Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 15, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 15, 1855 Page 2
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NOTICES OF HEW PUBLICATIONS. ?ca First Pamimbs : WUlt & Yost, Pailadel pbi*. This la a cleverly written satire on the aff>c fattens and peculiarities of what ia called good society In the oity of Brotherly Love and Qaakerly honesty ? Philadelphia. With the latter quality toe writer does not seem to be very highly impressed, if we nay judge by the following rather pungent p?? ?Bger? However the Quaker of modern days may have deteri orated in point of humanity and beoevolenoa bran the standard of William Pena, he has at any rata loat no thing of the bargain- making aad wealth-acquiring faculties which distinguished the great prototype ana model of the sect. The Quaker, la oar days, is, on a large scale, w bat the degenerated sons of Israel are on a small one. The passion of getting, and the enjoyment of keeping, are the only sentiments which he permits to remain acute in his bosom. All the other feilings, pas sions and affections of his nature are diatiUei down into the tasteless, spiritless, colot less consistence of duties? duties prescribed by law snd public opinion, and so far scrupulously performed; hut duties which do not pre vent extortion, over-reaching, oppression of the poor, trauo in trade, a life of falsehood and dishonesty, such as, were it not regulated hy a sagacious knowledge of the laws and technicalities of trade? by a careful study of the art of playing upon the inherits, the indiscretions aad the pass tons of man Una ? and by a sletplets self control, that never deserts or betrays him, even ia his bears of love and endearment (if be have any) ? would eever him with infamy as a cheat and a swindler. And again: ? Although the Quakers trust nobody, either la friend ship or business, yet they do not at all object to others trusting in them. On the contrary, one of their most cherisbsd objects is to inspire the confidence of the com munity ia their strict and punctilious good faith, esps etally in matters of money and fiduciary trust; and so willing iathat ass, society, to take every one at his own valuation, and bray in ooncsrt with him who blows his ewn trumpet the loudest, that thousands have been completely ruined by this fashionable and implicit trust, without ever even (inspecting the dishonesty and hy pocrisy that had destroyed tbem, but which had suc ceeded ia diverting the attention of their victim in an entirely opposite direction. Amongst the social gangrenes with which Phila deipbia is afflicted, our aut ior seems to think toat the vice of gambling ia one of the most general and serious: ? Gambling may be considered a national vies in Ameri ca, and Ptulacelpaia has her full share of the practice from the speculator in copper stosk, roaming up and Sewn the "coast," seeking whom he may devour, to the lit le niggers of St. Mary street, pitching pennies on the s dewalk lor ground-nuts, a universal spirit of gam bling pervades too city. Private bouses, among the middle class, are very frequently furnished with a card loon., where tie members of the family, with some un fortunate young man whom they have "roped ia" fcr the occasion, spend the night at "Up poker." In this emp oyment perhaps ons htlf onr hard working young nu n spend the hours that ought tn be devoted to sle^p? and tbus go forth to their daily occupations, weary, stupid, 11' natured, and totally unfitted for the active Antics of life It the pictures of good society presented ia this hook be faithfully painted, we can only say that Philadelphia, which has certain traditional claims to virtue and h meaty, is ^ry little in advance, on there qualities, of the hybrid upper circles of New York. Ectasia ok thi Presbyterian Liturgies, by Cfc&rlrs W. Baird M. W. Dod?, New York. The object of this interest iog little work is, as the writer tells as, to ascertain from the history and teachings of the Presbyterian Church what may be consicte'ed its proper theory of worship, and to com pare that ideal witn its prevailing practice. The conclusions at which the writer arrives are, first, that the principles of Presbyter ianism in no way conflict wlui the discretionary use of written forms; and, secondly, that the practice of Presbyterian churches abundantly warrants the adoption and the use of each forms. 'Without desiring to pronounce any opinion upon He poltmical merits, we can recommend Ht. Bird's book to the perusal of our readers It possesses an inteiest entirely distinct from iti sectarian objects. 1 It is the work , evidently , of a highly cultivated and accomplished miod, which knows how to invest any subject, no matter how dry or opposed to one's pre judices, with an attraction which it is impossible to rtsiat. Take, tor instance, the chapter entitled CALVIN 8 LAST COMMUNION. It was Eftiter Snnday at Genera, in the year 1684. The doom of fet. Peter's Cathedral were thrown open, and Multitude* pressing eagerly through them, noon filled the broad area within. A festival of no little interest and Importance convoked these crowds : for on Easter the church of (ieneva was &ccuntome<l to celebrate, with more solemnity than at other periods of the year, the or dinance of the Lord's Sapper. Looking uown *.he Ion; Gothic nave to the opposite ena of the budding, one might discover, by the dim light ot the stained windows, the holy table made ivat'y wi'h its pur* covering, and the ucred vessels glistening upon it. On each aide wore Mated *he minirters of the church, and behind them tae grave syndics and other magistrates of the c ty, in their volrat robes ot office. Bnt it was not to thesa august rrepaiative* tha' the eyes of the citizens were directed. These who bad obtained room within, and the many who lingered around the entrance, seemed alike in expectancy ?f Home arrival which wax the object of this unusual cu riosity. It ia Calvin who is coming; Calvm, whose voice has sounded so often along those archee. out who never ?gain wfll stand in yonder pulpit to address his people, lie come* In hia last sickness to participate once more with his beloved Bock in the emblems of the R-deemer'e love. There is a deep silence of sorrow pervading thia ?sst assemblage, broken only by here and there a sob of grief not to be repreised. But now the throng p?rts, and through its midst is carried on \cbatr toe feeble and emaciated frame of the great Reformer. He ia not Aid, but teil of mind has outworn the body. The pallid, sunken cheeks ahow the ravage* of disease; yet the large eye* are lustrous still, and they glance with more than common earnestness over the sea of faces thut are turned to meet them. Now the chair is lowered to its place before the communion table, and the breathless silence is broken by a voice from the pulpit at one si te ?f the cburcb, commencing the usual service of the Sab bath worship. With what meaning fall upon the hear ing of the multitude thoxe ptayers which are so familiar to their ears, as uttered by one who shall speak them no more on earth. The introductory service is over, nd the sermon commences. I If 7* is the preacher; Hert, long the most faithful disciple, the most able sue itssor of the great Reformer; he who in a few days will have occaticn to utter those words of heartbroken affection : " Now that Calvin Is dead, life will be less *weet, and death less bitter." We need not be told that deep feel ing showed itself in his discourse- that more than on, re his voice f rtmbled, or wae choked with a deep emotion. The rermon over, the preacher descends from the pul pit, and, go.ng to the sacred table, reads the exhortation preparatory !o the ordinance. The consecrating prayer is said and Beta carries to his illustrious mastsr the pymfcola of redemption. Then the vast congregation, coming forward by groups, receive the Messed elements ia client devotion, snd when all it through, they join in the concluding hymn of praise Galv.n is not mute; his tremnlou voice arise* with the rest, and "on his dying countmsnce, " h?j* ller.a, who#e Syss are lix?d upon nis mastsr, ?'was no obscurely indicated a holy joy. Th?y sarg, as nsnal, the aong of Simeon, with which, In the Calvaniatle worship, the celebration of the Sapper is al ways closed ? Now let thy servant, Lord, At length depart in peace; According to tny word, My waiting soul release : For thou my lunging eyes hast "pared To sm thy savin * grace declared. To see thy saving grace. That scon dispensed abroad, The natlona shall embrace, And And tnoir help In God : A light to lighten every Uad, The glory of thy cbasen band. Thou consecrated by hie own dying participation, Cal vin's form for the celebration of the Lord's Supper has come down to ns. An HIM#? AKCIIITKCTUB*, 8C0LPTTH1, AND PAIITT mo : By J. J. Jarves. Harper Brothers. The object of thin treatise ia to supply ft mat lone (?It, sot only by the genenl public, bat by the Bla den t? thai ot ft work which should embrace both the ftbetiftct principles and rules of art, mad ftn out iM of its historic progress ud social relations. The treatise of Raskin and other writers bare been devoted to particular branches of art or to some spe cial object in connection with them, but there is no tingle work which has hitherto presented us with a comprehensive and complete view of the subjeit It will be seen from this that Mr-Jarves has proposed o himself rather an ambitions task. He has, howe ver, grappled with it In a spirit of lofty enthusiasm and passionate lore for it. If he has nat acsira plished all that be has proposed to hlm?elf, be has tucceedeo In efT.ctlog much that his predecessors had left undone. H!? work ii the more acceptable to ns from the fact of its identifying this country for the first time with the history of art, progress, anl of its seeking to awaken the Inteliectial mind of America to the important influence which it exor cises upon the progress of civilization itself. Grace fully and elegantly written, approaching Its subject with reverent admin.', ^n, and betraying a t&.inugh acqaaiatance, not only with all the principles, bat with ail the existing illustrations of art whwtior of the ancient or modern type, this work is dssMnM t > take raak with those manterly criticism* which htv* given to the oame ot Ruikin guch a world- wide re potation. It ia already a gratifying evidence of the correct feeling and oorreat taste w.tfi rc?vd v> ar\ which ifT sJJeptly but surely f st?blishing themselves 1b this country i when w# find a treatise of somu^b diaoimlnati n and power emanating from tae pea o 1 sb American writer. Havlg gtoeo oar general Impressions on the remits of Mr. Jarvia's labors, we will now proceed to lay before oar readers * few of his introductory observations whish have reference to tbe prospect* of art in tbe United States:? Science alone la not sufficient for a nation'* prosperity. Religion, dwarfed into a panoply o( forms, creeds and restraints, la equally Insufficient by itself. In* two, proper)} combined ana undent too J, form a strong pha lanx, but to make that phalanx impeoetiable to the ahafta of athetam, bigotry and revolutionary ueenie, tue mental trinity shoulO be complete. Beauty, the aenti mant which God haa bestowed on Stan for hia enjoy ment?mark, not uae or worship? moat be superadded. It la hia free gift to loving apirlta, bieaaing alike all, and iK|Uiring no labor to obtain, oeyond tta ijuiet reception and partial divorce from tbe thing* of aenae. Thia broad principle of Divine government i'bope fully to eitnbliah aa I proceed in the gradual developeineat of the ideaa which I wian to preeent to tbe consideration of my fellow being*, not as anything new, bat an impor tant to be kept constantly in view for the full apprecia- I tion of the pleasures of even an earthly existence. 1 particularly wiah to call the attention of Amerieaus to the one thing needful to exalt our beloved republic to a pitch of grandeur and prosperity, with consequent In telligence and refinement, which no nation hae aa yet ever reached. America ? I mean tbe United States? la but ju.-t gird ing her loins for the race aet before her. While men I have to contend with atern nature, winning civilization I step by atep from the wilderness, they have no leisure for aught but the neeeatary. Tbe useful is tbe next Step Then come the requirement* of eaee and luxury, and their attendant train of degenerating influence* In tne United .States we have arrived at that period of our national career? or rather while on our frontiers tne strife of man with nature in In constant progress, on our seaboard we bave tna avrd her to the administration of our feoaual comfort* to a degree that no other nation ha* evtr rivalled on so gigantic n scale. History tell* na there is danger in this. Upholstery, dainty furni ture, mechanics racked to construct in quantities those things that tend to glitter or mitieid, machinery multi plied lor the fabrication of all objects, not only of use but of crnsment. art degraded to manufacture, all be speak a ptople with their eyes yet unopened to a eense of tbeir full capacity for greatness and refinement. There is no halting place in a nation's career. She ad vances or recedes. If she mistake the road, others ad vance on the right track and secure tlie prize. There is more bope for America in ber future than for any other nation. In proportion to her hope in a so her din ger, for the principle which bids her soar is equally ac tive to bring her down. 'Ibis principle is freedom of mind. Rlaewbere the governments make their subjects. In America, alone, individuals nuke their governments. A* is tbe individual, so is the government. Tbe im portance, then, o' rightly directing not only the princi ple* bnt the taste? io its full significance, to be here after defined ? is self-evident, the love and fear of God is indeed tbe keystone to the political arch. In propor tion a* religion demonstrates these principles in tueir acceptance to man, in that proportion are tuey wute for this life and safe for another. But strip religion of Its element or beauty, crush the taste and refinement of a nation in tbe anaconda grai p of bigotry, and you shut out heaven from earth, and turn earth itself into a wil derness of unprofitable duties. Heroic virtues and stern self-denial are forrlmes of trial, when the soul'* energies mult be conoentrnted by the struggles of ex istence into mighty efforts. Bat with the pissing of tae storm come* the sunshine. Hearts are to Hoften and ex pand under Its genial warmth Love is to elevate, and taste to refine tbem. The energies which have raised America to tbe position of an enigma for all nation* must still find employment. License, the fruit of mis directed passion and efieminacv, the canker of luxury, are equally stumbling blocks in her progress. She his strength and wealth, freedom and mental activity. The right direction to be given to each, is the problem to settle. Alt looks to Amerioa with open arms. How i* it to be carried there? Not by misses who run over Eu rope and bring back a cabin load of new bonnets, with dreeees and trinkets to match; neither by women whose aim is display, and ruling principle vanity; nor by young gentlemen whose attainments are limited to the run or "cafes" and gambling saloons. We have too many of tbem, and too many of such families as that of Santa Mana delta Salute, whose sole rem.ni?c*noee of European travel are the number and not the quality of sights. We need art students, men of sincerity and labor, wbo will not hesitate to go on their bacts and knees, if nerd be, in the dust, to read the soul language Of the mlghtieet minds in Europe. Europe is a storehouse of art, but its value and lessons are lost in a tfreat measure upon tbe nations that gave it birth. Still those silent voices apeak. Oat of old churcheB, mouldering tornrs, time honored galleries, there go forth eternal principles of truth, if rightly studied, able to guide the taste and warm the heart of Joung America, and urge her on In the race ot renown. do not advocate blind copying of mind, cr the recep tion ol law*, whether of taste or morality, without fully proving tbeir spirit; but I do advocate, and would press bometo the beaTt of every American who goes abroad, the necessity, if be would do bis duty to his own coun try, of reading and interpreting to his countrymen, so far as in bim lies, these sacreM writings on the wall. Ta lent is l?nt by God. We are to return it with unary 1 write not for those light minds wbo find pleasure only in frivolity, and who travel simply for excisemen*,? tbeir case is hopeless. I wr.te for my young frienl ?f the Venetian church. With earnest souls line his lies tbe artistic hope of America. Moredun. a Tale of the Twelve Hundred and Tin. Fetrldgs A Co. The publication of a posthumous work of Sir Walter Scott may well excite inoredulity aa to ltd authenticity. It is well knoxrn that the ruin which orertcok him in his later years compelled hiu to ute up every scrap of manuscript, which he bad 'jingby him, and which his unfetter?'! judgment might bave induced him to withhold from the pub i lie. It is little likely, then, that at this distance of time tnere should remain to be disentombed a work of his of the compass and pretension of the present one, without some trace of its existence naviug been previously discovered. We are therefore disposed to regard as entirely apochrypnal iho story by w^ich its parentage is sought to be established. It has not even the features of plausibility by which Chattel ton'B and other celebrated literary forgeries have been for a time successfully palmed on thj public. Putting aside its pretensions on this score, tbe tale is readable enough, aud is deserving of a fair share of circulation. This it will be cer tain to attain, from tbe curiosity which has beau excited by Its attempted nffi iathn on tb? author of "Waverlej." Doksticks ? What he Says. Edward Livermore. The Doesticzn saws, maxims, aud adventures maybe very amusing to & certain cl ihs of minda, from their very questionable taste and morality, bat wo own that we cannot *ee eKher wit or pur pose of aty kini in ihe collection. The writer is a clever phrase maker, and nothing more. He de lights in alliteration, runs riot in wordy parad >x?a, and describes verbal piroatttes after a fi?hioa to make the reader hold bis b-ca'h; but after Ihe latter lias got through them, he is obliged to lay down the book and ask what it all means. Clinical Lkctuhcs on thk Diseases of Wo.m- m Aki> Ciin.wiKN, b> l>r. Hydiord. 8. A. & VV. Wood, New York. l)r. Bedford, whose merits as a lecturer on the dleeacss of women and children are so generally acknowledged by the profusion, has published in the volnme before us the results of bin labors since be t as held the chair of obstetrics la the Univerrty of New Yoik. Since October, 1850, there have b<aea presented to bis classes over eight thousand cases of disease, and his work contains but an epitome ol the vaiicus maladies pe ulinr to women and children, which have been discussed end treated in the cllnique, which he has established In connection with his chair. The Doctor states that he has been isdnced to publish bis lectures in this form from the reflated solicitations of bis pupils and other friends, and he only claims for them the credit to which they are entitled ? that of being running commenta ries upon disease, as he understands it. Being a faithful representation of what occurred daily in the Clinique, we apprehend that the pro fesaion will be disposed to attach more value to the observations of a man of the Doctor's acknowledged talent and experience, upon the d is gnosis and pathology of each case m it arose, than to a work of mere theory founded upon the remarks and deductions of others. Tho apologry which the anthor makes for looseness of style and arrangement is therefore nireceesary in the eyoi of the class for whom benefit this work is exclu sively Intended. One of its thief recommendations appears to us to be it* free iom from the pedantry and affectation which characterise medical treatises geneialy. Of its eminently practical and useful character no one can donbt who is at all acquainted with the past labors and high professional reputa tion of Dr. Bedford. We would willingly give som9 extracts from his work, but the peculiar subjects of which it treats are not exactly adapted to oar co lnmrs. Black Diamonds, by Profewwr Julias Cxsar ITan nibal. New \ 01 k , l S65, The papera of which this volume la composed ap peered originally in the Ne . York ricayunt, which by the bye has received an accession of strength and humor by its absorption of that amusing publi cation the Pick, the late editor and proprietor of the latter, the Rev. Jr?e, h A. 8c>vilK, retiring to cultivate health, cabbages and fat bibi** on his farm in New Jersey. Although the sparkling me I rite of the Profeisor'a "Black Diamonda" are faml har in detail to moat of our readers, we think tne collection In lta oompleU form ? worthy of a more extended notice than has hitherto been given to <t. Without catering ints the question of the uatarai ?uperiOf ity of the blacks to the whltea.it maatbs conceded that the fcrmer ou'atrip us ia tue liberal nse cfthat figure of speech which the learnt term hyperbole. The vulgar, we are aware, best? upon this a much more homely dealgnation; but but being unwilling to say anything that might oa offensive to ears polite, we shall m*ke no allu sion to "fibbiag," or what may be termed a passion for amplication. Assuredly, however , th? negroes do possess it par excellence. We nev<sr knew one of them yet who could not have eclipsed Goldsmith in lying, aa Johnson aalJ, through an ioe J thick board. It was but lately we heard aa intrepid gentleman of nable color detailing to an admiring audience the history of ?n ingenkraa "French leave," which he had taken of his master some eighteen years ago, in I Kentucky, and of his subsequent care sr. Hehai In Liverpool made a small fortune, (1100,) out of Henry Clay, when dead, by writing a sketch of him for the newspapers, though he doubted whether the subject of his memoir was ever worth twenty cants to his country when living; and the account he gave ofhisreoeptioaof his former master in Lot dan was infinitely more amusing ttian that otbis attempt on the life of the great American patriot. Bambo, hearing of his arrival In town, condescend ing^ called upon him and gave him a friendly we! come. He next Invited him home, and politely In troduced him to his daughter, (Miss 8.,) just re- | turned from receiving a refined eduaation, including the Pea-beny, ia Paris ; and eventually wound up by introducing him at the Reform Club, in London, of which the narrator, by his own account, had been elected an " honorary member for lite." The entertainment of the astonished Southron, after he had enjoyed the full run of the kitchen, finally wound up by a lecture from Bambo on the Bubjoct of emancipation, in the great hall of the clnb, and before the whole of the members, fully twelve hun dred in number. Having been acqualntei witu London club lifa for at least a dozen of years, we enjoyed heartily the boldness and uncompromising fteedom of the fellow's assertions. They did not, t > be sure, enhance the fivoraole view which we had previously been inclined to take of bis ssemlng trqthfulneaa and sincerity ; but we quitted his pre sence impressed with an unbounded conviction of his ability in exaggeration. The author of the papers before ua ha9 ably il lustrated this aa well as many other peculiarities of the negro character. We should have stated that the literary form they assume la that of a series of lectures by the mythical .Professor whise name ap pears on the title page, and whose white woolly head, in strong contrast with the deep sable of hu interesting physioguooy, must be familiar to most of our readers. The lectures treat of the various events and conditions of life, and as delivered by the learned Professor to an aadlence, each of whom wa3 uglier than himself, must have been highly im pressive. A ram's head ? white face with black horns?adorns the desk before him, by way of illus tration ; atd Hannibal's own mouth? down which a glasaof rum and wattr, placed by hla side, ia oc casionally emptied? is evidently a gulf of elo. quence, though not exactly, liks Gibbon's, a round hole in the centre of hia visage. On the contrary, it is of moat ample and barn door dimensions, and only to be matched by the eqr. -lly formidable potatoe traps, male and female, which are arrayed before him. The Professor sometimes addresses these interesting specimens of humanity as "teller titizons," on other occasions as "b'lubbel lams,'' when the plate, which he sends around in the course of the lecture, has been satisfactorily replenished; at other times as "ateem'd fren's/' when the collection has been moderately success ful; "ladies and gemmen," or "chosen children," when the coin has been more than usually nu merous; and from "dear bruddem" he suddenly changes his tone and pitches into them in ths shape of "ignorant hearers," "woolly leads,'' "dark end dlBCiples" a*id "harden'd sinners," when his pulpt efforts chance to be welcomed with mo-e coughs tban coppers. The erudite lecturer shakes his head on various topics, lie invites his "fellow trablets" sometimes to follow him "trew dls wale ob tears;" occasionally he pondera with them on "deep reflexions and when he becomes downright indignant and, for roasonB before ex platnod, f eela it incumbent on him to address them by the name ol "rebellious scorpions, ' he*con hiders it necessary to be profoundly dogmatic. Frequently the Professor treata bis audience with a song; and on the rare occasions in which their liberality exceeds the usual bound 3, there la little doubt that he is ready, in the pulpit and with his own sacred person, to indulge them in a dcligh'lul vision of the beauties of the dance. Unlike other gentlemen, however, who occasion ally "wan their paw in a pulpit"? that Is, atiike their heads in a pulpit, as did the illustrious I)> minie Samson of old- the Professor, in the progres of bia discourses, ievelcpes no inconsiderable store of wr-rdly wisdom. He Inculcates more con sihtency than Raymcnd. and more honesty tha i Greeley; theughwc doubt not he is inferior to the fo?ruer i'n the alacrity with which he "jumps Jim Crow," and has not his pocket yet so well filled as the other with money from the deluded Irish and confiding foreigners. Unlike Aaron ilurr and other members of that hopeful family, he hsa hearera who trust and creditors who believe him: ami we question wnother the Professor, though Lehaa no "Honorable" prefixed to his name, ever biiks Ms landlord, or for nonpayment ts kicked out of his hotel, after having pocketed his coin. Unlike some importations wbom we could name, includirg one alleged to be from the South ern bench, tbo Professor ia an "ncnorab'.e man," and would pats as such in any sham democratic assembly, whether of hards or softs, though all members of these re-uniona are of coarse "honor able, very, very honorable men," including in their rsnks one half the pettifoggers of New York* Unlike those person iges, too, though he is neither a general nor a gentleman, "one, Ac.," tho Profea sor has the merit of being consistent. He does not howl ont against slavery one day, and whine or cant about abolitionism the next: he is not hard to night and soft to morrow. He seems to posseas tar superior resolution to Pierce; and in hisfisroest moods when belaboring bis "odoriferous bredern and sisters" for their parsimony, he is a perfect gentlemen, so far aa politeness ia concerned, in comparison with Marry. It Is characteristic of thia, as well as of many another work of mirth, that It was written, as the author Informs ua in hla preface, mostly on a siokbed, and amid the wracka of physical torture. The humorous productions of poor Tom H?od, Maglnn, and numberless sons of genius, strange to say, were composed under precisely simlUr cir cumstances. Cowper wrote the most lsuthable of all his work' in a position more fearf-il ftill; his immortal pilgrimage of John GUpin to Edmonton having been thrown off while he was laboring under the deepest mental prostration. Such cir cumstances of conn* invest their humor with *4 ditional interest, anJ, as In the ; : snt iaatiuce, disarms criticism, even if thete ,.e:e any oppor tunity or occasion for striking a hostile blow. The Professor, we may add, has forestalled c.reeley in hia "hpistie? from Europe.'1 and oar r^adera will derive much greater information fromhW tour iNNOVNCKD. Mr. Tnel, tlir anthor of a tr*>ati?e oa the .lipoma', ic policy of the M'*ican war, ha* now In the pmw ?n Hiatorical Analjaia of the Kwtern War, and of the diplomatic policy acompuuytng it. The wr?rk will be laatttd towarda the end of the pnwent month, and wilf contain abort four hundrel dnode cimo page*, ? map of the Crimea, an.j several splen didly er?grav?a bln-trationa. t'fon the table of cm

tents, the work Mem* likely to prove ef greet utility for the purpose of reference. rcmiODiOALS. HARPms' for July is a fair avernge number. By way of o> ontarpotse to thj Interest of the atory of Israel Potter, tt pretests as wltn a well written me moir of Paul Jones, which, bawertr, gives no facts regarding bim which may not be gleaned from hit previous biograpaies. Taylor's " Battles in riexxw'' is a stirrlna^nd soldierlike narrative of old Zacb* arj's exploits. The paper on Bean Brnmmell is smartly done, tut omite s^me passage* which would have helped to point the moral of the old rout's ca reer. Thackeray's Newoomes is continued lathe present namber. To tell the troth, wo are getting heartily tired c! it As a <a ire, it Is too long; as a story, it U tx> unreal; ae a skuful combination of bcth, it is a failure. The sp&ee allotted to it might be much ie re pr diabSy employed. The chapter entitled " W^iti F>v? Hundred Millions" ? lrom a graphic and telling pea. the wntershrald attempt something more ambitious, in the shape of a sus tained narrative. Fuhum'b, for Ja y, h? m, as nsu il, soma pipers of sterling merit. Or thn c.vm in 'he one entitled " PlanVMummiea," from the same skilled and graceful pen to which w? <> ?e s> ltany charming articles u,>on the beaut'es and m. stories of nature. The paper upon rural ohj eta in E.:gUnd and Ame rica is written in the same spirit, although not by tee same band. In b lth re recognise that re. verence fcr the works of God, that eye for natural beauty, and that lofty religious feeling which ever alone impart interest to suah subjects. The article on noent American poetrv is a just but cool hu mored criticism on some late poetical abortion-). The article, " Australian*," from the pen of Mr* Heagher, la continued in the present number. It posseaaea but litMe of tbe fire and imagination which characterizes his eyeecnes. That eipital tale of New England life, " Twice Married," has attained its s'xth chapter. It increases in interest as ft proceeds. The editorial notes and reviews form as usual not the least attractive pages of the Magazine. The Knickerbocker for the preaent month con tttas a large amount of attractive reeling. Leas ambitious than its co'emporaries, it seeks rather to amine tban fb instruct, and it must ba o ivned that in this it is successful. Its papers ..re light weighted, but they carry one al>ng rvpidly. Nothing dull or prosy finds admission into ite pages. The United States In'scbancb Gazette for 1855 will be found one of the most correct and useful works of reference in all matten connected with the speciality to which it dev otes itself that haa been iesned of late yean from our press. It contains, In addition, a number of valuable statistic J articles on banks, railroads, and commercial questions gene rally. It is publfshedar 79 Pine street. Our Whitehall Correspondence. Whitehall, N. Y., July 11, 1855. Ei cape of n Pr isoner ? Detent ton of Canal Boats. A prisoner, on his way to the Clinton prison, es caped at the depot in this torn: last evening. HU name is Conrad Eoppy, and he in about twenty. :hree years of age. Ha had been oonvioted of bur sary, at Albany, and sentenced to the Stata prfsoa 'or five years. He came fr jm Albany in the car.-, a custody ot two officer a. They ha I him craned jy Lhe wrist to another prisoner, whoso wrista were ubo manacled together, 1 loppy contrived to un fasten the Bhatkie wbioh held him to his oo-pilsonar; and just aa the train commenced moving; after a short stop at the station, he sprang enddealy through tbe door, ltapei off, and fled. The nigts was caik, and favoreo his escape. He waa se^n in the ctuiee of the evening in the village, by a ma i to whom he applied to take him in andbre?k oil the shackle which still bung to niii left wrist. Hs resided in Albsnj, where ce parted from h;a deeply diKtresHed wfejesteidsy. She, at least, will be gia<i to hear of his ehcape. There are more than thirty canal boats, mostly loaded with lumber, now tying nere in sight from the Parle House, waiting for the repair of toe br*ak in the canal bank at Bctin>leiville, thirty-six mite* from heie. There ?ie said to be Bevera) nuies or boats lying in the vicinity of tbe break, the repair of which, it is said, will be completed this week. P. S. ? Since tbe above was written the pria iter, Boppy, wss re- captured. Ho wm found lying on a pile (if braids in an old shed, right hers in the vtl lajie. TE>'Nt88BE a OrbaT (state ? Accordiag to tha Memphis ?agle, tbe Suto ot Tennessee stands at least a head and shoal tors above all her Southern and Southwestern sisters. From the authority abjv? quoted, we learn that she is, par excellei.ec, t.na "Volunteer Slate,"' having always baeu ready with from three to five times her quota of volunteer sol diers whenever ber country called. She produces more corn than any other SUM. She raises more hogs. She possesses the iluest marble quarries in the Union. She produoes, from exnausttos mines, tbe In st and finest iron in the world. Her cotton planters took the first premiums at the Loadon and Sew York World's Fairs. So, also, did ona of her wool growers. Bhe can show the most beautitui women and tte bravest men in the world, anumore of them in proportion to population. Bhe ha* given two Presidents to the republic? Aadrew Jackson and James K. Polk? and will, probably, in the lapse of time, give two or three more? to wit, anions otber, M. P. Gentry, (Krow Nutbing,) John Ball, or.J.C. Jones? that is, if the two latter will only place themselves fairly aad squuely on the Ameri can platform. Tennessee boast* the loveliest scene ry In toe South; the most lieautitul streams in tne world; tbe handsomest, th? loftiest, tbe most Ame rican (because entirely Tennesseean) State Capitol in the Union: and, finally, a commercial city, seated on the eastern bank *.f the MisMBJiapi river ? Mem ph'w, by Lame? which is b-und, sower or later, to Dethe ceutie and pivot of the railway Bystem of tbe South, and one of the grettes1,, wea'tnien, mis; populous, and most poivtrfal cities on the Wester a or any other continent. Case op Abducting and Kidnapping.? It ap pear* that about te:? o'clock on lost Saturday nift a young lady, named Eveline Palmer, about flfiee.. years old, whs miss ug from her father's resi it nc ? tn (ieo-jietown, whereupon the family commenced a most vigilant and untiring search, in order either to lind her or to obtain some im >rmution which might lead to her recovery. Their ettarts, however, dur ing the night were unavailing, whilst those of the Sabbath were equally so. In the meantime, how ever, citcomstacces transpired which seemed to ex cite the suspicion that she bad been carried to Bal timore. Mr. Palmer immediately took the cars, and was toon is communication with the police, t j whom he detailed a statement of thr> distresnlng caei. Mr. North, of tbe Eastern station, having received a full description of h<s daughter, coinrueuced, with (ha aid of bis brother officers, a train of examinations, which were happily successful, and the distressed father bad the satisfaction on Tocsdby evening <>! meeting his child, and once more receiving her under his protection. Mr. North, after ttn most laborious exertions, came acrcse ber on Broadway , in oompauy with a well dretwed young man, acd, altLouga he bad never seen the young lady previously, at onci to( k them into cnatody. li apoears that tney reach ed bere on Saturday, and took lodgings at a house on tbe Point. Tbe name of tb* young man is McKen dree Dean, alao of a respectable family in George town. He has been committed to jail by the Jus tice, in default of security, tit answer the charge ? f abducting and kidnapping the yoang lady? Balti more Sun, July 12. Skvkv Councilmin Sxnt to Jail pok CoNntMrr. ?Our readers will recollect the question lately arg ami before .'udge Balloc.k on an Application by Kean ac t other*, for a writ ol mandamut to coinpnl tbe council to grant them tavern liecnea. The riceiaion ot tb* Court we bav* already given. Tbe council in He??ion, think ing they kaew more about lew Than the indfce, declarei they would not obey th* ri*cr*? Aa order <>f attach ment wae **r?ed upon them to abow why they ahnul 1 not be pntiiiibed for contempt One cla?a rep lie J tbat t bay were ready, and they were felaaaed. A ? jond party were not willing to iaaue the licensee, hut w??ul.l fiva t.be bonJ required In or '?r tkat the ijupitioa might e taken vp in ihe Cc Jrt of Appeal* No action wiP b? hai' aa resai^i th > pertv until Tntir?lay next. A third party or faction, retmed te l*?ne tbe liccnw, but w*r? willing io give the rily bond Initead of their Individual onm Tbaep last ??r? on ye?'.?r?.ty morning ??nt to jail, till inc.i time a* tbey obfy tb* -i ?ere*, or glre tb* irquiixd bond, ih* rnrmbiTi ??nt to jail w?>r* Co:;neil in>uHHey (Pr*-id?ni of th? Hoard. ) hnlhrookw.-'hank?, i ilbe* ?nn Vauiths. al*o, Ald*nn?r W*atberf*M, (Pr? H'.eat of the Hoard i, and Kay*. At 4 o'clock y**t<Td*f alterrton on a writ cf cm-put, tb*y w-.rti tak*n befor* Jui'ge f'lrtle of tbe t'b#rc*r_T Court, who art*r a lull ?no p*-. fn' brviinir and inv>ntigatt<in, r?m.ni*,i ibem to jail to fulfil tb* ilecr<-e of th* Circuit Court, or itwait th*tr own Marine** to gt*e the r*ijiilr<!<1 lvnn<) \\ I. at an item of new* It will b*, 1o he Sure, to go out frrm l.(.ui??ill*. that om ot 24 u>>-mb?r* of tb* Oty i ounc*l. no lena thaa i*T*n wet* sent to jail for obet1 ?*cy and r*t*llion- and tb*y, V.o, "n.mtierj of tb* " law and ordar party." ? LnumilU Dtmiyru, -/a/y 1 l>. Rsval Inlrlllgrnrr. The U. ?? steamt.- Fulton sailed Iron Key Wot June '19, 'or I'sntacoU. Ou RociidUr CorrHpoadcnca. Rocvrrsa, July 11, 1S55. CUtraiim of iX* fburiX of July? A Maine Lam Pro cation ? ThA J'topU and tXeir Dtmunttratum?Oullegt Oommmeemmt?rhc tSxrrcue*, Oratori and Uraduatn. Tie two flntt weeks of July may be pat down m gala weeks for this se< ttou. Tbe Fourth opens Ue programme, when all who ue imbued with patrfot inm in the Gewsee Valley and Wen tern Mew York throogtbe city, to give vent to their patriotic desire* in inch waye *? inclined We were favored this year with two celetafattona? the people's procession and exercises, in whleh all eeold join and enjoy a genuire old fashioned "day we celebrate," and snob was eojojed on s grand scale. For several weeks pact the Malne-lawltee, bettg over elated with joy, have mored everything mova ble to make a (crmidao)a demonstration on the Fourth, ard with great boaets proclaimed that they would outnumber (be people's piojession nine to oae. During a streak of illiberal benevolence they condescended to allow (he "pe pie"' to join with them, provided they would adopt their programme, tbeir orator being Harbor Master Burleigh. The citizens' committee, however, were not so blue, bat went in, and umI a profession of thousands. All eyes were eager to get a glimpse of ths great Maiue law precession. It dually moved, and tbe high?Rr, estimate of numbers was two hundred and fifty out of a multitude of ono hundred thousand assembled here that day. Buoh was the great blasted Maine law celebration in Rochester, and probably the last This being Coalmen ement week of the Rochester University, it attracts a'la'ge concourse of its friends frcm this section. Among its eminent supporters we loiice Hon. Ira Harris and John N. Wilder, Eeq.,ef Albany; Robert Kelly, Esq., and Rev. Dr# Magoon, of New York; Rev. Messrs. Miller, of Con necticut; Colver,of Detroit; and Fleishman, of Phila delphia. The prise exhibition of the sophomore class came off on Monday evening, before an lmmsnse audience. The yonag gentlemen acquitted them selves handsomely, and elicited much praise. The fifth anniversary of the theological department took place on Tuesday evening, and eonsistei of ora tions by the graduating class. The exer;isei were cf a very interesting character, and lndisated a vary gratityiig degree of discipline and study on the part of tne speakers. There were sixteen graduate* in this department. On Tut ii day evening the Delphia and Piihonlan societies heid their anniversary ai Corinthian Hall, which was filled to its utmost capacity; ora tor, J. W. Fowler, E?q. Win. Pitt Palmer delivered an eloquent and well timed poem on the occasion. On Wednesday an immense crowd assembled to witness the Common cetr eat exercises. Thegradaates displayed great skill of oratory, and a power of thought that betokens much usefulness in tae life befoie them. The Chancellor of tae University, Hon. Ii? Harris, conferred the degrees. Tnere are sixteen graduate*, viz.: A. K. Nott, Kennebunkport, Me.; C. D. W. Bridgman, Hobo ken, N. J.; A. D. WUiiams, Ann Arbor, Mich.; C. W. Tomer, Cort land; D. H. Gooley, Brockport; N. 8. Smith, Rod man; M. A. Brown, Marion: J. L. Otis, Rochester; W. C. Learned, Williamsville; A. J. Ensign, Ridge way; J. 8. Evttiis, Brooklyn; W. T. Fagan, Tnoes' Hill; W. C. Pratt, Somerset.; N. Fox, Jr., flcheneo tady; M. M. Marble, Piovidenoc, R. L; W. W. Fay, Pougbkeepsie. With a grand banquet by the AInmni closed the fifth annual Commenoamsnt exercises of the Rochester University. Tbe exercises closed with great credit to tbe In* stltution and it* (acuity and students. The gradu ating class dismayed ranc.i taste in tbe selection of the themes on which they spoke, and muth iutel leotual torce in their discussion. I was exceedingly gratified by tt.e higbminded and generous spirit aid played, and the absence of that partisan and seo tior.al cant too ofted indulged In on such occasion*. It argued well for the tone and temper of the Uni versity. The prize declamations on the evening of the 9tn were very gocd specimens of elocution, and in two?r three instances evinced the possession of titie native powers. The gem ot the occasion was the oration before the literary societies last even ing, oy John W. Fouler, Esq., President of th9 Nations! Law Scaool in ?onghkeepsie. It was pro nounced ?he mightiest tfl'urt of mind? the most splendid specimen of eloquence ever listened to at this University commencements. For more than two hours he held an immense and intelligent audi ence spellbound, I ho occasion, on the whole, was highly satisfac tory and creditable to this popular and valuable in stitution. G. R. L. Out Pen nay Ivan 1st Correspondence. A i. toon a, July 6, 1855. Celebration of the Fourth in Blair County? Orea1 Cttwdi?The Rain, and a Change of Programme ? Adhesion to the Native Platform? The atholic Church and the Slavery Movement? An Orator about to be Shot. The Americans of Blair county celebrated the an. niversary of American Independence by an open de monstration in tbia place. Notwithstanding th? in clemency of the weather, the people from the sur rounding country poured into our borough in crowds; and bad the day been fine, thsre would doubtless been five thousand persons in attendance. Arrange nenta bad been made to hold the meeting In the open woods, but, owing to the rain, which at tflnes during the morning came down in torrents, this was itRpotsible; and Capt. H. J. Lsmbaert, Bupennten. dent of tbe Pennsylvania Railroad, with his charac teristic generosity, tendered the Americana the use of tbe large fltting-up shop connected with the com pany's works. A btnnd was fitted np, and seats erected for the ladies, and at 11 A. U. the meeting waj called to or' dor by M. H. Jolly, E->q., who nominated Judge tJwin, of Ljgaa,as President of tbe day, and a large Lumber of vice presidents, representing all sections of the county. The Declaration of Independence was then read by M. L. Rltti, Esq., and the orator of the day tbe Hon. Lewis C. Levin, of Pailadelphia, was introduced to tbe assemblage. His speech was re ceived with the greatest enthus.wm, and was con tinoally interrupted by shouts of appltose. I regret 1 am unable to give you a sketch of his eloquent ef tort, but it surpassed wny speech ever listened to in this lection of country. If. H. Jolly then read the majority platform adopted by tbie National Council, ana offered toe fol lowing preamble au l reaolutioas, which were adopt <d l?y acclamation, and amid tbe must enthusiastic cheering : ? Whereas, tbe Americans of Blair county have m?t to gather Id coaveat.oo, on this, the anniversary of tbe I birthday of .iberty, to express their allegiance to Ame ricaa priaciplee, and theli attachment to the Amtrican I nioa; therefore, fce it Kesolved, That w? Soldly proclaim a* our principles, thai native born jttr.'Tieaii* only skoild rule America, that tbe naturalisation laws should be restricted to a term ef twenty- one years, end tbat stringent laws should be enacted by our national < nngress, prohibiting tbe Importation of foreign paupers and criminals Keee'ved, Tbat the common school system iaoneot the safeguards of our liberty, aad that we deprecate any at tempt, coming from any quarter, to subvert or over throw It. KeeeiTed, Tbat tbe Amenaan platform, which makes A Vaticanism tbe paramount seSHtderatloa, aad leaves all other questions a? n< minor aad aecoadiry importune, looking aa it doe* to tbe preservation of the Baleo aa tbe great ead to be secured by patriotic effort, oommaads our approval, and calls tor our support. Resolved, Ibat this echo from the Atiechaate* to the shoata of eur brethren cf Philadelphia, New York aad Haiti snore, shall reverberate ia toaes of thunder on the second Tuesday of October next, and that we pledge ftttle Blair far 1,100 majority for the whole Amerlcaa ticket. } fter the acclamations of the audience had ceaaed, the President introduced the Rev. Mr. Keyea to the meeting, who delivered a Drilliant speech upon Catholicism as connected with the Amerioan move ment- during which he proved to the entire satis faction of all tbat the slavery movement that ia now agitating tbe country, and threatens tue integrity of the It ion, Is owing in a great measure to the effort* of the Raman Catholic Church. During his spctch, as during tbe whole meeting, tbe greatest enthosissm wan exhibited, and the meeting ad journed with six cheers for Sam and the platform. This was by far the largest demonstration ot any kind ever held in 'Din place, and everything parsed r ff qulet'y, but a meeting of tbe Americans in the etening was interrupted by tbe threatened mssesi tatirn of Mr. I<evin, who was addressing it. A fit man Catholio watchmaker came out from a Ixgrrbier saloon with a musket, wbt h be levelled at Mr. Levin, but was prevented from tiring l>y trme of tiis tritnda.who seiz*a him, taking the vim from his baads. Mr. Levin was not the least disturbed by the cirruTiistaoce, but w*nt on with his speech aa though nothing had occurred. AuBHicra. ( noiera bas mad* its ap; iuranc in Kentucky of Ute. in MeysviDe an<' vicinity. At May's l ick slso, flrsrtw. have oceored. sf which tour have j. re red fatal. Kpora-llc esses oorarrln* ia various dircitont, an 1 the gen.rai lacrease of mortality in ?he l?r*e cities, within the last fsw weak, warn ns that tbe alcaiy wwi is at hand and tbat perrons caaaot be toe careful of diet ? mi Lab ts. Ow UortipsndeiiM. Frankviuub, Aluouant, ltd.,) July 9, 1855. \ Our AUiDMi Road at FrmntorilU? Little Meadows Battle Ground? A bummer Retreat? Tracking a Hurricane? Timber Lmidi Politic* and George I Mto? Barefooted Ft polarity For the put far days I nave explored this wild and zomutic country, ?? tar as tb* grett national road, which once awncm so much attention and travel, and in the contraction of which so much money and politic*! ctpPal were expended, while now it is deeerted and a moat unknown to the rising genexatlon. I Ti*it?d the famooa "Shades of Death" where on. e tow-red a dense forest of lofty pinep, bat a nipping 'r?># came and cnt them down, as " comberers of tbe ground," to make lumber for distant market*; and no* the " Shades of Death" have passed away, or b-en succeeded by Frost's saw mills, letting In the sun tight to cheer and gladden human hearts, &&d mat* tuoiUUons for the sons of men. In the neighborhood, Rome two miles over Meadow Mountain, said to be full of iron and ooal, and in* habited by deer, I vtsced t e spot where Washing* ton fought the famous but le with the Indians at Little Meadows. Near ttw battlefield there are iwo mineral springs strongly impregnated with iron, and a most excellent ho el keot in the quietest man* ner imaginable, by Mr. Cr?ss, a very good nature df man, by the o>h, and his exoellent lady. For a summer ie*?rt I know of no place that can famish so much quiet and < omfort for those who long for quiet, and repose as this truly excel lent hotel. In pausing over a bench of t.ae " Meadow Moun tain/' I came upon the track of a hurricane, aud raw oaks and pine* broken, uprooted and scattered ii. every direction for Sf.vrril rods in width, and for miles in succession, iu attestation of toe strength of "tbe prlnoe of tbe power of the air." fhe coun try and ?rops look d-l u <.fu , aud there will be an aDundant harvest hen ab ute. I rode over hundred ao ^ thouBinds of acres of beautiful land which ?lu >ield 100 000 feet of oak and nine lumber to tne * re. I'ae "Moutsone Compa ny'' tract contains tbe be?t forests of white oak and whita pine I have ever reen. and its harvest of lum ber alone will make toe onoapauy exceedingly rioh. The only iiolllicrtl elein nc*llv? nnems to be the Enow Nothings, tor tb? p' sent admiulstratioa has annihilated a I' vitality at>d a ion in the democraic party, while tbe wni* party died with Gen. Taylor. George Law seoros to o* b < own on these mountain heights, and be is the only man who see jib to stir the hearts of these ' um?rs Perhaps be baa travel ed on tbe national toad barefooted when a boy? Did not Gen. Cass, ?hen a candi late, say that he went to Michigan when a ooy, barefooted? Will not a candidate tun b-tter ba et oted? To day I leave for tbe West. M. Our Georgia. Correspondence. aigobta, (Ga.) July 7, 1855. American Feeling in the ate? Address of Judge Cone? Incidcntu of the Meeting- General Policy? Prospects in South. Var<itnn. Judge Cone, of Georgia, the acknowledged author of the Southern planks tn the national platform, de livered an addieaa to the cit zena of Augusta on the 6th inst. He ia a man of no crfinary p overs, pos sessed of great firmness and deliberation, and dis tinguished himself in the lata Philadelphia conven tion by " the speech'' whi h decided tbe fortunes of tbe American party, scd purged its ranks of the factious e! extent of abolition. The Judge shirked none of the ticklish points in tbe platform, In hiH aidrees, and elucidated tbe article which t>earB hmo upon tbe Papists In such a manner as to slknce the outcries of his Hibernian auditors. When he tdverted to that article which is destined to correct the evils of foreign influence, tbe foreign and Irish part] " kicked," and attempt ed to disturb the speaker by outcries peculiar to geese and serpents, while s.tme " broth of a boy" attempted to show bis knowledge of history by ask* ing, " Who discoveieo America 7" The lucky answer from a young American, of " St. Patrick be isber," tnrned tr.e lautfb agansttbe Milesian, and. tbe Judge proceeded <o elucidate his point in mild bnt firm language proving conclusively .hit the pri vileges which foreigne s enjoy in t.hie country are bote of our courtesy and generosity? not natural igbts. ? be Judge bote hard ujoi the democ atic party, which has so suddenly tx oonsthe staunch champion of Papacy and focelga lnfluenc ; aad ?ho*ed the nfidelity of Pierce's admujistrauon to the Sonth ie its ttuest and blackest color, by an export of the < curse of Reeder, the aooliti'.n Governor of Kauais, <,ne of the peta ol :he Ki'.caen Cabinet. When the Judge c?me to touch upon the " wild bunt alter office," ai d the democrats required an explanation of tbe pbra-e, ne told tnem that lately there were tbtee Ignored applicants for the va cancies in tbe Court of Claim*, (three in number, we believe.) Tbe audlenoe give earnest heed to hie address; and, if we may believe report, Georgia will give a good account of herself in the approaching contest. We wish we could say the same of South Carolina; but the one hundred and twenty four foreign < itizens, made there in three d?ys, show a degree of turpitude in the democratic wirepullers of that c nee honorable old State which we were not piepared to txpect. Meliora iptramu*. American. Our Indlnna Correspondence. Vinckotto, Ind., July 6, 1856. 0;>?ninfT of the Ohio and Mistittippi Railroad? The Company 1'reient ? Set ties hy the Way ? J'rairit Brautie* anl I*n nd ( C ultwat ion ? Recep tion at Vinienr.cs ? Tut Ladies, a Dinner and Grand Ball. The iron band cognac ting the Wabwh valley with the Miasii'sippi river *as compie'?d Jnly 30th, and the opctiing or in&ugur tion took place yester day. By the polite invitation of H- D. Bi'on, Pre aidant, over five hundred of the snai prominent citizen* of St. Lonls and aij ming cities participV,ed in the event, among who* were the Hon. Edward Itates, Major King, ex-Governor Lane, of New Mexico; Judge Bieeze, M?*ara. B*-oa, Bslcher, Cabot, (Has cow, Warce and Bam Gaty. The oom pany left Bt. Lou la abint A. M., and after crossing the river to Illinois, they foond the train elegantly decorated with and tne old iron horse wu ready to deport with the company. A farewell cheer to tbe crowd at the depot and we soon burried along ever the new laid tra?k. k fine bani of music , was in attendance, and favored the inhabitants of the numerous villages on the route with mnais* The traveller, as he hu-riei along throngh the conn- , try, will bs irarpriscu that the city of Bt. Louis did not perccive the immerse advantages which this ' road presented as a means of increasing its trade. For here we passed through prairies rich wittt flowers, and now elegant In their summer apparel; wild rosea trailing along the ground, and various blooming plants whicn lent a varied and pleating charm to the ej e. T ncse prairies extended mils upon mile, far as the eye could reach, a perfect ccean of beauty. Where the soil was cultivated the coin looked rich and thick; the rje, the wheat and the oats were growing heavy with taetr products; tbe whole of these vast prairies present the flneat soil, which scarcely Leeds any lab?r to ouk? It productive. There was land sufficient to cultivate all ths wheat neceaaary to make the West the granary of the world; and now thai the road la finished which opens all these fields to a market, It will soon teem with grain and iacreaaa in populali >d. It is railroads which open to us all the llmitable spaces of oar country, aad which also ends to unite closer Htatei. Faction may meet action, and party meet party, but no political rea ching ever convinces or ? radicate* opinions; bnt it is tbe bringing togeiner of tbe people of the differ ? nt States, wnen they may interchange opinions and witness the eiror ot prejudice, ttiat will tend to harmonize the public lt-eiiug. ThU railroad will bIso, when filiated to ritclnnatl, open tbe shortest route to the Fast, and even the connect! ma are ench that the trade f.on. tbe East can B j* by con nections throngh th!a channel. Tlie citizens of Vincennee turned out In a bodf. The ladies dressed in tbeir holiday eo?tu<ne, and tLt? men perfect'}- ntroarions with abwiag. Th* bridge over the "Wahsfh waa decorated witn flower* and greens. Tbe dinner was prepared far flvo hundred, and everything ceceseary waa bountifully anpplied. An eiegsnt ball was given in tbe evening, where jour humble fceivait ?a? mncht ? admire la beao'.f; ardat laat time prop r'estd en??rde, pasaed over the nnnivetaary of utir Na'ional iad?-peod?ncs, and witneaeed on*- mere etidence of the prugraaaivs spirit of tte Amern an people. Child* IUroi.d.