Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 10, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 10, 1855 Page 3
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Interesting from Hedn. aim laouna ooKKcaroMnairoa. TttBlTOniO MurrukS MS lALlQUSA, ) May 5, 1W5. J Imperial Fries ? Santa iwi'i Popularity in (he Pro vtncej ? Hit Hatred of Almrr* ? Sejoicingt for hi* Re JClet&on?Hote the Military Vote* ?-rc Takm?Aggrtt tiam* on American Property? The Yucatan Slave Trade. A few week 8 ago we had a gruel JUMta of three days duration, to oelebrste the rs-electien of State Anil* to suprsoss power. It commenced on Sunday with a grand military and civic proeeerioa, and ended on Tuesday Srening with a grand display of fir* works, which waa the beet part ef tbe programme. lli;h mass waa oele brated is the church morning en* evening, and the aid of the Virgin Mary particularly solicited in behalf of hla moat Serena Highness. IVortunatsly, the picture of hla Serene Higneaa waa elevated on a frame some aixty feet high in the midit of the fireworks, and ae the rock eta and serpents biased arounl It, a serpent darted through it and set it on fire, which waa considered very ominous. An oration was afterwards delivered, and a manifesto ?of Santa Anna read^tsMc'i in n'm v.t erery two linea la brought in, the "MffKiwr Alntm." He seema to oc cupy his thoughts by day and baunt his dreams by night. Poor Monsieur Moroleu never started more panic a trick ess at the name or rhompscn than did the friend i of Santn Anna at that name. He spots of the tranqulli ty which the country had obtained uioer his mild ad ministration ; bnt he forgot to UU ui whether it waa the calm repose ef prosperity and liappinsALfe the blind ?tnfor of insensibility and degradation. Tie fact is, annta Anna is not satisfied vita the manner of his re election, as he is aware that ertry ioteliigant person, beth natire and foreigner, Is acquainted with the stupendous fraud. None but officials really voted fer him. The asanner in which he obtained such an over whelming majority was this:? The effloera in every town and village in the Interior who were commissioned to take tbe vote, were friends of Santa Anna, and they aaremtfed together and count ed the number of voters? without calling the people to gether ? and sent that number as tbe vote for his Se rene Highness. This is certanly an Improvement on Bishop Hughee. The vote of tbe army was unanimous? every regiment was mustered, an 4 each captain addreesed his company in this manner: Fellow eolJiers. hla Serene Highness, General Santa Anna in a candidate fer re election as President of the Rnpub ic. (no other name is mentioned) ; all of yon who vote against him will step out of the ranks." Of eourse, no one dare leave the ranks? it would be as muoh as hia head waa worth? and of course the army is unanimous Four of our citizens went to the city of Mexico to ooncratulate his "Serene Highness" on his re- elect. on Twy wore all officials, ana after in vain soliciting an interview, came away dis appointed. One, hnwever, did salute him in the ante chamber, but ho was too mush engrossed with cares of atato to receive visits of ceremony. Hi* satellites hare a till keep np a show of confidence, and on Good Friday tbe picture of Santa Anna and tbe image of Christ, in ths procession, divided the honors of the church. Indeed, jome little children inquired which was Santa Anna ana whioh was Christ? Ths government here bas commenced depredations on Asaerioan property. While the American Consul waa absent in New York last summer, the Governor com menced building a hospital on his land, which is now nearlv completed. Sioce t>U return, the Governor sent for him, and acknowledged the validity of his title ac cording to the laws of Mexico, and wished to negotiate with him for the purohaae, hut he replied that he did not wish to sell It, as he bought it for a special purpose. "But, yen see we have a hospital built there." '*0. yes," replied the Consul, '?! see that; but I was no partner to the transaction; besides, you examined the archives, and knew it was mine. But you Intimate! that as it was an American's, you would take it, and now you acknow ledge my title goo<?." The Governor is now building a government house on one of the moot valuable lots in this town, which also belongs to an American citizen. The British Consul owns a lot alongside of on* of these, but they dare not take that. Any outrage lite that woald bring a British m%n of-war there lorthwith. Why, said an Englishman to me ths other day, if the Black Warrior affair baa been a British Interest, do you think that they would have crept around the rotten Court of Spain for two or three yrars? No; they would have settled it in Havana, the xtae they settled a sim ilar affair at Maracaibo, the citizens of which city referred ths matter to the supreme government. But the commander of the British Ship said "Here a British Consul was roobed by the authorities, and here he must be Indemnified; I want no loag-wiu&ed diplomacy;" and it waa done. I had nearly forgot to mention that in March last eighty Indians were shipped at Sisal for Cuba, in a Mexioan canoe of about 90 tons They were packed as close as in a regular stavs ship. The captain received a doubloon for each. There are bow about 200 mors in the vicinity of Merida, waiting for the first favorable opportunity, as they wish to Ltep this traffic aa private ns possible These are not natlvea taken In tbe war, but "moeos" taken from hacien<iae, and sold by the proprie tors. The.-e poor fellows, when tbey embark, suppose that they are going to some other hacienda on the coast of Yucatan, as the master has a right to send them where he pleases within tBe jurisdiction of the State. There have been lately in Merida two Spaniards endea voring to negotiate largely In this infamous traffic. Gnus of the Disappointed Filibusters. [From the Mow York Sun, Wednesday, June G.] TBI CUBAN JUNTA AND IT9 AFFAIRS. If rumors which reach ns frsm New Orleans can be cre dited?and we have no re asm for discrediting them ? the Cuban Junta have got most outrageously swindled in their late efforts to aid their brethren in Cuba in ef fecting a revolution. Our readers are generally aware that the Junta is the legitimate organ of the patriotic party in the island of Cuba. It is entrusted wita the dl neetion of their affairs in the United States, and through Its agency the people Of Cuba have sought to procure the arms neeesasry for n revolutionary struggle. The Jnnta went energetically to work, according to the plans arranged in Cuba, in preparing for the grand crisis whieh they believed to be at hand. It was con sidered necassarv to the success of their optrations that a force, gathered, but not Intended to be definitely or ganised in this country, should proteot the landing of arms fer tbe Cubans, and, as tho rumors wo spsak of aver, General Qaitman undertook, for a large considera tion, to direct and carry out thia part of the programme. Retired officers ef the United States army, it is said, as aeolated with him in the enterprise, and their remunera tion was agreed upon. Some, it is alleged, reoeived as much aa tiO.OOO in band, and they, no doubt, now con sider themselves among the more fortunate. Affairs seemed to progress favorably, and tbe Junta were in high spirits. They surf their fellow exiles would, they thought, soon be on their native soil, bat tling for its freedom, aided and encouraged by brave Ameriesm hearts. Their stores of arms were provided; in their general they had everr confidence; their friends in Cuba were anxiously awaiting toeir arrival to raise the cry of ''Death to tbe oppressor, and libsrty to Oubnl" their agents, who bad charge of the chartering of vessels and other arrangements connected therewith, had engaged two steamers. and the day of the realisa tion of their hopes drew nigh. They dreamed not of deception or troaebery; but both soon fell suddenly upon them like a thunderclap. According to our information, tbe two steamers were chartered under the following strange conditions:? 