Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 16, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 16, 1855 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD. J1ME9 ?ORDOI IBBKBTT, PROPRIETOR and editor. >yrTC9 N. W. OOHDXB OF KAS8AU AKS FCLTOH BTfl. V?1b*? XX AKPS'RMtNTS TnTS IYRBINQ. tlAiDW AT Till ATM, Bro?iw?J Rout O'MoEB ~B?<?i?acTM>a? uf OTi.1""" anb t?? CvB tiAI.. BC W CKV TH1ATB1, lomtj-Vfaww Oom-Kitt U H MV leiit.orj OARDBN, Broadway? Crows Diammid*. filhV'8 OPERA HOUSC, BM Bro?d ?Ay? Allcoha HANI. WOOW 3 MINSTRELS MmHwIoi' Hall ? 173 Broaiway. Hew York, Mondny, July 16, 1835. IBaIIi tor Ennpe. ai tori bsrald ? u>moN fob scaon. tk? CuDir'l mAii ?tAAnwhip America, Oapt. Lang, irQl *??? Bo* ton on Welnteday, At boob, for Liverpool. Ike Europe** mnila will cloae In thi? city At a quarter M two o'clock to sorrow afternoon. S*? Hhiu (printed In Bagliah And French) will bo puokuhrd at ten o'clock in the mono leg. Single eopiea, la wrappers, sixpence. Anbacrtpttona and ndT*rttiwinents for any edition ot Mo Nrw York Skbald will be received at the following plaoee In Kurope > tomnpooL. . John Hunter, No. 13 Exohaage itreet, Beat. Imtdos. ... Band ford & Co., No. 17 CorafclU. " Wm. Tbomae & Co., No. 10 Catharine ntreet, Itw Livingnton, WelJa &Oo , 8 Place de 1a Boone. the contents of the European edition of the Hsiuld will embrace the new* reenlred by mall And telegraph ?t Mo nfloe (turin# the previous week, And to the hour of pnbhoatkm . The Mewii The steamship Arago is now fully due at this port with four days' later news from Borope. 81c ?ailed from Southampton on the 4th inst., and her arrival may therefore be looked for at any momea*. The America left Liverpool, for Halifax, on the 7th tutut, and may arrive there on Tuesday morniog. Should the America get in first, we will havd a week's la'er intf llieence from the seat of war. The steamihip Cahawha, which left Havana on the 11th instant, arrived at thia port last evening. There is no news of importance. Our correspond eito, writing on the llth, inform as that the Gap tain General was much excited owiog to the fiao*, of aome friends of the late Ramon Pinto having pre sented to the widowed Senora a plaster bust of tli3 deceased patriot, taken from a likeness in thi pos session of one of them. Her servants and others were examined by the government agents, bnt no ilacovery of facts was obtained nor any arrests made. A creditable volunteer parade had boen held. The U. 8. sloop of war Falmouth arrived in port on the 10:n instant, all well. The heath of the island was good and the weather flue. It wa contemplated to ran a lice of American steamers from Matarz*s to Philadelphia. Our Rio Janeiro correspondent, writing on Jan? 1st, informs ns that floor there s?ld at $35 per bar tel. Fieigbt to the United States was from 80c. to $1 per bag for coffee. The flags of the American irere lowered to ha.f mast on the 30 th of Hay, oat of respect to the memory of the late Walter R. Jones, and appropriate resolutions were pasaed at a meeting of the shipmasters. No. ?? An important deciilon on the liquor question stj lie expe ted in the Supreme Court o! the Bscond Judicial district at an early day. It will come up on an appeal from a conviction lately had at Pough kmeie. The Judges composiog the court for the present term are Strong, Rockwell and Brawn. We give to day farther extra from our ex change! in regard to the crops and the progress of the barns' is soma sections of the country. The intelligence is even more cheering than it was a south ago, and our statement at that time tint t ie present year would be the most productive one ever known in this country, la now very near being veri fted, or at least is beyond a doubt. At fie present time we know of no intelligence that possesses more geieral interest than the cheering account! of tbe crop* contained in the Hhuld this morning. We give two more communications relative to tha British Foreign Legion? the re :rnits for the Crimea raised in the United States. In one the name of Mr* Grant appears, and tbe correipon lent states that that individual was not authorized to enlist mea as he did. We do not pretend to s >y whether or not he was authorized to " recruit" men for the Crimea, but we are inclined to tbe opinion that he had some aathority to act as he did, or elee be would not have she wn himself in Hall "ax, nor would the British au thorities have bsen so generous as they were in pay. ing the expenses of tiro ship loads from Boston to Nova Scotia, besides giving the men work on a rail road. It was only when they found that the " re craita" would not enliat in tbe legion that they re faeed to have anything to do with Mr. U.-ant and his men. So it appeara to our comprehension. We leain from Washington that the government has received information of tbe kind reception of Major Mordecai and Capt. McClelland by the Rus sian government, and says they have not been ro fused the liberty of visiting Sebiatepo?. The City Inspect 3r'd report for tha we>k ending 14 to instant ? published to-day ? shows a decrease W forty nine deaths as compared with that for the previous seven da} a. Four handrtd and ninety seven persons died during tbe past week, of whbh a umber three hundred and seventy six were chil Arts nndir ten years of age. Consumption, dlar VhflKA, ltd cbileia infantum were tbe most fataj diseases. Forty eight, aJulta died o? the former aid twenty-three cf the Utter affection, whilst fie lafaa. tile disorder took off' flfty-sevej young folks. Cho lera infantum Is unaccouutably periodic at this sea son, and dlartboc* is severe and exteotive just now. Inflammatory affections were decreasing. There is ao cholera reported atd only two fatal cites of sua stroke. The steamship Hermann, which was detained ever from Saturday, to ra tify some derangement in her machinery, will sail for Bremen at njou, to day. Osing to a sort of stampede on Saturday am^ng th* jLfcich?tts for the country, to remain abseil a>ver hnnday, trade In a general way was leas ani mafed. The a*le? of cottjfl were restricted t^ sonv? ?00 a 800 bales, though prices closed Urm. Flout wm dull, and oon. rain grades Inclined to droip. Com sold to the extent of abent 60,000 to CO ,000 bosfce J, at 89c. a 91c., chiefly at 900. for Westarn mixed. Po k was active and higher, with sales of abcut 1,200 bbl?., at llo 75 a $19 87 for new asrsi, witb a small lo* a* $20, the highest orloe reached ?? this market for a oo.eideubls length of time, fcugars were firm, and coffee without change of m> meat. Frtigh s we re dull. ??w York State Politics? *(nt? Conventions and MoTtaunts of our Various P?rtl*s for (he November Election? Martin Van Unr.-it Kliln| In. According to the following catalogue of State CoDventioos_appoIntcd in this commonwealth, in reference to our coming annual election, we ?hail have rote sport among our numerous con tending parties and faction*, on the eighth day cf November. Here Is the list Saw Yoas tat* Oirajmoss or 1855. Woscsai' Rights Oonrsatlon, Saratoga, August IS sad 16 Rfpublicta, .'?'sward Ant. SIsystj Fuiion, Ac burn or Xyra<n??, August 22. V?a Bnr?n Con??nt'oD, (asw moTtmtet ) Sjrscusa Asirnat 22. 4<J?i*nt?a'(on Dsnoorstic Soft Kh?U CoaTsntion. Sy sa?as?, Aagost 20. C?J?rsd Ilea's Oonrsntioa, Troy, 8?pt 4. Dsssocratlc Bard Shell Cooreation, Sjrrwiws, s^pt lucw Nothlsg State Counill, S/rscass, *pt 25. Die Garri?t Smith radical abolitionists hare had their convention, at which they resolved, under tbe auspices of Arthur Tappan, to c?ts k.Hvh i monthly newspaper organ in the ci'y of K.vt Y.rk Its Sv.v TtJ?pcr ?re fO-Mloa bare mad* a sign Indicating their intentions upon the liquor question. Probably they will permit this new Uw to go overboard with out resistance. The Antl- Renters were to h\v? bad a convention on the 11th inst., bat wo hive beard nothing farther about it. There is jet another party, generally considered as dead and burled, which Its sponsors voold have us believe Is coining to life again. The Albany Evening Journal publishes aoallt'or a meeting of the Whig State Central Committee, at tbe Aster House in this city , on the 18th day of July, at 12 o'clock M., by order of John A Cooke, Secretary, which will probably deter mine tbe day and the place of the so called Whig State Convention. Here we have a most interesting and spicy dish of odds and ends. In tbe first place, it will be remarked that the Seward Anti-Slavery Fusion Convention, and au Independent Van Curcn Free Soil Convention, appointed aider the immediate auspices of Martin Van Buren, meet on the same day. Touching this nev Van Buren movement, emanating directly from headquarters, we refer our readers, especially the soft shell Sachems of Tammany Hill, to the letter from n correspondent at Hudson, which we publish elsewhere in these columus. At a late democratic meeting at Hudsoo, which it seems was gotten up and cat and dried by the old pipe layers oi Martin Van Buren, the re -anion of the party upon first principles was strongly recommended. Bat this extraordinary meeting also recommended a democratic Stats conven tion on the 22d of August, at Syracuse, when the regular Soft Shell Staxe Central Committee had already appointed the 29th. What is the meaning ot this disagreement be tween -Kinderhook and Tammany Hall? Oar correspondent throws some light upon it. Io is vciy evident to everybody that the h*rd shells, (Considering the softs incurably tied down to Mr. Fierce and his administration,) are de liberately meditating a fusion with the Know Nothings in November throughout tbe State. To counteract this movement, the sage of L:n denwold undertakes to give the cue to tbe soft shells, in advance of the Tammany convention of the 29th. Hence this Hudson meeting ci 1 of a simon pure soft convention on the 22d. Tbe object is to be on hand, cheek by jowl, with the Seward fusionists, and to strike such a bar gain, if expedient, as will result in a cmlition which will defeat that of the Know Nothings and hard shells. It will be remembered that at a promiscuous anti-Nebraska meeting in the P<irk, last sum mer, Mr. Benjamin F. Butler declared that he would sooner vote for Seward for President than for Judge Douglas. It will also ba remem bered that Mr. Butler, Mr. Cullen Bryait, and others of the leaders of the /ree soil Van Buren Boutbons, took an active part in the call and in the proceedings of the last August Saratoga Fusion Convention on the Neara&kt ' bilL Now this Republican Seward Convention of August next is the Bame thing; and this Hudson meeting may be considered as the first definite step under the auspicea of ex- President Van Buren himself, to carry over the bulk of the soft shells to the Seward Holy Alliance. W hether this fusion is iutended as a scheme to sink Mr. Pierce beyond soundings, or to briug him and Marcy out in their true colors upon the Kansas question, remains to be seen. It is certainly manifest that Martin Van Buren h?s not returned home to play the part of an idle spectator of the curious and momentous p >li tical movements going on around him. We call upon the soft shells of Tammany Hall to look into this matter at once, and take su;h action upon it as the case may seem to de mand. If they are to be sold out in the balk to Seward, the Sachems hare a right to a voice in the transfer. Concerning the other State [conventions of oar schedule, we presume that the woman's rights, colored men's, and all other outside factions, will rally as they did last year to the seward coalition We think it also very likely that the humbug of keeping up the nam*! of the whig party when the party is defaactand decomposed, will be abandoned this fall; and tbat such wbigs as do not choose to be consider ed hereafter as ra^m tiers of the anti slavery fusion republican party may go where they like. The democratic hard shells, on the 5th of September, will have a nice question to decide) to wit? whether it is better to join the Americtn party at once, or await the chancca of the re conduction of the democratic party. We tuspect they will settle upon " the bird in the baDd as being worth two in the bash.*' The Know Nothings hold their State Coanc'l on September 25, for the practical bu -tines* of Novtmber. In choking this late day, they will have all the result* of the o'her party conven tions to guide them. The fault, too, will be attributable to the American party itself, if, with these and other itdvantages, and their mas ter roll of neatly two hundred thousand enroll ed voters, they fail to carry the State. The party movements among us for November a-e still thickly enveloped in the fog: but we tbir>k it pretty clear that the issue of our comiug State election will rest between the Kao v Nothings and the Seward coalition. Die Pr<aeitt Condition and Political Future of Aunttnlla? Colonial Pullc) of Ureal (l>l taln. We publish today an intuiting review of the commercial, social and political condition of Australia. It enters into the causes of the, tin ut ciul and commercial depression by wnivb the colony has been vird'ed ; exposes the error* which have attiibuted to ttu*. result, a-id po:n's out the meats by wtibh they miy be avoided. The jic'uie which it prese ts ot the social con dition of the country i< f* ? tr<m tla'terir.g: bnt it sbows tha*. this state ot th n<s can only be tramitory. and ran have no per manent eff c opon it* prosp'.cts. Its pol itic??l s'a'ia under the present regime, however, bjlds out no t<uch bop< s of amendment. Th* imper al govern m<n*. wi"h that perver-dty and 'goorai cj which have always characterized itscoionial p licy continues to do eviry thing in it* poorer to alienate the affections and to excite the diMjD lent of the TunmaDians. This state of things it is evident, cannot last long It is gradually relaxisg the slender hold which tbo mother country already p<i?soFses ov> r one of the moot valuable of her foreign acquisitions. F roni the facts gleaned from thi* compilation, as well as from other sources, it would appear that the revulsion which has visited the colony bad its origin le^a iu eTCiMve importation and over trading? although thr-*? causes had no doubt their share in infloeucing th<? re*ult - than in the mania for land and building speculations. In the rush caused by the gold discoveries. a fictitious valne was for a time g ven to real estate in tho neighborhood of the previously existing ppttlem'nts. and prices ran?el so hiph 4' V* ? - ? '? ? - --V4 UlJutJ MCU I tempted to in fest all they possessed either in the acquirement of land or ia the construction of stores &ud houtes. Ia this way most of the capital of the merchaats of the colony got locke^ ap, and became unavailable in the event of a sudden commercial pressure. Tne crisis thrived as soon as it was discoverel that the traildin g mania h id been carried to such an extent as a' mrst to anticipate tne wants ot another ge neration. The value of land, ot houses, of goods, and consf qmntlj of labor itself, became at once fearfully depreciated. Notwithstanding the large amounts ot gold raised from the mines, no relief could be expected from that quarter. Of the immense values thus obtained, little or nothing remained in the country. They were exported to Eoghnd, either to furnish meaas or carrying on an immigration which was un productive in its results, or for the sapply of importations for which there was no demand, t was the repetition, in fact, of the same causes and effects which had previously presented nch singular commercial and social phenomena in California. Whilst both countries were rais ing prodigious amounts of gold from their soil, tbey w<re suffering all the anxiety and distress of the most complete financial exhaustion. From this state of depression, which has weighed heavily upon every class and interest, this fine colony is only slowly recovering. It will be years, perhaps, before the re action which has set in will be complete. For the lower class of emigrants, Australia holdB out at the p7eseat moment less encourage ment than almost any other of the colonial pos sessions of Great Britain. The labor market is overstocked there, and it will be. months before any sensible improvement can be expected to take place in it. To counterbalance this gloomy picture, the opinion entertained by Mr. Hargreaves, in oppo sition to the belief of most other mineralogists that the auriferouB resources ot the colony arc inexhaustible, is daily receiving confirmation frcm fresh discoveries. Whilst the extent of the alluviitf deposits defies conjecture, the quartz ranges open up new and almost boundless sources of wealth. If we are to believe report, the Australian quartz produces a much larger per centage of gold than that of California, and that this branch oi mining is consequently likely to prove much more profitable than with us. From these facts wc are justified in arriv ing at the conclusion, that however much the errors oi speculation incident to the sudden growth and expansion of the colony may for the moment press upon its population, nothing can permanently arrest the progress which they are making towards a position of complete po litical and commercial independence. [ The mistaken policy of the mother country if, as we have already stated, driving them, nolens nolens, towards the first of these results. The ignorance and fatuity of the men who direct the colonial affairs of Great Britain, and the incompetence of the administrators whom they tend out, are filling up, by acts of willful tyranny and oppression, the measure of discon tent which their blunders had already excited The particulars of the Ballant revolt have already been laid before our readers. It was on outbreak caused by the imposition of what was considered an unfair tax on the miners, as well us by the despotic way in which it was sought to be enforced. Some of the ringlead ers In this affair were prosecuted by the Attor ney General., on a charge of high treason. Twice have Melbourne juries refused toe in firm by a verdict of guilty au indictment which attributed to the prisoners a design to bubvert the Queen's authority. Their offence was simply resistance against such a harsh and tyrannical exercise of power on the part of official subordinates as would have stirred up the blood of the most loyally disposed. Not withstanding this significant and disgraceful chick, the crown prosecutor, it seems, intends to persevere with these State trialB. It is uo ncce-.saiy to say that he will again get beaten, and that the effect of his persistence will only be to weaken the authority of government Add to the^e causes of discontent and heart burning the dissatisfaction occasioned by the delay of the promised constitution, which was to have guaranteed the political liberties of the colonists, and we have all the elementsof a historical parallel between their future and our past. When the straggly Maes with the mother country, as Eooner or l4| It must, it is to be hoped that Australia will be as fortu nate in the choice of ita new institutions as we have been in ours. Mork Conventions ? Youno Africa and Women's Rights. ? We publish in our impres sion of to-day, copies of three remarkable docu ments. They include some of the mo9t progres sive ideas of th s progressive age. First is a call for a National Convention of negroes at Philadelphia; second, for a State Convention of the tame oppressed persons at Troy, and last, an appeal from the Woman's Rights State Committee? two men in petticoats and five wemen in trowsers? calling upon all the sisters to rally for the right of suffrage in Convention at Saratoga Springs It is difficult, we know, to look at all these pro nuneiamcntos without smiling at some of the Absurdities expres-ed in them, and without en tertaining some doubts as to the sanity of theae p? rtetericg people, who hope by resolut ions and speeches, to effect a radical change in the very foundations of our social and politicil system. Ilut ihere ure some serious thou ^hv.- which have occurred tons in glancing over the document* alluded to. It would F(rm, from 'be call f r the N dinnil Convention, tha* a mov.'in' nt, which com men- <1 t-otne ume since ar'tong ?he negroenat itj.> Serb, lit?* groilu 11} taken the great properties of m atter, to wit: v eight, form, density, siz* and color. The negroes s?y that they will nol ,n,:or patronized by Garrison and his s tellies, but that they will set up for (hemnelves. op u In* a new political shop, organ? z<ng i new par'y, which we chiistcu. wi'.h all ihe boaar-. "Young Africa." The political t*o.>>? of this pirty are o.ruio ly sensible. Ymng Africa holds that if the free Drgr<es of Amtric* are to be elevate! they must do the work themselves. The negroes b<Te b^n bambwzl d long enough by pretended frhnds arnong ti(n wb te folk*, and now Sambo wjlksoit ftvm .,<? free s. il and abolition parties. >?nd re olvt* ? tii ke care of himself, like an indepcnd<'ut citi zen. Young Africa has shaken off Garrison, Foster. Burleigh. Seward and Greeley, (all white,) and taken up with Fred Douglas*, (bUck.) Dr. McCune .Smith, aud George Down ing. (colored,) who sells his oysters and not hi* principles. Good for Young Africa. The second point nude by Young Africa i? lojrieslly pnt. It fs thn* : The sn?lav.d n?rm 1 caul net? wriile the free negro I la degraded. The undeniable fact, that the j slaves at the South are generally much happier and much mofe comfortable thin the free ne groes at the North, hM been a terrible Btosn bling block in tbe course ol anti- slavery agita tion. Young Africa has hit the nail on the be&d here, at all events. This call, as well as that for the State Conven tion at Troy , urges that something shall be done towards removing the political and legal disabilities by wnich the free negroes are an noyed. In this State, a negro who has a freehold or two hundred and fifty dollars in value may vote, but he cannot bit on a jury or be eleated to offi:e. Tnere ore seme other miuor disabilities, annoying, no doubt, but not important enough to be enumerated here. Will tbe negroes be lieve us when we s?y that no act of the Legis lature could ever remove their social disabili ty s ? No negro could ever be elected to office, and means would be taken to exclude them from tbe jury box. They are so un for tuna ie as to be in tbe minority, and their numbers are grow ing less ai d less d*y by day. They are being crushed out by the whites. The iron heel of Anglo-Saxon progress will eventually pulverize the African race, bond and free, oat of exist, The race will become extiDct Tbe negroeB, thea, are right ia their princi ples but wrong in their practice. They should not stay here and endeavor to elevate the rase, but should colonize Africa, and there build up a great republic. Africa was made for negroes and negroes were made for Africa. We are aware that our esteemed friend Downing holds different opinions, and that Young Africa is bit terly opposed to colonization; but the events of the past few years ? the gradual extinction ol the race ? the increasing prejudice against those that remain? their servile condition and anomalous position at the North, should con vince their leaders that expatriation is their only hope. They are looked upon with dislike by most of the white population, and are never admitted to Bocial equality even by their abo lition friends, who cajole and swindle them ont of their hard earned savings Following the lead of Young Africa, we have the strong minded women again ia the field, demanding the right of suffrage. Our fair friends are certainly disinterested philan thropists? the wildest enthusiast among them cannot hope that Bhe will ever live long enough to exercise the privilege, now confined to those horrid monsters the men, which she so ardently covets. However, Saratoga is a pleasant place in August, and the convention will no doubt amuse the loiterers at the Springs. Perhaps the whole affair has been gotten up as an addi tional attraction to this already popular spa. We have said little about the political aspect of these conventions. They are not important in that point of view. But Young Africa must look out lor Seward, Greeley, Raymond & Co. They are always after odds and ends of parties at the North. Nothing is too email for them to pick up. They would oven adopt the women's lights theory if it were not so utterly b opt lees. Chevalier Wikoff on a New Enterprise. ? The renowned Chevalier, to whom the public owes eo much for bis able management of the Italian Opera in Irving place, and for his won derful narrative of " My Courtship and its Con st quences," is about to deprive New York for come time of the pleasure and benefit of his society. He made his eongi on Saturday, in the Hermann ; but that steamer, as if repenting the injury she was about to inflict on th? com munity, experienced some little internal de rangement, which had the effect of protracting her stay for a day or two. Sh<s leaves at noan to-day, carrying with her the dashing lover, the successful manager, the brilliant litterateur, and the skilful diplomatist? Chevalier Wikoff Why does the Chevalier leave us jast at the time when his popularity has become so de cided t That is a question which will be oa fhe lips of many as they read the notice of his departuie. But there are weighty reasons for this proceeding. The Chevalier is a practical philosopher. He recognizes the truth of the impulsive reasoning of Brutus, that There is * tide in the affair* of men, Wbleb, taken at the flood, lead* on to far'une. He has always acted upon that principle. He did to in bis famous ctcapmle with Mi*e Gam ble, and found that the tide onty led to a dun* geon in Genoa. But be consoled himself for bis failore then by the reflection that there is no calculating with any certainty on wom%n. Now, however, he has other motives ani better founda tions of action. His popularity here is great. His book has familiarized the reading public everywhere wi<h his name, acts and safferings Ai.d more thun that, it has brongat money into his purse. He has resuscitated the droop" ing fortunes of the Academy of Music by his skilful manag' ment, and art recognises him as her benefactor. He has. therefore, created a stiong public interest in his fortunes, and knows hew to avail himself thereof. The Courrier des Ktats Um?. in noticing his departure, says: ? AntCEg the number of ptit-eogtre going to Europe by tie II :ja?cn, I* Mr. II eory (Vitcff, who, during hi* late Rejourn in tne I'tuUd UUh, l .n icMiropltshad the double 'aik of fobZJiblng fc ban* unsfol to blm ia all reepecte, and of "oiinli^atirg the enterprise of oir Ital i*riop*r* in a well reoegn'zed pu'al ' laterait. Ttti* Ut t?r accidental occupation biaonly b??o to him an uopar InsUy for thanking hi* coun'rj men for the reception giri*n to the voinmeof'My l^)?e mi It* OsiWjneno**, " wi.icb w*?, abare all, a ju.'iUfi iu. Ih? alrentore* uf (!<>co?, knrwD principally by their ??d coa?lu*loa? fit fen nu ntb't nrprt'Oiiment in the fort offiaint An'.re* ? had piot' ?.T?rywb?re in uaf*T<rsiMe ;mn#-.on, which m'irht weigh heavily on tae futjre of tne ??5n flced Weed of Mir* Gamble, and the persecuted of C<io*nt Ilroi?n. It *11, therefore, aecesiary to appeal to fublic op'tirn. and that's what Mr. WikofTh** done to t>i? greatnit advantage. 11?m* goei tj E urope t? n'trie?eh!e n.oral r^patatioo, and ta gitaer h?rj the li- rv??t of r?p?r*tico which he ba* io?a here. Wt bi H-*e that be ra?y confidently reckon upon IV. Ih t mat' r *"a>'r?d ?nJ the eH'en'r cordiii > n-ie? jlnbed between ' ord Palmeraton an 1 bla former maardl ne'e. tje latter prop?i??? to atfllw hl? BOjjura in Karope by (tar ir* and employment* more ?eriou? than hi?op?r* oc P0 The earn par t *oa of the atiatoiraii ? aovern n < at (n Kng'snd, the Imperial government in Fr*o*?, and the democrat! a government fa the United -fate*, i* en Inteteatitig ax. ' useful fi* 1*1 Co exploit. It .* to tli ? work tb*' Mr. Wiiolfjci to con?eciete the n ixfrin studiea ot tii? i*hl li'e, a* well ai tl.estudian* to 1 iatel hi?nt pri uc uri'ion o* hie present e*l*s?n e W* hop* tb\t It m*f end fa a happy enccw, deflnl e for h.e (u t\i-e j*ar*. So lays the Courrier. And so the operatic n,asag< m?.nt of Mr. Wickoff ^as only a dolicate acknowledgment of his gratitude to the public 1 for the reception of his book. Quite character ise of tin1 man ! A. <t now wt may expect \n otb?>r remarkable production from 'hesame p^n. 1 The ChcvaKer Las tiie materials for a gTeat work on the secret diplomacy of L rJ Falmerston and Loui?< Napoleon lie w^* 'hi confidential agent of the mtui^t r. the bon ami \ ard cmpanion of the Lmperor snd oth<?r member* of the Napoleon djna?tj. With *h ?.? ? ^Ute and p<r?"jnal s?crefs now )<)ck?d 1 ( ia | hifc own bo^om. may b?* nn', eniifrb'<a a 1 in j rest the world! !>en oo?. when the public n id of 1 .Jid i> ?l?trb*d bv 14# war. soem) n of I tie ttriiuu ttouM of Commons bt4 bctn c^Ld ' to Lord Palmeraton's diplomatic connection with the Chevalier. Mr. Mllner Gib: on, in a recent spetch, referred to and commented on the publication by the Foreign Office of certain papers, ihowing the delicate mission which hod been eonfided to him But Palmerston played him false, and it will only be jnfit retaliation to show his connection with the Prime Minister. This the Chevalier, we suppose, will have no scruple in doing. During his absence be will prepare hia work for publication ; aui who doubts that it will create a sensation, or that it will have a tremendous sale in Europe and the United States ? We have heard it suggested that he is proceeding to St. Pet rsburg on some important business, and to re-enter upon his diplomatic carcer in a more comprehensive cir cle, and in a more elevated position. We should not be surprised to see h'.m bring oat his new work under the patnnage of the Czar. It would be a capital stroke of policy. At ail events, between the Chevalier's lite rary and diplomatic duties, he will be pretty busily engaged abroad for some time to come. He cannot any longer devote his mind to mu sical affairs, or even to love. More serious duties and a higher sphere of action demwl his attention. Wh?n he next vimts New York, we hope to *ee him decorated with grau.l crosses, or other insignia of the Russian empire. En avant. Mr. John Wilson Out of the L^nd Omce After the Pope. ? John Wilson, late Commis sioner of the General Land Office at Washing ton, having been discharged from that berth by President Pierce, on the discovery that he had turned Know Nothing, has come out with his card. We find it in the Washington Organ, in the shape of a letter, three columns long, addressed to the President, and levelled at the Pope, the Catholic hierarchy and the Catholic Church, from beginning to end, including a side blow at our Catholic Postmaster General. It is the old story of a Popish conspiracy to subvert the institutions of the United States, through the instrumentality of Archbishop Hughes and the Irish Catholics. The scheme is complete, and the gunpowder plot of Gay Fawkes was a small potato concern compared with this tremendous Jesuitical conspiracy for blowing up the American Un!on. We have no doubt that Mr. Wilson believes all this; for if his lactB and arguments against the Pope's Nuncio, Bedini, and Archbishop Hughes be simply intended to frighten the un sophisticated natives, there Is knavery in the trick, of which we could not suppose Mr. Wilson to be guilty. But, fully believiDg what he says, it is evident he needs informa tion upon the special subject concerning which he would have us to understand be knows every thing. We would, therefore, inform Mr. Wilson that this fustian and flummery against the Ca tholics has been tiled and found wanting. It ' won't hold water. The American party in Louisiana have publicly repudiated, in conse quence, this anti- American doctrine of the uni versal prescription of Catholics. They are doing the same thing, we believe, in Alabama and in Maryland; and if Mr. Albert Pike, of Arkansas, a prominent member of the late Pnilvleiphla Council, may be credited, the abominathn will be struck from th? Know Nothing p'aV form at the next national assemblage of the Order. The subject was freely discussed at Phila delphia; but at the instance of Konuetb Rvy ner, the extermination of the Catholics from all public offices was still retained in vie* of the approaching North Carolina election. There are scarcely any Catholic* in the Old North State. On the contrary, the facts and princi ples laid down in Fox's Bjok of Martjrs are the almost universal belief of the people of said State. And yet we believe that the American party in North Carolina would have lost nothing, bnt gained many accessions, by consenting to graduate their creed in strict conformity w th the constitution of the United Stated at the late National Council. The interference of the clergy of the Ca holio or any other church in our political election? or State affairs, as a balance of political power, is certainly a proper subject for an or^aniz>d po litical n sistance: but the exclusion of Cat' o lies from all offices of politic*! trust or emolu ment, is quite a different tbin^. It is a perni cious thing in every way, but is cal;ulak,ed to do more damage to the par-y acting up ji the doctrine than t:i any nther pirty. Mr. Pike is therefore correct. This plauk will be taken fiom the American piriform. Much ha* been done towards its removal already, and the work in still goiDg on. Iu this view the letter of Mr. Ji hn Wil?on is behiid the timec, an! IU publi cation by the Ann.riean Organ at Washington is an injudicious act of courte-y to au unfortu nate politician. The Ohio Anti-Silvery Fchion Tick nr.? The Ohio Republican State Contention, or, ia other words, the Grand Ami- Slavery Fusioa Convention of said State, a report of which wc published yesterday, ban nominated the ticket of the party for State officer.* to be elected in October, and it is supposed to Ik: a tery powerful as well as a must extraordinary mixture. Whigs, democrats, free soita* and Kne>w Nothings are a? comfortably huddled up together as Barnum's happy family of mon sters smothering in the same cage. Take, for example, a email slice of this self-styled Re publican State ticket: ? For Governor Hon. Palm id P. Cba*?. 1. tut. OoTtrnor Cal. J. W. Kord. Snprtm* .lodge Jncob nriak?rha(f. Auditor of St?t? V, M. Wright. Mr. Chase stands side by side with Se<rard, Hale aad Wilson, as one of the chief npntles ol this Northern Anti-Slavery Coalition. His nomination for Governor is, indeed, supped to be intended to give him (be inside track for tbe coalition Presidential nomination in Ikoti, over llolc, Wilson and Seward. Col. Ford, we suppose, 5b the same man who tlgurcd so con ipitttMiisly umong the anti-slavery or a'arfi ut He late PLila elphia Know Nothing State Council. He was formerly a whig. Jacob Briukerhofl is half and half free so'ler and Know Nothing; was at one time a democratic itenibtr of Ctogress; but being sabseqinntly overlooked by tbe democracy tor some caute or other, bo has turned up ia ib'n r.< n charac'er. F M- Wright formerly an or'hodox whig; b it his propen-iiies for negro philanthropy Lav*, at lent il, with him. over shadowed '.he doctrines ot" Ilenry Clay. Th other Stute ticket nominees in this piece of Ofcfo n.ouJc? pre sect the fame ch .ra of an umniuiA nathtrum of all sorw of odd" aid e' d? lor a gr.nd Combined operation .he admhii ration <iemo<raey in Oct - twr. 1 Lit stve ooaliiioii oflne soii' p. /.nr u /? It ncti whif*. ftfif ^ oil amo Ti'S .w . * N<iii >'?. tft* State f (i -j .A ,.i agiUkrt ui? ?*.a?4vifir,?i0in )>-<?; i j ?-?->?/ i thousand (80,000) majority. .From this It la pretty certain that this coalition rcpnblioaa party have the State in their hands. The Know Nothings appear to be completely p wallowed up by the free soil movement in Ohio ; bat while the Order in this State remains steadily opposed to tbiB Seward Anti- Slavery Holy Alliance, there is still the nucleus remaining in the North for its complete overthrow in 1 856,. by an independent Union Know Nothing organi zation. T H IS LATEST N E W 8ii BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. From Washington. Wamiinotos, July 16, 1865. rbe I'nurn of thisvoralnj has a ptosy and verbose article . wrtten by Forn?y, extolling Pierce and pltiheif into Dickinson and the bards hot and heavy. lieutenant Kinney, of the lit Regiment of Art'Uery, died in this city yesterday of typhoid fever. He was statiaatd atFert UeHenry. He came hereon the 34 inct. , wfth the light battery of hie regiment. He grain ated at We?t Point last year. On Saturday last aix hundred land warrant* were ls Rne5. Hereafter between Qte aud aix hundred warrant* wili be fxsued dally The average heretofore baa been two hundred and fifty dally. The Union alio lay* that the American officer* sent to the Crimea were splendidly and hospitably entertained at Ber)i?, by the Russian Minister, and at Warsaw, by PriaoePaskievitch; aaMlisy had accepted of aa imita tion to visit the Emperor, at St. Petersburg. From Boeton. Boston, July 14, 1866. The following 1* the statement of the value of the lea pt its of foreign goods to this port for the past week:? > Dry goods ?433,771 Molasses 31,071 Sugar 160,772 Gunny cloth and bags 20,434 Copper 81,772 Copper ore 28,730f Fi?b 16,000 Other article* 288,008 Total ,..W98,61fl Boy Drowned. Pathwon, S. J., July It, 1855. This afternoon a boy named Thomas Charlei, aged about ten years, fell into the river, a short distance be low the falls, and was drowned. Arrival uf the Southern Mall. Baltimore, July 15, 1866. Sew Orleans paper* of Monday last are to hand. The steamboat Magno ia had been destroyed by far ?ear Baton Rouge, with a cargo of one thousand bales of Cotton. Markets. Phovipkncr, July 14, 1866. Our cotton market remains quiet. The sales for the? past week have been moderate, at unequal and un settled price*. Wool. ? The market ia very Arm, with more activity. The stock of pulled on hand is very small. The aew clip begins to some ia more freely. Sales of the week, VS.G00 lbs. Printing cloths.? Prleea firm; stock light. Sales, 41,300 pieces. American Artuu In Hurope. While the Americu people are no exceedingly fond of foreign Doyeltiei in the theatrical and muilcal world, It dot* not seem singular thvt onr own artists, however meritorious. ihoull have found no great inlucemsnte offered to them to go abroad. Of late years, however, the Earopeen manager* have ascertained thit there are some good .American actors, and hkve evlnctd a desire to give ft em engagement*. It U fair to say that in. every instance (not excepting Mr. Forrest) the London public and the pres* have received and sustained Ame rican actor* in the molt cordial manner. We lately noticed the fact that Mr. and lira. Barney William* had received flattering offer* from the Loadoa manager* ? that Mrs. Charlee Howari, nee Rosins, tihtw, who, though Knglleh by birth, made her debut, when | very young, at the Arch street theatre, Phil adelphia, bal accepted an offer from toe Hay market; and we ?>>ee by the Western paper* that Mr. James H. Mi Vickex Is about to sail far I>ondon, there to Bll en gagement*. Mr. McVljker it thoroughly an Amtrijan actor. Like many other Thespian*, he om-neajed life in the printing office. Hs ha* gradually worked hie way up to a fine position, no actor being more popular than he, where he la well known. HI* speciality le the performance of what are ea>led Yankee parts, and he M very excellent in them Like Burke, he does not cari cature the New Fsglend character, but palnU it* eccentricities with an artistic hanl and with jaat enough of color to adorn the picture with out spoiling it. He i* re&nsd fox the judicious and Irre sistibly comic for the unthinking, at the lame time. He will xtt ive in England in time to commence the aatamn tee sen Brooklyn Cltjr Intelligence. t xxs is of thk Tbitii Ward.? The full return* of the Tenth ward ahow a population of 14,316, being an in create in five yean of 2,5U9. The population of the lime ward in 18M) was 11,786. The Third election dis trict of the Fifth ward shows a population of nsarly 4,0 0. lb* of the entire ward in I860 we* 1j,C.'2. . Hi mn Coi-rt, Gkkmul Txrk ?The gvnnral term of tr e Supreme Court of the Second Judicial district, lately fitting at i'onghkeepe:e, a; Joarned on Friday la*t, to meet at Urcokljn to mono e, ( Tueeday) when the oa leucar will be resumed, commencing at .No 30. HaUm Oarput.? On Saturday last, l'eter Bauer ap peared twfire Judge Culver on a writ ?f ha lea* corpus, i>y hie cauocel, Mr. Jobn be**, applied for oa ibegrouna that he was uneer Zl jckrs of age, for h it discharge from tie C. 8. Marine*, in which he bad enlisted. Col. kUrils, who had male re'.uru to ths writ that the ap pi. cast was regularly enlisted, was pr.- sent in person. 1b repiy to th? Jndge, Beuer scatel be was bntween 10 and i.0 years of age, wben Mr H. Uarriaon for the re spondtat ebjecteato his testimony teing taken oe tne point. He riid, when be enl ated, sworn ne was over 21 j ear* of aKe, and toi * appearance tbis w a* true it would at least l>e neo ssary to "lrin^ further proof to the contrary tl>ao the applicant'* own esntra uiclion of h * former svteoient oa Ok'.b It wa* more over an action in which Kic?r was plaintiff and Colonel Herri* wa* defendant, and it poo that grouo t UN testi reui.y conld not be reeoleily reoe.ved. Mr. Hese argued it. .tit ?.? um?i u ail case* to examine the parlies ttemeeives. and that the procee>iin? was a spesialane and to ?v action The applicant, who wa* a native of German]', mi^ht not be able to produce any other e vt lieere of bi* age. Judfe Culver did not Kive eny final f'e.ition on the admlseib lit/ of Bauer's o?n evidence, but a-Ijourneo the care till thl* day, aad dircted him, if poettb e, to proenre tbe attendance of hi* brother or aiater, wbo be stated were m Philadelphia. Wiiilwibuig City Itewe. F ikip.? A Hre wa* discovered on Saturday evening, abcut 11 o'clock, by officers Townsend and Devalln, of tbeliitb district police, in the third story of a dwelling home, c rner of (iraed and Second streets, occnpiel by H Boliey. Ihe fire originated from a lamp being left near th* bed, and oom on in cosatact with the oed clothes. Ihe Denies were speedily extinguished by tbe offioars atcve mentioned with the areistance of the occupants, llamape ?(iu. No Insurance. Another fire broke out about half past one e'cloek on ^un>fay morning, In a two story frame house, In Rich ardson street, between Graham avenue and 4a?th street, owced by Benjamin Sanda aud occupied by toe families of Birfcrd Herring and Norman Kemp, wbieh was entire ly destroyed with ail its jont-nts Tne Are originated In tfce bai-ment, and spread with snch rapidity that the ccrrpants were saved wuh noes derable difficulty, they ma I ng the r escape out of the windows in their night clothes. Mr. Herring's loss on fnrnlture was 1700. Ful ly insured He elao lott 9100 in mooey. Mr. Ret. j'? lose, consisting of forn.ture and money. amount ed to rtont lit 0. Insured on furniture for $100. Mr.'s lot* cn Lour* was about 92,000. Fully Insursd. A fire hrrke out yesterday eft-moon In Mr. Charlee Gillespie's varnish factorv, in Hixtb street, between North Kifchth snd N:otb, eaii??d by the boiling over of a kettle et earai h. Itamsg?,$^0. Filly inanrad. An a let id of fire was cr?ated about 5 o'clock, ceuse-J t>y * 'i'ght burnio< !n a cabinet meter's shop in South -eventfc ctreet, near Damage trifling. R< rm-KBH ? ' The gro ery store of Wm V. Wood, in 1 ur mer street, near Uonard was felonloosly entered on Fi'day nigbt, end robbef of ?; 2 In mon*y and vatloue tbei ariKl?s. No <.'et*?fi<>n. The Cue. Ling house of Mr KrebSe, In fyckcIT itreet. aea/ Kwen. was entered on Mun lay morning, and robbed of one ai'ver watcb. No detec.lon. Uvj I) l>ya>r Fovsd.? Tbe body of a male Infant wa> j.i ?>"-! out of a pile of ruobish. corner of North Ninth ana fifth atrvets, on Saturday moro'ng. by e rar picker. Coroner Handfcrd was eo.ifled, and n*(d an Imiueet, wuen s veroiet of " pr- ms'ure blrtb" wae rendered. \ > ? President has ofif'eVy rerfigotr.M ChHstiao llo nr M ss i or ml of the Ki?{1rm of *ortemb ir*. for the bt.i' ee of lxioisiana, ki<s:r Ippi, Alabama and F.orifa, to r*m ?.* at Nee Orleans The Uiinaerreosyiie land Phetegraplile t re [.!, , 2g? Broadway, muet be ?luite amiuer to the |> ?<3e . s of Ihe H-iaJd at least and it shoa'd ue, tie. >" kino r tb*r i pot can the people obtain portralte as g< i for 2k aid II. h ? n|,p'ii Daguerreotype ('atlewy f|< innved ? r- ? I 7 H"\^eaf, '??' "eeen Rrn im> *?, | Ucand a j tkene'tee ?? eeevt'tylsef tti? ar? c-i'f're.1, : '? . d if'' f> ' c?at? ai. ) ueearde. I. bete ?e? l*BM? ?*?.

Other pages from this issue: