RATIONAL POLITICS IN TOE SOUTH. .< Sectional mr a VaKm Pwtjr-nit ChtricMon lUrcwry Dtiionutu 1 ttte Know KotHti>x? rt? Oiimm litite George U?. [Viwia the Cbarleeten Mercury ] TBI UNION OP THJt SOCrB. VJe bold it to be impossible tor any national par ty lo protect tbe Soutn. Tain fact has been grow lag m re palpable at each successive crisis in tie war open slavery. In 1835, when tbe war broke *ai, the conservative men at tbe North, in a body, aaiied against abolition. T My saw that it touch*l ?fc? vitai and most sensitive chord in tbe South, and believing that there *u a spirit among her poople wbieb would not tolerate each insolent interference, iae? trembled lest it would prove latal to the Dawn. Dm?6i to tbe Union, from anti slavery aggression n tee one band, and die resistance of the South on the other lormed the key mre of their arguments ?nd aopeals. Atherton,of New Hampshire, m?oe it tbe thfine of hie speeches ?nd the point of his tannins resolutions on tbe subject of slavery peti tteni i. bilaa Wright, tie giant loafer of New Yorb , artcred it again and a* am in tones of prouhetio warning. And Daniel Webster, with hi* band upon ?he .(institution, and in eloquent tributes of patriot ic Wive, declared that anti-slavery, it unchecked, would destroy the Union. But the South took f -om tbe mouths of the con servative men of the North this potent argument, when, by hai roomiest on. abe taught them that she might be iiosu'.ted and trampled una with impunity. Tbe memorable lesson then taught has never been erguten. it disheartened and destroyed the friends ?i ate South at tbe North, aud aided new vigor and )ntio>ence ? her enemies. Wnat hat been the c >t sequencs? In each buccbssivs struggle from that 4ay io this? in '46. apon tbe Wiimot proviso; in '50, ?pen Per exclusion from California, and Utah and Mew Me juoo- -b^r friends at the North h?ve quailed ?efore abo-ition, fallen in spirit and numbers, until now, m me prospect ol aggression fiercer than ever eefore, sbe finds nereelf without any support a', tbe North, wr.h her tat hope- tbe democratic party? prostrate beneatn fanaticism. Such are the biaer and mortifying trnits of that miserable policy wcich ailed ?? peace, pea ?*," woen the wat.ii srord of toe Gcutb sb jiiid Lave b<?en. disuaion or our rights. The> North rices not believe in Sontaern reswunoe. II remembers her past fond and angry threat*, all tiding id word i ?nd nothing more. It seea that while it ip rapid] j sd'anring in po?er, the Sooth is fallirg behind, and its srroean e follows tbe change. But, mrre ;tian a ), it calculates upon tbe Magic of ?ffic^aaiid honors? toe spoils of President!*' ele; iwnfa ? to buy up Slattern politicians and c*lm aid aiieai the bouth. Tne game has succeeded so offon reform, why fbQuld it fail now? Tons tne l'ear of Southern stiirit ana of Snntbem strength no loage' disturbs or cne fcs the designs ot f-uiaMci?m, and parties can no longer be rallied at the North wit i tbe view of propitiating tne flouth, lest her resistance should atfctroy tbe Union. Ru" J there oouid arise in tbe North a party so held a* to peril its own strength at boms by pledges t* l*ift Souvh, it is absolutely 'ertain 'bat it sriil v.o iaietbtm. They wilt be made wichmt fifth, and tic ia ted without compunction. Our experience on tbat point is amu.e. On toe tariff? a me ware which had its opponents in boto soctlons of tne Unicn? the democratic broke its faith a?aui and again. At each national convention it renewed He pledges to the policy of free trade, yet they Maud unredeemed to this day. And tbe very las; move made upon tbe subject, Secretary Ontario's project, was a palpable descent irom the modifl a tioa ol '46. What hope, then, of Northern faich ?pin a qnesthn far more intense an i controlling, wnkb has banded the whole North together? the qnemion of slavery? Fanatic en has fixed tbe sump of death np*n any parry or man at tne North that dares oe trne to the Sontb. It points to the ignominious fate of the democratic and whig parties as a warning, which none :an disregard and 11 'e. It brings all to the altar, and makej th ;m s vaar the ?ath of eternal hatred to fie Sau*b. No p'edges, then fore, of regard to her institutions can be kept by Northern narties. Nor can the South derive safety from national paioes, for anotner reason. Tbe North ia tbe aggressor-- tie South the aggressed. fhe crusade upcQ her baa been steadily a?sumlng a type more ud more uncompromising. The only terms upon which a party can be organized in, that the Sjath should acquiesce in being wronged and degraded. Ifce North will not yield, and the South mutt, else organization can be eft'^.ed. Time wa* when compromises were possible. Bit can there bs any ob the Kan su issue ? Must she not bs eittur ad mitted or fx Ju led as a slave State ? What ea thly chance does any pir'y at tie Norih sUal wi\zi goes for her admiseion on that ground ? Arid bow can the S.uth affiliate with, or find sifety in, any party which deserts her on this qtjestioa ? N j ! ft m written in the bitter experiences of the put, that tbo North teels neither reaped nor fear of tbe Booth? that tbe plsdges of national parties are obeats and mockeries, and that th;re can bs neither safety nor honor in them for the South. What, then , must be the course of tbeSou'h? AH true men agree thst in union is her only safety. How i? it to be accomplished ? Sba!) siethriw herself into the a-ms or a national pa-ty I Will ttat unite ber ? What surer way of producing dlvi mvn f Did national parties ever do otbe- wise thin set Southern men upon each other, in the hot scram ble for office, to the ncglect of their pva ln'eres.s and section ? Cm they touch o>- call forth that deep patriotism in the South which can neither for Ce nor forget their past treacheries, and store* ir base trickeries? unite tbe Sjatn, by ch lin ing ber to tbe wreels of corrupt parties, having ?either the faith nor the power t> protect her! Unite the South, by delivering her up to the North, with all its power and determination to oppress and crush her 1 Unite the Sontb, oy invaliding her iato Bsso3iat>ons with men who have no sympathy but that ot the spoiler of the s'r^ng towards tne weak; do sim buT to use ani abandon n?*r ! Tbo thing is hBMissi^e. Such we1* our reflect iocs upon reading a repeat ankle in toe Columbia Tuncx, in wmcb tne coarse tf tbe M'tcmi/ upon Know Nothinglsm is cm denized ?? fatal to toe union of the South. Now, what h<u* oten its const i What have we dou?i hat to tela op to the 8- nth and to Southern Know Nothings tbe characters and principles of tt ir Ncrttem allies, and to warn them ajainit th?ir MeicSation? And in so doing, have we prejudiced the hopes oi S luthern uuioa ? Wh it. ! U the South to be uc'-ei by husr-ug up tne truth, and nuh*ng htuxliy int> the ?rubrics of her deaiiifist foes ? Do Biu'herr K r>m Notttingn &?k ot us n'eace in refe mice to '.r.eir Northern allies alter tbe sca^ei in Pd,l8bd?bhit ? Wt have never accused toe former ?f trts.b^ryto the South. We oeheva th*t there art many besris among tacm brimfat of devoti ju to ber. Bet they asu wnai we can n?v*r grant, wbeohev e*c>e i us to be mute upon :o<2 rreat ?ante of the bjnth, in ordsr th%t Kno# N.v.hiOkrism My triumpft. It ? a sa nfic? of onnclp e and duty which no pamy can receive af. our hmd?. But again. rtrr p anion Ofaffiirs, jait hifor : t'u ad?