what a ?ostein person said to a cardinal concerning a certain dispensation, "71 vatlrr Dio dm e frimt m<i qua/Lri^o" ? that ia, j on have no other (iod than money, "thiqwurino Mr a small piece of copper money. EL CIO. THE WAR IN THE CRIMEA. THE COMMAND IN CHIEF OE THE FRENCH ARMY. Ceaeral CanroVrt ha. re -igne d, and bus been sucoeed U by General Feliaeier. Our European advices inti mated, some time since, that Polii;uier would ere long aaeeeed to Canrobert's command The following ig the traaeaction as prepared Tor the public in the Moniteur: ? GUN. CANROBKRT TO Till SUPKROR. . Ms shattered health no longer allowing me to oontinue to toe ebi?f command, roj duty towards my sovereign ud my country compels to* to ask yon tj transfer the MMaDd to Gen. IMie?'?r, a Bkilfut and experienced lM<r. The army which I leave him in intact, inured to wmr, and full of ardor and confidence. 1 baseach t oe Jtoaperor to leave me a loldier'i plaee as a general of division. THi M1M18THK OF WA1 TO (SEN. CANROHDRT. The Emperor accepts yonr ros gna'.ion. Ho regrets that yon* bealtu has sufftied. He congratulates yon ?pan the sentiment which makes you a?k to remain with toe ?im j, where you shall have the command not of a division, ant of the corps of Gen. Pelistier. Hand over toe ehief command to that General. TOE SECRET EXPEDITION OF THB ENGLISH, FRENCH AND TURKS. [Correspondent-* of the London Stan-lard] Bktorc Sbbastopol. May 3, 18i.V 1 an juat on the point of starting off for BtiakUva, to join the combined English and French expedition whieh sails thence this evening for some destination or atoer, at present unknown. The 71st, 03d, and 42d Highlanders, with a force of sappers and min?rs and a battery of artillery, are contributed by tae English. The French s?nJ two batteries of artillery and about 6,000 men. The Royal Albert, 120; l'r ncese Royal, 01; Meatebello. 120, (repaired sluoe her late acc'dent,) wi'.h two French screw two-deckers, and several of our ?team frigates, also accompany the squadron ol trans rrta. This is a correct statement of the naval force be employed, bat as to the land contingent opinions differ so much, that, according to some, only 4,000 aeen will embark in all, and according to others not leas than 30 000. Truth will lie between, and before toe little armament quits these shores we are likely to have 12,f00 efficient troops of all arms. Sir Ueorge Brown, it is said, has the command of the whole f jrce, kst on thin point again? aa indeed on every point con aected with the expedition? it is Iraposslnle to give more than authentic rumors. So well kept ha* been the whole secret, and the authorities have so propsrly ob nerved such strict presautlon* lest any notice of cue in toaded movement should transpire, that now, when the wfcole is on the point of starting, the commanders a ad tte destlnatioa are alike unknown for certainty. The latter, of course, 1s an impeuetrahle sec-et ? a wide aperture Is thus left for conjectures and suroiises, which hM, of oourse, been taken advantage of m jst liberally. Borne are sufficiently psrvcrse as to beliove in Yalta, athera upheld the Katcba. l*erekop fiads many sup sorters, but, on the whole, Odessa or Kertch are the favorites. Yalta is out of all probability, as the anly road from tlieaee would only briog us bask to Balaklara. Katcha and fere'.;op are qjire possible than probable, and Odessa would require near tea Maes our present force. Kertoh or its ntighboihool aaems beyond all doubt oir real destination, aa I your readers will perhaps recollect ttat eorne three or foar letters back I dwelt strongly on the necessity of an ex ? petition to that place, as tbe only polat in tae Crimea where the enemy conll be really eenously injured, ani tha immense supplies which lie draws from tin coast of (Sreaseia and the adjaoent countries effectually cat otr When I thus express my opinion ttoat Kertch is the ulti aaate object of cur expedition, I by do meins wish to tofeT that the forea will attempt, a landing at that place. The great strength of Ki fortifications towards the sea, M tha Leopard, Highflyer, Ac-, lately ascertained be ytnad all donbt, would alone t* nler the idea of landing eat of the question. It is far mora probable that the troop# will land In a small bay about eight mltef distant from Kertch, and advance upen the fortifications from the rear without loss of time, and moot likely ?arry tha place with but ?iigbt resiaUaae. In ?ay sach attempt they wend of coarse be se eonded by the attack of the "hips fro n without. If the force did net disembark at Ke-tch or its neighbor hood, they would mot! probibly laud at rheodosia. an rtently the great eommorcial port of the Crimea. Under tha Tnrks It was always the principal ?.>at of the ooaa aeeroe of the peninsula. but latterly the His nan goveraoqe have striven to turn the trade to Kertch. It is still, bow aver, the moat Important commercial to an of the Crimea, ?ad its possession would give the allies entire command of tha narrow isthmus which connects the peninsols o' Kertch with tha mainland of the Crimea, just as the Crimea iteelf is connected with South Russia by I'erekop With thla view al>ne, Tlieodo.ila woull bs a most imjor teat place, as of course aay supplies frsm Kertch ra nt {nstaatiy cease But, in addition to this, Theodora wimwiski a solitary road to the interior and a mala roaato Aloushu, a town oa the southern ?ait, from which tha Russians wad supplies to ^impheropol aul Bach I Serai. In thin resptct, t tierefore, Tueo.l osia woul 1 be almost aa Important as Kertoh itseir, though un sloebtedlv the latter plaoe being the toantaia heal of toe mischief, would of Mie two be preferable. IX la not probabla that the troops would make anr at *?>* to penetrate beyond the coast, as though a small gcaportuai of iaB(i transport goes with the troopj, It wonld ha utterly inefficient to provide for the supplies of est march's. In correct statement of the force is -3,500 Riglfsh, an<1 Highland regiments, tappers and ArtUlen, Lann transport, and a commissariat ?'a!T. Toa ?agiah aad f rensh a<iKirals aoompaay the expedition. French contributs 8,00a men. Including a strong tody Of anglneere. D-iring the rr?W ot fhe 1st imt* Oal JulUeo wa? shot through the hea l, anl d el oj the ??ot THE SCBQE OF aHBA.9TOuOI,-THK ALLIED AR?Y IN THE CRIME ffsom the landon Tim"?, May IS ] The very latereeting letter whi".h we this day ^ive Irem our eorrespoadsnt in the Crinaja appears unter nom* diftdTinUgei. It hM b6iQ tin^ fo?? atalMd by the fragments of Intel' .gen 5e that n ? w II ^ in a day by the elestric telegraph; and, though t lese are too scanty aad too partial to do mush more than con vey the negative assurance that no great prorresi has >eea wade, still they are enough to taks thefreahasss aff the letter that coat's hy post a fo. f n'glit aftir. Tha* we haow that the state of things before .Ssbastopol on toe Mth, and at Enoatoria an the 27th, bat tip to th<? Aate bsen hasten of result. There is much graoleur aad promise la the description, and rne is forcibly r? eaile4 to the pegeanteiee of Wst autumn ttae lao'lnf, %he march oa the AlHV the opsn'.ag of the batter js, ?ad the paeaage of arms oa the fatal 25th; but sr* know -hat what we read thla day has all co-ns to noth'ng, that erery thing yet dene tears t;?s coirs t> Mtfclaf. The UgM of hay* doee Ml net M the picture. Progress, indeed, ttu? U DOMi Ou rcbfrt had just revtawed a saagaiAceat ira; oa th* ridge above the lehernaya, U he Might ktn done oa ihe Champ ?? Man. the distant vldette* of the enemy and on* aullea gua being all taer* vaa to Indicate tha reality of war. Tha men, indeed, wan in high apirlta, the b*nda filled the air with "eaaanea of opera*, the general waa figurative, tha ataO splendid and tha bortee in good condition. Tha Imperial Guard and tha French troop* on tha right bad a'ao been reviewed. Bat against thcae eigne of ratarning youth and apirits aim out every tli'og elae seemed to show tha siege at a atan lstill. The earthworks ot tha enemy were aull renewed as effoeta allj aa i he moaad at Woolwich. Shall that burial ltaelf a yard ?'eep, and .shot that penetrated eight feat or more, mace no pannasant Impression. There waa, aa theie always had bean, and aa thrre still is, vacillation of rounsels. The Turks had returned fiom Kamleseb 1o En patoria, aa tha French have sinoa returned from Kertch to Kamleach Iheie ware still the reiults of bung ling. "There wax* lota ot 13 inch shell* ant no fuses for tbem ; and there were lota of 10 inch fuses and do shells for tbem;" so wa now understand the argent de mand brought by the telegraph for tea thousand chells. There were sanguinary night a'Xair* for o>j?cta best known to the eogiueeis, but tending to no visible result. Meanwhile, tlie besieging ariny locreasts. Can rcbert announced to his army tb? expected arrival of 80, COO men, many of whom have landeu by thia time, as well aa a considerable portion of the Sardinian Contin gent Bueh isaMsetjnof the materials outofwbuh w^ are to calculate wtere we stand in the siege. Aa tho army bfcooie:! larger its progieas seems slower. We now wstcli it a* w .4 do the motion o' a huge ibip, or the appai ent reefldiDg of "owe mountain aa wa move cn oum lves. 1U vtrj cheats us, and we seem to statd (till. But, in f pita of ro many adverse appearances an) eorli manliest lua -*ioii, we are nevertbels*-! surely ap pit aching tha only solution So doubt, Sebas'opol, tuo ?trcrgesv the largest, the ?" st stored fortress in tie wcilo. defined for tliu conquest of two eon* .bents, was tot to be tak?n in a hurry or uy a handful of m^n, un less it were surprised, ur carrie in such a panic a3 pre vailfO aft* r the I attle of the Alma. Th? capture of it by regular siege is a work of number*, of flow, of 0b ill, and of money. lVi!/i the number* at th' camp, a i Eupu tcria, Constantinople, end on their \my f mm IP >stnp Europe, there uill before long br -00,000 nvn, who uill be able to diviile into ttoo ami's, one qf which can march into the t iiUrior in queit of the liuaian force* iti the fit! A. Wtftev?r it ?0?s, and whirever it esta blish) a lttelf, this w ll giv? an entirely new a<pe;t to tt-e *i?ge. As theie i* little d luht that till* will soon be ticnf, we venture to ask wnether we could rot ta*? the opportunity to release the allies for a t me from the mu tual inconvenience of a divided eor.mand? Wny should not either the French or tiie fcrgl sli tale, as '.heir exclu sive port-on of ttyo work, the operation* of the interior, leaving the otbei to piosecute tb> tiege with the Turn* and Sardinians'/ It nwjr l.e objected that ws are not nuoierouH enouph 'or *? fber purpose, and hare not caval ry ruffii'ent for field operations. B it, witoout go n* *0 far a* to separate the altla* altogether for different ser vice s, a distribution might be mtde whi ih, by cue army maiiily French, end tlie other mainly Sntisti, would render it pn?itile to pliteone under the eo tire command of General Canrobert and the other under Lcrd Hoglau. Th-ra h'.a, ibdeed, biwn much lttu than i.he usual amount of inconve^ienc* Irom a divided comnund; at lea-^t, such ia the crliatlty of the allies and the courtety of the geuerils, that mu^n l**a bts been coofessed than ->n any iorm?r occa-ion of tho alnd It la, lowevtr, quita Impossible butt hit er rors should occur from mirai m'sapptehentioa. t'aat de lav* should arise from the necessary interchange of opinions, ano tht'. the naiaraily promin?ni p!a:e a ae neral's <.wii soldiers must occupy in bis thought* should prevent him from beicg equally solicitous about tht ?old?f of hia ally. A divided commtnd navi-r was any tbingelee than an evl ncoe?>ity, which cinitita ei tie chiei weakness of i mailer State* in the neighborhood of a groat in'litary power. But, now that the allies have brought np thoir n im bers so ii- ar the proper mirk, whiia it Fis evident ?,bo KusslanB are fa*t exhsuatirig the r reserves, as weil aa t1 . cr Bupplie*. no exertions no cr>*t, xhmld bespirsd t? muster men for 'he impending struggle Fifty tuoq**nd add'tional men m'ght aaaily be raised with a littla maro prensure from home, from ths CoaVn^nt, from the do minions of turkey, and our 'own army in India. That number would be worth twice aa much and cost hilf as much this year aa the next: for year after yetr the work to tie roni wi)l l>e greater, an l our resources te?a H it dat qui cito cat, sayt the prov ir i, and what ws are po<r giving the Russians at Seba^topol will carU'nly have t <vice aa much ell'ect if done in h^lf t:ie time. THE CHAMPS DE MARS IN THE CRIME i? MAGNIFICENT MILITARY REVIEW NEAR BALAKLAVA The noao'ony of the camp was relieved today, (Thurfdsy, April 26,) by one of thegrrao *t military fpectacles it ha* ever been. th? lot o! most o! us to wit nnff. Tie wbole of General Bouquet'* army of obaorva tf?m, consisticg of forty live hatt<uiona of infa; try, tw< regiment* of heavy dragoons, an<i two regit!, at* o Cbatseura d'Alrique, together with a nu-nerou* anj w?ii appointed 9elo artillery, numocnug xty pieces, were jeviewed by Oeneral t'anrobert, w was ftcco?paaied by ? large and very bri. i*nt still, uy sevrril Kngiish General*, and by an immense "field" ci ou- oQlctTB. Tse in?p>ciion took place on ths riuge whinli forms the na tural defence of the plateau ou which tho Alliss ar" on campet*, and the troops took ground from the po'nt of it opposite the firat Kuss an baitery over Iaser m?nn to t'ae heights above the ic ne of the batt'e of Balaklava on tha !i5tli of October. At half put 2. the black columns of French iutantry formed ia front of the white fleM* of cmv \ta, or streaked the plain of the plateau wiih flashing lines of at-il, as they marcbed thoir various rimu', with the t*ys of the brght >un reileol?d from their a; mi, and the dash of th?ir hands filling the a'.r with the enaense ot opi ran. For tbe f puce ui' four or five m l >s they coull be >een converging and drawttig up r>*imi>nt aft?r regi ment on the extended ridge till they formml a *o'JJ w*U, living, yet motionieK.s, crowniug its summit. The gro ind was tco limited to contaia su -h n body of men evoa ia the dense m*iner in which Ihe men w?r? fo.r.ied, ant there was soon a do a We w.ill created by the arrival of fret>h regimiint*. The greater part of tha liUte nrjay must Lave been visible to th* Itu*<iaas on the heigh** over the Tchernaya, an J to the Cosfaca* on the radoubts and oo Caoroberi's hill in the valley. The spectacle of the review was magmilcent in the extreme. At i> o'sloc.c General Canroo?rt, athndoJ by his staff, and by General Rose, Colonel Foley and Major Clarcmont. arrived ^n tho ground, and was received b/ Ceneral Busquet and his titaff. The troops received the General with presents 1 arms. The bands struck up Variant pour la Sytin. The vivandieTes, standing hy the musicians, smiled the'r best. The g?U!en sagle.n, wth their gor,eous standards, were lowerwd, and (ien?ral Canrobert, bin hat trimmM with ostrich plumes, his breast on- mi with order*, monntwd on a spiil'M chnr;ar. followed by a brilliant stafT, and his e- quire displaying a trlcolored guidon In the air, and by this escort anl a auitn of generals paiaed aloogtbe long lintaof men. nov galloping to the left and now to the right between the intervals, to ia<p*c'. the various regiments. General Rstoourt, Gcaaral r^nzUad, Generol 1'enneffcther, a great number of utaff ofli :ers, a* well ap a ruck of Eoglih o.Ti -en on foot, aaj oa horee, and on pony, in all the varied uniforms and m if tl of the army, were present. The diy was very bright and fine, and the spe ;tncle was very biaatiful. As the (?eneral rode along he apoke from time to tim^ to tre oolonels of regiments, praised the artillery admired the condition of the horses, said a few words to the Zouaves, and flattered the Cha?o*urs Iodig, nas. Af fooa as Oeneral Canrobert ha 1 reviewel a oouple of divisions there was "an otMoars' call" of soom 10 battalions. The officers lormtd a square, and Genen! Canrobert riding into the centro aduuas*?d t ism with muc'i elocutionsry emphasis; but, as he turnel arounl from time to 1 me, I coaVl not. ca!sh mora thin broken sen'.eucs, eeoFcially the General *m very lr?v and very emphatic. However, suih aa th-y are, I will give you the Heraps we conld hear, and, as lb* subse quent addreaees to other Bsecmblages of Jdlfrs of which there wera t wo more, were little varied except la turns of phrat-e, ex him disreo .tnet Mciri?uri lea Officiera:? Malheureuiement pour moi, mea ocenpatioua m'cmpi client dc vena paaser tu rovrt<? pint lou ver, t; nials. ai je no vou* ranse pa? en rovue avac mo? ye is, .ia le faia avee arm co-ur. Jo voui prle de remercier vos aildata poor moi. an mom do I'Kmpeioar, au nam Je la Franue, pour leur dCivotion, leur courage, lour patlanoe. The General then dwelt at *?m i length on the priva tion* they had undergone and :he enluranie* with which they bad supported them, and complimented tke officer* on the neatuesa, cleanlines*, and order or th* troops. Amtdmirke l attention, retiring to the st vie of the aoldiers, he raid : ? Apropos, j'*i do honno' no>ivelle< ? vom sanoneao, que 75,(iiO h 80,000 de bo? eompatri te? dolveit arrlver dsns I : i> lft jours. II y en a Ui'Ji SO.OOO A Cinstan'inople. 