Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 10, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 10, 1855 Page 2
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AFFAIRS fN EUROPE. Oar Puli CwnfM<Miiiu. Piais, May 19, 1864. i Betmm Mr. Maton and Count Wulemki?1U Vnx ted SUUa Minuter Highly PUated- NapoUotf 9 1m Staff* of Power ? Hit Critical Patiiion? Ecutem /fori ? Virit to tU Catacombs. Aa Interview occurfel yesterday at th? efficial rani ?saes ot the mi Minister for Foreign Affairs, between *at ireatleman and the Minuter for ths Caited States, which Mated mow than three quarters of an hour. Ths sabjest of it bu, or course, sot transpired, but I am gives te uaderstand that Mr. Mason lert the offlsial rasi *"? ?' Oouat Walewsky more phtMd and "propi tiated" than since his mission to this oountry. Tb?r? *u *B ebruptneeB and general brutquerie in the charac ter of M. Drouya de l'Hnys which took away half the ??ee, itii when he waa bent npon evincing the most aeaslHatory policy; and to Mr. Mason, who, no t with - ataadiag hie saa titer in modo, is said to be alike Arm mad seneitive, the recent ofllcial change ia probably not naaeeep table. The conduct of the United States Minister *a the matter of M. Soali- was, to say the least of it, ' <?aite up to the dignity of his country ; and the stern ?MMt In which he refused all cemaunication with M. Niji de l'Huys and demanded an immediate explana Maa bent the lips of the Emperor himself, was never teagetten. Ceunt Walewsky, who speaks English with l facility, ia known to have expressed himself 1? ?I flattering terms regarding the sentiments of the ?towards America? that he had his Majesty's to cultivate and cherish the good feeling ?d ke* representative, and to demonstrate by every act hli deuce that nothing should Interfere with the pre wst Intimate relations of the Emperor of Frsnce and ?h* Empire- Republic: that his Majesty witnessed the aree of American visiters to his capital with the anfeigned gratification, and that everything he Idhaat Walewsky) could do to promote the pleasure of their sojourn, would meet his Majesty's most earnest wishes. There can he no reasonab'e doubt that Napoleon is, at the present moment, particularly anxious to keep as few mens in the Areas possible. He has now arrived at the Arst stage of his career or power. Ke has well sigh served the septennial period of probation which insured te the Patriarch of Israel the possession of his flrst help mate, and must now gird up his loins and be prepared to ?tart en another course of trial, if he would preserve ?he immortality he has so boldly bid for. The horizon be tese him is lowering and threatening. A headless corpss attests in the sight of the whole world that his gigantio neatares hang only on a gossamer thread, which a mors nervous hand and less blinking eye than the last, may sadely sever. The English alliance, like some fair tem ple supported by Corinthian columns ana walls of gra ?He, may, after all, be brought to the ground by one of ?bene physical convulsions which defeat the wisdom and calculations of man; already tremblings of the earth have been felt, and the atmosphere is still charged with electric matter. At Sebastopol, the progress is nil. From the Mcesses ef the Tuileries tbe Imperial hand pulls the wbes which direct tlie movements of the siege; but no ?ther important effect is produced than the eisgust and leaigaation of General Canrobert, ani the substitution ?I General Pelis&ier, his second in eommand. whose plate the former chief subsides into. At hone, in tlie capital ??twfthatanaing all the blasts of trumpotn which for two jeare and nore have heralded the ad rent or an Exhibi tion which, notwithstanding its prototype In England was to take tbe wind eut of the *ails or any previous ex periment ? notwithstanding that tbe ordinary course of oommeree, or prices, or police, of municipal arrange ment, ef winter festivity, of work, of house accommoda men, of bniHing, and or genoral pubUe convenience have been violently interfered with? notwithstanding that no man for th? last six months has been able to walk the stosets without danger of a falling scaffolding, or, at the Itast, a pail of whitewash, and that the provinces have been ftirred and stimalated by every inducement to give np their quiet inhabitants, and remit them in Rhiale to Ifcils, where the wonders of the earth were to be spread befwc them, and good cheer and gaiety, such as would auhe their hearts glad? the Grand Universal Exhi bition, if not a failure, treads so closely npon tbe heels of one, that plain, practical man, unin Minted in State mysteries, may be excused for calling it aa. Ihose denizens of the departments who have jaasped at the oait, and been landed ia the me:ropolii abeedy smarting, are writing home to their oountry cousins that all they know of the ramous Exhibition, a* jot, is this? that it is currently reported it will not be flaished for two months; that, for the time beiog, it is lit tle else than a vast workshop ; that, nevertheless, the enor mous sum of fire francs is, durlDg the whole month of May, demanded for admission, and, as if to render su?h extortion ten times more impadently extortionate and intolerable, they are renin led If they give gold at the woo? n? change will be given : and that, as silver is at pre ?o?J so greatly in demand as to render small money diffl aalt to obtain. they are expected to do as peeple do at a charitable bazsar. pay a trifle over the demand anther than be so Illiberal as to ask for cash in return! Vhat there may be no mistake, behold tlie handwriting aa the wall * Entiie cirq francs. On ce rend pa? de monnaii. >o cli?n?e i* pivrn. N* se <?ambio el deniro Man welch selt kein geld. Mat tbe Provincials only, however, but foreigoers of avoiy description, and the inhabitants especially, are dis fwatedaad thoroughly out of temper. Kver -j artiste of ?aad is augmented Uo per cent, all the world has beea turn ad oat of oeors in consequence or the enormous rents de manded by tbe proprietors, who. in their tarn, are fu Heus that no one mmes to take their apartments, and that they should have been such dolts as to give enngr. to their former tenants. The legitimists are everywhtrs making the most or tnis state or things ? everywhere laughing at tbe Imperialist Exhibition, (the French de tect being laughed at) and evary where pro^n .??sticattug that the end is nigh, and Henri IV. not rar off, who, like a lion, shall eat o' the spoils, or, in ather words, speedily come and kick out the wrwtjhed ea ?lee. put np a hantam cock in lieu, and with the lily ot FVanee at his button hole make himself exceedingly com lettable at the ruile.ies. On this ac:ouat it is. and many others, that Napoleon deekes to add nothing to the number or his unfr.ends jaet now. He knows full well the Russian symoatbiei of the United SUtos, and be anows that unless he, or hk own arm, can do something to break down the domi aant prestige ot this lorrtidahle Northern Power, his gaaMisup. Be has, by his incautious, conjured up Mearcb spirit c,t wsr and desolation, and if be cannot harl him back, eowering and slinking, to a deeper re oeas, be stands in tbe eyes of tbe world afslse magHsn, who merit* degradation snd death. Napoleon knows this to* well, and a month will not, I am credibly informed, alapse ere he will he in the saddle, sword In hand. Thesta taeof bronze inttatien In front of the Palais d'Industrie where, seated on a superb charger impatientlv champing the bit, and plunging, a* it were, to get awav from tbe Temple or Peace, the Emperor, racing the East, with bared bead and hat In hand, seems cheering on tbe le gions of France, is emblematic or those cnmlug events whose shacows may be already perceived. To m?'*e this heaatiful counterfeit ? now of plaster and *inc? tbe solid bronze it represents, be mast act in flesh and blooi wbat he there but mimics The /VonraiVe gives a most interesting asount ar a recent visit to the catacombs of Pars, to {sin accest to which is now almost Impossible, owing to the numerous fatal accidents that have occurred in conssiiueuc* of parties IoMcr their way among the connttess lanes of ?uman bones, wbicb in guant an 1 grim array are there piled ap It Is calculated that the catacombs altogether ?ortaia the remains of not fewer than from ei^ht (o tea millions of human belnrs, and they are so divided streets and *iaaros as to form a complete suhtsrra nean town The streets or galleries run, on the whols, to tbe length of several leagues 8uch a multitude of eknlls and b^nes- still impregnating the air with the ?do r ot the dead ? Is a solemn spectacle, indee<i. and if not calsnlafed to render a man wiser, at least it ?pak?s him sadder. As everything is to be tarown open to the curiosity of the visiters of 1M5, perhaps the catacombs may be incladed, unless the ??'?fament are of opinion that such %n unwbolesomt Mattfarom boon would, like the robe which Hedea KaTe ?o the bride of Jason, be fraught with death UEltriG. Paris, May 43. 1855. ?A Hmmllr Jhr xujk Uf Exhibition? It* Iwomplets Atp- ci ? The Amerirnn D*partm*nt a Drenr Erptwu? Cabinet Work- of the English Departmmtr-The (/ tilery of Fine Arti, dr., dx. tt glass and stone could -peak, and cry aloud like poor haaaan natnre when in piemas .trait, the voice of tha Palais da l'lnduttrie would be heard from the heights af Mantmartre to tbe summit of Mont Valerias*, for "ter was architectural nonumstt so sadly put upon aad misused. Men and gods seem alike to Ul treat and teimsnt it? the one to render it the very Temple of Mar the other to subject it to a perpetual interchange of ?aa aad sleet, of storm and bitter east wind. On Saaday last, the whole world seemed to be spread at its feet. A quintuple line of equipages, for the most ?art escorted by servants in flaunting liveries, and coo veying precious toilettes, whose exquisite colors were ??ly equalled by the exact taste and judgment which reduced the ensemble to such perfect harmony, moved to aad fro In the grand avenue of the Champs Elys.-ss. Mounted cavalry en grind tmu, with brazen helmt and laatlng horse balr, mingled carelessly among ths vehi ?les. aad gave additional animation to the ssene; while aa tbe promenade, on either side, where thousands o* beautifully dressed persons ware sauntering and basking hi the genial brightness of the son, groups of Zouaves, with turban ?d head and Turkish pantaloons, broke the meaateny of blaek c:ats, and gava additional zest to ^ teilettes of pedestrian ladles ; nod than, to add scenic affect, there was the splendid nni ^t'*" of Guides, whose brilliant corps Ik, par excel _ killar of Pari*. To nea these gaudy sol *** ^ gkin rVihly embroidered jacket and ?naMB pantaloons, their fermidabte broadsword jingling l^*TT*di b'^1'' Pishing their way saucily and OT0Wd' tb4 oM ?ward ar ancient Home forcibly praaented Itself te one's mI KM Um fOMlbUity q( UmU H)tttt ***TS?!T* ^ ^??M tt *.?! Stored - *? *"* ,1?'t*fi' at tu *?**1 J"*" ** the gay and flo?^nK banners *' ^ **' *? >?bli?g fountains tossed up to high teiysm water., one almost fancied the Temple ef Cwcord ^Vi.f down and smiliU >'^n iU d"ot,e'- B"tf#W #??fcttoerosft Hi threshold, for right fteross the ?tr??t? path ?u written -'Entree 5 francs," words^ u ftwirftl for the prevention of all intruders m the flaming sword to guard the portals of Parad'.*. gbwrt, Indeed, waa that glean of sunahinn, and '.ae aezt day and the next, the dropping banners, ttaa perished air of the proud cavalry on guard, the drowned officials, a* standing at the gate they looked in Tain for a visitor, the eoakiog walla, and the gloomy sky, were terribly emblematic of the desola tion wi-Vhin. 1 entered the building, but it waa only to very shortly retrace my footsteps, for the eold dank, air, the yawning vacancies, the indescribable look of desolation that everywhere prevailed, made it more than flesh and blood could stsnd. There was something inexpressibly melancholy,and even mocking, in the numerous banners floating on either side under the cryfttal roof, the tri-co lor occupying one side, and the stripes and stars of I America a large portion of the other. One thought or some I Roodly ship wrecked on a lee shore, her gaplnj flanks showing her state of desolation, and the colors flaunting on her tijging from stem to stern, as if to cheat hersel Into the belief that aU was well. In despair, 1 ""bad out snd made for the American restaurant, where all sort* of American restoratives are advertised; but the demon of desolation was everywhere, and even sherry cobbler looked purprised and startled tha*? any one should 0PTo day.^bowever^encouraged by a ray of sunshine, I put on a bold hear*, and beseiged the Palaee at the ear liest hour 1 could gain admittance? that is, ten o clock ?snd have just returned, after an inspection of some three hours. Considerable progress has unquestionably been made since ths installation of the 16th? a progress which has ceitainly not been Interrupted bv the uumbsr of visiters "Ihe department of the Ktau I nis still pre sents a dreary waste; not an item to break the miaoto ny of solitude. Fortunately, in the body of the transept before it, there are several beautiful specimens of wood carving, of an ecclesiastical character, from Belgium, whose lofty and pretentious outline leads away _the eye from dwelling upon American vacuum which imme diately faces the vititer on his entrance. On the trench side the CristalJerie de Kt. louls, comprising two superb chandeliers on crystal pediments, and vases of every conceivable form and cokir, is very attractive other objects is a lion, who has accidentally set his foot on a boa constrictor, In whose coils he is immediately enveloped; and astonished and petrified, he sees the mon ster's open mouth and forked tongue within an inch of his jaws. The wbole is nearly the size of life and in class? glass spun and colored with such exquisite art, that the fur of the lion's skin looks as soft *nd feathery as if the monarch of the forest stood a living thing be fore you The green sward he walks on, tV floors whio^ garnish the borders of the case, are all glass, and nro so faithful to nature, that you almost expect to in hale the odor of the beautiful mignonette and moss rose t^kVns.CTaliao' so w'eli known for his charming maga tin at the corner of the Rue de laFaix , occupies s een tral portion of the transept with a fine specimen or boit trulptt, though it may be doubted whether so much labor his been well bestowed oa such a subject. It Is a i oliere or sviary . The cage is some four feet high by as many bread, and is supported upon branches sprtngin., out from a' centre, which likewise throw ofl o.her branches supporting eight cups? say ?'*kteeu inch " 51 din meter ; these, filled with flowers, surround the base of the r oliere. The whole is perhaps nine feet torn the ?round and as many feet across the base. Ihe earring in of the most elaborate description, on dark oak, oach cun presenting a chef d'truvrc of the art. The branches | are sculpture' with such exquWtft art that you almost tremble as the birds flutter in the cage theysuppoit lest any agitation shoull snap them. No doubt the I whole work has been done to order, for everything wUl depend upon the position in which it is ultimately to be placed. In any confined space, such a soecimen of finished labor would be entirely lost, and under the best of circumstances, many will think ttiat asolt ere. was nit the fittest subject for *uck medieval beauties. The English department in cab-ne. work has already greatly astonished the French, who Imagined they had ft monopoly of taste in this handicraft, fome buresus or library tables in walnut, and wainscot from the ate tiers of llollond, Banting & Gollow, of London; ward lobes inlaid with ivory ; and chairs of j?* bedrooms, or a more substantial, luxur'ous shape >or tade a manacr, have attracted general admiration. Then, the papier much, from Birmingham, of which P*oels richly painted in highly colored designs are made for drawing rooms, is looked upon as a rare and striking no velty. The Indian department, too, hat- many rich and beautiful articles to offer? priielesa cashmere shawls, ta bles inlaid with a thousand precious woods, and chess men of such elaborate workman ?hip that none but the gos samer fingers of the softer sex should dare to touch them The glass cases of worked silver and costly i?w elry, from Stow & Mortimtr, Garrard fc Hancock, of Um con, are enough to take away one's breath at sight ol the treasures tliey contain. Some of the flagons in dead silver, and the ftiaksoerean shield, are perfect models of art in this lino which nothing con approach in trance. Alike for finish and design, nothing can exceed it. Many of the jewels arc understood to be the property of Queen Victoria, and in intrinsic value and sett'ng are priceless specimens. There is a necklace of rose pearM, whose color rivals the flower which gives them a name. From the few instances I have given, it will be evi lent that, mutilated and shorn of its fair proportions as the Exhibition undoubtedly is, it possesses already abun dance of material whereon to feast the eye and instruct the mind; and though the tout ewe?N? sufftw from the general incompleteness, it is rather a relief to the inqui rer not to have bis powers of admiration too m-rch taxed It the outset When at length this vast undertaking shsll have been perfected, and its immense spaces fillel with the treasures only waiting the absence o! the ham mer. the saw, the brickUyer and plasterer, for consign ment, a very gor/eou s spectacle will be given to the view, and doubtless the onlv regret will then be taat so fair a tennlnatl'm should have had bo inauspicious a com - mTbe pSleiy of fine arts requires a letter to Itself. This, at aU events, is no failure, and will richly reward the visiter for many and many an hour of close ins pection^ The English department Is admitted b^ the Infinitely the best? not that as a nation the English can compare with the French in art, but the spec'mJns ??nt over are eh ft d'aurrr from the pencils o. (he best artists, for which immense sums have been paid; and per haps this is the only occasion when such a collection will ever again be seen together. Thare is al Mr a student, with her crayon In hand? and Cromwell, by 1 Acy, and portraits by Messrs. Carpenter and Grant, anil Maclise's "Ordeal by Touch," nnd Ward s Death of iiontrose," and a thousand things of the sort, that the moft untutored mind can estimate at a glance; and the French sre complaining sadly that the schoo o^ not at all adequately represented. ^.leed.ltUwellun dors toed that many whose position in Ufe has enabled them to secure the finest works, have rsf used to lenl them to an exhibit-ion under ihe auspices of a govern ment tbey repudiate. Still, there are many works of high excellence, and well known la the annale offam. belonging to the French and o .her schools, which will amply rep?y attention: and the paUeru de* beavm afU can not fail to be an object of constant and growing m l*There Is also a collection of water colors and tares of incomparable beauty, and sll of ^aT* realized remunerative sums of almost incredible amount. " Paris, May 24. 