Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 27, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 27, 1855 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. H879. MORNING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, JUNE 27. 1855. PRICE TWO CENTS. MUmuI ana Kmm* again. AJDDKB6B OF MB. VM. J. PaTTKKOON AMOrBII OHAP TKK OF MB. STARK'S EXPERIENCE. Then was another attempt made to get aa audience last evening to bear Mi. Starr'a second instalment of Mia Kansas story. The efTott was attended with some thing better than the success which Mr. Starr attained on the two former occasions At half-past seven, there vers eleven persona present, Including the gas lighters; and at five minutes to eight o'clock, there were just forty, all told. Subsequently, the audience increased to some eighty persons. Scattered on the seats throughout the hall were printed c:iculaisof the gre?t Kansas settlement asso ciation, end a little boy at the door was offering for sale, With very doubtful profit) a history and map of Kan sas?pries 25 cents. At 8 o'clock Mr. Starr, and Mr. Wm. J. Patterson came into the hall, ascended the platform, unfurled a large map of Kansas, and elevated it for publio inspec tion. Is r Starr then introducad to the audience Mr. Wm. J. Patterson, as lata of Parkville, Mp., the junior Editor and partner of the Parkville Luvttnary, whose press had been thrown into the river. Mr. Patticmon said:? The question which Is destined to come up always be fore the American people, is the question of slevery. There are, however, other queitious overlying that sub ject?queetions arising from the violation of law and rights of citizens by Mi.rouri mobs, and these questions were as impoitant as any that conld come before the American peojle. He wished to he able to do justice to tbis important question* Bad this occasion, he said, been in tb* time when George the Third dominated in this country, freedom of speeou, the right of suffrage, and the liberty of the press might My teeny have been deemed nonmtlt es and not debate able. But to believe that no?, In the middle of the Nineteenth century, the editors of an independent press ?end American citizens at that?should be mooted and their prase destroyed, would require e large amonut ?f credence. Yet so it wee, hie press an' property were destroyed, for the ostensible reason that they?its ?. itore?were free aoilers but really because they would not eey that Senator Atcbiton auu bis trained band of armed banditti had a right to go into Kansas, and exer cise the right of suffrage. His offence bad That extent?no mors. The Nebraska bill, when first introduced, was opposed by Sir. Atchison; and so etrongly was it contended against, that Senator Douglas gave over tbe contest, and the measure fell through for ihar session Att-rwards Old Bullion had been trying to persuade the public that the Interests of the country required the settlement of that Western country,bnt Mr Atchison took the stump, and contended that tbe land* belonged to the red man, and stated that he would rath-r see that country sunk hm bell than that it should come into the Union as a K State. The matter, however, was again brought up in tbe next session of Congress, sud thr Missouri compromise proposed to be nullified. Mr. Douglas consented to that proposition. The country wee taken by surprise. Mr Patterson proceeded to re -view the whole history of tbe Kansas-Nebraska bill, with which our readers are already sufficiently ac quainted After the session. Mr Atchison, he said, went home, and ina drunken frolic boasted that it was be who was the author of thn bill. This statement was re ported and published In hll (Mr. P.'s) paper, and to that lie attributed all the persecution to which they were sub jected. Mr Atchison never denied publicly the state xnent which he wee reported to have made on that oc casion. The statement was made in the hairing of his own friends, and was reported to him (Mr. P.) by a sear friend of the Senator's. In reference to the desire of tbe South to have slavery in Kansas, he would state that before the bill wee introduced he was told of the scheme to have the Territory divided, and Kansas ad mitted as a slave State, while Nebraska was to be re tained for freedom. And yet Mr. Atchison said that tbe South had had the matter forced upon them. And Mr. Atchison is an honorable man? And they ere all. All honorable men. But Sir. Douglas most have found out before this that he was made the catspaw of Mr. Atchison. He (Mr. Patterson) might tell a great deal about the meetings of the Missourians on the Western Territory. He might tell bow a revert nd chaplain was imported to Leaven worth to recite drivelling verses, and to defend the pro SKiLlon of eetiding Missourians into Kansas to vote, e might tell of the manner in which the pro-slavery resolutions were passed in Kansas. There were twenty two bends uplifted when the passage of the resolutions was proposed; and that is what they call unanimity of opinion. It was there that Kansas was declared a slave State. He might tell of the manner In which the venal presses of that part of the country were eubeldized. He might refer particularly to one published in Klekapoe city; also to the Squatttr Sovereign?Atchison's papar? edited by a brother of the notorious Benjamin F. String fel'ow. They had hoisted the name of Atchiaon for Preeident of the United States Only think of It?a man. little better than a pot honse bully, to have hie name hoisted fo? the greateet office in the world! Away with each truckling subserviency I He mlgbt tell of toeir efforte to collect funds to support an organization to carry slavery Into the Territory. They got con siderable money?some say hundreds of thousands of t'ollais At all event* Mr Stringfellow was engaged in Waahington, getting sympathy and material aid. Peo ple here think that the outrage of overriding tbe rights of citizens could hardly have been perpetrated, but verilyAg had They had all heard how thousands of men from Missouri, Kentucky, tfhd Tennessee, wers, on election day, found as settlers and voters in Kansas Territory, and afterwards returned home and voted in tbeir own elections. Then it was that tbe paper with which he was connected had declared that this was unlawful and intolerable; and four or five days after hundreds of armed men, in Platte couaty, came and arrested him. He would not say, and had not said, that they were Know Nothings, but certainly they were handed together by eeoret sign*. Had it not been for the devotion of hie wi'e, he would, he verily believed, have been banged. He was told that they had in their pocket the rope from which were to dangle the bodies of himself and his partner. They bad passed resolutions to that effect, and also pledging themselves that if they Patterson and hie partner) went to Kansas, they should follow and bang thorn. Missouri may tolerate mob rule, but he mistook the character of the Governor and ptople of Kansas, if they would. At all events he would go to Kansas?applause?and dare all the vtolenoe of Mr. David R. Atchison and his headsman, Stringfellow. It has been said that revenge waa sweet, and he (Mr. Patterson) would have his revenge; bat It wouk] be Christian revenge. He would do all he could to have Kanees e free State, and by her influence finally convert Missouri Into a free Stats. If eh* were, eh* might then he one ot the most prosperous States of the Union. Hs might occupy tbeir time more largely, but he would not deprive Mr. Starr of his right to address them. In con clusion, he would say, that Kansas will never he a free State, provided the Miseouriana are alio wed to do the vo ting. I f Gov. Boeder were supported by the President, the right of the citizens would be protected. He believed that President Pfbrce was