'Avei oj* raufeita, Meaaleura, nous pouviona M*r;ir nos opj'rt<i>af. To another division he .said, molifying the expression, and giving it a wider significance: ? K'srgir aotre cerole. y ia'd oi vont oatror dans an* maifon, si l'on tr?'ivc la p'.rto ferm^e oo en'M par la f? ni>?ro, mata on y ?ntri>; et, Mexieure. je voua dis on y ai'rera, amt lull p'>i-te. a?ll par la tani tri pour afcalsser Ver^nell dc noi eanemia. Quaud denx /.ranaoi n?'itfns comitfe U frsnee it I An*li,te?rt aocisckant aiir qnalqiie cboee allo? aa lain client pa*. At another time he tald:? I.a I'rance et 1 Ansletcrre demaudan1. la prl? de .Sibaa'.o pol; ell* aeia prise, rti n?ua n'entr^ua paa par ?a p 'rte, nous I'satreroai par la fea? tre. In couclaaion, the Gen*rsl, raiding his hat, b-isflv aaid, '"Ifanjour, Metiieurt. " an I rode o!T to rtview t.'ie rest of the troop*. Tnese address.-! wera listened to with profound * leuce. Tbe f>ener<l nnd stall having Ti?wi"i*all the troop* took np ground near the ceetre of the position, and regim-n' after regiment nnrched pvst. A sullen g. n from the enemy dir-^ctad torarda the nearest ooluai'i from the battery ovir toe rchsraiy*. jua? before the French moved, footed the rlffdaate of the Ku*?1imi*, but the shot fell sburt acsin -'t th s aid ? of th<i plat'-aru. The troops ? a great t de of ir. -n? t'ae ecu ing of eack gaudr wave ii 'rildel by tUe cra-'i of martial nms'.r. as it rolled in eight over the brow of t'i* bill, crested with eparvl og boou.-ts. railed on for a.'arly two l.oors. and sei'm^vl as titough it a-oull eag iT t^ > camp in its vast swell CaM*eura a-I'ied, IniMtr^of tliwLine, Zouaves. Voltigear* sad Arab* p*l 1 1, oa si hitnn after column, till the forty-rt?? bi'.tallQa* gf f%l I jlii t Frenchmen li<ui rairohei before t!> ? troi of n?a who might well be pr-ju 1 of oommiadia; t!j?m. l ie ChatworR lu.lig.' dm, th?ir eiMrtay fases coo raitlar with their white turbine. cU.l in lirf^t blue, w' .? br^li* vollow fa"!nge and i'ailiin:* and clean fiiUni a. a I gieAvn, eboired li>* a bea of emu nst rt j *'-r ?. cat the Zouave* ru h?a br with thabuo/aat. elastij, *pr.n{ '"?t ttrad, which renvnieJ on? of their tlg"r ra^h toward* Itiairirton. nor wah the iioldierlik*, orl*rlf, and aervloeahl* loak of the line r?< it>?it<< U * worthy of comuiaooation. Tliea case tie r.iU of t'aa ar tillery, ani Id clocde of dmt, roJUoj, and bumoiQf, ail totting, a xtora of ganeaat carriar** ?*ept or?r taa broken ground for a quirterof aabs ir, tul gnat an! their carriages Qd'igojfl by. Tin Oeoirjkl lueo rode along the lltioa of the C<ia'*?"i d A'rlqm, :n 1 of the two regVnen^e ef Pragoiua whlcb ^ft#r??rdi <r-?ai pant at a quick trot It wanaaul IberiWire U,W) hor<e men In the fonr n^.n^gta. ani ihey cartifnly ftMatd ??. for any in'y ton horn and rata eoili ha e Ulei noun to execnte. The hor?*. though lurnt, are ia r*ryg)il condition. particularly tbi.eof the <:haa<eor<t d Atrlqi* Tba inspection termloatel thortly alter aix o'aloek] Ktfch regiment ae it daSlad pant the /olio rsi the of tha colonel, ant cried ? Rm I' En a* rt?T Sine# tbe ?dr*n:*of the wh*l* aU'?4 *r UJ fro* Beelewk le Uw Ahesoarejee IwimMh m fatm light. 6??. C*arobert reviewed the Imp* rial Guard aad the troops ob the rtibt, as FrMay, April 27, and tbe speeU ton put tb? blgheet eulog* ums on the ippttruoi of the mi, but I wfti cely able to witness the wfttw from a considerable distance, Mid caunot aay more than that the coup d'tril ?h mj beautlfal SEVERE CON EST AT THE RIFLE PITS? AP? ROACH TO IHE FLAGS r AFP BAT* TERY. With regard to the f lege ef Bsbaatopol itself, svsry thing won at ? standstill. Indeed, since thie expedi tion h?? been in preperat-on, the siege, it least with ae out here, seems * matter of second ret* important* New guoi ere going up, with Immense piles ef shot anl shell and powder, bat ibis Is ell. On the night of the 1st Inst, the Frenah hid a severe contest 1>:r the poaeeieion of the last two rifle trenches, which fmpeaed the progress of their advanced work near the Flag?tuff liattery. Ihe two trenebes were strongly situated, and so drawn an to converge their Ore upon the only ap proach ??kirnn> hing against them nnder inch circum stances was, cf oourse, out of the question, so the as saulting party, about 600 strong, rath d at ooce upoa the pit* the bayonet. They reeeivtd two or thri-e uiunerouH volleys a* they ran in, bat aMl kept on till they bad cloaea with and surrounded the trenohea lben a fearful fight took pia:e; quarter was neither asked nor given an:, a'ter a eliort struggle tbe eneoy'a rifltnen were all bavoo< tted, wilh the exoeption of two or three, wbo fled bank to an unfinished aavan oe work, which tbe Rusi'ans were throwing up Into this the K/ercb, elat*1 with tlieir success, instautl7 follow-d inc. tt ough they encountered a desperate res:ttsnoe, and so stained a sue re lots, rncceeded at last in etTt ting their entianc* at two or three points. Oace 'n, th* r way was essv A pacic eeemed to strike the enemy, who flea in all direction*. Numbers fell un:er tha French musketry, ns they tried to escape numbers were sur rounded and bayenetted on the spot. Not a prisoner was taken on ei'ler ?<(ia. Ihe Frenrh na''? no attempt to pursue their fo<i* be yrnd tbe advanced work as their numbers were const derabJy ibloned by their contests, while tho-e of the enemy would of coarse increase as they advanced fur ther. They therefore inatactly sat ahost removing their dead and wounded, wtlle others deatrojed tbe gabions and racist:* 01 the parapet*. Two large guns were spiced and cieinounted, and eight johorn* wete carried away. Oar allies effected their retreat wi?ho?t molestation, ex cept fiom tbe occasional fire of the Pussian batteries. The>r total Ins* in this affair was 1 and 46 m?n killed, 3 officers and 148 men wounded. Tbe enemy are said to have lost at the least between 700 and 800 men. Since this brilliant affair nothing of impcrcance his grne fcrward. Skirmishing tales place every night, but wl- bout any particular object, or at 1-ast withoat any particular result. Tbe clea<-ness of the nights now much Lincers our farther operations, aid at least a fortnight or to will elapse be I ore another bombardment is at tempted. The enemy have complete! an advanced tr< neb, which is only thirty five d is tint from our own While I writa, a strong reconnoiss.mie cf English and French is going fo/ward in the plain of Salaklava. This is intended as a blind, to cistra it rt.e attention of the enemy, and keep t em from observing too clossly aay mavi ments whien ni ght indicate that an expedition was about to have Balaklavs. Tie nevs of the burning of the Croesus reached Lord Raglan in e-gbteen hours from lA>iid?n, and by this t ine a message requires ?niy five hours for trans aiiniion, the lin? hiving been romple'.ed acroes the Dtnube. Lord atratforo <le Redcliffe left tbe Crimea early this mora'ug, in the Ca-atJoc, fir Constantinople, On Satur day hr accompanied Admiral Lyons to Eupatorla, and returned on Hosday. General Vivisn the comminder of the Turkish con tingent, who shrived la the Crimea last week in the Caracoo. has alee visited Kupit.rle, to communicat4 with Omer 1'asba. No men forTtie contingent have as jet be* a. enrolled. DESPATCH FROM LORD RkGIAN. Bkforb SuuSTurof., May 5, 18F 5. MY LOBB? Slao* I wrote to jonr lordship on the 1st instant, nothing of Importance h&s arisen, the enemy still appear to bs collecting troops upon the high groaeil on the opposite side of the Tcbnrnaya, in the neighbor hood ot Sebastopol, and convoys ara constantly seen moving in tnat direction. Tbe tire fiom tbe place upon oar tren?h*? has not been heavy; bat, notwithstanding, I hive soma casual ties to report to yoa, as shown in the as^ompaayog returns; and 1 h-ve to lament the death of t'ire* promts Ivp yonng officers, Ijentenants Cart'-r, of tie Royal Engineers; Cu-'ls, of the 46th; and White, of tbe 62d Regiments. On the niijlit of tbe 1st Inst , tbe French attasked a nd t f countergu; id which the Russians had astab ni 0 in fiont of the central bastion. ih> op' ration quite succecsful, nnd the enemy were driven out with great loss, leaving behind them nine si;, all morUri Oar allies have r^mnnei in tbe work, notwlihatandiDg the heavy fire to whi;h tbey have been exposed, and have eitatillshed Ih^msnlves therein, frustrat. og the efforts made by their adversaries to dis possess them of it on the following day, when a vigor ous lortis was repulsed, and the Russians were again great euflerers. The concuct of tbe French troops was very brilliant. 1 have, &?., 1UGL&N Tbe Lord i'anmure, kc. SMAR? ACTION BY A FRENCH FRIGATE. A letter from Kauitesch of April 23, ia the Muniieur tlrla Unite, recounts a smart action of the little French frigate Megi'te It was an shored oS Kupatorla, near 1he wreck ot tiie Henri IV., when th? watoh obssrved a party cf Ratsian eavalry on'the tongue of una which separate* ths lake from the tea. Tha brave Isk*nd?r Bsy, who is happily cured of bis wouud, advance<l to meet them at the head of about treaty horse, l'he enemy counting the Turks continued tbe march in faa cied security, when sadde ly the U^'cra p ? ho) a cou p.'ecl cannon balls into the very middU of their front column. The group, thus unexpectedly assailed, felt back in confusion, leaving some or tnair body stretched on tbe field The whole force timed and mads off with all speed, but the Men era. raising bar anchor, chased them as if she had been a horse. It was a wonierful sight to see her scudding along the shore and watching her opportunity to fire a shot upon tha retreating ttas sians whenever the slightest break in the ground gave ber gunners a chance ro sea them. On retaraiaz to her anchorage tbe M?gera received tha congratulations of tbe garrison of Eupatoria. ASPECT OF AFFAIRS IN ENGLAND. THE GREAT DEFORM MOVEMENT IN ENG LAND. [From the Manchester Kxamlnar, May 19.] The movem?nt for Admmietratlve Reform, wn'?h is all at once receiving support from so many of the Urge constituencies in the kingdom, proves, M aptly as any event of recent occurrence, the trite saying that tbo English aie eminently a matter-o' fast people. The whole system of adrcinistratlna han broken down. We know not where to look for alleviation to oar woanded vanity, ficce ? very part of the business is equally bal. From Lord Palmerston down to poor Captain Chrlstit, onr whole theory aod practice has been full of rotten ness. Cabinet ministers, adm rals, feteraU, comlnlaaa riat officers, have all been at faudt. It would seem as if Hnglaud were suddenly reft of every scrap of states manlike cap J city and executive vgor, and the nible ven ae), "whose flag has braved a thousanl ye*rs the battle and the breeze," is ail but hopelessly strau-i ed through the utter incompetency of tliow noble lords and right honorable personages who have command of her. To*re Is no denying that the pasture of affairs is provoking and amov ing in the extreme. Well may the citizens of Load jn beBtlr themselves. For our p*rt, we exrneitly wis** them success; we are heartily gisd they hive been roused at last, and oa'y wonder they hive slept over ths nil sance fo loog. Po us tho question is an old one. Yeir* ago we dointe-' out the evil, nnd strove a?akut it Then, however, the patrio's of the city, the very m?n who were foremast In the lite rseetlngs, shoov ttaoir heads, fo'.dtd ttieir arm<, sunned tb'-mselvei in the r* dlance of Downing street as reflected at Guildhall bles?*d their stars that so many du*.es aul lords wiuli take the trouble to govern them, an! left the i|ue-tioo of atolntstrative reform to the vulgar radicalism of the Nortn. The system was as bid thou as it is now, but af ?o great pressure was put upon it the crazy ma chine managed to get along Tie acute, far seeing business men of tlie city declared that the o'd coaci was the best upoa the road, and only changed tlmr opinion when it actually broke down, precipitating pai sengers, luggsge, a"d everything into the mire. fte rtcail taese circumstances bynomsan> for t%? sake of recrimination, but to evplain the peculiar (flea sure with whi-h we h til the present mov?o?cnt. It has begun >n I .on don, been repeated at HasflWld, Derby. Birmingham and Norwich, an 4 will shortl.- be w-ognizid in Bristol, Liverpool aod Manchester. ff the peop'.o of Manchester are among the iast to announce the r alho slon to the niovement, it is b*cit?e they have all along advocated the principles which justify and d-maud it. 1 he y did not wait till the system broke down befo;e they pro-lelmed it faulty; tbey saw an 1 pro:lalmed lie fact ?"o? ago. Wo have a tight, therefore, to regard Durselve* as the old staff of the regiment, and In this capacity to five a cordial welcome tc Messrs. Morley, Laiiar ami ICCulWgb, as sealous recruits to the good old cause If wo And any fauli with them it is that th?y do not go far enough, because they vent their newly acquired a.ifiu Msem npon the manifestation* of the evil, fargettla; that these outward wunifeslatinns h*ve a bidd?a sup port which rfq aires to '. e annihilated; that ths poison ous fcalt mast be destroyed by ufrootiuj the Upas tree whl' h it grows. bein*r tons at length fairly eis'<arketl in a com -non canse, Wt ua nearly asoertain whet we have to seem pllsh. K is no use beating about *lie bush; we must

boldly go right in and nsniil ths Hon In b<? lair.. Pte .question divides itself practically into two branches ?first tha occupants o? the tre?!?ury bench; aernonly, tb? Oiling up of ihe sabord'n?te offi ei of the alminlstrat on In both of these departments we have to cootend for Che application of ihe same prlnMp'o; in botl? we have U assert., net the abstract r<ht of ability of tUe first class to official appotntueots. hut the rijht of the people to have those persons selected la their ser ran U rhose ability gives the bast promise that the duties at tbe parUoufar appointment shall be well p*r formed. .It Is of some importance to bear In min i this distinction* Abil ty has no mors abstract right to pro motion is the service of the State tits it has m any private firm; hat it is tbe rig'it cf the 8tct?, as aisarenly it it its in ersst. to make ability .alone tbe test of promotion. Kj> chotee of the first minister is a thing cui g- nerit. He U nhoeen oa political crounls, and, since one man only his to be selected, and ka is neee*sir!ly one of the foremost of lila party, there i* generally founi in him aullclent persounl ability to justify the choiM. We are far from thinking that the mole ei cbooiilng the Fir it Mieister Is faultless. It is too much hampered by party considera tions. and is too much ronfkdOd within the fliinle of aris tocratic birth. If tbe House ot Com moos were truly a people's house, we de not *e? irby the F.rat Minister should always be a msi of high aristocratic connections. Rut allowing this part of the machinery of the adminis tration for the present to stand as It is. whnt we bava to demand is that the First Minister should surround himself with the abl?*t ma. We hsr# ? right to ask j bat ha should Dot feel hinaalf eompeOed by aay i?uli n party miMmllraii to Mil my Lord bia or um Mat Mbb the Marquis at that, (a ? flea, bat mould go straight towards tha b'fbest effleieney. W\M, in all oonseienee, it the tuutf Is tf something to be leased and farmed out to m em xciih bia name*? Is it m huge prrquisite, to be iK \ieh4 among the descendants </ swetstful lawyers, heroes, ur rourtaans f Are the left handed sprigs cf royalty ? it Ivrtrtous aristocrats whose noble Him commenced with the aid u us progeny uhich snorted in the boudoirs of the Du ckets of Portsmouth or 1 Veil Qvry nn, entitled , by birth , to uax rich and great out of the taxes, the glory, and the bh.od of Englishmen? This, without exaggeration, U tha tbeoiy wb'ch baa bitbarto prevailed; it to our solemn duty? a duty too loog drf erred? to explode its nhumo les? a?f hollow sophistries, and apply to tba mtntge E?t of tba *tata the maxima of political juatioe aad batirtlj ? ben ?aeh ministerial depart man t ha? thai been sup plied with tba aolest chiefs, tba naxt atsp la to carry aa aiialogona reform into all tba subordinate rank*. Tbia ia a d (Dealt, but not an impoasibie task. Eacb depart ment by itae, I la not more extent! ve and intricate man matiy or our larger commercial firma, where ability i? tbiougbout the only reco^m/ad teat. Tne chief tning r?<ii.i?ite ia to abolu-b the exiating ayatem of patronage, by wi.ich tbe government virtually ??lln ofliceo 'or TOM?", auc Wave tbe re- pontiile paities to fill up va'annes in the tan* wiy, ar.d on precisely tha same con ittioux aa a private firm It t jia ia a ditHsult matt-r lor tho?e sua rtpiilile and kirnl baarted men who fill tbe various de tartmentsln Lo?niog street, it wou d be welljuct to band '.be btisiueet over for a tew montls to Mr. Lindsay sen lils frt?nds; we warrant they will be able to cirry out tbe ebi rge. hnch in an outline of what we have a right to demand at the bants ot tba government. We know Lord t'al merston atfects a disposition to coacede it. Did ha nH aek Mr. La log to take ofli-ey Yes, it ia quite true; a e eik ot tbe Ororance Mr La iog was t.> have become, or. when beterup'ed to be appraitcd at do low a figure, a Vice Frtsidtnc of tte (ioard of trade, with a youthful lorn to gag atd fetter hiin. This is the homage which in paid to Intellect and tu?r t ? to be rated at something lent than th- in? liable advantage of having sprung from the chivthous llDiage of tba Stanleys, and to qualify its poe.-ettor to act as a lord's underling. The whole ia ?bt?r hypocrisy. It is worse than injustice? it is can t*upt a do insult. Not toue will the people sabmlt to be governed in '-the good time coming.'* SPEECHES OP ENGLlttH MIinarERS BEFORE 1'ilE CORPORA. HON Oh LONDON. | [From the London TVmes. May 17 ] The Bight Hob the Lord Major and tke Lady Mayoress, according to .lire- honored cuntom, jenty '? ministers, and a numerous and higblfr dtrtln iiuirhed party of Udies and grntl?men, Ust nifat, at a tuinptuous banquet at the Mansion House. The gueeU Win to kinnble in the reception room at six o clock, an* the arrival of ^e noble /wmier and Udy Palmer ?ten was ftoiiunecd about hill an hour lat6rv "M ban que" took Vice in .be Kg, P Ian Hal. which was deoo lated on the oocasioa.with the Sags of England, J ranee, Turkey and Sardinia, and when the whole of the p<jm" paoy ha. assembled, most of jhom were Jttlred in^ their oflic ?1 costume, the coup d'cril precepted by the brilliant spaxtiBtnt surpassed in dazxling splendor the Irapoalog npeoUc es. for which theie lestlvals hare been ao long "Vo A" we' re ''laid'* for two hundred andseventy, and smcBg the principal guests were his Grace the Archbishop oi ( ai<t?rbury, the First Lord of the Treasury, the Right Hon. Viscount Palmerston and the \ Id counters Palmer ston- the Chancelioi of the Exchequer, the Right Hon. jiir ueoige Cornewa.l Lewie, aod La^y Lefts; the L>ori 1 rivv s*al, hia Grace the Duke of Argyll, and the Uashesa of />rgjU and many other distinguished parsonage#. After some preliminary toasts bad been responded to, the Loed Mayob law he now came to the toast or tne ^nini. Be war honored on that occasion with tne pre^nce of Her Majesty '? Ministers, whom he w u sure ihey would all be happy to greet. (Hear ) Joha i Bull was proverbially adr feted to grumbling, bat with all his grumbling propensities, he was, oevvrthelM*, ready to put up with a great deal. (A laugh ) I Mayor i remembered lately reading in the L'fe of Nolle kens' ' that that eminent arttat cues o "Served to an ac quamtance who wai connected with the press: My dear I intnd. abuse me as much as you please, but. whatever jcudo, don't piss me by In silence (Laughter ) fccw, It appeared to him that Lord 1'almereton and his coleaKUts bad had tlelr fair share of abate; but al though they bad been placed in the balance. they had not been 'ound wanting. (Hear, hear.) Within the last ?ew jacinths considerable improvements bad been I effected in the public service, and, indued, a general officer had told bin that he was surprised that even the late ?<-m)nletrat on had done so much as it had, looking at the difficulties it h*a to encounter in commencing the I vlr after to prolonged a period of peace. Lord Pal irerston and his coa jntois had been called on to ander ttke the task wblch o htrs had rel nqu sheJ, and we oogfct all, thcreiore, to be ready to encourage ani stiergiben them in the exertions thiy were mixing for the guod of the country. (He?r, hear.) H* had much I j>l?anure in giving them; "ihe Health o. Her Majesty s I Ministers " (Cbaers. ) ..... i Viscount Palmkksto.v, who was received with applause, sato:? My Lord Mae or, ladiee and gentlemen, I can as sure jou en my own part, and on that o: my colleague*, tba* we are moat gra'eful to jou for having noticed us, not in the way of NolUUnc (a laugh), bat with voar accustomed hospitality, and with that cordiality which I utiaily cbaracieme? jour civie festivities. (Hear, I hear ) It must always, my Lord Mayor, be a mat:er of 1 exeat mi tie and Ratification when those who are charged I tbe coicuct of public affaira find that their mw I tionr. in th? public service have met with the appriba^ I tioi. sue support of the great body which is iepr,eeotel I by the city of Lonlou '.Hear, hear.) Jt is impossible I that any eet of men who are wortoy to be Intrusted wit'i I such a task e?n be Indifferent to the fa:t that in this I great eity are repiesen'.ed two great principles wh'Ch I torm the foundation of the po?er the greatness, anl I the prosperity of Knglaed ? I mean commrrce and the prinsiple oi civil sod political liberty; and ia proportion I as tbOfe who, I may say, are the crg&a-i of these two pru cplea nre pleased to approve the conductor the Jroverrm ntof the day, in the Kame degres mm. that I uoverrment be stipulated to insreass their exertions | in the performtnee of ibeir duty ? stimulated by the satisfaction of knowing that their efforts have secured I to them the countenance and suppor. or the country. (Bear, hear) You have, my Lord Mayor, a? I eemb ?a at your board to-night, not only men who are I the most extinguished In this land, but you hive alio collected around you the representatives of m%uy or I those foreign Powers with which we are on the footing I cf intimate relationship and iriendlinese. We see here I be representatives of two natiens in whi:h we must at I ibe present moment take the liveliest Interest, rhe one I Is the representative of that great country, at the head I of which stands that great man whom it wsa yourgool I fortune, my Lord Mayor, to receive and welcome with all I the hospitality which this city enabled you to aeoorl ? I the Emperor of the French The representative of that great powerful and faithful ally is now among ut, and 1 1 also perceive the flag of that nation dtsplaped upon your walls. We have here, likewise, the representative of the King of Sardinia, who also take* a part in the contest in I which we ?re engaged, and wboae troops are now stand irg side by side with the British army, ready to share I with them the dangers of the field and the henor and I glory of victory. (Cheers.) My noble and gallant frieod I tee Commander- in Chief, ha? told *ou that the British 1 army, at this moment especially, in