Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 20, 1855, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 20, 1855 Page 5
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?time rmom rum, Frogman off Um RtTolaUon _ Aono to pat N jowh. >v plumule Coh eUUen off Um country, die. [Kicbq tbe Ne m Orleans Picayune. Jun? 12.1 >'?*?. bring. Intelligent from tothetth! ' "d frOB V<r4 C"?? 4VC"ft? r*k*? **porto having toft In pert it Vera Cru* 2! ?*??? Campbell, to eati ?? York about tko loth iMt lb* papers which mchui on this occasion by the Mizsnn announce suecettec* of H. M. S H uilait Um iinlat onisi*. * At torn account*, it %U1 be recollected, ?? toft htm en rente from Moreli*. toward* Zamora, where it eu km they bed made greet preparations tJ gtre batUe to him me nod not been h'erd of for two or three deye; it woe *?* known nt wbet pent he was, end un'avorabto re ports wore in circulation A corroopondent, Nftibf from Zamora under deto of tho Idth ult , liri thnt HUSH rcacned the receebo estate en the night of his first dey'e jouraey from Mo MHO, ihet on the following day?t he I3tb?he reached Zipt?Boo, end on the 14th Haaacalx), where he joined the Snvera end Maruuez brigades Tn? tormer, it Is eeid, oonatsted ef 6,000 men Oz tbe 1Mb tb? tore?s manned to boeiego Zemore. The scourers bed brought intelli gence tbet Puebllte he 1 fortified the piece end would leste* the government troops On coming In view of Zemore, at beif-paat 11 o'eioek ia tbe morning, it wes perceived tbet meaeures bed boon teiea to improve tho military strength of his netureily good position, by ; drvertteg the nvsr Duero frum its bed end with it form ing an immense lake or iweirp, which stretched to e distance# more then a toigue The bridges had boon 1 destroyed and the road m?rged in tho swamp it beoemo neeooeary to undertake works to enable the divte on to peas At a sul'eole distance artillery was placed in po sition to bombard the cl?y, am 8'JO grenade* were pre pared to bo thrown in Into it First, however, Santa Anna sent to aacertain the state of affairs In the city, and tbe meeeengers bringing neck the information that PuebUt* and bis followers were having the city, tho second brigade of cavalry com ?seed of mere than 900 men, under the command of Den. ? _ 7 ? ?" """) eseonavA waaw WUUIUIU 111 Villi. ?aMJan, at ones penetrated into it. Santa Anne sent fie roe of hie aide a de camp, one after aeother. to carry coder* to G?n GutUan to pnreno the fugitives, who, to the number of more chin 1,W 0, had taken 'be road to Jmom. Thto wes dene, and Santa Anna, with General Vance and bis staff, entered thseity, where they were received with greet entuunaam, busmen# was resumed, and everything was rejoicing, animation and confidence. At sis e'eiesk la the evening news was received that the fugitives had been overtaken and roated. Ueat ?el. Grimaret, who eoaveyed tbe anneunoemeot and standard* taken from them, was fellowed by more thin 2.1(d) prisoners, raising mpu j for 8aaU Anna and death eetoe ayamst tho revolotioniets Petb'ifa's followers, it appears, meat shamtfully for >eek him. Glz'y of them, however, were toft do id on the field. Three officers, Ordonez, Perez and Barm*, who hod pronooneed with Negrets in giving np the pin** to the revolutionists in April, were taken prTaon err, shot, and their bodies hang on treei by tho raid ?do Poor of tho prisoners who hod belonged to the hoed of Hnenrostra, were shot tho fol owing morning Vie elty offered pecuniary assistance to Biota Anna, hut ho deal ned, as not being In need of it. He returned lor Meielia the following day, reaching it on the 21st. Gen. Marques was toft in command of Zamora On the 230. he toft Moreiia with 2,(00 men for Paiz eeare. where he arr ved the next day On tbe 2?th be toifi this lor Ario, where, It is tald, Oomonfort we# nested with 2,6C0 men. Alio is situated in the moun fiama. about two leagues from Patzcuaro (he road is very had, and can be travelled only on horseback, and fib?- climate and locality very unhealthy. The Diario (>ju .at reports that the bind commanded ey Santos Dego'laco has been routed. It endeavored, it appears, to penetrate Into Ixtlahuaca, the garrison of vbtoh, however, repulsed It. It then endeavored to make for Temeja, with Gen. Tavern In pursuit. Other ?eports were, bewsver, that DegoUado was advancing on MeniM. Gen Zire# was therefor* sent from Tacubaya fie meet him in front. The band then fled In tho dirao fifon of Villa del Carbon, and Zires returned. General ? Tawra followed them through Tepeji, where they raised money and horses, as they had ail along the road, aad ??*%i en the 28th of May, he overtook thorn at Pitzsy ncn and after a rangulnary fight of an hour and a half, oomptotoly ranted them. The loss on sithsr sido is not given. It is sttted in the Universal that at tbe first fire ? great number of the government aoldiers who pro nonneed at Zamora, commerced to cry in favor of Santa Anan, aad to fire on the rebels themselves. General Msvera caused forty prisoners, whom ne took, to be ?hot. At the latest dates from Gen. Tavera (the 80th of May), bo was nt Zumpango. Itogollado, with 100 men, hod been pausing tbe Temoaya estate ' Gem Gayesse, in n despatch dated Tola is, May 20, announced n similar pursu't and defeat of the baud ef Ptotorae Gonzales, at Las Huertas' estate and the Reel to*** Hill. Among the killed cn this occasion was one behoved from bis dress to bs n leader Five small flnld pisses, some horses, Ac , were captured from tbem An ofllcinl circular, dated at Monterey, May 17, and to tho authorities of ths sarro jn^iog districts, refers to the on'break in that part of the mpublic to mhtoh ear readers lave had their attention wted The sire alar orders that Senor D Manuel Ochon, the sub prefect ef the district of VlUnldalma, having been ar rested and imprisoned by revolutionists in Lompazea, without nay political plan Having been proclaimed, mea teres he taken to put all public funds beyond reach of n surprise and brought to Monterey. Another circular ezdara the authorities to take meaauree to protect the inhaMtents. A proclamation by Gen. Cordon* an nounce# that D. Santiago Vidanrrl, the ex-9ecretary if fib# government ef Nnevo Leon, had raised the standard e? rebellion at Lnmpazos and that measures have been token to put down the outbreak. An efficial communication announces that on the 17th nM., n detachment of about fltty mounted pronunciado*, heaoed by D. Clenrate Cabeza da Vaca, entered Chapala, hat committed no nit of violenoe beyond raising eixty dollars, after which tbey toft in the directirn of Joco tepec. In Ptodra Gordo, Guanajnta, eighty bandits wsre fol towsd and routed by forty inhabitants; four of them killed, some wounded, some taken prisoners, and some of the article* they bad stolen were recovered from them. A band ef alleged revolutionists are said to have em*By mutilated and killed ten of the inhabitants of Asacouloya. In Yucatan the troubles with the Indians continue, aHhhngh successes over them are reported. Smallpox was ragmg nt Campeacby ' At Meridn there was a scarcity ef tour. Several places have been exempted Mem taxation in consequence of the depressed state of aflhirn. Steamers which the government haa purchased at St. YMemae and in England, were expected at Aiapulco Im mediately, for the purpose of blockading and aiding in besieging tbe post. Tbe Dxario OficiaX denise that orders havs been given from Washington to tbe Bonndary ffommisaion to sus pend operation* because the United States government was treating for the parches* of the itoptTtment of So Scaor Den Jose Rafael Juzunsa, who wa* exiled in this city has accepted the amnesty, and arrired at Pueila en the 14tb ult. He was in a bad state of health. The smallpox was prevailing in the city of Mexico. A decree ef the 27th of April accords to Messrs Mosso Bros, the privilege of constructing a railroad from Tain pleo to Mexico. The company is to be formed within a year, Chhtahua, May 7, 1855. There vu a secret despatch arrived here lait week )mi H H S. H., wherenpon twenty of the flneet horeea te be found were pressed into service, a company of twenty men was formed, with Col. Benches at their bead, and despatched the seme evening towards the Berth. The ''Know .