1855. Speculation* on th> W?r? Party Murmur * against Lonii A'ojx,/c??'? Cooernmeni ? l'rin*e ^apolet/n's Bepuih can T-nl'ltciet?The lndu*tri?l Ez\iUivm-lM*rahly of the Emperor Unoard the Working Claw*- Attempted Suicide of an American in Pari: ? Financial DiffizW'wt oj Spain. It is to be hoped that the fine weather which, like acme modest maiden coyly refusing to say 4 J*?,' smiles and frown* alternately, though the former gradually predominate*, is fairly inclining to give its a-sent, anl by Its gladdening beams dispel the murky cloudj o' spleen and jeorr ilijlicii', which now weighs down the political sky : for. certain ic is, that go where you will, among cla ??* divergent as the poles In sentiment and social opinion, you hear but one expreeeion? that since the re volution of 1?4H, the future of France was never more dim and impenetrable. That recreant shot In the Champs El}*1'*, say the .m perialists a hut prix, has done it all ; and perhaps, in so far as rousing the timid and confirming the wsverer, well nigh overborne and mystified by the apparent pros perity of the country, they are right. The shot in the Champs Elys.?s, If it failed to cut short the life of the Emperor, has done mush to disperse the mist with wliish. Uke some of old Homer's heroes, a goddess had enshrined him, and hl? frail mortality stands now palpably re ?ealed. The Republisans, who sighed for the perfect law of liberty of the United Statee, and who Jfas hitherto ac quiesced in what he believed a fatal neceesity. hss taken heart of grace ; and many who responded se blithely to the national loan, begin to tremble for It* security. Tbey hear that another 1 >an must be bad recourse to, an.l another fearful levy of men ; they hear of the war producing no resulte, nnd of ft strange mode of waging it, not with the marshal's baton of old but by an electric wire, touched with the Impena hand, and nothing but disasters, disappointments and vexation, accruing from so novel a proceeding-they hear of nncertaintiee in England and lukewarm allies everywhere? they bsar of ftil Europe being a volcano, of Spain in the throes of civil discord, of desperate finanoe, and of rottenness thronghout-of, too, straining upon the start, full of secret societies, an l ready ftt once to nnfurl the banner of the republic and cut the gordian knot which the policy of France hu ,mpo?* upon her, the moment that ftn inch of blue sky enables her to penetrate through the Cimmerian darknees which has hitherto surronnded her. The le gitimists are not idle to take ftdvantftge of such a state of things. They point to the failure of the (.rand Ex hibition, .about which no much was said, which was heralded with such fanfarronftde of trumpets, and say the reason is that the country is not with the govern ment-thatthe national loan waft only responded to because of the per csnUge-that new, when the gov ernment asks of trade to lend It* waree and aid to the , it >afnse* to do anything of the kind, .'SttS.ySfS! emptor d&u.t.U.e^bor * Ma haad*. Tfcey, mmw.iii the flager ef ssorn and dsrteien it till b|Uit IUUM, ild My tlM k| hih nation ud the French ax* u hTeeoaellsaMe aa oil ana water. ixwk. they My, at tba people altar a com munion of forty years : do yon like th*m? Bar* yoa been able socially to coaleace with them? Are they not conceited, morose aad vulgar, overbearing in their relations toward* you, brutal in their habits, quarrelsome la their dispositions? Have yoa ud they any aympathiea la common Do they eat, drink, laugh or cry aa you do? aad do yoa not is your aecret heart hold them to be s pretention! nation of barber ianaf If, after forty year* of constant com munication and intimate associations, yoa are atill tha* individually apart. how Ma yoa aatloaally coaleaee? Ru? ?ia la your natural ally; her people lore yoa? are yoar be it customer*? have reciprocal tastes? come t* you confessedly aa the fo on tain of light aad civilization, aad Bit at your feet m their social Gamaliel, aad such you quarrel and fight to please the Bngllsh and ?upport an upstart, who has as much of the blood of Bonaparte in his reins aa any Dutchman on the Zuyder Zee. Napoleon perfectly well know* what ia going on. He, himself, surely feels that hi* foot ought to be la the stirrup, aad that he should fee cheering on those armed hosts which OT*ry day he is despatching to Marseilles; but he ha* no one to trust during his absence. Prince Napoleon, who should hare been his right hand, who ha* obsequiously licked up the crumbs which hare fall en from the Imperial table, whe has fed of tha food of deepoiltm till he la full to surfeiting, is a rotten staff which breaks under the Imperial shoulder It is even said that he would not hesitate to declare the Republic to-morrow if the pressure of his cousin's presence was removed; that ministers dare not trust him with the army, et cetera. Verily, Louis Napoleon has sown the whirlwinJ, and if be does not resp the storm it will he that he has a force and power of gMius which the world, darsled bv his euccsss, has perhaps been but toe prone to give him credit for already. If he does triumph, he may fairly say, "Alone I did it"? for never wsh a man on a pinnacle left more completely isolated. The practical working of this Grand Exhibition is known to have given him the most profound vexation and annoyance. Yesterday he and the Empress visited it, and it was easy to see, as his eye traversed that vast area gaping with abortive resesses, aad looking for all the world like a living illustration of commerce desert ed, the mortification he experienced. "You are alone in the world," he said, addro*.-in< the members of tus Commission; "you have but little to attract, and upon that little the doors are closed. I cannot expect you to bear the loss, tut the workmen whose hands have erect ed this fabric, and to whom we are indebted for what ever of Interest It possesses, must be at onee admitted. On Sunday, therefore, I shall require that the doors be flung open to a'l who desire to enter, on my guarantee to incemnify the Commission from the priw purse." Ac cordingly, this morning a notice to that effect appears in the Moniteur, and it is very probable that hence forth Sundays will be free day*. The permission extends likewise to the talon det btaux art*, giving to the public what at present private indi viduals are required to pay ten frsnca for. Tba Grsnds eaux at Versatile* are announced to play once a fortnight during the whole period of the Exhibition, and the official journal again and again repeat* that every muieum and palace will be open without ths usual lillett d' admistion on all Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sun days of every week, from one o'clock till three. The Government evidently sees the necessity of straining every nerve to overcome the discontent which is so uni versally prevalent. The trade of Paris is beside itself at missing the pjomlsed stimulus; the proprietary feel that they nave rendered themielves a great laugtung stock by the exorbitancy of their demands; the hot*l keepers look on primly at their empty beds; and the people smile scornfully at the notion of their being askei to pay four sous each for what they consider their own handi work. In fact, the uncertainty of all business affairs? In France, especially? ban never been more graphically illustrated than In this leng looked for year of 1866; and the manner in which the government stands in awe of the masees, spite of all ita despotism, its military array, and gagging of the press, is strikingly revealed. A great commotion was canssd on Friday in the neigh borhood of the hotel St. Marie, Rue deRivoli, bythenewa that a young American had thrown himself out of a win dow on the fifth floor. It turned out that such was the fact, and strange to say, that the young man was not very much injured by the fall, his body having struck on the three balconies of the floors below, and tben having fall* en without much force on the pnvement. He had re sided about a menth in the