Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 1, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 1, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK fP^RALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PKOPRIffiCOR A^D EDI COB. WFIGB N. W CORNKR OF NAJ-'AU AND FULTON 8T9. TUB MS. canh in advance Tilt. DJJL \ HERALD - tent* per copy? S7 per annum. THE IV EEKLY HERALD ft **ry Saturday at ti>4 cents per ?of>v. ?w t.3 ptr mnum; the Europe in edition $4 per an *wm. to any p'irt of Great Britain . or $f> to any part of the Continent both to imlude junta ye. ALL LETTERS by M it for Subscriptions or with A'fver Purmentu to be pout paid, or the pottage will be deducted from the move v rem if ted WLVSTARY CORRESPONDENCE ronttrininp impor tant new* , solicited from any quarter of the world? if uued +rill be lilnraUxi pat J for . I9*Oub Forugn Corbkspoi* I'EN Tl ARK PARTICVJLARLY R EQ V F.STKD TO HEAL AM? LmrVK AND l'*l kA(.K9 8KWT l'?. ? NO NOTICE taken of anonymous communications, we do not return thone rejected. , JOH PRINTING executed with neatness , cheapness f and 4le?p- ? tch ADVERTISEMENTS renewed every day. Volume XX AMUsim^xs to MORKOW evening. "?ROADWAY THEATRIC Broidway? John Bull? Ikiih J Ml li.1CI AMU YAMira OODCITV. BOWERY T1TIATRE, bowery? Bridc Or Lahmeb MM> -EjCHIXTIB 1 KM PL IC. JflBI.O'S <i ARDEN, Broadway? Qi'bck or A Day. BURTON'S THEATRE, Ch*mb?r? itrMt? R Arr aillc? ?one in CALiroKniA? D? Ar a? a Pout. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway? Uaianiei.lo. WOOD'S MINSTRELS ? lleohaniei' Hall? 1',2 Broad way CHIN BSE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, 599 Broadway? Pano ? ama or Emorc a.iu Suck or Skuas roroL. New York, Sunday, July 1, 1855. Toe Hews. There was quite a fashionable gathering at the Metropolitan theatre lut evening, to celebrate tie tuird anniversary of the Young Men's Damo jratlc Union CInb. An addresB wai delivered by Mr. John Cochrane, the retiring president, and speeches were made by General Nye and others. We give a report of the proceedings. An account of the extreme heat in our city yesterday, and its effects, will be fonnd elsewhere in oar paper. Nine persons were san st.urk. The health of our city still continues remirkably good. We learn from the City las sector's report that there were 341 death* ia the olty daring the past week? an increase of 31 over the previous week. Among the principal causes of death con sumption carried off 28; convulsions (infantile), 40; cholera infantum, 10; diarrhoei, 8; drops; in the head, 20; dysentery, 7; scarlet fever, 14; typhoid fever, 5; inflammation of tie boirals, 9; infUm Hi lton of lung?, 7; infantile miraama), 15; and measles, 10. There were 12 deaths from violent cansee, 3 premature births, and 35 cases of still born. Of the entire number 104 word adults, and 237 children, 133 of wham were under ona yea-; 23 were Inmates of onr public institutions. The following is the classification of diseases:? Biaea, joints, Ac., 1; brain and nerves, 83; generative or gans, 6 ; heart and blood vessels, 10; lungs, throat, Ac., 72; old aga, 4; skin, As., and eruptive fevers, 25; stillborn and premitnre births, 38; stomach, bowels, and other digestive organs, 70; uncerialn seat and general tevers, 24; u-iknorn, 1; urinary organs, 4. The nativity table shows 245 to hare been natives of the United States, 41 of Ireland, 39 of Germany, 8 of England, 2 of France, 3 of Scot land, 1 of Switzerland, and 1 ot Wales. An important communication respecting the emi gration from Germany and Saxony, i eceived by Mayor Wood from the U. S. Consul at Leipsic, will be found in our paper this norntng. In another column will be t'jund t ie protest agreed to at the late meeting of Fran h residents beld In Leonard street again st the njw Liqaor law. It is aidresstd to the Amerioan people, aid after ap pealing to the hiitorical souven rs whish unite in common bonds cf brotherhood the two nations, it denounces the new law as an invasion of the princi ples which both have at niggled and bled for. With bis protest all farther idea of resists ice against the law on the part of oar French population ceases. They indignantly repudiate the projects of armed hostility towards It wbiah have been attribute! to hem. Toe document is highly creditable to the good sense and moderation of toe parsons comjos ing the meeting in Leonard svreet. We trait that thry represent the sentiments of onr foreign popu lation g'Deiai'y. rbe anti-liquor law men of Chicago had a grand jnbL'ee over the defeat of the M alne law in Illinois on the 27th last. Gans were fired, btids of masis put forth tbelr sweetest attains, patriotic and enthu siastic spsechea were made, and a grand procession, the largest ever sren ia Chicago, was formed and marched through the principal streets. On the whole the *nti prohibitionists had a great time. The Chief Justice of Maine has decided, ia the case of a person sentenced by a Police Court to flae and imprisonment for selling a glass of liquor, that municipal Judges and Jastices af tbe Pease have to jurisdiction for punishing liqaor ?e ie?, wblcb can enly be done by irdictm-^ot and trial by jury in the Supreme Court. The effect of this der islon, It i? said , will completely nullify tie Liquor law in M*in>. By onr despatch frcm Washington it will be seen thJAt Jndge Maaon, the Commissioner of Patents, kas resigned, and that it ia probable Mr. Shugett, ehief clerk in the Patent Office, will succeed him Eigheen removals are stated to have bean made in tbe Treasury dtpaitment yeeterfay. Mr. Cramp ton, the BritUh Minister, is said to have taken of feice at the admiriatation for pie venting the de parture of teoruits for the Crimea. By ihe steanuhp St. Lawrence, Capt. Munro, ani red last evening, from Key West and Havana, we have dates to tbe 25th ult. Toe steamship Isabel arrived at Key West on tbe morning of the 25th. Tbe city cf Havana was quiet, and the island besltby. The U. S. steamship Fulton, Capt. Mitchell, was entering the harbor cf Havana when the 1-abel left. Ifo. 181 Our correspondent at R>o ds Janier), wriiiig on Mav 231, fanteaM tome interesting Items regard tog the diplomatic a id exscntive progress mide Jately with regard to thentviga'.ton of (he Ami/on An fx:ibitk>n of Ancrlcan manufactures and works of art had attraoied much of th? imperial aid pspuar attention. Toe Loper)r rej>ioe* a*, tie extinction cf fie a are trade and the prospect of ma to i !ng a colonization scheme. The Know Nothing S:a<e Cjuncll of <}?org1a ha? been in session at Msrioo, In that Hiate. Tti-y adopted the <>eorgla platform, and nominited the Hoi . <;*?rett Andrews m their candidate for (Iv verncr. Anothrr m\il robber, a clerk in th? poit offl <e at Chicago, has been arrested. K?ur tu >manj dolltrs were found in his room, acd it Is belisvsd tiat ten to fifteen thousand dollars had been sto en from tae mails at that office. The sales of cotton yesterdsy were confined to seme ?>00 to 700 balsa; the market closed quit ate adj. Holders were indisposed to mset buy ers at the terms promoted. Infericr, cotnnon aid medium grades of flour Wf re heavy and iicllned to droop, while extra brands, though doll, were without charge of moment. A small 1<* of Mi .higan white wheat was reported sold at t'2 52. Indian cn n was tolerably active, though wl'hont changi of unmeot in prices. Fork wss flm, with moderate trsnsto tlons. The coffee market cl >ied on the wesk's sales at an advance of about 4c. per lb. Hngvs c!oe< d at Jc. to 4c. per lb. lover. With the ex ception of com and cotton for Liverpool, rates were '^ull and engagements light. Thk Weather. ? Will Professor Meriam b?> good enough to inform the public when this ?? heated term" will be eupersooed by a cooler temperature? We all know what sort of weather we bad yes'erdaj. and it d ?es not re quire a meteorologist, nor a prophet, to tell us ,bat It w*? bot the <Hy oefore. The Tiidm auiit State rase*. It is alto^.-Mi. r ? mistake to suppose that, because the Ust canal loan could be sold %t 118.7(i, or nearly one-tifih or twenty per cent premium, tiere'or.i tbe aff iiu of tBe Statu and thi fioancial cobditiou ot* the community are flourishing. No man of aoy ex^rieuce In "Vail street ntcdn t<> lie told that money is worth more than fire per cent per annum, and th-?t State stocks are not worth two per cent more than federal securities bearing tbe sain*] tute rest. The high rate at which the canal loan was bold iB no more evidence of the prosperity .>f the timeB than the exorbitant rents of the spring of 1853 were of that period. Bjth wer* instances of rash speculation? vauUiu* aaibi tl?n o'erleaping itself There is this differen e between the two : no law obliges a m in to t*ke a dwelling house worth $2,000 a year, Cr a store worth $4,000 ; but there U a law which compels the banks to buy State securities if they seek to expand their pap. r. They may be no better than others; they may be really worse than stocks floating about in search of a purchaser below par; no matter, tbe law says they must be bought, and If a keen opera '.or b vi the bolduess to forestall the market, they may be run up, by the aid of what U technically termed a corner, to fabulous prices. Hence tbe sale at 118.76. Neither the speculator to whom it was revealed by the spirits that these were the winning figures, nor the defeated bankers believe for a moment that it would be wise or safe to give $118.76 for a rent of $6 per annum, to be paid by the State : they bid high figures? the one party, because they needed the sticks as tbe tools of their trade? the other, because he knew they were wanted, and was probibif engaged to play the monopoly game. While some people in the city reason falsely from the award of the canal loan, a good tntny people in the country seem equally my stilled as to financial operations here. They take tbe stock list, and seeing a rise in this or that rail road stock, or bond, argue that, "in New York, they are having glorious times. Transactions to the extent of nearly twenty millions of d li ters in a week!" <kc., Ac. Tbis argues as macb ignorance as poor Mr. Clark showed when he prcached against the sinfulness of stock jov bing in his first annual message. The price of faiicy stocks here, and the extent of dealings in them are no criterion whatever of the condi tion of the country, the prospects of the crops, or the profitableness of trade. They depend purely on tbe amount of money which happens to be in the banks to be lent out on call at six per cent. When the banks have plenty of money to lend in this way, there is hardly a broker in the street who do- s not do a little in stocks on his own account, baying stock arid borrowing money from the batiks to carry it; aod thus a rise in prices and an active mtr ket are inevitable. When, on the contrary, money is scarce, and the banks cannot lead the brokers money to speculate in stocks, prices fall, and tho^e who have not money ? that is to say nine out often dabblers in stocks ?cannot operate at all. It by no means ap pears, however, that a tightness in the money market here is indicative of an unhealthy condi tion of trade throughout the country. On tbe contrary, it often occurs that trade is most prosperous when New York is mo3t thoroughly drained of gold for the benefit of the rural cities; and it is certain that a long continued ease in the money market here, in the face of a steady export ? indicating as it does a sacrifice of the country to this one city? must be fol lowed by a period of severe stringency. Oar country friends, therefore, who are gloating over the prospect of flush times, because this or that railroad bubble is "up," had better do a little more thinking, and save their money awhile. The country lives still, but at the same time tbe crisis which began last year is not over yet. Very few will believe us when we say so; bnt when did the many ever display common sense ? Is it not their destiny to break their necks at intervals? The taxes are increasing, the canal revenues are falling off, trade is assuming its old pro portions, men are launching out on their old scale, money flows like water in Wall street and some of the more barefaced swindles of tli-i last era of swindles have da*ed to thrust themselves once more into light Yet withal, tbe money put iu railroads three and four years ago is none the less lost; with one or tvo ex ceptions none of them will pay a dividend; ninety nine hundredths of the corporate enter prises of 1853 and 1854 have been abandoned; trade has not been profitable in more thaa oae great branch; real estate is far more of a drug tlian operators are williog to allow; gold goas abroad even faster than it did during tbe terri ble months of last year, when the cxpirt fright ened men's lives out: the war continues witii increased vigor, expense, and prospect of injury to trade; and to add to all, the Prohibitory I.iqui r law is about to go into force, fatally injuring an extensive branch of comrnerc-. ruining one- tenth part of the population, and leavirg property worth over forty millions without a tenant. Here is small comfort for the singuine. Far better had they use the brief remainder of the present go-sl titw- in preparing for the coming trouble in August and September, thtn in launching out into new speculations. There is no neea of more expansion or more enterprise. Let the banks curtail instead of expanding, ani ? if the move be productive of no other good ? they muy at all events r- ly upoa it that the speculator* who are so smart ia forestalling tbern will very soon be glad enough to be rid of the burthen. Athens-us tells a story of a Jew who. foresting a famine in *o:ne Mediter ranean city , Ixnight up all the II >ur and grain, ai.d propoo* d to r<>alis<> a fortune by selling tb. in to his famishing ueitfhbors: his plan wvs just on the polot of b^ing executed, he ha) boaght the last shipl< a1 of grain, and was ow ning the last tack -a heavy one to his gr* nary: when alas at that very moment, bis ftp riglb. ubich avarice hud no long auntained. H?tt way . be tottered. bin back broke, aad he *?>? toiiod dead <>n the ground. the Mck atop of him. There ia a moral in the ntury fur the ?H-rcfentilc community at large a* well w the cut al U'uii > [Mculatort. Cm/*N Rom -n?u M< Ei.iuth ? It app<am that tbe citi/? n l>oU?pierre, an we alwayn nun pi ctcd. a pl?n f. r "??tiling mattern U" ween hi principlen at d l>i? cotim (? ? ??? H" puMlrhea ?c tj ft? tce articlen in the Trtl.unr, calliag for blotd ard n urder to pat down rum^elling; ha*, in another journal of hU which hn* junt male Itn apprariitice. I ? aver* t' at ( > ? v. r f?'* 1>? ji nd a ba f bottle of chat pnpnn or a p'nt of clartt." Good Lord; U.t*-np4errr ! a half N.ttle of f'limp i k*'i? ? J i t of rl'iri" ff-,y jou ta d Seal I>ow ?? ri#ht in tbiv.tin; down he poor ptoplc of Portland, and all fjr a mere g)a>s of brandy ! Where I b your bounty, citi wn? What are your opinions, citizsn Robes pierre t Do you or do you not go for tempe laico citizen Robespierre McBlrath? Are you or >>re you not for shooting down psople here on the 4th of July, citizen Robespierre M - Elratb, President of the Nassau Bank ? Mobbid Public SK?TiMKVT.-Some d>ys ago, in Brooklyn, a lemuic pjiaoned herselt in coin pt,uy with a young man. It has been ascer tau ed tbat she was a prostitute, n*m<!<i, or known by the name of Sarah Williams; that *|.e had loDg maintained intimite relations with a foolish young man named Guntiu, who had recently returned from Iowa. The precise cause of the suicid- is not known; but it in clear tbat both the deceased were iofirm of mind, and ibe chances are that they succumbed to one of those fits of ill temper and discouragement to which we all are subject at some time or other. Aft?r the suicide was discovered, the family ot the young man fent the body of the girl to the dead house ; at which the public at large have inu! mured loudly, and even threatened the ob noxious family with violence. By way of tes tify ing their disgust at their conduct, tne public have attended the girl's funeral in crowds, and paid her as much respect as if she had been a useful public character or a fi>< model for the young girls of Brooklyn to imitate. God forbid that we should say a word that might lead to the persecution of the guilty be yond the tomb. By all means let us carry out tbe beautiful philosophy of Thomas Hood, and remember that now, Put all dishonor, ItMth h?? tart on bar Oaly th? bMutlful. But, mark you, Hood does not say that we oupht to pay her honor. All he asks is that we ?? lift her up tenderly." Whatever harshness may have marked the conduct of the GuBtln family? of tbat we olf-.r no opinion- it is quite clear that the exuberant sympathy expressed for the dead girl was quite out of place. Her suicide could not hallow her calling. Tbat she went to her lover's house and there put an end to her life does not alter tie fast that it bad been a very bad Ufe, and the sooner ended the better. Moreover, in the whole story not a single redeeming or endear ing trait has been brought to light. No one bus come forward to swear anything of the dead woman that could excite our compassion. Her wickedness, her crime, her death and her name are all we know; and these tell so uniformly and heavily against her that we are not at all surprised that the warmheirted people of Brooklyn should have resorted to a pioas fraud to conceal at least the last. But it is a very bad sign when a man or a woman becomes an object of Interest because they have committed suicide. It is a crime, not a virtuous act; a sign of cowardice or at least weakness; and argues, in a man, an utter ignorance of the main conditions of his being and the duties he was set to perform In olden times, a stake waa driven through the body of a suicide. The Idea was barbarous, but it was based on reason. Let ua beware ot glorifying those whom the blunt common sense of anti quity rightly classed among 'he malefactors. Thk Little Villaik? Th* Two Dromios. - The temperance papers of the "rural distnete insist upon it tbat tbe "little villain" is with the liquor interest; but here, where tbey ought to know him better, they insist that bo is but the echo of Greeley wd Governor Clark. Njw, in this disagreement it ia very likely there are two men who are confounded as one. There is Lieutenant Governor Raymond, for example pledged to the policy of prohibition; and th-re is II. J. Raymond, editor of the who Ptoutly defended the liquor law veto of Gover nor Seymour. The one is thus bound to the prohibitory party, and the other to the liquor interest, as far as each can pursue bis s*ptf*t? policy without clashing. Hence the Timr* is astride the fence most ot the time; but its tbufllings are so suspicious that neither pvty bas any faith in it. Our cotemporary, thore f? re. must soon decide upon the absolute rule of Lieutenant Governor Raymond, or plain Henry J. Raymond. It is difficult to gather Seward votes with one hand and liqaor adver tisements with the other. A Long Nooning. ? We observe that several cases of death from sunstroke are already re ported. If the temperature of the atmospiera continues much longer at its present heigh*, w<; fear that we shall have a much larger number of these casualties than usual. It would bo prudent for those who aru engaged in out of door work to come to some agreement with their employers, by which their labors should be commenced at an earlier hour? say fotr o'clock in the morning? and suspended whilst the sun is in its meridian. No employer, we arc pathfied, would object to an arrange ment which is absolutely necessary to th; health and safety of thofe who work tor him. His own interests would, in fact, be consulted by it, for it is physically impossible for labor ers or artisans to put forth tbe sime am unt of exertion under a scorching sun that they would do in tbe cool atmosphere of the early morning. Let employers, therefore, revert generally to one of the good old customs of our forefathers, and iidulge their men with a long nooning. Decrease of Immigration.? Recent statl* tics show that there has been a considerable falling off ot immigration to the United State* during this year. It has been stated that the Know Nothings kept the immigrants away, but such does not seem to be the fast, as there his been a still greater per centage of reduction in the arrivals at Quebec, which amounted on tbe 10th instant to about five thousand, a decrease of over twenty thousiod compared with the corresponding period of last year. We opine that the large enlistment bounty offered in the United K'ngdom ha* had the effect to cause many a tine fellow to become food for powder, who would otherwise have cast his lot on some of our lands at the West Tbe act in relation to en cumbered estates has also had a very prosper ems effect in Ireland, and. altogether, that uu bappy country Is in a better state than it has been at any time during the past two or three centuries. These, with other causes not so im portant, have caused the number of immigrants to be reduced this year. It is still lirge enough for all practical purpo?e*. Pnonaita Napohcon Sum.? EUwoid W*]f4r, I ?<| , KmMuj of th? Hoard of (nd?rwrUr*. r?c?'T?<i * >:?p<trb iron Hultilo, d?t?d tbt 'J6'b mat, tutting ?i ?' ti ? pr"p?-ll?r Napolaoa, from I >k* r-ufxrnr throuo ?t ? ratal*. ilriM ? roe* oa th* 2<ith, ju? af??r *n'*r. ? ?? M Marj * n**r, ar.l *oDk in tw*ntr of 1 b t< c if th* pilot bona* l? j?*t oat of th# water. Sk? 1*4 r>a hn*r>". Urrtif la tha Plttabnr* Minirjr ? ? Mh'j' tea* of ma?? e^mivg Km:. Mi* uM? ??i* &? Df .akta to r? ?? 1?? a*, oa.?. I)ECttfbtHti VN NEWSPAPER CIRCULATION.-? Wc unoerprtnd that <mr cold wa^r coleaporarie?, the Tribune and Tim**, are beginning to feel ulready prfSHore oi' public opinion, in * l^rge redaction of their dally issu*.'-, From tltir uwu hhoivinK) appeare thit wt>ero boa-en and corncr gr: cents ate to le*. it is announced tb at '? tbe Tmus is not tdkeu here," or thit " tbe Tribune is not taken here, ' waich mean* something. Tue fact is that in this c >m auuity , when a fanatical legislative majority and their organs attempt to fasten uptia tbe public a despotic aod ruinous act, liks this new liquor law, which strikes directly or indirectly at the business and subsistence of two or three hun dred thousand of our city population, there will be resistance an&i?kt It in every lawful shipe and form, and against all concerned in pausing or upholding it. Wait till tbe fourth of July. Popular Hammer Retreat*. Tli* hot we* '-her daring the past day or t*J, m%*?? people begin to think about tbe couovy, the ssa sids, and the mountain topt. Th? season hn not yet fairy commtneed. but it will be in (ull awing by wsek afcer next. We append ft few notice* of the mast popular resorts. Newport ftnd Saratoga do not promise anything very extraordinary this jeer. One of oar aorps was ftt the first named plftoe ft few dftys slnoe, an J gives some par ticulars elsewhere. AU the hotels on the Ull-tbe Ocean Atlftntlc, ftnd Belle vne-are op?n. Oureiteen ?d colored friend, George T. Downing, Esquire, of Wftll itreet ftnd elsewhere, b?s bnilt ft new house ne*rly opposite the Atlantic HoUl. George has adipted tamper paratus for his motto, ftnd people who cannot find ftnjtbing tit to eftt ftt the hotel* win go to Down ing'!, where something palatable la always rsady. Tb? personnel of the Newport hotels will be somwbat altered thU year. At the Ojean, Mr. Weav er will be assisted by Messrs. Ormshee, Lnoas and Jnnss. The first nftmed gentlemen ?re weU know from their connec tion with the American Hotel here, ftnd the L% Pierre, is Philadelphia. At the Billevue, Mr. George Gay, whilom of the Tremont Houie, Boston, ftnd Nft tional, Washington, will regulate matters. Under such superintendents the hotels ought to hs will kept. The sensible people who lore mountain air will not for get Baldwin's ftt lake Mftbopac, Putnam county, th? Switzerland of America Plenty of pure wftter, pure mountain air, big rocks, f?t cattle, real cream, and other luxuries, up b?re. Three hours only from the City Hall, by the Harlem Batlroad. At Cape kMay ti? immense Mount Vernon Hotel will soon open/ Nfttlonftl Hall Is now open. It has a fine reputation. Try Cape M?y ?nd the Natlonftl, you who delight In the open sea. A good mftny New York people hftve already taken n p their abode at the Highlands on the Jen?y shore, oppo site Sandy Hook, there ?re three or four hotels on both sides of Shrewsbury river, and plenty of pleas?nt cottages on the heights. f. The Sea View House, a new hotel here, has just been opened for boarders and transient visiters, by Mrs. Jarvis. ... At Croton Dam, near Sing Sing, one of the pleaiantest places on the river, the Excelsior Houbo Is now open. Plenty of pure wa'er and pure atr here. At Port Monmouth, N. J., Mr. James Kagan has open td the Port Monmouth Hotel. Good fishing, bathing, shooting and other luxuries. At New Bochelle, a pleasant place In old Westchester county, long ce'ebra ed for pretty womea and great grasa crops, Mrs. Franklin advertises country board. A new house at Long Branch, N. J., has just been opened by Mr. Amo* B. Stellenway. Lovers of sea air wffl do well to try the Atlantic Pavilion. AmateuT fi-hermen will take notice that there is plenty of sport at Fort HamllUy. Take the Coney Island bo?t, and inquire for the Stillwell House. The Getty House, ?t Yonkers, ft pleasant town on the Hudson, eighteen miles from the city, is ft ple???nt place for eountry boftrd. Conaectisnt, the Stanley House ?t Bridgeport, the Sachem's Head at Guilford, w?U known ; the Chftrles' Island Hon*# at Milford, on the Sound ; the Wadiwan nack House at Stoning ton, and the Buckley House a. Stamford, Conn., ftll pleasant re tr Rats. At Avon Springs, the I nltsd Slates Hotel U now open. Oie of our co-respondents has something to say anent these springs In another part of this paper. At RoekftWfty, Uiog Island, the Pavilion Hotelli now open. A hist arte place Is Bockaway, ani eviry oie re members the ballad about Its ?' sea girt shore " Ibe hotel at Trantoa Fall*, New York, ? pleftsant plaos near rtlca, is now open. Belmont Hall, New Brighton, Suten Island, is realv for boarder* and visiters. At New Brighton, Staten Island, one of the mist beau tiful cf modern village*, we havs Belmont HaU, en larged aad Improve], and opsn to fam lies or s ngle gen tlemen. At Bath, six mile* south or BrioMyn, thatexjerlen-sl host, B. Rathbun, has opened the Batli Houie, by the sea side. Meals and refreshments ftt ftll hours. At Bergen Tolnt. New York Bay, two anl ft half mile* from Jersey City ferry, C?pt. I/?se announsss ths opin ing of the New York Bay Hotel Flshnj, bathing an! boating. The Koreat House, on 8chooley s Mountains, I* a qalat, oomf. ruble place for those fond of good ftir ftnd fine Hshing It ia only fonr hours from the sity, aad oo the banks of on* of the mo?t beautiful lakes in the eonntry. Tbe Richmond llill Hotel ftt Staten Island, is ready for visiters. Mr Kellett, proprietor. The Medberst Farm, ftt Centrepirt, Long Islanl, for ?? frntlecotn o? families of respeetabll ty," will be realy for gneits by the 1 1th -on tbe bay, two and a hftlf boars from tb* city. Marine Afkltf. Pir-AKmi* or EVftonu* Frum.w ?The Yaaderbllt ?Water Ariel and the mail itciDrr Union Ballet at ?ocn ye*t?rdey for Ilavre. Tbe former report* 170 pu HDxm end $10,000 id ?peee The Utter had 09 paeeen gere ud $!2b ur, (? -peeie. C*ron? rt' InqMiU - D?athf by Jrswnlng. An lnqaeet w?i held jwUrtej a pan the bo ly of a (irrau named llnniin (inmi, doing toilnm corner of lorry and Craenwch .etreeta, who came to hie death by drowning, under the folliwing clroum?tance* : The deoeaeed, It appeared, went to betbe nt the of Christopher etreet along w, lb a few friend*. While the other* were enjoying ihem?elv?e in the wnter, the de ceaeed who >t unable t > *wl m, commenced to ami* tlmeelfby lowering Mmeelf Into the wattr by a chain that *m attached to a email veeetl noire] to the dork. While than eogapeO he accidentally ultppe-) hi) bold and wae pr?elt>ltat*d to the water, where, a'ter a few eecomle struggling, ho Hank to i i*? >,o mora. Kffor*.* were trade to ?a*e the dei-cared, but the ail a-rired too I laio. Ihe Jece??el wae I* hare been married In a few daya. A man named John Hetnm'ng*. while bathing at the foot oOilt j hrat ?'ie?t no Friday afternx n, wae aocl ' ei tally drowned. Ill* clothing wae found by the pv lire srar the epst where the o-currence took pltco. The b<x)y of the ci'ceened h?? mt yet b?eu recorerel. \ Dumber of article* were found aleo aloogMde of nil cktblng, which hat evidently Ix en p'lrchaatd at the rtore ot J*me* Hopkins, Kb >e*t Broadw?y. 1 te bodlee of two unknown men were fojnd drowned in the Eaat river yeeteiday. From the g*nenl appear aDre of the bndiea (Ley were nuppoeeJ to hare been nt tive* of Ireland A rt- rdic* of ?tiopc?el drowning wae rendered in each caee. Th- aiprare l to hare bttn in the wnter bnt a few daya accident on rnr hi mom ri vrr railroad. An D'iu?at wae aUo held upon the body of a mm ?i; ed Christian .^teller, who wae run over on liudean hive r railroad, at the corner of Forty-ninth etreetand I levetth avenue. Tee deceased it appear* wae return irg from bathing, when, rroealng the tra-k in f lerenth avenue, he stumbled and fell jnet a* a train of r ire wae eotnii g to thle city. The wbeela ptee'ng over h e leg, produced a compound fracture of the leg. from the ef fect! of which he soon afterward* dial. It wae rumored yesimjay that the deceased had been attscke I by a man with ibe laUnticn of lobbing him, an.! thru n.m upen 'hei'rack with mueh* train came along, ard Vfore be <ould recover himself the care pa<-*l over i hie If?, Tlie evidence, however, doe* not go to eetab lie h tl.elr state of fact*, although the etse i? thought | by mkny to be one of a very iu>picioa* nature. t'lltted Mtates circuit Court. Heiore Hon. .In if* fetU. JCM 30.? The i.iaiul .fury rendered b'.Ue of lad -tm?at in the aeetof the United ? tatee ??. I.ouJe inineerh i, 1 for parting a false invoice through the I'uetom Hon-*, the I nited State* re. John F- lte?*enger and other*, fir ??!>*? rg tn-n for eerrl-" In the Cr'wtra The i -an.'. Jury were discharged for tha tana. .Icrary City Ife-wa. Tn* Cnrr or HrrmoJi.? Heport* hare h?*r cir-';'a*?J I that the tonetructi'in o' the new c y of H adeoa li> not been aeer?pti?i:el in a legal ?unoer Th * ? at true Gavertinr r?ioe Mgned the act of iarurp ?ra' n is ?'ue time and form, and the a't of ta orpj* atica ? 'egal Tie or e'nal ??' duly cerf flej, it a the poe 1 KM ot q{ ilr. Wauca, tbt Ckrk gf uat ti'./. THE LATEST NEWS, SV MAGNETIC M2 P&NllNG TFLfGJWPHS. Krone WalhUiKtflii. HEAT'S IK Tli WJNB RESIGNATION OP THE COM MiXSlOVlK.J rATKNTB-IUSMOVALrt, *TO. Wasuinoton, Jaco 30, 1855. Jies'rs, Da i t., MaUlelland and Wilson were closeted jfsttrdey foi a lone time. Wiisoa, jou remocnbsr, wu I dc;epit*teu ior K?o? N'^thtng'i-m. Judge Mkod, Coa'roi-sion*r of l'atunte, has positively tax gned. Ur Stagu*, ch'.ef dark of the Patent Office, will receive the appointment. 1 *u informed that "gbteen heads were taken oil to day at the Treasury Department. Washington, Jans 30, 1355. The long contemplated resignation of Mr. Mason, Commissioner of Patents, it la sail, hat taken pUie. H? will leave next Thursday for more lucrative pursuit) Ur. Blake, tho new Commissioner of Pabl.c BuiUiogs, lias giren bonds in the sum of $63,000, aod appointed Mr. Koche, the retiring city collestor, u bin clerk. Mr Crampton, the B.-itish Minii ?er, It il unleretoil, has taken umbrage at the administration for preventing the departure of recruit* for the Crimea. Five clerks and one messenger attached totheTreaeu rj Department were removed this morning, on political gTcands. The American Party In Georgia. Uabiox, Ga., Juae '29, 1355. Tke American State Council of Georgia have been in session in tliis city. Toe Georgia platform was adopted, and the Hon. Garrett Andrews was nominated as the candidate of the par* y for Governor. The convention was largely attended, and Its proceedings were charac terised with much enthusiasm. From Boston. ARRIVAL OF TBI V. f. FRIGATE CDMBRRLAND? IUIL ROAD ACCIDINT, ETC., ETC. Boston, Jane 30, 1955. The United Stales frigate Cumberland, Hag ship of the Mediterranean, arrived liere to-day, after an absence of over three years. The Cumberland sailed from La Spei aia May 8; Genoa, May 10; and Gibraltar May 29. Tne C. parted with the United States steamer Barauac on the 29th, oil the Straits of Gibraltar Late Xew Brunswick papers state that a hand son* sum has been subscribed and extensive preparat ons mads for the celebration of the fall of Sebastopol, when it takes place. The schooner Eugenie had arrived at Pictou with 160 more of the passengers received from the ship Ltchma ban Castle, wrecked near the Magdalen Islands. Tns whole number on board were saved The outward train from Boston ran off the track to day, near Winchendon The engine, tender and bag gage car were thrown d?wn an embankment, twelve feet, and the forward passenger car slightly damaged. All the passengers escaped uninjured. Only one of the firemen was hurt. The Liquor Law In Maine. Portland, June 30, 1855. At the law term of the Supreme Court, at Augusta, in the case of John Hersam, sentenced in the Police Court to fin* and imprisonment for selling a glass of liquor, Chief Justi:e Sbepley discharge! the prisoner on a writ of habeas corpus, deciding that municipal judges aad justices of the peace have no jurisdiction for pun ishing liquor sellers, under the second section of the law, which can only be done by Indictment and trial by jury in the Supreme Court. The effect of thus decision 1* to completely nullify the law, so far as the manner and form of its execution has been attempted. Arrest of a Post Office Clerk. Chicago, June 30, 1865. Hi* special mall agent, Mr. Pmksrion, this morning arrested Theodore P. Dennis ton, a cleri in the Poet Offlje here, for robbing the malls. Four thousand dollars, in hank notes, were found in his roim. It is the general belief that tea to fifteen thousan I dollars hav* been lost from the mails in this manner. The brother of Dennis ton was arrested in April last, for the same offence. Denniston is now in jail The W eatber in the Kait Boston, June 30, 1855. It wae exceedingly het th e morning, bat an easterly wind springing up, has moderated the weather, and the thermometer at noon registered 84 deg. in tUe shade . Sprinufield, Mass. , J uue 30, 1855. The thermometer at this place reaches 911 deg. In the fhade. Concord (N. H ), June 30, 1855. At 2 o'clock this afternoon, tbe tbermametsr ntoxl at 66 degrees, In the shade. The Mortality or Boston. Boston, June 30, 1S55. The total mortality in this city during the six months ending to-day wae 1,881, being a decrease of 351 on the corresponding six months last year. Markets. Charleston. June 29, 1855. Our cotton market has declined '?c a fe to-day, with sales of 400 bales. Prices range (roan U)?u. a 113*c. Albany, June 30 ? 12 'i0 P. M. Flour beld firmer, but no sales at advanced prices. Sale* 000 hbls. Wheat ? .So sales. Corn again declined. Sales ef 15, COO bushels We-tern mixed a'. 87c.. allot', and 88c in lots. 0*ts lower. Sales of Cnicago at 59a. weight, and 82'jc. measure Wb ?sey, U)ijc. K*j*io*.s by canal to day, 2,294 Ibis. flour, 30,380 bushel* corn, 6,387 buihels oats. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. Philadelphia. June ;!0, 13V>. Money easy. For first class abort time paper seven {er cent, stocks dull. Reading Rtllroal, 45 a 4'>, <oug Island 17 a 17 Pennsylvania State lives, 90: Morris Canal, 15. City Intelligence. Momma or Governor Clam? His Room to Al Ba?y ?On Friday *r< ning, Governor Clark im tnter tained at IM haute of (Jen. J J. ( bamberi, one of tbe newly *i poj?t*u liarbor master*, fc l<exington avnue. Tba cdnpany consisted of tba following named persons : Governor MjrooH. t iark, Sidney II. Stuart, City Judge; Justice Pearcty, Hon. C C. Leigh, Gen. Id. Hall, Com misticrer Kal'y . Mr. John lbompion, Major C. Thomp son, Rtv Mr. Marsh, a' to bererAl member* of tba Ctjtoa ixptie The laet named gentlemen attempted to pimp tba (>OT<rnor aa to hi* intention concerning toe enforce ment of the Maine law, but be ana ?ered in a non-om miital way, and would expreas no daciiej opinion; per bap? be had none. A handsome eolation wan served up, ?ft?r which the Governor too* hia lepartur*. Karly In the evening, tne Gov?rnr<r livl been entertained at the biiOM of ii-mi *u>r Cooler Y eeterday b* visited the "tat* Armory, and tbe Deaf and Dumb Asylum In Fifty tilth etreet, and ,it notn took ois oepartur* for &lbany by the Madron Ritercsrs. He had been eojourntag d'irirg bis stay m tba city at tbe residence of Jobs Thompson, fx; , banter, corner of Fifth avenue and Thirtieth str*et. Fai* or Tin RriMs of thk N rw Crrr Hall ? The brick* and otber materiels of tbe mine of the New City Daii? destroyed *ome ago by lire? were aold yea terdsy, b/ puilic auation, in tbe 1'ar*. Vary few per son* were present to take an interest in tbe sal* ? of wbicb tbe following ia tbe reeult ? 1 ot No. 1. 60,00ti bricks, first bid S2.V ft waa ran up to IfO and knocked down to llr. Hlggms. l ot No 2, building stone. conilstin< of window aills, cats. steps, fcc . to Mr W. g Dudley, for |.">0. l ot No 3. building stone, aamaas No. 2, to Mr. Hif ains, (or 136 Lot No. 4, 20/00 bricks, to Mr. Uiggint. for ?37. lot No. i, small lot of building stone, to Mr. llurglnt, for HO. l ot No ?, three pIMs of sills, caps, At:., to Mr. Dud ley, tor 183. I et No. 7, 10,000 tricks. to Mr. Higgle*, for $10. I ot No. h. lot of stone far fcumlntions, to Mr. Higgioi, for ti.'.. Thus was disposed of all that remained of this once urs>ghtly pile. Now, that the ground baa be?n fully cleared of all tbe old rubbish, we hops a bundaoms structure wnl be quickly erected on its site. Tit* Cask of Pountiu* Ijsx.? The trial of Daniel Linn, tbe det-ailel police? in charged w-th baring aided d tbe eicape of Lewis Raker, Is now progTSS'iaf betore the folic* Commissi ->ner*. A* Judj* Stuart In thta east s tbe olilel prosesuttng witjess, he decline 1 acting as one of tba i ommis1 ioner?, leaving the case for tb? Ms tor tnd tbe hecoit'er to settl* up >n th> tea'.iminy he will adduce. No decision has yet been render*1). San Camjhtt ? A joung man by tbe name of Daniel O'ietiy, nineteen Jiaii of age, who resided in < berry atrstt, went bathitf between th* hours of ton and a'l Tin o'clock on Friday night, at tbe foot of Ctrlasrs stru t, and was drowne l. H> body being foue 1 on 3t tulwar morning, it t?b*interred on Sunday at 2 o'clock, in < alTsrj < emetery, anl wtU b? Mrorapan ed to hi* plac* of burial by two m litary companies, the Draft tone JMa*s and Hay's l ight Gnard, who as nnir*rsally regrets bit loss a* those In th* neighborhood. Fin* ro attoi?."?i-y ~TRrrr.? Between nine and ton o'clock last night, a Ore was disco re red In the premises No. HI Attorney street, occupied by Solomon aaf Isaac Frederick*, scalT and tegsr box manufacturers. A* tire bad l-it 'list go* start <1 when dis;oT*re<i 6t the neigb tort l"h* were vsry quickly on the spot, and extinguished It before tbe tui ding wat terioualy In jiirec !>an <ge eatlmated at sbout $160. no fntonnoe. lhe or"r^n cf the fire :s supped to hare h.?*n cauaed bj bsririf 'he machinery orsr heated, which set Are to tbe woodwork. 1*1 tor Boat E K. Coui.t* os a T:?tt ? Tbs pilot heat F. K. Colli ne .a led from th'.* jo- nB TTiur lay for R>? V<r. wb?r? ?be wi;i r?tE?in a**.ilaft*r tbe t"? in>t. Tie pilu>* ia boerd the Conine, we Jeari.. weat on fo- tbe pnrjKi?e of wi'n*ss,9g tbsrepa-.U wh>ch la to ttt* pits* it po It'eftcdet.-fPay. Protest of the Fitnch Hraid?a<i Against (lie New Liquut Uw. The French realdents of New York, who late'y met at "2 Leonard >tre?t to deliberate on the temp-uanoa law have address-d to tbe Au.-ricsu public the foi. owing jiiotfst TO THK AMSKI JaN FROPI.K. BKKllikh> ? lo i.ot Hi.*- 11 <<i'l |iirc tfiu ??> ,, thai we address to Jul; pr~ju.;i?< uu' th? natum of our intei t?KMv in t?e ro^ietd bl* difference* that a Vaiatiuue law baa just ruir-d aiu.mgtt juu LeaviEg ?ml? the right* o( au aimtct* rative nat .rati yat on pos^ebieu by i jiiih ??t u - wt* hIi xti iavovt iiioh* more eai.rea ant mine n ) le oiea to your ryea. which ha\e ecu truua'o te 1 to u? by ttii her.inu oi the Mor tcalroB, the La'ujetk-e, a' it tieu soldiers Their bleed, which gi rtotinljr mio/led ita*i' wi>b you a od the ilny of your ?llr.m ;h'ti*-ujent, has so v-i iu your pla>or tie irr emruivthle (jerr ? ot o'ir future u 'ioj. Moreover? Tbe lum n'.un rays projected beyoot the seas t>y jour holy u ua tlesee > devolution taraw light . Dpori aou defined the vaj ue a?i>irat oa? of Fran ie. until theu ?git:ite<' by the *p.-iuich of a iuluie r-x'-neri'loa. You me. therefore, oiiiiviie, tiat we are ua ted by tie* of every uoi t ? th? eau-r.un ot blood ami the circula vion o. ideas, tlie worship ot lioerty ai.d the lore of iu dependen e ! Again ?c r?p?at, we ought nr. to be atrsngers to escb otb?r, huiI wiiethsr we at- i~paratad I by the oceun or by a atreem, our hearts at way a ' V b*-at id unison. Full of ei-te?-m f j ? the miraculous rapidity with which ll you kave amtettlMmdUd advanced otTilleat on? H titled with at mlra'ton tor the piartical genua which ?' gives to your naticnal character an impulse that the 1 1 uistance of bomons emtio', dismay ? we will nev?rthele*e fl tell yen, and that boldly, oir o>ini'>n< nf ihiltmo- M titled '-An act lor the prevention of lnteaiperanos, ,i pau peril m and crime." We wtll ppesk to you frankly, and you will appreciate ' ' our freedom of tpeech. it is only to the feebie that It la necessary to use reeerve ; to the strong tne truth should alwaya be told Whilst shariDg the horror that you entertain agtinat , the abaro'tnl lei.uits o' druok?une?a, we feel i till ^reatui respect for Individual lioerty. We believe that tb' Utur principle should l e continually aafegu \t 'ed, a that it abould always be inaiataiaed abore all o.h ? coneideration?. * v Beaidea, we belong to a country over which ileapotiar liaa at times drawn terriole iiFriws, and tlw ulttory o our palntul pant 1:?h tiut u,t7^r?qnentl/ ahowa to a? the insufficiency of Draconian legialation We hare seen, on the contrary, in tb* excets of the rigors of the law, an excite oneut wniuh mast draw Into it-i currant the whole ol tte populaiion. It is not our purp?ae to dlscass the details of the temperance law. We xa*il not take upon oursalrea te ju.ige of tbe imentiona ot oar legislators, and still lesa to blame the attachment teat a part of yoiw popu lation appears to entertain fsr this law. We urn, how. ever, of all to descend into the depths of their con science, to interrogate it loyally to weigh then the im prescript ible tigbta of each, and tbe aaswer will be, we ais sure, tte condemna'ioo ot the law. That Is all tbat we expect. As to the rest, we have confidence in the impirtallty ot your magistrate*; we count en tbe generous good sense of the people to protect our lnt^resta, our proper ties snd oar peraons sgiinat toe unintelligent an i fanatl ? cal appiloation of tli'a law. Now : We repudiate with lsCtanatlon the sinister or ruMcu lous projects wbicb have b?n calamniouely attributed to oh of a military resis'an -e We are per>iua'led that the popular *sgac*ty baa a!r*ady appreciated sooh asser tions at their just value Today, and from this date, in tbe name of the grett republic of tbe Uotted States, wbo-e baa s is tbe llbeity'ol nations and of individual* ? in the name of the protectis* ibelter whlah tt ;io*.ords to tbe oppressed of all countries? in the name ol tbe pro found by m pa thy that its inntituion and its rogular course have inspired In all Frenctt hearts ? we here give expression to a fraternal and formal protestation against tbe law tailed '? At act for the prevention of intam perance, pauperism and crime." A, Henri Delecluie, A. Trey. A. 8t L*ry, F. Vogell, T. A. Palaa. P. Gnrgnonet, 72 Leonard sthbkt, Nkw York, June 20, lSS'i. Jndf(e Culver Presenttd bjr ? Grand Jury. K1NOH OOtTJTT COt'KT or OVKR AND TKKHfNtR Beftre Judge Rockwell (presiding), and Jnaticea Stryaer anJ Kmmans. Tbe above court convened in the Governor's Room of the Brooklyn City Hall on Friday, for the purpose of re calving the presentment of toe Grand Jury, which had been in aesaioa sinoe the first Monday in June. Beside* finding a boat filteen indictments (since the previous re port), they made tbe following presentment in relation to Judge Cnlver, of ths Brooklyn City Court: ? Tbe Grand Inqaest for tbe Jane term of tae Conrt ot Oyer and Terminer beg leave io say that tbey have aa h duoualy, for the pant tntee weeka. given tnelr atten tion to the cases comioc betore tb?m, wltboa^ any de sire to shrink, from toe lesponsiblhty of actio u upon any matter having as Its teudtney the public govl, or the welfare of the community to which they oetoag ? be lieving that npnn tliem devolve* tbe important and im perative responsibility of truly and impartially investi gating all matters laid before tnem far their action And hat no public officer, or alas* of public officials, however ? xaltei the porltion tbey may occupy, are exempt from a ? crutiny of their actions. With these sentiments your Grand Jury have reaolved to to their duty (aa tbey unserstand it) tearNadf and without faVor. a subject to which they woul 1 in their preaentment de?lre to call attention, u the multitule of complaints which bav? come before them or " interfering with oincers." ^ome few o these complaints ware well foondeo, and were ol sufficiently aggravated and seriout a nature for the consu'tia'ifin of ? Urand Jury. But by tar the greater mass of th*mcoulj. in the opinion of this Grana Jury, be munh mot* readily and ch-?piy dla poeed ot in tbe lower courts Tney hope, taerefure, in future, that as many ot such caaes aa can ronnateotly (snd serve the enon of Justioe; b? disfioaoj of before iraching the grand Inqueat and coas^qnently tue county i reasury . Another subject to which tbey would refer, and which in tlitlr opinion dem<nda the prompt anden?r<?tic action of the proper authorities, is tbat of our City Court. Painful aa It Is for ftiem to preseot a charg* ot so seri ous a nature, they nevertaelssa deem it tnmr duty to - the community, as well a* to themselves, to state, on. tbe authority of fast* which have been laid be ore them, toat Jud<e i ulver. of tbe City Court, has been guilty or many ac>? ot vrois neniigenoe and part<alltf In tbe d a charge ol his oflicial duties, and that they would there fore present him as totaUt unqualified an 1 unfit to il ncharge im|.artiaUy tbe dutiea of bis present rtaponsl lle potftion. Your Grand Jury would therefore recom?*nd that suen meai-mea ss are in keeping with the s - a?ute* and conttitutinn be taken lo remed) tbe evil complainel of. Your Grand Jury (eel ooostralned to aoaoowledge tbelr obligations to many of tbeir follow el'.iisns for tbeir efficient aid in these investigations. Your Grand Jury would ceem it an injustice to pa*a over aitbout mention 'heir visit to the oouuty j?'J and oounty Instttut'ons at Flathurh. Without particular izing, they would express their entire *ati*raotion at tne Hooo orfer clranlmeea and dlac plln? that pervules thesa entire icitltutiona in this very unpropltlcus season of the year. Wlibout being Invidious tbey would acknow ledge the courtery or bneriO lot. Mr Meyers, of the Almshouse; Dr. Hiatchard, phyaiclan at tbe Luaa>ic Ar-jlum Mr*. Neaton matioo of lb* Uiuatic Asy lum. and Mrs. Brower, metr a of the Nursery. AU of ahicb la raipectfully submitted. FKANC18 C. KIRBY, Foraman. Mayor ? Office. IMPORTANT COMMUNICATION K*8PECTlN(i THE EMI GRATION FROM BaXORT AND OKRHiSr. Vayor Wood hM received from tb* American Consul at Leipaic, the tollcelng communication m? le to him trim ib? National Society of German emigration In tiiat city. An It In from os? of tbe mont importaat aad Ufluentitl eocietie- on tb* Continent, it ia g jod authority oa the ?abject of emigration It will bo ?een that aa a<lmlMlon U m>J? reapestlng tb* character of many Of the etuigraita to tbia oumrj, wh'cb fully *n<)or*e? the opiotoni entertained by Mayor Wood relative to aenoing pauper* and criminal* to tbia country, and folly juntiflet blm la tb* atriugent cour?e be baa adopted with reierence to Its future continu ance : ? To thf Coxin. or th* C*r?n .'?tat* i or North imkmca, IIR. 0. G. FlI'OKL, AT LHMHJ:? Ijarsic, June 4, 1S56. We feel honored in giving yon tte following imnrato vancua <jueet:on* which you bare pat to u*, Id relation to tie emigration Irora tbe kotflom of *axony : ? It tantot be denied that lor acme time tua govern ir.antn of nome State*. and ale* the anteoritlea o: neveral communitia*. hart c*emed It convenieut to 're* tbom ie!ve? I r< m the.r pauper* by chipping them to tlM I'nltei Stater. It la alao outorioua that crmiean, after haviug euflered punUbment. have la the aaae manner b?en tiarepoited to tha I n ted stataa with th* tw? to fraa tbe community of them for ever In mmqiinM of tbil a ayntem of economy waa adoptad pro'.acive of an avoidable *vil?, aa th*y (th* emigrant*) were enppliad merely with mon*y euftici.-nt 10' th* p*jrm'a'. ol tbaU paeaage*. and hence, on their arrival at dUtant porta, telng d**titute of all mean* o' aupport, they war teoa pcllad tmm?ri lately to apply for aid, aad waia, there fore, regarded aa very unwelcome natter*. Tt e? r practice* aie certainly a* inhuman a? they are mprudeat, tat tbe government of Maioey ba? not at ? ny time ban recour** to tbia xitem of economy. ??ba?e n*en tboroi phly acquainted with 'be emi gration allairx of (Germany for the lent eight yearn, (inurg ah ch ttma not a a ngle caae which co ild Impll cat* tb* Kingdom of (-aionj in auch actio* baa *r?r come within our kno*l?rg* (in th* con'rary, it 1* ? aubject of regret to u* that with very few exception*, tbe tiettri part of thoae who em it ret* from Saiony are compo??d chiefly of the wealthier claa* of oar peo pie *ta our b?*t r??cb*cic*. We, therefore, Inateulof gaining, are put to a loe* of million* of dollar*, an 1 of tl>* beat portion of our honeat and moat valuable eitt 7?n?. Aa it appear* the German emigration to the I'nltad State* la Incoming too powerful aod trouble aome. you may aeiore tbe Amerisaa authorit.ea that a ?peedy rbaoge to ibia reapect la unavoidable Toe de;re?aeof emigtation In general, aad to North *m*rle? In p*rtha lar, daring the laat year, baa become -o apparent that we are wananted In aeaerting tBat th? emigration of tbia jeer will not ha half m> numerou* aa that of Itat year. Tbe teaporta p ret eat quit# a deaolat* appearance at tb* time of emulation, but tb* a-oounM which we receive fiote all tb* iuterlor partn of Oe'ni?nv, of tBe gr>at 'bange in emlgratioa, ia *<111 m ,re remarkable. H i.n<1rei!? of houeanc-* who Intended U, emigiata have entirely abandoned tbe no'len Mo*t re<pe-tf il'y, f Tt* liber u>r? of th* National Seeiety of Ufiio Emi gration * Sf|f7l,f7,K. l<? tiik Conn, or TWlUrrr>-i> Wt att?, D* Fi.fnat. I aaaerr Lanwc, .lane 1K6?. I beg leave to add a few remark* to tb* ?abject of oar vertal converaetioa. It canrct be denied tt^ct Furopeac gover?im-e?e prtrc palitlea b?v# been la th? practice of freeing tb?<n ?eli*? from their paopcra, aad even o ( their more or i.-a* guilty crfml?*la, oy ^en-ileg ?heai to Amer ei #nd payiig tb* coat of their voya|* to the **a port* aad toe paa aage

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