Newspaper of The New York Herald, 21 Temmuz 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 21 Temmuz 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAKJCS GOuDON bknsett, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. amci H. W. OORNKR OF NA-OAC AND FULTON 3TH. fSIi MS, cath in adf>"nce Tfl /. HAIL V HER.tl.l> - rente per , vjn/?TT ptr annum. I THE M LEKI. V HEEALD every, Saturday, at GJfc cutlt per opy, or U per -m/mm, the Eu ripe in edit ion H per tin ?m, to any part of Orent Britain, or (6 to any part if the Continent both to include pottage. ALL LETTERS fcv M U far Subt.riptiont or until AJver Uementt to be pott piti'l, or the pottayt l oill be dedunel from I tfu money remitted VOLUNTARV CORRESPONDENCE containing impor tant newt, eoluited from onv tnuirUr of the world ? if uued mill be liberally paid for. Ur? fuBCitii* C'obbbspob* ?IKTI IKK r?* T10< IAHV Hdl'UTIII TO IBAI, AU. Irrmi tiiv HiCKACn ?mr us. NO NOTICE taken of anonymow communication! . Wt Ja not return thote rejected JOB PRINTING executed with ntatmu, ckeapnett, and SmViltrh ? dV VER TISEMEN I S renewed every cLiy. ValUM XX Ho. '400 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. IIOinWAY THEATRE, Br*idw?y? Ibhh Diamond? rBTIEHOC AND PmxU V B BBHC B? O' I'l. AH BIG AM AUK Till FillUI' _______ WIBLO'S GARDEN, tioitwij-rui Tooplbs-Thb Mvhmv. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowerj? Drvukard? Woman's lovr. WOOD'S MINSTRELS Moobmlot' Hkll? id BroUmy. lew York, Saturday, July '41, 1833. Tbe Iftni. The mails of the Canada reached this city last J evening from Boston. We had already published the leading points of tie nsws, which were te.e graphed from Halifax. The details are, however. L interesting. General Pellasier.in hi > official report of tbe late attack made by the French on tie the Malakctt' Tower, attributes the general tailnre of tbe allies on the 18th ot June to a mistake c >m miVed by one of the generals under nts own com mand. Prince Gortschakoff describes the defencs made by the garrison of Sebastopol in a most con cise manner, and Btatee that the repulse of the as eailanta was caused by the rifles, bayoieta, and artil lery of the besieged. The Busaiins had ever five hundred men killed, and nearly thres thousand four hundred wounded on the occasion. General Byre, in a despatch to the late Lord Raglan, which is also published, relates how he managed to penetrate toio the suburbB of Sabastopol, from which he had to retire with a very serious loss, both of officers and private men. Admiral Dundaa having addressed the Russian General De Berge, commanding at Hango, relative to the late affair at that place, the last named officer replies that the English were in the habit of violating flags of tince, that the Coasack's boat should not have run in without first addressing a letter <b him, and that she was found to be freight ed with firearms, three hundred cartridges, and a box of incendiary material, none of whico could ba required during the simple act of landing a few MFIODB* What the next movement of the allied forces would be remained in much doubt. An attack on Odesea was spoken of, and also a naval expsdition against the city of Nicolaief, in the government of Katrtea, which it appears is a second Sebastopol, situated on the river Bug. It was also said that the army would wirter a second time before 8eba<topol, if necessary, and that contracts had been midein Hamburg for the supplying of fifty thousand sheep akin overcoats to the English and French soldiers, it was probable that Eapatoria would bi Boon abandoned by the Turka. Lord John Russed had mado a lehgthened state ment in the British House of Commons, and con fessed that M. Dr?uyn de L'Huys and himself hal prepared a peace programme at Vienna, which the French Emperor would not accept. Great excitement was recently produced at the palace oi Madrid, owing to the resignation by Mar shal Eipartero of his post of Prime Minister. After having been entreated in vaia by the Queen, he con sented to resume office only on the mediation of General O'Donnell. Our Madrid correspondent mentions the appointment of a new Spanish Minis ter te Washington. The Feorth of July was observed in London in fine style, and Mr. Filimore made a short after din Mt address. Tbe new iron transatlantic steamer Persia, of tbe Cunard company, had been launched on the Clyde with great ceremony. We published yesterday a brief aecount of the forcible abduction at Philadelphia on Weinesday ?fa Degrees tnd her two children, just as they were on tbe 'point of leaving that city for New York lu company with their mister, Col, Whesler, of North Carolina, our Minister to Central America. Several arrests were made, and yestsrday Pasamore Wil liamson, a prominent abolitionist, and five negroes, had a hearing before Judge Kane, In the United Btates District Court, on a writ of habeas corpus. It is alleged that the party were under the leader ship of Williamson , and tae prisoners are positively identified. ChargeB of perjury and contempt of court are also embraced In the case of Williamson. Tbe Court held him to bail In five thousand dollars for ? furth r beaiing, but the other prisoners were committed to jail in default of bonds. A fall report ?f the evidence taken is given In another column. The telegraph f orals tie b news of several distress lag casualties, attended by eerbus loss of life. Oa Thursday night tbe westward bound train on the Central Railroad was thrown off the track, and a number of persons were badly injured. The dis aster is attributed to maliciousness on the part of mme persors, who displaced one of tbe rails. A reward of *>,000 tas been offered for the apprehen sion and conviction cf tie miscreants. The stesmsr America and scfiooner Emblem came In contact yeetenlay moiniig en Lake Ontario, opposite Gjneeee river. TDe schooner was cut in t *o, an I tve of Her crew were dr>*ntd. Including the captain, named Wilson, aid toe mate. A locomo t ve exploded on the Vermont Central Ra.lroad on Thu-sday Light. The engine was completely de molished, aod the dead aud mutilated bodies of the engineer, fireman and condu;tor were discovered am 01 g the ruma. Accidents of this character are of ak mlng frequency lately, and seem to require sontthiiiK moie than an ordinary investigation. Havana dates to the 16th inst have bseu receive 1 at New Orleans by the Black Warrior. Tlie^ cot tain nothirg ot importance. Our files trom linen. s Ajres are to the 25tt of May. In addition to the news received by w >y of Boat n, published yesterday morning, we take the following items f/om t4e British Packet of May th? movements tf ths Minister of War little is known to the pub ic. A reinfo -cement of ve cran troops, nnd r the command of Colt net EmHio Mitre? left on the 10th insUnt. Humors of asenoui Inva sion In i be direction o* R'jasbava tmn in circula tion- We kiiow that Mr. Veraet his sold in E?g- j l>i?d aVut ball the Olidea Grant, fortes nsodsom i sum of ?>00 000 sterling >?ay fifty million* o( oir currency. Tr.u fait m^ht open the eyes of our sutecmen and legislators. Still, we must not con plain; upwards of three hundred immigrants arrived here, tf their own accord, In the conrse of ttw weik Hon. Cave Johnson, of Tennessee, has writtsn a kng ietur tn Know Nothingism.in wh ch he speaks of Uf: members of that puty as "oath b jund politi cal hucksters aid uiiscmpni )os detntg 'gum;" and he is of opinion that if th?j succeed our glortwa in etitutlons will ti? no longer wor.i prenervog. The President has mads proclamation of a o>nven tk>n between the UniUd fta?es ard tbe Kin^d m of ihe Two Sicilies, having for its object th* re: ^ni ton of piiao'plo that free sbi^s m*ke lrce ao ds. . "ho Trewnry Department g vsa notice thit all * a- d distilled ln b ,r ? *?9 port to so other In the Unit <1 States, are ryvr ed to be b ai led and ^ 11 " d";< ^ 11 U all s gsrs so Iran.?*..* , *nd ?d b?.f?.r? delivered from ait/**' 111 ^ ll-uin*r m provided for when p?wfa>g through the Urn tod Bt*te? to Canada or Mexloo. The Gtrman oitiz ca of Charleston, B. C , have ba prepared ft majfi ittcent sword, which will b9 presetted to Com. lu graham for hia conduct in the Kjn'a a (fair. The Hi'es of cotton jeeterdiy were ooaflnod to a few hundred balea, at lrre*ulaf piijfB. Tne market ooniiued to be uniettltd. Common and medlam grades ot fl.ur tell off about twenty Qva oeuta per baiiel. Wheat *aa dull and Irregtila', wltti Ugnt s?'e*. Corn was tolerably active, at 89a. a 1K)j., which was a Blight falling cff. Poik was ea?ier, and take made at lover rates or new meai on the spot. There was a fair business doing in c'ITj# and sugar, considering the severe beat, which was followed by a storm of rain. To Liverpool COO a 800 bales of ooiton were engaged, and ab jut 16,000 bushels of ocrn, at rates stated in another coinmn. gcctlonal Hovtni<uU for 1850 ? Southern and Northern A|iteto?blh? Proapeet. The ABtor House coalition of the remains of (he late New York whig party and the odds and ends of all the anti slavery cliques and coteries of this commonwealth, may be con sidered as equivalent to the consummation of he ltading aspiration of W. H. reward, which is a Northern Presidential crus?4? against the South and the Union upon the slavery question. On the oth? band, the article which we trans far to cur ftvra the Charleston Mrremry. tbat that potential organ oi Southtra ^lsnisoi will lis'eu to neither argu ments nor j.M\>test?uons trom any quarter against the organisation of a purely sectional Southern party. It says that the South must be rallied together in a common party, upon a etiff Southern platform, and if no party in the North can be found to support It, then the time will have arrived for the dissolution ot the Union. Between this Northern Seward coalition, therefore, and these Southern ultra?, our choice is as between Scytti and Charybdis. It is the whirlpool or the anti-slavery agitation on the one side, and the jutting rock of Bcces I eion on the other. The channel of smooth water lying between them requires a bold and skillul navigator; and in the belief that the pilot competent to run the passage will be I found 8t the time appointed, we feel no imme diate alaim concerning the whirlpools and breakers roaring around us. Assuredly the sy roptoms of the present sectional agitation, North and South, are bad enough; and the prospect before ub is gloomy enough, and but for our reliance on the good sense and intel ligence and BDund conservative sentiments of the bulk of the American people, there would be reason to fear that scheming demagogues and unscrupulous agitators had brought us at lfngth to the very verge of disruption. We ere, for example, that the plot of a sec tional Northern party against the South is working successfully from Massachusetts to Wisconsin, and that the ultras of the South are moving heaven and earta for an opposition Bec tional and disunion party in that quarter. We see that the sectional policy recom mended by the Charleston Mercury his been substantially adopted by the Georgia democracy; and that a mixed pro-slavery assemblage at Lexington, Missouri, foreshadows the merging of all parties in that State into a general organization for the protection of Southern rights and resistance to Northern abolition designs and movements ia Kansvs. Ia fact, from the proceedings, proclamations and resolutions of Northern disunlonists and South ern secessionists, Kansas is the only living issue of the day ; and thus between the North and the South, the next Presidency and the con tinuance or dissolution of the Union itself are to turn upon Kansas. The Seward anti slavery league insist, first, that the Missouri prohibition shall be restored, which would be the expulsion from Kansas of the slaveholders settled there under the act organizing the Territory; or, failing in this, that Kansas, if she applies for admission into the Union as a slave State, shall be rejected; and that neither Kansas nor any other Ter ritory shall hereafter be admitted into the Union as a slave State. The Southern ultras, as far as we can understand them, deBiro to make the concession of Kansas to the South, nolens volens , the test of Northern ortaodoxy upon the slavery question, and propose to re ject any association with any Northern party unless they are proved to be sound upon this shibboleth of good faith and nationality. Between such echemee, were there no inter mediate ground, the alternative would scarcely be better than thrt between the Irjing pan and the fire. But there is the intermediate consti tutional ground of the Kansas and Nebraska bill, which leavea the settlement of slavery iu those Territories to the people thereof, where it belongs, and provides for their ultimate ad mission into the Union, with or without slavery, as the people may decide. Upon Ibis ground, too, wc have the nucleus, organized and in the field, of a solid, substantial American conserva tive Union pony, and it is to the Union princi ples and the Union ticket of this party (strip ped of its rubbish and flummery) tbat we look Jor a Union triumph over the agititors and dis unionists of both sections. Grant that it is settled that we ?rc to have a powerful, active, united and extensive sectional anti slavery coalition party in tb# Ueld la 1856 ?that in the North it may have a plurality of the populur vote over uny other party, and a pla' rality of the electoral vote ; granted that there will be a secession party in the South, absorb ing the Southern nltraH of all other pirticn, and that between these Northern and South, ern extremists, the spoils democracy will be nductd to a few scattering votes in both sections, there is yet this new an J conservative American party ? stroi g in th*; North, strong in the South und In the East and tn the West ? somewhat divided upon platlorms just now, but ready at the right tiras for union and har mony upon some reliable man, with or without a string of rt solutions pinned to the lappal of bis eoat. To this new party, and to some can didate who, like James Monroe, Andrew Jack son Genual Harrison and General Tayl<>r, will be popular enough to command tlw conll denee ol tbo people, with or wi'h >ut a platform, we look for a wholesome constitution *1 and Union reaction in 18.iG, and ft thur >ugh going revolution. Willi the old whig pnr'y broken up, dis banded and absorb" d Into other par lie >, and with the democratic party " crushed out" in the North by its free soil affiliations aod the ruinous policy of a faithless administration, nsd demoraliz <1 in the South by sccossionism and the spoils the only rehire for the mas?es ot the Union loving people is this n<iw party, which has risen into life upon the rains ?.f th-?se old defunct nod disftarubd parties About Oc tober or November next, wlten. as w? sorionsly ? euspect, the New York democratic Van Bores and Pierce administration soft shells will have patsed over to the Seward c alition, and the bard shells to the Know Nothings, it it very likely tte practical conservative balance of power for the campaign of '56 will be distinctly visible to Nor'Jiern disuuionista and Southern secessionists. Let onr Southern fire-eaters keep cooL Kansas can wait. Pour in the settlers, and trust to the doctrine adopted of '-squatter sovereignty." The American party of 1856 will not permit the disruption ot this Union on the Kansas question. Exercise a little patience. " Home was not built in a day." IIealtu of the Citt ? Summers of 1851 and 1855. ? This season is one of the mist re markable in its economical and sanitary aspects that we have been blessed with in the memory ot man. W ith the prospects of a harvest more abundant thau has ever before smiled upon us, we have up to the last few days enjoyed a sum mer of more clement and genial temperature i ban is usual in these latitudes. F requent rains, alternated by gentle heat, have re'reshed the earth and stimulated nature by a gradual and healthful process. We have had no injurious duration of dump, or of blighting droughts, to impede the operations of agriculture or to wither up its traits. Thus far, in every part of the Union, except, perhaps, in one or two of our ? more distant Territories, everything has gone on prosperously and with a fair certainty of an abundant yield to compensate us for the un lucky visitations of the last year. This blessing has not been unaccompanied by others. The same atmospheric influences which have con tributed to the fruitfulness of the soil have also operated favorably on the public health. The remarkable changes and "perturbations" re corded by our Brooklyn cor respondent, Mr. Meriam, seem to have warded off, thus far, the epidemics by which we are usually visited, whilst chronic diseases seem also to be favorably affected by thim. A comparative view of the tables of nfortality for this city in the months of June and July, 1854 and 1855, shows largely in favor of the health of the latter : ? 1854. ibial Deaths. Adults. M?y 27 to June 3 415 194 June 3 to. TupelO 408 186 June 10 to June 17 429 193 June 17 10 Jun*24 437 190 June 24 to July 1 617 218 July 1 to July 8 761 319 July 8 to July 15 817 318 Tot*l 8^784 1^523 1866. Total Deaths. Adults M*y 26 to June 2 399 147 June 2 to June 9 368 126 June 9 to June 16 363 107 Jute 16 te Juoe 73 822 99 June 23 to Juno 30 341 104 Jute 80 to July 7 647 177 July 7 to July 14 497 111 Total 2,816 ' 870 From this statement there appears to be a decrease of twenty -five per cent this season on the total number of deaths, and of forty-five per cent on the mortality of adultB, showing that that of children ia larger in proportion to the aggregate. This difference in the mortality of the two seasons, although perceptible In every class of disease, is most marked, in those which come under the head of bowel complaints. In the week ending June 3, 1854, there were only about a dozen fatal cases of this kind. From that time up to the week ending the 15th of July they went on steadily increasing, and in the latter week the deaths from cholera, cholera morbus and cholera infantum reached the startling number of 281. The table for the week ending the 2d of June, in the present year, shows only five fatal cases of the two last of these diseases, and that for the week ending the 14th of July, fifty- seven deaths from the same causes, whilst of cholera morbus only two 'atal cases are recorded. From these facts it would appear that wet seasons are antagonistic to epidemical diseases. Judging from a comparison of the deaths from other causes, the same conclusion seems applicable to most of the ailments "that flesh is htir to." The statistics of consumption for the respective periods embraced in these tables, show a large per centage of decrease in favor of the present season. And so it is also with fever and ague, notwithstanding the common error that damp is favorable to the propagation of the disease. All thu gs considered, then, we have reason to congratulate ourselves that Providence has so mercifully tempered the trials aad hardships UDdtr which we are still suffering, with the prospect of a year of unbounded plenty, and with the present enjoyment of health. As, wi*el>, bis gifts are never dealt out to na with out some drawback, let us felicitate ourselves that the worst is past, and that trie future opens so biightly and hopefully before us. Governor Rkede&'s Mkssaoe.? For the spe cial information ot our readers, upon K au*u-i | affairs, we lay before thun this morning tb? in- ( foresting message of Governor Raeder 10 the Legislature of the Territory. Fi om this official ! document it will be seen that Kansas is going abend, and that very likely her application f>r admission into the Union as a sovereign Slit will have to be answered by Congress, yea or nay, during the next administration. This i>> the more probable from the violent rivalry be tween the Missouri " border ruffians" aud the Northern Emigrant Aid Societies, although the information derived from the Governor upon this subject is by no means satisfactory. The Governor's message settles one question very cor ciutively; aud that is, that he is still the Governor ot Kansas, notwithstanding his alleged extensive speculations In the lands of the In dian half breeds, and the assuroncej of th-. administration organs that these misdemeanor?, if proved, would sufTiuc for hiB expulsion. HiV* tboy not been proved by the Commissioner o* Indian Affairs ? or, if not, how goes on the in vestigation ? lias Colonel Forney put in a de murrer, c r how ? Something ought to be done for the democracy in the forthcoming Southern elections. A Chip ok thk Oi.o Block. ? The letter which we publish to-day from Mr. James B. Clay, of Ashland. K< murky, son of the great statesra u, sboas tlntt, in som ? respects at least, ho ij a rh'p of the old b'ock His letter explain* it self. It is a great pi'y that Prentice, of tne Louisville: Journal, with all his experience of the bad cotlsequ# noes of the dirty party pol cy of vulvar person-tlitlef, should "resolve and r<? K solve" lodo l e tter, and still return to th- prai t ice upon the ?lighte*t temptation After this scorching rebuke frj>m Mr. Clay, our Louisville rctempurary . i?* a sijin of re^t atance, ou^ht to pureliBS' a lot of those Ash and t>oxes for the benefit of the pi i?r. But ie bim be qnlek, or seme one <!*?' "iay step in an?l muuopeltee t entire supply. ? Mr Clay, too. toe d'-clo mr?s which be bn? made est eeming thi?"<; A*h land bt'Xea, should h?vr tL m duljr ai'beu'i ci/'d ui r* e or ,h country will scoj be filled with base imitatioua. i Accessions to Ode Population.? It 1b a fact which cannot be controverted that a gieatdealof the glory and prosperity of our republic is owing to European immigration. Tbe most radical Know Nothing will acknow ledge this, while he holds that tbe protection afforded to lhe immigrants? the facilities offered to them for a co jaf or table livelihood, and often for a luxurious one ? are sufficient remunera tion for tbe benefits which they confer upon their adopted country. Of late only the evils of immigration have been dwelt upon, and they have been placed before the people in tho worst light That there is good in immigration as well as in everything else, is very plain, and it is made Btiil more clear occasionally by statis tics like those hereunto appended Ibe packet (tip Aurora, from Liverpool, arrived Thorp day nigDt, bringing 676 steerage paitengers, alt In goad health. The following la tbe profession and place ol nativity of tach? Canada West 2, United State* 20, Pcotlunrl 11 A, England 82, Ireland 209, Wales 27, Iale of Man 8, Sweden 4, Prussia 1, Germany 18, Italy 1. The proftasions of males ware aa foUoira:? Milter* 4, black smiths 0, laborers 13, shoemakers 4, jaiaera 3, carpen ters 7, butchei 1. alerks 7, masona 2, whitesmith 1, Hi men 3, calico finisher 1, shepherds 6, farmers 8, mineri h, machinists 3. cordwlncer 1. gardeners 2, wheelwright 1, weavers 2. mUltary officer 1, merchants 3, stoae cut ter 1, sbipi ajcuit 1, purner 1, livery stable keeper 1, chemiats 2, reporter 1, cabinet maker 1, tailor 6, musi cians 8, booabindtr 1, carver 1, cooper 2, sallmaker 1, iuiv*yor 1, paper maker 2, moulders 2, telegraph opera tor 1, bakt-r 1. painters 3, confectioner 1, batter 1, glass blower 1, courier 1, booteloser 1. fisherman 1, loakssaith 1, infants 8, and 60 boys under 18 years, with friends. There now is material for a State. Almost every useful trade or occupation is represented, ami the list includes a journalist who would not be slow in giving the settlement the news of the day. The mistake made by many immi grants is that they hang about the crowded cities waiting for work, where every branch of mechanical industry is overstocked with hands. They should push out to the fertile fields and thriving towns of the West, where land i9 cheap, where mechanics, farmers and laborers are wanted, and where there is room enough for all. They should then carefully study the constitution of the country, avoid the politi cians, become good Americans, and vote for the best men lor office. We gather from the census that a great portion of the in

crease in the population of the three great Western StateB ? Ohio, Indiana and Illinois is owing directly to immigration; and we be lieve that one-half of the residents of Chi cago?the growth and prosperity of which place is one of the wonders of the world ? are for eigners. Europe sends to us her best farmerB and mechanics, and her hardiest laborers. We give them protection and comfort in lieu of op pression and misery. At home they are gov erned too much ? here they are too apt to think that they should not be governed at all. That is an error from which they soon recover, how ever, and they generally repay the obligations owed to ub with interest. Nkgro Philanthropy at Philadelphia. ? Mr. Wheeler, of North Carolina, Minister to Nicaragua, in pasting through Philadelphia, wbb -very abruptly despoiled of three si we?, consisting of a woman and two children, from a descent of the "free colored people" of that place, instigated by their white brethren of the "higher law." TMb woman and her children, thus borne off from the protection of her mu ter to the blessings of freedom, will in all pro bability next appear in the character of a vagrant, with her children dying of starvation in some filthy cellar. This is very often the end oi abolition philanthropy. The great object is to despoil the slaveholder, not to benefit the slave. Among our Northern negro worshippers a fugitive slave is often a lion, who, as a regular free negro, would be a nui sance. Such is abolition philanthropy. We observe, however, that the philanthropic in this Philadelphia case, have been called to account; and that the principals, a certain Paesmore Williamson, (white man,) and five black men, have, at the instance of Mr. Wheeler, been bound over to answer for their conduct in the premises. The result involves a consti tutional decision of the highest importance, not only to the immediate parties concerned, but to the whole community of both sections of the Union. Is Pennsylvania prepared to follow in the wake of Massachusetts? That is the ques tion. Over Excited, Considering the Weather. ? The" greater Ajax" of Sewardisminthiscityis down upon the late Aliagouri pro-slavery conven tion (thexmomekr ranging between 00 ani 100 in the Bbade) in a salamander style which whol ly eclipses the alleged ferocity of the worst of the " border ruffians."' Such awful and cxciting expressions us "the Atchison ami S'.ringfellO(v rubble," " revolvers and bo vie knives," " oiors of a graveyard," " whips chaio*. blosdbounis and funeral pyres," "man hunts and man readings," "national shambles for the sale of human flesh," "chain gangs," Ac . are mixed a? thickly in the savage rant of a short article of our excited cotemporary as the vermin among the horse chestnuts of Washington square. Fi nally, all parties are flatly admonished (thermi meter meantime nearly a hundred in the shade) that " the negro-dri viBg fanatics of Missouri may bold their riotous conventions ? a hard mouthed Irish American parson may, amid applause, preach to them the doctrim s of fiends ? they may draw up their resolutions and make their appeals? but there will be no peace under the lash of snch overseers. We will inquire? we will difcess? we will seek to rouse the people of the North more and more to a due sense of their position." &c. Who is this " hard-mouthed Irish- American pure on?" ? and what in the name of common tense is the occasion or excuse for this dreadful state of temper, with the thermometer hard upon a hundred in the shade ? Let us hope th it the rains since yesterday morning have coaled down somewhat the wrath of our terrible philo sophers. "For Tnis Relief Much Thanks." ? The heated turn is over, and a wet term set in yes terday afternoon in its place. At half pastoau o'clock P. M , the thermometer in the Herald editorial rooms marked eighty-eight degtces of Fahrenheit. Outside it was all the way irora ninety to one hundred and twenty. Clothing was oppressive, if ever so light ? police w sought shady angles -everybody that h id any business suspeoded it ? people generally p 'r spired by the gallon ? there was some swear ing ? port a water was in great demand ? a bul letin was expected from the Sage of Brooklyn, informing us ho* hot it was in Timbuctoo forty years ago; and things were generally very hot nnd very uncomfortable. Such a state of affairs couldn't last, howevtr, and a (treat cloud came up flrom the couth, deluging the city with refreshing rain, and depressing he the?mom< ter to eighty eight degrees in ao i I our nud a half SMrt collars went up, bud- I ? ( ?s was re commenced, and everybody felt so blpbly delighted aft U?e sudden change in th-; wit her c. n: nr? i?6llS?4 'i the J upon record. i THE LATEST NEW8J BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Later Aon Havana. New Oklkanh, July 18, 1860. The steamship B'aok Warrior hu arrived at this port with Havana date* to the 16th inst. , tat the mws is an Lnpcrtant. From WMhlDgton. Washington, July 20, 1865. Judge Gilchrist, of the Court of Claims, la prostrated by severe diarrhoea. There has, consequently, been so session of the Couit of Claims to-day. Ueneral Echenique, ex Freildent of Peru, haa arrive! hen. CoXllalun on Lake Ontario. A SCHOONER BUNK AND KIT? tlTES LOST. OdWKOo, July 20, 1866' The steamer America, of the International Line, when opposite the Genessee river thia morning, ran into the schooner Emblem, of Wilson, cutting her in two. Five of the erew, including the captain and mate, and on e jasatnger, all of the Emblem, were drowned. The America was uninjured. A FlendUh Outrage. A TBAIN THROWN OFF TUB TRACK OF TDK NEW TORE CENTRAL KAIL ROAD? SEVERAL PERSONA INJURED. Syracuse, July 20, 1856. The night express train Roing wont, on the denial Railroad, ran oft the track at 12 o'clock last night, about three miles west of thia place, oaring to same villain* having miiplaced a rail. Mr. Dejo, of Springfield, Mass achusetts, had a shoulder! broken; Henry Stearns, the conductor, was badly cut and bruised about the head asd face; Mr. Harrison, the engineer, had an arm bro ken; and a number of others were more or less brulsel, hat none leriouxly. The President of the New Tork Central Railroad offers a reward of $6,000 for the apprehension and conviction of the perpetrators of this outrage. The oars were not mnch broken, and the track was sufficiently in order this morning to admit of the train* running aa usual. Grand Rally of the Anti-Prohibitionists of lKstmaroneclt. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. The accompanaing notice was sent by express from Mamaroneck, with a request to be forwarded to you: ? PORTCHESTER OFFICE. REPUBLICANS I A ROC RE PROM YOUR RLUMIUIRS ! I All those who are opposed to a uoion of cburch and .State, and the encroachments of a set of common dl? turoers of the peaee by finattcal measures, and who are in opposition to the invasion and unlawful search of our private dwetings and our premises, and to the seizure of our property or the prooerty of our cit zenx, and to tke unlawful confiscation of the same, and who are in favor of preserving our liberties and the rights of our property, which were transmitted to us from our fathers, from the encroachments of a party of fanatics, are re spectfolly Invited, one and all, to meet in graad mass meeting on the Publie Square in the town of Mtmaro neck, on Wednesday evening neat, 24th inst. , at 8 o'clook, for the purpose of taking measures to preserve our liber ties and the rights of our property. A. J. COLES. GfcORGE BAXTER, JOHN F. LEWIS W. H StTMitERd, J W. TWOINBLY, THOMAS LEWIS. M.imaronkck, July 20, 1855. Liquor Case at Saratoga. Saratoga, July 19, 1855. Judge Morris, of New Tork, issued a writ of habeas corpus here to-day for a man under arrest for selling Hquor. The warrant for the arrest was issued by County Judge McKean, and the habeas corpus is return able to-morrow. Rxploelon of a Locomotive and Loss of l.lfe. White River Junction, VI., July 20, 1865. On the Vermont Central Railroad last night, when near Milton, the engine of a pasienger train exploded sn<l was completely demolished. Among the rulas the dead bodies of the engineer and fireman and Mr. Brush, the conductor, were discovered. It is not known if any more lives weie lost. The America Outward Bound. Halifax, July 20, 1856. The steamship America arrive! here at four, and sailed sgaln at half-past five o'clock this morning (or Liver pool. Hhe was detained a little by the fog. From the South. Baltimore, July 20, 1856. The steamboat Wade Allen was burnt at Mobile on Snnday last, and one life was lost. Col. Bufiell has so far recovered trom the sickness which detained him at Washington, as to permit of hi* leaving for his home in Indiana. New Rente to Schooley** Mountain. Bchoolet's Mountain, July 20, 1866. A new road to this plate from New Y ork will be opened oa Monday next, via the New Jersey Central Railroad and Hampton. Vukcli. Nk'W OBLKAK8, July IS, 185ft. Our cotton market it dull and pricea have declined V,'c. Sale* to-day 1,1C0 bales, at a 10s. for Mid dling Cn ari.btton, July 18, 18,'>&, There la a limited demand for eotton to day. Sales ? 2C0 balea, at pi Ice* ranging from lie. a 11 J?c? PHILADELPHIA IKON HlUir. PHii.anici.rHiA, July 20, 1855. The traasact'ona in iron during the put week (bow am improving market, and tbat early preparation* are making for the autumn and winter buatnesa. Salsa 4,150 tone of pif, at $26 a $28 for k'o. 1 foundry, %l\ a tin for No. 2, and |22 a ?24 for forge. Kara in active de mand, and mill* tolly employed: aalea 476 tone at $70 a ?75. Sheet Iron firm at 1 110. Nail* improving. Political Intelligence. AMERICAN STATE CONVBNTION OF MARYLAND. A conrtntlon of tbe American party o: Mar? 1 ml, composed of delegates from the variouH counties u: the State and tbe city of Baltimore, assembled io Baltimore on tbe 18th instant, for the purpone of nora niting can didate* to be voted for at the approictvug el-ctmn for the office* of Comptroller and Lottery Commissioner. Daniel H. kl;'hall was nominate) the can-li iate for I ottery < ommlaMoner, and William H l'urn*U received tbe nominaiion for Comvtrollir. Tbe following pienmble and resolutions were adopt ed Whereas, a* this is tbe Brat eonvntion, composed of delegate* from the varioua couoties of th* State of Maryland which has been convened since the adjourn meet of the Natlontl Convention, which re en'.ly met In Philadelphia, for tbe p irpose of forniug a ottioual platform upon which every true and patriotic American n Igtt *tan<l; be it fcetoWed, that we moat cord ally concur in and en <?orae every principle embodied m the olatforin kaovn ?s tbe plat oim o' tbe majority report ; and tbat ?re pl?<*ge oureelvsa henceforth ti ute all just an I hon >r able means to esta-ilinh and incorporate tbosi prin: pie* In the adaiinistrative policy of our natijn.il govern ment. TUB WIJIOS OF MASflAOllCKTrS ? TH1FK INHHf TIO-8. The Hasten T if graph ('reft aoil) of the 18'.h inat says: We underetnol that a W hiir Htate Convention will *onn be called la this Mate, and that it is tne purpose of tb* It ailing men of the party to abandon entirely th? whig name atd organisation, and to plaie tbe aselvea square ly upon an anti-Nehraava platform. In aympat-ty with tb* repubMctn party of the Northern and W-atarn States. Tbat tb?re will be opposition !a ttaslr ranks to tt'a proposition is quite prohtile, but that opposition wlllbequ?lled beyend all douht. It i* the purpose of tbe party to throw aside all Issue sirept t'lat Involved in the Nebraska question, and to ask lor 'hecoopsri tion of all*m?n in tbe Mta'e who a?re? with tHeiu lo case tbe Know Notnln< (>r<ler -bo ill de'ermioe to keep up Iti eicl jelve and proacriptlva oiytnir ition, in op;?o e tion to the republican mov?m?nt, 'he additional o.ank oi opposition to secret evielie* maybe aldei t< tbe platfoim. TIIK FUSION TlflCET. Tbe BulTalo Adivr:uer of the Itfth Inst says ?4 1 Is rnmrred tbat the Rejubllcso Conven'i t wi'b ? ;e ip prcbatit.n of tbe leading memb?re of the Sl*?? adm ni* tiatlon, will nominate I'rvaton King for v'omjt oil. r, Jnbn I. Tulcott for Attorney f>rn<rnl, Ju 'ge Vac ?r u t f?>rS?ci?t*ry of state, and John r. Schoolcraft, of Aloa r,j, for i'rseaorer The otflc-4 of ^tate (?'n^lu-e-, Canal Cemroissioner iTiron Inapecto- an ) twro Jul*** of the Court or Appeal*, are to rrmtfn ,n a-xayaqc) un'il the convent <n m.?t?, Mr. iVaed oppo'el T?loo V* comim tion for ti e saire office f >ur vearn a<o ant will now, if ibe iucce?* ?f the ticket ii at ail proiable, He #i*Va to do tbe 'l.'nkr e or tbe *ta<e iifti^sr*; and douitiac wb?thsr Tafcot; w>>uid c<>ne?nt Ui bare t'ia* procae par form< d h> proiv, he hea nc il?s.re to n>e b n f '- 'e 1. If Mr Talc-itt la put on the ticlet as tna caa li ' ite for A', loin*) (itneial It may be a?eqtn?d 'ha' the fueloata;* ejpe;' to 'e defeatwi ami the nomination* a-* ?? an-e matter ol frrei. i itecde<1 only to c n-olidat* th? new party wiib iel rer 'Hi to ulterior opeiaiiona l)u'. if Mr Tal ott is oiniiB*, 'J for tn? C >urt of Appeal ? la nUia of Ji> ?e(laidter. tr>?u e< may suppose tee fa?<im ate to heine?rn-ai so loo* oni for a elmrp ci ote-t. 1 Mr. Th'co't la put ( n tee tleketfor - tate o<?.:t'r(,We*te n N'sw Y?ik will l.e r?pj>-e?nt*o bv Mr Patter uu. or eojie good fusion Oemocrat of tale city. MI*C*I.LANkOr* A K'n*ncky pper s*js, that "t^a Ron. Thorn i? K. Maretatt request* us to sty, *a' bh ai?{* nave a?an a> I# i o*i?ly *n?et?d by fb? pu' lie * "tr? ?, * n>4 |? >,y i,| n r>r< ctl?, ibat be is una'jl* to continue dl-< usamn. aod Utreftie jstir'* 'run ?be 'or l'<io<rH?? .a this ?He rlct. 1 hie leaves tbe r. ? to It. Mar?"a't, tie cat> idale of the American party, sad W*. Hnrr a?a, ^he r ii !(*a'e of the democra'lc party." Tlie 1'rcoerirk Md , ?JMm?i?rr hae a *loeii? a fount of a ^ rand AuiMi.so rat licatioo nia*e m e?ing held lo ? Msrck cty m tbe l?*b met Kit* t ho ?ai.tm-r ca a aaja tbe Kbu mh?er, were prea?i.t on t s oictileo. ear (viocw an t n'huenetlc approval of 'he Ph .sdalpbl* p ,"orm by a *rand pro?*ae|.?ii, mnteshn c diep.aja, ibe 0' t ?v? friii f'T aaya - W? are Jicil ? d t etv* tbat lis I'e*. W.H Oi>e"w'p, pa?>or of t>?- M F, I'mr-h ii ib.a v'l if hea ent rely dl-em e.'f?>.| h m<*lf w!>i | p??.kst?. we* 0 K* stJ mlU I ftuc h Mtur?. I c 1*7 Intelligent*. Pbot Sfxaxino of TBI t*rcDK.vrt or tub Fan Acad? mt.? Nine of the student* or tha Free Academy hat n?ght contended la declamation (or * prUe. The exer ciie came off in Dr Parker's Church, corner of T wenty ? second street and Fourth avenue. Notwithstanding tha unpleasant weather the church was filled, a majority of the andienoe being ladies l*rofes*or Webster, tha Principal of the Free Academy, presided, having seated with him in the pulpit Messrs. Robeit Kelly, Loreaaa B. tfbepard and Charles Davis, the Committee of Award, and a few members of the faculty of the academy. Tha declamations were as follows ? Tribute to lAfayette, by Jarsd 6. Babcock ; well committed, but monoto nous In the delivery. " Fsrewell to the Senate," or Ceorse E Hawas; too much of the nasal twang in his speech? " The Alchemist," by Charles H. Kitchell; ex ceedingly well recited, and loudly applauded by tha audience. " Retort upon John Randolph," by Wells T. Banning -, too formal and cold. " Kulegy on Adama ana Jefferton," by Samael Maxwell, Jr.; passable. "Loeda n'a, " by John Howe, Jr.; might have boon much im proved ??Against the Invasion of Canada," by Hnmlin Ila brock ; very good. "Against Flogging in the Nary," by Pamuel B. House; rery uatural in delivery, an! wsll emphasised; loudly applaud* <1. "The Dream," by Huso* 11 Raymond; very cecently recited. This ended the programme. Tbe President than announced that tha committee would hereafter cectde to whom the prist belonged, which would lis given to the victor on tha commencement day of the academy. The audlenoe then disperaed Thb Bad Affair at Kingston. ? The child which was accidentally wounded at Kingston by tbe National Guards, died on tbe 18th lost , and was taken from Clark's Hotel, Kingston, to Woo J stock, the residence of tbe parents, for interment. Col. Duryoe. Quartermaster Kemp, sergeon Cameron and Sergeon Smith a:ted a m pallbearers. Appropriate exercises were held In th* church by Rev. Mr. Chaulker. The child was but four months and eight days old when it died, and waa laid to be a highly beautiful infant. Mrs. tassel, the mo ther, we regret to hear. Is in a moat precarious condi tion, and may rot survive her injuries. Everything It Is feasible to do, has been tried by tbe surgeons in at* tendance, but her injuries have proved to be of a mora dangerous character than at first supposed. She Is bub 18 years of sge, and is a woman of more than ordinary personal heauto , and for her to be cutoff thus young would be indeed mournful. WORKIHGMKN'S CUARTMl NOMINATIONS. ? A meeting ot worklngmen was bold at Hope Chapel on Thursday even ing, and tbe follontog named persona placed in nomina tion, to be voted for a<the ensuing fall election. Tbe wcrkingnwn are evidently determined to take time by tbe foieiock For Comptroller, Peter Cooper; Governor of the Almshouse, W. F. Havemeyer; Sheriff, Solomon Klpp and Alex Ming: County Clerk, ; Corporation Counsel, Theo. S. Tomlineon; Judge of Marine Court, Welcome R. Beebe; Commissioner of Repairs and sup plies, Daniel W. N orris; City Inspector, Henry D. John son; Core ner, Wllhelm; Street Commissioner, Anniversary of tub Alumni or Tn* Frxk ACADKirr.? Tbe second anniversary of the Associate Alumni of tha Mtw Yoik Free Academy will be held in tbe Churob o? the furl tans, on Monday evening, at 8 o'clock. Tha orator will be Prof. George W. Greene: the poet, John G. Saxe; and the exercises wl'l be varied with organ per formances by George Washburn Morgan, of Grace church. Pei CreiioN Convention. ? The Psl Upsllon fraternity, a literary atsoclatlon, with branches or chapters in Har vard, Yale, Onion, Brown. Amherst, Bowdoln, Dart mouth, Columbia, and other coUegea throughout tha country, hold their convention this year at Yale Col lege, New Haven, Connecticut, on Tuesday and Wednes day next, the 24<b and 25th Inst. On Tuesday evening there will be literary exercises, including a poem by William H. Bruleigh, Esn . of this city, and an oration by Rev Horaoe James, ot Worcester, Mass. The Chapter of Yale extend a cordial invitation to all their brethren to be present. The society dine together at the Ton tin* Hotel on Wednesday evening. A Boat Racx with Oars.? The Manhattan Boat Cluh of this city, (amateurs) on Monday afternoon last rowed Ihelr four-oared boat Manhattan from the dock foot of Christopher street, North River, to the railroad wbarf at Yonkers, (Including crossing the river twice,) in two hours and thirty two minutes, distance eighteen miles This was accomplished in. the oppressive heat, and without any ohange of oars. This club Is now In the fifth year of Its organization, being compose! of asso ciates ot the Mercantile Library? two of the officers Of tbat association being officers of the club. The mem bers ot the club did not return to the city until Thurs day. A Rabid Do q.? Man and beast have suffered by tbe "heated term" of the past few days, an! whilst the bipeds are melting away, and seeking a cool retreat In some lager bier cellar, the poor dog li running wild through the streets and parka, looking In vain for shade. One of thoae unfortunate anlmala found his way into the City Hall yesterday, and ensconoed himself under some pleee ot furniture in Mr Taylor's rooms, to tha great fear and annoyance of the members of bia family, nr. Taylor, though the kteper of tae City Hall, did not have ambition to be the keeper of a " dog pounil" for stray members of the rabid canine species, and he ac cordingly ?tnt for tbe assistance of one of the Chief's aids, who, after several unsuccessful shots from a re volver, succeeded In giving the mad dog hie cjuu'ui. Hem ? Keep your dogs in a cool plaoe at borne Give them plenty or cold water, with stone brimitone In It, aid fetd them lightly. Allmxd Rwklbbh Dbivisu ?A gentleman named Y ar my We was run over yesterday by James Stanly, eart man No. 1,086, whilst It is alleged he was reckleesly and shamefully Tunning a race with another cartm in in that crowded part of the city oppofito Tammany Hall, near tbe Park. Mr. V. is said to be dangerously Injured; but tbaik* to tbe vigil* noe of tbe police, Stanly has been arrested by tffieer Clark, of ths Mayor's offi:e, and we hope, as a warning to others, that he will be punished as bis misconduct deserves Ilia license has been re voked, and ho bas been committed by Justice 'Osborne to answer Ihe charge. Rkicvfi> from Drowning. ? Mr. Thomas Daly, of ? ? Hlzabeth street, waaresend from drowning on Wed nesday list at Rockaway, L. by Mr. Patrick Brem nan, of 174 Uester street, st the risk of his life. Mr. D-. ventured beyom his deptn in the heavy surf, and' would have been drowned hut for the timely assiatanoe afforded. TO THE EDITOR Of THE HIKALD. I was surprised on ltoklog over yeur edition of thle date, to tee an artloie statmg that Engine no No. 38 waa about to n ake a visit to U'?ton, which, sir, ii au error, as the com pan? alluded to have not contemplated any sucb visit; ana 1 am at a loss to know how such a report should have gained circulation. Believing you to bl at aU times ready to correct mist ikes, 1 take the Mb?rty of requesting correction. With much respsct I am your obeaient nervsot. A H. 1'tNCK '? KY, New York, July 20. Foreman of Eoglne Co. No 38. Mayor's Office. ALLEGED FOfOEKV. A man, named Charles ^m th, was arrested yevterflay morning by offirer McPherson, of the Chief's ofli:e, charg ed with attempting to puis some counterfeit money. Mnith. it is alleged, went into the store of T. C. Biugh ton, 13 l'ark place, and, aft'r purchasing a bo* of st?*l pen* lor 16 cent*, offered In payment a counterfeit back note, of the denomination of $5, purporting to be of the issoe ot the " Uland Bank," ot Nsw l?->anon, in ?ill' State. Mr Knapp a cler* in the store, to whom tbe till was ofleied, imroedUtely discovered that it was a counterfeit. and team* Julia Renleron tie sidewu'k In f renvoi the nor* susp-cUd t'iat he was an accomplice. Hmitli the n le't the store, and walked la ths direction ot llraa^wsy, followed close tiehnd by Resler . Knapp w nt aft r tie two. and, In trussing the IVrfc, iteppsd into tbe Chief's office, and proeurea the as-Utance of officer Mrl'ters-n who went with him, arrested .Smith and lies'er, at.ii coovejed 'hetn to the Chief's oCi:e. On searching the prisoners, the officer found ab?ut tbe per si n of Better, besides good moovy, three counterfeit hsiik iot?- on tbe Mi-ri.t an'*' and Mechanics' B>n't of ibe c'ty of ()sw?go in til's State, of the denom nation of IA rsch. ore >5 bill on the broken Eastern Bink of West Killirgley, CV.on , and a brok'n bank note of th^ Hamil ton liank Scitnate H I ? masin< $;I0 in all. Tbepriso nerswere committed to swait examination. CRA9GK OK LAKCKNV. geant MePberson srr?sted on Thursday n ^ht, on botrd tbe steamboat t'lymou'h Rock, William Ward, on a cbarga of having Hokn from H<nry Krben a po.-ketb?k, rontainlrg sundry bank co es of the value of tl7v>. Tne idirer found tbe poctetbool undar tbe head of the prlion*r whi'e aslr?p in tt-? berth on board he steam boat H* was held t<i bail io tlie sum of 9600. Marine Court. ACT IOV FOH ASBADLT AN?i BATTIHY ON TBE HlOB R* A3. Before Hon. Jutge McCarthy. Andri- Srhmtit rt Baxitr. ? lbepl.intiff wMst^rarl of the packet ship Havre, and (he defendant t apta'n. in NovimHrUat. It Is ali?g?d that on the fourtn day of ? he pan*a*c out from New York tbe Captain seat for fie pls;pt fl to his cabin, and ?tii e plaintiff ws? t^er* the dfVndar.t go* him down and bsat blm In % v ry severe iranbtr; that ?h le den/ ?o one of 1h* bind* entered, wht-renpt n tbe C<ptain croere t tbi-iuanout, au I directeu b'm ?o *r at tl;e coor sfur hl-n; that the plaiatlff aid defrndant were toxUhsr in tlie cabin for sins i'o niina'?-, whi-n the pliiinti'I came out mu'.b brulail an! ble>dirg. Two of the ban s swore positively to tbie state of tbiogs Ihe Captain nailed no aitnoeee; bat b'? tooDsel cron examined tb? pleintlTs wl'n?T?s, tjil ln?i*t?r tt at the Story w?? improbailw and tru-njie.t up. ID* Couit, how?ver, thought otbe'wiss, aedgive jalg rrent for pit n'lff lor $125 *ud co?t? (I'lTy Hu 1.1*11 VI. (Jorrett l> Clark.? This suit w is brctghtt recover froM de'udant tbe sum of 1112 50, being tbe nmount of half a quarter'* rent of prem'sei In (irand street, and known as " Ihe <,'rystU." It ap pi nr- d t?om tbs evidence that tbe p'a'n* IT, previous ?o the 14th March. 1?M, wis proprietor of the place u <iueet in. alihouih be was not knnirn as snch. tie hav ing aottb'r teison ?o attend to tb? bn*!ne?? for blaa; tint cn tbe I4th of March. I So4. be exee"tel a bill of ? al? to defeni ai.t of tbe stock in trade, and f*ve b m l< ?sf>?lfin of th? place, an 1 al?o ete-nt?d to T-ifendait ?in ks?'grn>?nt of a new ieaee wh'Cli he had received. t3 lets ? fleet from tbe fits', day o' May tben next, wuhh l?ase ccctained a rov?nant that the premises were free and clear <f *11 el* m? for tent, Aic , up to tbat tine. I.efrv>danf iosista that be was '>nly to pav after t*>e first ot y-j Oo tbe other hand, th* plaintiff pod need two ? itr.espee, abo tes'-flei) that at the time tbe paper* w?m abi ut >eip* t f.'cu'ed It we? sipreetly a- rwed by plaintiff and d*fen<?*ot tt at defendant should pay rent from tbe Mire of takinr poss??eioa of th* premise- Judgment for p a'Btiff, $112 ')<?, amonnt c'aimed. >rpniKT?m<T bv ti!* PRRemFvy .t>br, v. Vimiutu, to cec?or ot taa cufiwiias. ??eorgetowe, Huuit Carolina, rice Thomas L. Sbaw, deue***4.