Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 24, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 24, 1855 Page 3
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Sato*, aw Hasten, PmtteOfc.lfcwJ May 15. 1855. ?>t*cripiiM if Iht Wut?An Emigrant'* Juur n*n?P%ctwr of Wtittrn Citu*?A Snake Strng?Adatct to Emigrant*?Cent tf Living m the Tbrritoim?Nnotpapert out IVtet.fyc., frc. As per proaniw, I Ht write. I left New York Oft Tuesday per New York aid Erin Railroad for Dunkirk, thence to Brie, then to Cievenad, them to Toledo, then to Chloaio, tkea to Alton, than doers the Mississippi to St. Louts (twenty five miles ift steamboat). I arrived at St LoaU Friday, at 12 o'clock noon. This plaoe, as retards steaaboati and freighting basinets, takes d >wa any plaoe of its ties I ever saw. I counted 128 steamboat* ; some of them an fitted up at costly at any of nor fanoy boats. They look at a distance like floating nousss; kftt when yoe got on board they are very ooia'ort able, and some cf them magoifloent. I inquired about the wages of the offloers?osptain, $2,000; pilots, $200and $300 per month; cierks, $1 000 to *1.600 per year; engineers, $100, $150, $200 per month. The stealings are good, as I judge from appearances The hotel's at this place are miserable. They are doing a fatg business, and care bat .idle as to your being satufis i. I saw bat one good house since 1 1'eft, and that was the Young America at Chicago. This houso is fitted up in magaiflceat style. The barroom fa abont twice as large as the Collins Hotel bar-room. It Is continually thronged with foat man, drinking, smoking, Ac. Toe eating saloon, m seta lag like Thompson's, is aloo doing n big baakttia. Chicago and St Louis are both places where iverythieg is bustle and oonfusion, and more business is done in them than in any plaoe I ever aaw. As places of residence, they are dirty, aid, I should rappose, verv unhealthy. I left Bt. Louis, by the Missouri river, for Kan City, in Missouri, about 600 miles up the Missouri, and abont ton miles from Kansas Territory. I paid $16 for my passage, which includes meals, state rooms, Ac , Ac. Tho officers of these boats are a devil may-care set of men. Che/ will drink and smokt with yon, and, more than that, aek you in retain. They earn their money easy and they Jive about the same. Yon go over tie boat anywhere. No one disputes your going about a? you please. Everything is in order, and passenger*, clerk and captain take it about aa oomfortable as they can For a man wlo has a fancy tor steamboating I should suppose he was better pal i for doing llttla than aiy place I ever saw. The bar islet, aud I ahoold suppose on some of the bmtswai a profit able bus!mess. Wben I started an, the river was very low; our boat drew 2 feet 10 Inches, and some ?f the time we were stuck for days on saud bars. The river is very winding; the water dirty. This they dtink, and to a it-anger it is lard to get used to it. The tables on these boats, I think, are much bat., | ter than ou>s. The scenery along the ahores to a stranger is iitoreiting; in fact, eve-ything is new, and this makes time slip away qui k. The deok hands of these boats are Datchacd Irish. They have three times aa many as we have, and their work ia very hard. Their wages are $30 and found They are a miserable set of devils, and as such are need. I tmuted myself mcst cf the time shooting dacks atd gteee, as tbe shores of this river abound with geese at times. In going up the river the steamer does cot go very fast, aa tho river is narrow, crook ed, acd has stud bars and snags. The towns sze not of much note, biing Ilk# most Southern towns-three negroes and oca white mai. We arrived at Kansas City the next week, Saturday, being oae week on ourpassags. Kansas City la situated on the Missouri, in the State of Missouri, abcut 600 mute from St Louie, and abont ten miles from Kansas Ten itory. It is a place of some bosi iees. Hemp (whi;h Is the principal production of Missouri,) is brought here by the farmers or plsot ersto be th'ppea to St. Louis. This place is cele brated for lothing else, that I could see, ex cept a diitr, mtstrable hotel. Thla house la doing a firat rate business, as most of the emigrants, es.il, in fact, all bound for Kiosas leave the host here, and proceed on their land voyage. If 1 mad tbe toot and knowledge of a pub lie home, I would pitch in here. Itis hks all South eru placet, a poor miserable hotel, yet this is the commencing scint of emigration; sad I think from the rush that a continually going through this place, a good hotel could not help otherwise than moke a fortune to its proprietor. When a boat lands, yon see paasengstii running alt round town begging lodgings in private houses. The hotel oei they (the h(tel) use their buns, stables, to ncoommcJate the patsengen. There Is one thine yon must rsa^mber, and tiat is. the emigration commercei this spring, and the rush has besn very great. The warm weather now, as also the cholera, does not seem tc deter them from the undertaking; the hard timet in the States also lends encourage ment. There beirg so humbug aa to the quality of land in Kansas Territory, this will and must keep up the emigration. The emigrants are of the first class, moiktiy fzom Ohio, Pennsylvania, low* aud kfaaaachuseitp. These are all cabin passengers, and mostly fanner*, seme with their working utensils, ?lac wagons and bcisea They are also Intelligent, and are cf the i g-.t stamp to mako things go ahsad. I aee no Dutch, Iriih, or auchclaas of emigrants as we see leaving New York, (board one dollar per day at this place,) emigrating to this country, no donbt, like it was to California in Us infancy. Ac cident has placed these to wes so that t my are n ow the starting o.fints of emigration to Kansas, and era long aome enterprising Yankees will have hotels ai d livery stables on the Canal street plan. These two things pre more needed in this pare of the oouu try than any thing else. If emigrati >n should in crease, the few first ones engaged in the under taking are eve to reap a benefit. One thing more on this point. Whoever cornea out here must make up bismlrd that he is not at home, aa the manners ani customs of the people ore entirely dif ferent from borne. In foot. I am out hore, and bless me if ever I return until 1 come wlta something. My capita: cat here is a very little money, and a great deal of impudence and waiting, until the first is equal to *.be latter. 