the Crinea, is in I as perfect . a stale of cfltclency, as well In ito I physical power as In its moral qualities? as perfect in I r pi tit, ami tn everything which constitutes efficiency, as I sny British army that ever took the field. (Heat, hear.) 1 My Lord Mayor, we are now Involved in a great and ar I (Iqous struggle, and although it may be justly said that I we know little of this war except that which reaches us I from abroad? although the thunders of the cannon roar I far awaj from our snores, and the flashes of battle are I not F?en by our eyes ? although the |pressare of tbe oon test has not yet b?en felt witbm our land, notwithstand ing all this? notwithstanding that the war has sat l'ght I ly en ns, however heavJy we know it presses on our I antagonist ? still you may be sure that it has bsen and I will be our earnest deeire to terminate that war at the I earliest moment at which terms can be obtained that are consistent t#th the dignity of this country and with 1 the future security of p ace. (Hear ) For the motto of this country will h<? as I am convinced it ought to I be ? "IVace with honor, or war with victory." (Cheers.) The noble lard conjluded by proposing 'the health of the l.ord Mayor," and afain tendering him his own I thanks and those of kin colleagues for the splendid hos I pitality he bad shown them. The Lorp Mayor Acknowledged the toast, and then gave-' 'The Uuke of Argyle and the Hjuss of Lords The Pu?e of Aeotl*, tn responding, sail that he had perfect confidence In the magnanimity snl good ssnte or the Brit ?h people, who would see that It was for the in terest of the country that the great assembly of which he was bat an Inadequate repre sentativo should main I ta>n its high character for virtue and Independent. Thr Ifrrute of Petri wot happCy rj*wipted f t orn the action nj thorn ?rcidm'.al eddirt ami catual current* of popular I ftelina vhieh op-raifl cite where; a?d thr muU of a re cent debate nhowed that whatever temporary feeling ex ritement there might be o%U of dcort, the lloute of u>rd* v<u ever rea>ly to uphold Ut own dignity and Ui tentr of truth and jutiioe. While we were waging war abroad, it was most impoitant that there should not be a war of I classes going on simultaneously at heme. (Hear.) Th? doMs <!ufce eoicluited by proposing "Tnehealto of Lord J Russell and the House of Commons." (iheere.) Ixrd J. Rrssxix, in retaining thanks, said: ? My I/? rd Mavor, ladies and gentlemen? 1 have bien somewhat an tlcfpated in snjtblng I could say in behalf of the House I ol Commons by its having already been described at an industrious body. (A laugh ) We produce every I *rar a certain number of bills aim blae-boeke, which form a tuflioient proof, I think, of the I attention we devote to our dutiet. I trust that tbee bills and blue books produce sous fruit, though that fruit is iom? kmc ia reaching ma I torlty. and that ?ihey are of some use to the country. There is in the Moose of Commons a spirit which comas feom, en4 wMch sympathises with, the people. In I times of peace we have endeavoured to prom >t? the in ternets of the country by the extension of trade, tie amendment of the 'aw, and various other m*aaares which nnturally occupy the attention of the IIou?e of Com moos We. hove like wUe in tint' of u<nr shown that <ee I tunirathite tcith $hr people, and h'tve evinced our rea li nes* to i ecoml and iuv port them in the ererUont which tA<? "re wilting to male in defeno of the rountry'i honor I believe that that assembly worth iif represent* the people' and I think It is not true? although It was aj ?ta'ed the other dav? that there has been a ehanga in the aspeit of p?blie affaira? that whereas formerly wbtn Parliament m*t, the opinions there expressed carried we'ght with the country at Urge, and the of statesmen of various parties, psrhtp*, but all men of sxperisnoe and practical ability, teoited to form, and perhaps correct, the opin ion* of the country,? now, however, things are totally changed, and. Instead of that weight which for m?rly belonged to Parliament the country forms Its own op'nions for Itself, and Parliament doe* little elei Id our 'Inie bnt bow to and register the voice m public minion independently formed Such I do not b?li?ve to be tj'e case, kid certainly It ia not desirable that It should he so; becauee when the country at a gen*r?t election ctnocss the men whom the people think A, to repioenttliem. and to whom they can eon fld* their destinies it Is right and suitable that thoee on whom this trust hat go devolved ahould be able tooonslder pnb lic affairs with deliberation and authority, and at the ssme time is that spirit which befits the repreeentative giee?i>!7 of ? put Mtkm. I am conv.nstd that the r IBM *f OlMIM pMMM tkla fctTII of WOifht ?nh ibe ?eaatrj; ??<) ! tract tUl K will continue to txrcla* It; aad that a* the mm time, while imme ii ( tl ? taatitat of bo o< aatry. it will Mt aa ?nm )<'? to ail our defcat'aadM at d to the worll at largo, or ) o? a neb be' t? r It ia for a (OTorc moat to oarrj with it ill* btari* aad Bind* of a |mt and free people than to rule over a nation of abject (lave* (Hear, boar ) One or two other toaeta of a purely civic character fol lowed, and tbe ecmpany vliea separated. INTERESTING DEBATE IN THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT ON REFOR* AND l?HE WAR. In the House of Lords, OB th* 14th last., tb* Earl or Elleahoreugh's resolutions etmi up. They are u tol low?:? llat a bumble address be pre Banted to bar Msjeatr? To aitar* bf Majesty of our continue ! support in the prosecntlca ot the just and necessary war in which her Majesty is eBgsged; To declare the sincere gratification w!1h which we hare regarded tbe perfect community or counsels between her Msjerty and ihe bmptror of tba French, and have mm fri?iidl>nera established and Increasing between the Frebch people and our run- events full of hope for the future, to other nations as well aa to oursslves; To?xpmt our sdmirat on of the many deeds o' valor hy wbicb the allied forces 1b the last have tlluitrated iheir trotbtrbood in arms, and our aatigfaciion tnat the brave army ol Pledmoat ii now called to participate in their actions sad n tbelr fane; To ceclsie our persuasion that, amid all their dls?p ]o)Dtm?nta tbe people of this country still retain the i enemva feeling which led tbem at the soinmenoemeut < f the war w.llisgly to place a'l the means re juiied from iem at h?r Majesty's du post I? vhat they will stiU pro eel tbe weak ?ya<n?t tbe aggression of tbe strong? and bat tfcej are sot prepare ta consent that Kussla shall, y her inrreasing preponderance, so control the Tur? ah goveirroent as pra.tically to liold Onsiantinople within her grarp, * To scou.iBt b?r Majesty that, while we admit and Jamtnt ths pr vatiora to which war necessarily subjects ui rUctefl or tbft peop'e, we yet re n tore to &Mar? h?r J'^'y Jh?y wouid in so just a cause bear those privations without comphint it they could reel that the war had been well conducted? that the troops had not b??n exposed to any hardships wbi?h could hare been avo.deo by forethought? and that everything bad bien j dene to enable tbem to achieve deals. ve success. humbly tft represent to her Majesty that her people, suffering piirations on account of this war, bars as yet bid do such conhol&t'on; that, od the contrary, we c*n not withhold from bar Majesty the avowal or our con viction tbat tbe conduct of the war has ociasioned |11 ?rsl dissati?r*ct>on and given rise to just complaints; I and tbat we must humbly lay before her Majesty our deliberate opinion tbat it u miy ihnnigh the >?/ I men Jar public employment without rtgard to anything but I the public tert ice, that the cnun'.ry an hope to protecute I the uox succett/ully, and to obtain its only legitimate ob I ject? a tscure snd bonorablo peace. My lords, it ia now more than a year that we have been at "er? a jsrod somewhat longer, I believe, than tbe war iU*lf was expected to last by the ministry, that entered into it? andouring that period we have brought forward the wnole military force of the country ; such as it is, and MM the whole of its naval force. We hare bad no renson to be dissatisfied with the oonductor our loloiers and teamen (hear, hear); but, on the contrary, they have rivalled the great actions of those who hare preceded them in former wara, and hara been led on all occasions by Lnglisb gentlemen with their accustomed !