Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 16, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 16, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD PMPUEMA A**^^lr0B '"* ?>rK* "? T> OP KAMaO ism tcLTOM 8*. , (t|j| M H/OIIUI <*T/i DAILY HERALD, 2 f?n Arr ..-w?87 prr annum. rim u eek.lv herald ?.?, sTt^T.v, ar f?r tOfti, cr i3 prr in nun; Europe m t'ition, At per j? mi- '? ?"!* Pl"-' ?/ *?reoP Britain, .iud AO fo any p<vt #/ Lin CawO*.?t. tot* to inriw'e ALL LLI i AKJ?' |iy A)nil for Butter iptiom or wilA Atlvtr Innawnli to fcc poi* p.'iJ, ir the poit ige o ill In ioduottd from I In mou< v ItMMuL l OIf.VTA* V CQRRESPOyDESCE, .ontainiap <mP' r LuU fWU< ?*2?- ifrd r. on unv quarter of the world if '??<! will le Morally pa*<! for. Pi-inn fnlnci Coxtu'iOX' JfckTI nr.* Ill TICl'IAHlV XXimtUI TO MAP. ILL Am? I'ACHLOKS M*V VI. Kw T3C .... !*?? *t>? AMU?MB*T8 VH?S BTMOW* ACAD AMY OP MCSiC, PoirUtih et' tet-LiNDA or Kit imov?ix. tOPEKT TWEATE*. "Joinrj?Tuk. Jirim nmoiAir? Two A no **???> Ati as ?MU-o. WIDI O'S T3ARIHtN, BcoaUwaj? P augutir or Till Begin nr. 4UKTCY.8 THEATRE. Ct?R root Tnc You K( i?uinN ACTiiwaa?Moat U'Kwu-Uit After tmi Pais. *KI.'8 IfiyrTRBLa-AjNcMAiei' HAll?<72 0ii*Bw?] ?CC*LJarS OFUA JHOITSB, UP Broadway -Iv? Itutmi 0?iiaYwp*i. OdlKVSK AP8KMBAT BOOMS, UP Brood WAJ?Paha kAMA ? STROP! AWB (MM ?? SlIArTOIUL. PBBBA?'B BBHUMKM7B OFEEA HO CSS, MB heM fij - kno?riAi> iitii Turn. 1Nw Yorfc, AMwnUjr, Jom 16, 1859. m?( niwi. Ths labors of the Know Nothing Convention at Philadelphia terminated yesterday. With the ex aeption of the unanimous adoption of reaaJalioni denouncing the fierce administration, the closing proceedings are of no special importance. In the point ellaucd to, however, the convention have hit the right sail -square upon the head. It lr qnlte as Important as either of the fourteen art olea com posing the platform, which is promulgated oomo'ete tor the information of the public in our olumns to day. Ti e ritual has been srme what moditled,and the Catholic feat mffimed by a Urge majority, ictwttbstandtng an eloquent effort waa made by Judge Hopkins ai d others to effect ita abroga tion. A committee was appointed to ascertain the amount of Mr. Barker's expenditures iu behalf of the cause, with the view to iti repayment. The sum la said to be a large one. The representation in the Nominating Convention will comprise one delegate from each Congressional district, and two at large frrm each State. The next convention will be held la ti is city, on the firct Tuesday in Jane next. The members separated in high spirit*. A mass meet, tog will be held in Philadelphia (anight, one in this Oity on Monday evening, and another in Baltimore Oil Wedtesdsy. The Know Something abolition gathering at Cio atointi also dissolved yesterday. An attempt was made to bind the organization to the support of Beward fcr the Presidency, but the delegates from Mafsacbueefs and Indium would not listen to it. A constitution and ritual were adopted, based npjn anu-siavf ry and anti-papal principles; but the amenl men? cf the naturalization laws, and all those other questions which were fuppiaed to form iandanwntal principles with the original Krow Nothings, B-otn *o bu entirely ignored. A permanent organ zailon was completed by the choice of Hiram Griswold, of Ohio, fcr President; George S. Bout well, of Massa chusetts. Vice President; Wnc. Richard ion, of Al barj, Secretary; and Joshua Robinson, of Pittsburg, Treasurer. Two of these are said to be foreigners. From Boston we iearu (hat the steed era from the Philadelphia Convention intend t) urge upon the Klissaehn-etts Know Notaiags the propriety of osLing a convention of the people of the Northern and Northwestern States, in order to concentrate ac ?rn in the p'esent crisis. Senator B. P. Wade, of Obio, nnde a speioh at a irec Boil meeting in Ashtabula county on the 9th ntst., m which he urged the tree rollers to work hard/or the succeasof their principles, as In case U*y failed he sncu'.d rwign his seat in the United States Senate, for he never c .raid bear to look a foe ia -he Uce wbea repudiate gt horns. Wade's ,no diFty his never been to exewslve h?ret)fore as to lead to eny cerioos apprehensiona for the safety of the republic. The State Temperance C invent ion of New Jersey, which metal New Brunswick rn the 14th instant! passed nicluticns recommending the pwsagaof a prohibitory liquor law, and also paused the follow ing nuppt(mrnt?ry re?)lve:-"That in the opinion cf this convection the dmkingof lager bier as a bevrraje is detrimental to the interests of toU! ?b stlncnce, rid, tLerefore, that we do battle sgalest >t as or.e cf our greatest enemies." This resolve, *e roij;ect, is cot directed so partlcu'arlp at the German population as against the temperance men themselves, who have taken to drinking immode rate quantities of lager, nnde1- the happy delusion abet it is merely a harmlees enlivening Dvrrege. ' /.e Germans of Wiiliamilurg are nuking prepaa Hons to forcibly resist the enforcement of the probl. rj Hqnor law. MeeUn.cs have bean held, and re solotions re :ozr mending violent measures adopted. Abtady fifty men have volunteered to carry out the sentiments of the resistant., and preparatious are mk.tg, It is said, for the org* 3 iz it ion of a formi dable force. Sirring times axe expected abratths Fcmith of July. , V?'e have news from Mexico!) the eflbct that the .