deluded and deceived by Sena tor Atchison; bat still he did himself discredit in having helped to elect him. He, Mr. Pierce, waa the most in efficient executive officer they had ever had in the White House. Kansas, he repeated, will never be a slave State if the Missourians are kept from voting in it. It would not be for the internet of Kaneas that It should be a slave State. It would not be for the interest of Missouri that Kansas should become s slave State. It would not be for the interest of the Union that Kansas should become a slave State. It waa not true, as alleged by Mr. Stringfellow, that Kansas could only be prosperous as a slave State. If Kansas is to be a frte State, there must be freemen there to meke It so?men who will contend for the freedom of the press ?for the freedom of speech, for free soil and for univer sal freedom. No more compromises! No more slave territory north of the South pole. (Applanse, during wb'ch Mr. Patterson resumed hie scat ) Mr. Stxbr then came forward and addressed the meet ing He knew it was stated that a minister of the Gos pel should not take part In political matters, hut when a minister waa thrown by circumstances Into a position In which it was necessary he should interfile la polities, he would be recreant to his duty if he did not do so. It is tbe dnty ot every minister of the country to know what tbe great questions are whieh lie at the founda tion of the prosperity of their country, and teach these over whom he has influence. There was one minister who was not permitted, from his circumstances, to join la the protest of the five thousand ministers against the Nebraska bill, who knows that the statement of Senator Douglas in respect to them, Is not true. Mr. Starr went over mueh of the same gronnd which he took on last 8unday evening. He had never presetted a sermon against slavery, but ha eonfesaed that ha waa in favor of abolition of tlavery all over tne country. The day that the Nebraska bill r aased, fifteen hundred persons?Mie acuriana? crossed the boundaries over to Kansas to set tle on the beat claims; and many claims were laid oat by men who never saw them after, but by whieh they were enabled to swear that they owiled property in the Tenitory, and thus have a right to vote An or panlzatlcn, numbering over a thousand persons, was formed in Piatta county, to prosecute and execute ?11 suspected ot aboHtioniim They called themeelv* the Platte County Self-protection Association. They of fered a reward of 9200 for the arrest of Mr. Eli Thayer. A man was ?nasmoned before the tribunal and tried for ?bollt onirm. He was ordered to leave Vfeston county in 24 hours, or receive fifty lashes on hie back. Flog ging an American citisen 1 He took the advice of hut friends, and left for Iowa till the storm had passed over. Two fays after, another man was brought np before the name tiibunsl, and, on the testimony of a negro, who nwore that he offered to give him a pass, the man was threatened with 100 lashes, kept in prison two days, ?nd belt bis head ahaved. There *a? soother man who was a great trouble to Mr. Benjamin F. Htringfellow, ?nd that was him self-Mr. Starr. News came to him ?vsry day that Mr. Stringfellow proposed that he (Mr. Starr) ehould be hanged or driven away. He was hlm ?elf summoned to appear before the earns tribunal of the Platte County Self protection Association and give his views upon abolitionism. He attended before the tri bunal, but there was no proof against him of his ever hav ing givea utterance to abolitionist sentiments. He ?tood there and asked them tar their witaeeaes. One of the Vise Presidents stood np and preferred three ?barges against hlm-flret, that Mr. Starr had kept a gre school; second, that Mr. Starr had told a alave nder that one of hie slave* was too emart to be ? slave: and third, that oa tbe 4th of Jnly Mr. Ptarr had ridden down to the parade ground 2J?n ? fine bnek negro in els ompeiy. will, he had taught negroes, In ignorance qt the law, ebar fcgo" which kUolutolj forbid* it uiitw penalty of $600 fine IM aix months' imprisonment. Ha Mid that ho wiihe 1 some of tbam to go and enter a complaint against him for that offence, and that he would plead guilty and go to piiton. They however, acmowl-dgui that if ha had the written paimit of the mooter to teach hla alave*, he waa justified in teaching ttum But heahoeedthem that such waa not the law, and that they themselves would be subject to the like penalty. Aa to the other charge, he confessed that be hao taken a fancy to a poor negro aac daaired to buy hist; but though hi* aana tar bad Mmented to take $5oo off hia prise, ha could cot raiae the aum in the city of New \ora, anl he aub aeqneatly aaw him bought oy a rlaveholdar, who there upon gave him hia freecom Aa to the Fourth of July charge, thej had actually mistaken a Cnlied State* midshipman for oae of th?lr poor olavas (Laughter.) He apoke before that mealing far aa hour, and hla accuser actually introduced a resolution entirely ab solving him from the charges The resolution was pass ed unanimously Ha then la d down his position before them for another boor, and told them that there was no man living who had said behind Mr Starr'a back tbat be was an abo itioniat, who woulo dare to say so before hia face, and that, therefore, be wsa a erward. He also amplified before them the Sbnkepertan axiom lie who steals my purse steals trash * * ; But be who pilfers fro 11 me By good same? is worse then a no; ro thief. Thirdly, he said that every man who eallad bim an abolitionist waa a liar. Aa to Kanaaa, be said that if he should happen to live ther* when the final vote came up on making it a free or alave State, and if there ahould te found but one vote for freedem, they might know whose vjte it waa. (Ap plause.) After hie speech. Dr. Bajlls offered the resolu tion tbat on the application of any citizen of Kanaaa, thay would expel every man wb# had gone there under the auspice* of any Kanaaa league. Mr. String fellow spoke on tbat question, and aaid that the women of the North who worked for a living were women of immoral characters?were pros*ltutM; and that every man of the North who woVkea tor a living waa a alave. He had over and over again repeated that aeattment. He (Mr. Starr) thought that if he were a Southerner he would not have sat still and heard that kind of talk; but that same meeting created auch a fusa that the association sank below contempt and fell to piece*. Whan they came down to Parkville they had only four members, wbe shnt themselves np in a garret But Mr. Atchison and Mr. Stropgfellow afterwards formed a secret meet ing, the members of which are obliged to obey implicitly everything and anything which the commander of the company might lay npon them. Mr. Starr then referred hie audience to the large map, to exhibit the aggressions of the slave power, and am plified upon the Nebraska bill, the Missouri Compro mise, the cession of Louisiaot, Ac., Ac. Police l&telllgence. ALLEGED ASSAULT WITH INTANT 10 KILL?A WOMAN DANGEROUSLY STABBID. At a late boar on Monday night a young man, named Alexander Hyane, residing at 188 East Eleventh street, was arrested by officer Dann, of the Seventeenth ward police, charged with having, on Sunday night, while in an Intoxicated condition, stabbed Mrs. Degeaman, a lady living in the same house with the prisoner, and wound isg her severely. It is alleged that Hyans, who is quite a young man, commenced first to abuse his mother, and then, by way of a change, proceeded to the rooms of Mis. Degenman, and insisted on having a fight with her husband, who was present at the time. Mr. Degenman, however, did not relish the idea of engaging Hyans in rrmbat, and endeavored to stt him out of the room, it .ling that some mischief might arise out of the quar rel, when the young man, it is stated, rushed at Mr. Eegenman with a knife, and was about plunging it in his body, wben the wife ran jn between the aasailer and toe assailed end received the pomt of the dirk in her own breast. Mrs. Degenman instantly fell to the floor, where, from loss of blood and fright, she remained in sensible for a few minutes Hyans, thinking that he had probably killed the woman, fled from the house and made his escape. Medical aid was promptly secured, and the unfortunate woman's wounds were dresaed. The police bting informed of the affair, made preparations for the capture of young Hyans, and accordingly officer Dunn was detailed for the purpose of tracing the fugl tire to his place of ooncealment. The entire of Monday was spent in searching for him, whtoh resulted in a sue cessful capture on the second night. Hyans was found concssled in a house in Elm street, near Pearl, and was immediately lodged in the Seventeenth ward station bouss for tbs remainder of she night. Yesterday, he was brought before Justice Wood, at the Essex Market Police Court, where he was committed to prison to await the result of the wounded woman's injuries. Mrs. Degen man, through skilful medieal treatment, will probably recover. The case has created a great deal of excite ment in the upper pert of the city. STABBING AFFRAY II WAT KB BTRKKF. Yesterday morning a fight occurred in Water street, between two men, named Patrick Moloney and John King, when the latter fell suddenly and orled out that he was atabbed by Moloney. On being picked up a deep flesh wound in the thigh was found to nave been inflict ed during the encounter. Moloney wae soon after ar rested and taken to the Lower Polioe Court, where Jus tice Bogsrt committed him to prison to await the result of the wounded man's injuries. OHABGE OF GBAND LARCENY. John Boener, a sailor, was arrested by officer Tisdals, of the Fourth ward polioe, charged with stealing 976 from Cornelius Sweeney, of 829 Front street. The com plainant alleges that he gave the money to the accused to take care of it, and that he appropriated the earn to his own use: while the defendant, en the other hand, states he received the money from Seseney with the in tention ef returning it, but, unfortunately, he says he lost it. The acousrd was held for examination. SLEEPING IN THI OPBN AIR DANGEROUS. Joseph Kennedy, residing at No. 19 Baxter street, was arrested on Monday night by offloerTlidale, of the Fourth ward police, charged with grand larceny, oa the oom' plaint of David Waddeli, of No 269 William street. The complainant alleges that becoming somewhat fatigued with the beat of the weather, he tnought it advisable to take a nap, and accordingly he laid himself down to rest on some door step, the exact locality of which he could not well remember. Ha soon fell into the arms of Mor pheus, and had no doubt been in thia happy stats of obliviousness for some time, when he wae suddenly awaksned by a slight noise; opening his eyes, he found, to his astonishment, that a man was cutting, or at least bad just completed catting hie pocket oat or his panta loons. As it was highly necessary to save 976 contained in tbis pocket, be oaught hold of the individual just as he waa making bla escape with the booty in his pos sesion, but the stranger was too agile for him, as he quickly disengaged himself from the grasp of the street sleeper, and scampered off at no lazy gait. Waddeli pursued him, crying "stop thief," " stop thief," until finally officer Tisdals stopped the fellow and took him Into custody. Kennedy was committed for examination by Justice Bogart. Personal Intelligence. The Hon. Wm. L. Marcy, Secretary of State, is ex pected ahortly at the Metropolitan Hotel. Hon. Pierre Sonle and A. Dudley Mann are still in this city. Lient. Col. Bragg, D. S. A., is at the Astor House. The Boston Courier of the 26th inst says:?"Hon. Ab bott Lawrence la very ill, and daring the past few days 1 he has been the victim of intense suffering.' " ARRIVALS. At the Astor House?T. Weed, Albany; Hon R. 0. Win tbrop, Boston; J. C. Aides, Boston; H. K. Herten, Boston; C. Kirk White, Syracuse; Col. Lee, Texas; Jas. M. Cook, Albany. At the Irving House?Con. Hecox, New York; H. R Olm sted, Syracuse; James M. Butler, Sacramento C'ty; A. A. Crosman. U. 8. N.; C. Bchseegans, Washington; JohnTnra bnl), Baltimore; John Newell, Boeton; Hiram Walker, Detroit. At the Smithsonian Hons#?R Cochrane, Washington; Rev. C. R. Notion. Annapolis; D. C. Boos, Baltimore; K. G. Doory, Baltimore; O. Craves, Vermont; I. A. Soabnry, Cincinnati: Dr. J. I. Townaand, Man.; Qea. Patser, Hita.; Cel. T. 8. Stanton, 1U.; Eev W. T. Daoaall, Colnmbue; Pro tector Potter, Misa.; 8. B. Star, Charleaton; E. Camps, Philadelphia. At tha Howard Botol?Boa. Wm. Plnnkstt, Adams, Mass; Boa. J. Warner, Mtddlebury, Vt.; Col. M. Montgomery, Galvsstoa, Texas; Alsx. Crawford. England; H. L. Stoddard, kid.. South America; Franhlin Smith, Esq., Boston; Col. J. A Moas, Virginia; B. P. Lull, C. 8. N.: R. W. Davenport, Philadelphia; Boa. 8 Dunlap, Philadelphia. From Savannah, in the steamahip Angaata?Mrs Stsen bergenend two children. Miss Stosnbersan, Wm Harrison, Jsdj sed aorvaat, Mrs J R Johnston, Mlee Johnston. Miss Imlth Misa Whosier, Mre D B Steveoe, Rev B A Stevens, lady and two children. Misa Sarah Stoveas. Mlee Emma L Stevens, Miss Mary 1 8t event, John M Me Kinney, M T Henderson, Mr. Sanderson and child Mlse 8 C WyllV, Mlse H M Bewen, Miae Ocden and servant C Gray, W Clift, N n '"JiL "m H N Aldwioh and throe ehildren' J H Ladd. Henry Crane. R R Slaopy and lady. Rav C D let. lorv and lady J H Demand. T L Cozel, R 6 Steele, John J Kelly, F A Sonthmayd, Mrs Hnekia and daughter, Mrs Kaoa. Mrs Tavloreat child, Cel Camming, C 0 freak, D B Matthew eon, A P Nouree, E 8 Houghton, J R Chevee, lady, two children and narso. J A D-o-a, H Dividend, Mrs Wbi't, ehOd and servant, L Sptnxsnbeg, J Sshivsd, D R Dodge, E C Fltoh, end 19 la the etee-age. From Havaaa, la bark Mary R isabcth?John Aitkea, N Fronocee. From Pcrto Cebello la bark Kate, at Baltimore?Mr Veil ?or, daughter and ton, Mr Madreet* and lady, P 0 Calls (has, Mr Andrsea, Mr Mnjiea, all ot Venenata. From Sasanaab, in eehr Jonas Smith? Matthew Carroll and W R Fitly. The Tart. CENTREVTLLR 00UR8B L. I?TROTTING. A trotting match for 91,000, mile beete, in hameoe, came off yesterday afternoon, between r. m Lady Frank lin and blk. m. .Saratoga Belle, whijh was wen by Lady Franklin la two straight hsats The betting was svsn b*,0??t?r^K' b\l "TP ?ewr,?K * f?? tt??s tbs betting was loo to 8o ea the black mare, without takers. The following is a summary TrmriAY, June 26 ?Trotting match, 91,000. mils heats, in harness ' H. Woodruff named r. m Ledy Franklin 1 1 P. Pflfer named blk m. Saratoga Bills ..." o a Tims, 2:81?2:$4\. UNION OOWMB, b TBOTTWM. TrsKPAT Jans 26.-Trotting match, 91,000, mile heats in harness. Wm Whelaa named ? g OM Scraps., J i H. Woodruff named g. g Aetlvs a g Time, 266?2;6l)<. United States Marshal's OAce. CH1I0I Or BNLI8TINO FOK THE CUKU?ARREST OF AN ATTAOBB OF TUB BB1TIBH CONSULATE. June 20.?A man numtd Roeeobsum gave Information to the District Attorcsy thst Mr. Stanly, of the British Consulate, was engaged in enlisting men for the Crimea, and sending them to Halifax and Boston. The warrant was entrusted to Mr. Thompson, Deputy llarthal, hut as the name embodied was Edward Stanly, whole Secretary to the Governor of Nora Scotia, Mr. Thompson declined executing it; but having no doubt that Mr. Charles H. Manly, long known a* the princi pal attache >f the British Consulate, was the person it was intended for, he politely Informed that gentleman of ths fact, and Mr Stanly accordingly repaired to the Marshal's office with Mr. Chas. Edwards, the counsel for the British Ctnsul. The District Attorney attended for the government, and the parties ptoceeded before Mr. Commissioner Mor ton, when Mr. Edwards tendered himaelf as ball for Mr. btsnly until an examination could be bad. The District Attorney objevte 1 to Mr. Edwards be coming bail, as he waa oounae 1 in the case. Mr Edwards contended that the objection would be only tenable In civil cases, but in actions of the present nature a counsel waa competent to be bail, provided he could jnatify in the amount required. The Commissioner decided on aecepttng Mr. Edwards as ball for II,COO for Mr. Stanly Ths District Attomsy entered s written protest, which was filed, and the parties Isft ths offioe. City Intelligence. Tux Kxw York Boatmen and tux Boston Row Boat Regatta.?We snnounosd a fsw days ago that a grand row boat regatta waa to come off at Boston on ths Fourth of July, nod that a club of New York boatmen were to compete in the rnce. The beat, which is nsmed after an attache of ths Herald, J. D. R. Putmnn, hss juet been completed, and on Monday, the 2d Inst., will be taken to Braton, to be entered for the race. The boat, which is thirty-five feet In length, was built by Nsw. man & Randell, of this city. It is the loogest four-oared boat ever entered for any race, and has been pronounced by competent judges to be of exquisite modeland finish. The crew, who call themselves the New York Hallen Amateur Club, have already won well merited distino tlon in many a hotly oontested raoe. Their names are Stephen Roberta, William Decker, H Larson and J. Ma. thereon. Mr. George C. Newman will act as ooxewain. Their drese will te light pantaloons, blue and white striped shirt, and check scull cap This boat has been entered for tbe first raoe, which is for a purse of one hundred dollars; and ths fourth, which is for s silver pitcher and two goblets, valued at $250. The dis tance to be rowed is six miles, and an allowance of twenty seconds per oar Is to be made in favor of small brats ; thus tbe Putman will have eighty seconds the start of any eight oared boat, and this advantage the New Yorkers think will secure them the victory. There will also be a dory or flat bottcmed boat race, for which a New York built boat will be entered. The prices are to be a silver trumpet and a silk banner for the sue less ful competitor. The regatta promise! to be an interest ing affair, and will be sharply contested. There will be several boat clubs from St. John, N. B., Halifax and other places. AmoDg others, & certain Union boat club from Halifax, who are said to be terrible fellows in a race. Of course they must not bo allowed to beat us on our own waters. Meantime the Bostonlans are In a state of great excitement eoncernlng the regatta, which will be tbe most magnificent affair of the kind ever got up in that place. Make way for the New Yorkers. Return of the City Guard.?The City Guard arrived yesterday morning by way of the Providence boat. They were received at the dock by the exempt or old Guards, who numbered some seventy muskets, and presented a fine appearance. The City Guard, who were in excellent spirits, spake in ihe highest terms of the manner in which they were received in Canada, Boston, Providenao and elsowbers. They were followed to the Irving House by a number of curious lookers-on, where u floe colla tion was served up and speeches were made by General Iiickok, Captains Ferris and Bray. About twslvs o'clock tbe companj rose and marched to thslr armory, No. 939 Broadway, where they were dismissed. Fall of a Building and Injury of Several Persons ? While a two story house at the corner of Seventy-sixth street and Third avenue was being removed yesterday morning, at eleven o'clock, it fell and burled three per sona In the ruins. At first it was supposed tbey were killed, bnt subsequently it appeared thst they were miraculously preserved, only one of them, a Mr. Sam'l Helms, being much injured. It wss three hours bsfors they were extricated, and the greatest excitement pre vailed during that time. Whea Mr. Helme wee disco vered, he was found to be much Injured about the head and body. Probable Fatal Accident on Shipboard.?William McCarthy, n seaman, employed on board the clipper ship Golden Age, fell from the masthead of the vessel ye > ter day to the deok beneath, and received a fracture of both legs and eevere internal injuries, which will, in all pro bability, end fattlljr. The unfortunate man was convey ed to the New York Hospital for medical treatment. Found Dead a Bid.?Thomas Lombard, formerly a lumber merchant of Beorgia, was found dead yesterday morning, at his hotel In Catherine slip. An inquest was held upon ths body o f ths deceased, when it appeared that he had died of disease of the heart. A verdict to that effect was rendered. Brooklyn Clly Kewi. The Crrr Court ?The objection! advanced by counsel for the liquor dealer* as to the legality of the City Conrt having failed, the defendant, Baldirin, indicted (or sell ing liquor in violation of the new law, waa arraigned to plead yesterday morning. By advice of counsel, he re fused to plead, whereupon the Court, on motion of the District Attorney, entered a plea of not guilty, an* set down the trial for Wednesday, (to-day.) The Grand Jury of this Court, having completed their labors, made their final presentment of bills, being a total of 69. Of these 49 are for selling liquor, 6 for assault and battery, 1 tor grand larceny, and 3 for keeping disorderly houses The Jury were discharged for the term with the thanks of the Court. Tax Brooklyn Liquor Pkalxm.?At a meeting of the Liquor Dealers' Association of this city, held on Monday evening, they resolved to continue the sale of liquor after the fourth of July prox. the same as at present, unless forced to shut up by the legal authorities All who oeaee the sale of liquor, unless by compulsion, are to be expelled from the society. They also resolved to discountenance all attempts which might be made to resist tbe authorities by force, by expelling those who took part in or aided suoh a movement in any way. The society now numbers nearly six hundred members. Willlamnlmrg City News. Firr.?Yesterday morning, between 13 and 1 o'clock, a fire was discovered in the basement of & G. Lati mer's carpet store, No. 190 Grand street, (Eketern dis trict,) which by the prompt assistanee of the fire de partment] was soon extinguished. The goods were camaged about 9200; covered by insurance in the Atlan tic Fire Insurance Company, of Brooklyn, and the Phoe nix. The building is owned by Clock A Miller. Damage about $160. The fire is supposed to bs the work of an incendiary. The fourth story of the building is oeeu pied by two w dow ladies, Mrs. Lester, Mrs Morrell, and their children. Their ejreas was cut off by tbe dense smoke that filled tke halls, making it impossible for any one to pass through. Seyeral of the oflicers of the Filth district police, went oft the roof through the ad joining building, and rescued the females and their chil dren, by raising them on the roof from the window sill below; and although it was a perilous adventure, it was accomplished without accident. A Nxw Enoinr.?Yesterday afternoon, Engine Co. No. I, (Eastern district,) brought home their new on fine from New York. They were escorted by Zephyr lose Company No. 4. la the evening the company and their friends partook of a oo Hat ion at the Futton House. Fir in ei's Celebration.?Washington Fir* Engine Co. No. 1, (Eastern district,) have accepted an invitation to be press ni at the Firemen's Celebration at Waterloo, Seneca eouity, N. Y., on the 3d of Angus! at whioh a trial of eng'nes is to be made and several prima awarded. The not over handsome a pearanee of the "Old Whit* Box" of No 1, may cauae some merriment to atraagers, but when her power of throwing a stream is witnessed, their ridicule will be turned to wonder and admiration. News by the Malls. The recent rasa have caused ;qulte a flood in tha river ar Albany, the voter reaching the top of the dock. r A man reeentlj died at Stamford, Conn., leaving five children, all of whom were born after he was 70 years of sge. A Swedenborgfan National Convention will be held at the'Swedenborgian Church, in Boston, on the 37th, continuing in session until the following Sabbath. A regular light occurred among n dosen or more boys at Wiliimnntic, Conn, on tbe 31st lost. Tbe row nroee from n dispute as to vhieh city, Hartford or New York, has the greatest number of neweboya. One boy by tbe r a me of Wood worth vaa stabbed In the abdomen by soother named Roaeh The Worcester Tramrript sajiWe noticed a man about our streets, collecting Into a bag old stumps of segare. in onr large cities, the ooilectlag of oil eegars is mad* a lucrative business, as they are readily pur chased by tobaoeoniats, and manufactured Inro fine eat chewing Ubecco. The New City or Leavenworth.?leaven worth City, Kansas Territory, ha via g beetme the starting point of the Salt Lake traders, is doiog a thriving busi ness. Suoh ia the quantity of goods passing through the place, that ia the space of one week 917.474 was paid (or neighs on goods landed there. At the last dates, a tra-a of etx hundred wagons laden with government store*, we* about to start far the Malt Lake, the draught cattle of which train weaM number four thousandema, beauHs several hundred horses and male*. Several of the Halt Lake trading Arm* have sent off twelve huadrel wagena, a like somber of teamsters, and over tea thou sand draught catte. Political Intelligence. Aneucaxs Fumxu ix New York.?A convention of delegate! from the leveral American OKore of this city, representing acme six distinctive organizations, was con vened on Monday evening, at the corner of Broad vaj and Llepenard street, and af tor free and full interchange of sentiments and opinions, unanimously approved and ratified the p'atform of principles enunciated by the late Philadelphia Natioeal Council. This augurs wsll for the unity of the Americsn movement in this city and State. As far ss the returns have been reseived from tho va rious sections of this Statr, the aotloa of tho subordi nate Councils hss been in a high degree favorable to the unity of the American party, on the principles so gal lantly enunciated by the late National Council. Coxxrctici'T ?The negro platform put forth by tho late Grand Council of this State was passad nearly at tha olose of the session, and at a time when perhaps cue-third, If not one-half of the members had left for their respective homer. The vote taken un ler such disadvantages, on its adoption?ayes 21, noes 13? exhibits the fact clearly, that a strong national party exists even there; and wa learn that measures are about being instituted to organize it on a solid end enduring basis. NATIONAL AND STATE CONVENTIONS TO BE HELD. Vermont Abolition Convention, at Burlington, June 27, to day. California Democratic Convention, at Sacramento, June 27, to-day. New York Abolition Convention, at Syracuse, June 26, 27 end 28. Massachusetts Enow Nothing Convention, at Boston, June 28, to-morrow. Ohio People's Convention (free soli), at Columbus, July 18. Wisconsin Republican Convention (free soil), at Madi a on, September 6. Georgia Southern Union Gubernatorial Convention, at MiLVgeville, August 8. New York Democratic Convention (hard shell), at Syracuse, Saptember 5. National Know Nothing Presidential Convention, at Philadelphia, February 22, 1856. National Native American Convention, at Wilmington, Eelaware, February 22, I860. National Know Somethiog Convention, at Buffalo, Juno 14, 1856. National Know Nothing Council, at New York, June 6, 1656. New York Republican Convention (free soil), in August, 1816. The Kansas Legislature was to meet at Pawnee on the 2d of July. The Herald says it is asserted that first among their acts will be one establishing slavery in Kansas. Annlveisary of the Alumni of the New York University. ANNUAL ADDRESS. The twenty-third anniversary of the Association of the Alumni of the New Yoik University was celebrated last night in the University ohapsl. The cornel was not fnll, the galleries beicg nearly empty, lie exercises were commenced at 8 o'clock, by a voluntary upon ths organ; after which ths President of the Alumni, Mr. Geoige H. Moore, introduced the Rev. Mr. Henry, who made a short but impressive prayer. The President then introduced the orator of the even ing, the Rev. J. M. Mathews, D. D., who spoke la sub stance as follows:? Ladixs and Gkntlkotn?In yoar polite note inviting me to deliver the annual address on the present occaston, you refer to the late anniversary, at wbich you were addressed with much ability by .one of your Professors, on what our city owes to the University. You now sek mo to dwell on what the University owes to the city and the 8tate. You have thus marked out tha course you wish me to pursue, aad I will endeavor to comply with your request. In referenoe to the early movements (or establishing this seat of learning, I seem to be treading among fresh graves that should be held in deep reverence. Such is the melanoholy havoc that death makes In a short space'of time, that, though it is scarcely twenty five years since the first msetlngs on ths subject were held, many of them at my own fire side, yet the majority of those who then took an active Kit in the enterprise, are no longer among the living. icre was Albert Gallatin, with a world-wide reputa tion, not only as the friend of learning bnt as ths ablr diplomatist and statesman. Hs is gone. There were Morgan Lewis and James Tailzied ye, Henry J. Wyckoff and John Delafleld, all now numbered with the dead. But there is still another name to be mentioned. If I am at all entitled to the credit which the Coun cil of the University have seen fit to assign me for devising and maturing the eslsrged scheme of instruction it was designed to embracs, I am indebted to Bishop Wainwright for most valuable aid. He died, as all know, a martyr to his seal in what he felt to be his duty; and it Is with no ordinary emo tion that I now look back to the many days in which we took sweet counsel together, in drawing out a plan and mou'ding the features of the University of New York. Every friend ef this University owes a tribute of gratitude and respect to his memory. The orator then proceeded to state what the founders of the University intended. It was not intended to be a mere college for undergraduates, but a university in reslity and truth, in which the widest range of liberal education should be provided and sustained?a univer sity adapted to the wants, not of ths city or State alone, but of the whole nation, and drawing to its halls stu dents from the north and the south, the east and the west. It was to be a university adapted to the age of activity in which we live, to tne untrammelled thought and lofty purposes of the nation to which we belong, and which, from its outset, should have a clear track before it as it pursued Hs way. Every department of instruction felt the benefit of the liberal policy upon which the Institution was founded. Even the undergraduate classes, wbioh some feared might be overshadowed and injured, amounted to a number that surprised the most sanguine. Ws placed the higher branches of learning in the hands of men possessing a wide reputation, and their names re flected lustre on tba whole institution. Not to mention others, among them was the man who la now acknow ledged both here and abroad, as the inventor of the elec tric telegraph, and within these halls were the wires first taught to speak t language that now pervadea the flobe. The lecturer then proceeded to state what the nlversitv owed to the city. He said the inatitution waa not out of dabt, and hinted that a little assistance in a pecuniary way would not be unasceptable. He said tba University owed tho city something Setter than silver or gold. It owes them l'ght; it owes them knowledge and wisdom: it owes them not only instruction for their youth, but access for men of ail ages atd tastes, to foun tains of varied and libera' learning, adapted to ita own name and corresponding with its early historv. Had name and corresponding with Its early history. Had the founders of the Inst tutlon thought for a moment tbet the University they founded would never accom plish all this, tbey would have never touched ths enterprise. The lecturer then prooeedeJ to speak of the important position the etty of New York held in the commercial world, and the necessity for such a university as the New York University was de signed to hs. He closed his eloquent discourse by ex pressing a hope that such a university as was intended would yet exist, fend if not In New York, somewhere else in onr land. This work must be done, and wher ever it is wall done I will still raioioe to see it. Public gtod must always be the first object of the man who would be eatitled to public confidence. "Amicus So crctet, amicus Plato, tea major amicus Veritas." The lecturer took hla seat amid loud applause, after which the Rev. Mr. Henry again offered up a prayer, and tbe audience dispersed. Committee on Lam pa and One. Thla committee from the Board of Couucllmen held a meeting yenterday afternoon. The committee eon?i*ta ofBenj. F. Pmckney, W. Floyd, J. 8. Moore, J. Purdy and A. Kacack. The only matter ooneidered waathe application of the Metropolitan Oaa Company to i?y pipe* through the city of New York. The Preaidanta of the New York, Harlem and ManhattanvlUe Companion, who were preeent, not being prepared to ahow canae why the petition ?bonld not be granted, or to anawer the qoeation pat ky the oommittee, n farther conaidera tion of the matter waa postponed until Friday week. The following la the petition of the Metropolitan Oaa Compane To TUB UOItOBASia r*B COWMOR COVRCIL or TKI ClTT or N?W Tola: ? t A* roar m?mottBli?t*, the MewopoHtan Oaa Compaay, re by an aetef the Led.latere, ratted anil 17.1M6, tbif *". dwy Incorporated for the act. Voor menoilalieta farther re preeent that teep^eST,, all the reqnlelte fteilltlea to imtrodnce gw for at the earUeet ptaotUahle moment after the permlition la >rT*or meinoHaliatt'eeaadeat^r aptlclpai** that^they will ?re prepared to taaraateo that their meaeoremeet wlll be teen rata, thetreh?r*ee r eompetltton with tba ealatlagjmmaanlea^h"? taw com paay wlU furnUh Year memoriadlet* reapeotfaU^yJ**. IM. petition be referred te enappropritte committee for ?ueh action aa may be Se?w??T rhtuld not b# |raat?d. I Q. anil Oti man Hniietl Festival. PICNIC AT ILU I'AKX. Ike grand picnic took place yesterday in Kim Pork. Tbd weather, which during tie pa-1 week was at oapri clone a* an April day. turned out moat favorable for the celebration. I p to nine o'clock it waafearel that it would have to be postponed, but the eky began to brighten, the clonde aoon cleared away, and by ten, tie tine appointed for tie eoclettee to etart, the day tai ail that oonld bo deaired, except by the dissatisfied few who wonld persist in aaytng it wae too warn. Frtn an early hour in tba morning up to the time of departure the headquarter* of the alcgera, In Elizabeth ?treet, near Grand, preeentod a bney aad lively acene. Everything and avervbody appeared to be in a etate of the greatest confusion; but as tho appointed time ap proach ed, order was soon reestablished and tho various societies formed in procession and marched to the pier at the f#ot of Spring street, where the steamboat* Sylph and Columbus war* waiting to rectiv? them Thar# were, including.the Turnverein or Gymnast*, between two and three thousand persons in the procession. Before the procession reached the pier, at leaat fir* thousand were assembled on tie boats, and some fear* were entertained that they would not be capabl* of ac commodating *11; but steamboats, like omnibuses and rail cara, appear to have no llmita to their capacity ; and although they both swayed from side to side, at If ready to capsize?and the water washed over the gun wales ol one?it was said by some of the hands thai tier would carry twice as many. The Columbus started first, and, as the put out into the stream, three enthu siastic: cheers that made the welkin ring, went up from the crowd that swarmed upon her deck, and was re sponded to in tones of thnuder by thote on the Sylph. At last both boats were cleared, and away tbey sped to wards the little dock that lies near tbe foot of Eightieth street. Every one appeared to u aderstand tbe mlseion they were on, and innumerable handkerch'ets were waved from the shore to those on board, and from ttrow on board to those on ebore. Tbe greatest good haaair prevailed, lor tbe German* are never more in their element tian when engaged in tbe interchange of those social feel logs for which they are eo distinguished ns a people. Fraternity appeared to be the order of the day, and as friend drank to friend ont of the flowing cup, tbey pledged anew their devotion to each other It, wae 11 o'clock wh?n tbe boats reached tbe wharf and landed their impatient passengers, who were re ceived with a deafening welcome by a large number who bad arrived before them by tbe oars and other convey ances. A tolerable sized cannon made as macb noise as it could, and tbe crowd, not content with its per formance, cheered again and again, till they were hoarse. Near tbe entranoe to the Park, and along tbe road for a considerable d'etance, were ranged wagons, tents, aod a variety of other temporary struc tures which never had a came, for^tha sale of toe indis pensable lager bier. It seemed a* If all keepers ot all tbe saloons In tbe city had deserted New York and come out to Elm Park to sell tbe favorite beve rage 1 here was lager bier In barrels, lager bier in cans, in gigantic boms, in lmausie goblet* made out of the trunks of hickory trees, with toe bark preserved; lager bier In boxes and In vessels of every conceivable and in conceivable size and shape; and it would have astonish ed our temperance fries us to .-tie the immense quantities of It which were consumed, while tbe consumers still retained possession of all their senses. Then there were, to giro variety to the scene outtl'e, miniature shooting galleries, for tbe privilege of practising In which the am bitious marksmen paid on* cent lor three shots, receiv ing, wben be w*a so fortunate as to hit the mark, a handful of dubious loosing peanuts. The great attrao tions of a former occasion In the curiosity here were misting?tbe|wonaerfulsheep with six legs and two (ails, the xoysl Bengal tiger which had devoured six men alive, a iral live ourang outang, a boa contra itor under a hundred feet in length, and the great Indian juggler wbo "swallered" burning ooals, all of which could be seen for the exceedingly low charge of twilre and a half cents. But the spectacle In tbe Park exceeded all scenes of merry making wbicb it ha* been our good fortune to mingle In. Hate and there, and all over, were gathered group* of from five to twenty persons, under the shade ot the gigantic tree* which abound in this part of our Island. The entire freedom from all restraint, tbe ab sence of that spirit of rowdyism by which oar popular gatherings are sometime* disgraced, and the general feeling of courtesy which appeared to prevail, could not be tco waimly praised. We did not see the slightest disposition to quarroi; and with the exception of some exhibitions among tbe light fingered gantry, nothing oc curred to disturb the general harmony. The poiice, however, of whom there were about thirty