house, and was always re. marked for the eccentricity of his behavior. Three days before throwing himself from the window, hehal at tempted to commit suicide by swallowing the contents of a small bottle ot laudanum, but was discovered, lyint nearly senseless on the bed by a waiter, who came to his bedroom with a letter. Medical aid being procured, and the stomach pump approd, the laudanum was re moved. But while confined to his room in consequence it wss that, during the absence of his nurse, he rushed to the window and threw himself out. When taken up after the fall, and found to be much shaken, be was re moved to the Hospital Laribosslcn, where he now lies. He had, it seems, attempted to put an end to himself at Rome, with opium. His friends are said to be wMlthy. In corroboration of a remark I made above, as to the great financial difficulties of Spain, the Journal des Dcbat* states "that Senor Midoc, the Minister of Finance, proposes three plans to be employed simultaneously to mee*. the difflsulties. First, by tte augmentation of certain Unposts on fixed property, oil, wine and meat; secondly, by an appeal to the good will of capitalists tor a loan of fifty-* x mil lions of francs; thirdly, to subject all tboie who pay a direct annual contribution of JOOf. to a forced loan, as an advance reimbursable, and to be productive of an In te rest of eight percent, Senor M?foz calculates that with these resources he shall be able to provide for the extinction of the floating debt, and for the wants of the tressury until the time when the State shall have alienated or disposed of th* properties held is mort main." It needs no gift of second eight to predict that the day is rapidly approachlnr when Soain will be but too thank ful to receive from the United States the proffered in demnity for Cuba. On the state of Italy the Delcti* has the following, which is confirmed by private letters: ? "The revolu tionary spirit is aroused. An unssual agitation ha* been observed la several Important citiea. which coin cides with the appearance of the agents of secrst socie ties. Some of these agent* have been arrested, paper* of consequence been seizsd, and the proof* of a vast conspiracy been found, the object of which was an in surrection in the central States. Enough is known to show that danger exists, bat not sufficient to prevent it." BERTIE. Tlie New Campaign In the Crimea. [From the London Times, May 26.] It 1a now generally admitted by military authoritiea both in England, in l'rance, and in the Crimea, that the siege operations which have been directed with so much courage and perseverance against the southern aide of Sebastopol for nearly eight montha, are not of themselves likely to produce any decisive result, and that the al lied Powers must look to other means for victory in the Crimea, and the eventual reduction of the fortress. We have not ceased 'or the last six weeks to urge by every means In our power the extreme importance of opera tions of a different character, and above all the nexsasi ty of commencing tuetn without delay. The latter part of April and the month of May are probably the finest part* of the vear for military movements in that cli mate: the soH Is not yet parched by the sun; the pltius are covered with vegetation for the sustenance of the animals of the army ; and the tro jps are not exposed te tbe heats and fevers of .midsummer. We trust that it will net be found in tfcis, as in rn many other instances in this war, that when the right thin* has been dons at last It has been done too late; and, at any rate, we be lieve tba*. the time has now arrived wh*n a large portion of the allied army is prepared to tske the field. The circumstances under which we enter upon the more active period of this campaign srs highly favora ble. A nsw general, who Is known to be an officer of great energy, enterprise and resolution, takes the chief command of the French army. The whole raeerve of tbe French troops assembled at Maslak was reviewei by the Sultan on the 12th o* May, and the embarkation of this magnificent army of picked troops (for such it mty be called) commenced on the same r.ay. On the 14th two divisions of Infantry under General Aurell and Gene ral Herbillon put to sea: and on th* 16th they ware fol lowed by the division of the Imperisl Guard, 7,000 straog, under General Kegaault deSt. Jean d'Angely, and by the cavalry, including two regiments of cuirassiers, reckoued nearly 1,000 sabres. These troops sailed from the Bosphorus with sealed orders, and thsir destination was not known at Constantinople, but It has since been ascer tained that they proceeded at, once te Kamieech. Accord ing to the French statements, the arrival of this additi onal army of thirty thousand men raises the effective force of oar gallant allies iu the Crimea to no less than 12 6,000 men; the Turkish army under Oiner Pasha at Upatoria, amounts to upwards of 50,000; the British army has regained its strength of 30.000; and the Sar dinian oontinient a " da 15,(40 troopa ? being, in all, a combined force of 220,000 mm. Evsn assuming these returns to be somewhat exaggerated, it may be confi dently asserted that the allied armies do not fall far short of 200,006 men, and they consist, In gre?t part, of the finest troops in Europe. We know not what other causes there may he for despondency la tbe gnat enter prise In which we are engace 1. For ourselves, that ia a feeling which baa never entered into our minds, and now more than ever we are confident that a more powerful and intrepid army never took the field, and, if the ability of the commanders Is at all equal to tbe strsngth and spirit of the men, suih afjrce ought to suffice to sweep tbe Russians in less than six weeks from the Crimes. Ws can venture on no predic tions. for In this extraordinary war the expectations mo?t reasonably and confidently entertained have beeo too frequently deceived either "by inevitable accidents, by unaccountable oversights, or by the svilt Inseparable from a divided command; but we acknowledge that we should feel surprise ameunting to astonishment if armies like ttose which General Pelissier and Lord Rtglan have under their oemmand do not speedily and triumphantly accomplish great and decisive results. Tho-o armies are now of four times the strength of that gallant host which landed at Old Fort last September, and drove tbe Russian* from tbe height* of Alma iu three hours. The men are far more inured to tlis fatigues of war than they then were; the officers better aoquainted with the theatre of war, with tbe envm v, and with their own duties. Eupatoris and Balatlsva, whleh may be consider*! as the extreme left and right ot onr position, are nonnested by an easy steam navigation of fmr hours, The wnole coast be tween these two points is at our command. There is safe anchorage for the fleet and transports along the whole ebor*. a beach admirably adapted for landing, streams of water running down from the interior at short distances, and an open country highly favorable to the evolutions of an army. It ia said, and probably with truth, that Omar Pasha ha* declared that he would undertake to advance npon and occupy Simpheropol with hie own troops, supported by the French army of r< serve under General Regnault de St. Jean d'Angely, snd we cnonot entertain a doubt that aueh an operation is perfectly feasible, even without any material diraina tu n of the force* hitherto engaged in the defence of oar lives of oountervallation and in the works of the *iege But, in fncj, nothing can be more dangerous to the forces, ot adverse to the main objects ws hare in view, than tbe excessive accumulation of troops within the narrow space of ground between the Tehernaya, the harbor of Balak lava, and tbe lines of Sebastopol. Al ready the presence of a large camp, confined for so long a period in those limits, surrounded by the graves of the dead, aad all the abomination* of ? city without tewtra, baa rendered the whole iptt la the highest dsfres offensive ia< inseluhrions. When the rains which kii* just fallen are followed by tbe au ot a Crimean Jim the exhalations will be psstUsnttal, asd dioease will again assume ita moot terrible forma. Moreover, for military purpoees, nothing in gained by a concentration of forsaa exceeding the number which eaa properly aesn py the ground, the positions before Hebaatopol are cir cumscribed by the ravinee and peculiar formation of tha toil, and for tha parpoae of keeping tha garrison in chock 60,000 or 00,000 man are aa effective aa twice that number, AJl the troopa Mi absolutely needed to corar the front and rear of onr work* would in all respects be mora naefol and mere healthy alee where, we know not what iafermatlon tha allied com mander* la the Crimea may powm of the strength of the enamy, aa they very properly keep such information to themeelves, bat the entire quiescenoe of Liprandi's army for many months, and during a aeaaoa favorable for field operations ia extremely remarkable, lite bat tles of Balakleva and Inksraaann munt hare told with extraordinary effect upon the Russian soldiers, for to thia hour those nttempta upon oar lines have never been repeated, and we have strong reaeon to conclude that the Ruaaian army in the Interior of the Crimea ia infe rior both in numbers and in quality to the forces now

arrayed against it No decisive bio w is likely to be atruck against Ssbestopol until that army ia defeated; bat a suc oesaful action against that foree must have incalculable results. It would at once place the approaches to Se bastopol in the power of the alliea, and enable them to invert tha place. It would relieve ua from the danger which has hong upon our rear throughout the winter, and placed ua in tome reapeeta In tba condition of a be leaguered army. It would aatisfy the garrieon that they have nothing more to hop* from external relief, and it would enable na to hold our ground without fear of fresh attacka. Above all, such a victory would inatantly change the course of opinion at home and abroad. It would show the world that tha hard ships of the winter have not prevented na from bringing into the field armies far exceeding those or last year. It would convinoe our ti mo rout al liea "to a certain extent" that, after all, the winning cause is that of tba Western Powers. Above nil, it would close the craven lips of those who recommend peace in the form of submission instead of in that of vic tory. For Buch a victory we moat earneatly pray, inas much aa nothing elt>e can give us peace with aecurity and henor; and, unless we are misled by our confidence and our hopes, such a victory it ia in the power of tba allied forcea to obtain. The Failure of the Lata Allied Expedition to Kertch. [From tha London Chronicle, May 22.] * i.? e * ? * The patienee of the British nation has been aorely tried in the peat events connected with the war; but never has so bitter a disappointment been created, or ao humiliating a blow been dealt to our juatifiable confi dence, aa by the detaila which, bava now reachedjhla country, bearing upon the late intended ex peditionto Kertch Wo are not surprised that fury and discourage ment should have invaded the ranka of our army, that our office ra and soldiers, who supported In silent pa tience the terrors of the winter campaign, should opsnly reaent thia outrage to their military honor. By a foolish error, or an uncalled for and injudlcioua interference with the actions of the allied commvnders by tha war autboritiea of I'arls, an inconceivable amonnt of injury baa been inflicted on the military prospects of France and Great Britain. When we reflect on the consequences of thia insans measure, we can well comprehend that a anllen discontent haa succeeded the en thusiastic ardor which reigned in the breasts of the allied soldiers, and that Admiral Lyons, whose ambitioua and patriotic aspirations were on the point of realization, should have fallen ill from chagrin and disappointment. The recall of the expedition to Kertch, when in sight of tha point of landing, cannot be stigma tised in too warm language. It was an act alike impoli tic and incomprehensible. A repetition of any atmilar measures of injudicious interference will acarcely ba borne with patienee by thia nation, waoae honor and material interests are thua madly aacrificed. Tba failure of the second bombardment of Se bastopol convinced tha allied commandera of the utter hopeless neas of gaining possession of the town without having first completely invested it. A series of opera t one in tha field which would lead to that retult were than deter mined. The powerful French reserves encamped at Con atantinople, and the Sardinian contingent, were ordered to proceed at once to th? aaat ot war in the Crimea, with a view of commencing without delay tha operationa In the field against the enemy. At a prelimi nary step, it was judiciously deemed essential by tha allied Generals to o:cnpv Kertch and KaiTa, in order to intercept the meana of commun' cation possessed by the Russians in that direction, and from whence they de rived considerable supplies in men and provisions. A well conceived plan was then drawn np, and the destina tion of the expedition maintained in profound aecresy. From a telegraphic despatch addressed by Prince Gort aebakotf to bia Court, did we first receive the tidinga of the departure of the expedltioa, and subsequently of Ita inglorious return. Tne mystery in which the latter act waa at tlrat enveloped has now been cleared up, and in a most unsatisfactory manner. On the 4th and &th of Hay, a fleet comprising tha fineat screw-steamers possessed by the allies, having on board above 12,000 bayoneta, with an adequate strength of artillery, a small force of oavalry, and means of land transport, quitted the porta of Bala klava and Kamieaoh, and steamed in the direction of the Sea of Azotf. Tbe departure of the fleet had been observed by the Russians in Sebaatopol, who telegraphed tbe fact at once to St. Petersburg. Tbe troops comprising the expedition were the flower of the two armies, and were animated with a sentiment of de'igbt on their being released from the diataatetul inac tion to which the past had condemned them. To Sir George Brown waa animated the command o' the Bri tish force. Admirals Brnat and Lyons accompanied tha expedition in person. No accident occurred in embarking tbe troopa, nor in the pa- sage to tha randezvoua. On tbe morning of the Oth the fleet came in sight of land. Four hours more wonld have witnessed the landing of the expe dition, and the aun wonld have aat on the complete suc cess of our aims. At that moment an express steamer, bearing despatches to Admiral Bruat from General Can robert, hove in sight and approached the Kontebcllo. Tbe conte nta of tha deapatch were clear and simple. In consequence of a telegraphic communication received from Paris, the expedition waa ordered to retrace ita steps at once and return to Kamiescb and Balaklava. The order could not be disobeyed, and the fleet in con sequence returned to tbe Chersonese, freighted with mo re fury, disappointment and despair than ware ever borne by ship or bark before. On the following dav the troops disembarked and resumed their oil position. Anger and diasatlafaction spread rapidly through the ranka. General and private alike felt the evil influenoe of the myateilous return of the expedition. The aame day the Cabinet of St. Peteraburg marvelled and re jcioed at thia sorry termination of an enterprise that threatened to determine the future proapecta of tbe war. The American Minister at the English Lltr, rary Fond Dinner. Tbe report of what (ell from Mr. Buchanan, the Ame rican Minister, at tbe annual dinner of the Literary Fund, in ixindoa, happened to be so Imperfect aa to con vey an erroneous impreaalon of his Excellency's re marks. To correct that impresaion, we give a fuller and mire accurate report:? Mv Loai>, My Loiuhi asd Grvn.Enrs? I estesm it a pri vilege to be invited to respond to thia sentiment in favor of the Uterature and acience of my country. The ap plause With which it haa been greeted by the preaent distinguished company provea that it is no unmeaning compliment, but haa proceeded from the heart. I am proud of the aivaice which my countrymen have made in literature and seienoe, and am equally proud that this has been justly appreciated hy a Britnh audience of auch high author ty on queations of literature and science that there can he no appeul from ita decision to any higher tribunal. The time was when the ques tion might have b?en juatly aakel in this country? W bo rends an Am?rican book '/ That time has pawed away; and. judging by my own intercourae with Engl sh society, it might with equal justice be asked Who ha* not read an American book? I llnd that everywhere throughout tbe United Kingdom, the works of American authors are now publiahed and circulated. These, how ever, bear but a comparatively small proportion to t?