Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 2, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 2, 1855 Page 2
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??re a f*?r m* eks, he uooiJerstaDy mat Dr. P at m ?vsvrng p*rty, and was warmiy &w4nr,<u*'#j of bus on he improves aop*a???fli. H- viqmrei jn? for trra*i>t omr ui p ki rf vwn ?< i..di ?Atinfr dec ota nmendireD'., soup nn* all um white ?he ?fi ft'l o m'r >g ( at bin ii s?rnc'H>n?. N >'? wUhm-r te mitkao ihe *ht fn?i?kiy to d hi n ? e &?i ?laced tafiMlf under o<> ca e, * d tv*s ih*n a?iag wa ation, to nioh the attributed tier iinpr jvo ant Dots i be reader sop oose Dr. P hid tie lib* rent? to admit tnat tbe i'?nrovem?o* maxt in due tot I* tr? Un the cwa'y sbning hW bead ai d att-.ciPR a look of sympathy and cown* strati- n, he n-piiei? " JJv dear uv:vb, I am ex t emely wry to bear tvs. Inhala inn ot inot bi of tbe )eei?t seivio ? io your e mditi n. [ regret to ted ymtiat iour luags are filled with tnb*rcles, aoi von omj flatter yourst If with ih* nope of recovery. Y wr lite bangs by a feeble thread, which cannot ) ?K bus'* in >oa, and thia tea'ment w liouly atren Mm wparuiot." Nob* ?eart! G-ne'oua m>nd ! What k>nd words of comf >rt and ?a oor>g?mcat wire these to a mantle spi it, in a weak aad ?ulle ring body! Bu'lefad mutaken tie cn*r-tc?rof ths a son with whom be bad to duL He knew not forti'nd', the wit, tbe courage enshrined in that delicate lotm. ht is g> eta attempt to <?eat*?y the oonttdan'M of ?y patient in tbe only treatment ?h ci afforded her the Jeaat pro?pect of recovery, aod to tear fron bar ?ad* ly tbat hope of ietotntog health on whici the proper action of medicines ao mush depnidil, be ?ot asly failed, but draw a poo hlmsHf tbe sb-i?? and wall otre ited shafts of her Iron? aad rnpr ?.f. " Doetor, ' saio ah?, "yon did not. tell me tbla waen 1 ooEBalted yon. Am I now to understand tb?t yoa h*d then no hope of my re nvery. ud intended t> leave me to die without an ?ffirt?" " O t, n i," waa the quick renly, " I w< utd #ave d >ne evir thing in my i-ower for yen, antf ami would do si." ' lad yet, D etor,'' sue re lied, "knowing that I ooald ?ot recover from the use of the medicines you ad vised ? tor yon Lave now dtctared your disba lief in the curabLlty of auah case* as mine fron any means? you atill prescribed for me wttcout aayicg a word about tne sute of my lung?, and would not have scmiied to Make a bill foranoh attendance, when y m t et it could nut be of tne leant benefit to me. Dr. Hnu tee, on tbe contrary, at on e told me tbe nature aad ?ztent of my diseas*? p ibttsd one tnewilof my ea*e? avowtd his behef m thi cnrah'tity ot cow aomption in the stage !0 whicn he i und my dl ?eaee- and encourage! me with taa aaauranci that M he did i>o? au -wed in <-Oei:tiDg a cure, hi wonld at leant arrest tbe progteaa of tbe dis^aae, prolong my life, and render me <<0mp?ra'iv4lv c>m f enable dnrirgita remvnin* term. Already I ba 8b to reafze, more rap>d y th*a I tared t>> ho je, ereanl'sfce promised. Yoa huve yourself b >:ie vUnrgs to my improvement. I auk yon now, bef ira tt cee friendx, which is the mist consistent in Qui practice? Yon, wno treat oLsaajyiioa, bel<evi>ig Mto be incurable, and kaowuig tiat the remedie* yon p'escribs c?noot ? flrct any permanent good, or Dr. Hnnter, who believes it to be < -arable by the Wtice which be haa introdn ed?" Tne Doctor I have no doubt, at tbe time, greatly disgusted with his evening's entertainmmt ; bat, eicier throDgb the argument? ot my fair pa dent, or from seine itber isllaence Btiil more potent, be h*s since lendered the tribute to my practice of setting seve ral of bis patieots to inoalin^. Here we have a pbyaican who oertalnly never treated it case of pulmonary disease by mialation la his life, and ignorant of the proper medicines ti employ and 01 tne strei gth at which they cau be ?aed with benedt or even with safety -in foe'., wholly wiibont experience? atter having grossly misrepresented this p actios, not only ad iptiog it, hat experimenting npm patients wh > oaly com ?ritted tbeir oaaes to bia ca*e bec*n<te ofhtsp e sumed knowledge and pxperteuon in Unoldrou th>e. What can result i'r jm the emsloymeat of in halation, under such aaspioea, bat failare and dis appointment ! That many practice inhalation at the present ?event under the snadow of my pr<wtlg\ is n<iae ?iable. My attention was fint awakened to this fact by tbe following circumstances, flavin? oo easicn to go into the shop of a well-known t astro meet mdkvr of this city, same time ?go, I observed ? tolerably -lore Imitati on of my inhaler, and tak ing it np. 1 inquired of Mr. T , "What have you hert?" "Ob!" said he, " that is one ot voar mlal e, s. Dr. brought me your bjok and i mile it ft cm tbe cnt. Wa ate selling a great many of tfcem." Another amusing instance of a eimiiir kind recently occurred. I had occasion ti condemn, as defective, a number of globes male for my inhal ers. "it is of no consequence," said tbe miter, "Dr. F. withes as to make him suveral gross, just tike yours, and we can send uim these and mate ytu a new loll" How, if the practice is based on aoani principles, ?nd is fully d? serving the confidence of the patient, surely knowledge and experience are easenUal to its ?ale, proper, and suoiwful employment And wbat knowledge and what experience have these ootytets to off>r the pibli; in justification for their ?oulidsnce? Wi.h tie greater nnaner it is a mate pressure of the popular will that induces them to adopt the practice? a deaire to retain their patients rrgprdleHn of all consequences. Bat even sapoosiag them to be e in cere and hearty convert! ti inhaU don, and that t!io,y ara chiefly governed in eaiploy i??. it by a detfre to do good.stfll, their waat of ex perience ii an almost insurmonntab'.e obstacle to success, and their failare may sicnfioe tnelr pa tient's health or life. Duty to myself and to the principles I have la bored bo hard and so long to establish, cjmpel ma to be plain In speaking of U* se matter*. Tbe iojadi ?lons eaplo;inent of inhalation by vhyshiana who ?vow themselves warm advocate* of my views, and ?fleet to understand tbem, la likely to prove more injurious to tli * practice thin ail tbe devaaii <ns of Ito enemas. Ti'e latter will be perfectly under Mood and entirely disregarded, bat the 111 en wees ?f (he former win be more likely to be charged to Inhalation than to ita true eauan? the want o? Raffl dent skill and on the part of tbe physi cian. And thia dabbling in inhalation la the more to be condemned, aln e l am at all timei willing to ?>operate witn them io the traatmant of th?>r pnl mona>y cases- pr scribing tor the patient on their description of the symptoms of each case, a J ad vising with thtm, from time to time, regarding the attention to be paid to the general betkb, diet, ex are's* and habits of lile. At the present moment I ?m In thia nuu.ncr treating cases under tbe snper wisloa cf their physicians in every part of the Union. Patients reeking at a di?tanee from New York an eften led to ernuloy inhalation under Uie direc tion of their own physicians, who, they must know, can cot have had any experience in the practice, nimpiy because they suppose this ia the only way ?hey ean avail themselves of its bcneflti. lhla la not ?orrect. All that I require la, that you should att down and write me a fuil description of your eym^ toaa, embracing the Ungth of time you have been rat of health, whether you have any coigh, snort ?mr of breath, expectoration, actnng in the lu g?; it yen have ever aplt any blood; if you are wastadia fkab; if you have fever, night Hweats, or dlarrb<e?; and that you should give me such other general in formation regarding your present condition sn<l state of health aa year own intslllgenoo shall sug gest. On this statement I can always prescribe without the least difficulty; and by keeping up a regular correspondence with you while using in halations, you cm be treated in most oases quite as well at homo aa in this city. I need scarcely add, that if yoo can come tot ie city and permit ma to make a thorough investigation of your cue person ally, yon atiou.d do so' by all means: but it ia f jlly, because you cannot do so at once, or for some weeks or months, to pnt off the treatment until then. Di aeaie will not wait on tbe oonveni?noe of the pa tient ! A month Uter and your malady may be in Mother stag?>. Weeks, aye, days, even, are pre eioua in the treatment of all forms of consumptive disease. As my aim ia to be as practical aa pooalble, I can not refrain from condemn* ng another hahit, common with physi ians, and after tbelr example very fre quently resorted to by tbe friends of Invalids. I al lude to the custom of endeavoring to laugh persons out of tbo belief that they are In any danger. This la mistaken philanthropy? it Is mnrderoa* kind ?ops. Bow frequently it happens, that persons are thus indooed to disrsgard tbe first warnings of dis ease! "Your hacking oough comes from the throat. It Is a mere trills, and will soon }>ass off." If yon are "abort of breath and languid, ' on every exertion it 1* be eanse yon are" weak. and want a Changs of air. ' These an common expressions, and at this ?eas >n of the year are almost always coupled with the advioe, "Go to tbe oonntry for a few weeks, your fears ?boot consumptioB will disappear. All an<t all you want is plenty of pure air." Hncb are the heedless assertions daily mads by physicUns who ought to know better, and sucn the thwghtlsss advice given by friends, In kindness, to those whom toey m >st dearly love. The evil arieing from this advlco Is tbe loss of time, and negloct of proper treatment ti srhl h It loads, at a time when the disease is simple and easily brakes ap. Is my o['nion, there ia no point upon whl -n more error sons views a'e entertained, tian on the Important ono of " change of air." For the heal thy H may be very agreeable to visit, for a ah or'. period, some celebrated watering place, bat for the Invalid each a conrse Is highly detrimental. They require to combine pure air with qntet, gentle exercise, substantial fa-e. and tbe genial Inflnencs of a few friends. These cannot be tound amid the excite ments of a crowded hotsl. The object o' gilng to tbo coo ? try with tbo livalld ought lo be to assist tbe action of the remedies employed t> cure tbe disease. by 1m proving the general health. Taere is no question of the vary salutary Inflmnca produced ?ieee temporary changes of residence, e?pe when fro n tbs im mre aed healed atm* chap** of air nwi not be regarded as a remedy for Oitenftt - It *111 n >t cause ulceravoa of tag loans v> ht-ai, or tub* cWs to ak uNi bed, or cbrunt ? uflta ?)?tl'>0 Of >b? ?lr tub's t ? StibWdr. It vll <*,Crt/l { ?!? ei tbe eys'en, im>f> v?9 'be aopeute. and '.ncrewa ? very vital ? c io ; ha', the air it (be o m .tiy o >a tarns 10 rem? df t?r ounaatupilnn. V ut it o*?n do ia ?<> place the syst m to toe tn?t f?v ir-tble c ndi tion for tie ac'vtn ol meol ines; fid n fieae are applied bv h< halation di'?v tty to thi d tMjvwd war fare of i be la gi, and keotuu da>iog '.be *iol? sojosrn Id IN- country, ma y wno g> fortl io oi<ea?e, wilt tinij re am >n be* .a mere n do *e*eon no fsvo awe f<><- tivatm nt at 'be 'umuw mot tt'P, an i ao circumstances ho Nvor^b'e to suo oess, ae the qolei ei joy meats of conutrv li'e. I have ix* u tbns >'*i>lioit because 1 know, and paiD'u \y teel a'moet dat y, bo* o e sing is tbe warn t>f prooer u>f rma'lou on I 1? sobj?ct. For tbe I ?$). s>x wtekstcarce a d-i '?<w pa?srd tb<tt [ nava ao; bein applied to for advioe by ,ier?*>ua returning tn m toe 0' u>b. Ma- 5 of '.bene eou-u ted me lait autumn, but were so confident of reirv.titoK tbetr health by charge < r c im ate atone, tb?t ?, my c mid pot be p??itaitded to pl?ce themselves aud^r tr?a> ttnt.. -No " said tbey, '*out if we d 1 t?o'. get be> te?, *f * II do >? io tbe ppnog." Alas ! 'cvjy *erc ro* m? d never again to -itU'Sri tbe retara of spiing. Many are u>* re' ami og li a dying et?t? who cost 1 have been savei hi t th?y paced theflfi eelves under t eatiie-ut Its' fan. k:d t.> thi present I have tot a eb one of V'oae who ca lei on me o 1 tneir ?*> 8' utb ?bo is /tntin a muci ?irai c mdi ten tbau *h?n be h>'l. lu trie U ? 10 witch th*re it a aligbt innrxjv omit 10 general b-a'ih "hi dls-aae id the lutigx, 'h'D trifltbg, h -h bao mneit <d and 00 firmed. Keveial > av? oied In t&la ci y during the t aut ?eek, bavlog betotui^lile ta ie?ub tbeir I" nice. No*, tbe m stiirtnoea of tbeae poor soffirfra migbtbaTt btcD llgbvocd in aU, aod n m>Mt tn a^aDrra avertea atM gather, by wioiply c?Dbini)K p optr treatment -o arrest t e pa mi^ary did^aae with t e genial uflu?i>c* <>f a noat "Tq 0 inut^. And yet tbe ata e aulr.iaai carte is do* daily beiug re peated by invalids *b? "g > to tbe coao'.ry," hooloif to be restored to bea tb *>th at tre<ttm-Dt. r/i?y loee tte mont favorable di-twa for are, aid aiiow tbelr d (Ml to becoooe lirm'.y seat 3d before tney attempt to arrest i . rt>t>e ia auotber point no wb cb I mua'. viva a word of cuutiDQ. Perg 'OH nn^ln -atad in modical mater- do Dot resize the citfrreno b >t*<:en cle care of br?Dic dist'*j*-?, *ticti c iue on alo ?ly and bcctme fiimly e>tahii>-bed ia the ayhietn before tb >y are t caied a. all. tu>d the care of an ordinary dis ease, ?u b aa f?ver or inlUaimaMon of only a fe* eaja' ?tacd*ng? and are be- ce apt to etpect fro? lDoalatioo reuulte enti ely beyeno the re io a of ai taii mnit. Tbey ?r ibk btcaaae tbe care of con snmp'ion is possible, that it ought to take olace with incredible rapidity? in ?aot, thev sh jall " b^giu to tiel that <hcy are net'ing wed" from tbe day of comiceBcinti treatment. One or t* > months tbey tbibk mould be lime amp'o enough to b eak up a disease wbi b has been establishing ltse f ia tbe B.ti>etn for 3 ears, and wbi b has already ioked together all tbe organs ot tbe body ia a chain of comp'ications ard syrnpatbies, rainy of which are actually more Int actublo thaa tbe origioal di >eaae. Thin dtapobi'ion to expect rapid care is the extieme of foily, and can ot y lead f;ose who inoal?4 ia It to mortification and dlaap ointment. C ironic dis eases cannot be b oktn up in this samma y m inner. Bhaksi e?re, one rf tbe wisest and aunt ob'erring of men, than enooa'ages tbe impa'.lent spit it : ? Uo?r poor are thej that have not patlenes ! Wbat wooad ilid ever h?al Bat by ilegrees 1 Tbau know'Rt we won by meitna and sot by mtgie, And means depend on dilatory time. In mv previous letters I have explained aod dwelt upon ibe importance of early t eitment, and t mt it should be ^ertevered ?n so long as tne least vestige of disease reamicr. In some c*sos tie improve ment commencca with ine date of commencing treatmeu, and progreases steadily an:i: ths care is complete.; but in must Instances the patient expe liences piompt and very great relief Iron tbe ia balaticns, ?<mi tku fi??aoo with every promise of ft rai>id cmt for a few weeka, and tben apu??n v> come to a stand. The reason for tola they cannot cr m prebend, and >e< it ir very simple. Tie taiga are irritated and tie air tubes Mooted up by accu mol'iions cf pbiegm or mucus or pu> ? such aa the Ctient expectorate a. No* the firm efiVcts of in lation aie to soothe the longs and c?aso them to expel this matter whioti obstructs their action. Tbete objects ate generally attilned withiu to a first few weeks, and as a ouuseqnence the chert feels greatly relieved, bnt the indue noe of lntialation in simply relieving tae lnngs hit no* reached Us highest point, and ti>e process of cure g9es on silunlly and *<thrnt any ex'.^niil indication ot wtiat cbsages are taking ptu:o. If patieatu will bear In mind tbe cause ot tne relief, they will not be surprised tweanre tnelr pr.igrcas does not appear to be as raoid afte>r aa dunug tbe first fe* *aeks, and will save themselves from a oomnnn non es of anxiety. 1 luring tha pa'it Te>r I have illustrated the prac tical aucoeaa of inhalation by pablnain g mire than 100 cum or cure of consumption. brjuc litis anil asthma. In tbe pre oediiig letter, No. 17, i aided the op iu ioo8 of physicians from every part of tbe Union, shi wing how highly my practice is appre ci&ted by the prorwsiou. Many of tbe writers ot the letters referred to are distioj'ulxned equity for their erudi ion and tbcir great pro'esMlimai expa r!e?oe. If these combined testimonials do not awakf n a prrfoord secse o' the cruelty and mockery of treating diseases or the lungs by administering medicines through the stoaiach, I fear nothing trill. Well I know how many influences surround tie in yelld, and pn-vent the free, full and pr >pw exordia Of hiaownjudKUi^nt. It is a daagreeable thing to ray to the family physician t'jat you " have deter mined to seek other advico." Eipsjlilly U this tbe case when the BfeMMM bai been tha 'medical ad vi?er ertbe family f>r joJirs, and baa taken a deap and sincere inteust in tbe invalid's case. But is matters of health feelings gboutd have no place. Yocr du > to yonrscit and -o Uioho who are dependent upon you for hapotnees or rappirt is snjierior to all miror consideration?. You cannot afford to offer yiur life a aacrlflje t j a lalse delicacy for tte feehngt of others, aud a blind perseverance in a courre or treatment whicl promise* no perma nent good. Another influence calculated to unset tie the mind is tbe iojudidous suggestions of friend*. Oeeadviws "a few months in The conn rv;" ano tber "a delightful excursion to Eurooe;" and a third ?' me qnack oompound, whici "has cured a filend." The country i? very inviting ? the trip acioss the Atlantic combines b.>th ex;i ement an 4 pleasure, aid tbe new medicine will not cost much, atd it is *aid to be si harmless that "it won'tdo any injury, if it don't do auv good." These are tbe seductive influences which may be said to surround every invalid. Woo can wonder if tbev often draw him from the dictates ot his better judgment? Hut it is uaeleas to dUguise the fact that sucn means tiave no pow. r to cure disease of tha lnngs, snd that thorn who are Induot-il to rely nooa tbem wi 1 bitterly regret it wren perhaps too late to save tbem. I will eay n word on tne proper time for treatment Unfortunately, the largest proportion of those ctxes whltth have hitherto come under my care have been in the laat stacex of confirmed c >ru?umption? cases in which part o' the lung was not only broken down into ulcerous cavities, but the strength ot the con stitution exhausted by the progress of the disease, and by the different kinds of tre?'m?nt to wnich they t>aa boen subjected by all kinds of practition ers I need hardly say that such case* are no pro Sr test 'if tbe t flicncy of a system of treatment. um*nity was the only influence that could have indnced ae to rcctive them as patients at all, since many were in an utterly hopeless state, and ould but be made comfortable by the highest skill with in the tower ol man Yet, notwithstanding all these disadvar.tages and discouragements, a larger proportion of recoveries have taunn place among this class, through the Instrumentality of inhalation, than has ever heretofore been pcasibloto attain from any and every other n.euna ef t ea'-iwnt, whan em ployed in the e arlkot stages and uader the most fa vorable hup) .Ices. From tbis it will be sean that I regard cnniump tk n us curable in every stage, ao 1 ng as there it ?efficient lnng left in a state of health to parform the function of respiration. Hut, properly ai*akiag, we must oonwder the treatment of all di?ev?ea that have reached the laat stage a a palliative rather than curative. We may. and often do. sn^oeed in restir iog rases to comparative heaJ'h, tbe hopelesanni' of which did not apiiear to bo relieved by a ray of pr> mise. Buttheae caeea only vrve to establish tne possibility of eating consumption unler ths most desperate otrcnm*>tancea. In the earlier stapes of the disease, when t abercles anformrd in the lungs but not unrated, thee.ffatN cf inhalation are truly surprialng. 1 have seen cam in which one third and often one halt of tbiimg wae filled with tubercular matter, reat rei to perfect health, within three or four montba? (tbougn gene rally aucb cases require a linger time)? the fretted and irritated lungs returning again to their healthy state. Coder the u-usl tmatrm-ut, through the sto mach, all sueh ensea die. I d > no', believe one reco very takes place out of a thousand case#. In the incipient or commencing stage of consump tion, when the "cold'' ts be*omlig seate i on the lungs- In ail forms" ff "irritation of the macuou* lining of the b-occhlal tubes '? In "sore thr.>at" "catarrh," and "true broncMtls," all of which lead inevitably to consumption, if not arrested, Inhalation is an unfailiog remedy. I have here given you three classes of cases, in all cf which we m?y effect a cure by inhalaikn, bat not with tbe> seme re Mdlty or the sarno certainty. I desire to make this point ao plaia that none sha 1 have an txense for misnndenitandiag me. I am tha more desirous of doing so, be anae I am I'd f> be lieve my via tea have not been heretofore suffl iently well understood. it will soon ber >ms nec <s.?ry f )t Be to conatruot cxtenslv* tables on the resulta >( in MkM? - eabtaclra ttt>|ine of toonsands of aaaae. rmp'e ana efficacious tieatmen*. W ien tie?e taoies aj? completed to my aaaaftctioo, I wit' lay tb?m before tne public, with the a vne fra ik om? w; lib h?H h-cberto ctnr*cter>Kid ail my sn-.ercoune with item. Tr at there should be fonnd one medical mta will ing to c< mpromise liischtra ter fo om?i?teooy aud Loneat) , by eajmg a word ?g~ins'. toe direct appli cation or oiecioiue? to the lung* by tuhalatiun, is to ne inooio rthensibie. It is Bur?iy more natural tbsn to uduiti/uter nauseous compounds tor>ugh the tttmaub, or to folio* the practice of those physi cians fho l???e been io t<ie habit, (or Tear a, of bam mg i be wine pipe with o?u?tios. Wi.hin a tew weeks a leariifii and scieiititio medical a?aociaU >n of this city b*? count* i/anctui the pumping 01 atroog can- tic to utioiiB into the vsrj air tubes of ibeiu?gs, aid th's cuel and seiseiefn practice has atuaTly be?n subnittec to trial at on?oftoe bosoitals. Noir, tbe eavitj if tbe lungs ia an air osvlty, tod no tic atiueiit can be so timp e ? no natu al, for tbe cure ol a dis??se se*t? d l? vne air tobea and air cell* uh tbe breaU i. g of a medicated air. Bat we cannot with t e same impunity makr an iir cavity recetva fluids. T.t) lbitgM were made for air, m tbe btoma n van made for rood aidurliik. Itii as natural to b e*tl<* meoictne io a s'sm of vapor or air aa to swallow n?d cii<? io a tolid or fluid stare, an l for a i ise?te >n the lubgs, ia iniinitely more simple, direct ai." ? (Hod' us. In ooccioslon, I cannot refrain from expressing wy b*- li?-f, fr m t e iemarkab>e suo ess wntohlaave obt*roec tow lctia'a ion in pulmonary d it eases, *b?>t at our obtf/va'. oi'K become more extended and ?* lied, it wil tie found ut century to remodel the mat merit oniuaa<>bl> purtnec in al dismasts depending un in party o' tbe biood; aud more especially so in that large oUbb of ri*eases wnici are directly do rveo irom m a?mata or from infection. Ague wi km w t~> a<- se from iohaiiug the aolsraous gases penerated by tbe devompititiou of vegetable atd at mat matters on low maiaoy ground ? about t warn a a. d tt?gB?nt water; "typhus fever," from breatbinv 'fie c< olioeo as.d impure air on board of *DlpH and in crowded aid ili-veniilated apart ments; "?<al?t fever," "yellow fever." and "email pox" from u baling a specific poison ex baled by tints Buff-ruig from tbeae diseases. Wten tbe numner diteased is emal, tneexpome a almost conhntd to triose oo upying the same bcose; but when ureal numbers are aick, tbe atmosphere o> the whole city or country becomes poixoted, aid all ? laeses are expoted to its i-.fli ence. Cb< lew, too, tbe scourge of modern times, ow?h its binn to somethng delotsrv us in the air we breach* at d spreads it* el# over the globs by tbe simple diffusion ot that oontamtnating essence through lLe atmosphere. In all these instances ? and m-?! y ot ers which I could name, wdr<* toey tot Buffioebtly laimliar to yon already- the disease is produced by inhaling a poixoned air into tbe longs. Tbe poison ia absorbed into tbe blood Iro n tbe air cells, aod rapi ly spread* its influence over the w bole body. What gcea in at the laugj ui*y coa t; out at me akin, in the pustules of small pox, or the r?fiti of xcatlet fever, or may ba dUolargod from tbn bowels In the dlarrbuua cholera ? na ure sinking in btrvi lett efl'crta to expel it Mow .sure ly it is more simple ? more in ac orlanoe with na tuie- more llktJy to rtsnlt in cure to administer tbcte medisineH which are to neutralize tbe inhaled poison also by inhalation. &s the poison has found its way into tbe system through tbe lungs, there icufit alto be a road throngi tbe luogs for the anti dote ? for Nature, in her bouoti'ul go.idresj.hii per mitted no disease without providing for it an ample ren edy. To me tbese reflections seem to possess ths aim plicity of trne science. Toey appear ao full of pro aite to mankind, that I will oonftss, as tsey Dreas tuemwlves upon me, I am inspired with hope for my profession amounting to a deg ea of enthusiasm. Alreaoy the miats wbica have obscured its many glo ries?retarded its progress and stamped it in toe estimation ?f thoughtful minds ai the most un oeitaio of all sciences seem to me to grow thinner, and to begin to disperse before the ray of light abiuh ttis contention lets in upon tbe mtnd. It is not my purpose to enlarge upon tbeae ideas at fcrtsei>t; but I cat not retrain irom ex Dressing them in tble ccnnecdunt *nd abouiii tha time ar rive when I can feel that the treatmant of oonsamp tion ai d its kinored affections of the orzius ot respi ation will be an efficiently carried out in other hstdt, I snail turn witn delight from the arduous dtries of active practice to the investigation of thta inviting fiJd cf inquiry. Your obedient servant, ROBERT HUN PER, M. D., Physician for Diseases of th* Lungs. Kbw York, No. 828 Broadway, June 25, 1855. Our Havana carre* ponde nee. Havaxa, June 20, 1855. Royal Regulation* for Guidance of Foreign Consuls ? How FS it Pay i are to be Obterved ? Pay cf the U. S Consulate? Ihe Spanish Bank ? Highly Important t DcrUni about to Travel?Mow BmlitU are to Qualify in Cuba ? Their Probation , lActuret and Fen ? A Com menial fhilure ? A'eios f rom Spain? The. Black Troops and Militia? Markets. ? On the 30th nit. the Captain General Usued a circular reclticg the royal order of July 2, 1858, which permit* foreign consul* to dliplsy the ting a of their nation on Ita festive day *, referring to the royal order of Deoember 3, 1651, which define* the privilege In a iplrtt of great liberality, and la not to be exceeded. The qualifying claure, art. 2d of tne royal order of 1843, require* "that special care be taken that thia grace to foreign con*ul? in the previous royal or<ler ihall not be conitrued to give immunity under the flag to house, penom or thing*, or Nerve a* pretext to attribute other function* than thcie which they necessarily have had to protect the mercantile inUreata of Individual* of their nation? but simply a* commercial agent*, without any diplomatic character." Thi* order ha* been kept before the com munity (or some twelve day*, and ha* been published, that the prluc:ple of the last clauie may be w*U under atcod by oonitlx and commercial agent*. Thoee who love their oountry and the fat office* thereof, may a* weil be advlied of the value of the United State* consulate at Havana, after the 1st of July next ? when the salary syetem begin* $0,000 A secretary Neiiig an absolute necessity from itie lab. r of tin* ( IB ce, which hae " no diplomatic character " M.uou office rent*, postage* and incidental expenie* 600 2,000 ?3,4C0 left for the ?u; port of a family and dignity of the coun try. Let us see how many competitor* will waste a winter and give good wine dinner* at Washington for the bonor of nerving their country at Htvani. On llie 11th Inst., ftfter the palace consultations al luded to in my last advice, an order wa* issued appoint log a committee <o " log roll" the " Spanish llank" into Havana appreciation, comi>csed of the Oonde Kernandlna Viedkient, Itamon Herrera, Joaquin Santo Snares, Manuel I'ertda, (.on/alo Alfonso, Krancisao Agulrre, iCduordo lesser, and Kran~i*co Solano Alvear, itnd tiis per. ml for subiciiption of the stock prolonged to the -lOth of this month. Other parties are named who may be addressed tor the purpn>e of subscription, by those who <lo aot reside in Havana. Tte stock will be absorbed by tlii* coromuuity, alter awhile so distributed that if any evil should be born with the bank, it will fall lightly upen the pockets of the shareholders. We bave every year emigriitts to Cuba of physician*, fleo tuts. Kc., who come for health from a more genial climate, ami in the hope of being able to practice iu tbelr professions for the.r support while here. So many applications have been made to the government, where the have none of the qualification* re (Hired, that the royal or^er of '2-d September. 1*63, lias been jutt republished. For doctors of medicine It i* necei tary that they should understand perfectly the .an guage of the country, pass an examinatlen before a committee appointtd "by the Medical College, and be pro tected by a diploma from a known institution of their own country. With dentfats tbe requirement* are more rigid, making knowledge of the language requisite, con tinnous residence of three years, wrta practice in their profesalon under a dentiet of acknowledged reputation, and a matrira.s or diploma issued for each year by a board anpolnted for tkat purpose by tbe Royal I'nlver slty ? an ounce or seventeen oollar* to he paid for each, making $fl tuition fees. With dentist* who desire charge of climate and are young, if they can eidnre the probation, the natter is not ao difficult, as they might contract with an established dentist for their work in his shop, anu not be liable to loa? of time. Muc! his chief and trouble occur* for want of knowledge of the fact* which I give yon. A sugar broter disappeared from our commercial as poelatlrn yesterday, caving obtained advance! from Messrs. Drake k Co., K. Monsoa & Co., and other*, on sngar* purchased through bis agency, of over forty thousand dcllars, and will prabahly turn up In other parts in expatriated Cuban Datriot. The houses having ma<'e tbe advai^es will have to sustain the loss. Our sew* from Spa n (in private letter*! by the V* Usco i* intentely Interesting. The mail steamer ar rived en tbe Mth. but tbe actual fact* cf the condition *t heme only begin to transpire. You will bs better ad riied than we ran be. 1 take the chances of the steamer HI. l-awrence for this and your tile*, vfe have pined for the light of the Hkkslo? but It came not The regular bier* troop* of l*exueU creation are being disbanded, ard embodied or enrolled with the colored volunteer militia ? a step taken back to retr.ev* a fatal error. Ihe mischief is already intiated, but may he re ta'de<1 In progress by the disarming which will follow. General Concha deserves credit fortii* taait admis sloa cf the evil policy which he will endeavor in earneet to correct. These correction*, or effort*, therefore show the influence of yonr press, whore tbe expos ire u*a been made, reflecting hack upon intelligence hero ? ao that Spanish capitalists refused to taae stock la the bsek without this provision for their safety Your file* of paper* I fcr waned via New Orleans per Hlack War rior to her date of mi'lng. llth ln*t Advance In sucar fully \ to of a coat per pound. Kxetange? New Vork aa<i Northern cities, :i \ to 4 W discount, london. 9S to 0 premium. The Poeion Vail says that Bristol Rill ha* be?i par doned bv the t.o?' roor of Vermont, hot that he has been arrested on an Indictment tor the attempted murder of Hit** N I'avia, tbe ?-ta*e'( attorney, by whom he was for^rlyroMcute^^0^tai?da^<k*e^e*^U^M YOUNG CUBA VERSUS THE CUBAN JUNTA. Th? Sympathies of the Vnltod Itktea Denied and Hrpnduted. riopoeiTioxs kor a nrw ouban oonvkhhun. Wot# tb< [utltl txpoti of Iht mtuuui?iMiit of if fair* by the Culuui Junta, and of the m?*^p illation ?. misdirection of a larjs amount of the fund* entrusted to it, that bod j tutu ?<rj nit a rally becoaM an oftjeit of suspicion, if not of obloquy, to the Cohan exiles ia tbia country. Recently, an opposition periodical, oalled tl J'tnUo, baa beea established la thin city, in wbo?e columna the Junto ia treated to a goo J deal of aumad veri-ion. Thla journal alao toke<i Htroog ground again-it placing any further reiianoe on the ay apathy or support of the people or government of the United Stoles, and intimates very plainly that the Janto wsre foals ever to have bad any confidence la that qiaittr. The drat number of the Pueblo was laaued on the 10th of Juno, aad the seoond on the 20th. In an article under the ra brle Que Ilarrwiot ? (what ihall we daf) diacrvilit I* thrown open the body whieh baa hitherto had thi ma nagement 01 m%ttera la the filibustering Hue, and the ap pointment of another superseding boay is urged. We tianilate: ? Die Cuban Jaata has not fulfilled its mission: mora than two yeara has been ioet Mnoe its <>rgau ?;.oo. It has oauaed terrible calamities ia Cub* ; pereons wbo hav. wo'ted la concert with thai Junta bare gon-? to ton saaffold, to to? prison, or to e*le; those who, iaibelr programme. were prevailed on by it to remain la tbia country, suffering banger aod otner privation*, at

pceting the day wbea the? were to marib to Ca*? w ti trne in their bands, bare a sen all th?tr Dope* e?niaU*i' tbote wbo In Cuba awaited the invaS'On o toroe tlieas reive* upon their oppressors, aod won have aucceeded m encipiog irom the Ungt of the government, aftir be<o< biduen in the woods, bare had either to leave the eoju toy or live in fear IbfM are facts; we do not record them through the prurient detire of flndirg fault; we donetaocuse oay one yet ? we hope for justification. We record taem far the sake of experience and for the sake of a rale of conduct the ship has been ill dinctM ; we mu*t set It right. Those pilots, as we have seen, mis took tb'tr coorce; we must, then, seek otner pi loll. What qualities must they hava? That they shall m t believe themselves omniHcient. that th?y utiali mistruet their own wudotn; that tbey nball nut rnir round tbemneivea with a ?nnp"-.k>ua mystery ; tbat th'y sball speak only the truth, it th-y m*y speao. and not ht nknt; that they should never deceive the people of Cubi on any pretence, no matter what; that tbey shcull be patriots, with sentiments lJte those of Wanainiton, ana not ambitious men, line Santa Anna or Iturbtle, that they should be men of the people, without aristo cratic or eHyarcbical tendencies, that tbey ibould no', aepire to monopolize glory, or be greedy of wealth; that tbey should deierve the confid?noe of the p?ople, and nliould come from Cuba, if pjenible, with viiiole credea tials, in the beet form that tbey can be given; finally, that they thonlil be men tree from stupid self love, ?o that they may listen to thoiie even tbe least oapab ? of advising; tht-y should avail themselves also of the ?xpe rienoe which must be fuppoeed to lie in tho memoers of that jonto, whoee duty it should be to continue lennln< all assistance and giving all infornation asked, even though their advice be not followed, because they c*o not, without committing a crime, sever themselves 'mm tbe canto of revolution, nnder the pretext that others had been named in their pltco. Atnotfr these men (the Junia) it apptars that no mi have not shared so much an o'.hers in tbe disaster. Wj say "appears," because It has not yet been proved. If they attempt to prove it. no one ha? a rlgnt to prevent them justify tag themselves; not even c mntry cao re quire iha sacrifice of honor, still less *o when the reve lation*, grave a* they may appear, cannot ieflueac* iti destinies, which are already weil marked, because, with retelations or without them, Spanish domination murt terminate, and that is what we seek. It is enough that ttey do not compromise any persons on whom tbe gov ernment m'ght execute vengeance; it required bnt little art to avoid that danger. But a estihfactory justification ia not the work of a day, snd the revolution ought not to remain ? singtn cay in Burpenre. I -at us constitute a new junta, but how? Ihta problem will be the subject of another ar ticle. Iho lubject la pursued In the seoond number of the Pueblo. We gt?e lome extracts Animated, th?n, by the desire of m -ent&bliflhing tbe con'erence, the onion and thi moat efficacious ??o-epera tionof the CDMm for the progresa of the holy cauie of our liberty, and by reaaon of the late ereot< relative to the Cuban Junta, to Oenernl Quitman, to the misdirec tion and imminent risk of tbe fundi, event* which hav* run aground with our moat consolatory hopea ? 4y ream of the error* or bluncera of tbe Jonta, of it* di* solution and ita consequent inability to carry forward the lib* rating revolution of Cuba? by reason of the distrust borne to it, justly or unjustly, bnt grown from the?* fatal antecedent*, we have thought it right to convok e a general assembly of Cubans to create th# convention already referred to, and to renew the revolu tionary junta. ? * * ? ? We piopoae, first, that a general assembly of Cubans meet together, and having nominated a president, vij? president, sad aecretary, that tbey pro:oed to the enumeration ef tbe individuate of eaoh of the three de partments of the island, to that each department m*y name its respective electors, three from tbe weatern and two from each of the others. to form the convention. Second, that tbe convention, being thus named, ? ? ?, it proceed to the secret election of the Caban Junta which may be composed of five member a corresponding to the five towns which have figured nioHt in oar revs lut'on : Havana, Matanzaa, i'uerto Principe. San tiago, and Trinidad. * * * As It is oar in tention to promote the good and sbnn the fature evils which our indolsnse and Irresolution might produee in a matter of so much gravity, we hope that the individuals who composed the former jaata may lend themselves voluntarily to the new order of things which we propose, ao aa to work In p* tee and harmony and to aaaure thefeneral good. * * * ? It was a measure i, 1 conceived, worse aeaented to. and basely executed, toentruet the management of ao much money to a stranger without requiring guarantees from him; and dirtruat in tbe jnnta should Da engendered thereby, because the individuals of It were not named by the country, but by clubs composed of a small number of peraons. It is notorious that there are at present in New York four members of tha junta; and yet Itn 9f ere tsry has ju?t aaid that there ar* only two of, which number, acoordlng to ita rule, does not form a quorum. In what doea the contradiction exist.' With regard to the firit point, we all know it: taro or Ita mem bera have retued some time aince, and among them be who waa carried by oar vote. Would it not have been proper to inform ua of thle, ao that we mlgnt proceed to replace him* That step not having been taken, cm it be said that tbe junta of to-day la a legitimate bo >yv ? On tbe aubjcct o i tbe recent manifeato of rienor <?oi oouria the J'vrtJn *ay? ?The author of the manifaet-i tells our brethren of Cuba, among other things, that "tbey should work in accord with ua to receive aid from all classes,'' and we ask. how shall we work? Who ahall direct our efforts? Shall it be Senor Golcourl? Nobody haa enthroned him Shall it be the traction of the old Junta? No one baa lifted it from the abyss in which it ilea. We ehould and we will work, but we require natty of action. * * Therefore we inaiat ou the oonvokisg of all th* Cuban* of tbe United states. When Cuba Btea that we proceed ia evrything according to good principlea, with honor, with acrupuloaa purity, with true abnegation, sacrificing personal interests as plrationa, and rnlnoua rancora, then will ahe repose in ua a confidence which alie waa not able to extend to men wbo did not take care to give guarantees upon liuarantees ? more and more ^guarantee*. Instead of that, what they did was to aak forTRney and more money ? let funds come ? aad it i* easy to imagine the reply to thin inceaaant demand, aad when we recn'laot tbe famona and ever memorable steamship contract in which (160,000 waa thrown out of the window. The f'ueblo also ecatains articles entitled " ijrort of theCnban Revolution," from which we translate.? Home people think that the cause of the liberty of Cuba receives more injury than advantage by periodica' publications, particularly when from them it ia aliown that there exiat dlvisiena between the liberals. We be lieve the contrary Silence doe* not prove union; it give* an opportunity to more rumora tnan the publica tion of the mart unfavorable fact, becanae the perver alty el calumniators invents other* *v*n more uafavor able. So that a frenk and loyal conduct present* an impenetrable armor to the shafts of malice. That whloh ia prejudicial to a good can** ia falsehood. After falsehood, that which 1* most prajadlcial to it ia unnecessary mystery. We do not require falsehood, for aa we have a good cause, we would commit a uaeleat crime if we aought for false witneseea. We hate my* t*ry, because, though It may *uit the evil art* of Euro pean policy?** for wrong purpose! It ia necessary to make nae of iniquitoua means? we republicans and true philanthropists ought to adopt tha American political principle of frankness and pnollcity, inasmuch aa our pnrpoee* are aa pore as their*, and we have no reason te maak our atepa. They are pure, be cause we all aepire to tbe improvement of humanity. Mystery prejudice* any cause which it screens, an l on that account present* a more vulnerable aide to the malice of Ita adv* aarie*. And indeed we may confess that there are rrotlve* why *very mysterloua act abould be aurpected. We do not mean to Insinuate by this that tbe Cuban Junta, for example, ahould divulge that which they think proper to keen iccret; but we do aflirm that their making a mystery of oertaln things, which in oar opinion do not require it, ha* been highly prejudi cial. We believe that amnngat the error* that m?y be Imputed to the Cubane the faith which we have had In tbe co operation of the I'nited State*, aa well as th* evmpatliie* which some of our public writer* have shown for tbe project of annexation, will occupy a con eplrnous place. That faith waa up to a oertaln point well rounded, we aspired to the enjoyment of natural freedom, and therefore w* desired Institutions aaalagous to these of thii< republic, with whose political views aad interest* we identified ouraelvee. Hat, ou the other hand, in to thinking we Ignored the warning* of history, and In that w* war* ao much th* 'ef s excusable, inasmuch aa the facts wer* too recent to he forgotten We deceived ourselves in ant looking ?o tbe acts of Taylor and of Fillmore, which were hostile to tke Cohen revolution ; we did not wish to listen to the explicit words of their manifestos; we believed that we read In the inaniural of Mr. Pleree that which he did not say. we blinded oureye* to the indiflereaee? loex E Heebie hat visible? with which be llitened to the re itioaa of the calamities of Cuba, and of the inaulta which the Spanish government were continually offering to the citirena, and to the fla? of the American conte deration and we did net Wisti to think fer a single In a'snt ef th* antagonism of political principlea which exiata between the Northern aad Southora State* from tbe moment In which slavery waa abolished in th* for met. Blinded by tb* prospermia and progressive condition of tke t a i ted -tstes, It was natural o Mft 'hat we ?honld form part af them, becau** we penoaded ouraelvo* (hat from that time we ahoaM participate 1a the benefit* there tbe Hpanlsh deaaiaation m ,tlij agitated. Thia desire sprung dinbtiaaa from tbe pqi^?t patriotism: bat la forming ttwe ignore ft raultitbiht o' bkmi iatoorttat wo si-erat.on?; for, before rveolvieg upon annexation It was necessary th?t we should uti maturely dlaoaaeod tie qa?*'tion of l?e propriety; aod aa we .boul t not h4ve been presumptuoua enougO to determine upoa so delicate ? matter without tbe aid of tM wiedona of a Congre<? leg I li irate I j representing the people of Cuba, it la evi dent that every dectnive opinion van premt:nre ami b'gbly rath and imprudent before ot>t%<n ng tie liberty end iB<tepea< enoe of our country, preliminaries in iw peasaHe to the constitution of such a Congress. The wont is, tfcat just as the question of annexttioa ??? approached, oir?otly or indlrec-ly, It wax anoertaio whether w? should be admitted Into 1 he Union? so ill concealed are the sentiments of repulsion irhisti are proclaimed publicly in tttelr meeiiaga ly tbe Moriharn States, and by t.he member* of the abjlidon aooieUes No one can deny that wth hu -h a policy tue sympathies of the independent party of tbe inland hare been olv\del, some seeking and some repelling and detesting annexa tion. We respect ttelr motives, for they all may htve fhem ia good faith; ant for oar part we confess ttiat we do not anow which aid* Is right. We have believe! from the beginning that the United States <u not the place where we sboull work by preferen ce for the liberty of our country; It was not to* attest. plao* to eita'tiisi the fnlcrum of oar ravoiutionary lever. Aa to annexa ?iod, we have (ever been persuaded that that evil was necessary. After three long ye?ra of, made ta tbe spot, nor opinion haa been strengthened, [From *1 Pueblo, of 29th June.] We, Cabins, accustomed to tie Spanish rule a?j to tbe abosa of duties which the Ctbiaet of Madrid a? i "?d tie moat inaign (leant employes make with impa nity, believed that iathe United itttes it woald be quite a different thing ? congratulating ourselves with the tope that, thaaka to the sympathise wiica, ibroogh a fatal bllndnMS, we attributed to toe American people, tbelr government would endeavor to crisply with duties imposed upon it by the ? oaeiitu'fon. To deccl'e ourselves ao aa to em brace that belief, it waa n*ws?ary to forget acr cams<ance characteristic, aa itappeara,of the whole Aa glo-Heson race, and which haa been remarket by many observers, namely, its respect for law. This ia not, at ia Spain and in other countries, a feeling moildelat pleasure snd in favor of their own inters* ta aad tftsir own passions, but a flxed rale, which ia no', vtola'.ed viihont incurring a real responsibility. But the coa rtitntion uf tb'' I'nlted States, arti:l?'2, aeotioa 3, Im pwm upon tbe President among other duties that he shall take care tbe lava he faithfully executed; and (t that functionary had consented that the laws of neutrality be violated be might have suffered the humiliating penalty of removal from office, which the fourth auction o' tbe same article prescribes not only agtlost the gr-?t crimes of treason, ,v:.. but also ag?.ast other m m.i meanrrs much iesa enormoia. In regard to ^ympa hies, ? bey who have resided only a short time in thia country may believe in tbem, but it is hard if they be not soon undeceived, no matter bow prejudiced thev are, vhen they observe with a little r.almaeaa o' mind certain acta wbi'h leave no doubt, which we need not specify, to bar* tbem understood. We do not mean t? iut mats by thia that the American people re use all their ay mpath-ea to the Cuban* ? that ia not credible in free ro-n towtris others aspiring to be I'ree also. But we am certain toat there is no ohserving Cubaa, who has lived in t?iU country for two or three yeara, who haa IV lad to noser t-s that tbe government aa well as the people are not merely opposed, bnt decidedly and bi.terly hostile to every pro ject of invading the laland. , Thia baa been demonstrated by two very reoent acts. The motloaa made in the Eenate at two different times; first by Mr 8Hd?li and afterwards by Mr Brown, to sun. p*?d the neutrality laws? thus relieving the Preaident of every obligation to prevent tbe departure of expedi tions? have been rejected by large majorities . We blama tbe Cabana for having conceived tbe uope that thli gov. ernmeat would Ignore the armaments which were being prepared. We had seta two expeditions depart, aad frcm that we iaferred vhat they were contented to. We were blind: we knew that oth?r expeditions had been frustrated by the vigilance of the authorities, aad we ought to have thought that if the same did not oaiur with thot a two, it was because that vigilance bad be-n eluded. No one ia ignorant of tho efforts of oar Immor tal I.opex to a ucceed. But if tbia oould be done wi .h a platoon of from 300 to 4>d men, auch a result waa not to tie expected wben from 2 000 to 4,0o0, accompanied by a formidable train, were concerned ; and as tt waa pro jected that all should disembark in ona body, we could do no less than imagine that the directors o' the movement wen blinded up to a o*rta<n inexplicable in citdioto degree In honor of truth and O' impartiality, we mart say that many Cubana believed thin scandal possible. Ncvetthelces, some persona assure ua to-day wiku ?omw?vu wudutnvo kLt* t ib?y can tiks Aft? | numeroua expedition, notwithstanding t?ie positive or dare from Washington Bnt if thla false belief ia ex c UP able ia tboae who perhaps are not well acqalnt?d with tbe anrronndings of tbe ^?iwUiratlon or the re sources ot tho Kxecutivo power of this repnbiiu, it >? ia. conceivable and mucb less excusable la the men of tbe jnnta, who having been placed at tho head of the rsvo lution, tacitly aarced to dedicate tha'r thoughts aad their vigila to this interest ng subject. To this ther mty answer that tbai Cuba desired, but ovea m*t? that so, it was their doty to aadeceive Cuba, hetl lea the fact ia not so Two clntis are not Cuba; nor, perhaps, a re tpectable number of Cubans The Allied Fleet* In the Pacific, rEOJBC'TED OPKKATIOKfl AGAINST KCBAIA. We translate the following Article from VUtko du I'a> ifi<[ue, of Sad Francuco:? While the allied tl-ete which left for the fUl'Jc Ar* About to commence their epring campaign, whin on tHe nlack Sea oar ArmiM are pureulng tne ardusaa aort perilcua work which thay bar* undertaken, we trill oeet k glance over the Pacific Ocean, In which the Rus sian l owir U About to be pursued to iti n XI remote limit n t>y the naval foreea of Franc# and England. rue worn* Dt la approacblag la which we shall b-*ar of the opeiatiooa of tbe oombiaed aquedrona. and we may a( present exAiiint the double object el their campaigB. II will be recollected that laat year the Ruanias. Afraid of letting their war veeaela which they keep to our aeaa go abroad, bad made them, with the exception of two, return into the river Amoor, where they poeeeaa aa important fatebllahment kept by a garriaon eatimeted at two or thr?e thouaand man. There there a<e at pr??eat, or eufht to be. the PaDaa, a fifty gun frigate, twa at**m era, oe* of which ia oalled tbe Voatock, and a elooc of war. Theae loroea are oommanded by Admiral Pontia tine. According to informatioa obtained, it la believed thAt theae veaaeia hart aacendad th* river Amoor to the height of thirty milra, aad that the aatraaoa to It U de fended by fortidCAtionn, And aa at Sebaatopel aad Cron atAdt, by booma. l.ait year, the allied ahlp? atationed la the Chiaaaa xeaa could not, on account of tae advanced aeaaon. ope rate in the Sea of Ocbotek, into whieh the river Amoor tlowa. Tbay will certainly compenaate themealvee ? tbi? year; but at the eame time, the KuaaiAaa, wh* have the facility of receiving reinforcement* aad snpsl'ea of every kind by way ot Siberia, will not have aeglicted to tortify themaelvea, and will oppoaa a vigoroua reaiataace of the alliea. In their establishmenta of Kamreha?>A, Aad parti' a larly At l'etropeulowaki? tbe military point of thta oo'.eny ? they will have accumulated meant of cafaace, aad our admire' a muat calculate upon having a warmer game there than they had in 11(4. We have not the alignteet doubt that they will be prepared and fortified. It mutt bo remarked that Petropaulowafci can oalr re ceive reinforce meat*, proviaioaa ana muaitiona of war by the river Amoor. Aa aeon aa tbe breaking up of the lee renders navigable tbe coeata ot the Sea of Oehotek, the revictnalling of Eamachatka ia potalbla, aad th* Hue ?iana will have hastened to avail themaelvea *f the flrat op portunity. It ia probably wtth the dealga of *et*blishiag the blockade ol theae pointa. and of iatercapting the eaemy'a convoya, tbatour admirals? aa we have learned by the newa received from the Sandwich lalanda? have haateaed to direct toward* the aortk a part of tbeir force. We have known indeed that in taa courae of April, tbe Engliah kigaUa 1'raaid-nt and Pique, tbe aailiag alcop Dido, th* ateamer Brink, and the Krench frigate Alceate, had quitted the roadttead of Honolulu, making tail towarda the north. Thia vanguard move mant will he promptly followed by the departure of other ablpa. auch aatke Forte, the Knrydlce, th* Obli gardo, (French), th* Monarch, TrincemOe*, aad th* Amphitrit*. (English). Two of the ahipi from '.he Aue- i traiiau atation? the (loop Advantnr* aad the steamer Prone? may, if n?c*ee*ry, be placed in requisition. The forcee above enumerated appear jamply eufBet'at | In operate auccesafully tbe blockade of the Kuaaian porta ?nd the attack oa thor fortifieat>ena, particalarly If by a combiaatinn, wkich appeara to ua admiaafble. The aqnadrona ol the ladla-Chineee eea bava an iiaderrtand ing with tboae of the Pacific to act in conoert, end to Bret en t themaelvea at the eame tim* before Amoor aad Petropanlowakl. It ia not necessary for ua to add that th* raeoarcea at th* diapoaal ol th* *lli*d aavi*a oa oar eoaet* allow them, outaide of the eiigeaclee of war, to leave bo poiat ol the American coaat neglected by our erulMra. Tbat waa done laat year with reetrictel forcea, and it la evldeat to at tbe aame precaatioa will he taken thia yaar, aa the aumber of vaaaala fatly an therua it. We ca p cot make aa eiact enumeration of the allied fere*a of tha ladlaa-Chlneae Sea ? we will only aay that they do not reckon leee tban fifteen aailiag vaaaela aad ?teemera, of which four are fifty gua frigate*. We hope to have to recount in tbe coura* of three moatlia tbe happy reanlt of tbe Pacific campaign, far ?be aurceaa of whieh prompt aad akllful diapoaitieaa have bee a made. Although It may appear only a aacoadary plea compared with the glgaatie operation* which are Being aocompliabad in Kurope, atUI tne proximity of the plaeea makea It particularly interesting to na; and aa the prellmiaary mnvemanta bav* taken place, we have thought that we might ao longer delay to approach the aahj*ct. DiftASTBOtm FrmR in fhilad?i.p*u.? About half paat o'clock laat avealag th* HUte Houae bell acunded an alarm of Are. in a northerly direction, aad the beavena were aooa illumined with a lund glare from tie <?< nfiagratlon. The fire broke oat lath* aecind atcry of tbe turning aatabllahmeat of Meeara. Riahold A Itoaner, In Bmtn atreet, above Fourth In apite of the efToita of the firemen, tbe flamea gained headway among the compatible material, aad it waa aoon ap parent tbat ther* would be a moat destructive confla gratlon. The coach bouae of Mr. John Wagner, adjoin irg the bnrniag buildiag oa tbe east, aoon caught fir*, aad burned with fearful rapidity. The eoachea were generally removed by the police Th* Zoar church, of the colored peraona, caught fin, aad waa eatiraly de> ticycd. Tbe coach bona* waa almoat entirely hnrne<i out. Tbe flamea having extended Into Fourth atreet, It waa apparent that the loee of property would b* atili more aertoua. A frame Imlldiag juat a bora Mr*wn, orca pied a* a feed and graia atore, waaoa fire, togathar with eeveral dwelllnaa, Nna. Ml. 4M. 444 aad 4.*ifi, occupied principally by ?ermaa*. Nearly all th* gooda wwre re moved bythe police from theee places, aad perfectly ae cuied. The wall fell oa Fourth itreat la qaiek aucc?a slon, and caaaad canaiderabl* axeiteaient amaag th* crowd collect *4 ia the vidalty. H*me half a doren per tone wwa more or leee Injured by the falling walla. We did act learn th*lr name*. The walla af the Zorr ebureh, wbeatbey f*U, threw up a vivid bias*, which illumi nated all I he norther* portloa of that aertion of tha aity. It I* impoeaihl* to eetimata th* amauat of the loae by thia diaaatroua fir*; bat It caaaot be i*aa than tM.OOT, which I* aaly partially covered by laaurano* T?* tames were net anMuad at tbe time of aar go'Bf City CtoMlp from the Sandny P*{ [From the aonlsy Courier, July 1.] Tub Last or Imjuor.? on Friday night a pu Viler*. rectifiers an.1 liquor dealer* took ?w? 1< getber*at the 8t Nicholas Hotel, m a kind of ing preparatory to t' ? comiug into effect of Go Liquor law But tba dis'lHers gar* no sign* tbis Interacting occasion; they ate and drank, geod time, resolving togoacead, and defy C and h>a mjrmirions. Tbrr Old not break op two o'clock la tba morning, ?ni than they a to sleep, perchance to irum ol future opart increased protlta On the whol*. *4 ?ru enw extremely Interesting ?t?t* of affairs, and ?pp eriala, tba result of which ii not any, >i?t n< a?a. Church Arch itkctu kk, ?For a year or two p in( baa been in tbe process <>f ereition on tb Fourth tTanua and Twentieth street, in this < ' gularln its style, tbat much discusion ha* amen xernecting tbe purpose for wblch it I tended. bona suggested that It waa das mammoth cudy store, while otbars, mire i have ovclared it better fitted for an Oriei l urk lab moaque. or at. least a circus. The doubt la at last resolved, and we tin' > longs to a religioua aocuty, aoil la loteo'ted I' Wh submit that It might muih more reaa been appropriated to eitbar uf th? pursue* turned, than tbat to which it baa baen, In fc We bave taraly ?e<-n a church which ex taste or displayed n?yr? gaudy colors, or traata. It attract a kfention, causa* won' 1 t voka* mirth. A church shauld sug(est fee be holy purposes for whieU It la used It architectural beauty, and be admired; hut < otixr emotion* exalted by it, should be tl awe M praise W? would be glad to ?ee iD < some departUIe turn tbe indicia *uco*s?lo adificea? gray, ?wite BnJ brown ? which ? r > sent*; but one who ae.^* to depart Irom styles, should be careful not adopt anvt fantastical or ridi'utoiia Cbangr in no prcvsmant, and originality may exist with': We understand tbat thin cHnrch la a cop: wbere on the oon'lnent of Europe. There no originality about It. and we regrst thi have coaetruated >t did not improve upon fur ai lte external finiah la concerned; wl tiona and plan we are not pmlculsrly di? lta outward embalHstimfnt and coloring tie aye, and abock good taste. If the purpoie of this t-difice waa once a tbe public, now. when 'hat pilot ia d-tei prop 'late same ha I betomf tbe aubje-.t Ibe best of wh'ch ?e bav? beard in on* lady of wit and tas'e. which is Tbe Church of tbe Holy 7.e"-ira. [From tha Sunday Atlas, laly TiikNkw Roctk to thk City Tki?.(hi;ry ? week that upwards of nine thousand d drawn from the city treasury on the M ' with Walter K. Jcnei, for the removal o the ibip Joseph Walker from th? Dover* obtained our informat >on from the Audi that to be tbe amount of the warrants - drawn, by order of Mr. Comptroller Fl> hie action upon a to* of the Commissloi and a requisition from Mr. Straet Corns We bay* since 1 arned that the last war: hundred and odd dollar*, which bad bsen Auditor, bad not been paid out at tba tii Von was drawn to th? operation by Aid It was tben, of ccsrse, ttopped. This la. actually crawn out of the treasury tOO. To be sure, that is not a very 1 le exactly 17, ('00 filched from the trea vie rendered or to be jendered. How tt was possible to pull lb* wool o so shrewd a businesi man as his Honor to Irad him and Mr Comptroller Haggii rat' on, passes our comprehension. tlo 1 octor Rockwell, Doctor M. liter and Doc only members of the Board of Haalt present with tbe Major, when this ui tract was tndorsed tiy that Board, at th< of bis Honor the Major, wbo presented resolution? tbat were adopted, could so self rcspaet and their duty to tha publi they did, ia a still greater m?rrel, in ot T?e excuse there lnt?lllgtnt medical for their ?ery extraordinary Tote, givn opinion ttat sound grain, sunk ia i twenty feet and upwards below toe su a peatilence, is limply, that tbe Maj. tbat th?y haC no ld?a tbat their pe?tl was to be the foundatlcn of a con'ract out of tbe eity treasury, l'he Mayor a lor bis prramble aod resolution, an< please him. Ihe ( ommlspioncrs now Inform us t tn take tba entir* responsibility ? aactlon. but ln? not rpcnsibiUties stall be i>lac*l upon tbe doss TOluntear to araumo tbrm. Su takas tha responsibility to bura do wonid that excuse thi gentlemen wh and looked on, while It wss being co spobtlbilltT of takiug fT.SOO out'of t oetaaalbly to present a pestilrcce In o ' Dover street, hot t?ally to divide a log uo ecnnectlcn with those at work Walkrr. for what compensation can b< bull and cargo, tei-t* uiioa 'he (,'ommi and th?y cannot oo?1k? it because th< monsly roluntsers to taVe It upon hlir action of the Commiaaionsra? w thoi ha lloard, of tbe absorb sod rill hey vo'ed for, to oVllge the Mayo would never hare paid the 17,600, wl lost to ttie city treasury. [From the Snnday Times, A Vawk'h (Mayor'h?) Nk<t.?sc men and Conactlmm, like In takm to quarrelling with tbe Mayor Htalth Commit alonsrs rut the "fatti Thft hare dlafor? red tbat a contract Major, Ommiaaicaer and ComptroH? of a sunken ship in one of tha East I ?antation waa made that the ralniai Imperative ? that tb* thing was douh to navigation, and second, to tha pre the city, inasmuch as the vessel was that woult), la rot weather, rapidly i To morrow night an ooslaaRnt la t proceeding, wa understand. 1st all opsned to saa wbo ara tba jobbers ii crimen wbo ara thus haulkad of Falbtr Brggs had batter drop hia , and -'lnvaetlga-.a" tbe pecuniary m< ates He'll fino plenty of tilack trn "? We trust tha Major. Health Comn ? & troller will go ahead with the job I ' hears Wa will risk a hundred to doing It fifty per cent cheaper than ?ut "or. Ui??n(h the aid of tbe Aide Bis Kxcettsney, Governor Clark, b da j sin town. Tha re la somethhin. what isn't precisely known. Thurli tbe Astor: mjatiral telagraphs ha' faward; the faithful liave beld aae per's; and tha Hate Central Commi wh'g party have bad secret msetiu, wtot ther "Pam," or " Ham So," o havehau anything to do with It, is : to say. Governor Clsrk has been staylt son, Eaq., ia Fifth avenue. That * astuta flnanripr is a ronsin of the > out to a?e the iastitutlme, but he saw everything la applepia order fto. ; but tbay kaew he was oomir Governor, and tl# the w>nk to Ferr will go aa>l view tbem with you on way to view tbe institutions. His Kxcellsney has given up tl New York city ss ?? no go." Well, compensation for a visit. [From the Sundav I FxTttA Shwhom cir thk I.imiihlati Tlurlo* Wee.1, ami other magnate party, were in tte city laat week. they have agreed that an extra 'ei ture stall be convened cm ihe 17th portloa tbe State, and do up sucl may ho d?emed for the benefit party. An amendment to tbe cbarte enactment of tbe Police bill, cont> are among tha iaVereatiDg Itemi. the extra sa salon A'ao. a bill V) a Sessions in this elty, ao as to do a < of Recorder and City Jucge. We i stand the oparatlon of the propoaa hill, but we believe It conteinplase her of Judges la the Court of <*>m volve opf'U that coort tha trial o civil causes. Tha Judgee to ?e criminal aad elvli departmenta T iu tha administration of criminal one caa dispute ; hut wbe abolition o* "tba oflices of Jndge will aecura the pnrifloa jurisprudence desired, is more urged. In favor of thle re-orgsnif courts, that tba cons taut chang would east! re, would facilitate bu speedy and Impartial net ice thts at tba Court of Passion*. Tbe Judge to criminal trials eiclati1 bad We suspect the fact that the f politician, and tha City Judge Nothing, lies at tha bottom o( tl lata tha m both out of nfflea, wl wUI*be attempted, ii the extra se is convened. Since the abava paragraph* been informed that the extra a "fixed fact," but only a probab basardous by some of the ject may poealbly be abandoned MTKTxJUorx PnasonAwa? The li to give tbe "blsckiegs' notlca c whan tbe police are abeut to eat glorification of Mayor Wood , Is. myths oi this groat mstsopoli*. Tn? Formx* of Jtlt in Ci 1* rniiw ? Wa na'arttaad p mad* la (lliraiaat part* of Can*') tba rrtn nir Fourth of July. ?ttt#a bl*Wc for? ' <1 to m*k? i | ir( tha oecaatno la a fMM ?? i ban baan orf?r?d frrm Kocha* | Ccnfraaa Pal), w to wa> tb? #? calehrata tha ?no('?rmry of * I la to ptovtla a dtuaar. la wbieb | rata to Bjrara, to ba partakaa I la to ba fitebari Id rtm oaa o 1ba Tielalty of Haasilien la i to iiaambla ia tka Htfhaa'ei' I of tba da? win b# hro?*tat *o a i tar. All tbaae thlaiia go to al ??? la ?hi?b w? llva. aad af ot tba aplrlt ?fci?-h ailatad b#i?a? Ptatoa ool? a?aa al|ht or ta otbar fat tha New Yor* Ot tb?ir rfflmaaUla. to lioatraal, aad boapttaaly raaalTad ; aa we wbabava Jaat la't na Tbla of raetprarlty la it* traeat t? n arodaetira of beteBc al raaa