Newspaper of The New York Herald, 3 Haziran 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 3 Haziran 1855 Page 2
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IBS PmiDFLrm fflL?D wtrwil council or THE Know Hothings, or Hew American Party. ?pinions and Suggestions of the leading Jour nals ef this >ew Movement. Richmond (V*. ) Whig, fornerly whig, latter ly Knew nothing with a condition or two.] *H? PHILaDKLFfll.V CONVENTION. Tk? Naticnal Convention ot th* Know Nothing or Am* rla?n pitty wib^Im in Philadelphia oa fuMty next. It is ?( the first importance In our judgment that it alMkhl be compwe l of the wisest and bait men of the ? m* a of judgment, prudence and sagacity? men ?i M?1 heads and brave. loyal hearts, for npoa that bod/ *#1 cctoIv* duties and responsibilities 01 tbe grivsut ?kuutrr, and the remit of its deltberat ion will deter mine for weal or woe. tbe destinies of the new party. It 1a ikeleti to disgui >e tbe fact that many blunder* have bet n roaatr itted wbich might and ought to hare keen avoided? that tbe leadership and control of that tarty have keen neatly in tbe bands of men without pohlical t xp? re nee or politi-:il influence- and that ita Iriaapb In Virginia hatb-en defeated, not ho much from B?y particular defect in ita principles, as from want of ?i*per and skilful manageaieut. We nave no objection ?? w.aks, and grlpi, and signs, and passwords ; but leea attention to tbese, and more to essen iale, la what tbe well seing of tbe American par J new absolutely requires. l'he ti ne hat com* when the public wUI be sathfied with nothing less tbea an openly- proclaimed, broad, national State rights pfatferm. and the action of toe party. North and Feuth, in ntrict conformity to it. It will not do to mince Matters; but you must go to work in errnest, address your, elves ilihgeaty to correcting errors and re oruiieg abases and a. Id such improv>m?utii as practical coaiaou s?n?e, txperlence and 'oreeant may deem adviiabie, politic and just The National Convention bas an im portent task te perform: and it it fail* to meet the pub tte wants and the public expectations, it will have as sembled in vain, ana the Order is at once disbm -ImI. ia we have >a.d, we ctre little aliout the machinery ?f the new ergan 'ration, though there is much even in that. il we are to judge by the published ritual, wnlch might be di?peas?it with, not only without imp-tring tie efficiency of Its operations but 1o the manliest and ?'? an ed ao vantage ef the Order in removing many o! the prejudices which now nisi In tbe public miud again- 1 ?a. There is in It much of flummery and stuff, oaptivat tng eneegb to the fancies 01 cutl Iren perhaps, but not eper ally ?<*aptel to attract tbe admiration or excite the applause ?f grown men let tbe Convention, vh le t? taming, if it chooses, the signs grips and passvor's of Aeerrtr, lopotT all useless e?cre?encei, and it will, to a great extent, disarm eppositiou to the party, provided U adepts a bold, explicit, compreheaiive platform. Abo tbis is tbe sum tod Bubstancn, the pith' and p-riat ?f tbe this* at ast. We, and tbe wbole country, end ?specially the South, ars awaiting in anxiety tas action ?I the Philadelphia convention ou 1 his > ubjeot. A plat kim must be agreed upon, and a ri^ht one at tint; for ?vrrythiag aow depends upon it 'We believe, and have ?ilea expressed the belief th$t. tbe Know Nothing* of ?he North, outside of New England, are soun'i, cnnierva ttve, national, I n '.in-loving men, disposed to r^cognioe tbe eontututicnal rights of the South, and to aid ia toe ??forcemeat of all laws ? tbe fugitive s ave law included ? pasted for their piotec'ion. We believe, too, that tley are wilhng to subscribe, heart and soal, to thsgr?at doe tn?? of Bon intervention? to concede that Congress has power lo interfere, directly or indirectly, with siavery In tbe States, and do power to exclude the people of tne Swctb, with tbeir property, from the Territories. We be h eve, ate, that the/ are opposed, an) will have no he sitation ho expressing their opposition to the unjustabo btton doctrine ot ">o more slave States." In sbett, we bebeve they are conservative and pa ^tsiotic in all their views and feelings? national in everything, sectional in nothing. And thus bslieving we indulge tbe confident bope that the Phila adelpbla convention will speak 0at, plainly and above beard, with one voi'M, upon all t1v>ee questions. It is fa tile ta attempt to patcb up a compromise upon these po<nls Tliey must be met? met boldly and satisfaito s?y. the t^outh neither can nor will conQdi in or give ite sappert to any party, no in itter by what n\ms it May be called, which does not come out un?i|uivjotllf, and oroolaim it.s allicsion to tnesaviog princ?pl t of uob biterveBtioo It is useless for % psrt> to sad itself con servative. net'Ona!, I n'on loving, if it is not willing to sqaare its coudoct riy its professions ? an : its pritfessions, tain, slisnld be pit in a oednite and tao^ible shafie. It wtU net ealy be just and rigat, thereior*, but i*. will be tbe height e' po:icy, also, tor tbe eoove ntion at I'biU rfelpbia to express itself in umniMtakeable t?rms in re gard to tboee prominent, vital, all absoroing ijuestions M whisb wa hsve adverted. Oe? si ohi about the abol'tion Know No*.hin<*, with Wilson at ih-ir hend Our advl e Is to atlov ne.lher Wili-en aor any of his n^rpe to take se?ts in the con vention. Kv?n tbough they come forearl voluntarily 4DS my they are willing to titke the "l'turd l)e g?ee," believe not ,n toejr sincerity Plel^e?, nor alligations, nor oatbs, can ever bind such men as Wil s?d, o< NUseacbu-eittr. Therefor*, kick bim an<l all su .-tx ?at ?f t lie runvention at tae outset, t'urge, purfy ths u'ft at the Norta. an 1 you will then MUtrttt ? >rr? ?t Batlousl, coDBtitntional oarty. before which all the ot.ei er elTete pirty oiirautsaLions of tie day will be computed twelve place, l.e' not the taint of abolitionism attivsh b ?ny mitoner to the Ph ladelphta ronvention. 1b ccacliiH-on, if tlie results of tlw deli isriVons of i hie b<ioy shall te satistactory to tbe >outh aod tbe pa static msn of ail sections of tne country, the American party will '>e invincih'e. If not, it ia already nuni ierel with tbe things that wore. We have l>n< sin-e out ?ese fri.m the aootitloni/ed Northera wUigs; and, un Jet-e tbe Know Nothing cunrenton at P? 1 nieiphi^ a hall preeent ?o toe people an acceptable aud honest pUt orm, ?n?b as we have indicated, then we are free to o?Vm that we shall lienoelorth hold them, as we hoU all other ?aemies of the South ? at dagger's point. [From the Unllalo Commercial Advertiser, formerly whig now Ktiow Nothing ] THE KNOW NOTHINGS. The National fouvntion of the new party will a?sem Ufe at 1 hilmteipkia on lucslay or d?x wetk. Its po sted ng? will ne looked to with great >nt?*r-<?t by all who hostow any attention oo public tfftin. It i - the tire t as eemhline n which tbe whole pirty ii repfi-ontod, and tbe wiadoin of its aetion dipvnds the future success of the new movement. It if ?xfw<-teil to lay down the alatfrnu of principles on which the pirty, %f'er duo de ll be rat on determue* to stand. It is expected to decide all unsettled questions of oigauization. It in exoected to roaeult en the arrangement* proper to be male for toe next Presidential campa'gn, in'.o which the party, aot?itr.rUD jiu^c its recent orip in, in powerful enough to enter with stioDg hopes of controlling the result Wo believe the uehb-rations of this body are more I iely to be wire, and the plan* it will adopt weil considered, than H the tco sasgu.no expecta'ions of the pirty had b?en icabzcd in the Virginia election That election hai de moostrated that the Know Nothing* are a po werfui and tormidtbie jarty, and even in its infancy, before it is a jear old in tut JHtate, an object of terror to its oppo neat*. They were obliged to nuke unwonted exertion* %o nave themselves from inglorious deieU. Erin if com plete returns f>tiall .?bow t at Wiie is elected, it Is piteut to everybody that h*s and n s party were iu im.nin>*nt penl- a peril no great as to interest tbi wiole cojntr y nore deeply than It wan ever before intareitad in a me.-e State elec'.ion. Havirg given this demonstration of its p9w?r, in aldi tion to it* uniform merits in all tbe o her recent elec tions, tbe new party has nore^on tobe aimatlsQed with the remit in Virginia, even if Wise is e'ectel If the defeat of the Kcov Nothings in Virginia *!i?H teach tha paiiyrom* laiutiry leMOna it neen to ldtrn pr"Moat Aifeat wi'l toodoce to its uUttuiv ruueess There is a eirius ihortlivel su ?-??*.< wolth depend* on mere pr?n>tige, and a reputation (or inv'n.-.ljilitv which a puty tbat experts to barren io'o solidity may have too much of. Wl,>'u a porit'osl pirty -?ecomet ?o ftrr.ng, or fanci-s iteelf so t'r injr, thit i's nomina tions are equivalent to an election, i- reactive of tlis Iimii of tne candidate, it is on the vary venr* of d?s teacnon. If a prty is fro rig enough to elect waaW, little or incompetent men, such men will be busy w.th petty intrigues to secure it* support far public office. Aed when the public see that a gr>'?t ptrty ii degraded tat* ? mere in* Mum nt for foisting grasdy an l ^rainle-M pretenderr. iiito importaat ofliees, triey *r>- (llied with in ?ffable dUirust. The down ail of a party that lenls itself to tie ro prostituted is not far off The Philadelphia Convention, treading close on ths heel* of the Virginia tlectioa, will be helii at a time very favor.. "le for sober, considerate act<oa. We hope ths party wHl have tbe wisdom to allawr itself to b^ iastrust od by events, and that its di-<*ppointmeat in its recent wver confident predution-i will produce a temoer of iniud which will di>p??e it to listen with attontiou to t.tia ad viee ef its friends. Tbe party has horn ? th ng? t> learn; aM if it expects the aid of an independent press in ad vaaeiog ite interests, it mus*'. be wiil'ng to pay some da toreace to IU counsels. The press has twootn? too poteut | and influential, and is t?o cormiious of its power, to fol low servilely in the wake of any par'.y. anl ttoiely ob?y the babests of its leaders. It iesls tli rt its province Is to direct rather tban follow, and will be jealous of aiy attempt to aeocmpl ?h by nitre authority and dictati->a what it asserts its right to do l?y open, in<tepen ent *o1 ??aaly discussi'in. It claims. its peculiar fanetim, eformatiun of pnblie ipin on. aad w^l notio^ign iut> hand < of partisan oflice seek-rs a power which its ?esse of duty requ res it to w eld for the pTiblis good Tte great euece<?s of th? Know Kothioif* uith?rtJ "v?s teralted mainly from t' e ??at snd dem >ralw*d eoudi Boa ef the eff?te politi.-al ja^ties. which it Is a pa?t of its naaMra to deoiolt-b The rapid growth of 'he party ii a 1 taction of tbe public m o"' against the rHe dem? twguism which has of la'e years c jutrille I the poll-.i'S< of the eooatry The people nad become ttrod of traiflr i?f , office ?e?king pol t'cians They aad become siek atvl Aaguaied with tne wire poll ng by which woo I# a pup Ci have been elevated to high an l responsible oiH'-et J U?slr?d reform, and saw that tiey war cou! 1 be paved for re'urm only by the <temoliti'in of the ol I p ir tlee. The Know Nothings have hit a moat uopr?v?e dented sncsess? Not that thsni*?W*? are wise, but other* weak. Aad It now remain* for them to ?how that th?y win *ot toll into the s:i.me errors, anu rush up in Wie I same f?t< , which ba< overtaken the ol ' parties One loading fault of the old parties, for whi h the pe'v pie repudiated them was the urn Kr?at reUn-.e they ptoeoo oo mere origan zUiou and p\rtv m i hine'-y. The* wish to be goveroe not br organisation , b it by ideu However It may be wi'-h ofliip isekers, ti* 0f people seo nsth'Og to admire in thtt perfection of pir'y dis. ip ine which enables a few leader* v> eontroi me p,>. MUcai action of half the voteri n tae country Tbe ^e . J!e ?ilotrniit and ceti st offioe soekers, and have a'un a ed the ol 1 parti -s because they were under '.ha con tn I Of hungry politicians, who rherlsbol na h gher pj. liMoal alms tbsn t>live upon the goveriment. rimy ft* 1 that thoy have too loo < rraxonted t<> be the tools 'if inch men. an i now prefer to have an ind-rwn ;ent juitg raent of tboir own. an'l to exercise an intelligent ehoice n fhe selection of tbe r public aervants ff tbe new ' a rty reties oo tier* 'i?cipline, tiere orjrsi.i?.* ion, mare p aohinery to ae vimpllsh it< end*, the iieople will con* ?ode that s r^niy the lev 'eronodera new namo. ?the in torts'- of the public and that of oflue seek* era hN*d MtacideH, mmt the final verdict ?( tba cautry m the merits of Ik* m* mi ty, vill iepead m whether it is kn| op tar the advai stage if the farmer or tie fetter. If the in terests at the people are consulted, me wlB be Mt for ward ee eanr Mates ter high and lespansiMe affloea bat me a distingaished for wisdom and experience. The peo ple want ne sore Presidents like Pi?ro?; tney waul ao ?ore Ouveiuore like dark: bat wi?h to Me their pUces nupplted by men of capacity, standing and intiueoce, wbo?e statesmanlike views and able discharge of their duties .ball inspire public confidence and respect. Thay care very 'ittle about the mummery of oaths and paai words; out they want to see the government aominis ter*d hy men who are capable of preserving that cou ? ideraticn which belongs to publ<c office. The Kn>w Nothings if they expect their party to be anything more tban a bubble, anything mora than a mere nine days' vender, mast plsce their chief reliance for succeis on the sense of fitness which their nominations inspire, ao<t not on any such perfection of discipline as will secure tie unanimous support of the party for whatever ass bi.iouH nobody it may choose to put ap. We doubt not that there are many small men whose connection with an apparently invincible party has in up red them with lar^e hope-). If the party cau only be coerced to rote for whoever is nominated, and they can get the nomination, their fortuue is mtde. Men whom tbe public would never think of as suitable persons for cfflce, are gifted with a rare discernment ot merit, which leads them to think of themselves. Hiving little to ' hope from tbe public recognition of their Btne-te, they place all their reiitnce on a paxty discipline, which coa verts voters into mere tool*. We advise the p?rty to treat such men with previous little connideratioa. It wauld be far hotter oil without them. Considering tbat tbe convention at Philadelphia is aot I to aieemble for the purpose ot making nominations, it may perhaps bethought tbat these remarks are not very pertinent to the occasion. But we think t icy are emi aently so. We tbink tbe present a suitable time to dis abuse tbe party of tbe delusion of supposing it can hold a permanent ascendancy over the public mind by msre ergamzation an-i claptrap. It must hereafter rely an tbe soum nsrs of its princ pies, and tbe fitnens and in tegrity of itH prominent men. It will be weii. there'ore, for the convention to waste no time in trying to devise means tor the hvtter guarding of its secrets, and the ex ercise of a mare complete control ever its members. Let it not attempt to construct a psrfcct tna-biue for transforming oflice-etekt-rs into office holders, but to make tbe party a powenul instrument for promoting i he public good. [From tbe Albanv Register, formerly a sickly silver gray whig, niw Know Nothing ] TAKING OOINBBL OP OUR FOE?. The foes of the American party are firing guns over tbeir escape from destruction ia Virginia. While thay are dcing tbis, it may be well for American* of New York to take counsel among themselves preparatory to tbe contest be'ore them next fall. Without any doubt, our friends in tlio Old dominion have been ov tr oonfl deot, and cheated by preteoded friends, spies and traitor*. These things speaic directly to tbe Americana of New York. There may bo entire security in our present condition? we may be strong enough, and safe against betrtyal Our Virginia brethren thought th?iy were but were mistaken. Let us in New York fall into ?o similar error. Let us by activity henceforth make ?'assurance douhly sure." Let us not slumber on our arms, abate noue of O ir z?a), omit nothing that is honor able to add to our numbers. App?alingto the intelli gence and patriotism of the countrv for support, the American cause can be served best by the circulation of pspers and documents defining our principles and ani mating the hearts of tbe people. Intelligence Is the lever by which the corrupt political dynasties can alone be overturned. Already do we hear our brethren in Virginia complaining bitterly that th?y have failed through misrepresentation of their principles, and be cause tbe cloud or darkness was not lifted, which had so long rested upon the people of Virginia. Wherever ?cutd political reading was circulated, tb?re success at tended the American cause. So it will bo everywhere. Ther* are sound abd reliable American journals scatter ed all over this State and they should liberally circulate among the people. Let our friends give these .journals a warm support. Make this a leading objejt, for it will tell most powerfully in the end, and construct a broad and enduring platform for ".he American par'y. Friends, be wise an! active while yet you may with efficiency. [From the "American Organ'' at Washington, a volun teer national Know Nothing paper.J TIIE NEW YORK HERALD. The New York IIrkam) is ag&in tronbleJ about the Amirii an Organ. It expresses tbe opinion that a daily paper will not pay expeusen in Washington without gp v*-romei?t patronage, and advised us to remove to K?a sas. Tbe IIkrsld is as ignorant as it is impertinent. Tbe Organ was never in a Kore flourishing condition than it is at present. Our daily circulation far exceeds that of any of tie political papers of tbe city, and our weekly circulat'on exreecs twelve thousand, and is in creasing at the rate of two hundred a week, Tbe expenses of tlm office are $C>00 a weak, all of ah'Cli is paid promptly in current funds. Tbe eitab Jif bmmt ii wholly tree 'rum debt or incumbrance ot any kind. We have brtd much experience in n^vsptper on terrrlses, but we htve never kuoivu an inaUnno of a daily paper thxt has been bo successful fr >ra the etirt as tbe American Organ. Its sucsem has indeei aston ished its friends nod astounded its en*m;c4, and this witbon* a ret-ort to "black mail," or any other Illegiti mate mode o* raising tbe wind, so familiar to the editor of tbe Nkw York Bkrald. Prospi cti for Scttlera In-Ivniisas. TO TUB EDITOR OP THE HKKAM). New York, May 31, 1855. As every itrm of news from Kansas is sought after by the public at the present time, waen so many are leav ing good farms and bappy home*, with the hope of im proving their condition, I have thought tbe extract* I rem a private letter, just received from a friend who Want to Kan?as to ?<u":e this spring, might he Of ii.tereet to tome who are designing to emirate to the far West. K. tL W. Lawiutxck Crrr, (Kansas. ) May 20, 1855. I have been in this eity oow four diys, but cancot say much in its favor. It is true it is a new place, but a hard place to begin the world. Tbere xeecna to be nothing hereto mate a towc ?-f. The poorett kind of lumber is wcrih fri.ni $20 to S 25 pnr thousand, and good from <35 to $-10, and not to be had at even that. Stons and line are abundant, but the stone is not of the first qualify. Tbey h*ve to be made Into concrete. In build ing the walls they place boards on either side >?1 then Oil in with stoics sa ; mortar, and when dry, the boards are ag?in raised una tilled, ana so on, until the walls are cow ptf ted. Tb? country is rolling pra rie, without timber enough to l'Uild even cabins for the settlers. If a man In coal ing here Las sapital sufficient to put up xtone buildings end ledge fenc* he can live; but if tie has not, hi had better fo tom^where else to l ocate. The co ?ri contains about sixty buildings, but there are others going up every flay, ?uch as they are. The principal hotel is a sod hou.-e, nixty feet loiogan't tw*nty feet wide, shinned with grass. Tbe business of the piaoe is considerable, ano must Inctenxn if It lias uo rival to contend with. It is situated on the K&nsas river, 45 mde> from its mouth Yesterday tl.e river ommenced rising, an.l ro-ie ab>uc thve feet, anc we are now expecting tne arrival of Mats every dsy. I do not like the country we!l enough tj stay in it: the great want of timber is its greatest ob jsction; it is also sn>>jeet to Ion* continued droughts For a year past there has not fallen as much rain an we have ha t during tne last week; and new that has mo**ly been absorbed. The couiiTrv is of the sam* character back to tbe iromUir h with this exception ? the further you so the lesa timber j ou find. There may be better plac?s than this hut t cannot find ?.hem. > be land is all claimed rot trn m If t around this place, and tkfr* mutt be a great amount of lunation and trou ble when it com'* ioto mark?t. I au?gol*gt'j leave her* as ?ooo as piss hie ? when it will he l do not know. I am in camp with two young m-n from Indian* who bsve seen the elephant hs well as myself, enough to bs qoite sat.sfl'd Mr scit is a stick of wool, and mv trunk my writing ilcsk. When I see jou 1 will t <U tou more of tbe country. M. H. The Cnri: of Hydrophobia. to Tns Eoiroit of thb ubr\ld. Tbe approaching season will br ng aloot{ all tbe t?r rora necssrarity belonging to artlflsially destroyed ia itlnct and nature, for which art and scienc* do so little Fe*r is, seeordtog to Hallsr, like its blood rela tive. desponden -y, the real paralyzing poison for muiislts and ikin? tbe drag oham of the circulation; it makes wounds ineurab1-<, end mad and blind and dumb. Muoli is, therefore, gvned if fear is quieted in eertaia impend ing disess is, vis. : cholera, yellow f#vor, hydrophobia, Kc. I would consider It lost pains ta try to rouse the faculty to a sense of duty, because there are inatanses in the history of religion that martyrs have converted the r headsmen, but tbern ta none in the bistiry of msdl rine where a reforrcator has succeeded to get a general ackno'wWgii.ent of former errors and adoption of sfm plifyiag improveaeote: but the public ou<ht to he ap pealefl to, so tbat in- oleut guild pride has te give away to ecathirg popular indignation. 1 have been led to make tti'se rem irts by a i?arazrapb in the IIkkald of yei.ter(i?y, headed " 1'robaMe Fatal Case of Hydropho bia,'1 for "ttui restitfilur, pariet cum proiinvu nrd and I know that you are the oaly editor of an influential Journal independent enough to publish a truth for tne sake of train. Tbe great Horless, In his work on hydrophobia, says ''that there is not one case of real li fdrjphnoia authenti cally known as cured hy the u-e of the dings and spe cifics recommended by the faculty and governments." la, Ui? n not every one justified, and sven sacrtdlf bnun 1, in inch a ia*e to re?ort to means that have n it only tM recommcnc'attoQ of novel'y, but also ot higi autbontv, particularly il tb??e means have been orovoed with the most gtonoui sncces* ? That Rnsmsn steam baths with foil i wing nold m nstriikins ha?e restored many a one JuH*ria< from the symptoms of hydrophobia, nobody will near. Mlroff praite* th*m as .mailiole, and Itoisson consider-i a sweat ing bath the only sure re-nedy known. Yet but few of our more i!elioat<dy eorvttltu'ed and civili/^dly orok?n down popnlaVon could tear these hatha: and tfagen lie anrt It J. Sanson, therefore, overl?Mof the po?eit>l<Ity of prodncing sweats In a mure s mpls and less exalting way, jropof??i and sncoeaaftslly u?el inj(ct<oni of water into tlie veins of a n;ilrophi>blo p?tient Chordon, Dupasqu'er and Valli-pinei laud imnersions in oo!a water till eahaMStlon ?nsu?a. But before these men ofau'hontv o'hera of wnrM wide r'nown, vir..: Celous. Beerhav*. V m 9wi?t?o Hsimot, Mead an-1 others, re ''ommended and urged .be uae ot' watxr in hydrophobtt? l'rl? ifii ?. cut' d ma i y a dog brought to btm to teat his as<ertion, t>v the u*? of cold waver, and I myself waa happy enoush to '->-etore a boy of twelve yetrs of a.-e, wtithmg un l?r h-drophob'fl convutslons, here in Phila delphia, to peri ><; t iiealth, an acjoiwt of which I have given in "Water Core in America," and in mv last pub hcatkm. 1 l iae-.v % of Children, " la an apoendi*. Kboulil yoi sini sir, tblnk It right to give eonte de tails on tbe treatment wltli water, I would be only too happy to furnish them. BR C. O. SCHIEFRIBETKER. Ooli KBia Horn, Piiiladklphia, May 16, 11, ">5. FtfMSaal hlilUgwi OPijfMNB of m mJOHMOK* ririiu ox Al mr ?ihu mortoN. The Examiner, (dem ) has a loader mm the late deme cr?tlc vietery. Democracy, it says, swept the itate lis# a torrent. teJugiag the culvert?, aad drowning Know Nothing caadidates of every rank and degree, fr? a > loura .? . w n to Sam's candidates for coroner*' aud coo stabi:* ? jwb. There remains not una peg for s?tn to ban,: ?' i/?upon. 1 be deluge has left net oue diy spit for toe weary teet of tbe conquered. A fe w month! ago ? be lata Samuel entered this State, took posM<*ion of our culverts, and bused forth various and nandry de cries for the overthrow of democracy, Catholicises, and ibe annwjanoe af the quiet, unotlVuding foreignera of vsis State. But in performing a tilt against denncra.-y, he ran against a stag, and expired Thursday, having lived just Iodit enough to bury one small grave digger and extinguish an humble gas man. It rejrets exceed ing ly the cercat of the distinguished democrat, Robert A. Maj e, and say* bis service i will long be remembered by bis party. It oommend* the gentlemanly goot ha uior of tbe Whig to the subo/r mate journals of tbe Know Nothings, and says the democracy are not to bo provoked by tbe impotent exhioitions of childish ra<e Itrm tbe minor organs el the (.arty, te which they have jufct acaainihttrfU a welt deteivsd apaniunir. T) ei'-nny tost (Knew >o'.hiag) sa.