^urgent* Lave taken ooesesr.on of Guanvjoato and ?hat Vic.cii'a and Siltfllo Lad J iued toe revolu tion! -ts. Oar correspondent from Cent al Amsrica, rub this m>r Abg, will be foond very "u'eresr.og. Gicjtown, the scene of our imbecile alain'st.a iicm'ft are Atest fxploit, has been entirely rebudt, an 1 ?n ee 24,b ot May the citizens who compose teat ' u *'Lt formed a Dii'w government, by for mailv adopting a r**.?tit?vi'/u ?n<i else Mug munici pal ofii ers, from ihitf magfetra'e d >wn to pjltce marshal. Tfe rep -its concerning the Kinney ex se dition creaed but little interest, and the improssi ?n prevailed f-fc-t the C.dcnel would not mike tie at tempt imputsd to him. By ac arrivi) at Charleston we have news from H- vara 'o (he 9th ins*.?fiv.idiy'a later than pre vious ad vie s. The iaiard was healthy, but hutL mm very dull. The letters of our correspondc'i^s em'ainthe latest intelligence. S>me further ds veloyemer.te are made respecting the alleged vilun tary aboli .ion of s'avi ry as a means of securing the independence of Cuba. Owiog to the report of the preval?nce cf cholora at New Orleans, sixteen days qr.ansotine It now imposed upon vessels arrtvlnr si'm ir fee led p.irte. We have been requested to state that an inve.tl took p)a-e yesterday forenoon, at the offire mf tbo Commissioner cf Atresia and Lamps, before Mr J. E. Elding, as to the truth of the alVgstlona t wcitained in ctr'a'n affidavits, implicating M-. R j, %?., the Street Jr. apettor cf ths Se rentaeoth ward ?i lb illegally receiving mnwy from the men em p)o3 to cleaning the streets of that ward, and that tie i. lqufry resulted in the vindication of Mr. Jones there having been no proof aiduced to sustain the cbsye ip'cVrrsd. The i hio Wm.Ratbbcne, arrived yesterday from Ijverpoo 1, ha t nine deaths among her passengers. Tho ciktcn zrarket yesterday was less active aid the s.\tos were confined to 1,200 to 1,600 biles! The jrark-t closed firm. The stiffcers of hollers .had a tendency to check transactions. Flour was 'bent farther change or mcsnact. A small lot cf Csa^Un ?hite wheat sold a* $2 44. Corn wm qni? active, hat closed at lower flguroa, viz.: from 94c. 0 99c. a 100c.. the two latter quotati >ns for ?VP?)EK Iot*- 8 ,id at 09. Osts we e unre plsnty, as?l dropped down to sboal CO.'.for Western. Perk waa timet, *fcd previsions generally were ?tiff, with au Mndeucj. About 15,000 bnshe'i of can to bags wt."* '.kken far Lverpcoi it 3^. to Ai r, la gb:j>?" boge. **?* ? . ante Knew MatiUn ?M?aaal?Ma I JCnamdy Rejoicing of Uu Seward Organ*. The more violent of the 8eward organs are in testacies at the late split in the National Council or the Know Nothings in Philadelph' A on the slavery question. We are assured ^ ibis new party is thus broken up, die1^nded, ar.d scattered to the fonr winds, aa^ that the track is beautifully cleared in tho N.orth for the triumph ot the Seward coalition. The reenlts yet to come, however, wil'i probably dissipate these estimates as vain delusions. Our view of the matter is, that the split in the Philadelphia Crunoil on the question of a platlorm, securea the strength of this new party in both sections, instead of destroying it. We think, too, that an agreement, on the other hand, upon cither a Northern or a Southern platlorm. would have destroyed the party in one section or the other. By the disagreement, the Order in both sections remains substantially intact. They are thrown back, in each section and in each State, upon first principlea Slavery remains an open question, and must bo remain, at least till the inauguration of a new admin istration. In tbe meantime, no national party can be formed upon any oommon declaration of principles on this vital i*sue of slavery. The reckless follies and blunders of this ruinous free soil and secession administration of Mr. Pierce, have rendered the thing impossible?utterly impossible. Tbe failure, tben, of the North and South in this Philadelphia Council to agree upon a com mon platform, amounts to nothing. It leaves the party precisely where it stood before?free in each section and in each State to act ac cording to the circumstances of its position un til the time shall have arrived for a national movement upon a common candidate for the succession. Nor is it necessary that there should be any declaration of a national plat form upon slavery if the party can produce a sound conservative and acceptable man to all sections of the country. Whether Kansas, upon her application to come into the Union as a slave State, shall be rejected or admitted, can only be determined by Congress. National Councils and Conventions can do nothing with it, and they may just as well, therefore, tarn over the subject to the tribunal to which it belongs. In agreeing to disagree upon this subject of slavery, the Philadelphia Couucil have acted judiciously. They have not compromised their strength in any quarter. They may Indnlge a perfect freedom of Individual opinion upon slavery in both sections, and make a common cause of union and cohesion upon other issues of quite as much importance as slavery in Kansas or the District of Columbia. The Know Nothings have the materials, and they have the examples before them of the election of General Harrison in 1840, and of General Taylor in 1848, to gnide them. It is the policy of a general demand for a new administration, for retrenchment and reform in the government, and for a new and more practical, positive and progressive Ame rican policy in the management of our domes tic ard foreign affairs, including our European diplomacy, the finances, the tariff, the army, tbe navy, the Post Office system, the public lands, the disbursement of the spoils, &e. It was. more or less, upon Buch a platform, J top ping any definite declarations upon Blavery, that General Harrison and General Taylor were so triumphantly electel. It is only upon such a platform that this corrupt democratic Pierce dj nasty can be met and swept away by a great national movement in 1856. In tbe meantime, let tbe Know Nothings North and South act independently of each other upon slavery, look to the expediency of securing tie State elections, without doing violence to the prevailing pro-slavery or anti rlaveiy feeling, as the case may be, and pre pare the way tor taking the offensive against the democracy upon the merits of this Pierce dynasty in 1856, and the day is their own. The democratic party are evidently desirous of shuffling off from this Pierce, Marey and For ney. this Cnshiog and Jeff. Davis coocern at Washington; bat they must be held to it, and to tbe main question whether th* re shall or shall not he a new political dispensation, "fresh from the body of the people."' There is to be an open-air meeting of the Know Nothings this evening at Philadelphia. It is a new feature in fheir party machinery, and important developments may be expect ed?not of the dissolution of the Know Nothings in reference to the Presidential election; not of the transfer of the Order in the North to the Seward coalition; but devclopements indicat ing the continued vitality of this uow party in both sections, and in every State for itself. There is to be another open air meeting of the great gpns of the conservative platform of tho Philadelphia Council in the Park on Monday evening, ueder the auspices of the N<;W York delegation. Having, as a Northern State, stood almost alone with the South on the Philadel phia majority pi a> form, it is probable that some attempt will be made at this Park meet ing hcrj/ I lie jimij in Now Vork to that position. Put there is no immediate necessity for this. The party hi New York should or ganize themselves for the duvet issues of oar fall election, and not attempt any unseasonable experiment of a bold conservative movement upon slavery, against the stiff current of this Nebraska agitation. An adhesion at this time to the Philadelphia majority resolutions would be playing directly into the bands of the Sew ard Holy Alliance. They arc chuckling over the prospect. Let the New York Know No things dhappoint them, by avoiding a rupture upon this matter. Wc muBt glide with tho cur rent till we con stem it. There is time enough yet for the campaign of '56 ; hut in the inti-rval, the first thing to be done is to secure the State election*. S'ate by State, without breaking to pieces upon the rocks and quicksands of slavery. At the pro per time, with the proper man, the Know No things, North and Sou'b, may be easily rallied upon tbe general platform of a new administra tion, and with tbe same overwhelming success as that which marked tbe Harrison campaign of 1840 and the Taylor campaign of 1848. The American people desire a new administration; and as the government policy upon slavery can enly he setthd by Congress, that subject may be safely ignored by the State and natioaal parly councils of this new American party. The proper man for a new administration will he the ruling question. Cr,o*vsri Storks on Satu rday.?Consfderahl diss has hem made in some of the newspaper about the necessity of closing stores at thrc o'clock on the Saturday afternoon. Why don' those persons who are so nervously axiom? oi the subject c!o*e 'heir store* all dry Saturday i.n<] have done with the nuiitu? aXH of Mbxioo.?It appears by the tele gr*" ph that wretched Mexico is once more a T/rey to a successful revoluti< n. Monterey bas been taken, under what circumstances we know not; but the tact seems to be undoubted, and it will give the revolutionists command of all the northern departments. Matters seem to tend towards a fusion of the revolutionary elements. Though tecre seems to be no evidence of any thing like an understanding between the insur gents of toe north and the baudit Alvarez, circumstances may and probably will render a coalition between them inevitable, and all the discontented elements will probably join them in a concerted effort to overthrow Santa Anna. That they will succeed Beems more than likely. Whatever Santa Anna's designs may be, and whatever of purity there may be in bis motives, the fact becomes dearer and clearer every day that hie power is destined to be ephemeral. It may be, as his apologists assert, that he has no other aim in view tnan the good of Mexico. Indeed his worst enemies cannot suggest any form of government for Mexico, consistent with the preservation of her nationality, that would be better far the coun try than the one he haB established. But the more thoroughly demooratio Institu tions are tried in Mexico, the stronger becomes the conviction that they are not suited to the present condition of the people of that nation. It iB very difficult to say where the hitch ilea It might seem conceited and foolish to assert that the Anglo-Saxon is the only race suscepti ble of peaceable self-government; though tbis is the clear inference from past history. Pos sibly, a better solntion of the failure of tree in stitutions in countries peopled by the .various branches of the Celtic race is to be found in tne fact that the people to whom they have bean entrusted have been subjected to tyranny for so many centuries that they have lost their native elasticity and self reliance, and will reqaire nursing for several generations before they can use freedom satisfactorily. Bat whatever tne cause may be, the fact is patent. Neither Mexico nor the people of South America have proved themselves competent to erect stable and orderly republics. What fortuae is des tined for them, it is difficult to imagine. Without foreign interference, they may be tossed on the sea of revolution for half a dozen gei erations, and then finally settle down to the peaceable enjojment of freedom. How long the preparatory process may last, no one can tell; it has already lasted over sixty years in Fiance, and the people scemno nearer the goal than tbey were under the restoration. As to Mexico, whose proximity to our bor ders renders her movements more interesting to us than those of the States of South Ameri ca can be, it seems very doubtful whether Bhe can reasonably expect to steer safely top >rt through so troubled a sea. Nothing is more probable than that some one of the revolutionary govern meets to which Bhe will fall a prey will con trive to embroil her with the United States. In Euch an event, the issue of the contest would of course not be doubtful. And the questioa would arise whether it would not be the duty of this country to use the advantage it hal gained to place Mexico on such a footing that further revolutions should be impossible. The British possessions iu India would not have been safe for a day had not Great Britain and the East India Company established a military government in the peninsnla. It seems highly probable that Mexico would be more prosper ous it the fortified places were held by a gar rison of United States troops and as much liber ty as possible given to the people, than under any other form of government. Finny Libel Suits.?The publisher of the New York Ledger, a weekly paper, published in this city, informs us that he has commenced two lib* 1 suits against two of his cotemporaries: me the Philadelphia Timet, and the other a little psper published in this city. He does not inform ub what lawyer he has engaged or what fee he has paid to him. The cause of these libel suits, is, however, given, and it is exceedingly amusiDg. borne weeks since, this editor and proprietor of the New York Ledger announced to the world that be had made a contract with '?Fanny Fern," by which he had bound himself to pay her one hundred dollars per column for her amusing twaddle, which our amiable co<emporary of the Mirror calls "the most exciting and interesting literary matter of the present age." On the announcement of this contract the journals now sued for libel de clared that they didn't believe it, and couldu't believe it, and wouldn't believe it, and shouldn't believe it. The proprietor of the New York Ledger now brings a libel Buit against them for want of faith. Now, we propose to make up this matter?o compromise thip quarrel. We would udvise the purtit s who have been sued to plead guilty io the lollowing words, to wit:?"We believe that there is a contract between the proprietor 01 the New York Ledger aud "Fanny Fern," by which the former agTces to pay tho latter orfb i.unorcri Hollars per column. We respectfully believe this, but we also entertain the belief that the editor in question must be like the maa in the play: 'a d?d fool to pay so much for small beer, when gin and water can be had so much cheaper.'" Sue for this, as much as you please Notwithstanding all this, we hope that Mr. Bonner, of the Ledger, will sell one, two or three hundred thousand copies of his paper weekly, nod thus find the balance on the ri<rht Bide of bis Ledger. m Respect for Religion.?An educated, intel ligent mnn. with the natural instincts of a gen tleman or civilized being, will never Insult or ridicule the religious services cr ceremonies of any sect, no matter bow strongly he may dis sent from its doctrines. There is an ex-member of Congress, and en actual State Senator, who conducts an obscure paper in this city, who never loses sight of an opportunity of ridicu ling and inpultmg the observances of a particu lar sect of Christians, and that sect the most ancient of the Christian world. We allude es pecially to the tone and temper of the Express newspaper whenever it happens to touch on tho ceremonies cf the Catholic religion. If the editors of that paper be Christians, they must believe most of the essential dogmas that Catholics do. If, therefore, they had the in stincts of educated men, with the feelings natu ral to gentlemen, In a social sense, they would never permit themselves te insult the religious observances of a sect of Christians which ha? a common origin with that to which they them selves bodong. Hence it follows that such per sons In their instincts mu9tbe low and venal ia the extreme, and no controversy upon any issue between them and an Archbishop can lift them from the degradation which they so naturally occupy. Trial or Lyman Golb ton Foroebt.?The second trial of Lyman Cole on a charge of for- | gcry on the Chemical Bank, was postponed the ; other day at the instance of th? District Actor- j ney, in order to aftord tim* and opportunity to bring it up again in a more convenient shape. A good deal of attention has ben directed to this trial, in consequence of various circum stances connectei with the parties implicated, and which transpired some time ago in the Western States. Kisnane, the associate of Cole on this charge of orgcry, was tried some weeks since, oou victed, and is now in the State prison. In addi tion to the indictment for forgery pending against Cole, we believe there is anther against him for fraud cm an insurance company, arising out of the famous Martn* Washington case, which occurred a few years ago ou one of the Western rivers. It must be in the recolleotion of onr readers that Kiseane, now in the State prison, and Cole, who is awaiting his trial on this charge of for gery on the Chemical B ink, were both parties in various indictments growing out of that conspi racy . The trial of those indictments occupied the courts of the Western States for Beveral years; unt by some means or other the parties impli cated succeeded in baffling all the efforts made to convict them. The insurance companies who were defrauded have, however, followed np the matter, and have procured indictments in New York and elsewhere against the two parties above named, and their various confederates ia the West. It is generally believed that the ap proaching trials of Cole?first, on a charge of forgery npon the Chemical Bank, aod secondly, on a charge of fraud upon an insurance com pany?will disclose some carious facts in con nection with the band of individuals with whom they have been conneoted in Ohio and else where for Borne years past. Prodigious efforts were made during the trials in the West to stifle the investigation, and to put an end to any farther prosecution of the parties. These efforts were unsuccessful. It is generally believed that similar exertions will be made here to manage the judges, juries and lawyers, and bo defeat the ends of justice; but we feel assured that no attempts of that des cription can possibly be effective whilst the public eye and mind are directed to the conduct of the prosecution, the character of the testi mony and the finding of the juries. The New Hampshire United States Sena

tors.?Messrs. Hale and Bell have juBt been elected by the Legislature of New Hampshire to the high post of Senators in Congress to represent that State. Both these gentlemen were in Congress before, and by a revolutioj of the podtical wheel had lost their positiou and retired into private life. In consequence, however, of the weakness and folly of General Pierce, the President ot the United States, in his management of the government at Wash ington, a political revolution, caused by his acts, has brought back both these gentlemen into public life, precisely in the same position which they formerly occupied. One would think that General Pierce since bis elevation to the Presidency has been endeavoring to comply with the ultra Christian rule of "love your enemies." He has certainly conferred more favors on bis political foes than any other man who has been in power in this country for the la?t half century. Mr. Hale has left a reputation and positiou in "Washington which will render all parties glad of his return there. He is a man of great wit and drollery, and be will, no doubt, amuse tbe United States Senate duriog the dull days of winter with the ingenious sallies which used formerly to set the Seuate Chamber in a roar. Mr. Bell, who, we believe, is a respectable, quiet man, will vote according to his opinio is. and at the end of the session will pocket his pay and mileage, give his receipt, and go straight home, as a sensible, honest man should do. Post Office Mismanagement.?The public ia much excited abr.ut the recent Post Office reve lations. The report of the Post Office Iaspec tcr on the Connecticut and Rhode Island Post Offices does not disprove the fact that money letters, and letters containing valuable papers have been told by the Postmasters as rubbish at so much a pound or a bushel. If there were only hair a dozen cases of the kind brought to light, the fact would still be shameful In tbe highest degree. And no excuse whatever can be offered for the infamous practices which th* recent investigation at New Orleans has brought to light The f?ct is, tbe Post Office is in the most disgraceful state of disorganization from top to bottom. Nor does their seem any reason to believe that any of the other public depig ments at Washington are on a better footing. Biutish Consistency.?The British govern mtnt appear to have been taking pretty active measures to iccruit toldlers tor their army in tbe Crimta, in various cities in tbe United States. The newspapers in England make n > secret of the matter. They talk of their re cruiting agents in the United States, as coolly as if these fellows were not engaged in break ing a law of this country, ?nd stirring up others to do the sumc. Yet these are the same journals whioh affect such virtuous indignation when a word is eaid about Cuba, or a few scapegraces fit out a steamer to give mate rial aid to the poor Creoles. As usual with the English, their idea of the saciedness of the neutrality laws is in exact proportion to their interest the 1 tin. Marina Affairs. rHEStRTATtOX TO C/TTP. CaVKSDT.?The p?IMOf*ri of lbs iteamebip Waablngion, at tbe clone of their let* hrmcwerd trip, preneated Ceptaia Careudy with a ailrer pitcher ae e nark of esteem. Tbe following interesting correepondetce look place on tbe occasion: ? at Ska, orr I own Idlaad, Jane 6, 1855. To Catt. InWAiii CAvimir.ol tbe U. S mail steamer Weehii rton liou> Bnm(u - l?e?r Sir?The nndereignel paf atngere Iting a-eut to part, peibapi to meet no more on ?Artb, dirre 'o prefONt v> you a eoovenir. whlon may form ? bond o! rcn sr. hranoo of a to yeas id wbirh none but tbe klndeit fcelluee bare been exhlni-ed. At'hough for* end Icabergi and cold ?ind* hero rendered the ra<**.e dinger one, ami your pr foaeinnnl reputation *ai deeply at ?taka, webavt the pat'ifaotton of bearing teetlmouy that not one inpatient word bae leaned from your lipm; but you bare watched on deck, amldet your officer* end men, and showed item ti nt in any difficulty wbioh might nriee you would phoo*c tbe poet of dnuger ae tbe cost of honor of a thorough tailor. Feeling thai, our livee tenure undor your faithful y ardfanthip, wo beg you to accept, aa a email token ol our gretiiude, a eilyer pitcher as a teetlmouy of our nigh ood eiders!i n o tour virion* qualities ae a ikilful and oarotul ci ir.ma: der. and a tb' ronuh aontloman. llintcn Komeveit. lire Wyoth, otto Wm. Polllti and lady. Rd. Chtticrton and wife. Joseph Thou eon, Cbai. S'li bloe, Jr.. I'ieo Honeier. J. II. Oreyor, Fr. do Bary, h. Tlay'd, F. 8pangon>erg, carl O. Caieendyk, V- i'apple L. L. Wyohgram, Ed Ahrcne F. Rillnarde, 0. T. Zepnier 8. W. Chiney, I, De'ime, l.adv Herbert, Charles Niokell, Che. A. RakieUwicg, Auguetne Mayer, (Hear Xmmenn. Ore Board thk U. S. M. 8rrAweinr WAtnivcrow, ) June 'd, 1655. t CrNTi.nerr?The ut* greeted lienor you oenfer on me. wi lo it colubte. ovcrpowere my teelinge. Accustomed ? o my dutiee hot Htt'e time hae been left me to oourt litera'ure, and the expr*?eion of my tongue but feebly convey* the dictation of my heart. Accept, gentlemen, for > ot rtelti ? and ihoie you represent, the neeuranoe that Ed werd Oaverdv will ha avar pleaeed to hoar of veur future welfare; end ebouid yon ev-r rne.roe* the o. ean, yon will Bad me ei deavorlrg to merli tbie praof of yonr kind esteem. . remain, gentian.., very ?rntekfl|r To tbe gentlemen of the Committee. Tbe Waibing'en Waves again for Bremen this morn a.f, with a good list of paecengers. THE LATEST N ? ws BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. BffW.s in W?s m~~T FOBT .OFFICE AFKhHUJ?KB* oy^" Qf lilt." Q-j BBf Citf OF BKCR' ^ Eft AajHInqtos, Juae 16 1856. It appears that'h# V ^tion of aaala by the apecitl agent* of 'bo Pest Of je# Department at Ntw Orleans, about which so b? ,h has been laid aad written, wai practised on'y wjI'jf, certain letters addresied to a fictl j tioua persowag^ yclept " Marshal Hanson." It had [ been iwW. lai'jtJ oy tbe agents in question that this cog nomen b.ad been adopted by eomebody deeply engaged in tob'uiog the mails To ascertain who that somebody was, ana to detect him. if possible, in his nefarious em pBoymt-nt, the kUreaal Hanson letters were violatxJ, hut nobody's rights were invaded. It is not true, how ever, ti-at the Post Office Department either authorized or "winded at" rueh violation, in this or any s.milar ease, as lntima'ed b? the witness Whitman, who, it seems, had r.centli be*n discharged from the office of speo al agent bv the Department. The Department lias uniroimly refuted 10 authorize, sanction or jnotify such violations by Its ?g"L'? or others, aad has disavowed the power to break the seal of any letter not returned to it a* dead or refused, though repeatedly applied to for such authority, by the officers of the law, for the detec ticn of crime. As to tbe great paper mill story, in whleh 2,000 letters were repotted to have teen sold anong the waste and rubbish of oertain poit offices, it proves to he baseless. The so culled letteis are shown to have besn refused Congressional sp-echesand documents, unsealed lottery and insurance cir uiars, he. Tons of sueh matter ac cumulate in tbe principal offices every year, and are, witb ivlu'fd newspapers, sold to the pepermaitr. It is known, however, that notwithstanding the pro sent low rates of ooatage, there are some persons so mean aa to violate 'be law by ccnoealiog letters?and acmetimes even valuable letters?in newspapers, to clie?t tbe government ont of the postage. It ia possible that a letter, or a valentine or two, thus concealed, may bave escaped tbe vigilance of the Post Office em ployees, and 10 bave resetted the paper mill In question. This is tbe only grain of troth apon which that misre presentation rests. Tbe proprietor of the paper mill re ferred to w,s more aston'shed than anybody else at its magnitude. The recent removals of the Know Nothing messengers from the Treasury and Post Office department is regard ed as pralimiaury to the decapitation of the higher grace officers belonging to that order. Much alarm ex ists among the clerks, especially of the Treasury, The Secre'ary of the Interior returned to night. Lieutenant Captain Iegrahsm ia hire. Land wsiranta are in good demand at 91 07 a $1 09. Hem y A. Wise and the Boston Granite Clubs. Boston, June 15, 1855. Henry A. Wise, of Virginia, having been elected an honorary member of the Granite Club No. 1, of this city, in a letter from Onanoooh, Va., June 10, tenders his gratefnl acknowledgments and expressions of heartfelt joy there are still in Maasachuietta friends of freedom ana conevrvat.ve democracy enough to sympathise with ttose everywhere, and here particularly, who are struggling to main's n the faith of the fathers of tbe republic in all essential matters of politics and religion. He concludes by snying, be steady, be firm, organize and be vigilant, and we shall yat sse the country safe. News from Q,uebee. IVBECK OP TUB Ll'CHNABlB CASTLE?EKLIBTHCKTS FOB TDB CBIKBA? FATAL ACCIDENTS. Qurbko, June 15,1855. Tbe ship Locbnaber Castle went ashore on Bird Rocks at eight o'olock on the evenlog of June 4. She had 657 passengers, 210 of wbom were taken off by the Sophia McKrime. Two hnndied tons of the cargo, oonsistlng of salt and rice, were thrown overboard. It is supposed tba' the vessel and all the remaining passengers will yst be saved. Enlistments of men for the British army, between the ages of 19 and 40 ars being made at Magau. Yesterday afternoon, two men were so severely injur ed by tbe failing ot a log of timber upon them at Hum's wharf, thai their lives are despaired of. Jubc Craig, a farmer, at St. Foy's, near this city, fell upon bis h?A.th stone, day before yesterday, while in a e .ate o' iDtoiicatlon, and immediately afterwards died of apop:txy. Farther from Mexico. New Orleans, Jane 14,1855. Our Mexican a ?'vices mention that Guanajuato was In poa rest ion ol the insurgents, and that Victoria and Sal tillo bad jo-ntd the revolutionists. Kentucky Politics. Louisville, June 15,1855. Charles 8. Moorebead, the American candidate for Go vernor, addmsed a meeting of eight thousand persons his evening. Markets. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. Philadelphia, June 15, 1855. Money easy. Stocks steady. Reading, 46 18-Id; Mor is Cans), 14*4; Long Island Kailronl, 17'4; Pennsylvania Raiiioad, 44; Pennsylvania State 6's, 88X PHILADELPHIA IKON MABKRT. PniLADKLPiiiA, Jane 16, 1855. The foreign newe by the Atlantic created a firmer spirit in our iron market, out aa yet has caused no ad vance in prices The accumulations caused by the late stagnant market are being slowly consumed. The sales for tbe past week have been active, at an advance of 91 a $9 ot*t be current rates of the previous week; the advance, however taking place before the receipt of the stsamsr's news. Pa es of 1,700 ions American pig, No. 1, at $'U- 26; 650 tons No 2 at 924; 2 000 tons foundry iron, Nos. 1 and 2, at 923 a 926; 1,700 tone forge pig at 9'<3?makirg the total sales for the week 6,150 tons. Nails in moderate request; salts of 2,400 casks. Refined I *r??Sales of 230 tons American, and saeet 05 tone. The loll ng mills are now manufacturing to order only, order, receiving indicate a promising healthy resuscita tion of the iron trade. New Orleans, Jane 14, 1865 Our cotton market is firm, bat the day's business did not exceed 1,600 bales. Good middling is quoted as high ts 13c Molasses sells at 2fla. Ohio Bear 09 60 m 99 60. Bacon?Sides, 9>?c. Oswego, June 15?8 60 P. M. Our flour market is unchanged in every respect. Sales to day 5,too bushels at 92 for Mllwaukie, and 92 40 a 92 42 for wnite Toledo. Corn. Sales 46,000 bushels, at 87)4?.. a 90c Receipts, 650 bbls. flour: 100,000 bushels wheat; 5o,W0 bushels corn; 26,060 bushels oats. Alhany, Juoe 15?12:30P. M. Flour?Nothing doing of any consequence. 99 a 99 60 for common to good State. Wheat, no sales. Con? bales of 17 000 bushels Western mixed at 96c. a 97c ?principally at the lower figure. Whiskey, 86o. Receipts by caralto day: 2,016 Mis flour, 38,132 bush els rorn 4,118 bushels wheat, 6,188 bushels oats, 2,961 bushel* rye. Buffalo, June 16?12:30 P. M. Hour continues very quiet?tlio demand being mode rite and tb* mathet still favoring buyers; sales 300 fit-Is . at 99 62% for very cboice Wisconsin, and 910 for fsvotite Michigan Wheat continues totjnd downwards; raise 5 ('I Ii bushels Milwaukie spring, on private terms; parrels of this description ware offered at 91 80, and re ? tired; 31-,0' o bushels prime white Michigan sold at 92 87)4. tbe supply of tbis kind is very light Corn is no- ro active, and the market ia lone- although holders t?el leluemni to concede; sales 2'd,OCO bushels, at 78c. a 7te Cats inactive; buyers offer 60c., which holders re furs Canal freights are firmer; corn 12c. a 12>jc. to Albany and Troy, and 14s, a 14 J4c. to New York. Buffalo, June 16?6:30 P. M. Tbe floor market is still drooping, and is a shade essirr; sales 700 bbls , at 99 for common upper lake, 99 62)4 lor very choice do , 99 50 for good Illinois, and 910 lor extra Michigan and favorite Milwaukie Wheat clcxed I ii active, and the market lower. Upper lake apvfvg cfieied at 91 80, and refused; sales 6,000 bushels, private lerics, e?4 3,700 bushels prime white Michigan, at 92 37>p?the latter ia very c?? lower aui rather quiet, sales 26,000 bushels at 78s. a 79c. Several bol< era bare withdrawn their simples. Oats inactive and d II; sales 4,000 bushels upper lake, at 6Cc. Whiskey dull and quiet. Canal freights firmer. Corn, 12c. a 12)4?., and wheat 16c. a 1614c. to Albany and Troy. Receipts for tbe t 'enty-four hours ending noon to-day :? Flour, 4,997 bUs ; wheat, 47,117 bushels; corn, 188,000 bushels; oats, 41,968 bushels. Naval Intelligence. Yesterdav Capt. B. E. Brooks was detached from ths receiving ship North Carolina, and oroersd to report as senior officer of marines, Mediterranean squadron. U. 8. sleep of war Vandalia sailed from Shanghai pre vions to April 7, for Iloag Kong. Tnx United States Steam Frigate Niagara.?Messrs Peats k Murphy, of the Fulton Iron Works, hare this week cast the first cylinder and second condenser for the engines of tbe steam frigate Niagara, and are progressing rap dly with her other works. Passed Midshipmen ?The following midshipmen have (np to the latest accounts at the department from Anna polis,) patted their examination betoro the board now in sesi ion there, and are hereafter to take rank as passed midshipmen:? Ol the Class of 1848?J. 8. Pkerrett, E T. Spsdden, E K Owen W. T. Glassell, J. R Still well, De G. Livingston. Of the Class of 1849-H. P Loyall, C. H. Cashman. O. F. amnion, W. H Cbeever, H. A Adams, B. B. Taylor, W B. Ward, J. W. Dnnni?gton, H. M. Garland, Jems Tsylor. Jr., J O. Maxwell, Henry Erben, F. E Shepperd, T. P. Ft lot, E. P. MeOrea. OUR NAVAL CORRIBPONDKSC*. Key West, June 10, 1865. The sloop of war Cyane, Commander Wilson, entered the harbor ths morning of the 9th. 8he has been cruis ing off tt# coait of Cuba Together with tbe Prlncetoo, st e assisted the bark Dublin, ol Mashtan, Me , ashore on the Colorado roef, and on toe 29th got her afloat. On tbe 31st ulr. the (yace got ashore, and did not succeed n ye.ting off until Sunday morning, the 3d lust. She in-talced ro damage whatever a ihe sloop ?f war Jamtstown Commodore Craobe, sailed last evenitg for the coaat of Africa. The itetmer Fulton, IJ?ut. Mitchell, ommander, ar rived fri m Havana yesterday af'efnoon, and at the re quest of Commodore Crabs#, took a line from the James town, aad towed her to the ship channel. She then re turn* sad anchored abreast of the to mi. The Opera?Jlailcal Movement*. YEtrvAn'a benefit lab* niqlt? extiiusiasm or YOUHG NEW IcRX?THB fclGNORINA MAXES A FFBBOB MWB HBVBl.la'd DRBUT THIS KVA4LN0 ? TUB ENGLISH AMD OhBWAN OFRRAB. Tbe Academy cf Uumc m peeked lavt nigh: from parquett* to done. In <h < lower pert at the house every net wee teken btfoie 'he performance, eat the let* centre, to tb? nam ier of tome huudrelt, were oMlged toteekcemp etot e tod cbeire, or revolve themselvee Into ?tending ccm-i/itUes. The more d#mo.ratio pert oI the houee wee crowds 1 to excess. The oc-Aslon wee the benefit at Blgnorlnn FrfictU Vettvell, the prima donna, cin ralto of the company. The programme commenced with the fonrth act of Verdi'a ?' Rlgoletto," with Figuortna VeetveU in the role of Ha,'dUene, n comparatively emeH part, which she male quit* inUreeting by her capital eating and excellent ren dering of the mus.c. in the third act of " Romeo end Juliet," ee composed by Vacsai for Mali bran, Yeatvati looked and acted the gallant Veroceee to the Ue. The musio does not amount to m.ch, but waa well executed both by Vretvali and Stoffsnoaa, who waa the Juliet of tbe night. The performance closed with the third and fourth acta of " II Troratore," which are already quite fam liar to all our opera going readera. When the curtain fell on tbe pleaeant c'.uoutmetU of he 41 Trove tore," Nigoorina Yeetrali and ihe other artiste ware celled out. Tbe fair benefieiairt wee over whelmed with bouqneta end bravoa ; end, com log dawn to the footlighte, eeid, with just enough foreign aeeent to make it piquant? Ladies and Gkntlsmen?I regret that Mine. Steflanon* a so murk tndiepottd tn*t she cannot app-itr in answer to your cell, neither csn 1 find words fining to expree* my gratitude at your anceaaing kindness to a etcanger in a strange land (Ch- ere.) Tbe Bignorina retired amid loud plaudits, and biavo* in very choice Italian. MISS bk.nsler's debit. This event?an important one in the musical world will take place this evening, at the Academy of Music. Miss Bossier will sing 44 L'nda," the role la which she mads a great bit in Milan and Florence. When Miss Henaler left Boston 'or Italy she was a singer of mora than ordinary abil'ty, and she returns with [a voice ripened by culture in the beat F.uropean schools, and with the teal of approbation from the first opera bona# in tbe world. Fbe is now to sing before as American audience in the American Academy of Music. She has peculiar claims upon her countrymen, and we hope to see thsm fully honored to night. Tbe serenade baa bean postponed. On dit, that the La Grange company will return to tbe Aoademy next week, when 4'The Huguenots" will be produced. "Belisario" will be given on one night next week, at the Academy, introducing the new tenore robiuto, Signor Roasattl. the English opera. The pleasant array of pretty feces and brilliant toi lettes at Niblo's theatre every night proves that the laglieh Opera has not lost Its popularity, although ran n:ng its fourth or fifth shoit season here within ten months. S'noe the commencement of the season at Niblo's the houses have steadily Improved. To-night 4<The Daughter of tbe Regiment" is snnoanced. On Monday, "The Daughter of Saint Mark" (Balfe,) la to bo produced. It has nev-r been done in tbe United States. TBE OHKHaN OPERA. There is to be a short season of German Opera at Wal lack's theatre next week, commencing en Tuesday eve aing, with "The Daughter of the Regiment." "Fidelia," and other German compositions, will alto be given. Caroline Lehman, Gil* D'Ormy, Mme. Siedenberg, Herr Quint, and other well known artists, are included in the company. The Metropolitan.?This theatre was crowded on Thursday evening to witness Mr. Hackett as Rip Van Winkle and Col. Nimrod Wildfire. We have seldom seen a more artistic performance than that of Rip Van Winkle. Our Washington Correspondence. Washington, Jane 15, 1855, Senator (Twin's Election ?Tke Senate to Deciile the Ques tion? Precedent in Point?Mileage the Real Bone of Contention?The Secret Naval Medical Board in Session ?WM the Proceedings of the Re to Examining Board he Secret or Open!?Graduates at the Naval School? Price of Land IVarran'e, Ac., Ac. The pretended re-election of Senator 3 win, bp the Legislature of California, is now a subject of general discussion In political circles, and while it is oonceded on all hands that the Senate will be the jidgaof the qualifications of its own members, there appears to be a great diversity of opinion as to the probable result of the controversy. I think the Senate will have bnt little difficulty in disposing of the matter, if it is not already res adjudicaia. Precedent, if one in point c*n be found, must settle the question. It will be recollected that llr. Yulee once claimed to be United States Senator from the State of Florlda.on these grounds: There w ere forty-two members of the Legislator# present when the vote was taken for Senator, llr. Yulee received twenty-one votes, and there were twenty one blank ballots. The Legislature continued ballotting. and after a longtime Mr. Mallory receiving a majority of the votes east, was declared duly elected. Thus was the contest brought before the 3enala of the United States, Mr. Ynlee claiming to have been elected on the first ballot. How the Senate would have decided his question bad the voting stopped after th? first ballot was cast, is not known, bat under the faots as they existed, the Senate decided that the Legislature, being the most competent interpreter of its own action, bad negatived the lies of Mr. Ynlee's election, by pro ceeding with the balioitinga. Will not this decision cover, precisely, D*. fiwin's case ? and if so, may trw not consider the controversy already sattle i ? Yet the ? cat In the Senate chamber is not exactly the bane ot contention with the ucotcr, so much as the mileage to be rallewed, even though us successful, for it has be come one of the standing yules of both bouses of Con gress to allow the regular milesge to all parties contest ing stats, whether suctesaiul or not, as a s ort of peace ottering If It should be decided that a plurality vote did re elect Senator Gwin, then by calculating the number of times he was re elected rn the different ballot#, and multiplying that number by 6, we find the Doctor elect ed (or the snug little verm of 348 years. We hope he may serve out bia term with honor to himself am profit to bis country. The secret Naval Medical Board, which hoe been con vened in this ci'y tor the purpose of examining into and ascertaining the caui.es winch led to the return of Com mander Ringgold to the United Btetes, from his com mand of tbe North Paoifio Exploring Expedition, is so secret in its operations that but few persoae in Washing ton are aware of evtn the existence of cueh aboard. Ibere appears to be a positive pride in some of the offi cials about thir magnificent olty to observe a mysterious ?ecresy in all their movements. But little is done by them openly sua frankly, lbe ridiculous idea that a hi tie stcrssy clotbi s their actions with an sir of impor tance seems to he uppermost in their brain. In conse quence of tbis, many interesting facta are kept from the public, and facts, too, wht'h the good of the service and the purity of tbe goliiical and moral atmosphere require to be mace known. In this connection I would make the inquiry, if the pro ceedings of ttii new "Naval Examining Board" are to be kept secret tool Such is now tbe impression here, and it is rumored that not even a record win be kept ehich can till a tale hereafter. And thie la the tHMic, *-?, which is to determine the efficiency end rrgnlate the stxuot?R w *h* wJioie personnel of tbe amsr'can navj?a beard sitting in secret, ana without a record to fix responsibility. This question of secrecy, I am satisfied, wilt be controlled by the rales to be prescribed by the ftcretsry of the Navy. These rules will cot bs made known to the Board until they am in actual session. All the members sirs hers, excepting Commodore Btribbhsg who reached New York in the San Jacinto, and wbo will oe here In time. Tbe report from the Graduating Clara at the United Stale* Naval School at snnapolis, reached the Navjr Peparlment yesterr ay. The following la the list of gra dual* a:? George E. Law, Indiana; P. Porcher, South Carolina; R. W M Graham, District of Colombia; E. P. Lull, Wisconsin; Alfred Qupiina. New York: E 0. Matthews, Mtai'setppl; Thomas McK Buchanan, Pennsylvania; M hard, New Ycrk; E Lea, Tennessee; C. L. Norton, New York; H H Dalton, Mississippi; Alsx. F. Qroas msn, Pennsylvania Tbewboie class passed with high homr J Ot therls/iesot 1S4S and 1849, all pa 'fed their exa \ m[nation witb tbe highest credit, and take r d< ii f ed midshipmen, ex opting Carey Carter, of Geo I (cla * of 184s,) Calnn F. Thomas, of New York, $ ' Janes C. Walker, of Illinois, (elaes of 1849 ) 9 I notice in the different papers various quotatlo ' the prices and value of land warrants in Washirf 1 would state that they bring reid.ly 81 10 per*' ? will.out r-gsrd to itze; and forty acre warrants ' bring n fraction mere. t W The Liquor (ideation. LIQUOR SEal.RRd' MEETING IN WILUAilSBCj Tbe llqnor dealers of tbe Eaitern district of the1! solidated cities, competing Williamsburg and Bush , held an adjourned meeting yesterday aiterooea i Swift's Hole), corner Grand street and Uaton av?i| t? complete the organization of tbe auxiliary to the h C imty Liquor Drains' Association. The oslegates ta inted at a previous meeting presented tht lollos list of officers, who were spproved of by the meeting President? Jer? ml? h C. Terry. Vue Presidm?Win R Gardner. Snre rrj/?Jcbn B. MeCully. TV<nearer? Der.tk sieuce. Cot. Garhnsr suggs<ted lhat the mee'irg adjour k subject to the call of .ow President and 8e:r*Uuy. HW did not think It wsa n?c-ss*ry to hold meeLaga ucti| some action b*d beea tasen by ihe Oar-on Leignepj who woulo ioou toBD?os to try aal treat up tbe business of the liqucr <!#a!?ra- Ho presumed that the braakisg up of Judge Col*