Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 16, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 16, 1855 Page 2
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MILT INTERESTING FMX AUSTRALIA. twnn"' Social, and Political Condition mt Um ttnat Gold Colony at the South Psclllc [From Um Mslboorae Age, Utnh 10.] OOUOIIOUL CONDITION. B k loag since all fears about the pmuoo; of tw gold folds bare been dissipated, and It to al ?ost onneeeesary, therefore, to Inform our Horo ?ean leaders that oar reputation aa tbe lint gold eeutry of tba word remains unimpaired, The esiglnsl conjectore aa to the geographical extent of ?arifetous territory continues to reoetre daily con tirmation. Fiom Lake Omeo, on tba eastern aide Of tbe color y to the Portland district on the treat, Me yellow patches which used to indicate the gold aa localities on the map am tow becoming a ooo ttenous line. The old Hilda are at 111 drawing a luge population, while the new one*, by multiply ing the points of attraction, tend to prevent that concentration which d train lane* to* chances of suo ?ess. and eaconiagta tbe idea prevalent among the ali diggers, who need to have more elbow room for tbeir operations than they have had latterly, that there will never be au3h chances again aa there were in the palmy days of Bendigo ana Mount Alexander. The idea, however, ia proved to be er roseous even by statistical computation, though this ia itself an erroneoui method of testing tbe ag gregate accumulation of gold in the haiida of the iiggera. A practical refutation has alio been lately given to another onirent error on the gold fields, namely, that all tbe bast fields were first discovered. This was a very puullng theory to "new chums," who oculd not understand why Providence, af cer keeping her secret so long, should have divulged her choicest treasures to tbe first explorers, f hia was ?at by the assertion that "all the country" had b*en *"proipo( ted" without effect; but it haa now bnoome evident that the laboia of a few men are iaanfllcient to teat the auriferous resources of a district, and that a '?rush'' alone ia adequate to th.t extensive Making wbi h is neoessary to strike upon those ar terial ikes which are now found to ramuy the whole country. In addition to the unlimited extent of our alluvial deposits, our quaitz ianges promise to be a sourci ef wealth, equally, if not more, prodflo. C msidera ble attention has been paid of late to qaartz miuirg and the results have been very gratifying. We bu ?eve that, either throush the poverty of tie quartz, tbe deficiency of tbe machinery, or through tte di? haaesty of tLc compaiiits, or through all these enaea combined, qoar<z mining has proved a com parative failure in Calif -iriiis; but It is likely to prove very much t e reverse here. The Australian quartz is pronounced by experienced miaersto be decidedly richer than that oi Call'orni*; and if t ie reports which we have h?<d respecting its value he anything like tbe truth, quartz mining will prove tbe redemption of tbe cok>oy. Id fact, now that land Jobbing ia knocked on tbe bead, and as spaou lation can only change Its object -not its nature ? the quartz mania will take its plaoe. We cm oaly hope? as, indeed, we are sure? that it will ba at< tended with better r< suits. There could not be a more oonolu3ive proof of tbe dnormous wealth whieh has been Lflowing from the ??ld fields than the fact tha'. tbe commercial crash which waa generally predicted so ne months ago has heen averted. That a crash was probable, feir at that time ventured to dispute. Tae cause of this wee not to besought merely in the fact that our lm poyte had been excessive and ill adapted to our wants. * * * it is not so much by direct leases- though theee In many cases have been se vere?that our leading men have been crippled, as by getting their capital "looked up" (that's the ?Hue) In land speculations and buildirg opera bens. The land maaia came first, and the build leg mania followed. * * * The building m tola kept up tbe excitement and maintained the val ie of the land, till Melbourne waa - crow Jed with sub stantial stores and comfortable dwellings, sufficient to held all the goods and to accommodate all t ie people that may be expected within the next five years. As soon as this point was reached it was dlsoovrrcd that such allot ments aa were not occupied with buildings would sot be wanted. As soon aa it was fouad that tbey would not be wanted, it was found that they could tot be Bold. Down went the paper townships ! Down went tbe paper millionaire ! Down went rents ! Down went tae value of laud ud buildings ! * * * The cry of tbe " unem pkyed " then arose, and has, wifa more or loss dis uctncss, continued to make itself heard. Many nie nnsutted to the diggiogs, and the land is not ac cessible to tha mere laborer; for tbe government lands) stem remains unaltered, and tne land, in private hands has not yet depreciated to su h an ex tent ae to be sold below tbe government price. Tats ie a clear proof that, though bad, things might have keen worse with our mot eyed men. WeVhave not Men the worst yet, however, as regards tie depre ciation in landed property, while an improvement In bouse property will soon begin to exhibit itself; ?specially if immigration mole talcs the same rate this year that it did during the last. * * * There to, perhaps, no one item ia t!ie commercla1 Hat which bks been subjected t j a greater dep-ecla tton in money value in this port, within tne last year, than that of shipping property. To a great extent, the same causes have acted herein aa nave ?erred to lessen the worth of general importations. We have had a large number of vessel*, of very lew class, offered "for sale," which have been seat to this port from England, in the belief tnat tiey would " sell well," little, If any, attention being paid to the most important points, viz : whether they were suited to tte requirements and circum ?lances of tbe port The result has baen that when anoh vessels were thrown on tbe market, tbey "realised a g> cat loss," took away from the value ?f more suitable and better craft ? thi demand betog by them supplied? the low figure htvtag in dnced buyers to pui chase the inferior article. Twelve or eighteen months since, anything that eould carry Its register tonnage to tbe Melbourne wharf sola quickly at a large profit? often at from 100 to 300 per cent on its English valoe. In last, anything waa thought good e tough for t .is market, ?na so it was when vessels were scarce, lighterage high, and steamboats few: bat not so now. One active cawe lenaiog to this redaction in value la tbe great fsl.log iff in tbe demand for lighterage from the bay to the wharf, and t o com paratively low rates of late, and now, obtained tor tbe carriage cf goods on the river. ? * ? There to one other cause which his, mire than any other, ten ied for mioy months u redaoe t ie value of snh ping property belo* its rale v-?lu and ttntis&r ing tbe msrket by sales at auction, than which tbe re could be hardly anything mire Inju rious to the Interests of the shipowner, the ultima ? efftct being bad in many wayi; but it h-tsnow nearly worked its own cu e. It is not wonderful that under rack aojaiverae pro aut, shipping property in thu ^ort should hive declined' in value as it has done. Tni reaction mty Mi be in proportion to the fill, but it has 11 * set la, and promises to cor.tioue. During the season for shaping wool to Earope a considerable and active ccn uijd spuing up for A 1 first lasi ft roj ?tor vessels, ever 200 tons register, to load here or ?l out ports; but ten lew ?tn offered, and the demand was not neany supplied. This denuad i-i Bkely to cccnr again. Within the last two month* there hiw been a ?MBifcst improvement in the demand for vessels of tfco better deecilpti^up. 6 rfral vessels of from 100 t? 260 tens register have changed owners at an ad ranee in price of ir^m 10 to 25 per cent on toe amount they woo d have realized if disposed of tr? m three months since. This applies chiefly to vos Mil of the better aoit, or such as have some psra Uar good quality to recommend them. Stetmahtp property has Hoffared its share of decline to value, though not to the same extent a* that above referred t. . There can be bat little doabt that In another year we sha'l have employ mitt tor an additional number of steam v<srU, saited to the coast and inter colonial trade. Tocir boilers and furnacra ahould be calculated, while burning colonial coal, to produce the same ate im jwesture as when using English steam coal: and to obtain this, a greater consu mp'.ion of fnal is neces sary. All steam vessels coming here for sale shoold beltted with new boilers. This, In fact, is now the prevailing sympton In all departments ot buaitesa which have been suffdrmg depression. The crisis has passsd over. Imports are decreasing, and merchants begin to entertain hopes of working off their heavy stocks. In soft goods the supply is too large to be affected from this source, hot in other branches stocks are faUlag jfrort. apd a neat rise In prices is expected befcre As winter. ConfUence is, therefore, revlvlag, and credit is more extensively affordod. The also, have relaxed the iUhtne*i of their grasp, and are aoerlsblng many whom thsy were on the print of strangling. They hare been my oh blamsd fo- en couraging all kinds of speculations, in the first in ?tones, ani patting on the sorew moit unmercifully afterwards. Bat the banks themeelve* have be- a ?object to the operation of those genual ciuses to which the crisis was attributable. Honey has besn scarce, not becaose the banks were niggard, bat ce oanse the meney has really gone out of the ooun'ry. Ihs millions sterling which have been "locked ?n" in land have not been stored ?n the vaults of the banks, or "locked up" la tie treasury, bat actually exports i to England forcarryiag on Emigration. Had those immigrants found tb?ir way to thsioil, they would have repail ths outUy ?pon them by saving a fur.her expnrtati m of two ?ipkma sterling per annum tnr the st. IT of life. Bat this they have not dote. They may have ?welled the amount of gold derived frr m the gold Iklds; but 'his is immediately wMed 1 <wn in Dar nent Iter ui-nweseary Imports, ex ep* win', goes to Kthe banks for tie cost of the ex hw*e- and apparent gain to the colony h tt *liy lost to It, for the basks not only export alloorgoid, fcjttue very profits they Bake in doing so. Half a million sterling snnnally goes oat of the colony, in 'ills way, to bs divided anHt.g foieun *bs ctnid*rs. jd fact, our resources are dimmed off m fast as they are develop*), a#d. wtal* reputedly walk) win g in t^alin, wet>'8<B to M ttui we are really pinched wit ? poverty. It to In this direction toat we most lo,k for tbe general uum of oar depte? too. Exotralve import?. upon which so much strese to laid, may account Icr mueb, bat sot for *11. BOCIAL CONDITION. . Wo cannot report any improvement in tha eoeiai condition of the colony dor lag the gl? weake that have elapetd ainoe our provioua summary. Iftn?* hu been ity c' anno, It baa been wry Blight, ana not lor the better? tbe tendency being sull ward. Tbe prospect* of lmxigTanta bare not Un proved. Those wbo bar# reotntly landed bate found It impossible to procure rexuMrativee ji ployment in Melbourne: and aa for ^mssenelog Dualiess, tbat in completely ont of the question, fiboi keeping to at a dtoacunt, and. In point or fict, )g ftipiflit waled up fti ft i"uroc of pfonUul? employmett, for either capital or industry; for, when there is an immenae su-plua of mere tra ders to proportion to tbe general community, where fekitima e trade has been reduced to tbe lowest ebb bv a continuous glut of itnporto, and wbete few even of those who were in businees duitog the full flush of tbe first gold days, are able to keep their ground, it is clear that there to very tittle cnance of Buccees for a new beginser. Witb respect to labor in general, ire shall kardty be exaggerating the real sta'e ol the esse, if we were to state broadly that there is at present no possibility of employment in tbe ciiy for any new comer, whether anban or manual laborer, and that tbe great majority of those classes here are not em ployed. Almost all building in tbe city to aacpead ed, and tbe evlJences of activity in other trades are itrikingly few. In the suhu'be and outlying dis tricts there are mucn greater signs of astlvUy ta these inei; but wnattbe interdi g emigrant 8<-ould particularly note Is tbat the^e Is not a demand tor bis l?bcr, of whatever description it may be. we are sp*akirg of Meibooroe at the present moment; but as we are cn tbe verge of winter, and ai m nlovment tere is always lets plentiful in winter than b anmmer, it should be alao n .ted tbat no improve Dent in the labor market to to be expected tor at least six months to come. Wiih res- cot to remoter districts we are no^, or curse, able to speak from personal expemncr, but we gather from tbe local j u uaU and other quar ters, toat, w th the exception of agricultural labor ers, there ia 1 owheie any conslderab e demand for * FoMbe newly arrived immigrant there remains, therefore, to reeouice bat ai*gir>g, aa ocoup ttion of which it is not now neoesairy to give a detailed I da icnption. We believe it may be safely a?erted that any energetic man, capable of the labjr, and willing to submit to all the conditions of tho Digger a life, may make certain of gaining a living at least at the Ko d fields, wiih the chance of something very hand tome "turning up" for blm some day. But at tbe same time it thould be staled that, at many of the fie les, and especially at Ballarat, the system of de*.p I linking to now extensively carried cut. Baafta are suik to a depth of two hundred feet, and of course this process involves combined labor, great energy, and considerable capital, in order to make ti pay. Tr e individual wbo is not able to enter on the work cf gold seeking on so large a scale, to compelled to keep to tbe old .methods of shallow sinking and am lace wakings. The diggings baing the gieat resource of tbe unemployed, there has lately baen a very large migration to them: and during tue coming winter tbe numbers employed at them will bo mucb larger than it has ever been before. As the result cf continued depression in trade, in solvencies and defalcations are still frequent, and, what to even more disastrous, general distrust pre vails. Indeed, It to very striaing to remark what sodden and overwhelming rever?ee have come upon many persons who were once deemed the moat for tunate in tbe community. * * * Thoae who bought property when it had risen to a fictitious value have invariably bees heavy losers; and those who then took leases at What tney considered ex tremely advantageous terms, have also suffsrei bfivitji For cxaiDpl?:? ft mercaotilo firm took a learetf a p eoe of ground in tbe city at a ground rent of ?750 a year, and built a store oa it at a oost of ?3 ,000. They became insolvent, and the store it self brings now only a rent of ?300 a jear. Again: ? another mercantile man built a large spkniit warehouse, and stocked it largely in tbe very dear est time*, ana became baikruot for ?120,000 just when bis plans were completed. Yet tiat gentle man bad a certain capital of very large amount be fore he commenced building. Agaiu:? A builder e ecurtd numerous good vacant spatB in business si tuations at what be deemed lor ground rents, and borrowed money largely to build stores on them, which, when completed, let readily at enor mous rents; but in a few months tho rents fell so mucb, that in most cases ev?:n the ground rente could not be obtained? and thus what teemed a meet iuciutive investment tnrned out a ruinous one. Many merchants, also, who made up their affaire twelve months ago, aud retired to K gland to live upon their incomes, drawn from tbelr property here, have been summoned back to find tnslr afUtrs In anything but a flourishing cor dition; in noma cartes, incieed, to all but aotual insolvency. Otners, who invested large sums of money in laud, intending to sell it again at large proflte, have been combed to hold, until all possibility of gaining any tiling near the price they paid had gone forever; and, moan time, land so held to ol things the most ItumeJiately worthless. Othrr persons who invested tieir savings in land, ana were ooliged to leave balanoe of, Bay one four h of the purchase money unpaid, have be*n after wards compell-. d to part witu tbe entire property, in order to clear off that remaiider of debt. Numerous other instances of a similar kind might bj cited; but theie are tufficient for our purpose, which is to exhibit the ui certainty and tbe fluctuations of oo lontol life, especially U a go?d coljny, and to Bhow tbat even tbe mcst energetic and sagacious men are net able to save themaelves from toe t fleets of them. Home of tbe sj eculations which seemed to be the most fortunate taat oouid be entered on two years sgo, and which for a while were actually lucrative In a high degree, have aft*r?a-ds ruined these who undertook ihem. So taaf.ica certain seise, it is true that enterprise and foresight have proved , to some men, disastrous qualities. In tbe coet cf living there is to change of Impor tance' to bo noted, excrpt that rents are sti.l declin ing. Butirets p/emisebare prccurable at one-t jl-d or one-ton rth of what they fetched in the dearest times, and private dwtllirga have fal ea ab>ut one-half? so tbat a man cau now procure such a shop or store *or ?8 a week, oh In a larg* Edgllih town w<.u!d be thought drar at ?'i a week; and a cottage that would bring about ?10 a year at home, may be had to ?2 10?. a we lt la tue tubuibfiof Me.bcu cc. This is notezig^eratsd; oairg to the UDdue preponocraii euf me city over the mrul rcpuiailo:!, (the renlt'of our odious land ijstem), then is always a la ge dispro ^ortloi between rent tnd tbe other expend b of living. As a geiera' mie, rent a'jtorbs one thlra of th* earn' legs of a man la (all worn, auJ well pa'd* ifiere are Fyroptoms ot advancenvsat in eJaca tlonsl and r< iigious appliance, noiMthstaudiog the general depre^ior. * ? *? ?? * WttU reap set to primary education? wh ch is the klad reqair.-d beie?iht re 1b a deposition to encourage it very liberally, am I large buuis for that purpose are votid freely kj the Council. A . r?pofcal to c iinbine tbe national and denominational HyaU>ms in one system better tn an either, has b<*n made In the Council, and will eooa c mo on fir dlacns-ioe. Plac/8 of WT'shlp for various denomlnat ons arc rlsfng in n?DV locall'ies, espccia!ly at the dUgin^s, and frrsh supplirs ot ministers arc coastmtly ar riving f cm England. *- *? * Occasionally, honever, occurrences take plaoe which reveal a shocking slate of dr norallzauou amongst large nomhoraof tbe population. A mar tier of the very worst kind, that of a wife by ner bm-band, In broad <lav, aud nnder circa autauces of an utngoafly repnlslve nharacter? oc urrel a lew days ago in the city. Mir or vices are also prevalent, it must be corfesMd. a'tiougli the general appoar ance of the suiface ot nocloiy is calm enough. In public amuaerma s we are rUher better off than we used to be. Theatrical affaire have been vastly improved bv the arrival cf Mr. G. V. Brooae, who- -wt atever London critics tray my? to a fl rat rate actor In the colonies. A circus of a very ?? ope ilorklnd, calling ltoeif (ard not Inaptly) "Astley's Ampbltheatie," c ntu.ues to attract large numbers; tnd minor sou rocs of amusemeut seem to be patron bed i at her extensively. POLITICAL CONDITION. The Ntngu'ta-y c^'.'wion bet?e?n the military atd ftintd Mil ce, and the mi?guid?d m?n w no had soaght relief from tne (rrl'.*ting eomwiaence* of mlagorernment. In uimtd reeist*coe f> the natbori Uta of the colony, end the capture of a Urge io?n bei of then who etc* *d death at the him'* of the aotdi<iy. have tuned in a wriee of Bute iria'a. In oar rrceLt rnmnuilee for Europe, we late fully de tailed the caueei end thi incident* cf that fatal oat break, in which k e fair soil of Victoria was, fir the firnt time i a t er history , ttaived iriia um blood of chil war. It seeca not tha; we shonld report the particulars of the harrowing n'ory. Bit tie later scents of tbin tr*gi al drama are no* enacsin*. The fl.e of musketry and the charge of the bayonet ha? ciatti, bnt the detd ly weep na of clrll proves have bem turned egainet the nohtppy m?n who?e firtone it wae to survive the mown -re of tbe Ku reka. For tic Hrat brae la the colonise of Australia, anb..c ntcnt.oB haa been occupied by a Stria* of Htkie tria>*. t*|.ward*ff n hu? dred and ecventy pereor.% we*e cspuirrd at R*!ln*at on tha 31 of Peceub*'. Of this number a large proportion waa al terirarda a?.t at liberty, chitfli for ibe eaitof evijenc* to :deati fy tlem at meilxra of the laaanrent party. Toir then were r- served for trial on a charge of high trraaoo. In purwirg thi* conrse the Lieutenant (k.verrvor and hie aJviam a ted in direct o ipou't >o to amy dfciitd Md an almrnt uuanimoue pohlic rpiaton. Memorial* emanating from meetings naih berirg mane thoni*no* of the nnet re<pect*ble cici rera of Melbourne, and tfe encrgrtlc reraonaCrannw of the ptetn (4c Um u&aalmlty <J whoe* ruprc??aU- 1 ttoatt ?Jrpu, thereo nized momhpieo* ftv Charles Hot Sam, wm the only exoeptto.it ?/ ed a general amnesty for po) Heal vvr- ./.? a*n**a pound that however mnWken an<* <?**?' "* Save been the nroceeaingu of (be they were goaded to rebellion ' BaDarai, whatever criminality ttwy ' be? men than er',^ of, had befoit which ao BUn? o!3 c*rn??e fa Im. Thi u .J, ?* ttwlr nvmbai Had i_ m#Jj waa yet ?ore atroog "g. ' xVe Li.ateaant Oovernor, in a ^e^^atn?et#Lpnh'l0'x i4mnwit'c'>n#ejt?d 40 i?e ap|xrfr>tmeiit of a oomm adoa to inquire into toe Caneeeof tha prevailing disaffection on toe gold "an Inducement to man who ex joyed tOBnder ik* tWfl reapouslole tervioe, pltdged bitnaeJt unconditional It ta cirry ^ v", r? ???eridationa they might urge. Z,i:f?TJ*ki.n " eMof the repeat oil J'e..wk evidence as to the tosal adminis tration of jnatlee, and aa to the exciting ???? 0f the political 6 bean lent ?hlo!? had bdoome the nor mal condition of eveiy miilog ciamunKy, and which ?i ecin < ireumatatx-es had, in toe one dealo rable inatanos, ag<tnve?ed into poeitive armed nmit ?i ?> *nctl M>e '?P??aaJon made on tie ?i?d? ?' 8*4 emee, by tte tale of wrong* to wbich tbe> Jiettntd, tuat t&eir fir?tact on tieir re (212. *!** Nation of toe ^?Pb^T/B Enotlien. ,, aa an aot of sound ffrurf ?f *0illi0il JMtJC?. The advioe ww re jected, tb? p ftJ^e waa broken, and, in spit* of eve Sa?T"tV^.<he 8Q",TCr" 01 tne E,1Itk' were Ttese trials, which are destined to hold a prom - rent place in tbe political history of the colony, ^p,at*,d portpooeaaen'j, on toe thm ? i . 'y- Several teo^nical points rimed by tbe prir oner's counsel were deoidel agaiost toon. It vm afctermiDcd that tbey should eaca demand a rtuclh . ? f Afci len**^? tlw charge og+tn? ??? ???' maa ?f colo,r' *M proceeded with. Bit, ?or tfe prosecution, the whole case for toe Cnwn *V ?' ?e<?- ? after witness wad called w ?rc?e tbe existence of a conspiracy against the Qneep, and a wicked design to eubvart tue throne. "*"pT"*?d that Joseph am h's fellow prisoner! had attended meetings, at wbich atr >ng reao utians ?.7, f ,?c P,B,?d, exprewiTe of a c'etermiav.ioa to wL .v w!" t?r' aud Bt wWoh ltcrDso4 ware borter, th*t tt>e* hid been dolled in military com !tlDJkmi aL ? w#re ,JUnd iD arms wltala a BUickaCe or f'.rt)fication, from which shots wtre nred upon the aoldlery and tno co: RUbuUry. Ye! JLaTh .* of,Viifl e,vid()DOe. and of tbe most deter mi ced rflorta of tb* AttorLey Oene>al to oejnrea o)n fiction, a jury of twelve cltizctH unhealtaticirly re !? I'AI ^ K ffi'ASSpSSfSS'.bW KS?r, 2?a' day. on Monday, a seo nd prisoner was arraigned m * .????Ed ?aa M inning, a oeTma ot (ducation, coLBected with tie local press Bal larat. lhe evidence that connected him wit . the tacts we bave mentioned above wae distinct and in contrtvertible. The Attorney -General closed tbe case in a speech of remarkable pjirer. But tbe JJUvi( f i0Dd a *wdlct olt acquittal. Ajid the public expression of triumph waa renewed. onr English readers ^e scandalized bv these things, per hastily conclude that Melboarne jnnes are men nnm^nd'nl of ttepo'emn obligations ol an cath? nor that Melbourne citizens are d Inputted to revel in disorder aid rejoice in defeat of gGveriiment as a tiiumph over la v. Th? very reverie of this la too fact. And in this ?? 'Si 1 General topio of coDgratoiatioa, that twi juries have been found wlto auffielent dlsciittlraticn and indepeidecee of judgment to diicern between the real merits of the case they bad to try , ai d tl e l?gal tecnicalitUs with whi :h it was ccmplicated, and that tbe publi s nave reoognized i?!i 8*??. i?" 1 dlatln tion. Taese men w ere undoubtedly put upon their l ial on a false issue. nZZL ? accused of o nspiring to dethrone the !?i Z' person of common sense in the .Min/$e 00014 knew that no etntvment of boetiiity to tteQneen waa ever presented to their minda. The whoie accusation was a legal Action, lhe grave and frrmal document in which they were arraigrcd, charged them with 44 levyinir war " against tic authority of the Qoeea, and seeking to eubvent her Msjeaty'a throne ! " to deprive and J^?y tb?QQoen." ?o runs the Infor mation, of atd from the style, honor, and kin iv m? 0 * imperial crown." ? * ? ?v f ?v!*D5 peT,on in tbe 00,0?y who en tcrtaioe tbe slightest sa?plcfcii tbat tbeie state pri toner* ever for a moment ''csmpaaMd iWkeld devised or intended" anything of thekmd.' .i - Jbe . existense of such a destirn the prosecution hiiberto has utterly failed to w? adduced on the rivt vlr ''o^ 'hat the offeice committed in the Eonkanctkade oiigina'ed in or pinook of tbe th? /IftMeorT v JT" a dcn?onstra'ion agalost tbe policy of Mr. John Poater and 8ir Charles Hot bi.n:--Hn armed resutance to ao obn.xious ta* S e e1 ^dd',.#c1?e and tyranni al constibulary! . , .. ^e thk'k it is a matter of just public can graiuialion tbat the jary in thean casts hid the moral coutnge ard the manly goo J sense t> look at tbe matter submitted to them in the light of fact thl fccbDioaIitj,; tbey c ngidered the question of the prisoners guilt not by the rules n 7 pleading of tbo Attorney .^t?,'i0rit>? op of the Judge, but by J?i P dictates of common aenae. of b!) > n? donbt' however, that the verliot or not guijty, twice repeaVd, mist be reirarded e*i?tP?tW<ie?Inf CteCik t0 th? adminiatration, and an tvtf.lAk condemnation of Me poUcy by receii5 Paln/ul events were prccipiwte/ overrment nave refused to accept it aa a final of the merita of the case, aa between them iriiltt *^d*Be in' argents, and in violation of the ?o/U'rL *T5D^' o'Jbs habeas corousact, have again postponed the trial o( tbe remaiBinar prison ?MwlittMiProl?cl!d for * 'ort^r periol the punis? ment of lmptiaonment for an off-ince of whi h K?.fd hv'to/' A^' a t0^d 8nilty- i Attorney (.enetal to have been re '?.rl" ccneequen' e of hla despairing t j obtain n P"1/'8 out of whish leCrt.H ! y f and had been lelectcd. A fcun?'rei*d eighty re jntable ci'l7er? JLr ?f tt?" fn *nm]f itun'Md by tbe flrgt l*w offi wortbi of S&iUh1 ArtnVly. ?ec!?ed to bs un wortny or bt irg believed on their oaths. And thi? led oVrl'iW^1 tl!* hkTe re'^? to ta bS inthonn? A nr-, ,|VfIiCy t3 the executive ? ',i: '! J1 new panel )a rammouod, and th:i in^ are fixed to come off on the 19, i A lecent cortege d ele tion for a s:at in the Lc gieiative Ccui cli Las ttf rded gratifying cvidousJ of tho growth of apolitical vitslpy, such as the colon? bt>s uo teldom of late exhibited. * * * We a1 intfe to t .is election and the vigor wKti which it w-w tkrcupnrut concocted, tie a Higf that w: ire at lm: awah?ni:gftom tbe apathy that has no long pa** hs< d on* politi :al liSfl, and vindicving oar Qlmn* for those great privilege* of ei<fr.?ncbt??iment which tbe new conatitutiM mil sooie time or other confer upon op. When we ? re to expect thaf. boon f<on the- coidiK'frt-lon or tbe ieisu-e of Her Majesty 'a ministers we can at presen'.only cotij j tare. la ton remote co! ny, we Un>l it d'fli uH. t^ nuderstwd tae emotes ot th?i delay, that month by vnoutn weaken! cm attachment to the imperial comec ion, i( it is not rapidly engendering a feeling ot d*ep resentment. Why? tbe qnes iwi li beginning to be asked wi'hmnch bitterness ? should a measu re, cn which ao many expectv.ioos and so m*ny hopes axe fixed? a measure to which, righty or wrongly, the color y looks as the girat guarantee of its iioer ties, and tbe foundation of its future fortunes -b j quietly si elved, as if it wss m >rvly a bill for rega laurg the livery of a parish beadle ? If the au:ao rities at brme think our affalrx of t* little moment as to j unify this contemptuous neg'.ec'., thfy c?u have little pretension t> administer then. We w.nld eeriot sly warn Koglist iwliticlans that the withholding our tew constitution bill is not only in flicting a manifest injustice upon u?, bat is greatly encaageiing what they a?e pleasea to term t?e in tegiity of tbe empire, and that already his Ex sel ler ej hRS be- n called on, by judicious mis, imme diately to " proclaim our confutation," wittioat fur ther Urrjii.g for tie Celiberstlonsol Parliament or the cot sent of tbe Qnesn. Later from Uracil. om kio JAtKtao correspondence. Rio Jankiio, June 1, 1865. Flour ii very high- ere n om $35 per birreL Freights to tbe United States are from H0j. to tl per lag >f coffee. The Brazilian steamer of war arrived yesterday from Montevideo, with a report of the Brazilian rqnedrcn, and Informed ni that the treaty of peaoe permits tie Brazilians the tight to navigate the wa ters of the Amazon that border on Brazilian terrf to? y, or tbrcagh Paraguayan waters that are the natoral channels or loala to the territory of Brazil wbicb they may drain. A ie est respectable meeting of shipmasters was held in this city on the 2!>th of last month, at which sevetal appropriate resolutions were pa>sed, la re spect to the memory of Walter II Jones, of yeor ? lty, late Pre a' dent of the Atlantic Ioscrsnce Com pany: ard on tbe 30th of May. tie flags were :ow cred ?alt trust on the American shipping. An Ei Aitic Ssl Jtar?The salary cf the 0 >vernor of Indiana, thongh email enctgh whea stited witn on'. tbe perqalaitea to which the < See entitles the Incumbent, is yet quite liberal when atated in fall Thus the salary proper is $1 500; rent of hemae and furniture given bv the Btete, 1600; allowance for fairily expenses, 1000; feescn ssranp lend peon's, t.1,000: regular fimrg up of the Oofcmor's bno*f. 15 200: private eec-etary |5O0; expsnfe.' for \lslt lag public Institutions, ?17!> 35; c jaMsgenx faad

91, W- Tot?l, $lt,729 Be mi), tare In Um Vnltod St?t* [From Ue London Athenian, Jon# 10 ] Veiy low -?k? is aculpture bw ?wb??n on jf<y? of pubhc exhibition In the Uultod States, an those exhibited Km b.ea priiiclptl^ ba?- o( distinguished living Am?rioens, which ooo^oniU* foaLd thetf nj into the annuel ?hlWttOM O' of painting*. in 1M? Ornwford'i ue of nbeue" *>? shown la the Boston Athena: aum; bat, having unfortunately b*M? ?uon broken on ship bona, it mi Imposrtbto to remove It to other citlee for the purpoaea t f exhibition- But to h was tfae public' apathy regarding sculpture at that time, even in the ?' Athenian cKy," that toe pnoeeda of the exposition of tale beautiful and highly elaselo production, by an American baDd,?dnoteio?d (00 dtLars? a enm scarcely sufficient to defray * XJ(.ube commencement ef the American Rivoluttou there stood iu Baling Green, Ne^ort. a eUta# of Gkorse III ; and, daring tae retreat of the Ane rtsa&i before ti?e advancing British amy, the lndtg v? pTpulsce decapitated the stMus and demo 1 abed the re ieaUl wita enrf mark of resentment Frcm th?t day to a period little short of half a eea torv . nothing in the nature of wtatue was seen to t e Union, if we except that of Washington (by Hcudon) lathe capital of Virginia. "?hiagi krrpus statue, so fully represent! eg the d ^ $ tbe original, mav bo as truly termed the J >atbei r of Aneroan sculpture as the subj m* of it (s_ the Fa ther of his Country. It struck the lint Wow at that prejudice io the Aneriosn mind whtoh blinded it U the usefulness aid n-ole mission of an art w*ch gives to virtue a pedestal, and to patri 'tlsma par Kanm' form and nlase before the ey?s of the mil tons wlom they cave blessed a ith freedom and happiness. I ?y, * struck tie first bl iw at preja oie; but It dii not cnquer? this is tbe work ot Hire. Tbe name, however, of W^blngton w? a lest In Itwir. tor whvt Americin hea t otmU deny to bis aervloes so simple aad apP'QO^e of a r a' ion's love and gratitude ^ North Cuollna tocn followed Viig nia in the grateful path, by orttrinK a full length BUtue ofbim fromCanova; then Ch?ntrey was commissioned by MeasashusBtVi to extcu'e anoti.er; ana thus was sculpture breath ed into life, or in the se er phrase, nationalized, in tt e American republic. But how long it lvigalaaed, marly glvlsg up the ghost! Still, the acknowledge meat *ss made, that s'atues were not nece??rliy idols, nor their admirers iiclaters; and taea/ollowad as a ?onacqutnce, among all glited naiads, an a^pro colttesl plaster figure of Llbarty, and a I Bne i E,nd!? er e of History adorning the cloik; in tbe leiuuda, a verts lot panels, containing miserable basstrilieci scene* from American history; in the tympanum, over tbe east front of the Capitol, a very low ?e.lef alltsoi ic group. All these were by Italian hands Tbe lew intelligent lovers of art among tbe re pwsentatives in Congress^whom forelgu travel had educated to itBusea and beauties, struggled steadily ?id long for its advancement, and at last sacc? edad in cam leg through resolutions to All the two nlc ei utder the portico with statues of Peace and War. These were ?lven to Persico.aa Ntxt came an order fur a colossal Washington, and tbls was given to Greenough, a young Ameri can, struggling manfully against adversity in Flo ret ce? tbe pioneer of Amerioan sculptors. In a few years Fersico returned from IUly with the statues of Peace and War; and these weresomoch admired that other resolutions were son? patasd for two imnt riant groups, "Colnmbas Dlsooverjig the New Wor d," and the "Pioneer's Struggk ~ tbe first being given to Pewlco, and th? Mcoad to Greeiougb? $20,000 being appropriated for each. Whilst these oommitsims were bsiog completed in I'aJy, the "Washington" ws? sent hom4 Greenough, and placed on "? % 4 Ml ?* !? tbe beantilu! f rounds in frost or tie Capitol, lu 1845, Peraioo's "Oolnmbue arrived. ' This was about the state of "^Pk^,,, the United BteUs down to as lite as the year 1847. From its rsri'y, and the great sums paid for it, it was r aturalls locked upon aa a higher branch of art, reaching (greater abUlties and attended with more difficulty and expense than painting; for pUnt ir g bad become fam'lianzedj to the people through tie works of many artists, trm J?* ^"5 aid Tinmbnll to ihat of Wiervit had its ^chartered academies and unions and pictures of all degrees of merit? "old masters" and new were oi exhibited throughout the country? hen oe there was no mjttery attached to painting, for all could have accets to a studio and wttneas its secrets. Not so with s. ulpture? for the general supposition was. that to make even a buat il was neceeuuy to cast the (liter's f?ce In plaster to obtain a likeness even to that material-how much more difficult then, must It be to make a bust In marble, whlcl cjdIwI BOt te thus moulded ! And then to cut the whole fiiiuie In tula btrd and brittle substance, whew a a'tgle rake blow would destroy the whote work, sr d actually to imitate the softness and flexibility of fle?b, was ccnaidered aometblsg almost mavelloos ? n quiring a ready genius ana a oexteraush^d, aid allow leg neither experiment, correction, nor change. As these r pit ions are BtUl extenalve]y en terUtoed in America, I may be excused for miking a itw remaikB upon them. , .. , As far as mere txc cation is oouoeraed, the smlp tor 'a art is of all others the eaalest of attainment. Viewed in this Ugbt, it falla among the lo vest handicrafts. Even mtcbinery is now sucoe*fully employed in cutting marble to almost any lequired lorn; ; and It is to moae ingenious than that which turns out lasts of evert shape from a sltn p!e blcck of wood. Indeed, so lltue artistic aki>l is beotMftf y in tbe mere execution of atitwy ? that the sculptor need not touch it. His art in higter and nobler, dealing with things of feeling, ini'slratloa and phif, sophy, and briogiag tbsm into vitible forms in the moat manageable aub*t?.ice be can find, such as clay, o: wax, or any other w nch aball readieat recc ive the impress of hU thought, au-1 here bis work is dose. Hu f ortuno Is left for ?ther tiscds to gain for nlm by mechanioal mians alons - by transit r ring to any required dimensions th* pe rtebable mrdtl to enduring bronzo or marble, rau.i, a flaure of fifty feet In height coats little more or the acuiptf r's time ortslent than one of three feet Copy after ccpy may be mada to any numbtr, wita cut even tbe supervision of the artis . s cje; so that if be chuoaeB to multtoly his works, he has only to increace thi number of worknen t* e rpiantay of marble to fulll any number of cjmmlsaions in a. aivf n time Tae town of Carrara, 'n th? midi'. of tbe marble quarries of lraly, Is one great fa-.to'y cf Ibis Urd, r? |>eatiig ad infinitum tie worki of aji cier t aixi mo em masters at very low rates, to b^ sect to ail parts of Christendom; so tbat If a V eouo dt Mfdici, an Apollo or a Lixiooa iesouiht of o?tua. ment to Ue original, m;tey can flad either or tiw a In arery atort time. It ir cor deleted by acu'p'o-s tvoms?]?fd that c it tirg v a- bit lr not .in csbent.al pirt of their pro.'ea Eio",fn<J cote but tboso whoso u aan dona", allow them to en ploy woikm n, ever uks tao chisel in hard. In itie c;ny modal i?s.':own the littlt'l BtatiV the clay and m? doilit g toola are the only neoenary imtiementi In the baids cf geniis to p?ve t,h? <*iy to foitm e aiid to fame. That the esuent'al* o' the eculp'or'e nit Me in the clay moiol h not oa>y RC Hiiding to n aaon , bos to all Mat ry of the plastl ait, (or itn y do D?t depend npoa the material, bat opcB tbe form it u made to IMM, In fact, it fH Wilt1! potter's art that sculpture sprang, Irit, by baking 1 he clay a'ter it was modelled into the it<|uired form, ?<? may be krora from tte bousenili goes o[ the Egyptian; alter tb?s8 came carvir" Ugnifa in wooJl and ivory, and lastly niet.-'s at. : none. The Etrusca;s and Oreeks were particularly celtbtaUd l< r tbfir wpjka in clay, tte former beina tmplojed in dtcoiftticg the Roman Capitol, and I'm latter in adoitlng the most magntQcaut te no lea in Greece. Pauaanias mention* a temple at Frtto>t, callt d tbat of tbe greatest god*, " the atatma of which were cf clay;" and the Athenians are known to have held annual exlibtton* of their bee*, work* in tbe same substance. Earopean collections cjb t&in mar y specimens ot tbe ancient terra cotta*, or baked earth Ognree; in that at Naolea are name m large aa life. No traveller is Italy can fall to be atmck by tbe beauty of th ise of the famous Lncoa dtlla K' bbla, and to join in the esteem in whl h they hive ao long been held; were they of marble tbev value aa wo' ka of art would not be increased. Among tie noblest prodncMons of the flfteentl con tuiy are t.e clay statues of Begarelll of Reggio, of whem Michael Avgelo remarked, " If ths clay oculd become marble, woa to tbe antique sUtuav," aid it ia only neoeaaary to ate them to believe tbe assertion. Simple and well known aa theae facta an to par fona at all ccLvereant with art, they aeem to have (teaped the attention cf Amcrioana, if we take aa ? criterion the great disparity in Use anma they appro priate for statuary and for pain tiara. For ioatance. CoBgnta pave $10,000 for an hit tori ml plc'ute, 18 fett long by 12 feet high, whilst $26,000 ??* given for a r Ingle statue, or for a groan of two figuree, and aa mucl aa $60,000 for an equestrian statae In brrrz'! Now, anyone a quainted with artistic labc r knewa Uat to executa an historical picture of the an ve large uimenaioae, requires not only as mnch talent snd experience, bat infinitely more time, than either of tbe soulptampnamed? f?r all mutt be done by the painter's own hand? bo mere la tore r can ha employed. That theae approprla tk na prove a williagress in statesmen to gfve 11 be ta) ly for the ad vat oe meat of tbe fine arte is moat oer taiB ; still It ia to be regrettel that their errors of judgment tend not only to Induce young men to et.ter a peofesston through hope i of great and sud den reward, In which their native ta enta are iaato quote to ?oooeas, but to create unjuat and invidious dlat Bctiona aa to tbe merits of tbe productions of difff rent branches of these liberal arta. lh 1M7 " Tbe Greek Rlave" was p'aoad on axbi hltof n in New York A painter frier d of the seal > tcrvent ever from Italy and undertook tbe anta' frire entirely at his own risk and expease; aad not *n hit and log tbe.itoof repegrtaoe that exiatad in muj minds to t bo public exhibition of ? naked biatnn, H wu so jadiov u?ly eoadncted u in aims neasoro to oissrm the serious opposition. Without reading tbe papers of the day, i; ia hardly possible to ooncetve too peculiar grounds of this repugnance, which at first threatened the fai.nra of the parpooe of the exhibition: bat generous Mends of art citne to tbe rcsooe, ana, backed bv a liberal and power fa. puts, carried tbe fkki triumphantly. Euthusi afatio a-d reiterated appeals were made on behalf ol tre sou] p' or, cramped for t^e means ol pursu ing bis studies in a foreign land, and his right to a generous reception of his first statae among bis oouatrymen. The national pride and sympathy were tons arcaaed to snob a pitch as to postpone to btm future day the daty of im partial crnicim upon the merits or the work itielf. Under such favorable auspiees the statue was taken tbrooghtbe States, everywhere reoeived by tho mastes aa a work cf almost mlraculoas power, and givii'g to thousands, far the tint ti<ne, the opportu nity ard pltaiore cf looking upon a rtatueia mar ble. Tbe result to the artist wis cVebrity and money, ard nnme'ous valuable comatianlons from States and iocivldutls, p acing him at once la an asy. if not independent pjuitioo. It is in the highext degree credit aVe to the hearts of Americans that tbey reap >nded so handsomely to tbcao appeals for native struggling ta'env, it is Lot strange, however, for, if one country m ire than another is bleated with a commendable patriotic piide in tbe Renins of her sons, (hat country ia America; and where this is fully awakened im adopts no half measures to gratify it. As a remarkable instance of this, and of tbe tnc ee kb wbicb sometimes, tooogb very rarely, attends bn artitt's dibut, we nay state that, since 1846, Mr. Pews a baa sent from nis workshop no leas than five "Creek Slaves," three " Fisher Boys," one "Eve," one "Calboun," one "Washington," all full biztd statues; forty busts of "Proaerpiu0,'' several of "Diana," "Psyche," "Washington," " F-sher Bey" and " Slave," and a Urge number of portrait boat*? ttill having on haud, la variola stages of progrers, a gieat many works of a siinikr kind. It may be truly divined that posterity will not have to go a beggiag for a eight of bis works. Many srtists, for a s uch let>s recompense, would cheeriu'ly unbrace an exile to such a country as Italy; few, however, there will be if bo will fiad tie tvo together. ihe incressirg patronage of B3i'p".are ia the United States ia not now limited to tuta o ;e of its professors; others are beginuing to rr ue ; > that to which tMy have shovn t emBe.ves entitled. Oiair ford, at Rome, is executing for the SU'e of Virginia a msgnitioent monument to WbBhingto", and other ciit zt n b ol re voiullot ary i e no wn. Wa-ihlu g to a l ? repre tented upen a spirited steed? bete vth aud surround ing tbe p' dcstttl stand hit civil and or i*.a-y ub> dates tn that day of trial. The figures are a'.l to be of brcrze. When complete!, it will be one of the mart i-tiikicg monuments of modern tinea in general effect aid artistic power. The sculptor has leceivei doting the past year a highly complimen tary aid lucrative commission f.om hui governmaut to fill cnecf the pediments of the enlargement of the Capitol. It will give aoope to bis abilities ia tbe highest departments of his art? inventi,n, com 1 1 sit ion. action acd expression, and the lucid ren dering of his story. His long and severe stadias ia Home and his past productions are the surest guar antees of tnocesf. By this great work bis name may be favorably known as long as the Capitol stands. Clark Mills has given such satisfaction In an equestrian rtatue cr Jackson, recently erected In front of tbe Wnlte House, that he has bjen ordered by Congress to make a similar work of Washington for 60,000 dollars. Other yonns men are making their way to public favor. Among tbe most distinguishei is Mr. Rogers, of II no; whose figure of Nidla has excited urn ver sa! adm'ration, and the most sanguine hopes of an hoc o) able careeer for the artist. Thus, cvbey thing looks propitious for tbe rapid growth of sculpture in the republic. Money there is, and to (pare if it be judiciously expended, America may at no distant time place herself in tbe ircnt rank of nations in respect to the retiaement oi educated life, as abe has akeady i n political and re- , bgions liberty, in oommerclal enterprise a d mecba- I nical ingenuity, and in tbe abundance and sesurity of aoi ial comforts. Her people have arrived at tut degree of outward prosperity when they yearn for ?objects ot internal interest inch as tbelarts pos sess, and when it is important that a stud 7 of tbe trne ai d beautiful in matters of taste should guile tbem to a pare delight in the objects of their new duties. The Murder and Suicide Affair In St. LonU' [From the St. 1 .aula Republican, July 11.] An Uir.ideit of a moat painful ud Interesting character has jus; been brought to light: tie mur der of a Mute by the bands of ber own brother, and fcubscqctnVv Lla own self- destruction. It will ba remembered tbat on Monday morning wa notioed tbe 'act that a young man by the name of F. F. Bles&ing, was lcuod at ad in bis roim at King's Hotel, order circumstances that led conclusively to the leiicf tbat he bad committer suicide. Such, lnceed, turned ont to be the ftet, and the cironrn stat c?a conue ted wi h it aid Tbe murder whlcli preot d d arecf a nature intensely Interes.iog. The name cf tbe unfortunate girl was Eniiy Bleating, who having no parents, ru Iett ? j tie guardi>>i ship of her brothers aid a rcar/1 jd Bister, who lives in tbis city. We do Dot p'ofe-.s to be strictly aoto ate, but are informed that nie waa placed in a cot Tent in this city, from which place Bte frequently ea aped, and give sn:h evidence) of a dirsolute liie aa to render her relative exceedingly unhappy. Yturg Blessing, ber brother, wta particularly effected oy her benaivonr, and (or some time previous to tbe dreadful occurrence seemed at times low tpi'itcd. On tbe afternoon of the fatal day, he got a buggy and proceeded to a house on Fourth street, well known for ita bad repute, and there saw his Hater, whom he prevai ed upon to take a rids with him. Bib manner is represented aa having been quiet and exhibiting no sign of the terribla resolu tion he had evidently concealed in his heart. T.ie brother at d sister left tbat he use together. It is kt own that Le went up the Bellefontaine road with and returned without her. lie c?ma bisk to his hotel near du?k, where he was joined, we are told, by his brother and brother-in-law, with whom be spsnt the evening in bis own room, tiey little creaming of tbe dreadful act he had cam ni'ted. Bis c; ndoct, in fact, appeared ra'Jier giy, aad he sent for a bottle of chsinjagte, whi:b wat drank. In ti c meantime ha occupied bimwf In. writing a letter. After an bonr or so sp?at, thi'y lof;, and in tbe morning, aa before recordtd, he wis found a corpa*. Tne fact of bis having taken bia sister out with bim and :c>udn; without hsr, atd hla mil k .ova sensitive natuie, created a mantclon tuat he had killed ber as well as himself. and a cordi'igly feirch was made in the direction which th?y nad Sone, and jester jay morning the body of Emily Ueatlrg. bis sister, was found near toe Wa.k'ja road, in the woods, in what i? known ai thi L oner (Vlumbis Bottom, about seven miles from the < ity. file h-d in a pink muslin dress and a straw bonne', and tbeie wtro t vo bullet holes through her hoad; ore penetrating n Vive tbe right temple, aad tie othf r jot below tbe cheek bone, tbn tail ptsitng out tr rough the left ear, Upou tha Cironer's in vestigation it w?? proven by tarce wicnamas, th?i on Ue evecii!^ in matkl live *u (?"?vive fM she's were be aid. Icere waa a fence ne*r b/, .ad a ckae examinatio n of the road 1;J to the belief that be 1 ad bitcb?d his horse and aken her a d ? tance cf tome thirty ja-ds In tne woola, waere ha perpetrated the act. Tbe repeated firing can only be sccennted ft r from the fact that she saw his purpose t.o late, and resisting, some of the barrels misit d. the conclusion is clear to our m'nd from his sub sequent conduct that he intended killing not oiily ber but himself there, but hla waapon was rxbaust ed in sacrificing his siafer, and he wai compelled to return toths city without putting his fatal reio lut'on in regard to his own life into effect Certain it is that a few hours afterward! wi.h his own band h<a soul was released from all eart&ly trouble and rent into tl at world where tbe spirit of hia a ster had juet preceded hia, 1-ei tbe mantle cf mercy fall npon this brother and sister. None but those who love and valae tne honor of a rater, can, in coamon eharlif, extenu ate his crime. Dreadfol as it ia, and with all toe oonscqnences it ettailB, he baa been driven by a keen act ae of honor which ia entitled at least to respect, to aacrlflje hla own life and that of hia sister, rather than live to sae her disgraced. Mr. Bleslrg was a young man only about twen ty -three years of a?e, an engineer on tha river .and was much esteemed by every one who knew him; and his sister was bat a flaw yean his junior. Wholesale Conviction or MpRomsafl in La faybtte, Indiana.? The Indianapolis JcMmal of tbe 11th inat.,saia:? "Jaatioe baa been busy ia La fayette tbia cprtng. Huch a flood of criminal busi tees was probably never known in the State before as bss recently inundated the Lafaye:te Court. Three re en bave been aenteaoed to death for mur der, two have been sentenoed to the State Prison fcr life, and a number, we forget bow maoy, for terms of greater or less length. The last man s*n t n<<d to death wee Ht~ king, for the mnrder of John Rose. Tbe verdin waa returned on Sttorday ntgbt about nine o'c.ock, aa wa learn from tha La fayette Jturnai. It will be rsmembe-ed that last winter a very destructive Ore oscn'red ia Lafayette, In which Mr. Jchn Roe#, a highly esteemed cl'ican, wsa buiied to death, aa was supooaed. Since the rammer cement of the trial of the Fahrenbaogh murderers, suspicion go; abroe d that Rosa had been mince fd, and his store roabed and set on fire to destroy the evidence of tbe cilme. Probably some tech s?r hsuapiiioo waa entertained at the lime of ?.he ccmrence. but it as'umed oo defiiite shape or ohj ct till recently. The confessions of th* Fabren bauph n nrd'ff r? /u?ve tbs duetto an i^vrstlgt'i in, which I as mt ted iii Stocking's cocvicti ia. Rose ??? affiled " Bapestor OonrUSpccUl Term. Before Judge Hoffman. THX BRKVOOBT D0D8B -0L4IM8 OP MOBTOA3IM ANf? JUDO II KMT OWITOBS PBTBNOB Or UfllTBT SWT L P BY A T. 8TBWAKT CO. Gtorge Slater ti. Curlu Judson, A. T. Stewart 4- Co., and wtors.-This case, which has been orj trial for lereral days, will determine the distribu tion of a fond cf about $28,000 now in ooort, arising from tbe tale of the furniture of the Brevowt House, which took place in April liut. The suit ii inai toted by George Sla'er, who waa formerly the stew ?rd cf Judson's Hotel, and subsequently of the Naw York Hotel, to fore lose a chattel mortgage for 115,000 on the furniture of the Brevoort House, ( given to bim bj Judson as security for moneys loaied by Slater to Jadson during a period of seve" ral years, and for a balance of salary which hid accrued from 1852 to 1854. After the mikiog of 'his mortgage Jucaon cot (eased a judgment to A. T. St* wait ? Go. for about $23 000, and A. C. Ste?art A Co. ciaim to bave l-.ved thereupon an execution on the property la t=?i Br? voort Houss. At We time of the alleged itvy the property was eccamtered by several other mortgagd besides thU of Slater, to an amount exoeedtng tte proceeds of sa'e. The pro perty was aold by a receiver, and tie pro-eois bnu^lt itto court to be disuribu-ed amoag tbe several paities having liens upon tbe pro perty, as thbir ittereets migbt ha deter F'intd The caw sow comes np for bear irg, for tbe purpose of adjadicaHng anon the validity of the :Hrs claimed, aid th?ir priori ties. Tbe plain?;!!' elite s, by virtue of his mortgage, to be paid out cf >h? fu'd before A. P. Stewart A Co. A. T. Stewart & Co claim tba*., as agalst their execution, tbe mortgage to SUwr ana tbe othtr mortgages, arc mval d, and that they are en titled to be drat paid the amount of the- judgment. Tbe plaintiff exunic t d , as a witness, Curtis Judson, who prtved tbst Slatt>r had loaned iiim, at vaijus times pricr to 1852 soma amounUag In the aggro g?te to about $7,000; tuat be bad, sinca 1852, loaned h m 14 000; and thtt U>ere was a balance of about $2 500 cue Slater on fci> salary, from 18ol or 1852 to 1854; that these turn*, with tbe Interas*., amount- < el to < ver $15,000; a> d Out, in December 1854, be executed tte marig'ge in question, to oeoure that amour t; that Btater tad been in bia employment for about ten years, and loacei him all toe money of wbioi be was postered, embracing all he (Ska ter) saved from Ms esrntng* daring tae ten years, and a considerable Bum vnicb be Dad when ne en tered Judson's employment. After crow examina tion by ibe (xuretl i f Messrs. S'swArt, it appeared tlat, about tte jear 1851 or 1852, Judson was in deb ed t> Slater io $7,000; that at thai time, Sla w's salary was $1,200 per annum; that Judson being about to make an extensive addition to his boVl, and to set no tbe large ref-wto y which was subsequently carried on there, then proposed to Slater to enter into a co-partnership with him at Jndson's hotel, and leave the amount WDioh he (Slpter) had loaned Jnd'on as ca Eltal In tbe cowjarn, or that Slater should, if e preferred, conViue in the service of Jadson, at a salary of $2,600 ter annum. The witness stated that this increased salary was allowed for Slater's services and for tbe use of his money: that Slater's t o ties were much increased by tbe adlition of t is refecioiy, aid that he was a valuable man for In dustry and integrity, and that he preferred payirg that sa'ary to paying his debt to Slater anl allowing bim to leave his employ sent. The oouniel tot A. T. Stewart A Co., In this evidence, claimed that the mortgage to Slater was usurious, for the re won that an incaeased salary was allowed for the use of his money, and Insisted that by that arrangement S a tei's whole cl?<m was forfeited. The counsel for the plaintiff cbje 'ted to tbe dafenoe usu ry being set up on the trial, for the reason that do such defence had been set up by A. T. Stewart A > Co., in their answer. The Court stated tiat under a recent decision < f the Court of A- peals, that objec tion ocnld not aval), inasmuch as it would be eora petent even for tiie General Term to allow an amendment cf the answer on appeal after the trial. The counsel for tbe plain tiff then ii slated that if the question of u^ury was tobersi ed (al hough he was satisfied that tbe detenie would not avail Messrs. A. T. Stewart A C >.) that defence should be put upon tbe record aud snbsenbed aid sworn to by same of tie members of the firm r f A. T. Stewart & Co., and tbst tbe canse should not be proceeded with until that formality was compiled with. Toe counsel for A. T. Stewart A Co. decline 1 making a motion for leave to amend tLeir answer at this stage of the esse, and the court intimated that it was unneces sary to do to then, as it might hi done at general term. The c ur se 1 for the plaintiff suggested that tbe general term would hardly allow the privilege of an amendmeot wben the case cams before them, ? f that privilege had been tendered a*, spe^al term and declined, the cr.urt then decided taat tf the defence was to be insisted upon the aamdmaot must be made cn tie spot, ana must be verified by some of the membei s or tbe firm of A. T. Stewart A Co. Tbe ocuDsel for ?be plaintiff then insisted that be court abcnld impose terms as a oniltioi at al owing tbe amerdmmt, and stated tiat be should be lailtfied with the imposition ot tbe smal'est amount of costs welsh could bi imposed exceeding twelve ard a half cen's, so as to i correspond with tte small character of tae defence. Tte C'jnrt tfcen ordeud taat the amendment should be made on payment of $1 coats, tbe amendment to be drawn ard sworn to before the cause woJd be pro eedtd with. Tbe oounsel for A. T. Stewart A Co. t' en prcctedcd to draw the amendment set tag np the defence of u-ury. Mr. Bi roughs, of tbefiimofA.T. StcrartA Co., shortly made his appearance in court, and under t?e direct on ef his counsel mbscribed ana swore to the neoessa-y afli darits. The ecsnsel for A. T. Stewart A Cj. was thereupon about to proceed to exvnlae the witneHs in ?nppr>rt of the dtfenoe of neurr, when hie waa interrupted by tbe o. urrel for tbe plaintiff, who ia sitied that the coats ($1) which had baen imposed as a cordltion for aunitttlng the defence of osiry. should ba pa'd biiore it waa pro-eeied with Some den urrcr was made to tbis demand, ?sd It was snggetted that Mwra A. T. St wart A Co. were amplv rerpenai) e for the amount. Tas counsal for tbe tlaiutifi ?taff d ba did not qu's^ ;n pe cur iary rcep nUbUity cf Messrs. A. T. Stewart A Co., bnt t-e prtferr?d that psrties pleadiag usury should pay in advance. Tne Court thereupon dirtcfea rbo ccnrsei lot Messrs. Stewart tj pay the smonnt. He thereupon handed $1 to the plaiatilTs countel, who immediately handed It over to the plam'iff, and stair d that the plaintiff would oens*nt that tbe $1 should be credited on tbe amount of his mortgage. ? he trial then prooeeded. Toe ooar;?el for tne p'ahtiff tontinded that the daf-.noe of osnry, even if uturv waa proved, cjuld only b3 la | terjHsed by Mr. Judson, the borrower cf the moatry, I and thitthe Meters. 8'.^ wart could nil avail them J selves cf it to de cat the plaintiff's ??!%?. Tne I Conrt stated that it wae very strongly of tae Impres sion tb?t tbe cefcjoe could not avail the Ues?rs. Stevrarf, but rc??rvtd the point for far fur cOiiiJ eration. Mr. Judcon, in t 8 nreeen ? of toe court, expressly ciscluimr d t'ie defence of usury on his part, ard none o: tie t tber parilea to t ie sait ap pl'ed for leisure to interpoee it. Adjonnei to M <a dsy, Juiy 10. y Tin Traom)v at Fort McHbuby.? olrcain- 1 Btancea in concoction * itn tw dea'.h of Lima Loup, ?t Fo.tMcIItrry, cn the lltta tasnit, s-e aaidti be cf a n ere a tocious charactcr taan wm at dr?t repoittd. On tbi ou h jii'y of a gontianan ia tbe I United HUU* wrvi e, it was jesterday aUtad that on W??dDef-da? niffht IjTap waa making a note? in f ae of tb? baUdiige, when Morriw was ordered by tbe officer on guard to go ti him and te:l him to bJ , quiet. Mom. w approached Loup, and, in execa'oon of tba oider to quitt him, commenced bietuig fcim In a very rrere m*nct-r, when another >arty later fered, and canted him to deelat hla inhuman treat n.uit. Morrow at*rwarda vent to him and com- 1 mtoced the beating a aecond time, and c tiled tpon oie cf the soldiers to aaaiat to thro* ain do fa utair*. Lcnp requested, In an agouiz<ng tana, that he might be atot, to eid hl? ?uffer?nga, and at t iU i peiiod the corporal approached, and prevented hi? *1 beug thrown (Sown ?talra. Ha waa aftarwaid* 1 taken to tba tiageuffby Mono a, and hie h in da 1 tied, and a piece of blanket, wrappvi aroaad a J rope, (ut in his month. Wbilat thia rope waa bein< 4 tic d around bia bead, Loop ia rappcaed to have 1 euffccated, aa he fell back, and waa bangiag by hi* banda alone for about two hours and a half. Aa- s other soldier waa with Morrow at tha time tbe blanket waa put in Loop's mouth ; bat when be saw that he was aoffocatirg be ran away, aad wttncamd no note of tbe aceca uwtil he waa removed a corpse. Tbe officer of tba day aaaerta that ha did not give tbe order to Morrow to bea' I? rap, and Brew nothing of tte tragi i oc:nrrenci on Ml tha matter waa oyer. 4 rumor waa current at tha Fort, when the High Cowahe arrested Morrow, to the effect that several of the aoidtan urge i M rrow to ? deaeit, and rffered tim m^ney. Tba United 3<atea authorities hara taken the matter in band, aud to tDvcitigatlcn will be made at ten o'clock this mm leg, before Committor er Hanaa, whan tha fan facta wili be made knows Baltimore American, July 14. Fnrr.inK Printed Mail Mattih.- By a regula tion of the Peat Office Depir msnt, all u'pail newrpaptra, p?mph>te, aad other printed natt*er, mal'rd n any foreign cou' try, aud racMvsd at aay pott (ffice to the Ur.<>d Btatee, which may bs re* inard. or cannot be dei:ve*ed a* addraesej, muat be r. turned to tbe ceparumnt aa dead muter In tie same nan tier and oni'er tae aame general rafnla lationa aa apply to tbe return of dead iottera, and al ouid ba addressed to tba Third Assistant P .?t m aitar (lateral. Cull' a P. Bart'r, a nwtun cl?rfc. tu drotn*! at ft'mm Falls, en tba 9th >*?t , whll* bath.nf ia tba rim it era