Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 8, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 8, 1855 Page 2
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?! n>rt, ?e*uin*to IMrUiltUi MuntfttMnti. ?B HNHtil the fee* fiut; U the mrtiliM IM M! ????*. KL Oil THE rCACB (OffREEVCES. kMnMIni BrtftUt In Um Brittth Parliament Jm tt? Iiin of Coaamons en the 24th u?t. ?? > ???? *? relation of which be ted given notice, aaeignieg ii hJi motive [at iavitlng a dfcee.aien ?PM the 6o?du?t Of the ?u, tu dietrut ** ^ *??? i*s?tred by the ambiguous l*n ?e*ge end meonHi* tent Mane of the rovenufeat eF? etefly with regard to the conferences l?tel^U?da?Vl ?2*a *> tb* Binl,try tB Produsibg the pro P? '* ? theee conferences, ana their r*fuaaJ to brin* th? aubject formally in Parliament, bad exciie.1, . ^^***^' * feeing of lulVu dissatisfaction Ihrough ?" *?*. 4f w bis own part, he hul ? ruined . " the initiative in the case, apprehending the 2f?S ? ? Pr*mPtl0Kl!, until the appearance v ^?Uc* ?!**? by Mr. Milner Gibson, followed a? it by the dramatic scene of Monday evening convinced Mat it wan time to interfere from the opposition th, in order to leenre a action* discussion of the rrtii Meit*ea of peace or war. lathe moUon which he bow ?Beted fer thei* adoption he wiahed to exproas hie eon jaetion th?l the conduct of the administration bad been hMawittut, and their languige ambiguous and t? twite the bonee to declare that their determiui'tion va* ?Mka?M<i to earry on the war with undinch ng energy ?Mto( the proof* of mutability in the policy of the oM>g government, Mr. Disraeli remarked* net shortly e^r the formation of the new cabin.t, Sir J. Graham h?d Mated trem the >Temi*r an assur?nce that the condi y? * wbieh he would m?ke peace diff<wd in n } .Wree JejatVese prep<?.d by Lerd Aberdeen; and y.tthetSme "? *,'*? M?d hia friends hvl lately promisol 1 tBe m?'^n *f Mr- 0lb?on. >I> which che Lt'l nP?n *1 tt* conferences were hoariijr 1 ** contended, waa a significant aymp ?feaa el vacillation in tbe gene-al policy of mint'uers, y proceeded to collect from spseche* ani paalic aeeatneate the materials for mostantiating a like charge ? toeblesefs against Lord John Hostel!, as an individual atobtar leatending that tbe choice of a plenipoten yn *? eenduct tb? negotiations had been most unfor The "ght hon. member arguM that Lord John Baaaell, before be west to Vienna, had committed him 5*?f ? violent and anti paeidc course; had overset a biset avowedly on tbe groand that its policy was too nfe' and during the progreiH of tho conferences had J*~bted a want of skill and acroitneas which had l*ft ?mm wastry tn its preient state of anxiety and peril 4a*Mag and aommenting upon th* Vienna prot->oola a* much length, Mr Disraeli oootended that Lird Man Kottfll had mismuDiged his mission, with seauha not only of present failure in conceding a bul o' renlering it almost impossi _ J?W? . , P*4Ce bJ mean* or a treaty herea'ter. His had left affairs in an entan^leraunt v?i*b diplomacy could no longer untie. RfcapiH'latinjr ? ^ inconsistency and ?mbignity, Mr.D'Is. government to proclaim in 1 ter?a . tbe condition* on wbich they woald ac LrTw*!' "d Hit PurPJM for ?b?ch tbey were prose vhiab ^,'tuii. present indeterminate system in yr,", ?*8ot*ati?ns and war were carried on a.malu fatal. It led to disasters abroad, tte mihtary spirit at borne, and extended an in a inflnenee over our foreign relationship?, inas ^ appointed a mediator ? ??7*r have become an ally. He called upon tke ***** to declare that the time of negotiation was past rna motion waa seoonded t tj Mr. Barrow. * * * * fc._ J , Rrmanx ??'d that the speech of hia right ftTacr^T ^Lth!O0nr"^ V* whlch be found it impoeiiole Z U,u,*1y??7* hlia lbe tribute of my ^ ! ,d ?u 8 Re(1?t h? <1 " es tion in a manner ? himself, and coniidered in a m?n 2f the queationof the eeasation pl???d fairly before the house the argu ? weighed hia mind to the conclusion at V". arrived? a conclusion to which, if eon r"* '/ bia argument, any man in that house or S* ??**toy might subscribe. In so far aa the spirit of Pf Sg?eeh of bin rieht. boa. friand was ooneoreed. It was * tbatwhtoh characterized the spj^h Mtoe right hon. gentleman opposite (Mr. Disraili) gy?. t**rj-who ,?????d to have lost sight al /k-* v * fl**t 1ae,UoB wbich ought * ?copy the house . who gave tbem na clear gj,. LW>o .AaW'(to une Bftlf (he at, h?Ar) bj pwtj Attacks &nd ingenious s \r a***"*" . But, before he (Lord J. Kn*seli) a of the right hon gentleman, and attempted to de bimself agamst the attack* tbe right boa. geut.'e i? ? cn ?ia conduct a* a member of the con ??* ?* Vienna, be mu*t remark, while yet they were l!11. M>unwnti lid lop. os brcxxgtkt fsrward bj Mlitgbt hon f i-na (Mr. Gladstone). Hia right hon. Maad said moat truly that the terms which had been ?0 2lui^ii-7J!e^ ,?,?* w#Bt Ut beyond what <vsh JP ^ th? allies at the comment# men? of me wtr. Bnt tuie 1 y his right hon. iriend ought to -i?e Mm* weight to the ob? ions eontiideration tha: such wac ftetnt state of ttingi, because princes and states ** unwilling to exchange a state of patce for wbo mignt think that it sufficed to put danJw- ?'gbt be content wta y ?***??. bnt when once the Kubicon was pasted and wa yewera were in conflict, it then became tbem tv i would have been sufficient some tirna *, bnt bow to ebUin a peace which had in it the mta er aeenrity and duration (Hear, hear. 1 He !?** i therefore, attach tb* valae which hia right Hteejrable friend atiaiheu to a change In the terms on ^ eomcMpt. lhat a great change n *Bicted in Huasia? ^ fSrt she felt tbe pressure . belligerents, and tbe pre* tare on Aua ?* **?aianuy iasreaalng her forcee and thr sate nine mr vitt bestihtiea unlese she *a*e way, and that she **e RiMn even et tnat expedition to the Crimea TPf* ?? ?,u?b censured, there could be l ttle J?1! **2 ^?f* H1 lege had caused great chinseg in But tbe immediate question was, w aether or mrn there waa not snch danger aa to render it nenesnarr. ta eessebtdiag a peace, to cause it to be ?neh ss to irive aaenri^y to th* future, and to eoasider in what that ie ??v "< to eenalst. (Hear, hear ) There wasonedan I" *? r*t*T? to the Principalities, and one point of 2* unions was adequate to the disposal of that ~**T P? ?eeond point had no reference to any Meettea between Turkey and Russia; but the third mm* * id contain a dfclajatlon that it was neoeeanrv in - J"!,*^0*' ?* reTl/,# the treaty of 1841. in order to ab Turkey to tbe balance of power fn' Europe, anl ?!? th.? preponderance of Russia in Waek Fea; u>l now his right booorabl* frienl nid **?*'** *? the terms proponed by Russia thi fultil nt ef what waa required by that point. Having nn '8 ?s J2!^* .0,,? <teol,rM !t WM "Wt wonderful to h?ar ai ue Russian plenipotentiaries should think so. Rat ? Restl*, having twenty sail of Sebaatopol, mjRht, as was shown by tbe it asihUry authority of Marsh?l Ma.-mont, red bv ? JP>. 42*u/f ?oto^euual eminence, take a-lvintage >>*t f11 from the Bosphorus, end land an ?way la Its vicinity. tVhat wa* sai l by Russia!1 She a*M she would oon?ent that the fleet* *f the ,*? P*wera alould corns into the Black Sea, SSSt be wiw '?*? u,n? lhe Ro?'? flwt y*1 ^ Mbsrtr (o go through the Htr%iU ^ wouM M that English frtich fleets would in peace seldom go into th* al a?v^s So t rW**P "J0 oC the lin? of ,to C^aatantinop e, and at tbe gate of jMBnltan'* palace impose terms on him? (bear hoar whllt ft' f?rbiddeu by the treaty ^IMl woul-i now be *a*y and that was what the R'i* ?ma plenpofn tarie* called a compliance with the (ffepewd. (Hear, tear.) After we hal left J*aaa. aacther piopoael w.s, wbich his right 32T^nW^: V?med to think wouM afford a suffi z!??' Ibat proposal wa* to leave tbe treaty 2 thllf' an,t4n retaining the principle gjh. c.ortag of tbe9tralts; but that wh^n Turk?y wm 64,1 tbe fleets of "e John RumoU) ?wned the. be law little or any eecurity In thai propo 1l*w"tT(w thet Turkey might ,? J u 5 bee allies to her assisUn^e, Me ^eMiSS thing in ouch a alSS m?ht pr I! ?' the fleets of awe* might be at a distance, and the fletts or *** be|B> the neighborhood, it was probable that '"" .i i"1' into executioa before the Sui te eonld call up the fleet of hu allies. He owned ihat fce"? rl jhtT*^ i^Ti iIPit*y."?' Tnrkey would hive light to eey that there had not been a proper ful of the third point He should S.'iy Sf4* ^?*hlr^ po^t bad b*e? fulfilled by terms so fn ??atta?UT?/i i o fibre! it would have been ^d kJZS? mr0p*J" ' P*"*r *n worthy of te^Taton^^l; JI ' n ^"'<1 be belter ? * * once that we were unable to nnt an end t-? Sl^ilrrerth^i^n "li?1* ,n the B1*ek s*a ?B'1 thit *?U*htJmurt ^ *be*4one.l. ot tha prepondercace of the Ru*??a ^ W ?fcin "Mnritles which wv If th4t wa* not T~,_" would be (objected to ernater ?SSa'ia/^a m n'rtt"* to cease without ,U.r.riA''rt th?t danger, would .ZL ^*n d*f**?*<> H's right vaNe friend apoke of the aeoeesity of a mlitarv , ^A11* '^ ypon that .object **' l*t> tndependeaGy of any terms of IttTJT.-. t9earity of Turley. it was neoeeeary to hay rnlbtyy *uccew He agreed also With hie right ",T*r tbe valor of English sol ? brighter, aever did their power* of endu "? h,*h M the present war. ??*w? no aeeesslty or military *~SFto la obtalnlng satisfactory ' ?fb*^?,>o1 ? tending and with Ira wing ^^nny^wonM in bis opinlew onljr aggravate tbe dan - not oniy U tcerr in Orim?o xoiOunU tuioMding "m t\>ir jriuf-'j i 1X01 ^ tn P^ ^ Black Sna but nil or*? Uu heweTThl?2? . JhT . ^ ?Wtietions with which "H* of poaaibility, he didVot think thTT *7,,^ ?er, probable. It was wry trae, m the rl,h? h? ?*ea seid, that be who wee not habituated to diplomacy ea4 was more eccnitome* to parliamentary liJe rniUl tMml* ^ P?o- ?? eenduct these' nefo Mnd ^rd JUrendon I^en J?, "-w, bfJwl5fc*? h* wo"M undertake tbem e*??nr??i ??We friend at the head of tbe government la that, aad bar Ma^eetr had been plea^l to 2X*e t<? h* <blt thet he could nof la honor 122^ tbat duty. (Hear, hear.) Tbe lb* third roint TT* ought to have begun with The oue*(C?^ w>* ?flt tor bin* to deteraTae th at ' the representatives of be wee lm5r!?d^? ?pd when be wae in Pari* fwvernmeat that ^ d at th* of the ?*L >? t^i Sir"'* ,ho?1<1 ?- token I. the or *o eonaldJ?t 2?|L ??!*? h?a- tbere MMeesion mode "P*1 h,i *" that WS rfor tbe f stare, (Hear, bear. ) If thiy mere n rtknquuK tht Urmi of ptace thry propntnd., blU 1 mt+tim to vnthdravo 1 60,000 er 200,000 fWmch at Turkish e?plre, tw whtoh WJH* fectly iietinet? the pro teoU rate tm |Ml Mcl: rfavi, whieh wu n.nctWoed Mt only by W treaty of Kainerf ji. but by the subsequent trentieo ef fcehnreet and AOranople, end the prspeation which waa P?t for ward by frtiN Menchikotf, whieh went far beyond thoea tmtiM, and was based on ? erroneoue interpretation of the tint) of KanardjL It wtuM be reoolWetod that wben Sir H Seymour aaked the Emperor of Koada to Mint out the ptiaage in that treaty whieh support? J fhe dam ruade bjTvM Menehikoff, bis imperial Ha jesty replied, an Emperors are frequently apt to do, go to (bunt Nei-ee'rode and he will shew yon the article of the treaty . Sir H. Seymour did go and askedOountN ea sel] ode to pont out the ankle; and Count Neaeelrode a reply wes that he waa not very. conversant with toe tiiaty. but that Count Brunnow waa, and that he would abow tb? paiwsgo in the treaty. ("Hear, hear, " and lauibter.). Ouunt Brunnew did not point out any ?ueu cssssge, and therefore they oame to too conclusion that there was no at eh right guaranteed by treaty a? that put forward. Tin right honorable geotleBM therefore made ut??r coafuelon when he confounded two twoo ao entirely distinct aa the right which was by leveiai treat it a, and which, therefore, they cou 1 Lot refute to discuss. and the claim put forward by ITirce M. nchlk off lie would not at that ^?^ufg0 into the point about the nervation of the '?*. tLcr than to lay, that in respect to ittbey J ctnsiderable security. When tbey ?? * ^e Jjji? point they bad to conaMer the *ho* 2ttt.!^Uh most important question it wes? a 2a " h?^hT?totVoe occup'ed tben for two years past, and which aatght oe runv the parliament ot th s country for futuregenera t" ns? *beth?r they ought to pat some bound, to the of Rues s; and if fo In what manner tbat ob ject Kbould he tffectel (Hear, hsar ) It was not for h m toMlve tbat pre at problem. But it was considered not only b> the ata>fsm?n of Cngland and 1 ranee, but by the f mperer of the French, in L?e inter Tie* whtch he had llie btaor of having with hlm%nd by some of the lend ing itatcrnen of the continent ef Kurope, whose great ?*pe?ienes and ability gave to the r opinions the ainslest authority. Whatever might h*ve been the position of Rgssin. that would not have justified them in making w?r upon Russia, but being at war with Rui r'a that porit on became one of the moat serious for their consideration. (Hear.) Russia had Increased her pewer moiethsn any other country in Europe since the ermmencr ment cf toe eentury. ("No, no," and hoar. ) She bail <50,000,000 of inhabitants, an* an army of fiOi'.OOO men in t'me of peace After a considerable strag gle anc much resistance on the part of Lord Oaatlerea^h and Prince Talleyrand, Russia was allowed to acquire and retcin herpowerover Polaud, witn the limitation, however, that Poland waa to have c separate eon-titu lion and a separate army, wh-ch would give her a iial or c?t tonal existence. But that condition wae broksn tbroogli. and new fetters of iron bound her to RuesU efter tte insurrection of 1831 Since then Russia had erected In Poland six or seven fortresses o' at least equal strergtb to that of Sebastopol. bue conciliated the veattntry by a policy well adapted for that purpose whilst at the samo time t^e young m*n of Poland, who full ot patriotic ardor and recollections, mtgut one <J?y rise to a?sert the freedom of their country , wore carefully lelected and sent into the interior and distant provinces of Russia, where they met with no sy apathy, where their fate wan unfcnora, and where they re mained forgotten bv all except the relatives from whom they were taken. (Hear, hear.) In the Baltic, Russi* was preparing a great pfcin of fort motions, which were tnknown till Sir C. Napier sent home a plan of them. These fortiaeations, when completed, would have given Russia entiie predominance ovtr the Baltic, ao tnat neither Denmark nor Sweden, nor any ?fn'* power, could have held up a finger against her in that saa. (Hear, bear.) In (Jermany she was oonneetej with many of the rmal' princes of that country by marri*ge?. Many of the German States, he was sorry to say, lived in /ear of revolutionary principles, and depended on tbtir armies alone for protection. (Hear.) Many of tho officers cf these armies were ted a cert by the Russian court, which spread rewards and orders among *t them, and even paid their debts in some casea. (Hear, near.) That Germany, which should be the se*t ef ln epsn dtnee. and whi."h suonld stand forward the flrst to pro tect Europe against the encroachments of Russia, was undermined in its rital strengih and its nationU m de P?tn5??c?, hi the arts ana contrlvanoes of Russia. (Hear.) He "had not yet spoken of the immediate dan ger with which they had to deal. It wa* this, that, af t*r a long course of violence and aggression, Turkey signed the treaty of Aflrianople, which gave new powers to Rusfcia, and confirmed old ones. The danger of that treaty was ably pointed out by Lord Aberdeen- But neither l ord Aberdeen nor the Duke of Wellington judged it rght? and he thought wisely ? :o go to war on ac count of the increase or power thus obtained by Russia. But now that war waa begun, it waa not for them to for tt the ltsscn which Lcrd Aberdeen had given and the ung er ? he had pointed out. Russia had great means of influence in Turkey? such means of Influence thai, if she used thean wisely and prudently, she might exercise a prt dominant coutiolin tlie councils of Constantinople. But, in an hour of imprudcnco? he will not say more cf the conduct of a sovereign who had since passed away ? the Sropcrtiv insisted upon what Turkey thought i> he a dt gradation, and occupied the provinces of Turkey to enforce his demand. Turkey resisted that degradation; and thinking, from he ofltors or support that she received from France and Great Britain, that she wculd bs suppor'ed in such a struggle, had resourse to tms in her defence. Lord Mtrat/ord de Redc;itTe, whom the House would allow to be well acquainted with this subject, had said, some time before, ,l I think tho tin.e has ccme when Turkey 's position must bfl entirely altered; either she w.H fall into a *tate of total depend ence upen Rofsia, or cls? she mnet get rid cf all those macacles and shackle 3 by which, for many roars p*V, she bas been fettered arid encumbered. " Well, that was the question, whether the allied goveruinentsshoul Heave her to be got completely under the sway of Russia, as a tubject, or whether thev should endeavor to raise her to sob ethic g higher than her present condition, as an inde p*udeiit State. The allied government choee the Utter p?t ot this alternative. It became them, therefore, flritly, to consider the immediate danger. That iTncaediate danger was warded off. The gallant defence of Kilistri* by tbe Turks would always be rememberad with praise and honor. That siege of Hilistria, however, would hive been renewed; snd had it been, the result might h?v< bten as when the campa'gn of 1828 failed, and w.n re newed in 1W9. Tho siege of Silixtria failed; bat in the conrfe of the summir, or at some other titn*, the flege of Siliitria would have been renewed, and a greater force would have been brought against it. Well, the approach of the allies prevented that danger, and the Russians r* tired across the Danube Austria then i*id that oho could not permit Ro?sla to oscuov those Prin cipalities; all her leading men -aid it was impossible to aDow that occupation to onut'nuc; and she, therefore, for a partial interest? though he wished sh* had done it for a more gvreral interest ? said, that unless those two Principalities were evacuated she would try the fate ofarui?, and deciare war against Rus?ia. Upon her forces being assembled, Russia evaluated those Princi palities. Now, let it be observed, that it was because those l"rincipal'ties were thus p'aoed under the safe guard of Acstia, it was because any attempt to lnvail* Turkey, tD cross tha Balkan, and reach Constantinople, was thus prevented, that the allies feit themselves ena bled to send that expedition to the Crimea. Like his rght lion, friend, lie (Lord John Russell) persist*! in thinking that they were nght ia sending'that expedition, and like him he would rewerve the question for some fuinre period, when it might be matter for discussion. But this effect followed it? that, from the pressure at Sebastoool, the Russian fleet h*d been, a great part cf it, funk by the Russian authorities themselves. Th* Russians themselves had diminished that fleet: and it was no longer a fleet of eighteen or twenty sail of the line which menaced Constantinople, and showed oon itantly a perpetual threat to Turkey. The question lay thus upon that third point, how the allien coull dimin ish ber power, and put an end to her preponderance in the Black Hea. He (Lord John Russell) confessed that be was not at all aehamed of the manner in which he agreed with Co int Buol to Invite the Ruesian plenipo tentiaries to 'ak?j the initiative on that question. Count Buol represented to him, and, he be levod, reprfcsente-1 alto to the Russian plenipotentiary, before it was brought forwsrd in the conference, that it would be huitful to the dignity of Russia to have esrtain terms inr posed upon her for the limitation of her power, but that. In consideration of the security of Kuropc, she might make a prot oeition herself to that effect--} hat the might make that proposition to Turkey; and lie Coaut Buol) asked the plenipotentiaries of Prance and Egland uot to bring forward a proposition until h? 1 thould have made that propoeal. Count Buol mide that proposal, and he (Lord John Russell) oertainly followed it up with those words, "That In the eyes of Fngland and her alliee (.since he was an? foe England, and not for Russia, as the right hoaorablt gentleman supposed) tt* b-vt and only adtnlssl ile oon cttions of p*a>'? would be those whieh ahoild, c in sistently wl b the honor of Kassia, and in harmoay with the interests of Europo, prevent the return of complications such as that which ha J lei to the present contest." And he wished now to ask. provided the security of Europe were obtained ? provided th?t the return of what were called "complications," the re turn of dreadful wn:s in fact, should be prevented? ?as it not desirable that the terms should be compitlbto with the honor of Russia, and that Rnssla should bs satisfied with the t?rms agr?ed to? Therefore, he wai quite willing, and he believed bis eolleagaes were, to abids by the dkclaratioo that he then made. The an swer of Rnssla was a long time in arrivlag, and it was unfortunate that the Russian plenipotentiaries were de sired not to make any proposal. The care taken of his navy bv tbc Kmpsror Nicholas was thought, by Rus sians cf great sagaotty and experienoe, to be An error, b?caus< Kiusla never could be made to cope with the maritin.e powers. What had been the uae of the fleet of eighteen or nineteen sail which Russia possossed in the Black Sea? No sooner did the fleets of the allies appear then it scuUed into Se bastopol. and a great part of it had been de stroyed by the Russians themselves. It was there fore no naurity to Ruseia, but ooe of the persons to whom ho (l<ord J. Russell) had alludC'l. said to him ihst, if Russia objected to diminish that fleet, it would be a proof that Russia Intended aggression lis ( 1-onl J. RusselO thought tint observation wai perfeotly just; and ho believed now. stlU more thin when he went to Vienna, and more thsn he believed last year, tint sggren sicn was in Ue contemplation of Russia. The Russians believed that tbe Turkish power must soon decay, and that either 1 ran re or EngUnd would hasten to seizo com Constantinople, and that the Russian empire would bo in danger, and therefore that they should be before band and make themselves masters of that oommand log position. It came to the same thing? that it was the object and Intention of Russia at some future time, and it night be in no vary remote future, to pos sess lierrelf of Constantinople. (Hear, hear.) Then, os 1'evltg tLat, were the gsseroments of Krantcanl Great ISrlta in to close with propositions that gave no security? Be admitted the imperfections of the guarantee they propos ed; but, as they were precluded from asking for any ces sion of territory by the protocols he oould see no b?t Ur security which they eould obtain than the limita tion of the Russian fleet; except that other plan, to wbich Russia was far more opposed, of mating the Black Sea a commercial sea altogether, and not admit I ting any ships of war. The r'gbt honorable member for Buckinghamshire would have bad them make a simply defensive war, but how" Was It by keeping any army perpotuallv tn defend Turkey ? It was not enongn to de fend her agalMt the Immediate peril, nor wonld it suf flce that Rutin declared, for the hundredth time, that ?be wonld respect tho integrity and independence of Turkey. He must any that he did not expect to Aoktfa WM prepared, to the present ittk ? t the queation, ?? Uiafiaaaaedlate Mrt faa the | war ifttirt Ruuti with u. He Wimd that *b* ttoM ktn ooDialtad bM own interest and dignity better if she bad mm tima ago joined na ia that war; bat there were vary conaMerable naotivea, vary powerful mo'ives, urging bar to m tint tin peaoe. Saa had nal bar capital in tba situation of London or Parti' free fion any dangar of in o union from Rusaia. She bad no fortreases sufficient to prevent a K a Mian army, if it gained ore vi torj, from marching at one* to Vien na. fclie bad no secure alliance with l'ruaala; and that was one of ibe main motives whiah had deterred her f on taking an active part in thia war. Pnuiia, her great riral, not only opposed her on Uu> question, but tool constantly canrassing the mailer State* of Germany against her views, and endeavoring to gain than over. (Hear, bear ) to less they could ihew that there waa irnt predominant and necetaary motive to induoe tbrm to no to wer, the Austrian government felt that tbey would not be justified, in the face of the pope lation of Germany, in entering into the war. He told thia freely to the house, not only to do justice to Austria, but because hedld not wi?h to bold out bopes that might sot be verified, that Austria would Immediately take part in that war. He thought, b owner, that her position was sneb, and her treaty en gag<ments wltb ua were tuch, that li the war continued ?he would find it necMBiry, in or>r to meet and van quish tbat preponderance of Kussia, to taie part in the war. 01 this be fe.t sure, that the part wh'cu Aastria bad played, sot taking shares in the spoils of Turkey, as was expected, but joining with us in all the maaaures anr proposals wheh we had tboug't ne canary, would never be forgotten by Kuaaia, and that her only saety lsy in build'sr up such alliances a* nlihtsscare Turkey and secure Europe (Hear, hear ) He thereforo saouid be ready to vote spainst tbe motion, which degraded tbls f reat national cause, uot m-relj into a party nues tion (r partj question might be a vsry grtat question), but into a very limited and narnw party question? fb?sr, bear)? a qu?ation with respect to particular eon duct at ? particular mfiaoent, and particularly linguae* beld 19 rebates. (Hear, bear ) He bad never known a p reat matter? perhaps one cf tbe greatest national quoa tier" wMch were ever debated in tbat bouse, which had ever engaged the councils of the empire, whi;h had ever required the exercise of the arms of tnla country ? to lie so degraded as this question bad bsen (Cheers) He (Lord J . Rutsell) waa convinced that the party opposite would not gain any crsdit by havirg it said? a* it surely would be said ? in this great crisis of tbe fortunes of the country, that the great oon?n?ative party wno, for upweri's of a year, bad with tin greatest patr otlsm coma 'srward to support tbe crown and maintain the bonor of tbe country by every vote tbey could give, alter littJe mora ihin a year got tired of the exercise of that virtue; that they thought thtre was an opportu nity of slipping into office in the place of those then there; and that, bavins; lost an occasion which seemed to fce about to be offered them by an Indepennent member of tbe hontee, tbey rushed forward in order to ga<n tbe prlste o' which tbey were amoitious. (Cheers and laughter.) lie believed tbat ths right huncraole gen' 1> man and bis friends would gam no such prize, whatever might be t> e result ol the di v aion, ia point of reputation thin bad been a false move on tbe part of gen tlemen opposite (Hear.) If they choae to poiat out ami censure any act of government the government was open to an} censure, any observation any criticism they might make. But to b. mg forward vague words ? (hear, hear) ? to ask for a vote upon what ssemdd to be the feehngof tbe moment, and which might not last above a day or two? to be so impatient as not 10 wait over the WbiUun holidays- (laughter)? or till the negotiations were concluded? tbat was such a falling olf in tbe patri ct im and virtue which gentlemen opposite had hitaerto evinced, that be really thought tbev would add nothing to their tame by such a course. (Hear.) On the motion of Mr. Whitbsidk, the debate was ad journed. Tbe adjourned debate was resumed in the Hoiwe 0* Commons on tbe 26th ult., when after some apeeshea bad been mule ^ ^ Lord rslmerston said * * * . . . Sir, 1 beard the speech of my right hon. friend last nip lit (Mr Gladstone) with acmtratlon, no doubt but with considerable pain, becaureTie HMiut oniy to condemn the conduct of the war, but in the coneliid g portion of bis epeech it appeared to me that ma f pinions were adverse to tie war, expedition to the Cfimea, an* adverse to the term lof pcace, on which we are compelled to conclude the war- and vet my right hon. friend was a party to all ol t^eee things. (Cheers.) I regret that any ctrcuin stinces should, since he quitted the government, tave so entirely altered his c pinions on tbo'e Bubjecta. \'ow, it appears that there are two considerations in the cixcuciion. There are those, upon the one hand, who think we have not been sufficiently vi/erotu in the pro recnlion of the war; and others who wi^h to drive the country into peace upon terms which I think not con sietcnt with tbe honor and Interests of the country. Tbe lustice ond necessity of the war has been admitted bj all except a very saaali portion of this house. It arose rot simply from the nnbapyy events which caused the rupture; bnt dur ng a long period it has been the stanctng policy of Kussia to we?ten and crumble down, Md ultimately to appropriate Turkey. It hy heen oponly tvowed o! late that su?tt was the policy of Peter, of Catharine, of Alrxander and of Nicholas; It was the settled policy of Russia, which broke out in such a man ner as to render fuither post lveness on our ptrt IwPj" eiWe. I am not required, the?, to defend this war. The nation is unanimous abont it. I must agree w it h the honorable member who haa Just spoken, that being e teased la it we at* bound to carry it onwlth yi?or and energy, aed to close it wjth a inUrior of Rursia, tbey would lave been fl'htJM tux t?av licm their own cr?? ? ..c*uoue, and from any l i?r (torn their supplies and rein ferment* Ind there waa no polat to arhiev* which would have produced any decisive result. We went to Crimea, an ! to the siege of Sebsstopoi; beoause It was in the Black Pea that the danger to rurtey lav and became, it we had eusceeded in taking that fortress and the fleet, we should have giv-n to Tutkey. That being the object, that be n* the blow wMcb, when s'ruok, would depnvo Russia of the means of local aggression, I say the Crimea waa the place to which our troops could be m?et advantageously sent. Now, it is said we have put ourselves too much in tue hands of Austria I think it was sound polity to a: cert the good offices of Austria, to get her upon our, In tbe flfWs. it we could. or, at all events, to hate her friendly concurrence in policy, fhat we have accomplished. It has no* suited tne poli?y_ of pesce net only honorable, but that shall accomplish tbe purpose for whieh the was undertaken. Why. nt, that purpo e is the protection of Turkey ; not simply for any evmrathy we may feel for Turkey, hut because the ba lance of power in Europe? an expression which involves the treat interests of tbe civilized world? is ooncrned in preventing the ooloasal power of Rusain, fromextone ing over this wide and important territory. Well, we bate Hen told that the war has done nothing. We are ready to admit that, beginning on a sudden, wlthapoeoe establishment, a war with a great antagonistic power, alter forty years poace, ft was to be expected that there should Ic m the at ministration of the different depart ments, some mieshanc's and mistakes whl^h would oc. cssiun great evils. But it haa tea ?aid we made a great mistake in going to the Crime*. Sir, I contend that was rrecisely the expedition we ought to have unlertaken to bring the war to a spe< dy and suoceisf til conclusion, why if we had gone to Bemerabla, if onr army h*d entered the Austria to declare herself an active ally ; bat we have her good offices and tbe benefit of her neutrality, la an aimed poei'.ioa, which has been e. powerful mUitary ei versioa in our favor. If, ln.teed of engeCtngto defend tbe Principalities, she had s;ood by, tne Turks would have been ojliged to Veep a large army on tbeir frontier, and we might have been obliged to afford ?liem mUiUry suppcrtTi'he oonventioa between Auatria and Turkey fhut the door to invasion from Russia, snd his ^ Oirer Pacha, witfc that gallaat army wbich repeVad the Russians oa the Danube, to cooperate with in hi the (Tnea. More thairthat, the Russian government have teen ojligtd to keep a considerable army ?n J*? f?" tiers of GsUlcia, to watch Austria. It la, therefore, un true to say that Austria has been of r?o advantage to the slles Then, wouW it have been politic to refuse the b?oJ office* of Austria, to obtain, if possible, the con lent of Russia to the tsrms lett ed between the three governments? If we bud refused them, we should have deserved oensure and disapprobation^ But a 1th cugh negotiating at Vienna, we h?:1 emitted nothing which could possibly have been <?oi?e tj prose cute the war aa If no negotiations had taken place. And what haa been the result? We have a fleet which will blockade evtry Russian port la the 13*1 sic. Wo have in the black Sea a flee: equal to any servlje required And lis for our army, it is true that, during the winter, It ras expesod to great and lamentable suiTsrings; but I so hsppy to say they are now over; that ?rmy la in perfect efficiency, aad provided with everything; its health ti aoed, its e4uipmrntH are complete, furnished with aa the materials of war. the oommiisanat arrangements are good, the hoapltal establishment* excellent; there la nothing omitted. (Cheers.) Our allies are strength ened; the French army lias be?-n reinfo-ced; we hava the SArdinlan coating* nt, and a large Turkisa army in the Crimea; we haw ?>ow, I lake it, not less than something like 200,000 men; aad therefore, so 'ar from having relaxed in our preparati<*s lor war, ena acoount of tbe negotlatlona, wa have fone everything it was poesible to do. (Ohears.) Now, with regajd to these negotlatlona, I den y that oar language haa been ambiguous or uncertain. When ques tioned, we hava stated that which was exactly true. (Cheers.) There lias been mueh criticism on the condi tions of the negotiations. My right honorable friend raid, that wa had got three points aad a half out ef four points Thatla a convenient mo?e of treating arltnme tically a groat political quests n; but .?upp?se that third point had been the possession of St. Petersburg, o* the separation af Poland, would U be said that we should nut haggis about that tingle pelat? (Clieers,) What is that poiat he treats so lightly f It wa) the revision of the treaty ef 1841, for two puraoaes. One waa to at tach more closely the existence of Turkey to the bailee of power in Europe. There la more of apparent than real value in that, for tie Turkish empire haa, even in form, ever since 1841, been racognteed as belonging to the European baUnee. But the second purpoee w?s really of value : it was to ?ut an end to the preponderance of Russia la the B\yck h?a. Way, so long as Russia has, in her greet harbor of Sebas topol, a powerful fleet ready to sallv forth with a large army within forty-eight hours' sail of ConsUi nUaopl?, Turkey is evidently exposed to a continual dunjter- But my right honorable friend seyslt weulil be a humiliation toliaihlato Impose on her a diminution of her navy. That might be said or any condition by which a power b'n.'s Itself not to do that which It would otherwise ha?e a light to do. But if ahe be sincere In he* declare- | tloaa, it ia no hurt illation to Russia. (Hear, Hear.) It i Is said that there will be danger to Russia; that Turkey nsv hring a large fleet up through the Bo iphoroa It Is the first time I aver heard of the wolf requiring security egainst the aggressions of the lamb. ( A laugh.) Tte idea of Russia needing security against an attack from Turkey is merely fanciful. We are told tbe beet security would be to open the straits to the fleets of all nations. Then you would expose the Sultan to have an choring before bis pslace windows a hostile force at any time. Again, Russia h?s said that the Bultan might call In the Heels of bis aBles to aaaist him when threatened with danger. Thank yon for nothing. I say te Russia,

that is a right Inherent In the Sultan as an independent sovsreign. (Cheers.) It Is a mockery to say that, what ever be stipulated by the treaty of 1841, he haa not the power ef doing so, without any eenceseion by Bussie. But we are contemplating, not a period when Knglsnd fcnd France without wee eatabMshments, and 0?ete, to cope with the Ro*tene 1* Jhe BHrak Sea aad Baltic, but in )mn, whan ear AmU ud armies a ten hot* been ndtoM, while Rasafe, fanning bar wn system, at; keep u> a*?n*ii atandtng amy lit lest, and be itriag at U>a )M?t where fe|)ud ax! France aiT kt weak, mt from which they arc far away, M that whan the Sal tan ia attacked no au'lUlM ?en reach him. That very arg umast of tee Russian plenipotentiary shows that Russia cohWmplatei aggression. Why, I remem ber some year* ago, wben the arm lee ef the Conti nent vera awell?d to an enormous and dangerous amount, a prop? al was made that France, Austria. Prussia and Beaut* should reduce them to the peaoe es tablishment. H waa agreed to by Fraaen, Austria and Prussia; bat Roaala said; " We think jour proposal ex cellent; there btatea bave disproportionate and rutnoue arm We <x> feat; hat It does not apply to Ruaein? for we have only 800,000 men which ia our wgalir peace establishment " (Hear, hear ) Bo it ia with her Beets ? tb'rty s.ilof the line in the Baltic, and twenty or thirty in the Bla^k t-'ea Aad what itcurity would Tar key fesl if, With England and Franca relucing their na vies to the peace establishment, a large Masslan force were kept almost wttbin eight of the Turkish capital, ready to repeat more skilfully the operatioia which Menschuoff threatened and afterwarde attempted ? Yoa may depend upon it, Russia would not again commit tbe mistake of Invading Turkey on the land side, exposing her army te the climate, the march, and to resistance en tbe Iianube. 8h? h?* n much shorter cut from 8e bastcpol to CODBtaotinopla, and an easier plan of opera tion ? (Hear, hear. > For ber own defence, the Black Sea fleet is prtved to be anoeceasary, anl there ia no pretence for ber refa-ing tb jive to Europe and lurltey ttat pledge ef bonaat intentions, And of a liiend'y disposition, which ws require, in con senting to its limitation (Hear, bear ) tin* tho hon. gentleman (Mr. Layard) aaya the four points fall abort of what wa s nrcesnary No hirg could bn mare unbe coming tkan for government to hold oat expectations bayond what tbey see tleir way to a;complmh. We are engsge d in a great operauen, we trust kud hope we ahall be successful and we thi^k It will lead to attaining: ihose concitic na wliijh EngUnd and Franca have, In tbe present state of t>ie contest a right to demand. Bit if, unfortunately, the war should take a wider rcnge? if other powers take a part fn the contest, we cannot te our band by any such conditions? and England and Franca bare recorded that their are at liberty to make any additional demanda which by the auccess of tbe war noaj ha justified, and which they regard aa necessary for Uw general interests of Europe. Bat it wauld be wor'by of a great couatry, when en gaged *n a war of sucb importance as this, and in a clause which ia so clear an.l definite, to hold out expecta tions by which any paiiiea n>aj be misled, so as to com mit themselves in a tnaoier fital to their own interests, Oir duty ia to confine ouiselvea to that in which we see oar way. And 1 do say that we do see our way to success in the ap*rat ons in which we are now engaged; ana in spite of all diittculties we have had to surmount, and of r'l tbe nile*haacee wbieh bare happened, I think we liave turned tbe point; 1 think we are now in a con dition in which? tbe government with whom we are con tending having refuseed these fair conditions, which, in conjunction with France and with Uie approbation of Austria, we have proposed ? we may reel oonfl.lent that we ean carry on cur one rations of war with a fair pros pect ot tbat success which EngUnd and France are bound to obtain. I aay we are bound to obtain, because it is impossible for England md France, when engaged in a gr< at contest to fail in accomplishing their object. It would not be simply tbe disappointment of a particular object in view, itwoulk be tbe abnegation of the proud position they hold, because we should sink into the con dition of a leccnd rate power. The right honorable gen - , tlvman can eloquently descant on the calamities of war ; no man will be insensible to them. But I aay thire are things worse than war; diehonor to a country it worae than war ? (cheers) I do not mean worae merely in opinion, but it brings on even physical afflictions greater than thoae of tbe temporary exertions made in war. (Cheera.) I say, therefore, the prrty who would induce this country to abandon the contest upon unsatis factory and insufficient grounds. if there opinion prevailed, would be fatal to the best interests qf their country. (Cheers) The house is called upon to pronoanee its opinion to night upon two great and important ques tions. First, upon the existence of a ministry, which soine men may think of alight Importance. If it depend ed upon a sugar bill a timber bill, or any matter o. mere party conflict. I should aay parliament might deal with it cn simply personal grounds, and without regarding the consequences. Bat there is a far greater ques tion, which is ? the policy of the country, ita position among the nations of the world, our alliances with foreign governments? almost th* future reputation, the honor, and the de?r?st interests of England. (One; re.) Ob viously the object of the light honoraole gentleman ia, that this House should pronounce the government in ccmpeteit, and remove us from office. Wei, then, who is to succeed ns t (Cheers.) Is it to tae opposite ranks we are to look for tbat ability and unanimity t The Yeoman Usher of the Black Rod hare came in, and tummoned tbe Speaker to race. re the royal assent to ctrtan bills. The Speaker having been abaent nearly twenty minutes, returned, and read the titles of the billB to which the royal assent had been given lord PALMMtfiTON again rose, and was greeted with loud cheers. Ha aaid ? * ? ? Now tbe choice ties between the two sides of the house, and I con epd that wo, to whom the government has lor some time past been committed, have doue nothing to foreit the good opinion with which we were honorei; fcr we bave taken every measure to prosecute with vigor a war which we and tbe country believed to be necessary and just. I think the resale will show that we have not Ixen ui deriving of the confidence which was repoaed in ns on our advent to power, and that we shall b< able to realize the expectations of those who are looking with amictv to tte results of the war. (Cheers.) The fate oi battles is in the handa of ? h>*Vioa |am ? tf. <? sufficient that men upon whom such responsibilities rest should do all ia th?ir power to obtain sua ceee. That ne hsve done; and all I can siy Is tbls, ttat if we succeed, we ahall have the ra tisfuetien of tsowing that our auccess has been brought about by perseverance and determination, by the exertions we have made to secure it, without pro claimUiK day after cay the steps we have taken for its sect no j lisbront. (Cheers.) Whatever may be the deci skn of this night? whatever may be the relative strength of parties in thia, I am convinced t\ at the c/mntry is in eat net atout the tear, and I am aatiafied that the people ot England will give their support to any govern n.?nt tbat v 111 in thia reepect endeavor to execute the will of the British nation. As far aa tbe oountry gener ally is concerned, I look with comparative indifference to the result of this motion. I know that the will qf the count rg must be obiyed, an/1 1 know that will is that Enj Irnd hari*# engaged in a just ami necessary war in con art v ith her yrcat ally and neighbor. Franoi , it must and shall micctci i? (loud cheers)? and that this eountry will never allow any government to oe false to the trust re poaed in them. We bave not shrunk from th&t duty, and I am persuaded that ulterior events will show that wo san claim from the Houae and the country a verdict of approbation for the mannar in whleh we have per foiroed tbe great duties which bave devolved upon us. while we snail at the aame time b? able to Af w tlat it ia without justice that we have been acearaQ of shrink ing from olilif at ons the fulfilment of which the oountry has expected at ovr hands. The House then decided on Mr. Disraeli's motion:? A yes, Noes, 210 319 Majority for Ministry ICO The announcement <f the Kembers wm reoeivel by load cheesing. 1b thr House cf Lords on the 25th nit., Earl (iiiiY rose to move tbat a bumbie addresa be pre tented to h?r Majesty, to thank her Majesty for having ordered the protocols of the recent negotiations at Vienna to be laid be [ore us; to Inform her Majesty that this House deeply deplores tbs failure of the attempt to pot an end by those negotiations to the calamities of the war: and to express our opinion th-.t the proposals of Rnssfa were tuch as to afford a fair prospect of con cluding a peace, by wh'eh all the original objects of the war might bave been gained, and by whioh her Kajeety and her allies xo'ght have o.itaired all the advantage? which can reason ibly be demanded from Rue^ia. The coble earl commenced by observing th?t he un d eric ok the present tasc with unmingled pain, because it was impossible for him not to fee' tbat he should receive very little support friu. their lordships generally, and because it was most dls tasteful to him in any way to eonaem the condact of a government whish contained so many of his penoniil and political friends. He calculated tbat upon tbe low tat estimate not less tQan fcSO.iCO bam in beings had l>een sacrificed within tbe last two years to tbe grim idol of wsr. Iu addition to this we had to mourn provinoe* devastated, populations demoralized, and the progress of industry and com mere arrested. He then shudowed ont r?mo of the msny things whieh might have been ac cojr-p.iahed from money which had been expended in the war. and proceeded to argue that tnese disturbances justified him in raising his voice to protest against the pei severe rite in a course which had led to such results. Ho contended that by tbe refusal of the government to consider the last propotals made by Russia, at the Vienna Conference, a fair opening for faither nepot'attons, by which tbe great cilamltv of war migbt have been srreslod, and therefor* the House was justified in representing to her Majestv that she tad been ill advised by her confidential advisers. Be admitted tbat tho country did right in eoumenclsg hostilities, bnt remarked the impolicy of rejecting an honorable basis of nego'iatton, the object for which we went to war having been gained Tracing the his tory of tbe question, he eonWkdod that tbe Rnsaian concessions far exceeded the first demands of the Western Powers. Referring to tho Vienna Oenferenee he observed that the proposal for the reduction of the Rus?i?n fleet in tho Black Sea was insulting to an inde pendent power, and in reply to the statement that tbe faith of Hussla in keeping an engagement eould be relied on. He irmarked that toe objection would apply with equal force whatever might be the terms on which a Bace was to be concluded Be considered that if the itlsh embassy at Constantinople had exercised as much judgment and wisdom aa Russia herself, tbe war would never have broken eut. The r.irl of Cubxxdos, who spoke of Ixjrd Grey as the advocate cf Roieia, observed that the noble eaurl emitted to take into aoconnt the unifotm spirit of aggTeesion which tbeCsar had al way s manifested against Turkey. Ibe late Empercr Nicholas had asserted that tbo fcujtsn was past hope, and the mission of Prince Nensehlkcff was destined to give him the roup de /trace. Bine e tbe outbreak of the war we had become better ac quainted with the designs of Ruasta, and with her me ma fcr executing thtm, and had discovered that Europs was standing over a mine without knowing tt. Russ.a had for jeniu been permitted to Interfere and to encroach, through tbe cnlpable negligence of the Europnan Powers, and. but lor the timely revelation of ber ulti mate objects, might la a few years more hAvn suc ceeded in realising her plana. Finding every reason to conclude thai these designs were still entertained and tbe power of RussU still unbroken, lord Clarendon pro reeded to enforce the necessity of finding soma effectual means to repress the advsuoee and eurb tbe ambition of power which continually threatened the Independent of its ne'ghbors. He examined, point by point, the pro positions which had been suggested for this purpose, snd white declaring tbat nothing hut the intractable spirit of agaresaion on the part of Rnssla had stood in the way of peace contented that England was bound for tbe sake alike of honor and security to piwecut* the war until terms wire offered calculated to evrry out the principle which he had indicated, and guarantee the sa fety of Europe. The Eaxl t?r Majjhbbw supported tbe poJey of go Tiynt against the nnWImi of Lnd Giay. The objects to attain which ?w ?m mmm mm* hai Mt jit iMa N?nd, lit wrn tk?f ?Ta toub?4 ? uj dtliitatorw at the Vienna e inferences. tog to tbe arguments ?I to* noble Earl and of Mi ?tOM to toe Comodi, he ?MMd the house ef the du gtroui consequences of alio wing such faint boar tod doc trines to go forth to iuopt uncontradicted and uncoa toli The Dun or Abotll remarked that Kuala had never consented to withdraw a pretension or abataln from aa aggressive act, tzoept from severe compulsion. Lord Litiklton supported the motion. The Bishop or Oxroao fait obliged to oppoee the mo tion, believing that it wai calculated to frustrate too righteous cause tor which we engaged In the oontest. The Bake of Ncwcabtu also oppoeed tbe motion. The Karl of Dekbt argned that at Vienna we had aak ed too little, ra her toan too mnch. Soma important concessions, he admitted, had hem obtained from Ru tin, hot not infflcient to acoomplh objects which natu rally eitf nded as iTfitt progressed. After engaging in the liege of Sevastopol, ana pronouno'ng that fortreea a standing menace to Turkey, we cruld not abaadoa this enterprise without undergoing a national humilia tion, for which no terms that Russia could hare granted at tie confeieuce could coaspeasate. After a few words from Karl Granville, Karl Gbxy rsplitd, and withdrew tbe motion. The Danlah Hound Dn?i, [From tbe JouraaJ du Havre, Kay 20.] Prussia bas made known her determination to act in conceit with tbe United ctates of America to obtain the tuppiession of the Sound due. Tlie Dan<ah Ambassador at Berlin has accordingly received orders to negotiate ii paiateiy on this subject witto tba Prussian Cabinet. iJtnmaik re- produces the project presented by Prussia herself rome time ago, and which consists in capital izing tbe Hound dues and paying thrm at once. Tbe Danish govs rnment is evidently trying to avoid having several States railing at the same time difficulties in rcipectto these due*; it was in this manner that she succeeded. in 1838, in disemherras'iog herself, by sepa rate treaties, of tb? limultaneou reclamations or England and Sweden. Interesting from Spain. [Correspondence of tse Independence Beige, from Mad rid, Hay 16.] Some days ago 1 announced to you that the Council of Ministers agreed to a-eept the resignation of Mr. Oeuto, Minister Plenipotentiary of 8pain to the United States. Tbe trouble to day is upon the appointment of bis sue etrroT. Nothing has yet been resolved upon. It is pro bable the question will he decided this evening or to Koxrow, as tb* relations established between the United Stance and Spain lequWe the presenoe of an ambassador at Washington. Among the perrons upon whom the at tention of tbe Cabinet stems fixed for the succession, are tbe present ambassador at Berlin, or Mr. Ordax de Ave cilla. altbopgh it is said Mr. Lazurlaga makes soma op position to the Utter, who belongs to the democratic party. [From the same Correspondent, May 18.] Bps in continues to send troops to Cuba. The reinforce mtnts lint will amount this month to seven thousand men. The last news, which was received yesterday from the United States, caused great uneasiness to the govern ment. Tbe Cabin- 1 at Washington, says a despatch re ceived, will consider as a cattu belli any future search o! American vessels. [F/om tbe same. Mav 19.] A committee of members of the Oortes bas bev> nomi nated to exsmine the question of the colonization of Cuba, as undertaken by Mr. Feijoo So torn \y or This committee will reveal great injustices, to the prejudice of unfortunate GaRcians, whose ignorance and good faith bas been imposed upon. In expectation of the result of the labors of this committee and tbe decision of tbe Cortes, I send yon a few itema, which I have from an authentic source. In June, 1863. Mr. Feijoo 8otomayar solicited from the superior authorities of the island, tbe privilege of trans porting emigrants or colonists to Cuba for a period of fiitsen years. Mr. Feijoo Sotomayor protended to be actuted rather by a patiiotic motive than by a desire for gain. He pledgee himself t> give to each colonist a monthly payment of one thouiand reals, or about $60, and to transport them back again to Spain at he expiration of the fifteen years. The comm'ssio ners appointed by tbe autharitles of tbe island, declared that Mr. Feijoo claimed an odious monopoly. That misery alone, (it was the year that famine made such ravages in GaUcia.) eonld in a moment of ten pair atduce a great manv unfortunate men to go in a killing climate, work for tbe benefit of Mr Feijoo, while working for their own account tbey could earn much more money. Notwith ?landing this opinion of the Oommlssionars, Mr. Feijoo obtained through tbe influence of muoh money, a royal decree under data of March 22 and May 2, 1863, autho rizing htm to preiesute his scheme. A great number of Gallicisms, tempted t>y the promises made to them, have departed, but nave socn alter their departure bitterly regietteo it Instead of 960 Mr. Feijoo gave them but $5. The black slsves earn from $2u to $26 monthly. The bard labor to which tbey have been subjected have already killed a great number, and Mr. Feijoo complains of having against him tbe Commissioners of tbe island and the principal authorities. Gen. Concha, who former ly bad condemned this enterprise, will make known at the proper time when tbe Cortea is ready to examine into this matter, some detaila of which will reflect to the dis credit of Mr. Feijco i-'otomayer. [Correspondence of the Oonstitntionnel, from Madrid, May 14 ] Mr. Vivo, Mexican Miniate* ?* nas given none expl??*tfc">a relative to the refusal of his government to receive Mr. Antonio y Zagas as renresentative of Spain. These explanation! have not satisfied our Cabi net, and the departure of Mr. Viva is hourly expected. pon m % A ffati ? In San Domingo* A GRAND CONFERENCE BKTWEKN 80UL0CQUS AND 8AMTANA. [Santo Domingo (April 22) Correspondence of London News.] Since my last communication respecting the contem plated xevolntion, tor the purpose of upsetting Sao ti nt.'* government, tbe President enteral the eity on the 11th iwt., at the head of about 2,600 troops. lam sorry to intorm jou that be has allowed unrestricted Fooje to hie passions; and previous to his leaving Beybo, in which province he re aides, he ordered six of the per sons accused of having been implicated In the plot, to be tried by a mock military commission, and to be shot in his presence. Amongst that number was General lm verge, one of the oldest generals of the republic, and his con. a youth 20 years of age. 8 an tana bad the cruelty to force the fattier to witness the execution of hie own son. and forced him to takq afterwards the sama place, In oraer to receive the bells of the file of sokiiers. The itile of Duverge has since lost her seizes, and died under her afflictions. the fate of tbo*e that are sow imprisoned in the city is not yet decided. It is reported that Santana's black list contains from twelve to sixteen victim* to suffer death, and the expatriation of upwards of fifty indi viduals. Commodore Henderson, in her Majesty's steam frigate Termagant, arrived speedily trom Jamaica. It ia known that he, in conjunction the British Consul, remonstrated againit farther bloodshed, appealing at the same time for clemency. 1 he French Admiral, Rernoux, who re turned last Friday in the Iphigenie. accompanied by the Penelope, from a ah art eru>ee, and is now lying in the roads, nas hitherto taken no steps. Her Majesty's Consul resisted every demand for de livering up the refugees that bad found protection nn der bin flag It is very fortunate ? for three of the num ber would certainly have met death, as they were at the head of the movement. The consul has since succeeded in obtaining passports for the persons in his house, and when, for batter security he accompanied them last Saturday to the place of their embarkation, ?o much sympathy was shown that upwards ot four hundred persons joined the first d-rUgt , all was don* in the greatest order, the streets thrc ugh which they passed being moreover lined with peoDld. On arriving at the Sea gate, it was shut, mere ly tne wicket beirg open, and a company of soldiers un der arms and with fixed bayonets was drawn up In front; but tndlftnajed by this formidable appearance, the consul continued his mareh to the place cf embarkation, snd enly returned after be ?aw the refugees safely on board of a Dutch sehooner, which was to take them to Curaeos. nrlt becemes evident from the derpoeitioui of the impri soned persons that there were tbree elements in the con templated revolution. Generals Pel Utter, de Mena, and other*, were for recalling ex-president Baez; General Scnch' z i&accuied cf having Hood el tht haul, of a parly, who had Anurican annexation for their object: and Ge neral Duverge. tbe person who was shot lo Seybo, seems to have aimed at tbe presidency. The town is tranquil, and It must be said that the government maintains order. The great number of sol tiers in tbe city has raised all kinds of provisions 100 per cent, snd there 1* great misery. Twenty pasos, pa per currency, commanded in WHO one Spanish dollar: it requires seventy five at this moment to represent that sOver ccn. Tbe only good news that 1 have to report is an extra session of the Senate yesterday, during which tbe Pro fit ent made a communication that he had rtotivexl an autograph letter from the Emperor Souloqut, proposing di reet negotiation* between hit empire and the Dominican republic. It it said that the Senate hcul advised the Pre lid* nt to nominate , deputies, and that probably Jamaica will be the place where the HaytUn. and Dominican pleni potentiaries are to meet Great Britain and Franc* ought to support such a disposition, 'for their mediation, although now four years in operation, has hitherto failed te produce the desired remit. It baa plunged them into a false posi tion, and has been, moreover, eonnaeted with *onmd*r< able expenses, for on several occasions tho two govern ments were obliged to maintain a squadron on tbe Baytien coast. Oar Ponghkeepate correspondence. PoronKwrsrK, June 7, 1MB. Tht Maine law in Dutchess county? Liquors to bt Sold ? Liquor Dealers ' AstscuUion. It Is understood that there will be no prosecutions for tbe sale of spirituous liquor* in tbi* county prior to the fourth day of Joly. Xbe liquor dealer* of the county bar* formed an asso ciation, and bava determined to go right on with their business after the fourth of July, legardles* of the sta tute. But th*y propose to oooOne their aalen to import ad liquors. Tbey have retained competent counsel to defend all suits against any ol their lunttr, and confidently rely on a legal triumph. Hewn hjr Mall. Cel. Jefferson Eavis, Secretary of the Unit*! States Treasury, came very near beirg arrested at Atlanta, Ga., for picking a traveller'* p<??t on board tbe oar*. The traveller pointed out two peWms whom he sospoeted, on* of wbom was Mr. Parts. The Mayor earn* to the betel in time to. prevent the arrest. Seventeen street walkers w?t* arrested in Philadelphia on tbe 4th inat . and committed to prison for thirty days as vsgrants, Jsmes S. Richardson, a native of Maaeachuaetta, eom mitted suicide in New Or Teens on tb* 29lh alt., by sh.ot Ing himself in U* head with a sfcot gun. t 1 amriozvAL attazki, THE NEW CITY HALL TO BE ERECTED IN THE PARK. BOARD OF ALDERMEN. MItiCLLLiNEOCB riFIU. Communieationa were received from Comptroller Flagg, submitting the receipts of the Sixth and Eighth imir railroad* for the Math ?( M17, m foiiewa:? Sixth avenue railroad $19100 11 Eighth ?? 36,178 (6 Total $44,978 76 Ordorod on file. From the Street Commissioner, aubmitting aba tract# of contracts awarded b y him for the Month of May. Or dered on file. RIFOBTfl. To pay $126 to K. Bedell, for bonding waE of Twentieth ward station home. Concurred in. The report ej the Ceuncilaen in favor of t5,0t0 appropriation for the 4th of Jaly, amended In thii board to $3, COO, went back, aad the Councilman having adhered to former action, the paper is retained. On motion of Alderman Veerhia, a committee of eoniereno? was appointed aa follows ? Aldermen Tucker. H'mck and C. H. Tucker. THX LOCATION 01 THE SEW CITY UALL. Alderman Fox called irom the table the report in rt? l&tion to tbe location of the pr posed New liitr Hall. The Beard then went into Committee of the Whole, AlCfcraoan Ely in the :h?lr. on tbe subject. The ma jority report in favor or having the hall in the Park, waa first read, and then followed the minority report, in fa vor of adopting Madiacn square. Alderman Vkbuas movtd that the latter report he adopted. Alderman Fox moved that the Majority report he adopted. Al< erman Vbrriak spoke in favor of having the New Citv Hall located in Mao iaon square. Be eouaidered it to be the interest ef the whoie inland to have the hall built op town Alderman Voorhis said he had given his view* pretty fully in the minority report ia favor of Madieoit square. He referred to the firs', movement of ehnr:aee up town, and their graoual mot ement to that Motion of the eity since. He believed that Mere were 700,000 people in New York, snd if the city would continue to increase as it had, no town was tbe right location for the Han. In a few years be toougbt Yorkvilie weuli be a more central loaalioo than tbe Park. If we went to work to build a baVLt^i ch wouM take nearly ten years, at th* expiration jMfcst period people would he quit* convinc ed that the " should be uptown. He Aid noi want to remoW^^k' "? courts from the Pask, hat enly the city goveraae^^d deportments. In building a Hall up town, Alleraa?\ would have a gallery fo7 ladies, as these fair creatuan w >n id , no doubt, of ten pay the Coal men Council a vlsH wb>l? m sesi'on, and suah would have a refining acd exalting influence. Alderman Fox said the object of a new City Hall, waa for the buaineea portion of the city The city railroads, and all the ave nues, converged at tbe one point, the Park, and it would be easier and more convenient for up town people to reach the Park at any time than to get to Madison square. Alderman Loud said be could not really believe that Aldeman Voorhis was eerious in his reasonings. He thought that, the AMe'man would stop after submitting bis curious minority report; but he was surprised to see him get up in this Boaro in tbe assumed character of "Young America," denouncing the down town advo cates as old fogies, and giving suoh unreasonable calcu lations. Alderman L. thought Alderman V.'a idea to bare the City Hall up town tor the purpoee ef getting a larger audience was rldicu ous. The Board had too much of a crowd hanging around it nightly already. Aid. L. did not even think it neceaeary to have some ef the eharm era of the fair sex coming In liatening to the "Of fal ctn tract," or any other awful debates. He thought there was no probability of business being crowded much above the present City Hall, notwith standing the increase of reaidencea up town. If the whole island was built unon, the Pate would, from the position of the city and ita avenues, with the chipping at the lower end, n>. be the most central past, in a anal neas point of view, and consequently It waa the enly and best location for tbe building in oontemplatien. The idea of a City Hall on lladison square, ao far frena the business section of tbe city, be proMoaneod absurd, ridiculous, and only proposed to grant/ a few intonated individuals. Itmigbt convenienoe a few, aad enhance the estates aad interests of a few, while it wotid incon venience the majority. The Park would suit the conve nience of all. Alderman Wx. Trcmm spoke in favor of having the Ball erected in the Park. The banks, insurance eompa niea, and all the business institutions of importance in the city, arc below Oanal street; eves tbe lawyers and all men of butineaa had to come heloir that point, and auch, bo thought, would continue for a century to come. Alderman Howard waa in favor of keeping the OUy Hall where It is, becauae it waa in the centre of the buaineea of New York. He oontended that there waa more business dose down town than in the upper part of the eity. It waa here the shops were and tne Mer chants' stores, t tough tbore were some palaces built up town, which were not paid for; and it would be ao accommodation to those people to have the basin can of the Commcn Council move up towards theaa. Why ahould they consult the accommodation of posterity? If they wanted to em.t toe up town progress and poeton ty of one nundred years hence, they might aa well erect it at Spuyten Dujvil. AlAermen Bkrkick waa of opinion that the City Hall should be up town. He eoa'ended that the lawyers and the merobants, or even the newspaper community, did not constitute tbe principal portion of the businces peo ple of Mew York. We want the business population up own. Alderman Williamson had no interests to subserve in the lower part of the eity. but he believed that this waa the centre of the business community of New York, and he therefore was opposed to the removal of the City Hall up town. He considered tnat the wants and wishes ef tbd people would b? best consulted by allowing the location of the City Bali to remain down town. Alderman Brjgqh spate in favor of a building in the Park, if tbe expense didunot exceed $600,000; but if such a project as tbat now before the Board waa to be adopted, he would vote lor its being erected ia Madison square. Alderman Brown aald be could not see that ono good reacon had baen advanced to support the removal of the City Hall up town. He eons derad the minority report a mere joke, and he ? as confident no one would support it, and that the good ?>enee o' the Board and the commu nity would prevail againa; 'he removal up town. Alderman Voorhm said that if Alderman Brown was sucocsafnl In obtaining the office of Sheriff, for which ho waa a candidate, le wuuV see the necessity ef having tbe City HaH up to ra, towards which the population was moving dally. Alderman Wakkma.v sp:ke at great length in favor of the up town movemert. Alderman Voorhis again spoke in favor of the City Hall in lladison rqoaie Alderman Christy waa of opinion that the present dis cussion would be of no avail, as it was quiie apparent tbat tbe next Board of Aldermen would have the MgWa. tion in the matter. By tbat time there would be a great change In this Bear A ; there would be a different act of men tn it AWermaa Drown, of the First ward, would tben be Sheriff. Aldermsn Ho ware Commissioner of Bo pairs and Supplies, and Alderman Herrisk Comptroller. Ak'timan Brow* again spoke in favor of the down town location. Alderman C. H. Tvckkk moved a resolution tha the subject be submitted to t?? people at the next election. Tbe Chairhan decided 1 hat tae resolution could not be entertained inComm ttee of the Whole, and that it should come in aa new matter. Alderman Stifrs waa in favor Of the new building being erected in tbe Paik, tbe centre of the business ana ttiacufactuHng population of hew York. After some further d*b?te tbe committee rose, and the Chalrmtn reported tbat the msjorlty report of the Com mittee of tbe Whole waa in favor of locating the City Hall in tbe Park. The President (Alriermta barker,) then pat the ques tion on the resolution locating the City Hall in the Park, when there appear* d, In the affirmative? Aldermen Br own, Williamson, Moaer, Baird, Hoffaire, Howard. Fox, H'm. Tucker, Trowbridge, Steera, .the Preak'eut, Ely and I ord. In the negative? Aldermen Voorhis, Wakemaa, Brlggl* Christy, Herrick, C. H. Tucker, Varian and Drake? in te 8. The Board adjourned, a-; near nine o'clock, to Friday at 6 o'clock. BOARD OF COUNCILMEN. A meeting of the hnneb of the city government *u held yesterday ifimoti, In the Otty Hall, the president, P. D. CoBoycr, in 1ha ebair. ? Petltlona being Drat In orier, om wm presented from the policemen of the city, nakiug that their uniform be furnished at the pnblio expense. Thia petition wm re ferred to the Commute- on Pclioe, end wealth* eoly one of importance offered doting the evening, excepting a petition from dealer* In Waahiagton Market, asking for a bearing in ralatkin t? the matter of petition ef farmer from Inland. New Jersey, &c., whicli petition wee referred to Co malt be on Mnrkets. Re?olut'on? be ire next In order, a resolution waa of fered fixing the aabriee of the Croton Aqueduct comnin aimers, apptopriating to the ehlef engineer of the de perlnent $4,000 per anaam, ana to the pre ildeat and aasistsat commissioners of the de lartaaeat, 93,000 each per an nam. Thia reaolu tion was referred to Committee on Salaries. Councilman Skkliy than offered the following, whieh vna adopted Resolved, That the Oommittee on Lampe and Gaa be. end they are hereby, d?reated to report to thia Board tie lighting of tl>e oil lampa throughout the etty hould not bo contracted oat in accordance with tke 1: niter; the contract of the laat year having ex , iieo on the 7th iey of April, 1866. Resolved, Tbat the aaii committee report within flro e'eva after tlie pariago ef thH resolution. lie following wan then offered lurolved, That a committee oi fire be appointed to Investigate the prejudicial report* In circulation in rela tion to tke Committee on Markets, and whether tho chairman thereof has received any brlbee. Tnls reeo luticn wsi adopted. After the confide ration of aeme reports of no particu lar Importance, the Roor4 went lato Comm.ttee of tbo Y> hole. But little business waa done before the Boar! adjourned till this evening. gnpremc court? Circuit. Refors Hon. Judge Clarke. Jtnb 6 ?Action for LiM? Henry f>rn vs. Frtncil Smith ami Othtri^A* setton '?' <>???? fnran alleged libel nublidb d In a clrenUr, and cb*/gine the plaintiff with improper oon-iuct In preparing aobaeribera to a lit bog 1 8 jib of Hroert'yn, ^?* oommenoed, but wlBoeea py the Conrt ?ome time. There lato bo a mllHarr encampment at Kineaton tf T. on the# it of Augur AtJ Tl ,000 Kn' ?. feeted to present. ' ^ ,x