- -? number and variety of the works of distinguished Brit ish authors, 1 ving and dead, publiahed and circulate throughout the United States. In Uttle mora than half a century from the present hour, with the blessing of God. tho?e orks will be read ana admired, will influenoe tbe life and tbe conduct and the destiny of a hundred millions of intelligent Americans between the Atlantic and Pacific oceana, apeaking the nam* language wltli {ourselves. What a bond of union must this prove to be etween the kindred national It muat not be inferred, that although proud of your approbation, we estimate our attainments in literature and science beyond their ^ value. We freely admit that ours is nothing more be early promise of a healthy and vigorous youth; but we live in the confident hope that our maturity will more than juatily thia promise. We have but fairly commenced tbe task, but aa we aim at excel teneoln literature and science, we shall never relax our efiorta until, if poseible, we may attain a pleoe in the temple of fame on the aame proud eminence with yourselves '? We will try"? yea, "we will try." Thia has beccme a motto of our country. We have many reasons for believing that we aball prove successful. Among ths principal ot these is the un doubted fact that literature aad science oceupy that ex sited position in the opinion of our oountrymen to which they are so justly sntitled. This is well calcu lated to give an impulse to ambition. There la no claaa amongst ua who ataad higher? no. not one? than the class of eminent authors. For the truth of thia aaaer tion I think I might with confidence appeal to the ex perience of gentlemen now preaent. Such men are every where received in the United States as public enefec tors. Ibe republic of letters is a universal republic, and embraces within ita limits all civilized nations. Several of its most distinguished representatives are now within the sound of my voice, and the educated people of ull na tions are their constituents and judges. Theae true re pref entatlvea of the progreaa of civilisation may fail to receive justice from thalr contemporaries? they may be too far in advance of their own age to ba appre ciated: but posterity never falls to do them justice. Whilst the generations of politicians, and. witti rare ex oeptlona. ev. n of sta'esmen, pass away with tbe events with which tbey have been Identified and are forgotten, sneh names as those of Shakspeare, and MUton, and I,oc)>e, and Newton, flourish in immortal youth. and their works will constitute the improvement and delight of all generations. Oa the other aide of the Atlantic, auch names, not to specify those of living authors, are aa familiar es bouiebold words, not only aoton ( the leaned, but among tbe masse* of the people. Tliise. by tbe blessings heaven, have gfn?raily received a com iron sehcol edncation, and are able ti read and t > relish the standard works of your bsst authors. I delight in the reflection and tbe hope that the literary and scien tific men of Greet Britain and tbe United Sta'es will constitute a perpetual bond of peace and friendship be. twe?n the people of the two countries. Your men of t bis els mi belong to us, as our men of the same clasa belorg to you We have each a oommon property In both. Tbey cannot fell to exerclss a mutual and most happy iifluence on the two nations. It ha* been the misfortune of both, that almost ever aince the period of the American revolution, tkere hai beea a succession of disturbing and dangers questions bt tween the two governments. The irritation arising from these nan always be allayed, and their unhappy oonse quencee may, I trust, be always averted by the produc tion* and coBinoB sympathy of the sea at the bead of tbe repnbbe ef letters. lb; the time mw arrive vhei um mb slull k? trrtjed iplut each ether ' the MrnqmiM m'g hi then be disastrous. Before re miming my seat, I must, ia ?der to gratify ay own feelings, ?pr?M u unqualified Approbation of the Literary Fund Boclely a Ml <U moat praiseworthy ob Bts. It does not eonfine the relief which it bestows to tilh authors alone, bat, to a spirit of jenulne liberali ty, extends ita benefits to thoi?e of oth?r nations. Go ?Ins, as baa been justly observed, Is always sensitive; and, therefore, the bounty of the society la distributed in the most secret and delieato manner, so that the feelings of thore who reseive it are spared from pablio observation May this society ho always prosperous, and may it always be amply provided with the maaas of extending its blessings and its benefits to a class of man to whom mankind an so greatly Indebted ! The Slavery Q,uentlon In the United States. [From the Paris Patrle, May 23 ] Each mall that arrives from the United States con firms ns in the opinion that we have always expressed re spectinr the daily increasing importance of the question of slavery in that country The party of the Know Nothings, which seems destined to take a prominent part in the movement of public opinion, has already attacked this great question in the meetings which it has held for the nomination of delegates to the National Convention at Philadelphia. Ia the States oomposing the group of New England, such as Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, kc , the Know Nothing party has boldly raised the abolition flag. In the 8onth it natu rally shows more circumspection ; nevertheless. It may be assumed that the majority of the fhiladelphla con vention is opposed to slavery. A journal of a free State? the Nkw York Herald? has ventured to say, in treating this question, and that without fearing to wound the susceptibility of its nu merous readers, that Vthe African, free In the North or slave id fee t-outh, constitutes a race socla'ly as well as politically inferior? that this inferiority has been im posed by the Creator, and that, moreover, the three millions of slaves that the South reckons amongst its population are the happiest beings of their race, from one end of tte globe to the other." The differ* ares between the North and the South of the Union on the subject of slavery are therefore less radical than they at first sight appear. At bottom they are agreed as to the native inferiority which they attribute lo the black. The Southerner, however, more consistent than his fellow citizen of the North, concludes that this inferior being should be bound down to the lorced cultivation of the earth, whilst the abolitionist of the North claims for the black a liberty wnich he is aware that he would either not know how to use, or that in using he woald abuse. But as arbitrary logic is little used by party politi cians, the question of slavery wdl continue to serve as a battle-field to the rival interests of the agrisultural South and the manufacturing North. Besides, whether the victory remains with one or the other, the black race will reap no immediate advantage, and can only count for its definitive rehabilitation on the progres* of Ccristian anl truly liberal sentiments amongst the whites, and on the developemente which it will itself give to the Ideas of order, dignity and morality im Knted by the Creator, without distinction, in all the ividuals of the human race, whatever may be the color of their faces. The Instructions to Commodore Me Pauley. [From the Washington Union, June 6.] In conseauenoe of the many idle speculations and per versions which have appeared in certain journals, as to the character of the Instructions given by the Navy De partment to Commodore MoCaulsy upon sending our Gulf squadron to cruise in the waters adjacent to Cuba, we have applied to Secretary Bobbin, and obtained for Cubiication a copy of those instruct ens, wnich appear slow. It has already been announced that the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs has reoently announced in the Spanish Cortex that the offioer who arrested the course of the El Dorado on the high seas, and sub jected her to visitation, was not justified by his in structions in to doing, and that Captain General Concha has lesued his proclamation, announcing that the decree subjecting the island to a state of siege, has been repealed. It will be sees that the instruction* to Commode re McCauley ere explicit, firm, and decided, whilst they matifeat a proper regard for the mainte nance of pacific relations with Hpain. They remove all room for doubt as to the wisdom and decision which have marked the policy of the ao ministration in regard to the late aggressions perpetrated by Spanish officials, showing, as they clearly do, that the rights of our citi zens and tbe honor of our nat on cannot be infringed with impunity. That the presence of Commodore McCauley in the Gulf, with instructions so distinct and emphatic, has exerted a happy influence iu preserving peaceful relations with Spain, admits of no further doubt. But the instructions are so fuU and direct to tbe points in issue that further comment Is unneces sary. They are as fo'lows:? United i3tat*s Navt Department, ") Washington, April 10, 1845. j Sir ? The department has determined to assign you to Serial duty, and place you temporarily in command of e home squadron. Reposing confidence in your prudence, experience, and patriotism, I have selected you for the discharge of certain duties, always delicate and responsible, the proper execution of which may involve questions ot na tional honor and peace. Recent events in Cuba, and on the high seas in the vicinity of that if land, are of a character calculated not merely to attraot attention and excite the solicitude of this government, but to call (or eonataat vigilance on your part, in order toat the rights of our countrymen and the interests of our commerce may be neither wan tonly assailed nor carelessly disregarded. It ia hardly necessary that I should undertake to recite with par ticularity all the circumstances which are worthy of your consideration; but I deem it propor to call your at tention to the conduct of the ?omm>nl?r of the Spanish frigate Farrolana in firing at the United States mail steumer XI Dorado, and subjecting that vossel to delay, visitation, and search about eight miles from Cape San .Antonio ? an occurrence which, if approved by the Spanish authorities, is likely to disturb the friendly re lations between the two governments, and a course of prnoeeding which, if peisisted in, cannot but provoke collision. 1 need not remind yon, Commodore, that ths right of visitation or search of our vessels on the high seas is roe the existence of which the United States have steadily refused to recognize, and tbe exercise or which thev will wlta equal firmness ever refuse to tolerate. Ihe President instructs me to say to yen that if any officers in command of a ship of war be present when an outrage of the character heretofore mentioned is per petrated on a vessel rightuUy bearing our flag, he will promptly interpose, relieve the arrested American ship, prevent the exercise of the assumed right of visitation or reorch, and repel the Interference by force. The Pre sident is not unmindful of the present disturbed condi tion of Cuba. But, whatever weight may be attached t? there considerations, the excited apprehensions of the authorities of that island, arising, it is believed, out of the condition of it* internal affairs, and not from any movement in this country in violation of our neutrality laws, can work no suspension of national law, nor reconcile a submission to the vtilatiin of any right resulting from tbe law of nations or treaty stipulations. The United States reck no collision with Spain. The officers of our navy aie desired and expected scrupulously to observe the law of nations and uniformly to extend all courtesy and respect to the flags of other powers. But these rules do not require content for a moment to the deliberate violation of principles held i acred by the United States, and without the observance of which peace, however desirable, cannot be maintained. The conduct of tbe authorities of Cuba In overhauling and searching our vessels cannot test on the ground or territorial jurisdiction, and this government denies the existence of any state of facts to wsrrant the exercise of belligerent rights. Your instructions are confined to cases ari?ing on the high seas, because, as at present ad vised, the offensive acts which have been committed are of that character. Other offensive acts, however, un doubtedly mipht oecur within the proper territorial ju risdiction of Cuba, to which this government could not and would not submit for a moment. Should such a case arire, you will immediately report the faots to this department, and await further instructions, unless your prompt interpositions should become necessary for the preservation of the lives and property of the citizens of the United Btirtes. Accompanying this despatch, you wiH receive a copy of tbe recent letter of Mr. Mtrcy, Secretary of State, to Mr. Cueto, the Spanish Minister at Washington, to which your attention is specially invited, as setting forth with diatinctnese and force the views entertained by the Pre sident on this subject. The vetsels constituting the home squadron, under your command, for the present, are the 8an Jacinto, Captain Stribling; the Jamestown, Captain Crabbe; toe Falmouth, Commander Shaw ; tbe Princeton, Commander Kagle; and tbe Fulton, Lieutenant Commanding Mitch ell; to which other vessels will be added at the sarliest practicable moment. The Jamestown, Captain Crabbe, having been origi nally assigned as the flag- ship of tbe African sqaadroa, is designed, only temporarily, to form a part of the home squadron, and Is probably now cn her way to Key West, at which point, after touching at Havana, she will await your instructions. I enclose you a copy of my instructions to Captain Crabbe. The department desires yen to proceed immedi ately to Philadelphia, wh-re the tteam frigate San Ja cinto 1s now lying, aad designed as the flag-ship of the home squadron, and, after hoUtlng your broad pennant on board of that vessel, yeu will direct your rourse first to Havana, at which place Sou will seek an Interview with our acting omul, prrenre from him all tbe information bearing upon the duties of the homo squadron, and then regu late your cruising, and tho movements of the ships unaer your command, with a view to the protection or the rights and interests of your country. 1 deem ft unnecessary, Commodore, to multiply sug gestions to one of your long experience and excellent judgment, or to enlarge upon the importance of doing everything in your power to preserve discipline, and to piomote a cheerful and cost te'n ted spirit among the offi cers and men under your command. You will avail yourself of every opportunity to keep the department advised of your movements, and the oocdition of affair* within the limits of your station. Wishing you an agreeable and suooessful cruise, I am, very rerpectfuHy, your obedient servant, J. C. DOBBIN, Secretary of the Ntvy. Com. Cham 8. McCavist, appointed to command Htme Squadron, Washington, D. 0. The Firs at Bonn Boston ? A.t about sersn o'clock this morning a fire originated in the ropewtlk situated between Fifth and Sixth streets, South Hoston, canted by the throwing of a match among some oakum, bv a person who had been lighting his pipe. Toe cin flsgratien spread with fearful rapidity, and before our fire department eould gain any mastery over the flame-i, ?cine out buildings, recently purchssed by the Suffolk Vead Works, valueaat $2,000, and covered by Insurance, the rope walk itself? loss $1,600, Insurance 1 600? and eight tenements, were entirely destroyed. Fonr other dwelling houses were considerably burnt, the loss of which is estimated at 92,000. A stable and varnish build ing. owned by King & Dexter, India street, was also de stroyed; loss 91.000, no insurance. A decoctiow mil', owned by Wsrd tt Booth, adjoining the above buildings, wss desnoyed. In It was a steam engine and consider ab'e stock, aad the loss is estimated at from ?5.000' to $0,000 on which there was an Insurance ?( $l,r00oa,the b aildiag ? JSolfofl Jvurn'", June 2. Burning allegro at tike l?ak? !? tbs bcsnc wrmifMntD rr thus tbodbai^^^^H AMD TWO THOClAJlD lUTM. [Prom the Mario* (Miss ) Republican, Ibj Some tme since we published an account of tk? dcr of IUm Thornton, aa lot* rutins young girl, near Gaston, Alabama. Immediately after the mu^H and detection of the negro, hi* immediate punieha^H waa seriously contemplated by the pooplo of Sart^l county, bnt after mature deliberation the lav abitH citizens delivered him Into toe custody of the proper <V flceri, and he waa committed to priaon. ? At the late term of the circuit court of Sumpter cenn* ty, tbo attorney appointed b* the Court, in the dis charge ef hia duty, moved for ? charge of i? I to Groan county. The Judge, aa tha motion waa sustained by the proper affidavit sustained tha appUca tiaa. On Wednesday last the otiiena of South Sumpter as sembled en stone at Mr. Will am MsDroy'a, and unani mously pasaed a series of resolutions, reflecting seriously upon the conduct of the Judge, and after having pledged themselves to sustain each other, ? portion at then proceeded to Livingston, en* took the miserable criminal by force from the jail where he waa confined. On Friday last, after due preparation, they carried him to the spot where he so cruMly murdered hia laoeoeat victim, and burnt him aliv* at the stake. About three thouiand persona were preeeat, who wit nessed, with various xmotions, tha dreadful spectacle. We ware present, but hope that we will never agate wit ness a scene like it. The pyre was composed of several cords of light wood. In the centre, of which waa a green willow stake, selected in consequanoe of its indestructi bility by Are. On the top of the pile of 1'ght-wood the criminal was placed, and securely cbalned to tha stake. While in ihls situation he confessed hi? guilt, stating that he had no accomplice ? tbat he was actuated by lust alone ? the he had at ten p ted vo violate her person, but had failed and to conceal the attempt be had cruelly murdered hoc by beating the poor innocent creature with a stump that while he was doing this she implored him to carry her home to her father, and that she would conceal the violence he had inflicted. He then laft, but aeon re turned, and after again beating her, he concealed the body In the very bole where the stake waa pleated to which he suffered. After this confession was made the match wa< ap plied, and in a few moments the devouring flames were enveloping the doomed n-gro; his fearful criei resounded through toe air, whila the surrounding negroes who wit nessed his dreadful agony and hornble contortions aeat up an involuntary howl of horror. His sufferings, though sxcrutlating, weie short; in a few minutes the flames had enveloped him entirely, reveal ing now and then as they fitfully swayed, hither and thither, his black and burning carcais, like e demon of the fire, grinning as if in helliah triumph at his tor mentors. Soon all was over, nothing was left hut the burning flesh and charred skeleton of this human devil, who could thus deliberately perpetrate so feul a crime. The horrid outrage was fearfully avenged, and though the heavens were reeking with the stench of burning flesh, yst justice was ratisfi*d; the law of retaliation was inflicted as nearly as it could be, while the example made of this wretch had, no <;?u'>t, a salutary effect npoa the two thousand slaves who witnessed his execution. We are far from approving of the infiletion of mob law, yet, in aggravated esses like this, popnlsr ebutitien will manifest itself, and in view of the enormity of the wretch's offence, we, aa a public journalist, cannot ap. prove, yet we have neither time nor incttnnttea to cen sure, the conduct of the people of South Sumpter. Jus tice was inflicted by them and a thousand deaths of the kind were too good for a devil like negro Dave Life of Parka, Oh Murderer. [From the Cleveland Herald, June 2.] Many of our readers are not familiar with the life o f this strange man, and ef his true history, none are, and probably will not be; but from his lire, as written by himself when in jail at Akron, we present the lending incidents. Of bis boyhood he saya nothing, save that he waa born in the village of Bolton? Lee, Yorkshire, an4 was a weaver by trade. It baa been said that he waa at the age of twenty five released from priaon after a conflnment of seven years for some criminal effanee. and that at that time he was again arrested for peaching, tried and convloted, and again Imprisoned. He denies the first, and equivocates as to the latter. His second ar rival In the United Slates, (it is a very singular incident tbat be never spoke of hi* first visit,) was in 1841. He obtained work at Lonsdale, R. I., and afterwards in Bristol Getting Into a quarrel with one Jim De Wolf, he sought revenge, end witn one Gsrdiner, broke open the tomb of his father, having b*en led to believe that the remains of the "eld man" were deposited there In a silver eoflin. He waa disappointed, how ever, being rewarded only by finding a silver Slate. For this robbery he was convicted in ?ptember, 1842, and sentereed to two ream confine ment. At the same time he was tried for an attempt to (scape from the prison while awaiting trial for the rob bery, by threatening the liie ot the jailor, convicted and sentenced to two additional years of imprisonment, in all fonr years. After bis rtl-aae he obtained work at different factories in the vicinity, but only for a short time ? his bad character having followed him. From those places he went to Peterson, N. J., but finding there men wbo knew h>m, he proceeded to Philadelphia. He soon found employ meat at Gloucester Point, a few miles below, on the New Jersey side ? but tbere again he was recognised by an old acquaintance, and was discharged. He became, while at the latter place, acquainted with one James McKennon, who had also been a oonviet, and tne latter, prompted. by hatred towards a former employ er, James C. Kemptos. of Manyunk. near Philadelphia, who had been obliged to discharge him on aocount of hie reputation, persuaded Parks to assist him in his robbery. Fcr the robber? ot Kempton hi was sentenced to prison four years. After bis release he came to Cleveland. While on his way hern be became aoquaintod with one Ann Carpenter, of Michigan, and whila here they lived together, passing at man and wife. Of the murder of this woman, and ulro of that of an Englishman at the Farmer's Hotel, be his been accused, but both charges he denies. For s time he kept a boaading house for rail road bands In Berea, ana ia 1862 kept a saloon on Pitts burg street. Up to the time he came here he waa known by the name of Dickenson, whioo is his real name, bnt because the knowledge of his crimes followed his name, he changed it to that of Parks, by which he has here al ways oeen known. In tbe autumn of l&iil Parks returned to England, and was married. Alter arming in this country again, la Kerch, 1863, with his wlfs he informed her of his pre vious change of name. What reason he gave her for such change is not kno*n: but ioasmuoh aa eae was ig norant of tbat fact until their arrival here, ahe of eourse knew not of hia infamous career, and therefore not the leatt of his great oUences was the fraud he practised upon his unsuspecting wife. Among his fellow passengers frsm the old eountry was one Win. Beetson. This man lid not, however, come here till the early part of April of the aame year, when he Immediately so jght Perns. He had lu his pos session a large sum of money. Ihe circumstances of the murder lor which ha waa yesterday hung, as de tailed by tbe prosecution are, in brief, as follows : ? Parks anil Beetson ?ere together drinking many times on tbe 13th of April, in this city, the day before the murder. Beat sod ba<> a large amount of money, and Parks knew it. During the day, the 13th, and that evening, Beetson wax quite drunk, but Parks kept sober ? the tormer drinking brandy, the latter beer. Parks said they were gotng to Pittsburg In the evening trsln, snd promised to Uke e?re of Beatsoa. They dia go in the cars, haiiog a brandy bottle with them; but at Hudson left the < arn , Pnrks dragged Beatsoa out of them. They look tbe train for Cuyahoga falls, where tbey stopped at Hall's tavern. They drank there untfl re need liquor, Beat*on still drinking brandy and Parks beer. Parks said beaUon must go back with bim to Hudson, aa bo bad got him off the track; but Beats on wished to slay all night, and they were tola at Hall's that nothing would be gained by going before tbe morning train Tb>y left tbe tavern, each smoking, and Beatrou havnp filled his segar ease. The conduct oi Parks was sueh ?e to draw out the remark from Hall tbat he (Parks) intend- d to rob Beetson, and that Beat son was so drunk as to Ueve bis overeoat. On the next morning, half a ml e from the tavern, where the sail road runs over the highway blood was found, *'?" ?, button from Beatsor's vest, his cane, a strap from his stock and his csp Beatson'e clothes were found la the canal; and on tbe second day the headless body Of Beetson was found with a stab In ths neck. Parks was traced to where be got on a canal boat In the night. He got bis breakfast in the morning near Akron, having blood upon blso, and was traotd to Cleveland West Ride, wbsie he was carried by a boy in a buggy, to whom he told various stories contrary to the truth: and waa finally arrested at Buffalo, where he denied his name. Medical witnesses were proJuced to show that the stab in the n*ck was made whHe Beetson wet alive. Hie defease la a nwt remarkable one. via : that Parks and Beatsoa. after leaving Hall's, the night bo lug very dark, took the railroad track; and coming to the railroad bridge over tbe h'ghway, they tell through between the timbers, the bridge not being nlaaked, a distance of twelve lest; that Parks was severely injured, but en recovery called out to Beeteon, and receiving no reply, felt around for him, and found him lying on ths ground dead That owing to previous oad character, which was known in Cleveland, Parka feared that sus picion would attach ti him as a murderer, and conceiv ed the idea of putting the body of Beastoa out ef the way? which he did, first cutting off the hsad end strip ping off the clothes. Parka was tried, as our readers will reeollect, in Sum mit county, convicted and rentenoed to be hung. Be fore the day appo nte*. however, a new trial was grant ed, and tbe venue changed to this county. His trial here, last Mar -h, resulted In hia second conviction. From tke time of Me srrest up to bis last moments he protested bis innocence; but we believe that but very lew bave any rfoubts or his guilt. Although denying tbe commission ef the murder, be did not, while ea the scafiold, allude to tbe motives that actuated him in cutting off Beetaea'a need, save that they wore known only to himself ; nor did hs speak of his past actions ex cept in general terme. A desire for notoriety, an Mill ing desire to have his name continually in the pepers, bas characterfeed him for tbe last two yeers. That his nature was brutal evtry circumstance shows, while no action indicates the tilent of tbe "accomplished vil aln," or any sympathy for humanity. More Ciuni Eniistmknts in Philadelphia. ? On Saturday afternoon before United Btete* Commis sioner C. F., a hearing took plane of Wm. Van >cbwatsenhorn and RmsnuM Van Siliutnineky, who art charged with having enlis'ed, on or about the 16th of May, recruits for the Englitb army in tbe Oimea. The witnesses testified that they went to tbe office of the defmdants, No. 87 Front street, and there met the ac cused, who informed the former tbat they were to bind themselves to enlist for three or four years. Tbsy were told that tbey would gst thirty dollars bounty, and eight dollars per month and if peace should take place during ths time for which tbey were enllated, they would get pay for tbe whole time They were to go to Halifax, and would get $lt> down, and be credited with $16 in clothing. A number of persons bad already been sent? the last batch on Saturday iait. Bom* of the witnessss stated that thev were told by defendants that tbev conld not be euUltel here, but might do so when tbsy got te Halifax. The witnesses were all Germans and could enly be understood thr>n?h tbe u?e of an in terpreter. Tbe defenlants were held In ?5<H) to answer