-'omethings" suppose they have gene to Janas cr wherever the Boundary Commissioners may be, to arrest Senor Palizar, of the Mexican Bounda ry Ocmmlssion. The reasons given here are, that Santa Anna, growing impatient of the slow progress of the wrrk, wrote to Senor Salltar to push it with more ener gy and speed, to which Bennr Balizir replied that run mug the line without money, men or lustrum-nta. was net quite as easy as sitting in Meiico making cad laws, and spending government money. At this H. M. B. H. teak umbrage, and ordered his arrest Sallzer is saul to he the meet competent man In the republic for that work. Santa Anna, in bis policy towards this State, appears to aim at appressing the people so much that th-y would not eompiatn if they wers sold to the United States, or wore anything else to octur to them,so it were n change. Heretofore the merchants ocnid take money out of tbe State free ef duty to Guadaljara or Mexico, or sny otber part of the republic. Last week a law arrived from Mexico forcing a duty of 4 per oent. ea all moneys taken out of the State, even though it he for the purchase of goods to return to where the moriey is taken from. They collect ten per oent on nli money taken from this State to go oat of the country. The duties on the fr in tier of thi^Ute are so high that goods cannot bo introduced; henflw all intro duettos* are prohibited. It 1s the greatest in jnstioe that over was jiorpetrated on any people, and none but M*xi 'i law ooold eans would stand ft. That law oould have been equalled only by the one that followed. The people of this State were reduced to extreme poverty by the Indians taking &0 their rattle off. Not being aole to raise stock any longer, they turn their attention to agriculture growing tern, wheat As., which they found sale for at tbelr own doers, to speculators who foard a ready mar sot for the gram at oar frontier poets of FJ I'aso, L'mpia and other*. A law has been passed prohibiting the Tree passage of any corn eat of this country into the United State* either at the Limpta or Li Paso Thus are thrown Idle the greater part of the most industrious portion of the in The Mate ia deprived of a revenue and the farmers of ths moans of subsisting, Ins Inasmuch as they coal) not bnS market here for nne half of the produce raised. The Indians won't a How them to raise e'ock, nor tbe govern ment eerm so they will bav* to steal or starve. This is (n th? tepnblio, and if It belonged to the United State#, would be tbe garden. The people are aB anxious for a change of rulers, but have not the con ? : wvst. uvv ia? cou rag* to proclaim. Borne are desiftius of joining the Uni tes States, ethers are ia favor of the Repuhbo of the Sierra Mad re I bav* just seen a specimen of placer gold found In n sarins about two days from Jesus Marie, and Rva from this plaee. JSbus Maria Is a small mining town, about ?h days distent There are plenty of placer* tnore IMs person bad at least nine marks. They cannot ho verted in consequence of ths Indians. M hove not reeetved a PicafttM hero for over two ?soothe, oervr, in fact, since we reoelved tM aumoer that eontaioed tbe latelitgeae* of Gon. Zoioogn tofnlng Alvnrpa. Wa understand all Ua*tod States papers are aroMMtsd hare There are lathis etty eh?f* tfteea anbacrlbs for at least twenty lea diffc post periodicals. The authorities seeing the number of popsn foostvod her* beeame frightened, thinking they are too many for the safety of the republic. I cedes* yen e sheet published her* once every tarn or three weeks ft esatoia* a hitter article agunat Americana generally, and those of California particularly. This ?hoot te only leaned when they have something of bn bH eooh by anowehov who |oa* crying thorn through the IhwM Amsng ail the inhabitants there am not osivod as ought te he roesivod by fcrtMpm. m as ??U> w NMina if thny were allowed tO MM t? [Irem the Mew Orleans Delta, '-no 12 ) The Hot* et Mlehoaenn I)W Scorns the *r??d wntrs of tho rebellion The titea'. news Iron the seat of war I. ?Vi!kto in the HomWo, deled May Mih end 27th, and contained in letters lreu? Pe*??C?ero ? !>>??? "??"?', i I tmpore.cn, ?^rtrist.Bcrf^?Uo-nv ^l Mnr tbe centre of Mietoecan and H to the effvet tna* I'rraideat f-'ante Anna arrived 10 that city on tee ^ N anc on tb* 2Cth r-eumed iiia march toaar't' Ario. k^ut I.n u>?M distant. which la garrisoned by I 000 or tho fort The Preaident seya *?*>? ?*?? * ?? i?i.0?rly be u.ar them, aad nw^ ? tho "u?J eiwet-d. Tbe President see?? to retain all too ?w 1 ?? *'?7' the horseback ' Hia soul's In mm* and troy 1>4 pkiBH of Arwbttt, perhaps, by become a seeond Besworth Field. . tbe distinguished rebel chief tain, M ??? by official deepatcbea from ^ernl tAvW^ ?t 'be been totally routsd and dUpersed ayto brigade toon of T)rajntla, which was 00f"P'* ^L<i in escaping ral Tavern aaya tho.r oaTalry only i-co^^^n escaping from tbo tleetneaa of tbeir boJ'* * d ? uke> ^fff'XSwhky stating that he ah all ntra. He closes this deflwteo v a # S?SR? JXSSS^ hit retired from M12k!HK*?,.??wnsd ebtefUto, Plntaroo Qenzales, was dafm^y ^ral Gajo?e ** Zumpsngo, with great ^Tbeee two bridioot victories. it wa. presumed, would oT" e" nWllTwr Monterey, is cou ? i kfrffieial deepatcbea to the Minister of war from the^Gowmor Naete Leon, bnt there 1. rmthiog <?ther in regard to It than wo have received by way of the I 6 The mboUloi is flourishing in Guanajuato. An official Item General J. M. Javejo. dated Guanajuato, Mav% statrs that tba inaurgenta. io the number of 90d, bad appeared before the eitj and demanded its ?nnHi?r The same despatch lamanta the fete ef General Paobaco. who la supposed to hare *?*?** ?'Vfd be Coeata'a army, near Guanajuato, and It le f.*T,A 'bit be la nther dead or boa been taken pnaouer. to T?baantepec tbe rebel, are reported to bar. bee. defeated, or rather annlhOetnd^ Mkxioo, June 2, 1865. Ti. ftDowtoc If a tommmrj of oew? which I* afloat, im il. rtftr much Af which may M riKel on. The fflFATi* meat journals are ao reitncted to publish ?uI J*"*1 comca >rem tbe palace, tbat the public | Intelbsenre from that quarter. More_than twe thirds of tbe triumphs wporteo en bulletins from tbe seat ef war and despa tehee from vletonou* general., all prove! ?. fmlM boodM MimlAAtur^ii to coiceil Sofoota or *? t.nd^by "? pronunciadoe they may have en rrn month since, on the ??noe that Degollado, tbe bead man of Mlcheaoan. was at '/.amora, Gen. Santa Anna with ttra thousand of the ceitial army left the city, aweaiing worn' British army did in Flanders, on the retribution artilcb & waited that ''lnaurgeat." Near Caluca, he enoountar j ,h# ?j .rtillery of heaven, which ao disturbed the "Prince of President's" neryea, that he aould not par take of a epleadtd repast prepared In advance by one of tbe palace Saiamancaa for bit refreshment. He lostboth ?iipetite and digeetion. l>om theuoa be moved on More lis, in posaereion of bis troopa, and where he re eeiv?d tbe congratulationa on this successful, if not trl nmcbal march. Among these waa the Gov. or Guanajua to, who bad lift hia command to pay homage to nU chief. The Dronnncia- oa, under i)r. Queator, ayalled tiiemselyes SiSSSS to Alarm the ca^and yldtthe mneof Pare* Galvaa and the mint, and rel.eye both from being pioneered by tbe Prlnoe Tbey intercepted Ws EaceUency, Gee. Pacbeco, dispersed bis comma oil, andnothingbaa been heard oi bia person since. Hie trayelling oerrlage ^ found very much riddled, and near by one boot go Pacheoo must iu bia hurry nave escaped with l?c. Tbia unexpected event occasioned a halt at Wtk pcint for f**e5w^ay a, to ^ cei^in that bj SareM ^:vru5v.T^^tc^ in ?un*" --j* ZTconrSR&l finger. retu?.d"f?a G?. Santa Anna waa on full march for Zamcra. In advance, ono of bia generals who bad re cantly been seriously discomttted by the rcosls, had an oDOortnnlty to retrieve bia losssa. What an opportunity ! After reeonnoltering at long ,i*btB ,EW u'/bts?for every Mexican officer considers a .lass as Indispensable as a aw.ird-tlre charge was sounded, and moat gallantly did the adrenoe gallop Into a draerted village. Tb" bird bad flown. Tbe triumphant entrance of tie Commander-in Ohief aoou aad Zamora, in feasts and music, eongratulaviona and bomwge, proclaiaued tbe victory. A council of tar "as called, and ere they had decided on pursuit, ? exp4t. reported tiegilado in the war, and threatening the capital. A retrograde move to Horeoa was recommended, aad there tbe grand army balted to ^wLt intelligence from the city. In the meanwhile I esollado approaches Taluca, takes a peep on the ?J?Pe" ?f Tacuba? u from tbe heights in the rear, pushes his scouts to iacuba, passes round the sacred city of Guada lupe, and is heard of at Teroca, supposed to be en route for Puebla. Tbo city in alarm, and the garrisons rnore prudent in preparing for defence than to invite aren comtre The news tluit tbe pionuneiadoa were In re treat inspired Zerea and Tavera. Tbey both sUrted iu pursuit when tbe latter reports that be bad come up la sight of' DegoUado'e rear, but with horses and men so i broken down be could not purrue, part.culariy I Insurgent chief bad provl.tai his oommaud w^ fr?h w, and could not be overtakeo. Great rejoicing, tba c'ty b?Sa rrnging. roar of artUVery, and music tbiougb the aueetr l>goUado, however, wheoU ou r vera when be finds be hid baited, and av '??. l -^riritf^ TiTprti,n ofiiHiwinA 400,180 of will oil now ln rSt^Tts cltv. Zere. pursued Gm>tales, (another wisg of Begol^ta near Pacbuca eniounterad a similar defeat sania Anna s indecisive show to act was excused at Mo relin When advised that Comonfort, *be P?nth?r /*morw' brw^ls^bai on Tim' a^Ta.T march to put down tie rebel chief in *h*j' I"*.