1 shall not return for some time to oqme, if ever. I left Kansas City name day for West port, dis use Unoe five mi>s. This is a place cf considerable business, btiz g on the route to K?osm Territory? the storting p.lit for California, Halt Lake, Santa Fe, and New Mexioo. It is here where the trains are started for tbe above placet. It is surprising what amcuut of capital is engaged in this business, aid I leva many fortunes have been mode in tt. It ia all bustle and confusion at the starting of three trains, which ore composed of from '200 to 400 large covered wagons, flUei with mer chandise, each drawn by twelve to sixteen oxen, bound frr a journey cf 1,000 to 3,000 milei Tbey have their tents, cooking utensils, Ac., As., and are armed to the teeth. This journey is a long, tedious one, but over a beautiful prairie most of the way. T hot e who have been over represent it as such, but say, also, there hut bee a much danger attend i?g it, as tbe unfriendly Indians are pitching Into them every chenoe they can get. The trains a e now so large, and the sun so well drilled, that they fare the worst whoatta k them. The great military road ia also near hern, wnieh is tne rente for Uncle Sam's soldiers for the different forts in Kansas and Nebraska. All along the road yea see theee trains cxtendiag over the prairies. The tops of tne wagons being white, 30a can see them for miles. This town (tfeatport) receives a large share of its tiade frrm tbe Shawree Indiana, whose Reserve is near this plaoe. You also see many Mexicans with their mulct. These are employed by the owners of tbe trains for New Mexico. Tbe owners of the ti?u>? are generally Yankees, who hare been tending in these parte for some time, and ep >ak the Mexloaa language. They are a fancy set, and most of them ?re wealthy, and sport large watch chains, diamond rings and pins, gold besceu case), Ao. When start big for the march, they a*e drcs<sd in their fancy Mexican d ess, and armed with rifle, pistols, knives, Ac. Thsy seem to be a determined set, and their trade net ool/affords an immense profit, bat Is at tended with much eucUem nt There are in thie nlaee two large hotels, which are of a better fane than I hare yet eeen In the State; board one dot ar r** day. The table b poor; in foot, then- In p'ecty of room for 1mmovement \ at ice landlord tails me tt Is impossible to get a-iy thing to eat, as the farmers produce nothing only w.ir fthtlr own uie. The hotel where I stopped was I dor to tit own tub. - - - ? ? e is a vei half M BO intending to leave my Smith's Hotel Heiii very clever Wlo sy bat I with Ms tai?le was half as good as tela day for Kansas Teirltory, intending to wave my tolly n$ tbe Quaker mission mill I explored tm ?country- I# this 1 was (Reappointed,ulwrtl ro tate no board for them, and wes oWiged to take >*em along. At this place I procured an ox team (four oxen? covered oart), as it w*? imoonslols to get ary other, atd those who, when lucky enough to set horses, had to pay meet exorbitant prices. We storied for tne city of lAwiasce, distant forty miles. Our portv ooesistrd af unsoif aod famUv, also three mtu, felow passengers fzom Ohio. We fl?0i4* ** TstH ory of XanaM after 0*0*1 H fecu'a travel. The description of this csunl*7 ihoold belong to attar i, for while striving to ba truthful, 1 may trio of M lee elegant Unlike the timbered butes in tee East, (exoept ?yon the rivrri and rater coatees, ?aioi a e v?r d?nUy dotted with aees, front one to three Biles in width,) ss far as ths eve c?o retch, the betaiiful roliiif prairie lies spread around IksasetU citt dore. The timber is a mixture of oak. hekory, b'ack walnut, elm. cherry, looust, A Ac.; the eh-'obbrry eoaroe bat beaaafal, cooeuting of will p ane and grapes. The prt'ries are nor dec irted with a arowthofiaoitbtautEntfbwe-e.aiHlgraadas the brilllanoy of the atari. the soil is rioh and ter tile, from three to ten feet deep, and generally o ina posed or rich bla k men d. It produce* in abondinoe ?wheat, eon, aad mtay other oommodide*, together wltn sweet potatoes. Horses, cattle and big*, though of interior breed, are tolataby oieu y, and raise themselves by graniog in the t?4 ursine* la sanmer, and feeding In toe bottoms in winter. Tr e wild game consist* of gseae, docks, quails, prai tie hens and turkeys, whien ars auuudont. There Is a breeze continually oloriog on this prairie, which prevents moeqoltoe troin staying ebent In these parts. The r-aii aloag toe prairie's be. The grouud far mil?s is ** areas good ee oaa | level as the Third avenue, and laterra jtel now aid then with little koolla, whlsh you wouli c.toi l bills, and in tact cur horses North woull not think or walking up them. AH farmers admit that t te country has no equal as regU'da quality of land, In raving stack particular j. I think I bnve now de ecr.hr d the lacd, and can only add that as regards tt s lend sb to qua ity, as far as 1 see there is so bombegr. The objection to most parts is the want of gocd water and timber. Yet, as regards toe water we must wait till the setder* have dug walls, A j. As regards wood, of which there Is a eca-clty, na ture stems to have provided oi&t, which, fr?n what liule baa been seen of tee country, is here la great pirnty. As I have raid before, we started in an ox oert, and we travelled over this beautiful prairie; the wa gon or cart being covered, protected us from tke sua, sod by opening the back wa had t bre?z* oontlau ally Maying through. This was ths most m-light tul ride I ever had; we mads ab>ut three miles par hoar. All the ooopsny seemed to be in high glee; tfce cbUoten were Bctmperlng ever the prarie, .-oi Itctisg wild flowers; in fact, it was impo-nib e frr them to keep etid. After sundown, we na.ted at an Iidian log bouse; the Indians aad all gone to a war dance, and the house was left with a negro si tre, who gave us some com bread sod ham, aad wa ad led praitte hens, which I shot on the way. Alter dionsr or tea, we chat led, smoked, Aand then conclude 1 to And out how we were to sleep, t'bere being but one 100m in the honae,there could be no quarrelling abcut that. Their being two beds, my ramily had one. the rest took the other bed and floor. By erasing my family sideways in bed, with our fret on the dining table, we managed all to get in. Tfce slave intimated that if the In diana came home in the night, they might be drunk, and in *11 probability ugly, so wo exa mined pistols, placed them under ths pillow, and laid dawn. All west on well through the night, except that more travellers a ked to be accommo dated with lodgings, permission being granted them to sleep under the seed. In the morning we lad breakrast, and after breakfast we started again, and we pasetd the same description of country as I have already noted. We arrived at tie ci'.y of Lawrence about dark. We were ushered into a house called a hotel, the only one in the plaoe. It bad about one hundred guests at tea, wruch consisted of tea, bread, no but ter, ham ard molasses. Board one dollar per day. After tea we were told that we oouid not be lodged, as the house was fall; but if we chose, wo could ley on ths dining table, but tuat they oculd furnish us with nothing cx ept the table cloth, wliob we were welcome to use as a aator. Having ~o other alternative, we we e kit in possession of the dialog table, to sbift as brti we could. After spreading oar blecket end then the sheet or table cloth, we turned In cn the dicing tab e. On the seoond floor aaova as tley fcad bo bedsteads, but there were bunks built up five tier high, like an emigrant ship; in these bunk* thoy put three pew ns, making the bu-. ks aid floor contain in one room about 100 per sons. rhe lumber contained in the bctldin g wa- cut in the frrerooa, and the building put up in the after soon ot same da;, so ycu cai judge of the qaa.ity of thebcuse. After di < am iog fcr a wnlle of the go )d old times of Adam and Eve, we where all starred by a man sirring out that fune "was d- <1 big snake in Lis bed' You kno w that wm eatugh for me; I mode one jump out of bed, and I lit on something soft, wh.cj I believed was a snake I fancied that it was, as the heel ot my foor, I xhougt, iniash ed his be?d. I sung oat, "Here he U: I have killed him!'' These up stairs oeme rushing down to *ee the sctke, aad after getting a'amp, aad pcrkirg fcr the snake, we found rothieg but a tort Eik of sausage, which had been left on tie dining table, and probably kicked .T bj some of ua In the eight. After enj lyirg toe j ike. macn at my expense, more particularly ths gentleman who raked the alarm up stairs, and who s sore that there was no mistake abent his sauko, I proposed tlat we sloutd examine tor it; and after ex tmining Lis bunk we fcund that his fellow bauker had placed his cane in bed between team, fearing acme one m'ght take tt in the morning berore he war up. It wsa one cf those cants you see every day la New York, with n dog's Tetd, with orooked seek, eyes, ears and teeth. This proved to be cur friend's snake. After this, we retried again, each one to his bed. After getting in bed it com merced thundeiicg and Ughtaing, (which is done up brown in this part of the couu i d at try), and at each flash ycu could see distinctly through all parts of the house. The board9 bfeiug green when put up, had warped so much that you could almcsf ran yonr head through the oraoka, the louse sot having lath or plaster. No windows in the heme, ccly trown sheeting nailed ever where the iseh belcrga. The remit was that the buokers up stairs were eoaked cut, and after that we all got it below. I obtained an umbrella, ana held it over my chiidiin ard wife until the shower was over. At daylight in the morning we were requested to get up, as they wanted our abeet fcr a tablecloth, and our bed as the breakfast table. I objected to this, until the bc.y upset a cap of coffee on my foot, when I con eluded the place was getting too not, and got up. Aftd breakfast, which was but a repetition of cur tra, I tnd fellow travellers took a stroll about the city to examine ths public buildings. The city of Iitwreme is situated on the Kan sas river, about 100 miles up. This river is t avifcable up here one mcnth in the year. Toe city c ntaizs about a dczen frame housea of miserable ccneticction; one log house, (store), the beat in tie piece, and the rest, about thirty, are mud huts, built of teds and mud. Yoa probably have seen a picture cf a small Hottentot village. If you have, ycu can fancy the city of Lawrence. There is one pocr miserable saw mill. The day I left there, two more mills, or the machinery for them, was arriving in town. The water was very poor, and to get it, tie hodlrrd tells me, be goes about a mile and a h If. The luitber scarce, mostly cotton woid, which ie haid'y worth sawing. I thca.d add that tbry are now putting up two buildings of stone in this place, wnlcb, fr< m present appearan ces, look as it they might be something when finished. One is it tended as a hotel. Tbere is also th-ec print ing offices, or three newspapers, (the population not ever 600 ) These papers cannot ra^e eaou ;h to pay the printer's devil's beard of one paper. There Is no dcubt that these papers are surpo-ted by the abolittcr ists of the East, as the editors have the spprararoecf being fed at the public expense. To conclude with this town, lots sell f>r WOO. There were abent a dcztu Yankrea who started this town or city, as it is called, with the intention of makiag ibtir f rtucss. It jet remains to bo teen hozr they will tcccerd. The tlree ncwipapers in tne placj aiscnly intended to stir up ths feelings of the pub lic sgsinst the slave State*, and also to puff n? their city lots, which *? e at preterit hotbeds for disca-c. In t*ct. the whole affair at the present time is not fit for a white man to show his head in. 11cIt tt is place for Ltavt nworth city. Thl* plaoe prrtbiHS more than any city I nave seen In Karats. The buildings aro much better and snbstantial, being situated cn the Misioari river, and premises in time to be somct'ing of a pltce. Tcok beat up the river to Western, a tew o abcut ten miles up the river from Leeveoworth i city, ard five from Fort leaven worth. This plaoe, (Western ) situated in the State cf Missouri, is a plaro of considerable busineis, m we so tban any tewn icen sir eel left St. Louis; has two hotels, donga that rate business; board one d liar per day. Tie bouse I lodged at?the City H ?te!-- '*? about sixty regalar boarders, (IS per week) Leav ing Western, I procured board in a farmer'* famdy, at or near Satan, on the Missouri river, about live milea from Wrsteir. Here I intend leaving my family until I have settled mv claim. I sk ill start to monow again for Kansas Terriwv, which la ovev tLe river about rifle shot from cur house. I Lave aow given you a descriptor, of everything so far aa I have gone. 1 shall write vtu one week firm to-day. aad in that letter wi l give you infor maiioa which will be of the kind you want. As regards those coming for tarmiog, I hava no hesitation irrtajlng that the undtr'aking it perfect ly kafe. I am aatisa'.d myself, sod iaianl to have a faim before thla time next week. Concerning th3 rtpcria about living cheep this year In the Territory, tl e information it untrue. This year >a crops are the first tlat have ever been planted by the whites; and beirg just planted, bow <an there b? anything to eat! The crops hi Mtesour were, as la all tne Stales, abort this yt nr. Therefore, pro vial >aa are not abundant, and conaequcnt'y, net cheap. Flour la a barrel ta Miflsouri, but in ordinary ,oith 14 dollars i ? ?t 3 daHe? P? times n0*tills mche ooull Ia2 doaare,a^m*d?!M^y??y p. This ie an ur.a*nai year in ah parts of the oouti live in tr* ; in ordlnaey Umee vou oaa live in thwe parts fcr a mere wathicg. t oely mention tide teat this jeer may kur (Mr abUk*. When crops arc ooilec'td (Mi ?"?? bid fair te be plentiful), pro ruioes *111 i one town to Moid aiadtrd prices, wine- axe Icm than half tM they hare aver been la New York. Nov. aa regortfa speoulatieM in parts, I bare oc'T to aar that I nere aeev aad beard ?ntugh to aatafy ma that I siad pet make a tf it atrke, teaidus aecurng my 160 acre* of land. If yea cr a? y ooe it tend ferauag, I would not btara'e aa>iog. "Come aad be aeig <bor to ma" Bat o?E*i<le.i?g the little information 1 bow bare. I will withheld ony advice until I return from my explo rirg exnediticn, wbioh will be on8*turdar. Oa Sunday I ariil write van again, firing you all the inforavion 1 can. One word aa ragarda coming out here. AH bare to make op their minds to pat up with rough lbre and rough people, and I advise no one to -ome hero full of expectotioae. I am not at all disappointed. I have a bad a hard time, but I hare tow got my famly oomfortabe, and they appear to bo oootentod; aad, happily, the family we are with are plain fanners, baring plenty to eat, (h'ckf ne and eggi and auch like. I intend keeping my family here until ( bare arerjthiGg l omf .nable for them In tho Territory. I ad rise erery man who proposes to bring his family into thin Territory, not to do no until bo bae pro vided for their coming. He can oonveaientty learn them at acme farmer's house in Mas -uri, aid car' croM ever to tbem whenever be wishes. P ease sand me a lot tf Hibalm from 1st of Hay IftferMtteg nrm CtUlmla. ( 0U* SAW FZjlNOIBOO OOamMPOWOKfOB. Ban Franc isoo, lit; 16, 1855. How lAttk fVe Anew of tht Golden Stale-Its Bctndariee, R car. mmd Agricultural Re.ourctj w , Not Exii*ultei - The Old Mitnm Father *?Flinty of Fruit-Land Tenures and tunr Cost Pr aspect? of Farmer t?The JVem Rtvtr Mtr.ee?The Salinat River?Voile* Lake* ? Unuorkxd Mine*. It Ua curious fact that notwithstanding there ie ecafcel/ a Tillage in thi Ittantlc States which doe. P80,d? State, bat little of the tine conditio of California is kaowa to 1!P5S* v N0t ?M ta *B ?< "to A tett6r h"' for 'Mtaace, ever beard that in a single c >mity in California there are mora offeSnlSJ.1" tte ^^Srowlng Stattof Ohto; and jet B0Ch is the fact; nor do people gene rally ntdtretard the groand of the predtotloa ?.*??' Ka(f? hJ ?VMJ well informed Oalifcraisn, to? gma mme8 will oontinue to yield u well for m?ty yeare to come aa they haye done darts g the five or six yeare past. A year ago or more, Governor Big.er wrote a letter to the Hibald, setting forth a fewfiUfcs'ioal facta going to show that thesoU ot Ca a?ore and better wheat f M1*i?ippi valley; aad the letter was published from one end or the Union to the other. People at toe East wondered at the astonishing pro ductiveneaa of the California soil, and the OaUfor nians wondered why it was that the prople of the At.antic States had not heard of it before. A few months ago a steamer from the Isthmus carried the news of the failure cf several of the principal banking houses of Cali'ornla; bat little gold went by the steamer; an impression was created that the muea were failing; and jet at aboat the same , time a man left California with a lump of gold f ??.??->? u,g?t p,? cr go.d that bad ever been dug from the earth. Peop e who hear these apparently contradictory ftota stated, decare they don't understand it, which is the acknowledgment of another facl-iho main cue?that they do not understand the trus charac ter and condition of the State j, scarcely any im prrtant particular. Bat few persons who have wnt.en of California, bare treated cf it aa a whole Uving, oatle contrary, generally set f*ta facts ai d aofcuiatioes applicable only to certain localities, 5tt? ta ?fce,B 8pplfed t0 ?ther lo i csiiiie, in the terns State, is sot t.* nrortnr,, n!n ^PJ?8"003 *?d erroceous ideas mn It to the lijury ot the State itself, and greatir to ti>e anooynuos of persocs having interAma ? a<w witht oseot tbi State. ToctJSSShiSS 'in'1 1'ctcl this commcnication. pa ecmhwrstern boundary cf the State :.,t. ?JtttJe below the thirty third psrsUel of at! ITfu ?? te,r]z the fortieth degree of loniruud. th.nr^at - ^^"gton westward?extetd ng 7r j 8rl beyond the thirty eighth degree of ^gitudt, ih*s booidaiT Jloe strike* tsn 0?Ari? river at the poirt where that.river dJacharrs^$L Yum? lhi' site o*pft 80,1 J1I.h? southeastern boundary >f the State *? ltE8 running up the C)lo/a4o to the fiMwi p*f V ?.?alMtltcd** Between the thirty mm? ?, latitade 821,1 ?be scut mm boandary Start fKT nil 0?^^. emb.aclog the coun Ftaft. n?? l>iego,Lea Angeles, Bin Bernardino, T^L A ' ac,d 8 PV* 01 S8B Lul8 Obispo and At a point cot far be'ov th. ,u,. 0t l8.^tnde> for?y or ^ty miles from tne Pa inflc shore, the n one tains of the coast range and Biern Nevada meet, for^ng^onec'udn ? , w Jeh inrs southward to the southern bound * 81111 Mdiitami tne title of Coast Bscge. These mcuntaina ate known to be aarife. rous, but whether they contain gold enough to ren ,t^*m PIoflt,ble, is n problem which has !?? ?, ? ^e#ted b* ?P?iin?nt. r ; kI j ii rff^La t^t the country above des ^.*l r1x110 0*? P8?foo. or into wor^fl lej the Colorado; those running east ward fit fling an wriranoe into the Colorado, gene P? ^vk8r?> 8 considerable tribu W l^-.??l?T8d0- p111?8? streams have no con A!ufl^Um,of rire? that tormathe Sacramento aid the Ban Joaquin, but fUl in oppo site Cirecticns aro da not water any portion of the PrcpeT; Taii T88t territory, embracing an area Marly as large as the entire territory of Ma?ssctusetts and Conrecticut, is a land of anr ^"e ciiAfiAty #Cd4tf "toolih ng productiveness. niTit j P!ei?Bt8. 8n eternal summer, varied drj?cd Eessons, which correspond with tae dry and tterainy eeasocs ef the nrrthern cl 9 State. On this vast plain were the immense herds of cattle that hare, sine* the ciiaccvery of gold, supplied the miners with beef to old "Wbsrs of the mission used S^? !!T ^I"n.tr'to tie Indians; and it li bere that now are raised crops ot grain and vegetables by s:me jersovering Americaai, which crops have astonished the world. Orangte, limes, aprioote, indeed a.1 the tropioal fruits, can bt raised here "K*" ft"Utty m in Cuba or Jamaffmoit .lih? ?8lB8ij,diB?noni to the soil; and weif tried empeinnent l as already ptcven tnst the vine fl ?ur i* x? T8?, 88 ,a the best grape-growing ?jJrarc?- Of grains, barley, oats* if Maty <xc , rare bef a raised hereof aa good (joility as in any ctlmr country, and in greater qnantityto the given acre of lard than on toe meet productive J nfAner^iiW8ip^i ^hile table vegeUWes "? P10dn?cd in such quantities, and wita so very little ticoke, as to retcer them almost valueless pwnt of Ti6fr? from their abuo lance. Most of the lard in this territory is cia'.mtd under ri?e^b.8r!vt9' cf whl A h*re a ready bren confirmed to the claimants, some rejected, and ?Pc*;co unsettled. The ucsettled condi tion of the titles has prevented capitalists from invesfrrg mcofy in the purchase of these lands for (peculation, and the o-nsequence la that wocerer ettetii ut on them belierirg that the fee rseU in the I nHtd Statee, will be likely to bold enough for a gcod laim, eaj 160 a res, by the payment ot a small sum, In case of confirmation by a bpanith grantee, or by the pejment of tl 25 per a re. certain, in case of cot fir coat Ion to the United Statin. Here is the beet unoccupied agricultural country on t'efhee of the earth. The land can be had at oheaprai>?; tLd the busitesa of HlBng these lands, if proper Judgment be exercised in deciding noon ?A8tforlcl 8 c^P to plant, will always be a prod nf t\? nhfAM, n i ? D8f ?i tho oorthnn portion JL ?? ?f*? *i.n "fford a market for the pro ^ ^ agricultural lands, and the pay rotnt will always bete cash, aa that is the precdsr article produced from the mines. rnlhe?.IVif8!LnM^er of fMnet8 18 California co.l!r' ?8DT ?f whom hare made fortunes in sgri cnttuml pureuits; but tley are for the meet part peisora who were not brought up to agriculture, at d who are ready to abandon their farms whenever they can ?ell them at fair prion?net because tie ouMnrn is rot profitable, but becauas tney ha." *.^1'r.fcenoUi "tency to retire from budaesi altogether upon, or beoaoee that they de ' ?w? tauter to vwvwym e*! lUUre MI31UOT M) tbat wblch ih*v b^d preflounly bwn losoitoiiai. It ismucn fOT the Interest of California to have this Sontheri portion of tna Slate sdtt'fd by ferareni who w!lJ make their farm bouses tbeir homes; who will Uauufy tbelr dwel.lngs aad renler them attra> tireeswril as comfortable. Indmtii^ famUui will do this, hot mer. never will. Toe S'.ats Logi.i latere has erocureged the imnfpration of famibea. by the enactment ot the most libera. Homestead law of bit State in the Union; hut what h most likely to itduee this dtrired immigration Is sot a liberal how retted law, nor ta it alone the productive soil aad fine climate of '.be country, but the certainty tint, with nrdinery good fo tune, no man who will settle 2S VJ DE?n J fu? 18 ?itb?r <* *b? ceuntleeembra wd ^thln the hourdsttee above dracrlhel, need want ter a tertue sofBoMht to retire upon with eomf rt J^u !? ;8b?r ?P?