960,000 on concluding the agreement; 960 000 within thirty days thereafter; 960,000 when the captain re ported himself ready to sail: the whole to bo forfeited, if they did not start in thirty days from tbe time the ships were reported ready for sea The payment* were made in gooa faith ; when lo! within the time allowed for sailing, ths government was Informed ? by the con trading parties, it is supposed? of the state of matters, and the plana of the Junta were thrown into coafusion. Tbe government bad their aeeret, and the Cuban autho ritles soon had It also, and 9160,000 wore swept away by one foul, atrocious piece of treachery. Wo should like to road the charter contract through which the Cubans were swindled and defeated. We should like to have the world know who were the con traeters and who were the tialters. With but vague ru mors. though, evidently not without foundation, we refrain from speaking of persons or giving names. We think the Cnban Junto owe it to themselvss, to ths pub lie, and to tbe cause for which they have labored, and do not CbtLffi to labor zealously, to unveil the nefarious transaction. Feeling a deep sj mpathy for the oppressed Cubans, we have a strong interest In arriving at the truth io this matter. Tbe Cnban Jnnta, who have been misrepresented as well as victimized, ought to expose ths truth boldly. The American public will applaud and thank them for oo doing. It is said, too, that tho Junta has, in disgust, sopa rated from or diamissed tho chief, who was to receive a million of dollar* when he had established Cuban inde pendence. Is this io? Tho dear-bought experience which the Cubans havs had, will not, we think, be loot open thom. They will not be likely to trnst their eauae hereafter to Generals and aristocratic officers who havs no hsert sympathy with them. Thsv will seek their friends among the class who lors freedom, and who will fight for it from other than mercenary motives. Their cause is still hope-inspiring, and their prospects are far from ffjoomy ; but thev owe It to their cause, and to their true friends among the American people, to show how they have been swindlsd and betrayed How York Csmnte. Ths following is a statement of the ts|ls collected on the canals in this State in the month of Ay In 1864 and 1856:? 1864. 1866. Dtrre*fe. First week.... ?U1, 168 44 988.081 84 927,286 00 Second ?? .... 182,282 80 00,227 84 42,056 16 Third " .... 128,677 26 03,421 6U 36.165 72 Fourth << .... 131,133 68 130,448 37 686 81 Total 603,163 17 898 020 38 105,182 '70 The following is a statement of toll s receivod on tbe New York canals during the fourth week in May, and also ths total amounts received np to the 22d Msy in rear. Fburth week in Map. Total to June 1. 184 7 9160,17.". 9709.300 1848 188,1106 r, 21, 833 1840.. M 136,972 616,110 186 0 191,898 .698,320 186 1 129, 3W 778,230 1852 107,223 546,200 180,2r.9 593,201 131.134 60:i,162 180,4-18 397,881 Shearing a falling off this year, forthe first month in comparison with the light receipts of same period l'sst f oar, amounting to 9106,281. Abont two weeks since a man name.! Samuel r.aft was arrested in CintnmM fer breaking into Martin, AnsUuta A Oo. 'a foundry, and been* aver to answer the charge. He has since been recognised as oos supsosed to be ths murderer of Mr Thompson, of Steubenvills, Ohio, about two asonths sloes, and fer wbosg a Urge re rar l waa at the time Letters flam Canada W?K. FROM ODH SPECIAL OORSMrotUiHJm Subrareri* Bridoi, Niagara F?Ua In sight. J AIMS GOUDOH BrmvKTT, Esq.:? Having undei taken to furnish the Nsw York Huald with a aerie* of Utter* on the subject of Ciu4t West ? * subjsot so little understood in the Unite! State*? I date my first from Suspension Bridge, the ?ew gateway to Canada, utl the crowning ssal to the re ciprocity treaty. I hare been up Into the Interior for a few days, on a tour of exp'oration, and I hare been amazed at the derelopement which haa been witnessed daring the past few year*, of the agricultural and com mercial reiource* of thia part of the continent. I hare made coUsctiona of neatly all the goverameat report* that have appeared concerning the affair* of Canada Wert; and on examination, th*y prove far more aatia factory than iuch report* a* are iaaued by our legisla ture*, or by the federal government at Washington . They aie more thorough, they are brought out quicker, and they bring things np to a later date. They aeem to be thoroughly done, aad they will prove exceedingly valuable in asatteriog information among the people of the United States, through the column* of the Nbw York Huald; for it has long boon true that the American people have relied so much upoa theOsRxi.it as a souree of late, and fresh, aad reliable Information ia regard to the new ?objects, that every new call of this description must be answered in your usual way. Vy first leter will be only on general subjects. First of all, then, I am yet to find a man who is dissatisfied with the present political relations and condition of Canada; and 1 have conversed with professional and practical men in every department of life; aad they ai agree ia the belief that a new era of progress and im - provement has opined for the Canada*, and they can aow stretch thsir arms of enterprise in all directions, and develop* their resources not only with unbounded freedom, but with the direct aid and favor of the Home Empire, and with all the capital that the London bank ers may be called on to advanee. In some recent aad Important movement*, it has been aacartalued that money can be raised to any amount for the internal im provement* of Canada, from the bankers of London, with more readiness than they oome forward to make loan* to the government at home England haa sent over to Canada her very best engineers.- They have constructed great work*. They have expended an enormous amount of money, but they have been wise and judicious la what they have done, and while railroad* are penetrat ing the Canada*, they carry along with them aew streams of eleetnc fir* to diffuse a more vigorous aad active spirit of creative induatry. The reciprocity treaty, too, has suddenly removed a vast number of commercial restrictions, which, having their origin in a state of hostile feeling between the two countries, have been perpetuated only .because politi cians and statesmen have lagged behind the people in adhering to those maxims of government, and those an tiquated notions of antiquity which atand direotly ia the way of modern progress. It ia a matter rather of congratulation than of complaint that the United States receive more advant?ges from this treaty than the Ca nadian* themxelves; but It 1* only becauae wo are a larger people, with greater enterprise and a more rapid and erticieut mode of doing business. Canada cow ha* all that she asks, except that th* Custom Houses thsaa belves be sold at auctioa. and a whole army of of fice-holders be sent out to till her soil. They will soon be clamoring, I am told, in all quarters, for an addition al clause to the reciprocity treaty wnich will exempt them from a vast numoer of unnecessary annoyances in passing their products, and imports and exports, across the frontier. _ I am told that taree quartors of th* business on the Weiland ship canal is American busi ness, and accrues to the advantagoof ths United States. My reply is, that even this is too small a proportion of aavantago, becauae we have more than four times the population? four timea the territory? four times the wealth, and ten limes the enterprise. I met a newsboy on the Canada side, whose fane seemed familiar to me? cno of those bright -eyed, dashing fellows who sell news papers and magazines in the United States railroad cars. I asked Mm if the Canaolans allowed the Yankee bays to come over to sell newspapers and book* in ths cars of tl>e (Jreat Western Railway!1 '?Yes, eir; they liavo to send for us to *how them how." And then I added, 'They will probably lend you off when they have learned.'' "Ah, but," said the boy, "that will bs.some time vet, and then we fball be sent for to show them how to do Kmething elt>e." The remark created quite a laugh in the car, an) the little fellow was so fair a specimen of "Young America" that evtn Englishmen and Canadians who ware present looUed upen him with admiration. There are some vil li nous arrangements about charges around Suspension Bridge, lor passing over it, and for refreshments, which 1 shall speak of hereafter if they aie not corrected. Very few of your readers have any adequate concep tion Ct that great wonatr of modern art, the Suspension Bridge. It seems like a dream that haunts the midnight fancy, even after you haTe passed over it with an im mense train ot c?rs. It ia worth writing a whole letter about, and I shall do it in a few daya. The Suspension Bridge is but a continuation of the Air Line Railway from Rochester to that place, and from Suspension Bridge It is but a continuation of the Great Western Railway : waich will, at no diatant period, be completed from Halifax to Detroit, the train* are now ruening with perfect regularity, and taking an immense number of passenger* who are on their way from New York to Detroit and Chicago, it being the straightest and swiftest mode of travelling But the Canadian*, with all the help they get from ine Yankee*, have by no mean* jet *ncc?e;led? nor was it to b* expected that they should so soon? in equalling the perfection of the ar rangements on the Great Central and New York Rail road. Since the consolidation of these lines, and the election of Mr. Corning, of Albany, a* President, be has devoted hi* personal attention to a system of communi cation; and it i* the only system we have ia ths United States. There 1* very little to suggest by way of im provement in speed, safety, economy or convenience. Letters are transmitted from St. Catharines to New York eitv in eighteen hours? a distance of nsarly five hundred miles? and with the utmost degree of regularity. It i* astonishing to see how the construction of railway line* on ths north and south sides ot Lake Erie have diverted the