**' But as a portion of hia troops returned this day If the capitnlHt is .apposed that SaaU Annai. oa iiia return ascertaining that Coznonfort had a well oreaoirVd atd weU supplied force, with 2,500 man, and that thsra may be danger in placing the Lfff between two fires. Degollado and Comonfort are be coming too strong to be imprudently braved. It is no" probable, therefore, tbat Santa Anna will tea at night, to bis seclusion at the palace In a few daya, thereto await eventi; unless, on eecond thought, he puts bia bounds on his scent for tbe capital and slopes For the Pacific, where, rumor aayt he ha. a weasel ta waiting for his fifth exodue from a land he h*a so tyran S&... w -"tVbSr lidating tie sovereignty of Guermro,^wbiclk he hme :r cueo from ttn lion grasp of this ?olutism. He baa abown more civilization than ooes tbe one-legged bandit, who baa called him ^ panther Ho has thrown open tbe port of Acapuico Vd the whalers of tbe Pacific, an Indulgence tbey could nevtr obUln from Santa Anna. They might ^have purchased it at a high price, bnt could never oh sin it on Fair negotiation; for free trade, free lB^C0JJ"e'*n^ll_d c'procai and equal beneflte have never enlighten1 the mind | or an Algerine Dey, who exacts tribute and1 paye Alvarez has extended every accommodation to ma 1 ftleamer. bet ween Panama an5 San Francisco. They pas. in and out on each trip unannoyed and ^ Panta Anna's policy was to ambarraas and tax. In ad dit on this "barbarij chief " bns commenced the work reriou'aly end with zesl of suppressini monopolies and of removing reitrictiona on American commerce. Thc poor Indian or Guerrero (but nowhere else,) can ?ow^'noAe his untaxed cigaretu, and carry his tobacco tothe bmt market. He U not restricted in bis industry, to acminl ter to the plunder of the palace Salamancas, who feast and fatten on the public spoil. , GuerreroU free?and M?choaean will s?n follow frem the abominations of oentrallMd p<.vror. Not ?? ^he States And the poor, oppressed, suhdned Aztec* mar trulf ?x#l?im " All ti^ mti.fy not so long as Morde cai, the Jew, sits at the King's gate (From the New Orleans 1H65. Progress of the Revolution?forties of the Insurgents? Severe Conjtict and Doubtful Result?Barhari'y of the Government Troops?Another Buttle?Triumph of the Insurgents? Movements of Santa inna?The Reoolu'ion Extending on all Sides?Capture of Monterey, die. etc. The last fortnight has been fntitful in eveat*. The appearance of the lnsuiyents near the city of Mexico, the battle of Tisavue*. ?he journey of H. 8. H. from Mo rflia to Arrio, his humiliating retreat, the capture of Monterey, all furnish material sufficient to augment the terror ol rome, the hope* of other*, and to satiafy the curiosity of all My la*t letter closed at the period when Santa Anna was on hi* way from Morelia <o Zamora. The ramir that be had retreated upon Ouanajuato waa without foundation. It wa* the insurgent* who, with gr-at sa gacity, had quitted Zamora before the arrive! of the government troop*. Puabllta alone remained with his ?ectkn, waiting the sight of ths eoemy before be left Santa Anna, therefore, reached Zamora without striking a blow?an easy victory, hut yet the most substantial he is likely to achieve. The stoTles published in the papers of the defeat of Puebllta are uttetly falsa Saata Anna did send a party in pursuit of hiss, but these ehiv alrou* soldiers returned, after an abeeooe of a few hours, swearing they were unable to d<*onver a single trace of the daring rebel; whereupon Santa Anna lavished ap ui then some of those choice epithets of reproach with which the Ppenish vocabulary abound*. After the capture of Zamora, the insurgent# took dif ferent routes; and what is almost incredible, whilst Hants Anna was on his way to the the interior to exter minate then, a considerable division of ths rebels, un der the oommnad ef Degoliado, were marching almost to the very walls of the capital DegoUado, with 1,500 horse, arrived within four leagues of this city. It Is said his presence had been Invoked by s certain partisan of the puros, named VUlanuevn, who bad promised to raise the standard of revolution within the city. Degol lado appeared, but tha movement did not taie place. Defection and denunciation are said to have p-erenUd it, awd seven of the principal ringleaders have boon ar rested The city for some time was In great consterna tion. The Cabinet despatched Gen. Zlre* with 000 or 700 men against DegoUado, but .after a short march he fell back upon Tacubaya. where he has orders to remain sad protect the house of ths ArehMahop, the farniture of whleh belongs to Santa A ana, and Is greatly coveted by the insurgents, and the splendid reetdenee of Bmannel Eecandon, whleh tbey are eager to destroy Msanwhile Santa Anna had sentTavera's brigade against Degolla lo, wtto orders to give him immediate battle. Tavern earn* Ulth DegoUado on the the 28th, *t the little village ef jure. DegoUado had not taken proper precautious, and was compelled to fight at great disadvantage Na verthelese, hie email hand aaconatared the ahosk of Tavera'a brigade without fliaehing. The re suit of the conflict i? variously etatad. Tha govarnmeat claim a signal victory, and have ordered cannon t* be fired la honor of their triumph. But It la certain that Tavern's troops suffered severely! The day after the battle, N0 ambolsnse* were seat to boar off the wound ed, while DegoUado seemed sa little apprehensive of per emit that he passed the night t broe quarters ef a league from tha plane of battle. The taaergenta lost a raw men. and what la met* serious, forty oa# of their aom ber were takwa prisoners, In a hoasa whleh had been surrounded by the go r ere men t treope. The latter wee* (?humanly abet, without a trial In grasps having boon fined upon by three platoons of soldlom. this sen gutnsry act of vecgeanoo will, f fear, peovaho a woody reprisal. ihui i?r Um waurgwuts, hare ovioied ao sunn cruslty, Legollaoo's forees resumed the mote to Mlsheavan As for Tarara. the i:*qu?ror (?) bo hail been ? mvl trea'eb the' the Mieiri?-m nt'l to awod him reiafurne ?? ate to fill the mu wo'U to *?? ?l.?. After tt* etpturs of Zatoora, Baute taut return*! to Mortha. He ?w expected oca is Mexico, waco, 1 li* ring be fe.1 scarcely soaciniii *u?ni nnoagh f?ir hit alori, he divUec a new plan Iguacto Oomoafort woo b*r b?*e ?pp? uVd "J Alvarez General m-Ch el of the revel uiioaary foreee. had left the South with a few hundred troops, aa<l he-l 'tpaired to M.eho* caa, where he wee joined by fu?i.l ta aul hie ?rction. Pin son aad the brothers Teiadot hav leg united their tioope with Om.rn'orl, hie nun bert were iaercaeed to stout 2 500.. eoiue my 6,<00. Ttwy ?mcsmged at Amo, a town of wheat 12,000 tvolr, ebc.ot twenty leagues from Morelta. in the heart of toe mooataiae of thebUrra. On the 23d May. Snuts Aeea sucdculy left Morel?a for 1'etzeuare, a Tillage belt war between Karelia and Arrio. Continuing hi* march rapidly enough, he arrived at Santa Clara de Oaira, about midway between Patzcuare and Arrle. Thence he dmpatcbed Col. Zerun, with n forca of 1.000 men, to reconnoitre the poettivn of the enemy; but Ootaon'ort bed elraacy taken the initiative, aod had ad'anoea to meet the government troupe Zsron's doiaohaieat ??? terribly treated. A body ef 2U0 frteh troupe sent 11 hie relief ?? re intercepted and defeated. Pioaliy,9nnta Anne, alarmed at these disasters, thought it advisable to re treat. The reenter march waa a ealamitoua affair. The troop* were deetitute of previsions, and were eompelled to purh their way aereaa a mountainous region, fail of deep ravine* and treacherous aaarab**, oxpooail to a vio lent storm, the artillery confnuallv buried in mid. and the soldiers deserting by whole oompaaie*. Had the President remained twsety four hours longer at Santa CI*re hi* entire army would have been exterminated Yon will readily understand that the Ministry were WhligeAto find loses pretext for this humiliating reverse, so tbef batched up a story, wh'ch thsy gave to the yrets, that the rebels, terrified at the approach of tenia Anna, had evacuated Arrio, and that the President, having no enemies to eonquer, nsoessarily returned to Morel a. Tomorrow Santa Ansa will be at Toluaa and will reach Mexico on Friday or Saturday. The 13th ia hia Stint's day, and he would net miss Its celebration en any account, as he receives magnificent presents on every return of this anniversary. It is reported to day, though I do not youch for its truth, that Santa Anna was twice attacked on h<s jour ney from Morelie, and loct a large number of baggage mules. It f* likewise rumored that the environs of Oor dvva and Perote have pronounced, with a view of cut ting off Santa Anna's retreat in case he endeavors to rearh Vera Cruz and quit th* country. It is said, too. tbat in the State of Zeeitee.es, eitoer at TruxlHo or at bomb* re re, there is another proounciamento, and that Sierra Gorda is on the point or revolting., I csnnot say how mnch truth there is in those stories. Another ru mor is that the Minister* BoniUa and Larss will resign upon the return of Santa Anna, hut this I positively do not believe. A mors certain piece of intelligenoo, and one infinitely graver than any yet msntionwl, is the capture of Mon terey by a few hundred insurgents, who erossed the Kie Grande at Lampagos. This event Is officially acknow ledged, but the nress endeavors to put it to the account of banolts and tmugglsrs. After taking Monterey, where they found thirty pieeso of artillery aod five or six the i sand muskets, tve insurgents took posB?ssirn of Haiti1!?, and marcbed upon San Luis Potosi The details of lae-e operations are not yet known It is said that Melchior Ocampo. AirGlnga end Oaravajal are at the head of the movement. This intelligence has produced an immense sensation. [From the New Orleans Coorisr, June 12 ] On the 26th ult. there was dedicated in the eity of Cholula, with solemn eer"monies, a monument to the President General, consisting of n splendid column orna mented with appropropriate baa relievos. Several slabs of marble era let into the heavy block* of stone forming She bass, on three of which the Inscriptions are la Span ish, and on the fourth the following D. 0. M. ANTONIO LOPEZ OB SANTA ANNA urn mo, HKiprsuc-.n ma-nidi PRO. INNntBRIS. MKJUTXS civitati PRAsrms POPVLCB TANTI. BENKFACTORI8. NOMINE INSIGNITUS. noc. ERKxrr. moncmbntcm ANNO DOM. MD000LV. The other inscriptions enumerate the glorious deeds of Ssntsi Anna, and express the gratitude of the Mexican people for his patriotic beneficence. The eilumn is of the Tuscan osder, surmounted with a bust of the Presi dent, by Olivaros Pnebla. Perfect order now prevails, acoorUng to the last offi cial report, in the departments of Zacateeas. Pinalea, OajscR anc Chiapas, and in the provinces of Tlaxeala snd Isla del Carmen. An artesian well is about, to be constructed in the city of Cordcva, after the Prussian style Th* arrival of two English steamers, whieh Santa Anna has bought in England and St Thomas, [probably the American steamers Benj Franklin and Caroline Au gusta,] 1s shortly expected on the Paolfic coast, to eiteb'lrbthe bloukaoe of Aeapnlso. [Frim the New Orleans Crescent, June 12.] Jose Maria Bog el, one of the rebal chiefs, was executed in Tobua on the 20th nit. A party of forty men, of Aranaas, Department of Guanajuato, organized on the 26th ult. and pursued a baud of robbers who bad been committing depredations in that vicinity. The robbers, it ia eeld, numbered eighty, but they were overtaken and defeated?four of them killed and six made prisoners. The latter were shot. A singular gravestone had been dug up at Me<*lda la the course of some excavations. It was a simple slab, bearing?engraved in tbe centre?an eccntcheonof arms, and on the lower part ^he date 1646, with a akuH and cross bones, it bore also an inscription, but time had so defaced it that it waa entirely illegible. Cuba and tha United 8taka-l Spanish Ame rican Crusade. [Translated for the New York Hertld.] The Universal of Mexico dlseueiea in s eeries of arti cles the qnestios of Cabs, vis a vis of the United States. Is these it labors to shew the analogy between this ques tion and the Eastern question, and to prove that the Spanish American people are equally interested in re pelling the advance of the United States in that direc tion, as the Western Powers are in protecting Turkey from the Czar. The only difference between the two is, says the Universal, that Russia aspires to dominate in Europe in the name of despotism, and the United States aspires to dominate In America in the name of liberty. There it is monarchical tyranny which 1? scught to be imposed; bete it is popular tyranny. Repugnant as both are, the last is most unaupportable, because it is hypo critical, and is exercised in the largest extension. It is hypocritical, because it is covered with the .mask of liberty; and it la exercised in a wider space, because the people are everywhere. When a monarch is a tyrant h* can be fled from; how can one escape from tyranny when the tyrant is the people fee* for thorn who have followed the march of events for two years paet, the sympathies existing between the United state* and Russia are not a mystery The latter exercise in America the same role as thi former does in Europe, and it is natural that they give each other the hsnd. The United States know that if the AI lies-triumph in the contest, they will oarry evsry where their vlctotieus flag, to cover with it the territo ties three'ened by unmeasured ambition. England and Trance will then come to America to tell tbe republic of Washington what ie the will of the nations with nspect to the security and independence of each, and tbe co lossus will have to halt in its caroer, and t? adjust its lutnre pol'ey to the code ol justice and of morality adopted by human societies. Therefore, we, although there were no other reason, would be, in the question of the East, on the side of the Allied Powers through reason of convenience. It suits us that Spain do not lose the island of Cuba, for th.s motive, among others: that if she lose It, it has to fall Into the hands of the United States; and from the moment that the United States get Cuba, tbe independence of Spanish America may be re. garded as concluded The triumph of the Allies in Eu rope would ward olf tbat evil. Therefore, we say tnat tbe question of Cuba has not only an analogy with the question cf the East, but depends upon It. * * Spanish America, in the question of Cnba, is called npon to defend the same principles of morality, of jus tice, and of international law, as Europe is in the East ern war. It ie true that each of theae countries, taking part in that immense crusade, will defend its security and its Independence; hut in this there is ne egotism of any kind, but a noble and legitimate sentiment of conservatism. And therefore the mission of these poo 81* cannot be more gioriuos, when it ie considered that be government de'ecds. with tbair independence and the r nationality, a religion whieb lias civilized these re gions? a history illustrated by so many great trsnts? an entire continent Impressed with the Unset eonquss's of the Catholic civilization?a race, in fine, which hae for three centuries executed the mission of dissipating tne darkness of barbarity, and has gathered naJer its banners tbe soldier ?' the cross and the Oatholic missionary. * ? The first consequence of these rights and duties is, that the Spanish American countries ought to ask the United States, every time that they take a step towards the equator, the reason of their conduct; that they ought to intervene in every way in the negotiation* which may be established en the future destiny of Cub-; that they ought to hove cognizance of every measms tbat is adopted to ebange the present coalitions of the island, not only in referenee to a trau-Utiou of do minion to another Power, but also having for obiect an emancipation, which is impossible, and which would he the germ of like dsngers for us And after all this, when ambition reaches the point of employing force and violence to attain its ends the r.ght and the duty of Spanish America la to rush to the Mete with armed hsnd to defend their Independence and their liberty. * * * Though there are not here, as in Europe, two great Powers to rush to tbe froit of a oov lit'oo, to fight the common enemy, we may safely say tbat it ie Mexico whose duty it Is to unfurl before any other country ef the New Worll! the banner under wh-ch our nationalities and our race have to be defended. She must stead in the van, because she is tbe first nation with which the ooloeans has to eome In conflict In its advenes towards the eauelor, and because we may say, without vanity, that she is first in point of extent in the number of her inhabitants, and in tbe condition of civilization and cul ture to which she has arrived Oar eoantry will aw the right sad fulfil the duty which these circumstances

concede to end Impose neon ft, end will do en that he leey* to e people where Is etin preserved the spirit of noble pride end of Independence inherited from the two hemic reeee from which It sprung; it will do so with tha snergy and 1b* abnesatim of those who defend, et every hazard, a history and tradition- which form its pride, end e mlig on with which ere bound np all its record* ef g'ory and which In the foundation of its fluent hope. The writer goes on to discuss the question of the emseeipet'en or the Island under the fello wing poiats Can (lube he independent t Will she gain any thing by independence? Will she be betUr under the uStad States then under *pela f And seis ? We can unhesltat.ngly rese'v* these questions In the negative The desire ol the Onbaao who **?? iedepeu dvnee ?s e foolish illusion, wMsh Ceprves that seetUneat ef all the mobility it may hove; the dashes ef tfceee who wink smio*. t?Ai H Iifiwu, hut tt Is v?*tc*l. U*J know ??U tui u?<s?pe?4??r? ia iapwlM*; and ot.c*- ibMj npuf to >h?t t*i#j mII -ho Sptkktt jo**, they ?f? >*ed la (k* >i?Tiu?n eoeaequeaoe of rhei.pi. k it into lb?t nl tbewnltod -*?* **. Ilsr* there i* Irnniii tbe** ?? ?n??oi>?f, "??? la dagvadatiaa, la the n>n of our r?~e we ? ?i?n Co bo sieve* or au iotmie*l IV*; bat tboro tboro ?* id/it, tberr >a the sentiment of what i? possible and rcahssbta. 1 ho Know Notbinf* la m ?(Ueu PiMnt or View, Wo translate tbo allowing article from U Tr?U d' Vtiion of 2Mb If ay Wo bav? roaitiBM art ia ant path oorUia erigimil characters who woro anaojed with happiness, aad who themselves d**lr?4 la oeatray tbair own happiaaaa, aa aa to aaak ia misfortune imm aaw aaaaatiow w'liea they bad net jet experlenceo. These Wo*?, aa thay ara aclM. ato i?ro peihapa, bat thay da exist m tha eoo tiUaa af individual*. Bnall wa ba called apon to pro*# bafara iaag that a nation, aa a a an, can aliaw itself to ba aar rud awa.v by aaoh aberrations af aalad? Wa kaaw that m anr day, whan w? olah to atta among paapbi aa exam ple of extraordinary Increase and 'abatoui prosperity, the LMie of tha North American confederation im neilateiy presents rteslf Wo anew that tbta increase and tbia proa parity of tha United "tutes com* to tha* fro* the amigra tiaa which baa baaa precipitate^ from Rurope ia wares into their rerta, to ba scattered a'terwarda into thair rset *oUtadei> and t? people tha* It ia known alaa that the cause of this prodigious emigration oxirta ia the liberality of American taecitiitioo*; opening thair arm# cenerooaly to the strangers from all aoaatriaa. Tha United State* have hitherto given them all possible liber ties?bolttieal liberty, civil liberty, loaial liberty, reli gions liberty To dray that eaifrat'on to tha Us i ted States baa beea earned by tha liberality of their institution*, aad that emigration is tha cause of the miraculous prosperity af tha country, would ba to dany the light ia fail midday. Nevertbelees a party has joei beta forma'. ia tba aaigh borirg republic not only to call ia doubt tha trutha which wa bar* jest exposed, bat also to batter down tha element* af progress aad af graataaaa whose result* bare so properly astonished the wrrW. Tha Know No tbirgf?a species af Naa'ice wba* it would ba poatty difitcnlt ta deflaa oorreetly?far* a sort af aest similar to tha Free Masoas they bare their oaths and thair so ereta. We know act t* what dettaite object thay toad, but the masae which they e*oh>y are unfortunately re veaied but teoelsarly in open day?political intnlaraoce, religions Intolerance, peraacntioae sgslant all three who are bora upon a foreign anil; the moat complete exelu elreiem- a sort af Ppantnh iaqnisitlan Huoh are the mo tives of this new party, of which the organisation in quart secret society, hariag for rnlo the paeelm obe dience of all its members to a gteea word of order, ap pears to assure a great sad immediate triumph, an nounced already by frequent successes in tha elections of tha different btates. The Kaow Nothing party constitutes tha most abso lute negation of the character?the Institutions?the past af the United States, and the greateot danger for their future; its ahneirt military discipline, permitting It to act as a singW man at a given neasst, gtrss tin colossal farce which cannot he com netted except by th* same arms, tbat is to say, by the formation of as other party, with the same oig&n tuition, for tha par peso of thoroughly eeonterbalandng its influence We recollect tbat at the time when tha Mormons in bahited Nanvoo their system of passive ohsdlenee to their chiefs? a syetem similar, H is seen, to that of the Knew Nothings?had given them in the whole country such political influsnooj tbat aj) electoral strife had be come impossible. Tbe candidate of toe Mormons, al though ha might have been aa outsider, was always sure of triumphing by a large majority. Tbe ran-Mermen elect?: s endnrsd it patiently at first; then they became angry, and things arrived at such a point that Mormon* apd anti Mormons fought with muskets aad oanaoa. The Mormons, conquered, were obiif ed to abandon the place, and afterwards the learians of M. Cabot sucoeadsd to the partisans of Joe Smith. Ihe apparition and tha a till increasing power af tha Know Nothing party mast necessarily bring about soma similar catastrophe. If, by means of their strong unity, they triumph In the elections over other parties divided sueng themselves, these parties wtll unite ana day ia a terrible strife to overthrow thair common enemy?tha eremy of tka prosperity af the great confederation. We already see, peepiag np on the horiaon, scenes of violence and ef civil war, repredueiag. an a grand scale the oembat af Naavac, and God knows what misfortunes may result therefrom to tba neighboring republic. There is yet time, we think, to avoid these misfortunes, bnt It will be nseassary to make haato and to fight, aa wa have said, tbe enemy with bis own arms. Let all that there 'is of honest and of rational in ths United States abdicating all secondary differences af epimoa, group themselves together in one single and formidable party, submit, np to tbe hour of victory, to the passive obe dience wbieh makes strength, and the Know Nothings will fall miserably into ridicule and oontompt. A Catholic Priest Claiming fits Wife. CUKIOUS CHAPTER Q4 MAERIBD LIP*. [From the Cbioago rriaime, Jane 13.] The case of the people ex relatione NicholasStamber vs. Anthony Schnie<ler, which cams before Mm court of Com mon P!e?a of Cook county, Hon. John IL Wilson, presid ing, en Saturday, presents a carious picture of married lire, ard revea'e tome strange practice! on the part of the Catholic clergy, and some squally strange matters of faith on the part of the more ignorant portion of their flocks. It sppeazs that, abent a year ago, Nicholas Stamber, then a priest of the Catholic eburch, was united in mar riage with Anna Maria "chnlecer, a German girl, the daughter of the defendant, and a good Catholic The acarriage ceremony wsa per'ormed by Father Peter Kramer, in a pi irate room, without the use of the wed ding ring, and without witnesses. In all other respects the marriage ceremony was performed acoordlag to the rites of the Catholic church, the parties agreeing and consenting thereto, promising to ho man and wifo to each other, and the prion giving them the nuptial benediction and pronouncing them man and wife. Alter the ceremony, Father Nicholas look the girl home and kept her as an upper servant or housekeeper, treat log her kindly and paying her wages regularly. The girl asye herself that, although he always spoke of her as nil wife, they occupied separate apartments. Home thiee months since she left his house, and went to Niles, Michigan, where aha entered a family in the capacity of a servant. Her own account is, that both her marriage to and desertion from, her hushed were in accordance with the advice of her oarents and friends. To nse bsr own language, " she was talked into it " Up to the time of his wife*a leaving him. Father Ni cholas had continued bis public ministration in tho church, but sinoo then we understand he has been de posed from the priesthood, as has also Father Peter Kramer. This suit was brought in the ehanoery side of the Conrt of Common fleas, by the husband, to recover pos session of bis wife, whom be alleged was illegally de tained from hire by Anthony Schneider The writ Issneu commending Schneider to produce the body of Anna Mary before the conrt. It was served on Schneider on the 8th of June, by T. 8. Buckley, deputy sheriff. On going into the country to serve the writ, he found Anna Mary at the bouse of one Judson, about fonr miles from her father's residence, and took her with him. On Saturday, the defendant appeared before the Hon. John M. Wilson, in the Court of Common Pleas, and, in obedience to the writ, produced the body of hie dsugh trr. lbs husband was also present. For the purpose ef ascertaining the true state of the ease, and ef findiog ont what her wishes were In regard to living with her husband, the Court ordered the room to be cleared of all persons except the officers of the court? an interpreter, and reporters for the press, and proceeded to question the girl. We are not, of coarse, at liberty to disclose all that *aa then elicited but it appeared in addition to the above facta that she did not consider the marriage legal or binding, because her husband was a priest; that she left her husbscd of her own aeeord; and that she wished now to go with her parents and stay with tham, and not to go with her husband; that the reason that she wished to leave her husband was that she had been educated in the belief that she eould never go to heaven if she hvtd in marriage with a prieet; but that no threats whatever had been made te her by her parents, by the priests, or by tbe bishop. She gave her name as Anna Mary Scbnie der, and not as Anna Mary Stamber Judge Wilson informed the young lady that the mar riage was a perfectly valid and legal one by the laws of this State, although It might be a matter of discipline in their own cbnrcn; tbat she could not marry any other man while her bus baud was living, but that sne was not compelled to live with him, and asked whom she would go with?her husband or her father? She answered promptly, with her father. The doors were then reopened, and her husband and parents, the attorneys on both sides, and the other members, of the bar re entered. The hnnband was in formed that the body of his wife had bean produced, and tbat sbe wan here in court: that the marriage, by the laws of Illinois, was perfectly legal and valid, but that he was not to use any foroc in compelling her to go with him The bnsbandnow walked'across the room to where tho lady stood and Intimated to h?rr his desire that she should go horns with him Bat She resolutely refased, nor could afi bis persuasions induce her to waver In her de termination. She left the eourt with her parents, and the last we saw of the diseonsolate spouse he wss follow ing in the wake of his wife, pouring forth his en treaties, to which she turned a deaf ear. Pwitbuctiyk Stork in Ebntuokf?Giaat Da macs to Corn and Whxat Cuora.?On Monday afternoon, about half past four o'clock, n small section of Shelby, bordering on Franklin county, was vLited by the moat violent storm of wind, rain and hail cvtt experienced in that region. In the vicinity of Christtanaburg, Bagdad and Consolation, it raged with unprecedented violence. On tho farms of some ten gentlemen tho wheat was so completely pros trated as to make It mult for harvesting; and the corn was damaged to almost an equal extent. Largo fruit trees wars blown down, nod fences carried off by tho sndden rising of streams of water that wen never be fore known to run so full The storm came up sudden ly and passed off la a very short period. In the railroad cnt near Bagdad the water ran In a stream so deep that it reached above tho trucks of tho can earning at full speed despite the fnry of tho elements. Oapt. Taliafer ro and other gentlemen in the ears state that it had been raising hut three or four minutes, yet so violently that goIllss and beds ef streasqs perfectly dry before the i term, were roaring ont with water throe and four feet deep. The hail also drifted in some places five end six fret high. We hoard yesterday 1100,000 died as the probable extent of tho pecuniary damage caused by tbe atom. This we esteem a low igwre, judging by the closest unparalleled marks of doraaia tion that wo visited yesterday, in passing by eu the oars. Over three hundred acres of wheat won entirely raised, and almost as mnch eons. Mr. Basket and Mr. ley lor won heavy ruffe ren. The storm was a very erraftcone. It panned no particular Una or source, Ce ng rig ug in its progress. A lane wheat field ef cue gentleman was destroyed, hie adjoining .bora nntoueh'd, while a field of wheat belonging te a neigh bor. and enly separated from tho eoreTcy ? foam, was devastated.?LoiriJcOfe Courier, June 14. The Ohio river was up again oo the lfith Tttabcrg ra that day the wabmtn the channel i iHtoiMflfflw Brazil. oca bio n jawriao oob&bvonmnob. Rio ds J at ma, April 28, ISM. T\* La im Relating to the BighU qf Oi-iaeno in BrorA? How Pbreignert ore Affected by Them?Oate of <A* Amrica* Schooner Bay Oily?ArreM qf the Mate?De tention of n Fauengtr?Adion of the United Sal** Cbuui. I gat fMNMim of a smarter of rruOM and interest tag (nets thrsagh a distinguished Booster ia Uiti empire, ft Mi ibiek 1 kit* far my promt letter selected tM whieh per Wins to the obligations, mod civil mad political righto of eUtieus. No eiHaen can bo placed under nay sempulsioa, exempt IC with tM ltw. No tow ihmll bo established without baring due publi cation. No tow will horo a rotroaotiro effect. Every aema Map eominunioale bis thongbto bp worii or writiag, sad publUb them through too proas, without fearing repreaeb. Irsrj sao will bo responsible for the abuses be mar commit ia the exercise of this right, to Ue esses mad under the ferasa determined oa bp the tsn | Ao pee bob shall be preaeeuted for nap matter of reli gioa, if he rorpeeto the religion of the empire mad does aot offend the public morals It ia parmltted to every one to rotaala or depart to or from the empire, so he thinks proper, taking w.th him his goods, bp conforming to the roles of ths polios, and without bearing mmlioe to sap one. Tie house of ererp eitisea to an Inviolable dwelling, nnd nn toe can enter it nt might, whoever bo map bo, without consent, except la order to sere it from fire or inundation. Noboop cna bo srrested save la eases of the beginning of an accusation, except to ossss foreseen bp the tow. Twenty-feur bours mfWr his imprtoonment, (if in n eltp, town or riltoge, la ths neighborhood of the resi d?nee of the Judge, and ia oa interval ia aroportloa to tbo extent of the territory, mad determined oa hp the law for distant places,) the J ad re will make known to the accused, bp letter, signed bp his <*s hand, the rea son of his Imprisonment, the names of bis accusers, and those of tho witnesses, 11 there ho nap, egaiast him. Even in ease of an accusation, nobody can bo coadust ed to prison, or be retained therein, if he giro* a caution (determined oa bp tow, generally,) for map crime that is net punishable with more than six months' imprison ment, or expulsion from the district ia whieh the ac cused Uses. The accused will remain at Ubertp. Except when taken ia the act, the imprisonment sen net be executed without m written order iron tM acting authority If this order to arbitrary, the Judgb who isemes it. and be that receives it, will be punished as de termined uy thb tow. In this measure regarding impri sonment are act comprehended military commands accessary for purposes of justice and equity. 'There ere different apartments in the prison to sepa rate the criminals, aeooiding to thsir station and the nature of their crimes The right of property is guaranteed in all its falaesa. If after thorough examination the public good requires that one shenM make use of the property of a eitisea, he will be indemnified for tbe time to the amount of it. The law will fix tho saaee in whioh this single exception will tal e piece, and it will give ths rales (or the deter mination of the indemnity. The public debt ia equally guaranteed. No manner of labor, of culture, of industry, or of rmmeres, can be hindered at nay time that it does not oppose itrelf to the pubht morals or seenritp and health of tbe clilMM. Inventors will have the right of their discoveries and of their productions. The law will give them aa exclu sive temporary privilege, or will recompense them, nod will have regard for the loss they amp sustain to tho publication of the discovery. Tbe secrecy of totters is inviolable Tho administra tion of the Po? t is rigorously responsible for tho infrac tion of this article. All recompense conferred for services rendered to the empire, eitner civil or military, are guaranteed, as well . aa the right acquired from these recompenses, hp con forming to the law. Persons in the pubHe employment are strictly respon sible for abuses sad omissions which the/ may commit to the exercise of their functions, and any negligeaes la watching tbe duties of their subalterns. Every eitisea can present to ths legislative and execu tive departments his reclamations, complaints, and peti tions. and expose all ln'rsctieaa of the constitution, in reclaiming from the acting authority tho effective amena bility of criminals. The constitution guarantees public aid to tho indigent. Primary instruction ia free to all oittoeaa. Tho establishment of eellegea and universities, in whieh will be taught the elements of tho sciences, arts, and literature, is ordained. The constitutional powers cannot suspend the consti tution in that whieh concerns individual rights, exospt to seme cases and circumstances specified. The above tre tbe fundamental principles of tho righto and obligations of all who reside to or visit this empire, sad I have been induced to forward them to yoa, as it appears, to my opinion, and that of maay others, that often arbitrary power is exercised under the garb of office. I allude at this time to the affairs of tho schooner Bay CSty, deatincd for the river Sacramento, there to bo made Into a steamer, whioh arrived at this port oa tho 1st of September lost, consigned to one of tho heat com mercial houses ia this city. Been after her arrival, a report wts ia circulation that an English cruiser off the coast had fired into her while our flag was lying, and that our acting consul, Mr. Scott, tho son of Mr. Fcott, our consul, who was on a visit to the States, with tbe captain of said schooner, were entering a protest and a demand for satisfaction of John Bull But the mate refused to sign the protest, and state 1 that the American flag was not flying, and that the captain would not show bis colors until the balls began to fly. This mate (Mr. McCUin) was charged with insolence and in subordination, and thrust?by order of our acting con sul?Into prison, where he lay for days, and from which he was removed to the hospital by the Interference of tbe Chief of Police. After this MeClain insisted that the Consul had no right to discharge him, and he to sisred on his right to take charge of the schooner, and wf r.t-on board and took charge?m the captain had gone to the States Several attempts were made by Mr. Con sul Scott to eject MeClain, through the police, who went oa board erased, and drew a pistol on the mate and told him he was a prisoner, at which MeClain drew a revolver sad assured the police (some eight to number) that he coold meet them to that line, and the police returned to the shore without the prisoner, or blood being drawn ea either side. But on tbe 26th twenty odd police passed my door with loaded muskets towards the wharf, with determined vengeance depleted ea their counte nances, indicating that MeClain must bs taken, dead or alive, and were joined by tM eap teto of the port and sons thirty more, who boarded tho steamer,and MeClain delivered himself up, and now is in prison again, whether for roeistiag tho po lice power or insistlsg on his right 1 do not know. 1 do not pretend to say which is right, hut it looks qutto ar bitrary on tnc part of our consul. On this unfortunate Bay Ctiy there ia a fine appearing young man. named Charles, who shipped on that vessel with ths intention of roaohtog California and paying his way by work, who has by tbo misfortune of the ves sel been over eighteen months on his trip, and is very desirous to get to California, the place where be can do so math lug, and give vent to his exertions and led an try. He had a fine opportunity to ooutinoe his trip a fe m days ?toco on the United Uteles surveying schoooer Humboldt, but was refused a discbarge from tM Bay City, aud eur consul told him to sit down and make up his mind If be would remain Alter a time had expired his answer was that be would go. The consul then ordered him to prison, whets he was eon fined until the Humboldt had soiled. Tbe only crime against him is that theoouaul wishes h'.m to remain to have his testimony, ho. Why could not his testimony he taken unci sealed, and he be permitted to proceed on his trip I, as aa American citiscn, regret to see such arbitrary power from our government agents. A* to the right of our consul to stop this young man, I do not know: but when the police are encouraged, and so often called into requisition by our consul, on such petty occasions, every foreign resident will sooner or later feel It. I have not forgotten the days of Henry A. Wiae, who evea got into difficulty with Mils government, and requested to M sailed home, all of which was caused by his protesting against arbitrary polios seta on our eiUaena to this en. purs. Of these affairs there are many reports, but the above, sb near aa 1 can learn, are ths impartial facts. There is ) sport that MeClain drew his pistol first on ths police, but I can't say which is right, or who is wrong. F. H. a OCR MONTEVIDEO CORRESPONDENCE. 'U. 8 Ship Kay-annah, Bivih La Plata, 1 Oft Mohtkviobo, April 18, 1866. j Arrival of the ftavannah?The Water Witch Affair?In terview with Mr. Pedtr?The Whole Difficulty Kef erred to Waihivgt'm? Bull fSyhte, <Sc. We left the hatbor of Rio on Suede y morning, jaet one month ?go, end were towed to een by e French steamer of war. Our Commodore le now, yon eee, good friend* with the Freneh Admiral, though a year ago they crossed each other'* hawee. They have taken grab together ?event timee. I'ncle Sam makee a little out of this, for it coel* two hundred mil reae for a tow, and of eonree the Admiral did the thieg for nothing. We were in a harry to get to the river, for President Lope* had keen shooting into the Water Wltoh and killed a quartermaster at the wheel. ,We all hoped to have something to do, and made np our mind* to Intro dnee onrselvee to the fair enee of Paregnay. We heard the officers talk about beat expeditions, and had fro quest exercise with on* boat bowl bests; and a* wo got an additional howitaer at Rio, we believed wethenld have some fen. Onr paeeago wae saade la twelve days. We found the Water Wlteh here waiting. The Osmme dote sent up to Busaos Ayme fee Mr. Peder, the Ameri can Minister resident down and advise XX. tiKKrSl muehhksfgbtSm, bat as Mr. Psdar earns from down ofeomeeport. But a lest It turned ent no go; they were afraid somebody would get hurt, and maybe hilled, and they didn't like to do as General Jackson did, " take the reepensibiiity," and so they sent the whale thing to Washington Bat though we were disappointed in ear frolic np the river, we are having liberty, and ear fellows are going it stiong, though net exactly on the Maine lew principle. Here* flesh la cheap; and though we doat go o mile In 3:40, yet we get somewhere in that time. A week age last Sunday, twenty of onr lade chartered one of fbe Mg carts of the eosntry, end weet out to eee a bull fight. They had a time ef it, and kept ae sober aa decerns. The Ocmmodore was there and hie flog officer, Lieutenant Le Bey, end onr lode say they seemed to en joy the sport. Only one bull was game, and the way he slaughtered en* of the horsee was frightful. If eur fel lows don't eee Mood run nt Paraguay, they will not a sight ef It at these hall dghte. The matadors punished the gray hall for the ugly use he:made ?f hie herae dM'tthfcktftm !????*. mm mtnM en/aul ?urv; very Uw bin taken Freueh 1?.T?, end ?? that have wowid W irltd to gvt back. ??mmm uwi T aere is nothing new here Business is doll, Uj Ml. krtnfing lomb?r h?ra hav* to go to Kio for casroea I The W?!? Wtteh left here en the 1Mb, b?ut in the I Irngnay river, to nn?j It. The Gormeatewn is itl *!!?? A,r*"' ?ad w* ?P?> *ke Baiabrklf* her* trei the St*tee very mm*. The health of tb* squadron te gee ?ow, though the heat of Rio cum boot natag na a*. BKN. BOLT. Rtwer h? actatlon Soath rtB?r dat?morning nssmriT The fifth anmivonary of the HadtonlUvar Association^ South woe commenced yesterday morning. <a the Stun- | ten (treat Baptist Meting houao. ie the ir(other no rother unfavorable, the attendance voe limited. I Rev. Dr. Dodge, Moderator of tho la?t amnion, be ng I absent, the Clerk, Mr. Q. W Blebckir, called tho moot ed to order, a?d >? u. u^oaTL Moderator pro tern., who aae uoanimouely elected. The lessiea woe then opened with prayer by Rev. Mr. Warr cott, after which parte of the 310th and 321et hymae were aaag by the ehoir. Rev. Mr. Eddy be lag absent, hie alternate, Rev. Mr Baxvabd; preaohed the iatro dnctoiy sermon, taking he text from the flrat chapter of John, laet elaaae of eleventh vera*:? VJeaoa mob treated forth bia glory." The Rev. gentleman's discourse wae confined to aa ex 1 position of tho glory ol God aa the aonree of eternal napplaesa, and the enjoy meat of which abould ho the sole cm of aiaa'a vnoeavora on thia earth. b/toVTnMMS ?f i*! 2EK2 waa offered up 'J *?T\*T OUlette A collection waa then takoa ud i fytho Wldowa'Faad. Toe mooting nextprooeodad to toe alrction of a Moderator, and dev. Moaara- Wlnterton and S- Kayaer were appointed teller*. Brother* Hiacox, Lathrop, H. Phclpa and If. Phalaa U*" ap tainted a committee to make arrangement* for the present aeaaion. Mlointoriog brethren In atleadaaoe. *ho member* of the association, wore in S u,*Pr#0W<"??*- Thoee conaUtod *1 a large number of gentlemen from varioua parte of l&ia country, and mm from England. Bretnren Baker. Remington and Norton were appointed a committee on the areolar letter to ho submitted to tho association The committee to make arrangement* for the time of opening and dosing the aeaaiooa of the addition, ro rrted that tb* hour* of mooting would be 8 P. M . 7 W M., and fi A. M., and the hour* of adjournment l2 and 5fc. Thia evening's service to bo appropriated to tb# Sunday acbeol eauae. Thereault of tho eleotlon waa announced at thia atage of the prooeadlnga:? ^:rmt#r !; M?goon. S2i; -; Bleacher. Asai^cirtI Lathrop, Miller. Balen and Stent were an fCl* m com mitt* ? on the state of religion, after which L'ri" adjourned, with prayer by Brother 80m AFTERNOON SESSION. The association re-assembled at 8 P. M., when tho lower part of the ahnrch waa filled. The aeaaion waa a pa ned with aiagiog a portion of the hymn, "I lava thy kingdom, Lord." Prayer waa offered by Brother Daaa, ?f the Warren isaociation. The mlnntee of the asking aeaaion were read and approved, and the usual rules of order were adopted for the government of the present meetings of the Association. Tho following committee# .9" Exercises and. Overtures for Benevolent 06 jBrothers Westeott, Cook and 9am. On Important Subjects contained inthe Letters from the K^^,VffimfBr00k,Jni Ar"'d'0fi,#'r On Application from Churches for Admission into (his ArsocMienr? Brothers HeUard, of Brooklyn; Haley, of Buahwfok; and Kipp, of New York. '' On minutes of Corresponding Associations?Bros. Brom ley, Cevel and Corey eke first article of tki constitution was amondad so as to road as it did in tho mtantoa of 1863. On motion, tho letter* from tb* several ohnrches in ooaaectlon with the Aasociation were road. Abont forty ol thee* were presented, giving an aeeonnt of their financial, temporal and spiritual condition. The roporta iron all were of a most farorabjo character, shorter all the chnrehea to he in a prosperous condition. The renting of thee* wae suspended for a few minutes, whan it waa announced that lira Banvard, wife *f Rev. Mr. Md Deacon John West, of jBrooklys. had do* parted til. Ufa. The funeral of Mr. We? ^s rtafod. was going on at that moment. _ ??????* adjourned tUl evening, after tho reading of the letters. EVENING SESSION. The evening aeaaion waa devoted almost exclusively to an exposition of tb* Sunday school enterprise of tho Baptist church. From tho stats men la of Brothers Par dee, Bsyee, Balen and others, the various schools?of which there are abont fifty la New York?appear to bo in a nourishing condition, and are constantly increasing T" Berne remarkable instances of conversion effected through vbeir agency wore related, and thoy wore generally commended as moat affective auxiliaries or the church. At the ales* of these statement*, the association adjourned till thia morning, at nine o'clock. Police Intelligence. A EIGHT NIF FID IN THE BUD. On Monday evealng Captain Maynard, ot tho Nino teenth ward police, received information that a of rural rowdies war* abont to commenoe a regular ring fight ia Fifth avanue, near Forty-first street Ha Im mediately hastened to the apot with a plaloon of man, but found that the party had already boon dispersed by omeof the Twenty figst ward police, who hearing of the occurrence, succeeded by some little stratagem in capturing three of the fellows, juat aa the entertain ments were abont to commenoe. Thoy were taken to the Second District Police Court, where Justice Poarov held them to bail, each in the aum of $800, to keep tho peace for tho next six months. ARR1BT Of A GANG OP SUPPOSED OOUNTEVPHITOfl. Yesterday afternoon five men, named Homy Donald, Aaron Bell, Jackson Call*, Samuel Clark and Thomas Moors, wore arrested by offloors Ward and Oonaoll, of tho Twenty-first ward police, on suspicion of being a gang of counterfeiters. In the posaeesion of tho accused wm Jouid A|]irg? lot of composition, prop*rad,*a ia ntippaaafl. for th? pnrpcH of miaafiotartac bom ail tot coin. Tho ?? enaod win Uktn be fort Juatice Dtrinon, who coKmitted them temporarily, until additional UatiaaonT SSVZff"* *0to"t 1,1 by Speight, of CHARGE OP OBAND LARCENY. John Regan was taken into custody bv officer Stringer, ol the Fourth word pellee, ebargod with having stolen $86 in gold coin and three gold studs, tho property of Jam** Simpson, of 43 Oak street. The property waa found in the possession of the accused. The studs warn found in his shirt bosom, and wer* immediately identi fied by Mr. Simpson. Tne prisoner waa held to bail in the sum of $600 to answer. ? alleged seduction. Jehn Cullsn waa arrested by sergeant Mansfield, of the Lower Folic* Court, charged with having seduced Mary Hart, under promise of marriage. The complainant al leys that she became acquainted with the prisoner about seven months ago, ani since 'hat time has been on qnlto intimate forme with trim; tbat on tho 8th of April last, under solemn promi** of marriage, ho effected her ruin, and that although aha baa repeatedly asked him to ful fil bis promise, he still continued unmoved, and will not make her bia wife. Justice Connelly held the accused to bail in the sum of $l,(H>o. Superior Court?Part II. Before Boa. Judge Sloe toil and a Jury. JuralP.?Atari* Braggagninst Caleb D. Oildertleevt.? This wag an action brought by the plaintiff agaiost the defendant to recover the ran of $0,000, as endorser upon a cheek made by Hours. Sloan ft L*ggett> on the Empire City Bank, for $2,000, (which was afterwards transferred to the plaintiff,) and also as endorser upon three promiseery notes?one made by Cornelius Donnellen, dated September 10. 1864, for $492 27, payable four months after date; one made by Messrs. Levy ft IVmood, dated September 16, 1864, for $781, payable four months alter date; and one made by C. H. Audi us, dated July 17, 1*64, for $3,860 76, payable six months after dale. The making, endorse ments and presentment of the said ohsek and notes were admitted by Mr. John E. BnniU, ooun*el for the de fendant, and for defence it was contended that the en dorsements were mere accommodation endorsements, end that the paper had been diaoounted at nsurieus ratee ef interest: and farther, that the party fer whose sceommodation the earne were made bad transferred to the plaintiff property to tho value of $4,000. which the defendant was entitled to have credited on the amount of the notes, if the plaintiff was entitled te recover any thing Fer plaintiff, Smith ft Woodward; for defendant, John K BurrUl. Verdict for plaintiff, $4,700, including interest en tbe three notes. Health op New Obleans.?The Picayune of tbe 11th lost, says the weekly report ef the Interments, in tills evening's paper, shows a most gratify lag improve ment in the health of the city, the decrease la the mor tality sines the previous week Is 12$, tho whole i beis* 311, egalnet 6?4. The deaths by eheisra are I by 77. The toe rains we have lately had, and the fresh b? ?at a'mesphere whioh bee succeeded, have had their i tieipated sfleet open the pnbllo health The i fact disappearing, and In other reepeote the is la very decided. The annunciation by the Board of Health that the I lera was epidemic, wee thought to bo much roneuru was expressed towards haste. This good effect will, however, fellow, that there la no disposition to patUnte or en pleasant facte. The oomplaint was of tee great to disclose tho worst at ones, far the Information public. But they cannot hereafter be aeeeeod lukewarmneu In tbe discharge at themcetuw of tbeir duties, and the public here and abroad confluence that there will be as enppseeeion - Their anneuneement that the cholera has see epidemic baa been most gratefully eonfllined by patience of the week, and trust they will havens ?eeaeien this season fer snneunesment sick men. The signs are alt fhemhlo. Tbe fallowing is the number of deaths during the weeks previous te the letn Inst. > Cholera. Other Ditta'U. Week ending 27th nit ... 204 181 Week ouding M Inet 287 217 Week ending 10th last.. 201 lflfl Tetel 62$ $7$