&i "1 dr?,i0,,\ <Hear', h#Ar 1 We hare been allltd with the gieatest military Power in Europe? a I i?,"vt<0i slm^st our own equal in naval strength Tbere has existed tbe moat cordial uaion between the forces of the two 1'owera; and yet, my lords, obtaining as we hare obtained, so mush glory, by the aide of that gleir we bare seen unusual suffering, and, notwith ?UndiBg all our ttrength, united to that of Fran?*, not J withttaccirg ail the devotion or our troops, w* hare not .a* yet obtained .any decisire success, nor can any man say tbat, at the present moment, there ia any ex pectation of so doicg. TMs alone, my lord, would jus tify me ia calling your lordsbipa' attention to the sub jeot, and in asking you to consider what may be t*e causes from which this failure baa originated, and what are tke remedies which it may be expedient to apply. Vary rewntly, too, another event has taken plac?, which tires a atill grarer ebaraettr to tbe war. The aegotia t ons at Vienna bare railed, and th*y have railed in such a manner- tbat Is, by tbe production on the part cf Kuiela of propwal* which were perfectly inadmissi ble? (bear. h?ar;? as to afford the apprehension of a protracted war, as well as ot a great contest. My lards tiBd?r these clrcumstarces, I reel that if any apology be necessary for now ca ling your lordships' attention lo tbe subject, it is sn apoogy ft r not haring brought for ward tbt question at an earlier period. (Hear.) Bat, "jf sin;* acce?sion or Lord Palmerston to office there baa been a sort of torpor in pubUe affairs, I j no tbere has been natbing to induce any man to bring ..TYu Puhl'? question. If It hid rested I J! , n?ble lord, the torpor which has existed in I lariisment would hare be?n extended to the publio | n???d, for the rery first measure whieh be attempted to carry was a measure for the purpose of stifling the Ooa> miltee of Inquiry into tba state of the army before 8e bas-opoi, a committee Toted by a great majority of the I ? 01 Comn">?>?) ?od supported almost unanimously by the people of this country. (Hsar, hear.) Strang* and siigular was tbe coorae adopted by the noble lord for the purpose of inducing tn* House of Commons to rescind the resoluik-n at which it had arrired. Hede sired to be permitted to appear In the world's masque I rade in tbe Liltorical character of Richard U , who teU, I aa history joints out, because he exercised undue pri rate partiality, inatead of a desire for tbe public gool, I appointment, of persona to afflce, and bec*u,.e he I uit?r!y disregarded theopin on? of tbe public. Bat, ray lores, it was repreifntel tbat Lord l'almer aton was the fittest perron to condu<!t tho affairs of the coun | try in time of war on account of h(s military ex peresc#. Now, cerUinly. tbat noble lord h>s dur I log his political life, now extended orer a considerable period, I or a long time keld the offl;e of Secretary I * ow' olio* is not bj any means connected with the ( iiettion of wsr, but has only to deal with the ntancial affairs of the army, but, nevertheless, he baa be?n reprnented, because he so long h?ld that ofliss as Po^eiking great m.liUry experience W* hare recently lound that Mr tir-ney H-r&ert, who lately occupied t'je ?L0V?'0?,O i. efV? at w*r, rery propsrly, aslthfnt, In tbe dU charge of duties of a public nature, assisted the noble duke who was then at tho head of the War Depart ment, but that was by no means done by him in the character of Secretary at War, nor ha 3 the Secretary at ".?"eh anything to do with tb? direction of a war. If Lord Palmerston, holding that offl:ef asquirsd great I military *xperitnoe and eeteblisbed a great military re Dutation that circumrUnce must bare been known to the ja.e Duke of WeUiogton, and would hare certainly tended 1? W,ln d#*'.rS ^ wUlB hlra tn the ^administration ? 1 do not "??n to say that e t WeniBglon did not entertain a high ?!???? ?' Loid Palmer stoh's mll-tary capacity, hut * ?he circumstance which Isads me rather to ihfvLl^r W n,d "? 'Ittlng by the side of the Dul* of Wellington in this bouse during the unfor tunate difficulty between himstlf and Mr. Husklsson, I winch lert to the re^lgDaiion of a portion of the gentle men who teen formed tne coalition government The I Duke of Wellington was called out of tbe house oa the i fcnl onhu Mturn he sai 1 to me, Hiat wss Lord Palmerston who wanted to see me, in order to te.l me tbat ir Huskisson went out he woul^ !n^'.e for U ,s not for m? ta great f ' (Loud laughter | Such, at that ) ! tbe oplnioB ot tke Duke or Wellington. Now, I will not pretend to say that the snail bird may not in subsequent time* bar* attained to th* dimes* ons, per ^IfJ ,0h4n;<:t*r' 0,tlhe ?Ml? daughter); .Ull, at th* I period w erred to, such ss I hare stated appeared to be tbe op'nkn or the Duke of Wellington. But a short time ago ths public instructors of tbe country Informed the per pie that the man of all others whom it was necessary I to j lace ta th* , ositionof Minister was Lord Palnerstoa I , .7"', n'? lh* phrase in rogue, '? the roan ?/ the ?linaMon. " Nations will sometimes Indulge in I I 1 1 un, i u" wbich occasionally afllicts la U ?r*Vfy a ftncy- This weakness was 1? hy th? ?*?P,e of this country, and tbat hap i the people wbieb ooctMonjUIj happeo^ to indi. ?Idu*ls who indulge in like weaUneasug? ncmelj, repen I iV.kJ ??fi. 5 V?w*. ?* indulgence of the weakness. iJ! lbw< ^ hardly s*y people so ready aa the people or tkis raontry to gir* themselves up t* the ad miration or sn individual ror a abort prod. Kor a short period- but for a very short period-nothing c*n exceid tbe warmth of uflVction and acmrration whiah thsy I far some individual, but a oiange soon com*s IV! "srmtb of ???ction Is s.>on followed -5 Ind ffer. nc?, more tban equal to ths intensity of tb* aflmiratlon b*fore enterta ned. I fear that at the preMBt moment tbs feeung of ths people Is in that ooid It .bv"e becoD?# gradually dUappointed I at their adoption of the man whom the? fhortly a<ro de Whu?..": Xbe*"\?f ^ governmsnt. (Hea',^" h,i i^n in 'J1'4* of torpor the pu^Tia I baa beeo thinking, and the public has oomt to certala concluslots, which appear to bs ju^t, as to the conduct ?1. ?*_ *'' ** thejPfans ta bs adopUd in future I S a P?rpoie of aTOidiag similar di- appoint !iieutn to !?o*, J experienced The p.opfebare arrived !? i-i? ????? u,'on-that it is necessary in the selection # isdlridual* for public snsplcj men's to regard thstr that ?nuLin<I 1 ?\at by f4vor- 1 n:)t a conrert to for It baa been at all t:mes th* principle w i ? sct*.i wheaevrr for a ibort t^ms I hare rTnr! "J* p0weri *Di 1 ctn fro-" expe rkar* of Its adraatages and its dangers clear, hear ) aiwrar' th!(f.V<J!?* ?" J?r publle ,D<1 lu dangers / u lh*f- " his jatinclple of T,fi_ ^ i b,*TH ?e*a diltster con T r,Kf, d ssourasement Into eothusl I 1 iw ***n Pnhli* conB<l?no0 re-established; I have b"c Prosperity carried te aa ustexam uled degree been ?' anr Pror oas psri .d, it has ?tUin to; and I hare b*ea able, in a very great measure, to traes all thes* adrantaees iu E! ^te to the adoption of ths praalpie of rewarding xlsly th*8ta*.so/ Individni's a their selrst oa for publle employment*. (,H?ar. h?ar ) PifuJ Med, at th* *am* Usae, to in'omi your lord 'her* is this danger to th? Individual who ?ct? on tbet principle? that he is anrroandeii by tM?r sens, by 4|, appointed jobbers, and by litU* mln'sd men <Jepea< ing or their prose ot ion on patronago and faror wliowiU animated by th* most nnscrupsloosamm isi*y' th* constaat, uniform, an] ngilaet suonort r,f n,u ^ pie, on whom It cou d alone d*p.Dd for support (FlSt-' feBSSKtl with tl^t rfMXr. 