present, soon disposed Of these character*, whan found making fre* with other peoples property. Thirteen of these were placed In a barn for safe keeping, and were exhibited by 1 he vigilant detectives a* so many evidences of their skill. In front ot the Elm Park Hotel?we suppose it is dig nified by that title?the singing societies were collected In circles, entertaining delighted crowds with soma ot their best mtuio, while others were seated at tables, discussing a substantial repast of cold roast beef, ham, German rolls, and other good things, all of which were waahed down with copious potations of Isger bier. The trees were hnng with the exquisitely embroidered ban ner* of the societies, ami tbe trunks of some of them were literally covered with bonnets, shawls, mantillas, and other article* of ladles' drea*. The park resounded with tbe music of the bend and the singing of the Saen gerbnnds, of which the "Orpheus" of this city were among the mc st popular The weather, somebody remark ed, waa very warm; but tbey must have.been facetious, we tbink, for tho** wbo iudulg*d in the mazy waltz, toe acottlsch, the polka, and the cotillon, did not appear to think *o, from the zest with which they entered into th* spirit ot those dances. lb* celebration was at full tide about tire Ire o'clock, and it continued so till lis o'clock, when tb* crowd be gin rapidly to diiperie. Ihen the boat* were again thronged, the ciri were thronged, the itagei were thronged, and every hone wee mad* to perform the labor of two. We have beard the number of persona who participated in the festivities of the day variously estimated at from twenty to twenty-dv* thousand, but we think we to not exaggerate in the least when we set It down at fifteen thousand. About three o'clock the ?peaking was commeaoed by Dr. Foersch. He said it was with feelings of no ordinary gratification that he beheld the spectacle before him. He could not give ex pression to the emotions of his mind; but ha knew there was not a heart in that vast throng that did aot beat in unison with his, at seeing assembled such a ga thering of hla countrymen, and for aueh noble purpose* as they had in view. Every nation, h* continued, has a mission to perform; and while it might be the ambition of some to conquer other lands, and extend the bounds of their dominions by the sword; it was theirs to foster the spirit of fraternity, which would unite the people of every country in one bond of brotherhood. He would not like to say anything deroga tory to the American character, but he believed that the social virtues do not always nourish where the energies of both body and mind are devoted to material pursuits. There was something worth living for besides the acqui sition of dollars and cents, and those were the social vir tues, without which there could be no true earthly en joyment At the conclusion of Lr. Foesreh's remarks three cheers were given, alter which Mr. Metternich mad* a brief edtress. He spoke of the great love fer song by which the Germane were distlngulened, as one of the most ennobling feature* of their character, and ex pressed the hope that the day would never come when tbey would cease to be a musical people. Mr. Lexow, the Fest President, who it was feared, would be prevented from attending, in consequence of the severe injuries be had received a few days ago by a fad from hie wagon, here made hie appearanee in a carriage, and altbongh suffering very much, addreseed the assembled multitude. He commenced by saying that he boned his beaters would excuse Aim If, like the blind Ziaha. he addressed^em from his carriage; bat he was compelled to do so by his legs having refused to perform their usual servieee, and his Inability to ap pear befcre them in any other manner than la that In which he now presented himself. The various musical societ es of New York, he continued, heve chosen me their Fest' President, and for months put 1 swaltsd with impatlsnce ths arrival of th* day appoiatsd, hut at the eleventh boar?at the moment when I was sbont to realize my fondest anticipations?an accident occurred which deprived me of tne great pleasure I would have felt in fnlfnliing the duties of the office to which yon appointod me. Unable as I am, even at the present moment, to address you at auy length, vet I am not prevented from saying a few words, and those are words which I know yon will like t* hear, because they oome from the heart. (Applause.) New York, gentlemen, is full of your praise The voices of the German as wall as of)the Anglo Aess ricsn population, are united in eaylng that no thing approaching in any way the peculiar style of mueic to which they have listened with inch pleasure from you, has ever been heard in New York. The Old end New Fatherlendi bear testimony to the triumphs you bave achieved IntthiaifestivaU (Reaewed applause.) The severed breach which has been transplanted from ths old land across ths oosan to this free soil has flourished and grown to a gigantic tree, wboee branches sxtsnd on every side. Be proad of yonr work; th* vic tory yon beve achieved is one of the nobleet that coold be conceived of?a victory in all that is noble, high and grind. But enough. I see before me the stars and stripes of the Union, and never have I seen them look to better advactage then when encircled by the Saenger banter. One reqaeet, in conclusion, I have to make of you.snd that Is, that you will join la giving three ea tbnstaatic cheers for German Hong, th* eanobler of the world. v?e# chseis were here gives with n rlghUbeerty goo 1 ?yll, alt? which speeches were made by Mr. Wei tech, l-indenmnller and other gentlemen. w" ?PPoHted which ths lest of thei^Sni ^WUMsT^L0^ n*e o'elock th* Mayor and some members of the Oom mrn Council made tbelr appearance, but they did not remain Inng, and very few were aware of their presence. There was some talk 0f giving nnethsr nonossi. at the Academy of Mueic, but rt bas net been decided apes yet In a peeuniarypriut of view the soneart of MW day was a asnst successful aflhir then havleg been, it is said, ever seven tj?usasd tickets sold. This paid ell 'be sxpenee* of tw festival. and left a large balaase on head. On the la* oeeaoleu, about threw yiars ago, th> toeteiM 0f nv York were out of pocket sheet thro ? tbe?ft?d delW?; but the profits wh eb tbsv have real ized on ?<, ocession will more tbsa cover th* amount tf thslr fcuid kerfs. < DC. HtXTER.?LETTER SO. XVIII. IMPORTANT TESTIMONY 1M Favor of Inhalation In Dhtuci of the Lnngf. Letters from PhjrsicianH in every Part of the Union. THE JOINT STOCK MEDICAL COLLEGES. The Woman's Hospital, and a Word of Counsel to Dr Sims. Ihi Old KofOr School; the Beat of Ita Time, but lu Time la Pest- Physicians OuUtjr at CuntntU-uiai.lifce Practices UlHctUd-Tse Tribe or 1 mite tore?Old Burton's Pallorapkj Applied? Change or Climate and ble Heeorts-Cruel Practice or Paaptsf Caustic Solution Into tbe Lunge?HcceeeiCp for Remodelling the Treatment of Cholera and othtr Infectious Diseases. SaveiinUK, th? Dine, compUin* in phyiic:?"Unhappr men an w* hie, we epenc our days in unprofitable ques tions mil d^puUt one, iutrickte eubUettea, de luna cm prina, about mtotshme m the enter, leaving, in the meantime, thcee chief eet tieaeure* o( uttur* untouched, wheiem the beet medicine* lor all manner or dieetaee are to be found; and do not only neglect tbem ournelrea, but binder, condemn, forbid, and scoff at other* that are willing to inquire after them." In tbe dificiiifeit'n of the subject of inh?lttina m the only effectual mode of treating Diseases of the Respi ratory Organs, I at once stepped over 'hoee conven tional rules ?hich have too lo'tg allowed that mighty medium oi ideas between man and man-toe paoiw pies*?to be made, in mtd.cai matters, the mere conveyancer of shameless, igooraut and