Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 23, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 23, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK %?RALD. JAMES OOHDO,! DK1IKTT, PROPRIETOR AND jeditob tlVWI *. W. OQKt^? or XAM&AV AXS FULTON m. TtiRMH tniM im ??<*?*"? ?BI? UAlk V HKKiLp 1 P" copy? 91 ptr mimmk. THi.' H i'KK 1 Y ULKaLi) tv ry fli urduy at 8\ ctttU mm top*. ?r *1 per .i?uum; Ike L ripean e 'itioii S4 ptr an mmm. to p-irt of Hr?.>( Hi tan i rr tC to my part ej the l'i? - ? ? ' i?M (a t?. lu It pottain. AIL LETTERS fry Hail for B''birr pt.< lu or teiM NMtKKli to W po?X yiid, or the pott le Kill be deducted from ?A> wtoney remitted frinne n No. 309 AMD81M1NT8 THIS IV*1?IMQ. ?UiDWAT THIATR*. Bro?dw?V P4DDV Caiit "" Ym,,? ?ODMT?. maijPrOAKDBN, Bro?4w?J? 1'? A Diavolo. ?OWKHT Tfl*AT*I, aur Mirukkihg flu Omioihi s WOOD'S MINSTRELS MtehanUt1 H All ?473 BroAdWAy , ' ' Hew Turk, Monday, July '43, 1805. ? ~ The lewh Tli? stesmsh'p Northern Light ia bow folly tine at pert, with California advices to the 1st inst.? tv? week's later than those previously received. It will be seen by the correspondence published ?kewhere that Mr. Ebling, Cotnmlsrioner of Streets sad Lamps, has refasedto siga the contract award ing the cleaning of the streets to Msssrs. Smith, Btekel A Co., proprietors of the sleeping machines, ua4?r the operation of whtch this ward Rid a few gibers have reef ntly been ke*>t in such a remarkably ,l?r and healthy condition. In seventeen out of tbs twenty two wards they state that they are the towut bidders. If this be true, they aw entitled to fee contract, and should bo allowed to go on with tteir work immediately. What reasons Mr. Ebling mb have in relutiisR to eign the uee??aary ds -u manta we cannot conjecture, as that gentleman ha3 Mt as yet asaigued ar.y. All that ia known is that such is the fact, rot Withstanding, too, tttat good ae eavitiec have ncen produced by Kassrs. Smith, Seek ?1 & Cc., and the requirements cf the law Complied with in every respeot. On Wednesday evening faff-, after the aojoarn WT-t 0f % Know Nothing meeting at LocUville, at ? which the speakers had beon interruptsd several ttoaes by pome persons in tta crowd, aaW to hava be?n Irishman, a number cf disorderly individuala made an attack upon some houses which were oc;u ped by bioh families, Rones ware thrown and shots fired, ond a man and woman wounded. No serests were made. 8nch occurrences take place ftbncnt sightly in Louistflle, where party spirit runs *eiy high. Oer ne*s from Brazil is up to the 5th June. It hrirgs *o aa the important intelligence that the im terul government has refused to ratily the terms of the cenvmtiou recently euU red into between their itfuef cf squadron, Ohviera, and the Paraguayan government. Olivlera U superseded in comnond, ??1 his been fumm^ned to court to render an ac count of bis Btewardship. The probabilities, tfcers low. are that the hostile demonstrations of the Bra zilian fleet will be Knotted on the Paraguayan tor jjtory. The policy or Brazil tmda to the acj'il u?U.n of ttrriiory, and it is not uailksly that tne mewal ot hostilities will end in the absorption of Paraguay. ^ We give this morning several piquant let:eifl from popular wat6riug"pia"p^; also, tiie " Herald Guide Book," containing mu.h va'.avrle information for tfavcllers comprtHBei into a few words. The City Council cf Louisville contracted wlt i fekiutb , seckal & Co., on Thursday laat, for cleming the stucts of tL?t city. The sales of cotton Saturday were conQnsd to a few hundred bales, at Irregular price*. The views ot buyers did not look boyond lO^c. for mi- '?lin({ ?platis, while holders were act cispoted to prtss sales. Flour w.ia without farther change from the pwv'ioufl dby's quotations. Wo eat was lower. A I?t cf 8ouU.ern ltd (not probably cf best quality) k??ld av abaHt *1 75, and a -n il! parcel of white do. ?t $1 tto a $2. Can iold to a fair extent, at 8'Jo. a ?H)o. for Western raized, l'ork was rather Armor, I ?5iii fair transac'-ijus. Lard i?as better, with more I 4 ag. Ifaere wa ' a better feeling in sugars, with siliBof ab ut 1,700 Lhds. aLd GOO boxes, at firm T%tes. The salts of Rio coffee reached about 1,^00 tegt*. witlont change in pricus. Freigttta ws:e dull. Bcwoid Coalition tn.tl the Mmourl Loin* prumlM?'itu. WJib'i S&anlfesto. For the more general information of all par tif ? concerned, we tratiPfer to oar columna this morning the ?' minifesto'' of General Webb, of iJic Courier, ou the question of the reBtoration of the Missouri black line of UG-30. " To ac complish that object," sajH he, ' and tlms to ?url back ddianc.' upon those who have been <li honest and unprincipled, and rocklesa of fiiith and honor, we are perfectly willing, if need be, to consort, for the time being, with even politi cal abolitionists, and all the other abominable i*ni9 of the day.'' And wo are juH us flatly told that he "would rather a thousand times vote for (.'arrison and Tapptn as President auil Vice President, than tamely su'oa?it for an liojr to the humiliation which the Senate hw put ui?