0#tb.TU. *nd , re<ess, whatever m'eht have been the success or asits ??? i. ur \sg i he period wbil* Parliament was not sitt.n,r Bt' "d the announ^msat of the opfntrnt of tho?? who' wer* la tb* habit or Iea4it> parties la Parliament, at ovVe gar* a dirsaUon to publle opinion aad brought It iato a rtfbt aad saf* ooors*. J fiats^'rarsiTvsz -?? jfa^iaate: g&^*v5l ra MssttfS s^ragf tho&e whom J UiO(J cull iitkj( mmtl V\^ * ft^xrszigfir feV&dsm <Ai'?0i /Wn {,,?, groining up in cuiuurv It 2S* oiwitfiraUe claim. ft now the l^Unce o? publ.c I , bow the imporUnoe Sf en.lL^r^ tB SwsL'1* ssS&fl ?Tift taSsjnnssrrstxSs t verj thta* ^fo "th^^ J0Wn 0n *??!? tWibuuS b7!rul t i, ?Hi? wat,r". i| :n7?l^ convi^i^ lb#ut i/^Vuf^ the'g^i w'Jrtij (Hear. ) I mu7" for the ^ *? ??**??? our lo?!?hlfi? to place th'a Ho?? i, ,.0' ?opl?. (Ami. ) 1 m?|je it for tb8 B * <^??t ot Jhj jou to go to tie fcot of tb? throne as tLe f^tw ? ? j return of puLl-e opmion, (te.r*' 10 her Mbji>h v tb* extent of pnOlic diaaatiifaJtion the fin ot of public complaint; to siale ?<> r determin^B .OB .nd that of u e D 0pl. t0 a*M,t hlv M^ty^ the re, ourcw o> the cou.itrr in the pr >.ecutlon 0f a iu,? ^??????Mjwar, bit a> A> iame t.u>? to atai/ *?!? !? \V C<'*errtp*ut be con lucted on thJ roe public j> j ir ci ? of se'cctin t men fo ? snnlmnnt i^9 bear t**!*'0? f, ,''r n""nM "f wring the State (UearB tbit of T l"" f >l' uct of th* *>* rn?a? lil^l ?btoh be wished to commit 3 Mt 52tef^JiJS. r>-^"D,Tut^nT^J 5fe?S$5^%jgg S& Srt? 2&&SsE j5* i &tWSS,tf3 s^ss6^%a^?5?s3a by thi Bufferings bad be, n caused , ,?, ^" v1 *2 "J0?* tbe exenieof mf^locrl.T, which ?u?Slif!SS'3 atead of so*rinjj ahave It with .J1 V 10 ,J,tem- !?? It was that nu^ *, of Bind wW hfe?,o! mindt tor. to that Bouse ; lt wwlffi? and V"1* "gfl had sent Mr Ynri- uTH "w,?18> ?&<* not faror. that! lot to read such a concoction of assurances u Stmt irth" 4 cne conld Ti#* the sufifermg? of fl army with greater regr-jt, but he ooald not admit ih^9 tbope f ufferinga bad arisen from the nSacSnJfS if KOTfrnKcnt at home. We had Puffe?? t f."i Earing b*en involved auddenly in war after fort r v?aSI of peace ?nd economy; and if the army m he wL h^l ft w^ ? U o w In^1 ? ' W.t4 re^>T"rln?r from its misfortune, I retHeve Tl?m >, (v. ?^ thAt hlu3 ?*?" made tal ?b?h h.d ^ta?MMaU/^MH?naSl S4TKWf2 fftta? Sf3 * p?'8 }*>?? resolution, to condemiawl^ Sf thJ fownmrat; but he forgot that he an.' hit frienri.I S . f? ,n 0PP?rtnnlty not long ago of foro^r^fl adm nirtraticn if they chose, and that th?? h jl Ki )ht tMk- ^? f?r from viSwiag the%on^l publc opini.non a gov*rnm<-nt wi U apprehaasion hll tboucbi that act o? aalutarv but the nnhii. _ *!' ^ & 1 35 lysa jSft Tte to aV? tu arm 'he "wulive with renewed I ?SIS7 ?nthe ?r?twar inwh:,b the country! fMM to the"?'"^ ' ?aPnd?- whiTbadb^n I ^nVfVo^^Vhrriv^r intin,^j w* ???\ dared &ftlf SflE tn a ahort, but able speech, d?. the arouBil *? 10 OPP?J0 the rewlntioof , on I tn? ground that the m nfunuows trhish had befallen th* I JffiffSSESZ*'*? l?" ?'?????. i?r. '^n^ough'anrJuUl^e^paf^ the ?" | 5S5^^?i!SSKsS^2e^l ;o tl e exclusion Of fact being tbat offices of gre?t 'rust anl im-vwt? 'v II been cff?rfd by Lord Pa'^r'to. tn wi ^porUnje h^l from tie middle clae^ eatim * hw\w rlwal air.^/?thw"^^""5ss isata-trsaH 11 or 1 be resolutions .::::.:::::::;::::::::::;ij} Majority ? - Their lordihipa then adjourned. THE PRESENTATION OF MILITARY MEDALS BY QUEKN VICTORIA. [From tbe Loudon frtsndaro, May 18 } The greet cistributron of msdala tc thoM members of the joint servir>s of tbe army and navy who have re tstned vottdtA or ItTklidei from the campaign in tti( Crimea, took pine* this day <a the "CUt Yard" Howe Guards, witn all thi eclat tx St ting such an occasion. To s? j that tbt ???' nt was grand and Imposing would but faintly describe 'he ep<ctaole toat was presented, a* the eye ranged frr.m side to sMe, and from end to end, over the rait area that was here opened to the view. It was a great mUi-sry cr njooetration, that lias rarely, if erer, found its park 11*1 in thin country, and farms, m it were, a new feature a lis miliary history. If the "pride, pomp and cirenmrtance of war" be at any time ''glo rious," bow greatly is its interest in ^reared when the occasicn that has called the demonstration forth Is to acknowledge and reward the services of those who hare gene frrth to hettle in the defence of the liberties of mankind, wbo, having fought an bl?d in their defence, have now returned to receive at tbe bands of their sovereign that honor wbtch they have so well andeo no J)ly won I s W The orrssirn, as we have said, therefore, received the double inter'S'.; ano never was public fesiing and sym pathy n.oie thoroughly identified thin with the object that this day canard thoussnds of the wealth, beauty and fashion of this gr?at city to congregate tigeihsr to do honor to the heroes o* the Crimea. The weather waa most auspicious ? ever reaarzibleoa any occasion wben Imr Majesty is pleased to honor a public event with her presence? and formed a mast agreeable contrast to r.o many of those dark and cold days to which we b^ve for so long a time been accus tomed, and greatly increased tbe magnificence of taa seme. To describe minutely the preparations that had been made for the occasion, would occupy *oo much time and spaee; but it may be observed that nearly in the centre of the parade wan eree'ed the dais or platform, covered with cr maoD clota, approached by three steps, on which was placed tbe clu'r of etate appropriated to the use of her Msjeity ; and immeoiately behind the chair, from an elevated position, eas hoisted tie royal standard of England, wbick floated >n tbe breeze. Over the principal entrance to the Horse OuirJs was erected a spacious balcony, covered with crimson cloth sod otherwise decorated, surmounted by a canopy, which was cccupied by her Royal Highne'-s tbe Dachess of Kent, tbe Prince ol Wales, tbe Princes* R-jyal, and the other JuvWilJe rr, em hers of the royal family. On the right and left o' tbta entrance were also raised seats, covered with crimson, on which were sealed members of the House of Pe?rs, peeresses, member* of tbe Hjuse of Commons, and thrk lad<es, and fr ends of the Command er in Chief and Minis'erof War. the summ.tofthe Hcree Guarfs, the Admiralty .ihe Treasury, ths Duke of York's Column, the tops of tne houses n Carlton Car eens, and indeed every available spot froa which a view, however distant, con Id,, be obtmmed, was crowded with n t'ense mass of baman beings; and it was truly surpris ing to tee tbe mnst flaegeious positions cho?en by not a imall number to obtain a glimpse of the magnificent ipectacle tbat was presented below. The ground was taken up at eijhc o'clook by the Are? regiments of tlie Foot Guards, the Life Guards and tbe < tli IwagcGDf, at which hour, as far as the spaee appro Haled to tbe public would allow, it was nearly fully occupied. Aaongst the enrllest arrivals of officers we observed ?Admiral I?rd George Paoltt. Admiral 81/ Thoeen >fait 'and, Captain Ayret, Admiral Rulkeley, Ctpt. Riiharde, tcmmo.ore Kuter ntendent Wysell. of her Msjestr'o Dockyard, Sbetsness, and a. large bOJy of military anl naval officers whose names we were nnable to obtain. Precisely at t*n o'clock his Roysl Higbn-m the Duke of Csmbrldge, in tbe uniform of a general eiTUer, todo up, attended by Oolonel James Maclonald and Colonel JcneS, his eqnerr'ee, and Maior Chiton, hlj a'de de camp, and as be approached the place of hinor he waa received with loud applause, which he repeatedly as knowledged. Major May ne. wbo baa command of the Turkish con tie gent, WM Hoognised, and the peculiir Anglo-Tare? Uniterm which be wore exeited n good deal of attention. At a quarter past ten o'clock tbe Earl of Oard-gen, in ? busiar general's uniform, entered the p trade, at tended by hie elle do cnap, and his presence gave rise to renewed sad general ebeeriag Amongst tbe oflsere wbo immediately followed we no Meed tbe Hlght Bon. E?al Usrdinge, Cimmanderin Chlef, accompanied by the venerable I<ord Oongb, witM whom be for seme time entered into conversation; the ^ hero of Afghanistan appearing In excellent health and' splr<te. Lord Hardlnge, on this oesasfoo, wore the I word given to hJm by Ue Duke of Welling ten at Mta,