unreasonable fireUuaiotiB. I did so from a full onviction of tan mpcrtanofl of my mission?actuated by mitt res 'Con sidered laudable in every pu suit in lite- the good of ay fellow man, and tae revardi whtoh attend successful labors in every profession and o?ll<ng In society. Tbe treatment of Diseases of the Langs, as universally practiced by pbysiclais url >r to the time cf my in reduction ot tne systemof Inbtiariaa, was at total variance with reason aai consnon seme, oontrary to the true principles of Bclen ?, and utterly unsuccessful in practice. (therefore unhesi tatingly denounced it, as wholly inadequate to Its pretentions. I did not time demon* the "old practice,'' however, without at the rams time setting forth, with ample argument and untnswerelMe facts, the substitute Ioffsied, namely,tee treatment by iDbalation, at onoe more ratural, reasonable, adequate and successful than what I condsmuel. In the rerlcs of letteis preceding this, in which my views are more particularly expounded, I endear voted toappeal to tbe reason rather han th- credulity of my readers, assured tbst the general intetllgeaee of tne communitv was folly sufficient to eaable them to rise iminate between the one and the other, and duly to appreciate what was rational and wed grout.dc-d. I am bappy to sav I was not mtstakea. The general response wbich comes bask to me boa all parts of this continent, in ihe form of correspond ence, assures roe that ths course I bare adopted ba* been correct. I regard the profession of w dob I bave the honor ot being a member, as essentially designed to be a praotioal profession, not for myre show or display <rf ficbolfU|fi? fcpofWge. but for thd actvo ptlf]loeti oi life?not to saunter about forever in tbe garb of schoolmen, bat to go forth among the(r fellow beings with practical scienoe oa twtr tcngues, and healing remedies in their hands, allevi ating the miseries, caring the diseases, and instruct kg tee ignoi once of hnmaoity. And it Is only fa so far ss tne physician accomplishes these Olvioe ob jects, thst be in any wise attains tbe true end of his pre fesslon. He is bonnd, moreover, as he respects the laws of bumanity, to make known to the widest possible extent, whatever he deems most conducive to tbe health and happiness of a is fellow man. la carrying cut tbls beneficent object, every legitimate means of communication is hiB, and foremost among t' ose me sis standi the newspaper press. A preju dice, c r rather a law of the schools, has existed I biding the introduction ot medical matters proper into the columns cf newspapers. For whose good th<nk yen is this lav in existenceT For the people ? the euffeilng ? tbe nninf rmsd ? By no means. It exists for the benefit of cliques, or Ecbocls, of combinations. It exists to the prqjudioe ot the (.eople mainly, and not much less to the preju dice of the tine interests ot the profession. By rea son of its existence hitherto, tbe advertising oofumua of tbe press have been turned too generally to the vilest purposes, in imposing on tne public "patent mediclxes"under a thousand diffluent nunee, upheld by as many nr reasonable pretensions, and false statements, put foith by their inventors for tne mere purpose of gaio, without any regard to the Interests either of that science which they degrade, or of the people whom they deceive. In deputing Lom the established practice of dis cussing a medical topic in striotly scientific aad technical language- in addressing that discussion. I not to tt e members or tne protest ion only, bat to thn I ocmnsntity generally?in preferriog the columns of I the public press to bocks and medical periodical*. I the utual cbarnels ot medical ccmmuuicatlons, and I in thHS appealing directly to the common sense not I merely of my professional brethren, but of the pnbllo I at large, and particularly the afflicted, I oould not I but feel that I was taking a step wbich would awa I ken the apprehensions ot my brethren, and might I possibly remove me beyond the pale of their profs* I hional intercourse for a time. Or the ultimate result I and oomplete triumph of my views, however, I could I hsve no rear, and in this I nave not been disappoint I ed. I By punning this course, (and I do not sty this in I any boastful spirit, but simply as the basts of thn I argument I am abort to employ,) I hsve expended I a larger amount of money than would have been ne I ceissry to pnbliah twenty ordinary volumes of purely I medical liu-rstare; than would have beensufficieot te I purchase several shares iu a joint stock medical I school, and a professorship to boot, and t >an would I have enabled me to print a medical journal to adv? I cats the high and peculiar claims or myself and eol I leagues to the confidence of the public. I might I have built and endowed a hospital for the cure of I pulmonary diseases, and baa my fame pubJshed I gratoitoualy in the newspapers. But I preferred a I mode of making my views known by which all I should reap the advantage* of my practice?by I which all should know, not merely that a new mode I of treatment bad been proposed, but in whit toat I treatment consisted, the knowledge on which it wan I based, sod the manner ot its employment I pre I fened to inform the minds of the millions in regard I to the Jaws of health, the causes of disease, ana the I best means of its alleviation and cure. In a word, I my doty as a physician was plain before me, that all I should know, asd be able to avail themselves of the f benefits ot ix halation, rather than that those benefits shonld be einmmaciibed within the limits of a city, I enjoyed by a few only. I As a m( dical practitioner in a specialty of the high I est Import an oe, it would, I conceive, have bssm criminal in me to have withheld from the pubic nay views, knowing as I did, by daily experience in my practice, the incalculable benefits of inhalation, and the utter worthleesness of the ordinary treatment of I diseases of the throat and longs. The conviction forced itself upon my mind, that to some extent I would be answerable for the lives of thousands dying undtr the old practice, if I hesitated to an I ncunoe and push forward my views, and the result ?f my own experience in inhalation. There is a consciousness at this moment per vading the profession that in medical science we are I but at the threshold of disoovery. The nnosrtainty in i emits?the want of sncocss in praetloe?the different opinions in theory, have long since estab lished the laot that medical knosledgeis yet inade quate to the requirements of human ill*. Time u squandered in the jealou* contentions of medi al scbcol* and the itrlte of rival aystsms, which, if di rected to practical end*, leas mindful of the " dig nity of the profetaim" than the relief of tie *uO$f?" leg, would result la untold good to thorn who. perish while we wrangle. There can be no program I without innovation. The man who closes nla arial against new Ideas, merely beosase they ars saw to him, shows himself at onos to fee lace. I pable of progress, hmrtag airesdy reached the I ultimatum of his earthly destiny, his atad being stretched to Its utmost ospacity. Bucn are mevitably left behind in the on sard march of rcianoe, and we look heck opoa them wit a au the veneration with which we regard the old fogy aohoii of an cleat memory-*!* last of its tlms-Vst tta time is past! *h?re is no program without tan jva ttoa?every newidea is an innovation ea the old om which it displaces; and if *hs old ooa gruaMma bit *t pnsfoieaoe given to its raooemor, shell we | wocitr ?? shell we even grow angry and ssv hard sassgsscL336, swwsa wWoh I stand charge 1-la J ]g*1*r nc*,<* ? aaooessfui ly hefflnd the arts of medietas, is ote of wMeh 1 t. m justly prond--as a tribute rendered t?|

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