Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 21, 1855, Page 14

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 21, 1855 Page 14
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A1IIYAL OF TO AAA AT 11LIF1J. TlftEK DATS LATER FRfM EWtFE* ADDITIONAL DETAILS BY THE ST. LOO#. Recommencement of the Bombard ment of Sebastopo). Terrible Battle between the French and Russians. The Mamelon and White Tower Taken by the Allies. INTERESTING FROM CHINA AND JAPAN. 9ir London and Madrid Correipondeneo. RiraOVElEIT II COISOLfl. The Cotton Market Steady. ADVANCE IN CORN, Ac., Ac., Ac> DMViOliL BY Til ST, LOUIS. fcte Bey of Tunio, Ahmed, *** ??* i*0? tba" t;ty juri ef i(?. about two jun ago be had an attack ot apoplexy, tj which ho wm t? port poralyied, and it io probable that hia death haa been tho consequence of that attack. Mohammed Bey, who has hooa long eon riisTOil as the*! egi timet# hour of hio coasin, aad who is m so the threat, to 44 year# of ago, and is regarded wtth groat respect h?th by tho native aad European population. A letter (rem Vienna, of tho 31st alt, ia Foil's Oa stale, sajs ?Some of tho shipowners of Trios to hare applied to the goToramoat to have tho moath of tho Sallaa denied by steam dredging machiaos; hat as some State will elapse before any decision will bo come to oa tho snbjeet. tho Lloyd's Company hare decided oa eead tag a etsam log to assist vessel* ia the naeeatime. Tho follow lag distinguished Americans wora present ia Porta ? The Hon. Mr. Dodge, Minister to Spain ; the Boa. Mr. O'SnUiroa, Minister to Portngal; tho Hra. Mr. (tai Minister to Homo; tho Hon. Mr. Botaaont, Minister to the Hague; the Hon. Mr. Fay, Minister to Uwiteer taad. M. Van Bnren, ex-President, is oa tbo point of leasing Paris for tho United States. It is slated in tho Mirror that? Horace Greeley was arrested ia Paris oa the 2d of Jane. and kept in the debtor's prison till Monday, at tho Instance af a French exhibitor at the New York Crystal Palaoe, whose goods being broken aad injured, thought proper to sno for damages; the first director who presented himself being Greeley, he wet arrested The rait was hoard on tho 4th of Jane, when Greeley was, of coarse, set at liberty. The Tribvne soyi:? Mi. Greeley was arrested at the salt of a sculptor Lcelerc. It stems that Ltclero had seat here a statue which he waited at 12.C00 francs, and for this mm he bronght n suit agalast Mr. Greeley. He was arrested and taken before tho proper Court at about 4 P. M>, on Saturday afternoon, and there the parties ngrted to take as bail, for his appearance for trial, Mr. Piatt, the American Secretary of legation. J9my Uib ?roc*#dcd to kh6 office of tbit veBtkmii, tut when there tho plaintiff snddeaiy re'used to take him as Pail, on tho ground that his official stat on exempted him tm arrest. , ? . Othar security was offered but refused. Mr. John Humes proposed to pay in the money as a guarantee; hnt this Mr. Greeley declined, preferring to go to. jail. AMtNisilT he was conveyed to tho Debtors' prison of Mineky, whore ho remained till Monday forenoon, when a trial was had, aad the tribunal dismissed the com plaint and discharged the defendant. In this prosesa fcr. OraelcT enjoy ed the advantage of two days expo ?tanco in jail, aad Mr. Lector* the profit of paying tne The jvcrsonn-J of the French embassy in London has heon almost entirely changed si ace the departure of his Excellency tho Count Wi'nwiki. It ia now composed at > follows ?The Count dc Psrslgny, ambassador; M. Charles ( to nil hi. first secretary; the Count d# Jiaiourt, second meMtary; the Count do Ceaadordy, paid attache; M. Paul do lUaitault, attach*; M. ta Duo do Caderouaee Gramont, attache. g correspondent of tkc Liverpool Mocnte, writing from ?Ibraltar, May 24, says: This kexig the anniversary ef her Majesty's birthday, the royai ? laniard was hoisted at tbo Koch Gun battery. Ragged Staff, Nsw Mole, aad ?aropa flagataflb, at daybreak, aad the iigual sUUoa was adoraed with a variety of flags, " well as her Ma jssty '? steam-sloop Medusa, American frigate Cumber aad, Commodore Strlngbam; stsam frigate Saranac, gSagtaia Loag; freight ship Lancashire W.tch, var.oas (taamers aad other vessels in the bay, and several houses to tho garrison. At 12 o'clock, nojn, royal salutes wore find from the Rock batteries, the United 3tetes frigate Cumberland, and from tbe fort ef 8t James' at Alge tare*, and a/en dtjule by tbo troops, who were review ed by his Excellency tie Goteruor, at the Nortb troot. According to the German newspapers, the Russian^ have glased Odessa in n stale of most formidable defence, ppta a* strong, if not stronger, than Sebaitspol; la said to ho able to support a siege, whether m*de by eea o. land;to bo most strongly garrisoned; aad to be defended besides by a detached corps of 60.000 men. to CM Admiralty Court of London, Juno 5, th) matter wf tho American ship James Cheiton was deeded by Bootor Loshington. This Amtriesa vessel, having been abandoned at sea, wee .'alien in with about 2,000 milos tsom *"*, in a vary leaky state, by th# Marabou brood from Bombay to Liver#>ol. pumping tbe vessel, ton of tho crew of tho Mafatbon, out of twenty-three, were placed oa board tbe James Cneston, by whom she was navigated te Liverpool is eighteen.daye, and reached there before the Marathon Tbe value of tbe property salved wis ?56,COO. Br. Haggard and Dr. Deane appeared for -he salvor*; Bs Addams and Dr. Twtas for the ownera. fbe learned Judge said that, not holding himself bound hy ony rale ee to tho proportion ef tbe va'ae to bs given tot salving n dereLet, he would award ?17,000. The general in command of tho Russian ?.-my A tbs Baltic recently inspected th# fortifications of Rign,"Revel, aafiPsrnat- The armamtats, by hi* direction, are to be eontaderubly increased uV>eg ths 1 ae of const. Th; BnftfUaa are reported to consider that Rossi is the a >st Bkoiy place to be attacked by the fleets of Earlaad and Ibanoe. Revel, according to an opinion stated to have been given tast year by General Jeose, ta deemed eve# itrorgtr than Swsaborg. x Onr London Cor*??P?nde?ee. Lovdojs, Jane 5, 1855. Parliament Metal Again- Adjourn* Debar on th* War? QMcuU S'cUtmenti-Fin-J. Closing of On Vienna Confe rs ces-AtairWt' ' DipUmati'. Slang-Cur met 8uc?w of the AlHcs-Sgtlenh*m-MisceUan*>wi MeMgtnce-TKe Latest Jfe**, * Parliament met agaia last night, and the deha.eoo toe war wae again resumed?and aga n adjourned, Bar toff's metion being undsr discussion?that is, an aaeen Mat upon Disraeli's, whieh was rejected, as yea have Already been in'ormsd, by 100. A few state seen te ef interest were mid* in th# Hxoee. to the Lewta, in reply to Lord Albem vrle, Lwl Graavl lo tasted that th# Russian government, in a recent die aUr, had misrepreeented tbe ?ne ef conduct pursued by Caft. Ws'.son in declaring the Worked# ef ths ports in the to the Oommone, I'almerst n declared that or tora bad been seat to Vienna to eloto the eonfsrta ei. ta fact, wo toara by tslograph that oa Meal ay, 4th Jaae, toe V.eana so*fST#ace? were formally dissolved, after a tatting whith lasted an hour and a half. There was no qwssiieu *f counter-propositions. 9o tbat eoap bobble has burnt. What Austria will do now taxxieo people. The last aettan io that " she will assume an expectant attitude." Diplomatists are certainly skilful in finding new words to enrieh what Palmcrston very apUy char*;tori?ed as " diplomatic slang." Austria begs the Frankfort Diet not to liotcn to tie Rnosian prcpocal to maintain the interpretation giv?nto too two points on condition of all Gvrmany remaining ?antral?net to sacrifice tho interest* of Europe to tho totorasto of Germany , but. at the same time, hiato ttot if hai' ncsssliT to tho Wettom Powers ars not ac cepted, It ma# influence her Intention# and views with isgml to tho Mutorn qnestion. She has issued no lets toan few cireulare lately, tho last of which, dated tho toto May cays oho will ansa me "the expectant atti IlIlD Msantime, tho sneoossec of tho allies la the Biaeb Fon ??d to tho Sen ef Asot, eneeeed ?eb Mftdty. lerteh, inM, toBltchl, Muik, kntiUttnmenMby Ik* >?!