* M? ?wn euete. ftaoh a >^1?y*dJb7 these who hare thought rourb op^o tBe mU?er, cold be easertet?c<q in peeing. If fhafltae />!?M ^ be Induced to nartitake tho buhw <" frraaleg on these rob lease, Ike rowatry waaJB.*?* bf "Ml ds fiiL-olUn tba Uutad Statae 10 ?*hta la, iasMaesk at society voait sooo become ai\ tniztd. and Us to improve with men a*eo* wraith. . . . ... Brtwmn tbe 36ttiard 37th piolU * latitude, etnbi kdrg the urin ipul porta of the eo * 8 * Luia Obispo, Tulare. a pet Of See Bsn?*'<llno. ell ?* Monterey, and a pott o? BsWta Cloth ?**? poaa ecoaUte, ia a country much at ro aiwtreutsd fc tog:aphio?lly than thai farther aoutb. fw1* *r<* i? about equal to that of liansaohuastta aad New Haaipahirt. and it contains the fluent grazing inn U in ue Sta'a, as well as some siuirulariy beeathpl arid fertile vail* ye, and a quantity of euriforotf* eaad, auoet whojiy untouched. It ia at theaouthen eid of the Sierra Nevada range of mountains, a I ttle north or Watktas' Pass, that the stream oailei Ktrn rmr rises. This stream falls into a like or the Bsme rase, wkioh is one of a systrm of lakoa fed by streams from the Sierra, which sup pitas the gnat louhern river of the valley of Call forms. the San Joaquin. Kern River is about miiw?y between tho 36th ana the 3Gth parallel of latitude, aad U the most south era gold arising locality ia the Siate at pieaeat oooaiderod worthy of attention. Contradictory reports have ojms from Ken river, some to tho effect that the mints ui that looadty an vsry.iioh, and some of precisely an oppositj charsoter. The truth pro - babiy is that the Kern river mines are about aa pro ducuve aa those of other port iocs of the minng re - g on, aid a natural confusion maybe arrived at from ail the reports, that t e mining curat ry ex texda the whole leogth of the Sierra, southward. This has for several years been a favorite theory of aosecfthe most intelligent miners; and now that gold has bee? found in cooetdeiahls quantities at Kern river?the most southern of all the rivets fail ure from toe Sierra into the great valley?tbethso-y wou'd seem to be strengthened. It ii also a favorite theory of intelligent ano practical men tost goli will be ftur.d on the eastern slope of the Sierra in as great abundance as it has been found on the western. Wnetf er this theory prove well grouided or not, it is bow, byr sotual experiment, proved beyond a doubt that the gold oountry extends from the north ern boundary of tbe State to Kern river, a dittanoe oi at least five our J red miles, ani averaging ia width ab 'Qt thirty miles. Not one twentieth part of UU vast territory has ever beea" worked out," or svea fairly " prospected." Within the above described territory (tbe 3Sth and 37th parrallela of latitude,) in too mountains of the ooait range, rieca the wbilom famed river, Bae i avfbturs, now karwn more generally as the Saliuea. This river, which it wsa formerly supposed drained tbe gteat valley of California, has nr connection with that valley, but owes i(a origin to springs ia the moui tains of Ban Luis Obispo, wheoso it runs aid g between ridges or the const range, in a course generally abcui northwfat. to f e bay of Monterey, where it discharges ittetf into the Pacific. The valley of the Salinas is one of ths moat lovely on earth. Tbe grounds are very fertile, and the cli mate such that vegetables, g ains and fruits are grown cohtmva'.ly at all seasons. The uouateias produce yearly n heavy orop cf wild oats, and the entile feeding upon them nre always fat aad sieek. For a smsd 'armor or a large cotton raiser, this is a very desirable portion of tie Sta'o. Last of that portion of the eiast range above described, lies the grant Tulare valley, in whl.;h ia situated the Tulaie lakes, and a large irsct of fine agrtoul'ura. country bordering thet eon. This country is fast being settled by immigrants, chiefly bom ths West, who foresee that btfl ie many years, when the San Joaquin aha'd be navigated with steamers aa far up as toe lake, as it will be. that they will be edvantageoaaly located with reference to market facilities. The soil is n rich alluvium, which produces ast nishicg crops. Best of Ue Tulare likes, bttween Kings river aid Kern, are numerous small rivers, running from the S'.-r'U to the valley. All of these streams rise in and ran through an auriferous ouutry, whioh has beei soar ely touohed by tbe miner, and wai h ia, bejeed a dcub*, as nch in gold as acyof the mine ral rrgicts farther north. In 1845 C >1. Fremont pirssea through 'he Sierra at the head of Kern river, ioisking a coiaidetab'e trail which his never tinse bet-ti .'nuy obliterated. Ttis trail was followed during the last wir.ter by ?errs "prospecting" mixers, and as it leal to Kern iiver, those "prospectors" went ia tint direction, rather thus leave u some what marked road to goon nzy ether. Wneo at a proper altitude io the moot tains they dug f r golf, found it, the news spread, an ex ItemeLt was created, and the Kern river mines became famous. This is the origin of the Ktrn iiv?r lever, s.;d it is almost precisely a peral !??. with tbe history of nearly every mining locality in the State. 0. H. 0. Owr Charleston Correspondence. Cu42LKST0W, 8. C , June 13,1855. Celebrating the Anniversary of the Battle of /Ting's Mountain? The Turning Point of the Revolution \ org fVar?The Temperance Celebration, d*f. frc. You may ban noticed in the South Carolina pv pen acme prop :dUoa that the anniversary of the battle of King's Mountain should ba celebrated in Ycrk Distiict, in this State in October next. It bar just been determined that this celebration shall take place, and in anticipation of such an event soma of the suggested clrcumatanoes may not be altogether unlntsietting to your readers. Persons ot a limited degree of geograplical know ledge, and who don't care to take the trouble tolook into a map, will rt member tie form of the State of South Garcllna is an imperfect equilateral triangle, oae of whese aides extends nearly east and west, with an oppssite vertex in the south. If a perpen dicular line be let fall from this vertex upon this base, it will very reariy pass through the east ern border of York district, whose northern boundary is North Carolina. Yotkrille, the seat of justice for the district, is accessible by railroad from the South, aid la eighty odd mi.m distant, to the west of north, from Columbia, and Kicg'a Mountain, which gives name to the battle, is about twelve miles west of north from Yorkvilie. Ire battle was fought on the 7th of October, 1780. Siroe the disastrous defeat of Geo. Oatee,on the preceding ldth of August, the last hope of the frier ds of independence in South Carolina had ba ccme extinguished. Tae deeds of insolence wad atrocity on the part ot the victors were almost with< nt a para lei. The people were, as far as po? sible, compelled to take the oath of allegiance as Brit If h subjects, and numbers of the worthier and more influential of the citiaena sere trans rated to a villancus cenfirement in St. AugusHre, as a riddance of their example in restraining them firm taking such an oath. The " vilo swamp fox," Marios, however, yet held together a part of his band, and Sumptfr penetrated into the Stite, and recommerded a renewal of military opposition to tbe British. Bnt the Inhabitants of Yoik district, retaining scmethirg of that cb.