^Lt :f the Kiow Nothing party, w*4 em urn y favorsb'e ! i the union '?f to? S ontb. ran old par. isa were d..im<mo.r=d. The vhigs ia tha 8 m'.h had heen driven out from me party ranks by to> demon ?f abolition. Tie demicr&tsoi tne Soutn were ex periencing a like fate. A storm of uietiualiei tu-y wtt desc=nd'n.r op >n us. Throng iout. the Souto ths necenity of union was becoming >n imperative Wiviction. Everything pointed to a'id fav jrad the evsKDmiutru. The Krmw Nothing p?tv atow, and what was the result? It restjred to Siutioro wUga tbe hope ot r^-eetabiiHii eg their party, through its orgauization , aud rev>v?d their la it *y?g 1 jve for national idoia. la Virginia ? through - ?ot the S?ntb, the whig journals welcoaMi its ad vent, and eso '.used its cause. It galvanized tne hopes of defunct politicians, aid brought together tbe bonftry horde. But worat of all, it caught the ?yapathy ot many true Southern men, wnose sup. Jort> wnile It nave respectability to t,ae mo<e weakens d the Niutu in her tenderert poiat. It ab' jaies sectionalism, and speaks only of nationalism Jivtead of th<! coostitation and on? rig its, It de.* clam tbe Talon to h? the partm'^ant politi ood? stigmatizes the staunch men of tbe South, by pbcing them on the same foot lag with abolition Cauitica. Aid as if to throttle the 8 >utb and t.e her down, that aboliti >n ?say trample out her life, it hinds the cxuoiencee of Southern men by the tnird degre*. it introdu:ei new, Interior, and destructive 'pcrtbns into our Midst, aad seeks to give them prominence over tbe paramount question. It propose* a "teat," which spreads bitterness and discord in every c -immunity AU theae, and more, ha* Know Nothingisra brongit Bpon ua. Tot the Columbia Timtt s je*k^ or it at a party to unite tbe Sooth in resisting tne ag^resttoas ?1 the North? tho only genuine res stan:* p\rtv ?ow formed in tbe Sontb! Will the Tmn pmnt u? to snch a claaae in its platform? It isuni>nism, n% ttonallnn, in every line. How can such an ot>j? it he accomplished without complete abindonmea . ot IU moat aolemn injunctions? Perhaps it will tell us that the Southern Km* Nothisga will resist, should the national party lad to fulfil their pledgee. What ! !? it necessary that Southern men sh mld again be duoei aud bscrayed before they even talk of resistance? Tae Colombia Tim< ? may be right wien it s?ys that so long a? the Mercury pursues its course tne Sjuth will not unite. But it will 1? because she still cling* to ca ttenai parties, in spite of their faithleuneu to her, Md because, in tne moment most propjtioas and critic*!, theae party intsresU will b?abletodrig ber oack into the toils. [From the N'ew Or!?ani Dvlfa.) k WOBl) TO TBS AMERICAN COCNCIL NOW ISORMBLBD ix this crrr? thk two pees;?ektiai. ca.vdidatks, 1 AW aud riLLHOHK. As our advice to the democratic party was con Insedly beiefici^ in ib>effVc?. and induced the r*c*t.*trr.'*,Kim?'.* n d * ?rd the drag-weight of the *emia ?*.ra*Jon. ai<? take tfc^;r stand opon broad, j ttd Citb'.lic groaadja* ths* a.v.;e h?< i beeBT<-re:*rd with )tpp?o??J ia t>e North it well a? in tb? South. and it* wisdom and timeliness ward pj?ctio?lly iltustrato ' hi lie action of Utu tele B? ton Rouge Conventier, which :KOimd tbe fortigu sli'U uon.es ik p >licy of jfr. Pierce, with the ex:-e^ tic a or that portion tbt?of vbtoh the iaangura and Prefidentuu vetoes can scircsiy oe oo-kidertd o^funaptjou# if we adopt the same dis interested po icy towards tae Atnsricw C >oc.cil no* saa?mh!eil In thin ci;y as tbe representative of the Knew Nothing Order of 'tie Suite ot LoudJkaa, and venture oo a few suggestions wKh reference to ita course jo toe foremost national question whici meet occupy its immediate attention There are two candidates on tbe >meriean iate rutforthe Preaidec^y in 1H5?1, whose claims will probably be brought before tbe oonvention, formal ly or infernally , at an earl; itaje of l's pro eed logs. Wbtn we remember tnat B j as ton, of Texas, la volitically dead, and that the corpse of his repu tation baa been iguominiontdy dissected within the last monrn by bin oid companion!) in arms, so that even tbe distinction of San Jacinto is demtd to h a memory? tba' Stockton was never fairly in the tl i)d , woe bas certatnb oied very little (Sort to promote his o?n political interest? that Garrett Davis ii ex da < d from tbeir favor by bin tierce and undis guised sectarianism, the extirpation ot which, in this State at least, is one of the objects of the Coon cll? that Rawer, ot Carolina, fell between t?o?t ools a* Philadelphia, and neither consili&tei Massachu setts nor tatlsfled the South ? when those stem aod pcai:ive facts are valued at tbi>r intrinsic worth, it is neeiLees ro aid that tbe candidates to whom we refer are ex-President Fi.lmore and G9or^e Li#, of N?w Yoik. Between their pretensions, merits and avallabtH ty , tbe Council niot decide. Toat decision ma-t: be renoeied to* or at a future ueriud, and tbe sooner tbe deli g? .<?? come to a satisfactory conclusion the btt'er far tbe prospects of tbeir putv. Tne <i ie? Men of tbe Presidency underlies alt other questions ?it cannot be trifled with or staved off, and the a ? Hon of Ixwsiaaa in the present convention will have gr?*t weight with her sister States which hive not as been brought face t > t will) the vital wane r f tbe nm?s. Ice alternative of tae delegates is tlaiu; it is Law or Fillmore: and tbeir decision w<ll be watched with eagerness oy tbe while tu'.i m. It is n' deniable that Mr Fillmore Is a very s'/oag man in Louisiana. especially with t.he adhe.-enfs of the Aiuerkun order, and hie partisans are b >ta numerous aid intlumtid. He Is obnox: >us, rt is true, to a IvReo'ais of the population wno ciaoot tor^etbis precipitate action in the days of Lip^z, bu: tbe snw'fquert atrocities of Franklia Pisrc4 and his paid spies, nave d'miauhod the popoUr resoctunent or. tta*. score. Ia the list Premdvutlal oezopa'gn be was the choice of the Whigs of this HtaW* in despite of tbe chivdltoiH oxerti jds of Mi jor Kelly a-jd the S:ott Assocuition, a^d is still abe&d of icy of his cocemporaries is tae es/aiv..i>.i of the ret'iintn of the ol<l party which h*s ceased to bo a living entity, ana run degenerated iato a b&U-jreamy reaolle tioc. Botwemustnat !ors;et, at the same ticvo. thr.t outside t.ais au'i a few o tier 6ta,r#s, Mr. Fiilmo-e has no real strength, aad tha'. bis pro?pect< were openly ridiculed at the Pailidel pbiu Convention. He is too thnrougly ooua'A'.ited to the oil wbig pa ty, with all its oeculiar formu la", principles, ideas, and machinery, to hi accept ble to the new, autochtonal o.-ga?ti7.at.ioi which BPiunir up with such unparalleled rapidity, and con trived meanwhile to s-tike its roots so deep. He may rest under the shadow of the old trbig viae ana fin trees, but there is no pU e for him ia toe datknefs ot' the gieat American baujan waich spreads so umbtageously, far and wide. It is unnecessary to detail the ssriea of ascidents or <n*.vltabte comblnatlonB.if y >u will, which brought Mr. L&w before the people, in tbe character of an aspirant for the nigbest office of the United States. Great movements often spriGg from small bsgin nirga, and scarcely six mouths have elapsed since tbe first mention wss made of his name in connec tion with any political station, and yet it is a tiwer ot strength to-day. The centre wbich stnr, forth ita motieat radii trom New Orleans, has now a cir cumference wbich embraces tbe strongest and most intelligent States, and its sweeps bacome wider and wl(?er every month, every week, every day. It was objected at first that Mr. Law wai not a regular politician, and bad never s?rved an sporen ticeship to statesmanship. He had cot apent veirs in the study of locil or national politics, and w.u rarely or never iu the Tanks of any party exesot cn elect) on day. But the answer of his frlenls con tenced that this fa^t went to establish his fitness as tbe representative of the new party, which roae fro a the ruins of the old organizations, and waich neither sought nor solicited tbe countenance of tbeir leaders, but waa sought by them. He is aa oiigiral man, they said, and therefore bsst suite! to represent an original idea. Besides, he is entirely national, as Am%ri22.n as the Alleghinies or toe Hudson, and endowed with the robust com mon sense and indomitable will wai :h are regarded as the foremost characteristics ot the Am9rican patty. So his advoctfea reasoned, and so bis cmse pro grepsed. The Know Nothing portion of the Penn sylvania legislature aocapted aim as a candidate - New Jeiaey followed suit? the flag of the G apesbot was run up to the p?ak by the national section of the paity , and the Commodore was fairly afl oat. Since tt>en the qualifications of Mr. L?w have been freely c in vasted? bis antecedents ex iminsd ? his availability discussed, and the result wis tut his popularity with the Philadelphia Convention w.?s notoriously greater than that ot any other candid ate, and the North ana Booth combined in t ieir estimate of his chances. It a nomination (or the Presidency bad been toroed upnntbat body by in judicious zeal, there is no l inger a shadow of doubt but that the Commodore of the (? rape snot, wnose name ia connected with our greatest national en terprises, and is as familiar ia California as on the new Harlem Bridge at New York, would have teen the unanimous choice of the delegates. And now that the matter haa beacon a g'ave reality, we beg leave to inggeat to the An eru-ai Oooadl of Louisiana a few aubat viUat reasons for the preference of Ueorge L>w over SiilUrd Fillmore as their Htandard bsarer in the next cam-paiga. It is lor the delegates to decide whether the** raisons are found or not. They are briefly as follows:? 1st. The or ginality of the American parly is its chiel characteristic. It acknowledge; allegiance to none of the old org-vnlzatiDns. I w leader* are new men; its litual is even move novel? its objects a -e prcul .tr U) itaeif. It must therefore eelect a ne*r map f ft it,? Presidency, or ahow itself in a grossly i?c nfisic^t light? a man woo has never bsen om mined to the practical working of the aic enc par ties, but is still gifted with great experience and 1a tn.tive pjiiticai talent. Thm ne'?isity obviously fxcitidcs Miilard Filimore, and i'< gives ths nomtna tier; to (ijotge Lam. 2d. The nominee of the party should not ba a lawyer or professional office seeker, for tne adoption of ?uch a msn would belie tne originality of tie party and reduca it to the old vul *&r level. As AmiricAtiisai drew lti best supj> >rt from th i msr cuiitLs clatHi'H pt the oonimun'ty, a person in inti mate oom'iiumon with tjose cusses and b.vongiag tot'ntm himself, shonld b? selected as i'-s represen tative. Tbls is a principle wuicn involve* tbj sue cess or failure of the party. Those wao cuinot appreciate it are behind the times, an* this prtaol pic, 8gaio, gives the nominat: >tj to tieorge L??, wbile it .rievocably rules oat M.llaru Pill more. 3d. The fortunate candi laveihoald be as welcome to tee nsople at large as to the commercial cl tMi ? a self made man woo alone could appropriately repn wnt the patty which e<s*ys to consolidate the nationality of the American race; and h?ra sgisn ? Jcorge l.aw appears as the man of tne c rim, for tie is quite as poou ar with the working classes as with the moneyed men of the United States. Persians no other individml of tho present day eo cloady unites the respect of opposite and apparently aat% gonistlc sections ot society, a id no stronger claim than ibis could bo urged in bis favor b tfore the Louisiana State Convention. 4th. He p.isMsses a truly American mlad? bold, speculative, and at the same tim s conservative. It would be impossible (or him to be a common-place President. He would do something, or die; but in the fiercest whirl and inspiration of his energy, he woj.d adnerc strictly to the constitution rtf the country to which he has always luen a dev >t d subjact. The laws would be safe in his band*. foe flsg of the nation wonld be respected, and he would require no " special agents" and Irresponsible de tectives to vindicate his foreign or domestic policy. 5. He is a non sectarian, and wonld never degrade himself by joining in rt liglous squabbles. He is not a bluetligbtTpreacher or a Crom wellian saint, but an American gentleman , of liberal feelings and eni trged views. Sncb are the grounds on which we venture to suggest that (ieorge Law should be prefored to Millard Fillmore in the Americas Conn Ml of Louisi ana. We bave ontlined them hastily, bat candid v, and send them forth for what tbey are worth. We trust we will not be accused of any undue Interfsr "oi e, inasmuch as our real object is to see both par. ties the democratic and American? putting in no mination their best men, so that l&.r>*> may )>?> a gal lant camjia'gn, and not a mere caucus- a struggle to ? all fortn the intelligence and enthusiasm of the people, and not a miserable game of pushpin, intel ligible enly to tbe few who happen to be initiate I in its recieti. Tkisitv Ciiihch It will bj recollected that some time ago the Commissioners of the I. tad Office passed a resolution authorising the prosecu tion of a suit acaitst Trinity church, to test the title to its lands, on the compliance with certain conditions. Afterwards this resolution was re fcinded. Yesterday the latter resolution was re scinded, leafing tho former, authorizing a suit, is forcfc? Albany ^rgu?, July 12. lady riuuvew rain** '?*<1 lately, whieb took pis-sis -un*T, Fnrland lf?r lady?bip ws# Marth <tau*btrr of fcfn nn^ H* nrr first F.srl of Um?riek, nod b<irn ths j itb tf tulv '""4 h?r ls4r?Mp msrriwl tb? >1 ot ' / f u?t. Ill?, S'f Hetry 1 1 Otr, l)#rt. INTERESTING FROM CALIFORNIA Our S?n Francisco CwrrcqMnilfnc*, Ban F*a>ci?co, Jnne 1<J, 18to. Tfn EUction ? know SottUng Defeat ?California Lvxut ici~ Gnat ImiuI Claim Ovnfirmtd? Tht full Elutiont ? Prohibitory Liquor Lam?'-'uli W inc?ThcalrietU Got tip, tf <?., ifc. The alteration in the time of the steamer's depav tore uu its benefits and disadvantages to the pea pie of California. Among the former is the tact that it c auses the retenttoa of a certain amoant of oor treasure here for a week longer than under the former arrangement , and also that it prevent the Dfcual weekly " shinning" and sharp financiering among some of oar business man, necessary sora? iimfa to rate? the wherewithal for remittances* But then it deprives as of onr weekly dish of news, and canses a hill in the excitement which was kept np pretty constantly when a steamer arrived every *even Jays. By the steamer wbicl went oa tbe IV. inst., yon probably received a very nncfr;ain aai unreliable account of the tesnH of oar municipal election holdtn on the twenty eighth of Msy. For saver *1 daja thereafter the political maiket was in a sate cf great Alienation, and characters gmn to sport inc were offering to b;t all sortj of <ragera 03 al sorts of results depending on its tinal decision, heme of the iegtl qnidnnics and the dis^p^oioted candidates, thought they had found a mare's oesr, in the new charter under which tne election wis held, and were load In their assertions that tbe whole thing was illega!. Bo", this cry his about ([celled down, and although the Bjard of lldermMi have not yet declared the returns officially, it is well known tbaft the following ticket is elected Mayer, James Van Ne?s, (dem.;) Comptroller, A. [ J. Moulder, (dem.;) Treasurer, J. MeKlbbzn, (dem.;) Tax Collector, E. X. Batturs, (K. N.;) City Attor ney, Bailie Peyton, (K. N.;) Surveyor, J. J. Hitr, (den.;) Marshal, Hampton North, (K M.) In the Board of Aldermen and Assistants there is a tie between the demicrats sod Know Nothings. RIt will be seen by the abov? that the Know No thing Order has received 2 severe che k in tbe resu't of this election. They went into tb s c id v ass stimn lated by the success which attended them last fall, atd c-)Dud?nt th? they had name n'csl Btrengtb sufficient to carry their ci tire ticket, did not exercise a suffleent ri ? grte of cauthn or exhibit very gici pMicy ia Its compositicn. But two democrats were p.ac: J upon the general city ti ket, and but owe man from south cf Mason end Dixon's line, and tbe democrats and Boothern men in tbe order fesliQg themselves considerably aggrieved, mwy of them in spite of tbe strong oaths wh oh are sv'd to bind their con sciences and their political actions, bolted, and vo ted a large portion of toe detno:ra1j ti ck*% As it is, tbe city will be well governed, for ths ticket elected is, as a whole, as good a one as was ever successful in our city. We are enjoying delightful summer weather. Green peas and itrawbsrries (the latter almost gone) have been plentifully furnished for the past six weeks from tbe neighboring gardens. The latter sell readi'y at from two to four dollars a quart; and it is said than one man in Oakland, op posite the city, baa made a fortune within the last three] ears by raising them, lu connection with the agricultural prospe t if t*?is 3 'Ate, it is not an uninteresting fact that toe clipper ship Telegraph sailed a lew dajs since with a cxrg> of gri-nfor New York. Beside politics tbe principal topic of conversa tion during tbe past fortnight has bean tbe coir firmation ol' the claim koown a<t the Bolton ft Bir rm claim, to lands adjoining the city of Sao Fran cisco. Tbe opinion and decree of confirmation in ihis claim were given on tbe 5th ins!., tbe former bring given by Commissioner Fardwell, and con curred in by Commissioner Thompson. The initla ?ory proceedinas in tbis case were commenced be fore the Land Commission in March last, aad siooe ifcat time no stone has been left uuturned, no means tat could be applied neglected, by parties who were interested to defeat the claim and prevent its confirmation. A most voluminous maw of testi mony has been taken, and a large amount of legs] ore expended in the endeavor, but all to no pur poee. As the contii m it ion of tbis claim is a matter wf.ish wi.l materially affec , in all time to come, the best interests of 8a u Francisco- giving confidence, as ir. must, to f crsons desiring to come here and settle, that there are such things as valid land titles here? a short history of tbe claim, end description ct tLe property confirmed, may not ba uninterest ing to those, in all portions of tie world, whose eyes are now turned upon California as a future residence, or a field for speculation. tbe lands embraced witiln the grant wb'sh has just been confirmed to its present holders are those wtich formerly belonged to tbe mission of Dolores, tbe church establishment of w&ich is located about thiee miles ecnth ot the oentre oi rur city. All this mission proi>erty, which at onetime, in toe early history ot California, embiaced nearly all tbe laad lying wi'Lin the territory, and which belonged to Uie cbureb, was ecculari/.fd by an sc'. of the Mexican Congrees, and thereby maie government pioperty, and rendered subject to the tame corUu ^:nm? and liabilities an otner government lauds. On the 10th of January, A. D. 1846, when tie pro perty ra? of compArativ<*ly little value, it was grsnted by Pio Pico, then Governor of the territory, to tee p test who presided over the mission of l>< lons, one Joee Piudencia SaatilKo. a Mexican ci<i/.en, on the condition tnat M should dis charge the debts which haS accrued from t^e m'sMon establishment during toe years of its decline. B&ntitlan accepted the conditions, aad determining to return to Mexico, transferred his grant to Jumps R. Bolton, in fbc year 1h50, by whom n w.i* a^h'in irsnstrrred to the present holders. Ibe chain of title luvin tr be >n root thoroughly triea before trie Commissioner ?, war decided t > os perfect, ard on Tuesday, the flvli of June, tne r iae ?vhioh had brrn so Irrg p'Eding wis wrought to its I i-tunate trrmination ? a termination not oaly for tunate to the p.csi-nt holders or the grant, bur, for tunate for tbe rteidmtaot our city, toe peopie of the State at large, and all wh > wish well tor Ca'.i fornia, as it settles tit fact that th?rs is a va'id ti'le where otherwise tn?re could bave b *n none, and replaces doubt, distrust ami uncertainty with corflder.ee and a riAci fee ling of solVtv. Tbe lands embraced withm this claim lie imme diately adjolnirg the city limits, ?s described t?y the Vallijo line, recently fixed upon by the Land Com missioner* > in the suit of toe ciiy against tbe United States for thB public lands ot the formar, and contains about tbree iquar* 1 ague* of the most valuable laed in tbe State of California, e'libra iug ? every variety cf hill, plain and valley. Nearly the w; ole of it is admirably adapted to agdcultarai par poses, and its proximity to the city must make it of irrmer se value in this resp?ct. That portien of it immediately adjoining the city is well c tlcutated for bmiding purpot es. and will soon b-wonte thickly covirtd with tbe residences of our citizens. All that has been wanting to cause this wnole trait to be settled with a permanent population hag been tbe lack of any valid title under which parcoasen could expect to bold. But now, ae this matter has been settled, (?o f?r at least as the Board of I sand CrmmUaioters is concerned, and there is no d> ibt that if tbe case is carried to tbe Snprems Court the same decision will be made there.) the lands will be imrrediately brought into market, and improved ana built upon. Some portion of it has already been oc copied oy squatters, who have takes advantage of the uncertainty of wbbh I hare spoken; but tbe present owners have no intention of dealing witb them in other than a liberal spirit, and a satis Story compromise will be effected in a large mv Ity of ca?es. It is impossible to give any idea at present of tbe immense value of this claim, bat I bcMtate not to say it ia tbe most valuable one in the United States. Since the confirmation a better feeling has existed among all classes of our citizens. Toe great incubus which, since its first settlement by Americans, bas hut g over California has been the uncertainty of ber land titles, and every confirm a matirn ia hailed with a token of satisfaction by all *bo have the permanent good ot our State at heart. Ibe lan Is embraced in the claim ja<t confirmed are st present owned in about equal portions oy Meiers. Palmer, Cook A Co.. of this city, and a company of rich capitalists in Philadelphia. The means are, therefore, attainable by which larjre port 'una of this land may be rendered of incredible value; aid It wou'd not be surprising if mush of the business of t.he city should b? carried on to the portion of them ava'iable for businesa purposes. The various political parties and faction* are brnah ir. g np their armor for the fall election. In addltt in to the Know Nothing* and tbe democrats, (for the wbigs will make no nominations, having bean ah srrbed into tbe former party,) tbe temperatioe men sre in the field, and as the question of a Prohibitory I.iqnir law will he snnraittod to the people in lb" tali, tie content oc their side will be a veil ftaf tit ene. They b:ld the b?i?Doeof power, nnd~n*>Vftilyt ud pcntif'an* are already battering aofjretbe)' nu?alr?bto?0. The democratic party will, w:Woa' dcnW, renominate Governor Big e?, and b? will t>s ft bud Bfto for any opposing pariy la t)??,, as oe ac quired an immerse poimlwty tr>rou?hmf its S.ve by t is erurse daring the las*. sessoo of ih* Li/is.a ture, uid particularly by his vet:** ?' ? >m?i very obnoxious ac a pa?8eibyl*. The Know N nVu<s are, however, very enntidfint that they will elect thetr entire ticket. A bet of 11,004 U (500 wa< taken a few days stooe. ia Marysvilm, that Fioquot
would be elected Governor of Virginia. Tfte oat km taken by V. E. CJeiger, E*q., one o' tbe laa.aa *ub agents. Miss Bftrkb Pellet, ft female temperance apietl', is lecturing on the prohibitory Uw throagh oat the mining region, as a ia the men time a quiet temperance movement, nntcoewmci promises great results for California in the future, is In progress in the southern portion o' lie S .?te; I refer to the manufaotnre of native w^ne. Ile*Je the old kind of red and white wine, wnLh bM a> wajfl been m%de in thatse.-tion of tin oat ry, ?r. B. D. Wilfoo, an old rasiteut of Lie jisgetes, nu recently commenced the manufacture of soarfcrng wine, clotely resembling champagne, and of a etiii wire, simlhr to hoik. L-in year he ott np twenty thousand b >ttlea o' tbes* winea, but does n it intend patting '.ham in the nnrket till tbey are tw? years old. Borne samples of the spirkling wiaa b??e beeo sent to thisci<y, and have Deen pron ?unc-'d by sin noiseenrs as eqial tJ the bsnt H?Mde?cfc. li tin experiment succeeds, m beyond d>ub*. it will, an exiertive field of enterprise will be opened in Ci'i fornia, and it will not be surprising if in a few yea-a the champagnes of Francs and 'he h?-Jn of Germany will bo replaced through ?nt the Ua te-i fltateB by :be produce of tbis wonder *nl cvwt'y, ?o which, aa somebody haaeaid. "gild grows omw.b the aoil and grapea above 11." Mrs. Sinclair baa closed ber connection wib th? Metropolitan th?%tre, and it about urttg at'p into the interior, wber* sle >b ti play in tie piicc'.pal roii mg towra. rte s? .btq im not b?ea a Miecceeefu. one, ia a pe^rUry point of view, but Mrs. fiitcl?ir has been BHHt Uriah in h?r tv ;r* to pWace tbe public, aod thiir regard 'or h*r w-w testified to by a griind complimentary bJt?eflf givo bercn the closing Bigbt- last tiitoroay? vb?r, ehe placed Lady Teszle. Mise Dav?npi;t his b?n ve'y tnccesifn] bete ia pl?*alng the tb2a*re Koe:a, hut. not in drawing very large housei>. The Itiltan o <era sroo)K. with Bar ill Tuoro aa rbj prim* douni, nave beet giving o:oai<ionU operas, with ifldiffjren' na> ce?e. a cmp ime-t?ry bwefift was given ti Bwili at the MetRipofitflr.on Wtdneedsy evenlo^. Ar?na Bishop a>io Bochsabave Beer* conj?rf:z:og In r.be irterior. Tbey ate now preparing 'Li G^zzi Ladr9,'' and will soon brirg it oot at tba Metr< poli aa. Tbe n'u?aet? bavo bnia ai?i dancing in the intrrior towns. Tbey h.ve Jao*. been pecnriariiy soooeasfal during toeir prft aent a jrarn here. Midame rhlerry and tt?9 MonphiHrs are here, but doing nothimr. Tae Sv cramento oeople have goi a rag^ f ><? b3'?<lia(r thea trea, and two are ai'eady comoienc-.d. I1; ii under stood tbat Mrn. Sinclair is ti hive toe of one, and lalette P r.tsr of the other. At the American, in this city, tbe " Midsmnaer Night's Dream " has been brougit on . in fi*e atjle ljium Keerc is tbe reigning mr. At ber bAnetil on Monday last, there wv> an overflowing house. ? Tne law olosiog theatres on SamUv nigbta weat into iffect on the tiret of .Tune, and dm been cim plied with by tbe m wagers. JuMa (J mid was married about a weak since to Mr. Collins, a sieger. Among tbe theatrical deoarturea by tbe steamer to-day, are Dr. Volney Bpauld'ng, Ute mantgerof tbe Amerisan ; Miss J. M. Davenport, and l?r. and Mra. Kent. A grand benefit waa given to Mias Davenport at tie Metropolitan theatre list eveoiig. Protester Hisley will open on Monday at the Me tropolitan. W. San Fkancisco, Jane 1G, 18j6. Can mtrc'al Improvements ? Healthy State of Trade ? Business RekU'ons with Australia ? Tit Mines < and shipping of Gold ? Movement* of Theatric a' Persona get ? Lola Montcz and Company en route to Balaklava- ? Fruit Maikrt and Prices ? Tra vel at Panama? A Rich Land Qa m ? A Novel Race. Since my last to you [business has evidently much improved; money is more plentiful, and a healthy feeling exists among the jobbers and merchant Yesterday a most gratifying amount of trade tojk place from first hands, and a very decided leeling In the market for almost all aorta of goods. Au im mense amount of freight left yesterday tor the up river lowis. Flour continues very inactive, but the holders are gezeraljy not quite disposed tj make any csneidsra ble sales at present prices. The arrival of ne Gtorge W. Kendall a few Jays sin -a from Sydney, placed ub in receipt of later intelligence in regurd to fljur and giain. I perceive by the Empire, of April 7, that wreat is, if auj thing, lower than last quot&tiots, but thf>re ha? been a plentiful supply during the week. Flour has not changed in figure, tbcugh several heavy shipment* nave been again made for the Melbourne market. Oits are very scarce, and high prices are offered. Whea*. fa with us tolerably thm, but not many transactions. Bu ley :s quite flit; I understand trom a gentlaaiin from Stockton, this m&rning, that a parcel of the new crop was received at that pi we oa Tuesday, and that, in a week more a good deal would be readv fcr inaikfct, a number of farmers being bmily en gaged in hir vesting; so you tea that agriculta.-e is tally alive with us. The payments for the steamer of today buiog very heavy, irrespective of aUrjs amount of freiga. morey upon the vcsseli whicn have arrived s nse the 30th o)t., I anticipate tbtt tbe shipments of tifiwnre will exceed any tba'. have b3en maue ainc3 tbe great bank failures took place. Tne country dealria are better prepared to m?e'. their engagements than for a lorg time past, nud onur city merchants will in their turn be male very e?sy. 1 fancy that tbe increased export of gold by the latt steamer, end tbis coupled wnu ths mitarial i<n provemebt which has taken piacsiu the ma kers ths last fortnight, will greatly itiflu?r,oc sh'pinon'-s fr>m your side, and mat ths fall will tiud na with at heavy a !ot of goods as we cau well sustain. Every thing is evidently on the improve btrc. Tha strife &te lively with the hum of buKine*H and trade, ua t our j.eoi>le look blooming ao<l happy. Wjud-am and exciting account* are souring in trom 'h? tn>ues in ev< rv p -itiDts of the State, a d the gold ia more prohfic than e*er. The P hirer Herald ssys that Mr. Coarles Apple bty , of Wild (Jose Fiat, near Rattlesnake bar, r.as mace some extraordinary develop 'men's of the richtessof t^e diggings there. Page k Co. tjjic from their claim, on Saturday las % ten pounds ot gold. Armsted's claim yielded seventy ounces of gold for one and a half day's washing. Toe gold is of a very fine quality, selling for $17 n5 rjar cnuce, and really mining '*18 85. Mr. A. Dyer sold a on? fou>th interest in a claim here last week for $3,500, having taken oat <~ f it fur his snare in his week's work, 12, COO. Hund ed? are making for this " flat." Tte clipper bark Fannv Major, the fame vessel which took to Australia Miss Kate 11 iyes and the Tn ine famdy. two years ago. left las', week for Sydney with Ix>la Monte 7. and suite, also Mrs. Ftodte, (late Miss Harriet Cawss,) Miss Fiddes, Mr. Jamea Slmmorrds, well known in New York, Mr. F. Jon's, Ur. Daniels, and an Irishman by tha rame of Foland. Tbe Counters proposes t> visii Pyorey, Melbourne, the Society islands, China, Japan, Calcutta, Madras, and finally brtog up at Balaklava. She leaves her vast gold interest at Oraas Valley in the handa of her agent, John Ssath wick, Esq., of New York. A crowd of pemoni saw tbe vessel off, and cheered the vnyagers. Mies Davenport has had a bri'liant career here, having cleared in about tour months $16,000. Her beteflt last night was a perfect jam, and she ia es teemed to be the greatest actress we have yst had bete, and the is ui iversally respected ia her private life. Dr. Spaolding, the manager or the American theatre, leaves to-day, accompanied by several mem- i beis of his stock company, among them Mr. anl Mis. F. M. Kent, who are very popular here. Miss Julia Gould, ooce of Wallack's theatre, hav ing obtained ber divorce from Jujge Lake, was mettled last week t) Mr. John Collins, formerly of tbe Buckley Serenade?. Mrs. C. N. Sinclair baa given np tbe management of tbe Metropolitan theatre, it having proved a tuinous speculation to her. She has been most gen< rous in her managerial oareer, and 1 do hope she may jet recuperate in ber Sacramento enter prise, she having leased the theatre in that city. Yankee Siiabee haa done nothing here at all Profe?s< r Itieley A Bona have arrived, but I do not think will do mue^. Tbe fact ia, people da not care for theatres any mere, and most lucky are those wbo have gone b< me with tbeir '* piles." Ctenics are selling here at four dill art a quart; strut tbe eta) la in the market this morning were sr me large strawberries, selling at one dollar a box, contatnirg about thirty; bananas from Central Ame i ica and tbe Sandwich Islands, and apples from Oregon. Tbe latter are rather green, and by no means tempting in appearance, from whiih it w .mid seem that the Oregoaiana keep tbeir best fruit for heme consumption. Tbe strawberries are from C< ntra Oat*. I <ee by the Aapinwall Crnritr that the amount of travel on the Panama Railroii is very great about this time, tod tha*. on the last rua the p*v singers for the States were ebiut a Unusaal, wiile tbose for California were as many m jre; tea per c*nt of tieee wer? women and children, this Urge number nuke transit from itotmcr to snamer w it coni'ort, eionoTiy and convenience witj'o nine bourn l?aetM?r with an enormous mill aad over $1,500 000 on freight. H.ime two hundred t'oips hit also trar spotted without any difficulty, in exes' jest order, and entirely separated fron r*ie ocher pasteogfrs. Although this is in the la'ddieoftue w?t sejson, the pasetngera have anfl'orr^d no ioc>n v# i) if dc? fiom the weath-r, or from any av.idole diffi :olfy or unpleasantness in travelling. t be Ujira and children enpy the trip as oae of pleasure, instead of barely laboring turoagi the hardships of a severe jau?ney as formerly, rha health of Aapinwall ia improving with every %ld> tionai erection within its precincts; the nn nbsr of baildiogs ia rapidly increasing, and the convenience and oomno JaMon of the travelling public m c mee <pf rtly increasing rabidly. Thia route is, <?ifiout ?*>y doubt, tbe attest, quickest and &est, iud la de cidedly tbt moat popular with Cadforuiiue. Tne Ptcldc Mail S<eetnahi i Company hive always a .lire teamers on band, r?ady far any emergency; to - ia tbe recent acsi<>ent to toe Golden Age tu?ir uumm *r Par t>ma was sent out in aeaicb for her. when two days over due a* Panama, and eren thin left tb?m a spue boat at that port to meet emergen :ies. Taase )tt>le ciicumatancea show the perfect abUi'.y of the (cmpany uf^romptly perform tbesr ooiiracta will tte pafaenaera who travel by their has nader ?.!! Hud tvtiy emergency. By trie confirmation o.' the 'Bolton ?t d Barron" claim, by ihs Uiii.el SU.es L?mI Conniissioncm, whi' h -lalm is oivnel by t ie backers, Mf??r#.P#fdier, Cook A C u, 1 1* "iMir lu'le i inonnt cf 13,000 acres of land have fallen ta toe ? newt-si '-n 01 tbese gentlemen. Ha'f of th'a ia owred in Philadelphia. Toe agen; of r, us in tercet is Mr. Williim LiopmcU, *t present in tbia city, and who visitad thia coaotry to 1 >ok t?fi?r their affairs some tbreo mjuths t luc?. Tail claim Is of incalculable vilu i; worth, ev an niv, ov?r ten minims of dollars. ao 50a ci*o form conue idea of the present and pna(>ecciva wiaUs of tb'?e gentlemen. Below 1 enclose you a little sp;irtiag w'-icie ttiat will smcee jou: SPORTING ON THE WATER. 1 Urine j?xd Atla.itic Cocmr, Jc.nk 16, 1808 ? Distance live thousand miles? Catch weights? $10,0i 0 a sioe? p. v ?Mr. ? Dames steamer Sierra Nevada: M.r Goloen Gat*. ? rb* above nags nave btea in constant training for three weeks, unlatch at a ft ght of Hp?ed that woull naturally put a Iokjuih five to ? Btnri'l Htill. large and libera! huoii L?ve been po?r?>] tbe Nevada baviu^ tbe cill at sil^lit oj>ta Up wtn!a cf cixtten thovfand dollars ba* be?o a^gereJ, men beic?r old favorites, and each having troops of tri?Di>f. lhe betting on occanions is a M'.te tuiie.l. However, we can truly nay the Nevada nas tn? call. I be j bt,ve coth been plated for tbe o:oasiji>, Jomnn well oiled, mtcbinxry screwed up ringing stayed, cabin* painted. litrs will be stocked with the cno><;sgt wnes, laroer in splendid order, and each drueo by tvo as thorough bred "Webs" as ever handled a tiller or oo\ed a compass. The race creates quite an excitement, a? a larpe number of old Californiana have talan pnasige 00 their lavoiltex, and each baci them to lar<(<) a-nounte. Don't all epeak at once; bnt wbo can name tbe >? naer tor a clean set of harness, a ticket to the opera, cham pagne. oysters i>nd fixings at Charier Ah?U'H COStfOFOUrAN. 1 will write you at length per next st^am-r. Rincon Poisr. Attain In Kansas. Better than any correspondence from t'ie troub'ed Territory, are extracts from their nev<ip403r?, to show the condition of tninga there. We Uke tie following paragraphs from the Si/natter Sovereign of July 3. The Sovereign is published at i.ae to/rn of Atchison , in the Territory: ? Mr. Patterson's "discloaed intentions'* will never be realized. He would aa so an tatnk of pUiog himself before the artillery of Sebutopol, as visit the Territory. We do not kaow which woald be the most dangerous experiment of the two. One thing we are certain or, it this brtzm fa:ed Scot :h abolitionist is again cauebt in this sec.toaof the country, the entreaties of bis wife would not save his hide. That moment he laods in Kinsis oe is a doomed man. In the absence of the customary facilities for a due commemoration of the glorious Fourth , a plea sant pastime and a tit type of the day we celebrate, would be the hanging ot abolitionists. Toedio-irt ed spirits of our revolutionary sires won d greet with approval a work like this, for in their t<me in this mundane spbeie, it was their wont to met. hi utmost rigor with all traitors. Shall we, then, deviate from their example, aud perm't treac'ie-y to thrive acd grow strong in our midst? At le-wt, let us devote a portion ot' that day to a calm c?u fcideration of tb# oppicseioLs sought to be imposed uptn us. 'Tis vain for us to contemola'a with emotions of pleasure, the memories of the morrov, while we are ourselves subject, to tyrannical aod at biUBrv rule. Let us. then , gather fresh vigor and zeal 'rom the reflection of the glorious achieve neoti of our patriotic ancestors, which ougnt to b? b ought vividly before us by the remembrance'* of tne events teat have endeared the Fjurth day of Jnly to every American. A passenger on a boat informs us that as he piss ed Kansas the citizens of that piece were in a stats of great excitement. They bad caught one of tne Emigrant. Aid men while in the act of tampering with slaves in the neighborhood, and hi4 htm no cur* ly tied. A coat of tar and feathers was belog prepared for the scoundrel; atter which be will be tied on a log, and sent adrift on the turbulent waters of thelMiseouri. Setved him right. fcUy all par con* caught in a similar business share a like fate We are glad to learn that tne President an ] his Cabinet nave under advisement the oass of the da testable Reeder. Hopes are entertained by a very large and respectable majority of the voters of Kan sas that the result of this conftrence will terminate In the supplanting of Gov. Reeder by some good Southern man. The causes tor his removal are nu merous, and It is due to the ci'izens of tbis Territo ry, who are the sufferers by his rale, that tbelr wants, not the < esiies oi the abolltionuts of tie North, should be consulted in the matter. Nine-tenths of the citizens ot K weas wou'd ra'.her see (iov. Ileeoer hanging to a tree than tiling t he gubernatorial ct air. He has no ?ymjathi?e ;s, no endorsers, no frier, ds, save in the csnip of tae abolitionists. His pretended friendship for the South correswith a tad grace while his act* stuid out. no plainly against her interest#. Ho hears on all sides, from ail tongues a rfisma', universal noe? the s >utd if mblic scorn. By commg ot. her? a pr.