*??, two bandied ntfcrty ?wtot THiili u4 tow war toww de etwjed, tol tito wr? m<estow bmmt, ?s4 tfc# fierUWM ef tto imj to the CKbh nt off. M nwn, elso, that A* Ruuu fortress## ? tto Nut ef ClreesaU win el) fall. Perekop wiB stortly to visited by tto steam flotilla. Ia addition to this, wo expect to tow trwy day of a groat totUo totoro Bebeetepol. Tto RaMtoas aio eortaialy ia aa uncomfortable po sition, ao tto amy relied upon tto rtoroa of Aaoff for prevision#. Moreover, tto amy of tto aBlao will to M exeltod oy tkooo repeat*! sneceesoe, ttot mom groat attawft will to made. PeLseier ia aaaiou to gala bin Hold Maratol'a totoa, and tto Sardinians to win ttotr ?pan. It ia atooct needlesi to uy that the aowa from tto Eaat absorbs orory ottor toteUlgeaee, yot a stranger to lalw wo aid bttio have thought lag land was at war, if, aaawaro of tto fact, to bad toon toro oa Saturday. TtorO wm a grand tortlenltnral display at tto Cryotal Palace, at Sydenham. Ho Might toro mob minister# of ww aad oopciitlon members dioeoMlng tho moriu of a rooo, or iomo raro plant, aa If tto wolfaro of tho em pire dopoadod upon it, aad ao if there ww no aucb thing aa Russia. Sailing faew, gay paraMls, dandy ton nets, musie, scents and dowers, were tho order of tto Our latest news from Sobastopol ia of Saaday sight; hut fw what any on# knows to tto contrary, Lord Rig )4B and lord Paamnro may, at this Tory moment, to clotting with each other?one nt Setoatopol and tho other in Ltodea. Oiisi has resumed her hold oa tho British public, and again reigns queen of tho Opera. Albeni was to tore sang yestorday at tto Crystal Palace, hut disappointed tto public by not appaariag. Tto French ars fortifying Kamleseh. Oar Madrid Correspondence. Maduid, Juns 1, 1866. Poliiual Intrigue* and Conspiracies?The Insurr*ctio? a'. Saragotsc^?Declaration of Martial Zaie?Ditcustitm in th* Oorta on the Kepretsive Power* Asked by Oooem s?ent?J&rtcnrive Conspiracy Discovered in Madrid? Intrigue* of tte Spanish Clergy?Disgraceful Scene* in a Churck?Pinancial Difficultiet *f Spain, ?fc , Mc. The most interesting topis in Madrid at present is tto agitation caused by tto conspiracies discovered within thtes last few days ia this Court and at other points of the Peninsula. On the 22d ef May tho govern moat received tho news that two completes ot infantry, stationed in Ssrsgoeen, with n regiment of cavalry of tho (tne place, hod revolted and loft that city, seeking tto rood to Colatoynd, where some of tho people hod already pronounced, (evidently o concerted movement) crying ? Viva la religion!"-" Death to tto beretlcs!" ?< Vivo Carloe eoeto 1" Before continuing it i? proper to state that oily one officer ww with tho infantry, and one?iomo say two?with the cavalry, none of tto rest having had anything to do with tto affair. This newe produced a groat sensation hero amongst tho people, la the government and In tho Cortes, so much so that tto Ministry hastened to declare under martial law-that Is to my, subjecting ell criminals to tto military tribu nal?tto districts ef tho captalne-generals of Jfavarre, Burgee aad Arragon, and immediately eeked the Cortes for authority to suspend tho guarantee# of the now con stitution, and to sappress any journal which might in any way favor tho cause of the new Pretender, aad at taok that ef liberty end the throne of Isabel IL The discueiion of this vote of confidence has been oon I tinned since then np to yesterday. The ultra " pro greieistas" and the democratic fraction have opposed it, ae eefitrary to tto liberal principles which they prefrns, tho '? moderadee," ae uncalled for and excessive. How ever, yisterdny it passed by a vote of 124 to 49. I In Madrid a vast conspiracy has been discovered, e si lently a ramification ot tho movement in Saragosae, and ' en the night ef the 28th raeny arrests were mode, gene rally officers en half pay, formerly known as C*rHiU; whom the silly and rascally ' modsrados" had allowed te re enter the army, in order to create partisans for themselves against the liberal# and '< progressistej." Also many gsntry of the cassock were ?e?ied?priests, curatte, aJ i*cri?ta?i: amongst thopriiftf, ckaplains ef the Palace, and othere of tto same ereed. The gov ernment fer this reason is right to invest itmlf with ' extraordinary powers, in order to be able to remove and banish, frem ene part ef the Peninenle to any other, eM | these who are attacking it and tto constitution which !i ft* Is net strange that amongst th# faction in Anjffj ?for the most part country peeple?the cries of Death to th? heretics,''?'Long live the religion,'' should be heard; en theeontmry. it ta very natural. These words, the as criss, are put in their months by tha clergy. The Bpanlst clergy are eminently stupid, P^vSWSO and faro Clous, and will never acquiesce in laws which deprive tlMm of property, that of tho moans to sapport term selves I- idleness and vice. Tto "modermfoe" petted the clergy toe much, in order to propitiate them la their favorapinst the Iprogreselstno,*' not tblnktog or forgetting that, not keeping their wings ojoseclipped, they would again soar end fly out la favor of despo Jam. This elsrgy is a rempeatllon, which must b# chicked; if not, It will tear ns to plecsa. Amougrttheirvain re courses te excite th# multitude against ^slew of re lease from mortmain, tbey even pretended that a eruei fix, er Christ smcified, in the church of the exUsc. oruer ef KraocUcans had sweated blood, opeeedlts mouth and eyes, and performed venous ottor PMts of this nature. Women rushed shrieking from the church, crying cut tkis nonsense; the neighborhood wee aroused, and the authorities obliged to take the matter ia hand, and arrest the authors of this imbecile attempt. With respeet to tho military exMdlttoM agalnnt the rebels, nothing decisive has aa yot transpired. It is true that some of those revolted in Arregon?probably on Ikeir way to join the rebel cavahry^-tove toon touUn, and many priseneis have been token, ether parties dispersed, &i , hut it is not less true that when one is broken op another appears?that Its government having to concentrate numerous frrees in Arragon may flnl its*if menaced in other provinces, and that to toe midst of these efforts to preserve public or lor it if forced to leave unattended other and imperious wante of the administration. . , . , , In tto meanwhilo, the questions of the force! so I patory lean and the sale of church lands, as., are ? a Ivied' nehedy thicks of anything but Carlists?he p .t> lic to fear tbem. and the government to pursue tostn Tho national militia is increasing every day. and this fores, which assisted to well to consolidate the const'tu tlon. now wills with great enthusiasm to defeat the ("rh' puhlie funds have sece down considerably, and although the remainisg jrovineM of Spato are Itor the present tranquil, there exist fears the. the spare or 3v r.go it may take to other parts, and raise a flame diffi cun to txtUguiBb 8ucb is thi ititi Oe iht country, ?mittiaf dtuila, wbieh w#mld c?t y#a. ^ THE WAR. TEE iXLIED POSITION IN THE 8E1 OP AZOFF. THEIX IMTOITANCE, iVD WHIT MAT BE EFFKOTID. [From ths London Vsare Jute 6, ] It is probable '.hit tb. ivma thought hi. bm in tb? mind .J every ireompt shed tietoucai atad.nt In En $ '??nd and Fr?o:e .inc. tie arrival of th? news of tut taken place in th. ^ca of AzofT. Men who know tae i.iatopj of that na .^e wondering whether the rest of n? are ?t All Aware of the proiUloue importance of whet ha. been gained, and of what Bay bo done with tae ad t eatagec which the conqueat pate in oar It ?tome a. it very few people coald appreciate all this. or w* tbould not hare been ao ex-.hmlvely occupied wit i the iateieetof !