Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 29, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 29, 1855 Page 4
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IfEW YORK HERALD. jABIKS GORDON BBBNBTT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. ; N. W. CORNKB OF NASSAU AND FULTON ST3. TERMS. mA la <11frame* THE Oil/1 V IiEJLALD 2 emit par c*pf?TT p*r uaauM. TOE U AAA! V Htm A LI) evory Satmrdny. at ?* c?iU* acr Mf, or U p*r annum; the Eur of*am eJition S4 f*r na Ma.a U?v P"'t of Grtul Britain, or %b t* oaf fart of tk* Fiiiflnrnt both to ia< ltul* fottap*. ADVERTISEMENTS rrnrtord ertry day. Volume XX. Wo- 1T9 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Fourteenth street? Do a fvM, HOADWAY THEATRE, BnU*v-Il(Un A* It la ?vTanbbb CouiTaiir? Limebjck Rob. BOWERY THEATRE, Bow?ry?Ebcnabtbd Turu Inibuti'i Revenue. MHO'S GARDEN, BreetwaY?Crown Diamond*. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamber* (treat?Bobm to Good Imb-Nib To Bit Aa It la?Tmb Secant. WOOD'S MINSTRELS-Bee hanie.' Hall?(',1 Broadway CHINESE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, M9 Broadway?Pan O BAalA or tVlOK AND Siese or bnAltONI. PERHAM'B BURLESQUE OPERA HOUSE, SOS BroAd Bray?Ethiopban Opeba Troupe. Sew York, Friday, June 4t0, UU, Tlw Mews. The meeting ot the Know Nothing State Council ?* Boeten, yesterday, was at "f nbont three hundred delegates. The the aeoeders from the PAiladelphia Con . 1 **? approved of heartily, and a platform of principles identical with that reported by the mi nority of the National Convention, waa adopted. A foil account of the investigation relative to the tieebie suicide in Brooklyn, and also of the funeral ef the unfortunate young couple, may be found elsewhere. The worst apprehensions respecting the character of the young female have been oon flmned by the testimony before the Coroner. Oonernor Clark, escorted by a committee of the Commissioners of Emigration, and aocompanied by a small party of invited gnosis, visited the "institu tions" yesterday. A report of the affair is given in another column, from which it will be seen that imported liquors in original packages circulated freely at the dinner table, adding much to the hilarity of the occasion. President Pierce and Mrs. Pierce arrived at Cape May yesterday afternoon, and took apartments at Congress HalL It is mid that Mr. Cole, present Chief Clerk in the Pension Office, will be promoted to the Com nriesiencrahip made vacant by the election of Mr. Waldo to the bench of the Supreme Court of Con necticut. Our advices from Buenos Ayres are to the 5th of May. The Constitutional Assembly had been opened for its second session on the 1st ult. The French government had claimed that French resi dents should be indemnified for losses sustained in the late revolutions. It was said that Great Britain and France had advised the immediate absorption of the Oriental republic. On the 28th of April Che government had a balance in the treasury of eight mlfiicn dollars (currency) over all expenses up to that day. The total abolition of port dues waa contemplated. Commercial affairs were very dull. Flour was scaroe and in good demand. Mr. William N. Palmer, a native of New York, aged fifty-right, long a resident of Montevideo, died there on the 18th of April. Our Hamilton, (Bermuda) correspondence is to the 22d of June. It is said that the Bishop of 8t. Johns had left, in his own yaobt, after having greatly exalted the Church daring a visit of four mcnthr. From thiags spiritual to thisgs vegetable the transition is easy. Potatoes and onions Were being ireely exported to the New York markets. The Legislature was in session, but did not transact much business. Advices from the Cape of Good Hope to the 19th ?fApril have reached us. Affairs continued proa parous. The frontier was quiet, and the copper mine productive. The cattle disease was not yet eradicated. Bir George Grey, who was very popu lar, gave his first public ball on toe 17th of April. His Excellency contemplated an official impaction of Namaqualand shortly. The Parliament, which ?as stiB sitting, had ignored for the present the voluntary system in the Chnrch. News from the Rio Grande to the 21st ins t. states that all the towns in the departments of Tamaulipas and Nnevs Leon, in Northern Mexico, with the ex oeption of Matamoras, Reynosa, and Camargo, had proaounced in favor of the revolutionists. The re volution thus fsr has been a bloodless one. Advices from New Mexico to the 30th alt. have been received. Colonel Fauntleroy had attacked parties of hostile Utah Indians on the 1st and 29th a# May, rooting them in both instanoes, killing forty of the savages on the last mentioned date, and faking a lumber of prisoners and a large quantity af plunder. The ootton market yesterday was unsettled by the accounts brought by the Baltic. The sales were limited to 300 a 400 bales, but afforded no criterion by which to give established prices. It was aald that the Arago carried out some telegraph des patches giving accounts, (no doubt exaggerated,) of the rise in the Southern rivers, aid the probable receipts at the shipping ports. Holders at Liver Pool, as well as here, were not diipoeed, however to succumb to the extent claimed by speculative or other purchasers. Admitting every bale of cotton "?de last year is shipped, they say there must be a deficiency in the crop oompared with the yield of the previous year, while the oonsump v? demand has rather increased than diminished ?*o*d In part by its substitution for many purposes hitherto supplied by hemp and flax? eocb as soldiers' tent*, ships' sails, bagging tor various aaes, Ac., the advanoe iu whleh ?as so great, from interference of the war, as to render cotton a cheaper substitute. The sudden and enormous rales of 100,000 a 120,000 bales a week in Liverpool, surprised and startled every one in the trade; and the sudden diminution in the sales, and dulinses in prices, are equally difficult to account fcr. If causes existed for the immense sales, la-ger than ever known in the same period before, it is hard to imag ine tBy sufficient change in those cauees to explain (in an easier state of the money market) why there should have been euch a sudden pause or diminution of sales and quietude in prices. Oaa a separate clasi of speculators have been at work to prodoce a reactive depression in order to come in at lower ratee ? Common grades of flour yesterday were doll, and "J*"? cases 12? cents per barrel lower ; but all V> fancy and extra brands were steady. Wheat **??ninal. Indian corn fell off 3 to 4 cents per ?wel, with free sales. Contracts for June and ?WelPrerywere settled for at about 94c. a 95c., m toe extent of about 100,000 bushels. Pork ? IS^hHSL'r ,TM4 ,end<n:y- 8a?*? were i ! 1,200 hhds" at'?? Prfow y- To Liverpool about 2,000 bales * ZTZ'SZT'? ttd were en get T?d at 3-16d., and 30#oo bushels of Indiaa corn ^ k "L"? b0,k''*t ' 4id- closing at the k titer figure. ' g *' A m ?*ting of clergymen and other supporters of the Mat ? Liquor law was held at J >-? ?* p?p?~ i'????.C, ^ animated discussion took plaoe ia regard to the name to be "dopted, but it was finally conclude to repudiate the title of Carson League, and call the organization U '? Buffslo TemperJhce League. The eaptiel steok of this precious concern is unlimited; the shares are one' hundred dollars, and the amoas-' ments fifty cents oa' the share. The Batttnmreane *?'" considerably shakssi up yesterday morning by ?hat is mppoaed to have been an earthquake. 21* "hock was aamrihly (hu lor maay mOss arouad, hut so turn knows ao uaeaaltiOi Wd happened. The XaUM Law In tht Weet?Cheng* Within the put two or three months a great change hu taken place in pnblio sen timent, u well u in the opinions of many leading temperance men, u to the feasibi lity of prohibitory enactments. The leading journals, both in the large cities and in the oonntry, have almost invariably pronounced against such laws, and it seems to be the gene ral opinion that the great evil of intemperance cannot be cured by law. There was once a great Roman who submitted with an immovable countenance to an exceedingly painful surgical operation, but who soon ordered the surgeon to desist from bis labors, saying that the cure was not worth the pain. So it is rdMh the vice of intern per anoe. The people of the United States are not all drunkards?the temperance tracts to the contrary notwithstanding; and because the few abuse ardent spirits, the many will not submit to a total prohibition of their use, nor will they allow great commer cial interests to be damaged to satisfy a few bigoted parsons who are insane upon one point, and who neglect the souls of their flocks while endeavoring in vain to regulate the appetite of the public. For a practical proof of the truth of the above statements, we have only to look at the recent popular election in the State of Illinois ?a State the progress and prosperity of which is almost unexampled, even in this country. Its agricultural productions are unbounded?its trade has increased with almost miraculous ra pidity?its population is chiefly made of solid farmers and substantial merchants?active, ear ns#!, enterprising, intelligent business men. The question of k prohibitory law or not was presented to these men a short time since. It was divested of all extraneous issues?a plain yea or nay was required. The result shows a majority of fifteen thousand against the law, in a total vote of one hundred and eighty thou sand. This result in Illinois, and similar failures elsewhere at the West, is not be cause the people there drink more liquor or love it more than the people of New York or New England. Had such a law been presented to the merchants and farmers of the West befdt they had an opportunity to see its practical workings in othei States, the re sult would probably have been different But recent events have shown to them clearly that the medicine is wore than the disease. All the cold water oratory in the world?and Illinois was deluged with it?could not wash out the stain of the blood shed at Portland, the home of the Maine law. Hence the present position of Illinois?hence the fifteen thousand majority? hence the one hundred thousand farmers and traders of one of the most important States in the Union arrayed in opposition to prohibitory liquor laws. Now let us look at the position of affairs nearer home. We have seen in Maine?the centre from which prohibitory agitation sprang?a riot, bloodshed, and the tide of public opinion com pletely turned against the great apostle of the so called reform. Should such men as Neal Dow remain in office a year longer, the people of the State would be clamorous for a repeal of the enactment which places the power of life and death in the hands of men without common sense or ordinary discretion. In Massachu setts the cause of the prohibitionists does not seem much better. The first appealed case under the amended law was tried last week in Boston, when the jury acquitted the defendant without leaving their seats. The same Legla* lature which made the odious amendments to the prohibitory law, also placed on the statute book an act by which jurors are made judges of the law as weU as the fact in every cas5. Consequently, the jurors now assume to try the constitutionality of the law, about which delicate point even temperance men have douhts?doubts which must go in favor of the defendant. In consequence of this fact, it will he impossible to obtain a jury in Boston that will convict under this law, and as a sequence to this it follows that It can never be enforced in that city. A similar state of things exists in Springfield, and other large towns in the State. In New Hampshire, the Legislature not only refused to engraft upon their law the Massa chusetts amendments, but raised a special com mittee to report modifications to the present statute on the subject. Ia Rhode Island the law is almost a dead letter. One of the most eminent jurists In the United States Chief Justice Shaw, of Massachusetts?has pro nounced one section of the law ridiculous and absurd, as well be may. It provides in ap pealed cases that the defendant shall give se curity to "keep the peace and be of good beha viour" until he is tried. To keep the peace before he has broken it?to be of good beha viour, when in the eye of the law he is entirely innocent of the slightest crime or misdemeanor! Good for Massachusetts! In the face of all these things we have Mr. Secretary Marcy's proposition for a national prohibitory law?a very bad move for a Politi cian in the present state of affairs. MarCy would do well to review his position and the signs of the times before be advances another step as the chosen leader of the National Pro hibitory League. If a law of this kind were placed before the people of the United States to morrow, three-fourths of them would say nay to it. Marcy will find it difficult to get up a national party on the cold water platform. Let him remember Illinois and the West. In our own State the temperance party has wealth, influence, intellect, and many popular parsons on its side, yet it does not seem to get on. Its publications fall dead from the press no journal of character and standing favors its doctrines?its meetings are generally fail ures. One pretty fall gathering was got ten up at the Metropolitan theatre, but that was a show; some of the most popular stars, lay and clerical, appeared for this night only, and of course they drew a good house. When Mr. Forrest and Mr. Daven port appeared in the same play, the Academy was crowded; so when the Rev. Dr. Tyng and Henry Ward Beecher enacted in the same farce, their united talent brought out a great many people who view them only as good ac tors and very amusing persons, at times. Then there were a great many religious people, wh?, having renounced the devil and all his works, could not see the new theatre except at some gathering of this kind. But this was only suc cessful for once, and the temperance demonstra tions since that time have fallen short in nam bers, compared with other public gatherings upon exciting topics, in this city. The tempcr anoe men are nervous, frightened, and disheart ened. The liquor dealers have all the good cards in tLwir own hands L?t us pee how they Will play them. TN fhmm ft? Ewipi jmmmrn* ?wee?m ?t til* Allies In Um In or AioT-Sut* of 9]wta. The Baltic's news gives uj a clearer idea of the importance of the late military advantages gained by the allies than we had formed from the advices received by the previous steamer. The capture of the Mamelon and the works ex tending from it to the Careening Bay, gives their batteries the range of that part of Sabas topol which lies to the east of the military har bor, and also of the ships remaining in the inlet of Sebastopol. The Russian guns of the Ma melon have been turned against the vessels lying in Artillery Bay, and it was expected would destroy and sink them by their fire. The progress gained by these successes would, it was thought, soon place the whole of the Rus sian fortifications in the hands of the besiegers. A rumor prevailed in Paris that General Mor ris had cut off the route which leads from Sebas topol to Simpheropol and Perekop?an opera tion which would have the effect of hastening the fall of the town?hut this report seems to want confirmation. The allies have also obtained some addition al successes in the Sea of Azof. Every place of importance along its coast, from Kertch to Arabat, and from Genetchi to Taganrog, is now in their possession. The latter town is situated at the mouth of the Don, so that the interior trade of the districts through which it runs will be brought to a complete stand still by its oc cupation by the enemy. The most substantial advantage gained in this quarter is, however, the fall ot Anapa, on the Circassian coast. It was evacuated by the Russians without any at tempt to maintain it, and is now in the hands of the Circassians. These advantages are, however, in some de gree damped by the apprehensions entertained of the effects of contagions disease amongst the allied troops. Typhus fever and cholera have already begun to decimate their ranks, and, as the hot season advances, it is feared that these diseases will commit greater havoc amongst them than even the sword itself. To the pro bable calamities to which they will lead, will have to be added th?t terrible scourge of the Crimea, the opthahnia of Sebastopol, which rots out the eye from the socket within four and twenty hours after the organ is attacked. Un less, therefore, Pelissier hurries up matters, Generals July and August may do as much for the Russians as their famous mensal predeces sors. The debate in the English House of Com mons on the war, which had become tiresome from its prolixity, has terminated in the adop tion oi a resolution to suppost her Majesty s ministers. From the ariBtooratic constitution of the lower house nothing less was to be ex pected. Layard. undaunted, however, returns to the charge, and has brought forward another motion, impeaching the system of family in fluence by which England is governed. A monster meeting of the Administration Reform Association was held at Drury lane theatre on the 13th, at which some Btrong resolutions were passed on the subject. There was a large number of members of Parliament present. The sentiments expressed by the Duke of Cambridge at the Merchant Tailors' dinner, in reference to the war, seem to have excited rather an anxious feeling in Paris. " I hope," said His Grace, "that when the operations we are now engaged in terminate successfully, the country will adopt a noble and generous I course, and give the enemy an opportunity of ' coming to a just and honorable peace." The French conclude from this that the Eaglish government are only waiting a favorable op portunity to back out from the war. The state of Spain is extremely critical, al though lor the moment the insurrection seems to be crushed. The cause assigned for the late ministerial changes is the decree declaring that enrolment in the militia should be in future voluntary, instead of compulsory; and that no one should be obliged to pay a tax for refusing to serve. The municipal authorities, unwilling to do away with this tax, remon strated against it, and an outside pressure was brought to bear upon the Cabinet, which led to the resignation ofM.Luzuriaga and three of his collea gues. A deliberate slight had been passed upon Espartero by the Cortes, in refusing a usual courtesy to the minister, which was near leading to his abandonment of office. He was only induced to remain by the earnest entrea ties of bis friends. The Paris correspondent of the London Times has the following state ment:?"I learn, on good authority, that proofs have been furnished to the French government of the relations existing between the Carlist conspirators and the Russian government." Nothing more probable. The London Globe formally contradicts the report that a congress of United States Minis ters was to he held in London, and adds that Mr. Fillmore was simply there en voyageur. Mlle. Rachel?Public Taste.?It appears that notwithstanding all warnings Mile. Rachel is resolutely bent on coming to this country. She bad been plaoed on her guard by experi enced friends; she had been advised that the Americans at large did not understand the only language she speaks, and are not generally fond of classic tragedy; and for a time these warnings seem to have rendered her irresolute 5 but she has at last cut the knot, as she says, and resolved codte que co(Ue to cross the At lantic. The experiment does great credit to the lady s courage. Of all the prime donne who have sought laurels and dollars here since Jenny Lind, Mile. Rachel has not the most flattering prospects. Everybody knows that she is the first actrefs on the French stage in bar line. That line is the old classic tragedy such as Coraeille and Racine and Voltaire wrote, and Mile. Mars played. It possesses unquestionable merits, and when a man is drilled to admire and grieve and fight and die in alexandrines, male and fe male rhymes carefully intermixed, he can posi tively enjoy it on the stage. Frenchmen declare that they experience a lively sensation of plea sure when Mile. Rachel is heard to declaim the great speech of Agrippine in "Britannicus."' In some more modern dramatic works, in which an attempt has been made to compromise between I the old tragedy with the three unities and modern melodrama, Rachel is undoubtedly great; and one can be strongly roused by her without even understanding French. Bat at the Frabsais, Corueille, Racine and Voltaire are her great cards. The question will arise when she comes here whether the public taste is sufficiently refined and educated to appreciate such very artificial writers as Racine. We have some doubts on the point; though we have none of Mile. Rachel's talent, and very few of the sincerity with which Frenchmen express their adnira tion for a class of writer* who to as must al ways appear false, cold and anoatoral. It la quite possible that Mile Baehel's fame may draw large houses, and for her sake this is to be hoped ; bat the experiment is to be made. Curious Official Amusrmbnts.?We have lately seen announcements of celebrations of " the glorious Fourth" in Boston and in Rhode Island, by boat races, under the patronage of the city and State governments. In Boston the boat races will be gotten up by a committee of the Common Council, and the money for the prizes comes oat of the regular appropriation for the official celebration. It is, in effect, stamp ing the city seal upon a gambling transaction? for a boat race is no less; and as the prizes are good, many boats from other places will parti* cipate. The sporting world has already become excited about the result, and a great deal of money will change hands upon it. In an affair of this kind, the more respectable the leaders are the more dangerous is the operation. Now, Massachusetts is covered with a great net work of laws, and those against all kinds of gambling are particularly severe. Yet we find the city government directly engaged in tempt ing the people to break the law. There is, per haps, no great harm done by boat racing, or any other similar sport; but it seems a little singular to see the city fathers of a Puritan city joining the sporting fraternity in a body. It is, probably, the effect of the Prohibitory Liquor law, and other sumptuary enactments, which have been from time to time forced upon the people of Massachusetts. The people must have some excitement, and so their rnlers give them a chance to lose their money by betting on a boat race. Pretty soon we may expect to hear of horse races gotten up under the same auspices?"the city cup, open for all fast trot ters," and marked with the motto, "As God was to our fathers, so may he be to us." The fathers referred to would be slightly asto nished at such proceedings. Liquor Journalism.?We understand that there is a project on foot among the liquor peo ple, to raise a fund of a hundred thousand dol lars for the establishment * of a new daily journal in this city, be expressly devoted to their cause.'' Captain French, it || said, is ready to advance twenty thousand,, and to take com mand of the paper, provided the liquor interest generally will raise >the remaining eighty thousand. It strikes us that this is a

very gowl plan for wasting money, and that Captain French will have his -hands Ml with his new daily journal, and his labor for his pains. During the last thirty years the democracy have spent two or three hundred thousand dollars in vain efforts to es tablish a democratic organ in New York; but alt to no purpose, because our reading commu nity have never appreciated the necessity of such an organ. So with the liquor interest. All the daily journals of the city?morning and evening?exoepting, we believe, the two nigger worshipping organs, the Tribune and Times, are opposed to this despotic and unconstitutional prohibitory law. And these two exceptions will be very apt to feel the penalty of their folly in their sales at the hotels, whence they have hitherto derived a considerable portion of their daily receipts. But, on the other side, it is just cb likely that an organ limited to the single idea of the liquor interest will be restricted in its circnlation to the liquor dealers, and will thus amount to nothing. If Captain French, however, is bent upon spending twenty thou sand dollars in a newspaper venture, let him try it. It will be so much additional money circulated among the poor printers. The Presidential Agitation in Fdll Blast. ?The progress of George Law as the American candidate lor the Presidency, is creating a terri ble agitation among the old fogies of all par ties. Since the late Philadelphia Council he has taken such a start upon them as to leave no longer any doubt that he is really in the field for the White House. The fury of the old whig and democratic journals has been correspondingly increased. They are assailing "Live Oak George" as guilty of the great crime of having secured a position of wealth and independence through his own exertions. We apprehend, however, that this is an offence which will not materially injure him among the people. The organ of John M. Clayton at Philadelphia, and all the other old fogy party journals fellowiag in its wake, are welcome, therefore, to all the capital which they can make of this charge. It is very evident that George Law is Btirriug them up; that the old party machinery of platforms, resolutions, and such rubbish, will be set aside in '56 for some available Union mat; and that the man will be the platform of the successful party, as in the cases of Jackson, Harrison, and Taylor. We are in for a scrub race; and in such a struggle it is the horse of the best speed and bottom that wins. Live Oak George is on the track. Let the old fogies blaze away. The Hard Democracy and the Know Nothings.?At their grand meeting the other night, the hard shell democracy touched the Know Nothings very gingerly. Upon the slave ry question, in point of fact the platform of the two parties if substantially the same thing. In reference to the soft shells, on the other hand, and the administration, the inflexible hards appear to be as far from a reconciliation and a reunion as they were a year ago. These are very significant points of observation. They indicate that there is a strong probability of a fusion next November, as there was last November, between the hards and Know Nothings, and that the softs will again be cut adrift. Where, then, will the deserted softs go? To the Seward Holy Alliance? Perhaps. What is its Meaning ??From the subsequent course of the Courier and Enquirer we rather suspect that its proposition to raise a fund of several hundred thousand dollars as a public testimonial to General Scott, was but a shrewd devioe to bring him out again for the Presiden cy. The experiment was certainly a very in genious one, if really intended as a feeler for another trial of the old war horse npon the Presidential course. What does our Wall street cotemporary mean ? Is it a subscription, or a nomination for General Scott ? We should like to know. The field is open. A scrub race is before ub. The more the merrier. Now is the time. Thx Ornx nn Evkktko?" Do* Giovanni" ia an nounced at the Academy this craning for tho last time. At Niblo'a, tho Kngliah Opera Company appear ia " Tho Tangbter of 8t. Mark." At tno Gorman Opera, Frau ltln Caroline Lehmann, and other artiito, will giro An ber'o " Maoeaniello." A correspondent of the Peterabarf (Va.) Rxprm write* that a gentleman from New York?Mortimer l ain er by nanc?eloped {rcm 0M Point toe ether Say with a young lady firev Richmond eouaty, Va. THE LITEST JIEWS BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Fran Washington. i iie mtw coiutissiemu of fknbionb. Washiwoton, Jon* 28, 1865. Mr. Cole, Chief Cleik la the Pension Office, It U be lined will receive the appointment of Commissioner of Pensions, in piece of Judge WaWo. A CASK FOB EXECUTIVE CLEM KNOT. Wajuumutos, June 28, 1866. Col. Charles Lee Janes has presented to the President a petition from the four United Btatee Bailors now eon fined in the penitentiary of the District, acting as their counsel. The facts of the case are briefly theseRichard Bid die, Samuel Kays, David Hasard and John MeNenny, enlisted in the naval service. The first two were tried by a naval general court martial, at Norfolk, Feb. 23, 1864, and were eonvicted of the offense of "mutinous conduct and language," and were sentenced by that body to be imprisoned, at hard labor, in the peniten tiary of the District of Columbia. The other two were tried by a similar court martial, at New York, Bept. 27, 1864, and convicted of the onence of "mutinous con duct and desertion," and sentenced to hard labor in the same penitentiary. The prisoners are now confined there. Their counsel assumes that they are imprisoned without law. and in direct violation of the enactments of law, as they are confined in an institution "exclu sively and solemnly appropriated by the law of Its crea tion to enbeerve the ends of criminal justice In certain specific cases, and for oertain specific offenses, and no other and or purpose whatever." The offences of which the petitioner* have been oonrictei are not, and never have been, made punishable with imprisonment end labor under the lews of the United States, or the Distriet of Columbia; bat by ths act of Congress of February 28. I860, making them offences, they are made punishable at the discretion of a court martial, and tikis discretion must bs limited by 'the usages of the service, and not an unlimited discre tion to legislate new punishments into exists no*. The criminal court cannot imprison iu the penitentiary for the District of Columbia for an hour, unless for an offene* specifically made, punishable with Imprisonment and labor, under the laws of the United States, or of the Distriet of Columbia. The case of thee* petitioners has been presented (on habeas corpus) to the Judges of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia; but that court dismissed the application on tbe ground of "no jurisdiction," and re ferred the petitioners to the President for redress. Therefore, in the words of the petition, these sailors "sub mit their dearest rights and honor to the adjudication of the executive, and they pray that their case may re ceive the earliest consideiation: and should their liberty bo restored, they hope by orderly and honorable deport ment in the sorvioe of their country, to display their gratitude to the President." The President has referred the subject to the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Navy, who, it is thought, will report to the President In the ocurse of the week. Movement# of the President. Cars IflLAVD, N. J., June 28,1866. President Pierce and lady arrived here this afternoon, and took apartments at Congress Hall. The weather is delightful, and there is every prospect of a brilliant season. Massachusetts Know Nothing State Council. Boston, June 28,18U. The Know Nothing State Council met at 1 o'clock P. M. to-day. A preliminary meeting waa held last night, which waa attendad by about one hundred pereona, in cluding Senator Wilaon, Governor Gardiner, N. P. Banka, A. Burllngame, and several other members of Congress. To the meeting waa submitted an address, which puts the party on the platform of the restoration of the Mis souri compromise?still calling it the American party, and calling for a mass convention, to be held in some central place. Some axe in favor of calling the. new Krty the American republican. One or two men from ?ton dissented from the doctrines of the address. There is some opposition to throwing off the secresy and other machinery of the party. Many of the leading politicians of the State are now here. The Know Nothings held a ratification meeting this evening, with open doors. Dr. B. H. West presided. The following preamble and resolution were unimonsly adopted:? Whereas, the National Council, recently assembled la Philadelphia, adopted as a part of its platform certain resolutions upon the subject of slavery, which are ut terly repugnant to the sentiments of the Amerisaa party in Massachusetts, and subversive of the plainest princi ples of justice; and whereas, the delegates in that body from this State Council, after endeavoring in vain to procure from the National Council an expression of views that should be just to the sentiments of Massachusetts and the free States, without being dishonorable to any portion of the Union, were defeated in their purpose by the preponderance in that body of sectional feelings and interests, and as a testimony of their fidelity to the sen timents of their constituents, withdrew from the Nation al Councilgand refused to partial pete further in its pro ceedings: Therefore? Retolved, Tnat this State Council heartily approves the course of its delegates, and emphat cully protests against that action ot the National Council which made such course necessary. About three hundred delegates were present at the day met ting of the convention. John W. Foster pre sided. an address to the country was adopted, setting forth a platform of principles similar to tne minority rsport in Philadelphia, and a series of resolutions or a like tenor were passed. The convention adopted the name of American Psrty of Maseaehneette, and invited all persons in the frte States, of whatever political creed, to join them. Speeches were made Wilton and others. The by Governor Gardner, Henry . ...j convention and ratification meeting were generally harmonious and enthusiastic. A committee of one from each county, to further the ob jects of the convention, was appointed. A ratification meeting of the principles ef the party will be held in Norfolk oounty to-morrow The Mew York Abolition Convention. Svracusr, June 28, 1856. The three sessions of the convention to-day have been devoted to the consideration of the pro-slavery or anti slavery character of the federal constitution. The de bate! were spirited. Gerritt Smith, Wm. Goodell, Fred. Douglass, Samuel J. May, and others, took part in the discussion. The convention had an appeal this morning from a Mr. John Brown, who had five eons in Kansas, and who was desirous to join them. Tbey had written home for arms and meens of defence, and declared In their letters that fighting suasion was tne most Important institu tion in the new Territory. A collection was taken up to aid the father in the objects, pistols and all. Tbe resolutions before reported have been adopted, and all business for which the oonvention was called being done, this evening is devoted to speaking by several prominent members of the eonventlon on the general subject of slavery. This gathering has been Urge, and composed mostly of liberty party leaders, with a liberal infuiion of antl-slavery men, who have bean pretty near them in opinion. The proceedings through out have been very orderly. New Hampeblre Politics. SENATORS HALE AND BELL DEFINING TUKIB POSI TIONS. Concord, N. H., June 28,1855. The speech of Stnator Bell, last night, waa strongly whig and anti-Nebraska in tone, and advocated an at tempt to restore the Missouri compromise. Mr. Bell's friends consider hie speech conservative enough, while the democrats hold it identical with free sollism. Mr. Hale's speech was characteristic, and straight out-and-out free soil The meeting was very large and enthnsiaetlo. A very stringent antl liquor bill has been agreed on by the House oommittee. AstlHMqnor Law Celebration. Chicago, June 28, 1855. One hundred and one guns were fired to-dav in cele bration of the defeat of the liqnor law. The eelebration waa attended mostly by Germans and other foreigner*. Consular Appointment. Baltimorr, June 28,1855. Cbas. Ney, of New York, has been appointed Consul to the island or Ht. Martin. Heal lb of Abbott Kmwvence. Boston, Jnne 28, 1855. Tbe health of Abbott Lawreno* Is better, and hopea are entertained that he will recover. Burning of llallroad Denote at Vernon, Conn. Hartford, Jane 28, 1865. Tbe passenger and freight depot* at Vernon, on the Hartford and Providence Railroad, were bnrnt last night loss about 84,000 in bulldW* and $10,000 In freight, tbe latter belonging mostly to the RockviU* and Veinon mills. The Newark Plank Hand Caae. Trkhtox, June 28,1866. The Court ef Errors and Appeals in the ease of the Attorney General and the Newark Plaak Road and Ferry Company, being an appeal from the decision of the late Chancellor Halsted, affirmed the decision, declaring the piere and bulkheads la the Passaic a nuisance, with costs. The order declaring the oompany in com tempt was reversed. Terrible steamboat Dtmster. Boston, Jane 28,1866. A small steamer, named Ben Bevecidge, running be tween Frederick and Woodstock, N. B., burst her boiler rn Monday, blowing the vessel to piece*. Two men were killed two are missing, and several are badly wounded. No name* given. Movements of Southern Steamer*. ARRIVAL OF THE JAMES ADOBE AT CHARLESTON. Charlrston, Jnne 27, 1866. Tbe maO steamship James Adger, from New York, ar rived here at 7 o'clock this evening. ARRIVAL OF TBE KNOxVlLLE AT SAVANNAH. Savannah, June 26, 1866. The KnoxvlU* arrived here from New York early this (luesdhy) morning. BsUloon Ascension. Br. Lotrm, June 28,1866. Brooks, tbe aeronaut, made a balloon ascension, ac cent j anted by tbe ieca) reporter of the/hpahtaa*. Tbe wind wm high, and nothing has siEC? been beard of tbs jarty BLOODY AND SU6CBXBFUL PISBTB WITH INDIANS. Br Louts, Jim 38, 1888. The Repubtican has id rices bom New Mexios to He 7 30. 0* the 20th, Colonel Fouatleroy attackad a camp o t Utahs Beer Arkansas river, twenty miles north of Brvu cbu peer, killed forty aid took ?lx prieonen. The command bad one man ilightly, and one mortally wonnded All the camp equipage*, horses, ebeep, pro visions, he. were eaptnred. Oa the lit of May, the aame command attacked a camp ef thirty Bra Utah* in the gchonatch valley killed four, and wounded four, and captured horses! provlaione, he. Among the prisoners taken ie a chief! who ie inclined te sue for peaee. The command re turned to Fort Massachusetts on the 0th May. Tlie Revolution In Northern Mexico. New Oh lb kBB, June 37, 1868. We have icoeived Brazos dates to the HI at inat. All the towna la Tamauli pas and Nuera Lion, excepting Matamoraa, Reynoaa and Camarso, had prooounoedlm favor of the revolntioniite. No fighting nad occurred. ??via from Texas. Baltixorx, Jane 28,1868. By the arrival of the Southern mail as late ea due, ve have Texas datee to the 10th inat. A general riae in all the riven in Texaa is reported,, and cotton ia coming forward rapidly. Earthquake at Baltimore. Baltimore, June 28,1886. A gnat shock of (auppoaed) earthquake wee expe rienced in thia city ehont ene o'clock this morning. It arouaed half the inhabitant! of the city, end many fltd into the rtreeta. la the eaatern aeotion some wiadowa wen broken. The shook was alio experienced in the ceuntry for a distance of seven miles from the city. It wea succeeded by a rumbling noise. The shock this morning wea undoubtedly an earth quake. It lasted about ten seconds, and houses and furniture sensibly vibrated. Many citizens who war* aroused, wen afraid to go to bed again. The precis* time of the oceumnoe wee at 18 minutes past IS o'clock. We have heard from all the powder mills ia the vieiaity, end it is certain that no explosion caused the alarm, although it has been rumored that some mills sight miles from the city blsw ep he the night. The earthquake was felt msny miles around tus city. It is represented as being preceded by n crash, followed by a rumbling noise, and jarring and rattling houses for twenty seconds At Turk, Fa., the shock was very severe, rousing the whole city, nad censing gnat con sternation. The bay steamers report that the earthquake was sen sibly felt in the bay. The water was greatly agitated, whilst the weather was calm. Thermometer 06 in the shade to-day. The Case of the Brig Buffalo. Boston, June 28,1865. The revenue cotter Campbell arrived to-day with seventeen steerage end four cabin passengers, taken from the British brig at Holmes' Hole. The brig was al lowed to proceed on her voyage to Neva Scotia. The four cabin pasicngcrs were brought before Com missioner Woodbury to day, aafl hold to bail in 81,000 for *xamination on a charge of violating the neutrality laws. They gsve their names ss Count Hesenslv, A. Langlois, Richard Rndekotr, and Hugo Lippi. The seventeen itcerige passengers were held in 8100 each as witnesses. Markets, PHILADELPHIA 8TOOK BOARD. Philadelphia, June 28, 1866. Money easy. Mocks firm. Reading Kailrosd 44V, Morris Canal 16 V Losg Island Railroad 17V Pennsyl vania Baiboad 46>?, Pennsylvania States 6's 00. BALTIMORE CATTLE MARKET. Baltimore, June 28, 1866. Cattle ?Beef oontinues to decline. 700 offered: 680 sold at 8j?e. a 6 J?c. on hoof. Hogs firm at 7Xe. to 8jtfo. Sheep In better demand. Sales >2 to 88 60. Nkw Orlkanh, June 27, 1865. Our cotfon market is unchanged. Sales to-day 860 hales. We qnote middling at 10>fc. n 11c., and low middling 10c. a 10%o. Moss pork 818. Buffalo, March 28?12.80 IV M. < Our markets ars flat in consequence of the Baltic's news. Nothing doing in floor beyond n retail trade. Wheat?81 68 offered aad refused for Upper Lake spring. Corn, no sales; buyers and sellers assent waiting Eastern advices. Oats lower and quiet; sales 4,000 bushels, at 66c. Canal freights dull and unchanged; corn He. to Albany and Troy. Receipts yesterday?1,110 bbls. flour, 26,608 bushels wheat, 111,806 buebeu corn, 4l2 bushels oats. Exports for the ssmo time?1,278 bbls. flour, 86,621 bushels wheat, 66,806 do. com. Buffalo. June 28?8 P. M. Flour not yet in much demand. Sales of small par cels fer local trade?2C0 bbls ?at 80 26 a 89 69 for good to choice Wisconsin, and 80 76 for fancy M.chigau. Some inquiry for wheat. Market lower. Sales in small lots, in bags: 2C0 bushels white Wisconsin at 88; 600 do. Canadian, 82 26, aad 300 white Michigan at 82 36. For n considerable parosl of Upper Lake spring, $1 08 was offered sad refused. Cora dull and inactive. Sales of 6,000 bnahels before the New York afternoon report, at 80c., since whleh the market has been quiet, buyers being firm at this figure. Oats dull and lower. Sales of 8,0CO bushels in parcels at 60c. a 56 >fc. No whiakay offeting. Canal freights doll, at lie. row corn to Albany, and 18c. to New York. Little shipping. Receipts for the twenty, four hours ending at noon to-day?Floor, 2,470 bbls.; wheat, 4.084 bnehels; corn, 6,641 buihels; oats. 412 bushels. Exports by canal same time?Floor, 623 bbls.; wheat, 42,249 bushels; corn, 64,783 bushels; oats. 1,766 bushels. Aldany, June 28?12.30 P. M. Flour dull sad heavy. Wheat, no sales. Corn, de clining; isles 20,000 bnshsls Western mixed, at 91 %e. a 02c. afloat, elating at 91 Xe. Oats?Sales 10.000 bnshsls Chicago at 64c , measure. Whiskey easier, at 87Xe City Intelligence. Anti-Mainz Law Meeting ? Our French fellow citizens opposed to the odious prohibitory jliquor law.met again lest evening, at No. 73 Leonard street, Mr. Delesalose in the chair. Be read the Mayor's instruction# to the po. lice, recently published, and several speakers comment ed upon the oenrse marked oat. After this it was re solved to protest against the law by an address of tbs French population to the American people, and it was also resolved to attend in a solid body the mass meeting of all nationalities which is to he held on Monday next in the Park. Seven delegates were then appointed to confer with other societies having the same view of the liqnor law. The meeting then adjourned te Saturday evening, at 8 o'clock, at the same place. Meeting or the Census Marshals.?'This evening, the Census Marshals hold a general convention at the Broadway House, for the purpose of ascertaining how far they have progressed with their work. Important business will he transacted. Heads of families new in the country, whose census statistics may he missed, can send to the convention of Marshals at the Broad way Bouse, where their favors will ho promptly at tended to. The Warm Weather.?The weather is getting warm rapidly. Yesterday the thermometer stood at 78 deg. early in the morning, and at noon waa nearly 80 deg. This heat will soon run up the mortality table. 8o far they have been kept down, owing to the late spring and the cleanly condition of our streets. Our citizens had better be careful what they tat and what they drink: avoid green apples, don't get excited, and above all things keep cool?if you can. lupreme Court?Special Terms. Before Hon. Judge Cowles. In the Matter ef the Aueumenl for Regulating and Grading the Second Avenue ?The motion for a writ of certiorari denied, with 810 costs. United Htatrs Circuit Court. Before Hon. Judge Betta. June 28.?The Grand Jury rendered bills of indictment this morning in several cases of offences on the high seas, larceny, and assaults with dangerous weapons, and also for counterfeiting; for s nils ting parties for the Cri mea, and for furnirhing stores to a vessel which, it is alkgsd, waa intended for the slavt trade. Court Calendar?Thla Day. United Stat* District Court.? Nos. 6?. 60, 01 to 08. Supreme Court?Circuit.?Nos. 343, 1033, 1193, 1304, 1846, 1400, 1408, 700, 446, 664, 1408, 1469, 1636, 1168, 1487,1840,1206,1312, 1221, 1603, 1323, Espeneehlcd*a Silvery Roeny Mountain Bea ver was no sooner out than it took the lead of all com petitor*. Compare thle rich, light, highly Oniahed hat with thoee sold twelve per oent dearer in Broadway, and it will he found a handsomer, better, and Oner article. ESl'KNHCHIED, 118 Naesau stmt. The "Young America" Style of Straw Hat* ?A Laland A Co. arc new prepared to furniah the nat ters with the above fashionable style of straw hat, of eur own maaufbeture; every hat will have the name printed in gold letters on the tip paper. We have alio a complete assortment of all oilier styles of uea'e, boys' sad ohlldrea's straw bats, by the case er doaen. A. LELAND It CO., 171 Pearl stmt. Foarth of July.?American Independence la new near at hand, and aa there must he many who will want a new hat before that time, we would remind ail such that the place te get a beautiful and elegaat hat of any description la at the well known establishment of RAFFKRTY A IJLASK, No. 67 Chatham, and corner Chatham and Pearl stmts. Manila's Drab Bearer Hate are all the Ruga this summer. His summer hate, of all kinds, quality and style, cannot bo equalled in this city. Call and jndge for yourself. Knox's Hew Establishment?Knox hae abandoned his old stand, and has dashsd out ia the most extravagant manner la bis new establishment on the comer of Broadway and Fulton stmt, whieh is not only vary beautiful to look at?for it is fltted up in a really tasty and elegant manner?but h one of the beat baainesa locations in the oity. With additional sales men, sad Increased facilities ia the maaafaeture of hats, KNOX will be more than ever "the hatter of Man hattan Island." bis energy, skill and fair dealing have met with proper encouragement, and we know of no one wbe baa store fairly attained success than this gen Whswl Hew Hot It let?Thta Bhutk Hat la too heavy for this weather; and aa I saw some beautiful light and airy "chapesus" at WHint'8, of 321 Broad way, yesterday, 1 think I'll go there and make an ia vpstamnt