passenger travel from ths steamboats of the lake it self. The railroads have come down to the fere on the lake, bnt the saving of time, aad the superior conve nience and safety ot railway over steamboat trave I'ng, with the (superior attractions of tiding through beautilul countries, howevor, readily account for it. St. Catharines i* on* of the most Intersstinp town* in Canada West, occupying a magnificent position on ths table land around whose bluff the Weiland canal sweeps ?it ha* a population of ten thousand. It receive* the tribute or the Western Railway, congesting it directly with the Suspension Bridge twelve miles on the east, and with Detroit on the west. The entire commerce of the Weiland Canal, which is increasing every day with its propellor* and large lake schooner* of a capacity of from live to eight hundred tons, pos sessing the famous Artesisn spring, which is regarged by icon of science as the most valuable for mmy dis eases and complaints known on our continent, having a proportion of moiA than half if not two thirds of Americana among its population, with (ine public build inga, and a spirit of enterprise and taste among the in habitant*. and backed np a* it is bv one of tns richest farming district* In the whole world, it is taking the lead of every town in the Britlah Province*. There is to be a grand celebration here on the 13th of June, when the Htepheneon Fiona* 1* to be opened. It will be attended by the Governor General and other distinguished of ficer*, beside* many men of eminsnce from the United State*. Th* bouse Is a colossal structure, built near the Artesian spring, and with the vast amount that has been judiciously expended upon it leaves nothing to be suggested. It promises to combine all the eleganoe and luxury of a modern hotel in Broadway, with the supe rior comfort, stability and economy which English tastes and modes of business would naturally im ert to it. St. Catharine* ha* long been resorted to invalid* for the benefit of it* mineral water* ; but tb* accommodations have been hitherto altogether inadequate, and the people of St. Catharines have united with one of its laadlng and richest citizen* (Mr. Stephenson, formerly from Massachusetts,) In constructing the finest house of the kind that now exist* at any watering place in the United State*. Much of the enterprise that is developing the resource* of this region, and advancing it* wealth and commerce with such unri valled rapidi y. is due to citizens who have come in from the United Stats*. But It i* a curious fact, that (arm* which I saw t?-day, within two or three mile* of St. Ca tharine*, that aro superior in eveiv quality of *oil to the best farm* In th* immediate neighborhood of Roche* tar, Batavia. and Buffalo, do not now command mere than one fifth or sixth or thetr price. Sixty or eighty dol lars are the highest price* known for farm* of almost in exhaustible fertility. I bad httie conception that so at tractive and go abend a plaoe as St. Catharine'* existed in Canada. I shall hereafter give yon more specific de tail* in regard to the region contiguous. Tup Pactkr Woman and m Child who tbi }tA> I.SHKI) BY TH* MAHHAfHCHWITS AtTUORIT(*S ? Messrs. Knoch Train k Co. have sent a not* to th* Boston Advrr ?mt, staMng that this woman and her child, who were sent to Liverpool in the ship Daniel W*bster, on the ground that the mother was an alien pauper, hav* been ?atiefai trrily provided for. Th* Iras *ay:? We cheerfully tender them a free paaaage, In th* se cond cabin of our first packet that sail* after our orders reach Beyond this, an advance of two hundred dollars, in clothing, food snd money haa been authorized, to make them comfortable. This latter gratuity is proffered by philsnthiopixts, (hailing from No 4 Court street.) who hsve further guaranteed to raise a purse of one thonssnd dollar.-, if needfnl, toward the future support of the woman snd ber child, on her arrival hore. Your*, re*pectfnllv, JMOCH TRAIN k 00., June 4, is65. No. 20 State atrnt. The Coming Liquor Trials im Boston.? Tie re have now been about twenty case* under the new liquor law appealed from th* Police to the Municipal Court, some of them of leading men in the traffic, and the trial of theae eases will render the preeent term of that court one of the most interesting and exciting for many years. Trials oom nenoe there on Monday next, when the first business will b* to diaper* of the ease* of all prisoner* In j*ll, after wh'eh, and In preference to all others, th* Uquor ease* will hav* the precedence. It Is said that Judge Roar will preside, and that the most < rnnert legal counsel has been retained by the Nqior dealers. "n>e<r hope Is, that if not acquitted by a jury It wtll belmpo** ble to obtain ? eowvletien. They all work logstber having formed a defence emaciation of seme fifteen hundred or mere member* Of course, If tbsysfoon'd tsppee to ge t eonvletol in the Municipal ( ourt, tb?y will oarrf the oassn np still farther on the cwrtiUUowUitjr ot th* l?w.-JB*t*n IVawlkr, /??? ?. Tfct ll|nr BMt la Nrtlani ornoon or tb rim. (Prom toe Boston Journal, Jarre 6 ] Wa flod ft difieett to reconcile tb colored ul conflicting acoouaU of the liquor riot in l'ortlaad? ah affair whioh taa an Aagraoefu! la It* cosaut**oem<<at m it was deplorable la ita results. Tk?n was oertaiaiy mo juaUticatioa for a riot, even if a riotcauid * jnsufle I by ao y ooaeideretisn. The aaaemblage at the city liqaar shop waa, uadsr tba oircumataaces, ualawiul; aa1 whan a ditposiUoa to create a disturbance or to destroy pro pectT waa niaihatad by the nob, tba Hi/or *ia cer tainly required to exercise his authority ta eaforce th? lawa and to preserve tba peace. But in doian this ha ahsuld bare uied jait sufficient force to accomplish trie object, and no mora. The duty of a civil magistrate la ordinary caste of riot ii wall defined If ex jostulatloa or .remonstrance fail to acoompliah the dispersion of a r.otoas gathering, the fntl power of the polio ahould be exertei. aad if tba riot ii ao threatening that there la reaaonab'e cense to believe the police will! be overridden, the military should then be put la requisition to sup port the authorities But aran after the eenricea of tba military aia called into requisition, the firing upon tba mob ahould be the dernier resort, when all other meant of intimidation have been exhausted. A 'tor* all. a suffi cient force to intimidite the r.oters should bs caUad upon at the outsat, for the diaplay of power to a mob often anticipate the results of ita actual exertion. Tba responsibility for the shedding of human blood is a fear ful one, and ahould be exercised with caution and dua deliberation, aad only when tba display ?( force baa failed to intimidate. In peruaing all accounts of the Portland affair we can not avoid tbe conclusion that Mayor Daw acted with in temperate seal, and that be was guided by passion rather than reason It does not apaear from any of the accounts that tba mob which aaaembled about the liquor agency bad any definite purpose. They ware at drat but a few in number, and probably more attracted by curioaity than by a desire to comort mischief. They were nolay and uproarious, and perhaps threw a few atones at the door of tbe agency But there was ne heart In tba movement, and at tbe outset a dozen effi cient officers could probably hare dispersed tba gather ing and cleared the streets. But however this may have been, and assuming that there was a necessity for call ing out the military, it does not appear that a proper use waa made of this usually formidable arm A fraj ment of a oompaay waa at first arrayed against a mob which had been exasperated by the continuous firing of a half dozen police officers, and this feeble abaw af strtngth of course only excited atiU further the pasaioas of the mob. Another company waa called out, an* this time, instead af displaying their force to tbe riotera aad making an attempt to clear th? street, they were march ed into tbe liquor store through one door, and wers im mediately ordered to fir* upon the crowd which had col lected abcut another door. No display of foroa was made, and tbe first rotioa which the mob had of the presence of the military aeeaas to have been the discbarge of a volley into their midst. There appear ed to have been no neoesaity for the services or the mili tary to protect tba liquor store, far the pelloe had proved themselves capable of holding tbe place. But the miitary were probably required in order to clear the atreota and dispone the rioters, a duty which might in all probability hare been performed without bloodshed by a diaplay of their strength. It is said that Mayor 1)0* acted in violation of the law in commanding the military to fire upon tbe mob How ever tbia may be, we can only decide by an examination ?f tbe atatutes of Maine. That he aoted hastily, abd that to his temperate seal and strange lack of judgment the shedding of hanaa blood is te be mala ly attributed, there is, we fear, but too much evidence. We have re a a ail the accounts of tbe riot dispassionate ly, including those of some correspondents . and while we have recognized a partisan coloring ia nearly all, which bas induced us to form our opinions cautiously, we could not (ail to dii cover in all theae narratives strong evidence tbat tbe Mayor exercised more force than waa necessary for the protection of tbe property in the liquor agency and for tbe preservation ot the peace, lie took a sledge hammer to kill a fly, and tbe conseq nonces of the indiscreet act won deplorable in the extreme, and will probably react upon his own head. [From the Portland Argus, dune 5.] Our readers will recollect with what earnestness we opposed the election of Mr. Dow, on tbe ground that a man of bis violent aad indiscreet character waa wholly unht to assume the responsible duties of the Mayor of a city, and particularly to undertake the execution of a new law, extremely stringent in its provisions and severe in its penalties. Hia despotic character and repulsive manner of action we felt would almojt make an unob jectionable law odious; but with inch a law for him to execute, we could not rid ourselves of the Imprest ioa tbat bis election would be dangerous to tbe peace and good order or eur city. We pointed to tbe acts of bis prer.ous administration as an indication of tbe charac ter of proceeding we must look for from him if again elected, and that with tbe more stringent law, which, of coarse, wonld require greater prudence in its exesutioa, it would be next to impossible for him to get through the year without disorder and vio'on^e. In addition to all th is, we pointed to the r.i^nificant fact that, in every J S sit. on which Mr. Dow bad previously held which con rred or. him power to be executsd, Le had always nested trouble, always excited bitterness ani quar relling. Mr. Dow's friends could not deny these facts. His his'ory was a standing witness to their truth, and one tbat could not be gainsayed. How, then, did tbey me?t us and attempt an answer? Why, they replier that Sir. Dow bad grown wiser; that Mb previous experience ha l taught him a wholesome lesson, and that the good citi zens of Portland m'ght now safely confide in his wisdom and moderation. Even Mr Dow himself took pains to utter s'milar sentiments, thus making an implied con fession cl past errors, and promising to avoid their repe tition This was n> tatmfactory answer to uh. We knew tbe trouble was in tbe constitution of tbe man that Neal Dow was Neal Dow here and everywhere, and that what he had been, was that which he would be again? a Mayor reckless of law himself, and violent ia the execution of it upon others. Fellow-citizens, have not onr fears been more than realized)' Has not the result prored tliat he is not wiser? that he is just what he has always been, only a little more so? It is with unfeigned regret that wo have witnefsed his course since his election. We have foteborne heretofore to say much, because we have been in hopes from day to dar to see an amendment of hia course. We have trusted that be would get better counsel and follow it; but in vain. H? has gone fro a bad to worse, until he haa ac tually become the greatest violator of the law he makes it his especial object to execute. The purchase of tho 91,600 worth of liquors, without authority and ia viola tion of law, with the subsequent smuggling them upon the city alter a warrant was issued for their sei/.ure. caps tbe climax of folly and disregard of propriety and law. Wby did be not, like an honest, law-abiding citi zen, after be saw tbe result of bis heedless purchase, let the law take its course, and abide tbe result like a man ? To have confessed his error and submitted cheer fully to the penalty of the law, would have vindicated his sincere regard for law, and atone 1 in a measure for tbe wrong. It is in vain for tho Advertiser to say tbat h? was au thorized to purchase the liquor, axd that he did it in accordasce with law. 3 If Mr, Dow btl eved this story, now pat forth? if his advisers, among whom ia Mr. Carter, Judge of tho I'olice Court, (and all know how he became Judge, how a court was overturned by Messrs. Dow and Peek to give him a place) we repeat if Mr. Dow and his advisers, who wers perfectly familiar witb all tbe facts of the cese, believed tbe stOTy, wby were they afraid to risk the case before Judge CarterV Would he do Mr. I kiw injnstloe? Why did they fear thia, if not because tbey knew the facts were so strong tbat even a pliant court could not soquit upon them without inclining tbe risk of impeachment? This is the only answer, and we therefore respectfully appeal from tbe decision of Judge Carter in tba Adver tiser, to Judge Carter, as the adviser of Mr. Dow, and we submit that his acts in the latter capacity, and the acts of Mr. T'ow and the Aldermen, are irreooncilably in conflict with the statement in tbe Advert iter. This brings us to another point, to which we ask tbe considerate attention of tbe community. Who wrote the statement in th* Advertiser} Who is K tbat is de ciding Mr. Dow's case, and is justifying blm through all bis violent, and as may most sincerely believe, illegal proceedings ? We answer, Judge Carter. The Advertiser ia published bv Carter, ( lark Ac Co. Mr. Carter waa its editor np to the time of his appoint ment as Judge, and still holds his interest in th* con cern, and Is now its substantial editor and ita chief di rector, though not publicly appearing so. But the style of the article and the expressions it contains, show un mistakably that Mr. Carter's hand was in It. And now we ask if ever such a thing waa known in aa intelligent commux ity before? Let any man read what waa stated in that article, and eee if they would need to attend the trial of Mr. Dow and coadjutors, to know what .ledge Carter's decision would be in tbeir case. And yet they are liable to be brought before him for ex amination on charges involving the crime of murder or manslaughter. We sav tho like was never known, and It lndicat?s aa great a lack of a due sense of propriety, as It does want of principle, and a disposition to prosti tute t he ju dicial offi se to w leked purposes . We ask the com muxity}to look at the matter, and see if it la not anoutrage upon decency aad right which merits effectual rebuke. Tbe Advertiser makes a pretty direct imputation upon nsthatthe statements in the Argut of Saturday tend ed to create excitement and disturbance. Wo caat back the imputation aa entirely talse, and worthy the source whence It same. Ark any man who passed through oar streets on Sat urday what waa the chief topic of interest and excite ment, so far as there was any, and you will in every case get for reply tbat it was tbe unprecedented and unjus tifiable coarse pursued by tbe Board of Aldermen and the Police Court and ita officers on Saturday afternoon, in reference to the liquor. True, w* exposed tbejllegal acts of Mr. Dow. Does that make na responsible in the least I tor the misdeeds of himaelf and friends oo Saturday ! afternoon, In attempting to acreen him from the legal consequences of such acta, or for any excitement that may grow out of such a proceeding on tlieir part? Mot In the least, thst we can see. We repal tlie imputation, therefore, as falae ia every part and particular. What we paid had *o such effect as ia alleged by Ju*g? Can or. But on what ground cm Judge Carter and Mr. D.iw excuse themselves? They have no escape for their folly and wrong doing. Tbey excited the assemblage, and then, aa we most firmly believe, life was unnecessarily sacrificed. We do not In any form or manner excuse or justify these who committed a broach of tbe laws in tho attack upon the liquor store, but, on the contrary, un qualifiedly condemn them; neither do we justify tbe Mayor of tbe city, the Board of Aldermen, or tho Judge of the 1'obee Court, for the course they havo pursued. We condemn tbe illegal acta of all, without reserve or qualification, and we sincerely hope tbey all will reeeivo the penalty of every law wbiuh they have violated. Thia is all we aak, and we shall be contest with nothiog less. Nothing l? sa will preserve order and a respect for law. It must be understood tbat the highest as well as tie lowest are amenable to law. and that Its penalties as well ss Its protection will be meted out, without fear or favor, te all alike. This Is tbe only basis of substantial prace and gcod order, and we are glad to believe that matters are now ia train to accomplish this objoet. TTTH MKHTTMI. Tbe Portland Adt?rti*>r gives tbs following account of tbe meeting, tbe reaolniioas of which we published yes terday. It ?p?aks of Mr Clifford's speech as spxriat plearior, eat ?t*tea that Mr. W m weH, who ettasspio to speak ae a friend of Mr. 0*w, waa biseed d**a. It gives the remains made bt ?r V 0 J a* M?V* ? haa. V. O J. Hsalth no* made bis -.-apeeraaea, aad wm received nU three o kmc* U* sail MM jmt eoca* lato tbe meeting? did ut knev what had bm llM? JUMhMrd U* Nt?luU*U Ml, Mi tbousbt they van -.lUigether too Una for aueh aacvl lag aad far such a purpose aa thev bad mi, far Hi tu for revolutica. If the Mayor af the clt y bad noann?oc*J to break the lav which vas passed aiostly at hit request, he tbaugbt the citisens af Portlaad shjuld pay him beca in hia an vay. Gall upoa him at ooca immediately to reaiga, aad lay dovn hla robaa of offlce, ant if ba re fiuad to do this, tall hiM emphatically, upoa his ova bMit b? the coaf^qoraoaa. Mr. Smith spoke fatly and frealy upoa the au?;ect, and va vill flea Urn tba credit ta ?ay to at there vaa no coacealmeat of hla views and epiaiens? they veto aot hidden under a nuk vlth tba cry oi "peace ano oreer," but he apoka out boldly, t a aay the least ? which wat in striking contraat vith i?< ?f the speakers vbo secretly desired to stimulate the ?Of spirit, but dared not do it boldly. Tba AdvertUrr thaa speaks of the geoeral character of tbe meeting:? B?- fore aay investigation could bo had, before any reso lution* were ir ported, Mr Ito*, the police, aoldiiry, and all vbo attempted on Saturday evening to preserve tbe peace, veto denounced in theapeechea aa guilty of maa ?laughter, if aot m order. The (acta of the caao vera ant. rely misstated, aaa under tho guiae of pouring oil into tbe vouuds, vitriol vaa ussd instead Tbe old, brokaaccva pa.-ty haeka, vho managed the meeting, bad everything their ova vay to make capital for tli?ir

?arty, and agaiast Mr. Dow. It la well known tttat Mr. Clifford never appears la publte except tor the beoetit of hia party, or ? himeelf ; and it vaa truly curtoua to aee his movements yesterday, all under the guiae of a good, quiet ctti/en, wbo vould do nothing in oppoaitioa to lav 1 Oh no ( but vho vould at the aame time make eurh vtatemente aa muat inevitably incite othere to do ee t And then, before any investigation la had, before tb? committee vha are to make tba inveatigatioa. are notified ol their appointment, a resolution ia pa aped that Mayor I low is guilty, and he ia requested to r*?i<o bia office, and the committee of inveatigatioa are alao made the commi'We to request him to resign ! This appears to as to be mixing farce and tragedy in one aceae. The committee rf nine wait njon Mayor D?v and state to hua that they are appointed a committee to Investigate the transactions of Saturday last, an t they are ready to proceed upon tho bnalnea*. But as the meeting whlih appointed them for thia purpose have already adjudge! Ilia Honor as guilt*, and passed a vote raquc itiag him to resign, they, tbsrefoce, la obedience to that vote, voalri politi'y request hla Honor to lay dovn the staff of office and quietly retire to private life, par ordar of L. D. M. Sweet, Esq. No doubt Mr Dew vill promptly aad properly anaver thta committee, vben they vait upon him. Until then, vo forbear further comment. Tlie Slavery Question la Nebraska. [From the Nebraska City News, May 26.] Tho question of slavery or no alavery haa at last been raised in regard to the southern portion of Nobraska. We have vlth as many Mtseourlans and Virginians Some of them have thstr si ares already here, who are amongst our most enterprising aad popular citizens, and we ara veil aware that, though they say but litt'e in regard to tbe matter, ther are oeni upoa eatablUhing the ''peculiar lnatltntion" In Southern Nebraska, if it can be doae by a majority vote. Km (grants from the Southern States are moving here, south of tbe Platte, faster, peibapa, than any other style of eottlars. Km grant a irom Northern States are acarce at present in proportion to those from the South ; and aa south of the Platta river is already the moat populoua portion of tho Territory, and as it Is acknowledged by all to be by far tbe best agricultural part of Nebraska it is a matter of importance to all whether it be a free or alave Si ate. We do not affirm, as many unacquainted vith our aet tlers do and vill. that there ia no possibility of Southern Nebraska ever becoming a slave State. Oa the con trary, veree no impomibUity u-out it? ve >-ee no res eon vhy, vitb a majority of slave State emigrants for her population, South Platte Nobraaka should not eventually become a powerful supporter of slavery. Northern men, vho take the ground that every man born houth of Maaon and Dixon's line ia born indolent and vithoul ambition, are silly-pated, foolish men, and tepy reckon vlthaut their boat. We have aeon aa much enterprise in Nebraaka vhich originated in Soutnern beads, and was being puahed and hurried along by South ern baods, aa we have of Northern undertakings. It ia no more a truth that all Southern men are Indolent and imbecile, as *>me fanatica confidently assert, than it ia I bat all Northern men are industrious and ingenious, vhich every boay knows isn't exactly the case. The cry hsagoae up from abolition throats, "Slavery shall not enter In Nebraska." It is tbe itmt yell of fa naticism that abrieked in Kansas, and called the Miasou rtana there to make that Territory a slave Territory. It is tlio line voice that reverberated in the haila of our National Congrses, that hiaaed in the negro aaving m 'in of Boston and Chicago, and that now calls s'avery to this Territory by a regular challenge. Kansas is a slave State, who hastened to make it so* Abollton politi cians Who desired it to become a slave State mora than all other living men? The oppoaers of the Nebraaka bill, in order that their predictions might prove true; that they might b? written dovn prophet"; excite a Northern var on Southern 8ta tea; sever the Union or allov each cne of them to be President of the United states as eatly as 18&6 If there ii one thing more tnan any other that gives vitality to sinvtry? tbat propagates it ? that spreads it like an Infection? tbat one thing ia the frothing. boiling, rampant abolitloniam of the Northern States Had it never existed, alavery vould have died years ago, and the in scription upon its tombstone vould have recorded a natural death; but verging towards its dissolution, the galvanic action of ahoUUon opposition vas applied, and it revived to figbt and increase in strength, as the batUe lengthened, until nov it haa grown a formidable foe to those who fi'at threw dovn the glove an! the gauntlet. And nov slavery ia here, In a small way, a f?v ne grtes? twenty or so? and ita supporters are coming faater and faster. What sends them hete 1 A beautiful country ia no', all tbat they seek, but a alavery victory ovar thoao vho have challenged them. Tbey seek to drova that hypocritical voice that cned "alavery ahall not enter Nebraska. " and prove it false; they aeek to ooaquer thoee vbo bare taunted them, by making south of the Platte river a slave State. The men vho started this excitement I've ia Boston and other Eastern ciies. and send nov and then a hand ful of deluded mortals to thoae Territories to carry oat the farce and illustrate their devotion to freedom, by attempting to govern all men in and after tbe manner of doctnae taught by Seward, Wendell Phillips, Theodore Parker. <t id cmne genut. And ao ve have tome excite ment in Nebraska ? ity in the vay of street debates, door-step discussions: and the queition is, " Shall Ne braska, south of the Platte river, be a alave State f" The Gayrtlea of the Insane. [From tbe Hartford Times, June 2.] The laat grand " hop " of tha season, by the inmatea of the Insane Retreat in this city, vas given last evening, June 1. These social parties are usually confined to the Retreat family, and are not intended for the pleasure of the public. This being the last one of the vlnter series, hovever, his Exeellencv, Gov. Minor aad lady, aad several others, vere invited to be present. One hundred and eighty-four of the Inmates vere as sembled In tbe b?U. Tbey were of all ages and condi tions ia life, fwm the gray hairs of sixty and seventy winters to the blooming youth of fourteen summers. An hour previous several of them vere raving maniacs, tearing their clothes, or attempting to do so, and re quiring tbe closest attention. Nov brought into the hall, under tho influence of music, and Impressed vith the idea that they vere among a social party, bearing a part of the responsibility of its general good conduct, their deportment vas unexceptionable. 0( course all of them did not joia in the dance, but full sets vere formed of those who were so disposed, and they indulged in co tillons and contra dances. Folloving each figure, the party vere favored by sing ing. and music on the piano Several of tbe patients have excellent voices, and one of them especially? aa old lady of Spanish descent, thoroughly educated in Paris? moved the keys vith a delicacy of touch that equalled the most popular performers. Finally, refreshments vere served; and then the "Ele phant Jupiter" vas marched through the hall, to tbe great smusement of the spectators. It vas an admi rable personation, and a practical eye could not readily distinguish It from a "real live" monster of trunk and tushes. Jupiter bovad to the Governor and his lady, raised his trunk gracefully in salutation to the audience, and "speka to 'em" in that boarae voice rarely heard rave In tbe jungles of tbe East. At ten o'clock a grand march to music concluded the festivities of the evening, and the large family retired in ordar to their respective apartments. Er. Butler informs us that they have bad two such par ties every veek during tho viator, aad the results have been most gratifying. Tbe nights following these par ties are the most quiet throughout the institution of any in the weak. Tha gloomy are Inspirited, and the frantic are interested, quieted, and made tractable. Tbe atten tion of all the patients Is drawn avay from tbe set chan nel of thought, or unhsalthful Imaginings vhich unba lanced them, and a better tone is given to both body and mrsd. Dr. Butler is also introducing many pictures, engrav ings and paintings in the balls and parlors. These in terest and attract the attention of the patients, and ace found to be of much value. The past has been one of tbe most auccesafnl years of the institution ? a gratify ing per centage of the vhole number of patients having been entirely cured, and a large number very much im proved. The Institution is not a gloomy dungeon, vhere harsh treatment predominates, aa man v suppose; but great Cins are taken to make it agreeable and pleasant to the gaates. Several of them who bave been 'here for many years, consider it their heme, aad would be quite unhappy at the idea of ever removing, the location of tbe Institution is aa exceedingly pleasant one, the build ings being surrounded hy shade and fruit trees, aaa pleasant walks. Dr. Butler's family is veil eared for, and furnished vlth all the com'orts aad attentions cal culated to make them contented and happy. I)r. Butler is ably assisted by Dr Porter, Dr. Blakeslee, Mr. and Mrs. Holaday, Mrs. Coolidge, Ac. The Gofbtb.? This animal, ao often spoken of by newspaper miters, and travellers vho have journeyed ia Ksn>as, is peculiar lo the Columbia aad Missouri river* aad their tributaries. It ia knovn la some localities as tbe csmss rat, taklag its name fiom a plant vhich is Its fsvorito foed. It lives beneath the surface of the earth, and throws up, la aa incredible short time, an immense ? mount of dirt from lta holes, which it carries in pouches by the side of its face. The animal ta claseed by natu ralists vith the mole species. It ranges from five to eight inctes ia length, is of a mouse color, iaslinlng to brovn, vith a short, thick tail, and its head is rather large and clumsy, oviag to its cheek pouches. Some travellers say that It uses its broad feet toe the purpose of bringing up earth, aad that its pouches are used for other purposes. We had tbe pleasure of vltnessing the operation the other day. but cannot decide vhich vas employed. In this instance it blocked up the passag* v ay to tbe hole; but the curiosity of a Yankee removed the obstruction, aad evsn penetrated to its nest, aad gathered from tho examination aa item far a newspaper pangitph.? kavnu UmlA of Frmdom, May 19. Tbe Nevbnryport flirold learns from one of the crew of tbe Ashing schooner Flying Obtnd, vho arrival heme by 'ar il oa tbe 1st last , that all tha vesse s sre rapid <y filling op, sad that tfce catsh of mackerel "out south'' tbi* jear. vi# be greater than for maay years pa it. He repr rte the mackerel ta be of a large sire, aed af good quality, tba cores harder" literally svtrala* vith tfeaui. ai^Mva In ff mm Mid mi ttt tbb onnAV tboublbh noiN^KMigoMt or thb HtD mw? U>r*ma IN KANSAS ? BLAFBB 04IN0 TO MUllAWA? AJIOTUJU BLAVI ST ATI Uf GONT IN FLATION. (Corr?a?eikdenoe of the St. Um Republican. J Whitbiab, Khiu Territory, May 24, ISM Tl??r? in daily arrival* from the l'laua*. a ad each oae br'M* and dill si vat reports of the ladlaaa The '?at is is the train of Mr. Mason, Iim Salt Lake. Ue ""?? Bruise, the CheTeoiUM, the Arrapehoei, tbe !?.? th* fuwaooutaoe, and tae Cameechea, are aa "itUing ?t Aab Hallow, to the notaber of three taoe jand worriero, aad are eager for a fight they laugh at the idee of being whipped by our regular saidiery, aad ?ay they w-oold fear tweety aid aaountaiaeer* Mora thaa a Uiouaaad of tbea; tbai while oar aoidier* are playiag their music aad turateg about in colama, thay wiU give tnema lira aad tnaa rua oat of eight ana hide; that the ?**" c",D*T*f catch thrm in their valleye and moaa taina, aad that they wiU bare a line time in taking the and 'pV?*T*ioa?*r*^ '*** partiee. aad atealivg horse* mPlfZ 0ld'r^ thf tr*tar' 10 'aare the mountains. Old Eeiehard, who ha. li red there thirty fire yaara aad ?,d. "Lh? hfJd*a't ?a,?ag them aeariy aa long, and both of whom hare intermarried wnh then eouii aot believe that they woald be obliged to go but the* were told that tha horse* of aU tradaie woald be ira pressed for the uaeof tha Indiana and after the horse* were aU gone their acalpa woald then be taken. Thar are atealio g all thay can lay their baad* 011 Th?y 1 had stolen eighty mix horaoa from Foit I.tiamie, aad I twenty aerea mulaa from under tha guard at Fort Kearney. A party af Cheyenne* chaaad aoaaa Pawnee* into Fort ' Kearney aad ahot one af them after they wera in. Tha i aurgeon took possession of the boiy; tbe Chayannea da- I manned tho scalp; it wax rafu ted ; the Oheyenna* mid* some hoatila demonstrations, whoa a file of eoldier* fired 1 iato them , the Chayanae* stoo i for a moment aa if to a?e if any of their band were wouaded. Not a ball, I however, had taken effect. They thaa turned anil de parted slowly., taking olf tweaty seven mg?a. Tooaa ia tbe fort are said to have been very much alarmed, aad cotgratu'ated themselvna upon having miaaed their aim, believing if thay bad killed oce, tha Indiana woald hava butchered them al1. The few who are in charge of Lara mie ana Kaarny are ia a state of tha keenest apjrehea aion and moat painful auspense. Thay fear that tha In diana who are gathering about them in aueh number*, and with do friendly feeling*, may wipe them all out, by way of getting their hanca iu before the new detach ment* reach th?m This, however, ran hardly ba tha case; far no conaiderabble boly will venture *o far eaat m Kearny, while those concentrating at Aah Hollow will prepare to meat onr soldier* In fail force at that point 1 hoy do not need Fort Laram.e, and will exbauat aona ot their strength ia taking it. Their policy ia to fight ia tha mountains, where they aan annoy w, aad yat ai capa ua aa long aa possible. There ia a great contrariety of apialon la regard ta tha expaciaacy and propriety oi Heading oar troops out at thia timo. I waa rather vaailiating until now. Tha newa which haa recently come from above, aa wall aa across tbe country, ahow* the Indiana to be ia a very unsettled state. Tbe Sioux, Pawnee* Craw* aad Black feet are constantly warring with each other, aad their feelmga far the United Mate* are anything but kindly. Only a few of them have ever aeea our eouatry, and ita proweea la aelther appreciated nor under* tool jy the many. The tales they liaar of great villagea covering mile* of apace and containing hundred* of thouaand* of inhabitant*; and of wig wain i built of etone, one on the other, to a great height aad vaat extent, aad divided in to hundreds of lodges; and of long traiaa of wagana that run without horses at tha rate of two or three hundred mile* between the rising and netting of tha aan; and of guns that throw ball*, aa large aa a rain's bead, three or > four miles. with accuracy, they believe juat an we do the wondera related in Golliver'a travel*. It ia aU t Action? wild and extravagant romance. They can form no liea of auoh things, aid whaa thoie who have keen them aseeverate their trath, thw* believe either that they ware drunk whilst on a visit to thia country, or are trying to impose upon them The sol dier* they have seen at our forts, were outnumbered by their warrior*. They ask, " Why is it, If we have such multitude*, that we don't rend more of them there " They have aeveral tmei b?en told that we would *and troops out to whip tham, if thay did so aad ao ? and yet they have done so and *o ? bn't no troipe came They killed Lieut, (.'rattan and his iompany without trouble, aad think they can whip any foice we caa send there. Under this belief, they will continue to annoy, rob and murder emigrant* and mail carriers. Our sending an army there will teach ttiem better. It may be only ae ctseary to show them our strength. I hope that will suffice to insure a permanent treaty. If they oesolve to tight, the battle will be long, erratic, bloody aad ma at tious. It will extend over a vaat terr toty ? among mountains, in deserts, and on pta*ua. Hardships and tuflerings innumerable and inconceivable, wilt come in long marches over rocks and hands; in thirst aad heat, h-neatb the suns of summer, aad in aching, atllTeiong colda. amid the snows of winter. The life of a soldier, at the best, is hard, but upon the I'lains, it is horrible. lie elections in our first second, ihird, aeveath, eighth, azd sixteenth districts, toon place on tbe TH inat.? dav before yesterday ; out I have not heard tbe result. There was no excitement abaut it. lha friends of the South and of the Union may now rest satisfied, andj the abolitieniats and dliomonlata can hang tbelr harp upon the willow, aad alt .down .upon the eastern banks of tha Mississippi, and weep ; lor the fate of Kan sas la rettled. and settled gloriously. Missourians, Ken tuck ians, Tennerseoans, Virginians, and other pro slave ry cltir.ena, are coming every day by handreds, and mak ing tomes, comfortable homea, all over the Territory and tbey wield so strong an influence, socially aad morally, as to change the political opinion of many of the free soilers who have been sent hare by the Aid So-iety. It is oaly here and there in limited localities that you find aoy number of abolitiociata. aad tbey are so fanatically let ter, vindictive and repulsive, that they operate against their own cause. They never will be able to control any lnlluenca, or to effect anything of moment. to atrung, generil and pervadiag la the pro slavery sen timent, that It has extended even te Nebraska, aad we find the Nebraska City News enlisting uader it* banner, atd bear of public meetin^a being held, reaolutiona passed and addresses published, advocating the estab lishment of a slave State in the southern portion of that Territory. Several families have already gone there with their slaves. There are not less than forty slaves in Richardson county alone. What will our "Emigrant Aid" frienda say to this? What can tbey say t When we had conceded that Ter ritory to tbe free soiler. and they had the government in their own hands, whv did they not pass a law prohibit ing slavery V A rerolation to'that effect was introduced and negatived. The reason is that those people have been let alone; they have had time for obaervalion and reflection, and inthsir cool, deliberate judgment, a ma jority of them, in their legislature assembled, deter mined that it waa not politic to prohibit alavery; that it might prove to be the bett institution for the State. Those of the southern and more fertile portion* thought slave labor would be Uie moat suitable and productive Ib their agriculture while thoMof the sterile north deemed it a curse. As no Mlssonrians have interfered there, I should like to know how friend Ureeley caa ex plain auch an extraordinary result. Tbe result of our election he attributed wholly to the laterference of tbe Missourians; and yet where there were no Missourians and where we enppoaed there were none but free Boilers, a resolution to prohibit slavery was negatived, and citizens are moving in with slavea, and public meetings are being held in favor of slavery, and the principal paper ia the Territory is its strongest advocate. Governor Reeder la expected home dally. After his misrepresentation of thivgs here, I should think he would bartly have the audacity to return. But let him come. We shall do hiin no harm, and he caa do u* no barm, lie aad Greeley and Black, and all their friends, with the wealth of their aid society and their hundred thousand freemen, will find their elTorts, as ever, impo tent to turn the sentimeat or check the tide of oroplre, as, In popular sovereignty, it establishes the institution of slavery finally and permanently in Kansas. I>et them bring on their subjects; we have room Tor all, and abun dance for all. Provisions are high at present, but will soon be cheap again. Flour is now 95 per^ack; corn meal, 75 cents per bushel, and bacoa 5 to 7 cunts per pound, and falling. There is another considerable excitement in regard to the lands in and around l<eavenworth city. It has been positively asserted, and believed by many, that they were not included in the Delaware reservation, and that they wonld be granted by the United Statai for the purposes aad uses of a town, and that the titles of tho* who have purchaaed lots would then be confirmed. Commissioner Manypenny, however, positively de clares that portion to be in the reservation, and that it will be sold la legal subdivisions, or town lots, for the benefit of tbe Delaware* This readers the property holders excessively uncomfortable. Leavon worth and all the eouatry is now quiet in rt sard to the slavery question. The people are building houses, cultivating fields and improving- the oountry generally. Copious rains have wonderfully improve! tbe face of nature and brightened np her garment*. Kb* no ft looks imiling, beautiful and luxuriant la her wealth of budding and growing charms. She win* the admiration of the beholder, and showers rich favors u pon all who woo her. Political Intelligence. * VtTNICIPAL ILFCTTON IN WASHINGTON. The following is the result of the election held in Washington on tho 4'h inat. : Collator. McCalla, K.N 3,7" Roche, Union J,??5 McCalla' s majority 2M Regi-Ur. Douglas, K. N 3,7M MoConnick, Union......... 2,448 Douglas' majority 333 Surveyor. Hunt, K. N 3,811 Albert, Union 3,414 Bunt's majority ' 307 The Kaow Nothing* elected a majority of both brushes of the City Council Hon. William O. Butler havins declined the democra tic nomination for Congress la the Tenth district of Ken tucky, Henry C. Harris has received the nomination. The new city government ot Providenae, R. I,, was organized on the 4th last. Tbe State Temperance Committee of New Hampshire have called a State Convention, to be held at Concord on the 2Mb aad 29th of June. Uot. Metcalf will pre aid*. Boa. Neal Dow, Governor MorreH and Rot. Mr. Peck, of Maine, hare engaged to bo preeeat. The r Itinera of Weetoa, Miaeouri, bar* held a public meeting, wbich waa presided over by the Mayor, at which resolution a were naseed denouncing the late lynch law proceedings la Utat eity, by which Mr. Phil lips was tarred, feathered aad rode upon a rail. A meet leg was aUo held at Leavenworth, K. T., on the lath ult ., which paeaed reeolutieM heartily on4orsiag " tho ictUno' the committee ol ci tinea* that shaved, tarred and toe 'hen d, rode on a rail aad had sold by a aegre, Wm ltaltUt ??, the moral perju-er." T" e republican party la Mlaoewote Territory have caV.t d a State Convention, to he held at St. Peal, ea too Ottl. of July, to Kvtniaate a candidate for d'legate to Co- fftene. aad to take naoMere* for tho Uareagh orgeat -f* their P*'[ (Kmn the Kipnm 1 W* iU aot eupoot a?4h wka Weed k Oa. i CHMkygi, Mi the kiKlvm ItmU, lac aa Ma lt '* bm? a Ucveraor of? aad we have Ml Ma ik appoioted la ?nr eipocUUoas Thar get tkil U*T wuM, aad he (rot what ho never 4Ureamed of ? a pm Ofuhip Tho oklj error of the move ra, that wo Ml not elect tho Geveraora themselves, iaslead of their *? at rumen t, for *o h?ve what wo believe to bo tpttK amiable and rather upright moo for (iororoor? WMlo M would have boon o pood dool bettor to have tho Oooor nori ibooNlm, with tbotr reipoaaibilitiee upoa tMH. tbaa be go vernal without >?) reapoaaibility wkttoooiw We have f?lt it a duty to oof thl* much io otlMM t'oo, and in defeace of the coait'tutioaal executive af the State? against the real executivea? prior to Mm ro publioatioa of the followieg officially prepared Hot of criminal* tho ooaatitntiooal executive Las boo* aato tiie 'Detriment of opoaing the State prisons to atooa January lot, w hen bo cane into efflea This lUt iadateo ?obo of tho wont and moat actorieus ariminals la tha State. Some of thtm have bought their way, Mt through the nominal Governor, aa1 otbora are good fa " primary aaeetiaga," aad at Ureadway Hooao Mloit ing oommittoofl, to pat up candidates tor oflloo thara. Such a general jail deliver y la a novelty? but It la erne of the pecoliari' iea of our State politics? that McUae Mm Reward school of pollticiana of other State*:? ? I.IBT OP OONFICT8 P ARTONKD BY THK PUS INT K BCUTTVB PMOM THB PTaTB PKISON , BINO SUfO> i Pair of I Ont t of\ I Term V ft it met. | Smtrnct. i far don | Of rut t ~ j?ly 9/M Mrh. 2'0'd tarceay Jure 9 'M Mob 3:'l(akMlait Kiag* Co. I A sell ? *?T 2U.MjAp.il 7,r'laei>rtBes| Juhn Med*. . . . I _ |Jan. J?, ? Joe Merjri.?e. Kav. JVM f ek T O'd larceay J*? MeUwlt*. |Mreh 6,'WjPok. 10'int to rob M*A<oe. Nov. W.W Feb lJiRec at gd? ?? .M,,r,"b,*lL ' J" ?.'???*? a>|0'd lareoay1 Ale* Ilblan , . ? L>h ?] I Mich Rollivaa ' ' 1 Wm Johnaon Jobs Skelly. .. S. J. Proper. , Jerem'h Line. 0. Vaelnwe*in John Franei*. Ifalah Selover Marrt Kelly.. t'bil McArdle Daniel On.... Jaa. Sobiaann John Smith*. . Edw. Ma*"n... Mlehard Jonea ? John P. Berrii! ? r*k (trance O March, 'M April 21 'M King* Co. May 16, '64 Ktan Co. April 14, 51 apr.l Ml lieaaPghter April 161 ? A aril 17 1 Italy let dg. April jit] r*lia prtaoa May 4 ? May 4| l'rgy M dg May 1U ? May li'IG'4 larceny 2# 221 4 ra ItM. 4 ra. n?. 4 ra. ?aaa. 3 ya. tw. 2ya~ ' l ya. 3 ya tm/L n ya. tw. tya._ 521 May 221 ? May 2&| ? The oonaiota aboae meati?ned, where the partiaalaro ON fives, erraaeat from 4>?