Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 24, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 24, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Th? Rank mt Fr.glud (? I*V?. irrow Ue fiutiri' ?\ronl ax, Jtuae 2a. , We now proceed to lav before our readers oar &? aaal analysis of the Bute of England. *n conttmv tkm of the one published last sear, No. 1,438, vol 3 tf. the information contaiaed in the movement* at this establishment affotda bat litUe that U iiite fsstiag to the cmal observer, or to thoee wh:?e tie vi are confined to the surface of things which are aaily occurring around them; bat to the man who can for a time withdraw himself from these pur suite. and carefully survey the mighty interests which ate involved in the operations of the Buk of Segiaad, the subject is foil of the most important yiuiva^phy ; nor are we aware that tniq importance las tver amumed a graver weight than daring the tear which we are about to investigate. Two jeats eiuce, the civilize i world, and mora especially the commercial part of it, waa raised to the highest pitch of expectation bv the enormous ?flux of gold to theseaharea. The Bank of E lglaud, which had for many years previous only received some three or tour millions per annum, suddenly became absolutely gorged with the golden treasure, aad possessed at one time upwards of ?22,000,000 sterling of the precious metals- Under this re na/k?ble ctaoge the bank had po ^pr to issue its notes to the extent of ?33,878 000, which left a margin of unissued paper under the bead of reserve ?f ?14,244 000, the active circulltion at that time being ?23,379.000, and the minimum rite of disjwiat for mercantile btlla only 2 per ceof. U is unnecessary tor us to point out to our com. saercial sad manufacturing readers the impetus which this gave to the ieduatry of the country, for they have only to hare resourse to their ledger* for 1861 and 1852 to'be fully sensible of the great ?hanges waicn t:ok place; and it ocrtaiAly cannot be a matter wnich is un worthy of their conaidera tien to inquire how far the returns which we lay before them to day may be regarded as the coase quenueot our monitory system. We aro aware that we have to deal with some who treat an ex amination of these fac'.B with as mich indiflereace as it they bed not the slightest influence upon the interests cf the public, walk otaers r o*ive them with as much submission as if they were some sa ered ordinance of neaven; bat all this is wholly anwcithy of a grea'. aud intelligent people; it is hewing down to a Dagon which monopoly, powe*, and. tiutition have set up. Touch it by the m igie wands c f truth, justice, and reason, andlit cumbles t? places before you. We trust, therefore, that oar leaders will net thicw ande the array of figures that are here presented to them as unmeaning and naetess, nor treat witu reglect or indifference the philosophy whica they unfold. We shall now proceed to notice the principal charges which o curred in the bank operations in 1854. 1. ISBCI DFrARTJlEHT, ha ccmparng the highest amount of issuer In 1?54 with that of the previous year, in the aacond column af the table at page 831, it will be found that the power cf leaning notes aiminahsd considerably, the aigbes ttd lowest amen uto for the three years being as folic ws:? tbghmt. Date. Lowest. Date ? 1052 ?35,878,705 July 10 ?30,992,450 Jan. 3 1863 34,014,000 Jan. 1 28,358,995 Oct. 22 1854 29.523,620 Fib. 14 25,779,095 May 20 these flgntes show that the fluctuation la toe power cf the bask to issue notes between July, 1852, and May, 1854, diminished to the extent of ?10,099,000, or nea ly JO per cent. These fluctuations are go wned principally by the fluctuations in the gold iMO ji the issue department, and do cot afford any measure ef the notes actually itrcirsulation. The amount of notes in active circulation, given to column 3, for 1854, when compared with tie two previous years, fluctuated as under:? Hiyheit. Da'e. Loivest. Da'f. 1862.. ?53, 379, 765 July 10. ?19,284 590 Jan. 3. 1863. . 23,880,000 July 10. 20.077,800 Dec. 31. 1854. . 22,557,025 July 4. 19,039.005 Dfc. 10. Htre we see that 1862 the active circulation was reduced to ?4,095,000 in about six mont is; in 1853 it was reduced about ?3,880,000; aud at the doss of 1654,ithadieci?ascd ?t, 840,995 below what i. was in July. 1853. Tte metallic assets in the issue department of the bank during tte year 1854 were const leraoly bilo v %whattbey were in the two previous jcare, and i> deed lower than they hid baen tte font pcerivaa years in th^ir extreme fluctuations; foronthe lth ef February the hights1 emount was only ?15,523, <20, and ou the 20ta of M*y it 6a i fallen to ?11,779, 096, the extreme c iralnution of gold being ?3,744, 425. The fo.lowing s^tement shows th? com jar v tive fluctoati -eh in gola coin and bullion for the five years endirg 1854:? Highest. Dutr. J^iwcit. DMe. I860 ?10.209,463 War. lii ?14,300,053 Die. 28 1851 10,784 875 Dec. 20 12,008.895 Mty 3 1862. . . 21,845,390 July 10 16,959,075 J Ms. 3 1863... 19,994,861 Jan. 1 14.385,955 Oct. 22 1854. . 15,623,020 Feb. 4 11,749, 095 Ma* 20 These tigcres tno? that the meuallic assets of tho hank have not fallen to eo low an amount for several years; and this reduction in the bullion has also had true effect of reducing materially the proportion between the amount of bullion held and the paper im active circulation. In 1852, this proportion ad vanced to 101 per cent against the notes in circu'a tisn; in 1853, it fell to 90 7 per een;; and i& 1854 , 14 fcll to 70 9 per cent, as the highest pr >p artioa of bullion to paper; showiag beyond depute tbU the haik has no ooitrol whatever over the degree of convertibility which it is aole to maintain, foe M lowing figures show the fluctuating power of the fear.k to maintain tois con vera bill ty during the three years ending 1854:? raoronnoN or bullion to notes in circulation IN IH8CB DBPAHTMOT. High**!. I west. 186? 101 1 per c.nt. 8l*.r> per cent. 1863... 907 " .,-20 " 186 4 70 9 " 51-0 " M we omit ihe email amount of gold and s^ver ?sin held in the banking department, we Had that the notes in cticulation whicn were more than cov ered by bullion in 1852, had their metallic lmis ieaaeaed by about 29 per cent when at the highest point in 1854, and at tbe loweat p ,int of the rastaUic assets there was only 54 per cent of gold as tbe basis ; therefoie 40 per cent were issued upon credit. Vd the nnobserviug tbia change in tie proportion ?f the mitallio basis, which ib made the foandatLn rttst of tue issues of the bank, may ctrry w'h it very litt'e bigrjiflcance; bnt it ii the m?in):>rin< which guides 411 tbe secret ope ations of the bink Bsacbisery, because its directors re,sr.i:d every ad vance in the metallic proportion of its aetata oon> pared wi h its liabilities, with hope and ea^ourage saent; while on the other hand it watches every daeline, when it reaches a certain point, with sp ?teheBei n and fear. T. ere lorre the fiuctuatloas in me metallic of tbe bauk, as gives In cul ?atn 8 oi tbe table, are favorable or unfavorable an they ad van oo or recede. It may be teen that we have ntaineu tbe column m the i.-tue department of the bauk returns for all ver bullion; but t:e bank has reseived no part of tta Metallic assets in silver since the 20th of Beptem her, 1853, thoogb tbe act of 1844 allows it to retain ? proportion not exewdtog one fourth. 