-tinste spirit which was the character of their namesakes across tae wa'er, in the Old Country?the "men of York made to submission"?end were never pa olled as pri soners, nor did they take protection ai subject*. Sompter bad reunited a p?rt cf his men hen, and after b*s defeat on the 18th of August, they re tired to their homes. keeping up, however, a small bat d cf fifty or sixty volunteers, equipped as dra ccons. It was doting this summer (1780) that CoL Fer guson, wi'.h the 71st British regiment, had underta ken per sot ally to visit d saffrcted districts, tcr the porpcreof entercing obedience, and training the yenrgrrca fcr service in the field. The depieda* Tien* which were practised upon whig citizens in the course of his match, were extremely severe, ?nd to escape such violet ce many persons fled beyond the mountain*,Into aorta Carolina a:d Tennessee. The near approach, however, of the mvenders to the loiiberu districts, alarmed the mountaineers, who had hitherto only looked upon w*r from a dia ls ice; and of their own monoa, and without any transition from the government, tbev collectad and embodied themselves to oppose their farther pro arcs*. Nothing like discipline was attempted, but each man set cnt in quest of Goi Ferguson, with his b'snkit and knapsack and gnu, in Vie same manner that he was accustomed to pursue the beasts of the ftreet. _ Col. Ferguson tod left Gilbert Town, In North Oercllta, and paf?ing to the south by a somewhat circuitona iocte, waa endeavorir.e m soon aa possi ble to j:in ?c-n. Ocrnw&lJia, who wm at Charlotte. To articinata rot h an event. the Americana selected alio fcurditd and ten of their beet men,and meant f-d U>etn on tbelr fleetest horaos. With thia tbroa tfc( j came np with Col. Fergoaon at ting's Moan tain, en the Tto of October. The maun it of tho mountain in a barren rid { ester d ag from noitheaat to southweat for a dU | tenee ot aoKitMsg lera then a xtlie, and ao nar.ow U*?t whoever might tfat noon it would be ax >osad ft* m either aide. Along Una ridge the Brit it h for oe wan stationed,to the number of about thirteen hnn f rtd men. Col. Cleveland, arte waa arqaaiatcd 1 with t> ground, and who, mora than any other? tbi ngta each cf the Coloowa led hi* own t?*>p< ? wis In chief command, planned the attack the oiilv one, H ia since said hy military m n, that could bare bean raooeasfnL Aa they eetro?>h'd thia ridge from the extrem'ty toward* No. th Cam illa. the American force waa divided, a part w cevdmgaadapait panaing along each aide. The divialva from Twarian, under the cormaad of Col. Bbelby, began the attack. CoL F'rg'jsoa or de-eo bia man to oitrge down tee hid, aid the w s?i ClMreUsd h?d nenfed, ud firata ft. Mr p or?d lu ft *"5*1 directed fire. A aw*, toe B'ttaataxo tSi'tw* iivlaoa wat la a > Jc* , bkioomw-cL But Gji. Cftnpbftii app?a??d u oift :uii>. rid tk* MtiftMi of (A* Oft. *!' ft* fl-at dirtroavaa bow ready to com* It* McV, oaf U?!apU? of operati oa *u niutd uiV ?boat occ tbrmrift.' of ?.* Mmln tad fonea hawiag iftlfro, together with tHalr aommaader, tbefew tbftt re mulM wore fo-oad to aunocdsr. Toe re tina tf the Amariou ioaa, aubnqueatlj made to u* a. Gate#, wa? 83, bit fa ta that u?*e alooa come to l^;ht ihov tuat thia rcioia waa rarj aiooh t?? 'I '?* . i. ?-e J*?? "?? **? eeareelT less impsrUat inlts rrrulta to the ccuatry, sod esuecitUy to the ^'teooe of Port Moultre, or u"!' ** wu warfwtkness MlMttditt, by i?eor?ooe eg*\%st die iplin* by dfspalr wuMt ooolidenee a?g ho pa. It ??> woo in the ferkMt oerlod of oor revolutionary struggle, eid wu perhepe e neceuuy step. m it surely wee e step, to toe eUelcawot of Aieoncea led* pendac ce,ead the vindi>in?ion and establish went (f hue an Ube ty. The celebration of ita ennrer sary, then, brioche not excloairely tosoumCtroiiui. It vm fought ob hor ?"!!. bat la the flght the b ood of other States wee mingled with her ewe. At e rccee? me* ting at Torkvnie.itweeaooordiog. iy teeoived tfaettbia aceiversary eoou!d be oeiebrs*e4 on Thursday. the 4th or October next (the etrict eeoire/eery ray securing on the Bebbtth:) That the Hoe. John A. Preston o! thin State, end the Hod. We A. Graham or Judge Badger or north Ger lire, be telectrd to ect ea orator* on the owt e'on ; that Gib Pmidrnt ef the I tatted States and hie Cabrnrt, Lieut. Oer<. Scott, the Governor* of Vir gin'a, North Caroline, Tennessee, end Kentucky : (which States were rrprreeateU in the bet tie), be ee peoiall*Invited to be present, and thataslmUar invl tert nbe extruded to the citizens of three Btsies, and pet <ical?ily to thoee who ere deeoeedenta of aay w m took part in the bettJe. A general committee of arreog?m nteia eppolntej, contietiag of sixty one I of the line eitinene of the rerioue pai te of the State, and everything setms to have been done t at oan be dote to uirg about thedeeireo remit. Bat I tear it will cot end aooordtag to rur meet sanguine ex- , pertariona. The batt.'e ground in twelve miles ? vayfrrm railroad, end great efforts will have to i be made to oonvey eorne thousand* of people over i the not very good road that ia no w prepared. I con sider it very unfortunate, moreover, that the oom- 1 mittee of arrangements are ao ec attend about the < Btetr. Tfcey ahoold have been appointed trom Ynk i diettlet where'here culd have been ready ooneal tation ncd ready action. Now, though the men am I in themselvM the beet that conld be eslectel, it le I to be feared that with their distance from ea -h | other the progreea of arrangements will neoeeearily ; be tardy and or certain. It ia best, hovever, to hope I for a triumphant result, beiog sure at the same t me 1 tbat if Baa to Carolina sr. ail be found wanting with the mtansof securing it, it wi.l not be from n failure in patriotism and hearty good will, bat rather from eomttbirg Like a careless procrastination or neg lect. The tempera cre pew-wow clceed with the week, to the satisfaction of everybody t?? 1 know. People in the city who are of t~<e cpitiou that when drink* are coccmed, nothing bnt Tbe para eUwiect le for mia's bally mut were saHrfied, because they really believe something bas bren soc mplishsd for '.he great and glorious cause. On thia point ttry confound M with an kataroe of most unprecedented rsfbrft. Tou will readily ocmpreRen' it, it J indulge in admiration, when I teh yen that curing his speeches here Gen. Carey flung, kicked, spit and wrigglei off such Incremate quantities rf eloquence, that a loosl reporter of (he Courier newspaper, one of the tattevry, and (woof the Standard, have firm'/ rrHiivfd, the Lord willing, a*d their ability to get round the corarr of the City Hotel bwng viedictfad, to be initiated imo the my sterns of tbe O -ier of the Bobs of Temperani-e in tci? city, en Saturday even ing text, t ie IGth Inst. Tie oc.'egttes fium abrotd were satisfied (to rreuxe.) b cauca they met wit i n reception so kind ?rd ccrcial, and elesent 1 rode ir.to toe conatry en Saturday, in the same train that took tbe ccI-j waterv'st^re from the city ami beingmore f*rGou?aGy ia the ssm? car with a dczsa of them, conidn't help bearing (fo; they were not nt'-ered in pn'tathesfs) the cost abun&ant and utaecsured cocgiatulauoaa co^ofrotog tas hospitality cf Chuilibt'.n. The oominon places of tie whole "drive" bowevfr, ?-me t? a pomt ia a r-mark from a rcngh, tou at locking eld fellow? a delegate from Ibilade'pbia- wbosat 45rt tiv behind me, and woo h?d bien "afore raw ?o N wYo'katd Buffdo, and Pi* tfberg, and a gocd many other sich places,whore they had ?<?u Jtraaca ms^iiags, uui this 'ere lima ia Cbsrlestoc aentd hlzi up in a big bag." 1 snppoae th? rtrraictor of tie people intarse>d are tarisfied ?Hh tbe wait cf toe pow wow, be cause 'fa a part of ita result that 'tis cut of sigh evuneartrs. I,. OwrMnryIai.il Oorrespomdenee. F&hoxriok, lid., May 22, 1865. TV f'p /raws GcorgtUwn to Tar.nmltytmon?Baptism of tKm Latter Plaeo?Loral OffkiaU-Srenny? Tht farmj?A Dtacon on Knew Kothingtom? "Lift OaJS'?Gcoigt, Houston, Douglat and Puree?What the Grape/hit Ha* Done for Gtwgt I aw?Hcpet of the Fa-.rrtrt, As a foot passenger on the great highway of life, I propose, as I atop to rest ou my long pilgrimage, to give the world the benefit of my observations on matters and thisga ia general, including aoenery, crops, sgrlooltuie, po i'ics, through ouch seo. ticns as I ma; pass through from time to time, in biitf epistles. I started from Tencailytown, an ancient and ho norable collection of antiquated he usee of soma ccaca, cn the turnpike .ending from Georgetown, I). C., to this place. The plaoo took its name from s family of cr.e brother ar.d two sitters, who dwelt herp in sirgle blessedness, "long time ago." The brother died sad the slaters kept cakes sad bser, ar d as tbey macs tteir owe'eakee and beer, they became celebrated brewer* and bakers. The place flturshed oa the cakes and beer, and the Miiees j Tettally bequeathed their same to the plare.and died without kaue, orar.y rcatdal It has always been a virtuous place since. There is a hotel, a b.ack>triith hop and a turnpike gale in tie place. Tbe bla^karaith is the gatekeeper and the post master, and a my intelligent man, though not of sriy kin to j< ur Ldrned blacksmith. Tee aoenery ii dt'igbtfiil, comma: ding from various eminences on toe n ad. a vie w in tbe uf (Irs or six miles, of tie city cf Wftshiogtcn, ai.d the tiwna of the sar rcuicirg o<antry. Alihcngh sfQit'el with a terrible drought, the far ins leek ?t)l. The crops piomisc a good hurrast, (sjH<.?a!)y hi wheat aod corn, and Were is no lack ot g"(d living in TennaUytows. I spent n week tfctis, with I3r. Cams, from *flilinm?barg, Loig 1 Jin d. who I an s splendid farm, sn excellent wife, srd n rrry ieterrs'ing family, end who hu been a farmer lor two years here. The conntry, from toera to t' is piece,) as buffered for tbe want of rain, out recent showers Late charged tae face cf tie farms and farrmrfo, end eveiytntBg looks well for an abuudail ba:v>ev i nined with a Deac on the way a bo has a the 'arm acme twenty mileeeouth of -his. and be gave me a very sheering view of the state o/ le. gioa ia hie neignbirhoed, and of the Kbow Nothings. Be hhomtd me tbat every young maa In the (ouutey. cnce a week, may be ?*en wending hie way rTi bdrMbaek to a cenncil of the Know Nothings, that tlepivaentalal&iatratian bad become eo un topsdar that to* yoacg men had gene Into the Kr tw Nothing order, pell melt, merely te oppose the low nwaid tendency of things. Toe deacon was a very intelligent and orthed ? PreebyterinB, by ?he nam* ot Macgroeer, aa acoteLt and bonerable name is Marjlaaf; and h* informed me that Gene ral Hocetcn was at one time the favorite of the Kiow Nothings in oie diuoess bat that from some caue cr other be sreneed to be "sot back," to Dong lea wsatwo year* ago, and that the yoaog man wert tnll of George Lev for toe next Presidency. I mar viled at this, hot tbe Deacon explained it thus: " Yon mo the peoole are sick or poUtiolana, and wont n plain, practical man. who will carry out Aawuicac prineipka and pretest American Into n?:?; aid Kmeuov they hava got tt Into their htsdu tbat George Law is toe man/' Ttpiece coatstae seven thousand souls, black and white, acd Ms sa-rouaded wtto s rich soontry. A Aim, abenta mile from toe vilbme, was sold jesUroav for |13? per sere. This wa? forieorly the reais enrw of ix-G* verner Francis Thomas, ens of the ablest aed msst unfoidnnat* of our great man. ITsie I e ia very papular. I fi d tbat the action of George Law in the arrest of Bek' t, has miBe him troo>* ot friends through thia region e( country?srhlie the ndmtntstntloa has not cv?a n e ate to ataud up and defend it. Fr? m this to Waehtngtoa tbe crops, cepcciatlf wheat asd f nit give uvomleeof aa nnnsuai yieM. Tr e retmtiy Is ktUy, tue land poor, bat with guano nrd 'irne it prodneoa well, and the Washington and BtUimore markets gives the beet of pnoen. There can acarneiy be found a more Independent nel cap Bpropk than the farmers !b thia region of coua;<>. m y are act burthrnr d with braiaa, oaze eery I ttle for bucks erne* epaoara, seam eatl^cd wltu their cenditton, and do not aacbe to naythlag beyond n grig Jiving and a moderate hops ef heaven here nf'*r. K ckvflle, Ciartohnrgh and HyntMtown sre rll l?l?aoBtbe torantke. and gtve it tore in all thtegs. F-wm tbte, after a *1 rats Onr tit Uwkw* Owi Oomwhbobo, If. T, Jam to, 18M>? Hani T**"t t* 7'A<w IhgtHu - JdtemmbeatO, rood* a mi Public Hcuta Loeimg Vaat Mm* ft Mvm+u-Ni Trauel, Na Trade Southern Trm ?tUft 3 J *<idtng >ki Ner (A - Or?f? V,rgBadt tfurd?Fruit Destroyed by Frott- Spring Vfg+ ubU; a Luxury in June-Large Quantities of f^ >mb*r. frc TbU. cotihwMbM? pout at the Bute at Mm Ycrfc, isk* ?ccl1 ???oted M My oUw with thepar rail:rg spK. <???*--bard tiaae. F,on tt? opeatoc of the Oy<Jeak***S ??* R?ue Poiat raucead, aea* sis or tifgt.: ja** taU Tillage added ratty to its wealth, its ^Mintos ud comnwrjial aetirty ; bo* the prswure which hm risitei the orato through has aot been sphering with its toad laid btavOy apj? this peepi*. la* tos streets when a year or two eiiee a orowded tbri>ag rare coostaoty lr in oi lot. as upon elastic cords, deaclatiaa raigae con. "heprincipal thoioaghfamaspdeaarUi,to* ?tores hare fee easterners, and they parctoee rmg ?p*r?spy. Mtoy nsecbaalos bare left for parts, la beoreh of ea -loymaat, whilst are compelled to remain labor wttboat tjlrti or aaft nation. lane ie no tiade from Uie country ??OMi ?boat, because the fanners ham aH&lag for Mr ket ud ooi-quo'ter of (hn on eooaomuiag id tttlr oen families upon aa all) wanes. until tie ap proaching M rnt shall become fit for garnering. 1 he c *4,ti<ju of tnaepormdaa Urea, b>U upan watersodlead, Inthisaeodoa of tie State, ieeqmeQp d)*v on8^?g end deplorable. Toe steamer* oa L*k * Ontario ntd Champlaln, aor either to Bushed rai' roads that ooaneot with them, are Urate po.tltg passenger* or freight su?h neat ti pap ao ioai tmiag expeaaaa, and the owners, proyria t rw anu atockbo.dera are daily lotiag imm nee ease of money. The managers of tteae publia ccnveyau ia hare made great ceicu<atinna upon the ?aunl influx of aba'gets and travelled from the Bouth. to ei?joy the balmy atmosphere of Northern New lock. New Hampaiire and Vermont, the bob ia of Saratoga, aad other fashionable roeerto. have been fitted up aad arranged for toelr ex gee ted Hoc them guests, anticipating the cattemtry heUdeg durlrgtin hot summer moatae. Bit tie saying fa it the mouths of many reflecting men here thm thnk tbern ie good reason for withhollleg fnrtha support from a claaa ot men who stand ready bo plus ge the Booth in a state of civil oanteatiea and deadly strife, Taklag t ie abolition lata, who meetly control the public houses, and railroads, aad Mia boits, and the Maine law demagogues, who are ei dcavoiiag to mocopoiisa the aale of ell Uqner in tbe Northern 8'ates, we have a combination of mth>n ana ucptiacipled knaves, who deserve to b& avoided by the ptople of the Bjoth. la tola region of oountry the crops are easy backward. Cora, onto and potatoes are about fairly oat of the gToaad. Tnt weather ie now mire like March than Jnae. Most fami lies aie keeping up their February Arm, with closed doors and ?inter olothtng on. A week ego Sunday night, a heavy froet blighter! ail pre awct of fruit la this region the ooaiag sen sou. Tbe cold, wet weather ia tolerably well for finea a: cl wister rye, (wheat don't grow here, bat it does luxuriantly fn a higher Iatitod* in Canada, joAt acroM the Bt. Lawraece,) but for all at tier ve getation it is disastrous. Why. to day at the dtaoec tibia of the St. Lawrenoe Hotel, tie gneom de voured lettuce and young onion tops with a portent grce-JlceeA, the Gret raised hereabouts this aeiae; while ia New York aneh spring vrgeublas were em tin table ia early ApriL With tie dataeea of the tines, tite coid, dreary season, the finite of ton Maine Liquor law, and abolition fanaticism, the peoplo in tufa frozen correr of New York have a gloctov prospect enough before them. Iu thf region of country bo.de iag oo theOgdren burg Rhi'road, running through tbe northern per to, s cf Clinton, Franklin and St Lawrence eoee tiee, there ate pi'ed up immeeae quactidea of sawed lumber, tech u hard wood aad hemlock ptuutt bo.trds, sbicgles, staves, hoop pons, asd ord weed. Tbe depression ih the pices of these artiowa in the maiketi on the Hudson river, New York end Bd tcn, i-rtvents aahinareut, aad here t iagraa' auwat of property remains ia its bauds of the 'ambaraaat ttt j krdp rtswit-g and apiirtiag still, in saUolpaMei of recelv ng before the end ot the aesaan rttraM raliug prims. Thiy are the moat iadnstiUue set of feiiowA In t-e wcrla, aad are deserving of bvitar m vmrd than they can now get for their enterprise ami labor. Sews (rows Brasu. ocr u;o ok janiixo coaKKsroKoawoa. Rro di Jansieo, May 1,185b. Settlement of the Paraguay DlJJtculti--Ptf.ee Urn* eluded- -Oiinirltrial Relation* to bt Opened? Salute to the Brazilian Flag?ffavigation of the Amazon?Advices from Buenos Ay tee and Mm tevvlto. The Brazilian war nteamer Viamo, from Paraguay, whxh sailed on the 13th of April, ocnfi ma far mm notices from the seal of war, and states that the difficulties end questiocs existing bite tee this em pire aal the republic of Faragaay will all be amh cafcy settled, and taat en the 23d of March vts pnbliahed cfBclally at Asaumption that the reyublii never intended nor desired to offend the empi e of Brazil by disturbing in the least the friendly rota tions that existed between theee two governments, aid that they were ready to rroeive tbe eame embas sador, Sencr Fdtppe Joaa Perelra Leal, the leek Minister firm Brazil to their republic, or any other tbat His Majeaiy'a government wculd desire to seal Also, tie B azifian B?g had been saluted with twetty otir rounds on tbe 25th or March. The question of navigation will also be settled agmaby to tbe two govemmeata, but the cundi tr ns of ths negotiations hare not appeared to the publii. lbe rquadron is still anehcred witiia three leagues oi tke waters o( Paraguay, and nothing aI uo-e 1" ss cocurrrd at their ancborace. Datei from Mottevideo are to die 20th of April, fircm which p'ace there ia no ne*s of lmaortaaen. News frm Buenos Ayres to tbe 16th informs as if Srest depredations committed by the laiiana ia the .teriur, and that the government ia making active arrange mi a!s to control them. . Freights to United States are Arm, from 70). In 81 per bag tor coffee. The Rabicaa will sail a ton with the cargo of oilcf the Marie, which was oew demoed erd sold in port. No neva from cur squadron on the coast, or the reat tf war. F. H. B. When teUltn " Pie In the Line of Daty." TO TBZ IDITOX or THI HSRAI.B. I have read Attorney General Casaiag's reoent opirion In relation to the inquiries preeentelto him by the Hon. Mr. M CleUand, upon the tree oorstiuction of tbe PecskM act, as to when a tarn may be raid to " die in the llae of duty," to entitle his widow to a pension. His argument is elabarrtt, aad not ot ashed ia lsnguege llktly to bt uatorsteed by the widows who may have claims under the pwn eioo acts of Cocgreoa. It strikes my mind, however, that the error ef hie whole answer is to be found ia the fact that the onus cf proof of hia net "dying ie the line ef duty * reeto with tire government. It ie enough far n wkl.iw two or three thouvend miles from the east of war, to make cut the death of her husband. Indeed, thw Information is anally sent to her by offlowi or the government. Htvteg shown that bar huiband a in the eerrioe, that aervtoe, too, that he had ta Mid titiiituOf eurew w aw, svv. ?ewi are i i to tnppo-t, the presumption ia that he "* i Dae of duty." If not, the offi.iers of the | den ?warn in the I t reread who ware wNn him at the time of kin ( e*re*iallj the surgeon, knows whethsr he mw. The rennt of his death ia, by these Akd en rerordia the War or Navy Department, re the care may be. If a sailor cr soldier deaerta, the reoord of the Ds pvitntnt Is present te prove that faot. It alee pro vie ha death, ana generally tha disease of wM<rh he died. Yel, a raege to tall, if n widow ap jhee tee a pension, with these facta nndw tha eye of the Pension Bureau, she ie called upon to prove her boaband "died in the floe of doty." That b next to (efustag her a peiaton, for it Is impossible for her to prove of what diss see bodied, warn she ie many th*mnd mdes nwar from him at the time ot hia death. But wneteddg a attU fnrther ilWcutty to cases of this Mnd, ta tao curious circnma ance tbat where a iaa lor died te tbe hospital in tbe ieuavdtete rldnity of the aetd of war, the widow is called upon to &rove that haw husband died in "?? !'^f I tali n pension. 1 adaK Cenyrea did ret Intami, ilj i Tiiifiifiir ita fora^r ?die to pto % widoir i miwv whose bOAfaaed did not dla in tha lire of daty. Bat then it ww not contemplated hi these provisions mat the Widow shonld undertake to prove en lm ?KMsibiJi"-. Bhe eoold not know that he died In i fc! tone of duty. The government oorrti rely know tbat feet: and when he did not to die, ti la tie hast iest of toe govemmeot, not tbe widow's, to mates out that fart. If n widow sake far bounty land far the atrricM of hot husband, tbe govwvmmt ex amivea its records, ard if It la found ho In marked n deserter, she cannot reoeiv# any land; aal that in the course the government shonld purees in pom tieu oases. It bsa no right to oak thcwfivwto prove tar bmbaad died In the Mae of duty. If ho did not lie in the line of duty, the government krcwi It, or ought to. from Its records. Any other . deeiatcn virtually closes toe oenaioe ciloeagalnte I the poor and aged wliiwaoftha gellaat deaf ABqWiAa^T" WAflffllW,

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