* oity of Mew Yark*-th* rait ore rem other uourtlaa in thia Slate. ? Several of thia aaae from the city of New York. There being lomo Taw for tho guidaaoe of tho Gotmb or in auch ca^ioo, we hora aubjoia it:? EXTRACT FltOM TUB LAW KBOPLATIHO PAH ta8.se* apbil, 10, 1849. See. 1 Wh' neaer an applioa'loa ahall be made to the Go vernor tor a pardon, be may reqoire the Diatriet Atteraqp of the connty in which the eonviotien of the oeraon fOr whom the pardon ia aaked, waa had. aad it anall be the datp of aucb Diatriet Attorney to furniah the Goverier laaaao diately on anch requisition beinr made, with a eoneiae atato mant of the com aa proved on the trial, together with aajr other facta or oirenmataccea which miaht hare a hearing tm the queatioa of granting or refn-ing a parden. Sec 2 Before any application for a pardon ahtll be pco aentedto the Governor, written notioa thereof ahall be await opon iba Liatriot Alton. ey of the conatr la whioh Iboooa ?lction ahall hare keen had, and proof of the dne aerrtoe m auch notion rhall be proeented to the Governor befero oaMy anch application for a pardno ehnU be acted on, Sec. it. Notice of auok application, nnleaa in the opinion of the Governor ju?tino requlrea that it aball ba w<th, thai! be pnbliaked ror four weeka in the State papofc and a!eo in a ?onn'y paper printed in or nearoat to tab town In which tne conviction waa had. and ia caiea of eriaaoa committed in the city of New York, in a paper to be de4g natcd by the Governor, having rjspect to the lar*e?t oiroala tion. Now, we underaland that an notice waa aerved oa Mm Lietrict Attcmry that applications were being made far the pardon ot oonvicta from thia county ? neithar haa the Governor rei|tiir?(l of tho TMatnct Attorney ta for nieh blm *'a cnttcieo statement of tho oaaoa, aa prov?4 on tho trial*, tngothef Vith hla view* ou tho qaaaUaaaf ?ranting or rOTuunn a pardon" ? nor have thaaw applica tionx been publienM ft any newspaper. It ba* ajuaya be? i?tve practice of previous fievar? ra almoat Invar ably to?oaiply with tha law ia relatiaa ta wtiting to the DUtrict Attorney. The Sluaix Kxpedltton. [Front tba 8t Louia Republican, Juno 2.] We hove taken some painn to aacertaia Homathiaf 4a fiolto with regard to thia oxpodit'oa, which, far tkolaat few month*, has occupied the attention of the pabtfo, ?nd given bo much uneaainoaa to our venerable aa repreaontative, Mr. Benton, and Mr. Comataateaer Van.vpeEay. To jndge from what haa occasionally ap peared in the columna of our cc temporaries from 11 far ont parts of tho country, and the fierce ptilippioa that have been burled against the ?? 3ionx Expedltiaa'' k|r these gentlemen, it tnigbt be inferred that net enty the Bioux, bnt all the red akins of the Western prairiea, wera to l>e wiped out, aod that an army under General Har ney was assembling on the froctiera for thia eejeot. Such, however, from all we can learn, ia not the caaa. The facta appear to be simply these: ? The authorities at Washington, n conseijuenoe af the dinicultlee of lafrt year on the PUt'e, came to the deter mination ? and wbish. In our opinion, they wera jaaM lied in- to puniah the Indiana conc?raed in th* murdem and robberies in that regioa, and to keep tho i In order and auhjectiob, by the presence of an in military iuce. The oriMTP of General Scott, heretofore pukllahed ia our columna, direct that a certain force ehould be flaea* onder the command ot <>?n. Harney for theaa abjeota. Iheee troopa. with the exception of four coaapaaiaa, are all infantry, and have been, and are ta ba eaapleya4 to reinforce tbe garrisons of Forts Laramie aad Kearap, and to eetablisb a new post in the Sioux country, at ar la the vicinity of Fort Pierre, the trading house' af Mm American Fur Company on tbe upper Missouri. The dragoon coirtpsuies will dauotiess be employed far tbe present in scouting aloag the frontier aettlenaaats af Kanras and Nebraska, until aosse of the new regimes ta, autborired by tbe last session of Congraaa, caa be or ganized and brought into the field; for, It would ba worse than tireless to enter the Sioux country ia parsait of the offending Sioux bands, with an Inadequate force. Justice to the fur iana demands that an imposing fa should enter their country, for by its pre sea ce concerned ia tbe outrages on tbe Oreroa route, i either be delivered up. ordrirea *iom their bands, the presence of a handful of troops would invite binatlon and lead to boatilitirs which in the cad inevitably lead to the destruction of the Indiana. Tbe new regiments which have long been needed far Incian sgrvice in Texaa, New Mexico aad the Northwest, were not authorized, owing to tbe dilatory acttna af Caa gress. unlit the last day of tbe aesslon. scarcely three months since, and of course tbe r organisation ia not yet complete. Tbty cannot take the Bold yet under three months, and it these troops are to compose the "Blew expedition," and we bear of no otber available feree, Mia our opinion that no active operations caa be oomaeatc ed this summer . Tbe country inhabited by tba Sioux implicated (a tba troubles on the Platte is at least 800 miles from Fort Leavenworth, anil no expedition, with aay hope af sme cess, can venture to start on the Plains so late ia Mm season as the 1st of Semptember, tlie earliest day that tbe new regiments can take the field; for the bleak prairies alcng the base of the Kocky Mountains are viait ed with such fierce storms during the winter naoatha, that It would be extremely hazardous for a force of aay magnitude to move upon them during that period af the year. We have thus gone somewhat into detail ia this aaat ter, for the purpose of placing the expeditioa in ita tra* light before the public, and lowing where the respeasi' bility of ita movement liee. Had Congress, in answer ta tho recommendation of the Secretary of War, either ealled out a volunteer force, or raised tho new regimeata at tbe ecmmincement of the session, as it ahouid bavw done, Instead of making speeches fot^Buncombe, fliaasal. Harney would have taken tbe field early thia spring with a force sufficleatly strong to have nipped ia the bad tba growing troubles ia the Bioux nation; but aa it ia, aaa tber j ear must, in all probability, paw by ia a state ef "masterly inactivity," which will doubfieis ceaviaoa our rel neighbors of our inability to chastise theaa, aaad embolden them to frceh outrages. Allbged Conspiracy to Get a Hoarand. ? It has always been considered the duty of the sterner ess to woo, win and pop the <|uaatioa to the "fair sat par tlon of creation, '' except when leap year gives aa Im plied license to women to win for themselves a busbaad and a home. We like tba wooing to be doae by the masculiae gender, and we must admit that our sense af propriety was somewhat shocked oa Saturday at Mm bearing of a case before Aluerman Hlbbard, la whioh it was clearly provea that a beautiful young female aot only "popped the queetion," but endeavored to aua plant a wife in the affectiona of her huaband. The Caeta of the case are aa follows ? It la alleged that a j man, dagneneotypist, recently travailed through Slvania with his mother and two slatsra ? the iter about twenty years of age, and quite beaatifaJ, and tike youngest about nine years. Their way led ta a public house Tn a small village la Jefferson county, Pa., kept by a vary worthy gentleman, tbe huabaad of a Asm looking woman and tbe father of aa iaterestiag KtMa daughter. A few daya after their arrival, tho wita af the travellers were set to work, it ia alleged, to priate the snug quarters to themselves, aaa several daya' absence of the landlord from hla hoi mother of the daguerreetyyist. it ia alleged, by meana ar other induced the wife of the laadlord (? etaaa with bar son. The guilty party? haviac with theaa the child of the faithlesa wite? hied to New York, aad subaa queatly came en to thia city. Tba landlord oa his iilma borne was greatly alarmed aad uaeaay at the abeeaoo af hla wife, tbe alleged coaspira tors haviag told blm that aha had merely taken a ride with tba young maa. Ia the meantime every effort waa made by tM mother aaaB daughter to Induce tbe forsaken huaband to forget haa wife, and cling to tbe "rirlleft behind her;" bat ha refuaed their en treat lea, though, at the aeme Mae, ha aekaowledgeil that he only wanted his oh dd, aad that, tbe mother ahouid aever ba clamed ta his bosom agaia. The mother autd daughter, finding their sc bassos aa prospercua, made tracks for this city, aad, oa f arrival, ,aougbt oat the runaways, and stepped at ! them. Tbe dsoon/olat* husbaadi hot?l with 1 came oa, aad. after a diligent search, disoovaradj whereabouts. The wife, hearing of tho arrival of her buabaad, removed with her daaghter, to aaatbar hsM, aad thua saved ber-elf from arraat at the Maae lha othera were taken In charge. Shewas,howevar, dis covered on Saturday, and taken to the liar maa 'a office, aad aba waa about to be committed to prima, when tbe husband repeated the officer to take her ta the hotel, and sue that she waa kept ia dona oaalme nvnt Tbii was done, aad the huabaad slept ia aa afl ioiniag rrom with the offioer, who uaed hla beatwor tions to obtaia tho wife's forgiveaesa. He at laat ta lented, and the same day returned to his boaaa with Mr wbo bad caused him snob anguish aad dlaauletadfc 71k* other parties wera held to bail for their aapaaraaoa whenever wanted, the landlord af the bauaa at wbMb tbey are aow residiag givtac aeeertty tar tbaa aaa witbstaadiag their iadebtedaMw to hla la <*lta a Isfge smoaat Tbe whale caae. aoeordiug to Mm rf lecaUoae. exhiblfta ass af Mm neoloat aOTor's as ab?aha? goad boose that we bare erar aaaa aa rroera. aad ate ahows that fitfi tra veil lag fkmly are aa rteeorf of nl i p% aa they ace of (fiaoif Mfr, <Af V