Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 26, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 26, 1855 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

THE NEW YORK HERALD. ?HOLE NO. o878. MORNING EDITION-TUESDAY, JUNE 26, 1855. PRICE TW?0 CENTS. iMPORTANT TEMPERANCE MOVEMENTS. THE NEW LIQUOR LAW, Xayor Wood's Proclamation to the Peo ple of the Metropolis. INSTRUCTIONS TO THE POLICE. HEETING OF FRENCH CITIZENS. OkftiBg of the Anti-Liquor Men at the Tabernacle. The lihpltd Citizens and the Prohibitory Liquor Lav, *?., Ac, dsc. 'OBSERVANCE OF THE LAW IN THE METROPOLIS. MAYOR WOOD TO THE PEOPLE OP NEW YORK. Mayor's Orncs, Nrw York, June 25, 1S55. On the 16th April, immediately after th- a^jo jnnn?nt Of the Laghlature, I declare !, in an adJren ? to the public, the obligation resting npon eveiy a. train I trativ* officer to execute the lews, and tbe p-ople to obey tbem; and that with reference to the act just pasnml, known as 41 An Act for the prevention of lot. uiperaoce, faupcr ism and Crime," about which tue pabno iniud wis greatly agitated, I used this language:? I have availed myself of ti e ttr.t moment after the ad journment of the Legislature, when all ex;,eolations of re peal or aiodidoatiou were hopnles., to thu. make public my position, without hating bad time-.o ?xami .e it, or to re oeir* esuneel as to ray duti-s nu'ler it and wit hout knowing whether I am called upon or ha?u power a. Mayor, to take any part in its exnsution. I t.lia'1 inioroi m-?elf on these points without delay, and announce ni ?; oonclutlon to the publio with the sam* candor that prompt! this communica tion. On the 27th of April, in anotbor addrass. I stated that I bad obtained these opinions, and declared what they were. To that of the Diitrict Attorney, (Mr Hall,) applying exclusively to the law previous to the Fourth of J i<r is not now necessary to?efer; that 0' Mr Dil lon, the Counsel to the Corporation, was stated to bo in substance:? That the llayor la net empowered to hoar and determine the charges una punish offences sri-iag under any part of its provisions. That the Mayor |ia not authorised lop r orm any other duty uudtr the act thin to require oolieemen to perform the duties srjoined ui ou them, out that in hla Ji recti. as to the polios he must caution tl.eni agaiu.t auv in fraction of that seetion of the law whic 1 declare* it shall tot appl" to liquors the right In sell which in tl.i* Stat., is given by any law or treaty of the United States, and whtoh are exempt from seizor., for tt? selling of which there is no penalty, and that pol.cemrn will not be warranted ii. seis ing any suoh liquors, or the vessels la whieti i hsy are con tained. The Counsel more pariioularlv dsscrloes iheso liquors as being this* which am pocmlttod to bo imported by not of Congress, vix : which pay dnty; thus comprehending all that are imported. He alto thicks thai the Mayor has been appropriately advised oy the Dietriot Attorney on Other branches ot the law above referred to Subsequently, 1 have ext.mined this law with great care, being sincerely desirous of arriving at correct con elusions as to ray whole duty under it. It ia undeniable that the executive offi '.sr mutt as same avery act of the Legislature to be valid. .his at sumption, however, in the present case, must be adopted ' .th some reference to the doubts expressed as to soms blanches of thia law. In assuming the law valid, I am not to give ap the duty of administering it according to these views concerning its practical execution wb'Oli I have concluded have the h'glirst legal authority. Whilst assuming an act valid, it is al-o imperative upon the public officer to ascertain what is really required of him, and in case of doubt as to any particular provision ?the enforcing of which will incur personal responsi bility, by the Infliction of injuries upon tbe persons and Jiropeity of the citixens?to exercise extreme cantion; or whilst the people have a right to call upon a public officer to enforce the laws, they have no right to require him to seize property and arrest persons, if there be any well foundeo doubt as to tbe eub-equi-nt maintenaucsof this authority by the courts. It would not do to tell the citixen, after the courts had decided that his proper ty had been Illegally seized and his person illegally im prisoned, that the magistrate had bei eved himself authorized to order it uuder the law, and that there is no redress. The presumption Is that tbe officer assumes no illegal powers; that he is careful to avoid the exevolsn of such powers, especially U ?they aje oppressive in their char acter ard incur personal 1 ability. No public officer can ba called upon to do this, and it matters littli whether ths liability falls upon the officer personally, or the damages are to be rcimburied by taxation upju ths property of tbe whole people. It is self evident, therefore, that whilst it is my duty to exeoute this law, yet its psculiar character, con nectsd with the dousta thrown around its true interpre tation and its constitutionality, justlfles me in giving it what I believe to be tbe most accurate legal construe tion so far as my office has anything to do with it. Ibis I have determined to do?and refer to the accompany ing order to the police as declaring what that construc tion (a. It #111 be seen that this order applies exclusively to those duties put upon the polics by the act, in which they are clothed with the power of seizing pro perty and arresting persons merely upon their own motion, withont warrants or complaint. It does not interfere" with their dnty in the serving of process or In executing warrants base! npon tbe complaint of others. It leaves any citizen the right who is willing and able to assume the responsibility to test the law in the courts, by attempting its etforce ' xaent. Id my epin'on, no time should he lost in giving it this direction?that judicial deoislon may be obtained to dispel all doubta, and ascertain fully whether every apparent condition shall he carried out. It ia scarcely necessary forme to add, that if adverse to thi views which I have considered it my duty to adopt, I shall ac quiesce, and use every power at my command to give force and effect to that decision, whatever it may be. It is to be regretted that so far as this oity Is con cerned, some other and mote practical means had not keen adopted for the supprer.siou of intemperance. No citizen will go farther or ao mors to accomplish H3 great a good than myself. I lcok upen intoxication, ana the habitual use of intoxicating liquor, as a vice more de structive In Its effects, and more debasing in Its charac ter than any other extant In this community. My own practice ana precepts have always been in accordance with these opinions; and since holdlcg my present offi cial relatione to the people of this city, I have been ac tive and determined in thus treating it. But as a public officer, I cannot act upon the theory of ethics. The law must be my guide, to be construed according to the best lights. FERNANDO WOOD. INSTRUCTIONS TO POLICIMIN. Mayor'8 Omci, Nsw York, Jaoe 26, 1865. Here with is furnished a copy of an act entitled " An ? Act for the Prevention of Intemperance, Panperlam and ? Cr<me," pasted April 9th, 1866. 