> fesnd pro slavery man, he hia attempted to bnt-ay ihe party >ato tbe h?ndn of the enemy. Tn*t act has raised bim high in the estimation o toe North em 'auall' s and he now stands nominated a candi date for the Presidency : ? '* " I* there not some 'been curse. biddrn thunder in the ?t?>r*s of heaven, Jieii nith uncommon wrath, to nlast the nan, Vbone?kn for greelntMx by his country'* ruto ' It wul be rente minted that Gov. Retd r. and ch? few -gtelites that nvolvo arourid him, b-an-^i'jen. Ptrint fell yW, tmd others at the Kist, as a "b>:d?ir ruffhu," " lut-throat." "blackguard," A.:., for wn. b betook thisocearion t? demand r-!p<'a loos frrm l>'.<* Governorship which beinc; refa-wd, iett a soiiBd thrashing as the only m^ans of redress. Cni i txe tltneral administered in double qnwk time, although bis adversary escaped the full meti'ire or his deser's through the interference cf hii friend*. Oen. 8ui?gteliow htmck Gov. ReeJer fDd fc'io:ltel h m down, srfceo tbut p?rsoii had a pistol coc* I bv his side on the table, which his cravjn s>> rii. prevented nis using. 1'his is but the beginning of ?he end. Atter the final decision of President Prerji iri Reciter's care, be wiil e ther be removed by that 'unctionaiy, or be forced to abdicate by the indig nant squatter sovereigns of Kansas. The Bt. Louis Democrat tells a different story la regard to the difficulty between Governor R*?der and Btrtngtellow. It says.-? By letter fron an individual who was a spectator of the meeting, and In the truth of wh se statement we have full confl uence, we learn that Htringlellow did not strike Gov. Reeder with bis fist, nor use towards him toat lofty style of spcech which the correspondent of the Ht publican has placed in bit month. The true ?t?ie oi the case is, that Btrlnglellow approached Gov. Reeder, and, in a b uff insulting way, put inquiries to bim ooncrrniog certain statement made by hiui In bis apeechea in the Kait. Tne Governor, observ ing the blackguardism of his opponent's manner, declined acswenng his questions, and told hitn t > >eave bis presence, as be dealred no contact with bim. At this HtrlngfeUow made an attempt to strike bim, but failed, upon whk'h the Governor drew a pistol from bis breast pocket and threatened death it his antagonist approached another step, stiingfellow then withdrew. Tn? Willis Will Case? We understand that R, Bellinger, jr , Ksq , of this city, has been retained to sustain tne validity of the will of Mr Wiills, who re rently iied in Ohio, leaving his property to one of bin blares snd her children, whom he bad taken witb him (or the purpose we believe of emancipitng tb?m. He appointed a Mr. JohfTt, of Cincinnati, an aboil toniet, we understand, bis executor, and that gentleman ha* ar rived in Bamwsll upon this bueines*. We learn th.t Messrs. Aldrtch and Aldrleh represented what 1* called the Carolina party. This is a ease about which we bave said nothing, being of that das* we hare no deaire to give publicity to; bat, a? a newspaper, we feel jasttfiel in publishing the above intelligence, that our readers may know who Is Independent enough to take the unpopu lar stde of the cause, and wbo are the eounael oppoeed to the Ohio exeentor. Mr. JolifTe may be an honest and ??tralgbt forward baeinee* man. and tn all the confidence of the resneet whieh the people ot South Carolina have always exhibited to the laws of the land, he haa come among us to execute a trust. It does not manifest any extraordinary courage that he should come all the way frnaa Cincinnati to Item well, alone atad unarmed, tor Carolinians are not fanatics nor freebooters. Hut if hs te, as he Is alleged to be, an abolitionist he haa been foolhardy in risking his person among a population who bave good cause to be wary of entertaining sush ar k agitators among tbem. We understand that he has lid* ed with the r?mtsis?'"??r of itarnwell bond* and note* totbeanionntrft'W.OOO, which were found on Mr W Ibe's per?<,n after bis death, to await (he fisal de'iaion of th? cats? Oa rtiUnicn. More About the British Foreign l>gtoit, TBI BHITISIC FOiHlO** LiOIOK ? BOTH SIDES OF THE QCIITIO*. Tte ioJj-n'B* lathe peMtton fron the Crfmou* r^nnim ?t tf e??llle Islaod to the President, whi :h W6 puv # a fe? <Ji>i ftffo, and wh'oh we re- publish again, ibkt tb? pabhc may ai.derst&tii the whole particu'ar*. We %ino eubjola two other letter*, one ot w'lich croft nJ1, &ad t&e other denies, the truth of the statement:? To BIS EXOBLLBBCV TBE PrWIIiENT OF TBI VlVTW) 3X4 "K! or \okth Amkkica Tbe und<rsigned allow themselves tbe liberty to ad dicts jour Excellency through these lines, and to pray nut humbly for aH ud protection of the pater oa I go lMuutt ?*. ""athington. In the beginning ot May last, we were engaged by a certain Mr ltos-nbaum ftndft Mr. Schumacher and others, in New York, partly to work on railroad* to be cod strocted >n Nova i-'ootla, partly to worn on farms la tUe - same province, partly to enlist in the Foreign Legion, wbich wai to no raited In Halifax. It wan promised to thoie to fee enlisted a bounty money of WO each, and $f ?alary per taontli, besides clothing. food and other ad vantages, 'ncludlng a free passage irom here to Halifax - The famine whiob prevailed at that time in New Yori in onced ub to accrpt the oiler, and we were sent off via Boston to Haiiiax. When we arrived there, tbe officer* lereiT'Bg oe, v z ternary Mr. McDonald. Major Weiss, V? . told ci ?.sat ft'l of ue, without exception, were to be ec.i*>ed in ;??? Foreign legion, and no demonstration on our part sotud protect us against such proceeding, end that rftii.-o-" work* were only for tbe lrtab, bat not for (iericasK. What should w? do? Without saoaej without meant, witb-iut friends, in the m'dst o( bayo nets wr,d cannon famine and prison Ntering uh in tbe (are, we w?ie lo.'ced to enter the English army noLtn* itll'M. .Since -hit time we hare been impriaoned on a (mall islhod, cali'd Melville Island, whica nobody dare to leave it sot scar mp^nied by some serf (cantor other otii cer. and then only for a few hours each week. We *?'-r?t'y addressed us to Mr. Frazar, tbe American Consul in (lalllsK who gave us to understand that we ojgbt to address ourselves to tba home government in Washington, b? himself &?t feeliog autaorired to do any thing exrep; aftei receiving instructions from Wasbinir ton. i'he paiersal government of the United States is, there fore, most humbly benseched to enquire into our case, tome cf ue b?-iog naturalized oiti/eus of tbe United States, aid eome ? I? not the greater ptrt of ua? have been entued a?ay It oik New Yors unit." false pretences: tome of ne ,./e married men, and left wi'e and children without mean' ,?nd protection, solely became we were pn.miscii constant wort- and excellent wages, which we hoped to ti> '.hie t? send to our respe-tiva families. May rt please >o?r Kxrellency not to overlook this lur most butt.li> |i?-.it.on. and (iod the Almighty will bless your Excelleruy and the country over which you pre side. Herrman-j Vcsd Bosch, FraozEck, l.eopolii Meier, Jj?eph HaueT, Jnl'nr Bergiaann, C Fred, (.inch, Id F. Kotrur, Max Rlentcb, fJustav Adolph Qeinolds, Vincen* Scbmledel, Henry Taotr, Franz flotte, Frl?