>n ac by the r<>tie?l ot' th?: Missouri coraprooii'HJ." There it is. Our amiabla yet warlike cote;u porary thui in bis fiospcrution endorse* the programme of the Ast^r 1Ioiimo Seward co.i'iti^ i juntas. He goes for this anti-slavery lusi m, whatever the c<-'<fiHion which may folio v it. He is done with Castle Garden Union Safety Committee* ? he h n volunteered for the a i ", to wrve under the i<,uiicr.,'iip Mr. Seward, hit ?idf, hU uilies ol ?? '.1 shadjfl, aad his organs, ai. 1 to give no ijnai >cr to the enemy. The Mis Mick line must b' restored ; ai:d if tht S >u'h rebel and attempt to leave the Union, the/ are to be reconciled at the point of the bayonet llcnd the manife to. Now, were wo oif-po1-' 1 to pry into t'.'c m> livsof the godfather ol ihe whig par'-y, i'J th'ifl pons-^nting t.o th^ sale of its relics and effects i ) i)ie aotf slavery alliance, we might recur ton r Miiy sn; gestive per.-onal remlni'-oefices t?f tur belligerent cotemporary of t ?e l.*<?t .'Iwcntj huvi n years." ITis cons : u, ia the United Stat<M B uk. the banknipt low, th- w ir with V^xico. Ui'l tbo vote of the Senate up -in Gen. Tejlor'a nomitce for Vienna might all Uo dove taibd togvU or t'ie illastration of the why and the wherefore of this latest ami murft owtul proclamation. \V m'rht say tbat,?fro? ..bligatioo* of p- rs..n?l v-rat ulo u \Y II. S.'W ard, General Wtbb bwi no al'eTii4tive. at iht.i crisis, but that o' survi g his In ml <> d bnn ? f<wtor; we m cht cauti d Ihnt. o n \enersbU W?U street, diplomat Ms ou'.v e ? v> j count with the Senate, and vha; tie lv ?? '/ l | fh" first avaltal'lc opportunity for a ? i .? r j ? Jha*, having disregarded his t!ai.c : > th r friendship, he Is resol <1 tha1 the S-'ti-ti.! shall fe*-' the full force of their latnl mint ?, in u ,? power ae an enemy. But we prefer, ih.s i j /iio ce, to deal a'Mi the lli??ourI com pi >mi tt?d the questi'.n of it? r- peal, npon their c n (rtiuticuftl merits: and to this end .i word or two fvr the present will suffice. The r "p-al of the 31 ' uri olaok line is di'?!g J uaird by onr eicl' d patr it of th Cour'ir Mn "a foul fetain npon Southern honor, an Icult . 4o tbe Union moo of Jbe North, and t > > j ?roii* to th* cause of Union a-* anyt , r *yrv meditated bf tbe r?b d of th ra I J fholiHonlsts." How no ? " "''V1 "umi I iit(;u honor," when *' p ? ? i < n e ? | turn th? North, and W;^ adopfei '*> ? v*ru ;J , measure of a Northern administration, elected wpon Union principle#? Howls It an " I'jmR to the Union men of the North," when we tnd the roost coospicnoua among them the most prominent of its supporters 1 Bat, abewe all, how it) tbe repeat of this Missouri interdict " treacherous to the cau-e of the Untoc," and a repudiation "by 'he So*th of their allegiance to tbe constitution ?" If the Missor.ri iuterdiot was an unconstitutional aat, its repftd was just and prop* r. The fact that the restriction was permitted to stand lor thirty-four years an a sectional compact, does not 'make tt constitu- | tional, for amendments to tire constitution are not made in that way. If V ie authority for this black line docs not exist if . the constitution, re pealed or re-enacted It if ) no longer good for anything, for henceforth it is a nullity. And where, in the fundamental law, i? the authority for this liw 3 of demarcation across the common territory of all the States, s*ying to the people of ofie section of the Union, "Thus far shall ye f 0 witu your slave property, but no lnrther ?" 'It ie not to be found; it does not exist. Respef ;ting the common domain of all the States in their united capacity, the con stitution says: The Congress shall have piwer to make all tie odful rules and regulations re specting the erritory or other property el the United States." This is a limited power, limited to " needful rules and rcgul ?tiono" con cer dngth*; public '? territory," as the landed property \>t the United Stutes, and not extend ing t<v Ahe Territories In a political sense. Thevfc ? no express grant of power or provision In the constitution upon this subject. The sir^retne jurisdiction over the local Institutions of fee Territories, is, however, very clearly embraced In that clause which provides that all powers not expree-ly granted to the federal government " are reserved to the States and the people." * Thus It appears that the Missouri arrange, mcnt was an extra constitutional act, a mere outside party compromise, an assumption of power by -Congress which did not belong to it 5 that the thing, in fact, was a nullity irom the beginning, though respected by the South as a sectional compact, as long as the North were willing to adhere to it. But when the North crossed over this line, and seught to fasten the Wilmot proviso upon Texas and New Mexico? wh-n they refused to carry the Missouri demarcation across Cali fornia ; and still later, when they proposed to repeal the restriction altogether, the South said, "very well, geutlemen. Wo have always regarded this Missouri compromise as an uncon stitutional affair, but we have thus far acquiesced for the sake of peace. We consent, and go with J on lor the repeal?we subscribe 'o your Cali fornia doctrine of "popular sovereignty;" and let that be the law." W?' contend, then, that this repeal of the Missouri black line was no " stain upon the South," no "treachery to the Union," and no drsertion ol any '? allegiance to the constitu tion." Wc coutcnd, whatever may bave been the huckstering motives and objects of Mr. Pierce and hie Cabinet in the act. that the Kaa sas and Nebraska bill places those Territories upon the true constitutional ground? that of the supreme juribdiction of the people cer tlvur own local and social institutions. Wo alao