>8 that th? Alex aoriia GairiU does the American party great injustice u? attilDuting its del eat to tbe desertion of Its m?mlxtrs. Never did ar y body of men show more sea), more e?r neatness, or more devotion to tbeir prinsiplee. The withdrawals have been comparatively few. It has not heard one man among tbe a express any thing like derpondeney, and toere is do cause to doubt tint they .will ultimately succeed, tbe vote in this election c?o not pessii>ly have fallen short o' 180,000, aut Wise's ma jority will not exceed 8.100, making one in every twen ty-thtee ol tbe whole vot* caat. Pierce's majority was CM In eight cf tbe whole vote rest. Another euoa vie tory, ard tbe democratic party i? gone forever. It shoild be remembered that tbe plrty that has thus pnabed the democrats t<> the very throat latch, dates its esistsnct) from the Fonrth of July last, and would have succeeded had it not been for tbe foreign vote The Post says tbe Americans will never give up the ship as long as a tun hex holds together. The Enquirer (administration) ?ays it has no room fcr tbe jubilcBt demonstrations of the democratic prise everywoere, cn tie one hand, nor the groani ef tbe Know Netliing papers, Including the New Vukx Herald, on the other, over the glorious result in Virginia. It leaves to its demosratic friends in the counties the pleacant ta?k ef registering the bright chroalolus ef their own victories. The IV hig (Know Nothing) arks why it is that tbe abolitionist's of tbe North ?re rejoicing over the defeat of tbe Know Nothings in Virginia, and quotes from tbe New Terk Vnbvnr a jubilant article on the democratic victory m the State. TBI LAST ELECTION IN KANSAS. The following letter, dated at Leavenworth, K. T., May >3, we find in the Kansas Herald: ? The election passed off very quietly, without any fighting or disturbance. Reedcr and his myrmidons cannot say this time, at least, that MissouriaoH took the polls aud Kansas was conquered by au armed force of "boraer rafflans." This was emphatically an elec tion by the squatters? the actual bona fide resident! of tbe Territory. And notwithstanding the free soiiers rallied all their forces and obtained about twenty-five votes from the steamer Kate Cause) ? the hands on the boat and several soldisrs ? yet they were beaten tour to one by an overwhelming majority of the legal resident voters of the Territory. . Tbe actual votes of the free soiiers, including steam boat hands and soldiers, was not exceeding luO, waile that of the pro slavery ticket was 581. L*t us no longer hear free soiiers and abolition letter writers say that Kansas was conquered by an armed force of ?'border ruffians." We nave beaten them a second ant third, and will continue to beat then on every batle field and on ev?ry occasion. This was Keeper's election, which tbe pro-slavery party did not recognize as legal and Lense many of our friends took no interest in tbe election and did not at tend the polls, while our opponent* did all thev could to make a rtf-pectable sfeow of votes. But they have been defeated? overwhelmingly defeated? ana now, we sup pote, they will be content to let oar members have toeir seats, without another contest or "protest " No one, we presume, will now be found ready to swear that '-many citizens were deterred from voting by tbe conduct of Mitoourians." They must admit that they hive be?n fairly Lieut* u, and that for want of voters they must give up the contest. Ihe following is tne official vote. of the election: ? W. O. Matbias pro-slavery 558 A. l*ayne do. 500 H. 1>. McUeeLin do. 561 fcdsal' fro* niil., . . 140 Gould do. 139 l'encock do. 141 UHCKLLANEOUS. William W. Valk, the Know Noihing member of Oou grrss elect from thn First dittricl of this stats, has written a letter to the Charleston Mercury, in which he states that he mtl t?ke his stand in tbe coming Congrew ?n none other than a n*iiooal pUtforin. Air. Volk thinks that the American p&r'y is touad oa tha slavery question. uo.i that its platform and politics are est ueutlv conviliat r r and coaserua'/ve. ?a<l therefore shoud be satisfactory to ite So:th. Bo siys tnas Aimrican de x.'igogu<-s i'.re at bad as foreign intriguers, aud that thf-Te are Americans in the Senate and 'he Houte of Representatives wbosc tonguei should blister id their mouths tor the ?ords tbey hare utterel there, anl it The nalvatloa of the Uuiou uru pla-ed via tbe r kteplrg, God Help it. A meeting wis held In Chlcsgo, in., on tbe 29th nit., to rejoice ever the democratic victory in Virgioia. Senator Douglas delivered a speech, In which he die charged a nb.it t at tbe Know Nothings. In October, 1H47, the >|ueition of negro suffrage wa< voted upon by tne people of Coono;ticu*, and tbe affirm ative received 6, 353 votes, stalest 10.148 in opposition. Un tbe 31st ult. , the proposition again came up In th* legislature, and. although there was foun t a majority ef toe Hours in favor ot' granting lb* privilege, tne pro position failed for the want of a two-Uiird vote. Tbe democrats of Near Haven, Conn., have nominated Hon. Alfred Aiacknun as their candidate for Major. Hen (ieorge W. Jonts, who represented the Sixth die tr.ctof Ttn'uersee in tbe last Congress, having previous ly made up ble mind io decline a renoauaatioo, lias written a letter to tbe oummiltee of the oonventioo woicb nominates him, la which be acknowledges "the right of tlx p ople to command his services,' ' and an nounces h's determination to take tbe stump at an early day. llr. Jouen is therefure tbe democratic can didate. His opponent is not yet nominated. In Washington oity tbe Know Nothing municipal tick et has five do -tors on it, and the democratic ticket a similar number. TkeOrl*Ans (Indians') Bull'Hn has placed at *hebea-'. of its coiumus John lieil, ot Tennessee, for President, and l.ucian Harbour, of Indiana, for Vice President. A public meeting will be held in Bosne county, M s souri, on tbe 2d inst., to give expression to the feelings of the people on tbe elforU now being raa<:e by eastern c*pitili?tH anil speculator* to locate in Kan.tas a cl**s of people who are sot only hostile to the. iosutu'.ion of slavery, but who avowedly and practically disregarl lawful rights, and wbese presence immediately up >a tbt Western border of Mi-soun, must inevitably render s!*v? property imecuie. and immediately jeopud.se the m terent and institutions of the State. Ti e whigs of Tennessee have united with the Knew Nothings in support ot AleredTth P. Gentry for Governor, and are now carrying on t'li csnvass wit'i a ^r-rvt, ot spirit in opposition to the demosrate under the lead erst- tp of Governor Andrew Johnson, who is up for re election. Both candidates for Governor are canvatiatng the State together. Stepbe* A. I)f uglas, hiving been charged in a politi cal discussion in Kentucky, with belonging to tae Kaow Nothings, baa addret.s"d a letter to the editor Of the Louie vil'e Drmo> ra\ tu which he says he '?symp'ithlws with the democrat.!: party, and that he is uialtcrtblr opposed to Know Notbingisui in all its forms, and equally opposed to any party whioh co operates wita it." Tbe Dubuque (Iowa) Tribune cones to us with th? name ot VYm. H. Seward at its mast bead for Presides1, of the k'nited States. That paper aay.i Io.va will cast her electoral vote for the great champion ot freedom in 18(6. Tbe Cincinnati Qaxette, whig, recommends a fusion of tbe whig snd free soil parties, togetner with such demo crats as they ran catch, by uomiaating a free soil demo crat for Governor. An election for Judges, and a vote oa the prohiWto-y question, i? to take place in Illinois on Monday n jxt, the 4th of June. David M. Curren, the nominee of the democrats, and Walter Coleman, tbe Know Nothing oaadilate, are can vasHDg in company the Tent* distr.cl of lenaessee, for the poet of Congressman. His rumored that Governor Gardner, of Maseaohn setts, will soon call the legislature together for an extra session. Tbe Let! -latere of Rhode Island met at Newport on Ihs 89th ult. Tbe little State Is following in the foot steps of ite larger brethren, end approaching nearer and nearer to permanency in its legislative eeeeien*. The l egislature of Hbode Island formerly went roanl, like a nienigerie, and !-ada short ?esep.n here end there, ac eon.mixlst ng sll (.aits of tbe State with ite pr?eeaee once a year. Two sessions have hseu awilishe.l; and those which are le:t will necsstrily be longer. Tbs migratory plsn has many advantages, not the least of which Is, that it ccnuuces to short session*. Hon Joshua K. 'H<V.in ;s, of Ohio, has written ano ther letter against the Knotv Nothings, au.l recommends the free toilers to avoid them. and to make no bargain wblcb w.U brmir about a fusion. The Onto of Miss ?Ju??ptiine Bnnld'y. Mayor's Officii > Pkkth Ambot, N. J., May 30, 1855. J Jakes* Grmtioif BiafNMT. Ipitor or tnt Nicw York Hkraui:? I>K?r. Ma? In yonr daily paper of May 6, is aa ar uele he(K><J ? "The case of the Kscsped Nun? a seeoi>l edition of Maria Monk? application for an injunction.'* "I nlted vtate? Court." "Msy 6 ? In tbe matter of MU-a Josephine Baakley vs. Eiwttt k I)avenp>irt, and others " I bave learned from Messrs. Dewltt and Davenport that they Authorized the publication of that srtiji<?, thioogh one o' >our reporters who'e name I have fro-n ttem. Thet t'eny that they author.ned or pr,>p*-e^ to? captlen, bu' say It iras done by the Alitor of the Hsmt.n l'nls is, therefore, to inquire, who wi(s the author nf tl<st portion of it vis. "A second Edition of Mafia Monk. ' Your answer will verv muih oblige, Your* very respectfully, >*OliOMllN' ANDREWS, for Josephine M. Bunkley. Answer.? Will the Inqnirrr stat? w^vit the objret of the inquiry Lb ? We shall then take the matter lata grav* conrideratioD.? Ukrald k B>?to m PtHOwl Projfcit I *0 Tt'B ID T0? Of ? Dlf TIM HMALD. Oxvobd, Chinanuo Do., N. X., M ay 15, 1815. la your paper of the 30th llireh I raw a short letUr from Sidney Plaint, Delaware county, New York, la which tbe writer mentioned tLe Mine of the Boa. John V. Botts, of Virginia, in connection with the next Preei'

dene j. Yotr numerous reader* in tliie quarter hail the views contained in the Sidney Plains letter with plea sure and enthusiasm. and thank yeu most cordially far the kindly manner in which you introduced them to the public. Tour kindness in the rottter waa the more marked, aa it waa generally understood that your rela tions with Mr. Botts had not been very friendly. And here, if you will permit me, I Will endeavor to kbow that you have long labored under a ml**pi>r?hen aion in ie*nect to the true character of Mr Hotu. In doing this, [must beg jcu will aujait n?? of any o > trnslve intent, for uvthing ceuld be farther from my detign. It cannot be otherwise than agreeable to you, lam thoroughly persuaded, if I sliuuM au:sw4 in dis abusing jonr mmu from erroneous iinpreiik.ont againat whomsoever entertained. 1 look upon the HhMaL i, un der v our management, aa by iar the moat potent poli tical engine iu the ? tate of New Vork ; and as exem *in< a very powerful influence in all tbe ether states ol tae Union. In other word", air, I th nk you may be justly r- girded aa tbe Napoleon of the press in tbe United States. However widely others may, at timss. oiflMr from yon amirst the ever-recuiring fldetuationa of party poiitica, your powers and abilities must nevertheless, be>coaceced by all. Your claim to tbeee is both un fle&tirned and unquestionable. 8o, too, I look upon r Botts as one of the purest, most sagacious and en lighted among the living statesmen of to day la oar country. 1 speak this from a long, intimate am tnoiough acquaintance with his character, both private and puo lir. Upon the accession of John Tyler to the Presidency, in April. 1841, Mr. Botts waa warmly ftis perianal and poli tical friend. Their latimacy at that period waa well an aeratood ever tbe sountry? an intimacy which has ever tlnoe subjected Mr. Botts to much harmful ridicule und notoriety. It baa ever appeared to mo that it waald have been aa just, and no more ao, for General Washing ton ti have fullered in reputation because of Areola's treachery, aa *t waa that Mr. Botts should suffer en ac count of fyler's course. Rid'cule? that more destructive weapon very often tban truth and reason and argument combined ? aal nothing hut ridicule, waa the envenomed shaft burled at Mr Botts in those days, and it has been kept in constant play until tbia moment, the late Henry Clay often spoke to me of llr. Botts in cocnecticu with thin very topic, remarking uniform ly to tbe effect, that Mr. Bote bad exhibited to ths country a rata specimen of public virtue, inasmuch as his relations witn ryler weie such aa to have command ed for bim any position in his (Tyler's) ca^iinct be might have chosen to accept, and yet spurned it because truth and honor bade him. Certainly nothing can be clearer than that llr. Botti, ea that memorable oceaaloa, waa gaided so ely and purely by honorable and patriotic mo tivea, thrusting efflce ana its emoluments behind his ?aak. I sm aware that your position on tbe United States Bank question did not coincide with that of Mr. Botta ; but I ask in all oandcr whether yon would not have acted as he C id, had yoi been similarly situated? Political dia trace, deep and damning, will ever follow and abide oa be names tf "Captain Tyler" and his "corporal's ?uard." Of these tbe '*Captain" himself and Henry A. 7 lie and Caleb Cusbing? God pity them !? are still liv ingand figuring. In toeir slightest touch there i* a po lltical virus most loath Home aad contaminating. Lake the gnilty Macbeth, their plague spots are ineffaceable : not all ocean'e waters could ween them out. In res pect to this, I believe there is now but one opinion amongst honorable men of whatever party. At a later time, (to wit, 1848,) Mr. Botts earnestly de sired snd sought tbe nomination of Mr Clay for the Pre sidency as against Gen. Tailor. Mr. Clay's statesman ship was universally known and acknowledged, Gen. Taylor's was wholly untried. Oa tbe question of that nomination Mr. Botts and yourself were at variaacs. 'Well, the experiment was p shed; Gen. Taylor was no minated sad elected, and tbe sequel is before the coun try. Mr. Botts feietaw aad proclaimed what that sequel would be; and now, I have no doubt, your views and bis in repaid to i: are ? ntirely coincident. Moio recently sill, (to wit, in 1852,) Mr. Botts gave an ardent support to Cen. Scott for the Presidency, whilst you, with equal ardor, espoused the cause of Ueu. Picrce. Veil, here again? pardon the allusion? your fell and Mr, Botts are in "the same b?a<l. " lu regard to the merits? demerits, rather ? ot this Pierce aduimistra tioo, you hold opinions in common But there was a matter of much delicacy very improperly introduced in to tbe Presidential canvais of 1862, and with which, by a mo&t unwarrantable misrepresaijtatiOD, Mr. B>:ty be came connected in a manner well calculated to aw<tfcen your indignation and reoentmeut. I ailnle to tbe shame ful story that was current, representing thatOnsr.il Rcott, at tbe breakfast table in Newport, had declined to accept a copy of tbe Mkbald, w'iso proffered him by tbe lady of the editor. Now, llr. Bott: never gave tbe least credence to that ridiculous story, and hai always so expressed himeelt, publicly and privately. I nill re present tbe affair trutnfiiliy, and precisely as I obUnod it from a number of Virginia gentleman, (Mr. Botts himself beitg < ne of them) at the Astsr Mouse, New York, eilher a s'.ort time prior fo the elect'un in ques tion, or v?ry scon tbereai'ier. Mr. Butts thought, and rightly, too, th?t your Influence In pulling Gen. Scott down, and bulking Gen. Pierce u? was little le?8 ttiau omnipotent. 1I?, in a speech somewhere in Virginia, ? nde. vcred to account, in some measure, for jour hos illtytoGrn. Scott, snd remarked that he could not, unless it bad been provoked by the circulation of this itory. He stated at the time that he did not believe ^he ntoiy to be true; that if it were true, it refle cted a yreat deal more upon the bad mancri of Gsn ? rat s-'cett tban it could upon the Hskami; for 'he la^y could not have been invdved in the mtt'.er, further than in tbe act of civility iu icd'avor.Dji to supply the wants of a Gentleman wh > < id Lot know how to appreciate it. H-reupoa sou* writer, (and there are always enoagb saob,)ad''ressed you a letter, In which be represented Mr. Botts as having ea cor?cd tbe calumny; whereas, ff the writer had OMn truthful, be would bave acquitted Mr Botts of such un kinf'nrss. Mr Botts did not believe 1 ne story, but he c id believe, nevertheless, that your miad had imen ic j nriously affected to^aris Gen. Scott, on account of its fabrication. Point little Mm* after all this had bappea^l, Mr Botts visited New Vork. and stopped at the Aator House. As be came from his room oue morning, with the Hfjui n In Ids band unopened, be wai accosted by a number of gentlemen, myself imoig them, and informed that be figured pretty largely In your papsr of 'ha; da y . He wis both surprised and Irritated. He said that he cnnld not imapit e the cause of your prejudice against him ? that be had ever entertained and expressed very bigh respict for your abilities, &c. You, doubtless, re collect the artvlc I refer to-a pretty long one In it you assailed Mr. Botts with much severity ? charging him with foivtin; be'ore tbe public gaze prvate scanial calculated to injuriously alec female reputation, tfou wrote fiom misinlnrnittion. which made your Htrictu>?? the more severe upon Mr. Botts. You felt that he bid wronged yon: be felt that yau were wronging him. He retorted by letter, which, you declining t-> publish, ap p?ar?d In "the rrxbune. 1 have ever supposed that ail that was necessary to make Mr. Botts and your?nlf friends wssa better acquaintance ?itti each other. You sre both gcod compromise men ? both m-tgnanimnu'*, and both powetful champions in the glorious American party. Tbousatds over tlie country would he rejoiced to have you strike bands in friendship. Come, gentle men? Messrs BennMt and Botts? play quits, and let by fones be by g' n?s. I make the appeal to you both, and know that 1 eeho the sentiment and desire of a very many member" of the recent organizttion, or American paity, e ho en lei tain fur you both profound respect and esteem. At tbe outset cf this communication I bespoke your kind indulgence, and I co not know how better to close It Iban by repeating tbe request tuat you will parden na if anything I have ^ritMsn should strike you as being mispbiced or untimely. With best wishes for your continued usefulness and prosperity, 1 am truly your friend and obedient servant, SIDNEY. Vtw Experiment with Cloroform. I.K.TTKK KliOM A CONDEMNED MUKDEtBH. Jatnss I'trm, who ii now in pr.son in Cleveland, Ohio, unritr pentence of death for the murder of Win. Beawon. h?n written the following Utter to a physician of thai tltj:? Cutvklano, Mar 18, 1%S. In reference to what I spike to 7011 of in joar vU't to the jail to-day, it wan not suggested by your preseo here. I had written aDout it tnree days before, intnnd tog it for publication ; and if it ii aa I exps s\ It will be publi?b?d in the Morning Leader. You will then eee what 1 had to say. As to giving me chloroform, 1 do not think it will have the slightest effeot to lessen my sufferings wnOe dying, as I sm quite sure tbat a man launcned off in % fall of, say lonr ieet, at least the neck is eure to >? broken. and whether the neck is brok?a or mot, all sea sation must be instantaneously coded. Pivia snd sen sation go awav together. A short Involuntary struggle, a few ccnvulsions, anl all is over. All pain oe fore is In contemplating tlie odious idea of it? of lioeg ing. Of the ? fleet* of chloroform, 1 do not know any thing by actual expo-intent. I have reavntly read and reeolirct much that was said by an amemnly of doctors, or denti-ts, who had used it in their practice, and sut tog the effect It had on nome. But 1 am *l?o aware these facts or falsehoods, as they miiy be, werr brougtU out by a party affair? the conviction of Dr. Beala, for taking im proper liberties with one Mercaxia Mu ge. hit patient, while under the influenco of ahloioform. New. i shall cot deny that the state of my iniud anl feelings are of no ordinary character, though I get but little credit for the, exercise of that ability which 1 peases* in con trolling tliem 1 am aware alto that I am of a nervous billious temperament, with the very strongest passieae of 'ympatby and love Bow I should act, or whether 1 ? bouki be able, or not, to converse whim ueler ths in fluence ol the cblorofoim, I do not know. If I hid th?? power c.f speech, without (lie power of will, what sbuull I be Mkely to say ? I cannot imagine. It seems to m? tbnt a pert of the mental vision remains I had an idea that you wished to try some experiment of this k* lid, to see bow I should act while under tbe influ ence of cbloroferm, and while In my present state of mind. 1 tli'nk the New York counsel o' M [)-'? spoke of trequrotly having pati'nts who were deluded into tbe belief that they bad l?*en kissed, and of believing that various libertin were taken with thein while m the torpid Mate, which never was done. There is on'y or* point whfb I should feel any regret at. I ch-'uM not ?ike tbe ICS a of mskiiig mv exit without knowing the re ? till of the experiment, whi.h I fsar conld not bn ttv ca'11 if 1 went off io a trance, unless I was informal by tfVgrapb, or the m: re rsceotly discovered spirit rap pirgs. no called. (itlierwiFe I have no objections, or any hesitation wlistever, to any ex peri aunt or experiments ar that k-rd, ai d especially If it is for ray boaeflt, cr ths benefit cl mankind in general. I suppose If I am willing you est try It, twen'y four or forty eight hours before the appointed boor to go henco, s?e H* effects, tell aas, and """l "? Y?"' PiWH I ihould. If it can possibly be. tike some sxpenmaat* made to test tbe ttnih of my own story, asid prove my mr.oeenoe, for I do not Ho when I tell job that wm. Beateon never was murdered. J. P. ?MkIImmm fWtlga Items. F>nii NayintiT* tikl? ? the malputf the rall rosda *?l tiuce for the tint three moat Us of H54 Mid 18*6, it appears ib?t in aptte of the mtot winter ud oiher unfavorable Mmmm, there is a remarkable in crease in favor ef this jear Tbe total receipts for the latter peried la 40 444.7(0 franca, (about $10,000,000,) against 40,134,306 franc*, (abjot t8,OUO,OUO.) for tUe firmer; being ?n Increase of more thin nine million* of francs, or nearly two millions of dollar* At tbe time of the invasion af Franco by the Allied armies. a Russian soldier mined Gribatl, being relisted *?y a Fr?rcb woman of whom he became enamored, avenged himself by killing her husband. For thie :rime he received two hundred and twenty blows of the knout by order of Gen. Waronzoil", who at present plays so great a role. At one of the recent night attack* before Setastopel, a French soldier wounded with his bayonet, in the arm. a Russian whom he took prisoner. His aur ?rl?e may be imagined when he heard hia prisoner give l^eoflictr li<s tin mo aa Grlbaft. Thus had the yjong sclik-r um omcioiiely avengod the death of his father, the particulars of wbote death he had often hear! related. l Le Emperor loui* Napoleon gave an audience en the 7th oi May 'o th- V,- count d'Uruguay, formerly Miniater ef liirtign Atlaira of Br nil, and now on a special mia rlon *e Euvoy llitraordinary and Minister Plenipoten Vary f/>.m tuat empire, to sign a treaty of delimttatioa between tbe Fren h Guiana and the Brazilian posses hiooH. It would appear that the charge which tbe South American republic* make against Brazil Tor its annexa tionist principles is not unfounded. On tbe subject of tbe notification given by the United States government to that of Denmark of its Intent on to cease the payment of Sound due*, a correspondent writea te La 1'atrit of I'arie : "The receipt of these dotlea aonstirutes the prineipul financial resource of the kingdom. If ite United States can ever succeed in re lieving their navigation of it, it ia to be feared that all the r tlier nation* which entertain maritime relations with Nrrtberr Europe would attempt to sustain like re els matir as, which would bring about a general pertur bation In our whole financial system " A n outbreak of a very perions nature occurred amongst the Rush. an prisoner*) at the new prison at Lewes, Eng., en the 4th IK, It ctmmenced by some ef the men, whore duty it was to pump up water for tbe supply of th- prison, refusing to do so. An attempt was made to pnt the moot insubordinate in confinement, but the others mi-ted Tbe Sassex Infantry MiliM* were speedily called in, and thefr presence ?oon paoiQed tbe refractory prisoners. The rlogiealera were then easl'y captured, and pome large clasp knives, which all the Ken bad for making toys, and whteh they almost de voted to anotler purpose, were taken from tbem. Tbe ship I.lon Beige sailed on the 1st of May fer Val paraiso, trom Antwerp, with the richest cargo that had ever left tbe poit for that country. It is aatd that the trade wit* Valparaiso, owing to the numerous Belgian firms established tnere, was in a most flourishing conul tien. The Austrian vessel, the Americana, was to leave Antwerp cn the 2d, with a cargo of hay for the Crimea. In the last sitting of tbe London Geographical 8eciety, it was aanounced that tbe ltrh? map of the Arctic So*, drawn up by tbe brttiaK Admiralty, nad been presented to the society, together with the copy of a map of the ?Aict'c region*, taken irom the atias of Andrea Bianco, of 1430, w liicti is preserved in the hbrary of St. Mark, at Venice. It was ali>o stated that attention baving been meetly crawn to the voyages o( the eld Venetian navi gators in tbe Northern regions, an account of one made i>y the brothers '/.eni, several centuries ago, was about to be pnt lit bed. It will contain, it was added, a curious description oi Iceland. A mechanician Darned Fa'derer, a Swiss by birth, but long resident in the city of Lyons, has Isft for Paris, in order to inbuilt to the examination of competent men a warlike mticb>ne ef hia invention. It has cost him many ytars' meditation and labor, and will, he says, threw seven hundred projective a minute, and destroy, in a very short time, either a town or a wbole squadron. A eeaman of the fleet before Sebastopol, whose family lire* at l'olpero, Cornwall, (Eng.,) was ordered on sbore for the purpose of aeelttiog in burying the slain who fell in a late attack of the Russians on the British bat teries atSebastopd, and almost the first parson ho met with on lanewg w?p one of his brothers, of whose pre secce in tbe tlret he wns not before informal, and who bad been tecere y wounded in a late eagagetnent. From him he learned that his two othir brother* were also serving in the naval brig ide on shore, and with him he remained till he law him exp re. lie then proceeded on the duty fcr wricJt he h?d Vmded, aud soon d sceveied the bodies of his other brothers, who had been killed In the battle. Tbe Duke and Dutchess de Montpensler have recently caused tfce old convent of La Rooida. near Cadis. in which Christopher Columbus re?ited on his return from his first voyage, to b-> repiired On tbe completion of tbe repairs, ten days ago, tbe (lake andr. nchess attended tt e celera'iiu of mats in tbe chapel ot tbe cunveat. and afterwards partook of br'aitfae' in the cell which the great navigator had occupied. In the ce)l are paintings executed by order of the duke, representing CjlumOus h?ffCit'g breao and water at ibe door of tie c invent for bis ecu. giving the monks au account o' hs discoveries, the reading ot tSe rojsl decree in tbe church of Pains, authorising him to raise men and equip vessels for a o?>. tojii ^e, bis taking it: tve of tbe Prior of the convent, and, lastly, a lull length portrait of hlia. Tfce ioauguratl&n of the gtntue of Joan c.f Arc at Or leans tock place cn Tuesday, May '<?. An immense ciowd of spectators witnessed the ceremony, and amongst the prirciptil peracna^es present were U. Ab batucci Mmieterot Justice; Geoerai d'Hautpoal, grand referendaty cl tbe Senate: the Dn^e de St Simoa, Seoa lor; M. Aigent 3t. tnureae, deputy of th i Lo.ret; tie bighfbncuouur.es of tbe to?n. and the supsrior ofll eers ot the garrison Kpaninus tribucei were erested round 'he square on which tbe statue **s erected, and every place was occupied. When the timt o' the cere ?tony arrived, Mgr. Dup^rloup, the hiab?p of tne .Vle vre, ;>;onoun<. ed the p??S't;yrio of tbe ?'aid of Orleans, and cescribed rcr ??< an inspired saint I'be weather wtirh bad been lowering all the morning, cleared up jnst hetore the ranvaps was removed from th? statue, and the reet of the Jay was fine. Everything passed off without acc'.dent. Tee church of Ia Bust e, near L<He, Fran"*, was de stroyed by fire on the evening of t'ie rtt.li of May. It ori g'natid in an illumination which "he curate bad made in tbe tower of tie building to telebrate the proclamation of the dogtr.a. o: the Iuma-oVite C mceo ion. By toe timely arrival uf the engines tbe ure was prevented frnm tprt filing to the neigbtoring houses; but in a fe? hours nothing remained of the church but the walls A wom?n ncniPd tauor, a performer in a French tra velling circus, was lat?ly irie<i by the Tribimr-l of Cirrec tlonai Polite of l'ari/i.|for au mgsnious species of robbery, bhe used to go to giotvro and other tradesmen, and odsr toiilveniore tban the value tor certain h leer coins or tons of the effigy of Louis XV or l.onls XVI. They ge cerally turned out their m. ney en tve coontrr, and pro cepdeo .o ae?rch for the p.e:<m required Tne wumaa as pitted in ths operation aud in so doing contrived to cause a nnsb' r of the vi'ses to adhere to some sticky substance with which she had coveret the pa*m of her hand. In ibis way nfce *ie iliie t> effeet robtierles of as many aa Uftun or twenty places at a time, thy greater part oiten lu silver. The Tribunal sentenced h:r to a y pars' imprltorment. Some tin.e ago great noise was occasioned by a pre tenceo miracle on tL-e mountain of LtSalecte, nearGren ? btc, France, consist. oj- in the appearance of the Vlrg u to a sh?pn#rd boy. Two priests of th* dlocess of Gren oble, M IMicn and M. (Artpliir, published pamphlets, in vh;ch tbey labored to ptove tbat there had been no miracle at all, and that ine person whom the boy had supposed was the ! ! < ly Virgin was a young female nam ed Lsmerliere. M'lie I.tmer.lere ciinsider<>4 herself ds funieii by tbeee publications, and a few day* ago ehe broufiht an i cti? n befere tbe Ctvll Trbunal or Grenolle, a?aiL>t tbe two priest.*, nnd against M Redon, tneir printer, to obtain twenty thousand francs damages. Hut tl e Tribunal, alter rant iog a searching examination into ail the far ts, snd after hearing lengthened pleadings, decided tbat what the liefendante ha I aaid with respect to her part in tr e alleged miracle did not amount to de fanmtion; tbat'ber had, besides h.inestly believed It to be true, and that they had lufllcieat reasons for so be lievlng. Mr T^ornis Vil'nn, of I,ondon, former!/ a Dutch m*r cbm t, b?M proposed a ptoa tor opening a canal otnmu nicaiion bn?"n The Black S-a and the Danube, from a joint in the Caj ?f K-jntcj^je to a part of tbe river be Hftn Chein&voda and Kas-ova, the line followed being nesrl? identical with that of ihe re main* of rrajan's Wall. The distance to be trsversud would he little more than thirty miles, find th? icute would elTect a saving of sbotit i60 milM by navigution in transporting produce from Servia, Bulgaria, snrt mom part of WsUachia. wh'le it would also be u*?y frrm tU? neighhorbojd of Ruaelt. Mr. Wilson is said to have Rent out ioma engineers to survey the locality, and 1* is added that the Turkish au thorities in London lcok tuvorably upon tbs project. Tie .mperwl library of Vienna crnUina upward* of 1ft, ? 00 manuscripts on parchment in the Greek, Hebrew, thlneae, Indian and Arab, and nearly 12,000 in the Eiiro pean languages on ps^er; there are also 12 000 in the Ouulc character, upwards of '.SO, 0? 0 modern work*, rt,000 volume* of music, and S, iit 0 autograph! of ce'.ebrated individuals. Tbere are alao in Vienna seventeen l bra ri?s. strung which the Imperial library and that of th? Vmvtrsity are the most considerable rhe birthday of the young Duke of Parma wai cele brated at the capital or his Suites on the 2ttth of A pril. A solemn sertice waa perlormed on the ooeaa.en in the cathedral, Jn tbe pr*"?DC? of the Duchess Recent, tne Dtica. family, the MiuisWs, and 'tne marchers of the dlpUmatie nody. In the evening the Duchess and her aon showed themselves to the people on the balcony of the palace, and were received witB enthusiasm. A spec al coorais-ion hail b-un instituted at Ht PeUrs brrg ey the fmperur Alexander, to eonilder all matters relating to tbe Kastern question. It ts composed of the ()ran<1 links ( onstantine, M. Nessalrode, Count OrlofT, M. Ke?sel*IT, Count llu loiT, and Prince Dolgnfonkl. Tbe war party has a majority in the commission. It is reported that the Khan of Khiva has been caught marauding on the Persian territory, and that he had t?(o decapitated at Herat, and hia bead exposed at Tebarnn. Twenty. seven other persons suffered with feim. On May 1st, in the south of Sweden the navigation was open, an i was being carried on with great activity; but in tbe Gulf of Stojkholm the ice was still so thick that heavily la<len wagons could ply upon it. The win. ttr in Swedtn has been more rigorous than has been koown in the memory ofmao. Aocordiug to the i:ist ar . oounts from Helsiiurfor*, in Finland, tbe ice was tnerc more than a yard thick. Tbe London Ckronirlr , In sustaining tbe movement for admlalatratlve refonn. instances the elder Pitt, <ieor<e Cavninx, and Hir Robert Pe?l, as glorious exsmples of st* estnen furnished from the ranks of the people 1 Befora tbe battle of Inkermano the Russian* hid no moie than 70 000 infantry in the Crimea; at tne pn?aeat monxnt theyslould have about 'JO.uoO. The ctvalry force wbieh ha.-? joinel the Russian army ain<vi the battle of Inkerm.ion C"D*.s'? of six regular legiments l( we reek <>n the crew* of the ships at 8,000, an J the Tehernotr.orsklcbei HattsMons at 6,00o; the rifles, sap P?m, engiBsent. and ai'illery at IS,0i)0; aa<1 tbe cavalry, regular and Irregular, a' '20,(00- the Huseiaa army at I'erekojv Eupatoria, aud near Sevastopol, will nnabar ? 140 0*j0 men. The British squadron crui. ing off the entrance te the Golf o( Finland, bttween the island* of Uto and Dago, April 20. had ships IsBivrtsuee, 31, (hp* fteaior effleer); tha Anrgut, 47, Captain the turyaJns, 61, CfcpUia G. Hm?: the A (kptain Key; Tartar 21 Captain Dunlop: ai ?let, 8, Commander F f. Brown The Golden Rote, wbieh tbe Pope blesses ? ?nd presents to wine 'emale sovereign, is tils given to tie Empress <;f Austria. In the co urn or a violent tempest which b 20th Ot April over ibt> valley of Arran, in (Hpain,) raise rwirm?it< masses of im> feli Pyrante?, and complete y hurled three lars gamed I'oa, Vaqutrque and Llabely, eaeh 600 to "0(i inhabitant*. Tbe authorities of | immed lately canted laborers to be emplered the ?now, a ad nut fewer than 47 dead bodies diacovt red in a short time Tbe Crimea ie to be cultivated by tbe EngKa feed merchant in London has received a n live order 'or vegetable and grata seed h ?ea, from Capt. Dacren, tbe Admiralty itup< at touthampton. on behalf of the governs* seeds are packed in cine* addressed to Captain Henry Keppel, M. M, S. St. Jean D'Acre. caw Boxer. I>r. Bartb, the explorer, wan met by Dr. Vc ltit of December last, at Bandi, aooat 110 grt miles northeast from Kuan. Dr. Barth after to Co> a, intending to return to Europe by M Tripoli. Major General Eden, of tbe British army, ac by Lieutenant Colonel Uarrison, baa proceed e< mel (Ireland) for tbe purpose or inquirinf caate and cetsei[uence? oi a formidable riot place n that town between th? .*outh Tipperi and the 2d or Queen s r-yiment of infantry fcrmer and nix of the latter were wounded. T received serious tayon*t wounds. The remains of Kr Heury Bishop were c< their final reotinf place, at the rural cemee Murylebone Finchk^, <<? the Sth of May. He bers of the isusi ai p mem ion testified tbeir spe . t and e?teem > ?r tbe deceased, by perfara quieni on tbe ecrari-m. Tha cause of Sir Hen was internal cancer. It is stated in Warsaw that official intsll been received by the superior authorities of tbat the Emperor Alexander is before long tl land Groat Jitrt are to celebrate hi* Majei The Poles are in hope* tbat they will obtain i tion from tbe Emperor. Uutof ' birty two foreign nations, th?re an ? viz., S*e en and Ecuador ? in which no m temal postal improvement has been made sri troJuction into Great rintain of the penny pos ZelpbaShnm, a ' lady of color," has been in tbe pulpits of various Primitive Methodist Ingland. Her discourses are said to be much An indignant eorre* pendent of the London f attention to an io'qnitous manufacture at Bi ? that of Hindoo idols for exportation. Mr Babirgton Ma-.aulay, of KngUnd, has I ed a member of the Koyal Academy of Amtterd class of literature, languages, history, and bet Jacob Grimm the grammarian, Ranks tbe Lepsius tbe arci'.TOlogist, and other leai ?f European reputation, were elected at the sa The fishery of anchovies and sardines whic usually commence on the roast of Corsica no girnir.g of May. betun this year aboat the 1 and the fishermen have already caught* a co quantity. On one occasion some of the boats than 2,100 lbs. of Ssli in less than three hoars The pol-ce authorities of Le'gnitc, in Prussi bare adapted a singular plan fcr putting an ei disity ; thty have punhshea an ordinance dec! any person who shall give anything whatever t dicont, whether in tbe streets, in bouses doors of churches, In the theatre, or any w shall be fined from 1 to 3 tnalers. (3 fr. 80c 40c.) A new reason is now given for Lord Stratford chile's late visit to the Crimea. It is aaid tha*. ?o as to be able to bold d're< t communication ? Jobn Russell, a?d Lords Ctareadon and Palm; means of the '.e eprapb. Vice Admiral Kreuger, of tbe Swedish nav vented ao lustrum- n". by which the force of i can be m*a?urel with tae greatest exactitude; order of the King et S?ed?n, it ia to be exhibit Universal Exhibition of i'aria. Mate. N-ivage, formerly a lady of honor of Q> teme, bus cied at K< me, and left all her pr Napoleon 111 M CaeaMauca, ttie brother of tl tor ond fcr tbe imperial estates in Ita'y celved ertitrs to penned to Home and take legs slon of the property. Tbe oll-st. Catholic prelate now living is Arcbhirbop of t>i* ' cl'e i Armenian Church, at in Gallicia? he is D>4 years of age. He is still and strictly observe* the severed fasts. About two hunnre i coios of tlie reigns of : Jame* 1 ?nd Char.es I we-e dlscovtrel a few in a eavit? ni tee foundation walls of an oil Sheflleld. Ki>glaod. M. Titoff, wbo, with P"'0C9 Gortschahoff, re) Rusui* at the la e a on eicne.es, his jnst lost a l bastopol. waere he was re: ring as a lieutenant An ufiic<ai settee has ?.*eu puhlirhed at H: dated April 4, MBOa ni-.m^ tbat a new loan o ?ilv?r roubles is to *e contracted at 4 |.er C"i account of tbe Treasury ol Finland, to sneet the of tbe war. No'. le?B than Mx shocks of earthquake w? Rsgusa ob ibeSttli of April. Th? first, wh et Snlatory. w?s to ?troog a* ti t*iiki>D th? whoi hop, mat>; of watui If ft their dwellings, ?hoi k nan snhtultcry hat taaca slighter. T occurred to *he tome of the duy, bat wero in*i| No cmn<e? ??? dore Hi* Foj a) H<gboe*a tbe In ait D">na Anm Mara, Varolii* <le Soule m tjoiug to Pans, !roc t? f?e the gr^at Exhibition. At*i el-Kader Ua* ?pp f1* to th* French sfot for jrrmiHuot to vuit pars, to Bee tbe g.-e? lion. A Ruffian e?ule a trophy captured near B. brought to ipglaod by ber Majesty's ship Ve bast>e?n*?nt (>?><'?? p'. . I nro K Russell tu lout prttent to her M?je#>y Qu-en Victoria. A leaner belcniciBg 10 tbe Swedish navy w in th# port of Antwerp, lading tlriarms for tl tbe Swedish go??i nuj?>n A l'ne of ?-l?ttrii! telegraph 1* about fo b# est from Wen-nhorg, provtnre or Seao'.a. in Swe'le frontier of Korwaj . It i* to run alcnK- the */e*U of ?wed?n. >o >e*s tbao ?f.O,fO(i worth of brokei anchors turnul by tne Pritoh Baitln fleet, la*t yeai. Thtre *re >n th- city or I/indon 44,iiH'J rateable and in tbe ei> rot oil* g?o ritly, 8bA,v34 boaMs The lb <?' of Pollen Ik KraiU has addressed a port 10 ihe Tnr<;'>h government on the *abje late Austrian disturbance* in the Principalities. Hniiting th? Itcil Mfu in the Utah Co [Flout the San<* tV (A?? ll?xic>) Gazette, Ap \Ve bate l)>?a ?er?Dit:ed, through the kni Captain Sturgii feting A*n?taut A j'?tunt-Uei look at tte re.ort of t ol oel Kjnntleroy, giving cOknt of the < peratiouH 10 'he I'tah country. Fort Mstsarliuteu* on th? 15th of March, with of regular* and tiIulV-ih of abont lite hun t roareLicg u> $M 1-1 Norte to the Canon. Ill struck tie trail o! t.e s'o'k taken a short tim liom tbe ? onejos which tb*f followed to the Co 1'iird. where they arrival on tte l.ith of March, trcop* entered .fcf pu?*, the Indians were set# m>le aid a half >i> aavnore. drawn up in line, and deoioortratimr for battle Ih* troop* coarse wli-n tbey llnl to tie mountains; the loldieiH d'i ed, anft purewvd tht-m .'imoogthM mcke and ced that cover** thi- CKiuntH oa A rubn.ru tight, f t ao bour, took flace. wt.en the Indiamt fled, ?i miu do nore at tba* p itt. They itumsered. about two ttun-tred ?ar :orn, and loiit urnie nit killed t?otti>u pria?u(-rt. ?tid ten horsca. Tb roitpoted of llta> h ?u i A path* s, and were comma llD'io ap<) bhim o. liur cue wi? tiro drairoous m lbe Iroopr rraumad their march on the '20th, injr a tra 1 of ? tb^t ,ed over the moat inac parte ot the moumaire, aod on the next day rea? l'upcbe i'agd. On th- morniDK of the 223, aa th< w>re c< m ug out o. the I'am, at the opposite aid mountain, icoianH wit e<en tome dieUnce who wi^re puiaued. and oue was killed and on<i ca lbe trad id' the Indian* was now followed down Vaoaas to Bearer Oreek, up which they had tarn encamped ahvnt thi>e iniiea :rom the river. Ab teen Diik* abova tbi? point the trail dlnded in?< but tbe troopa continued on the lar^eat, folio o??r bill* aid through valley*, until just befon* irg a cat on mat led to the 'Arkanaaa, a large p Ibd'aim were arm on the river Tbe troop* dai tbtm, but before ttiev could be overtaken, th eroiM-d tbe riT*r and aarruoed tbe mountains opp< site gide. The troop* croeted the river, dii en and pursued th*m about two mil**, an oeed?d in wounuing one Indian, and captured a boa animal* lhi* party wa* commanded by Chacon troop* eocamprd near this plaoe; and learning *quaw captured, thar a t>arty of Indian* were D' fifty neo wer? ?ent out in tne night to surprise but tbe enem> b-td ilr-d, leaving five animals, were taken. Ihenao the tro<ip? marched to t! Mountain Valley On tb* 24th the rpien met th ciao*, oiie of ?bom tliey kiile<i. Tbe troop* enc the night of tbe 2f>tli. nt tt>? bend of W?t Uo Valley, where they encinntereJ a foriou* idow wbith eontiiued three day*. The ?no* fell to th* I from three to tonr fret, and tbe commaad eot ?e fifty yatd* b-fore then In thi* storm th-v m o the llutrfaoo, nod Uieuc* to Fort M***ach where they arrved cn tbe 2?'.h ult. Although but few of the enemy, daring this * tion, were killed, jet it wa* not without good r toa*mucli a* tbe Indians were 'aught that they eo pursue'' sod overtaken in thetr etroogboid*, and n where *afe from tne attack of th* troupe. We 1 stand that the volunteer* Mtiaved wall during th# ? nd tb# *k<rmi*iie?, and are well p poke a of hy tbe c of the army. W? presume the troop* are ag?tn fi'ld. Tb? report of Coloael Foootlero} wa* brt>ug pros to heailquarter* by Lieutenaot Magruder, t*nt to tbe rolcoel rommandin^, and who had f.b# faction of rapturing an 'ndian with hi* own 1 afUr wourding him severely. Toliji, Ac. os tiie Saitit Ste. Uari* Can*. The present State tariil ot toil* I* tlxed at the mta of four cent* r*r t#u measurement, which woub on an crdmary s?hu.'ner from 9*U to >15; on * $17 ftO to $20; on H iar<e protn iler, $30; and on wreel tWenier* from *4u to foO. lb# ?*eas* #f gi boats and propollsr .brough tbe canal t*, of ..?our* the use of tlelr whe?'i*, tiut sail va?i>eU will rrqul be towed, and f?r that purpose hor*#s will bo rei|i theeipeus# o' towige falling, of course, upon tb* ?els. A wl<"o tnd handsome tow-path ban b??n upon the right bank of the work, and a corM*pr?i beel path upon th# left t ank On the 2,it ult. , thi on which tb# Stat# authorities were upon the w there wa* twelve Jeet eight inches of water at tb# of tbe upper piefmnd t?el^? feet flv# inch#* fa d*p the lower uoob; eoneeqnentlv *ny vessel, no matter heavily laren, which has ever navigated tb* we< water*, could pa*? up and down with ea**, as tbe are serewty feet la width and three hundred and fifty in length. <? tb#rlear. Th# average elMI of lt#MM not draw ovar sin# f#?t, loaded.