(l?r F-e**. Helnrieh Br.id?. Melvil.'e Island, rear Halifax, June 29, 1845. TO TBI EDITOR Or TUB IIERAU). Xkw York, July 10, 1845 I1st<b? rend la this momiag's Herald a production purport!^ to t>e a ' petition" to tbe President of the United i?t?t*? from the so called "Crimean recruits at Halifax," I bog leave to inform you that 1 am in posses sion of jrooie partly to show that said production Is a forgery. Tte cmces signed to tbe petition are tbe true and correct names of some soldiers of tbe Foreign le gion, ?taticn?d near Halifax; but thc.t these same* were willirgly given to said petition, or even tbst the parties are aware of their names having been used tor such a document, 1 unhesitatingly declare to be false From one of the subscribers, Leopold Meyer. I have a letter which will at once prove what I here state. The remaining suh.c'ihers will shortly themselves publish a statement, wbleh wl'l prove that tbe document allude 1 to is falte. The rource from whence it springs is also known to me, and shall most decidedly be known to tbe public ere long At all events, 1 heg that the impartial public will put no faith in tor said "petition" for the present, but await forming their opinion of tbe "Crime in recruits'' until tbe other sid* o' the story has been beard. By giving th?se lltes a space In your valued journal you will greatly oblige the misrepresented thirties. F. E. MYLFORT CARSfEVSEN. to tub iditor of tub hkjui.d. Nkw York, July 10, 1855. In atcoriance w'th your always ready .justice, 1 my l htipe that yon -w.ll publish the following in your muca esteemed paper, and trust you may not consider it a contradiction, but a confirmation of the article wtaic) appeared Id to day' i Hkrai.ii under the bead of "The Crimean Recmlis from the United States. " In thin, ss well as Id several other itema concerning that matter, my name is used to no advantage. My present explana t ion will throw some light upon this alUir, in general, which becomes more important every day, not only to he pub ic, but also to the government of the United States. In Aprl 'art. several of the Germans residing in this city, and otters, received proposition* #rnm the Eeglisb lovTootit at Halt tax, N. S., viz , by the Hon. Joseph Howe, to act as recruiting agents for the then to be rais ed English Fc/ieiga Legion. Tliey received a printed placard, signed by the Provincial Secretary, T. H. Wil kinson, the contents of which ran about aa follows ? That the lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia waa em powered by bar Britaanlt Majesty ta rata* an English foreign legion; that able bodied men would receive a free pt?a?pe to Halifax, and $30 bounty on their arrival at that port; $R p?y per month, beside* clotbtng, vic tuals, 4c., acc other advantages wli.ct Hrit.sh soldiers are entitled to. It was also proposed to me to act as an agent, and aay compensation should either be a commission in tlM Kag liali Fore.gu legion, or $5 lor everv m?n delivered oy <ne, or any oi n.y agenta, in Boston I consequently entered into arrangements with the lea iera of the trans action. Alter hav ng sent, and myself conducted seve ral sqoads of men to Boston, (from whence they were shipped to Hait'ax,) I received a letter from one of the men. by which ! learned, to my utter astonishment and disappointment, that I, and many more, had too readily eonticed m the Conor of the English government af Nov.i Scotia. That letter was from one of my own friends in Halifax; it informed me of the following tacts ?instead of f.lo, tbey veionlf $14; Instead of $8 a month, tbey have fcir penee a day, and the balance wae deduct ed for clotbiuir victuals, Ac. The otter advantages wnich British scldiers are entitled to consisted of British horsewhipping, aac close confinement in the barracks of Mllville Island, At the time 1 received th's letter I was myself confine.! in EllriJge street jail, charged with having violated tie neutrality laws of the United States, of which laws 1 war isni rsct, having been In the country only fifteen month- at tbe time of my activity in the enlistment. 1 was enrsgsd. no* only about that latter, but also be csuse same F.ngl'Sb oillcials in this city, wbo had the whole expedition under their charge. did not put them setvf" to the s'ightest trouble about tbe confinement o' ciyelf .\oi; several otters who had been active ia that cause. Tbey lid not ev?n find me a bondsman for my sparser* ,t car:, a though they were furnished with the ni'?L? to -over all such and oth?r ?tpenses. Tw.t days after receipt if that lelter, a youn^ man visited m* who ba<i h'-en ?"-n*. back from Halifax on account of his being pbjai Viy ucalde to serve as a soldier. He fully confirmed what said ia the letter. J now hes'tated no linger, and disclosed all tbe parti culars of tbe ??aosaction to the U. 8. P strict Attornev, to assist bim id the true execution of :n? duty of bl* cfli :e ? to stay all further proceedings n the eaiS**ment ? and by doitg so, ureveat my "onntrymen from piuog icg into that miserable condition? worse than slavery? flint of a 'Older m tbe noble British army, at least in tbe English Kcre'gn legion. This is tee true narrative of my engagement ia that expedition, and it will show, I hope, that. I have not turned State's evidence either to receive tbe wl'.aese fee, (tl iO per w'ay.1 nor for anv golden approbation o' the Russian Kace-tj. ANTHONY KOSkVBACM. Snprimt CourU-(<rneral Term. Preeent, Chief Justice Oakley and Hon. Judges Outran I Bos worth. Jrtr r.\? The ft '.lowing orders hate been male by tbe Court, and eotsre ! on tbe minutes, rsspetUag tbe re moval"; thela'e sod the appointment of the new Clerk ? Ordered, 7 ha' George H. E Lynch be aad be ia hereby removed from the office of Clerk of tbla Court. ? rdered. That George T. Maxwell, the preeeat Deputy Clttk, be and he is hereby appointed Clerk of this Court. <>rrer*d. That said Georga H E. I,yach do forthwith deliver to bis successor la office, the eaid (leorge T. Max ? well, all Its*, securities aad vouchers la hie heads or enalody, as Clerk of this Court, and pay over forthwith to said Maxwell a'l moneys deposited with him ae Clerk, since tbe period of hi a appointment aa Clork. aot now on deposit ia the trast companies, or either of tbetn, inelu. ding all moneys received by aim as such Clerk from bis predecessor In office, and not heretofore paid oat under trder made ia the cauaes In which such moneys were de posited. Ordered, Tbst tbe said l ynch forthwith deliver over 1o tbe said Maxwell all tbe books aad papers in his eus ody as < lerk of this Court, or In anv way appertaining o the office of Clerk of this Court. Death of a Contict m th? Indiana pgN| T*>T1AHY AT JlKFKKfONTlLI.K? A tn?B 73 yf&ra of ?ge died on toe CtD Inst., of an aflactioa of toe beart, bav>n?; performed, ?n the day previonn to hui death, hie allotted task in apparently good health. He leave* a p operty valued at 1100,000, and wan incarcerated for th? period of two yeva fir the erime of torgtry to the amoont of $25. The old chap waa miserly In the extreme, denjtng to him eelf the Rmailest luxnry beyond the prieon fare of bread and water ana beet's head broth. Mtny anecdotes are related if thta old ?camp, wbi thgo to mark him as one ef the odditiea of hie gpeciea At the time of hie arrert for the alleged torgary he nan tender* d counael, who pledged thMMelvee to clear htm of the charge for a fee of $j00. To tb ? the old man replied, that. '? if conviited, tbe aen teooe would ooly hi for two jeant, and he didn't thmlr he con'd make his exi?en?e? ana two handrel and fl'tT 4o>l?'s a year oat of tbe penitentiary, and itwtn!<! coe*. him ittbiag to live there, and b* wr niii live tk?t uc I key bow.''