venture the prediction that thin Missouri black line will never be restored? never' while tbe sun elilnee? notwithstanding the enlistment of Mr. Webb with the Seward holv p.lliance for the war. Uo says his wish is for a " uuion with tho republican party in th'S coining contest," " a union of all men anil of every sh'ule of politic-1, in order to vindicate tbe right'"? the restoration of tKs Missouri line. believes, too. that the result cannot, be otherwise than < favorable alike to the be?t interests of every portion of the coun try." We. too, believe tint the ultimate result ot Ilia grand anti-slavery cru ade ? this most ex traordinary fusion of tactions and fag ends, i-nns and schisms, demagogues, tuna'ics, luna tics and philosophers, Union men and aboli tioiiists, Infidels, atheists and preachers of reli gion, of men in petticoats and old women with beards, white, black and yellow? we, too, be lieve that the final remit will be go-id. We thitik that it will result in concentrating the common sente conservative peopR of all par tiw? and all sections, against this heterogeneous and jjicbuld combination of disirganizers and m the complete o'-orfhrow of their leaders and their schemes of discord and disunion. Now for the love feast between the Chevalier Webb and Seward, and T?jpi?an, and Garrison, and Benjamin F. Butler, and Weed and Greel-y, an 1 pnrker, a"d tho Black Swan, and Aboy Kt ;ly Foster iu?l Lucy Stone! Let George T. Downing (free colored anti-Liberia, anti Ne braska out-and-out) prepare the oysters and cull in tho guests. Tliey are the imperial guard of Gem rul Webb for the salvation of the Union. Tub Last vn*i> Bkhi Joki; ok i'iib Season. ? At i, he Board of Supervisors ou Friday, a peti tion wns received from 1). K. nIik .^n, Presid-ut of the Ocean B.-uk, praying for a rem sslo i of t'je city taxes on sail bank, on tho ground th it duiuig the year rt litis not made "any clear pri'fltor income at all." After this let uo mi'i say that trattk- in money dulls the wit. or des troys the sense of humor. Hood hi.nseU or runch, never ga^e birth to a funnier iiev than this one of M I) It. Martin's Only fancy a bank with a capital of $1,000,000 begging to lie let, ott' paying faxes, because it Ira? done a bad l/unii.Crs! We hope the Supervisors will ijrj'it the pray er of the opulent hegjat We "bould rather like to see ihe other rich iiistitu'ioai of the city a^ing chanty in the e(;mf> way. It would be edifying, lor instance, to hear ol the Bank 01 Comm? ice In !j."i'ig o g(t i;s u?s f-.>r nothing, on the ground ot poverty aud bid operations; or to see George Law or C >">m dore Vnnder bllt or William 11 \ -pi r. wall belting a rr mission of tbelr tuxes <> . the plea of hard tim? 1 A ! for tbjs Oceitn Bink, wh ch got a gool al vrrti omeBi tbe other day, in tbe sh ?t>e of a ,'?< luteal 1 >11 br a teller, we hope to live to M ? M !>. R. M 1 tin going round with h * hat In h t d, t-iggii ? fMMoii s tor 'be love of th i Vir gin to (ompcusato tbe p?ir old biflk for i s | If. r- q In f: n* stock". Or a bill .might oe m-? *k tip on the hunk door like those worn rou id th? nccki t 1 ,a rr ? *??oai!v*Jut to Hi ? following rffee! : "We have a capital ,>r A 171 ' 1: I t ha " : ? m ?k 1 a^>" 1,1 ar f 1 ;.t or int ul It.. Lord w i LI iVl"i^l llje fh'irilablt \ J v ci .tht be nailiu' 'P ur.d< rnea?h, ] a it or tnc reoeptiou 'nn)lcoir?. In " ? s '?? J in'ioMef* o ' \ the Ocean Bab I. ? j- -t ,?!i' utt tue iocone h' y I S' < m-ircapuMe f ca-uiug in on or^i'iafy way I cf bt illff3. 1 Financial Cwd^Kn of ?n|? Out of the '/9?r with RmU. The laet tv ail from Europe bring* the news of the se'ting In once more ?f the tide of ballion from Lonon to Paris and th- Continent I his, ot oourse, i- dne to 'he official announcement of the new Fiench loan. It is to be of 760,000,000 franc, or $150 000 000, making altogether $250,000,000 raUed by France >lace the war begun : and a- on the occasion of the last loan, tbe Frei ch government received applications for 1,700,090,000 francs more than they pro posed to istue, it Is expected that it will hi taken up without delay. There era be no doubt of it. indeed, for tbe Emperor must have the money ; though the terms are not likely to be as favorable as tney would have been in tbe spring. This loan, added to the amounts heretofore raised and expended in the prosecution of the war, gives a total, as we stud, of $250,000,000 spent by France in powder, ball and throat cutting. During the samo period and for the same purposes England has raised, besides the nsual annua) supplies for the army and navy, a sum ol $130 000 000, in two loans of $50,000,000 and $80,000,000. We learn that these sums are already expended, the Baltic fleet having bean ecpt cially a source of great expense, and that the advocates of an ieoue oi Exchequer bills are becoming quite numerous in London. Turkey, having vainly attempted to borrow $25,000,000, obtained fifteen, and declared that for the present the other ten m lllonsof dollars or two millions of pounds would be dispensed with. But she wac not able to conceal her wants long. She is again in the market for a small loan of something l'ke a million of dollars, which is probably needed to pay the civil expenses of the empire. As her allies generously guaran tee the loan, it will probably be obtained and thus she will figure in the list (or a total of $16,000,000. The war therefore fcas put the Saltan and his Western friends to the following trifling ex pense : ? Brit Lull loans extraordinary (130,900,000 French do. 2M>,00O,OvK) Turkish <o. 16,000,000 Total $396,000,000 What the Russian expenditure may have been we have no means ot knowing positively. That it must have been large is clear from the number of troops kept on foot, and of course fed and clothed at the expense of the Imperial government. It has oeen estimated by a well informed and apparently an honest writer at $250,000,000 a j ear for extra military ex penses occasioned by the war, and as much noore for the wilful or necessary destruction of property. At this rate, the war must have cost Russia half as much again as the Allies, and $GOO,000,000 wou'd not pquare the aocount. ' But a large portion of this expenditure was in buildings, ships, produce and merchandise, and though as seriouH in the lo<>g run as the expen diture of hard cash, it will be longer in beiag felt. Probably three hundred millions of mon -y have passed from the Imperial treasury into the hands of array agents, contractors, pur veyors and contractors on account of the arm/. Taking this figure as the basis of calculation, we wive at the conclusion that within less thin twelve months, about seven hundred millions of dollars have been diverted from trade and agriculture and expended by the belligerents in the prosecution of the war. Some idea of the enormousness of this sum may be derived from a knowledge cf the fact tbut the united incomes of the whole people of Great Britain and Ire 'and are only supposed to amount to five times as much. It is equal to three fourths the total debt of Austria, uader which the House of Hapsburg has been totter ing this many a jear: more than half the whole debt, of France; twice the debt of Russia up to 1853; nearly four times the average a-eets of the Bank ot England at the present day; and more than fourteen times as much as the whole national d< bt of the United Sta'.os. Former wars never cost anything like it. The oH wars with England were w.igt d for what it has eobt >n this war to lit out a siugle expedition The Peninsular war under Wellington, nod ttie naval wars of Nelson, Collingwool, and Eng land's call' r heroes -which swelled the debt of England to its preset' awful figure ? were ticono mieal p<8iimes compared with this. Pitt a niugard in comparison with Palmeratoa Ntvir h.is ilic world sc<.-n rr^ney llo,v fa freely bclye. Simultaneously w:'h this startling ox.raia gacce, wti h ire tbe intelligence of a sensible di minution in the supply cr ttfc precious metils All la-t year we wore u ti.>ed trsa'., Califor .u had done her best 1' is year the accoualB huve been thu* fnr more cheering; b,it ve an: cot yet np to the old m irk, and are far below the txpec?a'ions that wive formed respecting the j ield of the mines s me time ago. Besides, a? Calif. mil', progrt-s*es, and her agricultural intere-t is developed, she will retain nnrc uml more of her specie at home. Shortly sha will export flour perbaptt instead of dust. Oi r th-> other t-id-*, the gold supplies from Auafraliaur \i.-ibly falling off. .V royal co/naiii-ion watch was appoint :d at the instance of the colonial gi vuumtnt reports that tbe product of the gold fields in 1*51 tfv $.',000,000 short of Mm in 1M3, a; d thfft tne yi< Id during the present y>ar Is sH I 1< ffi. During the first q iarter oi If-,') I the n tuber of ounc-.'s evt?or <*d w.n MO. 5 during the same quarter ol 1855, the ex port wrisonly 1!?7,17:!; showing a. lalliug oll'd ,? i teg the quarter equal to 11!'. 172 ounces of gold It may bo observed lik w ise that recent Mt r? frov I - i spoke incidentally of the war hav ing i. terlon d n ht e explorations and mining opt rations in the Ural n.o.nUius .vneact* mo-i t four gold was obtained pr?ur to the disco; ij of Califori in. Thus we hive twr> fact? plainly mat H'-st The fit?-t : t hat the chief Puvvert of Euiop.? urc ? xpecdiug ir> gunpowd r. sold Ice, munition-- >f ?>t a- d i iter thrift cm object.-, au a an iai M"n greater ill m the n:u d expenditure ol u i of ? Ixm put together, and equal probably o a third of *be c?pttul employed by Karo.i i ?ra< ( g ( >p< r iit|pt,?. l he njcond tli u strati' a ? -.cupIj with tH? al'irt ing event, the r???p c leronn^ ironi ntntth.t the ?u;jply of >--poc .o, | vli eh all j jut ? rrd't d- p.'.id f. .r ? t r- . ;i , > ivillshort'y fall ?.tf IV e hear if s?<d that )<?-.. I ate n.< piwp ct? of jK^ce. Those wh) ta.k h is do Lot think. Threi tears of suchwif;,* w have had dnrinsr the met twelve months would Involve an expenditure ? without i dollar ?>. lelnrn ? ol tvo thoas i,d millions of d ?llnrs aoi upwaros; whic'', If an ;cconip ?r.i d by a corr-; por oing irierca>o in the snpply of th p-n.q,vt^ n.fts p, wen Id Infallibly hr. ?k ver? f.'n corona j >.ovf rrmer.t, urd evety batibtnt; in#titatio,i in ? tN# Old W rid, I'ron ;he Ba.k of ''a;'-..! to tie Ko hicluJtJ?, \ The Code Ijncix at tkc twin and at the Sort^^VKwi a 9 a SeWarU Organ. A few weeks ago, in Sumter county, Alv bam* ? beautllul and Interesting child of fif t eey. summers -the only daughter of moat estl B'able pan nte, wbese pet and hope she was ? . in returning to her father's mansion from a neighbor's, listening to the birds and eohoing ihcir music hi her heart, gathering flowers whose violet aud pink she rivalled in her eye and eheek. was made the subject of a deed of unutterable shame by a negro slave, who hid the selfish humanity to murder her after hav ing, by his own foul crime, rendered death a blessing. That "hunfin devil" was taken, and, in face of open day, contrary to the law of

the land, was made to suffer an ante past of thoeo fires to which the earthly flames consigned him. The press in general, being edited by men, was content to publish the fact, without wound ing the law by justifying, or human nature by denouncing, it 'Not so the New York Tribune The text was one which it could not fail to im prove, in its own peculiar way. The whole South, and her system of servitude, was can vassed a?d settled in an editorial on the 11th ult., ending thus: ? lien la a regular autode-fe by ? lynch law crowd. If slavery be right, it is right lynch law and all. To sus tain the on* is to lustalo the other alio. The burner* of this m*?D are nql guilty of any enormous and mcoa ceivuble wickediieTs It i* the institution we regard with horror, aaa not ita tools and victims. A extemporary, venturing a decent aud pro per remonstrance against such false and wicked logic, was rebuffed in an editorial commencing thus: ? "The Courier ami Enquirer has enlist ed under the banner of the Boohoos"? quite a mild specimen of the livery of Billingsgate, with which the Tribune invests its English on (Southern) State occasions. On the 18th inst. the Tribune published the thrilling account (already given in the Herald) of the lynching of Mayberry, in Wisconsin, on his way to the jail from the court house, where he had just been sentenced to imprisonment for life, on a convlcticn of murder. To refresh the memory of our readers we re-produco an ex tract*^ the account, as published:? At tbft hour we w*re sitting In onr office, which is but a short distance from and commands a view of the j all. and bad written nor. of the foregoing article We were tben stotled by the cry of "Hang him ! hang bim 1" when, on stepping tj the wladaw, we saw the officers and prisoner coining toward the jail, sur rounded by tbe inturUted mo5. A rush was ma.e for the jail, the door of which was barricaded at once by the crowd, a&d the approach of the officers cut off. Toe officers, though resisting the popul&se with all the en?r tJ tfc'y possessed, and protecting the prisoner tl the utmost of their power, were borne down and OTerpo wir ed. The prisoner was tben almost alotts; but he rtefend ed himself with superhuman strength Bo fought w.th the utmost desperation, and pos'esimg a iao.it atjilat.c physical frame, for some tan j ards the crow J feli like chad before him. A bl.?w, however, with abludg-on from behind, felled him to the ground, aod he wa* pow erless. A rope was then puse.1 roaud his neck and seized by the crowd, and a luchmnle Jowa Caurt a'rsei. Tbe prisoner, though dragging in the dust, ctogh; tb? rope with ta;a hands. anl thus prevented strangulat >>n at orce. Ariived in fron- of our office, a dosperavu effirt was again made by the officers and oitizAas to rescue bim. Tie rope wau out thr?e times by Mr. Orrin Gurn tey, who ?*blbit<'d the most determined brawy in bis behi'.lf, but as often was Lie thrust aside and the roju re adjured. At this time a sen* almoit indeeerlbible was exhibit ed; a crowd of beivrem ttiree and four thousand per sons a-A&yed to ami fro. lu, the ctntre was tlii doomed prisoner, ljing in tbe ground ? al.ove him stood friends bagging aud struggling for bia life? while a fur g.-eatsr number were intent upon his death. IhLs state of tliinji a lasted about ten minute, an ', as we laoUed from our window tbe hf.fa preJom-n.tei that. t!>e fronds of law sn.l order might. yet prevail But it was a vain hope. "Hang bim!'' rtf.e louder than before, ?,rj a ruah wi'.h the prisoner was made to t.he cluster of tree? on 1be pubk<i square. the rope re-tdjnsted -4p>n his a?ok, tbd otier eot tbr jwu ov?rthe limb of a tree, and for the fltsl time in onr Ufa tbe borr bio ?peiti Jo of a hu man being jangmg by tae neok until ha wa] dead met our view. Now, mutatis mutandis, apply the logic of the Tribune \o thin case, and the result is the following beautiful reasoning : " Here ie a re gular hanging by a lynch law crowd. If free soilism be right, it is right, lynch law aud alL To sustain the ooe, is to sustain the other;"' or. if you chooeo, put freedom in pl^ce of free soi)it-ni. and the logic is equally conclusive. But the honesty and fairness of the Tribune si and in the same favorable light as its lo^c. If lynching were it* abhorrence? had it been desirous of signalizing such abhorrence, irre spective of the latitude of the crime ? surely sever bet ter occasion offered ; one, too, where it enjoyed an opportunity of wlutiaisteriug a r< bukc to ?amc of ite o'vn readere. who were donbtUes among th1 guilty offenders? an op por (unity not e-ujoyeJ in the other case. More over, the Winconsio lynching was peculiarly flagrant, for the murdt-r war.net an extraordinary one ; anil then tbe primmer hud actually been convicted and his due ma-ure ef punishment awarded by the proper dispenser of justxe. 11 ?ayb<rry had ooly been a negro aid his lynching in the Soatb. the Tribune su,jly would have had something by w ay of note or c- mment to ur^*? iKiforo its beloved brethren on the occasion. But its was, its en ue gpf?no ni/.iiug was ?fcis ? to iu'.?rc : ? MORBIW0 h MrWKRER. Tbe foiv.wif g I. .. detailed .? -.j.in- of the i/n?hlag o' ? ti-u ii At.-:}?ueiD, mentioned la thi Tnb'int Lad-r;Ue u]<'grt,!t'. ? h-n?l. V'e il 1 1 i. to '. JioiesnUa >' anMiii.' r.r'tci of Wm n<td?y. But prrhap- it miy b2 unwittingly s ippo-eil that the Trihinn was the more partf:al(t;!y cX( rcifed ov?r the Mabanu, c ue, on account of *he mode of the arbitrary punishment. Sinie co'or, hidioj, niay he found forsnch a Hii'ipo-?. tion in he cd'tor!al of Jan,' llth, in -.!> ?h it speaks of the burning, as ' b? of tbo?e s.wfi.ily bar!)arou p ini?buieati wbich m ,? p'ac* .0 ic jg si t?! b in 'red thaan 1 n :o ju cUim t > o tu foar r? Ij as .n.'.-su aa ; c it ie. ; An.'iuble Tribune.' tender heaved, forbear iajr, irerciful Tribune! a pity to "xnofe I 'h i )]? > r>, tin; ??, of co tuach phosphoica- } c.i n> ; h:ut ! Jiu', we let U ,<-p .ak ior i.seit', .n aa | < tiiUuiui (.?' i;ie . 1-t intt., i.alioimijg the last j b-'W lines, as tllu-trative of rs hekvaaly mind- | ??tint?-# in tempe-iag juvicc with a.ercy: - A lralo on t>;e New Vn.-kt -ntral ite : n 1 -vai pi|<:?l. I \J thr m .:T t .c ?ra;k nfg.1t ef>r? >a?t, n?tr !-'j .t-.un, rj inet.es o/ the dis^vny of* rail. Theenr'e-r <\*U' uc*'vr t*i'l r,^o ? f thi'ic o .hf ri, Wfre Mrlo i .f iq- i ,i r t A .??*'*' 1 t ilv?i ft o I 'iollitrs in of 1 f >r ! xc* - ij-1 1 ? of tb? buoua ?ho tue r*ii I fj / * r>. m ???'tr a .1 ? whfr. jusJvx $h<>v* ?' f nt ? / x*. ts ntf.h at tkU. Th>> fiend who thui a'fcuipu r vYiUfd'c hiH>d*r hKtrv.s ' m?r> errru viring pnnith <?' ?.? hu>t Uu hi n ?r< tn ion Uot yr; di*co n td. Jt-ivhi.'liKriu! hum .in iuvoutl m h>*H alrei.ly | 1 ard long ago invent<)d bur-'tng, and of co ir^e j j iha* would be too good for tins" huiui"! devil," 1 I who, instead of lraing a negro >tnd ravishing and | u' nh.rlrg bis young mlitress, was only a wiii'Ai 1 m m, ond yet hwl the unp ?ratb ded temerity j H<toc>'iu>))' to TP-noce a nil by wtiiih "the j < nnin< cr, co^d ic<?r, and t vo or thr^e others j f.i re tK?riously injured !" Wo ajarv -1 wti | crnclating i.nd uuht rd of tortjcoi ?c?euil<l*j | j.rogri ?? wnl develope for ?.ueh unprecedi;nt ? 1 1 wretches, when the avatar ot S * nU Lave ci.iiie up .it us. and ihe /Vi '-m-k li id it.ielf 1 ho organ of the Inquisitor CkiTtl under th" rpw di p. utw.ti^in. J/ubUeis the uihtjpy i ul ?>ri r . going down to dttib nu -or .ho c iti-? i ; joi'tid knives, placers, ttiu-n? mr.irs, ^ h?t:tries and cumonflets, th it shall distinct) ish j !he??wly invrntrdGieeUytir.'* i ?] , a>s a<i i< -trament " of <jno of t<< awfall* i I r,n ni"n's I at r. ?-?! ; buti. ' Civs-jiu s'ial? u?ivi. '^.i 'r'tj . >.iy. ] St. Abkaco'b Letters ? We publish else where tne or two letters written by the late Marshal SV Arn&ud to the members of his family, after he had taken the command of the army in the East. They are very Frenoh, but, considering the circumstances and the fate of the man, are a footing and mournful. His trials were indeed severe. Pestilence, inaction, fire, bodily ill health, and mt-ntal fever must have rendered the encampment at Varna a place fit for the damned. How the sensitive Fronchman writhed under the agony of his multiplied sor rows. these letters bear Aestimony. "Have there been," says he in his despair, "many situations like mine in historj?" To add to all, the bIow nees and the want of military skill evinced by his allies, the English, threatened to paralyze all his movements. "The English," he writes keenly, "make me lose precious time " He would have landed at the mouth of the Katcha that is to say ten or twelve miles south of the Alma, and would have thus escaped the brush at that stream; but Raglan was timid, and in sisted on selecting the Old Fort as the place of disembarkation. Alter the landing, the Eng libh lost so much time in making ready for the march that the impetuous Frenchman wrote to Lord Raglan to say that he "could wait no lon ger ? he would issue his order of departure for seven o'clock next morning? and nothing should stop him longer." The tardy disclosure of these smothered quarrels between the allied leaders are, strange to say, cotem poraneous with a letter from Sir De Lacy Evans to the Indipe.ndance Beige, in which he insinuates plainly that Lord Rag lan's time was mainly absorbed in futile dis putes with the French Generals. The public surmise, it seems, was not far wrong. And it may well be questioned whether the new chiefs, Generals Simpson aud Pelissier, who are both hotheaded men, will conceal their antagonism from the public as long and as skilfully as their predecessors. Poor Marshal Saint Arnaud had two r?oes? one waB glory, the other peace and retirement with his family. The lattter was always pre sent to his thoughts. "I only think," he writes to his wife, "of the moment when we shall be very quiet at home. In the spring we will take a trip to Italy and we will return by Swit zerland and Germany. We will travel with onlj two servants, aud like plain folks." Glory cime uppermost at times; but he was so con scious of his unpopular ity that he repressed the swelling aspiration Only after A'mi he says: ' The change [in public opinion about himself] has been rapid; it began on the 14th, br.jke out Into acclamations on the evening of the 20th, and to day I am a great man." Alas for hid hope*! Seven days u[terwards the great man wae ft corpse! Harv mj> OuJffcE Again.? Old Harvard ij fairly earning 'he reputation of being an ab> lition college. The ooly subject conscientiously : taught there appears t.o be treason. The autho rities would not confirm Judgt, Loring, t'uough he v.as apparently the best nuin for the law chair, became ho would not perjure himself ; Bor wouJd tiiey grant a degree to Mr. Eliot, because lie had voted for the compromise mea sures. According to the code of morals in force at Harvard, no Southern man deserves collegiate honors. Nay more, do Northern roan can attain the highest rank in learning, letters or Ecience, unless he agree with the Harvard people in politics. Thus, Daniel Web ster weald not have been deemed fit for ho nors, nor either ot the Adamses, nor John Han cock, nor any of the revolutionary heroes of New England. The onij men, according to the authorities of Harvard, who deserve to be de corated v ith collegiate degrees, are Theodore Parker, William Lloyd Garrison, Gerrit Smith, Fred Douglass, and a few others of that school. To such a depth has sunk the oldest collegiate institution in the United States! Art axd Science ? The Directors of the Ame rican Institute announce that thoir twenty - seventh annual exhibition will be held at the Crystal Palace, opening on the 3d of October. Should this :?ffoir re-alt favorably, it may result in the purchase of the palace for the Ui>e of the association; bat the place is in such bad odor that the experiment of the Institute is one of doubtful results. The meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science will bp held this year at Providence. Rhode Island, comniennn^ on the 13'h of August. This ia a iuos'- impor tant institution a yearly reunion of our mo^t distinguished proft -'or- in ev<>ry brn ch of sci ence. The papers r^ad at the pravkms nit et? ings have been hig'-ly creditable to '"C nation, ar<! "reat deal of .-cien'jflc informs ion has beta frtely dispensed It appears ?>y the cir cular bt tore in that t le funds of the society aie ne uly exhausted, and tbat there is not mo; ey enough l<! tbe treasury, unless avc>rs art p ,.'tl up, to me >t the evpeure? of another ( yf.tr. We frost thnf so valaaVle a society will not l?e iliowed to die out for"tbe want of i iot hundred dollars. letomcr*1 iiiqaew*. I'rKim i Afi ipkst at Tins Hoiiok'A Fiirv. ? "or n>r O'DclmI .luK *n ts?i -s* J '1 "?* 1 1# 1 G?tir*n, Toun o--Ht *rlo c-nvi *a hii <!? t'.i uni!?r ib? totlo?rlmt cix .uEHUasef, Tuo >l ? cm' i wm ?mpWijo?i by He Uuook-ui Firry Co top ay i a uy 10 put i para o' gUM into oca of ihe b"*t? nainel v'na Jam- ii WaUr, *u wb'i^ao fngaiiOj bolt <???.? iu'o tbs al'p, lit from alUf!? cum >a cc bia l?;t, ar.aa r?'jgbt botvTf.f d tLo ftod ?r? uf tbej.l'raafl tr? r . i?!o r ! In.T n. thii blfct reo?tv!rj tt j aii? ? t Ibc- .riut . jO U i H? kb n f??ll Iu'-j it' ?*%'?! a . k t? roulJ bi?r t u?d, nroirn".!. 1?>C -Ct9-(U Wit ? I J !0(lu?trlou I ??!.. *o i 1K.H l*fl ? wi.r rl 'a?!ly lv iiiirmt ir* uo^'aely end. t'< wv? .'3 jcara ct c{t. .?>n> vimi UkiiiiMJ ? An i?'i ant wn b, I by Core bcr Htiton upru tb? ly u i.ycuBg m.u n? ai i flnitl Intlll, -bo wfti dro*ec ' *lul? ill War . la jiiJ. r * v an to a?im ? ?a ? ?ay y t:> ?? ?d1 i <??>* nefl b?f?r" a ? ..m ru! . r?*cB liim Lt ?.?j* uiavooi If. iu.1 ?ul wn ab> Jt '.1 \> ?ra old Two t >k.*(??s M?*. Forxn PHOW>rn.? Coronet >ra tk lull u oqu' . np- ii tie bjly ot ?t> ?>:? Vii.cwa c ) d, ibaat JM of age, who *?' it iou rai th? (oi< cf Maaid* *ii m!?). 'lit U| :a that i*ee, e?l ??*?* dro?B?J ii# (Q , . ,i.i ? i U* ?"? it t 1 ' ' 't >> i i.liUi at:*? i >.o?ly of ?no*-b?r uakai?) una ab nt.'ljc.ra 1 m\io * ? f"iul Hjatl".' Ii t*? a^ tbia ,(,i Thi) i>0 oloth*i oa b:a l?rson ?o It r>aa ntiip< ?<???. pwrtoai ????*, ?%?' },? tii(lb,?i rio?ri: ?<! ?hit? tn'o-mit ?!> r? th?' lai'?*<! '1 ir?B it?n b* oit?lnal frtwn 'Jor'o'i* uaiaii< or bij >l*|iuty, M C ? n,f*rt. I nttlllg Ai.LXiM' I B'.O.XI >l*? ASSAULT. j\ man, r jolalo ; In the ??*oom?n of I'atur Ioll?, wa< t n i t<- fl.'-t' - ) b' '.rW. '.n, of tli> I'ou j'O -Its ta* o| a,t#mpMJ '?> ahut H?nry (>T. t'.y, ef No J8R 0-**?-t tlVit, fcy ana?p a; a intM itit. vT at Mm. Tb?> mr .foo, "b-n at tM col ennn, ?'i" ????>! to <? ?? e*?ry ehtraoT, a?,1 in run wa? pr'j.rad for ?Wlt'l'in Mr .fott? lo pf -oo hy Jua' oa Bafart. 10 aaa?tr tl..,- of !?>.-. ,*q* mia-iie aim) battary. Wo lana fr*? 'ti? Virk.b ,- - 11 1 >q that "i? TV, !a*ta*t, ill# lanl ? ? b ??"">f loit. A. K'aln *a* a', uf bw}f< n >1 r.'ir-'.- c fi,nm 1 T ?? t?4* it utfan to ?JO,0t0. 1 THE LATEST NEWS 8Y MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELESHAPHI. From Washington. crSBiNO DiBCuuai>e tub ksi-ekn war? the otoar OP CLalUB ETC. Washinotow, Jul; 23, 1865. The Union it thia morning hit a leading article upon . the Eastern war, wr'tten by flea. Cuahlng; In the aama paper o> Thursday and Fn.la, last were articles On tba sane ? abject, written by Caching. Judge* Gilchrist and Soar bough leave here on Tnea day for their respective homes, and will not return antil the meeting of tbe Court on tho 17th of October The appointments for commissioner!! for different Stated will be announced to- morrow. W. E. Starke, surveyor of the port of Now Orleans, arrived here yesterday. He leaves this aftemcon for New lork, and sails on Wednesday for Europe. Tho Weather at lloettHi. Bostos, July 22, 1866. The weather continues cool and pleaeaut. The ther mometer at 7 o'clock this evesiug sto j3 at 66 cleg, in tho shade. TIM Weather at Philadelphia. Puiladclpru, July 22, 1865. lite weather fs decided)? cool hero this evening, and for the last forty -eight hours it ha a been raining inces santly. * Markets. P&ovidswce, July 21, 1856. Our cotton market for th? past week has been dull, with small aalrs at Irregular prices. Wool? The markev has be?n Arm with sale* amounting to 63,000 lbs. Print ing elotha unchanged Salea 47,040 pieces. Otur Washington Correspondence. W ^hin.soTON, July 30, 1866. Interesting and Ouriotu Despatches from St. I'etersburg? The Csar's UUer to the President. The principal membere of the cabinet met this morning at an early hour. It was chance that brought them to. getter. The President had received a letter from the Ciar of Russia, in reply to ore iran>m<M by a apodal band through our Minister at St. 1'eUnbnrg, congratu latory upon ins succession 1 bia letter, like ? previous one received by Preaident Pierce from his Illustrious father, bore bis own autograph, and is evidently not in tended for the public gaze. The knowledge that a let* ter of this nature had been received, brought about the meeting of an lnqnlring cabiaet a day before the usual time of meeting. Jta sincerity of aentimsat, as far as I can learn, appears in every line. The document is a singular one, and, at the same time, somewhat im portant In its congratulatory tone of the increasing greatness of the United (States, fho dying father', admonitory advice to the son his successor, now the J: mperor, wsa to study hia p:ip?ra? private, which would be lound in hia escritoire? which he had receiv.-d from ? "SIT1 men in th* ''*' -??> t?t,rrjoug t ? W?h?f? . Rr" t0 ?.* ,0!'nn <1'" " Of Jachaou, Clay, kOifOH all t'?" ? "tent_ite acknow byfiaill P-WS placed apoa them ofmir.. U r<,C01VM With expressions ?. '' TeelUlg the strong national interest war ur ^njeriB*n people in the success of the "P. ' ?h great lather bad entered. Hepro thl nni, *52. Jrlendahip between Russian* ?norc imp,,, ?,7atK!? 5TT&3SI 2S&?3S ESS,"" ??????- ? X2Z1SS Sermon ot hcv. Jor.miah Phillip*, a Mission ary from India- a Hindoo Convert Y?terd?y corning, at 10* o'clock, the Rev J?r,u,iah US?' aT[jmi^l0"^j"'t.etn;n,d from O.-isa, a pro vince in Hta.oa an, preached at the Freewi'l B?n?.i "? we.tber ?,? ?,,.?ot,b? After the usual opening fjrvico, by the pMtor of this church, Rev. D. M CJrabam, the rev mod ?i,_ Mr i"t,?<,U*'d 10 th? ftJd.en;e. fne Rev. . I hlllipw has been absent from th!a eoantrv laboring in Ind;a for^ie latt twenty years, and he ha? bta ;: 7"V?th" CCCn4r7 ,00 jU,n M?i?Unce to aid b.m in hi. labors. Mr. Ph.lHps i, .bout flfty ,ewfl of I1 a v#ry <l4rk comrifxi?Q- *?? 0? i,v p ' tror,icftl ^n- "? apoke as follow: : ? I muHt tqir wmh. j | 'S-ai^'V ?"''?I* nisr-.ss ras^'Ur^ ? mlts'onary life. ^ud b. tiT?th-? ?li l(oo? of years in the pro .tee of (Tri?*. ^thKve?^ mnet3ec ilihiiCBian TrU nrnvi r > f? i i. , ' D BbOTB ot lyfif 7w U., ibo Tr ' " ' tropic*1 It one of the ?ir&MStf'W il- L'n< "f *>* province thr- M?^ons-thn hot^h?'?i^? J?,1'1 wintrr fcaton. Tbe hot ? ,,ro i, ?'.t5 nJ an'l tl?? endurable by Ibo dellKbtful se* '?rMrs^iim i*"3, ?V'" tbe voe?a. Ia tb. r?ij?j * , ? ft ?.S25L', g D frorn J* frr ttree m?ntbs-?,met t.,, /"""f ut froei or ^sro w^*ex cep tiu g' ,^Z ? P?^,.o oV Vo? 1 will eay aoaitaSt of hon,,e of the Huidooa. The, ?e Mat:ontr?SIStb" '^in'if :.,v teKsrs n'"r century. Tte nin^t.os ?rj ctnt'\ry Ter, srpeutiilouH . Pw?ale. bcciust ihey fear fo iiw imrLmn 1 st^ ^^cuituro I j xb.fr i Uv Zf iu1firtlt frota '.I Lm were tho, to o'M^ t^4.tJ#?# W?*UI woik fMi <d any wa*uUy ti i^r 4iief ob?ii(c?i of thf? AOQstrf tk i *? 3kll tUe Die tie j-amc br^;d ? V ?!rnith ""J11" ???? ? mith A?,' nl) artfwns rto the I m. ^ n,iL#: Mh>> " '"'r aid lit Ufeii ha. an u t(?, . 77 . M ?Hc-r^niithn r*r> t nt. TU. y ti!;p ?>,,> ???a:i i..ne travel over the ecun'rv , , 'm n,K,u u>a't' !>tuk .ma doer he die*, c' tfcn Hint "'uVlso0,* ^ar Pwn I "? rot .m u lalmr rc m?n h > ' il,..! ? ,"3 P^^t'vo. c ' h woun-lic.no hU Tc Z iJ f- yi/^ of ?ron..^j i r;, . bt?l T, e S? ot a* cfuUn^- tfceean'j mu ' t -1 . . , is tin. Tin .1 .? rv," hel!evr ih! . ?? J ^0 -ull <" ?? V. , ifr ? ?n , b?mt ?l'?l>ick ,r . ,wv o.nifl ornfcl'y he beocrwi % X t ????? i\S, ^VoT^'.k; A en.r when u v Vihfe* eci'^ooco^Tb'e ^nh'w? ?M "U ' ?'%*??! ??' drivel ng. tbe of ,, ? UnJ "P"n '-ho ??me foot iho, believe In ow ' f, "?? J" * (;ad ?r" "*ie f;io i o *r i Lil," nut tMp ! ? l,Ofje coj anJ uttritiiu*. "nt ii d7rijl0V.nfffnent M'irial ROOl, rMBbl\ ? i,f i rrt ? i7i.ll thrt#? ^ >1. 1 hfr* Wi h ?,. ?? Uhau0? anu Ml ? ' <'? ? - - 'bvr 1 rrtnaboe?d ]V?h? pX%^ Sldr; ?sofn-:.^ on tlr r.f,, r . . . if" ' P<* .Seir lie*}. a- re !,, loie th?rtr i fnl r, ' tb* "m" '"i" *''' tic oi , r. .,. k i cr'*ract? r of taelr goSa are tot, , -c , ' If * ,b^: wpn.t, ? p,,r loo ,, it tie law o: \V. 'Zi #?*/'' ' -.tea Iin.rk.rt . i-aiurts of t. I "/ ,n'1la'u ">? ?f .So it,T 1 *0 ?j | 4 , ,A ? ? .he ib4Tss"i"i,i:,r;,':'i't,,*nd. d,# ^ ?n- ut.i io ?li..ut e hi . '.i. 'i'ue-- ,t c.\,t?e <<?... a. i r. t ? t > r,. , ' , f a ? v r, in tl" til ^ ('[ h I I '' lOU tMt ?'? ' - ... o' a k. ?: J an pear i j, . . " arti^o ?? to .?.? ?i 1 "rt* 10* Vr y- *1 tr/ ft ?.ai I, eiu,;.', I a. ? u i?to?w ttwuno of lo^t% ?p tiiera in I i : ?'? ?re I I be a 1 . w taw viettf. >n i n h sj .. isttuene^a r ?.i . ? m - i' ii wefct ?reed i '-utatiog ir set i* ?>? t- elui h;. A Urge numHer of th i'nt *e have noT u? r I. '< Wl eii' s? t-?n* ? hate aii.t