1 call your attention especially to the 1st, 7th and 12th sections, which more . directly refer to sued dutiea aa are impoaed upon yon by Its provisions. The first section declares that intoxioat . ing liquors, except aa are hereinafter provided, Shall not be aold or kept for sale, or with intent to he sold, hy any person, for himseli or any other person, in any plaos whatsoever; nor shall it be Riven away, (except as a medi cine, by physletsns pursuing tho praouoe of medicine as a business, or for sacramental purposes.) nor be kept with in tent to be given away in any place whatsoever, exoept in a dwelling-house in which, or In any part of whioh, no tavern, atore, grocery, shop, boaoding, or vituallng house, or room ? for gambling, dancing, cr other publio amusement or rocrea tlen of any kind la kept; nor shall it be kept or deposited in .any place whatsoever, exoept in snob dwel ing house, as -above described. or la a church or place of worship, fcr saora mental purposes, or In n place where either some ohemioal, mechanical or medicinal art, requiring tho nse of liquor, is wanted on ee-a regular branch of business, or waits tn aotnnl - transportation from one plaee to another, or otoied in n warehouse prior to ite reaching the place of it* destination. This aaetion shall not apply to llqnor, the right to sell whioh * States! l* *iven ?J law or treaty at tho United The aeventb Motion declares the duty of the officer after the eeixure of the liquor, pursuant to the 12th sec tion, with teferenM to glvlig notice to the owner, Ac., The 18th section declares that? it ekall be the duty of every sheriff; nndor sheri.T, deputy sheriff, oonstable, marshal, or policeman, to serve all pro . cesses to be Issued by virtue of thi. ???, toVre.t any per . eon whom be shad see actually engaged In the commission ?f any offence in violation of the first section of thle net, and to seise eU liquors kept in violetion ef said seetlon at the S time and plaoe of the eommiseioa of sueh off ewe*, tosether with the vessels la whioh tbo same is contained, and forth with to convey euoh person before any magistrate of the faame city or town, to be denlt with acoordiag to law, and to * atore the liquor and vessels (o selied in some convenient 1 plaee, to be disposed of no heismarter provided. It shall ba the doty of every offloer by whom any; arrest and Misure shall be made nnder this section, to make complaint, oi oath, against the person or poisons arretted, and to proio ?cnte men complaint to judgment and execution It shall be the duty of every sneh officer whenever be shall eee any In bexleated person in any store hotel, street, alley, highway ?or piece, or disturbing the public peaee and quiet, to appre hend such person, and take blm baforo some magistrate, and if said magistrate shall, alter due examination, deoin him toe much intoxicated to be examined, or to answer open oath eorrectly.he shall direet said officer to keep bimiaeoae jail, lockup, or other eafe and convenient pines, to be desig nated by said magistrate, until he shall heeome sober, and thereupon forthwith to take him before said magistrate, or If he oaanot be tonad, before some other magistrate. Now, whUM It la clearly obligatory upon you to on ? force ail law* paused by the legislature, which impose dutiea on your ofllco, and to assume thorn valid uatil decided otherwise by the court*, yot as your command - ing officer, and rMponslbla for your acts, (f pursuant to orders, I feel It incumbent upon mo to state what Is the Interpretation to to put upon this law, so far aa it im posea any duties upon you, and what are the limite of yonr powers under it. Yon will not he authorized to seise any foreign liquors, or in arroetinf for the sale of the earns sxcept upon war rant issued hy n competent magistrate upon testimony other than yonr own. Whether liquors exhibited m jour pressacs, either for sale or otharsrtse, an Into si eating lienors (as dMignnW ig gtcUon 32} or of forffi'4n manufacture or not, you must ju.<f > with great efrtam tptruoo, and be careful to avoid /Witief any thua ax tmpi. Ad error ia this regard may lay joat liable to a -vere p?r?<nal if pons* bility?<na>mu> h aa'yo.N are hereby ex pnsaly tDjvced to mIzo do auch 1 qiow. Your principal datiea atlae under the 1-Vb section. The duUf a under other section* arc merely to serve pro ve* ee* of magistrates. The 12th section lequireeytm? First. To arreet any person ?e?n in the rlolatioa of the let section. -eiono. Tn seize all liquors kept in violation of tbe let section at ?be time ana place or the commission of the 1D1 uoe Third. When an arreet or seizure i* male. to make a ceD>pisint te'ore a proper msglstra.e uncer tbe act. Foultb To arreet any intoz.rated person in a core, b(t?l. pubic place, or disturbing tbe peace, au<l take bim befo>o a uiaglatiate. The first and etcond item* thua referred to in thla arc t cd ere uf vital importance, and require to be ex ecuteC with grvat judgment Tbey require the arreet of persons and the seizure of property, in the vleible violation of tbe net. You will therefore be oare'ttl that when an nrreat or seizure if to be made on vieiv, ?that 'a?merely ae tbe result of your own obaerva t!on?tlist it mui4 be euch a violation as tbe eya itself can fi ll} oisclose and cat not embrace ufleucfs, whsre the whole 01 tbe olTeace roe* not fall under your own eye. as thus a sale oi liquor m your presence not in any of tbe excepted placts, or by one of tbe licensed persona, and not dutiable, ia an absolute violation of tte law, railing for arreet of the person, seizure of the liquor and crmplaint to tbe magistrate, dut keeping ? iib iutsnt to sell or give away is not an olTence fully within tbe arope of tbe eye; tbe ce?|ing is, but the intent ia a matter of which the eye alone is not, and cannot be a sufficient judge. You cannot see tbe vio lation of this clause, for an intent cannot be seen; it is only to be made ont from tu <ny circumstances which nre to prove it to the judgment, and not to the sight. These v.olationa, therefore, do not come within this sec tion, (12th.) so as to compel you to arrest or aeize with out compla.nts. As to tbe third Item, it is consequent uoon the first and second It is Important to be followed up. because tbe conviction under tbe complaint is essential for your cwn protection The fourth item, as to fbe arrest of intoxicated per sons, &c , is already required of you by the lawu and by tbe ru as end regulations of the* l'olice Department, as far as tbe streets are concerned. I car not too seriously impress upon y u the discreet exercise of your duties, under this law The power of seizing property at will, and arresting persons by no otter authority than yonr own volition, is one which bss beretcfore never been conferred on police officers, sn<l should be carefully guarded, so as to avoid oppres sion of tbe citizen It is one ot tbe dearest rights of American citizens to be secure in person and property. Neither should he touched without the strongeet and meat conclusive pioof that tbe set is fully warranted, aud in tbe ex?r- 1 else of this important discretion, too much cauttlon and judgment cHuno; be adopted. 1 shall holt you to severe accountability, and trust that while the law is faithful ly executed sustained and carried out on the one hand, no oppressive nets, on the other, will be perpetrated against the rights of the citizea* in the performance of the duties which are thus devolved upon you. FERNANDO WOOD, Mayor. THE LIQUOR PROHIBITIONISTS AT THE TABERNACLE. A man meeting or convention of the friends of the Prohibitory Liquor law was called last evening at the Tabernacle, by the following notice:? nJkf"> *fH be a mass convention of the Mends of the Prohibitory lew, at the Broadway Tabernacle, this eve l0,Ck' Pr'P"?tory to the introduction of the Prohibitory aw in this city. The Rev John Cham beis. of 1 liilarielph'a, Wm. B Burle gh, the Rev. S A Otrey, Robert Matttson, tbe Rev. Thomas Arm!tags, and tne Rev. Mr Fobineon, are announced as ths speakers. At ths appointed hour there were some 800 persons present (afterwards increased to some 1,600), two-thirds e' ibem being, as ueual, composed of ladies and children The platform was occup'ed by tome two score of serious lookintfgentltmen. The meeting was called to order by Mr. Isaac I. Oliver, president, who briefly expressed the objects of thecal!, and introduced a gentleman who read the following list of officers of the meeting:? PKBRIDENT. ISAAC J. OLIVER. will t. Afs?TA?T PRESIDENTS. William B. Dodge, Jamee Mackean. MARSHA!. Jeremiah T. brooks. . _ CHAPLAINS Rev Dr. Mareb, Bev. John Crawford. M.bLn T. U.wit, B?? LW?"" E B John \V Oliver, Hon/c. C Lei.h, M.E Cti*' Asa l'arker c. H Rnaher. Eteplih "2?kST L8s"Hal.^oder' Bo'' J$ol>*8 Miller, Jatues C. Harriott, L t*. uaiiitod, John Stephenson. Sam P. Patterson C V North*"' Hetirj, Quimn, Cbarlei Irvine, ' V ,7 , Wm Tate, Aia L. Shinmtn i-?V' Yi. W Cor,lt". Daniet Kara haw. J^bn Falconer. John Sudlow, Henry Moore, S ? ~ t,v'" ,r-t Anaon G I'helpe, Geo Mvers F W W irJa00** t \ P11"'?, B"> Buekman, Se.WM?Mn, ^Wwi, iioTiM,4 D^WMk^1011' g. W. Mori.on, Robert M. Hartley, IK l.. >J ??*?, Keese Lewis, Wm. M Banter tea r r,' ? ,lk,S?n,,j ? Porter G. Sherman, ? ? i? e,t"' L"?t- D*Ti<? Pi eld, E C. Chapin. !iMdHB?eS; J-*? ? m wee iFCRFTARIFB. 5?ei Kf ll?nr* ?