$ It is trae that the entire circuit or Black fee inUreets appears to depend on S? baotopo), whence were sent the men and material for the election of the fourteen Re anion forte on the (Xrons .inn coast, and whence ha?e proceeded nit the throetow ingi which hare awed the coasts of Turkey, bom in AMa and Europe. But, with all tblo, the eoanmand of the Sea of Azof? my be saade, by able aaeaetemsnt, at lea it ai important to the ande of the war aa the re lac tion of Sebsstepol Indeed, when wo run over the ac quisitions of Rnsaia s nee the t me of the Czar Ps'.er, aad the eonditione an Jor their hsteropeaejun pepalhtiont are held, it really appears aa if the h",r hid eosne. by means of this last foresee, for turning bark the course of Russian aggress on, ani restoring other people than Turks to peaee, eeeur ty and inde pendence. It is no imail matter that mail communication ie . it efT between Rueela aad tue Caueaaue. and all that 1 e? below. Ao liutita i thip ran carry mailt in 'he Bla i Sta now the route by Krrtck it ttopp/.d. The ctriatt oy Azoffie enormous; andereu that road can ao longer b* safe. There are three new vessels at present la the C?? plsn, we are told, and they must be not a Utile wan*.' new thnt the inland rentes arortadsred impracticable or extremely hazardone Now is the tme for an alii an id with Sebasayl, aad for preparing for effective warfare in Asiatic Turkey. Georgia is thoroughly disaffected and Georgia Bay obtain independence whenever she pleases, hem the day that Russia is depr.Ted of tb* military road orer the Caaeasns, and left without any ether b'ghwav than the Oar plan. Under tone eat. eipation of what fe now taking p'ate, Russia hat pat more vessels of war than of commerce on the Oaepta. ?hut this resource does ant seem to have dons her much good. She could not have thus far bald he: Traac Caucasian provinces without her well gun-del Inland read. Wo may naw compel her to show whether the water route wth servo her twrn. // the trior th* drruUou* route, by Ttiyanrtg and Azof, for mails and troops, lit U liable to the incalculable ritkt involved lis the ditafftction tj the Oouaekt of the Kuban. The route can not be traversed but by the sid and good-will ofthoM aila; and small Is the good-will they bear to Russia, t soldiers against thaw will, tney are ready to cm the first opportunity of returning to their old eecupa tions of herdsmen, graziers and agriculturists. K recti with as to give them tho offer of independence or return to the sway of th# Porta, and to nllUaea with the drew elsaa. Important as this Is, there is sessethieg mere so. We used set remted ear readers that the possessors of Korteh an lords of the highway to ftmphornpnl, aad masters of the land mad to the kftns<rian mainland. These facta speak for themselves, ft. wfll ear# mash for ear hav iog the hast etergeen In tba world la oar net. Qsviara ieisalnmVend itoms airs ferying "Cams oat mo" to sdl Beglaad and rannsa; fee nowhere to thssturgooo so fiat and so abundant as ia the ah lay waters of the iwf m. lUt, tnmr, lii Ml*; and tlM storm of ?arm may Mt bamsflt m mail, >m>hi Ik* MM* will kmn ail they cu, or choke their tkellew* by *a? iaf tMr Mm tete tk* am. Bat tkm is anetl^l iimmidilj shlih it i**i snfiawi laMttoiM for mI 1*7 ?? mo opra?tat lk*t in emL Tha eniy ?? produeeoin Russia to bm tb* mines at Bakmout. It to I anthracite Mai, net may |Mt; but of iaesttoaabto ralM aow that tuba mb gat m ether. M la aa aaay Matter I to supply tha itotaai a tha Often with woo* and I if we u* tha eppertunity whleh appear* to present itself 1 far stspptag tha aairtoga of thto aaal by tha Donate, tha I Baa and tha Volga, wo ahatl giro a tan to tha aorow by I which Baitoaa pniieUoa to kapt town, through tha I impoMlbflkr of har in*partingaaaL I Thto to Mly aaa of tha emssqainose af that dtoaf- I fMka of tha South Buoalaa provtnoe* in whleh may I now feasibly ba found the moan* of etoa'ag tha war. I Tha ninia of lahabHants of all th?aa previnoM, I white differing in ihnaat awn aaanirahte raanaat I in raaa, la faith, ia history, aal in aaftrattea? agrM I in tha ana foebnf, that tha Chan af Kaaaovy have aa I business among turn. Tha people of tha Knhaa, teak lag back mean fully to thatr aanamattea ia 17U, am af tha mom mind with tha tribto of tha Dnieper, who I look hack to tha tote af 1774; and with tha Tartar* I of tha Crimen, who an beginning to foal experimvn- I tally, as wall aa to any speculatively, that Russia I hta aa business there. Their state of miad may ba I Interpreted by the etearly known facts af tha adnaa- I tioa and public sentiment af the Inhabitants af tha I Ukraine, at toast am far north as Kharhoff. We knew I the disturb**! state of that part at the (tearte torn I- I atone at the p*e*ont time; bat we should remember I also their habitnal condition at discontent with Roa- I siaa sway. ft to all very wall to tor tha Mm* at I the existing or any other particular lnsarrertion en I the leesM at people by the war, the steppage of pro- I dnction and comma roe, and the abstraction af man, I carte and home, ana so forth. All thto may be I ?cry true; but it to also true that tha people of Little I Russia are ahraya in n atnte at ehronle rabalHon. that I they bring up their children in fympathy with the I Potea and hatred of tha Museovitee, and in axpactetion I of a millennium when Poland ahall ba r*atared, and I Materaaaia ba f an independent State in allianaa, as of I old, with Poland. It mnat be remamberod that these I people, looking out for a hope, and ready to rise with a I word, (especially if that word be " Poland,") have a lan guage, n history, and a literature of their own, and are I in number tan miUtona at tha least. They am the acta- I ral barrier between Russia and tha Black 8m; and if a I Una af priaeipalittee ha but made from Hungary to As- I trachan, tha Hatoroaaians will, if wa may iudgw by their I aid history and present state af mind, be abundantly I able to keep their link of the chain unbroken. I Crossing tha Dniester, wa coma to a province mors I disaffected still, If that be peesibto. Bsfers the ent break of the present wer, the people on one side of I the Prnth pined In irritation ana easy at the spoctaclo I of the prosperity en the ether side. The Bsmarabiane, I annexed to Russia so late as 1M2, hare fsH ewer since I that there was no natural reason why they should not I be m prosperous aa the Moldavians. The conditions I of all but political life are the came en either side or toe I river; and it wan Kuastan rule which made Bessarabia I miserabto while Moldavia was flourishing. It appears I that some attempt is about to be mate to drive back the I Russians in Bessarabin. Ws hope the province wffl to I cleared of them; and that then the Allies will see that I Moldavia and Wultechia are cleared of the Austrian' I One end of n chain of principalities being thus made so I cure, it would be a nobis deed to carry it en to oar ns wly I acquired station en the 8m of Aaoff From the head of I thau jra we may tend the cry of rrleaae and independent I echoing fnm| tribe to tribe rout hen# wards, to the eery thort I of the Vtupian, and wettwardt to the border of Hungary I ?frreing the Ruxins from Russian domination, while I leaving the highway of that Ma open to Russian, M to all I other oommene. and thus providing for Russia's real I advance ia ctviltontien. I Then to no apparent reason why all thto should I not be done. Formerly, there was a lion in the path I of this speculation ; and that great terror was Seoas- I to pel. w# have the lion in the toils, and we mn* to I chain him and draw hi* daws. That done, no other I enterpxtoe so dlfleult remains. By propitiating the in I habitants, and establishing a genuine and kindly com- I monies tioa with thsm, we may have them for allies; the I frontier line of the Osar Peter may be rMtored, and the I third point he settled, very effectually, in a much shorter I time than by Vienna conferences, new happily at an I end. I Fueh may be, if the aUtoa choose, the prodig'ous con I seqwnoM at the very easy enterprise of taking KertcW, I and riding the 8m of Asoff. This to evidently the tide in I the affairs of the war which, taken at the flood, may leal I en to fortune; to a better fortune than any aggrandize I meat of the mighty English and French nations; to a rs- I lease of whale tribes aid nations from the tyranny of I the grasping and bated Gears of Mnsoovy. I A letter received by a commercial house of Marseilles I anuouncea that the Russian government had purchased, I en different points of the Sea of A 2 off, (00,000 chetwOrts, I or 060,000 hone leads of wheat, for the (apply of its I army. The possession of that ssa by the allied forces I will Mnseqnently deprive tha fear of those provisioas, I the want of whleh will be the mere severely felt, as the I crops in the Crimea are likely to prove this year a cam I ptete failure. I IMPORTANT MOVEMENT OP THE RUSSIANS IN GERMANY. *. ANOTHER NOTE?POLITICAL CHECKS OF NAPOLEON ? CHANCES OF POLAND?PROBABLE ANNOYANCE OF NIC TEAL VESSELS IN TBI NORTH SKA PORTS [Parte (June 1) correspondence of tbe London Tines.] In n former letter I alluded to the intrigues carried on throughout tbe whole extent of Germany in the interest of R attia, and the efforts made by Prussia to bring about an armed neutrality of the whole of the Stat!* o the confederation. Besides the note of II de Neseelrode I understand that inatructione in the form of a memoir ? have been drawn up with tvat object at St. Petersburg The first part only emanates from tbo Chanosxy of M de Nesselrode; hat there are passages and arguments which must hare been added efneo, as they are founded on facts that are of rwooat occurrence, and those parte are attributed to a person of French origin, of conside rable talent, but ef email political probity. My inform ant does not say whether the memoiro has been address ed to tbo yarioue Cabinet* as a piece a ooruulter, or whs ther it has been Intended exclusively for the Russian agents as a repertory of arguments and reasonings ready at hand to ho used In support of the question of the armed neutrality whleh they are charged with ad vocating nt tbe different courts. The memoire com mences with n long development of the thoaia that the coneeitiens made fey RntaU In tbo Vienna Conference* on tbe first and second points, give coin piste satisfaction to Caiman interests, and leave them no good reason for interfering in the war, and of associating themselves with whet it term* the unjust crusade of the Western Posers. It next touches on tbo last ahanges which have taken p!aoe In the administration of France, and draws tbe necessary ?eneequeace from them. The re tirement of M. Drouyn de l'Huys, the nomination of M?. de WelowsU and Pereigny, the formation of a foreign le gion, the Polish demonstrations, he., are all presented as a sezies of facts whleh are intimately connected one with the other, and which seem to be the result of political influences far different from those whieh pro vail* 1 pre viously. It appears that, at first, no great importune* was attached to these modifications. Suddenly, how ever, the question became much mors important? it became ef European interest? and the change of persons in the political and military direction of the struggle new go ng on assumed vast proportions. The name of Poland is put forward; an appeal is male to nationalities: rebels ere enrolled as soldiers; and to this are sdoed the manifestations, and the Caartorisky ad diets is followed by the letter of General Ryblnsky. And who, it asks, ean bo deeeived as to the meaning of the letter of tbe ex-General-ln Chief of the Polish army in 1831? It was evidently ooncerted between the Chief of tile French government and the General; its eipressiou* were veleoted with ears, sad the effect it was likely to produce wee calculated beforehand. Moreover, tbe Chief ef tbe F/ea&h government, by inserting that letter in his oflloisl organ imparted to it an antheotic charac ter, a value of a political kind. Poland cads to her aid the French < mplre and the French empire call* on Po land. There is, therefore, a latent eontrset, an Implicit alliance. It ie. In po'nt of fact, an intimation to Russia that the French empire propose* to reconstitute, as an independent. State, the Grand Duchy of Warsaw?it is an intimation to Prussia end Anstr.a that the natural de pendents of the Grand Dnehy bear tbe geographical ap pel.ation cf Bushy of Poeon and Provln:* of Ucdlicla. The French Emperor, proving himself impotent in the Crimea, peeks another battle-field, and a powerful lever against Russia, with which he is at war. against the hesitations of Austria, and agalnet the uowifingaess of Prussia?he thinks be baa found it In Poland, whieh is tbe ever ready instrument of rebellion, and whloh alooc Events some chance of sneeess. Even though the French perir did not resolve to make use of It, his position would force htm to do so. Must not every government partake ef the nature of its origin? In preface of tbe elements of resistance, whleh may endanger hie exist ence, the elective Emperor wlQ net hesi'&le to adopt a revolutionary policy again*: the hereditary emperors; and this in particular afaooid ho taken into careful oon ?ideret en at Vienna, at Berlin, and In all the legitimate Courts. The Emperor Napoleon cannot wish to continue a disastrous struggle, without b >pe of aucoees. on isola ted points of the Black flea, of Wnite Sea, and of Kemp ?ebatcha; if bo did so he wo.Jd pat hi) throne In dan ger He mnet have a war on a more favorable theatre, and which by it* character would bo moat popular with the nation. Poland is a theatre of tbo kind so dear to France, and it is ther* that he Is resolved t> act It 1* not possible to attack and revolutionise Rueetau Po land without atta-Ung and revolutionising at the same time the Pehah provinces dependent on Anstria an! Prussia. The intention of railing those provinces is openly avowed, and the language of the Journals of lord Palmerston leaves no doubt on the subject; have they not audaciously thrown in the face of the Vienna and Berlin Cabinet s the Polish and Hungarian netles nii'iet? Has it eot bcrn said that England and France had ampl* materials to revise tbe map of Europe, aod that so on* should he surprised to so* toeoe made use o*. It behoves, therefore, the Courts of Germany, and paiti. ularly those of Vienna and Berlin, to so sat lor wbetl er they resolve to risk their existence on thee* revolutionary movements, or to form against it ao al base* whieh shall paralyse and annihilate it oompletety; inch an alliance Is the only hop* of safety. The Cabi net of St. Petersburg hopes that the Germanic States will clearly under-tortd that. If, unfortunately, each an tmeses be not formed, RnsaUwiQ then accomplish, even to the last, and alone if neoeesnrv, her duty and her part as a conservative sower, end this dnty she win perform totte lost extremity. She will consent to a* compromise en tl.ia question of Poland and of nationalities, any mere than she will on that of tbo limitation of her me rit me force#, and whieh eh* oonaiders as another viola ticn ef her sovereign righto. On the question of the reduction of the Russian navy the memoir* enters into ? eerie* of arguments tending to prove that the existence of n formidable Haitian fleet in the Black Ben la n guarantee for the equilibrium of In rope and the Independence of th* Porto. Tn* me moire direct* attention particularly to this poin*.. It maintain* that a salutary counterpoise Is absolutely Be etles) y a*aiest the preponderance ef th* W**t*rn coati ticn, which now envelopes Europe on ovary tide: that the talano* hi endangered by the influence of Franc* and England?the** united nation* whose fleets tra verse every 'en, and whoa* garrisons are to bs found in ? very eemmtry. That unnatural eoalitteu pease** heavily en all th* Qhbinrta Of Baron*; it put* forth tvis ends* I*compatible wHh th* ludopendauae of th* secondary Ft*toe, and It fevee# into unwllMag sction neutral Plat**, he. A* to Turkey, she now M WM1IM IM Ml MtMM Ml imiMw ?4 UMrWat fliMni II Os?teati?ple uhi Burn, the niilWM of ? nwHotlli B?on hew ?o oa indirect Jpfll>g?eM of tho sovereignty of A(> dul Medjid. aad of King Otto, U Thin iitat lo dwelt oa ot mnca length la tea memoir*, aad Um upaioti employed on iSd to have pre an?d much effect at Vioa aa, Borlia, Munich, Dresden, tad la the Soaadinariaa kingdom. 1 unit aot emit to mention that a pea?go la tho pa yon touch? oa the prop?it ton of lard Albemarle, aot ??rely u reep? tiay German inter?to, hat also tho? of tho States of tho aorth aad woat of Europe. Thatpro ?ttn ia interpreted a? a direct attach oa Pr? ^Htro maaa? to tho Scaadlaavlaa Powers, ^Hc citiea, Holland, Belgium, he. It la truo, tho pi o position has been rejected, hat It H^t oa again; and mm adopted, yoattlTt maaa? to tho Scaadlaaiiaa Fooon, tho Haa a?tie elti?, Holland, Bitot am, he. It la true, it adda, that tho piopoktloa haa booa rejected, hat It sagy ho brought oa again; and oa? adopted, It voaM ooaaaauaatc tho rata of Proaalaa ee?meroe. The porta of Ma?al, Daatale, he , would ho aahkoted to aa actlTO aad aaao?lag surveUlaa?; tho cargo?' Of their to?ala would bo minutely and voxatiously searched, tae eo?aria I all tho doubtful cat? would bo a?t to of pri?o; ia a word, tho ?oaauro would be a regular blockade, dad what would boooa? of the principle of tho ooauworolal I??unity of -aontirala exclusive of eon trabaad of wart?that prlaciple ? dear to Prussia, for tt ia iho who ia aamo aort or?tod It ia 1140, oad it 'Utel tnm h?r drat prot? t agolaat tha right of visit. la 1180 tea wkolo ? tha Baltic Statea eoailudod, oa tea baata uruiahod by ber^ a treaty of anoad non tntetj^ ^Bjy sub acting to the right of visit aad ?iziag IHTrHlmM la suing fro? tbn porta of Ma?al aad Daatale tho Eagliah

aad French gororn?aata would bo logicahy aad forcibly | brought to extend tho aa?? rule to tha ?oreha?U? Is suing from Hamburg, Bremen, Lubec, he.; fro? Amster dam. Antwerp, Oetead, he. Tallne, flax ha?y, he , whatever bo (heir origin or their ?ark, would bo flatted and captured in oa? of doubt on tho part of tbn crui?r. Following np this lino of reasoning, tbn memoir* do?on airatea that on? entered on inch a practice, the Preach and English govermante would not fail to extend to all tho neutral lags that issue from tho north so? a system of vexatious and humiliating visits. ? THE ISTHMUS OP PEREKOP. ? The Isthmus of Perekop, which unit? tha Criaeea to | tho main land, lo oo often ?onttonod In tho aooounte of the operations of tee anted troops In tho Boot, that the following part'toulan^r?poctlna it will probably prove of in tor aot The Isthmus of Perekop, called In tho Tarter language, 11 bo "Gotoof Gold," ia situated between the Black Sea and tho Putrid 8?, and lo 10 vorsta long by 0 wide (36 torate ?aha 30 mO?). To the west extends tha Gulf of Perekop, el?od on tho aide of tho continent by Gape Fellgaach. and on the aids of tea Qnmea by ? praoaon teryof the ?ma name ? tho lath aue. Perekop ia the ?pttal af the circle of that name which teuob? the cir cles of Alsechkl, simpkeropol end Eupatorlo. On tho east tha country ia indented by a great number of bays; and ?voral streams, one af which ia the Salghir, water It. Tha cl'mate ia go?rally insalubrious. Tho town and fortress of Perekop are situated la tee Isthmus, between tho Golf of Slwaacb, in tho 8? of lw>, and a line of lamparta running frum east to west. ? trench of twon ty-fonr foot depth, provided with a drawbridge, and o?tad with oat ate? at both aid?, runa mi?a the isthmus apposite tea town. The situation of tho town la not a good one. oad the hone? are poor in appsaransa. Wag oov red with thatch, and the streets narrow and The great article of trade ia salt, whisk whale earava? cams to oarry away iu summer. Tho inbabi taata, about 8,000 in number at ?t (some writers ?y not a?re than 1,600), an oo?paced of Russians, Tar tan, Armenia? aad Jews. The citadel bad formerly a certain importance, but n low yonn ago tho walla won allowed to fall to ruin. Lately considerable repairs have been a (Tec ted in tha building, and other works have b?a erected. At three rente distance fro? Porekop la the village of Armon akoi, inhabited b7 Jews, Greeks aad Ara?ala?. who LOuaV | carry on a considerable trad# ia cattle Of various kinds, but more particular It in lambo. It was in 1188 teat the )t?ala? appeared for the lint time in tho Crimea, un der the command of General MunnlcU, who had with him 100,000 men. They found tho Isthmus cat across by a trench 34 metrea wide aad 14 d?p. and protected by a wall 20 metrea high. All the? works wore fltakol by towers, aad defended by tee fort of Orkapu. Tho entrenchments wore, however, carried by tho Russia?, and two days after the fortress surrendered. But it was not teo bravery of the R?alaii troops wh eh thus achieved tho outran? into tho CHmaa, for th?y la reali ty succeeded partly by the treachery of tho Tartars, and partly by tho carelessness of tho work?on who had been entrusted with teo repair* of tho defence. Munnieh was then able to devastate tho psnimaula aa ho pi?sod. Tho next year there was smother attempt at imvaaioa on the port of tho Russia?, but without success, as tho walks were then repaired, and the Khan ? mm&nded la par. son and beat off the assailants. Iu 1710 tha Russians failed agalost the fortress, but the year after. 00,001 men succeeded in ceiling on the Isthmus, which the R? siaxo have sine* held pot session of. THE BTRAIf OP OENITCHI. [From tho London limes, Juno 4 ] Tho Strait of Genitchl, across whleh there ia a ferry, is ?id to ho not more than sixty fathoms wide, but it is deep, and it serves to ?rry off the waters of the Putrid Sea into tee 8?of Azoff. Of tho Putrid Sea itself, or Sirwath, (as it is properly called,) scarcely anything ia known, and it is wholly unmarked by sound togs ia sny charts teat wo possess. It appsare, bow ever, to present considerable analogy to the lagunes which enolrele Venice; and thongh it may bo inaecessi hie to steamers of war, we do not despair of ships' bolts performing a service in those waters which might bo of tho most es?ntial importance ? tho campaiga. The Rusilaaa have, within the last ton years, as wo toik occasion to state soma months ago, ?ostructod a road on nil? across ths Slrwaah. at on# of its narrower! points, wbieh conn?in teo Crimea with tho main land by a wooden bridge about 300 fathoms la length. T.iis military roan, lying between the isthmus of Perekop and the tongue of Arabat, ia as ore practicable for an army than either of the? two natural communication*, and nothing would be more fatal totbeRua ala? than the destruction of tho wooden bridge which com plot? this lino of communication. The dtitano* from Goatish! to the bridge cannot bo more than twenty or twenty-five miles, we are, of course, ignorant of the depth of water there may bo la thekgnn?; bat if it be suffi cient to fl?t teo ships' boats, and we bold tbo entrance to this inland water, there is no reason why tho dostruc tion of this road should not be attempted. RIGHTS OF NEUTRAL VE99ELS IN THE BAL TIC PORTS. In the British Boon of I-ordi, on Jan* 4th, th* Esrl of Awnem.* sail ho wished to uk hor litjulj'i govern m?mt whether they hid any objtction to at*to tho exact words whieh Ctftaln Watson, of tbs ImperlvuM, ad drrssod to th* authorities of Tort Battle in (denouncing th* hlookad* of that port on the 28th of April of this year; sad also to ask wh*th?r thoy thought tbs Ru'slan government were warranted in tha assertion which thoy were supposed to hay* made, that the government of Engl and bad now r*noano*d tho principle adopted a tmt ago, that the flag covered the cargo? Ho fullv antici pated what the answer would be, and th* explanations whieh ho should receive from the government. He as snnied, as a matter of eourso, that 1h* answer would be .bat the government did adhere to the precise terms of the Order in Council, dated the 16th of April,185t, waiv ing the right of selling enemies' property in neutral ves icle, unless It was contraband of war. Although hs anticipatsd that her Majesty's government would glvs such assurances as would be satisfactory to the neutral Powers he thought it was also ad visa bis the neutral Powers should understand that ths.-e was in that boaae a usailv unanimous? if not un entirely unanimous ? opinion on the subject. When, about a fortnight ago, he bad moved certain resolutions, with the obtfsct of putting an end to trade with Rustic, he had been very much astonished to hear three members of her Majesty's government?the President of th* Board of Trade, the Lord President of th* Council, and thadJnder Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs?attribute to him a with to enforce the right of blockade. He waa utterly astonish *d when be heard such a desire imputed to him, and he thought that in th* hurry of debate he might haws Mid what he did not mean to eay; hnt in the first newspa per he sew the next morning, be found the words be used were, "Neutral flags should make ueutral cargoes;" and the resolutions he had proposed did not contemplate dir*etly or Indirectly any interference whetever with neutral Power*. A* the statement he was then making would probably flad its way to the public, and would coma to tha kaowladga of tte neutral Powers, be might observe that he believed he spoke the unanimous?or the almost enaniasous? opinion of their loruahipt, when he said that they thought the Americana were perfectly justified in e a rning that a neutral flag should protect a neutral cargo; and lie wee only at iseue with her Majes ty's government on this question, because they bad done uDgraC'Onsly and unwillingly what he thought they ought to have don* rea-lily and unhesitatingly. He trusted, now that two great Powers ef Europe had ex pressed their intention on the subject in an unequivocal manner, that the course tbey had resolved to adopt would henceforth become part and paroel of the law of nations. In consequence of the intention which had been attributed to him by members of bar Majesty'a go vernmcmt, a State paper which had been issued by the Russian government, and which purported to come from tfe* office of K. de Nees strode, gave an ioacsnrat* rspre te station of the proposition he had submitted to their lordships, smd he (Lord Albemarle) thought it was desi rable that on a subject of so much importance a clear endrrstandlng should be established. Karl ft raxvills said, tho noble earl had on this ooct rion not observed his usual courtesy In giving notice of the qneaticn ha bad jnat put, bnt he bad the satis fa? lien of being able to In orm the noble earl that there had fx en nothing In th* conduct or statements of Cap* tin Watson or bib lieutenants to warrant the reprasenUt ?o ef tho Russian government. No such question as they represented had been nut and oettainly no such answer ss they mentioned bad been given. Th* Earl of Hasa wnv, who woe very imperfectly beard, Mid, the first lieutenant of o British ah>p of war went Into Pert Baltic to ascertain what ahtpi were actual ly loaded, in order that those only whieh were loaded at ihe time might be permitted to ieav* with their cargo**, and thot no additional goods might b* taksn on bsard Tn* lieutenant wont win the governor over xbe port; he foued only fbm vessels landed; ho never Inquired te whom th?y belonged; he said that as they were loaded thoy might Imv* th* port, bnt that no other vessel* could depart after that date. The beaten an t was tboa asked whether four Prussian Ashing vessels might go ?ut, end he replied that as there was a* intention to If filet Injury upon the owners of sash small verve la, they might be allowed to leave. He (Lord Her row by) wan, however, enabled to assure their lordships that n* such statements as had been attributed to Gap tain Watson or hi* first lieutenant by Count Nessehrode had been mad* by the** officer*. la th* Commons, en eemb night, Mr. J. ?. Philu*ori ?sked the First i-ord of the Admiralty for an explaaation of the statement which had appeared In th* th* effirat that Oapt. Watson, of til eently notified to th* anthentffiea at tral veeaole woo Id b* allowed te Ma ante In hailaat, or with osmose not of fcu , which had given occasion to th* RnMlaa government to publish n circular dec taring that hot MoMy's govom m*nt hod abandoned the principle en whiehtheyhad rem messed tha war?that "ih# tag ehonlt cover the iteta?riSS?> <? B*is<i^!f znsrJ !"2?rssr?*???2* 5*->"?"?- ^ >'^J'?'-urzzz. "~^tr *?SrmM Tf* ta Interfered with in ???? ETCiUu u. wm hmm *? */tukt ^'7 1U art the slightest foaadutlrn tor uj each I sr&Tff'afr "? count, which v^ toteUy at vunaaeew^t^^tement tfeWh^d 5rri!!d out"bar Z'Ssatt&srttS eetsMlobed. Ha mat cm tba pier the civil rortTaar at P?n-t Pall", aad ha told bin tbot toe vesselstheu ia tba harbor misfit leave. aitbar in ballaa , or with aacb ear T^iutf-r had then on board, bit that tbay would nntha alio aad to taka any further eargoea oa board af* tar that aatldeattoa. That oBoar aad tha civil governor ^^Vr ^iitad rTary vaaaal lying ta tha barbae, hut iJJL wei* obIt two which hid inj cirgow ?? hotrd, ??? ^It^^TUaW with rye, aad tha Other fa Daalah tL^Jn^vrtSb TpWtl. tSVu gevemor pledged hi. ~*ffrr ?-Jg-htgagftiis moat made la tha an soma 4v- ?- .#Ug CapUia Wataoa declined to I u7S^?ittn^dbT oth? out uadar thaaa circumstance. baC^ eapluiod by cruisers waa equally contrary bo foot what toe elT" iliad waa that four Ruaaiaa? aot eeutrU E2^b<*^?? lying at Port Baltic, .beuld ha aU lawad ta praoaad to R'ge; aad the ^ far aa CapUia Wataoa waa aeaceraed, they were free to I depart; hut It waa aat for him to say what teura# the Comataadar-in-Chiof would take with regard Uthofroo 1 ponigt of Rnsiius Ttmtoi CHINA AND INDIA, THE UNITED BTA.TE8 S^RVEYING BQU A.D BON IN THE NORrH PACIFIC, curio or thh vwoinnbs -thh sloop rowoiB MIMUfO WH1U BB1 *A? Utf SON?HO PAST bihviob?loo or Tin VI NO ax NHS. [From the Ovorlaad Frioad of China, April 7 ] in bar number of the 18th of September last, we re srzsr.BSNTz United Slates North Pacific Surveying Explditon, wa ( f aid I p_ AW Wane faftfk.1 ft QQttftl IDIfiill Wl bfOHghfc tO I COB' M^an th.MnUw.^ monaoon arUl be Mewing it. Uit re. aid the* the flaat mar Jn.t a.'well remainAm> feoii astry the strong current* aad boisterous slement, of auiator mtbeuorth. Tha iaitiee of thie remark waa verified with greater amplitude than wa than anticipated. Nina days after leering Hong Kong, off the Pescadores, in a feerful gate, tha Porpolaa and vineenneejmrtad company. Tha Par uoiae hn never since bean heard of; ana it if feared, with too much reaso?, that tho 111-fotod brig foarndtrtd IlthMl hoods Peace to to. maaaa of the gallant KB'rits on hoard of her! lass than three month, before tint gala tha Per peine acblered Immortal honor ing from tba PraUs Shoal (perhaps now her "O Chinese, whom tha humanity af-ahe PaoiAe and OneoUl Superintendent hers would hare left Upwish afsUr*b' tionandmadness. Wt thus than (Sept. 18) wroUof that cruise of tba Porpoise:? TH.fnim? hiatorv of the United States aurvoyiug snue a? ii thSe 5aate? Ma. will eouUiu no brighter page then fait ntil.h record, the aeooust of thia errand on humane dMd iuuu\!^ lt .hou'd he printed in letters ot sold, and margined with the word " Glory" ? . A better fortune attended toe Vimcrnnes. Fellow lag is a brief detail of what was performed by her during the fonr and a half months of her absence from this P? rt ~ 0? toe 2?lh of 8ept- mber, reached the Boiln Isiaada sad proceeded to determine the long.tude of and to sur T*On to# Wt^of October experienced, wlule at aa^?. a terrific typhoon, commencing at N.E., thenceto .t, and on to 8. * W., moderating at suns, . after nta henre1 fttrv. In this typhoon two mountain barome *5 XSSfS? 1th..? i~ b., Vm "'TIS? >*"*? ?tone After tb? hipiwoD, floating in perfect ^)nthe^ih November left thi Bo.ins, aad thrae day after wards encountered another typhoon. In ?h?u^* ? 45 Nlang 141E., sighted tha rock D'Ora, otherwiw Urm'stead's Peak, a solitary rock, huadreds or . from any land, ruing In majastie grandeur some three hundred feet above tbe ocean. .. rt?wet On tha 17th of November reached Napa, oa the ^reat Tee-ehoa and rasnained there surveying till December i?h ThktoB toe sunken W. S. Saywood's craw and l^ir Aboard, aa before published ibthujourntl.the vtnrennes then left for the coast of China, whenee, without stopping, after discharging the Say wood, into the Nightingale, she again started for Japan. On toe 28to December reached Kako Sima, aftne hay, said to be equal in capacity to toat of^Rliio or by(Iney, heina twenty-six mites deep, and some half a dozgn across irrStiance The Vincenies anchored in, and suyeyed tiimeeava harbor in this hay; but toe mounters be ing covered with snow (on the 2d J*"aYy\iBc'ul*t to*ob* ttiyMf.l snow storm), and observations difficult in on utniDg. Kaao Eima was left on tho fito of January for a '"patsfnrtbrough Van Dteman'a fitraits, a "arreT was made of Panels Sima. Paaaiag Jakuno Hi ma, 8,003 fee. hl_v /Vgs Hodterf Bamtd th# chftsnil VIdcwum Straits. Then passed ?na and awat to On Pim*. Here the weather wii w teSJJtooST (the Vtoeeune. taking eight day. after aiabting to get up to the island,) and the bread placed on-board la Hong-Kong found so full of weevils, it wa. fit for an haasaa being, it was determined to return to thLeay?gKak?Ko'?m* on the 24th January, ea the oOth following anchored in Hong Kong harbor ? Yesterday the Vtncennee again ?tert?^ for Loo Choo, from whence she will proceed ta Japan, than., to Bbtr log's straits, and here again, ia about a year s time, by tb^te??to^.uT^re Mr. Kaoor, the hydrographer. and Mr \ern, artist totta expedition, have been busily eareged fn "moating chart, of tha whole oftoagrou^l traversed ontoacrnite, which thay sueceeiel in eom nietinw for forwarding by tha outgoing mall. Lmutenant Brook# in charge of ibe aaironemicel dacartm.nt, ha. 2ea been fortaMte in completing a aeriea af valuable oheervationa; thaold hnUdinge of the medioal m .sioa, and rooms in tha old Morrison school, having hMn placed y ... na g ynwiMit At til? diipOSll of COflltBOuOrfi H?l.Vv. fOTtheumof the explain. Wa have only to add that our anticipation maaing: "It la throJKli the sreat poeuUrlty oftbe Commodore there ia hep* for Su^e.Vla toe future," has been completely fulfilled, aad them ia again prospect af a suecaaaful voyage. THE PASSENGER TRADE AT HONG KONG - HOW CHINESE ARE CARRIED OFF. [From North Ctina Hsrald, March 16.] It is now tome months aince wo drew attention to the manner in which the passenger trade la cenluotsd at thia port, suggesting a few simple regulatlona which seemed likely to haneflt both the emigrant# and those engaged in shipping theaa, or at leaat anch shippers ae conduct their huaintta with falrnsas and good faith. Wo hare reaaon to think that thoao heat informed on the anbject concur in tho views referred to, and their cogency baa not been teeeened by subsequent occur rences. Take, for Inetance, the voyag*, or attempted voyage, of tho Science, and her condition on rotnrniag to por!, after nearly one hundred days' absence. It is true, the vessel being a foreign one, (American, we beli ve,) no regulations in force here could have prevented her taking in paeeengers at Macao, or enferoe compensation to the helpleee men on board on her return; bat one of oar objects was to show tho advantage of Chinese taking passages at Hong Kong under proper guarantees. We have heard that the Morrison (also American,) which salfed hence f?r Oalifornla on the 20tb January, reteivrd on board in the Ly ju moon paasago seme t V> hundred passengers over her complement, and having pnt into Manilla in dietieee, has been there condemned^ Her p strangers, it appear*, ere to bo sent back to Dong Kong, and of conree set adrift totally destitute. The owners of the ship were on board when ehe left this harbor; and seeing these gentlemen received fall pas sage money here, and will no doubt receive full Insu rance on the ablp, and probably freight, it is not too mnch to ray that some one should be boll responsible for the amount paid for paasago in Hong Kong. But as there is no provision of tho sort to be found in oar crlonisl regulations, the money la safe lathe pock ets of the lucky owners aforesaid, which mast maks tho Morrison's trip for Oool ss a very song one indeed, and one worth repeating. Wo warned oar officials that such thtsgs might bo especisd, but feel no sat la faction at tho ?sry literal fulfilment of ear predictions. The eases of the Science and Morrison are had eaenrlr, bat. ?? operations, they are quite thrawn In tho abide by the more reoeat one of the Margaret. This vessel, a British one, wo are sorry to say, owned and commanded by a men named White, waa chartered by tho worthy owner 1e Chinese, to oarry passengers hence to Port Phillip. She waa fitted out for tho voyage, and between fourteen and fifteen thousand dollar* war* paid to Whit* ae passage money. It is doubtful if tho vessel waa worth ba:f that amount. rndor a provision of the Passengers' Act adopted at Hong Kong, vessel* ar* permitted to carry only on* pas senger for every two tone register White therefore een.-inded to torsive his passengers off IJnMn, and pro fes'ed to atari (or that aachovags on the 4th instant Tie passengers followed, and alter waiting throe days, vainly looking for the vesetl, returned to Hong Kong. Messengers were despatched to Meean in the hep* that tha vessel might ho found there; but (boy eould neither tea n< r bear of ber: and so some three hundred people ?re utterly rninsd, to say nothing of tho loss to the un fortunate charterers Our inlers are fend onengh sf meddling with baataers tbat we is bsttsr left alone?stringent la trifles, and playing at law-making. Now they have an opportunity of delay a real service, by simply adopting the plan of responsibility suggested by us whom tha subject was under discussion four months ago. Ths re sponsibility should not be eanflnad to such le vanting as the Margaret's, bat extend to othor acta lest outrageous, bat equally dissatrone to tho (htnoaowho tenet Fag load n remedy hi Harrison as, ant equally dissatrone to tho to ths good faith or fornigaors. In has boon found for snob raoss as tboso of tho Morrison and tho Margaret; and they are not tho only ones of tho sort likely to occur hots, where no rsmody la pievUcd. At thia moment many Chins** are tho charterers of vassals. So long as tho rates of passage keep high, all will go on swimmingly; they *jW eagerly give, se promise to gtvo, almost nay prioo do masted far a vessel. By and by matins will change passengersbeeemsMarco?rates folk? broken?It being qnlta impossible thsy s^s'r^ Tho tntandodemigrants aropimadsred of thsir Utile all. paid by tbev 1g thorn charterers, who hav* af%i? sieb w lb# condition of tbo passenger ???ek a in bo that of 18*6, uoi-*, what aoo bag^f ?? hoped for, ?lhci?at omii are adopted to iiy* ? Aad If the aeoasaary etap* w ??? adopted, thdmlHJ* will iMurodlj Ho at tbo door of thoae who bad tbd mf iy to their power. .. . - . 1b eaarluaioa, wo would ask If oar uadsi QllW WW facllitloo to parti*# desirous of tae?itag passage Moq paid 1b Hoof Kong '* The system i# deeorviag of ansonf agemant. INTERESTING PROM JAPAN. Tas CATHOLIC MISSIONARIES AND TI I I'LL DHTA1L8 OF TUB LATH XABTMQCAJD?* TRANSLATION OP THH LOO OP THK ROflPlAN SHIP DIAHA?MISBHaBLK HTATB OP THH JAPAN E8H?THH SAT OP SIM-DA [Conespondene* of the North China BeraM ) The following informs ion aaey perhaps bo ecoMtable to you, there being oeoroely a country la the bet to which fO much iutereet le attached aa to Jaaoo, Too are daubtiesa aware it la ioe#t> wi by a choorfal people, wba ware eaco nearly wrapped Io Popish saparrttMaa, bat whs, in the good provme-oe of God, ha TO boon in toned, It la to bo hoped, foe a h*?Ur fate. It ia aot my latoattoa to dia? agala a ptetaro of the horrora aad abomination* emanated from the Court of Spain, uador Pbillp U . whoao emissaries caused the bloodshed aod tortu?re wblee brought mora thaa two millions of aatieaa of J ? pea Into a Bloody oe here grave. That dark ago ia bapp'lj paired by, aad IhaogB tbeee aaaa wba oail thorns* *?? disMpla* of dee as?too Pope'* ml-ttia?(till sxist, ?ad noatlaa* to dietarh tho peace aad happineaa of action*, their laflnaaae baa iwy I greatly decreased; they are no loager the moat learned mea, whom prince* roqnlr*. hat carry with thamo aama atalaed Ia the aaoeli aot oaly of Japan, bat af ah moat every action oath* earth. Tbeeo Joeotta haw* caused 'be Chriatiaa mam* to bo bated by tbo Japaoaie; other, haw* degraded it by al lowing it to bo trampled apoa, aod thomoatvea despised, for a trifling gala, that eoulo aoahf ha to boon raised from aay of the fertile UUada ia tho last. Tho Japaa eeo know thla, aad rejoi ting at their triumph, now tern their back en them, aad r**l inclined to throw them | aetrea into the arose of tha-a who do not doalro their coaotry, but seek their waiter* Tbo people of Japoa are anxious to cultivate the friendship of Amerloa. that they may be preeorrod ftorr tho approaching danger iron tb# north, whiob throat* their independence. Nearly a year baa pa seed race a treaty of paaaa ai amity waa signed at Kanagawa, by Commander Fe> > aad the Japaaeea Commirsiuo-r >, ay whteh two were ape aad, aad all tne privilege* that atbar not may bereafter enjoy were ear nr~q to the United State America. The decided step taken by the I mariaaae < raised (hem ia the ey*? af tne Japanese, aod van candid expression of sincere attachment tothogs*- ? beard daring tbo recant stay af the Pawhutao ut?m< da. This town haa unfortunately been destroyed by aa earthquake, which took pi o* oa tho 23d of Dosaosber last, and which alto dattroyoc tbo Diana, a Raosiaa flfty gnn frigate, that was lying at aaobor in th* bay, haying c*areyed to that place G mmlsstonera to negotiate a treaty, which waa concludel daring tho atay of th* POfbltAB. Th* following extract from tho logbook of th* Diana will giro a detailed acooua' *> th*** occurrences ? December 23?NIoo o'clock a M ?Light W.S.W. wtad? bar. 20.27; ther. 7 dog. R. (17 7b F); weather aloof aad agreeable. At a quarter past nlna, without aay previous iodic* (ion, tba shock of on *arthq?a<*, which lasted two ox three miautes, ceasing the v?ee?i to shako yery mneta. was felt, both oa deck and in to* cabin. At ten o'clock a largo wot* woe observed eoteriog th* boy, and in O few m'nutea Sim ode waa lonodated, houses aad temples ?wept away, while th* jnek? before th* tewm, fsteed from their anchorage, were seen floating in every diroo tUn, on* knocking against neither, cracking and stak ing. In lee? than flea minute* after thla tho water woo seen rising and bubbling, as if agitated by a thooaaai springs, carrying with it loam, straw aad other mate rials, receding aad than mturalag with tramaodaao fore*, aod completing th* o-.truotioo of the town, hoots aad juaks. Our imsn were or arad to secure th* (mat and boats, and to abut tr? ports. Duriag this snort time tb* bay waa covered with t hatch*# aad ruins, which bad baaa carried away by the rwoet-ng water*. At a quarter past ten the frigate was observed to drift, when th* second anchor was immediately dropped. Not withstanding this, however tee water returning with greater velocity than before, foroed her a second floe from ber position Th* wb >t* town was now one vast scene of desolation, and out of about a tbontaad heases only alxtaen were standing an this time a cloud of vapor was obstrved over the mine, and the air was strongly impregnated with snt?hurou? acid. The sudden rising aad tallins af th* water in M nar row a bay gave rise to numerous whirlpools, which canted the frigate to swing round wtth sneh rapidity that all aa board became gldity At half- past too a juak waa thrown against bar with so much violence that It waa ? am shed to pieces and son. immediately. Rapes were thrown to the men to ?ev? tliem from drowning, but only two aslsed them; to* rest, rushing late tag cabin, eboi* rather to die tbse ts violate the law Of their country, which forbida tkrm, without permission^ to go on board a foreign vcsm-i. An old worn as also, in a small boat, was drifted el asm side. She was quite insensible, and her rescue we* est effected without several mea heitg exposed to coasulera ble hazard. But their ei-rtioas were successful. She soon recovered, and is atlll living After the frigate had tnramd ones mm round, aad approached within fifty fathoms of o rock, tb* whirling of the water became ro vM-et tb?t she was flung from eae place to another, and in auoct thirty miautes turn ed no less than lorty-three times round hat aacbsr. Duilag this time she was neatly smashed against a rocky Island, but fortunstely she just cleared it. At a quarter to eleven, when tbe tMrd anchor waa dropped. It had not the effect of keepieg her atatteaary. and when th* sea receded it left b' r on liar aid*, in eight feat of water. While la this poeition it was im possible io stand, and all endeavored to arawl to the upper side, fearing th* effect of the next rteo of th* water. This speedily took plae* . aad with groat rapidity aod violence, forcing them Into th* midst ef the boy, and causing on* of th* guna to break loose, when K In stantly killed oa* aod sous *d several others of th* rosn. Another effect of thisruen waa manifest in th* frigate's keel and rudder, which were now to bo seoa flouting aear her. Tbe naiag and feU'ag of th* water were very great, tbe depth v?r?lng from Was thaa eight to more than forty f*?t; aod thaa* changes, at la terra!* ot about five minutes ooatiaeed until ansa, whoa It was discovered that thar* was thirty Inches of water io the bold. At this time a perceptible diminution in th* ftroqaancy and violence af the change* t o? place, and this oppor tunity waa embraced, and evsry available effort mate to lessen tb* intlax of ester Bat scarcely had half aa hour elapsed when, before taea* operations ceuM have bean completed, i he rising aoa falling of tho watax beetm* mora violent than befor*. Between this time and a q iart?r paet two, (whoa tho agitation ognln became much lose,) th* frigate waa left four times on her side; aoa onoa. while tbna laid, th only four feet of water, tbe opbeavlag of th* graand waa so violent as to foreehor her anchors, (tho up per pert* of which wore visible,} oad' back again to her former posit ion. Ooat'.auing to dec rears la vieleac# and frequency, bw 3 P. U. tbe agitation of th* water aod tb* motion of th* vessel consequent thereon, oeve very slow. 8h* bow fltaled in twenty-ITve feet of water but withio bor hold It was observed to be rtstug at tbe rate of thirty laehea per hour. At this time a ? r?*h west wind waa bolwtog; tbe baiometer stood at 2U 87. and th* theraaamater waa 10.60 degrees R. (about 56.03 degrees F.) fh* hay wao covered with ruins, on w.iica n>-n were seta walk lag: and at 4 P. If. we began to ds-a tea* la the aaebom, the chains of which were so taisteo that four hours were required to c.'ear one of tt em. Curing tb* ensuing nigit a fraab touthwest wied blew, aid tbo pumps ware worsen twio# an hour. W* bad now to obtain the consent of the authorities to our seeking a bay in which to repair the frigate, Si mod* aot being wall adapted tor tbe purpose. After scm* delay this was granted, and a suitable plae* was toon selected. Some necessary repairs having previ ously been made, w* weighad aecbor on tho 13th Janu ary, aad with a light wind left for the appointed plae*. 7b* wlad soon failed us, we war* left drifting towards tb* breaker*, and oar posit on bo-ame one oi Imminent danger. But ere long a gate arose, aad after approach ing nearer and nearer tb* a bora, all bop* beiag aban doned, twenty fathoms war* ca led out. aad tb* aachor dropped. On the 15th and 16th there wee la** wind, bat the water In tha frigate rota to aocb a height, that grava feara ware entertained at to th? p nihility of earing bar. The Japaaaaa eutboritla* sen t rna hand red janka fa taw her fa tha bay, and on tba 17lb all handa wait land ed. Tbla waa not doae witaont great difficulty, an aa ccunt of tha dangerous anrf, which waa particularly tba caaa with tba af?k, who, wrapped in aaOa, had tab# dragged through It. Next day, 18th, tha jnaha taak ber In law: pot aalngla man waa on board, and tha water dragged through It. Naxt kerln law: pot a alngl# mar already half filled the gon deck After proceeding n few nllea, a imaU white cloud appeared, an pamefring which .the Japaaaaa, panto atnakaa, ant their rapaa ??d fled. Thia appeared strange ta na, bnt a ate ran epee"'Iy jnttifled the feara they had w>alfaata<L and abc ? d them to ha batter able to predict tha woatfim tbar n i r telre*. Had they delayed aanch loagar, thaywaav b?an In grant dan gar, and net Improbably mlgh' i.. ra ebared tha fata of the frigate, whioh forthwith n .it. Kimede, area If rebuilt?lor it attB m mains a *n . a of mine?wDl hardly become the prtneipnl market' - for e gn produce; for tha anchoragegroondhaa beer re ho ly changed by tba recant earthquake, and ae tfceiuy glees no abetter to ablpa, wbaa B E , 8 , P ?* ? * ? preenO, all raaaela, atoamera axaeptad, would b* "rT liable to be driron aaharo. rbere yre The roeka which ru?round tha bay ereryw?rt yre cnt tracta of frequent eaithquaaa*, and ? 10 aa that a channel oemneaateat'ae he Island Obaatma, paaaaa nndat *? . aupportoi by the ^^f^f^CbearS* i of the roeka, and the bQ that tha baa "hp it aarthoaahe trb la dtraawan at MO the Inland Obaatma, paaaaa mm*m Iffll id bf iVpnnvtnd Kw ttia naa>? -dfH* In tba clefts i af tb* recant earthquake wetai- Mrlt. west, and back to the north*?? 1 nVianwwaMnei 4Va4 4kn wafd CODltif ffOW lA# SZ8S tha u,hearing, of -I" tint and riolaace _ lha whale Uil??>d ef Nlpbon wstmote or lam contained large maaota of took rolled toward the want? !o? of which, destroy tag a house la tta path, eaasod tha death of iU nnfortnaata oceopant. Xortr waa tha tyranny of a dn potto goranamant mora mioif?t than on this aeoaetaa, when the poor Japantee, baring nothing bnt tea rags an thetr boohs, won pro hibited, under penalty of death from toaehtog tha wto*. For three daya and three nights ther wandered ah naid and hungry: and it wna ant antfl a gala frtm tbw north thrantoaM to anrry a* tha rates lytsjr to the b*?, that tha Aoremns permitted them to sere what thejr could. Without attempting to deeertbe the feehagc ?f the p ar paaylo in them ihiIjoat add,