2. TBt BiMIMO OKPAJtrVLNT. The chaegcs wbicb uke place in the 1-sue de partment are piesumed by tbe fiamera of the act by whieh it is (,-ovtrned, to operate without in any de Se interiering with the m ivemrnts in tie banking art men t, but this is tco pai^aole an error ti nj tain credebc ?> unionist thrsj who are pr>tctici.u acquainted with the working of the ays ^ a. I'M baak ? compelled to waV.h the proporsio h whtsn are continually occurring between its mewitlic aiseti and iUtactiveciicuiaticn the greatest vigilance, and as it has no power to maintain n stiht prop or turn Imtween its iwnes and its specie, it is toroed. tbsrafore, to compensate for any diffi al.y here oy ?esti ictions in the banking department, either in the khape of discounts or In loans and aivanoee. The highest amount of the " rest" was on the 1st ?f Apri'. w&en it stood at ?3,757^70, against ?3, ?>81,119 on tbe 8th of October in the previous year: these Ugurea denote an increase in the prosperity of the bank as a public company. l>nd?r the head of Public Deposits the highest was ?8 2'.il,9ii3 on the 7th of January, agaiaat ?ll,400,Wi on the 31st of December of tne previous year, showing a reduction of ap wards of wc* millions in ome week; the change, however, af tt>ia period may be accented for by fie prepare rs made Cor the dividends; but the tow amount to which tie public deposits fell m 1854 may he ac counted for by the operation of two circumeUucje, The first of these was the scheme 0f Mr. Oladstoni tor paying off the principal etock of the Sou>.h Sea Company, and the second the demand! upon the treasury for the rapport of the war. l'ne folio wing is a statement of the highest and toweit amount for the three years ending 1864:? HigkfM Amount, LmetM Amn't. J**-'-- - ?#,44 7,5 lfi ?1,802,361 11,409,933 1>49,6:?8 8,201.993 1,765,3(51 PJ.\TV? P?*its daring the early part ef the jeer ? xhib.t the same steadiness which characterised ^'ly tbe whole of 1852 and Ss3. ? hl^ ?d lo^eet imounti 1Q.rj Highlit Amount. I. nnrtt Amn't. i?3 m,4?4 288 ?9,371,117 {{{J IM&ML 10 607,922 14140,492 q 710 S I o Seven day end other bill* stood at ?892,118. "timber, bting The total amount of the liabilities of the hank in the benktng department itood at ?40,052 ,'.Ho0n tne Tto of January: but on the 3d of June * wL T doced to ?31,660,663, being a decrease of nearW sine millions iu six months. decliue appears to have occurred to the extent of nearly afi m\l Mens under tbe head of public, and the remainder wader the private deposit*. The highest amount of Gnvernment 8* n jitfes held in tlx basking department w,w ?14,833,200 tn the 7tto c! Jvanary, against i is 044.330 ro the last week of tne pravnns /ear; and the lowest amount ?9,720,40'.)* on the !7thot June, against ?11,319,072 on the 22 d of O r-ober in tt? piivioue jear. L'uaer the bead of other securities, which comprised commercial biila discount**}, advansea on bill", bDnd?, and other deecriptioos of se curities, the highest amount wu ?10,912,843 on tfce :<0th of Bept-mber, agticst ?19,124 "99 oa the 1st October, 1853. These figures show a very great reduction in the commercial transactions of the bank in the latter year, and up to the present time a deuiease under this head of ab>ut 7 millions sterling; a fact of great significance In the commercial world . The reserve of notes during the year 1854 fell far below the point at which It declined in 1853, hiving been at ?3,900,430 on the 6th of M?y, agtinat ?6,012,490 un tbe 15th of October in the previous year, from wbih date the rate of discount was raised to 5 per ceU, and continued until May, whan it was raised to 6 i per cent. With regard to the minimum rate ef disooant, we have net to record so many changes as occurred in the previous year, bnt we bavs to notice a longer duration of a vtiy high rate thin can be fouad in the previous history of the tnuisao lions of the b?nk during the last century. Higher rates may be feund, as in 1847, but between Saptsmber, 1853, and April, 1855, the bank minimum rate waj kept at 5 per crat for sixty-seven weeks, and for twelve w?$ks at 64 per cent, which produced to the bvik under the head of discounts a'one, according t> official relurrs, about half a million sterling, during the ti st five months of 1854. The minium n rate of discount was continued at 5 per cent in 1854, to May the Htb, whenitwaa raised to 61 per cent, and again redncsd ttf5 per cent on the 2a of Angu-??. The last colnnm shows the total amount of bul lion and ooin in both departments to have fa'len off considerably in 1854 , compared with the tiro previ ous years, as may be seen by the following state ment of the highest and loweat amounts: ? U/frhrst. Date. Lowest. Date. 1*52 ..?21,232,138 July 10. ..?17.515,501 Jan. 10. 1853. . . .20,527,663 Jin. 1. . ..14,960.20"! Oot. 22. 1854. . .16,280,105 Feb. 25. . . .12,513,969 May 30. 3. TUB BULLION PEPAItTMKNT. The followirg statement shows the quantises of Sold and silver received and delivered by the Bi ?k i tie bullion department up to the close of 1854, ia continuation of that we published last year, in weight and in value Gold 1852. 1853. 1854. Received. Ounces. Ouncft. Ounem. 1st quatter. 1,081,959.75 1,084,4(17.14 1,017,842.79 2d " 1,319,538.60 1,157,195.14 788,842.12 3d " 1 095, 514.(10 981,453.17 1,064,480.23 4tb " 1,318,644.20 1,720,801 12 1,121,985,75 Totals... 4,815,667.15 4,943,916.57 3,093,150.80 Gold 1852. 1853. 1854. Delivered. Ounces. Ounces. Ounct*. 1st quarter 234,895.60 625,796.91 1,222 018.44 2d " 222,850.55 558,287.35 694,916 i)8 3d " 197.452.10 1,059,715 35 685 251.18 4th " 559,509.55 1,372.240.06 633,471 32 Totals 1,214,707.80 3,616,039.67 3,136,257.92 Silver 1852. 1853. 1854. Recctved. Ounces. Ounces. Ouncw. 1st quaiter 5,070,962.25 4,944,888 44 6,925 552 22 2d " 5,683,720.20 5,670.580.55 4 842 015.61 3d " 0,858.005.95 4,719,640.31 4,933,621.40 4th " 4,033,347.80 5,301,358 01 4 283,249.00 Total!" . .21,646,036.20 20,096.473.91 19,984,438X1 Silver 1852. 1N53. 1854. Dili mid. Ounces. Ounces. Ounces. 1st Quarter 5,079,838-25 4,938,533.84 5,029,079.07 2d " 5,671 377.00 5,689,945.99 4,818,090 63 3d " 6 884,606 10 4,777,271 09 4,945,597 40 4th " 4,069,242.57 5.381,941.87 4,283,120.10 Totals... 21,705,064 52 20,787,693 39 19,976,484.20 The above statements converted into thsir equi valent money valne at 77s. 9 J. per ouuca to.* gold, and at 0'Jrf. per cunce for silver, give the fol lowing multn Hold received. Gold delivered. 185 2 ?18,720 867 ?4,722,176 185 3 .... 19.219,475 11,057,354 185 4 15,523,374 12,192,202 SU rer received. Si lot r deli otrrtl. 185 2 ?5 591,892 ?5 607,141 1853 5,346,588 . 5,370,159 185 4 5,162,646 5,160,591 These etateme&ti show that the quantity of gold rectived into the Hank during toe year 1854 was 950,766 cuncts less than in lh.73, whicMs equiva lent to ?3,696 101 sterling, at 77s. 9d. per ouac ;. The receipts ot silver during the year were leai by 712,035 onnces, which, at 62d. p? ounce, U equivalent to ?183,942 sterling. These K'tuns, it must be obaerved, do not form any necessary part ot the operations uuder tie Bitfk charter, bit represent the deposi a aud deliveries of gold and silver on merchants' ac:ouat. For it may be B?en that although silver to upwards of five millions in amount was deposited in the vaults of the Bank , it formed no part of the metallic assets of the Bank in its weekly returns, a* they appeared in the London Guzeilr, Another Cattfiollc uouvriit Case* ' 1 i otn tfce Chicago Tribune, Jiiiy 19. j Yesterday afternoon a singular caie was brought h'jore his Honor, Judge Mania? re, at his chambers. The ciicumstanoes are these:? Some time ago Mary E. Packer, a young lady, daughter of one of the mcit respectable citizens of this pla c, n is placed by her lather in the Roman Catholic oovant here, fcr the purpose of education. Her fatasi, a few weeks since, went East, and a Wend of the youog lady, understanding that she was confined agatytt her will, and that ahe wished to be liboratod, ap plied fcr a writ ct habeas corpus in her b Shalt, which was granted. The foBowiag is a copy of toe writ: 5'0 If of II innis. roini'y <f Cook, /<.? The propl* of the Stats ot liltnalJ to Sifter ,1'e Sales, on* of the si-) tern of the Roman Catholic Convent, others* 'Winters or Uer oy," no rtlle'l, and ti said convent and "Slaters of Msr cy," no called, of llie city of Chicago ? Wseotumani jou th?t you bring the bo it of M-irv K. 1'arker before tne, (ieerge Manierre, Judge of tin Cook County Circuit Court, at mr chimbcru, at the Cjurt House, in ?aid count/, on Wedneftday, the 18th dsr of July. Kt - o'clock J\ Al., oi' said da j, and t Here id ike return of Ibis writ, retting forth the csme of such de tention. tte being ;l>gally restrained of bar Ifoerty by jou, as is leprewateo. <;fX). M AMKUME, Judge of Cook Couity Circuit Court. E. W. Tracy, L'-q., appeared for the raspon lent, ?d Mr. Hervey, sod L. F. Blnghan, Esq., lor ths appellant. the parties appeired in court hy their attorneys and in person about two o'clock. Toe respjjdant, the Mother Superior oi the convent, waa hibited in the usual costume of the order of wiiijh ?ho is & member. The plaintiff is a young lady or ao iut 17 years of egf?, handsome appe%raULe, aod of ltdy Tike dsmouur. Roe wan d:(ss?i iaabrawaaiik d:r*H and bine mantl U, an f wore a th'cli veil ov^r aportlm of her face, w.itch obecited, in a grtat debtee, her featarps. Oue of the couniei for the appellant re-ntrkid that the app<l!ant appeared tj bs under the imore> sion thU ^he was not at liberty to cmvsrse "with her cocasf 1. Mr. Trtcy said that be hal advisel tne respon dent to rot alio* the a,>peiiaut tj hod aay con vene vi'h any tne bat herself (the respondent) and himself. The cjurt informed the appellant that n le was at peifevtuberty to oot verse with her counsel, either ta or out of the hea'ing of the Lady Suptrlor. Tbe ycung lady appeared to remain uuier coi ?tja'nt, bnt conversed with her c jun-??ltV>r a few mo mtntA without temovingfron t.o neigob irhond of th: lady Supctior. Mr. Tracy rmd the return o I ths res jonde jt to the wiit, which s?t forth tha* the said Mary B Parker was placed in the coiveat of the Sisiers of Merry by her fa'Jiw, John Parker, ao<ne nine w?ks ago, aft fee miuest and with the full conseit of satl Mary, for the pnrpoaeof toing edujatsdat said eonvtnt; that she baa dnce remained there, u ore strainel of her llowty and byhorownlrre wal; that ber father is now absent from ths State ot Illinois, and tbai her mo-.oer is dead. TI c Court then took ths youog lad? aside, and conversed for some time wits ber. Toe Court then stated that Ml>e Parker, although on some a c mots unwilling to remain ia toe convent, wan not willing to lea*e it until her father returned to ths city, and that she waa not in tte fear ot re urn'.ag thitoer; that as tfce of haboas corpus had b3enu*ued telely for the benefit of the young lady, aud as she declined to avail hetself of the liberty asksi f.r therein, the Court would merely state that she wm at llbertr to go where she please J. Miss Parker and tbe respondent then retire! to 8 ether, and tbe young lady returned with tha l.viv uperior to the convent. The roundel for the appellant stued tbtt they were prepared with authorities and erliencs to sustain tbe portion that tbe youog laly was ili?. gaily restrained and deprived of her lihsrty; bit tbe coarse wisely pursued by b?r rendered it uaae ocssary for them to prodiee ettoer. rk4 m.i Coluctiov of WaTtR"* ? Taere is on board the bark Presoott, of this part, whieb ar lived here on Thursday last fram Baeaoa Ayrae, a ca?k, containing about 160 gallona of vftter, whlc^ waa taken from tbe rivers Mississippi, Stsssmsnto, Cape Psar , Kavaonak, Garonne, Tsetie Sing, '(Chin *,) tbe Oder, (Prussia,) and the river of rlate; ana from tbe following plaoee: Baltimore, Ltviwpool, Flos ten. New York, Tarragona, Matvuas, Copen hagen, B'o Janeiro, Rio Grande, Hamburg, au1 Pa* l?mw. Tbe oaak bse remained In tbe suns position aesrly e;ght years, and stnoe it wa? ft^t fl led baa had not less than gUiooi is it - Best,.; Airer time fyU V 2.1. Interesting Foreign Item*. * hfr? ib? idm'nuB want en shore at Anapa the scene of dthtrucUonfcwhioh vu pniw^^ to tbeii view was un*qu?llSl, aa tne Bi,si* , hid deer Bined to pennlt notning to fall Into their hands. The fortifications whicn surround the town bal U en blown np at three different points, and th^ee tnormona breaches were gaping, surrounded by beape of ruins. The mines nad bean fired by means of electno wires, the remains of whioh, covered with guttapercha, were lying here and tnere on the ground. Tne largest breach wm opened on the tea fide, in the duection of the landing place. The admiiai* ud their staff entered the town by that a Cap. Tee guns lining the ramparts had been tied, tbe platforms bunt, and the Iron carriages broken to pieces. Tne park of artillery coa tam ed an Immense quantity of shells, grenades, grape, cannonballs, and bombs, and near the batterm were strewn numerous projectiles. It was evident that immense warlike stores had been a?umulated in the place. The barracks, magazines, guard houses ud private dwellings were completely empty. Tft objects too cumbersome to be removed had been broken aid rendered unserviceable. Tae roofs were still burning, and the four walls, blask encd liy tbe smoke, alone remained standing. Tae churches bad been entirely glutted, the inscriptions on the timbs defa ed, lest they should afford an* information; tbe two large bells of the cathedral were smaabed to pieces, and tbe religious biiso relievos which adorned their external biles de stroyed with tie hammer. It was on the fith of June the Russian troops, armed with piokaxes and hammers, began their work of destruction. On tbe folloaiig day they Bet the town on fire, and left m the direction of the west, earring with them their children, aid valuable properly. Haviog crcssed tie Bugour, they blew up the bridge over the mouth of that river, within a quarter of a mile of the place. A seiies of lectures is being given in London on the subject of "The Prodigality of Vioe" in Ecgland. At a rectnt meeting in Concert Hall, the Rsv. H. S. Broun made the following remarks : " U was cal culated ttat ?20,000,000 annually was drawa from tbe weak, foolish and viokua to support those dens of infamy, br< thela, where the body anl soul of hu beings were disposed of as if they were so many ? sum for the whole ountrv. 110,000,000 is allotted to London, and ?500,000 to Liverpool. Talk of the expense of emancipating tha waves, and of the dreadful war expeoditare, with these facts before us ? Why, the tbii/g is monstrous to think of, and reflects itritgely upon ua as a na tion, tLaf, wliile our charitable and religions socie ties are languithing for support, we should thus be recklessly throwing avaysnnuslly auch incredible sums cf money in vicious indulgence. We find thr. out of the amount spent in.London, ?2,000,000 goes to tbe wietehed women, while the remaining ?H 000,000 is swallowed up by the brothel keepars. Here 13 an as ounding fact. T le poor creatures w io tarter their bodies and souls for lucre are ch* ted out of their earnings, aid held In a s ate o' thrai- >m such as we, in free and happy England, ana actu .JJy living among them, can form no c >ncopti ?u of. Fiva years is the maximum of thnir vicious career, and if we take 2,000 aa tbe number known to the polica In Liverpool, we flod that in five years a generation ot immoital beings ate sacrificed to tbe lustful pas sions, or one victim immolated daily. An Eoglish Parliamentary account shows that the gross total revenue* of all tbe presidencies of India tbe year J852-'53 amounted to ?26,938,005. and tie total payments out of incoms to ?6 560,759. Tne ftots to al receipts of the presidency of Bengal in 8f2- 53 smouiUd to ?10, odd, 132, and the payments to ?2,350,850; the. grots revenues of the Eastern settlements amounted to ?71,120, and the payments to ?9,440; tbe rt venues c f tbe Territories ceded b? the Burmese, including the annexed Provinces of Pegue and Martaban. amounted to ?206,500, and the psjroents to ?62.389; the gross revenue of tbe A orth wf stern Provinces amounted to ?6,948,707, and the total payments to ?1 266,081; the gross re venues of the Tupjib and trans- Indus territory J? ?1,166,022, and the total paymeits to ?251, <05; the grcsa revenues of the presidency of Madras amounted to ?4, yon 401, and the total pay ments to ?1,258,162; tie gross revenues of the Bom bay pendency fcmcunted to ?4,447,765", and the total payments to ?1,588,666; the revenues of Scinds amounted to ?241,551, and the payments to ?121,520; the revenues of Sittara amounted to j ?258,796, and the payment! to ?174 542. Tbe to' ' income of the revenue of India in the year ended tne i 30 ih cf April, 1853, after deducting re-oayments, I allowances and drawbacks, amounted to ?26,821 038. | and the pa j men's to ?26,396,781, leaving an excess or income . over expenditure to the amount ot ?424, 25 7. Tfce ret oubi : revenue in the same year amounted to ?20, Ml, 279, and the total amount of cash balances In the treasuries of Ind a on the 30th of April, 1853, amounted tc ?14,428.314. A bill has been brought in? the British Parlia mt-nt to alter and sm&td tbe laws regulating the medical profession in the United Kingdom. The bill provides tor the election from time to time of a medical coutcb, tfce members to ba chosen by tbe Colleges of Physicians and Burgeons to Eagiaud, Irelsnd and-Kdinburg, the faculty of Physicians and Burgeons of Glisgcw, and t:e Universities o? Ox ford, Cambridge, London, Edinburg, G'aag >w, Abar detn,8'; Andrew's, Dublin, and the Qdten'a Univer sity, Irelsnd. To this council are to be ad .'ed eight tenons, to be nominated by the Secretary of Bute for the He me Department, four of whom are to re present England, two Bcotlind, and two Irtlaui, wd eigbt. representative members, to be elected by those whose names appear in tbe la it priotad madf oal register, to be published under authority of tha biD. fire time and plaoe of meeting of this council "?to MJJt with the Secretary of State, while its duties will be confined to providing properly naali tied examiners, anl a regis'er of persons wao are competent to practise either as pbysi ttana or sur geons. None but registered persons will be entitled to recover their fees and charges; unregistered prac liioners will be deemed gnlliv of misdemeanor end prrsons falsely pretending to be registered wi { lie liable to a line not exceedicg ?20, nor leas taao ?5. T be British transport slip Sir Ribert Bale was towiii into Portsmouth hato>r on JuJy 2<l, to dn charge a peculiar governmmtal cargo, consisting of 23o tun buts of bad rum, and wbout fity tons of rabbiah suitable tor '? ti ewood," andwaatisdis cn2f.V MiP 8 P*P?? as 150 caiks of " kitchea stufl. The pun hase cf th's rum was m*de and th? shipments effected in tbe first instance at Trieste, in the fall of the y ear 1854, and sent to the seat ot war. where its quajity and icfljeoces were speedily dr veloped; I he seamso and trcoaa rejected it asunli . for btmsn consumption; it was then shipped In the transports Firefly aid Rijah, and bindied aboit nu til treishipped as condemned and rej*;tel Into t?w tronsioit B?mb*y at Coostantioople, whenca it wai carried to Uaita (by the Bombay) and there trin shipped Into the Sir Bale for cirrliga to Pciumcnth. A 1- 1 more of the same noxious llai.l wss acrted at Ba! -k'sva in hojped cssfe, and dmw > by tlif Naviil Brigade, but tfu *nthr* Would n;. drnki/. This 8t?iff, with its original frrflg^. cos-, of waifchoos-ng, shippicg, r-shipptng, and treulsaMp pirn, together w:th tbe cost of the timaa.ddelav ( J the vnrlciu traniporis lunbered with it, will ccw about ?3 per ga:ion, upou a ms derate :?'.cal?iOD. Tbe ( ramaiy rtc*lpts of Austrian flntUM Tor the. year 1854 amounted to 245 millbna of florin ? beirg about eight millions more th?n the previous jear. Th? ordinary expenditure of the state roa? frtm 286 milllois or Ilonts in 1853 to 378 million* last year, snowing a surplua expenditure of 92 mil Hods. The total annual dsislency roaa frou 56 millions in 1853 to 140 millions in 1854 cateflpin coise fjn'Loe ot the enorm ms 6xpeo?e3 of' the a' n v and eipecisjly of the ?aat levy of 95,00f) mei. Tae i oidinaiy expeices of tha army cost 117 millions of lion s, together with !>1 nrliions of extraordinary txpenses, making a total of 208 m'lilons of liorin. ' rr neary 2ln.miun pounds sterling. The , I I cuctlon of the army is cal-mlated to bring down the annual JetleUncy to its former level. Aa Ioor aa the Austrian army was m the war footing, ii coV' $ million ol florios (?100,000) every day. v"y.,l0PK ** ?PW? train drew up at a Ir* &?'?? ;? B0 gre,t <ltau,>ce 'root the borders cf Scotland , and a gentleman "baarded like the pard,' acoompanied by a sob e looking lady left a first c a? carnage and entered the refrwnmen-' Jut at tnat moment, a native, who hal b-eo p..t0R his devotions i sith too great fervor at the saJlne o; ?r ?. * J WMJ0?Mtrioa,ly ?maticipating aa i ffe vex ing draught from a fla?k be held in hi? hai el, aid eiiher thcoghtlessly or recklessly directed the cork towards the face of tbe distiagowhel loofc Vk "e-' MWe 10 missil*. "Uh ! there a a telbw to stand lire," exclaimed the n?lrituoua hero. "You wouldn't do fof tha Cflflv^' It was the gallant leader, L*d Cardigan, of the *1> rlcua six hundred who charged at BsliklavJ wbr m tbe tannt waa addresaed. ' A letter from an offloer high In commind in tha French army at toe Crimea has the foaowii -l have passed five hours before lfalakoff, a?ou a ground torn by bomb shells and grape shots in thi midst of tbe horribly mutilated oorpsea V on? heroic Shldiert, pi uJy colleTng remains for burial. Amongst them 1 bsd tbe happ* n??s to fled six men wounded, bat 'living. It *as with much emotion that I grasped the handf^f unfortunates who had ^wTtwo dan a^ two Bights I surrenoded by tbe corpses of their m-n rades, under the fire of the Malakoff sun, daring to call for assistance, hiding t^em?lv*ii dmln.r the d?y, and not kuiwtag^ might hope for a rescue frca death. 7 A representation waa lately made to the Fruw* pvernment by the Chamber of Commerce of K ougne sur uer, sUtlng that If a recent orter nt the Minister of the Marine to Lave thTlevSf^th, navy extsndsd to all eailorsbetwesa tie a L Jr an and 40, havtsg le. th u, rtx years' SMS? to^tS

9U?e were to be carried Into eflbct, the French he * ring fishery on the coast of fljotiand would he sari- I oc?,yin;orH. fa coniw-jnence. mxHIejtlon bM betn made on that order to tbe effact that b? teiB of fishing veraels hating at least three jeers' seivics, aid who have for four coDse utlie years been in crmmacd cf such vessels, will be exempt from the levy. Eirce the war with Russia a new kind of domestic fowl baa been introduced into England from tbe Black S?a, and la likely to prove a formidable rival to tbe Shanghai and Cochin China. It is quite a* large as toe barn door fowl, ia crested, and baa feathered legs; its oolor is generally all white or black- wben tbe latter, of a raven hoe, and glossy. This b'rd is pngnacious, and its movements are very lively. Its mcst distinguishing peculiarity is, how ever, in tbe arrangement of the tall feathers. These are very few, and do not project as in other birds, but drop down and lie oloae to the body , so that the creature appear* tailless, and when its head is erect it scaicely baa the aspearance at a bird. Diplomatic relations with Sardinia are about to be completed by the Porte, in consideration of the assistance whica King Victor Emmanuel has given to the cause of Turkey and her allies. Formerly there were or ly two Turkish representatives In Eu rope, and until very lately only four diplomatists , two with the rank of Ambassador, were oharged with the task of representing tbe Bolton In Europe. Lately Belgium and Holland have been honored with die presence of Ottoman Ministers, and sinoe the arrival of a Sardinian force in the East, the Court of Tnrln has put in its claim for a similar favor, ^on many grounds, and especially that tbe Ottoman Minister at Vienna is no longer in a suit able position to represent the views of the Porte in Italy. Tbe following is an abstr&ot of the number of (ffioern of the British army who were killed in notion or who died daring tbe year 1864 Field marshal, 1; generals, 12; lieutenant-generals, 15; major generals, 16; brigadiers-general, 4; colonels, 27; lieutenant -colonels, 32; majors, 29; captains, 126; lkutenaate, 173; cornets and ensigns, 38; paymas ters, 17; adjutants, 2; quartermasters, 25. Of these tbere were killed or difd of wounds received inaction: - General, 1; brigadiers-general, 2; colonel, 1; lieo tenai t-colonela, 10; majors, 7; captains, 42; lieu tenants, 30; cornets, ensigns, A c., 9. Tbe Russian General de Berg transmitted the following telegraphic despatch from Helsingfora to Bt. Petersburg, dated the 22d of June:? At t?n o'clct k this morning an enemy's frigate approached tbe batteries of tbe Isle of Handham,aad opened fire. Our batteries replied with success, .desaored a sloop which preceded the frigate, making s.und ingp, and lodged a shell and several balls In tbe frigate bereolf. In this affair we had a soldier of tbe 25th crew of marines killed, and fonr men slightly wounded. We can state, in the moat positive term*, that the j condition cf affairs witt In the walls of Sebastopol is deplorable ia the extreme. We are assured that in addition to the enormous mortality which has occur red through cholera and other diseases, nearly one half the garrison are ui fit for service thrragb sick rets and other causes. We can further mention that tbe deepest despor den py bss taken possession of tie mil. ds of the troops with regard to their being | able to hold cut much longer. In a work called "The Island Empire,-' published some time ago, tbere appeared an account of cotrgenarian gardener of the late Emperor Napo leon, sti'l livtig on tbe Island of Elba. One of the first acts cf Count Walewski has bsen to Inform tbo author of the work that the French Consul at Porto Feirsjo had been directed to sapply the wants of the old man, and to make bis last days easy. Among the vessels of Admiral Bain's squadron that lately entereg^mport of Kiel was the Hawk, which was recogfffsa as oie of the Danish ships of war token by Nelson on the bombardment of Copen hagen, In 1867. Tbe discovery was scaicely wel come to rbe Danes, who still remember with pain the peu'iar circumstances under whiok their flee'; was taken or destroyed by the English at that epoch. Mr. WUles, the new English Judge appointed in the place if Mr. Juattoe Maule, ia the son of the late Dr. Wiles, of Cork, was educated in Trinity College, Dublin, and i? tbe second Irishman who, with'n the last few years, has been elevated to tbe English bench, tbe other being Baron Martin, son-in-law of Cbl6f Baron Pollock. From tbe (Esterrtitchiiche Contsporuhnz we learn that 800 recruits for the Engllah army bave ar rived at Beyrout from Damascus. They committed great excesses in Htbou, where 9 of them were kill ed and 32 wounded. The governor of Jerusalem dispatched a body of troops, with nine pieces or catnon, to protect tbe population. A return emptied by the Shipping Gazette shows that tbe number of vessels wrecked in the mouth of June mounted to 83. In the previoni month o May 98 vessels were lost ; in April, 109; March 149; February, 164; and in January, 238. Sir Gbarlee Parry bas sent in another estimate of ?650,000 for additional works to tbe two houses of I'ajllsmsnt Is London. The sum already ex tended amounts to two and a half millions sterling; that is, double his original estimate. A return bas been made to tbe H .'U?b of Commons of a correspondence with the British authorities In Portugal, tbowicg to wbat extent, and in what m in ner, port wine is adulterated on tbe spot where it is produced. The mural monument, subscribed for by tbe mem bers of tbe Oxford circuit, and sculptured by L~>ugh ?o tbe memory of tbe late Mr. Justice Talfourd, has been placed in the Crown Court, Stafford, against tbe wall between the two galleries. Attempted Assa?sl nation at Hamilton, Ohio. Ontvagtoua conduct of a Print Tbe Cincinnati Time* of tbe 20th iost, famishes tbe following particulars of an infamous affair which baa produced a great excitement at Hamilton, Oai ?. Borne montts ago, Mr. Conrad Getz, who keep* a grocery and dry goods store on the corner of H gft and Second streets, in Hamilton, became a membst cf the Independent Order of Odd Feliows. roe priest having control of the German Catholic con gregation to which Mr. Getz was attached, ordered him to withdraw from the Odd Fellow* or suffer ex eommuuh ation from tbe church. Mr. Getz pre ferred excommunication, though , as he has con sidersble property, we believe be ha J never been expelled. More reoently, tbe same priest, throngh a thir J party, endeavored to get a donation trom Mrs. Getz mr toe German Catbo ic church building in Hamil ton, which baa just been completed. The lady re /used to give anything, rtatinp, that Ilka her has band, tbe was losing all attachment for the fa'.ih. Healing of this, the pileet cilled person illy on Mr. Getz, and from time to time, by threats and other rceacr, endesvoied to abuse her mind against h>r Instead. Last week be tried to persuade her to give bim enough of her husbai d's money to carpet certain portioisof the church, and also insisted thit it wes her duty to leave her husb vud, assuring be? tbat if she did so she would glorify Christianity, and by law rectlve tbe half ct h's wr-aHP. On Friday of last week Mrs. Gjta informs! her husband cf tbe conduct of :ne prlast, and begged to be sccured from any further Intrusion. On Sa'ur day Mr. Getz met the priest on the street apd f r j;d him ever entering his house again. Toe pries'. t>? fame very mucn enraged at what be thought wai tbe tnda< it; of Mr. Getz, and among oihtr things told him he "w uld settle his case bsfjre tbs week was out." About 10 o'clock Saturday nljht, William Fretch lirg, clerk for Mr. Getz, le!t the store and went v> G.'s residence, which fronts on Secotd street, in the rear of the store. As be wis about entering tht gate two men sprang from a place of ooncea'm*nt, and with c'ubs feILd him to the ground. They appeared to discover their misttke tbe moment they struck the first blow, for they dropped their dabs 8td ran. There is but little dou^t that they Intend ed to anaeslnate Mr. Getz, and that they ware so cieted there for tbat purpose. Fretehllng attracted attention by bia moans, when be was carried into tbe house. He la still lying In a precarious sl'a ation, his recovery being extremely doubtful. The doha were afterwards found m tbs gateway. Taev are "murderous sticks of gresa beech wood, evident- . ly prepared to make sure work. Mr. Getz'a position being known, this attempt at assassination, under circumstances that leave but little doubt that he waa the intended victim cauwd quite an excitement tbe next day or two among hi* countrymen residing in Hamilton. The "Free tDiiker*,' talked seriously of lynching the priest on Monday night, but did not attempt it. The pri?s. suooeeded w getting tbe sympathy of his entire can gregaticn, however, by making them believe that tbe Pictes tacts intended burning their church. Erer since tbe attempted assassination, tbe chorcb ha* bene guarded at night by the congregation, all armed, and the most of tb;m with. weapons from tbe State Areeral. Tbe evident endowment of the priest's conduct by bis congregation, has strengthened the belief that the church instigated tbe attempted assassina tion. A public meeting was talked of to take mea surer, if poasible. to ferret out the asaassias. Night before last thsie was a false alarm of fire in Hamilton. This la not an unusual oxureooe, bat the moment the be!* commenced ringins, the Ger mana flocked to their church, many of them with flresi ms in their hands. During the night, they would cccasionally fire off a moaket, as if to invite an attack, and acted otherwise very stangeiy. Borne feared a disturbance last night, but there wss not much appearance of it wben our reporter left on tbe 7| o'ek> k trais. Tbe Hfe of Mr. Get* is. wo doubt not, in peril ; but if be is harmed, terrible witl be tie revenge that will foDow. A destraetlva >*? was ragtag tn the woods about mks ?t!*< from Abeeoom vtUaf't ?? tha line of tbs tad Aliaatfe Raibwal, on 'Mth In*Unt. A trxt of tlmW land Is to hav* b*ea trirsrsid bj th? (lr*. ??>! ? tsswfaae qswiUty afforest dvstroysd. The Are wa* eauMd, It 1* by ?p?rks from tha lefomrttv falling snottg tbe dry let** <!ombn?tt MSS. Our Cincinnati Con iipwulete. Cincinnati, July 18, 1855. Trip from Neto York ? The Central Rrilrotul ? Sctnery on the Route ? The IVktcU and Other Crop $ ? Harvesting? Political Rev it w ? Abolition tun and Knoto Nothingism?Mr. Chase's Chances Jvr Governor . He/ing occasion i f?* days since to come to tbe Queen City , I concluded to try the Southern route, imUedOi coming by the Erie or the Nsw York Central Ral roa$. Consequently at Baltimore I took tbe can on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad for Wheeling. Borne ten years since I had passed orer this road when it was completed aa far' as Comber land, and theaoe by stage on the old National road. The Tivid impressions of the beantlfnl and subllnn scenery were still fresh in memory, and as we all at times desire to revisit the home of our childhood or tbe scenes of eariy days, so longed 1 to again feaat my eyes with a view of the lofty peaks, the ragged cliffs, the daBhing waterfalls and the thou sand beantlfnl landscapes one can see in eroding the Mechanics and the B.'ue Ridge. As we dashed cn through vales, the wide spreading fields of gold en harvest seemed to rejoice in their own treasures; across streams sparkling in the sunlight, up or through hills and mountains, each one would em brace us with a oool and delicious breeze. Buch scenery, on a ronte nearly free from the annoyancss of dost, with good company such as I had, and gentlemanly conductors, ever ready to point the traveller to the beautiful aad sub lime, cannot fail to make the tourist not only feel that his journey is endurable, bnt a real soutce of enjoyment. From Cumber and to Wheeling th# roadfpns through a section of country never be fore seen by these mortal eyes, and, if possible, is far more grand And sublime than the eastern section. There are some very heavy grides upon the western part cfthis road? one, seven wen miles in length, and a part ot it at tbe rate of one hundred feet grade to the mile. Eugines of sufficient power to easily manage twenty two freight cars, fully loaded, have been put on the road, and in a few hours we passed home eight or ten of these freight trains, making in all tome two hundred car loads, and clearly snow ing that ibis great thoroughfare is doing an im mense business. Tfce time occupied in passing over this roed, in coming to the Wert, (s a few hoaia more than that by ue Erie roa l; but any one wao has a desire to behold the beanties of mountain scenery, wtll be amply rewarded by taking this route. It Is generally admitted to be the most romantic toad in America, and my advice to all tcuiists is, to take at least one ride over it. All business in this great agricultural State is now very dull, tx ept that ef harvesting. Tne fields are groaning under the weight of unusually good crops. Better crops were never raised thin taose of tn$ season. The wheat crop is now safe, and no tbirg but a long continued drought can prevent the corn crcp from being as proportion ally abun cant as the wheal. Tbe high prices ot provision* have induced every farmer to raise as much wneat aid coin aa possible. A gentleman from tne country told me this morning that in bis own county there were ten thousand more acres of corn planted than last year. If the other counties in tbe State have increased their corn fields proportionately, it will make a difference of some two or three mil lion bushels in the corn crop alone. Waen we take into consideration that all the Western States are alike aroused ss to the profi s of agricultural pur suits, we can bsgin to see how the warring millions in Europe are to be fed, and at lower rates tnan during tbe paat jear. I have been informed tnat tbe offer to deliver, this fail, large quantities of wheat in this city at one dollar par bushel, has been declined by dealers. Political excitement, like the weatb?r, is getting up to fever heit The nomination of Mr. for Governor, had given rampant abolitionism a new impetus, and though be is considered by miny to be tbe last man who should be elevated to such an office, on acoount of his ultra abolition sentiments, yet, unless tbe American party make a speedy and judicious nomination, Salmon P. Chase will be the next Governor of the Bnckeye State. Tbe republi cans contend that the Know Nothings are ia duty bound to support Mr. Chase, because nearly all the rest of the ticket is made up of thoeo known to belong to the American party. *As tbe people are vf ry conscientious in political affairs, no doubt that sufficient to make nrstof the voters do their duty. But many are so blind, self willed and conservative, that they can see no good reason why they should be compelled to support the nominee of a convention in which their party hai not a single delega e? a man who has been aa opin enemy to the Know Nothings, and a violent a*) > litionlsf. Yet I apprehend he ia jaat the man for tbe masses in Oh>o, for, to make a long story soort, tbeie Is but one political idea of any magnitude fceie, and that Is oppoaition to the further exten sion of slaveiy. It ia uppermost, foremost, first and last in all political discussion, and be who has the greatest command of tbe Billingsgate vocabulary Is b:und to be chief sachem. K. 1 be Csm of tbe Filibuster Buk Magnolia. In MoMle. I From th* Mobil* Advertiser, July 17 ] In Admiralty, before Hon. John Gayle, United States Judge, July 10, 1855. The caae ot the bark Magnolia, libelled for a breach or tbe neutrality laws, came up for bearing. A. J. Requier, E?q., U. S. District Attorney, real the libel of inform won. G. Bailey, Esq., counsel for tbe claimants, read tbe exceptions filed to the sufficiency of the libel, which he supported by an argument of some length. Mr. Requier followed in reply for the government. Tbe Co tut reserved its opinion upon tae prelimi nary question and determined to proceed with the examirationof tbe case upon the merits, leaving the decision upon the ex eptions, for the final deter mination of the case Mr. Bailey then read the answer of Applet on Oak snd Sidney Oak Smith to the allegations in tbe i'btl involving them, in which answer it was alleged smong other things that tpe vessel sailed for a mar ket, which tbey expected to and in the government of Venezuela. Mr. Hequler then proceeded to call the wit ne its '.or tbe government at follows:? General Walter Sm'th, s?orn? fhe Steimihip United States entered at the Custom House on toe 15th March last; she cleared from New York on ibe 2d: have never seen the vessel; ba<l a conversa tion wi n Captain Graham; he said she cam) here to establish a line of steamers to Texas; the isft this port on tr e 29th March; there was also another atc&mer called tie St. Lawrenoe, here, aud a small echccner named Kmlly Keith, Perry, master, ladeu with coe! ; ?be w?* otneigned to T. R. Thompson in Uobir; don't kiow of any such person here; sie lefi April 11th; thoee vessels were each of 'hem ex amined and watched while here. Duphca'-o man; fccts are requited by law in the clearance of vessels. Crosr -examined? Ibe vessels cleared without aay *ur pi< ion attaching against them. K Murryawewn- Am aa officer of the Curtm IIoow; I saw and examined tbe Ss. Lawrence *id tbo United States when here; the United States w?u!d carry fiom one to two hundred passengers ; the bad very IKile fi eight on board; was cu b urd the Kmily Keith : the United States wu i li'U.d for trampr-nattonof armed men; oould carry 1,0% men in ooi junction with the St. I.awteooe. J. Hescte em ore? Never was on board tbe Ua'ttd States or St. Lawrence; never heard her cargo was lor armed purpose. J. 11. Levis sworn? I have seen the clearance of tbe Magnolia in Neir York; she was cleared in bat lai-t ana n torts for St. Ma>y's. Georgia; the *?a~M Unlttd S'-ate* reached New York, after leaving this poit, within a week after tbe thst of April; soe was sorrounded bv armed vewels in the atreen to tie poitof New Ycrk.and was thereon the 16th o June last. Crcss-e xamined- Haw the clearance of the barn Magnolia in New Yctk Custom Boom; I am not an e Ulcer of the Custom Houte; it was open to aay one to see it. Ltwfs sworn? I was mate of the Magnolia when she left N aw Yoik; kept the log; [the log book rbown to witness;] the vessel left New York on toe :>tt> of March; we shipped for Bvbadoes in We*t Indies; the oaptain told me, when we oams ou% tiat s'.e was be and for S\ Mary's, and 1 kept the log for that peri; be told m? that was a mistake; ran aihrr* on Loo Key; Sidney O. Smith wns tbesupnr cargo; he was tbe controliog man; at Key Wert the ctptain was fined by the Collector for having no mani feat; when we left Key West we did not go in the di rect on o* Mobile, but towards 8t. Joseph's Bty, ai r< ar es the wind would allow; bad good weatner; arrived at St Joseph on 1st April; when 1 sigaei tbe ihip's articles 1 was told I waeonbmrd the Msry Asn: afteraards saw tbe name of the Magno lia on tbe biadt varnish ea?ks; taw sundry ca*es and boxes on board; did not stop between Nev York aid St. Joaspb to teke cargo; found baik Aneliaat St. Joseph; staid then in company with the Amelia from 1st April to June 3d; ths Amelia left Sn Joseph 24th May ; St. .Joseph is a deserted place; not a soul living there; has been deserted for 14 icara p*>t; understood that a vassel was to oome thete to take our cargo; but she did tot corns; on the 11th May commenced discharging tbe cargo of the Msgnolla into the Am-lia; tbe cargo consisted of centra, guns, tents, uniform clothing. Ac,; she bad a wetlike armament, not far firom enough for ten tb-maecd men; before tbe cutter came, tbe A me Ha bad taken newly aO tbe cargo of the Magnolia; tbe etew wae much ditsaMifled all 'be time; the su I uetca'go and captain held conversation*; went into Mr. Oak Smith's rocm general y to talk: Mr. 8. 0. gaji'Mold me Cuba snonld aad would belong ths United States; he said if Cuba was taken he would sever want; (poke of the United Btatee, 8t. Law reoee end Massachusetts; heard captain of the A me* lie say jokingly, he was gains to Havana. Cross-examined? Whan I aiiijped and signed tho articles they told cm I wee on board the Mary Ann; thonght It very strange taking people from place to place arcoxd the world; did not want to quit the vessel at Key West, because I thought I was on a legal vojage; after leaving Key West, the captain talked or going to Barbadoea* Capt. Wakh shipped me in New York; hekeepe a shipping house; fit. Joseph's bay affords as facilities for snipping a drew; could easily see the nature of the cargo; the guns were not sMp'e guns; saw no card* on board the vessel; two thirds of the Magnolia's cargo wen transferred to the Amelia; the Magnolia was not la good order; had eight water-casks, holding 900 ? allocs; the allowance for each man ia a gallon a av. By Reqaier? I changed the log to the Magnolia, after finding out the name of the vessel. Craven examined? Left the Jatpre en the 1st ef April; she is a small modern-built steaner? not mere than a quarter the siie of the St. Lawrence; went thrcogb St. Joaeph's bay in her; was coast 6 ilot between the bar and New O.leais; saw the Lagnolia on the 15th March, as we were standing in : was wHbin half a mile of her; she gave a sig nal, which we did not understand; she raised her ensign to the peak and repeated it; did not respond to tne signal because we did not understand it; think it was an American ensign ahe ra sed. John Fort jth, Esq., testified to the terms of the proposition made by C ?pt. Graham for establishing a line of steamera from Mobile to Texas. Mr. Lewis called again bv Mr. Requier? The Amel'a bad been in port at St. Joseph's nineteen lays previous to our arrival there, a* her ciptala informed me. Mr. Gasqne? 1 took these log books from the cap* tain of the magnolia; be resisted me; be held on to tbem, and 1 puile d them away from hi?. At this stage of the case, toe court aojoarned till to moirow. Interesting from northern Texas?The Indian Cowntry. [From the New Orleans Delta, July 16.) We are greatly indebted to Dr. Vollum, of the army, just down from Fort Belknap, says the Aus tin State Gazette of the 7th inst. , for late and in teresting news frcm the northern frontier. The txertiGDi of Major Nctghbo s seem to be happily crowded with sncoesi. Twenty three of Bowaoo's men bave come in, bringing a letter from him sueing for peace. It u Ascertained that after their stampede, many pursued a course up the head waters cf toe Bed river and the Bra/. ??, cthsrstook to the Guadaloupe mountains. Toe sufferings from hutger and s;cknees have been very severe. Tae Indians ate up nearly all their horsed and the whole of their doge. Smallpox visited them and mala great bavec. * These Indians are now in good condition for the agent to aot upon? much tetter than if toey bid b?n met by the troopB and brought in fat. ?Buffalo dump is mitsing. He is supposed to have joined the northern Cameuchea. M?j>r Neighbors is still of opinion that they will finally come in. Tie Ttxts Cam inches are composed of the bands under Ketimsi, Sjwaco, and BufftloJHump, and they are more cr less related by latormarri iges. Kettmsi, who has already come in an! is settled upon the Clear Fotx or the B.-azjs, commands the largest band , and it contains nearly all the warriors. He is a white man in nearly all his seatiments, and reasons clearly aid powerfully with his people in showing their certain extinction b afore the white race, if they were to continue to folio v the buffalo for their support. The settlement on Cioar Fork is progressing fine ly. Buildings are goit g up, and land tor next year's crop is being ploughed up. The Indiana have greased their riflts and hung them up. They are working hard and show great interest in providing for permanent homes. They will not seQ any or their horses, and they are going to sU>tk raising? they are the best herders in the world. The second settlement is ten miles below Fort Belknap, on the Brazos. Here are the Caddjet, Wacos, Annaiacoes, Ionies and Keciiea. They have certainly, at present, the finer, crop of corn now growing in Texas, and at last amounts were making great preparations lor the Green Corn Dance, 'ihey bave plenty of water mallons, mask mellons, pumpkins, Ac., and comfort and happiness besm from every face. These tribts bave all been accustomed to raise corn, bat they have been driven from Dlaoe to place by the inroads of the whites, until Sfjma of them had despairingly abandoned the attempt to provide for themaelvtr. Tne Caddoea formerly lived in Louis iana, and have repeatedly had their corn fields taken from them. The Tonkawaya bave agree! to come In, and they a*e probably now at Fort Bjlknap. They are old oorn planters, and have been moved apmi uotil they have got into Mexico. we also learn that the Mnscafcos, one of the most mischievous and rascally bands in l'-ixas, have promised to Come in. They stay about tbe Devil's River and the Upper Rio Grande, and live upon Muscal. Doubtless many California emigrants have been plundered and murdered by the band. Heretofore some complaints bave been made about the agents now living among the Indians. VTe are glad to learn that Major Neighbors m building a house some twenty miles south or Fort B&iknap, on the Brazos, and he intends permanently residing there. He is actively engaged every day ammg the Indians. All wo k which ne can get done by Indians, such as herding, hoeing, going on express es, Ac., be has performed by them, and they doit with a fceaity good will. Horkibli Affair in Nrw ORLtMNS ? Adlltsht and MntniR.? Mr. Levi Smslaer, an oid and re spec. ed citizen, who kept a tin aud ooppsr ware manufactory in Tohonpltoolaa street, opposite 8'.. Mary's market, died about two months sinoe, and was bailed by his friends without any suspicion of his having been murdered. A few oays since his negro wtroan Kitty went to a Mr. Morenouse, la the Fourth district, and told him that her mister had died of arsenic and chloroform, administered through the joint agency of her mistress, Mrs. Satelser, a paramsnr named Scott, and hcrsel' ; and that outer persons, unconnected with the family, were cogni zant of and had connived at the hcrrlble dead. Scott wasa workman or foreman in Mr. S.'s estab lishment, and boarded in the family ; au illicit inter course sprung up between Uj* and Mrs. 8melaer, resulting In a desire to get Mr. 8. cat of the way, and a icheme of poisoning, to which tfta negress was rraoe a party tbrongn promu6A of frtedea, plenty of moB?y, aad toing sent to California for safety. Btmg rearful of Kitty, however, they kept her cicsely c.Lfintd in the house; she became dis satisfied snd conscience stricken, and resolved to make a clear breast of it the first opportunity, woich the did upon capping, by going immediately to Mr. Morehouse scd 'eiliag bim these pa-oculars. She says that Mrs. Smelstr and Soott pr. cored the poi ecu; that Mrs. S. mixed the arsenic in a pitcher of water; that Mr. poured out a gUtsful ot it, snd tnat ahe herself tpek It aod ga.-e it to her master, who waa lying in bod, unsotp'ckrui or any wrfng; that afterwards, handkerchief, saturated !n cl lor. form were laid over his fa 19, aod that the other parties who were ptf sent seve> times raised tie htnoken h'e.'s to see i( the victim was de*d, and replaced thf.m. The story would aeen almost too hornb'e for belief, but Kitty, who was arristod aad is now in prison, fells it with a plaisibilty and a seeming rem .'tee that caonot be rejac-ed. S'le told what ainpp'st furnished the poison, aud gave Cap tain M jtau the residue of tne arsenic left from poisoning the pitcher of water. She atso named a notary cn Camp street, before shin he: free papsra bad been drawn up. The police bave been investi gating the case fir several days, but owe made no fbtther arrests as yet, the d ffl cutty b .-np, we be lieve, tre insufficiency of a ilavt'se n*e>ftbn to 1m plica'e a white person. Smeiser was a Cumin, 40 or 45 jea-s of a^e; his wid w Is an lriahwomaa, considerably younger; Scott is an IrUbnan AV10 ( H/msi Cruet ni, July 16. EjcrRStov to tmk Nrw Jcmey Co??r.? Owing to our abaenoe from home in the ear y part of last week, we neglected to notice the ex ur?k>n of a number of the protn>nent citizens of oar 9ta*? along the coast (rem i om 'a River to Cape UUud. Col. H. C. Donhsm, th? superintendent of the Life Having Apparatus on our ouast, having omnpieted the atatlnn MW| and furnisbed ttiem with the n?vin try appa ratus, aa au'hor'zed by act of detail of wbich are faml iar to all our readers, it was a mtt Ur cf interest 1 1 t'ae citizena of the 3 ?te to have sf>me offi Mal notice of the m inner in skin he had discharged bi* dutlee. Accordingly at Monday of laat wees hifc Excellency Governor, accom panled by Tnoe. 8* Alliaon. Bscmtary of S^ate; Wtn B. Vatderveer. keener of taedtato prison; Dr. Wm Kitrhell, and Mr. R L. Veile, of the Hia> Geologi cal Pm\ey : Col. Stevmis, Gen. John 8. Dircy, H >?. Charles BoiJe*,L Vaaaradais, Es'|., snd Mr. Wright, ef Newark; A. Finnir gton, bq., ot tVeraon; M-. Kinrey. cf New Bruaawiok; Captains Hurisaa aad Ltttell. U. H. A., and W. S. Norenes, ot Traatsa, ar rived in Freehold by the evening tra'n of ean. Here Uiev were joined by Judge Yr^dentmrgh, Senator Itobert f<alrd, ex-Senator William D. Davis, and B. Throckuiorttm, Secretary of thai Senate, all of tMs county After tak'og tea at taa Utlca Hotel, the party started for Toot's River, whtte they arrived the same eveaiog. At the latter place Col. Dunham took oommaad of the excursion . and under bia super iatoadtaoe taa party embarked, oa Tueaday aaornisg, on board the sail boa's (ftaoe Datling, Capt. Gulick. and Sea Star, C?pt. BuaneB, and set sail down the bay, visiting the different sta tiers on the wsy. A number of the citizens of Tom's River sc ompanied tke party to the mouth ot the liver.? Monmouth, N. J., Jkmotrat, July 20. Morri?tow?, N J., eihlbtU, by the ceaia* takaa, a tatal foau'atloa of 2,603 prrtoen. a 4?cU<m> <1o9? ISfO, wb?o the tows ha<3 if, 300 ln)i?h t*nte