- Httotad, Otoar Purdy. Tho. Edgeriey, j F. Joy, Wm E MeDonongh, w r a,a?. ^ George Leonard, R. j. Hintoa. w. L. AnaruB, Henry Moore, Jr., The Rev. Mr. Marsij oiTered up prayer. Mr. I. J. Oliver then presented himself, and said:? [ The object of this meeting is simp'r to make prepara tion for tbe introduction of the prohibitory ii tuor law In tbe elty of New Yorii on the coming Fourth of July. We have met here to night to show our fellow citizens that we rejoice in the prospect of Introducing that law here and we meet for the purpose of showing the cf the city or hew York that we are not scared nor frightened, but we believe In the good old American doc trine of obedience to all the laws of the land. (Cheers ) The Dutch rumreliere m?y get together, and may pass resolutions condemning this prohibitory law. but it will be sustained. (Cheers.) I tell you that you have a Mayor who will sustain the law. I called upon tbe Mayor to-day. I never saw him be'ore, although I had heard ten thousand atoriee of him. fcSaM he: "There Is the law?1 did not make H; I em opposed to it, but I will execute the law." I then asked nim: ''Suppose the ?i?Dhf -a J\W ^ ^ Per,*?Uv constitutional, right and proper, what will you dot" Said ha1: "it BhaU be sustained at every hazard." (Cheers.) New, I went i to eee the Mayor under prejudice. I expected no good things, from what 1 had beard of htm. But Icameawav favorably impressed. 1 believe that he has the will and tbe beait to do right. I/t us then not condemn the Major too fast, but 1st us follow Davy Crookett's prin ciple, and when we are right let us go ahead. I do not intend to make a speech to you at all, but If you have i any hard work to do, just tell me what it is, and I will help you to do it Heretefoie ws could hardly pass tbiough our streets on Sunday without see ng tne holy Sabbathi violated right and left, and it seemed as though we could get no redress from the proper authorities: but Mayor Wood said to tne, "Mr. Oliver, If you see one man drunk on the Sabbath or upon any other day. just touch thei first policeman on the shoulder and tell him to ar rest, that man, and if be rails to do it, repoit him to me (Cheers.) Then, fellow citizens, iet us help the Mayor in this war, and if we see a man, or a woman ,n street, let na summon a policeman, and if he refuses to do his duty, let us rwport him to the Mayor. (Cheers). 1 shall not detain you with fur ther remarks, but shall introduce to you the Ilev Mr Marih, who will read you the resolutions which have been prepared. Ihe Rev. Mr. Marsh then read tbe following resolu tions, which ^p received with gTeat applanse :? Whereas, wW the^ oltizeas and workingmen of the City of New York, have, for a long course of years, been burdened and oppressed with from tlx to ten thou ?and licensed and unlicensed grog .hops, producing hab its of idleness, intemperance, waste of time and money and industry; creating a vaet amount of pauperism and m"'r7> ?fcefttog to the daily commission af the most horrid crimes; imposing upon ns an unendurable amount of taxation for the erection of vast jatls and alms houses, and the support of paupers and crtmtn*W; and whereas, the Legislature of this State has given ue R law by which all thtw fountains of polution, erf m*. and dtarh axe to be closed up on the coming Fourth of July (the glorious day of our National Independence), It Is right and proper that we, tbe ciUsens And working New York, should assemble and express our joy and thanksgiving at the prospect before ue; with our entire and most hearty approbation of the law: our be lief in ite constitutionality and wisdom; and our deter mination, as a law loving and law abiding peopts, to give it our undivided support. ' Reiolved, Thtt the liquor business of our great com mercial metropolis, while It has enrlchsd a few, bai sent P?****y and desolation into tbe homes of thousands and though we sympath ze with all who suffer in the P'Of'ty, whether by Ares, by shipwreck, by te?Sr2Sii!!,.b"r5,5MBt' o'ky laws which Interpose evil wh??? cf th* eomraualty from some great m e?*n the worm of the .till, at the move I of " struggle for the re oall upon the Bon. Fernando W^'iiainrnftil111'''* New fork, to stand forth m thT^J^ ?f -swayed not by men wboM onlyB.^hiftSSt we have our wealth"?winking at mo -?vLw stnflied evaaionn?yieldng to is lewaf opinions express but the will of the ooprws^llliL a manly front, and a bold determtnaSon tbe known will of tbe people and the will of tho Lertiu turo, planting himself on tbe law under theOo2K??* Hon, and using all the powers of bis office for its nerf^t Mid fearless enforcement- In such a course we n'sS. b^m our entire support P sdge Reaelved, That wo hail the Problbttery law as emeha tieally the law of the work'ngmaa, dtaUned to eav* him ? b??vy amount of taxatiog aew levied ufou him by the fro* abopi: to lower the price Of bre*?. 'tuff*, n0 ' et amrrnily wasted la diatilleriee, to nek* our c**/ * ,i,e ?do bappj residence for bin and bli children, *Ql secure pr?M tad order and indutry ta erery shi,V*rd is pec t of man for and lector/ end work shop; respeet ... _ t . aa elevation ot tba weakest and pooreat and mo?t u 0 bared, to reee*elabilJty and usefulness, and of thou aaada of families, now ia want, to plenty, peace and ooaafort. Brtolved, That It* is nothing, nod officers of justice are nothing, without a etrong public sentiment t> back and support them. and that tberefoie, wmlethadls titters an<' brewers and importers and Tenders, are com biolcg te array pubVc sentiment in hostility to the Ut, and threat- ning all who are engaged in its execution with a lis* of patronage in (heir baeineas and with in jury in their ptreote nod property, it becomes ail the !rlend? of law and iron?* to stand out prom oentiy and fesrle-sly m support of tbnlaw, and tocomoiae together and contribute liberally aa may be required; and we hereby pledge ouiaelree, M cltfsens and working men, without fear of any threat* of violence or injury, or mo be or note, to complain aa the law directs, of every violator end every offloer that aeglecta to do hi* duty. K?solved, lbat we ahall welcome the day (for ft will come) when, through this prohibitory Hw, oorimmauae bu.Kings at Iilackweil'a I aland ahall be rid of their preeent character of tenants, and we etrail be able to in vite onr honorable Legislature to see them filled with a happy population, engaged in every kind of mtnufae turing buelneaa for the comfort and benefit of mankind. Kesolved, That those presses which labor tomtsrepre aent the law and cast duet In the oyoe of the people, and which do littla but stir np the people t?a spirit of resistance and rebellion, deserve the frown and coatempt of every virtuous citisen; and that tbeae presses which take the tide ot law and order, and labor to enlighten the people and ehow the good operation of the law in other States of the Union, should have our united thanks and eupport. Keeolved, lhat we hail the coming Fourth of July as the most glorious day for our city and country sine* the 4rh ot July. 1776; that then we proclaimed emeacipa ticn from a foreign tyranny, which had tared as with out representation, burdened us with standing armies, wasted our substance, and prevented our growth and prospeiity; now we proclaim emancipation from an in ternal tyranny, whiih has beggared families, slaughtered fathers and sons, and corrupted the morali of the people; and we shall welcome its approach with hearts ot grati tude and thanksgiving. The resolution* (with the exception of the 2d,) were unanimously adopted. A separate vote was taken upou'tlie second resolution, which wsa carried ncm. con., amid great applause. The Chairman.?I have now great pleasure in intro ducmg to jou one of the oldest and most enthusiastic friends of the temperance cause that has ever stood up on this plstfoim?- the Bey. Mr. Chambers, of l'hiladel pb:a. (Cheers ) lbe Kcv. Mr. Chambers spoke as follows;? When Jehovah, the great author of the universe, completed this magnificent world, in which it is our honcr arid our privilege to live, he pronounced himself, that all was vary good. Man was plaoed in the midst of moit magnificent and auspicious circumstances. Imme diately, however, upon the completion of tuat work?the creation of man and the placing of him in circumstances the most cesirable?the Infinite Kuler of the universe 'parsed s grand prohibitory law; and there aud then com menced ti e idea of prohibition. (Cheers.) Addressing bimeelf to his intelligent creature, that he had made la his own image, he told him that everything around him, everything beneath and everything above him, thatcouid contribute directly or indirectly to his comfort, to his peace, to his happiness, was at his oiva bidding, save and except the tree that Jehovah declared was not to be touched?tbe law that he passed was an absolute one, and a prohibitory one. A very short period after that the prince of darkness, the father of ilea, the inefigator of all evil, persuaded our common mother to eet at naught Cod, and to disregard the principles by which her own interests wers to be guarded Ail protected. From that hour to this the devil, Lucifer, the fallen eon of the morning, in conjunc tion with all the incarnations of wickedness that the world hae ever eesn, has been in strenuous, desperate, wicked, devilish, hellish opposition to prohibitory laws when such laws are to oo good to man. (Cheers.) Iam not surprised nt the opposition which meets us here, for the devil knowa perfectly well that if the Empire State carries out?as may God grant it may, and I be lieve it will?a law prohibiting the manufacture and sale of all intoxicating liguors aa a beverage, he may adept the language of SbaV spare, and say The devil's ocsnpation's gone. ?(Lalighter and cherts.) Where would be found In cendiaries ? where souid be found burglars 1 where would be found murderers, If such a law were adopted? No man in this assembly needs to bi informed that intoxicating liquors hare been the cruse of mora evil than anything elite in this State of ours. They bare swept ever our fair country. Thoununds and tens ot thousands have been xmitten down by this fell curse, at the bar, in the senate, and in the peaceful pursalts of merchandise. The Prince of Darlneit* knows full well thet if this law is carried lolly and fairly out in New York, then this favored and Ood-baptlzea nation will rise like a giant and throw for ever from ltd nhoul deis this accursed traffic. (Cheer*.) The powers of darkntea know that there is not a State In this Un on that haB not its eve upon the State of New York, t here is not a pbilanthiopist in the Union that has not hij eye upon this State. There is not a philanthropist on God's globe who :s not looking to you for an example worthy of bis imitation. (Loud cheers.) Fellow citizens, our people bare been down trodden long enough. We talk about 1776?about British oppression?we talk about taxation without our consent?but what were the injuries inihcted upon us by George the 3d compared with the Injuries inflicted upon us by the rum traffic? ~ * thi " ' " You have prohibitory laws all over the land. You say the dog shall not go unmuzzled at certain periods of the j ear. Shall we not protect the millions of our people in danger of being ruined by this terrible calamity? If you get all these grog shops cloied, there will be terrible laa guishment here about the fifth of July. What bloated calves! the miserable dogs will be bleating there for m a-a! (l aughter.) These creatures are to be pitied. Opinions bad been given, not gratuitously he presumed either, by some distinguished men of the bar. Very wall. What istlie amount of it all? Why, that you will not be allowed to sell domestic liquors, but that you may sell foreign liquors I Would eay to my countrymen, will yoa allow a sot or men to paes laws in yonr Legislature, and allow your lawyers to dteide that the English and the French, an" the Germans are to be allowed to send over their pestiferous stuff to poison the people? FeUow-oitlzena, there are other gentlemen to follow me. My heart is f JD/tnd my eoul ie on Are, because I believe it is one of tboee great (causes by which will be held together, as with bancs of iron, the States of this great repub lic. And may the palsy of death reach that arm wulch shall be stretched out to tonch the sacred arm of Union with the intention of severing it. (Applause.) And now fellow-citizens of New York, let me ask you to revolve and give your best exerti ns to have thla land re deemed and disenthralled from that onrse of ueing in toxicating iiqnois as a beverage. The President (Mr. Oliver) here made some very im pertinent remarks, directed to the reporters; but this gentleiran is so prone on all pubic occasions to make an unmitigated dunkey of himself, that It was rather to be woudtied at tbat some members of the press thought it worth while to resent his impudence, as they did, leaving the meeting. Mr. Wn. H. Buklkioh next addressed the meeting. He said they stood on the verge of a new era. It was to be fraught with unspeakable blessings or mischiefs. HI therto they hai bad the Influence of law against that of righteousness. Tne consequence was that what they bad tried to do by moral suasion they had practically undone by statutory law; and thus tbe whele eflorts of the 'empcrance people had been littlo more than the work ot Sysiphns. They hid become tired of ths fruit less toll. After the greatest pains taking, they had found that the 20,000 grog shops ol this Btate have been kab'.e to make drunkards faster, than they conld redeem them: and when tbey Inquired how this was, the answer had come back to them, " Look to tbe law?there is the cause of your failure." The truth, then, Is, there is no edusati. nal Influence in our country more potent than that of law. It extends beyond ths province of ths pulpit and he schoolmaster., it educates the people Into the ethics of society, to that men have legal consciences. Remonstrate wltu a liquor dealer, and what do you gain by it? He did not like to denounce severely his fellow citizens engaged in that traffic. He abhorred the llauor trafflo. But he did not forget thatytheie liquor dealers were engaged in a traffic over which they, tbe people, threw the sanctity ef the law. Howaver. they trusted now to have en easier task than formerly they Lad. They had at length been ena bled to array the lew on the aide of morality and ab stract right, and thcugh liquor dealers msy feel hard against them, yet tbey would ultimately recognize that tbey?the temperance people?were engaged In a great philanthropic cause, ft is, howaver, asked us, " But bare you a right to pass such a law aa this?" He had two answers to make to that queetion. Ia tbe flrst piece, they thought they had, else they would not hsvs petitioned the Brats Legislature to enact It and that legislature would not have enacted it. In the second place, he replied that he oould not oonoetve of a government which did not posseaa a right to protect its citizens from all deadly influences. If they had a right to take measures to skat out a plague, surely tn?y had a right to take measures to shut out tbat greater evil of drunkenness. It wee not necessary for htm to consider tbe question of constitutional right. It may be, perhaps, dft'eed th*t the statute ie uncon stitutional. What then? It ettll remains forever true, tbat tbe peopfe have a r.ght to self-protection. Hs woold remind their opponents that tbe people of this State beve all a voice In the matter, and they ere in earnest about the matter. Suppose the Courts adjudi cated the aet unconstitutional, snob an adjudication dee* not make it unconstitutional any the more. We ((member the advice of one of our revolutionary wor thies when hie platoon missed Are: " Boys, pick your flioti again." That la what they would ooy to the peo ple. They would pick tbolr flints and remedy the de fect. Constitutional A breath may make turn as a bn atb may unmake them. Fot bis part he believed t'eat humanity was above constitutions, end that God was above them all He simply meant to say that wbat tbe people have done they may amend e.nd pirfeot If our fathers have bungled, 1st their son's amend the let us show to the world tbat wa are worthy of self government, end that wo do not wot a piece of v_. ' ^ fathers. rirchn.eot merely because It ie the wor's of our 1 tell you we have our bends on tbe tb.roat of this devil Alcohol snd .Ged helping us, we wtl'. throttle him. (Ap plause.) But it was said this would bo resisted ?ore. He would wonder if It war not. During his rssi dooco hero ho bad notieed that thorn was no law of God 9t mu which WM rooUW <j in Now York. (Laugh ter.) He I bought after all, that this law would cooetl-.ute no exception to the general rule. He thought It would teobejod. He thought that the citizen* of New Yor* Bight be divifed into two great classes?thnee who ap proved of ihe Fngitive flare law, and those who did not. Tl o e who insisted that that law ahould be obayed, be cause it was a law, would a>*o, In fair reaaontog and justice, inaiat that tbia temperance law should be obeyed, because it waa a law; and he should area ex pect to lee hia a arable friend, the editor of the 8 skald, l <???g universal compliance with ita re<{uirein*ut. 1'ti i iaj-rtiv, of course, whose editor's uama auggueUd torn ethog very different from wluskoy puochea, will i?cmlJ the advico of the Ukrald man, and the A>um w U come i * io'^e same way. They would all insist that while u rboaibitory Liquor law remained on themituUj bock* t: *y should reatl>r tacr. obedien ;e to tbe law. Ttere wac only another clamor' citizen*?those who did bo* nwi-hr t J tl>? Fs|W?3Uf? law. Anl they wars nine tot be huncrtci temperance men. (Applaiae.) The .aw, thei 1| wU be obeyed, and bring Uletaiiigs in ita train Ibere ?"h7 be some oppomtiou, but theeluca rtli apraad t'onal indu-nce' ot tb* law will apraad and become uni verse!. Ha crai dttded with tola prediction, namely, tnat the law proLtolt og tbe aala of intoxicating drink* will work out it* legi tiuinte taudeucle* in unpeopling the poorhonat* and pr laone. In reducing taxes, in uplifting depraved humanity, and thua beaoma a worker together wnh Lnd and be aha raid of thai greater and batter day when''the knowledge of the Lord ahatl cover the earth aa the water* do tbe cl tan net* of the earth " The CHinufaif then ? enounced that tbe liat wonld he ??nt round; end tbat ??bti? the eolleotton was being nude, a snag would be au og by Mr. Brower. The hat wae aecnrdlogl.V aent round, and Mr. Brower treated the an?i?nee to a delectable temperance song, via T of the Cannibal Island*," eat to tbe tane of " The Kin. which received much appl*L'*e, and wai encored to the tune of <? All Kound My flat." Rut. Mr. Coaxr next a.1drees<id the meeting. He ex id? A eenturj eince the Court 01* Unqltnd bad for it* preacher the ebleit van in Briteiw; but, in an aril hour, he committed iorgery, and was eondemned to he hang. The King demanded that the sentence should be re voied. But"the answer which he received was, "If we give th e man liberty, we must alee in a like crwe give liberty to the meanest of your subjects." That sight well be applied to the present state of things. They bad lately a law which a fleeted the whole county, (the Fugitive Slave law.) and the public mind had donbted whether that law ebowld be obeyed. But it was the law of the land: and we ?ere told thoi if we queationed the righteousness of that law, It was not our place to go and tight itfm the public mast, but that in the halls of legislation we might right ourselveo. They bad now nnother law: Mr. Vastier, a Urge brewry of hie part of the country, had remarked the other day, '-I am preparing to clone my brewery on the 3d of July, and 1 am very glad that we have to do so, for brewing, atterall, ts a mean business." (Laughter ) That story showed how even their opponents in the country felt. They had here, in this city, to meet the opponents, of the law?not Americans, but foreigners. If any large hotel kieper here refused to obey the lav, be must be a Frenchman, not an American (Laughter.) He bad been told to-day in a large hotel, that they would not close their bar, or pay any attention to the law; and yet be shou.d have thought that if the proprietor of that house had walked into certain rooms, and seen the evidences of drunaenness there, he would not have spoken so Thers Is nothing in this law so hor rible snd fearful as that of rum vending. Go down 1o the Tombs to-night?said he?and ask Baker, and other murderers, what brought them there and they will tell you they did the fearful deed when they were drunk. It ia good from this platform to look back half a century ?it is good 10 look upon the face of that man who re ported the bill to the Legislature. (Applause.) We re member when the ilrat mind concslved it?we remember when the nix sermons of Beecber went through the land, and we remember with gratitude when that enactment was enshrined in our statute book, wh'ch makes it a cri minaiiiy to sell rum. (Applause) Now, who will op pose this law f First, we bad moral suasion. But there is rouse in that. We have had also indefinite enact ments on this point: hut they had no bearing. Now we have a law that will not he opposed by the well wishers of society?that will not be opposed by the drunkard himself. Then we say, " All hail to that booming can non which shall usher In the glorious Fourth I" We have keen uied to honor and celebrate that day. We have been accustomed to think of Warren and of Stark: but now, associated with this will be the glorious thought that that day's sun will be suggestive of a day when it shall not rise upon a dramshop, or set upon a drunkard. (Applause, during which thespesker resumed his seat ) He Kev Mr. Akmitaqk was next Introduced, and said ?We experience to-night the charms of the word "Jubi Ue." Like the old Jewish jubilee, this is fraught with the richest blessings, the Jewish jubilee was charac terized by two ibiogs?the extinction of debt and too declsraticn of personal liberty There was something analogous to it in this jubilee here to-night. It would eound lrom one end of the land to the other:? Oh, catch he high import, ye winds, as ye blow? Oh, bear it. ye sum, ae ye roll. From the lesion* that feel the sun's vertical glow To the farthest extreme* uf the pole. Equal law*, equal is the nations around, I'eace and friendship their presopt* linoatt. And wherever tho bosom of man can be found, Let him bind the decree to bie heat t. He hailed the struggle of the,last two months and was perfectly satisfied with its results. He was gUd that the law was put to a severe test, and he would welcome the final teat. Let them try It. The opinions of the lawyers have been purchased in a regular busi nete transaction. They were employed exports and to They had only to weigh one side ot the evidence, and were not bound to give the other aide. They have almost ail admitted the principle on which the law ie based as a sound and wholesome one, and that the country may legislate on that prln:lpls. Tnese admit ? lions must be serviceable to the succese of the law. Moral suasion has been settled forever. Notwith standing the manly earnest appeal of the Mayor to the rum drinkers to shut up their shops on Sunday, ws have bad every Sunday since then 6,000 rum shops in full blast. Mr. A. referred to the speech ot Mr. French at Tammany Ball, some weeks ago, in which there was ths old poetic expulsion of sitting under the vine and fig tree, and commented on it. It wus tho newest thing out, he said; and the newest thing about it was its ardsut piety? '?your vine and fig tree !" Did you ever hearof such a thing as a rumseller's vine Md fig tree ? They muet be exotica. It certainly was not the vine of 1'aleatlne, al though it may be the vine of Gilgnl, celebrated in the Bible: or perhaps it maybe related to Jonah's gourd, which bad a worm at the root. Why did not the gentle man amplify a little, and tell ue what this vine is?bow gnerly and knotty it ie?what clusters it bears?Its foli age dropping with blood?of the zephyrs of heaven sigh ing through it? Is that the vine?is that the fig tree under which the rumaellers are to sit? Last year, the rum seller a toli them that the passage of a temperance bill would put back the cause ten degrees by the sun; and now 1 hey say. " By the soul of Pharaoh, the law will ruin the whole business." (Laughter ) He now had a word to say to the ladies. lie knew, when he had business to do in his church, the women were alwaye reedy to put it through while the men were fast anieep. (Giggling and laughter ) lie would ask them, would they not try to have this law sustained? There were other vines and fig trees to be taken oare of besides those under which the rumseliers nestle. Let them do their duty, tken, in this regard. He referred to the act of certain women of Cincinnati, who lately paid a visit to some rum shops and broke all the decanters. He would not like to see the ladies of New York head a mot or break the decanters, although that Cincinnati mob never made him lose his sleep. But let men and women, those who love the law, ooms up shoulder to aboulder, heart to heart, and hand to hand, and sound this trump of jubilee and reap lta rich re waid (Applause.! Brother liiower then came forward and aung another temperanoe song, to the old tnne of? And cut of her bosom there grew a red roee. And out of hie toeom a briar, a briar. And tb*fi%fter the uanal benediction the congregation dinperned. MEETING OF ANTI-MAINE LAW FRENCHMEN. A very large me At teg of our French citizen* am emble<l yeeterday, at No. 72 Leonard street, to con*alt about the meaaurea to be taken in view of the enforcement of the prohibitory liquor law. Mr. Deleeclure took the chair, and was aeaieted by Mr. Vcgeli aa recratary, both having acted in auoh capacity at the meeting which took place on Friday laat. Mr. Diusciun opened the proceeding* by reading and ex plaining the following letter, reoeived from the Committee ot the National Democrats:? To ran Chairman or thk French Dmionuno Mxxnaa to ?? iiud Jcnx 26th, in OrroeiTioir to thk Main* Law. J.bab 8m?At the aeaaion Of the Select Committee bold tbla day, for the purpoae of organising the proposed great maaa meeting ot net onal democrat* of New York, on motion, It was unanimously Beiolvtd, That the Chairman and Secretaries of thla committee be requested to convey to tbe meeting or French democrat*, appointed to be held thla evening, in opposition to the Maine law, aa invitation to attend the great national democrat-c maaa meeting on Wednesday evening, the 27th instant, at the Metropolitan theatre, at which reaolutione in opposition to froo soilism, Mam* law ism sad Know Nothingiam will bo propoaod. In c oti veyiog the above resolution to the meeting over wtleh you will kind enough, sir, to state tbat. should tble invitation be accepted, and your meet ing determine to visit ours far a body, the committee will be la leacinsso to roceivo you in the rooms of tho thea tre, at and after six o'clock, on Wednesday evening. 71 ith very great respect, JOHN R. HASKIN, Chairman of Committee, 26 Clumbers street. Chairman of Committee, 26 Chambei E. C. Gamer, A. O. Gallaohxr, Secretaries. The Chairman moved that the invitation bo accepted. Some remarks wore made, and tho proposition was anal ly carried. Mr. Voortu then addressed tho mooting. Ho stated that, although respecting the law, ha would disobey In continuing his baaines*. If ho received a summon* ho would obey it, and tben find a court whloh wonld de cide between the law and himself. It was not tho law that ha feared, but the loafers and the Carson league, who, under pretence of enforcing tho low, will soma and destroy h i business before the eourta can hnvs decided its constitutionality Tho speaker thereupon moved that an addrees ihcnid bo sent to the Mayor to ask for protect Ion. Mr. Davis, president of the American Democratic So ciety, was Introduced to the meeting, and saM that glthongh a strong spirit of opposition gxlsttd among the i*tiz?n? agatnet the lav, he thou*-1 '.here would he do tft-tVoatration in oppoetticn to it, IT eren they tnet to eu,oi "?* It which bethought tbey wull not do, ?< all the |>a s"? funetlonar'ea were oppxei to It. Tooee who Uilt t tie law (114 not inteod to hare it enforced, and therefore purpo?ely made It de'ectire. It war ai thing but c .tcbeme of the poli'leUue, who vUhei thereby to ?bta.'a the rotee of the temperance m?o It ceu*d not be utni. *d ;ha'. crion-a were cause 1 by the tine of bad liquor; thai he asked that no dutlea be tin pored on imported liquors The promiaeat liquor malm, he raid, do no \ T,ew the law in a proper way. 1 They desire to mooopot *?*'? the trriH lis reiWra'ed hu. idea of repealing th.' duties on imported epir te, which elicittd much mpplai**' I fc'ertral propoeition* were prcir-utoil, r?ut fioal'y it was as ret d to adjuurn till ThureuHs es.ning, cod In the meantime aroortam what piopueee m bia proclamation of intructiona A "*? polise which it was aaid would be publiahed to oaT The Adopted Citizen* and k'^e Temperance Law. [From the Courrier (lea F.tatb' Unis.] A certain uuimer ot our compatriots, ?nn>ugat those ilHl whose mt?rfetiThe temperance law is lijNlly dJieatly to alTect, have thought it expedient to hold ? meeting to cecii'e upon a line of common conduct in fta* of tse preparing lor ua by the date?am uafurtu nate one tliia tune?of the 4tli of July. The UutALD comments with ita bed faith and its ha bitual pertlcy on thia atrietly legitimate proceeding. It aflecta to aee in it a menace of open resistance ua the part of the French population of New York, againrt the putting in force of the Prohibition lev, end eToken the pliantom ot n foreign inaurrection in the ntreeta of Ike imp* rial city. A calumny or a false aasertion, the more or the less, !e too ordinary a thing in the column a of dr. Bennett's journal to be worth, in a general way. the trouble of dwilling a tingle instant upon it. Under exfofing cir cumstancea, however, it is important not to allow aa ?rior of anj kind to obtain credit wliteb may s*v?e the antagonisms and pssaioc* of the moment. What ever may be bancefarth it* impotency aa a par ty, Know Kothingina baa done immense in jury, and baa cast amongst the maaa ef pure Aeaeri cans germs ef defiance which it will require Urns to eradicate. For many of that party?it would be use le?a to deny it?foreigners form a sort of caste apart, pre.cccup'ed with special iotas and interests little tiyni pathetic, if not completely hostile, to the institutions and genius of the country. All that may tend to en courage this manaer of viewing things is, thtrefore, the more cangerous, iroin the fact that a prejudiced mind always welcomes with deplsrable facility whatever , answers to his precencefved notions, and nothing would more advance the intrigues of the temperance fanatics than the report of a foreign oonlition against, their int quitgus work. The Fieuch residing in the United States hare always manifested fn the exercise of thsir rights and the ob servance of their duties, a loyalty which only the most flagrant Injustice and the moat deeply rootad prejudice can refuse to recognise. Amongst all the European n* tiooalitfes sheltered by the hospitable flag of the 'Inion, thete is not one which practices to a higher degree than ours, respect for the laws, political reserve, and absti nence from intrigue. Menaced at present in one of the vital branches ef its commercial iut-rests, it may seek to avert a common peril by a common action, but it Is a wihul and unworthy calumny to imputs to it idee* cf violence and of armed resistance. In spite of the rumors and alarms which certain jour nals endeavor to spread fcr diflereut objects, we persist In thinking that the temperance law is destined to limit itself under the weight of its flagrant unconstitutionality and of its exorbitant tyranny. Hut should it unfortu nately prove otherwise?if the blind obstinacy of secta rians should bring about inevitable conflicts?we boidly venture to predict that eur compatriots will know how to maintain their rights without incurring the reproach of having conspired against the public tranquillity. [From the P.-ogies.] In a republican country the law can never be over come. Whoever should attempt to violate it by force of arms wonld lose more than his property; he would risk, iu the effort, his life. In a republic legality ia the pas sion of the citlsen, although frequently a restraint, as in an army discipline ia the paaaion of the soldier, al though often a yoke. Aa in a military revolt, the sound cf the drum would bring baok the soldier to the ranks to aaaiat In compelling the mutineers to return to their duty, eo it would be in an armed resistance against the law of temperance, or any other. The three fourths of the citizens of the United States hate It, nod yet, if, legal resistance once exhausted, there should be eom* who would be disposed to resist its application by force, the love of legality and of order would prevail with the masses over eviry other consiieration, and the aggres sors woulc perish, the victims of a mistake as to the mraDR of defendlog a right in a republican country. If there were another route traced by principle, we would place ourselves in the foremost renks of thoae who felt disposed to act upon it; but out of the legal path we see only pitfalls. We have felt it to be our duty as a publicist, and mora especially as a French putlicist? a class who. In centain places, are bat too irequentlv tslie prejudices?to point out those pitfalls whilst there is yet lime, Instead of having, like a cold hlioded historian, to sum up tneir results alter ir reparable catastrophes. The course to be pursued by the citizen of this country is too clearly traoai for htm to deviate from it: with regard to loraigners, but more es pecially republican Frenchmen?thoie who are in exile for having defended the laws in their country?they have too mueh respect for this hospitable land?their adopted mother?to desire to disturb its repose by taking part in acts of violence against the laws. Out if right and duty should ever cause them to descend into the streets, it would not be to perish there uhke doge," as a break neck journal of this city elegantly expresses it, in a few lines worthy of the aggressive sp-rit of Caseagnac, but to combat there, oonquer there, or die like men. [From the New Yorker Staats Zeitnng ] The pretends to have learned that the French red ispublioans hold meetings at their headquarters la Leonard street, to organise an armed force, with the avowed design to icsitt. with arms in hand, every ar ttmptto enforoe the prohibitory liquor law, and that the Germans also are organized and drilled for the same pei pose. To this intelligence the Hkkald adds a recom minuet ion to the Germans and the French to lay down their arms, end cast from their minds all Idea of an armed insurrection. We think that we can take upon us to aesnre the HkRAUt that the Germans do not need its advice. In the beginning, a few excitable individuals, whese special interests were threatened by this absurd law, weic prepared to abolish it by force of arms, before they had even found an opponent But the great ma jority of the Germans have too much common tense to be drewn thus hastily into any snch movement, tne re sults of which conld not but be premature and detrimen tal. The most excited amongst the persona to whom we allude have also had time to cool down, and to under stand that the legal course will give them guarantees enough, and that the extreme measures which were for merly agitated are entirely useless. Besides, the German press will do its duty in trying to recall to better feelings, where necessary, the ardent and excitable spirits of tne German population, as it has always done, and will al ways do, without awaiting the warning of the Hxrald. [From tne New Yorker Demokrat ] The Nkw York Hrrald give* us in yesterday's ijsue the startling intelligence that the Geimana and French of New York are preparing to resist the enforcement of the temperacce law, and have already established depots of trms (or this purpose. In what those arms consist, whether muskets, pistols, or revolvers, or whether they are of heavier calibre, such as cannons, culver ins, and mortars, our contemporary, the Hrrald. leaves na quite in the dark. He is, however, kind enough to add. by way of conclu slon, the well Intended advice that tne Germans and French should beware of such an opposition to the law, if they do not want to be (hot in the streets like dogs. The Herald in this statement preaents some news to the public, abont which the Germans are aa Ignorant as others. Where are. then, those large <leppts of arms, those magazines of munitions, thoie cannons, these culverins, those large piece* of ordnance and mortars? Mill the Herald be so kind as to Indicate to us those places, or shall we look upon this exciting intelligence as a weapon which be often thinks proper 10 use against foreign citizens? The Hskald may rest perfectly tran quil about the 4th of July. Its editor will stot be kept awake by the Bring of muskets, or the thund*ring of cannons. But one thing we will tell the Hkrald no N?a) Dow doings can be played off against the Germans. Were such things attempted, there would then indeed he a question of powder and shot, and then tho Herald wonld probably he convinced that shooting down like dogs is a phrase mora easy to use than to carry Into effect. W e would in that case also see showers or balls proceeding from a quarter from which only a few halls are now expected to ceme. The temperance men of this 8lace had better not entertain the Impression that they are to deal with a crowd of Portland bcya. We feel aiauiec, however, that matters will not proceed to such extremities. The stupid statement of the Herald, to gether with the violent sentiments which it otters against the Germans, have suggested these few words. The tine at Ion of Jurisdiction In the City Court of Brooklyn. Judge Culver rendered his decision on Saturday, in the cue of the People against Eiekiel Beldnln, one of the defendnnta indicted for selling llqnor contmry to law, on which a plea was raised by the llqnor dealers' counsel as to the jurisdiction of the Court in the trans action of criminal business. The objections raised wore, that tho Supervisors, sitting as Associate Judges on the bench of the City Cenrt, had no authority by the consti tution to act in that capacity, and that the Legislature bad no right to timet them with judicial authority. It was also urged that there was a lack of uniformity betwsen this Court and the Court of Oswego, which was the model or pattern oourt, and on these grounds It was atgusd, that the court, as a court of competent criminal jurisdiction did not exist, and the defendant therefore refused to plead to the Indictment Judge Culver, In answer to these objections, showed that Alder men, and the Chief end Captains of police, who were all invented with judicial powers In oerfaln cases, were not named in the constitution but derived their authority diiect from the Initiators, and yet it was not question ed that tbev acted legally. He reviewed the actios of the Legislature in regard to the organic if ion of local courts, end snowed that four courts of similar jurisdiction had been established previous to the O nrt of Oswego, which could not, therefore, bo taken se the model. Thi constitution required eniformity of organisation, and ho showed that all the city oourte In the State, whether established before or after the Brook lyn COnrt, won ntmilnr in their mode of construction and jurisdiction, only dtflbrent in minor detail*. As to the 6tv Court ef Brooklyn, the I#rU!atuv had substi tuted supervisor* for aldermen thdtft datioo *?> paanel??oJ, m f?r ?>? ""oaeutatiou *?! he thought the chup piefer.ihU*. Jw,1'1" *** electa# aa judicial ollieera; and, reviewing the eubjeot, Bla Honor ootid ?uu?e t'u: he ooutf ? autfccntj than that ?' the legtalature, a.BhuwW, there'c re. decide that tha euperviror* aot*d kV*"/ *? aiaociate judge*, and that the court exi?*?d aa a c,'*?* tent rourt of criminal jur adK i.on Ksceptinai war* mala to Ida decialon aol a*t?f, when the Diatrict Attorney moved that toe def"uliet be arraigned to plead. Mr Hidden, counter for dcf?o lant, atatad that thep had more objection* to make, ami moved that the ua dictmtnt be aat aalde for the following reeioai: 1 t? The Grand Jury whlsh fouud thee* i*di->tan#ava a?? not drawn entirely frcm ih- Grand Jury 1.?mi re quired by law to be filed ia the Ofcrk'v offi-.t ef tbi* Court in Octooer laxt, but were lumaonM by the Sheriff by order o. thia Court. ? A rnfficient number not kpjr-rrifig, an order wte ie?u?l requiring three more, which were likevrtae bov #r? ?a from the hta. 3d_The lilt* of the Oraal Jury from wh rh the fire'. drawing waa made wan cofnpoieJ *( clueivelv of individual* who arc io'--j oitaat* of the fi/?t eleven wania o' the old city of Urooklya. aat were eon teqoenlly aot drawn from the body of the etty of Br >.?. lyn aa now cooH'ituted 4th?a nmntwr of ttieo* grand juror* were not qualified to lit *? *n-b uy law. Jatimatioa* were thrown out that mora ohjert <mw would be ralaed when theae point* were MtUet The I'Utrict Attorney aot being prepared toamwar tbeae objection*, tli# hearing or *gnwi wa? po-.tpiood uatfl Monday afternoon, at z o'e'or* Yeaterday the motioa made by ceaaaei for the Ifq -iac dealer* to eet aaide the Indict rem agninat the dotenf - ewta, waa deaitd by Judga Culver, after argument em both aide*. The defendant (Baldwin) wai there a awe reqmtrid to appear thia morning to nteed to the iwliat men* found again it him for lelliag liquor without Uom.V. City Intelligence, Mo mm Juovr th* Wkt?Tim E>kkct or rmr Bains pi"#* ran Couatry.?Yesterday the earth in oar latitude nf put through" ? delightful ehower bath, which, oooaider log the su.*try condition of the atmosphere, was not at all wpleaaau* to take. We may all thenk our a tare fee these rains that are now sweeping over the oeua try, iter they come to ns laden with health ant incalculable benefits. Directly and indirectly, th y will " pert money into the purse" of all, and bread iat# the mouth a of buagty thouaauda. rue truth of thia assertion can be proven without difiiculty. Wo seo by our telegraphic despatch** and exebauge paper* that the showers which are now opened upon ua hare ?n tended all over the 3nion. We hear of them froui the forests of Maine and the palmae of IVzaa?from the borders ol Kansas to our Eastern borders?sweeping over this ecfent of territory at this time whan the crops are ripening, these reina will give en incalculable in crease to the yield. The potatoes, the wueat, the rye, oats, grass, .Ye., will, perhaps, in soma mataawns, ba doubled by the copious Hoods which have fallen wi hin tbe paat few daja. In the one item of grass auras perhaps a million of wealth has been added to lb# solid and substantial capital of the eo utry by the** rains, saying nothing of the lucury ioey give In the S.-aaa in the way of pure milk and good butter. There ? only one thing t uarded against, or feared. In aoa.p parte of the country the harvest* are now on, and the wheat sheaves are shocked in the field .Vow, if a farmer is caught in this plight, with his whsat un housed, he may poseibly by these rains lose his whoin crop. We hare known instances of th* m*st lamrionr harvests of wheat baring been lost by being caught by tbe rain in the shock, and sprouting befors it could be dried by the husbandman. Thia is a danger that may be avoided with cure: and let tie hope that onr trusty farmers throngheut the land will eneroiae this caution Next year will be a season when there will be a demand foe every grain that can be glean-d from the fields War, with its ravages, is shaking the oontmeat of Europe, and that continent must be fed by somebody.. Now, here is a cbance for American husbandmen to da something ier the benefit of their pocket book#. Iat them be prudent and judicious, and they may make the* wallets as (at as tbey desire; in fact, make them "stick right out" with the ready. These reins are coming ta th*ir assistance. Every drop that falls from the clonda baa in it a value that will sprout up from the ground, and be felt throughput the length aad breadth of oar Union. Lot no one grumble at tbe present wet * em thee. Revolt ok tiih Ctphiajib?A Row on Bi.ACKWkLt'B l8LAir?.?I.ast Sunday a very serious disturbance oc curred on Lilack well's ltlaad, among the dissolute women recently sent from the city, who are now coo fined la thn Workhouse. It appears that there has been much oom plaint lately as to the quality of bread and meat served to tbe inmates in that Institution Tbe women have con plained that the broad haa been mouldy aad the meat tainted and utterly unfit to be eaten Finding that no heed wss taken of the'r complaints, they resolved to rebel, which they accordingly did last tiunday. Tnny not only refused to eat, but commenced upevttlng aha tables, and smashing the crockery, fbe keepers aad matrons interfered, when a general fight commenced, and for a time the place was a scene of the wildest corn fusion. Heads were broktn, clothes torn, hair pulled, aad a free fight indulged In generally. Governor Taylor was present, and was In some way m-xed uy in the nf fray. At length, a strong forcd of keepera having ar rived, the cvprlana were overpowered by the force #f aa perior numbers. The leader* were taken and confiaad in cell*, and tbe rest in some way pacified. If the facta nrw as represented, the oondnct of tbe Governors in feeding these nnfortunate people with mouldy and tain tod fasd is most reprehensible, ana cells for tbe loudest cooenn on tbe part of the public. It is to b* hoped the matte* will come up for action at the meeting of the Board to night. Alleged Corruption among Pouch Magintratrs.?Tb* legislature, at its last session, appointed a committee t# investigate the manner In whioh justice is dispensed tat our police courts, it being alleged that there was mueh corruption practised br this migiatratee and offioec*. The committee, of which Mr. Stnyveaant, or this eity, fat chairman, will meet next Wednesday, and then adjourn, to tbe Court of Sessions, at which place the complaint will be entered, and the charges investigated. Thk Accident in Tin Bay?The mast, boom aad sal belonging to the sail boat Chat, that was capsized on Bun day, off Governor's Island, was picked up yesterday morn ing off Quarantine, 8.1., by the Health Uffloer'e boatmaa. The maker's name on the sail Is P. Meara, 399 Went street. Marine Affaire. I-acxch.?Mr. Thomas S. Marvell, of Newbury, wiH launch ftom his ship yard, on Thursday, 28th Inst., a very superior clipper schooner, of about 275 tone regie, ter, to be called the Blackfish. Her ownere are J. Big. ler, Esq , of Newbury,tVan Brunt k Slaght, of this city, and others. She is designed for the South American trade principally, and will be commanded by Captain John Beeves, of Long Uland. Quick Passage.?The clipper Ocean Te egrsph, Captain Willis, of Boston, arrived yesterday morning from Cel iac, having made the shortest passage on record. Bba sailed from Callao on the thus making the run in fifty eight daps. wNfMfte this is some ton at twelve daps shorter than was ever previously accom plished. Tub Newfouhdlaud Telegraph?The bare Sarah L. Bryant, of boston, bss been chartered in London, to convey to North Caps. Cape Breton. 360 tons wire ca ble. for the proposed telegraph between Newfoundland and Ireland. Agaha, Guam, LadroxsIrlssm, March, 1866. We, the undersigned, masters of American whaleshipa anchored in the adjacent commodious barber of Apra, desire to make a public espression of the gratification we have derived from our present visit hare, and to re commend this port to other masters as affording a t many advantages in point of economy, convenience, and faet lltie* for obtaining recruits, as any other In the Pacific. We are especially pleased with the municipal regulation* of the island, so surpassiogly efficient with regard km seamen that eicepe on shore by those disposed to deeari Is impossible. We would also remark that we ooasldec the attractiveness of the place not a little suhaaoed by the residence here of Capt. 8. J. Masters, of New Tack, United States Consul for this group of islands; who, by his urbanity and uniform kindness,secures the regard ec all who have intercourse with him,and whose prom]' ficient and judicious disehargs of the duties of hie i render him valuable to the,, interests of master*, are gratified to learn that, under hie eueyieee. n ehin chandlery Is ebout to be eetebliebed bare; which, wttm other improvements now in progress under hie superri I sion, will render this port e still more popular resort fer I both whalers and merchantmen. Wm. Karl ship Jlreh Swift. Samuel B. Meadee. ship Martha. Edwin Grlnnell ship Arab, Charles A.Bonney ship Leldie, Mow Bedford. Peter O. Smith ship Young Hector, Samuel B. Pier son ship Edgar. William H. Pendleton., ship Pbanix, Newl^edom. Stephen Kemp toe ship Condor, New Bsdfosw. Samuel H. Andrews ship Junius. NewJMdford. William 1. Hams ship Omega. Nanlueket. Ansel Tripp bark Kossuth Thomas M. Pease ship Champa?? Henry E. Hunting ebio Charts' OarroD. William H. I'hiLlips "hip?*'e> H . Wheaton Colo bs'k Hopgly, ef^mren JA I. William H. Vlnall P w Henry Oabsmanny ^ H*rb*? Char lee J. W. BeUer....?h'P Martin Ps1""' Ktngflsner. felted States District Cowrt ?This court wlh, open every Tuesday, at 11 A. v to receive the return of process and hear specifia lw,'t(oo" during the ensuing terms of July and August. No trial calendar will be made up for those terms. Hut on written stipulations between the respective parties, their proctors or attorneys to try causae em a day specified, criminal or civil cases ef urgency may be set down for hearing on any of the aforesaid dags, four days previous notloe being filed with the Clonk. If either party fail betas ready on the day aaOgaed. a second notice will not be allowed. Ceait Calendar?This Dry. PxrrTTi Status Putujct Court.?Nos. 6 c Brsnmm Oomt?Circuit?l'art V?-No U Nos 1847, 1601, 1S18 14?J(. lW, 1521, U28, 357 V? 281. ipt,?r lotoo, a. Wo

Other pages from this issue: